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THE WQRTHINGTOH ADVAH6E.
ROBEHT MCCUNE, Editor and Publisher.
WORTHINGTON, NobJes Co.. MINN
STAINED ivory is said to be supersed
ing white ivory tor all sorts of articles,
including those of the toilet.
EMPEKOR WILLIAM has developed a
fondness for white horses, but the Ber
lin papers will not venture to trot out
the "red-haired girl joke" on him.
Miss WILLING, of New York, denies
that she is going to marry young John
Jacob Astor. She may be Willing, but
the inference is that he never Astor.
MRS. GARFIELD lately sold a farm near
Prestonburg, Ky., to speculators for
17,000, which General Garfield bought
luring the early days of the war for less
Miss ELIZK PINSOX, the bearded wom
an who died at Wanenton, Ga., a few
go, accounted for the growth on
her face by the continual poultioing her
jaws for the toothache.
MRS. ANDREW HICKOK, who is in her
ninety-first, year, recently astonished
the sojourners at a Norwalk (Conn.)
summer resort by swimming long dis
tances and by her capers in the turf.
STUMM is the great iron king of Ger
many and has over ten thousand em
ployes. Be is said to have opinions of
bis own, and to disregard the views of
others about the conduct of his business.
THIS is the way the great beast of
Africa goes to bis extinction. An ordi
nary elephant produces 120 pounds of
ivory, worth $300. England consumes
550 tons, for which it is necessary to
kill 12,000 elephants a year.
AT last, after many years of waiting,
there seems to be a fair prospect that a
lighthouse will be built on the Dia
mond shoal at Cape Hatteras. The cape
is considered the most dangerous point
anywhere on the United States coast
line. More wrecks and injuries to ship
ping occur there than anywhere else.
THE next trade to try for a universal
eight-hour day will be the miners. The
•xecutive committee of the Federation
of Labor, in conjunction with the Na
tional organizations of miners, has
named May 1, 1891, as the date for in
augurating the movement, and no con
tracts are to be made with mine-owners
beyond that (late except on an eight
GENERAL FKBMONT, at the time of
his death, was engaged on a paper for
the Century, to be called "Finding
Paths to California." It was not only
to deal with the several exploring
expeditions, but to narr.ate the
writer's intimate connection with the
events which led to the conquest and
occupation of the territory. The work
will be continued by Mrs. Fremont.
TITE new bridge to be built over the
Hudson river between New York and
Jersey City will eclipse the monster
Brooklyn structure. The great central
span will be 2,860 feet long, nearly
twice the length of the span over East
river. There are to be live towers rising
to a height of 500 feet above the water.
It is one of the most daring feats of en
gineering undertaken in this or any
MRS. THOMAS A. SCOTT'S residence in
Philadelphia is one of the largest
private dwollings in the United States,
[t contains as many rooms as a good
sized hotel. These are all under the
supervision of a young man, who goes
about with so many keys in a broad
pirdle around his waist that the trades
men who visit the house call him
"St. Peter." There are seventeen
bath-rooms in the bouse.
THE military draft in Italy in 1888
consisted of 162,326. Of this number
89,602 could read and write, 2,954 could
only read, and 69,770 could neither read
nor write. Comparing this proportion
»f educated men with that of the draft
»f 1885, the general state of education
in Italy has advanced by 3.S9 percent
within the last three years. If this
progress is continued for the next forty
years, there will not be a man in that
country unable to read and to write.
CHAUNCEY M.DEPEW says that in some
respects the Prince of Wales is the
best public speaker in Great Britain.
"He is," said Mr. Depew, "ia his manner
of speaking and in his habit of thought
moro like the American aptr.^rrs *htji
are the majority of English orators. He
speaks without hesitation, somewhat
rapidly and yet with an ease and ab
sence of the hemming and hawing
which characterize the public utter
ances of some of Great Britain's clear
A CLERGYMAN at Pottstown, Pa., who
It the age of sixty-seven is hale, hearty
and active, has lived for many years on
one meal a day, which he eats at night.
This curious way of living has com
pletely cured him of dyspepsia, from
which he was formerly a terrible suf
ferer, and he declares that he is much
healthier and happier than people who
eat their three meals a day. Probab
ly we eat too much, but one might
as well ask the man who is
fond of the pleasures of the
palate to starve on no meals
a day as to live contentedly on
JOSEPH H. PAINE, who is said to have
been the finest expert penman in the
country, died recently in Brooklyn. He
seems to have been born a penman, and
even his youthful productions of pen
and ink were really wonderful. One of
his best known works was the emanci
pation proclamation, a magnificent
piece of penmanship, which he present
ed to President Lincoln a short time
before the latter's death. He repre
sented a kind of penmanship, however,
which is but little used now. The orna
mental style of writing has been ex
changed for the plain, business hand,
A CORRESPONDKNT of the London Daily
News who is making a tour of Macedonia
describes the provinoe as in the posses
sion of the Arnauts. The officials, he
says, are leagued with brigands, and
the lives of Christians are held as noth
ing. He instances a tfhmber of out
rages by Arnauts. At Pristina, a party
tf Arnauts entered a school of Servian
Christians, maltreated the three mas
ters and closed the sohool. The owner
of a farm at Pristina and his three sons
were murdered by Arnaut raiders, and
on another farm at Prisrend the in
mates were cut to pieces. He says there
axe hundreds of other similar cases.
THE Indian idea appears to have A con
siderable following in New York. The
World gays: "It has been estimated by
an employe of the United States Bureau
.of Labor that there are 27,000 married
•tenia the city of New York who are sup
ported by their wives, less than 7,000 of
whom are in menial service. The mod*
istes are 1b the majority. This includes
dressmakers and milliners, many, of
whom own property, some being very
wealthy, and all well-to-do. Boarding
rank next in number. This
does not include the fashionable young
men who' drive swell turnouts and sum
mer at the beach at their wives'
The News of the Week.
BY TELEGRAPH AND MAIL.
TUESDAY, Aug. 12.—In the Senate
the House bill to amend the census
law so as to compel unincorporated ex
press companies to give information
about their business was passed. De
bate on the tariff bill was renewed. In
the House a concurrent resolution ex
tending to August 29 the appropriations
for the support of the Government not
already provided for in appropriation
bills was passed. Senate amendments
to the House bill for the establishment
of a National park at Chickamauga were
non-concurred in and a conference
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 13.—In the Senate
a resolution was passed directing the
Secretary of the Navy to investigate
the alleged counterfeit stamping of
steel plate at the Linden steel works.
