"ThTHyVT" ?1Tln 1TTD"TA7
W JJJ ill W vf 110 ill.'.
VOLUME 20, NO. 34.
CADIZ, OHIO, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 21, 1853.
TERMS, 81,50. ;
Published every Wednesday evening
CHARLES N. ALLEN,
. ' ' Editor &nd Proprietor.
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AGENTS FOR THE SENTINEL. '
The following named gentlemen are our authorized
,gents to receive subscriptions, advertisements, and
Job Worn. We hope they will prove themselves to
. iifooa Agents, ah contracts mane uy iuoiu iu
r strictly lulnlled by us:
' Freeport Joseph Allen.
Westclieslor William Fleming.
Mooreticld A. Jul. Schreiber.
Franklin Dr. E. Conaway.
Runiley-J acob Outshall.
kihort Creek. Asa Holmes.
Stock James Hoagland,
Athens Dr. Thomas Findley
Green Samuel Bell.
German John Brown.
North A. F. Croskey.
' Monroe Henry B. Heller. -
'All thy Works Praise Tfcee."
- 1 "' BY MARY HOWITT.
, The moonbeams on the billowy deep,
.' The blue waves rippling on the strand.,
Th-i ocean in its peaceful sleep,
The shell that murmurs on the sand,
Ths cloud that dinu the bending sky,
The bow that on Us bosom glows.
Tub sun that lights the vault on high,
The stars at midnight's cal rnpoacj
'Theso pruiso tho power thnt nrclwt the nky.
And robed the earth in beauty'B dyo,
Ths melody of naturo'B choir, '
' ' The dep-toned anthems of the sea,
The wind that tunes a viewless lyre,
-. The nephyrs on its pinions free,
; The thunder with its thrilling notes,
t , The peal upon the mountain nir.
The lay that through the foliage floats,
-. ' Orsinks in dying eadjnce there: ,
, These, all to thee, tlioir voices raise,
, A fervent song of gushing praise
Tin day-stnr, henrld of ths'tjawn,
As the dnik aha lows flit awcy, '
Tlw tint upon the cheek of morn. '
" Tito dnw-drop gleaming on the spray-.
' From wild birds in their wanderings,
"' From strottiulets leaping to the sea,
From ail earth's fair and lovely things,
Doth living prniso ascend to thes:
Th 'so with their silent tongues proclaim,
Th'J varied wonders uf thy name.
Father, thy lund hitth formed the flqwer,
' And filing it on the verdant loa:
' Thou bad'st it ope at summer's hour,
' lis hues of beauty speak of Thee, s.
Thy works all praise Thee; shall not man
Alike attune the graceful hymn!
Shall not ha join tiio loftiest strain,
Echoed trom tl haartof sernp!iim.f
v We tune to Thoe our humble lays,
,. - Thy mercy, goodness, love, we praiso.
"Hello, gal, how's your ma?"
'Hain't got none here reckon she's doau
by this time, too."
"Well, how's pa?"
"He was hun' las! May."
"Humph! What are you doin'?"
"Just looking ahtmt."
' "'Zactly-i-what I'm doin'. S.posin' we
Ivitch and proximate?"
'Z icily but wlia'll pay the Judge?"
"Guess I'll fodder up one hdt'of the proV:
ender if you can go the other beat." '.',- i '
"Well but I've only got a counterfeit
"Jest 'zaotly my own premises. . Come,
if we can't cheat one judge we can another
r so, come on, gal dieie; take my arm
Wit try; any how." .
: Apperance. '
( f'How do you think 1 appeared, at the par
ty last evening?" '
t,"Uh, finely as usual ";' ' ;. 1 :
"Do you really think so?" i. v
"'Certainly, Ida." '
. 'ito you think i appear as troll at par
ty as at a ball?" . '
,"Ycst though I have never taken parties
lar police " V ; '
-.Novr, really tell me honestly will
you?" ' '
"To be sure, I'll tell you honestly if I tell
yon at M."
"Well, now I ana ' anxious to know
when do you think I appear, the best?" '
"When you are at home minding your
pwn business, madatn.", A , !
;'! Scene in Court
J"Mr. Sigbee you said he defendant was
a Jova how da you know that" , , V
- He readsabouk upside down, and writes
poetry in his daybook when it should be
pheesel" 11 ," '
,'AyJotl'er tmoaV, .'''"l;i 1
'Yes, nir; he shares without lather and
ifery frequently, mistakes the sleeve of his
poat for the legs pf his pantaloons, an error
hat lie don't discover ull he tries to ' fasten
h tuili to his suspenders."
'J clear ca call the next witness."
4' iltcw1 Baked : Atrti ' PCDDi.-Pare
fwelte large apples, take out the cores, and
tut them into a'sauceftan With four or five
ipoonfulsof water; buil them till they are
oft and thick; heat them well ana elir in a
pound o( Idaf sugar, the juice of three lem
)n, the pel of two lemons cut thin and
beat fine in a mot tar, two drcpg of oil p( cin
namon, and the yolks ot eight eggs beaten
up; mix all togeuier, put It in a puff-past to
ak it; wb.en t ia nearly done, throw over
dUile grated loai-sugar. ra. - i i .'J.
