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St. Cloud visiter [sic]. [volume] (St. Cloud, Stearns County, Minn.) 1857-1858, July 22, 1858, Image 4

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The English-Kansas Bill.
Wo asfc the candid attention of all our
readers to the-following extract from the
speech of Senator Seward, on the bill
which was passed iu Congress admitting
Kansas into the Union, if she will ac
cept the Lecompton Constitution, and re
fusing her admission under any other.
We ask the men of Minnesota to settle'
candidly iu their.own minds the question.
Is it right to offer Kansas 5,000,000 dol
lars worth of the public lands as a bribe
for establishing slavery in their! State
Would it bo right to give her that much
more than Minnnesota received and to give
it for the express purpose of defeating the
public lands. Was not that fair Was
it not democratic? Was it not Squat
ter Sovereignty Why then did almost
every Southern man. and some Northern
Democrats vote against it The Republi
cans every man voted for it. and we think
did wrong in doing so for by thaj, vote
they said they were willing to Admit Kan
sas? as a slave State if the people of Kan
sas desired it, but they knew that the peo
ple of Kansas wanted free labor, and so
they voted as they did but what about
the democrats who voted decidedly against
permitting the people of a State to choose
their own constitution
Read Mr. Seward's remarks:
I have to state in the first place, that the bill
makes up and presents to the people of Kansas,
and to the country, a fictitious or false issue.
When I soy false, I HIcan a foreign or fictitious
question substituted tor the true one. The true
issue before Congress and the country, is the
question whether the people of Kansas shall or
shall not, as a condition of coming into this
Union, have a right to accept or reject the Le
comton Canstitution. Now, be it understood,
that Congress gives to every new State, when
it comes .into the Union, a dowry taken from
the public land within its borders. Every new
State receives it in every case. Upon.the giv
ing of such a dowry, or upon the quantity or
extent of it, speaking practically, no question
is ever raised in Congress The Lecompton
Convention sent an application or a demand
for a large dowry, oue larger than is usally al
lowed. The Senate passed a bill putting aside,
thrusting out of the way altogether, not only
the amount of the dowry, but the giving one at
all, postponing it until another day and con
tented itself with barely disclaiming, in the bill
for the admission of Kansas which they passed,
an assent the demand which the Lecompton
Convention, speaking in the behalf of Kansas,
had made.
~The House of Representatives, iu their bill
off the admission of Kansas, treated the matter
in the s.vne way. They turned to the Minne
sota bill, and copied from it into their Kansas
bill, which they sent to the Senate, a provision
by which Kansas should receive a dowry ex
actly equal to thai of Minnesota.
From the beginning of this debate to the end,
there was no discussion, no question raised
about the amount of the dowry, or the giving
it, or the withholding it, and it was never
heard of.
Then the speaker goes on to show that
Mr. English uiakes this undisputed ques
tion of dower take the place of the real
question at issue.
I show the Senate next, a second false
issue presented in this uew bill, an issue raised
concerning the actual amount of population in
Kansas. The committee of conferance find that
there is just population enough to make a slave
State, and by no means enough, not one half
enough, to make a free State. There it just
population enough to admit the State at once if
it will accept the Lecompton constitution, and
not population at all enough to admit.it under
any other.
Mr. President, I have shown that this bill
gives to the people only a show of choice be
tween freedom and slavery. I have next to
show that it provides for overriding, counter
acting, and defeating that very shadow a of
choice if it shall bo in favor of freedom. The
bill provides, not that the people of Kansas, or
their Legislature or their authorities shall ap
point the commissioners under whom -the con
templated election shall be held, audits results
ascertained, but itconstitutes a board to consist
of fnre person'? and while it allows two to be
named by the people of Kansas, it ask* three
for the President of the United States. Now,
sir, ilice have been five agents appointed by
the President of the United Slates 10 hold elec
tions, and return results in the Territory of
Kansas already, and every one of them has
been dishonored and disgraced for having
struggled i-o prevent fraud, and to certify the
truth about these elections.
Upon what grounds is this bill, thus shown
to be so deeply objectionable, recommended to
us? Firii, it is recommended as a compromise.
