Newspaper Page Text
'•"•''H. HAWLK*, Publisher.
The average age of the Japanese
nary i* lower than that of any other
navy In' the world. No one oyer 20
year* old 1b accepted for enlistment.
The average height Is 6 feet 4 inches—
less than the average height of any
other navy in the world.
The city of Trebizond Is one of the
most Important cities and ports on the
Black sea. It la about 480 miles from
Constantinople and 100 miles from
Batoum. It 1s the port of entry as
well as the distributing point for the
interior, viz., Erzerum, Bitlis and Van,
and for the caravan route to and from
The area of Canada is 3,745,574
square miles, and the population esti*
mated In 1902 at 6,456,931, or 1.5 per
son to the square mile. The total
area of the United Kingdom is 121,371
square miles, with a population of 41,"
605,220. The total area of the United
States, including Alaska, 1s 3.610,035
square miles, with, in 1900, a popula
tion of 76,149,386.
Miss Adalaide Michel, a teacher In
the art department of the Bradley
Polytechnic institute, in an attempt to
rediscover madder printing, has dis
covered a chemical resistant that when
used on white duck with a stenciled
design makes possible dyeing In blue
and white. The design is clear, there
being no evidence of running colors.
The process is similar to zinc etching
Blacking shoes Is the novel method
adopted by Miss Pauline Rockwell to
raise money for the Mount Hoi yoke
college library, to which Andrew Car
negie has pledged a large conditional
subscription. The bootblacking ar
rangements of Miss Rockwell, who is
a member of the freshman class, con
sist of a chair and a soap box in the
college post office. Over the chair is
the notice "Shoes blacked. Five
Uncle Sam has paid big bills abroad
before now, but this Panama payment
tops them all. Six years ago he paid
Spain $20,000,000 on account of the
Philippines, but the amount was sent
in four warrants of $5,000,000 each.
Previous to that the most historical
warrants were $8,000,000 issued to
Russia in payment for Alaska in 1868
and $5,500,000 paid England for
awards in Halifax fishing infringe
According to recent investigations,
it appears probable that hypnotism
can stop the action of a person's
heart and thus cause death. A. Jour
net, a Frenchman, reports that he has
increased and diminished the number
of pulse beats, at will, and as far as
he could venture with safety. It is
said to be also proved that circulation
is seriously affected, even if it is not
quite certain that the heart can be
Up to the present time tea from
China was imported into Germany by
«ea and the cost was considerable.
In 1903 some Berlin firms made a trial
of ordering parcels of tea from whole
sale traders in Warsaw, and found out
that but for the high duty the trans
portation of tea overland would be
considerably cheaper than by sea. The
Berlin tea traders have made appli
cations to have the custom house
duties on tea reduced.
The sale of California fruits In Al
sace-Lorraine and Baden, Germany, is
many times greater than It would be
were there no local agents in Strass
burg. This season one Strassburg
dealer has disposed of about 35 car
loads of fruit, principally apricots and
proxies. The same dealer has also sold
150 sacks of California almonds, and
he anticipates an Increased business in
fruits and nuts next season. There are
a number of other dealers in Strass
burg buying direct.
The government crop report states
that on May 1 there were 6.000,000
acres less in winter wheat than were
one year ago. In the month of April
•bout 5,000,000 acres of wheat were
plowed up to be planted in other cropB
because the grain was badly winter
killed. The heaviest loss was in In
dian and near-by states. This gives
some idea of the fearful damage done
by the hard winter. The indications
now are for a short crop of wheat
The plowed wheat land will mostly, go
Into oats and corn.
The emperor of Japan, Mutsuhito, 1|
very, tall for a man of his country, be
ing 5 feet 7 Inches in height, and
rather heavily built He is 52 years
old, but looks older than his yeara.
His beard is long, and he has the
coarse black hair all his subjects have.
His eyes are coal black and very
bright when he Is Interested, but gen
erally their expression is dull and
heavy. It has been said that this
Mikado of "enlightened peace," as he
is called, is one. of thie most remark
able men of the age.
