Newspaper Page Text
The Worthington Advance.
A- P. MILLER, Publisher.
Congressman Randall says: "Yoi
may draw a line within five miles ol
City Hall Park in New York, and the
vote will be cast there which will make
the next President."
It may be presumed that the presi
dent of the United States knows how
much exercise he requires. Some ol
the Washington reporters think they
Judge Cooley of Michigan gives up a
$25,000 position as receiver of the
Wabash road to take the chairman
ship of the Inter-State commission
which pays only $7,500. Such self
sacrifice as this, for a poor man, as
Mr. Cooley is, requires patriotism and
public spirit of a pretty exalted kind.
The Supreme Court of California
has decided what constitutes legal
marriage in the eye of the law in the
case of the estate of Andre Briswaiter.
The decision states that a marriage
to be legal must be made public and
the parties must live together
band and wife in the face of their
Mrs. Helen Gongas, in addressing
the women% Kansas who are to vote
in the municipal elections, finds it nec
essary to remind her sex that they
will be obliged to give their names,and
says: "Do not give your husband's
name or your pet name." No Lizzies,
Susies, Minnies and Mamies can evet
vote a straight ticket, nor a crooked
one, either, for that matter.
8uit was brought in New York not
long ago by a gentleman who, while at
tending a base-ball game, was ''knocked
out" by a stray ball. He sued the
managers of the grounds, alleging their
obligation to keep screens in tront 0|
the stand. The Court has just decided
against him. People who attend base
ball games must furnish their own
armor if they would secure against
Some philanthropical person has
been down to Florida and visited the
Apaches confined in Port Marion. St.
Augustine. He is very greatly distress
ed because the Indians are not so ten
derly treated as they should be. The
savages are not furnished with all the
latest and most expensive luxuries in
the way of food and raiment, we pre
sume, but that they are badly mis
treated there is no reason to believe.
The Navy Department may well feel
great relief in finding that the heaviest
guns required for any vessel of the
navy now authorized, and also the
thickest plates contemplated either
for the new armored cruisers or foi
the double-turret monitors, can be
had in this country. An additional
source of gratification is that these
armor plates and gun forgings can
be furnished in a shorter time than
had been thought possible.
On March 1st the total amount oi
three per cents not paid or called waa
only $29,000,000. It is estimated that'
tho revenues of the last four months
of this fiscal year, March to June in
clusive, will be $120,000,000, and the
total expenditure $105,000,000. This
will leave $15,000,000 for the redemp
tion of bonds, and the prospect
is that the three per cents outstand
ing on July 1st will not amount tc
over $14,000,000. By October 1st
this remnant will have been paid off,
and the government, unless relieved,
will go on accumulating about five
millions a month, or.perheps more.
Iowa has just completed a hand
some new capitol at a cost within the
original appropriation. Michigan a
year or two ago finished a building on
which less than $5,000,000 was spent.
Connecticut has at Hartford one ol
the most beautiful state houses in the
world, which was built for less than
$5,000,000. New York has spent
$18,000,000 on the stone-heap in Al
bany, and all it has to show foi
it is a mountain of granite likely to
tumble down at any time. A report
of an expert is just published in which
it is stated that if the halls of legi$-!
lation are not immediately cared for
there may be a loss of hundreds ol
The Legislature of Maine, which re
cently adjourned, adopted a resolu
tion to submit a constitutional amend
ment to the people re-establishing
annual sessions of the Legislature.
The Bangor Commercial (Ind.) thinks
that there is no occasion for annual
sessions and that "nobody wants
them outside of members and pro
spective members and those people in
Augusta who look to the Legislature
for a livelihood." The Portland Ad
vertiser (Rep.) takes a similar view,
and exclaims: "Heaven forbid! Once
in two years is often enough for such
eccentric legislation as we have had
The interstate commerce law prom
ises to inflict one of its heaviest blows
upon the Standard Oil Company. Sec
tion 2 of that law provides that the
granting of special rates, rebates, draw
backs, or the act of receiving by any a
greater or less compensation from one
person than is demanded from anoth
er for substantially like service, shall
be deemed to be unjust discrimina
tions, which the bill prohibits and
makes unlawful and the third section
declares it unlawful to give any undue
perference or advantage to any par
ticular person or descripton of traffic.
The Standard monopoly has long prof
ited by both of the abuses prohibited
in these clauses. Treasurer Cassel ol
the Pennsylvania testified on one oc
casion that the rebates allowed to the
Standard Company amounted too vei
$10,000,000 within 18 months. That
would be at a rate of $0,700,000 a
0f MliiMota SoldUra'HoMt.
Gov. McGUl has appointed the trustees
of the Minnesota Soldiers' Home. These
trustees, by the provisions of the law en
acted by the late legislature, will locate
the new home and superintend the con
struction of the 6&me. The trustees, with
their termo ol office and residence, are as
A. E. Christie, Austin, two years William
P. Dunnington, Redwood, four years
Lucius A. Hancock, Red Wing, four years
Reese Henderson, Minneapolis, six years
ThomasF. Cowing, FurgusFalls, twoyearft
Henry A. Castle, St. Paul, six yean Ai A.
Brown, Alexandria, two yearly
Henry A. Castle bt Bt Paul is well
known in that city and the state at
large. In A. Haocock has been county
treasurer of Goodhue- county for six
Or eight years, was for many yearo
county superintendent of schools, and is
well known in this section of the state.
During the last campaign Mr. Hancock
was defeated for state senator by Hon
Peter Nelson. He is a Republican. Reese
Henderson of Minneapolis Is a Ohio man,
and is a veteran of the War of the Rebell
ion. He was badly shot at the battle of
Pittsburg Landing. In politics he is
a Democrat. William P. Dunning
ton of Redwood is a Republican
and an ex-official of the Red#bod land of
fice, having served thete during part of Ar
thur's administration. Capt. A. A. Brown
of Alexandria is an old soldier and well
known citizen of the state. Capt. A. E.
Christie of Austin is a farmer, living about
one mile from that place, and a man much
liked by all who know him. He is a Dem
ocrat. Thomas F. Cowing of Fergus Falls
is register of the land office at that point,
and is a Democrat.
The city council of Chicago, in response
to a letter from the lord mayor of Dublin,
hnattimouBly instructed Mayor Harrison
to transmit a solemn protest to the primo
minister »f England against the proposed
withdrawal from the Irish people of the
right of trial by jury.
The mystery of a murder Committed at
Shenandoah, Pa., seventeen years ago was
cleared up by the death-bed confession of
one of the murderers. May 27, 1870, Jef
ferson Yohe. eighteen yearo of age, was shot
and killed on Ringtown mountain. The
crime was laid to the Mollie Maguires, not
withstanding suspicion pointed strongly to
Charles Fredericks and Michael Hertzel of
Miftlin. Fredericks died recently after con
fessing that he and Hertzel committed the
murder with the purpose df robbery. Hert
zel was arrested.