- ' i " f f ii i ' ;
, DwM.-rfThqsfl who wiiih tlieur cows to
. ni. i- .i
jjiv mrv (ucesca, yn un m Hie winter sea'
aoa; should give tliem. warm drink.. The
extra trouble will be more Hn repaid by
ae increased quantity of mil J.. : ' (
Exciting trial for Murder.
The Washington (X. C.) Whig brings us
an account of the trial of the Kev. George
W. Caravan for the murder of G. H. Las
siler, in Hyde county. North Carolina, in
November of last rear. Carawaa was first
arraigned before" the Superior Court of
nyue o. at ten spring lerm m wn
and on his affidavit that be could not have
justice done him in Hyde the case was re.
covered the Beaufort.
The trial commenced on Wednesday, the
23d., in the Superior Court, before Judge
Baily, and was brought to a close on Wed
nesday, the 30th, having lasted just one
week. The councel for the State were,
Geo. S. Stevenson, (Solicitor.) E. S. War
ren and D. M. Carter, Esqs. and for the
the defence James W. Bryan, F. B. Salter
thwaite, V. B. Rodman, and R. S. Donnell.
Esqs, ; . . ' ' i.
Alter the examination of witnesses and
the arguments of counsel, the case at half
past six o'clock ou Tuesday evening, was
given to the Jury, who had been charged
strongly in favor of the piisoner by the
Judge, who required them to rejected en
tirely the testimony of the principal witness
or the Stale. The Jury, however, had only
beeu in cosultation about thirty minutes
when the Court re-ass-jmbled and tue Jury
sumaioned before it. The Judge then told
the Jury that be had called them back to
correct an error into which he had fallen in
his charge in regard to the law applicable
to the eitemDi impeachment of the main
witness of the State; which lawtheJudg
than fully explained, and said that it did
not require them, as he had first charged,
to reject the testimony of that witness, hut
allowed them to weigh it and give it the
consideration which they might think it en
titled to. The Jury nsrain retired.
The testimony Liven on the trial is very
voluminous and is to be printed in pamph
let form. The Washington Whig gives the
following synopsis of it, which was written
(but not published) before the verdiot was
"Carawan is fifty years old, and for ma
ny years has beHn' a populsr preacher in
the Baptist Church a man of strong will,
exencitina a powertui. influence over ins
fi ieiias, and feared as'much as hated by his
foes. Lnssiter was a ouiet young man en
raged in. 'the busines of teaching. Some
months before the murder, Lissiter board
ed in the house of Carawan, and a quarrel
arose between them, Carawan alleging that
Lassiler was loo fami!i.ir with his (C's) wife.
Carawan tulked very freely among his
neighbors on the subject; 'said that L. ought
to be shot; that thooiing was too good for
him, and that he and L. could not both live
in the same nelghboi hood, &c, and finally
tried to get out a peace warrant again.it L'.,
alleging that he had attempted' to take his
lile. lie went, on his .. way for ftnua. liiua-,
when L. sued him for slander, laying the
damages at 2,000. A few hours after the
writ was served on C, Lassiter was killed.
"He had finished a school on Rose Bay,
and on Monday, the 15lh of November
( 1 852 ) started on, foot, with a carpet bag in
his hand, to go to the Lake, where he had
engaged another school. About 3 o'clock,
P. Al he pused C's house, on his way to
the Lake. Shortly after he passed, C. lef,
his house and went across the fields towarJs
the woods which lie between the house and
the spot on the road where L. was killed, his
wife fo'loiving, with a gun wrapped up in
her apron. She returned to the house im
mediately Carawan not until sundown.
The night he was gone, the witness coul ;
not tell how long; he was not at home when
the witness went to bed. Tuesday ho re
mained at home, but on Wednesday a rainy
day, he took ahoo and went into the woods,
and was gone several hours. Thursday,
before L. was missing, (the people on the
Lake thinking ho was at the Bay, nnd the
people on the Bay thinking he was at the
Lake,) C. went to one of the neighbors and
inquired if he had seen anything of L.,
staling that his (C's) family had seen him
p;sshis house on Monday, with a package
of clothes, and he was thinking he had i nn
away. Friday evening, when told that the
people were searching for L , he expressed
gre.it surprise that he should be missing;
never had heard anything of it. Saturday
morning the search . for L., still going on,
he wrote to a friend to come and. see him;
that l.f was missing, supposed to be killed;
and added that he (O.) was at home all day
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, and
that he could prove it by Carawan Sawyer,
(the main witness on the trial for the Stale,)
his nephew, a boy who was living with
him. ,;., ... .....
The body of L, was found Saturday eve
ning in the dismal back of C's house, in an
open spot wich was surrounded with briar,
underbush. &c, and. which was covered with
mrwt. The moss over the grave had care
fully removed, the grave dug just large
enough to holdlhe body, the pressed into
it, the grave filled up even with the sur
rounding earth and, pressed, down, mid
the moss carefully laid back upon it. The
moss leaving no trace of afoot print, there
was no sign ihat any body had ever been
theie except that (he moss over the grave
had faded a little, and about a handlull of
fresh dirt was near it, and n dead limb of a
tree had apparently, been recently distured,
the bark, which had evidently juit fallen off'
it, lying on one spot and the limb in another.