Several French soldiers, survivors of
the Chinese expedition of 1856, are re-
sponsible for the statement that Gen
Kurokl, who is leading the Japanese
forces in Manchuria, is in reality half
French. His'name, they say, is prop
,« erly spelled Curique. According to
the story of these soldiers, a French
officer, Capt. Curique, while serving
in China in 1856, married a Japanese
girl. A son was born to them, who
^'Awas given the Japanese name Kurokl,
corresponding to the French Curiqua.
'f jThi* son Is Gen. Kurokl, commanding
W'ih* JananMA First army corps.
MICE IF DEATI
LOADED WITH EXCURSIONISTS
THE GENERAL SLOCUM BURNS
IN EAST RIVER, NEW YORK.
The Total Number of Bodies Recov
ered Is 638—Over 300 Persona
Are Still on the List of the
New York, June 20.—More than 100
hours after the smoldering wreck of
the big excursion steamer General Slo
sum had sunk off Hunt's Point, in the
East river, the full extent of the dis
aster to the St Mark's Lutheran Sun
day school picnickers had not been
Sunday's harvest of dead numbered
49, bringing the total number of bodies
so far recovered up to 632. Of these,
559 have been identified, while 40 of
the victims now lying at the morgue
have not been claimed by friends or
relatives. While the list of missing has
been cut down somewhat by the iden
tifications made Sunday, 11 new names
were added to that roll, thus leaving
the total of missing almost as large as
it was on Saturday—something more
The funerals of nearly 100 of the
victims of the disaster were held Sun
day. In many instances two caskets
were carried in the same hearse, and
in some cases two and even three
hearses bore away the dead of a single
The Awful Disaster.
New York, June 17.—The three
decked excursion steamer General Slo
cum, of the Knickerbocker Steamboat
company, burned to the water's edge off
North Brother island, East river, at the
entrance of Long Island sound, Wednes
day morning, resluting in the death
through burning or drowning of at least
700 persons, mostly women and children.
Carried Excursion Party.
The Slocum, with the annual Sunday
school excursion of St Mark's German
Lutheran church of this city on board,
was proceeding up the river to one of the
many resorts of Long Island sound.
When near One Hundred and Twenty
fifth street, persons on shore saw smoke
and flames spring from the "upper part
of the crowded steamer. A panic ensued
on the boat almost instantly. The
crowds on the forward deck began to
spring overboard or to crowd to the after
part of the boat. The screams of the
terrified passengers could be heard on
shore and hundreds of small boats Im
mediately put off to the rescue. Owing
to the rocks on either side of the channel
at this point, it had been impossible to
beach the vessel. The captain stuck to
his post at the wheel and headed the
vessel straight up the river for North
Brother island, where she was put
aground In the shallow water. Several
hundred feet of open water still lay be
tween the burning steamer and the
shore and many persons perished either
REV. G. C. F. HAAS.
(leader of the IU-Fated Ofrurch Excur
in the water or on the burning vessel
after she had been beached.' The boat
was beached at the reef at the northern
end of North Brother island, where she
rapidly burned to the water's edge.
Decks Give Way.
It was just before she beached that
the hurricane deck, the supports of
irhich hind burned away, fell with its
load of women and children, adding
to the panic and horror of those on the
deck below. Very soon after parts
of the second and third decks also caved
In. But before this happened the tyg
Walter Tracey had come alongside the
burning steamer and been lashed to it
Many of the passengers were taken off
by the crew of the Tracey, which re
mained alongside the steamer until the
tug's pilot-house took fire.
Many Frightfully Burned.
Many- of those picked up alive in the
river will die in the hospitals. Most of
them were frightfully burned, having de
layed leaping from the boat until their
clothing was' on fire. Some died in the
improvised ambulances in which they
were hurried from the
shore. Every main
on board who could swiin went over
board loaded down with children. Many
of these heroes lost their lives, because,
burdened as they were, they could make
no headway against the overpowering
swirl of the tide as it rushes from the
East river into the sound.
Many May Be Safe.
There are a number of piaces wlibre
the living may have landed, and it is
believed that many that are now re
ported missing are safe, and eventu
ally will be heard from by the officials
who have the rescue work in hand.
