fCliUSHEP EVEKY UOKNIMQEXUKfX
A )N AND COMMENCE STliKETS.
U, GLENNAN, Owner.
Enten J ?? **coml-cl?m wall matter.
! Our oyster business amounted iu
1S94 -to 82,000,000, nud tisb oud
game $1,000,000, a very Cue thuw
The estimate of tho tobacco und
cigar business of Norfolk duringStho
year is ?1,300,000, liquors, not malt,
82,500,000;Wewers' agents, 8250.000
Tho furniture business of tho city
is put dowu at $600,000, JSooks,
stationery and music at $280,000,
and jewelry, watches and.clocks at
Norfolk's drug, point and oil trade
last year amouuted to ?800,000.
Brick and stone workB $750,000, aud
ship chandlery railroad and steam?
boat supplies 9525,000.
In crockery and china ware
Norfolk trau?ncts a business of
8350,000, and iu stoves aud tinware
8500,000, wbilo in hardware its busi?
ness reached $750,000 last year.
Norfolk is a 6weot city. The
confectionery busiuos.s alone
amounts to $600,000. It is growing
sweotcr, The bakery business reach
ed 8^50,000, aud tho fruit business
8350,000. Excellent showing of our
The grain trade of Norfolk lust
year reached 83,000,000; Hour and
meal, etc, $1,435,000, and peanuts,
SI,080,000. Iu tho latter Norfolk
holds;her owu as tho greatest mar
ket in Amerioa. In tho other linos
eho proposes to climb,up and climb
As a live stock and horse market
Norfolk is rapidly advancing. Tho
business in livo Block last year
amounted to 8810,000, and iu horses
and mules to 81,000,000, a total of
SI,810,000. In 18S-1 tho business in
both these Hues only reached $100,
000, and this was considered a full
The dry goods trade of Norfolk
last year is estimated at 83,000,000;
boots aud shoes,at 81,500,000; cloth?
ing, at $l,500,000,aud hats and caps,
at 8350,000. There isja groat opou
ing in Norfolk for largo wholosalo
houses of this chnracter, nud it is
gratifying to learu that efforts to
secure the same will be pushed dur?
ing tho coming year.
The volume of tbe business of
manufactured knitting goods was
$1,000,000; barrels und cooperage,
$1,000,000; agricultural implements,
$450,000; building material, $1,500,
000; fertilizers, 82,000,000; carriages,
wagons and harness, 8350,000; foun?
dries and iron works, 8300,000;
oreosotiug works, $125,000, an ag?
gregate in these linos of trade of
The ootton business of Norfolk
for 1891 amounted to $14,833,
354; its grocery business to
$14,000,000; its lumber busi?
ness to S12,000,000; its cool
$G,600.000,and;its truck to$6,200,000.
Here are only live blanches of trade
in our city thnt aggregate a money
value of 853,033.345, while the en?
tire bueiuess of Norfolk in 1SS0
only reached 838,200.430, and this
was thought to an immonsebe
THE veit.il Ma vs riUDE HE
VI KU Ot 1S91.
The work of compilation of the
trade of Norfolk for the year 1894, !
as presented in the columns of The
Virginian to day, speaks for itself.
The showing is ono that is most
gratifying to every well wisher of
our city, and the results that must
follow as they affect the future
growth and development of Norfolk
and this port, cannot be doubted or
questioned. A business of $91,
198,348.00 is a remarkable exhibit
in a year of general and widespread
depression, and compared with the
Buu-.wug of 1884, ten years ago, when
it summed up 848.007,500. it is a
source of sincere and pleasurable
It is with this spirit that The
Virginian viewo it. In its eventful
history of nearly thirty years of
publication one of its principal aims
has beon tho betterment aud devel?
opment of Norfolk aud this section.
It has never tired in this laudable
work. Early and late, in season
and oat of season, dnring all these ,
years, it has struggled unfalteringly
to attract attcutiou to tbe greut nat?
ural advantages with which we were
surrouuded and to prouioto activity
I and effort on t ho part of oar people j
to utilizo these advantages with a
pride that was ub patnotio as it was ^
generous and a faith that was
deep und broad aud unwavering. '
Thoroughly alive to the great im- ]
portance of making known tbo bnsi- ?
ucss of Norfolk to the country at J
large, Tun Viboinian iu Ootober
ISM), inndo tbo first'systematic and
nearly uecurato trade compilation.
