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Fremont journal. (Fremont, Sandusky County [Ohio]) 1853-1866, April 04, 1862, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026050/1862-04-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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?5KiAf.'T nojtin fcvrnrn.
ft) :kFjAJ Ac EVEIIET31, '
Alt""" w.d fNwUrK Mw,Mi4fliAlrUAritQht
en, will su-nd a. pi of.-.r.nl knatniwa ana lani
Aeeoev In Sendnalir and ft'ijolninff Cn.ntlee.
Oms, ama atorj tMkUiii new Bl.ce, rrmmt
J. OREBKB, jr.
n. w. wissi.ow.
AttrMn1 Oaseellnes at Law and ileroie
'-' aerr, for sadtlkv thd adjoining; C.o.UeB.
too la IUIR BLOCK. Front Romi, e stairs. !
V:'" FREMONT, OHIO. """ Jsa.lT.IH.
Attorney and Cos use I tor tt tnw
Will attend .roaiptlv to 11 Soelness wotruetea to nil care.
OmCE la Blrehard Block, Front Btraet.
Bef-r I Blrohard. Millar m Wilson, Bankers. , . , ,
Special sttr.tnn (riven to jiroeotln 1t anil Boasts tt
feossr4l BoMlsre, . . KSMUNT. Oal.
Iter. 14, !"- T' --.....'..
, v C.UVV I'AUEii ,,. ,
f f VbYPBi ABBOSirw (JOONtT, V. (
AH business latrattad to Ma Mm faithfully .ad eraaiptlr
4. i ., . . wttcatoef. -v - - i v
TTA9 .pened an ofSoe in Bneklsnd's NRW Block oppo
I J site the Croghea House, for tha parposa of prsctlo
itig Kedlctn- ,nd Rnrserr, whore ha can be foond tlnrlne;
tha day, (-Mle not pmreealonsllr sneered) and at night
at kla residenes oa Mala 8traat aearlj opposite tha Riile
copal Church. Aof . 18 ISsi.
' f : Ilomceopiatliy, x . ,
t. i, W.rin.iM, having; oatakllahaa) himself far tha
purpose of practicing Horooropathy In thla placa and rl
einttr, woold reepeetnillv aononnee to tha nubile that bla
rraant errnagewnta wlU enabls those desirous of seali
ng thrnioaliaa of Unnwonathlo treatment, to rely with
artainty npwa prompt attention to their calls, whether la
or ont of tow. ' . ' ' .
t. W OlSee at M resMenee, on tho Tunrnlka, the Bnt
house seat ofthe 0)4 Catholic Chnreh. .
N. B. IJr. V. nya particular attapttpa to all forma el
hraula diiOaua. . . . rrmaat, April 10, Itoi.
n. a. ice Ac son, ;:.
iPhyiolan tt Surgeons,
Ortn aa4 Raoiaaaa Area. B tract, boat tho Rail
roaa Kmnanamant.
May 16, 1857. 16tf
Dm. R. J. COrTon and R. M. ft raw. hArinf formed a e
Mirtnrhlp. for tha pntctleaof DnUtry, mr prfnrv, to
(to U workiathtirlln with prompt no m tvnd Mtlprartlnn
to 11 who mny nd their ervlwg. They prcpnred to
et from iknrl tooth, to fo rutin compteU kU for n-
prnd lowcrjAWR. Tottk laaertcd n pirot or fold or
The would that a net of ther Teeth looa the pro-
ninra tt int iim wountj f ur,
try Omci In Bucklaad'i filftdi, pitatra.
Fremont. Oct 22, 1868.
Ii. nEIIillAHZ,
OF Tiffin, hail permanent, f Ineated In Fm
mont. After haT.nc had niao veara eaaerl
enoe, ha eoniidera hi ram-If onmpeteut to carry
on the profemiion, In all ita rarioua forma and guaranteaa
Mtiifaetion in every nuie.
Oft cm In Shomo'a block, formerly occupied y Dr. B. R.
Taber. All operation! warrantad. l
rramont. Ilarch 14, 186d.
C. R. McCriiliOCII,
pRixam ia
Drug, Medicine, Dyo-StutTs, 01 ass, PainU,
Vlim. ttooKH. ovJtiioncry, uiana ware, c, cc
No. 3, Buck land Block," ' Fremont.
Drugs, Medicines. Chemicals, PnintaS, Oils,
Tarnihea. Pra-rUnffn, Bamlnr Fluid, Book. Stat ion-
err, Wall Paper, raney Qooda. Tora, CtKare, Chewlug
Tooaoco, e.. ave. ra. i, 0ucaiai.a uioex,
-r . Roberts Sc Sheldon.
Uaaubwturart of Copper. Tin, and Sheet-Iron Ware, and
Meniere tn Store, AurlcuHurml Implement)!, Stored, Hag,
Wool. Hldea. Sheep-pelte, Old Gopnor. Old Storea,
All torta ot (ten nine Yank Notlona. Pease'a Brick
Blork, No. 1, Kr.mont, Ohio. alay 29,1864.
Beery Hotel.
' (tormcrlt ma onto hocbb.) I
A. J. BEERY, Proprietor.
THIS HOUSE, so long kept by Dnvid
Deal, haa baao taken br tha aubeeriber and raoentlr
refitted, fc.,and no paloa will be apared to make (rtieU
eonitortabi while aiayiof wun me. uooa yaro lor laama.
Corner of Front and Carrieoa atreeta. -
Fremont. Joae 29, laflO. Sdjrl.
FRANK N GURNEY, Rropriktor,
The Cooam baa bean put la order and la now ready
far aucata.
Gueata of thaHouaa ennreya4 o and from tha Depot
free of charge. March t, 1860.
fFarawWy f& Frtmonl Bu.) ' 1 '
W.tl. KE8SL.EU, Proprietor,
Faaaaagcra carried to antl from tho Hoaa. fraa of ahargo
Fabrnary 3a, 1M.