A mob of Creeks attacked with stones
the residences of American missionaries in
Smyrna. The American legation there has
asked the porte to send a man-of-war to
Smyrna to protect the missionaries.
The 2,000 masons, bricklayers, carpen
ters. plumbers and other laborers employ
ed in the erection of the extensive additions
to tho Equitable building in New York
went on a strike. The strike was caused
by the employment of two non-union men
to put up electric wires.
An attempt was made in New York to poi
son Miss Aguess Hetnd
on, the actress. A box
of fruit was sent to the lady from an anony
mnuB person, and, after she had partaken
of a portion of it she became very sick.
It is believed to have been the work of a
The will of Eliza Goodwin, the wife of Nat
C. Goodwin, was offered in New York for
probate. It bequeathes to Mrs. Eliza
Smith, of London, England, her mother,
$8,000, and the rest of her estate to her
The will of the late James B. Eads of
St. Louis, was presented for probate in
tho surrogate court. He left between one
and two millions mostly to his children.
Quarantine was instituted at El Pnso,
Tex., against cholera. The disease has
traveled from South America to Panama,
and It*is feared the Mexican Central trains
may bring it into the United States.
The special grand jury came into the
criminal court at Chicago, and returned
three batches of indictments ajainst per
pons implicated in the county frauds, there
being a total of 23 presentments.
^William A. Clarke, clerk in the registry
division of the New York postoffice, was
arrested, charged with stealing a $10,000
package sent to the Chemical National
bank of Portland, Or. Clarke confessed
that ho had stolen this, also sixty other
packages which had been missing from
time to time or the past three years.
Labouchere, in the house of commons
said: The disorders in Ireland are due to
execrable laws and tho government's de
fiance of the wishes of the people. The
Conservatives seemed unable to under
stand that they were dealing with a nation
entitled to make its own laws, not with
individuals. The terrorism and outrage
which flourished in the Southern states
during Andrew Johnson's time ceased in
1876 when home rule was granted. The
speaker taunted Balfour with ignorance of
the condition of Ireland. He said Bal
four hardly cared what measure he pro
posed. He denounced partisaalrish judges
for making exciting political harangues
when there happened to be a judgeship
vacant. As regurded the proposal to make
the crimes bill a permanent measure, if
that were done the bill would never be ab
rogated, as a majority of the members of
the house of lords were Salisbury's subser
vient political slaves. The speaker inter
posed, Labouchere modified his expres
sion to "the majority is entirely in
Lord Salisbury's hands."
The buisness failures of the three months
ending on the 31st ult. as reported by R. O.
Dun & Co., number 3,007, against 3,203 for
the same quarter of 1886. The comparative
liabilities for the corresponding period
were: 1887, $32,101,000 1886'$29,681,
000. The liabilities in the Middle states
amounted to $12,000,000, an increase of
over $6,000,000, compared with 1886,
and in New York city they were $5,000,
000, against $2,700,000 last year. In all
other sections the failures are few and
much less in amount than the average, and
the total result is much less than in pre
vious years. In Canada the failures for
the first quarter of 1887 are 393, against
889 in 1886 libilities, $3,602,000 against
$3,442,000 in 1886.
The retirement of Judge Mac Arthur from
the supreme court of the District of Co
lumbia, on a retiring pension after sixteen
years' service, was made the scene oi a
touching farewell greeting on the part of
the members of the bar and others. Judge
MacArthur was once lieutenant governor of
Wisconsin. His retirement, it is thought,
will soon be followed by that of Chief Jus
It is estimated at the treasury depart
ment that the public debt has been de
creased $12,000,000 during the present
The commissioner of patents has render
ed decision, giving J. W. McDonough the
right to open the old Bell telephone case.
In response to a communication from
the commissioner of Indian affairs, the at
torney general rendered an opinion on the
construction to be placed upon certain am
biguous sections of the new Indian lands in
severalty law, in which he holds: Indians
who have heretofore received an allotment
ot a less quantity of land than is provided
for in the act are entitled to receive an ad
ditional allotment sufficient to make the
entire quantity allowed equal to that
named in the act. The work of making
the allotment may be done by either a
special or regular agent without the con
currence of the other,
Commander-in Chief Lucius Fairchild,
of the G. A. R., has undertaken to raise
funds for the erection of a monument to
Sam Turner, the hotel man and part
proprietor of the Grand Pacific hotel,
The postmaster general has issued a
circular letter to postmasters, calling at
tention to the advantages of the special
delivery system, and urging them to com
mend its use to the public as worthy of
In the president's mail was a letter
postmarked Brooklyn, N. Y., containing a
$500 gold certificate and a note saying,
"The money is for custom houseduty." It
was placed to the credit of the conscience
Secretary Whitney is considering the
plans submitted by the board appointed to
ascertain the amount of plant required to
equip the Washington navy yard as an
ordnance foundry. It is probable that
the plans decided upon will be made public
in a short time.
The president appointed Canstantine V.
Gallagher postmaster at Omaha, vice C.
K. Conant, removed.
Pingree & Smith's shoe factory in De
troit, the largest one in Michigan, was de
stroyed by fire. Loss, $200,000.
Marino Leyba, a notorious outlaw and
desperado and leader ot a gang who ter
rorued Central Nsw Mexico for six months,
was killed while resisting arrest near Ante
lope Springs, Colorado. Joaquin Montera
and Carlos Jaconie were deputized by
Sheriff Chavenz to make the arrest, and
met Leyba on the mountian trail.. SVhen
ordered to surrender, all three fired their
revolvers. Montera got a "bnllet through
his hat- and Leyba fell dead at his feet
shot through the head.
Authentic information has been received
from St. Petersburg that a fresh attempt
was made upon the czar's life at the
Gatchina palace* The czalr Was not in
A sensation occurred in the Park theater
in Brooklyn-, during tlie performance of
Sol Smith Russell, in the comedy "Pa."
During the performance a man unknown
to the company forced his way on the stage
and proceeded to dance a hornpipe. It
took several stage hands to eject him.
William Sims, secretary of the state
board of agriculture of Kansas, writes:
"The estimated ftreft soWtt to Wheat it 30
per centv less than last yetir 10 per cent.
Ot this has been winter killed Gil bert R.
Osmun, secretary, ot the state board ol
agriculture ot Michigan, writes: "The
weather has continued very unfavorable
lor wheat, audit is hatdly possible that
the plant has escaped serious injury."
Wirt Butleha prominent farmer and son
Of ex-State Treasurer Butler, shot and
killed Thomas Reed, a man in his employ,
near Springfield, III. Butler say) he acted
Gen. Post haB come out ahead in the
contested congressional election base at
Galesburg, 111. Worthington is his demo
Further accounts are received of the ter
rible effects of the drouth in Texas. The
cattle interest Suffers more than any other.
General Reynolds of Alabama, like ex
Lieut. Gov. Reynolds of Missouri, waa
killed by falling down an elevator well.
The inen resembled each other closely.
