OCR Interpretation

St. Cloud visiter [sic]. [volume] (St. Cloud, Stearns County, Minn.) 1857-1858, June 17, 1858, Image 4

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025584/1858-06-17/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

The English-Kansas Bill
W ask tho candid attention of all ti&f
readers to the following extract from the
speech of Senator Seward, on the bill
which was passed in Congress admitting
Kansas into the Union, if she will ac
cept the Lccompton Constitution, and re
fusing her admission under any other.
W ask the men of Minnesota to settle
Would it be right to give her that much
luore than Minnnesota received and to give
it for the express purpose of defeating the
will of large majority of- the people of
Mr. Crittenden is a southern man andbeen
hia amendment to tho Lccompton bill said
expressly that the Constitution should bo
subjected to a direct vote of the people of
Kansas. If a majority wcro in favor of
if, Kansas should be proclaimed one of the
States. I a majority were opposed to it
hey might, whenever they pleased, call a
Convention, make another constitution and
come up for admission under it, just as
Minnesota did, and in either case they
should reeievo their full amount of the
public lands. Wa not that fair? Wa
it not democratie? Was it not Squat
ter Sovereignly? Wh then did almost
every Soutnem man, and some Northern
Democrats vote against it? The Republi
cans every man voted for it. and we think
did wrong in doing so for by that vote
they said they were willing to admit Kan
sas as a slave State if the people of Kan
ears desired it, but they knew that the peo
ple of Kansas wanted free labor, and so
they voted as they did but what about
the democrat** who voted deeidedly against
permitting the people of a State to choose
their own constitution
Read Mr. Seward's remarks:
I.have to slate in the first place, that the bill
fii3* P8 up and presents to the people of Kansas,
anil to the country, a fictitious or false issue.
When I say false, I mean a foreign or fictitious
question substituted for thctrue one. The true
issue before Congress and the country, is theStates.
question whether the people of Kansas shall or
phall not, as a condition of coming into this
Union, have aright to accept or reject the Lc
romton Canstitution. Now, be it understood,
that Congress gives to every new State, -when
it conies into the Union, a dowry taken from
the public land within its borders. Every new
.State receives it in every case. Upon the giv
ing of such a dowry, or upon the quantity or
extent of it, speaking practically, no question
is ever raised in Congress The Lccompton
Convention sent an application or a demand
for a large dowry, one larger than is usally al
lowed. The Senato passed a bill putting aside,
thrusting out of the way altogether, not only
the amount of the dowry, but the giving one at
all, postponing it until another day and con
tented itself with barely disclaiming, in the bill
for the admission of Kansas which they passed
an assent to the demand which the Lccompton
Convention, speaking in the behalf of Kansas,
had made.
The House of Representatives, in their bill
ofr the admission of Kansas, treated the matter
in the same way. They turned to the Minne
sota bill, and copied from into their Kansas
bill, which they sent to the Senate, a provision
by which Kansas should receive a dowry ex
actly equal to that of Minnesota.
From the beginning of this debate to the end,
there was no discussion, no question raised
about the amount of the dowry, or the giving
if, or the withholding it, and it was never
heard of.
Then the speaker goes on to show that
Mr. English makes this undisputed ques
ion of dower take the place of the real
question at issue.
1 show tho Senate next, a second false
issue presented in this new bill, an issue raised
concerning the actual amount of population in
Kansas. The committee of conferance find that
here is just population enough to make a slave
ytate, and by no means enough, not one half
enough, to make a free State. There it just
population enough to admit the State at once if
it will accept the Lccompton constitution, and
not population at all enough to admit it under
any other.
Mr. President, I have shown that this bill
gives to the people only a show of choice be
tween freedom and slavery, have next to
nhow that it provides for overriding, counter
acting, and defeating that very shadow a of
choice if it shall be in favor of freedom. The
bill provides, not that the people of Kansas, or
their Legislature or (heir authorities shall ap
point the commissioners under whom the con
templated election1 hluill be held, audits results
ascertained, but it constitutes aboard to consist
of five persons arid while it allows two to be
named ly the people of Knusas, it ask* three
for the President of the United States. Isow,
sir, there have been five agents appointed by
the President of the United States to hold elec
6ns, and return results in the Territory of
Kansas already, and every one of them has
been dishonored and disgraced for having
ftrugpled to prevent fraud, and to certify the
truth about these elections.