Ilouio and 8L(n Painter, Gilder,
Qraxntr and Paper Hanger; JCalsomm
. inp don t order, on thort notice.
PROP In BUCKEYE BLOCK, un-atalra, appoalU Roharta
Hn.iaoo tin anop, rKcmunr, o.
f r JET" JC R 3K ,
kni Inland Navigation Insurance.
some InBuranoe Company,
of Now York, with a Capital and Surplui of $ 1,500,000
J. MILTON 8HITB, Sac.. I CUAt. J. M.TI, Prtfl.
Jam McOu, Jut 4c. A. F. Wiumabtu, V. fruit.
"TirHILE tho AboT. Comnanr haa only baan'ln ovlat.
ff moo About awron ywra, jat U rauka aa on. of TUS
BK8T Imcbak.1 CenMiriu j in wn.' With alarf.
Capitol, aaenraf, ucraa fe and . atronf Boar, of Offloara,
wn an aarotad to it intaraat, n a rapatatloa Hot tha
XBoar r.mBaT r ir Loans, it aommondi Itaelf to
tho toQAdoneo of tho publla.
'l AppHoaUoBf ieetadt sad anllclaa iaaaa4 by
i ,. EL VV. B. McLELLAN,
- A rent for Baaduikr Coontr, 0.
Fremant, Jaa. , imo. ,.
Cwf-f M. W. FITCH,
- Ukespleasnr.lns.ying
"t. i 1 o his numerous patrons
STYLE, and on aa Ma
avaaoio term, as any aruat in town, lie Has
, Lately added a large, Camera,
tklsaptianititsaapaklooftakingaaibTotyni.s tint frm
las Mtr, nearly or quite th. aia. of nr.. 'f Oil Paint
Inge mad. from daguerreotypes or from lire and awurf
tmluma sry. Instruottons girsn in Lb. busioeas,
ROOaT Oyer th. Bank of Freaieat, comer of Front
an. uroguaa siroou. at. W. FITCH.
Froaaont, March lli,)p..
Fremont Livery and Sale Stable.
aw SW THK oUUSCUIHKK haa Juat comnle-
Qf '"i. W ,l hi Brt Stable, 114 by 40
TV JflCrVf' '"'' OB Front stnet, below the Crogbaa
itXL W.. Ho.ee, aod k aw autUog la a large
number of tb. beat horses, with new and handsome bur.
giea and Carriagoa, which ha will let to th. ritiaena of
a remoDt, oa aiero riaianssii aanna tltaa any otbor 8 table
la town. " a
Saddle Zloraea.
ar Horace with Blngl. or Double Buggies can be had at all
hours, day or night.
havt no Old Worn out Stock
Horses kept for saia, and saw Beaton wanting to pur
ehaes a good animal, oan alwaya And one to auit them.
, lianas hoaraad by th. aayor waekonrwaaouable bnai,
Frantoat, tab. 10, .
, Tb. greatest Invention yet i, a
Corn Planter & CuIlivator,
sklbltu.. aa tha aemer, at Head Quarters,
ratonted by William r. Vlber, April , loOJ.
Nraaoni. Heohantca aad othm can me, tt to their ad-
IZmSlTilZf Wl.k..gUi.tcan
o a. kacur Uas U bv ,it tanty, ar lawus.il.
?? .k ?TZ?"."U ""''OS Nothlu. lu.enUU
or tha Ues Sweat yaara wui pay Vm,M .
Bljfbt.tw8t.le, County or tihae, o. Haskinss aaa be
'1 aue. so LUC ratenteo, or to
r a , , : . .
Jf?""' FAt for tha whole Culled lute.
FremeaS Obi., r.k, , iw, iaf , ,
1VE XV SERIES, , VOL. X, NO. 13.
Alt maa.lbctnrtna tb oa1.hr.tr4 CCRT1S IRON
UEAU I I.UW. which ia nnt onriiawrd by any raat
owma.la. l.ONO'g IMrROVRP. al ali.a. CENTF.R-
:.F.VF.R. or Plltabora Plow, which for llihtnr.. of draft
cannot Im brat, n ow POINTS of ncurir arcrr kind n
nao. BTFFI. PI.OW8 rrf tha celebrated lyr.nda anann
factnra, which drew tn. Irat pramlaai at tn. Uuroo cous
ty (1M1) Fair.aa a Pralrio Plow.
Wheat Drill
Warranted anporlor to any tn nao. Dinner Bella. 10 and
M .lloo Kettles. Cider Mill Screws. Coal Grate., a
nlc article. Straw Cutters. Root Cultere. Cor. Plant
era, Ac, 4o Also, a few tons superior Soilllia Coal.
Job Work
Such aa Finishing, Vera. Catting, As, kc, dune to order.
3" All work WARRANTED and dona opoa honor.J
Having had rears erparlrnee in tb. baslncas, 1 feel
eannd.nl of giring SATISFACTION.
Term Cath or Heady pay.
Prices to suit the times.
Ballerae, Ohio, Not. 1, 1M1. Klj
Tobacco and Cigars.
Oppoilte the Bank of Blreh.nl, Miller At Co., where be
baa ntted np the neatest establishment that can bo found
in the Weat.
I am mnnufnetnHng Clears from the rery BEST
SPANISH TOHACt'O, and rery man who lorea a
good Cigar is Is invited to call and try one. Sold at
Wholeeal. or Retail, and at lower rates than can be bought
eleewhere. All kinds f Chewing and Smoking Tobacco
kept on hand. -P. FOBS.
Fremont, July It, 1M1 tf.
. 170, 179 Summit Street,
Tills College It designed to almrd a THOROUGH COM
MKHCUI. EDUCATION, and bring Toung Men into an
acquaintance with a knowledge of the Practical Detailaof
BuslMea, aa wU aa Caaatiog House dutlos. Forfurthar
particulars. sddre.., U. ORKttOKY, Pr.,-t,
Sept. 8, 1MI. s.lyt Tolsoo, O.
i -mrvt7 i
PKALtB lit
and American Marble!
