1 JJll-ilJ: jJJ:JjJxVli UJ-UJJ.Diiiir-iL JLvL?- Ky JJJlj JJ: ilj UJ IJJ o . ; T ' ; : v .
- . . -7 rr .. . . ...... .. . -.. 4.1', . .. - -. . - . v ; .
' -, . - - -
'VOLUME 20, NO: 30..
CADIZ, .OHIO, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 28, 1853.
- TERMS, 81,50 ;
UBUSHED VEV WED.NESPAY EVENING
PHARLES N. ALLEN,
. .! ,, .' , Editor and Proprietor,
tiiii o? imieiiPTio).
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AGEiNTS FOR THE SENTINEL.
- The following named gentlemen are our authorized
.agents to receive subscriptions, advertisements, and
' Job VVor. We hope they will prove themselvea to
' 1, good Agents, All contract made by them will
! strictly fulfilled by ns:
. , . Freeport Joseph Allen.
. ' ' " Westchester William Fleming.
, ' Mooretield A.Jul. Schreiber.
.(. Franklin Dr. E. Conawny.
, Kuinley Jacob Gutnliall.
, Short Greek Asa Holme.
' iT titock -Jamus liortglaml.
i ' Athens Dr. Thomas Fiiulley
Green bainutl Hell.
,"' Gunuan John lirown.
if ftortli A. F. Croskey.
. .Monrou ilenry B. lleller.
HOME AND FRIENDS.
' Oh, there' a powor to rmke each hour
' A sveet as heaven destined it;
Nor need we rotni to bring it hums,
M Though few be there that find it! '
, VVe s'ek toohih for thrigiclosaby," '
And lose what niture fniind ns;
For life hath hare no charm 4 so di'ar
" Ahome and frienii arounJ in!
., Weoft destroy tor present joy
i , For future hopjs and pniiai t'-ism:
,.( Whilst flower tsawjet blo ni at our feet,.. .
. If w'4 but stoop to raise them!
, , For things afar still sweeter are
When youth, brightspoll, hathbaund us-,
But soon we're ta aglit that earth hath nought
Like home and friends around m,
! The friends that speed in time of need,
1 When hopes' last read is shaken,
To show ns still, that, como what will
We are not quite forsaken;
- - Though all were night, if but the light 1
From Friendship's nltar crown'd us,
'Twould prove the bliss of earth was this
Of home and friends around us.
Touching Eeminicenses of Wash
ington. r The revolution wan over. Eight years'
.Conflict (i ad ceiiNvd, and the warriurs were
now to separate fur ever, turning their wea
pons into plough-shares, and, their camps
into workshops. The (spectacle, though a
aiiblimu mid glorious one, whs yet attended
,with sorrowful feelings; for, alas! in the re
jmains ot that galh-ni army of patriotic sol
diers, now about to disband without pay,
'without support, talked poverty and disease.
.The country had not the means to be great-
, , The details of the condition of many of
the officers and soldiers ot' that period, ac
cording to history and oral tradition, were !
melancholy in the extreme. Possessing uo
mean:) ofpatriraoni 1 inheritance to fall back
upon thiown out of eveu the per lous sup-
'port of the soldier at the commencement of
winter, and hardly fit for any other duty
than "that of the camp their siiuatbu can
better be imagined than described.
: A single instance, as a sample of the situ
ation of many of the officers, as related of
the conduct of Baron Steuben, may not be
miss. When the; main body of the army
wasdisbandsd at Newburgh, and the veter
an soldiers were bidding a parting fatewell
to each other. Lt. Col. Cochrin, an aged
soldier of the New Hampshire line, remark-
ed with tears in his eyes as he shook hands
with the baron: .
,! "For myself I could stand it; but my wife
and daughters are in the garret of that
wretched tavern, and I have no means of
removing them."' ... v
.:, Come, come,"-'atild the baron, "don't
giv way thus, I will pay my reppecis to
Airs. Cochran and her daughter.' ''
- When the good old soldier left them their
-countenances were warm with gratitude r
for he left there all he had. ;. :
11 In one1 of the Rhode Island regiments
were several companies of black truops,
who had served through the whole' war, and
"their bravery and discipline were unsurpass
ed. "The baron observed one of-these poor
''negroe6n the wharf at Newburgh, appa
rently in great distress, - i -
-. 'What is the matter, brother saldier?" ' I
I i Why; Master Baron, I wint a dollar to
' get home with,' now the Congress has not
further use? for me." " ' ;
The Baron was absent for a few moments,
and then returned with a silver dollar, which
Vie'imd horrowarl. '-! . ' .: i
y "There'.irt ftll I coultj get. . TVe it." :
f The rlegri) reiseived ii 'with' joy, hailed a
' slobl wWcll waspassing down the river to
"Je'w' York, and as he reached the deck, took
fflis hat and Bald ' ' "" '
"God bless you, ,'f aster Brown!" 4 . , i
' " "There are only single illustrations of the
'army at the close of the war Indeed,
'Washington had this view at the close of his
' tare we.ll-address "to the army at Rocky Hill,
jn November,; 1793' l ' '"' .
i"Ahd beinjjf 'no waooiat to conclude "these
liis last publid "'orders', Ha take his ultimate
"leave in a short time of the military charac
Vr, and to bid a -final ad ieu to the armies he
haa so long had the honor W c'omnjand. he
tan only 'again offer, in their behalf, his re
"cominendrttiona to Jhir; couatry, arid, hi
prayer to' the God of armies: '"' ,' ' , , ;
i tiu. --.tl-. f.I..1. l.' i-i.'4tl. L.'