The honorable chairman tells us that when
there is a difference there can never be a set
tlement unless there is a compromise the
House of Representatives has given away
something the Senate have given away some
thing, though everybody, except myself, has
failed iu finding out what there is given or got
ten. Still we are to accept it as a comprom
ise. If it is a compromise at all, to be urged
on me, it must be a compromise that gives me
something of freedom in exchange for much of
slavery. What do I get for freedom in Kansas?
The privilege for that people to make a consti
tution when they shall have a population of one
hundred thousand, and coining here and pre
senting it to Congress. Very Well what then?
Is it to be'a freo State then? No. Then it'
shall be a "limited free or slave, just exactly
as the people shall desire*" Well, sir, that is
just what we had in 1S54, when the original
Kansas Nebraska bill Was passed. We have
had that privilegeever since. We could always
make a constitution, and come here and obtain
admission, free or slave, as we pleased, accord
ing to the text of your Statute-book but we
have oomfttre and demanded freedom, and
have contumelioualy spurned from your
preaenff. They refuse to be admitted as
slave State, and they are remanded home to
try It over again, and reconcile themselves to
slavery, on the penalty of coming notaore, or
not until they number one hundred thousand
souls,' If Kansas shall do this, and be docile
and quiet, yon thin* you will admit her wheat
fhe crrtes a-ra free Stater, a half doien or a
should recievc their full amount of the^ .'Kansas will live and survive your persecu
tion she will live to defend, protect, and sus
tain you and the lime will come, when her el
der sisters, now so arrogant, Louisiana, Virgin
ia, and Pennsylvania, JrtU repent all the injus
tice they have done her. Her trials have not
been imposedon her for nought. She has been
made to take the position, the dangerous'and
hazardous position, of being the first io vindi
cate practically by labor, by toil, through des
olation through suffering and blood, the princi
ple that freedom is better for States and for
the Republic than slavery. She will endure
the trial nobly, and as she has been the first,
so she will be the last to contend and to suffer.
doieu years hence, but you hope, nevertheless,
UmMn, the mean time ahe wM be deraoridisedj
and come at last a slave Stale.- I tell
nmreover, that when'she shall come as a
she will, youwill be unable to
yourselves upon the forms she has
through with in attaining that happy «_
tion. Sir, wo shall not deceive ourselves!—
There is no freedom for Kansas. under this
bill. j£,_
Mr. President, while I am speaking I learn
that this bill, of so munh evil omen, has pass
ed the House of Representatives, and that the
battle there Is ended. I confess to you sir,
that it produces on my mind, if some disap
pointment, no discouragement. I oonfess that
I was prepared for this conclusion, and That
now when it has come (for what remain's t& be
done here is a matter of course) it is to me ut
will of a large majority of the people of *..
Knnanc r~ I while that this was to be our last defeat or
Mr. is a southern man andTouirnfirst
his amendment to the Lecompton bill said
expressly that the Constitution should be
subjected to a direct vote of the people of
Kansas. If a majority were in favor of
it, Kansas should be proclaimed one of the
States. If a majority were opposed to it
they might, whenever they pleased, call a
Convention, make another constitution and
come up for admission under it, just as
Minnesota did, and in cither case they
I have known
victory. Either resultr would have
bee welcome Fo Kansas fo freedom in
Kansas, I have not so much coucern us I have
about the place where I shall sleep to-night,
although my home is hard by the place where
I now stand. Kansas, sir, is the Cinderella of
the American family. She is buffeted she is
insulted she is smitten and disgraced she is
turned out of the dwelling, and the door is
locked against her. There is always, however,
a fairy that takes care of the younger daugh
ter, if she be the most honest, the most virtu
ous, the meekest, and the most enduring inmate
of the domestic circle.
Every other Territory that shall come into the
Union hereafter, profiting by the suffering* and
atonement of Kansas, will come into the Union
a Free State. Sir, this unnecessary strife
draws to its end. The effort to make Slave
States within our domain is against reason and
against nature. The trees do not spring up
from the roots and seeds scattered by the par
ent trunks in the forest more naturally than
new Free States spring up from the roots pro
jected, and the seeds scattered by the old Free
States. New stars do not form themselves out
of the nebulae in the recesses of space and
come out to adorn the blue expanse above us
more naturally than new Free States shape
themselves out of the ever developing elements
of our benign civilization, and rise to take
their places in this great political constellation.
