Newspaper Page Text
ft Hivuf, Flfitaln
WORTMINQTON. ~T MINN.
Policemen on the streets in Ham
burg1 are instructed to watch the cars
sharply, and if they find a car which
carries a single passenger more than
the car number allowed by law the
conductor is fined 72 cents.
The Minnesota Valley Historical
society has decided to build a granite
shaft, fifty-two feet high, to the mem
ory of the .Indians who befriended
the white settlers during the Sioux
rebellion of 1862. It will be located
on staite land, near the village of
Morton, Renville county.
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria two
years ago ordered a crown designed
by a prominent artist at Munich. At
that time the prince hoped to be pro*
moted to kingly rank, but since his
ambition has been disappointed he
refuses to pay for the design, and
the artist has been compelled to sue.
Whale fishing is not extinct in the
United States, but it is gradually and
slowly becoming so. From 1850 to
1875 the annual product of the Amer
ican whale fisheries fell from 100,000
barrels of sperm oil to 42,000, of whale
oil from 300,000 to 35,000, and of
whalebone from 5,000,000 pounds to
A dispatch to a London newspaper
from Rome says that the pope has or
dered that about fifteen thousand old
swords, halberds, spears and battle
axes in the Vatican armory be melted
and the iron sold. A furnace for the
purpose has been erected in the Vat
ican gardens. The weapons are use
less except as curios, and cost a great
deal to keep them polished.
Contestants of the will of Mellen
Chamberlain in Boston have executed
a release to the trustees of the Boston
public library of any interest which
they may have in the "Mellen Cham
berlain collection," which was be
queathed to the library. This collec
tion, which is valued at $100,000, is
composed of autographs, portraits,
photographs, genealogical, historical
and literary property.
The best collection of Chinese coins
to be found outside of China 'has been
given to the archaeological museum
of the University of Pennsylvania by
Kev. E. W. Twing, a Honolulu mis
sionary. The collection goes back to
a time over 2,500 years ago and in
cludes those odd, early Chinese coins
which were made in the form of
spades, razors, keys, shirts and tools.
King George of Greece refuses to
part with a bullet which, imbedded
itself in the wood- of his carriage
when he was waylaid and shot at sev
eral times at the conclusion of the
war in Turkey. He considered his
escape so miraculous that he had the
bullet extracted and set in his watch
charm, firmly believing that it is
mercifully designed to insure him
immunity from assassination.
Lightning is visible at a distance
of 150 miles. Opinions differ as to
how far away thunder can be heard.
A French astronomer who has made
observations declares that thunder
can not be heard at a greater dis
tance than 10 miles. An English me
teorologist has counted up to 1!)0
seconds between the flash and the
thunder, which would give a distance
of 27 miles from the place where the
Cremation is becoming increasingly
popular in Paris, and the crematori
um erected at the cemetery of Pere
Lachaise has already been found to
be too small. Additions are being
made, and a third furnace, a large
hall and a columbarium will soon be
ready for use. The latter somewhat
resembles the Campo Santo Of Genoa,
and will contain 10,000 receptacles for
ashes. These niches are closed with
slabs of marble, on which inscriptions
may be cut.
About 5,000 women and girls in New
York are employed in making arti
ficial flowers. All grades are made,
from exact imitations of the most
exquisite French productions to the
cheapest violets. The branching and
other difficult parts of the work and
some of the finer grades of flowers
are done in factories, but fully two
thirds of the flower makers are "out
side workers." Most of these home
workers are Italian women and chil
Ex-Gov. Pillsbury, of Minnesota,
lias given 1,000 acres to the state
forestry board for the purpose of
encouraging state forestry reserves
in Minnesota and giving the state
board a chance to experiment with
cut-over timber tracts, with a view
to determining the extent to which
the growth of timber can be renewed.
Mr. Pillsbury specifies that two-thirds
of the revenues which may be derived
from the gift must go to the state
university at Minneapolis.
The celebrated Marble Arch, one of
London's most notable landmarks, is
Shortly to be demolished. This in
teresting object was buiit by George
IV., at a cost of $400,000, as an en
trance to Buckingham palace, where
it did duty in that capacity for many
years. But as the gateway to the
palace the arch was a failure. It had
the effect of dyvarfing the royal resi
dence, and visitors w^p went to view
the royal house from the exterior
saw "plenty of gate," to quote an old
description, "and. a very little pal
Mischievous persons visited the
dairy farm of John Anchutz, a Stowe
township, Pennsylvania, farmer, and
adjusted a pair of red spectacles over
the eyes of his cross white bull, Def
ter. When this animal saw the whole
world done in crimson he made a
wildcharge to annihilate it. The
side of the barn was knocked in,
several lengths of fence" prostrated
and a milkmaid barely, escaped with
her life. The 'bull is now laid up for
repairs and Mr. Anschufz is offering
a reward of $5 for the arrest of the
Ihe Important Happenings
Woek Briefly Told.
IN ALL PABTSOFTHE UNION
•11 the Latest News of Interest Aran*
Washington, From' the East, the
West and the South.
THE LATEST FOREIGN DISPATCHES
Again on the 18th the United States
senate had the Hay-Pauncefote treaty
under discussion in executive session.
No business of consequence was trans
acted in open session. The house de
voted tiie day to District of Columbia
Seventy-one private pension bills
were passed in the United States sen
ate on the 19th, including two giving
pensions of $50 a month to the wid
ows of Gen. John A. McClernand and
Gen. John M. Palmer. The urgent de
ficiency bill was also passed without
debate. A house resolution was passed
authorizing President McKinley to ap
point Congressman Boutelle (Me.) cap
tain on the retired list of the navy.