Croghan Street, on. door west of tho Tyler Brtek Block,
Fremout, Ohio.
and alt klnda of HarMe work executed tn tha neat.
eaat, and moat taatefnl manner.
urdera are reflpectfttlly aol letted, and all work warranted
tv .KM jr.
Fremont, January. 1832.
G. B. Heller. D. Lsbcoeb.
. (Siiocaaaora to Smith fc Heller.)
7 . "Tt . aaas
sfi''. h tr r n and AniAri'iii
-.-i:. Monuments, Gravestones
1 ma iv l aa:., a. u.
tjT Ws gusrnte. to pleas, or no charge.
Shop at tho old stand on Croghan Street.
Fremont, 0. May SO, 1S61.
SURANCE COMPANY, Hartford, Connectlcut.-
Acquired Capital of over $3,500,000.
With a capital and surplus of $1,600,000.
PANY, of Conwsr, Massachusetts.
With a capital and surplus of ovor $250,000.
Ths above are rclUbl. Companies, well worthy the con
fluence of all persons desiring Qnt class Insaranea oa
their livea or property.
Losses promptly paid.
R. W. B. McLELLAN, Agont.
Fremont, Juno I. lam.
Have UOVF.D their Branch Market from Front Street to
their Old Stud on the River ia tho
Rear of D. Bolts k Co's Store,
and are prepared to furnish all th. varieties of If eat aiu-
ally kept ia the market; aucb aa
Of the beit quality, will at all timea be kept on hand, and
no effort apared to pleaaa all. Karnvera and ottiere haflnr
fat cattle, aheep and ho(a,i.ra requested to fire a a call
ot'Kireoitpnuiiigf 01 inem.
The public can a! war be accommodated with theeholc
est mfata by oalllna- at our 8 ho p.
T7" Meata delivered to any part of tha town, whan
rramont, jnne 14, lani.
(opposite the beery house.)
THE undersigned hav. opened on Front
Street, right opposite tho lieery Uoasea
IVew Market,
Where they will keep tlx beat of Fresh Meats, such as
for sals every morning (Sundays excepted)
at 4 to 6 cants per pound, and cut as yom waat It.
Cont'd Beef and Salt Pork also for sals.
Farmer, havlngsood fat stock, f nnae atber wasted! c
sell to as by ealliug at our Market House.
Fremont, Aug. tS, 1M1. tlmot
Do Yob Want a Farm I
Fremont, Ohla. Thev bar. for aal. omuiI atka.
iana, vu. a. , awa. i, t. a, K. la, aoatalaiag t Jt aoraa,
known as tb.
Wilket Farm, on Orten Creek,
about three miles east a Fremont, which will, tfaBbrs
suit, be sold la bv acre lota, or altoasthar as purchasers
Also a 'iO sera amd a 29 acre traot near th. aama, which
will be separately sold. For further particulars apply at
ma. vuin 01 iu. anueraignen, r mm, 11 w, v.
Augusta, lgoulwa.
Itollersrille, Manduakf Countf.
THE aubserlbsr wmild rmnectfully Inform tha public
that ho has put this mill ia tin top running or tier,
audlsprauwadtogriaa ..
Wheat, Cora, Buckwheat, lire,
ths YERY BEST BTTLE. rjr p.Hb musbatloa
Warranted with ovary luao'e grist.
No Battar Flour aaa bs mad. at any mill la tha sonatry.
LaUi and Seajoned Lumber,
Constantly kept aa haod .....
At my 8w.Mill Yrd.
Bills Allsd to order sad oa abort aotlos at ressonakla
tonoa. J. C KIMU.
RoiltrsTllls, Jan. IT, 1S, ,m
m ii lev
Washington Correspondence of the Fremont Journal.
Letter from Washington.
WASHINGTON, March 26, 1862.
Ms. Editor: It is now more than two wcalci
since the grand army of tlie Potomac Martrd to
make tli advsnce, and ret nothing; haa been
done mil. to capture tha cunleaa for la of Cen
tre viilo and Mauaiwaa. It is not a little dis
gusting to witness the manner in which eertnin
editors wish to delude their readers bj a short
paragraph now going tha rounds ia their pa.
paper, in which it ia stated on tha authority of
iwu isuiunuis, mat no wooa en guns have been
discovered at Manawiaa. Thia ia true; no one
aaid ther were discovered at Manama; but they
uwrvarf CtntrerWe. The fraud perpetrated by
these editors, eonsista in so mixing up Centre
rilln and Manamas, aa to make them appenr to
lie one and tho same place although they are
even inilea apart. This ia fair specimen of
the way in which there pro-secession editors
tell the troth on erery thing having a political
bearing, which does not originate with them.
This ia the manner in which aomo two years
nince they represented tho prospective course
of Republicanism. The Southern papers copied
their representations and the South believed
tbein. Hence ths readiness with which they
entered into tha rebellion. It ia a well known
fact that the arguments now used against the
Government, were tho arguments firet used by
thece editors against Republicanism. They
were flamed ao aa to be aa irritating as poeaibia
to the Southern mind. ,
They are just as true snd valid now againat
the Government, as tboy were too years since
against Republicanism, so that we must con
clude that these editors have done their full
share toward creating our present troubles.
The leading editors South, know that tha de
sign of breaking up the Democratic party, was
to bring on a rebellion and break down our He
publican institutions, and establish in their
stead institutions of a Monarchical character.
This fact they would not dare make known to
their own readers, because they could not suite
even the South on such s question ss that
In looking about them to see how they could
bring the mind of the Sotilh to tho- rebelling'
point, withouttelling what they really intended,
they discovered that certain Northern papers in
opposition to tho Republican party, furnished
them with ull Iho necessary material to influ
ence the minds of the coolest Southern people
to the needed heat and opposition. All they
bad to do was to quote from the aforesaid North
ern papers.