Reason and hope rejoice in this magnificent
and majestic prooess- Let, then, nature and
hope have their heaven-appointed way. Re
sist them no longer.
FULL supply,.constantly on hand
subscfibersvJat their'kiln in Lower
by the
R. A
St. Cloud, May, 20, 1858.
To Daniel F. Banks. You are hereby noti
fied thai on Thursday, the 17th day of June,
A. I 18v8, at 10 o'clock, A. M., proof will be
offered at the Laud Office at St. Cloud, in'sup
port of the claim of Thomas Tollington, to pre
empt the east half of (he south-east quarter and
south-east quarter of north-east quarter of sec
tion No. 24, township 122, range 27 west, and
south-west quarter of north-west quarter of
secrio.i No. 19, township 122, range 26 west, to
which you are an adverse claimant at which
time and place you will be required to offer
proof in support of your claim to said land.
May 20, 1858. 3t*
Territory of Minnesota 1 in Justice Court.
County of Stearnes
To T. A. Holmes and Geo. Stallei or the
Holmes City Land Company, you are hereby
notified that a writ of attachment has been
served against you. and -your property attach
ment to satisfy the demand of Xaver Popping
amounting to sixty seven dollars. Now unless
you shall appear before Harmen Brumig a Jus
tice of the peace in and for said county at his
office in the Town of Richmond in said county
on the 19th day of June A. D. 1858, at one
o'clock in the afternoon of said day, judgement
will be rendered against you, and your proper
ty sold to pay the debt.
Dated this 22 day of May, A. D. 1858.
Sec. Staunton a staunch Democrat,
in a speech delivered in Kansas, thus
comments on the English bill.
Gentleman, lean hardly trust myself to speak
ofthis passage in the history of my country. No
greater crime against liberty has been anywhere com
mitted during this century. All the miserable and
flimsy pretexts—all the technical preposterous dog
ma's—by which this monstrous falsehood has been
attempted to be justified and upheld, are but the
thin disguise under which tyranny andwrong hope
to conceal their unholy purposes. The Adminis
tration well knows— Congressknows—the who
le world knows—that the people, of Kansas are
almost unanimous against the Lecompton fraud.! sic merit
The unfortunate and discreditable circumstan
ces under which the instrument was clothed
with the regular and technical forms of law,
have been fully exposed. No man need be ig
norant of any of the facts. And yet by means
of a technical presumption—though a mere le
gal fiction—positive and well known facts are
made to give way—a known falsehood is to be
established as truth—and the constitutional
rights of a free prople are to be sacrificed and
trampled in the dust! Gentlemen, when the
passions and prejudices of the present hour shall
have passed away, the spectacle now exhibited
will be considered one of the most extraordinary
phenomena ever presented in the history of the
world. The solid and substantial liberties in
tended to have been secured to the States and
Territories, by the constitution of the United
States, are to be substituted by a mere sham,
a mere painted'babble, a mere ''gossamer,' cob
web tissue of false logic and contemptible tech
nicalities and almost the whole body of a once
powerful and patriotic party is seduoed, infatua
ted and mesmerized, to believe the patent and
baleful lie!
Land Office.
ST. CLOUD, May 10th 1858.
Platte of the following Townships has
this day been received to wit:
Townshipffi R. ai Wesfc^
44:" 32
Preemptora are required -tofileDechwa
atory Statements within three,months fibm
this date,if W» A'.
All communications to b« addressed to
a &
Xt THOLE interests in thefiourishing towns of
Lots, single or in quantities, to suit purcha
sers, at reasonable rates.
A rare chance for safe investments.