Indeed, a surprising number of persons
reported to' these officials that they
had been saved,1 thus cutting the list
of missing dowjn considerably, fts well
Ls, the orobablfe moi^ality list,,
out of the flames on the OfMtyip 8lo*
eum. awl at least 200
A Remarkable Experienoe.
Perhaps the most remarkable case
the many appalling experiences of
those who were on the Slocuntk was
that of Miss Clara Hartman, who was
picked up for dead, towed., behind a
boat for several miles, wrapped in a
tarpaulin and tagged as dead, and then
recovered' consciousness at the Alex
ander avenue police station. It is now
believed she will recover.
Belief Sadly Needed. .'
Mayor McClellan on Thursday, alter
receiving messages of condolence from
many sources, visited North Brother
island, and later visited the morgue.
He issued a proclamation to the citizens
of New York, and appointed a relief
committee of prominent men, and re
lief will be sadly needed in that, little
East side territory whioh the vast ma
jority of those that perlshied were ac
customed to call home.
Criticism for Crew, .-
There is open criticism Of the failure
of the Slocum's officers and crew to meet
the emergency, but as yet no formal
action has been taken by either the
municipal or federal authorities. Capt.
Map showing that portion of the East
river where the General Slocum was burned
and hundreds of live* sacrificed.
Van Schaick and the two pilotaare un
der arrest, but are held only a8 wit
ness. That there was terrible failure to
meet the responsibilities is undoubted.
No effort, as far as can be learned, was
made to launch the life rafts or boats
and no concerted attempt made toward
equipping the helpless women and chil
dren with life preservers. There Is very
general criticism of the captain and pilots
for their failure to turn the vessel ashore
the moment they were informed that the
fire had gained headway. Engineer
Conklln, who, it was reported, perished,
is now said to be alive and in hiding. A
search is being made for him.
Leading Crope Show Harked Improve
ment—General Trade and
New York, June 18.—Bradstreet's,
reviewing the state of trade, says:
"Favorable features this week are the
further improvement shown in leading
crops and the ending of the tie-up on
the great lakes. Wheat, oats and cot
ton have improved, but corn is still
backward, owing to the cool weather.
General trade and industry have re
mained quiet, and may be said to have
"marked time." The notable underly
ing feature of the entire situation is the
feeling that with an average crop of
wheat and large yields of the other
cereals and of cotton now in prospect,
a good fall and winter business is tbibe
looked for. Pending further progress
in this direction the tendency is to
await events. Railway earnings reflect
current quietness in business, and the
decreases of three-fifths per cent of
gross in May and of six per cent in
April net, Indicated last week, are con
firmed by fuller details. Transporta
tion business generally is better than
in 1902. Bank clearings, a more im
mediate reflection of current business,
show an enlargement over last week,
but grand totals will still show reces
sions from a year ago."
R. G. Dun & Co., in their Weekly
Review of Trade, say: "Industry suf
fers from an epidemic of ultra con
servatism, emanating apparently from
the theory that a season of depression
must come every ten years, while the
coincidence of a presidential election
furnishes another precedent As a re
sult stocks of merchandise have been
reduced, railway traffic is lessened,
preparations for future business are
curtailed and less money is distributed
in the form of wages while those hav
ing capital to invest confine their at
tention to the highest classes of bonds
or hold back for still lower security
"Failures this week numbered 257 in
the United States, against 213 last
year, and 16 in Canada, compared with
24 a year ago."
Toronto, Ont., June 18.—The high
court of justice has upheld the verdict
for $5,000 in favor of the plaintiff in
the case of Delehanty versus the Mich
igan Central Railroad company, tried
recently at Welland. Edward j. Dele
hanty, a professional ball player, was
expelled from a train of the defendants
at Bridgeburg, and lost his life by
failing off the bridge across /the Ni
agara river connecting Bridgeburg and
Buffalo. The action was brought by
the widow and daughter of the de-
American Derby Winner.
Chicago, June 20.—in the presence
of close to 50,000 people, and out of
field of 16 starters, Highball won the'
American derby,-with Woodson second
and Rapid Water third. Time, 2:33
taken to the hospitals. Not a, death
has occurred so far among ths«e, and
many of them have already been dis
BOLT STRIKES TBEE IN PENN
SYLVANIA UNDER WHICH
FOUB BOYS STA1IP.
