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ft , , . ... ,mm iS ' 0 VDLTJ2IE 13-NO. 33. CADIZ, 0313, 72D:IE3D1Y DSCEEEi 15, 1852. rTE3MS-$l,50 IN ADVANCE."!,. , ... . . s 1 f II I .1 II I If ran 17 i p t t . V k ' 15 i IV Snnocratie .Sentinel. rrBUSIIED EVERY WEDNESDAY EVENING C H A R l"eVnTa L L E N , ' Ldilor and Proprietor. itim of iciiciiriioii. XT One dollar and fifty cent within three months; ' m if ptyment be deferred longer one dolliip anil sav . nt-jive cttit. 'i'tiis ruls will h strictly adhered to. Any person procuring five resiKHisible siiWribors Vi ' the Sfjitixel, will he entitled to copy lor the name j length ot liuio, Ires. TERMS f ADVERTISING. For a whole column, (one year) . haU column, (ous year) " quarter, " (.ana year) for 11 lines, or less, (three iuserUons) do do (one insertion) Frach additional iiwurtiun, BUSINESS CilD). Tot 11 lines, or less, (one year) " " (six months) ,.(30,00 .. 18,it0 .. 12.00 . 1.1-0 50 23 ...J3.CO ... ,00 RATES OF 1'OSTAGE. i - os letters, If paid in advsnce, 3 cents. If not paid in advance, 5 cents. tN WEEKLY KEWilPirEItS. To all subscribers in the county where publuhed, , FREE. More than 50 miles distant, 5 cts. per Quarter. var 50, and undnr 300 mile 10 " " " flyer 300 and under 1,000 15 " " " ; .Ovur 1,000 and under 2,000 20 " " " AGENTS FORTHE SENTINEL. - Trm fnllowinir named centlem are our authorized gents to receive suUscripiisn. advertisements, and J.ili Work. We hope they will provo themselves to be good Afrits. All contracts mads by them will lie strictly ' fulfil led by us: ... 1 Freeport Joseph Allen, Westclirstnr William Fleming, ' " Moorefield A.Jul. Schreiber. ' ' Franklin Dr. E. Conaway. Kumley Jacob Utitshall. thort Creek Asa Holmes, fctock James llonglanrl. Athens Dr. Thomas Findley. Ureen John Wilkin. (Jerman Jihn Brown. North A. F. Croakov. Munros Ilonry B. Heller. .. t , j,!L THE ELEVENTH COMMAND ; . MENT. T. S. Arthur tells a good story, we heard, years ago about a loving couple in NewJer . ney, who belonged to the Mothodis' church. A new Presiding Elder, Mr. N., was expeci iu that district; and. as the ministers all stop ped with brother W. and hir wife, every preparation was made to give him a cordial reception. The honest couple thought that religion, in part consisted in making some parade, and therefore the parlor was put in order, a nice tiro was made, an I the Kilch m lepleninhed with cakes, chickens, an. I every delicacy, preparatory to en. iking. While Mr. W. was out at his who I pile. a plain looking, coarsely dressed, but ti'ii'e like pedestrin came along, and inquired the distance to the next town. He was tub! thai it was about three milts. Being veiy In clement, he asked permission to enter anil warm himself. Assent was given very grudgingly, and both went into the kitchen. The wife looked dagger tit this untimely : intrusion, lor the Btmnger had on conhiiJe boots, and old hat, and threadbare bu, neat ly patched coat. At length she gave him u chair beside ihe Dutch oven which was ba king nice cakes for the Presiding Elder who was momentarily expected, and be was lo preach the next day at the c'Luich a mile ur two beyond. The stranger, after warming himself, pre pared to leave, but the weather became tmne mclemeut, and as. bis appetite was roused by the viands about the lire, he asked for tome Utile refreshment ere he set uul uu a cold walk to the own beyond. Mrs. W. wa. displea.sed but on consultation v illi her hus band, some cold bacon and bread were set on an old table, and be was somewhat giu.' fly told to eat. It was growing dark, mill buns were thrown out, that the stranger hau better depart, as it was three long miles lo town. The wife grew pculant, as tlie lie' preacher did not arrive, and her husband i whistling the air of "Auld Lang Syne," while he thought of the words oi hymn. 'When 1 can read my title clear," and fell as if he could order the stranger oil without any further ado. The homely meal was at last concluded the man thanked them- kindly for the hos pitality he had received, and opened the door to go. But it was quite dark, aud clouds denoting a storm, tilled the heavuns. "You say it is full three miles toD ?" ! "I do." replied Mr. W. coldly, "I said so when you first stopped, and you ougl t to have pushed on, like a prudent man. You could easily have reached there before it was quite dark." "But X was cold and hungry, and might have fainted by the way." ' The manner oi saying this touched the farmer's feelings a little. ; "You have warmed me and fed me, for which I am thankful. Will you not bestow another act of kindness upon one who is in strange . place, aud, if be goes out in the darkness, may loose himself and perish in the cold?" ' . .iThe peculiar, form in which this request was nude, and the tone in which it was Uttered, put it out aft he power of the farmer to deny his request. .''Go in there and sit down," he answered, pointing to the kitchen "aud I will see my wife and hear what she says." And Mr. W. went into the parlor where the' supper table stood, covered with a snow white cloth, and displaying his wifes's set ol blue-sprigged china that was only brought out on special occasions. : , : ; . 