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The Norfolk Virginian. (Norfolk, Va.) 186?-189?, December 04, 1895, Image 6

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^bbrveyiof the-Alaskan boundary, which
v; follows the contour of the coust from
ffi tho southernmost point of Prince of
I -.Wales Island until It strikes the one
t hundred and forty-first merldlun at or
f&ttear the summit of Mount St. Elias,
gj$ avynlta i'i?rther necessary upproprla
~-;.tiqn, .whloh Is urgently recommended.
j^VThig.'survey was undertaken under
i^jthe provisions of the convention entered
A .Into by this country and Great liritutn
?15July 22, 1892, and the supplementary
?ortventton of February 3. 1894.
Kj^'As-to, the remaining section of the
;.-Alaskan boundary, which follows the
?s one ?hundred and forty-flrft meridian
? northwardly from Mount St. Ellas to
lo'.the'- frozen ocean settlement, of which
f,!'.rtrivblves the physical locution of the
meridian mentioned, no conventional
pm^freement has yet been made. The as
?;:.tsertalnment of a given meridian nl a
irfflpartlgular point Is a work requiring
f'i;'much time and careful observations
?;vjaOd -surveys. Such observations and
?^'surveys were undertaken by the United
^States Coast and Geodetic Survey in
f5,/.i89t> and 1891, while slmllur work In the
same quarters under Urltlsh auspices
jjv.',sire believed to give nearly coincident
^results, but these surveys have been
B independently conducted anil no Inter
?i-Vnatlonal agreement to mark tliose or
?j'ifany, other parts of the one hundred und
gjj forty-first meridian by permanent mon
B uments has yet been made. In the
B meantime the Valley of the Yukon is
m becoming a highway through the hlth
ffjerto unexplored wilds of Alaska, and
abundant mineral wealth lias been dls
}V ctovered in. that region, especially at
frf-.or near the Junction of the boundary
H meridian with the Yukon and Its trlbu
I tarles. In these circumstances It is ex
: pedlent, and, indeed, imperative, that
E the-jurlsdlctional limits of the respec?
tive governments In this new region
jft be speedily determined. Her Britannic
Majesty's Governmenjt lias proposed
a. Joint delimitation of the one hundred
: and forty-first meridian by an Inter?
n-national commission of experts, which
>. if Congress will authorize It and make
due provision therefor, can be accom?
plished With no unreasonable delay. It
. is Impossible to overlook the vital lm
. oortance of continuing the work al
? ? read entered upon, and supplementing
? It by further effective measures looking
I to the exact location of this entire
::. boundary line.
Cnnndlnn FIslitug (litest Ion.
V j call attention to the unsatisfactory
delimitation of the respective Juris?
dictions of the United States and the
9 Dominion of Canada in the great lakes
. at the approaches to the narrow waters
! that' connect them. The waters In
ft question are frequented by fishermen
a of both nationalities und their nets
are thero used. Owing to the uncer
talnty and Ignorance as to the true
jre boundary.' vexatious disputes and In?
fi Jurlon. seizures of boats and nets by
m Cann an cruisers often occurs while
any positive settlement thereof by an
' accepted standard Is not easily reach
,i ?. ed. . A Joint commission to determine
the line In those quarters on a .iruetl
.; cal basis by measured courses following
range marks on shore is a necessity for
.' vrbloh Immediate provision should he
made. ,
Bcnev.ncllnn llotttidnry IHspnte
' It being apparent that the boundary
.' dispute botween Great Britain and the
Republic of Venezuela, doncerning the
'i-;llmlts of British Guiana was approach
-,'lng ati acute stage, a delinite statetneut
> of the Interest and policy of the United
^States' as regards the controversy
;f sebmed'to be required both on Its own
??'. ac'ppunt and In view of Its relations with
?the friendly powers directly concerned,
?vlri July last, therefore, a dispatch was
'addressed to our nmbassador at l.on
W.dqn for. communication to the British
. 'Government. In which the attitude ot
: ' the United States was fully mid dis?
tinctly set forth.