These arc the same papers which now detail
falsehoods, such as the one alluded to above,
snd they ore the same papers which have been
so very zealous for the reputation of McClellan.
uno very significant fact 1 will mention, and
your readers may draw their own inference.
Uur army was within one day s march of the
rebels, nncl so remained for more than six months.
They knew what our force was. They knew that
our army was vastly superior to tliem both in
nuniDersand equipments, most ol the time be
ing nearly three to thoir one, and some of the
time a greater proportion in our favor. Yet, in
spite of ull these facts, they went to work and
built themselves good log dwellings put board
floors into them, had good bunks nailed up
along tho walls, furnishing good dry sleeping
places iortneir nieu. in very iiintiy places tney
had board walks from one building to another.
They had out-door ovens, and were in the act
of building more when tlicy began their flight
thus showing, by Continuing their improve
ments, that they intended to remain much Ion
ger. Now I ask, with these facts before us, is it
within the range of human possibility to sup
pose that the rebels would go to work and put
up these conveniences, unless they had an un
derstanding that they would have the use of
them sufficiently long to compensate them for
the labor of preparing them? They may be
tgnorani, ot jnovincrn courage, out they are not
ignorant 01 common business ruJos; u the men
are. t he officers are not.
They knew very well that our army, by otic
day 's march, could come upon them, and take
these buildings and use them for their own com
fort. Yet notwithstanding all these facts were
well known to them, they wcut to work and
built themselves good comfortable quarters.
The only way to explain such an unusual course
on their part, is liy supposing that they had au
thoritive intimation that they would be permit
ted to remain long enough in the use. of their
improvements to tnako it a paying operation.
Who gave them such an intimation may yet be
discovered. It is certain no loyal man did, and
besides that there aro but two parties who could
give them this information. The Prcsidont is
one of the parties, and of course he did not do it.
The rebels were in winter quartcra,our troops
were not. Just notice in thin connection the
deceit practised upon our people. We were
told all through last Fall during the fine weath
er, that our army should not go into winter
quarters, and told that, too, by the General who
assumed to command tho United Slates Army,
It is very plain now that he never intended to
move his army this whole winter, if he ever In
tended to move it at all. The word "quartern,"
in military usage, means building; and when the
General said the troops thould not go into win
ter quarters, lie intended to say I hey should live
In tents all winter instead of buildings. When
the General promised that the troops should not
go into winter quarters, we outsiders nil consi
dered it a promise of a forward move through
the winter. We dm not then see. as we see now.
that this was a mere play upon the use of the
word "quarters" to stop the popular clamor for
a forward movement. It is doubtful if the
President saw the trick. If he had seen it. or
suspected it, his order to move tho army would
must ii.cir ... emtio on ine Vila ol Septem
ber instead of on the 27th of Jannarv. This i.
another specimen of the means made use of to
procure delay in behalf of compromise.
Gen. McClellan speaks in his address tn hi.
army, of sharing their privations with them,
sc, ao. . in the following manner ho exhibits
his mode of so doing, lie, and his stuff, have
for their own accommodation thirty-five four
horse wagons loaded with the "privations" which
he and they have to endure. Kach company of
men, numueriug irotn ou to juu men. nave oaa
four horse wagon to carry their necessaries.
Now it will not need much arithmetic tp cipher
out the immeasurable distance between their
privations and bis comforts.
So much accustomed have we been, as a peo
ple, to bow down to Southern rule and dicta
tion that even now, under a Republican Ad
ministration, we have men elected by the Re.
publican party to the United State's Senate who
render themselves supremely disgusting by
their toadying to Border State' influence, thus
hoping to show their great fitness and conserva
tism, so as thereby to gain a seat en the Su
?reme Bench of the United States Court.
hey strive to surpass one another in bestow.
ment of favors and compliments upon 'he Bur.
der State Senatore, Tbey try to see great and
immense difficulties in the way of confiscation.
They take as naturally to the Border State men
aa yoong duek doea to water.
' Anyone of these competitors for Judicial
advancement would, if oa the bench, auslsin
the Dred Seott deciaion, or any decision that
that fogy i st of all Judge Judge Taney, woulii
make. These men are, in their voting, as un
certain on the questions in which the Border
States have an interest, aaany dungh-face ever
waa ia his voting on the question of Slsvery.
They would to-morrow have no objection tn
letting the Border Slave States dictate the man
ner in which the war ought to be conducted;
nor to let them have the parceling out all tha
Government offices; nor would they be opposed
to letting them dictate the terms on h.h tl,.
rebels should como back into the Union pro.
vidud the Nertli would do all the fighting and
wy esU UJD I.) II IB.
Davis of Kentucky. Bayard t Saulsburw .J
the Maryland Senators oppose emancipation in
the Distriet of Colombia ia the strongest man
ner, and claim that Congress haa no right to
touch it. The Missouri and Virginia members
will vote with them, and it may be that aome of
our so-called Republicans will vote with tbein
. - ttltilftj.
P. S. Sines writing the above, the battla at
Winchester haa beea reported. You may aet
that down to the pluck ol Qen. Shields; it was
pan or tne frtmt jefofv
Speech of Parson Brownlow.
Tb Nashville papers publish the follow
ing speech of ParsoiC BnowjtLOW, deliver
4 in front of the St. Cloud Hotel, Nashville,
on the eveniog of tha 17th itisU It has
th gonuino old Brownlow ring. ; Ho has
been caged by tb rebels, Dot conquered.
Browolow said: '
Oebtlemeit: I am in b Md plight (o
fly much of interest too thoroughly in
capacitated to do justico to you or myself.
My throat has been disordered for tho past
three yearn, and I have been compelled to
Almost abandon ptiblio speaking. Last
December I wn thrust into so uncomforlA
bio and disagreeable jn.il for what!