It was a revelation. It presented a
business showiug of 833,200,436. It i
attracted favorable commout on the
part of the presB of tho country, and
it was not long before the benefits
of the publication were recognized.
At that tune the population of Nor?
folk was about 22,000. In 1883, Tai:
VlBGlNIAN's trade issue prosouted
the trado of Norfolk at $50,011,056?
un increase of nearly $17,000,000 in
three years. The exhibit of business
in 1S84 summed up Sl?.007,500?a
fulling oil from the previous year,
owing alouo to the decrease in tbe
amount of cotton bandied, it being
lessened at every cotton port of the
country. There was, however, au
uctuul increase of nearly twenty five
per cent, iu the aggregate of tbe
other branches of trade.
This showing continued to attract
attoutiou throughout the country aud
caused settlers from other sections to
seek Norfolk as their placu of abode,
aud this attructiou was greatly en
hauoed by the euccessfnl eQort of
Tue Vina ini an to secure from the
goverumout of the United Htatos.tbo
erection of a monument ou the field
of Yorktown, commemorating the
crowning event of the Revolution?
the surrender of Coruwallia?and
ulso the celebration of tbo ceutoumul
of tbo ullair. Thousands visited Nor?
folk on this occasion, and many took
their residenco in our midst from
that time, and thousands havo come
among us since.
Norfolk's population to day may
justly be estimated at 50,000 witb
an adjacent populutiou of nearly
50,000 more. Tbo great purpose
now is,to concontrato this total pop?
ulation and territory under ouo
municipality of a *'A GREATER
NORFOLK." Tbo reasons for this
are not only expressed in the show?
ing which Tue Viboinian furnishes
iu this issue, but is conspicuously
set forth in tbo letters of the distin?
guished southern editors who re?
cently visited our port, and especial?
ly so in tbo clear, forciblo und con
vuicing views of lion, Clark
Howell, editor of the Atlanta
Constitution. In his letter the
key note of the situation is sound?
ed with romarkublo foresight.
" THE GREATER NORFOLK"
is only a question of time, and
why should not the live, active
business men of our rtspectivo
commnnities take the matter iu
baud, and accomplish a result that
will bo recognized as ouo of the
greatest events in tbo history of the
country, securing to tbo riouth a
commercial metropolis, which in
not many years to come, will bo
surpassed but by few cities in the
country in population, wealth and
To tbo realization of "THE
GREATER NORFOLK" The Vib
a IN IAN dedicates its issuo of to day.
THE V I ICti I NIAN'V ?JlltfJfJL, \
Through the many pageB of this
issuo of The Viboinian ovidonco
has been presented and proof fur?
nished of tbo reniurkoble growth
and development of Norfolk, It
will therefore be pardoned if it
presents another and strong proof
of this growth aud development,
personal to itsolf, and that is
its 6teady and remarkable in?
crease in circulation. Siuco 1881
The Viboinian has beeu keeping
a most systematic record of its cir?
culation. Its books are always open
to the inspection of the advertiser,
and tbo bgurcB presented below for
1881 to December 20, 1801 are the
actual and accurate records of its
circulation during the periods men?
No. Printe?! Daily Av'gft
1SSI. 784,139 2?il
1SS5. sis. :u 'i.Tti
1S-S<1. 851,522 it,J4'4
1.387. 965,5 .1 a im
1SSS. 1,082,109 8,601
1S??. I,269,til(l 4 utMi
ISVU. 1,3M I.t2 4'::..
1891. 1.(110,011 My;
1892. 1,659,983 E
IS'.'3. 1,766,770 11 1
lsi*i. l,ui.5,aoi o.aa.-,
The showing demonstrates a per?
centage of increase iu ten years of
148 per cent. The following is tbo
sworn statement of the business
STATE OK VrBOINU, CITY Ol1 NORFOLK, DS.l
I, It. E. Turner, bnsinoss man?
ager of The NobpoiiK Viboinian, do
solemnly swear that the above etat?
moot is true, to the best of my
knowledge aud belief und in accord?
ance with The Virginian's circula?
tion books, whiob aro open for tho
inspection of advertisers.