The general conclusions therein reach?
ed and formulated are In substance
that the traditional and established
policy of Ibis Government is tlrmly
opposed to a forcible increase by uny
European powers of Its territorial pos?
sessions on tills continent: that this
policy is as well founded In principle
as it is strongly supported by numerous
precedents, that us a consequence the
United States is bound to protest ]
against the enlargement of the area of
: British Guinea In derogation of the
..rights and against the will of Venezu?
ela; that considering the disparity in
strength of Great Britain and Vene
' zuela, the territorial dispute between
them can be reasonably settled only
hy friendly and Impartial arbitration,
and that the resort to such arbitration
should Include Lhe whole controversy,
and is not satisfied tf one of the powers
. concerned Is permitted to draw an arbl
H trary line through the territory In de
; bate, and to declare that it will submit
to arbitration only the portion lying on
??one side of it. In view of these con
; elusions, the dispatch In question call?
ed-upon the British Government for a
> definite answer to the question whether
< it would or would not submit the terrl
?. torial controversy between itself and
(Venezuela in its entirety to Impartial
? arbitration. The answer of the British
fig Government has not yet been received,
v but Is expected shortly, when further
communications 'on the subject (.will
probably be made to the Congress.
The Uprising In Hawaii.
Early in January last an uprising
against the Government of Hawaii was
promptly suppressed. Martial law was
. forthwith proclaimed, and numerous
. ' arrests were made of persons bus
'. pected of being In sympathy with the
Royalist party. Among these were
several citizens of the United States,
. who were either convicted by a mili?
tary court and sentenced to death,
imprisonment or fine, or were deported
without trial. The United States,while
denying protection to such as had taken
the Hawaiian oath of allegiance, insist?
ed that martial law, though altering the
forms of Justice, could not supersede
Justice itself, and demanded stay of
. execution until the proceedings had
; been submitted to this government and
I knowledge obtained therefrom that our
; citizens had received fair trial.
The death sentences were subsequent
' ly commuted, or were remitted on con?
dition of leaving the islands. The cases
of certain Americans arrested and
expelled by arbitrary order without
formal chargeor trial have liadattention
and in some instances have been found
lo Justify remonstrance and a claim
for Indemnity, which Hawaii has not
thus far conceded.
Mr. Thurston the Hawaiian minis?
ter, having furnished this government
, abundant reason for nsking that he be
recalled, that course w?s pursued and
> his successor has lately been received.
Ayucning or Italian Laborers.
The deplorable lynching of several
? ' Italian laborers in, Colorado was natu
?UJy followed by international repre
sontatlon and 1 um happy to say that
the best efforts of the State In which
the outrages occurred have been put
forth to discover and punish the authors
of this atrocious crime. The dependent
families of some of the unfortunate,
victims Invite by their deplorable con?
dition gracious provision for their
These manifestations against nelpibs*
aliens may be traood. through succeHr
slve stages to the vicious Padroni sys?
tem, which, unchecked by our immi?
gration and contract labor statutes,
controls these workers from the mo?
ment of landing ol"' shores, and
farms them out often in distant and
rude regions, where the cheapening
competition In the Heids of bread win?
ning toll brines them Into collision
with other labor Interests. While wel?
coming as we should those who seek
our shores to merge themselves In our
body politic and win personal com?
petence by honest efforts, wo cannot
regard such assemblages of distinct?
ively alien laborers hired out In the
mass to the prollt of alien speculators
and sniped hither and thither us the
prospect of gain may dictate, us oilier
than repugnunt to the spirit of our
civilization, deterrent to individual ad?
vancement, and hindrances to the
building UP of stuhle communities rest?
ing upon the wholesome ambitions of
the citizen and constituting the prime
factor In the prosperity und progress
of our nation, if legislation can reach
this growing evil, it certainly should
be attempted.
Julian lius furnished ubuudunt evi?
dence of her vast gain In every trait
ami characteristic that constitutes u
nation's greatness. We have reason
fur congratulation in the fact. that
the government of the . United States
by the exchange of liberal treaty stipu?
lations wilh the new Japan,was the llrst
to recognise her wonderful ndvaniv
und to extend to her the consideration
and confidence due to her national en?
lightenment and progressive character.
The boundary disputes which lately
threatened to embroil Guatemula and
Mexico has happily yielded to pacific
counsels, and Its determination has. by
the Joint ngrcement of the parties, been
submitted to the sole arbitration of tiie
United Sutes minister to Mexico.
The commission appointed under the
convention of February 18, 1R89, to set
new monuments along the boundary
between the United States und Mexico
has completed Hb task.
t'oloulzatlou of Negroes in Mexico.