'Ihe Ull mould candles were burning there on and on the hearth hhued a cheerful tire. , 4 "Hasn't that old fellow gone yet?" ask ed Mrs.. AY, She heard . his voice as he re turned from the door. j "or. and what da you suppose? , lie wants u to let hira slay all night.'' flndeed, we'll do no such thingl ' We can't hvs (he) Ukes of him in the house uo l6 w. j Where could h sleep?" i . 'Not in the best room, even if Mx. K. bouhi -not wine." j ,f , , ; , .."No,, indeed." , . : V . f'But really, don't nee, Jane, how we can turn him om of doors. , He dosen't look like a very strong man, and it's dark and cold, and full three miles to, D." It's too much. He ought to have gone on while he had daylight, and not slopped here as he did, till i t got dark?" . V We pan't turn him out of dooia, Jane, and it' no use to think of it. He'll have lo ataj now," ., , -, , .. .j.:. u. ,"But whutcan we do with him?", , ,.'.' ., "He seems like a decent man at least; o.(t aoj a ( look, u U be baa any tiling bad ubuut him. We might make biu a bed on the floor .somewhere " "1 wish he had been to Guinea before he came here!" said Mrs. W. fretfully. The disappointment and conviction that Ur. H wuulJ not Mriive, occasioned tier lo feci, and the imru.siem of so unwelcome a visitor as the stranger, completely unhinged bei mind. '0, well, J ine," replied her hu band, in a si-odiing lone, "never mind. "- mui make 'be 'jesi ot it. ile came lo u.i t.ivil uiiJ litlugiy, and we witinied Mid fe-tl bim lie now risk slielii-r t r the niglii, a ! w in u. not Teltitu; l.im, nor gian. his rtques. in a eomplniiiinj; or reluctant sj in... V .u know what the Li.ble says about elite i.ain iug itngels unawares.' "Angels! did you ever see an uugcl," look like him?" "Hat ing never een an ungrl," taid ll.i faimer siiiiling, "I am unable to spenk -lo il.eir uppi'fli'Anen." T!ii h 1 1 ilie i ih ei tij call an iinswvt ing smiielollie face ol Mrs. W., and a bile, feeling to the heart. It was iinully ii-rt ed between them thai the man, as In; scitneu like a decent kind of person, shou d be ju r miiied lo occupy the minister's ro.ni, if ihat individual did not anive, an event to ubieh ibeybolli niw huked with but Muall ex peiMiincr. If he did conic, the man would have to put up wiihpooier aecunimod nion. When Mr. W. u an in d lo the kitchen here the stranger had sea ed himself be fore ihe lire, he inhu med him that they had decided to lei hi in stay '.II i I exoressi'd in a few words his hi. The man reatftil sense of the k iiduess. and then became sdeiu and thoughtful. Soon af:er ihe faimei's w ii'e, giving upall hopeol'Mr. N.'s airival, had supper taken up, w hich eonsi led of coffee, warm short cake, mid broiled chieheus. Afier all was on the tallica short coiiteience was held as to whether il Muild do i,o: io invite the straagi-r to take siiiier. It was true they had given hiin as much bread and li-ic.on as he eoiihl eat; but then, as long Hs he was going lo slay all nilit, il looked loo inhospitable lo sit down to llie table nod no. ask 1 1 1 in to join '.hem. So, making a virtue of necessity, he was kindly asked lo come '.i supper an invi'aiion which he did noi dec ii:e. Grace was said over the meal bv Mr. W.jand then the coffee was pouted out, the bread helped, and the meal ciivcd. There was a tine liiile boy six vi rus old, ut table, who bud been brightened up mid diesned in hi-, best in order l igraee the mill iu -r' n ception. Charh-v was full of talk, and In- paieiiis 1'eL a inn u.il rule in show in; him nil. i v( n . eloiv tin ir nuuibie giies , wiioim ice 1 linn p iriic:il,iilv, ihoili In- ii;i.i no. ni'lcii o s.iy. "Ooiiie, ,.'h u n y," mii.i Air. W.ai'er he meal a over, mi 1 hi- sa! ieauiii ' b.iclt in Ins cha r, cii'l vou lepeatdie pm.'-y liuna m iiinna learned oi;i hist tuiid , '!" Jli.ii h V siaried off without f .rlher i,iv. tation and rej ealed very accurately iwoor th ee verses of a new camp line. iug hymn that was just iheu very popular. "Now lei us here you s,iy .he command ments Charley," spoke up ilie mother, wei, pleased al ihe ehil i's performance, And Cli 1 1 ley re, ealed lliein wi h the aid of a h tle plump. ing "How many commandments are there?" asked li e father. The child hesitated, and llu-n looking uj, at the s' ranger, near whom he sat, said in nocently "How many lire there?" Tne man thought for su;ne moments, and s lid as if in doubt. "Eleven, are there mi!?" "Eleven!" i j'icuhtted Mis. W. looking to wards ihe in m with unfeigned supii e. 'Eleven!' said l.er hii.-l and wi ll more rrbiihc Hi in icloiii.-diniciit in his voice. lik possible, ,-ir, thai, you do not knon h..w ;iuuiy co.uiii unlineii s tiiere me'.' iloiv many me ihele Chaile)? Come, lell ine you know, ol cour.e. ' "Ten," lcpih-d the child. 