Three of the Youths Are Instantly
killed—The Fourth Dies in a
Short Time as a Result of His
Chester, Pa., June 20^-Four boys
standing under a cherry tree on a farm
near Felton, three miles from here,
were killed Sunday by a strojke of.
lightning. The dead are: Ross Smith,
aged 13 years, of Felton, son of the
owner of the farm Alexander Fuller
ton, ,13 years, Felton William Davis,
14 years, Upland Samuel Clark, 15
years, colored, Chester. About a dozen
boys,went from Felton to pick cherries
on the Smith farm. Farmer Smith
told his son, Ross, who was about to
go to Sunday school, to order away
any boys he might see at the cherry
trees. On the way young Smith met
Fullerton, Davis and Clark. As they
approached the cherry trees the dozen
boys from Felton ran away. A storm
was coming up and the four other boys
went. under one of the trees. They
had been there only a few minutes
when lightning struck the tree. Smith,
Fullerton and Davis were killed In
stantly. The colored boy was so badly
injured that he died on the way to a
BAT AND BALL.
How the Leading Baseball Teams
Stand in the Struggle for Cham
The following tables give the number
of games won and lost and the percent
ages of clubs of the leading baseball
organizations. National league:
New Yorl* ..
St. Louis ...
Won. Lost. Per ct.
The General Slocum was built for an excursion boat, and when not gar
tered for special excursions ran between New York and Rodw^ay Beach. ^J*
as owned by the Knickerbocker Boat company, which also owns theexcur
sion steamer Grand Republic. At yacht races thegreatsite °'tte *oat made
it prominent in the fleet of excursion steamers that lined the course, ne
vessel was launched at Brooklyn in April, 1891. The keel was 235 feet, th^
deck 250 feet lipg, Ita breadth of hull was 37 feet, overguard, 70 feet. The
gross tonnage was 1,284 and the net tonnage 1,013. The boat had two boilers,
each 83& feet long and 9ya feet in diameter, and four furnaces.
Governor General's Office Is
BLOODSHED IN FINLAND.
London, June 20.—A dispatch to the
Express from Copenhagen says informa
tion has been received there that a re
volt has broken out in Helsingfors, the
capital of Finland, where Gov. Gen. Bob
rikoff was assassinated last week. A
band of Swedish revolutionists sacked
the offices of the governor general Sat-
mils Close Down.
Sharon, Pa., June 20.—The rod, wire
nail and blooming mills of the Car
negie Steel and American Steel & Wire
company at this place has closed down.
It is stated that the shutdown will be
temporary. About 2,000 men are out
Nominated a Woman.
Boston, June 18.—The Massachusetts
prohibitionists made a departure from
custom at their state convention here
Friday when they placed a woman on
their state ticket by nominating Mrs.
Fannie J. Clary, of Williamsburg, for
secretary of state.
Dowie Sails for America.
Liverpool, June 20.—John Alexander
Dowie, Mrs. 'Dowie ahd their son,
Glaustone Dowie, sailed for New York
oh board the Cunard line steamer Lu
canla. There was no demonstration
on tbsir departure.
Noted Physician Dead.'
Chicago, June 17.—Dr. Nathan S.
Davis, 87 years old, one of Chicago's
pioneer physicians,* died Thursday
morning at'eight o'clock, at his home.
uirday night and killed 18 employes, in- convention: President, George Ben.
eluding a son of Admiral Pinken. They Johnson, Richmond, Va. vice presi
also attacked ahd demolished the police dents, Emmett Rixford, San Francisco,
offices. It is believed that fhe revolt and James Bell, Montreal secretary,
will spread. More serious news is an- Dudley T. Allen, Cleveland recorder,
ticlpated. All information is suppressed Richard H. Hart, Philadelphia treas
in official quarters.
OFFICIAL IS SLAIN./
Sheriff Harris, of St Croix County,
Wis., Meets Death in the Per
formance of Duty.
St. Paul, Minn., June 20.—Sheriff G.
D. Harris, of St. Croix county, Wis.,
was shot and killed Saturday night,
while attempting to make an arrest on
an Omaha train near Fall Creek, Wis.
