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- . . -7 rr .. . . ...... .. . -.. 4.1', . .. - -. . - . v ; . ' -, . - - - 'VOLUME 20, NO: 30.. CADIZ, .OHIO, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 28, 1853. - TERMS, 81,50 ; iJsJtmocrntic Sentinel. UBUSHED VEV WED.NESPAY EVENING PHARLES N. ALLEN, . .! ,, .' , Editor and Proprietor, tiiii o? imieiiPTio). V (jr One dollar snd fifty cent wuliin tlirue months; or u payment be deterred longer on Mlir and sev- 'niyb v cenu. This rule will be strictly adhered to. ' Any person procuring live responsible subscribers lo "the Slxtinel, will be entitled to a copy lor the same 'length of time, free. ' . TKRHI Or IDVERTUUKIi, .Far a whole column, (one year) ' half column, (one year) " quarter, " (one year) ' For 1 1 uuss, or less, (three insertion) do do (one insertion). . For each additional insertion, . , ' ,1 "'. - ivimni ciiii. Far 1 1 lines, or less, (one year) ....... !' ' " (six months)..... .'.$30,00 .. 18,00 .. 12,00 . . 1,00 40 . 85 ...3.00 ... 2,00 ','' '" ." RATES OF POSTAGE . OX WZKXLV HKWSPAreRS. i,To all subscribers in the county where published, JKEE. ' More than 50 miles distant, ....... cU. per Quarter. 'Over SO, and wider 300 miles,... 10 " " " Over 300 and under 1,000 15 " " " ' Over 1,000 and under 3,O00( 20 " " AGEiNTS FOR THE SENTINEL. - The following named gentlemen are our authorized .agents to receive subscriptions, advertisements, and ' Job VVor. We hope they will prove themselvea to ' 1, good Agents, All contract made by them will ! strictly fulfilled by ns: . , . Freeport Joseph Allen. . ' ' " Westchester William Fleming. , ' Mooretield A.Jul. Schreiber. .(. Franklin Dr. E. Conawny. , Kuinley Jacob Gutnliall. , Short Greek Asa Holme. ' iT titock -Jamus liortglaml. i ' Athens Dr. Thomas Fiiulley Green bainutl Hell. ,"' Gunuan John lirown. if ftortli A. F. Croskey. . .Monrou ilenry B. lleller. HOME AND FRIENDS. ' Oh, there' a powor to rmke each hour ' A sveet as heaven destined it; Nor need we rotni to bring it hums, M Though few be there that find it! ' , VVe s'ek toohih for thrigiclosaby," ' And lose what niture fniind ns; For life hath hare no charm 4 so di'ar " Ahome and frienii arounJ in! ., Weoft destroy tor present joy i , For future hopjs and pniiai t'-ism: ,.( Whilst flower tsawjet blo ni at our feet,.. . . If w'4 but stoop to raise them! , , For things afar still sweeter are When youth, brightspoll, hathbaund us-, But soon we're ta aglit that earth hath nought Like home and friends around m, ! The friends that speed in time of need, 1 When hopes' last read is shaken, To show ns still, that, como what will We are not quite forsaken; - - Though all were night, if but the light 1 From Friendship's nltar crown'd us, 'Twould prove the bliss of earth was this Of home and friends around us. Touching Eeminicenses of Wash ington. r The revolution wan over. Eight years' .Conflict (i ad ceiiNvd, and the warriurs were now to separate fur ever, turning their wea pons into plough-shares, and, their camps into workshops. The (spectacle, though a aiiblimu mid glorious one, whs yet attended ,with sorrowful feelings; for, alas! in the re jmains ot that galh-ni army of patriotic sol diers, now about to disband without pay, 'without support, talked poverty and disease. .The country had not the means to be great- , , The details of the condition of many of the officers and soldiers ot' that period, ac cording to history and oral tradition, were ! melancholy in the extreme. Possessing uo mean:) ofpatriraoni 1 inheritance to fall back upon thiown out of eveu the per lous sup- 'port of the soldier at the commencement of winter, and hardly fit for any other duty than "that of the camp their siiuatbu can better be imagined than described. : A single instance, as a sample of the situ ation of many of the officers, as related of the conduct of Baron Steuben, may not be miss. When the; main body of the army wasdisbandsd at Newburgh, and the veter an soldiers were bidding a parting fatewell to each other. Lt. Col. Cochrin, an aged soldier of the New Hampshire line, remark- ed with tears in his eyes as he shook hands with the baron: . ,! "For myself I could stand it; but my wife and daughters are in the garret of that wretched tavern, and I have no means of removing them."' ... v .:, Come, come,"-'atild the baron, "don't giv way thus, I will pay my reppecis to Airs. Cochran and her daughter.' '' - When the good old soldier left them their -countenances were warm with gratitude r for he left there all he had. ;. : 11 In one1 of the Rhode Island regiments were several companies of black truops, who had served through the whole' war, and "their bravery and discipline were unsurpass ed. "The baron observed one of-these poor ''negroe6n the wharf at Newburgh, appa rently in great distress, - i - -. 'What is the matter, brother saldier?" ' I I i Why; Master Baron, I wint a dollar to ' get home with,' now the Congress has not further use? for me." " ' ; The Baron was absent for a few moments, and then returned with a silver dollar, which Vie'imd horrowarl. '-! . ' .: i y "There'.irt ftll I coultj get. . TVe it." : f The rlegri) reiseived ii 'with' joy, hailed a ' slobl wWcll waspassing down the river to "Je'w' York, and as he reached the deck, took fflis hat and Bald ' ' "" ' "God bless you, ,'f aster Brown!" 