The former Reynolds, however, was not
Capt. Jack Lawson ot Paducah, Ky.. in
sists that lie was the first man to run a
locomoti vo in America. He ran the first
engine on the Baltimore & Susquehanna
railroad in 1830»
The sign "To Let" hangs on the wall ol
the Brooklyn residence of the late Henry
R. T. Bush of Brooklyn, owner of the
Coronet, says he will sell her for $150,
The congress of churches and Christians
commenced its session in Chicago, its ob
ject being the inauguration of a movement
to crush out secret societies. About three
hundred delegates, mostly men, were pres
ent from several states.
Near Beulah. Mi is., W. L. Lane, member
of the legislature, shot Charles Yaman
several times, from the effects of which he
died several hoiirs later. Cause domestic
Mayor Hewitt created a sensation in
New York by declaring that unless the po
lice of the city aided him in suppressing
the dives he would resign at once.
The Connecticut senate, by a vote of 20
to 3, passed the ten-hour law for women
and children already passed by the house.
It is the same as the Massachusetts law.
An amendment excepting mercantile es
tablishments was rejected—13 to 5.
Messrs. Cooley, Morrison, Shoonmaker
and Walker, of the interstate commerce
commission, called at the White House
and paid their respects to the president.
Commissioner Bragg did not arrive in the
city in time to go with them, but called at
the White House shortly afterwards, and
then joined his associates at Wiilard's ho
tel, where an informal gathering took
place to enable the members to become
better acquainted with one another. At
3 o'clock the commissioners met in the in
terior department, where their commis
sions were handed to them and tho pre
scribed oath of ofiico was administered.
On motion of Col. Morrison, Judge Cooley
was selected as chairman of the commis
sion. This action was unanimous and was
taken without discussion.
Lieut.-Gen. Sheridan has returned to
Washington from the West. Whilo absent
he selected a site for the new military
post, choosing a tract of land seven miles
out of Denver.
R. N. Marble, the democratic register,
and E. G. Swanstroiu, the republican re
ceiver ol the Duluth land office, resigned a
few days ago and their resignations were
accepted to take effect upon the appoint
ment of their successors.
Gen. E. F. Beale has been very sick at
his residence in Washington.
Postmaster Clepper, ot Boscobel, Wis.,
was arrested by the United States marshal
on a charge of misappropriating $400
funds of the govenment. In default ol
bonds for his appearance in court, he was
taken to Madison to await his trial.
The government debt statement shows a
decrease of $12,002,361 for March.
The Northern Pacific has issued a circu
lar to its Montana agents instructing them
hereafter to receive shipments of hides,
skins or furs of wild animals to be taken
out of the state, which has not been al
lowed for about two years.
The Wisconsin state board of charities
and reform has filed a report of its investi
gation of the charges of carelessness, indo
lence, etc., against Supt. Hare, of the Mil
waukee insane asylum, with the governor.
The board finds that none of the charges
were sustained by evidence, but recom
mends that the governor make such
changes in the board of trustees as will
render it harmonious.
The new board of railroad commission
ers ot Dakota met at Fargo and elected
Capt. Griggs as chairman. Fargo will be
the temporary headquarters of the board.
Bradstreet's publishes' a long table ot
bank clearings for March. The grand to
tal for the United States in March, 1887,
is $4,342,513,345 March, 1886, $4,181,
355,736 total for three months of 1887,
$12,461,248,070 three months of 1886,
The Milwaukee & St. Paul has issued a
tariff on wood, stone and brick,and also a
local tariff between stations in Wisconsin.
On wood there is practically no change,
but on stone and brick the tariff is consid
erably less than the old one. The Wiscon
sin local tariff is about the same as the
one formerly used.
The late Lord Iddesleigh's personal es
tate is valued at $115,000.
Prince Leopold of Prussia will visit this
country during the summer.
The Gladstone Liberals will meet the
government motion fora second reading ot
the coercion bill with a hostile amend
Michael Davitt hails the bill as certain
to make confusion worse confounded, there
fore likely to bring nearer the only possi
ble and final solution of the whole ques
tion—Irish state ownership of land in Ire
A dispatch dated at Spokane Falls,
Wash., March 31, was received by the In
dian bereau from the Northwestern Indian
commission, stating: A satisfactory agree
ment has just been made with the Coeur
d'Alene Indians, who will accept their land
in severalty and sell the remainder of their
reservation. The commission will move
on at once to Sand Point to arrange with
the Pend d'Oreilles, and a messenger has
been sent up to the Calispell valley to ar
range with the Indian^ for a council. This
band and the Kootenais, who are wander
ing with them, are not under an agent, and
some difficulty will probably beexperienced
in getting them to settle down.
The Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul rail
road freight department have issued a
through freight tariff of rates from Milwau
kee and common points and St. Paul and
common points. The new rates are as fol
lows per 100 pounds: First-class, 80
cents second, 70 third, 48 fourth, 33.
Car Loads—Flax, $23: wheat, flour, corn,
rye, oats, barley and millstuffs, $18.
Horses and mules $70 cattle and hogs,
$60 sheep. $45, $60 and $75 emigrants'
movables, $45 per car. The rates named
will be considered as applying on cars ol
not less than 29 feet, but not exceeding 30'
feet 6 inches in length internal measure
In the house ot commons the debate on
the coercion bill was closed by a vote ot
861 to 253 and the first reading of the
bill was agreed to without division. Par
nell's speech, which was one of the best he
ever made, was unusually fiery in its peora
tion. He commenced to
speak in low,
tones, and almost caused a sensation.
Gladstone and the whole opposition fre
quently applauded his remarks. The op-
osition consider Balfour's case pulverized
A gentleman in Washington who has bad
especial reason to interest himself in the
ex- Secretary Manning'e health,
has received personal advices from Ens
land, confirming the worst reports yet pub
lished. His informant asserts that the
ex-secretary was not only not improved
by his voyage, but is decidedly worse
than he was before ho sailed—worse
than when he landed in England. His
little hope of his recovery.
Aaiamisi Beport ef Csrilasl Qfbhsas eflsl.
Rome, March 28. The text of Cardinal
Gibbons' report on the Knights ot Labor
shows that several additions have been
made to the report as originally published.
Referring to the objection urged against the
organization the cardinal says:
"It is objected that in this, kind Of Or
ganization Catholics mix with Protestants
to the peril ot their faith. Amongst a
mixed people like ours separation of relig
ions in civil affairs is not possible. To
suppose that the faith ot Catholics suffers
shows ignorance of the Catholic workmen
of America, who regard the ehurcli as
their mother. They are intelligent,
instructed, devoted and ready td
give their .blood aft they give their
hard-earned gains for her support
and protection." To the question wheth
er it would hot be better tb have the organ
ization conducted by priests under the di
rect influence of religion, the cardinal re
plies that he thinks it neither possible nor
necessary "In our country," he says*
"we have abundant means ot making
Catholics good without going so far."