Upon what grounds ia this bill, thus shown
to be so deeply objectionable, recommended to
us? First, it is recommended as a compromise.
The honorable chairman tells us that when
there is a differattce there can never be a set
tlement unless there is a compromise: the
House of Representatives has given away
something the Senate have given away some
thing, though everybody, except myself, has
failed in finding out what there is given or got
ten. -Still we are to aecept it as a comprom
ise. If it is a compromise at all, to be urged
on me, it must be a compromise that gives me
something of freedom in exchange for much of
slavery. What do I get for freedom in Kansas?
The privilege for that people to make a consti
tution when they shall have a population of one
hundred thousand, and coming here and pre
senting it to Congress. Very Well what then?
Is it to be a free State then No. Then it
shall bo a "limited free or slave, just exactly
os the people shall desire." Well, sir, that is
just what we had in 1854, when the original
Kansas Nebraska bill was passed. We have
had that privilege ever since. We could always
make a constitution, and come here and obtain
admission, free or slave, as we pleased, accord
ing to the text of your statute-book but we
have come here and demanded free 1cm, and
have been coutumeliously spurned from your
presence. They refuse to be admitted as ft
alave State, and they are remanded home to
try it over again, and reconcile themselves to
Slavery, on the penalty of coming no more, or
not until they number one hundred thousand
gouls, If Kansas shall do this, and be docile
aid quiet, you think you will admit her when
i«\ cam"* n* fae State, a half a doxen or a
dozen years nonce, but you hope, nevertheless,
that in the mean time she will be demoralized,
A*d come at last a slave State. I tell you,
moreover, that when she shall com AS a free
State, as she will, you will Be unable to satisfy
yourselves upon tho forms she has gone
through with in attaining that happy contri
tion. Sir, wo shall not deceive ourselves.—
There is no freedom for Kansas under this
Mr. President, while I am speaking I learn
1 was prepared for this conclusion, and that
now when it lias come (for what remains to be
done horc is a matter of course) it is to me ut
terly indifferent. This I have known all tho
while that this was to be our last defeat or
our first victory. Either result would have
welcome. For Kansas, for freedom in
Kansas, I have not so much concern as I have
about the place where I shall sleep to-night,
although my home is hard by tho place where
I now stand. Kansas, sir, is the Cinderella of
the American family. She is buffeted she is
insulted she is smitten and disgracedj she is
turned out of the dwelling, and the door is
locked against her. Ttaeroie always, however,
a fairy that takes care of the younger u\*agn
ter, if she be the most honest, the most virtu
ous, the meekest, and themost enduring inmate
of the domestic circle.
Kansas will live and survive your persecu
tion she will live to defend, protect, and sus
tain you and the time will come, when her el
der sisters, now so arrogant, Louisiana, Virgin
ia, and Pennsylvania, will repent, all the injus
tice they have done her. Her trials have not
been imposed on her for nought. She has been
made to take the position, the dangerous and
hazardous position, of being the first io vindi
cate practically by labor, by toil, through des
olation through suffering and blood, the princi
ple that freedom is better for Slates and for
the Republic than slavery. Shu will endure
the trial nobly, and as she has been the first,
so she will be the last to contend and to suffer.
Every other Territory that shall come into the
Union hereafter, profiting by the sufferings and
atonement of Kansas, will come into the Union
a Free State. Sir, this unnecessary strife
draws to its end. The effort to make Slave
States within our domain is against reason and
against nature. The trees do not spring up
from the roots and seeds scattered by the par
ent trunks in the forest more naturally than
new Free States spring up from the roots pro
jected, and the seeds scattered by the old Free
New stars do not form themselves out
of the nebulas in the recesses of space and
come out to adorn the blue expanse above us
more naturally than new Free States shape
themselves out of the ever developing elements
of our benign civilization, and rise to take
their places in this great political constellation.
