OCR Interpretation

The penny press. (Cincinnati [Ohio]) 1859-1860, October 20, 1859, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025750/1859-10-20/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

icrrou anb weraiitdM. '
...OCTOBJiR 110
&The telegraphloi column will bs found
unusually Interesting his morning.
Only Fifteen Years Ago.
The grumbling, foreign Quarterly Review,
fifteen yean ago, thuivaaribbUd; "American
poetry always reminds us pf tie advertisements
In newspapers headed 'ths best inbititate for
silver,' if it be not the genuine thing, it 'looks
just as handsome, and if miles eut ef light
eheaper.'" It also said that what we Ameri
cana wanted in the Integrity of assumption,
we tnndo up In swaggering end impudence,
and that there was not a poet of mark in the
whole Union.' ' What does the aore-bead lay
00 ' '''
Firmness of Mind.
The iVlh of May, 1T80, was a remarkable
short day. Candles were lighted in many
houses; the birds we're silent and disappeared,
and the fowls retired to'roost. The Legisla
ture of Connecticut wm then in session at Hart
ford. A very general opinion preyafled that
the day of judgment was at hand. The Houto
of Representatives, being unable to transact
their business, adjourned. A proposal to ad
journ the Counoil was under ' consideration,
when Hon. Abraham Davinpobt gave his view
n follows: "I am againet an adjournment,
't'ho day of judgment is either approaohlng,
or it is not. If it is not, there is no cause; for
nn adjournment; if it it, I choose to be found
doing my duty. I wish, therefore, that can
dles may be brought."' ;, " ' "'
Grand Chapter of Ohio.
The Urand Chapter of Ohio has just dosed
its annual session at Columbus. The offiloers
fleeted for the ensuing year are as follows:
fJso. En, booster, Grand High Priest.
P. Tbatcqbb, jr., Cleveland, D. G.H. F, ,
Harvit Visal, Springfleld, Grand King.
Jcbbta A. Riddli, Wellsyillei Grand Boribe.
Isaac C. CopxLBX,Cinolnnati,4d. Treasurer.
Johk D. CALDwatL, Cincinnati, Gd. Seo'y--
Those appointed were: "
II, L. Pabibh, Mansfield, Grand Chaplain.
Tbo. Jbff, Larsh, Eaton, Grand Marshal.
Joshpb B. Covibt, Cincinnati, Gd. Guard.
Charters for Chnpters, were authorized te be
issued to:
Smithfleld Chapter No. , Smithfield, Jef
ferson County, Ohio. , ... ; '
Pomeroy Chapter No. r-, Pomeroy, Meigs
County, Ohio.
North-west;Chapter, No. 45, at Bryan, Wil
liams County, was revived and oharter granted
nnd dues remitted.
A resolution was adopted declaring a hearty
co-oporation with the Grand Chapter of the
railed States, on part of Grand Chapter cf
Tuesday morning at ten p'clock the Grand
Lodge of Ohio, which has three hundred sub
nrdinates, assembled, and will continue in ses
pien until Friday evening.
A Home on the Hill-side.
We have, from time to time, In the columns
of the Prnnt Paasa, given a seasonable hint
to tho mechanic to provide in time a little spot
il land up the Milloreek Valley, while it oan
bo bought cheap. The street-railroad will in
n year be running to CumminBville. Have
vour own house and vineyard. The humblest
is interested in the pursuit of the gardener, for,
besides the products being euoh as sustain life,
this pursuit is a resource when all others fall,
To the laborer who has no cottage or garden
human life presents few hopes; bis future
extends only to a few days; meagre wages,
trhioh the most fatiguing exertions can in no
degree increase, and of which, in the case of
illness, he has only the amount of a week to
interpose between the absolute want of lodging
and food. But the laborer who rents a cottage
find garden is secure at alt events of a roof to
cover him; and he knows that he can live for
oortaln time on the produce of his garden.
Besides, he has that moEt desirable object,
something that he oan call his own, and is thus
enable to participate in the feelings which
belong to the love of property and progeny
feelings often, indeed, mixed with pain, but
whloh, nevertheless, have been an object
ambition from the oarliest ages of the world.
Cottage gardens, in a moral and political point
of view, are of obvious importance; attaching
the ootuigor to his home and to hia country, by
tnduoing sober, industrious and domestio
habits, and by creating that feeling of Inde
pendence which is the beitsetnrity against
pauperism. !
Car fellow-eitiken, Nicholas Lokgwohts?,
he many good streaks in his composition.
Having the will, and being able to do so, he
fosters talont, and patronises art. In 1815
Hied Robert Fulton, the distinguished Amer
ican Engineer and successful pioneer in ap
plying steam to propulsion of vessels. Hav
iig, while a youth in Philadelphia, become
portrait aud landscape painter, he, in his
23d year, with a view to improve himself
art, visited England, where he remained
for several years under the roof c' his coun
tryman, Sir Benjamin Wbst. lit projected
the first panorama ever' exhibited in Paris
but hie name i introduced into this artiole
only to put on record that when he returned
to this country hp., brought with him two
rowniug pieces of art largo canvas paint
ings of his maator, Bir Bimamiv Wist one,
the celebrated picture, "King Lear," tho other
a life-speaking picture of the gentle " Ophe
His own house and a private gallery, open
to the publio free of, charge, contained sorao
of the choicest of paintings, which at
death were sold at auotion and Mattered
various portions of the States. A Boston man
earn to New York, to buy, if he had money
enough " lear " and "Ophelia" but
watchful Jersoymaa carried off one of
prises, and for many years, as it still
the parlor of Mr. Loowobth has been
a point of attraction from having one of
walls adomsd with the great "West" picture
if "Ophelia." No one can fail to note
fe-speaking force imparted by the author
e different characters in this historical
hting the gentle sister, with her noblo
d distraught her brother "Laertes"
leneeHrtrlcken King, and the remorse
en of Denmark.