'Right, my sou," returned Mr. W. look ing with asmile of approval. "KightV There isn't n child oi his age in ten miles w ho cau'i lell you there are leu commandments. Hid you ever lead the Bible sir?" lullessing llie . ranger. "When I was :i little boy I used to reatl ii sometimes. But I am sure I thought there were eleven commandments. Are Vou not mistaken about there being only ten?" Sister VV. lifted her hands in unfeigned astonishment, and exclaimed: "Could any one believe it! Such igno rance of the liiblel" Mr. W. did not reply, but ho rose, and going to one comer of the rooin where the good book lay upon a small mahog tny stand, brought to the table, and pushing away bis plate, cup and saucer, laid llie volume be fore him, rind opened to that portion in which llie commandmeuls are recorded. "There!" he said, placing his linger upon the proof of the stranger's crroi. "There look for yourself." I he man came nro'.ind from lis side ol the lable and looked over the farmer's thou.1 der. " "There! Ten, d'ye see?" "Yes, it -does say ten," replied ihe mnu; "and yet it seeliit, lo me there are eleven. I'm stile I always llioiigliL so." "Doesn't it stey ten here?" inquired Mr. VV. with marked impatieuce in his voice. "It does, certainly." ' ' '' "Wed, what more do. you want? Can'i you, believe the Biolo ?" t ' ,"0, yes, 1 believe ihe Bible; mid J et L strikes me somehow thai there must be elev en commandments. Hasn't one been ad de l' somewhere else. Now this was too much for Troihi-r and Sister W. to bear." ,Such ignorance of sa cred matters they fell unpardonable. ' A ioug lecture fullowed; in which the m.,n was scolded, admonished and threatened will, d'viue indignation.. At its close he modis ,ly asked il lie might not have the Bible to read for an hour or two before retiring foi night, This Hi-quest was grained with more, pi eusuie lloiii ai.y of the preceding ones. . Shortly aftet suyptr the man was e induced to llie little tquaru room, accompanied b the Bible, Before, leaving him alone, Mr. VV. felt il to Im hU duly lo exhort him on spiritual things, aud hu did so most earnest ly for ten or til'uen iiuiiutes. But he could not see that his wonis made muuh impivs- siun, and hetinally It ft his guest, liuiieiuiiig hi ignorance and utuiuracy. ; -,i , In ihe mornintr ha came down, and. meet ing Mr.. asked hiui if be would, be so kind M M wna ft raior, inai n wigQt r nnne bis beard, which did not give bis face ' home wi h bri'hiTfiiid sister W. One thing , very a.ir.ic.ne usjuct. iLs .equ-sl u i certain, hout lerthes.orv never gol on lo. cuinplicd ttitli someyeats after the worrhy brother an i sister "We will Imve family prayer in about ten i had passed from their labors, it was then re nunuies," said Mr. W., as lie banded bim j laled by Mr. N. himself, who was rather ec the razor and having box. centric in his character, and, like numbers The man npeai ed and behaved with due j of bis ministerial brethern, fond of a good pivpric.y at li.Uiily worship. Alcr bicakfasi I joke, and given to relating good stories. lie llianaeii l he fanner nui his wife for their j ; no-pu.ili y, mij d. p. i .iiig, went on hi jour Action and Reaction. "' Manv h farmer bf too snarintrlT seeding ii u tiuiH viurc, uni mi. ..iiii.i i:u. tetainvrd. tx Mr. and Mrs. W ., sini.td ior llie lileeling hoil.-c, h A ijoub'lllj ihat tlu-y old liinl I. mi ihiie. A ,ufKily num Oer ol jucjile wen; ncMe the m, eiing lioiist iind m gocdiy number uutslue; biu the mill-1-..H' li.iU not i.i lived. "U'heie is Mr. N ?" inquired a dozen voices, hs a little crowed gatlie.-ed a- ..UI..l lit: Ullllil. "He li.mii't c.iine jet. tkiiiietbing hnsde i in.ed i.ini. Lutlsiiil !i 1 1, h i l.ln.-indced. 1 mlt) i Api c eu o li. i 1 linn here." 1 lie 'j i lias cold, mi I Mr. W. nlicr be cniniilg i.oioligly eh.ileil, co eluded logo ill an. 1 jiiiii a u'.uil luuh-vtu for he miiiis- j ti uiii tl. e win, low near which he Usually sat. ' Oiiiel'j, fioni the same cause, followed his example, an 1 (he little meeting houe whs Mil. tilled, and one after another came dropping in. The farmer, who turned lo- iv.iiii ihe do.ir each iimeil ojieiieil, was a ' linle siiipiised iu see his guest oi die pievi- ! ous nighi i n'er ine! come slowly along the ! .nsle, looking iioni side :o side, as il in search 1 i oi a v. .cant seat vi r lew of u Inch wi rts now I i left, hull mlvaticiii''', h.- linally ot within he little enclosed allsir, (Mid ascelidingto the pulpit, took oil' his old trey overcoat and sat I i oown. j j I! v this time Mr. W. was at his side, and ' had ins hand upon his arm. "Yoii mil ii'. sit here. Come down and ' 1 will show Mm a miii, "he said mini exened ' voice. "Th ink you ' cum posed voice neie." And il ' returned the man in a "It is v ry coniforlable e liii.n iiliiail.ed iminova Die. Mr. W. fieiing embairassed, went down, inieii iing to get a bioiher 'ollicial," to as sist It : in in making a forcible ijeclion of the man from lie piace he was ilesecrating. Im m diatelv upon his doing so, howtver, the nun rose, mid standing up at thedesk, open-, ed the In urn book. His voice tlnihed lo the ! tin mU ofbrotlur W. as, in a distinct piossivc nianner, he gave out the logi'iiiig "il i,i ua t ) h.1,1 eali ot'.ior Lird, i. il-Ii utli.:i's Ci,)...'i t ) btiit.-; Let e:e-.i i n, f i ailly :ii I ad'n-J, Ai:d u-tt t u -ut;:ui V cii.