4 . , i ' " "There are only single illustrations of the 'army at the close of the war Indeed, 'Washington had this view at the close of his ' tare we.ll-address "to the army at Rocky Hill, jn November,; 1793' l ' '"' . i"Ahd beinjjf 'no waooiat to conclude "these liis last publid "'orders', Ha take his ultimate "leave in a short time of the military charac Vr, and to bid a -final ad ieu to the armies he haa so long had the honor W c'omnjand. he tan only 'again offer, in their behalf, his re "cominendrttiona to Jhir; couatry, arid, hi prayer to' the God of armies: '"' ,' ' , , ; i tiu. --.tl-. f.I..1. l.' i-i.'4tl. L.' ' iArtjf eiuiia jitntic uo uvuo iiiiciu ioit.-, and may th6 choicest :of heaven's Tavors, both here and hereafter, attend those who, ' tinder divine auspice's, have secured Innu 1 toerabl blessings for otheys. . " ' ' ' ; "With thesa wishes and , this benediction. . it .1 . v . .. ,.. from service. The curtain of separation", w -11 topn be drawn, and the military gcttthijS' to kfm.willbeflloed forever."', ;'".'" ' The closiRg of the "military scenes' I am about to relate. New York had been occupied by Wash injrton on the 25th of November.- A few days afterwards he notifie I '.he president of Congress, wbicu body was then in session at Annapolis; in Maryland, that as the war wna now closed, he should consider it his duty to proceed, thence, and surrender to that body the commission which he had re ceived from them seven years before. The morning of the 5th of December, 1783, was a sad and heavy one to the rem nant of the American army in the city of New I oi It. lhenoonof that day was to witness the farewell of Washington he was to bid adieu to his military comrades for ever. The officers who had been with him in solemn council, the private who had fought and bled in the "heavy fight," under his orders, were to hear his commands no long er. - The manly form and dijjnitied counte nance oi the "great captain wasiiencetorth to live in their memories. As the hour of toon approached, the whol? garrison, at the request of Washing ion himself, was put in motion, and marched down Broad street to Francis's tavern, his headquarters. He wished to take leave of private aoldiers, alike with officers, and bid them all adieu. ' His favoriUi light infantry were drawn up in line facing inwards, through Pearl street, at the fool of White hall, where a barge was in readiness to con vey him to Powell's hook. Within the (lining room "of the tavern were gathered the generals and field officers, to taka their farewell. ' - v Assembled there were Knox, Greene, Clinton, Steuben, Gates, mid others, who had served with him faithfully and truly in the "tented, field;" but alas! where were others that had entered the war with him seven years before? " Their bon99 crumbled in the soil from Canada to Georgia. Mont gomery had yielded np his life ,at Quebec, VV ouster fell at Uiinbur, Woodhullwas bar barously murdered while a prisoner at the battle on Long Island, and Mercer fell mor tally wounded at Princeton; the brave and chivalric Laurens, aftr uisplaying the most heroic courage in the tronches of York town, died in a trill ng skirmish in South Carolina; the brave but eccentric Lee was no longer living, mid Putnam, like a Mpless child, was stretched upon the bed of sickness. " In deed, the battle-livid and time had thinned the ranks which entered with him on the conflict of independence. . Whushingtun entered the room thu hour of separation had come. As he raised his eye and glanced on the faces of those as sembled, a tear co'irsed down his cheek, and Ins vjice was tremulous as he salutated them Nor was he alone. Men, "albeit unused to the melting mood," stood around hinVwhosu hands uplifted to cover their brows, told that the tears, which they in vain attempted to conceal, bespoke the anguish they could not hide. , . After a moment's conversation, Washing ton called for a glass of wine. ,It was brought to him. Turning to the officers, ho ihuj iiddressi'd'.-them: t - "With a heart full of love and gratitude, I now take my final leave of you, and 1 most devmitedly wish your latter day may be as prosperous and happy as your former orn-s have been glorious and honorable." lie then raised the glass to his lips, and' added, "I cannot como to ea"h of you to take my leave, but shall be obliged to you if each of you will take me by the hand. General Knox, who stood nearest, burst into tears, and advanced, incapable of utter ance. Washington grasped him by , the hand, and embraced him. The officers came up successively, and tojk an affection ate leave. . No words Were spokin, but all was the "silent elfganco of tearj." What w-ire mere , words at.such a scene? Nolh- ing. It was the feeling of the heart thrill- j ing though unspoken. When the last officer had embraced him, j Washington left the roo n, followed by his comrades, and p-issed through the lino of light infantry. Jlis step was alow and meas ured, his head uncovered, and tears flowing thick and fast, as he looked from side to side at the veterns to whom he now bade adieu forever. Shortly an event occurred more touching than all the rest. A gigantic soV dier who had stood by his side at Trenton, stepped forth from the ranks, and extended his hand: ' "Farewell, my beloved general, farewell." "' Washington grasped his hand, in convul sive emotion in both of his. All discipline was now at an end, The officers could not restrain the men as they rushed forward to take Washington by the hand, and the vio lent sobs and tears of the soldiers