In the house the time was occupied
with district of Columbia matters.
The United States senate on the 20th,
by a vote of 55 to 18, ratified the Hay
Pauncefote treaty. It makes the Unit
ed States independent of all powers ex
cept Great Britain in maintaining neu
trality of the isthmian canal. In the
kouse the Indian and the military acad
emy appropriation bi^ls were passed.
The former carried $9,036,526 and the
latteT $700,151. A bill was introduced
increasing the vice president's salary to
$25,000 and cabinet members to $15,000.
Mr. Hopkins presented the report of
the census committee on reapportion
ment, providing for 357 members.
The president made the following
appointments: John C. A. Leishman,
minister to Turkey Arthur S. Hardy,
minister to Switzerland, and Charles
S. Francis, minister to Greece, Bou
mania and Servia.
Before the supreme eourt Attorney
General Griggs argued that the con
stitution did not follow the flag into
Porio Rico and the Philippines.
Before the supreme court Attorney
General Griggs concluded his argu
ment against the contention that the
constitution already applies to the
The official returns of the Novem
ber election give McKinley 7,220,707
votes Bryan, 6,357,431.
In the Porto Bico case C. H. Aldrich
made the closing argument before the
supreme court, contending if the new
colonies are not American they are
The secretary of war has approved
the selection of two farms near Des
Moines, la., as the site of a new army
George C. Ludlow, of the supreme
court of New Jersey, and governor of
the state in 1880, died in New Bruns
wick, aged 70 years.
Watchnight services in the Meth
odist churches throughout the coun
try will mark the end of the cen
At Unadilla, N. Y., Fred Norton, a
youth, has lost the sight of both eyes
as a result of excessive smoking of
Katherine Spaith, aged 108 years,
died at Lancaster, Pa.
Bobert E. Neilson, at one time
world's champion on the old high bi
cycle, died in Boston, aged 40 years.
The democrats are advised by
Grover Cleveland not to attempt re
organization, but to return to their
old faith and "give the rank and file
At York, Pa,. H. K. Weiser, a bank
teller, is said to be $20,000 short.
Fire destroyed the residence of Mrs.
David Hewitt at Bradford, Pa., and
she and her mother, Mrs. Margaret
O'Keefe, aged 86 years, were burned
WEST AND SOUTH.
At its closing session in Chicago
the National Civic Federation confer
ence issued an appeal of pacific coun
sel between employer and employe
and appointed a committee to pro
In Omaha Edward Cudahy, Jr., 15
years old, son oi Millionaire Edward
Cudahy, who was abducted from his
home, was secretly returned after 36
hours upon payment of a ransom of
In the wreck of a Big Four freight
train near Muncie, Ind., three tramps
Minnesota's official vote shows a
plurality of 77,560 for McKinley and
2.254 for Van Sant, republican, for
Near Chadron, Neb., F. C. Burns, a
wealthy ranchman, and Staunch
Burns and Woody Litchfield were
killed by a landslide.
A mob lynched two negroes who
robbed and burned a trading boat at
Arcadia, Miss., after killing Thomas
Thompson, the owner, and his wife
John D. Long, secretary of the
navy, has purchased a site for a res
idence at Colorado Springs, Col.
John Snyder, a butcher in La Salle,
111., after a separation of two years
went to Chicago and fatally shot his
wife and killed 'himself.'
The efforts of trajnmen to settle
the strike of the Santa Fe telegraph
ers have failed.
John J. Lentz' (dem.), defeated for
reelection to congress in the Twelfth
Ohio district by a narrow Margin, has
given notice' of contest.
The president of the Order of Rail
way Telegraphers says the strike will
continue on the Santa Fe.
Burglars- made an unsuccessful at
tempt to rob, the state treasury at
In a mirage resulting frogi upifsual
atmospheric conditions.the Michigan,
shore could be seen in Ch icago.
In Cuba a medical board has discov
ered that -yeHow fever-*is' spread by
A mob hanged anegronamedLewit
at Gullport, Miss., for the murder, ol
It is now known that Joe Bolla, one
of the colored men lynehed at Boone
ville, Ind., was innocent of the crime
The Omaha packer, Edward A.
Cudahy, who paid $25,000 for ransom
of his 15-year-old son, has offered $25,
0^0 reward for the apprehension of
In a speech in London Lord Salis
bury took a gloomy view of the situa
tion in Sputh Africa.
A dispatch says Gen. Knox has aban
doned his pursuit of Gen. De Wet and
was seeking to stem the Boer inva
sion of Cape Colony and Natal.
A warning was issued by Gen. Mac
Arthur to Filipinos that the laws of
war will be strictly observed.
The envoys of all the powers met
in Peking and agreed on every point
in the China terms.
In central Turkey Moslems killed
American troope have traversed all
the trails in many northern Luzon
provinces, driving out the insurgents.
Boer invaders in the qorth of Cape
Colony ere reported tc^ have occupied
Cagayan island and other islands of
the Philippine group are offered for
sale to the United States by Spain.
Fire swept away the Knechtel furni
ture factory at Hanover, Ont., the loss
A dispatch says Germans shot 60
Chinese soldiers and took 200 prison
ers in Lung Ching.
The death of Carl Becker, a famous
German historical painter, occurred
in Berlin, aged 80 years.
Justice Colt in the United States
circuit court at Boston decided in fa
vor of the American Bell Telephone
company the royalty suit brought by
the Western Union Telegraph com
pany. The case is known as the stock
ticker and has been in the courts since
1894, The amount involved is $12,000,
J. A. Moore was arrested at Musca
tine, Io., by the sheriff of Rock Island
county, charged with attempting to
murder his step-father, M. J. Shelley,
who was ambushed and shot at his
An attempt was made to poison the
family of W. B. Bell, at Everett, Wash,
by means of poisoned candy.
