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G. & C. M. Gould, Edi E A.TON, O., January 6, 1859. Z&ml aaatt The Governor's Message. on Monday last and it is published in the Cincinnati Gazette and Gtmmere'Sil. It t.-voty -length y document, -and wo bo idea that any df oar readeaa would wade through ft, eonsequctftfy We do ne lit nk vo will i ulic t it pio n.Jem Wgive tome extracts-iu atiocber-part of our pap-eh t&- The Legislature of Ohio met on Monday last. As there ia no United States Senator -to. elect, aid no pulitical offices to be filled, it is to be hoped the I.rgWlatme W5TV devote "its aflfnlai to State affairs alone. Ijst winter the Legislature commenced a gruat amount of work, and the interests of the people nowrcqaire -that it should' he finished. Another Picheer Gone. Ono bv doe: old resident settlers are .1 ;r...i .....:.. u.i.,:. a- from whence no traveler returns." AVe nro called upon to record 'tne death of Mr. Joux IloSuWEttiiox, JSr. tth iied at his resiWSnCV six ii'i4?oib',of Eaton, on the '2&h ult ; at the lif e bid ab- 8ft yeara and two "rnortths.' Ir. II. was one among "the first se'fflprs cf Eaton, having emigrated uere In the year iSOO, aiid' with his ovn hands cleared his section of land, upon which he resided up to the time of his demise, honored, respected anil boloTcd by all e " y ' tig- vThe Secretary of AVar, in reply i ty an inquiry of the" House Corumittoo ou Military Affaiis has expressed a vei decided opiuion that, the proposed luil -, itary occupation ofSonoro and Chihu ! ahua, so far adding to the existin nc - tsaity fW nn ioercase of the army, Would ! the opposite effect. A iine ofiosts j fitrctehed1 across from Texas to Guay-j inas would b much shorter than the ' present cu.ved line of posts hold by our j troops, aud being shorter could be oe j cupied by a smaller force than is now j required, besides being more effective j than the present arrangement. A great j saving would be made iu the means of i subsistancc, and the curtailment of the expenses of transportation. Newspaper writers from Yash ington state that Hon. J. Crittenden, of Ky., is given up by his friends as a canditato for the Presidency. They now loak toward-Bell, of Tennessee as the only American who can pretend to com mand tbe Republican votes. In this view, strong efforts arc to bo iuade by tbe SoUjth, Americans to carry Keptucky, Tennessee and Louisiana the coming .yoar. . If this can be done, Bell will be .... i . i c. ur-a m.o vTpTO... " : l'resicletit. " i Life ami Death. In Washington, x.A., )i euncsay evening lasi, a ciauSn-,Union terofone of the city council men T. er Mr l 1 . . T 1 t married at her fatner's residence, and tuoriiy ancr tne ceremonies were over, , a venerable grandmother of ihe bride ' .If-' V .t ' - - 1 ' . depaited this lite in the same hou?c Ilcr demise is sunnosed to have . born i- caused by cscitemeu,t over, tbe oxpecta- I tion of meeting all her" descendants .... - , . , , I , foi.-uu-wwuiuu vu tuv i me occasion oi uie weaning ; one oi i w.ou. caiue lruLu icw oncmi, ,o uc present. They did all assemble, first round-the happy couple, and in a few ; ... ..r- r to . -,""d " j Jicr vencrabie relative. py . ,bat5 .indigence from Wiisb- in "to statea that thc Auministration ' has been assured that KnMaiid. France . . . . . j - .: :n :..i..-c.. : anu c?Liaiu iiiu iiol iiiicui'iu in .'iiaiuui i aud Central American affairs ' to otlr j prejudice, and that the difficulties be-; Spaiu and 3Icxipo. have pec, set- ; lied. This last reporfhas: beep MMA i JictcJ- . "i 1 a,fl a-TuJ V. those who'P,c- teud toknow, that there is no doubt j but that the Flllibusters are now in Sic- aragua, as uicy to ok a route an wii would not litel, ny oppo- -i . . - r rt. T I. - - - ' ' r . Tr ' -1 " some hard fare, as thore were abou enough oflbem to be overpowered and.casj6s ..ut to pieces in the first conflict with , rthe Aiearaguans. J A Washington letter says that i Sam Houston inteuds, ou some early occasion, to take the floor deliberately i and, in a speech of his usual eloquence And undoubted patriotism, to declare ! that he is not an aspirant for thc l'rcs , idency, and would under no cirqumstan- . ces accept it. A young fallow they call I JOHN once declined his supper, because ho- couldn't get it. 0i" It ia stated that Scuati.r Vugh iiil oppose the rension Biil juatp isspd bv the Honee of Representatives. . , j I The Republican Platform. fact jcxisjcdjuflder.oyir.glorious Constitution, each State being sovereign within its own btovders, and left perfectly free to 'ir.anngc its Tlomcsttc affairs in its own way. But iu these latter days new light is thrown iu upon us. by infidel tphilosophefs and statesmen of. Now York and New England. Our sister have hood of States has existed in peace and harmony for two generations., and we have prospered and become great as no ;3 tJ be fogbt fa jc,.,. WmSSfSkt two years pared foribe threat eootcst. , The platform of the Opposition, now composed of Black Republicans, Abo- nfcra, Ivnow liothinjrt, Free- . vocaics, OTiuieis ece.,c..