told how deeply engraved upon their affections was the love of their commander. , ' ' 1 At length Washington reached the barge at Whltehill, and entered it. At the first stroke of the oars he rose, ; and turning to the Companions of his glory, by wa"1ug his hat,' bade them a silent adieu. ' Their an; swer, was (jnly iti tears; and the officers and men; with glistening eyes, watched the re ceding boat lill live form of their nobje com mander was lost sight of jn the distance. X. Y.Jou- of Com. ' ' " '.' "' "'" "t . , Kqnsuiting a Creditor. ; ; There weg a certain lawyer on the (Jane, a Jong tifne ago,' the only one in those "dig gings' then, and: for aught I know" , at pres ent. He was a man well to do in the world and what was surprising in the limb ol , the law,' averse' io 'encouraging 'litigation;' k , One day a client came to him id the most terrible rage: t v . i , "'Look here Squire," said he, 4'that ere blasted shoemaker r down ' Pigeon Cove, has gone and sued ess for the rauney for; a patrol boots L owed hum. i-- e-t :f'HiA the boots suit you?"-.: 1 ! "Oh! yes I've got theinv on now fut rate boots. V'-x M '.! .p v i ii'-'i''! m . 'Fair price?"v iu'-i,i. :,; e '; : i.nma : .i?0h jt.'t;i . na.sVHfiBif "Then you owe. him the money: honest lyt'.'S'fti w-toili .df'jwtjtsi etM'.. ; f Course" n 1-!i-jw twt,vry u.J'1 i :"Well, whr don't you par him?" '.! c ii t . Whyi .'cause the blasted snob, went and sued si, and I want to keep him out of the IT T I ' 13: . ' ' .. ... money-. ii j. in....j.;.t:,-' oKn rfi ' , !j ".t will eost you something.? . :i l'i don't keer a cuss for that. How much money Jo you want to begirt with?" " "llhruin ilnllnra srill An " -i -,s , "Is that fall?, Well hero's, an X.ao: goa- aead." and the client went out. vorv satis. f C.d with tie beginning. ! I History of the Bible. - - BT'RCV. JfARCCS SMITH. ... The first writings of which we have an ae couut. were performed by a stylus or steel pen, by" which letters were engraved on hard anbstances. Writing was first made on bark of trees, leaves and parchment, and thin plates of bras and ' iron, ' Even the original meaning of piper, papyrus is a shrub of whose leaves were made cloteen, mats, rotv's, sails and paper. The Bible was wrUen on parchment. The parchment was written on one side, and rolled up in the form of a scroll. This scroll was kept as a most choice deposit, and one portiou after another was added by the sanction of the Jewish Sanhedrim; who cautiously examined- the authority and truth, of every pretended prophet.. This accounts for the want of order in the arrangement of books in the Hebrew text; Chronicles, not Malaclii, is the last book in the Hebrew Bible. The Inspired Ezra discovered that there was an important period in the History of the Jews left out, and lie supplied it. But he must add it to the scroll, without respect to the order of time. The translators discovered this, and wisely put it back in its proper place. The fathers called Chronicles lie Book of Books, the Book of things left out. This form of the Jewish manuscripts shows us the reason of their writings from the right h ind to the left, or as we kliould say of beginning it back where it should end, and ending where it should begin. . It was more convenient to unroll the parchment as you read. The sacred writings used in the synagogue, and thos'i used in private fami lies, were not always in the same, form. .'amities often used them in the form of sheets. : 1 - . ' . .. The Sameritans who separated from the Jews in the region of Reliob.im, in A. M. 3028. had only the PentaUich the five books of Moses. As they were seperated from Israel, they were deprived of the wri tings of the prophets. The Savior probably alluded to this limited or defective volume of theirs, when he said to the woman of Sama ria. Ye worship for salvation is Of the Jews--or salvation in more cleaily revealed lo the Jews, in those books, which have been written since ..you separated form the Jews. The Samaritan Pentateuch, though written in different characters, is the saiua ns that of the Hebrews. The mode and materials of 'he undent writings made them very gcarco and very expensive. ' The language which God gave to Adam in the garden was u idoubtedly Hebrew. Though the word Hebrew was derived from the word Heber, meaning "to pass over," and was applied to Abraham because he passed over the Euphrates to enter into Canaan, yet it is prqbable that this is the language God used with our first, parents in thegardeu, for this is the most ancient of languages; it is iuci rporated into almost all Ipnguages, and from it many of them are formed. Many of the Easlerc languages are. decendants from the Hebrew, and, are therefore called kindred languages, or lan guages with a corruption of the Hebrew. From the age of Moses to that of David, has beeji considered the golden age of the He-, brew language. The reign of Hezekiah,' which admitted somet foreign words, was the .silver nge. But the commercial and civil intercourse of the Jews, their foreign colonies and their. captives, corrupted their language and created numerous idioms. It' is probable 'that tho forms 'of the He brew letters hive changed in many diffent periods. , " 1 The old Testament was then writtcri in Hebrew; the New Testament was written in Greek., the pure and populnrjanguages of the first c nturie8 of the Christian era. But if the writeri were Jews, they' retained the Hebrew style; and