' iArtjf eiuiia jitntic uo uvuo iiiiciu ioit.-,
and may th6 choicest :of heaven's Tavors,
both here and hereafter, attend those who,
' tinder divine auspice's, have secured Innu
1 toerabl blessings for otheys. . " ' ' ' ;
"With thesa wishes and , this benediction.
. it .1 . v . .. ,..
from service. The curtain of separation", w -11
topn be drawn, and the military gcttthijS' to
kfm.willbeflloed forever."', ;'".'" '
The closiRg of the "military scenes' I
am about to relate.
New York had been occupied by Wash
injrton on the 25th of November.- A few
days afterwards he notifie I '.he president of
Congress, wbicu body was then in session
at Annapolis; in Maryland, that as the war
wna now closed, he should consider it his
duty to proceed, thence, and surrender to
that body the commission which he had re
ceived from them seven years before.
The morning of the 5th of December,
1783, was a sad and heavy one to the rem
nant of the American army in the city of
New I oi It. lhenoonof that day was to
witness the farewell of Washington he was
to bid adieu to his military comrades for
ever. The officers who had been with him
in solemn council, the private who had fought
and bled in the "heavy fight," under his
orders, were to hear his commands no long
er. - The manly form and dijjnitied counte
nance oi the "great captain wasiiencetorth
to live in their memories.
As the hour of toon approached, the
whol? garrison, at the request of Washing
ion himself, was put in motion, and marched
down Broad street to Francis's tavern, his
headquarters. He wished to take leave of
private aoldiers, alike with officers, and bid
them all adieu. ' His favoriUi light infantry
were drawn up in line facing inwards,
through Pearl street, at the fool of White
hall, where a barge was in readiness to con
vey him to Powell's hook.
Within the (lining room "of the tavern
were gathered the generals and field officers,
to taka their farewell. ' - v
Assembled there were Knox, Greene,
Clinton, Steuben, Gates, mid others, who
had served with him faithfully and truly in
the "tented, field;" but alas! where were
others that had entered the war with him
seven years before? " Their bon99 crumbled
in the soil from Canada to Georgia. Mont
gomery had yielded np his life ,at Quebec,
VV ouster fell at Uiinbur, Woodhullwas bar
barously murdered while a prisoner at the
battle on Long Island, and Mercer fell mor
tally wounded at Princeton; the brave and
chivalric Laurens, aftr uisplaying the most
heroic courage in the tronches of York town,
died in a trill ng skirmish in South Carolina;
the brave but eccentric Lee was no longer
living, mid Putnam, like a Mpless child,
was stretched upon the bed of sickness. " In
deed, the battle-livid and time had thinned
the ranks which entered with him on the
conflict of independence. .
Whushingtun entered the room thu hour
of separation had come. As he raised his
eye and glanced on the faces of those as
sembled, a tear co'irsed down his cheek, and
Ins vjice was tremulous as he salutated them
Nor was he alone. Men, "albeit unused to
the melting mood," stood around hinVwhosu
hands uplifted to cover their brows, told that
the tears, which they in vain attempted to
conceal, bespoke the anguish they could not
. After a moment's conversation, Washing
ton called for a glass of wine. ,It was
brought to him. Turning to the officers,
ho ihuj iiddressi'd'.-them: t -
"With a heart full of love and gratitude,
I now take my final leave of you, and 1
most devmitedly wish your latter day may
be as prosperous and happy as your former
orn-s have been glorious and honorable."
lie then raised the glass to his lips, and'
added, "I cannot como to ea"h of you to
take my leave, but shall be obliged to you
if each of you will take me by the hand.
General Knox, who stood nearest, burst
into tears, and advanced, incapable of utter
ance. Washington grasped him by , the
hand, and embraced him. The officers
came up successively, and tojk an affection
ate leave. . No words Were spokin, but all
was the "silent elfganco of tearj." What
w-ire mere , words at.such a scene? Nolh-
ing. It was the feeling of the heart thrill- j
ing though unspoken.
When the last officer had embraced him, j
Washington left the roo n, followed by his
comrades, and p-issed through the lino of
light infantry. Jlis step was alow and meas
ured, his head uncovered, and tears flowing
thick and fast, as he looked from side to side
at the veterns to whom he now bade adieu
forever. Shortly an event occurred more
touching than all the rest. A gigantic soV
dier who had stood by his side at Trenton,
stepped forth from the ranks, and extended
his hand: '
"Farewell, my beloved general, farewell."
"' Washington grasped his hand, in convul
sive emotion in both of his. All discipline
was now at an end, The officers could not
restrain the men as they rushed forward to
take Washington by the hand, and the vio
lent sobs and tears of the soldiers told how
deeply engraved upon their affections was
the love of their commander. , '
' 1 At length Washington reached the barge
at Whltehill, and entered it. At the first
stroke of the oars he rose, ; and turning to
the Companions of his glory, by wa"1ug his
hat,' bade them a silent adieu. ' Their an;
swer, was (jnly iti tears; and the officers and
men; with glistening eyes, watched the re
ceding boat lill live form of their nobje com
mander was lost sight of jn the distance.
X. Y.Jou- of Com. ' ' " '.' "' "'" "t
. , Kqnsuiting a Creditor. ;
; There weg a certain lawyer on the (Jane,
a Jong tifne ago,' the only one in those "dig
gings' then, and: for aught I know" , at pres
ent. He was a man well to do in the world
and what was surprising in the limb ol , the
law,' averse' io 'encouraging 'litigation;' k
, One day a client came to him id the most
terrible rage: t v . i
, "'Look here Squire," said he, 4'that ere
blasted shoemaker r down ' Pigeon Cove,
has gone and sued ess for the rauney for; a
patrol boots L owed hum. i-- e-t
:f'HiA the boots suit you?"-.: 1 !