How to Navigate the Air.
A correspondent, "Vespertilo," writes to the
London Timet as follows: -" .'v,
I believe it can not be too absolutely stated
that balloons are, nnd must be, incapable of
being directed. They are, and must be en
tirely at the mercy of the air in which they
float. This is a necessary condition of their
buoyancy. AH the analogies by which in
ventor have been encouraged in the delusive
hope of being able to guide balloons are false
analogies. The rodders of ships and the tails
of birds have been rai;rruoted sadly. Ships do
not float suspended in one element alone, as
balloons float In the air. On the other hand,
birds are not buoyant, nordothoy guido them
selves by their tails. A ship docs not float in
the watM, but on it; and another element, on
which ehsdoes sot float, is that in which she
mainly mores. A bird does not float at all,
either in. the air or on it, in the proper sense of
that term, that is to say, it is not lighter, as a
balloon, is, than the element in which it movos,
but , immensely heavier. - The condition of a
fish nbtfer water is more nearly like the condi
tion of a balloon in the air; but there are alio
eseential differences. We may depend upon it
that if we are ever designed to navigate the
air it will be by a strlot adhorenoe to the prin
ciple, and a close imitation of the means which
have been designed by the Creator for effecting
the samwrpurpose in flying animals.
The problem of ferial navigation will never
bo solved until the principles of .flight are
clearly understood, nor until we recognise
precisely what nre the obstacles which prer
vent as from acting upon them by artificial
means.' ill is, of eouiee, poBsioie mat. inese
obstacles may prove to be iusuporable. -1 en
tertain a different impression; but, at all
events, they cannojt be overoomo until they
are exactly knowm I believe them, to be all
summed' tip in onelgreat deficit of our present
mechanioal knowledge-a lightwwti ve power.
I hae 'very little hope that, until a
lighter motivo power than steam is discov
ered, oarial navigation will be accomplished.
But even with dteam soruo experiment
might bo. tried which would test the priuci
nles of (light, and at least lead the way in a
right direction for the progress of discovery.
from a' steam-engine the perpendicular ac
tion of a bird's wing. In truth the direct ac
tion of a piston would give this movement. . I
rattier tninn tnis;is mo simpio principle oi
Nasmyth's steam-immmer. would there bo
any difficulty in making Buch a piston work a
pairot wrngs.consiructcuon some sucumouei
us the wiugs of a bat? What is the maxi
mum velocity with which such a piston
could be made to work a given area of wing,
or conversely, what is the maximum area of
wing wnicn sucn an engine couiu do mauo to
work at a given velocity 1
when theso questions nave been anewerea
by calculation or 'experiment, the noxt step
would be to ascertain the lifting power of iucb
action. I have no nope tnat any steam-engine
can be made so (light and so powerful as to
WOrK W1DE9 GHUaUM) Ul 1UUUK 11D unu noiKUb.
In default of any other means of dealing with
it, I would suggest that it be balanced by the
lifting power of a paiioon. in wis oomoina
tion, be it observed, the whole machine would
not be buoyant. I von this modified use of a
balloon is ocen to neat objection, because
the power exercised over it by tho slightest
current of air wojild be very great, and tho
experiment oould' only bo tried in a tranquil
atmosphere; but, (a default of any machine
oapable of lifting the whole of its own woight,
there seems to be no alternative but to take
off Dart of the weicht by a balloon. My bo
lief is. that such; a machine, when it aroio
from the ground J would be found capable of
being directed, auxl that tee direolion ot its
flight would be dotormincd by that in which
its wings were set,
A Strange Story.
Mr. Hector McDonald, of Canada, was re
cently on a visit to Boston. When be left
home his family were enjoying good health,
and he anticipated a pleaaant journey. The
second mornine after his arrival in Boston
when leaving his bed to drees for breakfast,
he saw reflooted 'in a mirror a corpse of
woman, lying in the bed from which he had
just risen. Spell-bound, ho gazed with in
tome feelintr, and tried to recognize the foa
tares of the comso, but in vain; he could not
even move his eyelids; he felt deprivod of
action, for how long he knew not.
He was at last startled by the ringing of
the bell for breakfast, and sprang to the bed t
satisfy himself if what ho had seen reflected
in the mirror was real or an illusion. Ho
fonnd his bed as he had left it; he looked
again into the mirror, but only saw the bed
truly refleoted. During the day ho thought
much upon the illusion, and determined next
morning to rub his eyes and feel perfectly
awake before he left bed. But notwithstand
ing these precautions, the vision, was repeated,
with this addition, that he thought he recoe-
niied in the corpse some resemblanoe to the
features of his wife.