The conference report on the Indian
bill was agreed to. The tariff bill was
further discussed. In the House a bill
was passed authorizing the Secretary of
the Interior to sell certain lands and to
grant the proceeds of the sale to the
town of Pelican, Oneida County, Wis.
A bill was passed authorizing the con
struction of a bridge across the Missouri
river at St. Charles, Ma The confer
ence report on the fortification appro
priation bill was agreed to.
THURSDAY, Aug. 14.—In the. Senate
the joint resolution appropriating for
the relief of destitution in Oklahoma
the unexpended balance of the appro
priation made last April for the re
lief of the district overflowed by the
Mississippi river, was passed. The tar
iff bill was further discussed. In the
House no business of importance was
transacted aside from the discussion of
the Nat McKay bill, no quorum being
FRIDAY, Aug 15. In the Senate,
after disposing of routine business,
the river and harbor bill was taken up
and discussed. In the House the con
ference report on the Indian appropria
tion bill was agreed to. A vote was
then taken on the passage of the Mo
Kay bill, which showed no quorum
present. At the evening session 168
private pension bills were passed
PRESIDENT HARRISON on the 15th sent
the following nominations to the Sen
ate: John F. Gowey, of Washington, to
be Consul-General of the United States
at Kanagawa Neels P. A. Bornholt,
now Consular Agent at Rio, to be Con
sul of the United States at that place.
THE business failures during the sev
en days ended on the 15th number for
the United States 174, Canada 23, total
197, as compared with 203 last week.
For the corresponding week of last year
total 213, representing 131 failures in
the United States and 32 in Canada.
GENERAL WHEELOCK V. VKAZEY was
elected Coinmander-in-Chief of the
Grand Army of the Republic at Boston
on the 13th, and Detroit was selected as
the place for holding the next annual
THE remains of the late John Boyle
O'Reilly were laid to rest in Mount Cal
vary Cemetery, near Boston, on the
13th. The funeral cavalcade was said
to be one of the largest ever seen in
J. A. SARGENT, aged 75 years, and his
grandson, aged 4 years, of Erving, Mass.,
while crossing the railroad tracks on the
13th were struck by a train and instant
THE steamer Teutonic, which reached
New York from Liverpool on the 13th,
made the run in five days nineteen
hours and five minutes, the fastest time
CENSUS figures of Vermont, compiled
on the 13th, credit that State with a
population of 332,000, a falling off of
286 since the census of 1880.
Two UNKNOWN men were swept over
Niagara Falls on the 14th. One was
clinging to a boat the other leaped
into the rapids before the boat reached
the falls and tried to swim ashore, but
BY an explosion in the soap factory
of tho Kendall Manufacturing Com
pany at Providence. R. L, on the 14th
ten employes were badly burned, two
IT was reported on the 14th that a
plan was on foot to establish in New
York City a National university, to be
modeled after the great institutions of
Europe, with an endowment at the out
set of $20,000,000. John D. Rockefeller
and Rev. R. S. MacArthur, of the Bap
tist church, are the promoters of the en
MRS. CARRIE HOWARD, of Jamestown,
N. Y., found her stolen child, which had
been abducted some weeks ago, in an
asylum at Erie, Pa., ori the 14th, where
it had been taken after being abandoned
by its abductors.
THE new Commander-in-Chief of the
Grand Army of the Republic, General
Veazey, made the following staff ap
pointments on the 15th: Adjutant-Gen
eral, Joseph H. Gouldinif, of Rutland,
Vt Quartermaster-General, John Tay
lor, of Philadelphia. Headquarters
were ordered to be established at Rut
Two PINKERTON detectives belonging
to the force now at Albany, N. Y.,
guarding railroad property, were in
stantly killed on the 15th by being run
over by a train.
WEST AND SOUTH.
TH* growing orange crop iu Florida
was estimated on the 12th at 2,01)0,000
boxes, or about the same as last year.
SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR NOBLE
on the 12th received a telegram from
Governor Prince, of New Mexico, ask
ing for troops to suppress white-cap out
L. L. HUEKILLI an express messenger,
was killed and several others seriously
injured in a collision on the Louis.ville
& Nashville railroad west of Lexington,
Ky., on the 13th.
IT was discovered on the 13th that
jkHume Clay, a member of the Clay family
of Kentucky, had forged the name of
his grandfather at Winchester, Ky., to
notes aggregating about $100,000 and
A COLORED man named Sloan residing
on Lake plantation, Mississippi, called
his wife to the door of their cabin on
the 13th and shot her through the heart.
The woman had her infant in her arms
I at the time and it was shot through the
heart. The murderer escaped, but was
captured by his neighbors and lynched.
LIGHTNING strnck a farm-house north
west of Nehawka, Neb., on the13tb, in
stantly killing a young man' named
Wilkinson and a young woman named
NOMINATIONS for Congress were made
on the 13tb as follows: Illinois, Twelfth
district, Scott Wike (Dem.) renomi
nated on the thirty-sixth ballot Nine
teenth district. J. H. Wilson (Pro.)
Iowa, Sixth district, Frederick E. White
(Dem.), Perry Eagle (Union Labor)}
First district, John J. Seerley (Dem.)
Ninth district, ,T. R. Reed (Rep.) re
nominated Nebraska, Third distriot
W. 5L Thompson (Dem.) Maryland,
Fifth iiJitrivit, Sidney E. Mudd (Rep.)
& H. BEARD, an attorney, aged 60
years, threw Umself in front of a train
at Leesburg, O., on the 18th and was in
GENERAL rains fell throughout Iowa,
Missouri and Illinois on the 13th and
crops were reported in good condition
except In districts injured by hail.
REPUBLICANS in state convention at
Sacramento, CaL, on the 13th nominat
ed Henry H. Markham for Governor.
THE Governor of Kansas on the 18th
proclaimed Labor day, September 1, a
MRS. JOH^ZUENER and two children
were thrown from a buggy in a runaway
at Lima, O., on the 13th and instantly
DEMOCRATS in State convention at
Omaha, Neb., on the 14th nominated
James E. Boyd, of Omaha, for Governor.