"Oh! yes I've got theinv on now fut rate
boots. V'-x M '.! .p v i ii'-'i''! m
. 'Fair price?"v iu'-i,i. :,; e '; : i.nma :
.i?0h jt.'t;i . na.sVHfiBif
"Then you owe. him the money: honest
lyt'.'S'fti w-toili .df'jwtjtsi etM'.. ;
f Course" n 1-!i-jw twt,vry u.J'1
i :"Well, whr don't you par him?" '.! c ii
t . Whyi .'cause the blasted snob, went and
sued si, and I want to keep him out of the
IT T I ' 13: . ' ' .. ...
money-. ii j. in....j.;.t:,-' oKn rfi '
, !j ".t will eost you something.? . :i
l'i don't keer a cuss for that. How much
money Jo you want to begirt with?"
" "llhruin ilnllnra srill An " -i -,s
, "Is that fall?, Well hero's, an X.ao: goa-
aead." and the client went out. vorv satis.
f C.d with tie beginning. ! I
History of the Bible.
- - BT'RCV. JfARCCS SMITH. ...
The first writings of which we have an ae
couut. were performed by a stylus or steel
pen, by" which letters were engraved on
hard anbstances. Writing was first made
on bark of trees, leaves and parchment, and
thin plates of bras and ' iron, ' Even the
original meaning of piper, papyrus is a
shrub of whose leaves were made cloteen,
mats, rotv's, sails and paper. The Bible
was wrUen on parchment. The parchment
was written on one side, and rolled up in
the form of a scroll. This scroll was kept
as a most choice deposit, and one portiou
after another was added by the sanction of
the Jewish Sanhedrim; who cautiously examined-
the authority and truth, of every
pretended prophet.. This accounts for the
want of order in the arrangement of books in
the Hebrew text; Chronicles, not Malaclii,
is the last book in the Hebrew Bible. The
Inspired Ezra discovered that there was an
important period in the History of the Jews
left out, and lie supplied it. But he must
add it to the scroll, without respect to the
order of time. The translators discovered
this, and wisely put it back in its proper
place. The fathers called Chronicles lie
Book of Books, the Book of things left out.
This form of the Jewish manuscripts shows
us the reason of their writings from the right
h ind to the left, or as we kliould say of
beginning it back where it should end, and
ending where it should begin. . It was more
convenient to unroll the parchment as you
read. The sacred writings used in the
synagogue, and thos'i used in private fami
lies, were not always in the same, form.
.'amities often used them in the form of
sheets. : 1 - . ' . ..
The Sameritans who separated from the
Jews in the region of Reliob.im, in A. M.
3028. had only the PentaUich the five
books of Moses. As they were seperated
from Israel, they were deprived of the wri
tings of the prophets. The Savior probably
alluded to this limited or defective volume of
theirs, when he said to the woman of Sama
ria. Ye worship for salvation is Of the
Jews--or salvation in more cleaily revealed
lo the Jews, in those books, which have been
written since ..you separated form the Jews.
The Samaritan Pentateuch, though written
in different characters, is the saiua ns that
of the Hebrews. The mode and materials
of 'he undent writings made them very
gcarco and very expensive.
' The language which God gave to Adam
in the garden was u idoubtedly Hebrew.
Though the word Hebrew was derived
from the word Heber, meaning "to pass
over," and was applied to Abraham because
he passed over the Euphrates to enter into
Canaan, yet it is prqbable that this is the
language God used with our first, parents in
thegardeu, for this is the most ancient of
languages; it is iuci rporated into almost all
Ipnguages, and from it many of them are
formed. Many of the Easlerc languages
are. decendants from the Hebrew, and, are
therefore called kindred languages, or lan
guages with a corruption of the Hebrew.
From the age of Moses to that of David, has
beeji considered the golden age of the He-,
brew language. The reign of Hezekiah,'
which admitted somet foreign words, was
the .silver nge. But the commercial and
civil intercourse of the Jews, their foreign
colonies and their. captives, corrupted their
language and created numerous idioms.
It' is probable 'that tho forms 'of the He
brew letters hive changed in many diffent
periods. , " 1
The old Testament was then writtcri in
Hebrew; the New Testament was written in
Greek., the pure and populnrjanguages of
the first c nturie8 of the Christian era.
But if the writeri were Jews, they' retained
the Hebrew style; and in some intrances
used the -Hebrew words. .It is therefore
sometimes ended the Hellenistic Greek and
sometimes called the Hebrew Greek, and it
was the Greek languare used by the Jews
and with Hebrew niiom. " . ' ,
The Greek manuscripts, like the Hebrew,
were written in dilferelit forms of letters
some uncial and some cursive soma in en
tire capitals and others in ordinary letters.
They had on chapters.' verses, stops or
marks, and no divisions to works. , I ought
hero to remark that though writers of man
uscript were very cautious and very correct
in copying, yet there are Occaoionally' mis
takes in orthography.' And 1 yet they pass
down century after century5 without essen
tial pervision while the works of the learn
ed Gieeks, after two or three-copied editions,
were pronounced 1 unworthy', of ' their au
thors, and consigned to 'oblivion. !i As was
natural and aimost inevitable',' some niftuu
scripts1 wrd! deemed more oorrect than
others, and were therefore a regarded as
standard manuscripts. This gave two' or
three great families, 6r as they dalled them,
revisions." The humbr of Greek 11 manu
scripts is abont 60t), 5 ' In looking over these
Manuscripts; we find some of them have an
affinity to each other .In the' third centu
ry there were considered tO be1 fwo families,
and subsequently there was ariother added.
