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INSTRUCTIONS TO GEN, DENVER.
., 'WAUtI0TOl1 DOC 23, lei?--Tll9 Pit Mont, in respond Ui ft tnll of tlio SMinto lo-Jit", scnl a lflrgn raw of ilieumriit on KnnM affairs nmorig them the f !! -nijij;: V ; .. .. Dbpartmcst di Stati:. ' , Washington, December 1 1, 1867. ) JaMks W. Denver, ksq., Sur.Atry and Acting Governor of Kunins Territory: Sin: You hnvo ulremlv lom informed that Mr. Swr.lon bus l-'rii removed from j Ihn nffi.-n of Seeretnrv uf 1'ie Territory of Ktiisjn, And tlmt you hnvo been appointed j in hi pl.iee. I Ac wo now to stuto to Voiij litinctlv the renson of llii chnntro. The Convention which uicttitLocofnptoii on the 1st of September hnd framed n constitution, t ..... . . ;.. r ! ...! :. nd bad nnthoriz'jj iu President to submit the question to tlio"peoile of Kansas on the Slst of Dec.'whctliertliu constitution should bt adopted with or with' nt. slavery. The im portance of tho issue could not well hoover estimated. It involved tho complete and ftulhoritntive settlement of tho only subject of difference which h 1 seriously agitntcd Kansas or interfered with its prosperity. Tho qunlified r lectors, therefore, to whom this settlement . referred, not only had an unquestionable right to attend at the poll and givo their votes on tho day ap-l pointed, but they were required to do poby - . , , l j l i : tho highest cch-iilernttons of public iluty. In tho exercise of this right, moreover, they were entitled to adequate protection by the Territorial Government, nnd tho Acting Governor was bound to employ nil legal means at his command to give security and fairness to tho election. Willi tho conflict ing opinions which prevailed in the Ter ritory on tho question submitted, ho had no right to interfere. They' had their appropriate issue at tho ballot-box, nnd to that peaceful arbitrament they might safely be referred. Tho grent objects to be accom plished, in the opinion of tho President, were to preserve the peaco of tha Territory and secure freedom in the election. Enter taining these views, ho was surprised to learn that tho Secretary and Acting Gover nor, had on tho first of December, is-ued his proclamation for n special session of the Territorial Legislature on the 7th inst., on ly a few weeks in advance of its regular time of meeting, nnd only fourteen days before a decision was to be mado on the question submitted by tho Convention. Tho course of Mr. Stnnton, tho President teriously believes, has thrown a new cle mant of dis?ord among the cxcilod people of Kansas, nnd it is directly at war, thcro fore, with tho peaceful policy of tho Admin istration. For this reason ho lias felt it Wis duty to remove him, it mi i'i i From theso views you will roauily under-1 land what tho President regards as the i chief dntv which dovolves upon von as Mr. Stanton's successor. This duty is to pro serve peaco in Kansas, r. very person euu- xr a : tied , , , , IU um VII uremiiiraimiivt... hnvo irea access to the no Is. onrt to bo tree irom nny restrain s w-natever in u.e cxcrc.se the elective franchise. ; If the civil power is found insufficient for this purpose tho trops of the UuitedJ States should be employed in the. aid of it, i and it may bo a wise precaution to have them stationed, in advance, within reach of those places where, in your judgement, their ervices are likely to bo required. It is earnestly hoped thnt tho uso of the militnry power may be wholly avoided. Violence is nhvas less likely to occur when tho means aro known to be at hand for its prompt suppression. Should tho military force become absolutely necessary to keep tho peaco, you will find full instructions with reference to tho proper inodo of employing it in my communications to Gov. AVnlker of March 28 July 25 and Sept. 2. 1857, and in those subsequently written to Mr. Stan ton. Of those last, that of Nov. 30 was ta ken to Kansas by you, and you had a copy of it. All of them will doubtless be found in tho archives of tho Governor at Lecompton. They refer prominently to the ; preservation of tho ponce of several impor tant elections but I need hardly inform you that your duty is not intended to be confined to those special occasions. It ex tends of course, to the protection of all citi zens in tho exercise of their just rights, nnd pplios to ono legal election ns well as to another. The Territorial Legislature doubt less convened on tlio 7th inst., and while it remains in session its members nro cnlitlod to bo secured and free in their deliberations, Its rightful action must also be respected. oi i i -...i - ... i... .1 I oiiwiiu niuinoruo n neciiim uj w r" Elo for any purpose, this election should bo eld without interruption no less than those authorized by the Convention. Whilo the peaco of tho Torritory is proserved and free dom of election is secured, there need bo no disastrous consequences. Tho public iouruals contain reports of an intended movement by a portion of thcres-'gress, idcnUof Kansas to organize a revolutionary fi rnment under tho iopeka Constitution. t ts hardly probable that this report can bo ' -ii r... i u... . L....11 .u. I,, . i... made, and lead to practical Collision with tho Territorial authorities, the authority of , the government mil it necessarilv bo main-! and from whatever quarter it is nt-',rc'-a tempted to interforo by violouco with the lection authorized by the Constitutional Convention, or which may be authorized by tfie Legislature, tho attempt must be resi-t- ed and tho security of the election main- I The' peaceful progress of theso elections obviously occasion no injury to any citi gen of any party, bocauso their results can havo only their due weight under tho con stitution and laws. It is to bo expected, therefore, that no gixxl citizen will endeav or to interfere with them, but that all the peoplo will-bo contented to see the work of the Convention peacefully