-t ." con ,ii gali.iii ro-e nfer the stranger I I llie en re til Hill, lili I 1 1 1.1 Irp'-a ril and l . llVlllll The had re. the iwo tiisi Inns- ior tin. in ,o sing, liro'li i r V. u-U-illv started the nines. lie li'n-d .l is linir, im. w ii oil on ii long mi" re. Dis-ro-er:iig liis mistake al the second word, he ha ke.l and iried ag lin Inn. now stumbled on h.i' t me re. A . iiiu,ii'idbio her c mie lo Ids Hid, an I letl oil' with mi air llmt sni'tal la-iiiea-nie ill which ihe hymn was wiit, lell. '. V' Ai' er sinking, the congregation kneeled an i ihe minis ei for no one doubted his real character iddressed the Throne of Grace wilh much feYvor ami eloquence. The leading of a hapter in llie Bibk' suc ceeded Then there wiu a deep pause hrotighout the r. oin ii anticiipalion of the e.t, w hich the preacher pripured to an nounce. Uiotlier W. looked pale, and his bunds an I knees trembled. Sisier H'.'s face was iike crimson, and her heart was bcaiing so on I ihat she won. hie. I who. her lh; sound was no' heard by the si iter who sat be si ie her There was breathless sili'iic.". The dropp'ng f a pin might have almost have been heard. Then ihe line, emphatic tines of the preacher tilled the crowded room. '.I i ti vein commandment 1 yive vnto yon, that ie love ne another." Br.iiher W. hail bent forward to listen but he now sank back in his scat. This was the Eleventh Commandment. The sermon was deep, searching, yet nf feciioiiale mid impressive. The preacher u: it-red nothing ilia. could in the least wound ihe brother an 1 sisier whose hospitality he ha I pirtaken, but be said much ilia,', smote iip -n iheir hearts, and made ihem painfully .aincioiis Ihrtt they had not shown as much kindness lo the stranger as he had been en tided to receive on the broad principle of humanity. Bui they sullured from mortili- catioa of feeling. To think thalthey bliotild have treated thePresiding Elder of the Dis trict nf er such a fashion, wasdeeply bundiia- iug, ic the i lea of the wnole at! urgettiug a broad, interfered sudly with their devotion al feelings throughout the whole period of service. At last the pennon .was over, the ordinan ces administered. nnd.hu benediction pro nounced. Brother W .did iiotknow what was best for him now to do. . He never was mole it a loss in bis life. Then Mr. N. deceu led from the pu'.pit, b i. Iu dil no; step forward o meet l.im. llow could he dutlial? U.U ts gatheied iilound mid shook hi nds with itim . but still he lingered mid held back. "Whi te is bro her W.?" lie hi leiiji'di heard asked. It was the voice of the minis- cr' " ' . ' ... " ' Here lie is," said one or" two, ' oiieniiw the way to where the farmer stood. 1 he pieacher advanced, and catching has hand, said- ' ' '. "How do you do, brother W., I am glad .usee you. And where is sisier W.?" Sisu-r W. was brought, forward und the preacher shook hands vi:h them heartily, while his face was lit up with emiles. , ' "1 believe I am to find a homo with jou?" he Sfiid as if it were i settled. Be ore Ihe still embarrassed brother and .sister could reply, some one u-ktil "How came you to be detained so' late? You were expeeicd last uiLjltt. And where ,, hro her U-?" '.-" "Biothir- K. is sick,'' 'replied Mr. N., "and I had to come 'alone! " rive mies from this my Ipuse gate out, und I had 'to come he rest of my way on fool.' But I had bii: come so eo! I and weary tlial I foitiid it ne csary to ask a funnel not far from here to ive me a liiur.t' lodging winch lie was kind enough to do 1 thought I was still . hi ee miles (41', but it h.lppcliud that I wn much heard my journey's end than I' sup uosed.. "-"! ' ;" "'-:-" 1 "'"'' ',' ' This i xplanatiiin was ' saiislirctory 16 all. parlies, Hnd, in due time, the congregation dispersed,. and the Presiding Elder went nis new meaaows, lias nau to en t bis whole larlu. Evi ry farmer should see daily every an imal he has, mid inspect its condition. Weekly vmi, as widi some, soon result in weukl animals. The man who provides well shelieiedcotes forhisnheep in winter, will soon Gin J plenty of coats for hi own back. I good house wife should not be a person of "one idea," but should be equally famil iar with the flower garden and flour barrel; and though her lesson should be lessen ex pense, yet the scent of a li..e rose should not be less valued than the tent in till. 11 her husband is a skillful sower of grain, she is equally skillful as a tewtr of garments; lie keeps his hoes Lright by use, she keeps the nose ot Ihe whole lamily in order. Licb on Hogs. Tho Qenessee farmer. reciiiiinientls Isulpknr as llm preventive ior hogs likely to slitter from lice, to be given in tlieir lood. This welt known mineral is pai tuiclaily obnoxious to all insects, and nas never failed to clear cattle of liens when fed lo ihem in tl eir salt. The itch or scab insect that burrows in the skin of sheep, is destroved by sulphur; mid we doubt not that lice on hogs and calves may be driven oil' by the same remedy. Il is said to clear li'ii'i trees ot parasitic uicecls mid fungi, ei- dier by tilling with sulphur hole bored into lln ir trunks, which are then pluortred; or putting it around llieir.roots. Composition oftiik Moon. Every object on its surface of the heighth of one huudred feet is distinctly seen through Lord Rossc's telescope. On the surface arc craters of BXtinct volcanoes, rocks