It being objected that the liberty ot
the organization exposes Catholics to
deadly influences and associates more
dangerous than even communists and an
archists, the cardinal said it was true, but
that one proof of faith would not try
American Catholics. To day such influ
ences they were exposed every day, and they
knew them well and despised them. Dan
ger would arise from a col iness between the
fchurch and her children, which nothing
would more surely occasion than impru
dent condemnation. Special stress being
laid upon the violence, even to the shed
ding ot blood, which has characterized
strikes inaugurated by workingmen's as
sociations the cardinal eays: "Strikes are
not the invention of the Knights, but a
Universal perpetual means by which work
ingmen protest against what is unjust, and
demand their rights. In such a struggle
bf the multitudes of the poor against hard
obstinate monopolies wrath and violence
are often inevitable us they areregretable.
The laws and the principal authorities of the
Knights, so far from encouraging violence
or occasions for violence exercise a powerful
preventative influence, seeking to keep
Btrikes within the limits of the legitimate
action. An attentive examination to the
violent struggles between labor and capital
has convinced me of the injustice ot at
tributing violence to the Knights of
Labor. The part of Christian
prudence is to attempt to bind the hearts
of the multitude with ties of love for the
purpose of controlling them by the princi
pals of faith, justice and charity. Remov
ed from what is false and criminal, there
will converge into a legitimate, peaceful,
beneficent struggle that which by repulsive
severity, might become for the masses of
our people a volcanic abyss similar to that
which society fears and which the church
deplores in Europe." The cardinal re
cognized that the great question of the
future is not a question of war, commerce
or nnance, but asocial question touching
the melioration of the condition of the
popular masses, especially workingmen.
Therefore it is of sovereign importance
that the church be found always firmly
ranged on the side of humanity and justico
towards the multitudes composing the
body of the human family. Tho conditions
of the lower classes at present cannot and
should not continue.
How Railroads sre Built In the Northwest.
A special dispatch from Devil's Lake,
Dakota, gives the following interesting
account of the mammoth railroad opera
tions westward from that place:
Nothing in railroad building heretofore
in the Northwest has approached the rapid
ity and army like system with which the
Manitoba company is sending forward ma
terial for the construction of the Montana
line. For the past three months there
have gone through this place daily, on
an average, 175 cars laden with all
sorts of construction material.
At Minot, the present terminus of the
track 137 miles West of Devils Lake, the
company has laid something like ten miles
of sidings to receive this material, and
along both sides of these numerous tracks
are piled great quantities of ties, bridge
material, piles and thousands of the best
quality of steel rails. Said an old rail
road contractor, after visiting Minot:
"Is is worth a day's travel to
see these mountains of costly ma
terial." And still it goes forward in in
creasing quantities. For the past twenty
four hours the trainB have averaged one in
every two hours. And it is estimated that
it will require two hundred cars daily the
entire summer of this material to be sent
forward that there may be no delay in the
building of this great line of road. All en
gines do not wait at the terminus for the un
loading of trains, buthastenback for more
cars, and it is not an uncommon sight to
see ten of these monster iron horses on
their return, with a single caboose car at
tached to each, speeding along the track
only a few hundred yards apart. In all
this gigantic work there is no confusion,
not an accident of any kind has occurred,
all material is separated and placed where
it enn be reloaded and handled at
the minimum cost. The roadbed for
a hundred miles west of Minot
is ready for the rails, and all bridges
(one of which is 1,800 feet long) and water
tanks are completed for a distance of 35
miles beyond that point. Tracklaying will
begin in a few days, and grading as soon as
is out of the ground sufficiently
for that work. Several engineer corps are
already in the field many miles in advance
of last year's work making ready for the
army of over 15,000 graders that will soon
follow. It is needless to say that at the
head of this great enterprise stands alone
one man, James J. Hill. He it was that
projected and is carrying it all through.
Parnell Appeals to America.
Lincoln, Neb., March 29.—The following
cablegram from Mr. Parnell was received
by President Fitzgerald, of the Irish-Amer
ican league, to-day:
The coeicion bill proposed in the house
of commons is the eighty-seventh since
the act of union, eighty-seven
years ago. It in also the most
stringent,tyrannical and uncalled for by tho
state of things in Ireland. Never before has
a coercion bill been proposed when crime
was so rapidly decreasing as compared
with previous years.. The measure is
aimed against all open agitation, and ap
pears to be expressly designed for driving
discontent beneath the surface. It places
all public speakers, writers and conductors
of newspapers absolutely at the mercy ot
stipendiary magistrates holding their
offices at the pleasure of the crown. It con
demns the Irish-speaking peasant of rack
rented Kerry to the tender mercies of a pack
ed jury of Orangemen or anti-land leaguers
or a jury of Englishmen at the Old Bailey in
London. The Liberal party, headed by
Gladstone, stands as one man against this
measure and wil 1 fight shoulder to shoul
der with us, in opposition to it, to the
last. It seems impossible to believe that
even the present bouse of commons Will
continue to follow the Tory government in
their mad course, and good judges consider
the measure will break and ruin the cabi
net. We must, however, prepare for the
worst and I confidently appeal to the
American people for sympathy and sup
port which they have never withheld fronj
a people struggling for liberty.
The Dauntless One Day Behind the Coronet.
A Queenstown, Ireland, dispatch of Mon
day the 28th says: The Dauntless massed
old head of Kinsale at 3:15 o'clock thin
afternoon. The wind was blowing from
the northwest, and was light. The tug
Flying Irishman left Queenstown with press
correspondents to meet the Dauntless and
accompany her to Roche's Point. The of
ficers of the Coronet and other yatchmen
are greatly pleased with the result of the
race, and say it has served to show ad
mirable qualities in both
sidering the differences in the tonnage and
length ofihe two, and the extraordinary
heavy weather which prevailed during the
voyage, the Dauntless is thought to have
done as well as her competitor. The of
ficers and friends of both yachts will be
entertained by the members of the Royal
Cork Yacht club.
The Dauntless crossed the finishing line
at 6:45 o'clock. Her actual time on pas
sage was 16 days, 1 hour, 43 minutes and
13 seconds. She has been towed into the
harbor, and is now safely at anchor. All
on board are well, and the yacht is in as
good shape as when she left Owl's Head,
nothing having been carried away. She
experienced about the same weather as the
Halifax Special: Irish circles are much
excited over the indictment and personal
bribery found by the grand jury ot Victoria
county against John Costigan, minister ol
inland revenue. This is the first- time iu
Canadian history that a cabinet minister
has been indicted for personal bribery. Mr.
Costigan is a recognised leader of the Irish
The Hsileek Into Trial.
On Thursday the court room was packed
to listen to the testimony ot Koschnitzy,
fclias "Bismarck." The substantial facts
Dt his testimony were given la his eon
Session last October, and are famil
iar to the public, but there was
treat curiosity to see the man,
near the details of the fearful tragedy from
his lips, and note the manner of telling it.
Everything about him and his peculiar
Ityle of narration tended to give force to
(lis evidence. He testified positively to see
ing Arensdorf fire the shot that killed
Koschnitzy proved to be the most dan
lerous witness for the defense yet called.