carried out to its legitimate results, and fairly presented to the considers Lion of Congrcsn. Tho President relies upon jCur firmness and discreeion to give effect to vLese instruc tions. It is vitally important that the peo plo of Kansas and nouo other than tho poo plo of Kansas, should have the full determ ination of the q Host ion now bwfore them for decision. It is important, also, that in se enrimr to them tho protection to which they re entitled, great care should bo taken uot to organize any illegal authority, uo this - op w5JraWW,iWM,tiwa you will regard as directed to yourself, It is proper to add thnt no action of tho Territorial Loci-datura about to meet can Interfere with tin eloction of tho 21tof Deo. and 26th of Jan., in the mod a and man por prescribed by the Constitutional Cou rention. ' ' I am Sir, respectfully, your oU-dient ncr- . , i 1 I i LEWIS CASS. ' All th Democratic paper jn Iowa hr.ve taken the Douglasshutc, cxcit tha Daven port Democrat and Dubuque Northwest. The Administration as fr as o can learn, Vas not a tingU friend ia Burlington. . ; Jfttniontfonrnal FKKMONT: OHIO. ISAAC r.l. KEE13R, Editor. Friday, January 1, 1S5S. SAVE THE UNION. Wliut lim liocoirto of tho leal of the Mes senger for the sidvntion of the Union! Wlint iitilci-d will become of tho Union it- self if tho Messenger does not tabor for its snlvntionf Th South demands thnt the . . Lecompton constitution shall bo accepted Mr. Douglas nnil tho Messenger say no. Tho South says it won't fctay it) the Union if Mr. Douglas and tho Messenger don't come down off thnt high horse. Mr. Doug las snd the Messenger reply that they won't do it. Now we ask onco mere, with trotn- i bhng nnxivtv, what is to becomo of the : . , , ' , . ., . . ; t . ii' , ' , , . tni it. in iiiii v iiv i il iriw mr in nun . ii iiiw Mkir'i iiim nuiii'ii pv:w ulp vj vur fathers nnd cemented in their blood f In plain English, is tho Messenger going to stand up against the slave drivers? If so, wo ask once more who or what shall savo tho Union f ANTI-TAX PARTY. The tax paying campaign is just drawing to a close, and leaves the people of this town collapsed liko nn empty bag. Tho man who hns his taxes paid nnd one dollar left, ts independency rich, and feels himself superior to all sublunary chsnces. No people were ever so burdened with tax es as tho peoplo of Ohio with so little ne cessity; ninl in Ohio we feel suro no town has its pockets as thoroughly picked as fro- n mont. We despair almost of ever escaping ! or lightening tho evil. Every new set of or school officers pile up tho ag-1 ony as high as possible. Even if they nro , taxpayers themselves, they seem to lose the instinct of solf preservation tho moment they get into ofiiio, and regard il as their sol emn duty to rniso ns high a tax as tho law win auow. uur scnooi ana corporation il i, I , -I ! taxRS are abomable. Every street in town I mi is n scihjui iiuiiM". uu every uunru ui mi- . m. a i it i i i r ,i: rectors are ready to raise the money, l hey call a school meeting to vote tho lax. A miunrs fiii7rTi hiiitiii. riiinmwiii or innsn 1 t 1 ... 1 I P .1 I 1 , wh t Ul0 VRrjous contrncts nnd ono to IIU nttiu niu 'ni iv . , 1.1.11 !. .11.1 i. i... - - - comprehend thnt thev have any other bnsi- ness in officn ,Imn to raiso nnd speml the . . t iUa amount rf mon f , , . , , . , , , , . constituents when they have tnxed them within an inch of their lives? Can Fre mont live for tho next two years if no more school houses should be built ! It is our fixed opinion, after much reflection and a careful induction of facts, that it can. Wo beg tho present nnd tho next board of di rectors to give the subject their careful con sideration. If tho utmost power given in tho law to tax tho people should not be ex orcised by them, would thnt omission spoil their digestion ? Would it take away their peaco of conscience! As to corporation matters, every looker on for the past, year or two has scon tho courso of things. Every council puts on the tax scrow till the people yell again ; and then they spend tho money before it is collocted, in giving employment to tho Mi losian tribe, and do not get ono half tho tho work done for their money that they ought. We go in for clectinga couucil who will raiso no tax tho coming year, and for a board of school directors who will build no school houses. Wo aro w illing to support . . .... the schools, utid to build more houses as soon as we have time to take breath. Let us have an anti-tax party in this corporation. Who will move to sot it on footf fnn ... L ! ANTI-TAX PARTY. The " Artful Dodger" Caught. "I merely said that when 'a Constitution snH o submitted to tha peoplo of the Territory, they must bo protected in the ox taiood, of "ght of votlng for or against tImt instrument, and tho fkir expression of ho popular will must not bo interrupted by fraud or violence.'" W(ls Hs Prudont said on that ljoctf Has be fully, frankly nnd truth jIpqJ fully informed Congress what were Gov. Walker's instructions? Or has be con au ,cf,nl!,,i. nn important a vital featuro in Mr. Buchanan, in his Message to Con- in giving an account of his insrruc- .tions to Gov. Walker, attempts a dodge which tllQ Evening Post posc3. Tho , Message reads thus: l,"-VI """rll"l"la ' l" ru "When such a Constitution shall be sub mitted to tho people of the Territory, they must be protected in tho exerciso of their right of voting for or against that instru ment, and tlio fair expression of the popu lar will must not be interrupted by fraud or violence. I repeat, then, as my clear con viction, that unless tho convention submit tho constitution to tho voto of all the actu al settlers of Kansas and the election be fairly and justly conductod, tho constitution will bo nnd ought to bo rejected by Cong ress." Instead of "merely saying" that tho consti tution must have in its favor "an expression of the popular will," and