In the course of the second day he received
a letter from his wife, in which she stated that
she was quite well, and hoped he was enjoying
himself among hit friends. As he was dovotedly
attached to her, and always anxious for ber
safety, be supposed that his morbid fears had
conjured up the vision he had seen refleoted in
the glass, and did his business as cheerfully as
usual. On the morning of the third day, after
he had dressod, be found himself in thought in
his own house, leaning over the coflin of his
wife. His friends were assembled, the minister
was performing' the funeral services, his
children wept he was in the house of death.
He followed the corpse to the grave, he heard
the earth rumble upon the coflin, he saw the
grave filled, and the green sods oovered over
yet, by some strange power, he could see
through the ground the entire form of his wifo
as she lay in her coffin.
He looked in the faces of those around him,
but no one seemed to notice him; he tried
weep, but the tears refused to flow; his very
heart felt as hard as a rock. Jinrngod at his
own want of feeling, he determined to throw
himself upon the grave and lie there until his
heart should hresk. He was recalled to con
sciousness by a friend, who entered the room
to inform him that breakfast was ready.
started as if awoke from a profound sloop,
although he was standing before the mirror
with a hair-brash in his band.
After composing himself, he related to
friend what he had seen, and both concluded
that a good breakfast only was wanting
dissipate his unpleasant impressions. A few
days afterward, however, he received
melancholy intelligence that his wife had
suddenly died, and the time corresponded
with the day he had been startled by
first vision in the mirror. When he returned
home, he described minutely all the details
of the funeral, he had seen in his vision, and
ther corresponded with the facta. This
probably one of the most vivid instances
clairvoyance on record. Mr. McDenald
knows nothing of modern spiritualism
clairvoyance, as most of his life hag been
passed upon a farm and among forests.
may not be amiss to state that his father,
who was a Scotch Highlander, had the
oi "recona signt."
mains, its
Thb Popb's Hbalth. The New Tork PvtiU
correspondent at Rome, writing September
24, says: ...
The health of his Holiness is so far restored
that on the 19th of this month he proceeded
to the Churoh of Kanta Maria Maggioro,
assisted at the oolebration or mass in the iior
shese Chapel, before a miraculous image of
Madonna, unvalled for the special visit of
Holy Ifather. He is farlner expected to
a part of the ensuing month at his palace
Castle Gondolpho. . . i;' . .
ThiHarviat in Euaori. The Vienna
M4tn of September 24 says it was expectod
the harvest would prove good, but tbo yield
so bad that tbo price of wheat bis risen conitd
ably. In as far as wheat is concerned,
foregoing remark applies to tho countries
on the Lower Danube, as well as te Austria. .
the Banat, the so-called "renary of Austria,"
not much above a third of tho usuil quantity
of wheat was grown.
The Insurrection at Harper's Ferry.
BALTIMORE, October 19.
The following intelligence from Harper's
Feny has just been received: J i
Last evening a detachment of the marines,
accompanied by by some of the volunteers,
made a visit to Captain Brown's house; the
first visit was to the sehool-house and not
Brown's residence as supposed yostorday.
They found a largo quantity of blankets, boots,
shoes, clothes, tents, .fifteen, hundred pikes
with largo blades affixed, and also discovered
duenmonts throwing much light on the affair.
Among them are the printed constitution and
by -laws of the ornaDi2ation, showing, or indi
cating a ramification throughout the various
(States or the Union, and they also found letters
from various individuals of the North: One
from Fred. Douglas, containing $10, from a
lady for tho enuse; also; a Jlettcr from Garret
Smith about money matters, and a check or
draft by him for $100, Indorsed by the oashler
of a New York bank, whose naaw is- not re
collected. All these documents are in the pos
session of Governor Wise. , . .- vy r
The Governor has issued a ' prfcolamatlon
offering $1,000 reward for the oapture of
Cook. A large number of men are now soour
ing the mountains in pursuit of him. '
6ometime during yesterday morning, a tele
graph line repairer, while repairing the line
between Harper's Ferry and Martinsburg, was
shot at by Captain Cook himself, whea he was
recognised. " '
The following is the anonymous letter re
ceived by Governor Floyd of whiqh mention
has been made: , .,, . , .
"CINCINNATI, August 20, 1859.
I have lately received information of
a movement of so groat importance that I'feel
it to be my duty to impart jto you without
delay. .. .
"I have disoovercd the existence of a secret
association, having for its object tlio liberation
of the BlaveB of tho bouttt. ny a general insur
rection. The loader of the movement is Old
John Brown, late of Kansas. He ha been in
. . . . iv -
Canada during me winter, uiuiiug ww uBiy
there, and they are only waiting his word to
start for the South to assist the slaves. . They
have ono of their leading mon, a wane man,
in an armory in Maryland. . Where It is sit
uated I have not been able to learn. As soon
as everything is ready, those wbgro of their
number in the Northern States, and Canada,
are to come in small companies to ineir rendez
vous, which is in the mountains in Virginia.
They will pass down through Pennsylvania
aud Maryland and enter Virginia at Harper's
Ferry. Brown lett we ixorin aoout ujroo ur
(W weeks affo. aud will arm the negroes and
strike tho blow In a few weeks, so that what
ever is done, must bedoneatonoe. ,. iney nave
a large quantity of arms at their rendezvous
and probably distributing them already.