The'se' recensions arc called the Alexandrine
or Egyptian; the Occidental or western re
cisiou or the one adopted by Italy, Spain,
iSto., tho Bjiantine or Oriental, because it
ait generally used at the or at Con
stantinople.' -There has been the Edessene,
or Syriac family, added. Where all these
witnessessunite, 1 the ''testimony' is of the
highest kmdfwhefe a majority agree It is
good, and wbeM ifiey diffeiv respect mttst
be had to the character Of tlw witness, and
to preference' which One may tlaim oi-er an
other. X rSEetKX'! 'y;
Wat ri&e lo See;, no -
.jj It like to see people know nor about otty
er peopla'" businesii than others, do j.them
selvesii 5ood citizens,,,,',. M.4 , s,. ,.'.'
, ,J like Jo.see peopW rtinthei heads out of
the wipdpw fa gap at.peopljpassing by.-r-0oo(
breedings :r-t. uUvrnmil iqiw i
: J like to see persons filling ay tJie path so
that i4iea M A9 walk round in, ,tbe i,
Galjantry. 0,t Vjtsnii lt.i.U diuos '
i ' And; po, on ad fatmltntu. t tw"i:iy
,fj Tho nsnwhi, Vonrriod, the. .thing , to mi
has let it drop tiThe Sheriff t; after him,;, ,
). ).''. . .! u '. 'vj1-!.: ...,: . : .
i XA boy, who was sent to inquire how
an old lady named Wilkins was in; health,
said to her servant, "Missus wants to know
how old Missur yVilkins is to-day to which
tllO latter replipd,!VtSl'-f i j't'ti .71 to-day,',
,V. .' ' ' 1' li'
, r Frora lh Washiutoa Evening Star,
I met Thee ia my early Youth.
sr . clay rstru.
I mat tha in' my" aarlv yoath, ' ' '"
Whan lif was yoang and fair.
Tba rmgis ebanast tot or rnf soul.
r . And left Uyir impress thsrt.
1 gavs to thea a hsart uns:ai.ied
With sin of aftsr years
- A heart which nevreead to love,
la suahiira or in tsars! . .
" Tho' years have passed tinea first we met, .
And youth's bright dreama art gone;
, Yol art thou now as dear lo me,
A in life's early morn!
1 XJfld the cold, unfeeling crowd,
Thine angel form 1 see;
' And in its slumb'ring reverisa, ,
My spirit turns to taec!
The spell which thon didst east upon
My spirit in its youth. , , ...
. Has proved a shield in after life, ,'
Of purity snd truth:
' The rmgiu power o'er my soul
Has shod a annoy ray , .,, .
Of love and purest sympathy,
Which ne'er can fade away!
Oh lady! tho' I dare not hopo .
To call thse ever mine
For clouds are gathe'ring o'er my path
Which no'er must darken thine '' v
Yet in th temple of my heart,
. The vsstal flarue shall glow; . ,..
Which clothed my dreams of early youth
la beauty "long ago!"'
Give ua this day our Daily Bread.
i Where, in fiction, is there anything more
Iranrru ilmn tliia fact, related in the Musi
cal vforld, by R. Storrs Willis: 1
. .... - . . - ! 1 '
' I lie tollowwg' strange inciueni nnppen-
ed while I was living in Germany. In the
neighborhood of Vienna there dwelt a young
p'-asant woman, who supported herself by
the cultivation of vegetables, which she dis
posed of in the Vienna market. She inhab
ited a small house, attached to which was
her vegetable garden, ioung as she was;
she hud been married; tut her husband had
died, leaving her a little gill, who was now
old enoug lo run about and play with the
other children in the neighborhood. The
mother still handsome, and desirous of a
second marriage, About this time, indeed,
there was . visiting her a young man for
whom she had conceived an affection, a
proposition of marriage she wis now begin
ing immediately to await. But no proposir
lion ' was made-; A ;darK tnougsii nnatiy
crossed the young woman's mind that there
must be some obstacle in tho way, ana mat
this obstacle was, in all piObability, the child.
An unnatural struggle ot jealousy tools place,
which resulted in a fearful determination
she would make away with the child! Be
neath her house was a deep cellar, where
she occasionally stored her vegetables.
raking her child by the hand one flay, sue
led idown stairs, and, thrusting H inside,
closed the door, .lookeil it, and hurried up
stairs. ...j, . , . .
The 'same evening' her lover came, they
sat chatting together, but no mention was
mndot the little absentee;. 1 lie next, clav,
alter a desertion of twenty-four hours, the
mother went softly down and listened at
the door.. - The quick ear Of the child
caught her mother's step, and she implored
her to take her out of that dark place she
was so cold and very hungry. No answer
was returned, and the mother crept quietly
up stairs. ' In the evening the lover came
a.'Hin. Tliey: toon supper logemor, , anu
passed a social evening. After the second
twenty-four hours had passed, the mother
made another visit to the child. ' Again the
little sufferer heard her, and with feeble
Voice begged for a crust of bread only one
crust of bread. This pulled a. little upon
the Mother's heart, but her- purpose wa3
fixed. Another day passed. The mother
went quietly down stairs and listened,. All
waa silent. She opened softly the door
the "child lay dead. Taking swiftly the
body up stairs, she laid it upon , the bed;
and immediately making a great outcry,
called the neighbors together, telling them
that her child had suddenly died. And so
' The day r.fter thera was a funeral. ' The
child was laying in its coffin, bestrewed
with flowers broultt by the little playmates
in the neighborhood, who had come to at
tend the funeral of their lost favorite. The
procession moved towards the quiet Got
tesacker. (God's arc,) whale was to be
placed that little seed of an immortal flower.