that tho "pooplo must bo protector m tho exercise of their right of voting for or against that instru ment," the President, in the same paragraph, breath, added that unless the convention sub mit the constitution to tho voto of all the ac tual settlers of Kansas, the "CONSTITU TION WILL BE AND OUGHT TO BE REJECTED BY CONGRESS." Blood has again been spilled in Kansas. A conflict between tho free state and pro slave men occurred at Foit Scott on the evening of the 16th ult., in which five of tho latter wore killed. Several were wounded on each side. Twenty fre state men wer ! captured and eocfined in the Fort Mora j trouble i anticipated.! ITEMS. ettor in -reply to thnt of Gov. Walker, Bnj f,.om jt, tono jt j9 oviclont thnt it was intonlion of Mr. Buchanan and his cab corporation jnet t0 Knn!!lH ft si,lV0 stftte pvorn Mormondom thero nre Quite cnaphic sketch Such weather as has been experienced in ! this regionduring tho past month, is beyond all precedent. The "oldest inhabitant" j knoweth hot its liko in .nil past winters. j morning thero was a light fall of , snow, with the weather warm emnigh for i rain. Cant. Totlcti is Dushini? forward his ..i on tho opening of navigation. , . 1 b h The steamer Northern Light, from Cali - tornia, arrived at iNow York on tho !28lh, with tho mails, and $2,000,000 in gold. It Booms that tho government has been following up Gun. Filibuster Walker with a sharp stick. Himself, officers and men have been brought back prisoners. What will the administration do with these pirates! W alkcr is iu New York on parole. The pooplo of Sandusky City nro striv ing hard to secure the next Ohio State Fair I kl.l ... .1.-:- r. i l . ... . , , ', b , tion, nnd we hope thev may succeed. Ihoso who desire to teach school iu San- .iJuky county, will do well to road the ex tract from the law as published in an adver tisement, before they como in to bo exam ined, Tho examiners must bo governed by tho law, and if applicants nro not capable to pass an examination, wo think they should bo bo rejectod. It is said that S. S. Cox of Columbus, nnd L. W Hall of this district, are tho only representatives from Ohio who sido with Douglas against tho Lecoinpton constitution. Our first pago will b found somo very interesting matters. Tho stand taken by Senators Stuart and Broderick on tho sido of freedom is truly cheering. Having put their hands to tho plow we hope they will I10t iurn back. Secretary Cais has written es of the sentiment which prevnils in that sink of polygamy, against the United States. We fear that tho only way to relievo the Union of this band of outlaws, is to wholly ...... ,..,. ii,.m Tl,i,.. i..,i.. i , United States' more blood and treasure t tm t t- (than tho riorum Indians, Tbo udmiDBtration set Fitch of Indiana TVtitn.1na flin rttar law It was liko a . ..... . J little poodle bniknit at a mastiff. Fitch was annihilated in a few minutes. The pork market is quito active now, nnd tho wcck past th- dni, rcC(i ts hnvp . ' -re.. j" 'arg; ors P.V"g from U to WS- Mr. A. Morehouse who is the only ono packing much, has cut up about 700 prepared to put up 2000 In another column wo publish the adver tisement of the New York Ledger, but at tho same time we do not recommend it. Wo think it but a poor apology for a family paper, iu ouly contents aro marvellous stories, love, murder and suicide scenes, and the most sickish namby-pamby nonsense which can bo gathered up. We would not have ono in our house at nny price. The Jovrnal is worth ten timos the amount to any ono who will rend it, nnd costs less. Tho perusal of ono number of tho Ledger will convince any parent who has tho wel fare of his family at heart, of tho truth of what w o say. U' 1? of is its bo be by It in to Arrival of the Northern Light. New York, Dec. 28. Tho steamer Northorn Light arrived Inst night with the Cuba mails of the 15th inst., and $2,000,000 in treasure. General Wulk- cr was a passenger. llio U. o. J' lug bhip Wabash, arrived at Aspinwall on the morning of the 14th, with General Walker on bonrd together with all tho arms, ammunition, ice, which were seiz ed at Si.n Juan Del Norte. The steamer Fashion, Capt. Gauglin sail ed from Aspinwall, to Mobile on the eve niuing of tho 14th inst. iter is. Al. steam In rate iirunswick was at Aspinwall on tho 4lb. Fort Castallo and tho steamer La Virgin, Bulwcr C. Morgan ana Ugdcn wero taken by Col. Frank Anderson and 50 men on the 8th. Gen. Walker and all his men sur rendered prisoners of War to Com. Paul ding on the 12th. The U. S. sloop of war Saratoga, left San Juan Del Norte with one hundred and fifty officers and men of Geu. Walker's ar my, from Inorfolk. Capt. Engle, of the Wabash, came by the Northern Light, as bearer of dispatches to the Government. Gen Walker also came as passenger to Now York, ou parol. The steamers hnd been turned ovor by Walker to Garrison and Morgan. Tho Mor gan, the only ono which came down the riv er, was seized by Commodore Paulding, and put in charge of the American Consul at Greytown. Col. Anderson still held Castillo. Ho had throe months' provisions, and sis pieces of artillery, which be had captured of the Costa Ricans, with abundance of ammuni tion, which would enable him to maintain his position as long a his provision lasted. Aspinwal and San Juan correspondence shows that Commodore Paulding stationed four boats full of men, with a howitzer each, in front of Walkers camp, while 400 men were landed from tho squadron, under com mand of Capt. hnglc, of the Wabash. The Saratoga also directed her borad- side upon the camp, god Walker surrender ed at discretion. Lateu. tho special correspondent of the limes tolegraplis from Washington to day, that Secretary Cans denounce the ar- m.1 ,f CXtxn W ti 1 b n o u i 1 1 .1 a 1 .nit nntn. uioriiou. iioiiiiuouore opauiuing s insiruo lions were ouly to prevent the landing of Walker, the Commodore will (Joubtloss be