"AS 1 am nOC lUliy la meir uuuuueuva, tuia
is all the information I can give you. I dare
not sign my name to this, but trust that you
will not disregard the warning on that ao-.
HARPER'S FERRY, October 19.
Th followine is the number killed and
wounded dnring the recent insurrection:
Killed Five citizens and fifteen insurgents
Wounded Three insurgents. '
pr;.nn,' Vive insnreents.
The prisoners have been committed to the
Cnanesion jan 10 awuii. u obu ui
(iranA .Tin-v. whon thev will bo indicted and
tried in a few days. The arrangement about
the jurisdiction has been settled in this way:
The local authorities are to try the prisoners
fnr mnrdnr. and in tho meant time the United
States authorites will proceed on the charge of
treason. Gov. Aviso said to Mr. uuia, tne Dis
trict Attorney, that he had no objection to the
General Government proceeding against the
prisoners, tnat is, woai win no ion ui mem vj
tha time the Vlrsrinia authorities are done with
them. Brown is bettor to-day, and has made
a fuller statement of his operations. He says
that he rented the farm of Dr. Kennedy six
months ago, and the rent is paid until next
march. He never had over 22 men at the farm
at any one time that belonged to the organisa
tion, but that ho had good reason to expeot re
infr.rmunt from Maryland. Kentucky, North
nnd South Carolinn. and the Canadas. He had
.oiHrl irmi sufficient for 1 .500 men. inolu
lit van -nvolvers. 200 Sharp's rifles, and 1,000
Mnn. all nf which were left at the farm. He
also had an abundance of powder, and fixed
ammunition. All tne arms were iroiu umo w
ii m a hrnnoht from Connecticut and other East-
m 'nnintn. tri ChambersburK. Penn., and were
diro'otedto J. Smith A Sons, Kennedy farm,
hi ftsnnnied name.
Thoy were packed in double boxes, so as
to deceive tho parties who handled them on
the way to the farm. He says that he made
nnfl nil stnke. in eithor not detaining the
train on Sunday night, or else permitting it
to go on unmolested. This mistake, he
seemed to infer, exposed his doings too soon,
and prevented his reinforcements from
coming, iue names oi au oi ni pany m
the Ferry on Sunday night, except three
white men whom he admits that he sent
away on an errand, are as follows, with their
proper title under tho provisional goverm
input! Gen. Jno. Brown, Commauder-im
Chief, wounded, but will recover; Capt,
Oliver Brown, dead: Capt. Watson Brown,
rlnnl: Cunt. jno. Gaee. of Ohio, raised in
in. ,led: Cant. Aaron C. Stephens
Connecticut, badly wounded, has three balls
in his body, ana can not possioiy recover,
Lieut. Edwin Coppie, of Iowa, unhurt; Lieut.
Albert Hazlott, of Pennsylvania, dead; Lieut,
Jeremiah Anderson, of Indiana, doad; Lieut
Wm. Laman-of Maine, dead: Capt. Jno.
Cook, of Connecticut, escaped; Private Stew
art Tavlor. of Canada, dead; Chas. P. Tidd
nf Maino. dead: Wra. Thompson, of New
York, dead: Dolph Thompson, of New York,
Tho afciwA. w!lh tha three white men ere
viouslv sent off. make in all, seventeen whites
The following are the negroes: Dangerfleld
yewly, of Ohio, raised in Virginia, dead; Km
peror, of New York, raised in South Carolina,
not wounded, a prisoner. The latter was
eleated a member of Congress of the Frovi
sional Government. Lewis Leary, of Ohio,
raised in Virginia, dead; Copeland, of Ohio,
raised in Virginia, not wounded, a prisoner
Charleston. General Brown has nine wounds,
but none will prove fatal. A bushel of letters
were discovered, from all parts of the country.
One from Gerret Smith informs Brown
money beina deposited in a bank in New York
to tho oreuit of J. smitn eons, Bna appears
to be one of many informing him, from time
to time, as money was raised.
The following is the constitution, fonnd
anion? other naners. at Brown's farm:
"Prnvininnnl Constitution and Ordinance
the people of the United States.
Pbbamblb Wjikrsas, Slavery throughout
its entire existence in the United States
none other than the most barbarous, unpro
voked and unjnstiQable war of one portion
its citizens upon anomer portion, ins uuit au
ditions of which are perpetual imprisonment
nnd hopeless servitude, or absolute extermination,
in utter disregard and violation of
etornal and self-evident truths, set forth in
declaration of independence. Therelore,
citiiens of the United States, and the oppressed
people, who by tho recent decision of the
Court, are declared to have no rights
which tho white man Is bound to respeot,
together with all other people degraded by
laws theroot, do lr tne time neing oraain
establish for ourselves the following provi
sional constitution and ordinance, better
protect our peoplo, their property, lives
liberties, and to govern our actions. -
Articlo If Quaifcarions for Memlerihip
All persons of mature age, whether proscribed,
oppressed and enslaved oitizens, or of the
and onprossed raoes of the United
Klutns. who shall atrree to sustain and enforce
the Provisional Constitution and ordinance
this organization, together with all minor
children of such persons, shall be held to
rully eutiuea to protection unaer ine same.