Reason and hope rejoice in this magnificent
and majestic process- Let, then, nature and
hope have their heaven-appointed way. Re
sist them no longer.
The Twenty Fifth National An
ti-Slavery Subscription Festi
The undersigned who have for so many
years done what they could to promote the
Anti-Slavery cause through the medium of
the American Anti-Slavery Society, will,
as usual hold their (Twenty Fifth) Anni
versary at the close of the year, with the
same purpose of still further strengthening
the beneficial influences of that Society.—
Moral, religious and fraternal, for the ex
tension of Slavery.
A the beginning, before the principles
and measures of the cau^e were under
stood, we could not, with the slightest hope
of success, ask of the public direct contri
butions of money. W therefore devised
an annual Bazarr, for the sale of contribu
tions of articles and it afforded an oppor
tunity of great usefulness both permanent
and social, to the cause.
But the changed state of the public
mind now suggests directness in the method
of increasing the usefulness of this anni
versary and we propose this year to give
our usual sums and take up our customary
collections, by direct cash subscriptions
and we entreat the friends at home and
abroad, who have hearts to cooperate with
us, to do the same, nothing doubting that
the result will much exceed the sumductors
(§3,000) raised last year.
To our Southern friends we present this
certainty, with increased hope of their co
operation in consequence for, as none bet
ter than they, know the extent of the
grief and pain of slavery, so none have a
deeper interest in using the most effectual
means of putting an end to the common
sin and suffering of our native land.
The money we have annually raised has
hitherto been used to sustain the Nation
al Anti Slavery Standard, the organ of
ths American Anti Slavery Society. Bu
by following the recent indications of the
executive committee of that Society, in
making individual efforts to place that pa
per on a self-supporting subscription basis,
we shall enable the committee to appropri
ate the result of our efforts to the susten
tation of faithful and eloquent lecturers
now so much needed, in far greater num
bers than ever before.
By this plan we may accomplish double
the amount of service to our cause and
thus furnish its friends and our own with
a two-fold motive to continue and increase
their contributions.
No words from us at this late day are
needed, to stimulate a prudent generosity,
by defining all the means that go to change
the mind and heart of a great nation on
the central question of its policy or to
kindle a sublime one, by commendations of
a course identified with every thought that
is ennobling and holy, with every hope
that is august and magnificent, with every
idea that is consoling and beautiful, with
every effort that is enlightening and beno-
ficent, with every association that history
or poetry, or patriotism, or philanthropy,
or Christianity, or life, or death, have sanc
tified and blessed.
W cordially and respc6tfn11y invite the
members and friends of the American An
ti Slavery Society to meet with us at the
close of the year (time and place named
hereafter) to receive our subscrip.tioris, Our
good wishes and our thanks, and to meet
with us on an occasion, which as the end
of one quarter of a century of labors and
the beginning of another, will be one of
no ordinary commemorative and prospec
tive interest and importance to our cause.
The proprietors of East St. Cloud have
had an advantageous offer for the greater
part of that property, by a New York com
pany. I is doubtful if they will aecept
it, as last year they refused an offer for
three hundred lots, which, if accepted,
would have made the remainder worth
more than it is all worth now but it will
require a long course of persistently bad
management to prevent East St. Cloud
property rising rapidly in value.
There never was a time when a small cap
ital could be better invested in St. Cloud
than it can be to-day, and how we should
rejoice to see thousands of men of small
means securing homes now, when proprie
tors are short of cash, and have notes to
What must be our opinion of an op
position, whose passions were so dark and
malignant as to be gratified in endeavoring
to embitter the old age of Washington
After thus persecuting the savior of his
country, how can the democratic party
dare to call themselves his disciples
Jas. Buchanan's Federal speech, in 1832,
You cannot put your finger on anyby
part of the Constitution which conveys the
right or the power to carry slaves from one
of the States of the Union to any Territo
ry of the United States."—Henri/ Clay,
in 1850.