11. E. Turner,
Subsoribod to and sworn to be?
fore me this 2(Jth day of Deceoi bor,
1894. H, L. Myers, N. P.
There cannot bo a stronger evi
douco of the growth of this city. As J
shown, the total circulation of
Tim Virginian iu 1881 was 781,139,
or a daily averago of 2,521 copies.
This was looked upon as a very ex?
cellent exhibit. Hut compuro it
with the showing of 1891?a total
issue of 1,945,364, or a daily average
of (3,255 copies.
The daily average of laotjyear as
compared to the issue of 1893 ex?
hibited an avorago daily increase of
125 copies. The Virginian can but
expross its gratification at this
steady showing of growth, iudica
tiug not only tho growth ot Nor?
folk, but tho assurauce of the con?
tinued confidence and support
of tho good puoplo of Norfolk and
vioinity, It shall ever soek to retain
NOICFOI.K'? POSTAL It i A' KIP l?S
Tho increase iu the postal receipts
of Norfolk is ono of the best proofs
our city's growth and development,
The detailed figures of tho reoeipts
aro givou iu another column, From
them it will bo soeu that in 18S0 the
postnl receipts for the fiscal year
ending June 3d, 18S0, whou
letter postage was 8 cents,
amounted to 885,851.41, and that
during tho yoar just closed, 189-1,
tho receipts on tho letter postage
at 2 cents reached 883,809.46, an
increase of 847,458.05. Tho mere
statement of these fuots is of itself
sufficient proof to show tho wondor
ful development of Norfolk during
tho past fourteen years.
LErTEK? OF iui- NOtirHEHN
The lottors of the editors of rep?
resentative aud influential papers in
tho South, who recently visited Nor
folk during tho session of tho an
! uual meeting of tho Southern Asso
ciuted Press, wiil command a gene?
ral reading. The writers present
their impression of Norfolk and it
is a most favorable one, Thoy aro
all advocates of THE GREATER
NORFOLK, and their view9 on this
subject aro valuable, They are all
friends of Norfolk, who rojoico at
hor advancement and who will al?
ways bo ready to contribute their
assistance to its growth and pros?
It 13Ad ESTATE TIS AICSAO 1'IONS
During tho past five years tho
transactions in real estate in Norfolk
aud vicinity, as will be soou from
tho dotailod statement in another
column, reached the great sum of
$23,584,948. These ligurcs speak
for themselves. The t-alos iu Nor?
folk reached $10,920,494; in Ports?
mouth, $2,184,238, aud iu Norfolk
county, $10,180,199. It is doubtful
if uuy other city iu the South can
present such a Bhowing.
Tho number of buildings erected
iu Norfolk during tho past year
amounted to 2.153, valued at 8V
011,508, or nearly Five Millions of
Dollars. During the year just olos
od 448 buildings wero orooted, with
a valuo of 8951,858. This was the
largest showing of building im
provemeuts in Norfolk iu its history,
it is an exhibit of growth, steady
ii. hu m u Building .tlaicrlal*
It is well within the memory of
many persons when metal as a
building material was praotically
unknown. But within a few years
building has been utmost revolu?
tionized by the uso ot metal iu
various forms and for various pur?
poses. Irou beams, columns, gir?
ders, rafters ami window saslies
have come into use, uud now we are
to have as a regular addition to our
list a great variety of btamped out
These have heretofore beeu mado
mostly out of galvauized irou or
some composition of the spelter sort,
or, iu fine and high priced work,
bronze has beeu employed. Steel
is, however, found to answer all de
mauds far better thau any other
metal used for this purpose. Door
and window casings will bo mode of
metal, und, indeed, almost all parts
of u house may bo constructed of
somothing besides wood.
||With paper-pulp doors and floors,
metal frames and finish, slate or tin
roofs, ami Portland cement or con?
creto walls, our houses may iu time
come to bo actually fireproof, as
they have for a long tinio unjustly
claimed to be.
Budapest'? i ndorg-rouiid ltoad<
The olectrio underground railway
at Budapest wilt-bo two miles long.
Tho line is to beoompleted by April
1, 18U?. *
THE GREATER NORFOLK.
What the Elditors of the South Say on
SHE SHOULD PHVE P PILUBI
Ol Population, and United Effort
win Hasten Sued a Result.