Asase<iuel to the failureiof a. scheme
for the colonization In Mexico of ne?
groes, mostly emigrants from Alabuma
under contract, a great number of these
helpless and Buffering people, stating
and smitten with contagious fever,
made their way or were assisted to
the frontier, where, In wretched plight
they were quarantined by the Texas
authorities, Learning of their destitute
condition, I directed rations to be tem?
porarily furnished them through the
War Department. At the expiration
of their quarantine they were con?
veyed by the railway companies at
comparatively nomlnul rates to their
homes In Alabama, upon my assurance
In the absence of any fund available
for ithe cost of their transportation
that I would recommend to Congress
an appropriation for Its payment. 1 now
strongly urge upon Congress the pro?
priety of making such an appropria?
tion. It should be remembered Hint
the measures taken were dictated not
only by sympathy and humanity, but
by a. conviction Hint It wns not compa?
tible with the dignity of this govern?
ment that so large n body of our do
pendent Citizens? should be thrown for
relief upon the charity of a neighbor?
ing State.
The Nlcnriignuii Dispute.
In last year's message I narrated
at some length the juriadlotlonal ques?
tions then freshly arisen In the Mos?
quito Indian strip of Nicaragua. Since
that time, by the voluntary net of the
Mosquito nation the territory reserved
to them, lias been Incorporated with
Nicaragua, the Indians formally sub?
jecting themselves to be governed by
the general laws and regulations, and
thus availing themselves of a privilege
secured to (hem by the Treaty be?
tween Nicaragua and Great Britain, of
January 28, IXtiO. After this extension
of uniform Nicaragua!, administration
to the Mosquito strip, the case of the
British Vice Consul, Hatch, and of
several of his countrymen who had
been summarily expelled from Nicara?
gua, and treated with considerable In?
dignity, provoked a claim by Great
Britain upon Nicaragua for pecuniary
Indemnity, which, upon Nicaragua's re?
fusal to admit liability, was enforced
by Grout Britain. While the sovereign?
ty nnd jurisdiction of Nicaragua was
In no way questioned by Great Bri?
tain the former's arbitrary conduct In
regard to British subjects furnished
the ground for this proceeding.
A British naval force occupied.wit bout
resistance the Pacific seaport bf Corlh
to, but was soon after withdrawn upon
the promise that the sum demanded
would be pnld. Throughout this inci?
dent the kindly offices of the United
States were Invoked and were employed
In favor of as peaceful settlement And
as much consideration and Indulgence
toward Nicaragua as were consistent
With the nature of the case. Our effort
have sinde been made the subject of
appreciative and grateful recognition
by Nicaragua.
The United Miltes nutl Russin.
The coronation of the Czar of Rus?
sia In May next at Moscow Invites the
ceremonial participation of the United
States, and in accordance with usage
and diplomatic propriety our minister
to the Imperial Court has been directed
to represent our government on the
Correspondence Is on foot touching
the practice of Russian consuls within
the Jurisdiction of the United States
to Interrogate citizens as to their race
and religious faith, nnd upon ascer?
tainment thereof to deny to Jews au?
thentication of passports or legal docu?
ments for use in Russia. Inasmuch
as such a proceeding Imposes disability
which in tlit* case of succession to pro?
perty in Russia may be found to In?
fringe the treaty rights of our citizens,
nnd which Is an obnoxious invasion of
our territorial Jurisdiction. It has dieted
fitting remonstrance, the result of
which it is hoped will remove the cause
of Complaint.,
The pending claims of sealing vessels
of the United States seized in Russian
waters remain unadjusted. Our recent
convention with Russia establishing
a modus vivendi as to imperial juris?
diction In stich cases has prevented
further difliculty of this nature.
The Russian Government has wel?
comed In principle our suggestion for
a modus vivendi, to embrace Great Bri?
tain and Japan, looking to the better
preservation of seal life In the North
Pacific und Behring Sea. and the ex?
tension of the protected area defined
by the Paris tribunal to all Pacific wa?
ters north of the thirty-fifth parallel
U tu especially riotlceabie that Rucsln.
favors prohibition of the use of firearms
In seal hunting without tlio 'proiiosod
urea, and a longer closed-season .'for
pelagic sealing.
Tlio Nsnmnn Agreement.
In my last two annual -hioBsages 1
called the attention of Congress to the .
position we ocupled as one of the pur* i
tjes to a treaty or agreement by wlUolt";
we become jointly hound with England
and Germany to ho Interfero with the
Government and control of Samoa.us In
effect to assume the management of
its affairs. . . ,.
On the 9th day of May,. 1894, I trans-1
mlttcd to the Senate a special message
with accompanying documents giving
Information Oil the subject, and em?
phasising the opinion I have at all
times entertained, that our situation In
this matter was inconsistent with he
mission und traditions of our govern?
ment, in violation of the principles we
profess, and in all Its phases mischiev?
ous and vexatious.
I again press this subject upon the'at?
tention of Congross and usk for buUi
legislative action or expression us will
lead the way to our relief from obliga?
tions both Irksome and unnatural.