St. cioud,
Thin institution Inygbeenfteuioved to Cleve
land, Ohio.* Degree* are legally coufened, and
Students upon graduntiug may lie-admitted to
practice. For circular*, adJros ui Cleveland,
The proprietors of East St. Cloud have
had an advantageous offer for the greater
part of that property, bv a New York com
panj\ it is "doubtful if they will accept
it, as last year they refused rut offer for
three lmmlud lots, which, if accepted,
would have iua«?e the*'remainder worth
more than it i.« all worth now but it will
require a long course of persistently bad
management to prevent East St. Cloud
property rising rapidly iu value..
There never \va? time when a *mnll cap
ital could be better invested in St. Cloud
than it can be to-day, and how we should
rejoice to see thousands of men,"of .small
means seeming home* now. when proprie
tors are short of cash, and have notes to
WASHINGTON April 9th, 1858.
Sin :—In reply to your letter of thfe 15th
ult., I have to inform von that Sec. 27, T.
123 R. 28 west, in the Sauk Rrpids Dis
trict, appeal^ to be oulauh of the six mile
limit* of the Branch Jane of the Minneso
ta ind Pacific Rail lload, and if so your
claim on said Section will he good, provi
ded you have complied with the pre-emp
tion laws.
The right of the road attached to the
odd numbered sections within the six mile
limits of the route from the dates of sur
veying, making and staking off the .same,
from point to point, on the face of the
ground. But the odd sections outside of
the six and within the fifteen mile limits
of said road and branch line continued sub
ject to pre-emption until the 16th of Jan
uary last, at which time they were selected
for the road by the authorized agent, and
ceased to be pre-emptible, except to per
sons who had made bona, fide settlements
prior to that date.
Very .Respectfully, &c,
FIBST In Literature, to leave no province
unrepresented, so that while each number will
contain articles of an abstract and permanent
value, it will also be found that the healthy ap
petite of the mind for entertainment in its vari
ous forms of Narrative, Wit, and Humor,,will
not go uncared for. The publishers wish to
say, also, that while native writers will receive
the most solid encouragement, and will be
mainly relied upon to fill the pages of the AT
LANTIC, they will not hesitate to draw from the
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may require, relying rather on the competency
of an author to treat a particular subject, than
on any other claim whatever. In this way
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wherever the English tongue is spoken or read.
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gradually to make' this critical department a
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its various branches, without any regard to
prejudice, whether personal or national, or to
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and lasting national prosperity. It will not
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body of men which is in favor of Freedom, Na
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A liberal discount made towholesale dealers,
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ipwiiBMiJWWiw,',' 4»'jarnywwwi iiiiinpjMMi|it* w—**"1'"" ^,.^n.^inn, .,.,.j. i*»
St. Cloud is the point at which the Red Riv
er trains cross ths Mississippi on their way to
St. Paul, which proves it to be the natural
junction of land travel between these two great
arteries of trade. It is at the present head of
steam navigation on the Mississippi. Boats
during the Spring and early
"cm St. Anthony to this
position correctly with
most important points in
11ho peculiar beauty of its
tility of the emiroumini? coun-
try cannot be,transcribed. Within fifteen
mile*, of St. Cloud, on opposite sides of the
river, and «t different points of the compass
are eight lake*, varying in size from 1 mile to
6 miles in circumference, all, save one, beau
tiful, exceedingly, throe of them at least, deep
enough to float a inn it-of-wav. Wooded banks,
clean pebbly s-ihoiess plentifully mixed with
cornelian and water-, abundantly supplied
with ii!jh.
When Gov. Stevens matin his survey of a
northern railroad route the pacific, in '53,
he Mupod ««o)i the western side of the Mis
si^.-ippi, below Sauk Rapids."' The place was
nainelcs*—the present site of St. Cloud but it
is here his route leaves the river. In the sum
mer of '05 a claim cabin was built on the spot
wher» we now write, a good saw mill, the
frame of a large Hotel and eight other dwell
ings were*put up that summer. This last fall
there were throe hundred and thirty-two vote*
polled in the precinci. Not the votes of Indi
ans or Half Breeds, for there are none here.
A majority of the inhabitants of the county
are hardy Germans, with sturdy wives and
Children,"cultivatingthe soil and working at
mechanical employments.