- ttic lMu iok prcoSliiinatftR:, fer a bloody one. plitinyttcr :l fcittor ;md unrelenfi rife Dctwecn"ihc grrt sistcrnooitj of States Senator Seward, of New York, is tho distinguished exponent of this new principle cf internecine war aid bloodshed in our hitherto peaceful Con fed racy-, ijnd as he is to be the Re publican or Abolition candidate for the next Presidency, his programme be comes of immenso importance to tho vr'.;o!c. country. Hear what Tie says in his eeleb'rfire'a" Hoh(Afr spcc-on, deliv ered a short' t.W ago : The United Stales must, and icill, sooner or later, bcooae EITIIEli EN TIRE LY A STrAVEHOLDIXO NA TION, OR ENTIRELY A FREE LABOR NATION. Either the cotton and rice fields of South Carolina, and the sugar plantation ot Louisiana will ultimately boUllcd by free hibor, and Charleston and Nom" Orleans become marts for legitimate merchandise alone; or else the rye .ujlds a,nd wheat acids of Massaehusettes and INcw iork must nrrnMt )w RiirrntlAri! hv thf r,wiinra to slave culture and the production of slaves, and Boston and New York be Iconic ' once more markets for trade in .the bodies and souls oi men. This, then, is to bo the great question at issue to be decided iu the next Pres idential contest. Stripped of all dis- that the North, b ' , ... ....... v.....-, literate negro slaver- from the South, and reducic the Sftccn slave holtlin ijLattjSj.tQ. uncouditional eubjection and vo&aatage, . This, is the'plaiu meaning of' Mr. Skwaiid's dechration , for no talking, about, the possibility of Massa cbusxtts, ard, New York and Ohio bo coming again tbei;gcat of-African s!av- 0T.-'. '. 1 ft 'ds iin iii::;. . For seventy yeav? tins grcnt country, composed of free and slave States, has nation ever did before the wonder and ; admiration of the whole world but j this state of things is to continue no j longer, if they get the sway. The won- j derful sympathy of Seward and his1 coadjutors for tho negro, would induce fhem lo rend the Union into fragments, and deluge its fairest portion in tbo blcod of the white race. Their policy, if successful, would make US a byword and a reproach anion ill the nations of j the earth. It is full time for the patriotic con servative people of tho Northern 'States to look this danger fall in the face. The times arc portentous, and the dan ger imminent. The declaration made hy Will AM 1I.Sevaiu, at Rochester is no empty, unmeaning one he never speaks in that way, but always means t . ...: wbat he sflvs. pad bis language is full m -'.nrr.. 3u -P ot tne decficist . signineancc. it is very evident that the great, battle of the The neb i was but a preliminary skirmish; the de- cjfce conflict j to takc pl.lcc tw0 y2ar3 hencc, The Democraev of Qliio will t . ; k from thc er.counter. nor ill ! n .- t ji .i jti;i Stt. Tl, irinmnh 'nf Jx,V Por.;- AQ ' , i( nn nnrnntr that. I LovoU I ma competitor for a seat ia the United ! , i-Vnatc. Mr T.ivror.v stood on ! tbe Sevaki platform, declaring iu his during tUe canv;lS3 that tbe Stafcs composin?? the Union must cither become entirety tree or entirely tlavK This was the leading issue made ' before . . , P I tlie rople of Ijliuois, and upon this .1 l . ! ...I.:. 1. ...Ml 1 i tuey nave given a eruicc mucu ui uc i heartily responded to by the Democracy j of the cut re North. We are fully pre- - - . : i 7 National Convention of-gnm-tweeu b,crs is tn be held in Chicago. Thc ftMaogt of that city- says the city has been "fast filling up" with delegates from dilTercnt States, sdnt to attend (his eonvcnt;on. Alabama. Rhode Island mMiD unrepresented,' on 1 eduo::; W and delegates from ti.oc were 01. ; tncir way to tne great mjcting: Al- thouh this . ia a gathering of "bar d morally, the Democrat describes (lie. pers0TJ.4l a-ppcaralice 0f the dele- gates as highly respectable : "A finer looking set of men wp have nc :cr seen 'than they are, taken upon the average, They arc aU fat, and are well, very well dressed, with jewelry in 'abundance : .Minnesota were the only states rc- - ii - ' : - J -':jr- - , r . i - . k and some of the men are said to be what : their looks indicate, men of talents. "- Their Presidential ticket ia not yet ; forcshad )vcd, but irs composition, of , 'course, will be selected from the most eminent ' Plugs. " c-::tira vaji Of tax criy in the As 1 1&3,000,000. of ndia itiou ; j j ' j J j