in some intrances used the -Hebrew words. .It is therefore sometimes ended the Hellenistic Greek and sometimes called the Hebrew Greek, and it was the Greek languare used by the Jews and with Hebrew niiom. " . ' , The Greek manuscripts, like the Hebrew, were written in dilferelit forms of letters some uncial and some cursive soma in en tire capitals and others in ordinary letters. They had on chapters.' verses, stops or marks, and no divisions to works. , I ought hero to remark that though writers of man uscript were very cautious and very correct in copying, yet there are Occaoionally' mis takes in orthography.' And 1 yet they pass down century after century5 without essen tial pervision while the works of the learn ed Gieeks, after two or three-copied editions, were pronounced 1 unworthy', of ' their au thors, and consigned to 'oblivion. !i As was natural and aimost inevitable',' some niftuu scripts1 wrd! deemed more oorrect than others, and were therefore a regarded as standard manuscripts. This gave two' or three great families, 6r as they dalled them, revisions." The humbr of Greek 11 manu scripts is abont 60t), 5 ' In looking over these Manuscripts; we find some of them have an affinity to each other .In the' third centu ry there were considered tO be1 fwo families, and subsequently there was ariother added. The'se' recensions arc called the Alexandrine or Egyptian; the Occidental or western re cisiou or the one adopted by Italy, Spain, iSto., tho Bjiantine or Oriental, because it ait generally used at the or at Con stantinople.' -There has been the Edessene, or Syriac family, added. Where all these witnessessunite, 1 the ''testimony' is of the highest kmdfwhefe a majority agree It is good, and wbeM ifiey diffeiv respect mttst be had to the character Of tlw witness, and to preference' which One may tlaim oi-er an other. X rSEetKX'! 'y; Wat ri&e lo See;, no - .jj It like to see people know nor about otty er peopla'" businesii than others, do j.them selvesii 5ood citizens,,,,',. M.4 , s,. ,.'.' , ,J like Jo.see peopW rtinthei heads out of the wipdpw fa gap at.peopljpassing by.-r-0oo( breedings :r-t. uUvrnmil iqiw i : J like to see persons filling ay tJie path so that i4iea M A9 walk round in, ,tbe i, Galjantry. 0,t Vjtsnii lt.i.U diuos ' i ' And; po, on ad fatmltntu. t tw"i:iy ,fj Tho nsnwhi, Vonrriod, the. .thing , to mi has let it drop tiThe Sheriff t; after him,;, , ). ).''. . .! u '. 'vj1-!.: ...,: . : . i XA boy, who was sent to inquire how an old lady named Wilkins was in; health, said to her servant, "Missus wants to know how old Missur yVilkins is to-day to which tllO latter replipd,!VtSl'-f i j't'ti .71 to-day,', ,V. .' ' ' 1' li' , r Frora lh Washiutoa Evening Star, I met Thee ia my early Youth. sr . clay rstru. I mat tha in' my" aarlv yoath, ' ' '" Whan lif was yoang and fair. Tba rmgis ebanast tot or rnf soul. r . And left Uyir impress thsrt. 1 gavs to thea a hsart uns:ai.ied With sin of aftsr years - A heart which nevreead to love, la suahiira or in tsars! . . " Tho' years have passed tinea first we met, . And youth's bright dreama art gone; , Yol art thou now as dear lo me, A in life's early morn! 1 XJfld the cold, unfeeling crowd, Thine angel form 1 see; ' And in its slumb'ring reverisa, , My spirit turns to taec! The spell which thon didst east upon My spirit in its youth. , , ... . Has proved a shield in after life, ,' Of purity snd truth: ' The rmgiu power o'er my soul Has shod a annoy ray , .,, . Of love and purest sympathy, Which ne'er can fade away! Oh lady! tho' I dare not hopo . To call thse ever mine For clouds are gathe'ring o'er my path Which no'er must darken thine '' v Yet in th temple of my heart, . The vsstal flarue shall glow; . ,.. Which clothed my dreams of early youth la beauty "long ago!"' Give ua this day our Daily Bread. i Where, in fiction, is there anything more Iranrru ilmn tliia fact, related in the Musi cal vforld, by R. Storrs Willis: 1 . .... - . . - ! 1 ' ' I lie tollowwg' strange inciueni nnppen- ed while I was living in Germany. In the neighborhood of Vienna there dwelt a young p'-asant woman, who supported herself by the cultivation of vegetables, which she dis posed of in the Vienna market. She inhab ited a small house, attached to which was her vegetable garden, ioung as she was; she hud been married; tut her husband had died, leaving her a little gill, who was now old enoug lo run about and play with the other children in the neighborhood. The mother still handsome, and desirous of a second marriage, About this time, indeed, there was . visiting her a young man for whom she had conceived an affection, a proposition of marriage she wis now begin ing immediately to await. But no proposir lion ' was made-; A ;darK tnougsii nnatiy crossed the young woman's mind that there must be some obstacle in tho way, ana mat this obstacle was, in all piObability, the child. An unnatural struggle ot jealousy tools place, which resulted in a fearful determination she would make away with the child! Be neath her house was a deep cellar, where she occasionally stored her vegetables. raking her child by the hand one flay, sue led idown stairs, and, thrusting H inside, closed the door, .lookeil it, and hurried up stairs. ...j, . , . . The 'same evening' her lover came, they sat chatting together, but no mention was mndot the little absentee;. 