THE OPINIONS OF
J. H. HEPJIPHILL,
Charleston News and Courier.
J. H. ESTELL,
C. O'B. COWARDIN,
ADOLPH S. OCHS,
W. H. BERNARD,
Wilmington, N. C, Star.
J, H. STOCKTON,
J. S. VAN WINKLE,
On the occasion of the annual
meeting of the stockholders of the
.Southern Associated Press, in this
cititflaet November, the most promi?
nent editors and owners of news
papers in the lending Southern cities
were in attendance, aud during their
stay in Norfolk thoy were greatly
impressed witb its importance as a
commercial city and port. The
greater number bad never visited
the city before and were astonished
at all the evidences of growth aud
prosperity, of lifo and activity thoy
witnessed on every hand. Thoy
were surprised that it was so large
and so progressive a place. When
they visitod our great piers aud
ducks and wharves, our groat ware?
houses and railroad depots; when
thoy saw tho wonderful harbor and
the great number of steamships,
steamboats, and innumerable sailing
crafts; when they rode over tho city
from sectiou to section und formed
gotBomu idea of itsextent.wben they
viewed cities and towns on both
sides of tho Eli/.abotb, with the
smoke frotu hundreds of stacks, the
great lumber mills, coltou com?
presses, coal yards and piers, peanut
factories, oyster establishments and
all tho other evidences of progress
and thrift and growth, they did not
hesitate to express their surprise and
gratification ami attest their opin?
ion that Norfolk was a great city
and bud a great futuro before her,
with the promise of becoming the
metropolis of tbe South iu
1 population, trade und commerce.
With one accord they urged tbe im?
portance of a consolidation of tho
cities and towns on both aides of the
Elizabeth, to form tho Greater Nor?
folk, a consummation which they
predicted would give wonderful im?
petus to the unquestioned suprein
acy of Norfolk as the metropolis of
In response to tho request of the
Editor of The Virginian, the letters
following were written. They will bo
read with interest, containing as
thoy do, most valuable sucgesiions
as to tho measures necessary to pro?
mote our city's advancement ami
greatness. The vis't of theso dis?
tinguished gentlemen cau well bo
considered an epoch in the history
of Norfolk. Our city has secured
in them warm, generous friends,
who will iu the columns of their
journals novor fail to assist iu every
way Norfolk's growth and pros?
Mr. Clark Howell, of the Atlanta
The Constitution, I
Atlanta, Qa., December 17, '91. i
.1/, Oiennan, Esg,, Editor of The
You wish mo to write something
about Norfolk, All right, ltisuot'
only mi easy subject on which to
write, but an unusually agreeable
subject to ouo who has so reccutly
enjoyed the hospitality of tho people
of that spieudid city.
I see no reasou why Norfolk should
not iu a fow yearH become the most
promiuent, populous aud prosperous
city of tbo South Atlantic coast.
"We already lay olaim to that,"
pomo entbasinstio citizen of Norfolk
might say. But not nutil "Greater
Norfolk" has materialized can this
claim be backod hy tho showing that
is necessary to establish Norfolk in
tho position to which she is outitlod.
I believe that Norfolk proper has
about 45.000 iuhabitauts, Portsmouth
has about 18,000 more, Berkley
ubout 8,000, and other suburbs
about 10,000 more, giving Norfolk,
and the municipalities and suburbs
immediately surrotiuding it, a total
population of 81.000. On my reoent
visit to Norfolk I was astonished at
boiug told that the population of
Norfolk aud surrounding towns was
nearly 75,000. I know Norfolk to
be a city of about 40.000, but oue
who is not acquainted with local
conditions aud wbo has not been
there to see for himself that Norfolk
is but u part of the municipal popu
latiou clustered around it, is apt
to underestimate tho importance
of tho combiued population aud
credit the wholo urea with but tbo
strength, tho hope aud the future of
tho part wbloh is most conspicuous.
Hence, without stopping to calcu?
late, or to bo iuformed, aud iu nine
cases out of ton tiudiug that tho
world credits Norfolk simply with
Norfolk's population, it can readily
be understood that the aggregate
interests of the community sutler,or
at least that tbey do uot derive tho
benefits aud advantages to which
they are entitled by the population
which backs them. A liostouiau or
Obicugoan or a far Westerner in?
quires tho population of Norfolk.