The men who were searching for the body
had stopped in this lonely spot to rest, hav
ing given up the search for the day, when
these appearance, Attracted their atletiuon,
and the body was found. , . . . ,
,' "L., was killed by gunshot wounds. Sev
eral shot were taken from the body, three
from the heart. There , were three sizes
of shot found in, the body, and in one of the
barrels of C's gun found in his house just
such shotN and of three sixes, were, found.
That night C, left Hyde county, telling bis
nephew (Sawyer) that, if he staid there he
should be hung, that he should send for his
family, and he (S.) uust go with them.
Sunday morning ha landed from a canoe at
Durham's Creek Mills, in Beaufort county,
about thirty miles fi om his home, telling the
man who rowed him over that he was after
a piece of land which another man was try
ing to. buy, and that was the reason of his
harry, and charging him to. keep bin move
ments a seorot, !.;..; .., L'. ,; ,!,( ,....(,
Ti "From tb.i t'me, till bis arrest at night
in hts bouse, in January following the Mute
did not knavf hie whereabouts. . lint, from
letters. roviv4 the sheriff of Hyde fror
Tennessee, it seems he had tfen in that
State preaching under the assumed name of
"After his imprisonment in Hyde county
jail he tried to get a friend to hire the wit
ness Sawyer to go away. ' He had offered
this same witness, befoie'he body of u. was
fjund, a negro is he would awear he (C.)
was horn all day Monday the murder was
committed.. And whilst in. Hyde jail he
wrote to a friend (the letters were produced
in Court) to get Sawyer out of the way.
Ho haJ inveti, he said in one o! llie letters.
Mar) (his wife) $5U0 to get Sawyer oft; if
that would not do, give lain $l,UU0;nnd if
that would not do, he (his friend; must
get rid of Sawyer 'by hook orbv crook,' and
uot suffer his ( C s neck to be broke.
The above Hre the main facts brought out
by the mass of testimony on the trial. The
defence setup for the prisoner was that three
of the witnesses including Sawyerhad sworn
falsely, that they had committed wilful aud
deliberate perjury; that it was impossible for
Uarawa to have crone through the woods
after Lassiter passen his house quick enough
to have cut him off; and the danger of con
victing a mam of murder on circumstantial
evidence was ingeniously, and elaborately
dwelt upon. But the Whig states that the
general it might say unanimous opinion
of those who heard the trial is that Carawan
was guilty of the murder. He, however
maintained his self control throughout, even
when the clothes worn by Lassiter when he
was killed were exhibited in court, pierced
with bullet holes and stained with blood.
Me is ',1ms described in the Whig:
"Carawan is as fine a looking man as one
would find among a thousand tall, admira
bly built, with a massive head, showing
with enormous nnimal passions, large ir.tel-
lect. These passions have destroyed him,
having given himself nil his life to their un
bridled swap. His wife, apparently about
his own age, and his three childien hnve
been with him during the trial, accompany
cd him to and from the court-house and jail.
It is a melancholy sight.
At half past eight o'clock last Wednes
day morning the jury returned into court
with a verdict of guilty. The jury was then
polled and discharga by the Judge. A
recess for the court of one hour was then
ordered, nnd the crowd commenced leaving
the court room, when two reports of pistols
were heard in quick succession. It was
found that Carawan had two self-cocking
single, barrel pistols. One of thera he had
discharged nt E. J. Warren, Esq., (the
counsel for the prosecution who had made
the closing address to the jury,) who was
but slightly wounded the ball having struck
just above his heart and glanced; and with
the other Carawan had shot a hole through
his own head, and fell a corpse in the pris
The Condition of the "New World."
A correspondent of the of the New York
Times, alluding to the condition of the New
World on board of which so many emigrants
recently died, makes the startling state
ment: "When the disease broke out irr this
vessel, the medicines had bc mostly des
troyed by the violence of the storm the
'-bests . lid vials being all broken. Yet hr.d
they bc;n saved, they would have been but
a slight, if any protection against its rava
ges. What is a dose of oil or jalap, said
the physician to a man who is caught as by
a vice, whose blood is poisoned in an instant,
and who dies in an hour? Nothing but a
large dose of the best brandy, Cayenne
pepper, or both, would have any effect.
The captain had two dozen bottles, and the
physician two bottles of brandy, and this
was the extent of their protection. Before
the voyage was haif made, thq desease was
left to lis own course, and nothing was or
could be done for the sick. In fact it was
difficult to find any one to bury the dead,
In one day eight dead bodies were
brought from below and cast into the sea.
It was on Sunday, in a terrible gale; the
ship was rolling in the trough of the sea,
and as the physician came, upon deck, five
dead bodies were rolling over the deck
from side to side, and the sexton had gone
for another. Wi:h only the reward of a
glass of brandy one man preformed this task
of burying the dead. The place where
these miserable 700 were suffering, was go
dark that nothing could be seen ; without a
light; the emigrants would not tell of a death,
and in some instances three or four woulj
continue in a berth for two or three days
beside a corpse, and the discovery was only
made at last by the nose of the sexton.