court martinlcd iiniuodiately, Gen. Walker to-day surrendered himself to tho custody of Marshal Ryndors, who proceeded with his prisoner to Washington, to ascertain the intention of tho President towards him. The Post of this evening in timates that party of ro-inforcomonU for Walker loft tbia port on the 20th, with the Star of the West. Cuviland, Dec 29, Edwin Forrest, the eminent tragedian, Ilea dangerously ill, t the American Hotel in this city. New York, Dec. 28. To All Who Are Interested in the Common School of Sandusky County. T,1C cours0 P1"" b)' H.o Board of S0'1001 Examiners in ibis county has not 0,l,y stilted n rejection of fifty-six up Tuesday P'ionnts for certificates of qualification, but cn l'ie CBUse of rnuch complaint, both against tht Board itself and tho officer np- Pi'i'g dem. Much of this complaint has arisen from tho disaffection of a few of i "PpUcnnts, and has unfortunate- j . it. i , ,c . ! "tended to the local directors of sub-; "n. nm-ra. in schools, j That the public man know who nro in ! tho fault I ask a careful perusal of the fol-1 lowing. First, has the officer, upon whom devolves the duty of appointing tho board examiners, done anything which renders him justly chnrgeablo with blamo in this matter f The law tnnkes it tho duty of tho Pro bate Judge of each and every county in tho State to appoint a county bonrd of school examiners to consist of three competent persons. Now this is just what has been done in this county, no ono pretends that the bonrd not competent, but that it is loo rigid in examinations, asking too much from its applicants. But why blame the officer ap pointing itf Has ho to any extent violated tho law in so doing ! or was it wrong to ap point a well qualified nnd fully competent board ? Certainly no ono will pretend this, but had thero been a board of inefioient and incompetent persons appointed, there would have been just and good cnuso for censure. But says the objector, tho bonrd should removed from office, and others appoint ed in their stead, such ns will give us teach ers, in reply 1 woufif sny thnt tho statute confers no power to remove upon tho ap nppoinling officer, each member of tho board holds his office for tho term of two years, and until his successor is appointed. After appointment is made, all duties of tho Probate Judge in tho matter at onco cease, nnd no member of tho board, or the whole collectively, are in tho least degreo amena ble to him. Tho undersigned then would respectfully entreat that no further blame attached to him in this matter. And I would here say that much of the feeling which now exists ogainst tho bonrd, has been excited by such applicants as nro whol ly unfit to teach any of our primary schools, and who hnvo no other than a monicd in terest. Of the truth of this tho papers mado out them for tho inspection of tho board of oxaminer--,furnishes nbundantevidence. The importance of employing in our public schools teachers of practical experience nnd sound edue.v.ion, should be Full v understood. is a self-evident proposition, ti nt if teach ers havo not experienco and aptitudo to tench, or of limited or defectivo education, tho elementary branches, they cannot havo any other than poor schools. The employment of poorly qualified teachers in volves a serious disadvantage, which is too often overlooked. If a child be started wrong iu bis edu cation, it will require as much timo to un learn what ho has learned nmiss, as it would obtain correct knowledge nt tho outset, hence tho necessity of thoroughness in tho examination of teachers, and hence to tho requirements of law, that tho examiners shall not grant certificates of qualification such as cannot teach orthography, rend ing, writing, arithmetic, geography and En glish grammar. Why then should the board of examiners bo censured ? They have on ly complied with law nnd tho best interests schools, and in elevating tho standard of qualification, above thnt of former boards they havo not even yet advanced to the point to which law and tho best interests of schools would permit. A few counties of this State hnvo herctoforo complained of the same thing, but in all such cases it was found, that it only created a demand for good tenchors, and thnt that demand never long failed to bring tho supply. It is an admit ted fact, that, in every township some of the schools havo been uniformly good, while others have been ns uniformly poor. In tho former the demand has always been for good teachers and no others; but in tho latter, the proclamation hns been, our school is backward, therefore a poor teacher will answer the purpose. Tho very course to keep it backward. But, say tho objectors, tho high ordor of qualifications required by the examiners, deprives many schools of toachors, and of those too with whom the peoplo in tho district aro well satisfied. In reply it need only to bo said, that the law constitutes the examiners judges of tho qualifications of such teachers, and not the local directors, or any ono else; were this not tho caso there would bo no need of ex aminers at all. Again it is further objec ted thnt school teachers should not be school examiners. Ana why notf Are not stu dents of law examined before A board of lawyers! Aro not students of medicino ex amined before a board of physicians f And does not this rule hold in all of tho various professions I and why not apply it to tho profession of school teaching! ono of all others the most important. The truth is, the whole difficulty has ari son from the great want of complcto teachers in our county, want, which will continue to exist, until aman'l tbr fully competent and qualified teachers, is created. Then and not till then will such be found in tho field. Just iu proportion as tho standard of qualification u elevated, will tuch demand be made. There have been during the present year, fifty-six rejections, while sixty-six have ob