1 lie next, clav, alter a desertion of twenty-four hours, the mother went softly down and listened at the door.. - The quick ear Of the child caught her mother's step, and she implored her to take her out of that dark place she was so cold and very hungry. No answer was returned, and the mother crept quietly up stairs. ' In the evening the lover came a.'Hin. Tliey: toon supper logemor, , anu passed a social evening. After the second twenty-four hours had passed, the mother made another visit to the child. ' Again the little sufferer heard her, and with feeble Voice begged for a crust of bread only one crust of bread. This pulled a. little upon the Mother's heart, but her- purpose wa3 fixed. Another day passed. The mother went quietly down stairs and listened,. All waa silent. She opened softly the door the "child lay dead. Taking swiftly the body up stairs, she laid it upon , the bed; and immediately making a great outcry, called the neighbors together, telling them that her child had suddenly died. And so it seemed. ' The day r.fter thera was a funeral. ' The child was laying in its coffin, bestrewed with flowers broultt by the little playmates in the neighborhood, who had come to at tend the funeral of their lost favorite. The procession moved towards the quiet Got tesacker. (God's arc,) whale was to be placed that little seed of an immortal flower. A clergyman was in attendance. The moth er stood looking down upon the grave, over which the holy man was repeating, with solemn voiced "Hur Father who art in Heaven' hallowed be thy name; thy king dom come; thy will be done ort rarth as it is in Heaven., Give us this day our daily bread" -- . A piercing shriek,' and the mother fell with a groan to the earth M Looking wildly around her; she then 'in gibbering accents, repeated to the shudder ing throng At the grave the Very deed her own hands had committed.- She lived :not long after- Crazed and smitten by the Hand of God, she miserably died--a sigual instance of retribution, and a startling les son upon the words; "Give us this day 6ur daily bread." y,'i'";nl"1;. 7 ' Do it with AIM hy Might. :- " "That which thoU hast to do. do" it with f idf'.tliy hlight',' tald clergy maq to his "son 1 ' "So l did this' morni'n'i." ' replied ' Bill. with anenthiisiastic gleam in' his eye.'J"! "..Ah! wlmt was it, my darling," and the father's hiind ran" through, his clffpriiig curk""V'V:;('"1 'l: ' -:- "Why, I walloped' Jnicg Edwards "till'' he yelled like thunderf ydd'" should have just heard him holler, dad.", -, ' " ' ;' "Dad" looked utifiappy, ,w WTeTie1 explain ed that the 'prece'p'did' notiniply a 'ckse like that,'arid coHtf uded;mll.dl wtth-f' v;, , ! "You should not fiave JUbiie that, 'my child." f'kit:f ; ."Thcn'Vei( 491vAtlopett''fne;,, letorted ' x ,it.A fe'-vH ; 5 , vBotteriffexpTte4' hlsiiren'.'.iCbsyou td nave fleil from he wrath to come." " ; "Ves. hut" argued 'Bill? by way of a filial clincher "Jack can run twice as fast as I can." .t-w-Iu w-''1 -! .The good man sighed, went tq his study, took up a pen,' aW endeavored tq, compoje himselt and a 8crmoivirecoiftcili6tf 'Practice with Precept. ' ' '".'"' , ' V; PROCEEDINGS IN C0XGSE3S. - aUPORTKD Br TSLEORAPII. Wasiiikotok, December 19. Sehati. Mr. Clay presented the creden tials of Mr. Fitipatnrk, SrBt.loreh.-ct from Alabama in place of Mr. King. Mr. Morris pronounced obituary on the death of his colleague. Senator Atherton, and offered the customary resolutions. He was followed bv Hunter and Vjllinms after which the Semite adjourrwd Housk. Mr. Ucnton roue to a' privileged : question, announcea mat Jose Manuel uai leos, delegate from New Mexico was pres ent to take the eus'.omary oath. Mr. Richardson called, for the reading of the commission, and Mr. Gallegos was then swnrn. Mr. Richardson 'presented the evidence and the poll book of New Mexico relating to the contested election case. Mr. Houston, from the Commitee on Ways and Means, reported a bill making appropriations for the year ending June 1855; also, a deficiency bill, and a bill ma king appropriation for the payment of inval ids and other pensioners. Inferred to the Committee of the Whole. . - A resolution was received from the Sen ate announcing tbe death of Senator Ather ton. After obituaries, delivered by Messrs. Hubbard and Orr, the Ilou-e adjourned. ' Wa9IHS0toi, December 20. Sekatb. Mr. Shields gave notice of a joint resolution authorizing the president to confer the rank of Lieutenant General Brovet, for eminent services. by Mr. Sewaid presented a remonstrance of the citizeus of Rochester against au inter national copy right law; also petitions from New York in favor of the construction of a sliip canal around the falls of Niagara. '' Mr. Weller presented a memorial from army pffisers on the frontiers, asking for an increase of pay. Mr. Weller said that Co lonels on the frontiers did not receive pay equal to brick-layers in S:in Francisco, nor did captains receive as much as hod car riers, and he was sure scavengere in San Francisco received higher compensation than Lieutenants in the army. Mr. 1' oote gave notice of a Bill granting land for the support of indigent insano per sons. . ; '' ' ' ' Mr. Hamlin introduced a bill to satisfy the trench spoliation claims; wlu:h was re: er red to Committee on Foreign Relations. Mr. Hunter introduced a bill to extend the warehousing system by establishing private bonded warehouses. , Mr. Seward ofif red a resolution directing inquiry whether any legislation is necessary to secure the rights of citizenship