The position ot the assassin when he fired
the snot, as told by "Bismark," corre
sponds with other testimony already sub
mitted, but he described with horrifying
illustration the face and expression of the
minister as the ball penetrated the neck.
After "Bismarck's" testimony, Billy Doer
sam was called and substantiated some ol
the minor points of Leavitt's story. He
was shown and identified the pants he wore
at the time, and said he had on a straw
bat. Mary Ryan, wife of Jack Ryan, gave
corroborative testimony as to incidental
matters involved in her husband's and
Mrs.Haddock, on reaching the courtroom
was visibly affected, and was given a seat
near the judge's desk. She bore up with
fortitude until the narration of the details
of the tragedy were given by the witnesses,
when she broke down with audible sobs
and groans. During the afternoon she
fainted and Was carried from the ro'om
moaning and weeping. The lady was dress
ed in deep mourning. Though a woman ot
rare strength ot nerve and mind she was
not equal to the trial of her powers.
On the 31st, Minnie Koschnitski, aged
twelve, daughter of "Bismarck," was call
ed. The artless and straightforward story
proved to be the most sensational feature
of the trial thus far. She is a black-eyed,
pleasant-faced little girl, whose manner
was that of truthfulness and knowledge
ot what she was saying. She gave a
detailed account of conversations between
Arensdorf and her mother in regard to the
purchase of her mother's house by Arens
dorf, and ot money furnished by him to
send the family to San Francisco. The
cross-examination failed to shake the force
of the girl's artless story in the least the
defense endeavoring to show that she
had been coached by the attorneys for the
state. Counsel asked if she had talked
with Mr. O'Connell. She replied "Yes,
and he told me what to say. He told me
to tell the truth."
The defense in the afternoon began by
Attackingthecharacterof the principal wit
nesses for the state—Bismark and ths
Leavitts. Officers Smith and Bridewell,
who were on the police force Aug. 3, said
they saw Bismarck on that night about
11:30 p. m., after the shooting. He was in
toxicated and couldn't walk straight.
Adolph Metz and William Metz (his father)
swore that Bismarck came on their porch
that night about 12 o'clock and wanted
to get in. He was drunk and slept out on
the porch an hour or two. Mrs. Metz con
firmed their statements. Henry Rice
swore he called to see Bismarck on
Suuday, August 1, to get him to work
for him. Bismarck refused to work
tor $3 per day and said he and
George Treiber were going to do
up preachers and lawyers there was more
money in it. William Dalbson, being
sworn, said that on the night of the shoot
irife he told Mrs. Leavitt of it. She said,
"Good!" I'm glad the is kill
ed." He also narrated the trading of hats
by Leavitt on the night of theshooting. His
wife didn't want him to wear the straw
hat after that. Matt Franciscus was next
He lives near the city, and was formerly
in the saloon business. He said he knew
Bismark, and his character is bad knew
Mr. Leavitt talked with him Aug. 3.
Leavitt said: "These saloonkeepers want
to whip the preachers I'm in favor of kill
ing the d—d ."
In the trial of Arensdorf, on Friday,
Bismark's" character wasimpeached and
an effort made to make out an alibi for
Arensdorf, and to connect Leavitt with
theshooting. JailerCruickshank, descrid
ing Leavitt's visit to "Bismark" in jail,
quoted Leavitt as saying: "You saw
John Arnesdnrf shoot as well as
me." "Yes, sir," Bismarck replied. D.
L\ Barnes, in his testimony, said he knew
Bismarck's character to be bad. On the
night, of the murder he saw him in front ol
the Columbia house and thought that he
was sober at the time. Adolph Knep
per was a neighbor of Bismarck's
at the time of the murder. He
bought the house through John Arens
dorf. tie was his agent paid $300 for it.
He gave Arensdorf $250 to pay for it. He
was not on good terms with Bismarck's
wife and that is the reason ho had Arens
dorf buy it for him. He paid off one lien
on the house of $40. Ten dollars was
due for the rent of the grounds.
John Martin, who runs a club room,
culled tho "Red Light" said that
Leavitt had talked with him on the day
of the murder and said: "These fellotts
have ro nerve they ought to do up some
of them. You watch meand I will do them
up." Before keeping the "Red Light" he
did business over Junk's saloon. When
questioned if he kept a gambling house at
either place he refused to answer on the
ground that he would criminate himself.
On Saturday, the effort of the defense
was to fasten the crime upon Leavitt. The
first witness called was William Scott a
waiter at Shepperd's restaurant, who
served supper to Arnsdorf and Barnes at"
about 10 o'clock on the night of the trag
edy. He didn't Bee them later than 10-15.
G. M. Schmidt testified that he saw the
flash and the man who fired the shot he
had on a straw hat, a rubber coat and light
pants he ran up Water street knew Arns
dorf and was positive it was not he thought
from his build and general appearance it
was Leavitt the electric light was brightly
Six of the representative business men ol
the city testified to John Arensdorf's good
moral character. Henry A. Lyon tetified
to knowing Arensdorf eight or ten years.
Went to the scene of the murder soon aft
er it occurred went into the crowd and
saw Haddock went to where the cane lay
when 1 came back to the sidewalk. John
Arensdorf was coming west on Fourth
street, and met him just at the corner
where Haddock lay. I spoke to him after
speaking to me he went west toward the
Oleo Not So Bad After All.
Washington Special: The popular no
tions with respect to the extent of butter
adulteration before the oleomargarine law
went into effect wili not be sustained hy
the forthcoming report of Prof. Wiley,
chuirman of the department of agriculture,
on this subject. The materials
for Prof. Wiley's investigation were
purchased in open market in all
parts of the country, no intimation
being given in any case of the purpose for
which the purchaso was intended. In no
instance was it found that an article sold
in the market as butter was entirely fraud
ulent, and not more than one in
three were adulterated. The adulter
ated usually contained 30 to 40
per cent of pure butter, the
remainder commonly consisting of beef fat,
lard and cotton seed oil. Prof. Wiley de
votes some space to the consideration ol
the opinions of scientific men with regard
to the wh.olesomenes8 of oleomargarine
kindred compounds. He finds that
about nine out of every ten ot the scientists
who have expressed themselves declare a
belief that properly made oleomargarine
is unobjectionable and wholesome.
Plans were opened in the office ot ths
secretary of the navy tor an armored
cruiser and a powerful battle ship under
authority conferred by the act of Aug. 3,
1886. Advertisements have been publish
ed by the department in American and Eu
ropean papers since August last inviting
the submission of plans. In case a plan is
accepted the designer is required to make
any changes desired by the department
free of expense and the department agrees
to pay $15,000 for the design of each type
of vessel which may be selected from the
plans submitted. The general require
ments for the armdted cruiser are that it
shall have a double-bottomed hull of steel
with numerous water-tight compartments
at a ram bow and steel-armored deck cov
ering the machinery, two-thirds full-sail
power and a battery composed of four
ten-Inch and six six-inch rifles and machine
guns. The armored battle ship is to be
substantially like the cruiser in hull, but
is to have a heavier battery composed ot
two twelve-inch and six six-inch guns and
a second battery.