Article II. BrauohoS of Government.'
nro visional sovernment of this oreanization
bhall consist of three branches, vis.: Legisla
tive. Executive and Judicial. ';m ,"
Artiole III. Legislative. The legislative
branoh shall be a congress or houso of repre
sentatlves, eomposed of not less than five or
more than ten members, who shall be eleoted
by all citizens of .mature age and of soand
mind, connected with this organisation, and
who shall remain In office for three years, un
less soooner removed :bj misoonduot, inability
or by death. A majority of suoh members
shall constitute a quorum.
Artlola TV. Executive. The executive
branoh of this organization shall consist of a
President and Vioe President, who shall be
chosen by the aitiiona or members of this or-y
nlnt.inn. and each of whom shall remain in
his. office three years,. unlets sooner removed,
by death, or for Inability or mlsconduot.
Af tide V.Juinoial. The judicial' branoh
shall consist of one chiof justice ot tne bu
preme Court and four associate judges of said
Court, each constituting' a Circuit Uourt.
They shall each be chosen in the same nan
ner as the President, and shall continue in
office until their places shall have been filled
in tha same manner, by an election of citizens.
Articles XIII.' to. XXV. provide: for the
Mat nf tha President and .other officers and
members of Congress, the impeaohment of
Judges, the duties of the President and Vice
president, me , puuisaiueun ui unmo.,
appointments, salaries, &o., not being oi
special interest, they are omitted.
Article XXVI. treats ef peace., Before any
treaty of peace shall take effect, It shall be
tffneil to the President. Vice President, Com
mander-in-chief, a majority of the House of
Representatives, a majority oi tne -oupreme
Court, and a majority of all the general offloers
of the army. AjJ
Artiole XXVII. Duty of Military. It shall
be the duty of the Commander-ia-Chlef and all
officers and soldiers of the Army, to offord spe
cial protection when needed, to Congress or.
any memcer mereoi, w me supreme vuun, or
. ,r . iri.iT.Ti ' -n --a nl..j
Confiscated.,., All property the . product .of -the
labor of . those belonging to this organization,
and of meir lamilles. snail ne neia as mo
nrnnertv of tha whole SdUSIIV WltDOUt amino
Uon, and may be used for the Common benefit,
or disposed of for 'the same object, and any
person, officers or otherwise who shall im
properly retain for hi secret use, or needlessly
dmtrov such DroDertVtbr property found, oap-
tured, or confiscated, belonging to the enemy,
or shall wilfully oeglootto render a full and
fair statement of suon property Dy mm so
taken or held, shall be deemed guilty of a mis
demeanor, and on conviction shall be punished
accordingly. , 7 ' 1 ? "
Article AA.1A.-Ane oaieiy or Aoioiugeuo
Fund., All money, plate, watches, or jewelry
oantured bv honorable warfare, found,, taken
nr inniigaatea. ensii db ueiu eauiau. iu uuuBki'
1 , i . ..I 1.1.11 X . .1
tute a liberal safety, or intelligence fund, and
any person who shall improperly retain, dis
pose' or bide, use or destroy such money or
other artiolos above named, shall be deemed
sniltv of theft, and on eonviotion thereof, snail
be nunished accordingly. Tho Treasurer shall
furnisn tne vommanaar-in-vniei, ai au iiiuei,
with a( full statement of the condition of suoh
..... n. ! P ...II .1
fundi and its nature.
Article XXX. The Commander-in-Cbier
and the Treasurer. The Commander-in-Chief
shall have Dower to draw from the Treasury
the money and other property of the fund,
nrnvlded for in artiole twenty-nine, but his or
der shall bo signed; also by the Secretary of
Wan who shall keep a strict aooount of the
same, subject to examination by any momber
of Congress or general oncer. - ,
Artio e XX.A1. Surplus or too satoiy or in
talliffenoe fund. It shall be the duty of the
Commander-in-Chief to advise the President of
any surplus in safoty or intelligence tund, wno
shall have power to draw suoh surplus, bis
order havinz been also signed by the Secretary
of State, to enable him to oarry out the pro
visions of Article ztf. . ;
Artiole XXXII. Prisoners : No person
after having surrendered himself or herself as
such to any officer or private oonnected with
this organization, snail atterwaras no put 10
rtnath or be eubieot to any corporeal punish
ment, without first having had the benefit of
fair us impartial trial, nor rami maj priouuci
he treated with any kind ef oruelty, disrespect,
insult, or needless soverity; but it shall be the
dutv of all nersons male and lemaie, oonneoiea
with this organization, at all times and under
all circumstances to treat all suoh prisoners
with every degree of respeot and Kindness tnat
the nature of the oircumstanoes will admit of,
and insist on a like Oourse of conduct from all
others in fear of Almighty God, to whose care
and keeping we commit onr oause. (ine re
mainder is in the same style and very volum
any nieiuuer luftmi, w hiiiod.. LL
Treasurer and Secretary of war,
La tn fford nrotoctloa to all olvll officers. 0
VSn.rl-.,ln the riht to the same. .
New York Financial Matters.
NEW YORK, October 19.
The stock market opened this morning with
... . . e- i. l.
a better teeling, out, Deioro ao ounru u-
journed, prioes losttheir firmness. Galenawas
tne most active ot western siocae, eemugircei
at one time at 747 buyers option.
The slosins eash mice was 7474J'. Mich-
iean guaranteed rose ; the old stool:
Rnnk Tiland closed at IWi&iWA..