THE distillery of the Kentucky Dis
tillery Company and Conrad & Seller's
Great Western pork bouse at Louisville,
Ky., were destroyed by fire on the 14th.
The loss was estimated at over $),00ft
000 partly insured.
H. E. WALDO, of Minneapolis, and
Miss Gussie Hoffman, of Kansas City,
were drowned on the 14th while fishing
on American lake, near Tacoraa, Wash.,
by the capsizing of their boat
AN oil well was struck on the 14th
near Findlay, O., that produced 1,000
gallons the first hour. This was said
to be the largest flow known.
MRS. BRIDGET DOODY, of Mineral
Point, Wis., died on the 14th. aged 120
years. She was born in Ireland, and the
parish record shows the date of her birth.
IN a dispute at North Platte, Neb.,
on tbe 14th Edward Newman shot his
wife and himself, both dying instantly.
NEAR Santa Barbara, Cal., on the 14th
natural gas was struck with a flow of 8,
000,000 feet a day.
BY a unaminious vote on the 14th
the United Carpenters' Council of Chi
cago resolved to call out on a strike all
carpenters and jobbers under its juris
diction September 1. The violation by
the New Bosses' Association of the
agreement by which the recent strike
was settled was given as the cause.
Eight thousand men would be affeoted
by this decision.
NOMINATIONS for Congress on tbe
14th were as follows: Indiana, Eleventh
district A. N. Martin (Dem.) renomi
nated Thirteenth district B. F. Sbive
ly (Dem.) renominated Wisconsin
Ninth district M. H. McCord (Rep.) re
nominated Third district, R. E. La
Follett (Rep.) California, Second dis
trict, George G. Blanchard (Rep.)
Third district Joseph McKenna (Rep.)
renominated at large, W. W. Morrow
-and J. C. Campbell (Rep.) South Caro
lina, Seventh district T. E. Miller,
colored (Rep) Florida, Second dis
trict, R. W. Bullock (Dem.) renomi
nated Ohio, Ninth district, T. B. Wil
son (Rep.) Virginia, Ninth district J.
A. Buchanan (Dem.) renominated
Georgia, Third district C. F. Crisp
A TUAIN on the Michigan Central
road struck a broken switch oji the 15th
at Augusta, Mioh., overturning the
engine, which exploded, killing the
engineer and fireman, and injuring
several other persons.
WILLIAM TULLEY, of Columbia City,
Ind.,"set a spring gun for burglars in
his gun store on the night of the 14th.
On entering the store the next morning
his foot struck the trap and he received
both loads from a double-barreled rifle,
killing him instantly.
CHARLES PRATT, a farm hand, was
taken from jail and lynched at Blair,
Neb., on the 15th by enraged citizens
for the murder of M. R. Towne and
daughter. A love affair was the cause
of the murder.
NOMINATIONS for Congress were made
on the 15th as follows: Indiana, Tenth
district, II. J. Adams (Pro.) Florida,
First district, S. R. Mallory (Dem.)
Wisconsin, Eighth district Nils P.
Haugen (Rep.) renominated.
CARKLESS contractors on the 15th
caused the almost total demolition of
Red Cliff, Col., by the explosion of pow
der with which they were blasting.
UNKNOWN miscreants placed an ob
struction on the Baltimore Jk Ohio rail
road tracks twenty miles from Pitts
burgh on the night of tbe 14th, An ex
cursion train struck it and two en
gineers and a supposed tramp were in
J. H. WARD, a member of the Balti
more Corn and Flour Exobange. com
mitted suicide on the 15th by cutting
his throat with a razor.
IT was said on the 15th that the wheat
crop in Minnesota and the Dakotas would
reach 93,000,000 bushels. The yield per
acre for the State of Minnesota was es»
timated at 13 bushels for South Da
kota, 10}£ bushels, and for North Da
kota, 11 bushels.
DURING a storm on the nth at Cre
feldt, Germany, a bouse containing
fifty persons fell, and thirteen were in
stantly killed and twenty badly in
TIIE British steamers Halcyon and
Rheubina collided on the 11th near
Vigo, Spain, sinking the- former, and
thirteen persons were drowned.
THE eminent English Catholic divine,
Cardinal Newman, died at Birmingham,
Eng., on the 11th after a short illness^
aged 8S years.
NKW YORK, Aug. 18.—The executive
committee of the Knights of Labor,who
have been in session now and then at
the St. Cloud hotel since Friday, fin
ished their deliberations and presented
the result of their consideration of the
strike on the New York Central rail
road to Third Vice-President Webb to
day. At about 10:30 o'clock Messrs.
Holland and Wright presented them
selves at the office of Mr. Webb in the
Grand Central depot. Mr. Holland sent
in his card and he and Mr. Wright were
at once invited into Mr. Webb's private
office. After Mr. Wright had been for
mally introduced to Mr. Webb, Mr.
Holland- presented a communication
stating that men on the road had been
discharged simply because they were
Knights of Labor and asked that the
trbubles be referred to arbitration. Mr.
Webb read the communication carefullv
and replied that all of the men had
been discharged for cause and not be
cause the$ were Knights, therefore he
could not consent to arbitration. The
condition on the road remains un
changed. Passenger trains are running
regularly but freight is very irregular.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.—Secretary
Rusk to-day issued his report on the
crops for August. He says there has
been a considerable reduction in the
condition of spring wheat, amounting
to fully 11 points. It is less in the Da
kotas than in the other spring wheat dis
tricts. The-average.of condition is 80
in Wisconsin, 80 in Minnesota. 87 in
Iowa, 71 in Nebraska, and 88 in the
Dakotas. The latter is a decline of 6
points, owing to hot south Winds which
affected the late sown more than the
early. The chin&h bugs and other in
sects have wrought more or less injury
throughout the spring wheat region.
Wisconsin, Iowa and Nebraska are giv
ing little attention to wheat in compar
ison with the early period of their set
tlement, leaving the production of
spring wheat mainly to Minnesota and
AN attempt was made on the 18tb to
wreck a triin on the Queen & Crescent
road. Spikes had been withdrawn in
the track to allow the rails to spread.