The subsoil is sand and ult hough the soil is
from one to three feet deep, a rich black loam
supporting a rank vegetation, the drainage is
so perfect and the air so pure, that breathing
is a perpetual pleasure. As yet, our physi
cians have discovered no diseases peculiar to
the climate, no indigenious complaint except
the "Minnesota Appetite" whieh requires one
fourth more treatment than a modest Pennsyl
vania or Ohio attack of a corresponding dis
Any body who wants to drink whi-key in
peace had better not come here, for the treaty
by which the Jand was acquired from the Sioux,
forbids its introduction arid the Legislature
has passed a law enforcing that provision: but
people of moderate meant and industrious hab
its who have children to educate, will find few
places where the opportunity for correct moral
training, healthy development of muscle, and
the means of pecuniary independence are bet
ter combined.
There are immense tracts of pine lying above,
from which the mills at St. Paul, St. Anthony
and the Minnesota Valley are supplied. These
employ a large and ever-increasing force of
men, horses and oxen, who are to be siipplied
with provisions clothing and feed. The soil is
waiting for an opportunity to produce unlimit
ed quantities of food, without troubling the far
mer crushing clods: whih: the Mississippi from
St. Paul to Little Falls can afford to turn a mill
at almost any point and has water power
enough to do the manufacturing for a Conti
Our natural meadows produce a grass from
four to six feet high, and the beef killed off our
prairies is quite equal to any stall fed we have
ever eaten. Our venison is fine at ten cents
per pound, rabbits, prairie hens, partridges,
ducks, &c, plenty. Thousands of bushels oi
acorns for the hogs that are not here to ea
them. Fuel for the labor of cutting and haul
ini oft'the ground and there is no likelihood
of the supply running out soon, as the "Big
Woods" extend from this place some twenty
miles or more, down this side of the river, and
from eight to twelve miles back. Our prairies
are all dotted with strips of wood land, "Oak
Openings" which just look like old orchards,
dense thickets of plum trees bearing delicious
fruit, grape vines, doing likewise, thousands ot
acres of hazel bushes and strawberry vines, en
gaged in the same business: while some hun
dred acres are in the cranberry trade and turn
out an article, which for quantity and quality
cannot be excelled. Theblackberries, red rasp
berries and hops tack up their shingles in the
woods and seldom disappoint the most san
guine expectations of their customers. There
is still land ten or fifteen miles back which set
tlers can get, ait government price, by building
a cabin and living on it until it comes into
market. Actual settlers can buy lots here at
from one to five hundred dollars, and specula
tors can have the same lots at from five to fif
teen hundred.
In some of the river'towns back, places that
will be pleasant villages, lots can be had-gratis
b~y those who will build and live on them.—
This, in^places where a house can be built for
fifty dollars, that would be a palace compared
to the dens rented in large cities for 4 and 5
dollars per month while the lot, with only the
aid of a grubbing hoe and a few day»labor,
wo,uld bring vegetables to feed a family, and
every township has 600 acres appropriated to
the support of schools.
Seventy thousand acres are appropriated to
a State university. A fine building has already
been erected for the use of that institution. It
is situated at St. Anthony, built of stone on an
eminence commanding a view of the falls, and
no State in the Union has abetter foundation
for a good system of popular education. No
other prairie State is so well timbered as Min
nesota and no State more abundantly supplied
with clear water. In the country surrounding
St. Cloud and as far North and West as we have
any reliable account, settlers find no difficulty
in locating* land on a running stream or trans
parent lake with plenty of timber at hand for,
building, fencing and fuel, and as the land on
the West side of the Upper Mississipi is only
open to pre-emption, there is little opportunity
for speculators, and settlers have assurance of
neighbors and that rapid increase in the value
of their lands and in social advantages which
arise from the system of land in limited quan
tities to actual settlers.