The following is a list ot the "boodlert"
indicted at Chicago: George C. Klehm,
Michael Wasserman, Michael Leydon. J. J.
McCarthy, William J. McGarigle, R. 8.
McClaughery, Henry Varnell, Dan Wren,
Adam Ochs, R. M. Oliver, Christian Geils,
Christian Casselman, Ed Phillips, J. S.
Hannigan, John E. Van Pelt, William
Harley, J. F. Carpenter, Michael Costello,
H. L. Holland. August Busse, Napoleon
Barsaloux, Phillip Kelly, Patrick Maho
ney, Loran p. Crane, Joseph Buckley.
In the Whitely appeal case in Brainerd
against the Mississippi Water Power and
Boom Company, a verdict ot $2,500 was
given for plaintiff.
Ex-Warden Reed denies all stories iajarl
ously affecting his conduct at Still watsr.
Frank De Mere of Fisher's Landing goes
to the Fargo land office.
Rev. Hiram Elmer, a retired Congrega
tional minister, died at Winona ot pneu
monia, aged seventy-five
Mrs. Minnie C. Rainey was granted a
divorce from Dr. Thos. G. Rainey, by de*
cision of Judge Rea, at Minneapolis.
Gov. McGill has appointed tlfe Hon. H.
E. Hoard as an agent to co-operate with
the county commissioners of Chippewa
county in the distribution of such money
or aid as the state may furnish to said
county commissioners for the relief and
aid of sufferers by hail in 1886.
Geo. W. Ehle, the grain dealer, ot Min
beapolls made an assignment for the bene
fit ot his creditors to Charles M. Amsden.
This assignment follows an attachment o|
property in Carver county in a suit
brought by Ji 8. Pillsbury. Ehle lives in
Faribault, but his principal place of busi
bess is in Minneapolis.
The members of Company D. M. N. G.,
of St. Paul that are to participate in the
national encampment and drill at Wash
ington, will sleep at the armory and have
morning and evening drill daily. If hard
work can bring the boys to a state of per
fection. in their drill Capt. Bean intends to
bring about that result.
The New York Tribune says of Senator
C. K. Davis Mr. Davis is a heavy built
man ot medium stature, with a round head
and face and a high, round forehead, which
is made more ample in proportions by
growing baldness. He has a light brown
mustache. In manners be is thoroughly
.affable. Among the skillful and adroit po
liticians of the West he ranks with the
first in popularity and power of manipu
F. E. Newell, formerly of Hastings, has
been appointed postmaster at Morris. He
Is a son-in-law of Postmaster Michael Mc
Hugh of Hastings.
L. D. Henyon. aged about sixty, and a
stranger at Monticello, committed suicide
in a restaurant. His relatives in Elgin,
111., have been notified.
Secretary of State Mattson calls special
attention to. the bill which passed the late
legislature providing for the licensing ot
tree and nursery agents. Among the require
ments of the new law is one that all such
agents traveling throughout the state will
be required to give a bond ot $2,000.
Blanks aro now being printed, and they
will soon be in secretary ot state's office.
A Bohemian by the name of Wendslans
Wacusek was killed by the cars, about
lour miles south of Helena,Scott Co.
The most important case to be tried at
an adjourned term of court at Mantorville,
is Teunis Slingerland vs. Teunis 3. Slinger
land, an action for the specific performance
of a contract and to compel the defendant
to deed the plaintiff 1,500 acres of land,
known as the "Sucramento farm," two
miles west of Mantorville, and valued at
hearly $50,000. The defendant is presi
dent of the First National Bank ot Kasson
and a millionaire, and the plaintiff is bis
At Cloquet,fire broke out in the building
occupied as a residence by William Young,
destroying that and the Everett house, oc
cupied by A. Pruddehomme, and the sa
loon of Frank Blakesly, the headquarters
saloon, the grocery store of Kelly & Moses,
the meat market owned by Fred Grinnig,
and the gents' furnishing goods and shoe
store of P. Sarette.
In addition to the laws passed at the
last session of the legislature which have
been published, there are a number ot
others which are of interest to the people
which were not published with the main
lot. While they will all be issued in the
general publication of the laws, it may be
well to enumerate some of the more im
portant ones: Providing for taxing
railroads and telephone companies
holding teachers' institute print
ing the school laws relieving settlers from
the payment of back taxes on Chicago,Mil
waukee & St. Paul railroad lands regulat
ing employment of convict labor relative
to loaning the school fund to school dis
tricts or counties exempting property ol
agricultural societies from taxation 'for
improvement of cemeteries preventing ac
cidents from fire in railroad cars granting
eminent domain to pneumatic tube lines
Revising the probate laws excluding certain
persons from the trial of causes of scandal
ous or obscene nature relating to the is
suance of false, fraudulent, part-paid or
lion-paid shares of railroad stock compil
ing the tax laws of the state protecting
the rights of working men and women.
At the Crown Roller Mill in Minneapolis,
William Armstrong was oiling the machin
ery on the third floor, when his clothes
became caught in the machinery and he
was drawn into the cogs. His right side
was so badly crushed and torn that the
intestines were exposed, his right arm was
cut and broken and he was otherwise in
jured. Death was almost instantaneous.
At the Land Office, St. Hilliare, twenty
Six letters arrived on the 23d inst., for
different farmers around St. Hilliare who
had proved up on their pre-emption filings
In 1883. The following is a copy of one:
Dear Sir: The Hon. Commissioner Sparks,
by letter of Feb 23, suspends
your cash entry No. 3194 for south
west quarter northeast quarter section
30, township 153, range* 43, for ren
Son that your proof was not made on day
set or before office named in published no
tice. You are therefore required to repub
lish notice and make new proof within
ninety days. L. K. AAKEK, Receiver.
The facts of the case are: The local
land office ruled that in order to save ex
penses to parties proving up, they could
have their witnesses examined before the
nearest notary public, and that the party
proving up only would need to appear be
fore the local land office on the day o]
froof with the sworn testimony of wit
hesses. These parties did as above noted,
appeared at the land office, proved up and
got receipt on the day mentioned in thr
At Owatonna, Ex-Mayor M. A. Fr«den
berg died of black erysipelas.
One of the notable events at Lake City
Was the marriage ot Bertie L.. oldest daugh
ter of Hon. Lyman N. Gregg, and Mr.
Charles Davison, a prominent druggist.
John Lee was crushed to death at Min
neapolis under a load of lumber.
Michael Feury, of Oak wood township,
Wabasha county, late private Company
G, 5th Minnesota volunteer infantry, has
been granted a pension dating from April
5tli, 1865, the
arrears amounting to about
Gov. McGill appointed tho Hon. E. N.
Johnson ot Benson to act with the county
commissioners of Swift county in the mat
ter of distribution of funds to the suffer
ers by the hail storms of last season.