and masses of stone almost innumerable. But there are no signs of habitations such us ours, no vestate of architectural r mains, to show that Ul(i moon is or ever was inhabited by a race of mortals similar to ourselves. No water is v .sable, no sea, no river; all seems desolate. BhKs UonniNO one Anothkr. A corre spoiideht of the Genne-isee t'ttrn. v says he has tried several ways to prevent bees rob bing each other, and all have failed but this: he changes their position, putting-one in the place of the other, and wire versa, by which means he has never failed to stop them in less than half an hour. : jT'"A m '.niil'aciurer in Wurtemburg has iiu'eine 1 a in i le of suplying a surface coat ing to sheet iron, which enables it to take freely the mark of u slate pencil. It is said lo be much lighter, and much less liable to injury than a common slate. iC57"lt is stated in the "Voice of the Pug hive," it paper published in Winsdor, Can ada West, and edited by Henry Bibb, that the underground railroad ne, er did a more thriving buisness t'dan at present. With in ten days, the editor says he has greeted no less than tw niy-six refuges from slavery, not one of whom had met with any difficul ty in making his way to Canada. 3?A swe'l clerk from the cily, who wns spending an evening in a country tavern, cast about him for nmu'emcnt. Feeling secure in the possession of the roost money, he made the following offer: 'I will drop money into n hat with any man in the room. The one who holds out longe i, shall h ive the whole and treat the company?" 'Til doit," said an old farmer. The cockney dropped in it quarter the countryman - followed with a "bungtown copper" : "(Jo on," said the cockney. 'I on't," said the farmer, "take the whole an .1 treat the wliolecomp tny." iT5"Trust to Providence for help! was the exclnmntion of a hutibaiid, seeing his wife atlempt la roll a barrel of (lour up stairs. "Trust to Providence, eh?" was her retort: "Do you suppose that Provide nee will come and assist me, while the devil is standing looking ou!" . jCttTTho twenty-four republicans recently shot at Tiniwaglia, bv order of the Pope, went to the place of execution shouting ihe name of Miizzini, and singing the Marseill- erse. urave lepows, tneir ueatns w.H yei be avenged. ' ' What is the difference-, between a sciiool niasier and an engine driver? One M ains tht mind, and ihe other miuds the train. JT5TA true picture of despair is a pig reaching through a hole in the fence to get a cabbage that lios only a few inches be yond hi reach. . . ... , , ,.-j , ?' 5TThe Cynthi.ina, Ky., News, says that Mr. U.WIB Dills an . nlerpilsing farmer ol 11 iriison coiiniy, senta lot of 34 hogs to Cinciiiuati, last week, whUh averaged 416 pounds. ; . -,' -.. .. ' ' . a , , .., jtgrThe Albany Atlas, in reply to cert ain assertions of 'Whig editnrs, says that John Van Burn. does not ask for, jior will he accept of an y place undtr Pierce's ad ministration. ' 3TMrs. Partington says she did not marrv her second husband because she loved ilie mule sex, but because he was the size of her first protector and would come so good to wear out his ohl clothes. ' '. ''.j. jCSyThe slaves of the south, when fhey wish to bu severe on each other, say: "&o rlong, half priced uigga, you wouldn't fetch fifty dollars, aud Ism wol a thousand!" ; . . Ivoton since, t vo sailors passing by a tai lor's simp, observed a tailor at work witlthis waislcoal palcjled with different colois of cloth, when one of the tars cried out Ut the Other-". ' '; f.i't !.'';' r r;'.'; .,',;.', j,"Look ye, Jack, did you ever lee sa ma ny Sorts of cobb age grow on one stump be loier ..... i 4.. i .-,..,,t ...i; CirNever nwrry until you can : face the musio of tlw Jiutcher, gocer,- dress-maker," - " i ., ' ' I II... t.!.-' iwemj-uirea cotiMas, uu acrerai uaoies For the Sentinel, j A UniEFKEVIEW Of 0. S. FOWLERS Work on Religion in! A DISCOURSE, Delivered at Asburv Chapel, Harrison Co., October 2Gth, 1852. DV J. c. WELLS. (concluded.) Page 77. "Ihe inquiry comes home with great force, What to the Sabbath? What says the nature of man touching this reli gious institution? Does Phrenology recog nize any Sabbath? If so, which? The Jew ish, or the Christian? Does the iiiture of man set apart, or require to be set apart, any portion of time for religious wr rship? Phre nology answers ihe quesiion thus: "Man worship 'hy God. Worship daily, worship habitually, &c.If you will not work ycur beasts too much week days, they will need no rest Sundays. If you'do not follow the world too closely six days in the week, you will not feel the ueetl of resting from it on the seventh, but will be the better for t ot resting. So if you will exercise Veneration sufficiently during the weeh, you will need no Sabbath to increase its energies." And over this is the running title, "No Sabbath according to Phrenology." (p. 78.) In the decrdogue we wind the following unequivocal command: "IIemkmbes the Sabbatii ii ay to kebp it holy: Six days shalt thou labor, and do alt thy work, bft the skvknth day h the sabbatii of the Lorp, thy God. IN IT THOU SHALT NOT DO ANY WORK; tiioc, nob thy SON, NOU THY DAUOHTEK, THY