He is told that it is 40,000; "but,"
soys his informant, "our surround'
iug towns aud suburbs givo us near?
ly 40,000 mire." Bocoguiziug the
fact thai every city is liable to lay
undue stress ou its suburbs und to
credit them with an overdeveloped
strength entirely unjustified by
fact, tho statemeut is received with
a grain of salt, aud probably the
census report i? sought, 't here it is
in black and white for 1890: Nor?
folk, 84,871, and naturally the cen?
sus report does not stop to givo auy
information in the samo connection
about either Portsmouth, Borkhy,
Atlantic City or anything else but
Norfolk proper; and if you wish to
find out about either of these other
places you must turn to tho iudex
and take it up as an independent
By all means your people should
push the question of consolidation.
The difference iu the necessity for
consolidation of interests between
Norfolk, Portsmouth aud surround?
ing cities aud tbo reasons which
urge consolidation between New
York and Brooklyn, and adjoining
towns, is merely a dirt'orence in do
gree, If it is good for Now 1'ork
and Brooklyu it will be good for
Norfolk and Portsmouth, aud the
minute consolidation is ucaom
pbsheil the prestige of the commu?
nity is vastly iucreased, aud its
strength, while really the same,
uumenoally speaking, is more
potent and productive of better re?
The greater Norfolk can only bo a
quesion of time. If it does not
materialize in this day, or in this
gouerution, it will in tho next.
Therefore, siuco it must come, why
not let tho active, moving, enter
prising forces now at work for tho
development of the city havo the
credit of it, as well as onjoy the
bcuubts to bo derived from it?
In tho impromptu remarks made
before tbe Business Men's Associa?
tion iu Norfolk, 1 took occasion to
say that if Atlanta hud tho natural
advantages oujoyed by Norfolk, it
would bo u city of a million iuhab?
itauts in tcu years. With niue
railroads acting as uu enormous
commercial funnel through which
is poured the produots of the
industry of a vast section of
country into Norfolk, for distribu?
tion by water to ull i arts of tho
world, with as fine, if not the finest,
harbor ou tho East Atlantic coast,
ou whoso broad bosom can be aceom
modated the commerce of the world
? with a people rich in resources,
full of ouergy and determination,
aud realizing to the fullest extent
tho advantage of their location, it
does seem to me that Norfolk has as
bright future as auy city of its size
ou tho continent, und when 1 speak
"of itH size" I do not mean of Nor?
folk proper, but ol Greater Norfolk.
It enjoys a climate cquuhlo through?
out tbo year; it possesses tho dual
advauta^o ol water and rail connec?
tion und, what is more, it has plenty
of water and plenty of ruilroads; it
is never troubled with tiiliug chan?
nels and rising bars. The stilus
como und the ships go with the cer?
tainty of railroad schedules?there
never is annoyance about getting in,
and nover auy trouble about getting
Tho coal business alono of Nor?
folk is tho nucleus for u great city,
and 1 am informed that it is de?
veloping at au astonishing rato. As
tbo greatest coal port in tho couu
try, tbo greatest oyster und Qsbory
hi adquartcrs, the leading market of
tho famous Virginia ground peas,
tho coutor of oue of the richest
trucking sections of tho coast und
commercially one of the most active
business centers ot tho coast be?
tween Washiugioti and New Orleans,
Norfolk, if it improves its oppor
tunny, will turn tho now century
I with 100,000 people to its credit and
with u balauoo book of prosperity
second to no city in the .South.
But all depends upon tho people.
The city will bo as thoy make it. If
they allow internal strite and dis?
sension to weaken their energy and
divert thoir attention from more
substantial work, they cannot expeot
natural advantages to do, unaided,
what must be done by enterprise,
thrift, unity and determination.
Tub Virginian bus undertaken a
great work iu briuging the cities
urouud Norfolk together in tho for?
mation of "Greater Norfolk." If
the people are tue kind I take thorn
to be, I do not soo how it is possible
for the movement to do anything
else than succeed. That it will, is
tho earnest hope of,
Very truly yours,
Mr. Walsh, of the Augusta Chronicle
New Your, December 7,1804,
M. Glcnnan, E?q.t Norfolk, Va.:
My Dear Sir:?Iu crossing tho
Hudson this morning. I reoalled your
letter askiug me to write my impres
sions of Norfolk for tho Trade Issue
of Tue Virginian.