I The Republican Platform. Letting Alone with a Vengeance j it t ti o oppor Admin istra- tion policy a would accom- iisu a ni-tli in oward SAttling the eon- I'lii'. niloprt t, t n noun- u uree with the Kcpubli- e:np and 1 N Si i:iJ Mi...,:.... .. uMio in UR csJLt ex is is unuor cover of local Jaw nTTu of Vigorous! V am M"""' PPon"a iei..ii into icr i.. -. . ... Tho Republican ' policy of letting slavery alone in the States where it ex ists." This is rich! Col. Sc-houler was sometimes suspected of being a wag, before lie returned to Boston. His resideneo1 there baj strengthened his fondness for a broad joke. Lincoln says this Union will .not equ.Hnue half slave ajid half free, because a bouse-divided against itself cannot staud. ; Therefore, Cfefe Northern waT against slavery Hj the States' VHl 'go on, ft Lin coln s ideas are 'to prevail in the Re publican party. That they aro to do o, evidence ia found ia Seward's Ro chester speech, who adopts this senti ttiirit of Lincoln in its broadest and fullest :tense. Seward tbiuks the war between the slave States aud the free Sltltna T r, n A.l t ....til C rfi.,. 1 - - I . J , ! Srate establishes slavery , or every slave State abolished it. Seward's views are specially comuiended by tlie riding Black Bepublieau . -element in Ohio. Cull you this lotting "slavery alone in the States where it exists ?" Ilc fa; t Is., both the Black Bepubli - t tl St ii h oans and the extreme nicu of the South the same doctrine as to the ab-1 straei power of tbe government with re-' gard to the slavery question, and both , . , 2, . would pervert the Constitution. The Norlbei-M tidhe.vtnta . to the Cougrt- sional sovereignty doctri ne, would use the federal uovevnment to intervene iu i . , j the exclusively local affairs fit tbo fer. i , . y . ritory that is. Cor Abe prohibition of slavery and the Southern advocates of " Congressional sovereignty would use the same power to intervene, in like manncrlhat is, for the protection of slavery. Both operations would be subversive of tho original and legitimate policy of the founders of the govern ment, and of the letter and spirit 'of the i Conititutiqn. Slutcsman. The Facts in the Armistad Case. Some twenty years ago two Spaniards attempted. sto ,$onvey their slaves, by Water from ono part of the island of Cubi'-t-o another. They chartered a vessel for this purpose, and as soon as fhoy were out of sight of laud the ne groes mutinied aud took possesion of the vessel. The negroes knew nothing of navigation, and the vessel finally found its wnv into f.nn'v Islnnd sminfl and was formally taken possession of by the Revenue Cutter and brought into New Haven, where tho cases were tried, and the Court decided that they were 1 1 tl rfl ii llin:i (Vnnil rt r n .1 tlAW ,..,'.- ' ' subsequently set at liberty. After wards the Spanish Government claimed from our Government remuneration for the loss which its citizens had sustained bv the decision of the Con necticut Court. ' and the liberation of the Africans. Our uuvunaueui rccoguiicu ims claim anu i .ll. -i j l,.ir- c-.-. T-- 1 ; k, r-. nKiiail (I... . . I t . , t ' , , , . 1' Congress to the subject. President f...i r t.f. i ' -t! aliA3CWLli.il Uinta ll-A tiniyiiuyii Ui luucnanan u, , ,B mie mess.go sa3 s . "l I fT'r T WWW ".uv...v tairiy aue to these claimants under our UU r .). o-.l. .fO... MCJll HIIU .. Mill, UI UlU UI OllU- ber. 1795, and whilst demanding iustiee I Ohio Delegation in Cougress - The Washington correspondent of the Commercial says, truly that Ohio I h,.s . nn X,l..i;nn ;n Uil, I.a..o ..(;. Congress as respects ability and in flu I once. He particularly mentions in the uouse tuc names oi sucrman, oranton ' Bingham, Bliss, Giddingsand .Nichols, among the Republicans, and Grocsbeck i and Cox of the Democrats. To these ; latter should bo added Vallandigham and Pendleton, whose talents and ac quirements are of a high order,and.who, as well as as tne otners are troou uusiness ita WOla its tin tiii; uiiu.13 1 I Z l;ijuu u uc m . . moni!erB ln the Senate he compHmchts nr i i. 1 .. l . 1 : : aae, auci luougu a siroi.g juopuonueii . says of Pugh that he is ' keen," aud that tJU -". - i .i. , u it ,n ocis on ine noor. tie may wen say mat i ., rt rt n .i .1 and ll he had added much more, com r plimcntary to Mr. 1'ueh's abilities, he woulu not have departed from the truth Both Derrr jerats and Republicans may j weH feel proud of the present Ohio del-1 egsmn. j v w j ii anv. i?itucs itic ul'lil-i i ie p r e s e n t c ii . Cut. JJit'ttt'n'r. 'ti.