MAN SERVANT, NOR THY II AID-SERVANT, NOR THY CATTLB NOR THY STRANOKR THAT 13 WITHIN THY GATES." Now when this command was given, the nature of man was just as it is now, and of course, Phrenology then remonstrated a gainst the institution of the Sabbath, as strongly as it does now. The only differenc is it was then hidden, and the world was nrtl f.ivrirftrl tvlll, a nracbnno aIII. Vaarl.!. v . . ji t its private remonstrances were known to Go i' ,)ut tnR Sabbath was instituted in t spite of it! And this proves that, although .ie MafMof man does not renuira a Sabbath yet his circvmslantes may. And if the Lord, in giving the Decalogue to Moses, trampled udon the prohibitions of Fowler's science', it shows that its remonstrances a- gainst the Sabbath may now be disregarded. And if a positive command of God can prove any thing against Mr. Fowler, then the fourth precept of the Decaloguo shows that he is not in all things a safe moral guide. lie is not quite as infallible as he pretends to be! .:- i - If we turn to the New Testament, we find a recognition of the Sabbath in these words: "I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day." (Rev. I, 10.) No other meaning can be attached to the phrase. "The Lord's day," than a day devoted or set apart for the wor ship of the Lord. I will say nothing concerning the change of the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week. This has been satisfac torily explained, but it is not necessary for nic to repent the explanation here. It is on ly neces-iai-y to state that there was, by A postolic sanction, a day eet apart for the special worship ef God. The object for which the Sabbath was o riginally instituted,- shows that it was not abrogated by Christ, in common with the types and shadows of the Jewish dispensa tion. It is said: "For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: Wherkkork i. e. for which cause, the Lord blesaed lbs Sabbath day, and hallow ed it." Exodus XX, 11. Now there is no reason why the Jews should be required to keep up a commemoration of this rest, to tho exclusion of the rest of minkir.d. This setting apart the Sabbath relates to us ns well as to Jews, (we were as much interest ed in creation as they) and if they should keep it so should we. And although the day waschaaged at the resurrection of Christ, the institution. still remains, and will remain lill the wheels of time shall cease to revolve, Mr. Fwler to the contrary notwithstandin lie says that Phrenology will allow us to go to church if we please, or not go if we ob ject, (p. 77.) But the Scriptures saith. 'Let ui consider one another, to provoke unto love and to good works; not forsaking the assembling of ourstlot together us the manner of some is; but exhorting one an other; and so much the more as ye see the day approaching." Heb. X, 24, 25. And an exhortation from an Apostle'- under tne influence of inspiration, is equivalent to n positive command, o .. ii c ' He Masons, or rather talks, as though special seasons ol worship would interfere with habitual juety; but this is thorougly visionary,, Christianity sanctions and en joius both, ii Wear commanded to "Kejol-je evermore, pray without ceasing, and in ev erything' give thanks! (i Thess. V", 1610) as well as lo assemble odrselves together. Can we not always bo free from want, and yet have petiodical hows of eating? And can. we pot always b pious, and yet with draw ourselves regularly from the cares and perplexities of business, ami devote a day to devotional exercises? . Yes: and we sannot be pious withoat it.'" ' , ' "' ' "' Page TD, Speaking ofrevivals' he- says, "Phrenology discards,, them entirely, Revivals are to the mind, what artificial s'imuLint are to-th body. They elate, only proportiouably to depress, ,,, jtbe de vil able to render our religion pniclr periodi cal, thin gefuji revival.',, , oi'.'., We have no divine command bearing tip on special r.-viva o eas!on , but we liavt recorded examples on the sacred lia 'es hich sanction them, and ovcr.lt row Fowler's assertion, that "Q tick conversion is re like a lire made of shavings-, blazes and scorches and dies, leaving no valuable influ ences behind." I imagine that the 3030 conversions on the day of Pentecost, and the 45000 on the day following were rather rapiJ. to suit Mr. Fowler's fancy. And beside these, many othor exnmples might be addu ced of the immediate effect of the Apostle's preaching. But I will only ivcommtud him and bis adherents, to read the Ac: of the Apostles for themselves. If (as Fowler teems to suppose,) revivals consist of an ejjoitemenl of the animal, or even the intellectual passions, then would the effect always follow to which he adverts. They would "elate only to depress." But such an unsubstantial effect ns excitement is neither the object nor the result of true and genuine revivals. They re, it is true, gen. erally attended by more or less excitement, but their object is to induce sinners to com ply with the terms of salvation, by withdraw. ing them for a season from the perplexing cares of life, and br'uiirinir to bear urxm their! minds the instrumentality by which it plea ses God to save