A clergyman was in attendance. The moth
er stood looking down upon the grave, over
which the holy man was repeating, with
solemn voiced "Hur Father who art in
Heaven' hallowed be thy name; thy king
dom come; thy will be done ort rarth as it
is in Heaven., Give us this day our daily
bread" -- . A piercing shriek,' and
the mother fell with a groan to the earth M
Looking wildly around her; she then 'in
gibbering accents, repeated to the shudder
ing throng At the grave the Very deed her
own hands had committed.- She lived :not
long after- Crazed and smitten by the
Hand of God, she miserably died--a sigual
instance of retribution, and a startling les
son upon the words; "Give us this day 6ur
daily bread." y,'i'";nl"1;. 7
' Do it with AIM hy Might. :- "
"That which thoU hast to do. do" it with
f idf'.tliy hlight',' tald clergy maq to his "son
1 ' "So l did this' morni'n'i." ' replied ' Bill.
with anenthiisiastic gleam in' his eye.'J"!
"..Ah! wlmt was it, my darling," and the
father's hiind ran" through, his clffpriiig
curk""V'V:;('"1 'l: ' -:-
"Why, I walloped' Jnicg Edwards "till'' he
yelled like thunderf ydd'" should have just
heard him holler, dad.", -, ' "
' ;' "Dad" looked utifiappy, ,w WTeTie1 explain
ed that the 'prece'p'did' notiniply a 'ckse like
that,'arid coHtf uded;mll.dl wtth-f' v;, , !
"You should not fiave JUbiie that, 'my
child." f'kit:f ;
."Thcn'Vei( 491vAtlopett''fne;,, letorted
' x ,it.A fe'-vH ;
5 , vBotteriffexpTte4' hlsiiren'.'.iCbsyou
td nave fleil from he wrath to come." "
; "Ves. hut" argued 'Bill? by way of a
filial clincher "Jack can run twice as fast
as I can." .t-w-Iu w-''1 -!
.The good man sighed, went tq his study,
took up a pen,' aW endeavored tq, compoje
himselt and a 8crmoivirecoiftcili6tf 'Practice
with Precept. ' ' '".'"' , ' V;
PROCEEDINGS IN C0XGSE3S.
- aUPORTKD Br TSLEORAPII.
Wasiiikotok, December 19.
Sehati. Mr. Clay presented the creden
tials of Mr. Fitipatnrk, SrBt.loreh.-ct from
Alabama in place of Mr. King.
Mr. Morris pronounced obituary on the
death of his colleague. Senator Atherton,
and offered the customary resolutions. He
was followed bv Hunter and Vjllinms after
which the Semite adjourrwd
Housk. Mr. Ucnton roue to a' privileged :
question, announcea mat Jose Manuel uai
leos, delegate from New Mexico was pres
ent to take the eus'.omary oath.
Mr. Richardson called, for the reading of
the commission, and Mr. Gallegos was then
Mr. Richardson 'presented the evidence
and the poll book of New Mexico relating to
the contested election case.
Mr. Houston, from the Commitee on
Ways and Means, reported a bill making
appropriations for the year ending June
1855; also, a deficiency bill, and a bill ma
king appropriation for the payment of inval
ids and other pensioners. Inferred to the
Committee of the Whole. .
- A resolution was received from the Sen
ate announcing tbe death of Senator Ather
ton. After obituaries, delivered by Messrs.
Hubbard and Orr, the Ilou-e adjourned.
' Wa9IHS0toi, December 20.
Sekatb. Mr. Shields gave notice of a
joint resolution authorizing the president to
confer the rank of Lieutenant General
Brovet, for eminent services.
Mr. Sewaid presented a remonstrance of
the citizeus of Rochester against au inter
national copy right law; also petitions from
New York in favor of the construction of
a sliip canal around the falls of Niagara. ''
Mr. Weller presented a memorial from
army pffisers on the frontiers, asking for an
increase of pay. Mr. Weller said that Co
lonels on the frontiers did not receive pay
equal to brick-layers in S:in Francisco, nor
did captains receive as much as hod car
riers, and he was sure scavengere in San
Francisco received higher compensation
than Lieutenants in the army.
Mr. 1' oote gave notice of a Bill granting
land for the support of indigent insano per
sons. . ; '' ' ' '
Mr. Hamlin introduced a bill to satisfy the
trench spoliation claims; wlu:h was re: er
red to Committee on Foreign Relations.
Mr. Hunter introduced a bill to extend
the warehousing system by establishing
private bonded warehouses.
, Mr. Seward ofif red a resolution directing
inquiry whether any legislation is necessary
to secure the rights of citizenship te children
of American citizens born in foreign coun
tries. Liid over. ' ; ti
. . Mr. Johnson introduced two bills gran
ting lands to Arkansas for Railtoad pur
Mr. Chase offered a resolution that all
sessions of the Senate be in public. '
Mr. iMtzpatrick presented the memorials
of the Alabama and Mississippi Railroads
paying credit' for duties on railroad iron,;
Air. hverett offered a resolution direct
ing inquiry as to what legislation is neces
sory to pretect children of American citi
zens born in foreign countries.
The Chair' said the Senator from New
York had offered a simi ar resolution. Mr.
Everett's resolution was Liid over, and Mr.
Seward. taken up and adopted.