The proposition of bonding the city ot
Red Wing in $50,000 to aid the Duluth,Red
Wing & Southern—$25,000 to aid in con
structing a bridge across the Mississippi
and $25,0(90 to aid in constructing that
portion ot the road between Red Wing and
Zuinbrota—was discussed by the board o|
trade, and a resolution adopted that the
board was in favor of such action.
At St. Cloud, John Offner and John
Berger were bound over to the district
court in $500, charged with attacking and
woundiug Charles Smith, a butcher, with a
Gov. McGill has appointed W. F.
Zwickey to the position ot game warden,
the office created under the recent law pass
ed by the late legislature. The new ap-
is well known in Polk county, hav-
ng been sheriff of that county for six
years, and for the term ending Jan. 1,
1887. The duties of the office require the
appointee to enforce all the provisions of
the game laws of the state and empower
him to appoint as many deputies as he
may deem expidient. There is no salary
povided, but Mr. Zwickey ie entitled to
receive all the fines and penalties imposed
for violation of the law. This, it is
thought, will amount to nearly or quite
$1,500 a year.
Among the bills passed by the late legis
lature is one providing for a bounty on
blackbirds and gophers which was not
mentioned in the publication of titles to
additional bills. The bill provides for a
bounty of 5 cents on pocket gophers, 3
cents on other kinds of gophers, 10 cents
per dozen for blackbirds Killed in April,
May and June, and 5 cents per dozen for
those killed in July, August, September
Col. Allen, the well-known Landlord ot
the Merchant's Hotel, St. Paul, has sold
that establishment to F. R. Welz, formerly
of the Clarendoti, and will retire from busi
St. Paul is to have a new opera house to
"Sincerely yours," and just-beneath
Your name. The thought then came to me,
Sweet as the first white rose's breath,
"1 have a friend, a friend in thee."
If this be true, and true it is.
For thou art truth thyself so true,
need no more to make my bliss
As pure as heaven's ethereal blue.
Why should I care for wealth or fame?
Poor bubbles these ot empty air
From all I turn to thy dear name.
And find enduring substance there.
The world may pass and heed me not,
Its sweetest smiles to others lend
My solace is this cheering thought,.
Yes, this alone, thou art my friend.
G. W. CROFTS.
LEFT IN THE PIT.
It was past noon when I started for
the home of my bethrothed. But my
horse was good and I rode hard. I
might beat Trevesy by nightfall.
There was a sprinkle of snow on the
ground, and a feathery shower fell
lightly around me, of which I thought
nothing till unset. The short, dark
day was over at 5 o'clock, and at
that hour a sharp wind sprang up and
the snow began falling thickly. I felt
somewhat blinded by the big flakes,
ever flying downward and onward and
around me, like a cold, patient army,
whose onslaught could never be stay
ed or driven back.
Still I pushed on, though the beast
I rode shook and trembled and strove,
in his dumb way, to reason against
my headstrong will. And now, with
some dismay, I suddenly perceived by
the sinking of my horse even to his
flanks in heaped snow, that, bewil
dered by the whiteness, he and I had
lost the road. It was but a rough
one at the best, for I was in a wild
country, where mines were many and
men few. Extricating my poor steed
from the drifted .snow wherein he
floundered, I rested him a moment
and shouted for help. Again and
again my cry came back to me, fol
lowing on the wings of the cold wind,
but no other sound broke the deathly
stillness of the night.
Oh, for the saving light in some
charitable window! But there was
none—only snow and darkness, dark
ness and snow all around. I thought
it terrible, and yet in a little span of
time from this I would have deemed
it paradise to be lying lonely in the
heaped snow upon this drear moor.
I put my horse to a sharp canter,
and he went about a furlong blindly,
then stood still, snorting with terror.
I strove to urge him on, but he refused
to obey either whip or spur. Seeing
no reason for my horse's fright or
stubbornness, I spurred him sharply,
and urged him with angry voice to
obedience. His wonderful obstinacy
compelled nie at length to dismount,
and, with drawn sword in my hand,
prepared for highwayman or footpad,
I dragged him onward by the bridle.
Upon this he made one hasty plunge
forward, then stopped, and at the
same instant the earth went from be
neath my feet and I fell—fell I knew
not \vb V-r, down, down into the
deep unfathomable, terrible
as t! -it. I can scarcely say
whet. uiht as I fell, yet I knew
Iwas g. io death—knew I was de
scending one of those unused shafts
that lie on many a Cornish moor—
knew that my bones would be un
thought of in its dismal depths forever.
But even at that instant my flight
was arrested, and I hung in mid air,
clinging by my hands, to'what I knew
not. It was my sword, which I had
forgotten that I held. By a miracle it
had thrust itself, as I fell beneath the
earth and the rocks, in the side of the
shaft, and, jammed fast it held me up.
I cannot explain how this occurred.
I only know that it was so. As the
cry for mercy escaped my lips the mer
cy came. My sword caught in the in
terstices of the rock and I was held up,
my feet dangling over the abyss, and
my hands clinging to the hilt of my
good blade. It was as firm as a wedge
I could feel that in spite of my trem
bling, yet my position was horrible,
to remain thus, to hold on, was tor
ture unutterable.but to yield, even for
a moment, was death. There was no
hope for relief even for hours there
was no possibility of relief of posture
there was nothing but strong endur
ance and courage to carry me through.
I waited, I suffered, I prayed.
It was a night to me of fire. The
winds blew and the snow fell, but the
cold touched me not. I had fallen too
deeply in the shaft for that, even if
my tortured blood could have felt it.
Morning broke at last, and hope
grew with it. At intervals I had call
ed aloud through the night, and now
with scarcely an intermission, I raised
my voice in cries for help. I did this
till weariness stopped me, and I rest
ed in agonized hope of a voice in reply.
There was none. No sound reacned
me. I was in my grave alone. I call
ed again, again, again. I husbanded
my voice. I drew in my breath and
shouted with the strength of despair.
There was no answer.
The sun traveled upward, and 1
knew it was high noon, though to me
the stars were visible likewise yet the
midday rays shone somewhat into
the shaft and showed me how I hung.
The pit was quite perpendicular it
sloped slightly from my feet upward,
and I had found rest for one foot on
the ledge of the rock. O, the ease of
my anguish from this merciful rest!
Tears sprang to my eye3 as I thanked
God for it.
The eun had shown me that to climb
out of the pit unaided was impossible,
so I called for help again, and called
until my voice failed me. I ceased to
cry, and night fell on me again.
As the hours crept on a kind of mad
ness seized me phantoms sprang up
from the pit and tempted me to plunge
below horrible eyes glared on me. But
worse of all was the sound of water—
a purling rill flowing gently in my very
ears,trickfing drop by drop in sweetest
music, horribly distant. Water! To
reach water I would willingly die but
I knew it was madness, so I resisted
the fiery thirst that would have me
release my hold and perish. Water!
Yes, there was water at the bot
tom of the shaft, fathoms deep below
my feet, but I could only reach that to
die and there was the water on the
fair earth, fathoms above me—water
I should never see again.
I grew dizzy—sick—blind. I should
have fainted—have fallen—died but
as I leaned my head against a lock, 1
felt as though a cold, refreshing hand
were laid upon it suddenly.