The filth of this lower region was nearly
knee deep, and to go throng it, with the
screams and groans of the suffering added
to the offensive fiilth, frave you (as minis
ter oil board remarked) a distinct idea, of
hell. ;; : ,. 'v -
The fiilthiness of these emigrants, and
their destitute condition, were described, but
the recital would bo too pross to repeat. It
should, however, be made the subject of
careful investigation by proper authorities.
Talk of the horrors of a slave-ship, when
such horrors are at our very doorl
What is the moral standard of these 700
souls after such a voyage? What, is the
moral standard of those who engnge in this
traffic? r Would it not be better to double
the price of passage money, and limit the
number of emigrants to' one half of the
present number to each ship? ; v
New Marriage Ceremony. ; '
- Ah ignorant fellow, who was about to get
married, resolved to make, himself perfect
in mistake he committed the oBloe ot, bapt
ism for those of ripr years; so when the
clergyman asked him in Ilia church; t;
"Wilt thou have this woman. to be thy
wedded wife?'V .; h vir, ., ,
The bridrgroora answered in a very sol
emn tone: ' '" ' a- H
-I renounce them all." js..i .
-The astonished minister said : i. ',;.;
"I think you are a fool" to - wWcli he'
replied?. ' Vv i' v
'A11 this I steadfastly believe." f i -
' Rich Dcmplinos; fut your rice in a
stew-pan,; and pour on each cup of l ice one
gill of milk, stand it near the hre whero il
will keep hot but not boil. As soon as it
has absorbed all the milk, pare your apples
take out the cores, and put the rice around
them instead of paste .Boil them until the
apple Is soft. - They should be tied ia daup
ling cloths. '';'f it : -.t'i ; s ,"
Early Courtship in Ohio.
EARLr AS IT WAS TOLD TO Vt BT OU OLB
raiEKo ovxa a class or ciuxa.
If you can't get them that you want, you
must take them that you can git," and that
is how I cirae to marry Patsey. Love will
go where 'lis sent,' any how, nnd we can't
help it; and the harder a chap lores a gal,
the poorer chance he stands to git her the
thing is just hero, the more he loves her tho
more shy and trembling he is, and lie can't
half (ell his feelins to her if he tries while
the careless and unfeeling chap, that's got
no more love in hira than a hots, can't have
a docen gals after him at once. I have
thought the heart was like mud turtle's
eggs; you dent the shell on ore side, a dent
on the other side made in the same manner
will bring all smooth again. So with the
heart; one girl makes a dent, it remains
buised till some other presses it, pushing
out the old bruise, and leaving in a new
Well, well, accidents will happen; folks
will laugh; th - world i9 more fond of fun
than logic; and they might as well laugh al
me as anybody.
So I agreed to tell you about my first
courtship. It wa'nt Patsey; but my first
sweethait was a proper han'some gill. I
worked for lier father. Ohio was all in the
woods then, and everybody lived in log
house, except down in Cleveland there was
a store or two. And my three hundred
acres; that is worth now one hundred and
fifty dollars an ncre, wasn't worth when I
bought it only three dollars. Pshaw,
pshaw! bow times is changed! Glad to git
corn bread nnd guinmon gravy then; had to
go thirty miles down to Chagrin to mill.
1 alwi) s used to go for boss instead of him
self, for I only "heafled" ninety pounds in
weight, and made a lighter load over a bag
of corn on bxssbnck. Let me see, I weigh
eighty now. Well, I was twenty-five years
old, just about, nnd in love with boss's
daughter, but always tho't she felt a leetle
above me, for I was not any taller then, than
I nin now; not quite as tall as she was any
how, and was working for eight dollars a
month, and to dress in tow linen at that.
You never see one of them logging frocks,
made like a shirt, out of Aax tow, did ye?
Well, till I bought this blue coat when I
married Patsey thiity and five years ago, I
never wore any but tow, and if it wan'l
Sunday to-day I shouldn't had it on, for I
despise stravaganca and new fiugled fiura-.
erjes and thmgombob noodles 'round yer
X was in love thirty-five years) ago, head
over heels in love, and njver dared to say
a word about it. Her name was Jerusha.
I longed to tell her how my heart swelled
and burnt for her as it thumped agin its
"chest' but I could never screw my cour
age up to the pint )ut I thoii't I would
sonic day-or some other day, lHT)cen
alone with her many a time, and had re
solved and re-resolved on poping it right
out, but the stillness w9 ns awful on them
'casions as the roar of Niagara, and my
heart would feel all over like your little fing
er does when you hit your elbow again a
thing accidental, a tinglin' fulness. 1
Cuss my luck, said I to myself, one Sun
day night, as 1 cum home from mill after
a three days' ride. Jerusha had a beau
a chap from town, dressed as smart as n
dancing master. ' My heart jumped into my
gullet the minute I see him. I felt down in
tho mouth, for I khowed 1 was a gone fel
ler, lie had on broad el oath. Talk of your
new fangled Gossop and Greshan houses
now, but folks in them days didn't have but
one room down stairs; puncheon floors was
"ood enough below, and oik shakes split
out by hand kivered the chamber floor.