' Mr. Summer offered a resolution,1 which
waa agreed lo', as to the expediency of a
reduction of ocean postage.; . ,
Mr. fee ward ottered a resolution calling
for the ' correspondence with the Govern
ment of the Sandwich'" Islands. -Agreed
tO ' ,..'. .;:., : .,.
The resolution offered by Mr. Chase seme
time f-go, directing inquiry by the commit
tee on roads and canals as tc the expedien
cy of constructing a railroad from the Wes
tern states to the 1 actnc was taken up.
Mr. Gwinn opposed the reference of the
suhj .act to that committee, and moved the
postponement of the resolution. ' Agreed to
yeas 23, noes not counted. ,
Mr. Gwinn mo7ed to go into an executive
session, during which a message was receiv
ed from the President transmitting certain
documents, in answer to a resolution of the
Senate of April last, requesting information
in relation lo certain transactions botween
Capt. ilollins of the Cyane and the authori
ties of San Juan de Nicaragua; also certain
correspondence touching the claia of the
brig Gen. Armstrong; both unimportant,
ordered o be printed and referred. -The
doors was then opened and then the Senate
: Housk. Mr.- Bocock, from the commit
tee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill author-,
izingthe construction of six first-class stettm
frigates, appropriating $3,000,000, anrj the
vessels to be built by contract or at the
Unittd States Navy Yards, 6 the Secreta
ry of the Nvy may elect; referred to the
committee of the whole. '
' The House then resumed the reconsider
ation 'Of Mr.s Sage's ' resolution authorizing
the Secretary ol the Interior to purchase M
Vernon. ! ' -yx
Mr. Kfiyly called for the yeas and noes
on laying the resqlutioh on the table. ;.:
' Mr. Clinglmm asked ' the gentleman to
withdraw his motion; and let the resolution
go to aome eommit'ee.; '; :! . '';
Mrf Bayly No; I want to kill the thing
in the most emphfttio wayi ' a ;...-m ''
; The resolntion was aid on the table by
vote -of- 68 Ml 68. .""! i'i t '
Mr.-Deah Offered resolution, of which
he had givetf nqtiee,- presenting a sword
and thanks to Capt. Ingrahara; referred to
committee on Foreign Relations.
Mr. Clin'gman, in piirstiarice' of previous
notion introduced a bill granting credit to
imports on railroad iron, and -advocated the
meosure at some length; , . , ; n ,.
, s Mr. Shelton opposed, the measure,
' Mr. Jbiies moved 'to lay' the bill on the
table, ,being, as he said,' opposed to the
crrjit eyaWni lo4lr -i-' trKK I
!i Mr.', Cobb proposed- an araendinent. that
in 11 cases: of xteqsiqn xfdutiejpC per
oent.. interest shall! be paid'. , ' . :
Mr. Jones of Tennesstc moved to 'lay i.he
billatid amendrhenVon the (able.TX-wt-
ayes 8G noes 95. and the hill was th en ri
terred td tho odmmillee of the whojo qq the
itatcof.the Union. 5 it. J-i f 5t;eer vKiT !
. 'I'Jio House went into committee of the
whole M(. Smith took tho floor and com.
menced speaking in. reference to the Koszta
J affair, and aftef expressing, his. approval of
considered somewhat hypocritical, whea the
fart was taken into' consideration that the
United State waa the oppressor of millions
of her citizens, the slaves. - The same di
vine poecept quoted, by Mr. Marcy, "do un-
w o ner, as we wou.u nave oilier, no unio ,
. . - - t i .i j
nm " wnl.l - - .1 A'.A ...,;r. -. .... II . ,1 a
us," would and did justifv equally ll r
cue of ijliadrach at Boston, Jerry at Syra
cuse, the blood spilling at Charleston, and
the immediate freedom of every slave in the
land. Mr. Si proceeded at some length to
speak against the evil of SI a, try
Mr. l'crston replied to Mr. S. defending
the slavvhulder and Mr. Marcy's letter.
Mr. Olds got the fluor when the House
adjourned. . .
Sknati. Mr. Gwinn, from Naval Com-
milti-. nrspnLpd n. rpnitrt in fvi,r nf Kni1,l.
- 1 -"1 -.
ing 6 first class sienm frigates.
Air. Hunter, from finance Committee, re-
ported back bill to extend tne warehmving ,
system by establishing private bonded ware-;
Mr. Morris reported back a bill to surpress
the circulation of paper tnoney under $5,
in the district of Columbia. Tin bill was
postponed until the 22nd. - -
The French spoliation bill was referred
to a select committee composed of Hamlin,
Thompson, Dawson, Pearee and Johnston.
Mr. Foote introduced a bill granting land
to indigent Indians. ' .
Mr. Chase mtradced a bill dividing Ohio
into two judicial districts.
Mr. Benjamin reported .a bill to extend
the limits if the port of New Orleans. ...
Mr. Seward submitted a reolutton, which
was agreed to, directing the Judiciary com-mittee-to
enquire - whether, consistent with
the constitution, provisions can be made for
referring causes,. inst'euted according to the
course of common law, to referees, and
whether such a provision would be expedi
ent. Adjourned. ' : . j , '
Housk. Phillips offered a resolution in
structing Commitie on Commerce to inquire
into the propriety of continuing and com
pleting such of the river and harbor im
provements as were appropriated for at the
last session; which in the opinion of the
Committee are within the constitutional
power of the government, and report by bill
and otherwise. Motion tc lay on the table,
lost. ' Yeas 55, Nays 112.