The postmaster at Faulkner's station,
discovered the situation and flagged
the express until repairs were made..
MRS. GRANT has consented to the re
moval of the General's remains from
New York to Washington.
MINNESOTA STATE NEWS
DEMOLISHED BY A WINQ.8TORM.
Plate-Glass Windows and Chimneys ia'
Minneapolis Bulftor from a Mow.
A severe wind-storm swept over Min
neapolis at 10 p. m. the other day. At
tbe surface it was a straight wind, but
above the storm took a cyclonio foftna-.
tion, sweeping from west to east At
the West Hotel a chimney was blown
off and several plate-glass windows de
molished. A hackman who had just
delivered a passenger was blown from
his hack into the middle of the. street
and badly bruised. .The roof of the
Hale block, opposite the West Hotel,
was lifted several inohes and shifted
from its position. On Washington
in, badly cutting Geprge Williams, a
negro barber who was standing near. A
small frame building at 108 Washing
ton avenue, north, was demolished.
EASTERN MINNESOTA ELECTION
A Complete In th* Officars and
Board of Directors.
At the annual election of the Eastern
Minnesota railroad a complete change
in its officers and board of directors was
made. The new officers are: President,
W. P. Clough Vice-President M.
DL Grover Secretary and Treasurer,
Edward Sawyer. The directors are:
Messrs. Clough, Grover, Sawyer and J.
J. Hill, all of whom are prominently
identified with the Great Northern sys
tem. No other action was taken at the
A Fair Yield.
Threshing in the several localities in
Lyon County has shown a yield of wheat
averaging twelve or thirteen bushels
per acre. Several pieces have gone as
high as seventeen or eighteen bushelsi
and quite a number will not yield ten.
Rust hot dry weather and heavy winds
after it was ripe are the causes of the re
duced yield. Oats are also light, proba
bly not even half a crop. Flax is about
medium. Corn looked well, but needed
rain badly, as none had fallen for sever
The MUslonarles Were Not Murdered.
A Sierra Leon (Africa) dispatch an
nouncing the murder by Arabs of Mis
sionaries Gates, Kingman and Jader
quist, all of St Paul, is untrue. Under
date of July 9 Mr. Jaderquist wrote to
a friend at St Paul of the death by
fever of Mr. Gates, Mr. Harris and Mrs.
Kingman. He also announced that Mr.
Kingman was at the point of death*
St. Panl Investment Company.
One hundred business firms and indi
vidual subscribers of St Paul met at
the Chamber of Commerce the other
morning and completed the organization
of the Manufacturers' Investment Com
pany. Fifteen leading men were chosen
directors, and Secretary Phelps an
nounced that $500,000 common stock
had been already subscribed.
Transfer of Weak-Mlnded Men.
The first installment of eighty insane
patients arrived in Fergus Fails from
St. Peter Asylum and are in the asylum
in that city. The car containing theni
was run to the door of tbe asylum and
tbe transfer made without confusion or
disturbance. The patients are all
men and were set at work about the
asylum and grounds at once.
Mortgage for 93,500,000 Filed.
The mortgage securing the debenture
bonds of the Pillsbury-Washburn Flour
Mills Company, amounting to some S3,
500,000, has been filed at Minneapolis,
and Governor Pillsbury says that this
is the concluding act in the formal
transfer of the mill property from for
mer owners to the new corporation.
Absconder Ray Arrested.
License Inspector Enoch Ray, who
absconded a few days ago with over
$5,000 belonging to Minneapolis saloon
keepers, was arrested in Montreal the
other evening by Detective James How
ard, of Minneapolis. The sum of 85,000
was found in his pockets, but it is be
lieved he has more money.
Values In Otter Tall County.
The assessed valuation of real estate
in Otter Tail County, as left by the
board of equalization, is $4,029,527. The
valuation of the real estate in Fergus
Falls is $587,000. This is a slight fall
ing off from 1888.
The News Itrieiiy Ulironlclol.
Recently at Hallock dense clouds of
grasshoppers were seen going south.
Laborers on the West Seventh street
car line in St. Paul struck for higher
The St Paul Retail Clerk's Union is
tnking steps to secure the enforcement
of the Sunday closing laws.
Several cars laden with farm imple
ments were derailed near Rochester
and badly smashed.
Dr. Carl Wirth, of St. Paul, was fined
$25 for failure to make a return on a
case of scarlet fever.
The telephone company in St Paul
claim to be expending $85,000 in putting
their wires under ground. By Septem
ber 15 they will have builded about two
and one-half miles of conduits.
Mrs. John Johnson, living north of
Litchfield, filled a gasoline stove while
it was burning and received injuries
resulting in her death.
The colonist sleeper on the west
bound Great Northern train burned at
Ada the other morning. The passen
gers lost every thing, barely escaping
with their lives. Conductor Stahl was
badly burned whiie uncoupling the car.
The damage to property in Lake City
by a recent storm will amount to about
During July the Minneapolis police,
made 451 arrests reoeipts of the muni
cipal court were $4,134.09, $3,909 for
criminal business and $225.09 for civil.
The hull of tbe wrecked steamer Sea
Wing has been raised by the captain
and crew of the steamer Ed. S.
Durant, Jr., and taken away, together
with the engines and barge. It is
understood that the owner of tbe vessel
last named has purchased what remains
of tho Sea Wing. The boilers of the
steamer, which rolled out when she cap
sized, have not been recovered.
The St Paul & Duluth road filed its
statement with the State Auditor re
cently, showing earnings of $612,740 for
the six months ended June 30, 1890. A
tax of $18,283 was paid.
Herbert G. Stout, an ex-postal clerk,
convicted of robbing the mails at the
June term of the United States Court at
Winona, was sentenced to State's prison
for three years.
Private Martinson, of company K,
Stillwater, who did brave work in res
cuing people from tbe Sea Wing
wreck, was confined to his bed in a very
low condition as the result of exposure
to the elements.
The equalized value of the personal
property of Bloe County is 81,785,544
equalized value of real property is fS,
The board of managers of the State
Reform Sohool has called for bids for
the completion of the cottages for the
sohool at Red Wing.
The merchants of Lake City have
agreed to close their places of business
at 7 o'clock.
The body of Paul Lindberg, aged 15,
was found in Lake Superior at Duluth.