Toledo and Illinois Central dull at former
nrieea. State stooks more active at full
prioes. Indiana VA per cents sold at 61: for
the uvea 85 U is bid and 88 asked. Alabamas
r. .i hid and U5 asked. Eentuoky 103(105.
Railroad bonds are without muoh ohange; the
market doses dull but steady. In money and
exohasge there is nothing new. For the City
of Washington, for Liverpool, and the Ariel, for
Southampton, on Saturday, there are engage'
mnnti of about $750,000 in bullion. The total
shipment will probably exceed a million.
From Northern Mexico.
NEW ORLEANS, October 19.
Monterey advices to the 28th uit. have
fmiin rAftMred. f '
Hi, run. in the State of Durango. had been
taken and sacked on the 10th by a band
tvn Vinndred robbers. On the arrival
'troops they were dispersed, and many of them
mm trtllMl. ' . "
The army at Monterey had pronounoed
against General Vidaurri, who, with Zuazua,
tiuii Uff fftf Thu.
eneral Marquese had been defeated twice,
near ftnadalaian. bv General Agason, OOm-
irmmllnir a. fnrea of the Liberals.
General Marquese had asked for reinforce
ments from General won.
From Texas.
NEW ORLEANS, October 19.
' Advices from Brownsvilte state that
fever hint disarmeared in that vicinity. The
citizens of Brownsville had formed battalions
to stand cruard niichtlv.
Latib. The steamer Indianola, with dates
tn thn 11th inst.. has arrived. The Mexican
outlaw, Cortenas, witheeveral hundred men.
was null encamped aoove DrowuHvuia,
another attack was hourly expected. Cor
tenas had issued a proclamation, saying that
orderly citizens neeu nave nouiing u lear,
his object boing to ohastise his enemies,
sheriff and lawyers. .
Death of an Old Soldier.
SOMERVILLE, N. J., October 19.
preme the
Con. Peter J. BLrvker died this wornine
the age of M years. He held the office
Major-General of the third division of.
New Jersey militia, and had served in
Stale Loirislature durinn several terms.
was tbo oldest military ofllcer in commission
in tha State, and was a waeon-boy in the Rev
olution under Gen. "Wayne. His funeral
take place on Friday morning.
Episcopal Convention .
RICHMOND, October 19.
soribed of
To-day's session of the House of Deputies
was ehiefly occupied in the discussion of the
proposition, requesting the House of Bishops
to reconsider its resolution of the last session
in relation to the nse or books of prayer.
PARKERSBURG, VA., October 19.
The fine depot of the lortli-wcBt Virginia
Railroad, at iiilenuoro, was oeewoyett oy
at five e'clook this morning. Tho build
it is supposed, was sol on fire. The
uro 1
nn I
What the West Wants.
; The Eev. Peter Cartwrlght, '.'the Pioneer
Preacher, ef the West,"'reoently. addressed a
large audlenoe in Philadelphia, giving inoldenfs
of his life. He discoursed as follows concern
ing the. preachers now sent to the West, in
oontrastwlth those of earlier days:
"Of late years, my friends, another breed of
ttreaohers is transferred to m tnese are me
hysterical, , dyspeptic, sore-throat, blue-gin
fferfied sort of nreaohers. Thoy travel among
you, they are nnaeeeptable they sue useless
Iumoer, ana loi meir zeai at ouoo -muvos uu
a seventy-four rigged for England) te go to the
West, and "help tne west." - we aon t want
BDy suoh cattle. I tell you now, in my
seventy - fifth year, I cm outproaob and out
work dozens of these old dyspeptic things."
TianmsAiiLi . WOBSBIP. An Ohio editor
asks: "What oan be more captivating than to
see a beautiful woman, say about lour ieo;
eleven inohes high, eleven feet four inches in
llumntar. and thirty-four feet in eireumfereneo,
pM1ing along the aisle just as divine worship
I niiui, tsars praotlco in the treatment oi niiiais ui
President, eaues.sbe has treated hundreds of cases, and in not
o- ! iMtanc ''".?eBJLi0.C''?ia12'
S1E! i ""e"!,.V Tld7oF 3iuc7 To
Dixon's 1 Blackberry Carminative,
Rummer Complaint, Diarrhea, Flux, Ac
In JWIwantr-flTe coats per. bottler ,
nvn m. TITXON: nrninir.
Corner of Fifth and Main-streets,
MADAME I ! li L, 1 S THE
8reat Fctnalo Hotonlcal Phyalrian, after
..' .. ahn fink tfAtfii) and enred
he is encouraged to offer it to the public in such
torm, aou wim sucn lnsirucuuiu
ldv orgenlleman suffrlD from any disease of iho
lenerllve or urinary organs, to treat and oure
tberawlvcs, . ... ' ;
Tlu Uwrine Kiixir if onij 91 perooiHe.
atF. D. Hill's, corner Eace and Fifth-street, ana
John D. Park, corner Ifomtli end Walnut-street,
Kdward Scanlan ft )o.,corui!r Main end Fourth
etreet, Bnlre, Bcks'len & Co., comer Vine sntl
Fourth.stroet.JohnlDfckson, South-east corner John
aud Bixth-etreet, aiiuiiruKKims m-nrinu, .u imu.!,
Bead adverllseineni manmuer wimu. . ,.
entirely Tree from all unpleasant ouur.
ifsi.es remarkablo healing properties, it is the almost
iinir.rnui fTurit with those person who are
trnuhlad with chaiiDcil handa. ? ., 9
aiiiawnvNK. Wolchallena-e a compariionipr
nnr article with any brought to this market. We
lwara hare a fresh article on band.
imin rircanr nn nnm-i. t.ii'.aIjVK
dko.-Constantlr preparing these articles aud eau
r..nl.h frn.li annnlv Ht nnv timo.