It was so in boss's house, and T slept up
chamber. I want you to imagine two wood
en hooks fixed up to hang a gun on, right
over the hearth, on the chamber beam; I
want you to remember my tow shirt, nnd
I want you to imagine my feelings that
night after I went to bed, for Jerusha and
the dandy chap had the hull room below to
themselves, with n rousing bright fire to
spark by. ' ' ;
I couldn't stand the temptation to want to
hear what they had to say to themselves.
Whisper, whisper, whisper, l ou may laugh
at it, but its's the naked tru:li that I am go
ing to tell. I have laughed myself at the
same since. When I heard something nop
ike a kiss, by ginger, I could stand my
great hear-lhumps no longer. Curiosity ,
and jealousy got the upper end on me; I
wan ed to see lormyselt, so Ishdouto bed,
sitting fiat like a taibr on the boor, deter
mined to hitch up just as I sot, inch at a
time, to the opening over the hearth where j
the beam and gun hooks was. A catcouln't)
been no stiller arter a mouse; but my heart
thumped louder every hitch, just as it will
when a man goes to do what aint right.
Well, just as 1 had gained the right pint to
look ever at'em, up tilted the pesky floor
down I hung blind-fold like a squarrel half
skinned; right over my rival and sweet
hear: ready for basting. I couldn't see
'e:n at all arter that, and 'twas more than
ten m'nutes before the old boss awoke to
tear me loose; dangling around the tire.
What, wriat, said he, got a spare rib, ha!
Let me down, said I. I got pretty well
baked, anyhow, Hnd ain't been quite so raw
since in love mutters. Lord, I never look
ed Jerusha ia the face from that day, nor a
girl in the neighborhood, fcr I could swear
she told told 'em all. That accident got
my grit up to make ft fortin. ' ;
I went off a h it miles fnd married the
first chance I get, just out of spite and
Patsey is worth all on 'em arter all nnd
marrying is a lottery business. . Then don't
hang yourselt (us 1 did) because yon can't
get a particular girl out reocollect your
heart is like rubber, it will stretch a good
ways and not break, Cleveland Ileralj:
ToTRTorT Beeswax. Put the colurw'er,
oi a tin pan with the bottom punched full
of holes, and place it in a warm oven over
another pan partly filled with water. . ihe
wax will melt and drop into (lie water below
perfectly clear. ' , . , .
' : ,. ' T. T,j "i
Flavoring fob Mincb Pies. Tne juice
of the frost or fox grapes boiled with a small
proportion of sugar, scummed and bottled
for winter use, is said to fully equal wine
for flavoring mince pies, with the crab ap
ple is thought to surpass the choioest kinds
of fruit ox ibis favorite of epicures.-, O.
Cult) i , 11: I ii ii ; i'r .. H 'iJ ;
The Happy-Unhappy Couple.
We may be wrong, but, somehow or
other, when w-j hear a couple "my dearing"
and "my loving" each other, in society, we
cannot help thinking that they lead a cat-and-dog
life at home. We have this demon
stration so often, that it appears like a fixed
fact in our mind. But whether this honey. I
moon style of address be genuine or fl Heel
ed, we dislike to hear it very much. Terms
of such warm indearment should be kept
for the closet. Ttiere is enough of the aui
mal about it to make it as disgusting aud
indecent a the parading of bridal cham
bers on steamboats and at hotels; and we
look upo i the latter as the very acme of in
delicacy. ' "
There were Mr. and Mrs. Stubbs, that
Ire had the infelicity of knowing, some years
ago. ' A couple of more loving people, in
company, never existed. They were billing
and cooing all the time. Mr. S. appears!
so kind aud attractive, that he seemed as
though he could nutlet the Kinds of heaven
blow upon her ever so genily.
"Lionora, uiy dovey, don't sit near the
window, in the draft; I know you will take
cold, and then what will puorLubby do?"
Then she replies: ...
"No danger. Lubby dear, and the fresh
air is so delightful." ,
"Well, then, let Lubby put his handker
chief round your neck."
"Thank you, love." . .
"Darling Leonora, you know you must
lane care ot yourselt, lor Lubby's sake; for
what would be this glittering world but a
dismal tomb, without you. Kiss rue my
Many such scenes have we witnessed, be
tween this happy couple. We were young
then, and we thought it real, and sighed to
think, when it became our turn to wear the
bands of , cnatrimonv, if we s'aould be as
happy as Mr. and Mrs. Stubbs appeared to
We have been rather rudely awakened
from the dream of our youth, and have long
since discovered that Mr. and Mrs. Smbbs
were a couple of hypocrites, who assum
med, with their party ures, the garb ill
which we have endeavored to portray them.
We were very much shocked the first time
we discovered the true condition of things
between Mr. and Mrs. Stubbs. ,
We had been in the habit of calling in up
on the S.'8 tansei.'einonie. One day, after
strolling round the garden; we went inlo the
house, and meeting no one, we walked into
the parlor and looked ever the ' annuals,
which lay upon the center' table. We had
scarcely been seated a moment, when we
were startled by a loud and angry alterca
tion in the next room. The voices sounded
very much like those under the government,
of Mr. and : Mrs. Stubbs, but il seemed
so impossible,' that wo feel inclined to doubt
ilte evidence of our senses, until names
were given, which on longer left room to
'1 don't care what you say, Mr. Stubbs
if I can't appear as other ladies do in compa
ny, 1 will not go out at all. I have not a
dress tit to wear."