He had been missing for several days,
and it Is supposed he was drowned wl\ile
plate-glass window was Mown,
:j* .jta^ 5^- -r V„L *. '.55w .r -*', "MC^^
Ifctg 'pg^p |f? g|
•^-The^ricjtfon *f millions of shoes
(as worn tb^original smoothness from
the floorinjg of the Brooklyn bridge
—Broken glass may become as useful
as it is bothersome. Tbe British Ware
houseman announces that a process is
now known which will work glass into
cloth of any color or thickness and in
—Musical Hostess—"Would you like
a gavotte now, ME, Wildwest?" Mr.
Wildwest—"Thank you, no. I don't care
much for those foreign dishes. A plain
ham sandwich Is good enough for me."
—A Chicago wag advertised for agents
to peddle artesian wells, and he got
twenty replies in the first mall. One
wantejl *to know how many he* cohld
carry vmlopg in
—Fruit' Salad: One pine-apple (cnt
fine), four oranges (small pieces), three
bananas (sliced), grated cocoanut In
a deep glass dtsh, alternate layers well
sugared. Just before serving cover with
whipped cream.—Good Housekeeping.
—The United States at the close of its
first century has as many cities with a
population of over 1,000,000 as Europe.
New York has 1,627,227 Chicago 1,080,
000 Philadelphia, 1,040,499. London,
4,351,738 Paris, 2,260,995 Berlin, 1,486,
—Of the four generally used points
only tbe pe^fod (.) dates earlier than
the fifteenth century. "The colon is
6aid to have been first introduced about
1845, the comma (,) some thirty-five
years later and the semi-colon about
—An examination of the scales used
by the ice dealers at Holyoke, Mass.,
showed that' one was short anywhere
from fifteen to twenty pounds and an
other was short half a pound in five
pounds. None of those examined were
found to overweigh the fractional part
of an ounce.
—The Mexicans and Indians in Texas
say that every animal has brains enough
to tan its own skin, and so the latter, in
the case of the wolf, panther, wild -cat
and some other animals, is mainly pre
pared by rubbing into the flesh side of
it the brains of its former wearer.
—Down in Florida a negro tried to
steal a ride on a cowcatcher. The engi
neer did not see him until the train ran
into a cow on the track, when the cow
flew on one side and the negro the other,
exclaiming, "O Lordy!" forty times be
fore he the ground. He was left to
keep thefbovine company.
—A man who sat down at a little table
in a down-town cafo startled even the
phlegmatic waiter by his order. It was
this: Iced clams, a pint of beer, a por
tion of ice cream, a large slice of water
melon and a cup of coffee. He lighted
a cigarette, after he finished this unique
meal.—Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.
—Johnny (reading aloud a tale of ad
venture)—"And he was cast on a deso
late shore and he did not see the face of
a man for years." Sister Kate—"Why,
mamma! the poor unfortunate must
have been wrecked on Resorters' Beach
where we were last summer. We were
there three months, you remember, and
didn't see a man the whole time."—Bos
—A gentleman residing near this
borough has two mocking birds which
he formerly kept in cages in sight of
each other. One of the birds wasan ex
cellent songster, but the other one
would not utter a note. At the sug
gestion of a friend the cages were placed
in such a position that the birds were
unable to see each other, and now both
sing sweet notes to each other.—West
Chester Local News.
—There is a»young woman in an East
ern town who has a magnificent diamond
necklace set with thirteen single stones
of rare value. She sweetly confesses
that each gem was once in an engage
ment ring, as she had been engaged
thirteen times, and as she did not wish
to return them for fear of wounding the
men's feelings (some people's honor is
so sensitive) she had them made into a
composite necklace of tenderest associa
A Remarkable Church at Manilla, Philip
The United States Consul at Manilla,
Philippine Islands, reports a remarka
ble piece of architecture now being con
structed at San Sebastian, Manilla It
is an edifice entirely of jron, wrought
and cast and securely bolted together,
and is to be an earthquake proof church.
It is the idea of Senor Don Genero Pala
cios Guerra, chief engineer of the
public works of Manilla, and plattner of
that city's excellent system of water
works, who has conceived a building not
to be shaken apart by the dread "terre
moto," as so many of the churches and
cathedrals of stone and
The designs priginal, with two tall
steeples at the front end and shorter
spires over each abutment It will be
painted to imitate stone. Inside, thQ
church is one hundred and sixty-two
feet long, by seventy feet wide, the
height to the top of the arches is fffty*
two feet, and it is thirty-four feet to the
spring of the arches the nave is a span
of thirty-two feet, and there are two
side aisles. The entire frame-work is
of wrought iron bolted together in the
firmest manner possible, the fluted
columns and buttresses being' hollow.
The walls are of double plate-iron with
a space of thirty inches between the
plates. The decorative work, which is
quite elaborate, is, of cast iron. About
sixteen hundred tons is the total weight
of iron in the building, about one-quar
ter of the weight of material 1n the
Eiffel tower.—Demorest's Monthly.
HE WOULDN'T KICK.
How a Sensible Man from Missouri Dis
gusted a Chicagoan.
"Beastly weather, isn't it?" observed
a man who was hanging to a strap in a
crowded North Side car the other day.
"Weather suits me well enough," re
plied the man spoken to, who was cling
ing to another strap.
"You're not particular about your
weather, I suppose," rejoined the other,
"Not at all'. One kind is as good as.
another to me."
"Easily"suitod generally. Just as lief
stand up in a car as to sit. down, I
"Ain't particular about getting' your
full share of every thing that's going
perhaps, if you have to kick to get it?"
"I'm not a kicker."
•'Don't worry over things when they
don't happen to come your way, I calcu
"Ain't worrying about any thing?"
"Haven't made any fuss about the
census in your town, either, of course?"
"And don't intend to, hey?"
"That's correct Don't intend to.
Don't care a dun about the census.H
"Just so—just so!" mused the discon
tented passenger. "Many other men in
yonr town like you?"
"Do you mind telling me where you
"Just as soon tell you as not Tm from
"Are there any other men from Han
nibal aboard this oar?"
"Don't see any."
And the man who sometimes kicked
at things erowded to the other end of
the oar and put his head out to get some
fresh air.—Chicago Tribune.