-'tV'thc west Of La Plata. Sdmij tu they dlviduals it was affirmed bad made as . L.itft .icoiiil1s fVam Ruonna v- res confirm the- news of the -old donoa- -.nuchas irom 20 to KK) Ounces per day. Unless the matter is greatly exaggera-j ted these parties must have come upon I large niigge'ta similar to those some- j times found in CaJifornia and Australia. The finding of gold upon thetl ilia Riv-; 'or in New Mexico is also corroborated j The deposits were said to be large, ha v ! ing been found in a tract of country j three hundred miles in extent. gt, A uiachinist iu Maiichestei ,Eng . land, has just finished a new printing, -l.ic-li ho .claims will i.ri nt 13 .()(:() jsuecta pn both aides) ..-wry hour. iic adheres to thc Hue principle, butclaius' to have made impriivementa by uhichj (the prL-ss ra more eheajdy i -ou.- -.ru- :i d ' aud a higher '.ate nf speed a!t':i:ic-d. From the Cincinnati Enquirer. Abstract of the Governor's Message. j children to school, he makes the fol hold lowing cxcrut'i'atlng suggestion : 1 "I suggest, therefore, that he (the j Commissioner.) be authorized to employ oUO or more competent agonta to visit I cvc,.y lownyh;Pi urge' upon parents, ! teachers' arid" cVldrcn the duties csscn- 1 30,000 : that of suicide one to 30,923." I ' ' Tl,. : : . J" , n o rrr t(1. He SUIgCsts that the law in relation j tQ c. ;,al punhajent be so amended . , f.111.ts raH nt ..;.. discrafion , ! -v .1- n." . ,, i . ., T .. . n'yi ,T i cent, of tho debt. The rate of eommer ! ei-il h.na'rd in credits Is. therefore, com ycHpT ame njfcg 1 usiuu to the rast hi W I prAess m (Mo. t)sticfijderiiMd oin lone ir"- a;.;0'irs tease ot population ia 53,000, a million in ten vears. Tlin population of the Stale is supposed to be a,400,0fl0. He uotiueu tho- subject of education, and pays a high compli ment to the labors of Mr. Barney, the late Democratic Stats Superintendent of Schools. The following figures sliow out cdueaonal progress : mmam ' The nitiqber qf Common Schools in 1853 waflflfi; in 1S5S, 12,000; the number ofyouths over five years of age and .und tweuLy-tfUC. euuiucrateil in 1S5" wasTOOBSS : in TSSff' 515.840 ; the vouthenrollcd as attending school fn fSp3 Jre 358'4:ir: in 185'$'' fy&r 313; the fee rage, b'umDcr iu daily! at tendance h 1S53 was 271,190; in 1S5S, 35j,S(!3 ; the number of teachers em ployed iuilS53 was"f3l563'; in 1858, 19,873 ; :hc amount paid teachers in 1S53, SS0), 145; iu 185S, 1, 075,832: the Buniftf of school -houses in 1853 was G,S50jfJu 1858, 10,197; the. value oT "sehooKhouscs in 1853 was estimated at 2000,000 ; in 1S58, at 3,740,420. " Ha reonimends tbe establishment of State Noriaal Schools, aud the encour agement of teachers' institutes. In or der lo remedy the feVlfi of absenteeism, i oausc,i by Pents uot sendiug thqi j ti.il to the highest cfliclancy of our : sebooW: I ns plan haS been aao-pted cdsuwhqro with the happiest effoc t. r ., These "competent agents to talk to 1 , i i n ; , ,-, ,,. i . .. . . i. . i .... . i. i' ,. ,. , 'enn party as they would "about the I schools. The obie A is to increase the n umber "of ll6pub!ican electioneers. It wont do, Governor. He estimates the number of insane persofls In the State at three thousand, and recommends the onuctuiout of a law for the cstablubmeut and regulation of private asylums, iu which i large portion of tho insane would be provided for by their friends without charge, to the State. The number, of paupers aud eiimiuals in the State maintained by the public is 32,4"00. This is one to every seven'ty fi : c of our population. In Massachu setts they have one to forty one and iu New York one to sixteeu. Iu relation to crime the Governor s:ivs : The number of indicttftcalT for crime "during the past yeaT rJs about 3,000; the number of police arrests for crimes agaiust the State not prosecuted by indictment was alout 3.200; the number of arrests for offences against police ordinances 4. 080 ; making the number of arrests and indictments for crimes and offences id' lower grade 11, 480. The convictions carried into judgment, upon indictment, were 1,300. Hie murders during the year were 8U, n ml snii'i.lrx (iS The rironort ion of crimes and offenses to. the population ono . iij- was one ill -JO : mc uopuiiiou ui ui- , , . ;. . r . i . one half of the crimes of violence have their origin in intemperance, and four- fifths of all o.ljjr offenses are owing to that baneful curse. tie calls tlie attcn. : , , . . . m - .. c t i i. ..'