I has been solemnly adjudged by the
highest judicial tribunal that slavery ex
exists in Kansas by virtue of the constitu
tion of the United States. Kansas is there
fore at this moment as much a slave State
as Georgia or South Carolina."—President
Away, then, with the demogogue ap
peals for the will of the majority, with
which the country is now rife on the sub
ject of Kansas."— Wellingto Union.
"Jf the conference bill pass, Kansas
may come into the Union as a Slave State,
or she cannot come, in at all. That is the
issue."—Richmond South.
FinsT: In Literature, to leave no province
unrepresented, so that while each number will
contain articles of an abstract and permanent
value, it will also be found that the healthy ap
petite of the mind for entertainment in its vari
ous forms of Narrative, Wit, and Humor, will
not go uncared for. The publishers wish to
say, also, that -while native writers will receive
the most solid encouragement, and will be
mainly relied upon to fill the pages of the AT
LANTIC, they will not hesitate to draw from the
foreign sources at their command, as occasion
may require, relying rather on the competency
of an author to treat a particular subject, than
on any other claim whatever. In this way
they hope to make their Periodical welcome
wherever the English tongue is spoken or read.
SECOXD In the term AKT they intend to in
clude the whole domain of aesthetics, and hope
gradually to make this critical department a
true and fearless representative of Art, in all
its various branches, without any regard to
prejudice, whether personal or national, or to
private considerations of what kind soever.
THIRD In Politics, the ATLANTIC will be the
organ of no party or clique, but will honestly
endeavor to be the exponent of what its con
believe to be the American idea. Ii
will deal frankly with persons and withbarties,
endeavoring always to keep in view that moral
element which transcends all persons and par
ties, and which alone makes the basis of a true
and lasting national prosperity. It will not
rank itself with any sect or antics, but with that
body of men which is in favor of Freedom, Na
tional Progress, and Ilonor, whether public or
As an earnest of the material at their com
mand, they subjoin the following list of literary
persons interested in their enterprise wishing
it, however, to be distinctly understood, that
they shall hope for support from every kind of
ability which desires the avenue of their col
umns, and in the remuneration of which they
shall be guided purely by their sense of intrin
sic merit:—
E. M.
The Publishers will aim to have each num
ber of the magazine ready in time for distri
bution and sale, in the more remote parts of
the country, on or before the first day of theSenate
month for which it is intended.
had of Booksellers, Periodical Agents, or from
the Publisher?, at Three Dollars a year, or
Twenty-five Cents a Number.
Subscribers remitting three dollars, in ad-ens,
vace, to the publishers, will receive the work
for one year, pott paid in,say part of the Uni
ted States within 3000 miles.
A liberal discount made to wholesale dealers,
and to postmasters and others who act asNorwegian,
agents, to whom specimen numbers will be fur
nished without charge.
The Publishers will not be responsible for
contracts made by agents. All persons order
ing through that medium must look to them
for their supply.
All communications for the Atlantic must be
addressed to the Publisher.
St. Cloud ia the point at which the Red Riv
er trains cross tho Mississippi on their way to
St. Paul, which proves it to bo the natural
junction of land travel between these two great
arteries of trade. It is at the present head of
steam navigation on the Mississippi. Boats
run regularly, during the Spring and early
Summer months, from St. Anthony to this
The map gives its position correctly with
reference to all the most important points in
the territory, but the peculiar beauty of
location, and fertility of the surrounding coun
try cannot be transcribed. Within fifteen
miles of St. Cloud, on opposite sides of the
river, and at different points of the compass
are eight lakes, varying in size from 1 milo to
5 miles in circumference, all, save one,, beau
tiful, exceedingly, three of them at least, deep
enough to float a man-of-war. Wooded banks,
clean pebbly shores plentifully mixed with
cornelian and waters abundantly supplied
with fish.