Gen Wood reports that Cuba is prac
tically free from contagious diseases.
Both branches of congress adjourned
until Jan. 3.
John Owens, alias Radcliffe, was
hanged at Paris, 111., for the murder
of James F. Hague last September in
a box car.
All the 'gambling houses in New
York were closed the 21st.
Mrs. W. P. Frye, wife of the presi
dent pro tem of the United States sen
ate, died suddenly the 21st, in Wash
ington, D. C.
Richard A. Wise, member of congress
from the Norfolk, Va., district, is
The strike of telegraphers on the
Santa Fe railroad has been declared
John Morrison, who murdered a
whole family in the Massomin district
in the Canadian Northwest, has been
sentenced to be hanged.
It is asserted that Emperor Kwang
Su, unaccompanied by the Empress
dowager, left Sian Fu, Dec. 19, for
In a shooting affray over business
affairs at Sopchoppi, Fla., between
States Senator Rouse, Edgar, Nims,
W. J?. Edwards and Frank Walter,
Rouse and Nims were killed. The
other two were wounded.
During a severe storm the gunboat
Annapolis was driven ashore ofl Nor
Sears Roeback St Co's warehouse in
Chicago was damaged by fire to the
extent of $50,000.
Permission has granted to hold the
inauguration ball in the pension build
ing at Washington.
The net earnings of the railroad of
the United States for 1900 were $73,
000,000 more than in 1899.
Burglars attempted to rob the Ex
change bank at Madison, Ohio, but
were frightened away after they had
blown the safe open.
All the ministers at Pekin have
signed the joint note of the powers
Fire burned the residence of Conrad
Ruff, near San Jose, Cal., and four of
his young children perished in the
Congressman Dahle of Wisconsin
was taken sick on the street cars in
Cleveland, O., and was locked up for
drunkenness. Hes was soon released.
Count von Blumenthal, the oldest
field marshal in the German army,
died on his estate at Quellendorf,
Duchy of Anhalt.
The Philippine commission has ap
pointed H. Phelps Whitmarsh gov
ernor and Otto Scherer secretary of
the province of JJenguet.
Lord Kitchener reports that the in
vasion Into Cape Colony is defeated.
The English government has again
commenced buying horses in the
United States for South Africa.
The Lake View and Paisley, Ore.,
stage was held up by a lone highway
man, who took only the letter mail
sicks. Eleven days ago the Lake
View and Ager *tage was held up two
miles from the town, and the mail
All the electric lines in Scranton, Pa.,
was tied up the 23d by a strike of em
Stevens Bank at Montfort, Wis.,
was blown open by burglars who at
tempted to escape on hand cars but
werecaptured by citizcns. No money
A tornado swept through Pickens
and'SUmpter counties Ala., killing a
number of negroes.
D. AlUe was arrested at Fort Dodge,
Iowa, suspected of connection with the
Cudahy kidnapping case in Omaha.
Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 33.
Wheat—No. 1 northern, 73c No. 2
northern, 70c May, 74^'c.
Oats—No. 3, white 23c.
Corn—No. 3, 33c.
Cattle—Steers, S3.firstname.lastname@example.org cows, 98.00
Sheep—Muttons, $4.00 lambs, $5.00.
Butter—Creamery, extras. 83@24c
creamery, firsts, 22@83c dairy, fancy,
Poultiyr-Turkeys, 7@8tfc spring
Attorney General Presents Argu
ment to Supreme Coart*
Defends the Government's Pest*
lion la Important Case* tavslT*
iig ltaiia «f Porta Ries
Washington, Dec. 19.—Arguments in
the Porto Bico-Philippinea cases, in
volving thi status of those countries to
the United States, were resumed in the
United States supreme court Tuesday.
The widespread interest in the cases
was shown by a large attendance of
promident members of the nar and by
a crowd of spectators which filled the
publio area and overflowed into the
Arganest hy Mr. Grim.
Mr. Griggs' plea was based upon a brief
of 200 pages, the greater part of which Is
devoted to presenting the argument of the
United States, while the remaining portion
Is in the shape of an appendix giving the
text of the peace treaty between the United
Staes and Spain, and also the text of other
treaties supposed to bear upon the question.
In presenting the government's side of
the controversy the attorney general first
stated the two cases upon which the pro
ceeding is based. This
followed by a
general explanation and summing up of
the government's position, after which
came the citation of innumerable authori
ties, under appropriate headings, with per
tinent running comment upon them. The
attorney general contended that the United
States has the power to acquire territory
that, having acquired it, it has the right to
govern it that administrative construc
tion, congressional action and judicial pre
cedent affirm that every port in a ceded
country is properly regarded as foreign un
til laws are extended by cotfgress to the
new possessions that the clause .of the
constitution of the United States declaring
duties uniform throughout the United
States is not applicable to new possessions,
and that the constitution does not extend
of its own force over acquired territory.
Wion® from Two Points of View.
In his general contention on behalf of the
United States, Mr. Griggs argued that his
opponents were wrong from both a legal
and a constitutional point of view. Refer
ring to the legal aspect of the case, he as
serted that the Dingley act applied to mer
chandise imported from Porto Rico and the
Philippines after their cession to the
United States the same as it did before, and
that in view of the fact that tariff laws are
in rem there Is no principle of justice, much
less of constitutional restriction, which
forbids congress ftom taxing in this way
the merchandise of outlying possessions of
the United States when brought into the
pOrts of the union.
Two Established Propositions.