.;..f .. Intemrerance. and the duty of some 'lWs'ii.,n. He makes no suggestions ! -"O 0r recotnmcndations, However, as to tne character of that legislation. Thcrea character of that legislation son 0f tlie omission is, he fears that, if il3 recommended a temperance law, it would iniure him politically. So he- avoids any direct recommendation, and! , . ,' , -, ! throws the whole responsibility upon i 1 the Democratic Legislature. He eulo- 'oMffw Mir. o nor i vi l ml w-iarv svsleni fin (I ' r . , , in this connection, states tbat!:tbc nura- per of civil suits last year was .out . ,,,cnn,i :,. ,;i,tnn il,n,.a.,n,l ',,.,. , t i 01 juugi.ie.ii:, vve.u icuucco. The rfumber of suits involving serious controversy of law or fuel boro a small proportion :to the whole. Much the larger number were prosecuted for the collection of claim?, and it is estimated that tittle tenths in amount of tfce debts! unsecured nf tnoVtM or otl.- wise i I'nWUhVV.r ,-louiths ot la rocore- which class constituted three the whole, was. recovered or Me Tllig estimat if at all reliable, in!ie:l, lllinI . the grounds ou which tllc ,,;,, gVedftofthe buMncss men as weU J thc StaU yiObio, is established, fdie whole debt of her people, public anj pr;vatCi as 'I took occasion to h w jlaj year, is hanlly crjual in .-.mount to oue-lifih bf tbo prspcrty in Ihe Slate, llnii ,-Ue ioiS iy ,nd,ividual failuro in payment is only two and a half per para lively insignificant. The receipts front taixbtion in o 3ii i'rea-ory f-.r all- nurp.)e- were 82 f) 31 7jS. Tbe ilisbnrseinei.ts '.- 83,532. i nis is a t.erv uiaiii;.ing H 4 ad.it of the finance unuer Ko.jtbiisan Xs JessAE:c JB-yBnu w rcs ftc Ate dc mm coiuJK that ' our or half to tlie -l-enitentiary lor iae. no s The paper thus paid into the different ! freasunes ;s. at best. on v the renrcscn- UlUttlUUUl UI IIIU IT. fl I Ll i I 111? UICU1U1I1 . (at;vo 0f Lnoncy in the possession ofthc ('banks which is issuing it; and, tbus to the extent of its reception, foveign . UilllKS. ill.'U IIIJL IIIU i ilMU UI S. UIOU been the real depositaries ot the public I funds. Instead of increasing the seen-' rule. The balance anncars to be on the IK wronir sLlcA. TJie followins details of es bd)f acres listed .OWOS. Xlie va ndfas8437,lS3,13 aots.Sl 53,102,81 ,51 1,064. Thet es levied lor ireneral Mates nurnoscs were: For Sinking Fund, 1,047,902; for general State purposes, 8587, 200 ; tor Oomuron Schools, 8,259,092; for District School Libraries. 883.920 ; in all 82,998,122. The levies for county purposes were : For countafcexpeuses, 1,130,930 : for bridges, S301, 988 ; fori the ot)r,;82"J2,471; for building. S320, 954'fl7 for rnntl-i .!t50 dSR fn mil VMbo total A taBu waa ru of these la th;i t Ol" it, W 11 :l i (1 i i f v tMtTf chattels, sp ,ad, UB7 -f.-i-i'n n'SHko9in- The levies for township, city and other 1 .local purposes veto : Tor township ev-! pen.es ?2,S47, 219; for. schools and j school-houses, 81,-138,810; for town-I shipy ity and other special taxes. 3,- 350,078j and for deli nqupneies and br'-i feitures, 8572;030 ; in all 8G778,52S.''; Iu order to prevent the e.ils of taxa- tion the people must Ii-ok to -Coutttv i - . . ... . .-. ; Commisstoners, iownsbYp Trustees, Boards of Education and C.ty and Vil- ; Councils, even more thau to tbe ! nUnnrJ Anmnl. He speaks well of the Semi-annual Tax Law, and in this connection says : t,T , i , - , 'I reccommend such legislation as may be clceme 1 neccssarr to rivc prac tical effect to these suggestions hy pro viding for the prompt payment into the State Treasury of the State's proportion of taxes as soon as collected, and re quiring early settlements Hy1 the Coun ty Treasurers with the State Treasurer. Such legislation would enable the Au ditor of State to lay before the General Assembly, at an carl;,- da- in each ess ion, a statement of the aetu-.tl receipts from tWxeS'fn December, and the cvti mated receipts in June, as well of the actual and estimated receipts- from a.1 other sources during the year, and this statement would supply a basis for econ omical and intelligent Appropriations for the ensuing thi-co-quarters of thc tofrrent a nd tho first qU'aVtor of the next flsie'al 3-ear." Alter alluding to the independent Treasury Law of la.-t winter, and its practical woikiu-s, the Governor says:; , . '.. - 'm Other pottrt of differcnc'C bcrween the Federal and Sri.te systems which j to mc most important is this : : The Federal system describes the me drum in which pay me,,1s may U: made I into the Treasury. It directs tliat all such payments shall be made iu gofd'or silver or Treasury noted. ' A correspon ding provision irt-Stafe legislation' would 'rctjitfrc rsreb payment iir gcfld ot silver or the notes of speeie-pavltig brtfafespr ginized and regulated by State' laws. The act of las session makes rib provi sion at all in relation to this-very im portant matte-; and, by Ihe dmission, seems virtually to require Ihe receipt, tor taxes and other rare lines, oi wnat- . . ever may be current as money in the several localities wnere payments ire mart. ijmr Ii ha., 1 uu .1 . .i.i n4. been- I UI.V!M,IIJU, Ul.CH in fact the gene it not universal con- ! strueuon or tne act oytne t.oun.y .treas urers and other public o Risers. 