tained certificates of qualification, which shows that over half havo been successful, nnd of that number several have succeeded only on the second or third trial, and that too in the common branches, such only as the lw require lo be taught in our com- of A it be of of is it is mon schools. By reference to the books in ( Auditor's oflico it will be seen that there one hundred and four school districts in this county, and by referenoo to tho records mo ooaru oi examiners, it will bo found that there aroono hundred and seventytwo teachers holding certificates of qualification. Then w hy nro there any district? without school, certainly tho blnmo must rest with others then either tho examiners, or tho of- fi"'rr appointing them. Who then is to bo N"' f thJ lnrd teachers ? the com- potent bonrd of examiner? the ofheor that BppoiBld themf or the law which imposes tlio restrictions which have hardly been complied with, oven yet f I am fully satis-1 noU ,,1Rt ul)" due. reflection, tho course pur sued by tho examiners will iu tho end be found tho very best. LYMAN GELPIN, Probate Judge, Sandusky Co., O. A Few words to School Directors and Others Whom it may Concern. BY G. C. W. Tlio welfare of common schools is, or should bo the nearest object to tho political heart of every citizen. In every school it will bo found, in proportion to tho timo which a child spends under any teacher, that "as is tho teacher so is the scholar," and this morally as well as intellectually. Indeed, w hcthcr the parent bo conscious of or not, tho influence oxcrted by the teach er for good or ill, nfTecU, in somo degroe tho paront, for it affects tho whole district. How important, then, that tho school teach er be chosen with great circumspection. How important, then, thnt a school house shut up rather than bo placed in chargo a "quack.1 Our law makers havo ap preciated this importance in their wise pro visions for tho appointment of teachers. School directors nlono cannot appoint; nor can school examiners alone ; both must con to place a teacher in chargo of a school. Now school directors have not, by virtue their office, either timo or opportunity to compare the teachers in the market with each other; but school examiners have op portunity, for they nro paid to do it, and mu-tsign thoir names that what they cer tify to in a Teacher's Certificate is tlio THPTII. Since tho organization of the Sandusky County Bonrd, on Sept. 12, 1857, about fifty-six applicants havo been refused nnd about sixty-six applicants have since thnt timo been commissioned to teach in this county. Of tho number of refused appli cants, some hnve presented themselves twice, some thrica, nnd threo or four have had the perseverance to apply four times, though they havo not in each case wrought "a pa per." It did occur to us that an examiner might bo useful for something besides tak ing the county money. Yos, it struck us that ho was expected sometimes to say no, and to mean it, no matter whom tho refused applicant might number among his rela tions; no matter how many enemies the refused might stir up against us. WThero tho uso in appointing examiners if they must say yos to every one I School teaching is a science and nn nrt. The best scholar may bo uo teacher, while is pretty certain that a man cannot teach whnt ho does not know. Blacksmithing, carpentry, tailoring, jew elry, Src, can bo prosecuted only by those who havo served nn apprenticeship to tho business, in each case. But school teaching a business far moro occult nnd difficult than nny other profession. It is but just beginning to bo understood. Tho ancients understood teaching, no doubt, but in itsap pliention to the masses it is not yet two hundred years old, and in most countries scarcely fifty. But what school director would call a school teacher to pronounco whether his horso were rightly shod or not, or a play actor to prescribe medicine for his sick wife ? Yet some say a school teacher should not bo a school examiner. If tho saloon keep ers were to bo empowered bylaw to say who should bo lawyers, what learned judges wo might expect ! If tho law were to give to spinsters tho power of appointing minis ters of tho Gospel whnt dear darling doc tors of divinity wo should hnvo. Tho examiners in this county havo evi dently heretofore let matters run down; whether thoy avoided making enemies or not is another question ; and beforo cduca tional interests can become elevated, school directors must expect trouble in finding out and secunug good teachers. But say some, "Our schools are good enough for us." "My daughter can teach our school," gays another. "Your standard is too high," says a third ; "My nephow has taught our school three winters and given satisfaction." To such wo beg to say, our standard is not yet exhibited. We have re fused only those who blundered in the sim plest matters. Now will you, for the sake of keeping the paltry wages in tho family or in the district, keep out from your schools strange teachers f Remember your sons and daughters must move off some day. Don't teach them "in and in," but give them a good teacher once in a whilo, strange though he may be. Thero nro now many teaching in this county to whom we say, work. Tho time is coming when our ranks will number the brightest intellects of our race. The time is coining when the PEOPLE will raise th standard of a teacher's qualifications. It will be something like this: 1st. Tho tencho must know what be profossoa to leach 2d The teacher must bo ablo lo present, in th best manner discovered, whnt he knows. 3d. Tho toachor must bo ablo to watch tb operations of the child mind to a great extent and to anticipate and removo obsta cleg there. Can you do this f If so you are a teacher. P. or of to h p-ii-cr Boston, Dec. 24. Tho Governor has ordored an election in the soveDtb district, for member of Con ertm in place of Hon. N. P. Bank, on tha 7th day of January. St. Lovib, Dec. 28. Kansas ndvieet of the 22d to the Republican, state thafCon aro jstitution with Slavery," was carried by a 'largo majority. Returns meacro. Pro Slavery vote, in i Shawnee. 