He laid down as established the two fol
1. That the tariff act of 1897 was intended
by congress to classify as foreign all coun
tries net a part of or belonging to the
United States at the time of its passage,
and the subsequent cession of the Spanish
islands to the United States did not oper
ate to admit imports from those islands
free of duty, under that law. 2. That the
tariff act so construed and fnforced violates
no constitutional rule of uniformity.
Right to Acaulre and Govern.
Mr. Griggs then entered upon the presen
tation of his subject in detail. He contend"
ed that the right of the United States to ac
quire territory had been asserted in the
declaration of independence, and said that
such acquisition could be made either by
conquest, by treaty, by annexation or by
discovery. He quoted a number of supreme
court decisions in support of this conten
tion. A great deal of attention was given
to the right to govern territory when once
acquired, and innumerable authorities were
adduced in support of this position, among
others the decision of the supreme court in
the Mormon church case, in which the court
said that "it would be absurd to hold that
the United States has power to acquire ter
ritory and no power to govern it when ac
He asserted that "the treaty-making pow
er of the government has exercised the
right to deal with the status of the inhabit
ants of ceded territory in every treaty of
cession from 1803 to 1898." The status fixed,
he said, has not been uniform, but exceed
ingly varying. He then proceeded to argue
that this practice is entirely at variance
with the doctrine that Vthe constitution
follows the flag" and that when territory is
ceded to the United States the inhabitants
become immediately proprio vigore citizens
of the United States. "If that doctrine be
true,'' he said, "every treaty that has
brought us new lands and new Inhabitants
has violated in this respect the principles
of the constitution. It convicts of error
and usurpation Thomas Jefferson, James
Madison, James Monroe, James K. Polk,
Franklin Pierce, Andrew Johnson, their
cabinets and the senates that ratified their
As to "Vnlfprna Duties" Clanse.
Mr. Griggs went at length Into the claim
that the constitutional clause which .pro
vides that "duties, imposts sad excises
shall be uniform throughout the United
States" prohibits imposition of duties in
the cases before the court.
"That clause," he said, "does not apply
to nor govern these cases, because the term
'United States,' as there used, meanp only
the territory comprised witnin the several
states of the union, and was Intended only
for their benefit and protection, and not
for the benefit or protection of outside ter
ritory belonging to the nation in the lat
ter sense duties on imports from these is
lands were uniform throughout the United
States, because they are uhiformily im
posed at every port In the United States, so
that there is no preference given to the
ports of one state over those of another, nor
is any inequality between the several states
Constitution Not Silastic.
The last feature of the argument was a
contention that the constitution does not
extend of its own force over acquired ter
ritory, and in this connection the attorney
general sought to refute the doctrine, as
laid down by Chief Justice Taney in the
Dred Scott case, .that the United States
could not acquire territory for any other
purpose than to convert it into states of
the union. "The doctrine of the ex-proprio
vigore extension of the constitution was
never heard of," he said, "until it was in
vented and advocated by Calhoun as a
means of fastening slavery upon California
and New Mexico beyond the power of con
gress to disturb or abolish it. It was in
conflict with all previous views of states
men of all parties, and opposed to the com
pact in the ordinance of 1787, as well as to
the act of congress known as the Missouri
A LIVELY SCRIMMAGE.
Adalrnl Renter Reports Fight of
Landing Party with Filipino
Washington, Dec. 21.—The follow
ing cablegram from Admiral Remey,
giving an account of a sharp brush
with Filipino insurgents, was received
Thursday at the navy department:
"Cavlte, Dec. 20.—Bureau of Navigation,
Washington". Fifteen troopers, Fourth
cavalry, and five of the crew were landed
from the gunboat Basco yesterday at Llm
banes. Cavite province. Surprise^ 80 Insur
gents, sharp skirmish half hour 18 insur
gents killed 12 rifles captured rlarge amount
stores destroyed one soldier wounded.
Little Left tor Creditors,
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec 22.—Receiver
Clark, of the Chosen Friends/ siftys
creditors have little prospect of real
izing much if anything from their
claim#. The utmost that the creditors
cap hope for is the realizationoften
cents on- the dollar. With liabilities
of (500,000 the order will be able only
with the greatest difficulty to raise
$50,000 to adjust the Claims pf cred
Aatlfled^Fukl Tnt of
Washington, Dec. SI.—After spend
the greater part of the past fort
night in considering, the Hay-Pannce*
tote treaty for the modification of the
Clayton-Bulwer convention of 1850,
the senate on Thursday consumed
only one hour and ten minutes in
amending it, and ratifying it as
amended. During the time there
were six roll calls and several viva
voce votes. The first five of the roll
calls were on amendments offered by
individual senators, and the last one
the resolution to ratify the treaty
as amended. All the amendments, ex
cept those offered by Senator Foraker
and reported by the committee on
foreign relations, were voted down
by majorities averaging about 19. The
ratification resolution was adopted by
a vote of 55 to 18.
The text of the treaty aB amended
is as follows:
"The United States of America and her
majesty the queen of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland, empress of
India, being* desirous to facilitate the con*
structlon of a ship canal to connect the At
lantic and Pacific oceans, and to that end
to remove any objection which may arise
out of the convention of April 19,1860, com
monly called the Clayton-Bulwer treaty,
to the construction of such canal under
thev auspices, of the government of the
United States, without impairing the 'gen
eral principle' of neutralisation established
In Article VIII. of that convention, have
for that purpose appointed as their pleni
"The president of the United States, John
Hay, secretary of state of the United
States of America, and her majesty the
queen of Great Britain and Ireland, em
press of India, Right Hon. Lord Pauncefote,
Q. C. B., Q. C. M. G., her majesty's ambas
sador extraordinary and plenipotentiary
to the United States
"Who, having communicated to each
other their full powers, which were found
to'be in due form, have agreed upon the
"It is agreed that the canal may be con
structed under the auspices of the govern
ment of the United States, either directly
at its own cost, or by gift or loan of money
to individuals or corporations or through
subscription to or purchase of stock or
shares, and that, subject to the provisions
of the present convention, the said gov
ernment shall have and enjoy all the rights
incident to such construction, as well as
the exclusive right of providing for the
regulation and management of the canal.