those who believe. ( 1 Cor. I, 21.) And where the object is accom plished, where souls are truly awakened to a sense of their condition, and brought to cry; "What must we do to be saved," where they really flee to Christ and receive the witness of the Spirit that they are b rn of G ut, by means of revivals, their effects are not transient. In religious experience, there must be astarting point, and what is the dif-1 ference whether a man starts at a protracted meeting or at home: or whether many are induced to start at the same '.hue or not? And if revivals are found to afford facilities to those who are anxiously inquiring the way of salvation, who h.is any right to object to them? Of what do protracted nuttings consist, but of such appliances as are per fectly scriptural and reasonable, viz: singing, praying, praising, and preaching the gorpel? The exciienieut ittendant upon them fre quently attracts a number of ungodly per sons who will not ordinarily attend upon the ministry of the word. I might appeal to the experience of ' multitudes who know that they "have passed .from death unto life," but who in till probability never would have yielded to the convictions of their consciences, under" any " other circumstances; or never would have even considered the termination of their career of sin and folly. And by this means, the most brilliant luminaries of the church have emerged from the darkness of natural corruption and practical wickedness; and the most glorious reformations have spread their cheering influences over the hearts of man. Excitement, has always at tended wide-spread reformation. It was so ill the days of the Savior. It is so now. I-am-as much oppose-F-to pertolicil reli gion, as Mr. l owiercan be. 1 h u-ti!y de test a religious experience which consists entirely of impuhes, of being devoted dur ing the continuance of a religious meeting, and drifting along with the popular current the next month. Nothing will ever take a man to heaven, but acousuieut practice of all duties, publie and private. Christ has commanded us not only to "let our light shine before men," but also to enter our closets and pray in secret to our Heavenly Father. One is obligatory us the other. Mr. Fowler swys "that all improvement of the faculties must be brought about by im proving the organs," that "nothing but con tinual, long continued exercise, can essen tially either promote the growth of the or gans, or improve the tone or vigor of the faculties." And if this is the case, then verily revivals are useless ; for this utterly precludes a sudden transformation of the character, and accordingly, it i not very likely that any one would be converted hy mews of revival meetings, But I think that God's Spirit is the agency by which the soul is converted, and that he does it too immediately and correctly, and without ex ercising the organs to bring it about, "The love of God is shed abroad in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost given unto ua," (Rom. V. 6) and not by the exercise of venaratinn. (See also II Corrinthians I, 21, 22.); The fallacy of his assertion is also apparent from a consideration of the condition of salvation. We are justified by faith. (S,t. John III, 1G; Romans V," 1 . ) "Now'when a 'man txerci ses faith in" Christ, he performs what is re quisite to; a pardon of sin, and is therefore immediately pardoned, the wi oess of the Spirit is given, and he is- a new creature. And it does not require a, long continued exercise f the faculties to believe in the Sa vior. . Faith, is the gift of God.,, (Epheeians II, 8 ; Corrinthians XII, 3.) Therefore it does hot require a long continued exercise of the organs to produce a radical, permanent change in the particular dispositions , and general character of a man., iKttrv.i w Finally upon this point, if the exercise of the organs is essential to an improvement of the character, and, quick '..con versions are entirely ,yaluqless; on this account, then sal vation is of works:: for by works are. tho or gans exercised. '" But the' scripture saith -BY GRACE JtaitYE SAVED, THRO' FAITH: AND THAT NOT OF. YOUI,- ert.vi's.' it is tiik riiFT fir nnn, NOT. OF WORKS, ..XESTj ANY. -MAN nHIOITLD BOAST." Ephedaus II, i,.. Page 87. "A word in this eonnactioB tb mt the consecration of houses of worship. How much more holy, sacred is that churchy as a church, or the wood and mortar ihat compose it, after iis consecration than before? Does the quality of Loliiies belong to mat ter? Dova it i:ot belong exclusively. W mind? Perfect nonsense lo consecrate, b lify, wood, plaster, pewg, aU?eple! . Too ab surd to require expoaidon." , . ,:' - v Perfectly foolish, waa it Mr. Fowled fob the Jews to consecrate an ark io the Lord, for the desecration of which the- Philistine were smitten and sorely plagued, (I Samuel V) and which was so sacred, that whea re moving U from Kaale to Zion, "Uxxsh put forth his Land to it, and took hold of it! (or the oxen shook it. And the amrer of th Lord was kindled against Uzzah ; and iGc4 smote him there for his error ; and there a died by the ark of God?" U Samuel VI, 6, 7. Perfectly foolish, was it, to consecrate