'Thus constructed, the act fails whol- 1 !y of it intent. It all j'.vs the Treasur ers to receive, and under it the Treasur ers have actually received a large pro portioned" tbe 'taxes in tin notes of-iiu merous banks of cither 'Bftfttss?' It Iws thus virtually encouraged flic chcura tion within our limits bf a currency sub joct in no respect : to , tbo control of o:r CIS ation. and. to this PTtcnt l.-is Kro- -p-- y - r- ino'cil deterioration rather than in: rity, it has thus increased tho inseeuri ty of custody !'I respectfully recommend the cor- V.iiIi.iii ill r 1 .-. It it . , . ' 1 i . , '-V '".. , , ...... u- Jeciclcl that the Louniy l-casurers shall ! ,i, ''.. .Vc,..,' ",!... 1 continued as depositaries and agents ; should be aubWt.,.1. nt least i ; , ! ' "i to these funds, to the supervision of State officers, and .v,ju red to g, ve - S.1!.' P'-T'-edwith the State: AlMWU.Vi. ... ... . ... IJICOG duties. xT,:.-i i ..i ..i : or is it less important that the ; Ut ; .1. i.,.. . .. l - i l ajicertainea by positive legislation. A provision requiting such payments to ' , . '. c . 1 -' be made in com or specie notes of our ,1,, ...w ...... ..t ...... mi. pecie notes or our our own banks would, in my opiuion be safe, useful and not inconvenient. It 1 would be safe, for every dollar In the traaaury we-ulta'titthcr be specie or the equivalent ot specie, made- stieU, not; merely by the solvency of the bank issu-1 intr it; b.ft by the guarmty of all the ' branches of the State Bank, or bv State ! and Federal stocks in the aotsal custody' rendered absolutely secure by your judi"-! cious legislation, of the State officers ;! it would be useful, for. it would promote1 O SOUlld ..lT.lll:ll an nCLsTUMiia nnd sneciis I notes: and it would not be iucouveuic.ut for the circulation, obeying well known principles, would increase and dimiuisli . , ' . . . - . i 1 nc Mate iieoi is i iW,w; v;t raiaj ?t, 11:1,35 becomes payable ifio ; ".1st of December. 1SU0. lie recum- da the Le:,i -bturc to authorize a new ' 11! ou tins indebtedness, wneu due. i pan tne uV-ject of bank taxation and the law passed by the last Legislature, to compel those institutions to pay . heir taxes, the W s!;ulluus-,,'owevcr' -b',nP " u'po.i flic ce;e,!-.n oi ihe Miprcnu- ( onrt oRtho u: fed "Sates, haV .l?Wft ' ; f'mt.ar ftjeSfiRe. tji.-s iv.i-iiied by the so t or Xr'. lJ. nn.lj . ifla fa no returns ! tr rixaflon wider a ' nf last sss.-i'iO. Tu .,!, i,i-ai. inim : inns' fiavc !. iii oWarnwl fri! i cdirai LVurta, r i i. ;.: .i:c pro oicea iiom ibv tv.-ea;.i- c; s.bc t1 Umj . tii , , , . loan, at five per cent., or lees': to meet, ' . - 1 , ! I i j I i I ; j j j 1 ' He ) recommends the enlargement .of the Penitentiary and an appropriation for the construction of a State arsenal,. IIerc arc the' uatcrial" passage oC-ihe .-, . , ' . y. ,77 "rnor a rccoiameadattot). about the Works: '-The expenditures of the Public "oi'ks have, during the past year, again fvthc rovenucs,.an4 the question oi their future disposition must ncecs- sar;iy Jc-,nana Vour attention. My own views upon 'tin's subject have bce'n sulff lage ciontly stated itiToriiicr communications 1 w. The injunctions and some defects! uol iuuvi.ou iu cue repori OMiat ave prevented tlu e etl- tns set oiF. iu lieu nf a4pr' 1815. mSfces hBe cWL ii of -the rqvenuL: tion-Hiethaf' t.heS est in the E eoCral Co the claim to exemption set up by ' "1 tstawAuciitorj. J cnti'flH'il i rKn 11 wttL VnreBt the riBOa 'I 1 siouas to save the banks eiaiming A. : .: ... qi.-..,i.i iT- a-.PftVaragaa. banks, or so modify the act ot last ses these altnafivOjoapfoBfteOi-riidtijfe amendment ot the act may .cut oftheactmay be found ne- ccssary, and adequate provision for the - J l 1 ,.i 1.1 1 . u ua voiua oie ui igaiioi. biioutu uu piuixin.- ly made." The ijolicv'of sale in nronev see'tfrYfrs. fir auorJ "ate prices; under such guards and "trietio-is as will insure the continued use of the canals for the purposes tiiey .i.,..;.,..! , .iii . " ......u AJ . , .U.U.I, ll 1 1 V. il llllll- the control of the interests now com- with them, will probably best the wishes of a majority' of people. No public . sentiment, however, i'avors a sale for les'a than their real val- not measured by one or two years of disaster, but ascertained by thorough examination of all the determining cir- eumstanccs, or without such limitations as will eeiisure, beyond any probable contingency, the ends of their construe tion." "ii For the Democrat. Probate Court. !iutli ,liatters of this kiX says r. . .. 