Manufacturer and Importer of Perfumery,
, no,
West Fourth-street
ronr hands and face commence chapping
winter approaches? More than likely It 1b causeii
tUn SOap yOU HBO, XUfU HJWlu.u'li Y
Mn- .1,10 Anil an artlHn that will keD TOUT Blin
smooth during the coldest weather Wo select our
lock with especial reforenco to this quality, and
la now larger ana more compioie inmi uBu,.
Manufacturer end Importer ot Perfumery,
oc Mo. S west jrourtn-sirooi,
,iirii ATT,nin n iMPiM ir uiri1
til N H ATT. a. W. comor of Third and Bace-strcets,
October U, 1849. This road is now open. Cars will
in,ar.nt. nt tan m Inn t,m . f ram S:30 A. in
until miaaigni, ruDDiuK vwi.mu
from Wood to Lawrence Blrcet, and westward
V .A Umlth nnil nn Klfth.StrPHt
Wood. Citlxens will please bear in mlud that
ours will iuTariablycrosi interetctini atresU before
stopping lor paes-necra. ,
rn.aM.woiiinilnn nf real etlatc. as returned
the District Asssssors, is now open ict ouuui
Hon, at tho County Auditor's office, to wnicn a.ten
i A;-n.A tr B,.w nnmnliiint into be made,
ha'ln urritlnr. anil nrATitilll tO tllC fOlirtb
Monday In October, MJ, after which ho complaint
will be recetTeu.
fly order or tne ooarrj or m ""'i"",iUnwq
iuvivuh m,. l vii aami BoodPnrt
ler uro a iwiltlvo euro tr I'yiT"!"'" pr"u
niimwoild tiHltlniODiali HI " ". vnn li nniuu,
wmrn curt lis Gftnnuueri ni hid i-r.irr., i..,. v
k ourtu-atreet, by any oneaiuuy nine. m-i-n.
cilVr.KV acknowleileori lr (he most
ineut iihysiciaui. Biul by the muit caretul urugiBts
throughout the UulW Iftaton. ro nniueninesrnnciiHi
bloud-piuiller ovur known, and to have relieved more
.,nr..r:,.0 rfA,t,H mure TMirninnent cures,
any pri'paniihio ltuot. n lo Ihe profession. Horofula,
Salt Hht-ntn, Eryslntl.ie, Moald-hnad, ecaly eruptions
ot whaUoeTor nalun, are cured by a few bottles,
the system restored t lull Birouuiri bimi Tis"r, i
and expiti.'ir diruciroiiH "r uu-i-uio", unfMiru
legs, and otlmr corrupt and ninnluR ulcers, is xiven
the pamphlet with f li boille. l or sale by JUllii
PAftK ' SI lltG, El'ICS'f BIX & .CO., an(f (iEOROK
nrtAVI J! I OzintQ.a
HI, UlAViv. IMdli , Ks---,
I uiau, -
Cincinnati Trotting Park.
an, mile heats, lieet three in Ave, to harness, for
trotting horse that never trotted in tM over a pub
lic rare-course, cloiwi with the following entries:
Ti 1 ......AL.tUn tr "(Jri( "
Jas Butherfordeuterer. m. "Molly Brooks." .
James Hockey entora s. g. "Billy."
J. Wheeler enters a.m. -'Lady Fly."
Prom the well-known epeed of the above horses, 11
Is confidently eipectcd this will be a fast and well,
contested race. Betting nas been very brisk on eaeb
nace to coine on o w iuo. yioui.nij.
c.r. iii leave tha Hamilton and Dayton Railroad
Depot at 1 o'clock for .the cnaree. , ,
PremiflBi Awarded!
Suioke-eonsumlug Coal Cooking Htovei,
Is without a rival. Call en
Inventors snd Manufacturers,
Novelty Iron Works,
3 3 3
Fourth-street, West of Smith.
Iiamlne the Alligator and read Testimonials., .
New; .style
Handsomely Trimmed
, - r -i, i:;;. ,
No. 140 nisUn-etieet,
One door below Fourth.'
" LOOK SrlTOII ' :'J :
' 1 SEWIiVtt MACHINES, ; .
80 West ' Fourtti-Btreov
Between Vine and Walnut-streeis, .wnpinusii,
tfW Bend for a Clrenlar.
JIA v Ja i.1 w w
M. tr3 hit stock of Gentlemen'. Shoes for Fall
J7X..j ,i A-Sliv. vhirh 1 m solllniverv
V .
t - - ,"; ' .::.!...
The nnpnrnlleleil snlo of lUeso Machlnea '
hue aanla eornpcllcd ear oompaay to In-.
crease their facilities for tnaitwfootarlnerr
nnd we now employ ONE THOUSAND
HANDS and make two hupdred niaehlrjes
peaiar t, aud ylth ihe advantaao of seven
yeara exiierlouoe anil a larce capital, we
prepared to furoleli la' srrertt pefteeUen, n
machine uaJversally acknowledged te be
the lending Komlly Rlaehine In iheoountry.