"The high contracting parties, desiring
to preserve and maintain the 'general
principle' of neutralization established in
Article VIII. of the Clayton-Bulwer con
vention, which convention is hereby super
seded, adopt as the basis of such neutrali
zation, the following rules, substantially
as embodied in the convention between
Great Britain and certain other powers,
signed at Constantinople, October 29, 1888,
for the free navigation of the Suez mari
time canal, that is to say:
"1. The canal shall be free and open, in
time of war as in time of peace, to the ves
sels of commerce and of war of all na
tions, on terms of entire equality, so that
there shall be no discrimination against
any nation or its citizens or subjects in re
spect of the conditions or charges of traf
fic, or otherwise.
"2. The canal shall never be blockaded,
nor shall any right of war be exercised, nor
any act of hostility be committed within it.
"3. Vessels of war of a belligerent shall
not revictual nor take any stores In the
canal except so far as may be strictly nec
essary and the transit of such vessels
through the canal shall be effected with
the least possible delay, in accordance with
the regulations in force, and with only
such intermission as may result from the
necessities of the service. Prizes shall be
in all respects subject to the same rules
as vessels of war of the belligerents.
"4. No belligerent shall embark or dis
embark troops, munitions of war or warlike
materials in the canal except in case of
accidental hindrance of the transit, and in
such case the transit shall be resumed
with all possible dispatch:
"5. The provisions of this article shall
apply to waters adjacent to the canal,
within three marine miles of either end.
Vessels of war of a belligerent shall not
remain In such waters longer than 24
hours at any one time, except in case of
distress, and in such case shall depart as
soon as possible but a vessel of war of
one belligerent shall not depart within 2-1
hours from the departure of a vessel of
war of the other belligerent.
"It Is agreed, however, that none of the
Immediately foregoing conditions and stip
ulations in sections numbered 1, 2, 3, 4 and
5 of this article shall apply to measures
which the United States may find it nec
essary to take for securing by its own
forces the defense of the United States
and the maintenance of public order.
"6. The plant, establishments, buildings
and all works necessary to the construc
tion, maintenance and, operation of the
canal shall be deemed to be part there
of, for the purposes of this convention,
and in time of war as in time of peace
shall enjoy complete immunity from at
tack or injury by belligerents and from
acts calculated to impair their useful
ness as part of the canal.
"7. No fortifications shall be erected
commanding the canal or the waters ad
jacent. The United States, however, shall
be at liberty to maintain such military
police along the canal as may be neces
sary to protect it against lawlessness and
"The present convention shall be ratl
bed by the president of the United States,
by and with the advice and consent of
the senate thereof, and by her Britannic
majesty, and the ratifications shall be
exchanged at Washington or at London
within six months from the date hereof,
or earlier if possible.
"In faith whereof, the respective pleni
potentiaries have signed this convention
and thereunto affixed their seals.
"Done in duplicate at Washington, the
fifth day of February,. In the year of Our
Lord one thousand nine hundred.
Victory for Standard Oil.
Columbus, O., Dec. 22.—The supreme
court of Ohio late Friday afternoon dis
missed, under the motion of Attorney
General Sheets, made Thursday, the
causes against the following com
panies, brought by former Attorney
General Monnett under the anti-trust
laws of Ohio: -Solar.Befiningcompany,
Ohio Oil company. Buckeye Pipe Line
company, Standard Oil company of
Ohio, and the Continental Tobacco com
pariy. The cases are all dismissed with
out record' and at the cost of the state.
Get* Big Fee.
Caracas, Venezuela, Dec. 20.—For
Benjamin Harrison has
received his fee for his services in con
nection with the arbitration of the
boundary dispute between British
Guiana and this republic. The settle
ment was made Tuesday. In addition
the government has paid the Ameri
can mixed claims and the interest on
the foreign debt. It has been stated
officially before that Mr.. Harrison's
fee wms to be $100,000.
Springfield, III... Dec. 21.-—The su*
preme court rendered an opinion de*
daring the act of 1893, passed to pro
tect employes and guarantee their
right to belong to labor organizations,
unconstitutional. Jn declaring the act
unconstitutional the court holds that
it deprives employers of the right to
terminate contracts with employes,
a right guaranteed by the organic law
E A RTY'S WTreS.
Interesting Article on the
Philadelphia, Dec. 20.—Former Pre*
ident Grover Cleveland contributes to
this week's issue of the Saturday
Evening Post, of Philadelphia,'an ex
tended article on the plight of the de
mocracy and the remedy. Mr.Cleveland
begins by reviewing the history of
the party, and he discusses its de
feats since 1864 in detail. In taking
Up the question of the present condi
tions of the democracy he says that
the success of the party in 1892 was
so decisive and overwhelming that a
long continuance of its supremacy
was anticipated. Then came "the
fallacy of free silver and populism."