te children of American citizens born in foreign coun tries. Liid over. ' ; ti . . Mr. Johnson introduced two bills gran ting lands to Arkansas for Railtoad pur poses.. . Mr. Chase offered a resolution that all sessions of the Senate be in public. ' Mr. iMtzpatrick presented the memorials of the Alabama and Mississippi Railroads paying credit' for duties on railroad iron,; Air. hverett offered a resolution direct ing inquiry as to what legislation is neces sory to pretect children of American citi zens born in foreign countries. The Chair' said the Senator from New York had offered a simi ar resolution. Mr. Everett's resolution was Liid over, and Mr. Seward. taken up and adopted. ' Mr. Summer offered a resolution,1 which waa agreed lo', as to the expediency of a reduction of ocean postage.; . , Mr. fee ward ottered a resolution calling for the ' correspondence with the Govern ment of the Sandwich'" Islands. -Agreed tO ' ,..'. .;:., : .,. The resolution offered by Mr. Chase seme time f-go, directing inquiry by the commit tee on roads and canals as tc the expedien cy of constructing a railroad from the Wes tern states to the 1 actnc was taken up. Mr. Gwinn opposed the reference of the suhj .act to that committee, and moved the postponement of the resolution. ' Agreed to yeas 23, noes not counted. , Mr. Gwinn mo7ed to go into an executive session, during which a message was receiv ed from the President transmitting certain documents, in answer to a resolution of the Senate of April last, requesting information in relation lo certain transactions botween Capt. ilollins of the Cyane and the authori ties of San Juan de Nicaragua; also certain correspondence touching the claia of the brig Gen. Armstrong; both unimportant, ordered o be printed and referred. -The doors was then opened and then the Senate adjourned. . : Housk. Mr.- Bocock, from the commit tee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill author-, izingthe construction of six first-class stettm frigates, appropriating $3,000,000, anrj the vessels to be built by contract or at the Unittd States Navy Yards, 6 the Secreta ry of the Nvy may elect; referred to the committee of the whole. ' ' The House then resumed the reconsider ation 'Of Mr.s Sage's ' resolution authorizing the Secretary ol the Interior to purchase M Vernon. ! ' -yx Mr. Kfiyly called for the yeas and noes on laying the resqlutioh on the table. ;.: ' Mr. Clinglmm asked ' the gentleman to withdraw his motion; and let the resolution go to aome eommit'ee.; '; :! . ''; Mrf Bayly No; I want to kill the thing in the most emphfttio wayi ' a ;...-m '' ; The resolntion was aid on the table by vote -of- 68 Ml 68. .""! i'i t ' Mr.-Deah Offered resolution, of which he had givetf nqtiee,- presenting a sword and thanks to Capt. Ingrahara; referred to committee on Foreign Relations. Mr. Clin'gman, in piirstiarice' of previous notion introduced a bill granting credit to imports on railroad iron, and -advocated the meosure at some length; , . , ; n ,. , s Mr. Shelton opposed, the measure, ' Mr. Jbiies moved 'to lay' the bill on the table, ,being, as he said,' opposed to the crrjit eyaWni lo4lr -i-' trKK I !i Mr.', Cobb proposed- an araendinent. that in 11 cases: of xteqsiqn xfdutiejpC per oent.. interest shall! be paid'. , ' . : Mr. Jones of Tennesstc moved to 'lay i.he billatid amendrhenVon the (able.TX-wt- ayes 8G noes 95. and the hill was th en ri terred td tho odmmillee of the whojo qq the itatcof.the Union. 5 it. J-i f 5t;eer vKiT ! . 'I'Jio House went into committee of the whole M(. Smith took tho floor and com. menced speaking in. reference to the Koszta J affair, and aftef expressing, his. approval of considered somewhat hypocritical, whea the fart was taken into' consideration that the United State waa the oppressor of millions of her citizens, the slaves. - The same di vine poecept quoted, by Mr. Marcy, "do un- w o ner, as we wou.u nave oilier, no unio , . . - - t i .i j nm " wnl.l - - .1 A'.A ...,;r. -. .... II . ,1 a us," would and did justifv equally ll r cue of ijliadrach at Boston, Jerry at Syra cuse, the blood spilling at Charleston, and the immediate freedom of every slave in the land. Mr. Si proceeded at some length to speak against the evil of SI a, try Mr. l'crston replied to Mr. S. defending the slavvhulder and Mr. Marcy's letter. Mr. Olds got the fluor when the House adjourned. . . Washington, DecerobirSl. Sknati. Mr. Gwinn, from Naval Com- milti-. nrspnLpd n. rpnitrt in fvi,r nf Kni1,l. - 1 -"1 -. ing 6 first class sienm frigates. Air. Hunter, from finance Committee, re- ported back bill to extend tne warehmving , system by establishing private bonded ware-; houses Mr. Morris reported back a bill to surpress the circulation of paper tnoney under $5, in the district of Columbia. Tin bill was postponed until the 22nd. - - The French spoliation bill was referred to a select committee composed of Hamlin, Thompson, Dawson, Pearee and Johnston. Mr. Foote introduced a bill granting land to indigent Indians. ' . Mr. Chase mtradced a bill dividing Ohio into two judicial districts. Mr. Benjamin reported .a bill to extend the limits if the port of New Orleans. ... Mr. Seward submitted a reolutton, which was agreed to, directing the Judiciary com-mittee-to enquire - whether, consistent with the constitution, provisions can be made for referring causes,. inst'euted according to the course of common law, to referees, and whether such a