THY LORD IS WITH THEE
Thy Lord is with thee, mighty man of valor.
Rise and obey tbe word He speaks to thee
Go In thy might, put from tby face its pallor
Strong in His strength, go set thy people free.
Tby Lord Is with thee, for tbe'flgbt He needs
He will defend whatever may oppose
Strange tho' tbe way, yet follow where He
He leads to viot'ry over all tby foes.
Gather the host, be bold, be. calm, be cheerful.
Trust not to numbers, choose the strong and
Send-to their homes the cowards and the fear
In His Own way the Lord thy God will save.
Charge on the foe, sword of the Lord and Gid
Blow now the trumpets thro' the hostile
Put to the rout the frightened hosts of Midlan,
Break every pitcher! wave each blazing lamp.
—Rev. A. Taylor, in National Temperance
EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL.
Scientifically Considered Inebriety Is a
Dissolution of liraln Functions.
All clinical study shows that' same
state of defective brain and nerve de
velopment or some form of functional or
organic degeneration, precedos the first
use of alcohol. In certain cases it is
clearly central nerve exhaustion,
functional perversions, organic defects
from injury or disease, or hereditary
predisposition. The- first use of al
cohol, either in so-called moderation, or
in toxic doses, as in intoxication, seems
to concentrate and organize the forces
of dissolution, which, from this time,
move on with great uniformity and ac
celerating speed. When inebriety is
fully developed, this is' very apparent
and often traceable from stage to stage.
The action of alcohol as a paralyzant
on both cell and nerve fiber, and its
chemical interference with nutrition
and circulation, together with the com
plex forces of heredity and environ
ment are all powerful causes readily
explaining the presence and progress of
In the more recent studies of the mind,
three divisions are recognized, the emo
tions, the volitions and the intellect
from these the evolutions and dissolu
tions can be traced. The study of in
ebriety should follow these divisions,
and point out the changes from a
healthy mind. Beginning with tbe
present trace back the emotional, voli
tional and intellectual changes, and as
certain how far they have been the re
sult of alcohol and narcotics or of
previous degenerations, defects, in
juries or hereditaries. While the facts
are numerous and complex, and often
difficult to substantiate, yet when
grouped and compared they range them
selves into certain outline forms of dis
solution that can not be mistaken. The
following are some of the general facts
seen in all cases of inebriety. The dis
solution of volition is the first promi
nent symptom. This is loss of self-con
trol, either local or general. The co
ordinating brain centers are enfeebled,
and the man is unable to direct his
acts or conduct with consistency. The
greater the loss of vital energy, the
weaker the volition, until finally he is a
mere creature of any functional impulse
that may be present. Alcohol not only
produces loss of nerve energy, but dam
age to nutrition, and inability to re
store this loss, and the desire for relief
becomes more and more intense, de
manding a continuance of spirits for
this end. This dissolution process may
be apparent only in matters controlling
tho functions of the body, and the in
fluence of surroundings upon them, or
it may extend to relations of life be
yond this. Dr. Wright has very aptly
termed "this paralysis at first func
tional, then organic." Beginning in
failure to regulate the more simple
acts ot the body, it extends to the com
plex duties and relations, and finally
ends in dementia. The inebriate has
always more or less pronounced dissolu
tion of volition, which increases as bis
case becomes more chronic.
The next prominent phase of dis
solution is that of the emotions or feel
ings. The exhaustion from the palsy
of alcohol and tbe derangement which
may have preceded it, manifests itself in
emotional changes, in great exaltations
and depressions. The psychical sen
sory centers are in a state of intense ir
ritation, and all impressions cause pain,
both psychical and physical. Alcohol
relieves this quickly. States of brain
ansemia, which Meynert thinks are due
to a spasm of the arterioles and an
arrest of the blood supply, cause deep
despair and melancholia. In the early
I tages an effort is made to escape these
aerve depressions by the increased use
of spirits. Later it deepens into
despair and suicide. The exaltations
and hyperasthesia are followed by a
profound lowering of all the functions
with anaesthesia.. These emotional ex
aggerations and depressions are palsies
of the sensory centers and dissipations
of energy. Manifest in slight changes
at first, then it passes on to mania and
melancholia. The inebriate has always
a pronounced dissolution of the emo
tions. He is subject to every appeal
jfrom both within and without and the
Capacity of discrimination and control
becomes weaker steadily. In the Tem
perance, political and prayer meeting
these cases are very interesting studies,
and the degree of dissolution can be
very readily seen.
-The third diversion is the dissolution
of the intellect and intelligence. This
function is tbe power of associating
ideas and comparing them with others.
It has been described as the process of
the formation of now ideas by the union
of one already impressed tract of nerve
tissue with another. Or the process of
utilizing new and unused groups of
sensory motor cells by uniting them to
those already in use or of getting into
action organized tracts of thought in
the exercise of memory. Any state or
condition of paralysis which will break
up the complicated sensori-motor
groups, or sever their minute attach
ments swill be manifest in the intelli
The ^[elusions, the false beliefs, the
strangsj'.unreasonings and credulities of
inebriates are common in all cases. Be
gtnningl'in simple matters pertaining to
the bodily functions, it grows until it
include^itll the relations of matter and
mind. t^,ith the decline of nervous en
ergy, aimpairment of the higher
function^ of the brain, the lesions of
intelligence increase.* It may be for a
long time apparently confined ot
tbe care and control of the body, but as
dissolution goes on it embraces every
function of the brain. In some cases a
degree of automatic intelligence re
mains long after general brain failure
appears. This has given rise to a false
belief that an inebriate may possess un
impaired judgment and intelligence on
to the end of life. In these three ways
the march of dissolution oan be traced
in all cases. Beyond this there is a
phase of dissolution not so clear, be
cause it concerns the higher and more
obscure functions of the brain called
conscience. The inebriate early ex
hibits failure of this, the latest formed
element the obaracter. His conception
of truth and dnty to others, and his
recognitions of the higher relations and
duties of life, undergo a marked dissolu
tion. His veracity, bis honor, his pride
of character, bis sense of duty, all suf
fer, and are finally paralyzed.
Thus in all cases of inebriety there is
a chain of dissolution which can be
traced back to causes and conditions
which may be reached by therapeutic
aids and means of prevention. This is
}lne of scientllio study from which
facts may be discovered.—Quar
Journal of Inebriety.