"Mrs. S., you must put an end to your
extravagance. It is not a month ago since
you run me to a great expense for three
new dresses, and now you want another.
You cannot have one, madam."
"But I will."
"But you shall not madam!"
"But I say I will! and when I say it, I
"I'll be if I pay kr it. You ought to
be ashamed a married, woman, with two
children, no longer young, whose beauty is
on the wane."
An hjsterb scream followed this cruel
speech of the irate Stubbs, which so startled
us that we lot fall the hook that we had in
our hand. The noise of the book falling,
and our suddenly starting up, apprised
them that thy had been hoard. There
was a loud whisper from one of tho party.
"There, now, we've n pretty expose; the
story will be told nil about, and we shall be
the laughing stock of our acquaintances.".
"Well, my darling, why did you not say
you were only joking in relusing me the
gown, and making me believe that you were
angry with your Leonora."
"I thought, mv ain'el: von knew me wi-H
O ' . 3 ' al
enough to now that I should refuse you
nothing in earnest." .
We had just got outside the parlor door
in the hall, when we heard the door which
communicated with thesitting room and par
lor, open, and the footsteps, like Stubbs en
ter the latter.
"There is nobody here, madam!"
"Well didn't say there was!"
, 'Indeed! Well now, madam, I want to
tell you plainly, distinctly,' and emphatical
ly, that I'll be if I pay for a newgowu!"
ouch is the lite of hapuy-unhitnpy couples.
True affection, devoted to a single object,
is timid and retiring. It never seeks to dis
play itself "before folks," nnd when we see
a too open display, we always think it is ft
emulation, aud treat it as a cheat. . , ,
" A nother Natural Br'dgr.
We presume moslof our readers are aware
that Professor Tuomey describes in his ge
ological report, a natural bridge in Blount
county, Altibama, which possesses features
of grandure and picturesqueness equal to
the mmous natural bridge of Virgtna.
We have just been favored with a com
munication from. :Mirion county, in this
Stac, . describing, still another ."natural
bridge," near, the residence of an old ac
quaintance, Daniel Stanford, of that reuton,
which the write! asserts s one of the "great
est natural eouriosUies now on the earth."
We give the subtance of the description: . .
"It is ninety feet long, sixty feet, high,
from six to twelve wide, and from one nnd
half to four feet thick having an arch at
each end that cannot be surpassed by art.
This bridge is thrown Jicross a deep chasm,
both sides of which are perpendicular rock,
extending up sixty feet from a dry bottom
-no water below the bridge. Tall trees
grow under it, amid whose branches the
adven urer will find himself in passing over
the bridge, and it may be cowed with per
Our correspondent represents this work
of nature as very sublime, and the aatural
scenery around it is beautiful, and grani,
Cmrrllton Ala.) Republicun.
XPIace but little confidence in Itim who
speaks lightly of reltgt6ne ' ". " '
From the Boston Morning Journal.
The Cholera in 1851.
If there be any truth in the adage that
"coining events cast their shadows before,"
how clearly is the warning now given to us. j ,7 V."" "! I
that the cholora next yetr will visit thisj":'' "J" tu lhoua nd; and itwM
country. During the ast twelve months it ! S"n: ll? "'f lh eountr7; ft1 ,
has b4n gradually and slowly drawing iu j exl heard of ,n Cabu- T. t ,
l.ne of pestilence aud death from east t I ''!?U 1 , ' .. f ' -r V
. ,. r c . :, , ,, , . . . "rroro tbencejie wenttoCal:foriia,Der)
west; we now End it at the very suores
the United Mates, tij the papers, 1 .am
informed that the ship Constellation, which
arrived at New York from Liverpool a few
days since, lost one hundred passengers du
ring her voyage, anl while yet in New York
waters she had many case on of the disease
on board; several other ships that have
lately arrived at these shores have reported
the prevalence of the disease, and iu fatal
ity, more or less, on their passage.
How grateful ought we net to be that the
first approach of tins dire affliction bas been
at this season of the year, when for the
next feur or five months the natural effects
of the climite will protect us from its rava
ges, and in which interval we have ample
lime to make an efficient preparation to re
pel its attacks, or, at least to leave it little
ground on which to get firm foothold. . Pru
dence, care, and cleanliness will ever do
very much to avert tlie evils oJ the cholera.
hat should be done now seems very
plain. I would recommend that the muni
cipal authorities of all cities should at once
establish iu their resiiective districts a board
of health not to inquire into, but with full
power to net instantly in doing all such
things as are likely to secure the biter
sasitary condition of the people, such as
cleansing out old drains, . removing filth
and dirt wherever found, visiting the, low
est abodes of poverty, and of vice no less,
restricting with vigor the number of occu
pants of each dwelling, compelling all to
white-wash and clean everything that is
dirty, and let those who have not the means
to do such things, be supplied, and the ex
pense defrayed by the authoriths. Lat the
public scavengers in each city bo at least
doubled. Activity like this must result in
good; it would stir up the indolent and apa
thetic, and the cost to eajh place would hi
lar less than if each city waited till the dis
ease was fairly established. -
When man does all in his power ta avert
any evil, he has nothing to reproach bim
self with, and he can, under such circum
stances, with conlidencs seek aid of the Al
mighty in his distress. To ptostrate, our
selves in prayer, and call upon the people to
fast and pray to God for blessings, while we
neglect "those things which are requisite
and necessary ns well for the body as the
soul," seems to me very much like asking
Providence to remove from usan evil which
we bring upon ourselves by our own negli
gence and inactivity, and such impotent re
quests are not liuely, nor would it be wis
dom that they should be granted to us.