The Cuban Insurrection.
Cuba is again gravely disturbed. An
Insurrection, In some respects more ac?
tive than the'last preceding revolt,
which continued from 18G8 to 1878, now
exists in a large part of the Eastern
Interior of the island, menacing even
some populations on the coast, besides
deranging the commercial exchanges,''
of tlio island of which our country takes
the predominant share. This flagrant
condition of hostilities, by arouKlngi
sentimental sympathy and Inciting ad?
venturous support among our people;
has entailed earnest effort on the
part of this government to enforce
obedience to our neutrality litws, and
to prevent the territory of the United
States from being abused as a van?
tage ground from which to uld those;
In arms against Spanish sovereignly.
"Whatever nitty be the traditional
sympathy of our countrymen as indi?
viduals with a. people who seem to be.
struggling for ' larger authority and
greater freedom, deepen ns such sym?
pathy, naturally must be In behalf of
our neighbors, yet the plain duly of
their government Is to observe in good
faith the recognized obligations of in-,
tcrnutlonal relationship. The perform?
ance of this duty should not bo nia.de
more difficult by a disregard on the part
of nur citizens of Hie obligation grow?
ing out of their allegiance to tlJelr
country, which should restrain tlioni
from violating as Individuals the neu?
trality which the nation of which
they are members is bound to observe
in Us relations of friendly sovereign
States. Though neither the warmth of
our people's sympathy with the Cuban
Insurgents, nor our loss ami material'
damage consentient upon the fulllc cn
deuvurs. thus far made to restore peace
und order, nor any shock our humane
sensibilities may have received from
.he cruellies which appear to especially;
characterize this sanguinary and liereie
ly conducted war, have in the least
shaken the determination of the ijov-'
eminent to honestly fulllll every Inter-'
national obligation, yet It is to 'be
earnestly hoped, on every ground, Unit
the devastation of armed conflict may
lie speedily stayetl anil order aliii
quiet restored to the distracted lslafid,.
bringing in their train the activity .and
tbrllt of peaceful pursuits.. . ';
One notable instance ot" Interference
by Spain with passing American ships,
has occurred. On March Sth lust (he
Alllancn. while bound from Colon Vd
New York, and following t he customary:
track for vessels near the Cuban shore
but outside the three mile limit $ as
fired upon by a Spanish glinbpfM. Pro?
test was promptly made hy the l'nH<'d
States against this net us not beiuK?
justified by a state of war. nor per?
missible in ' respect Of vessels on the
usual paths of commerce, nor tolerable
In view of the want or peril occasioned
to innocent life and property. The act
was disavowed with full expression of
regret, and u?s?rancc of non-:eeur
rpneo of such just cause of complaint,
while the offending officer was re?
lieved of ills command. Military a'r-'
rest of citizens of the United Stales
In Cuba, hav occasioned frequent re?
clamations. Where held, on criminal
charges their delivery to the ordlnaVy
civil jurisdiction for trail has I.n de?
manded and obtained In conformity
with treaty provisions, and where
merely detained by way of military
precaution under a proclaimed stale of
siege, without formulated accusation,
their release or trial has been insisted
upon. The right of American consular
officers in the island to prefer protests
and demands In such cases bavin;: been
questioned by the. consular authority
their enjoyment of the privilege stipu?
lated by the treaty for the consuls
4>f Germany was claimed .under tIn?
most favored nation provision of out
own convention and was promptly rec?
The long standing demand of An?
tonio Maximo Mora against Spain
has at hist been settled by the pay?
ment on the I4th of September last
of the sum originally agreed upon in
liquidation of the claim. Its distribu?
tion among the parties entitled to re?
ceive it has proceeded as rapidly as
the rights of those claiming lite fund
could be safely determined.
Enforcement <?!' Oetcveiitlnl Duties.
The enforcement of differential dune?
against products of this country re?
ported t" Cttbn and Puerto Klc?
prompted the immediate claim on bin
part id the benefit of the minimum inrift
of Spain in return for the most favora?
ble treatment permitted by our laws ai
regards the production of Spanish t-i
i H?rles. A commercial arrangement
was concluded in January last securlugj
the treatment so claimed. Vigorous l ro
tests against excessive lines imposed
on our ships and merchandise by the
customs officers of these Islands for tri?
vial errors have resulted in the remw
Klon of such lines in instances where
Ihe equity of the complaint was appar?
ent, though the vexatious practice has
not been wholly discontinued.
Tbo American Mnswncrees.