WRECKED BY DRINK.
Bo* Bright Young Man Rained Home,
Character and Happiness.
Many years ago, while a clerk in
Wall street New York, a new financial
institution was started in Broadway,
and, learning that an acquaintance of
mine had oeen appointed to a prominent
position therein, I called to see him
with my congratulations for his good
fortune. Being a young man of very
good abilities, tbe prospect seemed
favorable for bis further advancement
But who can tell what lies in tbe
unseen future! Some years after I
learned that he bad lost bis situation
on accountof intemperate habits. These
evil habits, 1 was informed, had been
contracted by tbe free use of wine
among his friends socially and at pub
After losing trace of him for many
years he called at my bouse in the
spring of 1874 to solicit pecuniary assist
ance. He was so altered in his appear
ance that I at first hardly recognized
him. I listened to his sad tale of de
gradation and suffering, he having been
separated also from an interesting fam
ily by bis own acts. In the midst of his
drunken career he had come near to the
borders of death, and, on recovery, a
kind physician, who had attended him
in his sickness, took him into his em
ploy in order to try and save him. He
accompanied this physician in his visits
to many persons who bad limbs maimed
and broken by accidents which occurred
when tbey were stupefied with liquor.
The sight of their helpless and forlorn
condition led him to reflection, and tbe
thought came to bis mind that perhaps
his body might yet be a case for the
surgeon's knife. He then resolved at
once to stop short in his downward
career, and proposed, with the assist
ance of friends, to go to Binghamton
and spend a year at the Inebriate Asy
lum at that place, hoping that course
would be the means of his cure.
About a year after this interview, I
heard that he had left Binghamton
fully cured, and succeeded in obtaining
a situation as book-keeper in a railroad
office in New York. While he was em
ployed there, a vacancy occurred in the
cashiersbip of a bank in the city of his
former residence, not far distant from
New York, and through the influence of
relatives and friends there, be was ap
pointed to fill the vacancy. Shortly
after his appointment I called upon
him at his office, and found him very
happy in the changed condition of his
affairs. He said he was now restored
to bis wife and family, and the future
looked bright and encouraging. But in
my visit there, an incident occurred
which struck me unfavorably. As I
was walking near his place of business
I observed him enter the bar-room of
an inferior-looking hotel. I followed
him to the bar where liquor ran freely,
but be purchased only a few cigars.
He apologized to me for being found
there, but gave as bis reason, that in
that place they had a favorite brand of
cigars which he could not get elsewhere.
1 demonstrated and told him that I
thought it was very unsafe for bim to
go wherfi there was even the smell of
liquor. But he replied that he appre
hended no danger, as he was so sick
and disgusted with alcoholic drinks that
nothing could again induce him to
Hardly a year passed before I heard
tbat he had relapsed into his former
habits and lost bis situation. Soon
after he called at my office in a par
tially intoxicated condition and solicit
ed money to buy food, stating that he
was almost starved. I refused to give
him money, but offered to get bim a
dinner. He thanked me, and 1 told my
son to go with bim to a certain "Temper
ance restaurant" and provide him with
a good meal. My son afterwards took
him to the "Womans' Christian Tem
perance Prayer Meeting," where he
was introduced, and, at bis request
made the subject of prayer. He left
before the close of the meeting, stating
that he was anxious to be in time for
the next Philadelphia train. My son
followed him towards the depot but
on tbe way his appetite seemed to furi
ously crave drink, and he took opportu
nity suddenly to escape out of sight
Tbe last sad news that came to me
was that he bad died of delirium tre
mens in a police station in Brookiyn.
How- my heart ached for his poor wife
and family, who had their hope so
raised to be cast down again in utter
This sad case teaches us an important
lesson. It shows the fearful strength
of the chains of intemperance, the neces
ity of watchfulness and of looking to a
Higher Power for deliverance.
It would seem that this man, with
such a favorable change in bis circum
stances, had every inducement and en
couragement to persevere in the work of
reform. It shows that there is no safety
for one who has been formerly addicted
to intemperate habits to place himself
in the way of temptation by visiting
where liquor is sold, even for tie pur
chase of other articles. We are told to
pray: "Lead us not into temptation,"
but if a reformed man is unavoidably
thrown into such places, he should cry
mightily unto God to "deliver him from
evil."—Christian at Work.
EVEBY man's sin is everybody's busi
ness.—J. G. Holland.
ALCOHOL is a poison—an enemy to tbe
healthy human system.
WHKN the devil wants to run his
claws clear through a man and clinch
3 uw«i miuu^u a uian ana ciincn
on t^e other side he makes him
ve that moderate drinking won't
THE veteran Von Moltke considers
the misuse of alcohol one of Germany's
greatest enemies, and adds: "A healthy
man needs no such stimulant and to
give it to children is absolutely wicked."
DR. B. W. RICHARDSON says we can
form no idea what the history of civil
ized men would be if the effects of alco
hol were altogether .out of the field.
Hitherto we have only heard of a world
in which these effects have been pres
ent but with perfect purity all this
might in a few generations, be changed
by education and precept, founded on
tbe treatment of the young who have
undergone no aberration from nature.
The I.lquor-Vender's Tyranny.
Daily in reading the news, and daily
in passing through the streets, we are
impressed by tbe triumphant power of
the rum-seller. It seems to the ordi
nary observer that the more he is de
spised and denounced, the more he
flourishes and rules. Dunphy, the
liquor-seller, defies the Adjutant-Gen
eral, the Colonel and all the other offi
cers of tbe regiment at Peekskill,
glories in tbe throng of soldiers he
lures into his den on the borders of the
oamp. "At one time it was estimated
that there were fully two hundred and
fifty men drinking at the bar." It is
the appetite for beer and other stimu
lants, however, which gives tbe rum
seller his Influence and wealth. His
desire for tbe people's money would not
be gratified so munificently if it were
not for their desire for the excitement
or stupefaction that is bought with rum.
While tbe laborer is at work, his wife
and children are going to the saloon
with pails and pitchers for the foaming
beer. This is not our imagination.
We see this with our own eyes. —N. Y.
OF INTEREST TO SHIPPERS.