Treason! Treason to the bogus Confed
eracy; Bnd tho proofs of that treason were
articlos which appeared in tho Knoxville
tying in May last, when tbe State of Ten
nessee was a momber of the i in perishable
Union. At the experation of four weeks,
became a victim of iho typhoid fever, and
was removed to a room in a decent dwell
ing, and a guard of seven mon kept mo
company. I subsequently became so week
tbat 1 could not turn over in my bed, and
tho guard was increased to twelve mon, for
fonr I should suddenly recover and run
away to Kentucky: Becoming convales
cent, in a measure, I was removed to my
former place of confinement. One day I
was visited by some Confederate officers,
who remarked, "Brownlow, you should not
bo here. Take the oath of allegiance to
the Confederate Government, which will
not only entitle you to aspoedy release, but
insuro your protection." "Sir 1" 8id I "be
fore I would lake the oalh to support such
hell-forsaken institution,! would Buffer
myself to rot, or to dio with old ago."
vv ny, my friends, tuose demagogues act
ually boast that tbe Lord is upon their side.
and declare that God Almighty is assisting
wicm in mo iiirtncranco ol tlicir nefarious
project. In Knoxville and surrounding lo
calities, a short time since daily prayer meet
ings were held, wherein tho Almighty was
t.CAMl.n1 .aTca T .' 1 tl I 1 1
iaviviiv-u iv mioo XJIIIUWIIIS U1UCHHUP, UUQ
to hurl destruction against tho Burnsido
Expedition. Their prayers were partly
answored tho blockade nt Roanoke Island
was most effectually raised; a reciprocal of
their sacrilege divinely tendered.
Gentlemen, I am no Abolitionist; I ap
plaud no sectional doctrines; I nm a South
ern man, and all my relatives and interests
are thoroughly identified with tbe South
and Southern institutions. I was born in
the Old Dominion, my parents were born
Virginia, and (hey and their antecedents
were ail slaveholders. Let me assure yon
that the South has suffered no infringement
upon her institutions; tho slavery question
was actually no pretext for this unholy, un
righteous conflict. Twelve Senators from
tho Cotton States, who had sworn to pre
serve inviolate the Constitution framed by
our forefathers, plotted treason at night a
i umo tor sucn a crime and telegraphed
to thoir States dispatches advising them to
pnss ordinances of secession. Yes, gentlo
men, twelve Senators swore allegiance in
tbe day time, and unsworo it at nicht. A
short time sinco I was called upon bv a lit-
no jew, who, i believe is the Secretary of
ar oi mo bogus Uonlederacy. lie threat
ened to hang mo, and I expected no more
mercy from him than was shown by his ill
ustrious predecessors towards Jesus Christ.
entered into a long correspondence, with
this specimen of expiring humanity, but
from mercy or forgotfulness on their part, I
was permitted to depart with all my docu
ments in my little valise, which I hope to
ptioiisn at no distant day. Uentlemcn,
when I started on my perilous journey, I
was sore distressed iu mind, and exceeding
ly so in body. But the moment mv eves
encountered the pickets of tbe Federal" army
my depression decreased and returning
health seemed suddenly to invigorate my
physical constitution.
Uentlomen, Secession is plaved out tha
dog is dead tho child is born, and his name
Jeff. Davis, Jr.
My throat distresses me to such an extent
that I must decline further remarks this
evening, but shall make myself heard on
the first convenient occasion, which will
probably be ere tho termination of tho prcs-
eui wees.
The Unionists of the Southwest.
Senator Lane, of Indiana, has lust re.
eoived letters from his brother who is with
the federal forces at Savannah, Tennessee.
He gives a very cheering account of the
people in that section of the conntry. He
says that there is more decided Union feel
ing in that part of Tcnnosseo and tho north
ern portions of Alabama, than in a largo
part of Kentucky. Men enough had come
from Alabama to our headquarters at
Savannah to form a regimont. and an Ala
bama Union regiment had been formed.
will be remembered tbat throughout the
entire section of country there are very fow
slaveholders, and the people have no mo
tive to war against the federal government
Troops were flocking in from Alabama,
Tennessee, Georgia and Mississippi, with
the prospect that a brigade might soon be
formed of troops from the Gulf and cotton
statea to fight against tbe rebellion. Other
advices of a still later date confirm these
statements. The mountainous regions are
almost invariably loyal, as the slavebolding
are certainly disloyal.
" 1 si maw
Abuses Corrected.
The Secretary of War baa ordered that
hereafter paroles shall not be granted to
Fort Donelson prisoners. , This puts a stop
tha swagger of the uniformed snobs at
Columbus, who, through the mistaken len
ity of Federal officers, bate been permitted
display their side arms ia the stroets,
thrust their treason in tha face of citizens,
and register at tba hotels as o Dicers ia tbe
"C. S. A."
The President bas also put a atop to an
other piece of official folly. A commission
appointed by Gen. Halleok visited Chicago
and prepared list of a thousand rebel
who were desirous of subscribing to an oatb
allegiance and being dUmissed. Presi
dent Lincoln iuterferd, and ordered that
henceforth, until further instructed, officers
shall not liberate prisoner under any circumstances.
The Dividing Line.
Mr. Arnold, of Illinois, yesterday intro
duced into the House of Representatives e
bill whose purpose Is clearly annnounccd in
tho preamble, in these words: "To the end
that Freedom may be and remain forever
me fundamental law of the land, in all
place wbstover, to far as it lies within the
powor and depends upon tha action of tha
government of tha United Statea to make
it so." The bill prohibila slavery forever
in the territoriei, in tbe forts. arsenals, dock
yards, in ships on tha high ecas, ia short,
"in all places whatsoever, where tha nation
al government is supremo, or has exclusive
jurisdiction and power," including, ot course,
mo uisirici oi uoiutnbia.