The possibilities for tho commer?
cial development of Norfolk are
limited ouly by tho intelligence, in?
dustry and enterprise of her citi?
zens, Witb deep water aud a harbor
capacious euough to lloat in safety
tho ships of every nation,
with linee of transportation by water
aud rail to tbo South, West and
North and to Europe, with choap
raw material iu abundance; iron,
cottou, wool and lumber from lirst
bauds, I see no reasou why Nor
i folk should not continue to increase
j and prosper. She has the condi?
tions essential for tho upbuilding of
a great metropolis, Norfolk is des
tiued to be not ouly great in com?
merce but in manufactures. In
providing her with a muguiliceut
harbor, natura has donu wonders
lor Norfolk, but it is well to boar iu
mind that where naturo does most
for muu, ho ofteu neglects his op?
portunities und docs least for him
self. Cities aud States are what
uieu mako thorn. Norfolk will bo
what her own oitizeus make hor ?
no more no less, This is truo of
Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Bultirnore, Cincinnati. St. Louis,
Chicago, aud other great cities,
Last and West.
Lord Buoon said thoro be three
things that mako a nation great and
prosperous ?fertile lands, biiBy
work-akous aud easy means of trans
portatiou tor men and goods lrom
place to place, This applies to tbe
couutry tributary to .Norfolk, Sho
has a fertile soil and abundant moans
of transportation, by reason ol nor
eiieap raw material tdio tan b ivo
busy work shops und factories of all
kin.is. She has cottou, coal, irou,
lumber, grauito and marblo from
The development of your city will
bo limited only by the determina
tion und publio spirit of your citi?
zens. Your uuturul advantages aro
unsurpassed by any city iu tho
Union. Tho growth of Norfolk lias
beeu substantial. Her future pros?
perity seems to bo assured,
Pa i rick Walsh,
Mr. Hemphill, of the Charleston, S.
C, News and Courier.
Charleston, S. C, Dec. 22, 1891.
i\f. Olcnnan, fCsq., Virginian:
1 think, my dear Mr, Glonuau,
that tho members of the Southern
Associated Press came as near catch
mg a glimpuo of lleavou ou tho eve
ning of tho day that they returned
from Lambert's Point as it is possi?
ble to obtain anywhere else iu tins
wido world except possibly in tho
harbor of Charleston, The mutch
less bounty of thut Virginia sky,
with its divine creations in the near?
er and remoter musses of clouds,
glory piled upon glory, exquisite
beyond comparison or fancy, its bu?
pernul brightness shading down into
tbo softening splendor of a South?
ern night, will never leavo tbo pic
ture gullery of my soul. It wore
worth living in Norfolk to dio ou
such a day as that. It is not ex?
pected, however, thut I should write
about tbo msthetie aud ideal so much
as tiiut 1 should give my impressions
of your enterprising und prosper,
1 am glad that I went to Norfolk,
because 1 did not dieam ot what
Norfolk was. 1 hud a confused idea
that it wus something like Augusta,
Ga? in tho reaped that it knew now
to blow its own horn, und something
like Jacksonville,Fla,, in tho respect
that it wus situated ou a river a long
di.tauce from tbu bcu, with somo
thing of a future, if by hook or
orook, ono Maj. E. B, Stahlmau
could bo returned in oflice as tho
Commissioner of tbe Southern Rail?
way and steamship Association.
1 confess that 1 hud not read tho
Norfolk papers us closoly us 1 should
have done, or 1 might have known
that Norfolk, next to Charleston,
was indeed the most important Hea
port south of Baltimore. But I
have seen a great light, ami while I
most insist that Charleston is still
entitled to my lirst allegiance, if I
could not livo ami die in Charleston,
1 should like ato livo aud die in
I should Iiko to livo in Norfolk
because- I like tbo people and their
ways, because it is not u boom town
?Honry Wuttersou says that looms
aro tbo Devil's own inventions, aud
bo is right; because it is not n new
South town, because its population
is growiug at a phenouicnul rate,
because it has a harbor that would
literully accommodate the navios of
the world, because its possibilities
of development aro without limit,
and because, as near as I could
mako it out, it is as near tho busi?