"The culmination of democratic woe was
reached when Its compact with these un
democratic forces was complete, and when
our rank and file were summoned to do
battle under.banners which bore strange
symbols and were held aloft in unfamiliar
hands. The result of such a betrayal was
foredoomed. This abandonment of the
principles of true democracy, this con
temptuous disobedience, of its traditions,
and this deliberate violation of the law of
its strength and vigor, were by a decree
as inexorable as those of fate, followed
by the inevitable punishment of stunning,
"The disaster of 1872, invited by similar
mad adventure, was quickly followed by a
return to the professions and practices of
sane democracy. But the extent and per
sistence of our wanderings in 1896 is illus
trated in a most astounding way by $he
command, issued on the day of our rout
and discomfiture, that a second battle
should be fought on the same field, with
the same false war cries and the same lead
ership that had brought us to the sur
rounding gloom of defeat."
he says: "TJhus in 1900 the lesson
of 1896 was contemptuously rejected, and
every hope of democratic success was wil
fully cast aside. Again, our long-suffering
rank and file, whose loyalty and obedi
ence deserved better things, were sacri
ficed in a cause theirs dnly in name and
again it was demonstrated, but more clear
ly than ever before, that the only forces
that can win democratic success are ad
herence to recognized democratic principles
and reliance upon democratic councils and
"Why should we not return to these, and
in their name again achieve victories no
less glorious and renowned than were ours
in the days of courageous advocacy of our
time-honored faith? Are our principles
so shop-worn or antiquated as t» require
renovation, or their displacement by others
more fashionable? There is not an honest
democrat in this broad land that will con
cede these things, nor is there one who
would not hall the proclamation of the old
faith with that fighting enthusiasm that
foretokens democratic triumph. As new
conditions arise, our principles must be ap
plied to them but in the creed that has
guided us through a century of party ex
istence we shall find the key to every such
application nor shall we need the lexicon
of populism to aid us in interpreting this
Further on he declares: "I believe no
democrat wil) have the hardihood to deny
that we have fought our last two campaigns
in alliance with undemocratic forces, and
that this alliance, was immensely costly in
defeat. Is there not good reason to sup
pose that even in success such an alliance
would have proved unprofitable and dan
He preaches the return of democracy to
its old faith, saying: "Sincere democrats
of every condition and in every part of
the land realize that the situation of the
party needs repair. Reorganization is not
necessary bui a return from our wan
dering is absolutely essential. Let us be
frank with ourselves and candidly ac
knowledge the futility of attempting to
gain democratic victories except in the
democratic cause and through democratic
methods. Reorganization is worse than
useless and the arrogation of superior
party virtue will breed only mischief. This
is a time for sober thought, tolerant lan
guage and fraternal counsels. We are deal
ing with the condition of a party that can
not be destroyed by external foes and
since its ruin can be wrought only from
within, it should be imperishable. Above
all things, there should be a manly renun
ciation and avoldancc of undue sectional
control. Democracy will not operate ef
ficiently on sectional lines.
"There is much for us to do and the fu
ture is full of democratic duty and oppor
tunity. Our fighting forces will respond
listlessly and falteringly if summoned to a
third defeat in a strange cause but if they
hear the rallying cry of true democracy,
they will gather for battle with old-time
democratic enthusiasm and courage.
"If I should attempt to epitomize what I
have written, by suggesting a plan for the
rehabilitation and restoration of true de
mocracy, I should embody it in these words:
'Give the rank and file a chance.'
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 21.—Hon. W. J.
Bryan, in a telegram Thursday to
the Atlanta Journal, declines to ex
press himself upon ex-President
Cleveland's statement, to be published
in the Saturday Evening Post, and
which appeared Thursday morning in
newspapers receiving the dispatches
of the press.
Mr. Bryan says:
"Until Mr. Cleveland sets forth definitely
what he considers 'democratic principles'
there is no necessity for comment. The
rank and file of the party expressed them
selves in 1896 and in 1900 and I have no doubt
they will continue to express themselves on
issues as they arise. W. J. BRYAlt."
ADOPTS A SUBSTITUTE.
Senate Makes Important Changes in
Army Reorganisation BUI
Pawtd by House.
Washington. Dec. 20.—The subcom
mittee of the senate .committee on
military affairs has completed its
work upon the army reorganization
The subcommittee reports a com
plete substitute for the house bill,
and while much of the language is
the same as that of the house meas
ure there are numerous changes.
Probably the most important
change is in the provision regarding
the artillery arm of the service. The
subcommittee recommends the re
tention of the present regimental or
ganization of the artillery and does
not give its assent \o the corps or
ganization proposed by Secretary
Root and accepted by the house. In
the matter of the appointment of
staff officers the bill follows largely
the lines of the recommendations made
by Secretary Hoot.
The house canteen provision was
amended so as to permit the sale of
bder at the canteens. This exception
was made by omitting the word
"beer" from the prohibited articles.
The maximum srength of the army
Is to be 100,000 men.
The full senate committee on mili
tary affairs has adopted the army reor
ganization bill reported by its subcom
Its Sixth Defeat.
Melbourne,'Dec. 21.—The legislative
council of Victoria has for' the sixth
time rejected the woman suffrage bill.
It has also rejected a'proposal to sub
mit the question to a referendum.
JKrl|aia Won't Object.
Washington, Dec. 22.—Great Britain,
it is announced, will not oppose the
United States if the latter decides to
fortify the Nicaragua canal.
ROGER WpitOQTT DEAD.