provision would be expedi ent. Adjourned. ' : . j , ' Housk. Phillips offered a resolution in structing Commitie on Commerce to inquire into the propriety of continuing and com pleting such of the river and harbor im provements as were appropriated for at the last session; which in the opinion of the Committee are within the constitutional power of the government, and report by bill and otherwise. Motion tc lay on the table, lost. ' Yeas 55, Nays 112. The resolution was then passed. ' Yeas 111. Nays 54.. . t . Mr., Dean replied to, the speech of Gerrit Smith, on the Koazta nffitir., He defended the consistency of this government, and spoke of the despotic character the Austrian nation. He said this government was not pledge 1 to the slave or any power. Slavery is a Iqcal and municipal institution, with which Congress lias nothing to do; so that the declaration of Mr. Smith that this gov ernment is a guiltieroppiessor than Austria, was neiilierjust nor true. Mr. Giddins replied briefly defending Smith. After further debate the committee roje, and the House adjourned. ' " " : '' J ,f. - Startling De velopements A Wife . of three Husbands. r ! One of the most extraordinary cases that it ever befell 'Squire Parsons to investigate came under his notice this morning- It. was as follows: Mrs Gertrude Koliier, a lady of 'German extraction, was charged with making a small arithmetical mistake by retaining two husbands nioro than the regular and legal allowance. Mrs. Kqhler was married to Christopher Pheltz,' in " Es perance, Schoharie, County some five rears ago, she removed to Schoharie Court House, forgetting to take her husband among her other baggage, and in a very short time she contrbuted a matrimonial alliance witha man named Michael Gephard.- 'Oncemore remove," as Hamlet says and we find her in this city Messrs, Pheltz and Gephard a bantoned and forgotten, and the capricious lady in matrimonial copartnership, with Ja cob Kohler. We have it on philospphical authority, that "three removes are as bad as a tire," and so they are undoubtedly, if an additional husband is taken wi;h" every change of locality! Pheltz went to Scho harie C. II. in search of his lovely . absentee: there he met with Geopard husband No. 2, and after some talk together, both .gentle man agreed to pursue her to this city, where they ascertained her present place of resi dent to be, and they proposed to delay the settlement of their respective claims until they had found her. She was found in the 'possession of Mr. J.'Kohleni, a working Deuteher in the profes sional calling of bone and rug picket, and the-tl'iee gentlemen instead , ot engaging iu a nonsensical quarrel awut toe , ;oniesi ted property, agreed to play a three hand ed game of "seven up," ' to decide who was the husband dt facto the beer to be paid for by an equal contribution of the three ckimants. Pheltz husband No. 1 won the game in two hands,, and was about to take possession ot the stakes, but Uor trude flatly refused lo abide by the decision of the cards, expressing an unqu-.lilied pre ference for the third , and last No. 'of tLe matrimonial series, , P) ekz.Jthertfora, had resource to anothurgarae of cliance, videlicet the law, and Gertrude was brought up to ! nr thri nomnlaint of her Mone sus. When asked what had Induoed hr to leave her first two husbands, she answered that hey were 'nichts goot," and that Mr. Roll lers wa's worth "about six hundret of 'such tirty rascals. 5 I try dein all, said she,0 and beatest; and if he not goot, tries blrnty more, till I fiinds a Dutchm&d dat uits jest right." , ,. . :, ,j l , - It was imposible to make her under stand that this kind oj experimenting wa nrt altogether correct, and she was commit ted fori "bigamy." (as the lafw miscalls her of&ence) evidently , considering herself a much injured and persecuted woman. She was taken out of the po'rce ; Offico by officer Brainud, folWed by theMtri,;who all et . pressed themselves Satisfied With the adjust ment ot the e4et their, Ueyi0rjt for the wo man eked .uV in. wonderfu sumrnary manner. ThaJfastwe saw of thera, was' the windutir way tq the iMaidon Jaop inil,- and ,tlw trio arm . walking diwn South '.Vtf ,;.:'.. :,b; v. .... ' r ' j. - ' ';' ' 1 ' ' . 3jrThcre was never any prtrtyC faction, sect, or cabal, whatever,- ia ubich thfl - Ig norant were not the moit iynlettt; for a bee is not a busier: animal " thatf alofl"! .: . -"-Consequential. ' " A Yanke was traveling laat sumnirr' hi" the ni: way train from Liverpool lo Lou, Ion. Twe Englishmen occupied seals ill his im mediate vicinity " One by his side, the o h- er 1'iVo n' of of tlie latter, and both betweeit i ms vi vi mo iiinvi,"ii , . . . . wh,ch , tb. j day beipg remarkably fine. , . ' . A lhey were evidently Urumngera J U tr-. minghani) bagmen, as commercial traveN" ers in England are called; and were as un social as bears, and as uncommunicative as black mill-stones. Our Yankee friend, ( After several fruitless effoits to "bring them out," drew a large oblong chunck of Left-, wicli's best Virginia tobacco fri m his pocket,, and cutting off with a formidable Arkansas' tooth-pick a liberal, slice of it, he, with an airofrougn cordiality, presented it first to'' i the one and then the other.