the ancient Jewish Temple, a part of which was so sacred that even the priest wai not at all times allowed to enter it, undar the penalty of death? (Ley. XVI, t.) .'iw't , Page 00. "Let Phrenologist, "taU the atheist by the hand as cordially at they d the faithful." Hut the scripture answers' t this with the voice of dissent: (and a it crosses Mr. Fowler's track an rormlartV T 0 ,.jt r suppose that according to page 8th, the "Bi ble must go by the board.") II Corinthiant 1, 14, fec. "Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers ; for what fellow ship hath righteousness wilh unrighteous ness? and what communion hath light with darkness? and what concord hath "Christ irtUa Belial ? or what part hath he that bebevwth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple, of God with idols? for ye are tho temple of the living God; as God hath 'sail 1 will dwell in them and walk in them"; and I will be their God, and they shall b my people. Wherefore come out from amon them, and be yo separate, saith the Lrd, and touch not the uuclean thing, and I will receive you, and will be a Father unto you,, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." , , , m i Page IK). "Veneration pra vs. Prayer is then our duty as it certainly js our pleas ure. This ha been already shown. But it remains to answer the questions. jDoe praying for any given . thing have any ten dency to bring about the end desirsd? Does it alter the course of the Deity? . Does it change : the immutable plans of the Al mighty? Does it set aside the laws of cause aid effect? No neither. : Then "how can it be efficacious?", Kimply thus: we cannot pray for a thing very earnestly, without de siring it as earnestly. Indeed prayer is but desire. Now who does "not know that when we desire a given thing Terr ciuch, we naturally put forth corresponding efforts to obtain the end desired, ar, what is the same thing, prayed for ? , We prsy for every thing we want, and every singlu thinv we effect is but an answer to prayer.", , I have always understood prayer to be an offering of our desires to God, in thu form of eatidii; but I never knew before that prkr er aud desire arc ynonynious;" nor dVj know if now. Fowler says that veneratioa pr.-m, but according to his dcfmiuoH, io not all the other faculties pray fdso? ' Does not acqutsitivenesi dettre wetlta," Does not approbaiiveitess ctetirt applause, acd docs cotnbativt ness dtsht revenge? ,, Why then does he specially point to one of the moral faculties as the source of prayer,' when it equally belongs to the "aninul ' pi penalties? '' t( t ' 1 , ' ' ' , 'n Again: If (as he affirms,) praye-r is noth. ing more or less than desire, and the answer thereof is only the effect of our exertions; then answers to prayer are esiirely 'fade pendent of meral purity, or heavenly influ ences, depending upon the strength of eaus ality for their development,- Tho'Apofctlo declares that "the effectual femnt 'prayer of the righteous availeth iniioh.' (James 1G.) But Fowler's theory strips this, pa ' sage of all pretence to meaning:. for If iffe ir ue lliepraytr of the wicked it just ua... For they may dttir as strongly, andt put Lu-tb as strenuous efforts to seuure" the' object of their desires, as the .rigliteauyai,.!; if their mental powers are equal in strength diey will be likely to succeed, Moreover,! is it not perfect nonsense, ta-request of fiol the possession of blessings, and then go and ' obtain our euds by our own unaided strength f But "to the law and; to-' the testimony " Christ said to his disciples-, a short tiipe.pri or to hit, death: "Whatsoever ye shall, lti in my name, that will I dotbat the' Fattier' .iiabt' gloriSed in the Son.'BC Joti) 13. Mark it: he does not say:!r")Vhatm'- er ye ask, put forth youefforti and ihs bjO doing it yourselves, ye shall have Ac anwf to your prayers,'' but jEiT',! ' wilVbo ii St. Jamea IV, "Ye lust, ami, fiav not;"ye kill, and dnirt to have, hut c.nnot obtain! y fight and war, yet ye ha vey not, Lucaitst yt i ask not." From this-passage we learn two. things, which art against - Fowler's dieory,4 1. Those who were hrin addressed, had desi t to have yet they did noi pray they " asked not. Therefore prayer and defdre are not synonymous S. And they put forth de termined eiiorts too, for the accomplishment of their purpose, they even fought and war- j red, yet th y had not, for the simple reason ' that ihey asked Hot. Therefore personal effort was not the pioper mode of obtaining;'' " their desiie in )hi case.- .' l" ' , u We liave examples recorded tn.fbe Seiip- ' lures of answers t prayer," whfch wtr hot, tand would hot be brought about by the pow " erorman. VJbaiaswas aman subject lolike " pusfions as we are, and he prayed earnestly ' that it mitrlit not rin; arid it ruined not 'bfl , a . ? . ...'.,' ,:.i. ho, earth, byv tne 'pate ot. tnroii rears ana -no ne prayw aa n, ana ut fbcaven gate, nuatfcttovwrtb -tttol . 1 '''J c$ F 4 , T , 1-, "Hi ' t Et'!!! i t .. : r 7 ' r,ii 1 . i i 7 M :. i. cil '' . "A f. - t i ? .I i-.tj r-x: I "i! tt ill HI r Si A' i i i t - I rr ft.a.ifrirHiU'111) irti aai uMi iifii1 wjastmi.i.i.ii;.--. tfW4PWPFiw l4ltfiH&4J.