ness and commercial and social and
political ceutro of the world ob it is
possible to get without being
Tho only fault I have to find with
Norfolk, 1 frankly avow, is prompt?
ed wholly by a selfish consideration
?tho railroads have tho long haul
to Norfolk, the long haul pays the
railroads, and, therefore, a consid?
erable part of Norfolk's business
has no business going to Norfolk,
But whilo this is true it must bo
credited to the enterprise and
public spirit of tho business com?
munity of Norfolk, reinforced as
they aro by railroad combinations
aud systems which would care just
n-i much for Charleston aud Suvon
nah if tbeir termiuuls happened to
bo ut either of those ports instead of
at their more lucky rival ami com?
petitor. 1 do not believe,moreover,
that by any combination of circum?
stances or conditions tbo certain de?
velopment of Norfolk could be de?
feated, When tho rivers in the
upper part of this State were form?
ed, God designed that South Caro?
lina should become a groat manu?
facturing State, aud so it was that
Humbert's Point was designed for a
coaling station aud Norfolk for a
great city, tho 6ails of whoso com?
merce should whitou every sea. It
is nature or Providence or desti?
ny?predestinatton good Presbyte?
rian's would say?it was not chance
or?Stahlmau. Nothing can pro
vent, nothing can long delay tho
certain achievement of your larg?
est expectations, I would not hin?
der you \l 1 could. I would help
you because 1 know that there is
room enough for all of us, and 1 bo
lievo that tho scepter or commercial
supremacy is surely coming to the
South. 1 rejoice with you that Nor?
folk is not a new South town;,that
its present prosperity is largely duo
to Southern enterprise and South?
ern pluck; that while respecting the
opinions and sentiments of all your
countrymeu, whatever their poli?
tics or placo of birth or residence,
you yet respect yourselves. Tbe
great ships and splendid docks
that 1 saw at Norfolk did not menu
nor promise nearly eo much to mo
as tue ludomitablu spirit of your
people which has built a great city,
tbo just pride of Virginia and a
glory to tbo South. Nature has
poured out its abundance upon you
with luvish hands, but your dock?
would bo empty and your lields
would lie fallow but for your peo?
ple. Very sincerely yours.
J. (J* Heuphiltj,
Mr. Estell, of the Savannah News.
Bavaxxau,Ga., December 10, '9i.
Dear Mr. Olt /man:
Referring to your reqnest, con?
tained in your lotter of 7th, for my
impressions ot Norfolk, it would af?
ford me pleasure to comply fully
with the same iu a special article
hud 1 the time to do so. i therefore
must refer you to a recent article L
penned ou my return from your
Hplemlid city on this Bttbjnot, la
that article I said it is no reflection
on New York or disloyalty to
Savannah to assert that iiamptou
iloads, on tho estuary ol which.
Elizabeth river, Norfolk is situated,
is oiio of the liest harbors iu the
world, and us was demonstrated:
during tho great nuvul review of
the Columbian Exposition, can tloul
the navieu of the world. Upon it*
shores uro numerous towus and:
cities, tho most important of tho
group being Norfolk.
With the development of the
country it may bo safely prediotod
that an immense eity, with its pop?
ulation of hundreds of thousands,
will grow up around Hampton
Ponds and tho .lames and Eb/abeth
rivers. Norfolk, like Savannah, la
not a "boom city," but u steadily
growiug ooininurchd metro) 0)1 is,
with all the adjuncts neoe*
sary to success; good bus;
nesH facilities, und, what is
better thun that, u community ot
solid ollizous. The harbor, with its
magnificent fleet ol steamers, plying
to near anil farther ports, presents
a sight that is not seen outside ot
Now Volk, uud at night tbo long
lines ot electric lights on shore, and
the myriads of ship lights afloat, ia
n picture that is not presented at any
other place ou this side of tho At
With olevon railroads which bring
tho varied products of tho country
to this harbor, with cotton and
iron from the South and bordoc
.States; coal from tl.o mines of Vir?
ginia: corn and Hour from the fur
West, Norfolk will grow rapidly uud
bus a ni cut iuturo before her. With
kind regards, J. 11. l.sii:u?
Additional Letter? on 1'JrV* Page.
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