765: Olotho 200: Lioxington about tho samo. It is reported (.lint n large body of men hnve gono to Lecompton to seize Territorial arms- A letter dated Lawrence 21st, says: "Lane has gone to Fort Scott with tho avowed intention lo destroy thnt place, and exterminate tho pro-slavery settlers on Shawnee Reservation and carry war into Missouri." Denvor assumed tho Governorship of the T1 ., . . ' . . . ierruory and issued an address, in which he exhorts tho citizens to appeal to the ballot-box for tho settlement of present diffi culties. Ho makes copious extracts from tho President's instructions as indicative of tho line of policy ho intends to pursue; ho aiso states that Calhoun invited himself nnd presiding officers of both Houses of the Territorial Legislature, to bo prosont at the counting of returns of election on thq21st. It was rumored than Denver had issued nn order for tho arrest of Lano. Notice to Teachers. THE Knurd of nramlmr nf Riinilii.kv County, Wd'T notify Tf nrltf r nml otliprncnnivrnod, lltlt thrr will nusit nt tlio t'nion School llotiiu, in Fremont, pvprv Sntur- dny. pavp tlii cnnl Sitiinlny In purh month, at 1 o'clock, M., to pxnminp rnnillilnti'ii forcprtMmli'. On no account will oprtidcati'i be granted except at the tlmpft ahnre uperifled. In cnnn-ctlon with thin we niil.tlnh a part or Section 45 the Ohio School Inw, nnd nollfv Tcnchom Hint we ex. pert them to be qualified to TKAf'ii the npeclfied lirnnrhen, "No person Minll lie employed ana tencher loan? Prlmarv Common School nnlcMRuch perxnn ahull have flratnhtnln ed from fluid Fxaminera, or anv two of thrm, a cerllllente (rood moral character, andthat he orahe in o,uallflpd to ten' h Orthnernphy. ltcn.llnK, Writing;, Arithmetic, Geog rapliv and KnglUh Grammar. J. P, i.OVKI.ANII, O. C. WOOI.l.AHD, WM. KFI.TOV, Jlomrd of Kjamintrt. Veinont,.fan. 1, 1A. 49 DRESS MAKING. rpilK LAPIES of thi place and rlotnitj' are Informed MRS. (2. It. CAMPBELL. hnn Inkcn the room nnd Ini.lnrnnlntply eeciipli-d hr Minn MKAI'll AM, where nhe In prepared to '('nt, Kit and make dn'sncn in the latent nt lc nml on ihort notice. The In.lien are Incited to call. January 1,1S.'.8. Take Notice. ALL person IwM.tM to M. DRYFOOS A CO., re hcrcbr not.fip.l to makt ivmntMit (o tho utilfrirmI( tvlinm tlio nrroutit(( a ltd cUtttin in favnr of n.ilU Id foo co., Imvo Wen sold and apt-incd. We am ttlwui s b found at our CLOTHING STORE, IN BIR CHARD BLOCK. STADLER, BRO. & CO. Fremont, Pee. 28, 1S57. 49tf THE NEW YORK LEDGER. FOIt 1868. The lest family paper in the world All the t'arttrite Writer retained, and tine onet added. Still greater attrartions fur the Aw Year. ThfHrriilntinn nf Iln NEW YOUR LKDOF.R In now Thrte hundred and thirty thov$ahd copiet, which is great er Until that of any Ten other Literary Papers in America. Tho profit of thin uni!im! Wh-d Hrrnlntton pn.iblc thcprnprii tornf TI1K I.RDKF.K to px pt inl Mima upon it which would iooit namp any ordinirr nuUimlimi. A pnpiT with a cimilntinn of only a bun drrd Ihoiifjaiid or would sink under the -x-pi'iiiW'B of the LKD 'Kit li'nn than fix month. All of the old and favortto rontrihutora will continue to write Tor the LLDUKIt a Lertto fo ro. No PXeenRp w ill bt upared to secure nth m whoRp pen ahull o rom-Hered competent to add to the I.KIKiKU'S attraction and useful- Mm. EMMA P. E. K. ROrTII WORTH, write onlr for the N 10 W YORK LKDUKH. FW'NV FERN writes only lur the NEW YORK I.KIK.KR. EMERSON' liKNW'KTT wrltmfor the NEW YORK LK.IUM'K. AMi'ECAltY. Mr. RIfJfiOritXEY.ai.il Dr NELSON writ.- for the N Y. L!'P(.EP.. CEO. H. RKENTR'E, JOHN' O. 8 AXE, and nil the other h t writer contribute to tho NEW YORK LEiWKK. THE LEI-OER i devoted to Polite Litera ture, Griffin al Illustrated Tales, Kayt po- eiru dkeicnet, Hiograptty, jetce, tc. THE LEDGER i every were aiknowledjfed to be the bept family pnjwr in the world hence it extraordinary and unheard-of nop ubvity. The pi opr.. tor of (he LEPGER employ tho brut talent, and by eo doing make the lx.lt in the conn try. iu;sm;v yokk i.M'okk U printed on ue.iniiidi white paper, and 1 cnmpoea or eitfht pif, niiikinf the handomet paper In the L'nioii, It in published every Saturday, and sold at all the new oHice in every rity and town throughout the country, and li mailed for Hubtcri Iter at $2 per annum: two cpie are ent for $3. Any pemon obtain irii elirhl fnihmrilki- at f 1 fiO m-h. f which In ouflowent -club rntefl,) and sending u $12, 'tin ik'ciiiihiu in one copy iree. leiins Uiva- lauiy m wivftiiee. AMUien all leller to II O 12 F It T IEON.NEH, PllLlbdieriiftliH NEW YORK LEPviER, 41 Ann ntrei-t, New York. N. II. Nw l a pood tlm to MberH:. aa Mr. rtOt niWOltl ll'S torv, THE URJPE OF AN" EVENiNii, will be commenced in the LK1H.EK on the timtof January. N. P. No. 2. We have no aftenUanthorizod to receive miliKcrlptions for the I.EIHifcR. !iiTtacri!icr must alwava remit dirtct to u, and not rr.d or pity any money to any agentft. A iilc-b mornl tone charaetj-iiKe everv article in THE LEPGEK. Iu fact, the name of ita leading contributor are a sttllh-iriit irunrantee that It Kt.inda in markud con- iral to a clns or week'y publication that hare for o long a time fl ioded the country, but which, fortunately for the moral olourjieople are almoHtextiuct. . Sale of Heal Estate. tXTlLL UK Kni.n, at the realilene. of IMieba Kelaey, f V in Woodville townahip, Sandusky county, Ohio, on Saturday, January 2d, 1858, nt 11 n.ni., the following; Ileal Fatal, aa tSe properly of Jooa'han Kvlaev, di-ri'aKPil. tow it: The earn nocrpa of tract No. 81. of MaulUfcaiid We.tern ltencrve Itn.id Land, In Wnod villu township, P.'indtisky county, Ohio, auhject lo the dower of I'hebe Kelncy. 