The country around St. Cloud, west of the
Mississippi was purchased of the Indians in a
treaty made with them by Hon. Alexander
Ramsey and Luke Lea in 1852 and ratified by
the senate the same year. The..Sioux had
Owned the land from 1827 but had not occupied
it, and it was used as a hunting ground by the
Winnebagoes whose land reached within four
miles north of St. Cloud. Their .country was
ceded to the United States by a treaty began
with Commissioner Manypeny and concluded
at Washington in Feb, 1855 and ratified by the
Senate March 3d of the same year. In May
following they removed to their reservation on
the Blue Earth-river and only since that time
has Stearns county claimed kindred with civili
S£!£n* 3&t- S S & W he corpdrated
limits of St. Cloud was built,by James Hitch
ens, forGeneral Lowry. James Hitchens being
the first white man who slept in a house here
is entitled to the distinction of being the "old
est inhabitant." The site Of Lower St. Cloud
was taken up as a c|aim by Martin- Woolly, a
Norwegian, who sold his right to George F.
Brett who surveyed and platted it in the spring
of'55. About'the'same time John L. Wilson
surveyed and platted what is now called middle
town, which adjoins and lies higher up the riv
er, while General Lowry surveyed and platted
upper town, called Lowry's Addition, the whi
ter following. It was Mr Wilson who gave
thne tow the name of St. Cloud 'by this name
it was incorporated in the winter of '55 '56.—
The Land-Office was removed in April '58, from
Sauk Ra"|Tds to Upper town. The post office
is In Miffdle Town, which is inhabited by in
du8triouaand well-to-do German Catholics.—
The Catholic chapel is here, and the bell be
longing to it, is the first churoh going bell in
StearnS county and has also the distinction of
being the first audible in Sherburne and Benton
counties'which corner on the opposite side of
the river. There too is a school kept by a com
pany of Benedictine Nans where music, draw
inn, needlework and German are well taught
by ladies of polished manners and unusual
Lower Town has two protestant churches, in
process of erection one, about completed. We
have a publio school in the Everett School
house, aud a handsome Library dedicated by
Hon. Edward Everett. The engines of an ex
cellent saw mill and plaining mill, sash facto
ry and of a good flouring mill are this mo
ment puffing away within half a dozen rods of
our office. We have from five to six steam boat
arrivals here weekly and the smallest propor
tion of drones we have ever seen in any hive.
In the fall of '56 Grasshoppers came in a
cloud.and settled down in this and adjoining
comities, destroying the greater portion of the
crops- They deposited their larvae and died.
Early in the spring of '57 the young brood
came out and made such havoo that serious
fears of famine were entertained by a large
portion of the people but they left in July, and
?o many of the late crops survived, that with
the'full cvop's of particular places, where they
did not appear, there ..was a large amount of
food. In autumn it became a question whether
there was enough for winter consumption with
what the people had the means of purchasing
from below. The German settlers were gener
ally of the opinion that there was not, and'the
Priests ttani commissioners to Dubuque to ask
contributions. When this became known in
Lower St. Cloud Indignation meetings were
held, and strong resolutions passed condemn
ing the measure as altogether unnecessary, and
one calculated to do the country great injury
by preventing emigration in the spring. The
Corectness of this view of the case is now prov
en. The third week of May is here, potatoes
sell at 25 cts. per bushel, corn $1,00, wheat
$1,25, oats 80 cts. and we have heard of no in
stance in which any have suffered lor want of
food while a very large proportion of the em
igrants who had lasi year designed emigrating
to this point have hee^i deterred by this bug
bear cry oi i»s mine, a ud have gone elsewhere.
The .time is now past at which the Grasshoppers
appeared last spvinjr. and the minds of the
people ate.set on rest as- the question of wheth
er.they left lavae, la? yenv, before they emi
grated. It is evident that they went to other
localities as they c. rae here to eat, deposite
their eggs and die. There is no sign that they
have leli any deposits here, and as everybody
is putting in crop of something good to eat
we expect next fall to be encumbered with a
surplus of the good things of. this life, and to
inundate St. Anthouy, Minucappolis and St.