It was water! It was no madness
it was water. A tiny stream trickling
through the bare wall of rock, like dew
from heaven. I held forth my parched
tongue and caught the drops as they
fell and as I drank ray strength was
renewed, and hope and the desire for
life grew warm within me again. And
yet on this the second night of my im-
I cared not sopassionate-
j—I looked not so eagerly for succor.
My limbs were numbed, my brain
deadened life was ebbing toward
death a shadow at times fen over my
eyes, and if I held still to the hilt of
my sword, if my feet sought still the
ledge that rested them, they did it
mechanically from habit and not from
think somftjiiHp I was ngt in inyjJ
right inind. I was among green fields
and woods I was gathering flowers
I was climbing mountains and from
these visions I invariably awoke to
darkness—darkness above, around—
darkness below, hiding the abyss that
hungered greedily for my life. And no
friendly face, no voif \no footfall near.
Not even a step, through all these
slow, slow hours. If passing peasant
through the day had heard the lonely
cry rising from the depths, he had set
it down to ghost or pixy, and had
passed on his frightened way regard
And now that night was wearing on,
and no rescue. I could not live until
morning—I knew that. My mind
wandered again. My mother waited
for me I must hurry home but I was
bound by a chain, in outer darkness,
and I was going to die. There was no
Christian in all the land to succor me
—I was forgotten and forsaken, left in
the pit—and I would unclasp my
hands and fall and die.. No, I would
call a°ain once more. "Help! help!
As my fainting voice died in the dark
depths and quivered up to the glim
mering sky, I felt hope die with it, and
I gave up all thought of life. I turned
my eyes toward my grave below, and
murmured with parched lips:
"Out of the depths have Icriedunto
thee, O Lord!"
The little rill that had saved my life
hitherto still trickled on, and its sil
very murmur, as it dropped on the
rocks below was the sole sound that
broke the deathly silence around me.
My prayer was over, and I had not
relinquished my hold. I was stronger
than I had deemed myself. I would
cry out again. "Help! help! help!"
I stopped. Ilistened. A sound was
floating on the wind. Coming, coming,
joining the drip, drip, drip ot the rill
then dying, then returning. Listening
with my whole being, I recognized the
sound. Bells—chuch bells—chime?
chiming in the New Year. "O. God,
have mercy on me! have mercy on me!"
Bells ringing in the new year—bells
chiming in the ears of friends, telling oi
sadness and hope—bells clashing in at
merry intervals between music and
laughter, loving greetings, kisses and
Will no one in my father's house
take pity on nieT" Am I missed no
where? The bells chime a feasting
and gladness, and I am here hanging
between life and death. The jaws oi
the grave are beneath me, my joints
are broken and the bells chime on.
Would it not be a good deed on this
New Year's day to save me? Oh, feast
ers and revelers, hear me!
"Help! help! It is Christmas time.
Help, for Christ's sake, good people!"
The bells float nearer and drown the
drip of the trickling water, and I cry
"Help! help!" saying, "Now will I call
till I die." A film grows over my eyes,
but my voice is strong and desperate,
as Ishout,"Christmastide!For Christ's
sake, help, good Christians!"
A great light—a flash of fire! For a
moment I deem it death gazing up
ward I see, amid a glare of torches,
faces—0 they were angels to me—eag
er faces peering downward. And close
to me swings a torch, let down into
the depths its light falls on my hag
gard face—a great shout rends the
"He is here! he is safe!—he lives!"
I cannot speak, though my lips
move, and my heart stands still as I
see one, two, three daring men swins
themselves over the abyss—miners,
used to danger—and in a moment
stout arms are around me and I am
borne upward, carried gently like a
child, placed an instant on my feet,
and then laid tenderly down on the
earth. I am so weary, and faint, and
worn, that I lie with closed eyes, nev
er striving to say a word of thanks.
"Go not so near the brink, madam,
I entreat!" I hear a voice cry sharp
ly. Then I open my-aching lids, and
between me and the shaft kneels a
white figure between me and the sky
there bends a white face, and tears
fall down upon my brow fast and
warm. It was my betrothed,Florian.
But even when she stole her little
hand in mine—mine so cramped and
numbed that it cave no response to her
tenderness—and even when she stoop
ed and pressed her lips to my cheek, 1
could not breathe a word to thank
dear wife, let me tell thee
now that from the depths ofmy happy
heart there rose a hymn of joy, and 1
understood from that moment that
thou wert mine, and I owe my life tc
Then thy sweet lips breathed words
that fell upon my soul like manna
words of tenderness and pity that
made the torture of those slow hours
in the pit fade away, so mighty did
this reward stem for my sufferings.
I was carried to Trevesky, and as
the men bore me along, you walking
by my side, I heard them teM the talt
of my servants' fright when my horse
returned home alone, and how they
came to your father for tidings of me.
Then they whispered of the painful
search through the day and night, the
tracking of my horse's hoofs upon the
snow, and the story of the scared
peasant who all night long had heard
the cry of tortured ghosts issuing
from the earth. And the sad story
seized upon my Florian with deadly
fear, and turning back upon the black
moor she tracked the hoof marks un
til they stopped upon the brink of the
forgotten shaft, the shaft of the work
ed-out. mine, well named the Great
There I was found and saved by hei
I had loved so long. And, dearest, as
I slowly came back to life that New
Year's morning and faintly whispered
to you of my pent-up sorrow, you, in
your great pity, thinking of my suffer
ing in the shaft, poured out all youi
maiden heart. And your loving words,
my Florian, were sweeter to me thar
ever the thrilling Spring had been iu
the Great Wheal Mercy.
So in a month you were my wife,
and now I sit by a happy hearth, and
looking down on the happy faces o!
my wife and child, I thank God fot
that crowning mercy—thy love, deai
one—which saved me on New Year'f
Day from a dreadful death in th
shaft of the Great Wheal Mercy.
As the Spirit Wings Its Flight.
Paris Letter in Science.
At a recent meeting of the Academj
of Sciences, M. Hayem, of the Medica1
School, read a paper on the phenom
ena noticed in the head of an anima'
after decapitation, with or without
transfusion of fresh blood. As soor
as the head is separated from th
body the eyes move convulsively, and
a look of wonder and anxiety isnotic
able on the face. The jaws separate
with force, and the tongue seems tc
be in a tetanic state. There appear
to be some consciousness of what it
going on, but this does not last mon
than three or four seconds. If prepa
rations have previously beenmade sc
that the head after separation con
tinues to receive a fresh supply of.
blood, the voluntary manifestation!
persist as long as the blood supply
sufficient—that is for half an hour oi
so. When a blood supply isfurnishec
after the head has oecome entirel]
motionless, the phenomena are as foi
lows: Some contractions, very weal
and feeble, take place especially in th
muscles of the lips then some respira
tory efforts reflex actions of the eyq
first weak, then well marked, but th
eyelids remain drooping the senses
are quite asleep, and no will is mani