When Gov. Stevens made his survey of a
northern railroad route to the pacific, in '53,
he camped "on the western side of the Mis
sissippi, below Sauk Rapids." The place was
nameless—the present site of St. Cloud but it
is here his route leaves the river. In the sum
mer of '55 a claim cabin was built on the spot
where we now write, a good saw mill, the
frame of a large Hotter and eight otiioi- dwell
ings were put up that summer. This last fall
there were three hundred and thirty-two votes
polled in the precinct. Not the votes of Indi
ans or Half Breeds, for there are none here.
A majority of the inhabitants of the county
are hardy Germans, with sturdy wives and
children, cultivating the soil and working at
mechanical employments.
The subsoil is sand and although the soil is
from one to three feet deep, a rich black loam
supporting a rank vegetation, the drainage is
so perfect and the air so pure, that breathing
is a perpetual pleasure. As yet, our physi
cians have discovered no diseases peculiar to
the climate, no iudigenious complaint except
the "Minnesota Appetite" which requires one
fourth more treatment than a modest Pennsyl
vania or Ohio attack of a corresponding dis
Any body who wants to drink whiskey in
peace had better not come here, for the treaty
which the land was acquired from the Sioux,
forbids its introduction and the Legislature
has passed a law enforcing that provision but
people of moderate means and industrious hab
its who have children to educate, will find few
places where the opportunity for correct moral
training, healthy development of muscle, and
the means of pecuniary independence are bet
ter combined.
There are immense tracts of pine lying above,
from which the mills at St. Paul, St. Anthony
and the Minnesota Valley are supplied. These
employ a large and ever-increasing force of
men, horses and oxen, who are to be supplied
with provisions clothing and feed. The soil is
waiting for an opportunity to produce unlimit
ed quantities of food, without troubling the far
mer crushing clods while the Mississippi from
St. Paul to Little Falls can afford to turn a mill
at almost any point and has water power
enough to do the manufacturing for a Conti
Our natural meadows produce a grass from
four to six feet high, and the beef killed off our
prairies is quite equal to any stall fed we have
ever eaten. Our venison is fine at ten cents
por pound, rabbits, prairie hens, partridges,
ducks, &c, plenty. Thousands of bushels or
acorns for the hogs that are not here to
them. Fuel for the labor of cutting and haul
ing off the ground and there is no likelihood
Of the supply running out soon, as the "Big
Woods" extend from this place some twenty
miles? or more, down this side of the river, and
from eight to twelve miles back. Our prairies
are all dotted with strips of wood land, "Oak
Openings" which just look like old orchards,
dense thickets of plum trees bearing delicious
fruit, grape vines, doing likewise, thousands of
acres of hazel bushes and strawberry vines, en
gaged in the same business: while some hun
dred acres are in the cranberry trade and turn
out an article, which for quantity and quality
cannot be excelled. The blackberries, red rasp
berries and hops tack up their shingles in the
woods- and seldom disappoint the most san
guine expectations of their customers. There
is still hind ten or fifteen miles back which set
tlors can get, at government price, by building
a cabin and living on it until it comes into
market. Actual settlers can buy lots here at
from one to five hundred dollars, and specula
tors can have the same lots at from five to fif
teen hundred.
In some of tho river towns back, places that
will be pleasant villages, lots can be had gratis
by those who will build and live on them.—
This, in places where a house can be built for
fifty dollars, that would be a palace compared
to the dens rented in large cities for 4 and 5
dollars per month, while the lot, with only the
aid of a grubbing hoe and a few days labor,
would bring vegetables to feed a family, and
every township has 600 acres appropriated to
the support of schools.
Seventy thousand acres are appropriated to
a State university. A fine building has already
been erected for the use of that institution. It
is situated at St. Anthony, built of stone on an
eminence commanding a view of the falls, and
no State in the Union has abetter foundation
for a good system of popular education. No
other prairie State is so well timbered as Min
nesota and no State more abundantly supplied
with clear water. In the country surrounding
St. Cloud and as far North and West as we have
any reliable account, settlers find no difficulty
in locating land on a running stream or trans
parent lake with plenty of timber at hand for
building, fencing and fuel, and as the land on
the West side of the Upper Mississipi is only
open to pre-emption, there is little opportunity
for speculators, and settlors have assurance of
neighbors and that, rapid increase in the value
of their lands and in social advantages whioh
arise from the system of land in limited quan
tities to actual settlers.