Mr. Arnold's bill will, we trust, speedily
be roported by the Committee oa Territor
ies, to which it was referred, and brought
to b vote. It ia a clear assertion of tbe
principles on which our government waa
founded, and it proposes to carry out those
principles in a manner entirely constitu
tional and eminently wise. It has anoth
er good quality, in tbat it defines sharply
the position of tbia nation towards the reb
els. Tbe corner-stone of tha "Southern
Confederacy," aecordincr to Mr. Stephens, is
slavery ine corner-stone of oar national
government is freedom. There slavery is
tho rule, here freedom is the rule.
So carefully does tbe bill guard the
rights and privileges of tbo states that in
the third paragraph of section first, slavery
is prohibited in all vessels on tba high seas
and on tha national highways, beyond the
territory and jurisdiction of the several
states from which or to which th said ves
sels may be goinq. There is hero no un
due assumption of power, trenching on dis
pute a ground, lue more ardent opponents
" . ri r
of emancipation measure, are. uch confess-
edly on the ground that slavery is a local
state institution, with which, where it ex.
ists in a state, the national government has
no rigot to interfere. :
We hope, therefore, to see a gathering
of the true men of all parties in favor of
tins Dill. All triends of liberty can bore
meet on constitutional ground, and place
the government where the founders of tho
Union meant it to stand, and where it
stood whilo Washington, Jefforson, Madi
son and other distinguished Virginians were
at tho helm. Moreovor. it places us snuar-
ly opposite to the onomics of tbe Union.
Thoy rebel to make slavery national; we
ngut to preserve the Union as it is, with
freedom national. They strivo to over
throw the consitution becauso it does not
make slavery universal; we fight to main
tain it, and with it the principles of liberty
for which the fathers fouchU and which
tbey made the corner-stone of their consti
tution. N. T. Post. March 25.
Vandalism-Yankee Skill.
Correspondents who have traveled from
Williamsport to Winchester, Virginia,
thirty-two milos speak in strong torras ofj
tho withering curso of Secession. A few
months ago it was one of the first sections
of tho State now tho mansions and houses
lie smouldering in ruins by tbe torch of
Rebel incendiaries. Tbe property of the
Union citizens has been givon to tho flames,
. , .1 . .
ana mo owoors have been compelled to
floe for their lives. At Marlinsburr? an im-
mense amount of railroad property bad been
destroyed, and at Winchester the railroad
cars, &c, bad been collected for tbe flames,
but tho panic got tho start of tho torch.
A Winchester letter of the 15th says:
We bad not been in Winchester two
Uours before Yankeedom was jo its ele
ment and glory. Some half dozen of Mas
sachusetts soldiers doffed their knapsacks,
and soon oil cans, files and hammers were
in requisition. Tbe old Potomae and Vir
ginia engines wero hauled out and placed
in as good running order as possible under
the circumstances. In loss time than it
took "stone-wall Jackson" to evacuate fif
teen miles of tbo Strasburg pike, whiz!
went the whistle of the Potomac, and off
she went with a company of the Massachu
setts Thirteenth on an experimental trip to
TJ P U .1 .l .
iinim a i crry, atinu vue cneer oi me joy
ous multitude, 'lhey reached to within
six miles of tbe Ferry, where tbey found
two bridge to be repaired. This will be
accomplished by Monday, when wo shall
once more bavn uninterrupted communica
tion oy ran wun Baltimoro.
Iho Union sentiment here amontr tha
resident, grows stronger every day. The
more tbey aee of our soldiers and officers,
and learn from them tho obiect of our mis
sion here, they become more inclined to
duster around tbe old Union which gave
them peace and plenty, instead of clinging
to a Confederacy which bas brought war
and almost starvation. I predict from mv
observation while here, and what I learn
from converse with the people.' tbat Ibis
great valley is lost to tbe Southern Confed
eracy forever.
Significant Topography.
A fact referred to by our Wasbinirton
correspondent cannot be too often repeated
if wo would understand tbo nature and
character of the present war. As our for
ces move forward into the mountains of
North Alabama they find tbo Union feeling
more decided tban inoilher West Tennessee
or Kentucky. The reason is that the
mountains cherish few slaveholders. Could
moral thermometer be constructed to
measure tbe degree of loyal sentiment in
any community, it would be also a precise
measure of the number of slaveholder in
that community. In the district where
there are no slaves there is no quarrel with
toe government; where there are few slaves
tho quarrel is a slight one. but where there
are many slaves there' is open insurrection.
A map, known to most of our reader,
which shows ia white and black tba rela
tive proportion of the free and slave inhab
itant of all tbe counties of the southern
8 La tea, show at the same time tbe relative
force of the rebellion. Ia truth, a militsrv
leader might direct his recruiting ser
vice and military movements according to
tbe indications of tbat man. In the whit
parts be would find friends and assistants,
and ia tbe black, enemies wboaa ualignitv
tl J ..!. .t . . & . J
would deepen, wun in oepm ot tba color.
The Government's Investment in Arms.
This war baa caused Uncle Sam to in
vest pretty heavily in shooting irons of one
kind or another. Tbe Secretary of War
baa reported to Congress a statement of
all the purchases of and contracts for arm
made by tha Government since April J 2,
1661, with tha particulars of such purch
ases, and tba prices paid ; also tba oorrea
poodeooa between himself and tha Chief
of the Bureau of Ordnance concerning arms
purchased by General Fremont. It give I
tn date and names or parties purchased
from, and contracted with. Tbe recapitn-
anon snows mere were purcoased and eon
tracted for the following muskets and riflos
Purchased, 230,166; contracted for, 1,003.-
800. Uasb, (40,495,716. Carbine pur
chased, 14,380; contracted for, 72,440.
Cash, 2,205,378. Pistols purchased, 19,-
5Z2; contracted for, 70,000. Cash, 2,
100,892, Sabres and swords purchased,
63,718; contracted for, 142,000. Caah,
1,837,770. - -
Total purchased 333.699: contracted
for, 2,194,240. Cash, $46,144,665.