The resolution was then passed. ' Yeas
111. Nays 54.. . t
. Mr., Dean replied to, the speech of Gerrit
Smith, on the Koazta nffitir., He defended
the consistency of this government, and
spoke of the despotic character the Austrian
nation. He said this government was not
pledge 1 to the slave or any power. Slavery
is a Iqcal and municipal institution, with
which Congress lias nothing to do; so that
the declaration of Mr. Smith that this gov
ernment is a guiltieroppiessor than Austria,
was neiilierjust nor true.
Mr. Giddins replied briefly defending
After further debate the committee roje,
and the House adjourned. ' " " :
'' J ,f. -
Startling De velopements A Wife
. of three Husbands. r !
One of the most extraordinary cases that
it ever befell 'Squire Parsons to investigate
came under his notice this morning- It.
was as follows: Mrs Gertrude Koliier, a
lady of 'German extraction, was charged
with making a small arithmetical mistake
by retaining two husbands nioro than the
regular and legal allowance. Mrs. Kqhler
was married to Christopher Pheltz,' in " Es
perance, Schoharie, County some five rears
ago, she removed to Schoharie Court House,
forgetting to take her husband among her
other baggage, and in a very short time
she contrbuted a matrimonial alliance witha
man named Michael Gephard.- 'Oncemore
remove," as Hamlet says and we find her
in this city Messrs, Pheltz and Gephard a
bantoned and forgotten, and the capricious
lady in matrimonial copartnership, with Ja
cob Kohler. We have it on philospphical
authority, that "three removes are as bad as
a tire," and so they are undoubtedly, if an
additional husband is taken wi;h" every
change of locality! Pheltz went to Scho
harie C. II. in search of his lovely . absentee:
there he met with Geopard husband No. 2,
and after some talk together, both .gentle
man agreed to pursue her to this city, where
they ascertained her present place of resi
dent to be, and they proposed to delay the
settlement of their respective claims until
they had found her.
She was found in the 'possession of Mr.
J.'Kohleni, a working Deuteher in the profes
sional calling of bone and rug picket, and
the-tl'iee gentlemen instead , ot engaging
iu a nonsensical quarrel awut toe , ;oniesi
ted property, agreed to play a three hand
ed game of "seven up," ' to decide who
was the husband dt facto the beer to be
paid for by an equal contribution of the
three ckimants. Pheltz husband No. 1
won the game in two hands,, and was about
to take possession ot the stakes, but Uor
trude flatly refused lo abide by the decision
of the cards, expressing an unqu-.lilied pre
ference for the third , and last No. 'of tLe
matrimonial series, , P) ekz.Jthertfora, had
resource to anothurgarae of cliance, videlicet
the law, and Gertrude was brought up to !
nr thri nomnlaint of her Mone sus.
When asked what had Induoed hr to leave
her first two husbands, she answered that
hey were 'nichts goot," and that Mr. Roll
lers wa's worth "about six hundret of 'such
tirty rascals. 5 I try dein all, said she,0 and
beatest; and if he not goot, tries blrnty
more, till I fiinds a Dutchm&d dat uits jest
right." , ,. . :, ,j l , -
It was imposible to make her under
stand that this kind oj experimenting wa
nrt altogether correct, and she was commit
ted fori "bigamy." (as the lafw miscalls her
of&ence) evidently , considering herself a
much injured and persecuted woman. She
was taken out of the po'rce ; Offico by officer
Brainud, folWed by theMtri,;who all et .
pressed themselves Satisfied With the adjust
ment ot the e4et their, Ueyi0rjt for the wo
man eked .uV in. wonderfu sumrnary
manner. ThaJfastwe saw of thera, was' the
windutir way tq the iMaidon Jaop inil,- and
,tlw trio arm . walking diwn South '.Vtf
,;.:'.. :,b; v. .... ' r ' j. - ' ';' ' 1 ' ' .
3jrThcre was never any prtrtyC faction,
sect, or cabal, whatever,- ia ubich thfl - Ig
norant were not the moit iynlettt; for a bee
is not a busier: animal " thatf alofl"!
.: . -"-Consequential. ' "
A Yanke was traveling laat sumnirr' hi"
the ni: way train from Liverpool lo Lou, Ion.
Twe Englishmen occupied seals ill his im
mediate vicinity " One by his side, the o h-
er 1'iVo n' of of tlie latter, and both betweeit
i ms vi vi mo iiinvi,"ii
, . . . . wh,ch , tb.
j day beipg remarkably fine. ,
. ' . A
lhey were evidently Urumngera J U tr-.
minghani) bagmen, as commercial traveN"
ers in England are called; and were as un
social as bears, and as uncommunicative
as black mill-stones. Our Yankee friend, (
After several fruitless effoits to "bring them
out," drew a large oblong chunck of Left-,
wicli's best Virginia tobacco fri m his pocket,,
and cutting off with a formidable Arkansas'
tooth-pick a liberal, slice of it, he, with an
airofrougn cordiality, presented it first to''
i the one and then the other.- The onlf re
ply he got from. either was a gruff gutted
"No," and a scowl of 'dujileasure, which,
erD; for Le ,t0W(.d ,way pm rejected quid
Lj , hM aw anj CoWIenced to.