In the Wen we have Jmttakeu the Flrit
Preailum al the
Indiana, , . ;'
Illinois and
, , ' ; Missouri,
Where we received, besides the First Premium, a
1 the best Family Machine.
la addition te sue testimony, we refer to the
forty thousand famll I nd manufacturers to whom '
we have sold, and tc t following wsll-known per.
sonsofthiscity.no ; n our Machines: ;Jl
Mre. Lars Anderson,
Mrs. Seth Svani, 11
Mrri. Jason Evaus,
Mrs. James 11. Smith,
Mrs. Wilson K. Nixon, - .
Nrs. JMoph W. Wayne, '
Mrs. H. t. Cai-penter,
Mi d. Major McOrea,
Mre. Judjte Huailly,
Mre. Himry .). Lord,
Mrs. K. 8. L'Hommedleu, ;,
Mrs. S.imnel Mokes,
Mrs, Jos. Lnnsworth,
Mrs. win. Ateeor,
Kirs. G. K. Hlioenberger,
Mrn. Adam a. Hiaoie,
Mrs, John L. Statiuus,
Mrs. Miles Greenwood,
MrB. Stanley Matthews,
Mm. P. B. Wilber,
Mrs. Jaa.P. Kllbrutb,
Mrs. Joseph O. Butler,
Mrs. Chas. II. Wolff,
Sirs. J. blevin,
Mrs. Dr. Woodward,
Mrs. llr. Conu-BJB,
Mrs. Wm. Bellow,
Mrs. Geo. D. Wincholl,
Mrs. Ihos. W. tiprague,
Mrs. Iter. D.
w. uiark,
Mrs. Kt. L.
Mrs. Itev.O. B. Boynton.
Mrs. Rev. G. O. liobineon,
Mrs. Ber,,Uhas, K.ingsley.
"The substitution of ths rotary movement of the
" hook " for tho reciprocating motion of the 'Shuttle
It the latest grand improvement on the Sewing Ma
chine, and it ie that which now gives wheeler ft
Wilson's ite decldod advantage over all .othor ma- ,
chiuex. Moreover, for economy of power, ease of
management, variety of adaptation and speed of exe
cution, it no doubt, surpasses all ethers for family ,
use." Tas Lames' BErosiTOur.
" My little daughter, of nine years, takes onr ma
chine (Wheeler A Wilson's) upart.oiielt and puts It .
in place, easily and readily adjusts its parts, and per
forms with it all Ordinary work, bheean makoher
own dresse.-, including hemming, gathering and set
ting in the slesves. Conr moiitue use in my family
has made It a neocssitV aud a lnxury.
' " We use the Wheeler Wilsoa Sewlug Machine,
d ti .1 r,.n uv In reffArri In 11 that It is without a rival.
Mo other machine exceeds it In its adaptation to all
purposes of domestio nse." Bchntitio Amseioas.
"We have personally examined the various ma
chines before the publio, with an auxioua desire to
plaoe betore nr roauers reiiau-e uiivnumiuu. txm
the result of such examination, we unhesitatingly
recommend Wheeler A Wilson's Sewing MaeblnM
as the machine for family uio."-WxiVEhs Oaais
tian Advooaii.
" Wheeler h Wilson's Machine Is. beyond a donbt,
J', ' i'i rNJLI Pt ' . .-1 . t
- a r "v . . ,
the best for family use extMt."-CiMeiMATi Faiesl.
We warrant the Machine for three years, and in.
struct In its use free of chare, either at ths hones of
the purchaser Or at our oflloo, '
No. 77 "West Fourth-street,
Wm. Sumner & Co.
- - - fonl9-tfl . ' . 1
Paper, Pens, Ink,; Slates,
', "' '; oa tt s
Staple stationery,
.., .p,-:'r -a- .
'School or Office Fie,
Oan supply themselves with the best, at the LOW
EST BAT9, by calling upon
Moore, Wilstach, Keys & Co.,
Wholesale Booksellers and Btattosers and Blank
hook Uaaufaetarers, ,i ; '.
,; 25;;.
"West Fourth-st.
CINCINNATI TROTTING PARK. Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton
Blxth-streot Depot et 2H oloelt on XCK8DAT.
18th, WKDMG8DAI, Mth, THUBSDA7, 90th, and
FiiXDAY, the 31et, tor the . .
Jieturninf, leave the ground it ths sloseof the Bases
each day." - , . :, ,.. ,
rare-OcenUoutandbaelt. . '.,-. ,.
- ocish . p. MctAHlK. Sup t.' ,
. . .
J il r-ifO.'dOISI
IT1 Carnilno and Shoemakers Ink. Also, fine
Harking Ink. 1'he Csrmlno is a superior artiole
andean be used with a steel pen without changing
oolor. All Inks of my mauaiactore are warranted.
For wile at .117 Main-street. ' i eelTaw.'.i
t.'--' ha rorAorvaiia of '. -.'
Wood-Working Machinery,
Comer Jobn:usI Water: ts0lnclanBtl,O..
ape-tr: ;
ww'.nd (Jonniellor at jw, uuaso's uuiiaing
Wtd street, I doers Kast of fans,

xml | txt