The time for delivery of aome of tha
arms under the contracts runs until Decem
ber 31, 1863. In addition to this state
ment, other arms have been purchased to a
limited extent, nndcr the authority given
by tha Secretary of War to Governor, or
oiher officers, to provide arms for volunteers,
the accounts for which have not yet been
The Rebel Navy.
The Norfolk Day Book has tha following
paragraph in regard to Confederate navy
Congress baa appropriated for the use of
imo navy uepnrimoni B),Z 1 0,UUU. XDla
Lm does not include ,2,000,000 more of
tbe navy department t4.275.000. This
hich have been specially appropriated for
noaiing delcnscs In the Mississippi river, and
lor tne wenimac Uf tbe former sum. 12.
600,000 are for the purpose of equipment
and repair ot vessels, tor ordnance and ord
nanco storos, and for. the purchase and
building of steamers and gunboats for coast
defenses of the Confederate States. For
this latter object $500,000 of the $2,600,-
vw are appropriated.
The Allied Flat-Out.
It is now pretty well settled tbat a trealv
of peace was signed at Soledad, on tbe 1 9th
of February, betweon Moxico and the allied
rowers. Ihe ratification by President
Juarez arrived alVora Cruz the 28th,in cor
sequence oi wincn ine Mexican tlag was
again hoisted on the Fort of San Juan de
Ulloa, and a part of tho Spanish army em
barked for Havana, where two regiments
naa already arrived, it appears tbo allies
will continue to keep forces there, and that
tney will remain at the beallbv port of Or
izaba, for which place thoy wore about to
marcn later.
"The Kins; of Frsnce, with forty thoneand ntsn,
starched up the hill, and then marched back again."
A RpmAW OrncBR. A letter from
Winchester, Va- March 16tb. from tbe
Tribune's Army correspondent says: One
incident showing the disposition of tbo ne
groes and the treatment visited upon them
by some of our officers, is too scandalous for
belief. A free nogro was being questioned
by an officer in regard to forage; at length
he told the officer he was for tbe Union, and
asked "why don't you give us arms; we'd
love to fight for you." . The officer seized a
musket from a soldier end knocked tbe gen
erous follow into the gutter with a blow
from the butt. I have this from another
officer who was an eye witness and interfer
ed for the negro.
"Jons Brows'b Bopt." If tbe Win
chester (Va.) correspondent of tha New
York World ia correct in bis ataUment,
"John Brown's body" doe not "moulder in
the grave." In a letter dated 18th inst be
says: '
"I visited tbe medical college ia this
town, where M. D's are furnished to the
Southern Confederacy. Prominent among
the objects in the museum was tbe bodv of
John B'own, Sen., the intecument taken
off, and the muscles, veins and arteries all
preserved, tbo top of tbe cranium sawn off,
and the lip purposely distorted in disre
spect." It must have been some other body tban
that of John Brown Son.; for after the ex
ecution tbe body ot Urown was taken to
North Elba, N. Y., and intered on bis own
farm, where his widow now resides. Ed.
Journal. " .. .
The Killed and Wounded.
In looking over the long lists of killed
and wounded in battles, let no reader forget
tub causb of these fearful sacrifices. Thou
sands of tha braves, and truest mea ia our
country lay down their lives ia defence of
tbe government of their choice tha best
on earth against an accursed revolt
prompted by slavery. Tbe lather, who
on, the hope of bi declining year, ia reg
istered in the list of "killed tba wife
widowed, tbe children orphaned, tha house
hold thus robbed of ita solace and slay
lot all these bear in mind tbat all tbia is
from the eatanie instigations of slavery.
Tbia is no declamation no fanatical "abo
lition" invective: but certain, undeniable
fact 'Everyman should ponder it. St
Louis Dem.
Exports in War Time.
At mar wen surprise many amoDff our
own people, aa it must certainly astonish
tne world, tbat alter all tha hullabaloo
about tba "ruin" tbat waa to fall upon us
t.L. . I . . t
nu ,ow oBsaatiTHi or soutnern trade, toe
exports oi tne city or Mow-York at this per-
iou, using ine last week aa a specimen,
are actually greater than at the cor respond
ing period ot either of the last two year,
waeo wa bad eottoa and Baval store (th
ehiefaoutbern commodities) to mingle with
oor shipments, ' ' - -
Suuu an extraordinary fact, with a gigao
tio war oa band, indicate tbo irrepretmible
energiea of our Northern State, Witb all
tba bombastio iaeotenoe about eottoej aad
"chivalry," both are alike powerlea ia des
troying th eemmerce or tba armies of tba
free North. X J". World,
Oct, Steedman and [...]
la many instances th tttcwkh IUbsIff are)
Itmiltirg in tbt?r lrn.. to t'.n 18 J 4
oEeera and mn, aol tbey occhJ.'j toC it
wltb rtiule. well tiinel and wt!l dosom
Tha Nashville army ortpet,5i f tba
Cincinnati Time reUte th fuHowW tt
ataace: . ' ' "
A few dsyi since CoLJ. B. P!e?ma,f
tba Fourteenth Ohio, gave bis poisnnal at
tention to the stationing of tbe pickets d,
tailed from bi command. . While t'p:s4
ia pealing th guard, the proprietor of tba
land on which they bad atationed themael
i a aeir-im portent and big bellied See
ionist approached tba Colonel and im
pertinently inquired if he was groing to r, nat
ter his troop upon Lis premise.. "!,
sir!" answered tha Colonel; "and yon may
turn yourself quit fortunate tbat thy Br '
not quartered ia tba- best room ia your
house." I am a gentlemrta of fortune air."
answered the rebel EomUulaa, "o4 nw
ancestor war tantieme of worth and met.