Occurrences in Turkey have continued
to excite concent. The reported massa?
cres of Christians In Armenia and the
development there and In other disi i i< is
of a spirit of fanatic hostility to Chris?
tian Influences naturally excited appre?
hension for the safely of the devot. ,,
Inen and women, who, as dependent!)
of the Fon ign Missionary Societies in
the United States, reside in Turkey uii
iler the guarantee of law and usage and
In the legitimate performance qf their
educational and religious mission.
No efforts have in en spared in their
behalf, and their protection in person
and property has beet, earnestly and
vlgoroutdy enforced by every means
within our power.
I n.-gret, however, that an attempt on
our" partto obtain better informa?
tion concern Ihr the trt'e'condiliofi ofVY
fairs in the disturbed quarter of Use
Ottoman Empire*, by sending thlthor the
United Stuten'Consul at Blvus to make
investigation and report. was-thwarted
by the objections of the 'Turkish Gov?
ernment. This movement .on pur part
Was in no sense' tpeant as; a gratuitous
dntanglemoht of.'the United' State's*-in
Che so-culled Eastern question, h?r'-ds
qu otllcJous Interference' w|th the rieht
und duty which belong.Uy treaty* t.b ?" cer?
tain great European power's, eUljirtg for
their Intervention in political niat
tee-Bi. - ufTecting 'the.- -good-' '-Govern?
ment and 'religious , freedom .' of'
the non-muBsulmaif subjects of thtf Sul?
tan,-but It-arose solely frc-m-our desire
to have an accurate know'lcUge*.oC,-the
conditions in our efforts to cure' for
these entitlert-'to our-prdtection.' '
Tlie presence of our naval.Vyessels.
wiilch are now in the vicinity of the
disturbed localities, affords Opportuni?
ties.to ucqulix'.n.! measure' of'famtlliirty
with the condition of affairs, and will
enable us to take suitable steps' for tlie
proteetlon of any Interests of our coun?
try men within reach of our ships that
might be found imperilled. '
The Ottoman- Govornmcnt" has lately
Issued an imperial Irude exempting for
e'ver from tuxatlon an American col?
lege for girls at Scutari, ll'epeated-as?
surances havo'alfio been received hyoui'
Envoy at Constantinople, that uimllur
institutions nititntalned'anil administer-,
od by our countrymen shall be secured
In the enjoyment of all rights, and that
our citizens throughout the Empire shall
be protected. ? . ? ?'
Tlie fJovernment. however, lij view of
existing facts, Is far from .'"ly'lng upon
such assurances' as t he limit of Its
duty. Our minister has been vigilant
and nlert In affording nil .possible pro?
tection in Individual ca.-a s'Avhovo danger
threatened or safety was Imperilled,
Wo have sent ships .'is-'lal' to Ward tile
points of actual .dlsturbar.'ct.as It is pos?
sible for them to go, where ttioy offer re?
fuse to those qbligei to flee, lirel we'
have the pi'oniise'of other powers which
have ships in the neighborhood that oul*
citizens, tiaf- well its theirs, -will hfl re
eclvod and protected 011/, board tpLse
ships. On the demand; of our M I'listc-i,
orders have been Issued by.the Sultn'n
that Turkish soldiers shall 'guard and
escort lo t he const-AVnpricn.n l-efugees.
Those orders hnvo been carried out/
and our latest Intelligence. glves assur?
ance of the present' personal safety of
our citizens and missionaries. Though
thus far no lives of - American citizen.-*
have been gjicrinced. there ran be n(tj
doubt that serious loss and destruction
Of mission, property have resulted froip
riotous conflicts and outrageous' at?
tacks, lty treaty several of the ir.ojd
powerful EurOpewi powers have set1..red
a right to.nssutno a duty not only in
behalf of their "rfwu citizens ntyl in fur-'
thyrunco-of 't heHr .'ijwn 'interest:},;, h't't yis
ai;. Iiis - of thouChl'lst'uil._^OT)d/- tll*}lr
right Is to enforce such conduct of
'Turkish Government as will restrain
fanatical brutality, drill If tiffs* fulls
their duty is ip-,so. interfere usitn insure
auoihsf snMi -ni'Abfful OC'oilAnccfl in
Turkey as have lately shocked civiliza?
tion. "The PoweVnoeohiro th'i4 riy,tit and
this duty to bp. l.'iolrs alone. i*i It
is earnestly ho* ed ihat prompt and ef?
fective action' on their part will-.not
be delayed. ' *o '. -; '
The new consulates at Erzoro\i:n';Q.rid
Ilnrpoot, for Wliic'li "appi'opriallon was
made hist se.sslflni. have been provision-'
ally fttletl Irt /Jfrifttted ? employes of the
Department ?t'?fare. ? Those api'oiuteos.
though now- In Tttrkey. have ..pot y(<;t
received their exequaturs.