1 J . " 1-n-n t Ihcre was an es- " " ""'"", t V. r t,.. ... " . i ". ' . i " ""J11" '"S '. 'V ""' . T , I 1 .1 i P t ' , ,,,,:..,, ,,r ,,, 1 .A , J he is-iue.il to compel the parties 'to ap-i j)Cnr and answer agreeably to the slat- ute in such cases made and provided.'" Wd are indu. ed to make this order lo iciti. iin i in i . ii f ,iws n r( ii nr in J.L is urueicu uy me court, iiiai in . r, j ,. , ' cases 'where executors', ndmimstrarors : . . . .. .. 1 : . 1 : . T ..i. i i' , .v - . .Vi . l as required by law, and who have been Served with citation, (or their sureties on bond) to show cause why such ae- "ounV .i!T a W0 bf SIS have Jailed to respond satrdactoril v to 'the order of the ronrt Mttiel mii'iii jaT1 because of a large n umber oi cases of estates found upon' tits docket, where nothing appears to have been done.and i,u fjCw cases i;ot even an inventory or sale bill tiled, and where some guardians have totally failed to make any settlo incnt since ihcir appointment. There are cat-es standing upon bonds rapgfiu; fj;om 6100 to 815. COO. and setting as a conservator of the rights of widows, orpbans and heirs, ("and that it is also .1... ... ft- . :.: 1 v ... .-vk ...r-... .Hie iu .ii sill till?" on umi'j.. I iij.il . ;ii i A Jministrators are in a de- t;;i( :'. .1. :' .V.It.- a rent from the records tliat it js t1lg i; u i v i oi tl.c Court to sceTIiat the law is complied with, iu coupe'iling Uiem to setiicmcnr. settlement of tbe estates of persons," as well as see. 20, of the act cjiiceriiing the relation of guardian ward. And also see. 00, of the .act gerTeral l rm iiinis Probate Court, chap. .., ine pouer, we ininn, i cj early given to the Court that on its own motion can iii-iko an-.-h orders and enforce (hem: by process. 1! secure a faithful ad ministration of the law. The Judge of; Cincinnati, in making a similar order be complied will, we had better abolish t' era ; but as far as the Court could judge there were no laivs upon the sir-j f t - 1 . . tutc OooK more wise or licnincent tlian glos0 relating lo the administration of tl,n itntna of .1 f.,.iod nornna nnl ",e CS... 01 . Ut;ce?sca- Pcr$ons. . on.a Rlr -LV" ' IUL'n U10re MrlcC' IV ClIIUi'.fLl. shall feel it to be our tlutv to see every provis:on of the law strictly ear- ricd out, and when once ,t is known to -, . .... . , enforce! there w be better lie coin mil n i t v mat i ne laws are to J . f- Kcrvance oi men). Camphene Explosion The Most Horrible Warning Yet. ,c bWrtiiier ; which the accident oc sum. cujrrcd, informed policeman Fleming, of the Eastern District, of the fact, that and broke his way in. , . - J, ,. 'door was fastened. L Th,. R.ilMmorc Ki,,V,f-nf ihe Rfh says : Last night, between fen and eleven oV-lock, a young marrio'd lady only ?vcntecn years o: age. named Mrs .Mal.lara. was. engage- din i , j , ber dwe...? tn -.Monument street, be- .'ween- Kden ' and Canal, v. hen thc lah.p became dim. and-, in attempting to refill it with -vain phone, an explosion ensued. TUo flames unfortunately extended to bcr clothing, and in a moment bor per-: son was enveloped in fhe destructive element. Her calls for assistance were in v.in,nior husband being absent, and no one lining tu cue nouse- uo was ca pablc orrenderiug hei-assistanc-o. A young man from the street ob- 'serving the cxtraoramnry hunt troni l-- v i n t i no pvinn . rnnrv nam irfini mr promptly prccceucd to the bouse. finding that the pori rushing up ., h-i h ,.l);ltained the uiifor. tunate lady, a horrible spectacle was presented bcr tatr form was hurnt to a cnp: too c c, mc.c roasicu ... V sockets; arid the ravages ot the tire had proceeded to such an cxtcnl that she (.1.1 scarcely be recognized Mn ,,,.. x ,n.,,i m nbl prov. c at, V hi i.; fit tin '-rt efvi' and- be agonizmg suffering enntina.nl nt.f.lihi ; ,' a nu ire r TUe .1 ' S -J'Mt datv. jol r: i or inreipi - V.rk f. i im :.i'-. : he ire J t'ttUl u t t 15 7. IMPORTANT FROM CENTRAL AMERICA. Shipwreck of the Fillibusters their Return to Mobile. itl&dr Cr0S9 the country o Leon, tbe ar The Britirh Governor (Seymour) ten jieting dercd the British steamer-of'-war Bat fulfill thcj'isk to convey- the passengers to any j southern port in the United States, j An American captain circubrted pVei ue, udicial roports. but Governor Seymour those to regard the them as shipreeVed j citizens of a friendly nation,, and offered icw Orleans, Saturday .January 1. vessel which has arrived at Mobile jyiatan. reports that the schooner ' landed her Dasscnsrora ?f 'P..t. ello, Honduras, who Forthwith iZZtZTJ" J"" 'bow in the hands of the Leon Democrat wbo aaa i.uo arrival ot the Americans lo declare aMin4t Martinez. I j A large number of Dcmoc'rats wef o at y Von Anderson to arrange with the Yeohese." K The corresponJent of the New York Associated Pwss, sends tne tfolhiWmg, dated Baliag, litisl) Honduras, JcfceiS bcr 20 : . The schooner Susan, with the Nioara guan'fillibusteTs on board, was wrecked on Glover's Coral Rcef.sixfy miles from Balize, on the morning of the lOHi j.j . - - .ni n ii i AH th passengers were saved, bat I the vessel ia a total loss j Cipt. 3!aury endeavored to charter j jollier vessel to carry the passengers t0 their o'csfioation. but did not suc- 1 i every assistance in his power.'