The man who did the shooting, and
whose name ia unknown, jumped from
the moving train and escaped. Sheriff
Harris had gone to Eau Claire on
business, and when about to board the
train for Hudson was informed by the
chief of police of Eau Claire that a
man suspected of burglary was aboard
the train. The sheriff searched the
train and finally located his man in
the smoking car. He placed him. under
arrest and' was about to handcuff him
when the desperado drew a revolver
and fired three times, shooting the
sheriff through the head and killing
him instantly. In the excitement which
followed 'the shooting the murderer
ran the entire length of the train,
jumping from the rear coach while the.
train was' going at a high speed. He
then stole a horse and buggy and made
his way to Augusta, where the animal
was found Sunday, but all further clue
to the fugitive's whereabouts is ap
SPURNED BY REVENGE.
Bandit Raisuli, in a Letter, Gives Rea
sons for the Kidnaping
London, June 20.—Revenge on the
reason for the kidnaping of the Amerl^
can, Perdicaris, by Raisuli, according to
a letter from the bandit. Hie corre-.
spondent of the Dally Mall at Tangier
says that a letter from Raisuli was re
ceived there Sunday, in which the
brigand recites the wrongs done by the
governor to his tribe, and declares hie
harbors no enmity toward the Chris
tians. The letter ends with the threat
that the new bashaw must be just or the
present troubles will be. renewed.
TRAIN IS ROBBED.
Northern Coast Limited Held Up in
Sum of *65,000.
Bearmouth, Mont, June 18.—At 11
o'clock Thursday night two masked
men held up North Coast Limited
Northern Pacific passenger 'train, east
bound, at about a mile and a half east
of this station. Aftyr bringing the
train to a stop they dynamited t)ie ex
press car, blew open the safe and se
cured all of its contents.
The robbers secured 965,000 from the
Northern Pacific Express company's
safe, which thfey dynamited. The safe
was billed through from the coast to
St Louis, June 20.—After deciding
upon San Francisco as the place for
the next annual meeting and electing
the following officers, the American
Surgical association has adjourned its
urer, R. S. Fowler, Brooklyn.
Confesses to Killing Boy.
Des Moines, la., June 20.—Edward
Young, aged 20, is held for the murder
of 14-year-old Harry Alleh, -found with
a bullet hole ln his head by a brother
and who is said, to have claimed^ before
dying that a stranger shot him. Young
has cdnfessed, but claim* the gun was
Orders 50,000 Bee Stings.
Beeville, Tex., June 20l—A new api
ary product comee to light by the re
ceipt of an order from a Philadelphia
firm of chemists for 60,000 bee stings.
The acid Which the poison sacks of
bees contain is said to be valuable in
the/manufacture of a remedy for rheu
Fort Lyons, Coi., June 17.^-The Amity
dam, completed last year at a cost of
$100,000, hhs been torn out by the high
water In the Arkansas river. The Ipsa
is total. Immense damage is fearea
qropfc under the Amity canal, which
not secure water until the dam is
JAPANESE KEBT A1
TURN THjEBIR RIGHT FLA^
WITH DECISIVE DEFEAT.
Gen. Stakelberg Forced to Retreat
Said to Have Lost 10,000 Men in
the Engagement Story Lacks
London Jufce 17.—The Russian army
at Vafangow, 50,000 strong, has been
crushed by Gen. Nodsu, with 60,000
Japanese troops. The Russians aban
doned 13 guns, their supplies, their
baggage train, their regimental colors,
and their dead an/d wounded. They are
in full retreat northward along three
roads. The Japaneise admit that they
lost 1,000 men, killed ahd bounded.
.They say the Russians left more than
600 dead and wounded on the fleld.
Gen. Kurokl Is' repiorted to have sent'
two divisions from Siuyen to'intercept
Stackelberg's retreat. As Stackelberg
Is 100 miles from Kuropatkin's main
-army at Lilaoyang he may be compelled
Places Loss at High Figure.
Paris, June 20.—The St. Petersburg
correspondent of thei L'Echo de Paris
says there is a report in Russian mili
tary circles that Gen, Stakelberg dur
ing his retreat from Vafangow lost 10,-.