1 read hastily, a short time since, a notice
in your paper of a letter dictated by Lord
Palmerst-n to the citizens of Edinburgh,
in reply to a desire that he would nppoinl
a day for fasting and prayer, to stty the chol
era; his lordship stated, if I remember cor
rectly, something to this effect, that until
mn had done all that was iu his power, it
was little better than mockery to seek aid of
Providence, and that so long as decayed
vegetable and other matter was allowed " io
pollute and poison the air with pestilential
gasses which robbed it of its primaiive vital
ity, so long would contageous diseases, at
limes, effect such plaees. The great folk of.
Edinburgh seemed much nnnoyeil at his
lordship's truthful answer; he administered
to them a very sharp rebuke, for the old
town of Edinburgh much needs improve
ment in its sauitarv slate, or, at least it did
five vears ago. JJsop's fable of "Hercules
and th! Carier" is applicable to us iu our
eveiy day experience. v .,:
My unly motive in writing this letter, is
to draw the attention of wiser ! heads-'-than
mine lo this highly important ' subject. Id
the hope that some practical efforts will be
made immediately,, in all the populous cities
of the land, having for their object the pre
vention, so far M possible, of the awful fatal
ity of ihe cholera. ; ' ' '.; -ii :
The Career of Geo. Hintort, Ihe
Great Mail t, obberer.
The Star gives the following account of
the career of Gen. Hiuton, a noted mail rob
ber in" the wfist: , " "'
"The public will doubtless recollect the
escape (by nominally forfeiting his bail) of
Gen. Otho Hinton, the great mail robber,
whose depredations were discovered in the
autumn of 1850. . His mail robberies were,
by long odds,' more stupendous ilian those
of every one else, so far detected in the
perpetration of similar crimes in this coun
try; covering a great ratny cases, and always
involving the loss of very large sums of
money. , 1
"As far ns the depredation branch of the
department have been able to ascertain, he
was in the h ibil of riding nfier night on
the top of the coaches ofihe Ohio mail stage
company, of which hewasthe general agent,
as weI as the individual immediately re
specting that great ! establishment in all 'its
contracts with ihe department.' Being thus
doubly the department's confidential ageat,'
as it ware, lie was permiueu oy me unversra-
ride there: when, feigning to beweeping, lie
would open the bag with a mail-key secre- ;
. , ,. . 1 . i . 11:. ..- 1... ;
leu aooul mm, wis opernueiw wnu mv
banking houses, and his having this fcxten '
ded route, enabled him to know when they
had large sums iu the mails, upon ' which
his depredations were always committed.
For a long time his detection ser mod impos
sible, unul the extravagances of his habits
brou"ht him under suspicion; after the de-
pnrtraerit's detective agents hetme stuisfi
ed that the robberies were committed b
twoen, rat . cr than in the. offices' nlocg the
"When first arrested, h escaped from
the two agents who held him ,1 custody in
a fashionable hotel, ia which "tlte commit
ting magistrate permitted him to remain fi
the night (before sending him to jail) i or
der that he miglit the easier eommuniost
with his friends to got babV He got off on
that occasion by walking ol and fiolti hi
room, passed the shut but pot locked foor;
until he had lulled the su.ipitons of the two
keepers (guarding him with their eyes wide
open. When, suddenly lo opened the door,'
bolted out of the room, nd locked it the
two bawlin-r fruwds. a confederate hating
I slipped a key To the lock outside for hm
' .. . O V. , V.'.t . l ' lit 'i 'V1 . .''""
He wondered io the woods tor 'lour dys' ,
n.hbing dairies of milk at night 'to vtutaik
life, lie then gave himself trj, half fauiwh-
ed. His bail was next fixed at 6 flee a thoa
I .in r t.. ..: f-f ...... :
he was a servant in a hotei, wbea be tu .
recognised by some one, and was sgaio ar-'
rested through information lodged by agents
of the Post Office Department. . Oa th
rec. ipt of intelligence of his last arrest, the )
department instantly sent out a bench war-
1 ant for his transmission to Ohio, and the '
necessary papers to enable them to hold
him sale. But on the arrival out of this 1
authority. fec, it was found that fbV- bird t
had again flown. He bad been releoeed by "
the court of the new Slate under a writ of
habeas corpus, the testimony at band there
uot being judged sufficient to warrant him '
being be d. lie immediately left for the)
Sandwich Wands,, where we understand ha
flourishes at present, , ia wuaA capacity :
know not.". , , ' , ' "
The Coaquerer'a Grave. ' ;
The eyes.of William, the Conquerer wera 1
closed by menials, who, after helpisg them
selves to his wardrobe, absconded, and aban
doned his unburied corpse as in his lat
hours he was forsaken by his friends and
his family. A peasant took pity on the
dead body of the king, and oaused it to bw
conveyed io Caea for burial. As the bear-'
ers approached the city, fire broke out and
scattered the prscessiou, such as it was. It
seemed as if even this last miserable Inaor
was to be interdicted by Destiny. Worse
still happened on the way to the grave.