IN reply to a request for information
as to the risks taken by shippers in
consigning grain to Minneapolis and
Duluth, Woodward & Co., a reliable com
mission firm, of the former city, under
recent date wrote as follows:
The laws of Minnesota are very fav
orable to consignors. Summed up,
your commission man is your employe
for the transaction of certain business.
He must account to you for your grain
or money the same as any other clerk
or agent. It is felony for him not to do
•o. Will say, in this connection that
niheteen-twentieth8 of the losses made
through commission men in the last
five years here or at Duluth, have been
Dn grain or merchandise purchased, not
consigned. When a bouse becomes
weak or unsafe, its first thought is for
consignment liabilities, and its first
effort, to change its responsibility as
agent to tbe ordinary one of vendee to
Tbe Chamber of Commerce here and
the Board of Trade, Duluth, are also
very strict with their members. Proof
I of intentional false return of price or
weight, the addition of a charge not
paid, however small, would surely sus
pend, and possibly expel the offender as
well as ruin his business forever after.
I The Inspection and weighing here
and at Duluth is done by sworn State
Officers, under heavy bonds. Any ship
per can get certificate of weight or*
grade of any or all the cars he has
shipped, even years after, through his
commission man, or by sending to the
State Weighmaster, or State Inspector
where the grain was sent. In Minne
apolis almost all grain is sent by sam
ple as well as grade. In Duluth sales
are usually made by grade only,
Shippers should renuember their com
mision man represents them and that
be always tries to make sales on such
terms as will net them the most The
cost of delivering is fully considered in
negotiating sales and a larger price is
obtained when sold otherwise than "on
track" sufficient to cover the additional
expense. Sellers, in order to avail
themselves of the fullest competition
between buyers of all classes, have to
meet the various requirements of the
latter in tbe matter of delivering, the
expense being fully covered by the ex
tra price agreed upon for the property
according to the terms of delivery.
A CONNUBIAL QUARREL.
Two Engll#h Birds That Acted In
Singularly Human Way.
I In the yard of a Scranton bird student
a pair of English sparrows began a few
weeks ago to get ready to go to house
keeping. They took up their abode in a
little box that was fastened to the top
Of a pole. Other sparrows undertook to
occupy tbe box, but tbe pugnacious first
comers soon drove tbem away, and from
that time on the plucky pair fixed up
their household and got every thing in
readiness to raise a family without be
ing disturbed by their apparently envi
When the industrious birds were near
ly ready to settle down to-a quiet mar
ried life, an accident happened tbat
caused a row between tbe pair. One day
before the female bad begun to sit, her
husband flitted away and "was gone a
good deal longer than usuaL During
bis absence the female busied herself
by flying from tbe nest to the yard and
back, adding finishing touches to her
household and sprucing things up inside
of tho box. By and by Mr. Sparrow re
turned, but he didn't look as neat and
natty as he did when he sailed away.
In some way he had lost all of his tall
feathers while he was gone, and bis wife
wouldn't have any thing to do with him
or let him enter tbe bouse. He seemed
to try to explain matters to her, but she
wouldn't listen to him at all, chirped at
bim spitefully, and fought him when
ever ho attempted to approach her.
The student knew that the bobtailed
bird was the rightful husband by a pecu
liar mark on his head, and he watched
the result of the family trouble with
deep interest For two days tbe un
happy husband coaxed and begged his
irife to treat him as she had formerly
done, but bis pleadings made her all the
more determined to get rid of bim for
good. All at once tbe bobtailed spar
row disappeared, and has never been
seen around there since. The female
continued to occupy the box, and inside
of three days she got another husband,
set up housekeeping anew, and in due
time batched out a nest full of littlo
ones.—N. Y. Sun.
An Historic Town Site.
The site of the famous old settlement
and the ruins of the old church at
Jamestown, Va., is rendered interesting
from the fact that it was held through
all the years of struggle and warfare,
famine, death and dissensions which
filled the first struggling years of the
colony. Tho first trial by jury was at
Jamestown, the first church was erected
there, the first American book written
from Jamestown, the first legislative
body that ever sat in America assembled
in 1619 at Jamestown, and last, not least
by any means, the first repulse the
British Government ever received at tbe
bands of Americans occurred at James
town. when Nathaniel Bacon drove the
bloody tyrant lierkely out of the city, ari
burnt the palace and "nest of empire,"
as old writers called it—Boston Budget
Very Short Himseir.
Smiley—Let's go to tho theater.
Dedbroke—Can't—haven't got the
price of a -sr-at.
Smiley—Well, then, let's go to tbe
dime museum. They've got a wonder*
ful dwarf there.
Dedbroke—Oh. pshaw! I'll bet he
Isn't as short as am mv^elf.—Light
POINTS ABOUT PEOPLE.
MR. W II,LI AM D. NO
WELLS is expected
to spend next, winter in Boston.
MRS. CLEVELAND'S collection of dia
monds is estimated to be worth at least
MBS. GLADSTONE always attends meet
ings of Parliament when either her hus
band or her son Herbert i3 to speak.
MRS. LELAND STANFORD recently paid
$85 for fifty menu cards for one of her
swell dinners. The map of the United
States was stamped in silver on the back
of the cards.
THE Berlin Locksmiths' Guild, in
making Prince Bismarck its honorary
master, declared bim to be. "Germany's
greatest artistic locksmith, who made
the key that opened the lock of the
Kyffhaeuser and handed it to the Empe
ror, William I."
THOSIAS HART, a resident of Austra
lia, who is eighth in descent from Shaks
peare's sister Joan, is tbe nearest living
relative of tbe great poet It is a curi
ous fact tbat there are no direct descend
ants of Napoleon, Wellington, Washing
ton, or Sir Walter Scott
TIIE Baroness EQara von der Deckler
of Tiflis has issued a circular to the
"beautiful women of tbe world." asking
for their photographs in order to place
them before a Committee of artists
which shall choose those to be placed in
an album entitled: "Types of Female
Beauty ta the Latter Half of the Nine
GUSTAVE BOTJBCAUD, A citizen of
Nantes, has a hobby for bills nnd
posters. He made an exhibition of bis
collection last spring for a local charity
of Nantes and was able to produce de
signs in this neglected but not bumble
line of art by a large number of artists
who made some mark in their day. A
catalogue was supplied by tbe collector.