The country around St. Cloud, west of the
Mississippi was purchased of the Indians in a
treaty made with them by Hon. Alexander
Ramsey and Luke Lea in 1852 and ratified by
the senate the same year. The Sioux had
owned the land from 1827 but had not occupied
it. and it was used as a hunting ground by the
Winnebagoes whose land reached within four
miles north of I St. Cloud. Their country was
ceded to the United States by a treaty began
with Commissioner Manypeny and concluded
at Washington in Feb. 1855 and ratified by the
March 3d of the same year. In May
following they removed to their reservation on
the Blue Earth river and only since that time
hffs Stearns county claimed kindred with civili
zation. Thefirst,house within the corporated
limits of St. Cloud was built by James Hitch
forGetoeral Lowry. James Kitchens being
the first white man who slept in a house here
is entitled to the distinction of being the "old
est inhabitant." The site of Lower St. Cloud
was taken up as a claim, by Martin Woolly, a
who sold his right to George F.
Brott who surveyed and platted it in the spring
of '55. About the same time John L. Wilson
surveyed and platted what is now called middle
town, which adjoins and lies higher up the riv
er, while General Lowry surveyed and platted
upper town, called Lowry's Addition, the win
ter following. It was Mr Wilson who gave
thne tow the nwne of St. Cloud bv thip name
it was incorporated in the winter of '55 '56.—
The Land Office was removed in April '58, from
Sauk Rapids to Upper town. The post office
is in Middle Towji, which is inhabited by in
dustrious and woll-tordo German Catholics.—
The Catholic chapel is here, and the bell be
longing to it, is the first church going bell in
Stearns county and has also- the distinction of
being the first audible in Sherburne aaid Benton
counties which corner on the. opposite aide of
the river. There too is a school kept by a Com
pany of Benedictine Nuns where music, draw
inn, needlework and German are well taught
ladies of polished manners and unusual
Lower Town has two protestant churches, in
process of Erection one, about completed. We
have a public'school in the Everett School
house, and a handsome Library dedicated by
Hon. Edward Everett. The engines of an ex
cellent saw mill and plaining mill, sash facto
ry and of a good louring mill arc this mo
ment puffing away within half a dozen rods of
our office. We have from five to six steam boat
arrivals here weekly and the smallest propor
tion of drones we have ever seen in any hive.
In the fall of '56 Grasshoppers came in a
cloud and settled down in this and adjoining
counties, destroying the greater portion of the
crops' They deposited their larvae and died.
Early in the spring, of 'G7 the young brood
came out and made such havoc that serious
fears of famine were entertained by a large
poriioiw)/ the people but they left in July, and
so many of the late'crops-wai-vivcd, that -with
the full crops of particular places, where they
did not appear, there was a large amount of
food. In autumn it became a question whether
there was enough for winter consumption with
what the people had the mean's of purchasing
from below. The German settlers were gener
ally of the opinion that there was not, and the
Priests sent commissioners to Dubuque to ask
contributions. When this became known in
Lower St. Cloud Indignation meetings were
held, and strong resolutions passed condemn
ing the measure as altogether unnecessary, and
one calculated to do the country great injury
by preventing emigration in the spring. The
Corectness of this view of the case is now prov
en. The third week of May is here, potatoes
sell at 25 cts. per bushel, corn $1,00, wheat
§1,25, oats 80 cts. and we have heard of no in
stance in which any have suffered for want of
food while a very large proportion of the em
igrants who had last year designed emigrating
to this point have been' deterred by this bug
bear cry of famine, and have gone'elsewhere.