000 men in killed, wounded and cap
tured. He adds that this news has
Retreating on Foot
London, June 20.—Gen. Stakelberg'e:
shattered forces are retreating on foot
toward Halcheng. Russian reports
state that the railroad is unable to
transport more than a few thousand
men ahd the flight of the defeated army
apparently is so urgent that there is
no time to w^lt on the arrival pf more
trains. Besides the railroad has a large
task in transporting the men wounded
In the battles at Vanfangow and Telis
su. Eleven hundred wounded, includ
ing 65 officers, have reached Llaoyang,
and 734 wounded men ahd 38 offlcera
are fn Mukden. The Russians estiinate
their total losses at 2.000 men: There
seems to be every reason for Stakel
berg's haste to get back to the main.
army. The St Petersburg war office
announces that Kurokl is at Siuyen
with 30,000 men, but believes that he
is too late to pocket Stakelberg.
Between Two Jap Armies
London, June' 18.—A dispatch from
St. Petersburg stated that two Jap
anese divisions were marching from
Siuyen to intercept Gen. Stakelberg's
army. If this is true, ahd the Jap-.
anese army from Siuyen has reached
Tashlcao, as stated by the Daily
Mall's correspondent, then Gen. Stak
elberg's army Is in a most critical
situation, with 20,000 fresh Japanese
troops blocking his way to the iorth
and the 60,000 men of 6en. Npdzu's,
army pressing him from, the south.
He cannot retreat eastward. He must*
either withdraw toward NewchJwang
Cruiser Reported Sunk.
London', June 18.—Reports reaching
London indicate that the Vladivostok
squadron has escaped with perhaps the
loss of the cruiser Rurik, and-that a
Japanese army has attacked Gen. Sta
kelberg's retreating army north of
Race to Vladivostok.
The Vladivostok squadron—or a
part of it, at least—was sighted early
this (Saturday) morning off the west
ern end of the Straits of Tsugaru, be
tween the main island of Japan and
the island of Yesd. This would locate
the Russian vessels 400 miles due east
of Vladivostok. Presuming that Vice
Admiral Kamimura is in close pursuit,
it is a quesiton of speed whether the
•Rmmi^ns can get into safe harbor at
Vladivostok without a battle.
Great Loss to JapaneM.
Tokio, June 17.—The Vladivostok
squadron apparently has escaped, after
a raid into the Korean strait tfrhlch*
cost Japan at least two transports and
the lives of nearly 1,000 men. Vice Ad-' ^4'
mlral Kamamura with a Japanese
squadron is in hot pursuit. Heavy is fjj"
fogs prevail oveir the strait. As far
as ascertained the net' results of the
Russian raid are summarized as fol
Hatachi, transport, sunk with 700
men on boiard All killed or drowned
save 397 mtfn.
Sado, transport, sunk with 700 men
on board 153 escape in boats.
Izuma. tranepbirt with soldiers and
Jap Trfcnigiott Destroyed.
Tokio, June SO.r-th addltidh to the
transport Hitaichl and shelling the
Sado the Russian fleet sank the Idzu
ill, a transport homeward bound, car
rylng a few sick soldiers. Thr^fe|boats
from the Idzumi have reached Ahore.
The losses oh the Idzumi, fcre: not-
Effect of S^nitiron's
St Petersburg, Jun^ 2b.-^yidi Ad
miral SkrydlolTs message tb tW em
peror from Vladivostok, in' whlfch he
details the operations of 'the, 'JWiiBlyos-^:/ i||^
tbk squadron, indicates that he his ac-j^fr^
counted for at least thrbe of thji Jap-i:'--.^.
anese transports, besides a suspected "y
collier.. The message does ndt: indicate -f
the present whereabouts of the squad
ron. The fact that the' collier sent
to Vladivostok under a priil crew .,,
might Indicate that the nei?sV'^.'OP-5.ki'4i,
eratlons of the squadron w^b bfought
there by lisir and that the ctafiws are
still at sea. The dertructfeil^f an^||^
aggregate. tft' 16,000 tbns bf OTtoping*-. 4jf$
1 besides troops and crews, aajjtM valu
able cargo of 'euppiles, is jgpradered^-glp
here as being a good sho^lhg ®6r the