'Ternia of Sale one-half down, one-half iu three inoiitba, with interest froni day of aal.. IK A K K I K I , Adiur. Jonathan Kelaey. dee'd. Dec. 2, H5T. 4SwS Lumber for Sale, At Simpson's Steam Saw Mill, IJESS VILLE. ORDERS for 'Building purposes sawed nt the ahorteat notice. Flooring, Siding, Joists, Girts, Floor Tim ber, Plant, tc, constantly on hand. Apply at the reaidciire of tho proprietor, at the houac lately ocuujileu by V. tl. rlavnca, or at the Mill at Mesa- F. II. SIMPSON. Fremont, Aug. 28, 1855 31 tf Stove! 8lovc:i Stoves!! Fth. very lieat klnda, anil of low.r prieea than .y.r nelnre lieara Of, golug, gome, at Dec. , 18J7. tl.Mltl.ll BUUlllr.K 3. To all Mankind in General. WK would aay if yon wlah to aave money theae hard timet buy Oooila Id our line at tlio Old Kcfftilatur llni'lware more ol L Ani ibl.i' c otiuiiia.n. Dee. 4, 1SS7. BOOTS & SHOES FOR FALL AND WINTKIt! mm. G. YOUNG, " Opjxwito A. Gusdorf Store TT AS juit received tiin Fall anil Winter stock of DonU 4 J 1. MiirH, ainoDg which wilt be found a largo aMirt uu tit of Ladle KID AI CLOTH OAITEHS! with bwl articularlj ailatd for 8rin(r and Summer wtiar in me inn at tvl.n: auo BukHih lti, Htti., c JKNN V LINO BOOTd. a ut-w auJ bfAuliful article. LaUitpnaaielli-rl KxcvUlur Ijicc ami Larfief Boola. and a UK and BOVf Uttotit and Shonn of every mtvlh and aaal- Uy, from the 8 toga up to tlio must xquUiil llniaUvd ouui anu nuiw. S1IOI? WOTIIC. Ilnvintr Hecured tliBMTvit of aeveral exnrttncd work' niii, I am prHparcd toexucut upon short uotiiw all kinds of job and shop work. Gunt li men in want of flaw Dtchs Hi-oti made of the bunt French 8tork, ean beaooowuiudaU'd by Rlriug wo a call. ALL WORK WARRAKTKU. Frcniont, Nor. 27, 44lf nnH Good Seasoned BROOM JViVili J HANDLES ftr sale cheap at McGKE k HAYNEB. rretnent Nov. II, 1U7. . 4tf , WANTED. . J. Two IiMlii.tr loiin Men, of noon MORAIJ anil RTr'ArtT HA HITS. CnnitaM unnlnrnK'nt ami rodi! wage will bt (rlri'n. liT Knqnlrc at th. JOIUINAt. OFMCK. Notice. 1).- are notion to clone up their book and account.- d we hoiM 1 tut t all (ndi-Mrd to u,either br note or booh account, will cull nt oir office and nettle lminrdl.itely. You will find our office in the second itorr vnp build incformerlr occupied bv u. P. PETTS ft CO. Fremont; April 10, 12. HRILLTANT PROSPECTUS! FOURTH YEAR OF THE COSMOPOLITAN ART ASSOCIATION THE FA MOPS Diisscldorf Gallery of Paintings! ptnriiAflED at a cost or I SO.OOO, Anil Towara' world rrnewntd Statu, of tli GRETilK SLAVE i Re-pUrelilwed for til tkomtamd dallarm with until hnn. dred ether work of Art. in Ialntinir. Renin. ur and Prone.cninnriae the Promi lima In ll .wapdnrf tn .1,. .I.lw aeribf ra of tli. COSMOPOLITAN ART ASSOCIATION. who inliacribe offer, th. 28th nf Jannarr, IBM. at which time tha awartli will take plain. TERMS OF SUBBO&XrTZOZV.' Earr aiiliprrlhr-r of (r aW.n la antltlpil to Acopvofth. Iarir.anil aplvnilkl StwlEiirraTlnc,.iiU tied "JlAtiirKKT IlKHTiaT," alanto a ropy 01 me UuimopoMan Ar Jemrmnt on. rear, alio W AOrtiflrat. In the Award of Premloma, alao A free ailnilialoo to th. Dimaeldnrr n.l rn.mnMit... Gallr-rira. r Tho. It la.cn that for car fa Jallmrm nmtA h.k- acritier not onlr receive, a SI'l-RXllll) TIIHEE HOLLAR FNGRAVINOI but, al.o, the heanllfullr Illustrated TWO DOLLAR AHT JOURNAL, ONE YEAR. Each rhetilr la nrraenled with a mrttflrata in .i.. Awards of 1'rrniliima, hv which a ralnlile work of Art. In rtntliig or In Si-nlptnre, nin he rerelred In addition, tlm. triviri. to every aul .rriluT an rmilvalrnl to II,. .l.,. jure ttuttart, and corlillrate-ralia. Any ono of tlio lending M Mnfrarlnc la fnrnlahed In atend orKngrnvlnir and Art Journal, If denlred. i".-,., mi n-nineien 10 a Mnirie miare. Tlina. taklnr live mi'mliernhiiia, remitting f IA. ai-a entitled i. t.Z enfrmvinp, and alv tirketH. Mill pailliMilaranrtho Aaaorlnllnn ara (riven In th. Art Journal, whli'h enntnina orer alatv aplenilld Kniravin., price In aid (ifr timber. Fprrinien enpiea will heeent all iereona who di aire to auhacribe, on receipt ol flr. Addreaa ' C. L. 11ERI1V, Aelnarv C. A. A. MS CriWiron, jr. l'T. OaciR MiTrnitM.. Hon. Sec. fur Fremont. Dec. 4, tail. 4."wo Tho Great Deautificr, So IiOna rniirccfnlly Nonsbt, I'lOIHt roslorcn iH-rmanonilv (?mv Imlr to Itn orltHnal rnlor; rnvrra luxiirlnntlv tlm .mid hnrt mmn... .11 iliimlntlT. itdiinirnml all scrolulii, ncnld hrnd and all erun- vinnn; iiiriKrF inv nstr wilt, nenii iiy andfflOKM-; ftnd will Mi.i-ivr li mniiv in.mnitiaiie ajrc, removes nn irhy mar c, all tihttclip. ftp., from the firn. nml rnn 11 nulln.in;. and norroun ht-aduclip. Sceciri-ular nnd tho follow h.ir. Porrr, . H., Vvh. t1. Prof. O. J. Wood h Co. Cientf.: Within a fl u- have rppfivpd tut mnv onlrr and cull for I'rt.f " r J Wood llfiir lit nlorntive, that to dai vf rp rnmimllArl nond to Hnftton for a nttantjt (the dorm toii fnrwarded bvinfrnll sold,) while we mipht order aquantitr from jou. Kt erv bottle trg have told neeme tm hart nradwA ikM four mete metomere, and the approbation and patronage it receiver from the mont fltiUtanliril nnd worth r cltlzenii of .mr .niiM.v, iu iiv mnrmceiis uml it in a most Ttiuiiiahla prfparaixm. K. nfl tin. nn noon a mnv be one protw of $1 nir.t-; and one dozen $2 -dze; nnd Udh-ve tn vonrn Terv re Hlieetfully, (Signed) 1MNIKL LATtlKOl' A CO. Ulcl nrv nrnve, 8t. Charl-n Co.. Mo., Nov. 10 1S&. PHOF. O. J. WOOD Ier Sir: flnnm tlm. I.r .... we wore indured totiae nomc of your Hnlr Kestm ntire. and ita effects wero so wonderful, we leel It our duty to you and th-viflllcted, to report It. Our little son's hend far nome time Imd been perfect I r covered with sores.snd (tome called it Hcald head. The hair almost entirely came ofl in consequence, when a friend, seelnrr his snfTeHnirn, advised UB wryiiur i.fi-iornurp, wo tun So Willi little hope Of nueeess, hut, to our surprise, nnd thnt of all our friends, a very few applications removed the dinense entlretr. nnd a new nnd luxut lint crop of hair soon started out, 'and we enn now nny th.it our lwiv, has ns henlthy a senJp, nnd as " luxuriant a er p of hnir as anv other child. Wv can there fore, nnd do hereby recommend Tour Restorative, n a per fect remedy for all disease of the srnlp and hnlr We are, yours respectfully, (tK.ORf.K W. HI'HilNMOTIMil, SARAH A. HKiGINBOTHAM. Gardiner, Maine, June 22, 1S5IS. PRF. O. J. WOOT Pear Sir: I have used two bottles of Professor Wood's Hair Rentorntfrc, and can tn.1v say that it is the Rrratent discoverr of tho aire for restorinp; and chit n i-i i. r the Hnir. Before imlns; it I was a man of seven ty. My hnir has now nttntneditsnrlgtnalcolor. You can recommend it to the world without the least fear, as mr case was one of the worst kind. Yours respectfully, DANIEL N. MURRPHY. O.J. WOOD ft CO., Proprietors. 