. .. The passengers will return to Nlw Orleans. . ' ' w fj .j; .Ait ki- IMI 'Ailirsttitq vo' o ready to unrro withthe Atrier cans. M. 'WftkriJeVhnfl hnnn .Vl r..,...A LATER . ; TJia British war stcanier Basiirk af rived. iu Mobile Bay this Morning. from Balize, Honduras, with one. hundred , . ii j P ., , shipwrecked pnssenL'ers ot the schooner ! ' ",. r , , ., ... 'lf.1.1'l, UIMJII .lOO.ttLl Oil LllU ' i . 1 U.I., i bv order ut the governor or Balize. Thay were treated in a gentlemanly nanuer by the . British officers. STILL LATER. procession was formed, and tbe Nic seems j aragua iafg hoisted. Captain Blaury wan i called -out and made a speech to tba i c''d. The excitement is intense. MfVftn.'E. Saturday, January 1. The shipwrecked passengers of the schooner Svsttn havearrived in thirfcitv A Singular Case of Arson and Perjury. ""V'T Tre tn? J" W I rested alo -made con fessiou on lus c cIailuih tllM ho hat, ,-ed ; lw purpose, before tUe actcal perpol tlon the crime, and was not teCi naihr. r;U J Tl nnmn, lwJ - . . ; 10 nave .Jones testimony to convict ot"er parties and a nolle pros M;()lv illf(rmiltiott rroln Matoey' Uobert u .i., n.k..n stor.,l : j i i ' 1 ! ! j t . In the year 1850, fire destroyed pro perty in. the town of Akron, Obio, val ued at $t3).0fl0... There was little doubt that the. .fire was caused by incendiaries but do clue to their detection was found until a y-ar had elapsed, when the di ebaaiHc of a. man who had been tho in strument of Ihe designers ofthc crime, and who had 'removed out of the State, led to the detection of the guilty parties. Among the buildings destroyed was ono i-i.-c uph'il in part by the firm of Bowcn & Barber, as a grocery anu provision s'orc. They had insured a stock worth S200 for, 51,000, and the motive for nring tne uuuuiu; was to ootain tne SS00 isivfs above the value of their stock. They hired a man named Mat ney, who lived .oma distance :frui Akron, to set the f.rv offering him 825 for the job, a man named Jones acting , n..tl(.... iaT. Bowen .& i;,ber.- C. Bowcn,- were arrested.. iHtutyi Slead - I ' 1 ' ' . . 1 1 I , II I'll I U C 1 II IJ i .'IT UIUI ' ';uv , , T,;,tm.,f" .! &, mmm. j ,K.9-f SBJ,pGnj0ii, oriier ar own of :ra- lini- niportaflt the was ftnrnrfia1 imihh f lui imlwif mnnr. i.r-iiwf for arson Uat wh,n hp - on the staud, he deliberately denied the who,e t8ttteiBen4 which be had nude to ,i, ri;tt,.:t a ,,,. i- nu.H.. nWarinninlM !n ,h m. r. f. . r This nowovor, uia nos. prevent inetr eonviclion so oenclusive of.tbeir.guUt ivprfi r 1 r-irpiiniutnniaa lirnnn nn tli. i t 3 1 ir friends b hij delilierate perjury A(Rr the co,fvLution of Bowenaod Bar- i - . i : oei, ue was liiuicieu ior per iiry, ineo . i ... , . -., ,f J' 2T. al,u oouvieicu noiwunsianuing raise :. w?s again resorted to, in order - 9ave llira- Tbo Aki on Beacon iys these men ifciaVi ihaata fn unties, are re- spectably connected ahdeompetant to uave become respfccfcdde.artd influential members of society. There is-no-ques tion as to their guilt or tho justice of .!..,: . i i.. . .. . - i,;.,i- ...... 1 L 11 11, M . Z , , L , I 1I1.IU I i HO ..... V P"" , " "-ZSoi ypntl.y of each. Strong effort rll e uiaae io proem e mtir Pai 'tT uu.".vc"" if con. f iiBishoienc in a- caso oi iins. kiitd. aggravated by tho added enormity of perjury, should bo made exemplary. Tho incendiary torch is too frequently used to admit of lenieaioy to Uioso eoa victed of arson. The Atlantv oable is one of the great humbugs of tbe day. . Those mes sages between I'iesident Buelranan and Queen Victoria,' fcrc never transmitted by telegranli. Celehratiou's were held QVCJ. ,4fld t0 UaU an'eveat that never occurred. Thousands of dol lars were spent in honor of one of the greatest frauds that was ever practised t:il people. ..The next time anything ' iw takes place, VounS America had 1 ' . ' . better wait until he is out pf the woods, BfSX. Thc-Washingfon correspondent of the New York Kvciiin- Tost savs : . Tt I-; thpuiht. iu this ri:y that Dierra .-oulc wil'. be f-l -ctxl to the United S ;'o ?!' i'-'. funn- T ouisiana, IU the : p'aoo o' .Mr. i-n::)m:n. wa-w a a ef. ' p'nes on lb" (Vnrti of Mar.-h next. ! Xlie ' v i" take place about tho