Paul, with vegetables and grain after supply
ing the Pine regions and the laborers on the
Bail Road.
rpHIS town is situated on the Sioux
4. Wood river, and is the Western termi
nus of the Minnesota aud Pacific railroad
the point laid down by Capt. Pope on his
map as ihe head of steam navigation on the
Red river the Valley of the Red river is
about twenty miles wide on either side of the
stream, and about five hundred miles long
bv numerous
Breckenridge i* also at ihe point where Gov
Steven's survey of a route for the Pacific .rail,
road crosses the Sioux Wood river, an exami
nation of the Western Stales, and a reference
to the writings of Govii Si evens, ex-Gov. Ram
say or the Congressional documents containing
the reports pfIdaj Long and Capt. Pope, can
not fail to couyince thatsuch is the geograph
ical^ptfsitftoi -*1*»-eefccnridge, that* all*Hhat.
portion,ol- the Territory «f the United States
which lays west :of the.Mississippi and north
of the head w^tet^-oT^he Minnesota rivers
must forever be tributary to that city, 'and
that Breckenridge is. to be not only the com
mercial centre for the north-west, but will
forever be the gate-city onthe great north-west
highway of nation*,
Breckenridge is now being improved by the
Proprietors, who are erecting dwellings for
themselves, a hotel, grist mill, saw mill, a
shingle and lath machine,1 &C.
£or further particulars enquire of
streams which are skirted wuh elm, ash, baes ,.., ,. Tir^„_„__ i.ilrt„*
wood, white wooJ and.
growth, the remainder of the valley is prairie,
composed of rich, black loam free from sand
barrens or swamps. Red river is a deep, slow
stream, has no islands, sand bars or snags to
obstruct navigation: the banks are about 25
feet high, and not subject to overflow many
of the tributaries of the Red river are strong
ly impregnated with salt, and indications of
iron and coal are numerous in the vicinity.
The farmers of the valley of the Red river
gave to Major Wood as the average of their
crops wheat, 30 to. 40: barley 40 to 80 oats
40 50 and potatoes 200 to 000 bushels to the
acre. At Pembina, [200 miles north of Breck
enridge,] ex-Gov. Ramsey says, on the 2d
October, 1851, water melons and cantelopes
were served to us fordessert, and ihe first frost
that occurcd was on the night of that day,"
[see address before the Minnescia Agricultu
ral Society, Oct, 10th, 1856.] Two large set
tlements have long existed on Red river—
Pembina and Selkirk, both of which yearly
raise a lai'ge surplus of the products of the
farm the whole valley of the Red river is
rapidly filling up with an energetic and intel
ligent population the country being exceed
ingly healthy, and should the indications of
iron and eoal lead to the discovery of those
minerals as large as is anticipated, this valley
will soon be swarming with a population en
gaged in agriculture, mining and manufactur
ing, supplying eastern Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Iowa and Missouri with the products of their
labor and skill the Minnesota and Pacific
railroad will be .placed immediately under
contract as by the terms of its charter it must
be finished from Siillwater loSt Anthony with
in two years, and completed to Breckenridge
within ten years from the 3d of March, 1857,
or forfeit its franchise as well as ihe lands do
nated to it..
HFNRY T. WELLS, Minneapolis,
CHUTE, St. Anthony,
CHAS. N. M'KUBBIN. St, Paul,
Executive Committee,
Or to GEO. F. BROTT, Breckenridge.
May 10,1858. tf.
tthe Visiter
Our Prospectus will be found on our
third page, and we ask the friends
of the freedom of the press, and of the
principles there laid down, to aid us in
maintaining them. We feel that in our
advocacy of them in St. Cloud we have
been milder and more conservative than we
have ever before been in our character'ot
writer for the Press.
by along coarse of, discipline, tostand pub
licly as the advocate of the oppressed of
our own sex, as a representative of woman's
right, under God, to choose her own sphere
of action. We have chosen ours with di
rect reference to the final account, and
those who make it the subject of sarcasm,
ridicule, or coarse personal abuse, may cal
culate to meet all that is terrible in" ear
nestness of purpose.
We are so certain die Lord is on our
side, that it is quite impossible for us to
fear any force ou earth.. Dyingis not dif
ficult, yielding impossible. We have not
sought the control of a press here, but
when it was offered us we looked upon it
as a command from the Great Master to go
to work in His vineyard. Our conscience
acquits us of havingused it otherwise than
in the service of Opa and man. It is thus
we still hope to use it, and not to gratify
any feeling of revenge against those who
have sought our injury with such singular
pertinacity and despe-ration.