312 Broad wnr, Vew York, ln tlio f;rent New York Wire Railing Kstnhliih nient.) and 114 Market St., St. Louis, Mo. And mid by all good Druggists, y.'hnfl THE CKEATEST Medical Discovery of Hie Agt MR. KEWF.DY, of RnxWy. lias discovered In on of our common pasture weeds a remedy that cures i; j;UY KIND OF III ,TIOH, From the teoret Seraula down to eomwum Pimple. He has tried it In over eleven hundred cases, and never riiieu except in I wo cares, (both thunder humer.) Hi haa now in his possession over one hundred certificates of it value, all within twenty utiles of Boston. Two bottles are warranted to cure a nursing sore mouta. One or throu bottles will cure the worst kind of Pimidua on the face. Two or throe littles will ch ar the svstem of bites. Two bottles are warranted to cure the worst eu.uk or In the mouth or stomach. Tliree o live Itoltlos are warranted to cure the worst kind of Kr.vslpehi. One to two bottles are warranted to cure all humor In the Kyes. . Two bottles are wananted to cure running at the eara and blotehf-snmnngthe hnir. Four to M bo t tit s nre warranted to cure corrupt and run nin; uh-ers. f One bottle will cure scaly etuption nf the vkin. 1 Tnoor thret bntlh s ;uv wartanUd to cure the worst kind of ringworm. Twoor three kittles are warmuted to cure the most desperate case nf rheumatism. Three, or four ttottle are warranted toeurp Mlt-Rheum. Five to tight bottles will cure the worst case of scrofula. A beuefll is u I whys exHiienced from the first bottle, and a M.'rfect cure is wariaub d when the above quantity is taken. ROXBCHY, MASS, Dbab Madam. The reputation of the Medicnl Discor. ery.iu curios; all kinds ol humors, Uso well established oy me unnniiunus voiee oi nil who hnve ever used it, thnt 1 need u.it say any thing on the subject, as the most skill ful physicians nnd the moKt careful Druggists iu the coun try are unanimous in its praise. in present tug me Medical Discovery to your notice, I do It with a full knowledge of its punitive unwr. in rpHvtn all, nnd curing most of those diseases to whh'h yoti are uutoriiirmt' ly so liuMn. That most excruciating disease to &u allVctionate mother, Nurtjlug Sore Hit mi Mi. It cures ns If by a miracle; your own temper tn restored to its nut ura I sweet nes, and your babe fmni short and fret ful naps to calm and sweet slumbers; and the Medical Dis covery becomes a fountain of blessings to your liutband nu oouseunia. In the more advanced stage of Cuuker9 it extends to the stomach, causing Dyspepsia which is nothing but canker on the stomach; then to Ui intestines and Kidneys, crenting a sinking, gone feeling, anda Indifference ereo to the cares of your faoiily. lour stomocit is Haw and Kuflnmed Your food distresses you, and you can only take certain kinds, and even of thnt your system does not get half the uouribhineut It contains as the ucriinoiinus iluld of the canker eats It up; then your complexion loses it bloom and becomes sallow or greenish, and your liest day is gone, for want of nourishment your system becomes loose and tin buy, anu the nhres or your uouy become relnxetl. Then follows a train of diseases which the Medical Discovery ia peculiarly adapted to Cure Palpitation of the heart, pain in the side, weakness of the spiue and smalt of the back, pnin of the hip Joint when you retire, irregularity of the bowels, and alio, that ipost excruciating of diseases, the Piles. How many thousands of poor women are suffering from. thisdiKease and pining away a miserable life, and their, next door neighlor does not know the cause. I wish to impress on vnur mind that good old proverb, "An ounce, of prevention la better than a pound of cure.' lath medical Discovery, you have both tho preventive and the cure, with this great and good quality, that it wllluevcr under any elrcuin stances, do you any injury. No change of diet ever necessary eat tbe best you can get and enough ot it. Dirbttioj run ess Adults one table spoonful per day. Children over ten years dessert spoonful Children from,' five to eight years," tea spoonful. As no directions can be applicable to all constitutions, take sufficient to operate ou the bowels twice a day. Yours truly, DONALD KENNEDY ' Price $1.00 per bottle. Foraaleby C. K. MH ULLOCH, WUOslEK 4 BUL'JLA"D, , Fremont. W. J. MILLER, Clyde, and by Druggists generally. 40y 1 Sale of Real Estate. Bi Order of Ceurf. WILT, be sold at vendue at the door of th Court House to Fremont, tiaudusky county, Ohio, ou Saturday January 16tbt 1858. at 2 o'clock, P. H., the following real estate as the proper ty of Elihba W. Ilowland, deceased, to wit: InloUNo.126, Wand 1 In Fremont, together com prising whnt is kuown as the liuwlaud Tavern bland. lWma at u.l a r.no-tliltvl Hnn' nn third in OPS year. ami one-third In two years, with Interest, deferred pay ro years, wltli iniereas, ueiirim yj I b notes and mortjrajrenn the prem. ' HOslKK EVKKKTT. Adm'r K. W. fwln4 dee'd. ments to be secured I iaei. Fremont. Ohio. December 11, WM. Sandusky County Bible Depository, AT raaieba 4 Brother! Hardware Store, OflCAR MITCHELL. tpoftHMf.