Close of the Lift of the Maaaaehs*
setts ESx-GoTernor—A Slceteh
Boston, Dec. 22.—Former Gov. Boger
Wolcott died at his !resi£lence in thkr
city Friday. .He taje&i&Jll ijwth ty4
phoid fever several weeks agOfbut
ports from his bedside indicated noth
ing alarming until the latter part of
last week, when new complications
produced a change for the worse. The
difeease probably'was contracted either
while on shipboard or soon .after he
landed in New York, after his Euro
[Roger Wolcott was born In Boston July
13, 1847, the son of J. Huntington and Cor
nelia Frothingham-Wqlcott. He. is de
scendant. of the Roger Woloott who Was
second in command of the expedition of 8i
William Pepperell against Cape ret on in
1745, which resulted In the capture of Louls
burg. Another ancestor was Oliver JVVol
coft, one. of the signers .Qf tbedeclaraiion
of independence. Both of these Wolcotts
were governors of Connecticut. Gov. Wol
cott's public career began in l877 as a mem
ber of the Boston common council, in which
he. served th're'e years. .Then he w^is elected
to the lower house of the legislature', taking
a position among the leaders and,winning
distinction as a hard and trustworthy
worker. He was elected lieutenant gov
ernor in 1893, '94 and '95, and upon -th£.death
of Gov. Greenhalge became actlrtg goyernor
in 1896. In the fall of 1896 he was elected
governor and in 1897 and 1898 he was Re
elected. Mr. Wolcott was always a repub
lican, but in the campaign of 1884 he op
posed his party'^. Candidate for .the presi
dency and voted for Grover Cleveland. His
wife and five children survive him.]
Arbitration Conference nt Chicago
Adopts Meaanrca Looking Tto
wards Industrial Peace.
Chicago, Dec. 19.—With the adop
tion of a, memorial "to the American
people," the industrial arbitration and
conciliation conference, held under the
auspices of the National Civic Federa
tion in Steinway hall, came to an end
Tuesday night. The resolutions and
plan of action proposed for the im
provement of the relations between la
bor and capital, employer and employe,
include the following chief recom
1. Annual or semi-annual trade agree
2. Boards of conciliation for the various
3. A committee of 12 (six of the employing
class and six of the employes) to formulate
a plan for a national system of conciliation.
Chairman Franklin MacVeagh, after
the adoption of the report of the com
mittee appointed as "the committee to
formulate a general plan of concilia
tion," those who had drawn up the ap
peal to the American people, as follows:
•A. C. Bartlett. vice president,Hlbbard,
Spencer, Bartlett & Co., wholesale hard'
Henry W. Hoyt, president National
Herman Justi, commissioner Illinois Coal
G. Watson French, vice president Repub
lie Iron and Steel company.
E. D. Kenna, vice president Atchison, To
peka & Santa Fe railway system.
Chauncey H. Castle, presidiht 8tove
Founders' National Defense association.
Samuel Gompers, president American
Federation of Labor.
John Mitchell, president United Mine
Workers of America.
Martin Fox, president Ironmolders
Union of America.
Frank P. Sargent, grand master Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen.
Henry White, general secretary United
Garment Workers of America.
James M. Lynch, president International
Son of Milllonnire Cudahy, of Onahn,
Abducted Bnt Is Later
Omaha, Neb., Dec. 20.—Edward Cud
ahy, Jr., the 15-year-old son of Edward
A. Cudahy, the millionaire pork pack
er, who was abducted on Tuesday
evening, was brought home at 1:30
this (Thursday) morning. For 36
hours every policeman and hundrede
of citizens of Omaha had been search
ing for the boy.
The boy disappeared at eight clock
Tuesday evening. Early Wednesday
morning a horseman rode rapidly past
the Cudahy residence and threw a
note on the lawn, in which a state
ment was made that for $25,000 the
boy would be returned to his parents.
Later in the day another note was
received, declaring that if the money
was not paid immediately the boy's
eyes would be burned out with vitriol.
Mr. Cudahy, fearing that his son
might suffer the fate of Charley Ross,
decided to pay the ransom. The police
knew nothing of what he did. The
were unsuccessful in their search, and
the first intimation they received ol
the success of Mr. Cudahy was at 1:3C
this morning, when the chief of police
was notified by telephone that the bo
was home and had not been injured.
The house in which the boy was held
captive has been located. It stands on
a lonely hill about four miles south
west of the city. No trace of the ab
ductors has been discovered as yet.
Mrs. Frye Dead.
Washington, Dec. 22.—Mrs. William
P. Frye, wife of the president pro
tem. of the senate, died suddenly at
the Hamilton hotel Friday morning
at 9:30 o'clock. Mr£. Frye on Tuesday
last suffered an acute attack of in
digestion and had since' been ill.
When she arose Friday morning she
was apparently much improved and
partook of breakfast. Shortly after
leaving the table the end came with
out the slightest warning, heart fail
ure causing death.
A Terrible Death.
Medelia, Minn., Dec. 20.—Andrew B.
Henderson, of Christenson & Hender
son, millers, was instantly killed in the
engine-room of the plant Wednesday
afternoon. His garments caught in a
shaft and he was whirled around until
life wa8 extinct. Bones were broken
and the body frightfully mutilated.
RIVER AMD HARBOR SZLL.
•Masmb Canytetai hy BM
•sittee—Total AnMHt Apff«
printed Ahont *00^00,000.
Washington, Dec. 21.—'The house
committee on rivers Snd harbors com
pleted its bill and it will he given
to the public to-day. The decision to
make it public for the holiday recess
W&S dne to the fact that the various
items of the bill had leaked ont* The
bill was vigorously pruned at the last
mpment. The total appropriations car
by it Wednesday, including con
tiictaing contracts, amounted to about
$80,000,000. A subcommittee pared the
bill down Wednesday night to about
$60,000,000. The large items, as a rule,
suffered most in the pruning.
Indiana—Michigan City, outer harbor,
Illinois—Waukegan, $100,000 cash con
"-1Mfchigan—Charlevoix, $20,000 Frankfort,
154,600 Grand Haven, $10,000 Grand Marais.
harbor of refpee, *0,000 Manistee, $42,000
Holland, Black Lake, $78,000 Muskegon.