The nrbllrnflthV of the claim of the
Venezuela St< on Transportation iC'omj
pany under the "treaty of January 1!'.
l&'ej. between tlie United Stales and
Venezuela, resulted in an award In fa?
vor of the claimant.;.
The Govprumiml"has used Its good of?
fices towards composing lite dfJTerohces
between Yon'cjrnoln. on the bpe hand.'
llivd 'Erani e a'l^.V.tU-liuil. ou/tlte ffCn'r.
glr?-witr-ronf of* t*ffe*dtemls,<hVerf the rip
Hreseritatives of, those powers; oti tin1
llltiiih^ of a {(?blich lion " ?ji?eitK'd of
fimdVe to' Vi'-n AUli'.-r.'-rli' thi'l
dhsmissnl was coupled wltn'a ebrtllnl re?
imest that nihiil/rtrdte personally agrec
illblC envoys be JtCUt ill UV'I'', stead, a
raipturb of IhttVcoiirSe' eiifiuo'd and still
tjorillnues. . , |? &>.->< ii?iV '.*??
i, in view.pf tlit growth of ..ii.ur,.Jn,tercsts
in foreign ^lullrjea anil .Uiii,.eiicourag
prospects (hp a general expansion of
our coiiiiuervc,'itlV- question' o'f un im?
provement in the. consular seryjltje.. bus
Increased In iuinorcailce and ? ti'v&mjqy.
Though there Is no doubt that the great
body of consular olllours nie rendering
valuable service to the . trad.- a.id In?
dustries 11I cOufiU'y,. tliii neetl of .some
plan of appointment *.uul 'coui.rol. which
wolild lend- to Meente a highi-i -average
o| elliclenoy cannot bp denied, l'.ui'l'm
Pniianco of tlu ^iiibjeet lias led the 'extjj
e'jitl.vo in consider.-what ? steps .might
properly be taken without add t-innul
legislation to answer the need of a bet
ti-r system of consulflr ' appoint t-.icnlK
'ijlie matter having' been 'committed tir
tin- lonsidi.-iatljii of ? the'- Sfcretary. ul
t^tate. lu pursuance of his reootn
lot-ndations, nit exectitlvo order was is
Htied on the.-i,M)i of Septcmlier. IS:by
the terms of uhii-li Ii;'.!? provld^ij that
ttjfter that tlntl; any;, vacancy in a consu?
late or eotnm'eVt'lH^'ngency vi'l.tb an an?
nual salary or compensation from Olli-"
Ciul Id s 'of not more than f.'.r.uu or
less than {Linn should In- filled eitlysr by.
Ibansfer or promotion from some otlnr
eosiii in under the Department 01' State
>.f charm Ivr i- tiding'to quality the in
cumlicnt tor thcvpositloii to be tilled or
l>y the appointment Of a person not un?
der (hi Depurti'njjnt ;.f Stilt.-, but hav
itlg prcylousl} served (horc-unde'r and
shown his capaejiy and nthpss for con?
sular duty, or lty the lippolnlmc'lll of u
porsoti who. having been selecie.d by
lie- ['rest'duiit and sent Ut a Hoard of
lOxqmlnntlon, Is fouud, upon such exnm
.I1111II011. to be qualified, tor the position.
I'o-ls which iay less than $1.W> !>"
lug usually, on nccotini of (heir'small
ompensniibn, tilled' by '.St'lt'Ctlon ti'qm
residents of |hu locality, it was not
deem, il practicable lb put them under
t he new system.
ThecompcusaUon of-J'J.r.ftO was.adopted
'as the maximum limit in the clrtsslftca
itlon for the reason that Consular oill
* fers receiving more than that sum are
Often charged with functions and duties
scarcely Infj ripr In .dignity, and impor?
tance to thosi ..f dipiomntlp agents, and
it was. therefore, thought' best to con?
tinue their selection fh the disen lion of.
the Executive witliont subjecting Ihe'ni
to examination before , n,..hoard. E\.
eluding sever.ty-one. places with cbin
pi nstttlott at.i.- b iql less than $U000, and
fifty-three pli -t .. ovc the maximum in
t'otppensation. thu/humber of ifosttlons
remaining within the scope of Iii?; order
Is I'-ne litllidrr-d and ninety-six. ? This'
number will UHVIOuhtcdiy be increased
?hy the iuelusMn ^of eonsular.. officers
whose remuneration in fees, bow ? los?