masticulate it as one who cou!J iippreciale
Finding his mouth fast filling with snlkra,
and desiring to spit out of the carriage wh-t
out any violent exercise of the hydraulm
1 glands of bis lips, he iwlitWy i.ked his tw
iciiow-travelers, in "uccession, u mey nuuiu
exchange places with him and permit him
to take a seat liexl the n luduti. ..Another
gruff negative shake of the heal Was thu
only reply. k, . . aJ
Nothing disconcerted, the Yanker. gathr,
ering the volume of liquid i his mutiih, and
strelchiug his neck, let fly 'die saliva pvet
the hat ot one of them aud out of the win-
dcwI ..... . .. '
His torpid neighbor, no wt for the first
time, showed signs of animation; for he jump
ed in his seat as if he were uperule'd on by
a galvanic battery, and taking off, his hat
hurriedly, and looking over his ,. clothes,
as well as he cduU in the sanut manner,
to see if. either were discoiorisd ir befouled,
he agaiii thrust on his hat and gave a most,
reproachful look alius dowu east ounwynoi
da voyage, which very plainly "damned hi
eyes" mentally, though not audibly Ha
might as well not,, however, for the Yankee;
paid not the slightest attention to him, bu
kept his eyes on Muriay'e Guide Book,, with
the open blade of bis. Arkansas tooth-pick,
under the line which engaged his inimedi
ate study. ,t-,, . ... ,.f . ..,
. After some time another discharge flcw
from his well-compressed lips over the head ;
of tJia Englishman, who. sat in an oblique,
direction from him! - .i
Flesh and blood English flesh and blood
could stand it no longer, and both exclaim-
ed; as if they had studied together at re
hearsal,'; ' ' '. ,.' .',!. - ii' i
"Why! what in 'tU do you mean, sir? whe-i
thrr do you contemplate drowning us or
poissoning us with your, blasted tobacco
juice, bo elp us Uo.l, UotU still speakings
we ll have you arrested wheimve go to iour
don, for placing in jeojpardy , the lives of,
two of the liege subjects o( her majesty the
queen! Why, you must be one of the Cape-
of-Good,-IIope kaflers, or a savage f.-om thq.
babkwoods v Amsrica, You're see a .'
and nere they simultaneously starlea to
leav3 their , seats ..and soak less dangerous,
quarters. ,,, . . . , , , .'.
''liook here, gentlemen," said the Yanj
kee, coolly, as they rose to go '.'don't .be,
on-easy there aint ho use in mussin'. -
Keep your seals, I tell yoo I can shoot clenh
over you every lick, without adrop tuching.
Now, you see if I don't?' 0 .'.7 .
... Trie Yankee was preparing for another
exhibition of bis spitting power but the, ,
Englishmen, not desirous of submitting tc
another experiment, incontinently Jeft, N
one went between the Yauket wid the win
dow from that lime,,,till, tlfars-. reachedj
London. .,..,.!.,,, ;.v,
The Yankee, since",ho isU that he, spitleij
is way to the best seat Jn the tra ito. Vf i i
A YotirigXady Barned t6 deatti
The editors, of the,, M. id Anthony,-at
Greneville, give the particulars of a terri
ble tragady in that place, en Saturday c yenij
ing,, resulting in the death of Miss Sarah
Hector, a talented and bigh'jr respectable
young hdy, who was Engaged in teacltnjj
a select school. She had been' hording for .
some time at the Buckeye ' Hotel. ' R'seemsr
that she was subject to 'severe' attack . 'Of
headache; 'for 'which' she was in' the 'habit
of nsing chlorofoim." Upori the'fatjal everi?
ing she is supposed to bare taken ah 'over1
quantity, and sitting before the' parlor fire
under its effects, she fell forward, ihe sleeves
and bosom of her dress instantly cathhing
the blaze. Tie fall aroused her, snd s'lie
screamed for help, . A young mtf belohg"
irig to the. house new to her assistance, led
her into the hall, and ran for water. Whili
he was absent she rushed sereaming into Ihi ,
backyard, her entile person being envel
oped in flames. By -this time the whOlu,
neighborhood was aroused, and the portioni
of her burning clothes were lorn from hr-r.
She was carried in u fainting condition tuhvr
room, nnd divested of the rewnant of bcr
apparel, !o which' portion ol' the skin anil
tlcsli adheared. , . Upon cx.iminaiion she was
found to be terribly bur..t)-L with 'the -ex
-t l e. r:. I
"r, - - -
uulil towards midnight, when she bocawe
veiy cany, reinainingin thU.nt t until nboujL
seven o'clock on .-buivday uiiorijing,. ,ht
she expired. The deceased was, i yonaj
).idy vlgooj scholarship aud tine intellect.-.,
Qraoe Obvoe Hgxiirji.--A firm at pay-toii,-adv'eri,UestIiHjl
tlw-y will undertake the
husinessof mukiftg osjigefwiitige hedges hV
contract. Ur.ivurdery of the Western Hor-
ticukaral Wvttjwvwho is u Btrong friend of
this kind, ot fenc.ng, think?. this' will be art
rulihirable'plaii furalj tho,-e who do Botcalo
tq learn th art and roystry of hedin an.il
there h no dotioj it, can he done'. better .'and
cheaper, by .those" who 'hnsith"iilaQls (mil
the appliances, as well aa vthft knowledge
anifexperienca essential in succe tUa.n br
the novice wlwJ'V Jl o, loam',' , Oik, the
oie hvJ. Tojr nwlera) charge,! a, be,autj,
ful, permanitiit, anoT juvtpasible j'ence Is pro
ducdwhich is an invliabltvnvquisitU)u to
Lany farn vhilp. onthe'thei, the risk f
incurre(tliiat,lor;wHn pi. ijooit mahage;
niftt, the enterprise, will- result, in A failure.
. To railroad compar.ieV ibfj plant 's par
ticularly eommendud,- as it is . tvcry desirs.
blc llietr'hihwsys Klioutd he poi fectly pr
lectc 1'iom intrti'iun " ' .'.t
' ' -V
.1 Wr" S'U
', VP., f ,.
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