Having reached the church at last, the form
of a funeral elwjut was got through, with "i
as much show of ceremony as circumstaa- '
ces permitted; but w hen the bishop called '
upon the people lo pray for the soul of the '
deceased, a citizen sprang up and velum mt
ly pretested against , tho interment. His
father's house had stood upon that spot,
and had been illegally seized by William
and its inmates driven out inlo the street,
For this wrong the citizen demanded reeto- ..
ration of the ground us the property of his'
family, and refused lo let tho rites pro- .
ceeu. . ,
The justice of the demand was seconded
by. the unanimous voice of the people; and
the priests, after vainly remonstrating a-
gaisst the interuption, were com pulled to
compromise the mutter, by purchasing from '
the citizen the little space of earth in which,
the remains of monarch were about to be "
deposited. The burial serrice was suspen-'
ded while the price of the king's grave was
debated and paid over in the nave of the '''
church. This obstruction removed, all W- f
now ready for the last office; but a atrana '
fatality still followed the corpse. As the '
coffin was 6wung down it struck the side of
the grave, and breaking open at the shock,"
swung i s swolen contenU So violently to 1
the bottom, that the corpse burst.'-" The of-
Avium which instantly tilled the qhurch wa
sd overpjivering that the people rushed oat.'"'
Even the priest flod, and the last rites wens"'
left unfinished. The body was hastily had
died up in the earth, and lay there ueoio '
lested for nearly three centuries, when tho
Calvinists, who had heard that treasures of
great value had been buried with it, tors '"
up the grave, and, fiuding nothing but the
bones of the skeleton, collected them i
piece of red tafl'ela. tn.l," acatteriag theia 1 j
nbout the clmi'cli, completed the destruction ''
by destroying the grave-stone. "" ''" ; '
lie-.v use for clay. ';',' v-' k
Farmers' have probadly always ltnows,?''
that clavev soils were moro retentive of .
! manures than sandy soils. '. In other words, ' '
a coin 01 m .in it re put upon given suriace
of clayey soils,, would lt longer,, arid g!vo,ff!
out it fertilizing properties more gradually'??
than the same amount of the same manure
would, if put upooj a iriven surface of sandy 1
it has also been Jong known, that elay is
an absorbent of gasses, arid that putrid sub-' '!
stances buriod in it have their niuscousex-
have demonstrated the fact, ' that elay wVl ,
completely absorb.or take thenmmonia from (f
water, and many ''other sUbstauceS, tnd re-
tain it. : . ,( , .t , , , ( .
t IjW Instance, if some" a$u ' vmmonla,
wafer impregnated '.'.with ammonia, should
be filtered through clay , it would be found ,
that 'the water would, pass through pure,
while the' ammonia haa stopped by the way, '' H
On the J other, hand," should the 'same ' '''
water of ammonia be pasoed through and,!
ii would be found but little changed, if any; ' '
We all know that clay will nIso absorb
water, and retain it wiili' considerable ta
naci, while' sand ' will not"' Hence-, the ad- -'
dMon bf clay to Jn I soil iroprores it in w': "
ways, viz:, Wclinnically an I 'chemically; '
mechanically, by making' it more adhesive, '
or giving it more consistency; aod chemical- '
ly, by giving; It bower to ab-torbe and retain
ammonieal, or tho gasces which arise front "
the decoinpos'cion of organised substances. 'v
: It must, therefore, 'be an advantage to
keep clay pulverised moderately fine to scat
t'er over dnihg heap, and throw inlo privies
and les&poots, in order 'to ".absorb the km-7
inonia which arises, .oftentimes, in' Such"
places, and thereby' neutralize the Offensiv.
odbre, whii h, '''utile arrested lU some 'such'
way, became diffused throughout the air.'"' " '''
(taster J of Paris,5 puWei ised ' chareoaf," !
dried paat, and such like substances, have'"
been, generally used for hi purpose, have '
been generally O ed for" tbJ purpose, and
they arb Very good; but, where these tannot ''"
be readily obtained, s quantity of elay dried '"
will serve the saroe puu'puio. ,fr
It is thus converted to i cheap, and sry
efficient manure hold'f for1 the farmer. J ' ' 1
t'ore experimentg are heedel, in rdet ta '''
ascertain and demonstrate rnore clearly the' '
laws whieb govern the action of elay in this
respect. Suehexperiinepts will, undoubted
ly corroborite what general knowledge we '
hav. but also give na more particular OTae f
ticol knowledge, that will be of great valtw
-' . ''J'' r;:, .: . r'u V t. A
1,1 Jtylle that cannot ioreive others branls X
J .L. l.; .t 1.. "
himself for every man hattx misd t b for
Imitations completely, neutralized by the)
clay absorbing them. 4 '."'', 1 :., t',".
Recent txperimenw made in England by
Professor VVay. an agricultural chemist.
i.: ' -'' ,'Vl
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