We shall make no personal war upon
any, but those who attack us, had better
calculate the cost of supplying territory
and munitions for the war that will surely
ensue. We fight all our battles on the
enemy's ground, and always use his wea
pons, so that he who makes personal war
upon ns had better be sure of his defen
sive armor. Let' him make our private do
mestic relations the object of his public
sneers, and he may calculate to defend his
We look upon all politicians, whether in
office or out, as fair subjects of editorial
comment in all their political relations.—
We do not recognize any man's right to
privacy in any attempt to govern the peo
ple. We never kept a political secret and
think we never will. The people are the
proper source of political power, and have
a right to know all the purposes and
plans of those who dispense power and
patronage. Whenever we can trace a po
litical wire up to the handle, we shall di
rect public attention to that point, no mat
ter where it is, or what is likely to be the
consequence. We believe this is a duty
which every editor owes the public, and
we shall have to get in a new supply of
cowardice before we shrink from it£
To those who feel that these, our purpo
ses, are right, we appeal for aid in carrying
them out. The difficulties with which we
have to contend are very great. A large
majority of the people of St. Cloud show
the best disposition to aid and sustain us,
but in addition to the general commercial
crash, this county has had to contend with
the loss of the greater portion of two crops
by the devastation of grasshoppers.
Our enemies have shown themselves un
scrupulous and active. Their written
threats, of more serious violence, stand un
cancelled, while their private efforts to in
jure our reputation, to cover our name
,. I with most odious epithets, and gross crimes,
of the largest are stil actively pursued. W
that except
our large share of human weakness, Our
life has been suchas to give no justeause
of offence to any. ,*
May be we are a fanatic but ne convic
tion could be stronger, in our mind, than
the feeling that the Lord has prepared us,
prisonsl, or regularly organizedare
and those who take the responsibility of
these attacks are totally irresponsible, as
well as artful and unscrupulous. They
have already deprived us of a hope to
which we had long looked forward, a quiet,
humble, little home of our own. The
preparation we had made for building, is
now as money lost, for it is not thought
safe for us to attempt living alone. Our
office must be so situated, that with our
debility it is impossible for us to have
proper supervision of it, for the press must
lie placed where it can be guarded, with
out hiring men for that purpose.
We are not wont to make pitiful appeals
for help, but we should be recreant to duty
now, not to state the facts, that those who
love the American principles offreedomof
speech and freedom of the press, may
know that here, in this nominally free
State, it is in danger of being crushed.—
The Visiter is no longer a local"organ,
although we shall make it a prominent ob
ject to make known the resources of north
ern Minnesota but the great object of its
life is to vindicate thefreedomof the press.
For this, men here, of both parties, have
contributed to purchase the material and
incurred a large expenditure in publishing
it. Men of comparatively small interests
are active and efficient as any, and we, are
anxious thatthe responsibility thus assumed
may not fall too heavily upon them. Our
terms of subscription are as low as we can
make them, and to all who favor us with
subscriptions, we shall try to give the
worth of their money. The people of
St. Cloud have acted nobly their part in
this matter, and to the friends of truth and
justice abroad, we now appeal to aid us in
our struggle for the right.
Dealer in Real Estate,
Office on River Street, opposite the Ferry,
S A I N O M. JP .a
pe to invest in Lands or
Propert iu a part of the country
which is unsurpassed in soil, and rapidly filling
with bona fide settlers, can find favorable op
portunities by applying to the undersigned*
Property for sale in the towns of Hartford
St. Cloud, Newburg, Brottsburg, Milie Lac ana
all the best paying "towns in this part of th
country. Nr If. SMITR.
CT. CLOUD, May 27,1858.
The,following plats have this day,been
received at this office.
T'nship 124 N. Range 29 West 5th Mend.
Pre-Emptors are required to file -their
declaratoryStatements within three months
from this date. A. W. CARUTHERS,
Wanted. Several cash subscribers to
fill the FmVerJists and three lines to fill
this column up snug, and tight.

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