lhan S1.000. -.in 1.0 augmented with
the growth of our foreign commerce und
a return to more 'favorable luslii-.-ss con
dltlons in oxocii(|/>n.of the exocnUv'' ?r
tlcr referred lo, the Secic.tary of Sinti
has designated'as a hoard to conduct
the prescribed examination the Third
AsslfUaht-Secretary of Stale; the Solic?
itor of the Department or State and the
Chief of the Consular Bureau, and lias
specified the subjects to:which such ex?
aminations Rball relate, It is not os
sumed ftbat? this .system will, prove a
full-measure of> consular roform. It. la/
'quite i probable, .that actual experience!
will-show particulars .In .which the-or-.
d,er. ulcoady iIssued may be;.amended
a,nd demonstrate that, for the best reT
suits, appropriate legislation by Cop-"
gress is Imperatively required. In any
ejvent these ctTorts to improve the con?
sular service ought to bo Immediately
supplemented by 'legislation providing
fbr consular inspection. This has fre-?
ipiently been a subject . of executive
recommendation, and I again urge sucli
action by Congress us will permit the
frequent- and. thorough inspection of
consulates by officers appointed for that
purpose or by persons already in the di?
plomatic, or .consular service. Tlie ex
pepse attending such a plan would be
insignificant compared with Its useful
noes,'.and I hope the legislation neces?
sary to sot It on foot will be speedily
T am thoroughly convinced that 111 ad?
dition to their salaries our Ambassa?
dors and Ministers at foreign cour'td
should be provided by the Government
'"with official residences. The salaries
of these officers are comparatively small
|^ind in most enses Insufficient to pay,
with other necessary expenses, the cost
of maintaining household establish?
ments in keeping with their Importnnt
nnd delicate functions. The use fill- j
Hess of a. nation's diplomatic represen?
tative undeniably depends much upon',
the appropriateness of his surroundings
|and a country like ours, while avoiding
unnecessary glitter and show, should be
'certain that It does not suffer In Its
relations with foreign nations through
parsimony and shabbiness In Its diplo?
matic outfit. These considerations and
tlitj other advantages of hnvlng fixed |
and somewhat permanent locations fry
our Embassies, would abundantly justi- ]
fv the modernize expenditure necessary!
to carry out his suggestions.
Our Fiunuclnl Situation.
As ire turn from a review of our for?
eign relations to the contemplation of
'our national financial situation we ore
Immediately aware that we approach
a subject of domestic concern more im?
portant than any other that can engage
our attention, and one at present In
such a perplexing and delicate predlcn
llieijt as to require prompt and wise
tVe may well be encournged to ear?
liest effort In this direction when we re?
call the steps already taken toward Im?
proving our economic, and financial slt
?atloii, and when we appreciate how
weH the way has been prepared for fur?
ther progress by an aroused and intel?
ligent popular interest In these sub?
tyy command of the people a customs
rjfiyenue, system^, designed for the pro-'
tyellqh and benefit of favored classes ;\1
the;expense of the great mass'of otfij
uyilryincn, and which, while ltu'fli
Oletit for the purpose of revenue, cur?
tailed .our trade relations and. impeded
our'-entrance to the markets of the
world, has been superseded by a tariff
policy which In principle is based upon
;n denial of ihe right of the Govern-1
.Dieiit to obstruct the avenues to our
people's cheap living or lessen their
comfort nnd contentment, for the sake
of according especial advantages O fa?
vorites, and which, while encouraging
our Intercourse and trade with other
nations, recognizes the' fact that Amer?
ican self-reliance, thrift and Ingenuity
c'nn 'build up our country's industries
and develop its resources more surely
than enervating paternalism.
Thr> compulsory purchase and coinage
I of silver by the Government, unchecked
land unregulated by business conditions
I and heedless of our currency needs,
which for more than fifteen years di?
luted mir circulating medium, under
mined confidence abroad in our flr.nnrtal
ability, and at last culminated In di.
?s and panic at home, has been r?-'
dently slopped by the rein al of the laws
which forced this reckless scheme' up 'l'1
the cbtintry. The things thus accom1
iilis'ji.- >.l. notwithstanding their extrem,-?
iiripor.'ance and beneficent effects, fail
ttit short of curing'.the monetary evils
from which wj? suffer as a result of
long Indulgences,'In III advised (Inanclul
??xpetllents. The currency denominated
United Slates notes and cnmmnnlv
known as greenbacks" was issued in
iargo volume during the late civil war.
nnd \vas intended originally to meet
the exigencies of that period. It will
be si.,m by n reference In the del.ales
Congress at the time the laws wore
passed authorizing the Irsne of these
notes that their advocates declared they
were intended for only temporary usr
and. to, meet the emergency of war. In
.iln-,osi. If not all. the laws relating to
(hem some provision was made con
terii pin ting their voluntary or compul
sory retirement. A large quantity of
them, however, were kept on^ foot nnd
mingled willi the currency <,r the coun?
try, so thai at its* close of Ihe year 1ST!
they amounted to 1381,0119.073.