The time is now past at which the Grasshoppers
appeared last spring, and the minds of the
people are set on re6t as the question of wheth
er they left lavae, last year, before they emi
grated. It is evident that they went to other
localities as they came here to eat, deposite
their eggs and die. There is no sign that they
have left any deposits here, and as everybody
is putting in a crop of something good to eat
we expect next fall to be encumbered with a
surplus of the good things of this life, and to
inundate St. Anthony, Minneappolis and St.
Paul, with vegetables and grain after supply
ing the Pine regions and the laborers on the
Rail Road.
THE ST. CLOUD VISITER will not be the or
gan of any party or sect, but the members of
any can be heard through its columns in any
article of suitable length and sufficient literary
merit. The first page will contain tales, poe
anecdotes &c and western readers will
always find a summary of news gleaned from
Eastern exchanges, while a large space will
be devoted to giving Eastern readers correct
information about the great North-West. In
this department we expect the assistance of
several hundred local reporters, farmers and
their wives, Red River traders, lumbermen,
land agents, surveyors, hunters &e., men and
women who dwell in the land, walk up andhumble,
down and go to and fro in it but we will
use all possible dilligence in making personal
observations and not mislead our readers by
false or exaggerated reports.
On all moral and political questions the Vis
iter, will aim to deal fairly by those who dif
fer with it but the editorial department will
never represent anything but the convictions
of the editor. Consequently its creed will be.
1 st. The Divine law is the Supreme law in
all lands created by its author.
2d. All men are created free and equal in
their right to life, liberty and the pursuit of
3d. The Bible, and the Constitution of the
United States are anti-slavery and human
phattledom is unconstitutional in any associa
tion professing to receive either as fundamen
tal laws.
4th. Paying taxes js as unwomanly, as vo
ting and is a privilige which should be exclu
sively confined to "white male citizens, of this
and other countries," until women share with
them the responsibility of saying what shall
be done with the money they are required to
contribute to the public treasury.
5th. Slavery, Intemperance, Affectation, Ig
norance, Idleness. Land Monopoly and Large
Cities are the seven great evils which curse
the East, with a multitude of miseries more
wonderful than the "seven wonders" of the
world and they must be abolished before the
reign of peace on earth and good will to man,
can be fully established,
6th. St. Cloud, in despite of all wc could do
to prevent, will, at no distant day, be a large
city and it is our duty now, to do what we
can in laying the foundations for as much, of
the good, and building defences against as
much, as possible, of the evil attending these
hoards of crippled humanity.
7th. Our motto is the true philosophy of
life. Be sure you have turned your face to
liberty and light, your back to the bondage
and the flesh-pots of Egypt. Look straight
towards the better land and to the greatest
amount of goon you can accomqlish on the
journey. Then—"go forward!" What! into
the Red Sea of toil, of dangcrand apparent
death? Yes! If the path of duty lies through
the deep waters, "go forward!" and the irre
sistable right arm shall divide the waves.—
Amen and Amen.
TERMS Single copies $2,00 per annum
2 copies $3,00 5 copies for $7,00 10 copies
for $12,00 20 copies for $20, all strictly in ad
vance, and no papers sent after the time ex
pires for which it has been paid. Single cop
ies 5cts. Letters on business to be directed
to the publisher.
The Visiter.
Our Prospectus will be found on our
third page, and wc ask the friends
of the freedom of the press and of the
principles there laid down, to aid us in
maintaining them. W feel that in our
advocacy of them in St. Cloud we have
been milder and more conservative than wo
have ever before been in our character of
writer for the Press. W feel, that except
our large share, of human weakness, our
life has been such as to give no justcause
of offence to any.
May be we are a fanatic but ne convic
tion could be stronger in our mind, than
the feeling that the Lord has prepared us,
by along course of discipline, to stand pub*
licly as the advocate of the oppressed of
our" own sex, as a representative of womans*
right, under God, to choose her own sphere
of action. W have chosen ours with di
reet reference to the final account, and
those who make it the subject of sarcasm,
ridicule, or coarse personal abuse, may cal
culate to meet all that is terrible in ear
nestness of purpose.