- The onlf re ply he got from. either was a gruff gutted "No," and a scowl of 'dujileasure, which, erD; for Le ,t0W(.d ,way pm rejected quid Lj , hM aw anj CoWIenced to. masticulate it as one who cou!J iippreciale IB nnoKl. Finding his mouth fast filling with snlkra, and desiring to spit out of the carriage wh-t out any violent exercise of the hydraulm 1 glands of bis lips, he iwlitWy i.ked his tw iciiow-travelers, in "uccession, u mey nuuiu exchange places with him and permit him to take a seat liexl the n luduti. ..Another gruff negative shake of the heal Was thu only reply. k, . . aJ Nothing disconcerted, the Yanker. gathr, ering the volume of liquid i his mutiih, and strelchiug his neck, let fly 'die saliva pvet the hat ot one of them aud out of the win- dcwI ..... . .. ' His torpid neighbor, no wt for the first time, showed signs of animation; for he jump ed in his seat as if he were uperule'd on by a galvanic battery, and taking off, his hat hurriedly, and looking over his ,. clothes, as well as he cduU in the sanut manner, to see if. either were discoiorisd ir befouled, he agaiii thrust on his hat and gave a most, reproachful look alius dowu east ounwynoi da voyage, which very plainly "damned hi eyes" mentally, though not audibly Ha might as well not,, however, for the Yankee; paid not the slightest attention to him, bu kept his eyes on Muriay'e Guide Book,, with the open blade of bis. Arkansas tooth-pick, under the line which engaged his inimedi ate study. ,t-,, . ... ,.f . .., . After some time another discharge flcw from his well-compressed lips over the head ; of tJia Englishman, who. sat in an oblique, direction from him! - .i Flesh and blood English flesh and blood could stand it no longer, and both exclaim- ed; as if they had studied together at re hearsal,'; ' ' '. ,.' .',!. - ii' i "Why! what in 'tU do you mean, sir? whe-i thrr do you contemplate drowning us or poissoning us with your, blasted tobacco juice, bo elp us Uo.l, UotU still speakings we ll have you arrested wheimve go to iour don, for placing in jeojpardy , the lives of, two of the liege subjects o( her majesty the queen! Why, you must be one of the Cape- of-Good,-IIope kaflers, or a savage f.-om thq. babkwoods v Amsrica, You're see a .' and nere they simultaneously starlea to leav3 their , seats ..and soak less dangerous, quarters. ,,, . . . , , , .'. ''liook here, gentlemen," said the Yanj kee, coolly, as they rose to go '.'don't .be, on-easy there aint ho use in mussin'. - Keep your seals, I tell yoo I can shoot clenh over you every lick, without adrop tuching. Now, you see if I don't?' 0 .'.7 . ... Trie Yankee was preparing for another exhibition of bis spitting power but the, , Englishmen, not desirous of submitting tc another experiment, incontinently Jeft, N one went between the Yauket wid the win dow from that lime,,,till, tlfars-. reachedj London. .,..,.!.,,, ;.v, The Yankee, since",ho isU that he, spitleij is way to the best seat Jn the tra ito. Vf i i h Pie. is i A YotirigXady Barned t6 deatti The editors, of the,, M. id Anthony,-at Greneville, give the particulars of a terri ble tragady in that place, en Saturday c yenij ing,, resulting in the death of Miss Sarah Hector, a talented and bigh'jr respectable young hdy, who was Engaged in teacltnjj a select school. She had been' hording for . some time at the Buckeye ' Hotel. ' R'seemsr that she was subject to 'severe' attack . 'Of headache; 'for 'which' she was in' the 'habit of nsing chlorofoim." Upori the'fatjal everi? ing she is supposed to bare taken ah 'over1 quantity, and sitting before the' parlor fire under its effects, she fell forward, ihe sleeves and bosom of her dress instantly cathhing the blaze. Tie fall aroused her, snd s'lie screamed for help, . A young mtf belohg" irig to the. house new to her assistance, led her into the hall, and ran for water. Whili he was absent she rushed sereaming into Ihi , backyard, her entile person being envel oped in flames. By -this time the whOlu, neighborhood was aroused, and the portioni of her burning clothes were lorn from hr-r. She was carried in u fainting condition tuhvr room, nnd divested of the rewnant of bcr apparel, !o which' portion ol' the skin anil tlcsli adheared. , . Upon cx.iminaiion she was found to be terribly bur..t)-L with 'the -ex -t l e. r:. I "r, - - - ,u' ..m,lulI,.,TW,, uulil towards midnight, when she bocawe veiy cany, reinainingin thU.nt t until nboujL seven o'clock on .-buivday uiiorijing,. ,ht she expired. The deceased was, i yonaj ).idy vlgooj scholarship aud tine intellect.-., Qraoe Obvoe Hgxiirji.--A firm at pay-toii,-adv'eri,UestIiHjl tlw-y will undertake the husinessof mukiftg osjigefwiitige hedges hV contract. Ur.ivurdery of the Western Hor- ticukaral Wvttjwvwho is u Btrong friend of this kind, ot fenc.ng, think?. this' will be art rulihirable'plaii furalj tho,-e who do Botcalo tq learn th art and roystry of hedin an.il there h no dotioj it, can he done'. better .'and cheaper, by .those" who 'hnsith"iilaQls (mil the appliances, as well aa vthft knowledge anifexperienca essential in succe tUa.n br the novice wlwJ'V Jl o, loam',' , Oik, the oie hvJ. Tojr nwlera) charge,! a, be,autj, ful, permanitiit, anoT juvtpasible j'ence Is pro ducdwhich is an invliabltvnvquisitU)u to Lany farn vhilp. onthe'thei, the risk f incurre(tliiat,lor;wHn pi. ijooit mahage; niftt, the enterprise, will- result, in A failure. . To railroad compar.ieV ibfj plant 's par ticularly eommendud,- as it is . tvcry desirs. blc llietr'hihwsys Klioutd he poi fectly pr lectc 1'iom intrti'iun " ' .'.t I ' i ' ' -V f ii It t I '1 n V Si i .1 I 1 ?r t? v.- .1 Wr" S'U ', VP., f ,. n ir