Tinmodlntely nfter that dutn, nnd In I
l.lhnuary, iS7r>. n law was passed m-ovid
ilng for tlie resumption of specie pnv
tponts. by which the Secretary of tin
Treasury was reunited, whenever nddl
tlonnl circulation was Issued to National
Banks, to retire United States notes
equal In :imount (?-> SO per cent, of sueh.
additional bank circulation until pitch
I notes were reduced lo H300.000.000. This
I law further provided Hint on rind nftei
I the first day of January, 1S70. Ihe United
(Continued on Eighth Page.)
y- Soliillironplioiit the. worid. British
.' depot: 1. Nk.vukmv & Hums, i, King
Edward**!., London. 1'ottbr Diiuu
B: Omit. Coat-., Sols Fro:>s., lioiton, U. S. A.
and Whiskey Habit*
cured at lioine with?
out puhi. Book.of ptis
tli iilurs sent fBEK
-?. M.WOOI.l.KV. M.D.
WUtiobnll bi? Atlanta. Uu,
n? W ???%ve: c Yi-1* --miw -ic?
cm?-?" rjvie.
?t.eV- *\\o
? or8
A -eC 10
to-..^e Set**?*
? * -L ol U\co. aVOTC vce
? Y>c C
It* "' evotV
Sizes, 16-18-20, at
Sizes, 22-24 - at
I de?
al 24c.
Sizes, 26, 28, 30, 32
Children's All-Wool Vests at 24c, 29c,
Ladies' Ribbed Undervests at 19c
Ladies' Ribbed Undervests, Bleached, Silk
Binding, at 24c, Pants to m?tch at 24c
Ladies' All-Wool Undervests, Red or White,
at 74c; Pants to match, at 74c
Feather Boas, from 25c to $1.00
An immense stock of
We are selling at astonishingly low prices. Sal?
ines, Canton Flannels, White and Colored Wool
Flannels, Dress Goods, &c
We are still selling Unbleached Cotton; at
3 cents,
Apron Ginghams at 3 1-2 cents.
Calico, in short lengths, at 3 1-2 cents.
You can save 25 per cent, by buying your
A:e promptly rclie\ed by lite use of COMPOUND SYRUP WIUTK PINK AND
TAIL a remedy which combines in I ho lushest degree elllciency and imintubi
IHy. Prepared by LAWlt KNCK .si HOL MKS, Druugists, '.0 Main street, opposite
Ht. Jcines JI013I. Phone 7S3. Goods delivered to nil pints of the city.
from Queen) <rothoiiiiittlihei.il money lo.i'l
?r?of Norfolk un all klittll of mmoii.d property hi u low rats of Inters!-.. M?i'
counmuiitftilone will ho ptoini.liy atti-nddd to
For Sciumay's OTaiKellng. and Every cay in trie Week. G3i m
CSVDo yo-.t wnnt aouiuthiu^ nice iu (ho way at luurUotiir; to-.luv ' A liU
Smith field Ham. Fine Beef or Fine Groceries i
lino, see ?hat nre hau. Cuili Ulks und wo ?all low. a .1. Wilt I'KtlUllST, Agent,
B. K. corner Uhiiivli und Uliorlotto -,1.00t?.
Should remember that tlioy can R6t st all timos the 11E8T IlKICP, UUTl'UN, B.MOKliU
sad PHKHll MKAIM nt
QL'i:iiN BTifKUT MA UK KT, COUNKlt UHUKUU AM) Qb'BKN ???Tit Uli 1'S.
. m Main M,
Dealors in Beef, Mutton, Veal, Pork. Lambs, llomc-mndt! SausiiK"
Wild (lame and Poultry. Fish, Fruit and Vegetables, ltruuch store. 320 Cum?
berland steret. Dealer In Choice Grocers es, Liquors, Tobacco and Cigars, 'i'non?
(fy Cor. Church and m utc Streets. ^
Open Dail/, 8 A. M.-12 P. M. Sunday, 6 P. M.
Hours Reserved for Ladies, FRIDAY, 9 A. M.-4 P. M

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