175,000 Ontonagon, $8,000 Pentwater, $20.
OOp Portage Lake, refuge, $33,800 Sand
Beach, refuge, $7,S00 St. Joseph, $10,000
uth. Haven. $12,000 White Lake harbor,
,000 Marquette, $26,000 Ludlngton. $36,
CbO Petookey, $15,000 Saugatuck, $16,000
**if^nominee harbor, Michigan and Wlscon
iln," $6,000 Cheboygan harbor, $8,000 Mon
Wisconsin—Ahnapee, $10,000 Green Bay,
UO.OOO Kenosha, $9,900 Kewaunee, $11,000
Milwaukee, hafrbor of refuge, $119,000 Mil
wraukee harbor, $51,000 Port Washington,
Sheboygan, new. project, $48,100 Ashland,
$40,000 Two Rivers harbor, $20,000 Sturgeon
Bay canal, harbor of refuge, $11,000 Oconto.
|5»000 Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan
ship c&nal, $7*,509 Manitowoc, $8,000 Mani
towoc breakwater, $37,000 Port Wing,
Illinois—Calumet river, Illinois and In
diana, $75,000 Illinois river, $75,000 survey
deep waterway, $200,000.
Indiana—Wabash river, below Vlncennes,
Michigan—Saginaw river, $40,000 Black
river at the mouth, $2,500 Rouge river, $5,
XX) St. Joseph's riverr, $700 Grand river,
tf 25,000 Detroit river, $500,000 St. Clair Plata
canal, $330,000 West Neebish, $500,000.
Wisconsin—Fox river, $60,000 St. Croix
river, $2 00b Menominee river, $7,500.
Minnesota—Red River of the North, $10,
The house passed the Indian and the
military academy appropriation bills.
The former carried $9,036,526 and the
latter $700*151. Neither provoked much
discussion. A few minor amendments
were placed upon the former.
Cape Rifles and Brnbnntfs Fores
Driven Back with Loss Near
Cape Town, Dec. 19.—The Boers who
crossed the Orange river into Cape
Colony, west of Aliwal North, on Sat
urday, encountered the Cape rifles
and Brabant's force, who retired with
London, Dec. 19.—"The Boers have
raided Cape Colony at two separate
points, 100 miles distant," says the
Cape Town correspondent of the Daily
Mail. "One commando advanced upon
Philipstown, between Colesberg and
Kimberley. The other, supposed to be
Herzog's commando, crossed the
Orange river between Odendaalstroom
and Bethulie, northwest of Burghers
dorp, its objective point apparently
being Cradock. Gen. MacDonald is en
gaging the invaders, who have no
guns, 20 miles west of. Purghersdorp.
The latest news is that they are being
slowly forced back to the Orange
river, where a warm reception is be
ing prepared for them."
London, Dec. 20.—It is reported that
Gen. Knox has been forced to aban
don the pursuit of Gen. De Wet. ow
ing to the situation created in Cape
Colony by the Boers crossing the
Orange river. It is said that 3.000 re
publicans have entered Cape Colony,
and a similar number have reached
Inprovement Is Reported in Trnda
Circles No Complaint
from Any Quarter.
New York, Dec. 22.—R. G. Dun & Co.'s
Weekly Review of Trade says: "Better
weather conditions on the Atlantic sea
board and pronounced activity in distribu
tlon of all staple lines of merchandise at
southern cities have imparted a slightly
more aggressive tone to general business.
Distinctive holiday business, which at this
period of the season means retail distribu
tion, has shown further improvement, and
no complaint Is heard from any quarter.
while the jewelry trade Is much more ac
tive than for several years past. Un
changed conditions in the leading manufac
turing industry during the last week be- i.
fore the holidays mean much. At this time a"
in ordinary years furnaces close down in
large numbers and dullness is general at
mills and shops where iron and steel are
handled. Instead of reduction of working
force or concessions in price, this year.
however, reports from the principal cities
indicate the existence of contracts that
will take months to fill, and new sales are
made at the former level, despite much
talk of cheaper ore next year.
"Failures for the week were 293 in the
United States, against 220 last year, and II
in Canada, against 26 last year."
STRIKE IS OFF.
The fanta Fe Telegraphers Officially
Notified That It Is Dis
Topeka, Kan., Dec. 22.—President
Dolphin, of the Order of Bailway Tel
egraphers, has declared the strike of
the operators on the Santa Fe off.
All of the striking operators here re
ceived orders Friday night from Pres
ident Dolphin that the strike would
continue no longer. The operators are
beginning to speculate as to whether
they will be reinstated in the employ
of the company. They now have the
permission of the organization to work
if they can secure work. General
Manager Mudge would not express an
opinion as to whether the men would
be reemployed or not. He said, how
ever, that the Order of Bailway Teleg
raphers would not be recognized un
der the present management. "Let
the operators get new officers," he
said, "and then we wi** talk to them."
Disaster In a Mine.
Akron, O., Dec. 22.—While a party
of miners were descending the slope in
the Wagner coal mine, five milea south
of this city, Friday, a wild ear over
took them. Some of the men jumped
to the side of the track, but five were
struck by the car, two being killed
and the others t^adly injured.
Cannot Reesver Tsats.
San Francisco, Dec. 22.—The supreme
court of Califorida has decided that
Mrs. Jane L. Stanford cannot recover
ta*es paid under protest upon certain
bonda and stocks situated in New Yorlc.
city. The court's decision is to the ef
fect tbict stocks are taxable in the stateJ
where ownership lies.