W are so certain the Lord is on our
side, that it is quite impossible for us to
fear any force on earth. Dying is not dif
ficult, yielding impossible. W have not
sought the control of a press here, but
when it was offered us we looked upon it
as a command from the Great Master to go
to work in Hi vineyard. Our conscience
acquits us of having used it otherwise than
in the service of God and man. I is thus
we still hope to use if, and not to gratify
any feeling of revenge against those who
have sought our injury With such singular
pertinacity and despe-ration.
W shall make no personal war upon
any, but those who attack us, had better
calculate the Cost of supplying territory
and munitions for the war that will surely
ensue. W fight all our battles on the
enemy's ground, and always use his wea
pons, so that he who makes personal war
upon us had better be sure of his defen
sive armor. Let him make our private do
mestic relations the object of his public
sneers, and he may calculate to defend his
W look upon all politicians, whether in
office or out, as fair subjects of editorial
comment in all their political relations.—
W do not recognize- any man's right to
privacy in any attempt to govern the peo
ple. W never kept a political secret and
think we never will. Th people are the
proper source of political power, and have
a right to know all the purposes and
plans of those who dispense power and
patronage. Whenever we can trace a po
litical wire up to the handle, we shall di
rect public attention to that point, no mat
ter where :t is, or what is likely to be the
consequence. W believe this is a duty
which every editor owes the public, and
we shall have to get in a new supply of
cowardice before we shrink from it.
To those who feel that these, our purpo
ses, are right, we appeal for aid in carrying
them out. The difficulties with which we
have to contend are very great. A large
majority of the people of St. Cloud show
the best disposition to aid and sustain us,
but in addition to the general commercial
crash, this county has had to contend with
the loss of the greater portion of two crops
by the devastation of grasshoppers.
Our enemies have shown themselves un
scrupulous and active. Their written
threats, of more serious violence, stand un
cancelled, while their private efforts to in
jure our reputation, to cover our name
with most odious epithets, and gross crimes,
are still actively pursued. W are without
prisons, or regularly organized judiciary,
and those who take the responsibility of
these attacks are totally irresponsible, as
well as artful and unscrupulous. They
have already deprived us of a hope to
which we had long looked forward, a quiet,
little home of our own. Th
preparation we had made for building, is
now as money lost, for it is not thought
safe for us to attempt living alone. Ou
office must be so situated, that with our
debility it is impossible for us to have
proper supervision of it, for the press must
be placed where it can be guarded, with
out hiring men for that purpose.
W are not wont to make pitiful appeals
for help, but we should be recreant to duty
now, not to state the facts, that those who
love the American principles of freedom of
speech and freedom of the press, may
know that here, in this nominally free
State, it is in danger of being crushed.—
The Visiter is no longer a local organ,
although we shall make it a prominent ob
ject to make known the resources of north
ern Minnesota but the great object of its
life is to vindicate the freedom of the press.
For this, men here, of both parties, have
contributed to purchase the material and
incurred a large expenditure in publishing
it. Men of comparatively small interests
are active and efficient as any, and we are
anxious that the responsibility thus assumed
may not fall too heavily upon them. Ou
terms of subscription are as low as we can
make them, and to all who favor us with
subscriptions, we shall try to give the
worth of their money. Th people of
St. Cloud have acted nobly their part in
this matter, and to the friends of truth and
justice abroad, we now appeal to aid us in
our struggle for the right.
just received a large assortment of
goods, among which are the following:
All kinds of Molasses, Sugars*
Coffee and Tea, 20 Cooking
Stoves, Nails, Glass, Oils,
White Lead, Flour, Grain,
Corn Meal, Vinegar,,
Dried Apples & Peaches, Tobacco
Powder, Shot and Lead.
BEANS RICE, &c, &c.
JUGS, ore
The entire assortment is for sale very low.
for GASH, or will be exchangied on reasonable
&c, &c. Give us a call.
May 20, 1858.
¥*v 20. up &

xml | txt