it; I was bora ia tbia country; tye. rierbt i
tbat Very log bouse standing beyond, that
yon aea there. I don't want tha lands c
my a rroes tor deaeoraUd." "Yea," replead
th CoJobwI "and if tha Bible ia true. tU
devil- th first Secession is t waa aa angel
in b eaves, J, air," continued tb Colomu,
"waa raised ia tba section of country where
aaceelry baa no influwaoa, and U no guard
iaa. There, each individual has to derreswi
upon hi own merit, and baa to build a
fame and olaoe anon bia owa oualitiea aad
exertion 1, air, bav not let. my owa native
land and happy fireside, to aome hers te
toady to traitor and Rebel; yon have grown
fat and wealthy aoder tba proteotioo af
our glortou banner, and should be th last to
aid in tbe attempt of tba das tract ion of the)
beat Government Uod ever gave to maOv
In my owa country I have heretofore been
knows aa an anoomproraiaing Democrat,
but we acorn your vile epithet of "Yankee
and Abolitionist." . , . . . ... - . ,
Rebel Prisoners.
All account concur in representing tbe
rebel prisoners captured, whether in Miaeoc-
ri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tannersee, Virginia
or North Carolina, aa a very bard appearing
el of rank and file. A portion of tbeee,
just captured at Winchester war taken to
Baltimore on tba 25 lb, and tbey are thus
described: .
Two hundred and thirty rebel prisoners,
captured at tba battla of Winchester, arri
ved her thi eiterrjoon, aad hare beea pre
rided witb quarter ia tbe worth wingof tba
new city jail, tbe roost comfortable, probably
they have enjoyed for manr montha. Ther
are as miserable, dirty, and about aa nnsoid-
terly looking crowd as aver were seen.
Tbey are all Virginians, with tbe exception
ot nve or six liaitimoreana, wbo left here be
fore the war broke out. One of tbe prison
ers, pn reaching tbe quartern, threw up bia
nat, and exclaimed, "J. bank Uod, I an ia
tbe United State once mora." - Others oota-
gratulated themselves at tha prospect of
getting something good to eat, which tbey
admitted tbey bad not had for soma tirne.
A letter from Springfield, Uiaaoari, of
the I7tb, gives this account of ooma of the
Pea Ridge prisoner: -. '
boon after wa came, 300 or 400 prisoner.
token in the battle of Pea Ridge tbe fire
instalment from tba bloody- field were
marched into town. Among them ware
three Methodist preacher and a number of
Indians. I aaw tbem marched out toward
St. Louis tbia morniag, and such a aet of
ragamuffin I never before beheld. Ther
were all without uniform, clad ia boroejcrprin.
blue or butternut color, with the oldest bat
imaginable, of all sizes and ehapee. Soma
of tbem looked dejected, but a greater cum
ber aeemed iollr. although I cannot ear
whether their cheerful looks were really nat
ural or assumed for tbe occasion. . . . ,
Not Whipped Since Dinner.
The New Orleans Crescent has a Rich
mond correspondent wbo expresses tba
public consternation in a lively way, as will
be seen by tbo following extract, -j ,
"You will naturally desire to know how
the people in tbe Confederate metmriolia
stand these trying times for it ie evident
tbat we are not safe in these day of light
draft gunboats and high water. - I answer,
in tbe main, we stand tt rery well. Borne.
to be sure, are down hearted, and nobody
wear as oroad a gnn aa tney did tha day
after the battle of Leeeburg. 8till there n
a universal determmatKM to do or to die-
to go dowo, if need be, with our barn ess oa,
warring like a brave people to tbe last.' I
passed General Wigfall oa my retnra from
dinner, and asked him if there waa any
news. 'No, aaid he, 'I don't believe m
have been whipped unea dinner; I expect,
though, to hear of another defeat ia tha
next five minute.' - .
"Somehow I can't help thinking of Hal-
leck'a assertion by telegraph to McClellaa
tbat 'tbe U mon flag is on tba ami of Tettaea-
ee, never to be removed.' Thi U brag, but
tbe Yankee bare, up to tbia tiro, stuck
like leecbee wherever ther bare aSaeted a
landing. Tbey iotreacb tlteanaelree, aad mi
tba first spade full of earth throws op by
them, our General give right p and aay
all is lost,- Tbey hare attacked as repeat
edly ia trencbea and fort, and carried tha
latter invariably, while we, with tba except
ion of tbe St. Nichols affair aad a few oth
ers, have not dona a darting thing through
tbe whole war. Another noticeable differ
ence between tha Yankees aad urelraa ia
tbat tbey follow up their vktonea, while wa
squat dowa in oar track tba traoment a bat
tle is ended. Tbia is a abarowui fact, Which
dishearten more tbao any thin alta.vI
have no hop bov ia anybody but God and
Beauregard.' --'-. - ,
Sound Sentiment.
We clip tbe paragraph below from the
Teledo Commercial ot Monday, -.bkb pa
per by tho way, is on of tha moat fairly
conducted and thoroughly loyal papers ia
tha State: ' ' " -
There are those "who, in the mMit of
civil war, would renew oor party .irifts.-
Let as not accept their challenges, or repeal
our error, . There is a work of restorations
aad of rwooociliation to be effected. It is a
work which can be accomplished by no par
ty, for which no party should seek or rocoiva
eradiL Let it aot waste our. time ia cri
mination, easting censure opoa thisrarty
and that, this maa or tb other, but Cree!y
accept our share of respontibility for tba
past, reaolviog that, fur. th future, w will
gorera. our action by a ligher standard,
and that, aa tba first step, we will r-'!i t:!y
strive to. "oooquer our prejudicos." Vi'bst
ever other triumph wa bavo achieved, titia
will be Our UohUalaOiiaueAt.
It is said that 11,4 r.l.vls djn't r t ciiurrs
aow at siL 1 hay have uvea d-iy. per wca of
'humiliation,," hut aot one el "jxayaf,'; ... ,

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