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Fremont weekly freeman. [volume] (Fremont, Sandusky County, Ohio) 1850-1853, June 29, 1850, Image 1

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J. S. FCrKE, Editor ni Publisher.
' . - ;
. The Feint, is published every SninrdHV morn
ing Offics In Buciilaud'a Brick Building third
oryj l renioul, taasay county, Uluo.
V, -!-''. .;.-. ;";;:t erms. -w .-;..-V o
Sinjrls mil subscribers, prr year,- ' $1 50
Clubs of ton and upwards, to on address 1 37
Clubs of fifteen ; . . j gS
To subscribers wiTl be charred Si T5- -The dif-
ferencein i'lt terms between the price on paper
t delivered :n town and thoae sent by mall, ta oces
ttoned by the expense of csirying. '
money is not pid tit advsnce, aa above
PfciSid, Two Dollar will be chnrved if paid witl"-
In the year, if not paid until nflrr the eapiratioci of
Jta year, I n Uollars and t inv cents will be charg
ed. Th-se terms will be etrictly adhered to, -,.
How TO Stof A Pafkh - First eea that yon hsve
paid for it np to the time yon wish it to atop; notify
she Poet Master of yonr desire, and aek him to no
tify the poblieher, under hie frauk, (as hs is author
ised te do) of your wih to dieeontiuae,
One square 13 lines first Insertion... ....
"D - each additional insertion.......
tKlDo. 7- Three months.. .
t Do . Six months......;..'. ........
Do - - One year...........
. Two squares Sin months,...;... ;.. ......
"- Do One year.... ............
Half eoiamn One year.... ........ .... ....
$0 50
s no
10 00
18 00
30 00
. vu column One year.......
JBusmcsa Dirtctorg.
We are now prepared to eseeote to ordnr. in a
neat and expeditions manner, and upon the fairest
tirms; almost all descriptions of -
linsiKcss Cards.
Bill Hi ids.
Bills nr Lapiko,
Hincait ls, "
Car A i.noon, .
Show Bills, -
Lawtkrs' Blanks,
'Da aft.
Bask Chucks,
Law Casks.
Ball Tichicts, stc.
' We would say to these of oor friends who ore m
went of such work, yon need not go abroad to set
it done, Wheto it can be do: jnat as food at home.
Fort Stxbesoi Dtrisio,"No. 432. Stared
meetings, -very Tneday evenina; at the Division
Reom m the old Northern. F.icliimge. ".:--; -.
- .Fort Stephxm&oh S.crio, No. 102. meet evp
ery .Thursday evening in llie Hall of tli Sin, l
Teinperatic. " " ' , ' ' -
t. . . s I, O. O. F. . . '
t Crochaw Xacqk, No. 77, meets the Odd Tel'
lows' Hall, in liuckland'a Brick Building, every
Saturday evening. " .
- MABurAC-rtntri-- f t 'i V
Copper, Tan, and Shoot-iron Ware,
" ' k '.. . ARD BKALr.ns IN ' . : '
Stores', Wool, Kides, Sheep-pelts, Rags',
t Old Copper, Old Stoves, -Jtc, ic:
? Pease's BricK Block, "Vo ; l'.P-V.;,-.
: FREMONT, OHIO. : 7 - .32
; STEPHEN ItlCKliAAO fc CO.-,';
Brags, Medicines, Paints, Dye-Stuffs,
' Books, tationaAy, sTfcc., --
-"' ' -FREMONT, OHIO. ,
UAL I'll P. BUCKTuASBl . ;
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
And Solicitor m Chancery, will attend to ; rofesa
ional buaiuessin Sandusky and adjoining ceuntiev.
r Office Second story of Bnckland's Block.
--;.;'. FREMONT, OHIO. .
- .'JdllR.L. GBEESE, '
; A T T O R N E Y A T L AW,
And Prosecuting Attorney", for Ssnduky county,
will attend to all professional business entrusted lo
ass care, with promptness sad noeiity. - ,
(.OfiFic At the Court House.' t
y-f: . FREMONT, OHIO. -!
Attorney and Counsellor at "Law,
-And Solicitor ia Chancery, will carefullr attend
te all professional basiness left in his charge. H
wU! also attend to the collection of claims &c, in
that and adjoining eoUAties.-
Office Second story Bnckland's Block. "
- - b. J. baktlett, . :
Attorney and Counsellor at law,
. Will give hia undivided attention to professional
basiness rn Sandasky and the adjoining counties.
Office Over Oppenheimer's Store.. - J -
- I.:.. - FREMONT, OHIO. " X
r - l , Li. ii, KAW8O.V; -'
Office North side of the Tarupike, nearly oppo
tie tha foat Office. .f j -
Respeeiffilly tenders his professieual services to
sJtacituens ot r remonl and vicinity. -.
Office One door north of E. N. Cook's Store.
llatnal Fire Insurance Conipanj
. V B. P. BUCKIjAKD, A gent i .
t , . . . FREMONT, OHIO. . , "
The regular Post Office hours, until further no
tice will be as follows: - j---.--.'-. - -
FromZle 13 A. M. and from 1 to 8 P. Mi
Sundays from 8 to 9 A M, and from 4 to 5 P M .
' ' W.M. STARK, P. M.
- . - - Farms to Let:
SEVERAL. FA RMS.arnr Frmont, and conve
nient to the Turnpike, ICT TO RENT. j-Jt
' SnmB of these have Eighty lo Ninety acfea elf r
e5 thereon', with eomfurtahle Houses, Bim dtc.
Enquire of 8AML. CROWEIX. '
General J. mid Agent. .
Mnskalunge, March 2, 1850 51-5
K E H O N T H 0 If SE;
f :rtJ"Z: AND GENERAL L'' :
IFiW. KESSLER, Proprietor.
MR. KESSLER. aononncrs to the TraTelinr
Public that he has returned to the above well
known stand and ia now prepared to accommodate
ra the best manner, all who may favor him with
their patronage. - ..
No efforts will be spared to promote the comfort
and convenience of Cueets. ;
ft-T Good Stabiiks snd careful Ostlxrs ia aU
tendance. - .-. --; ;
Fremont, November S4, 184936" ' w , - ;
WARRANTY, Mortgage, mod Quit Claim
Bssds for sale at th ,.,(,
' ' ' ' , - - -. . frkmah orncE..,
:) oc tr'g.
; 1 -. Trom tho Cincinnati Noupareil. :
. Air Sweet lloine."
This earth, with its beauties, its riches and wealth.
Its hills and its valleye, its verdora and health.
Its winds and its oceane, its lawns and it ahores
Its islands and mountains-1 heir products and stores.
For man was created, by Hiin who on high,
Reigns Sovereign, Jehovah: for man, not a sigh,
Nor sorrow, nor anguirh, nor miser-", nor woe.
Was e'er pre-detersnined to sea him below.
This earth with its pleasures yon son with her rays.
The moon that in beauty, her mildness displays.
The gale with its odors, the hill with its store,
For man uxivkksal, was framed evermore. . . : -v
Yet man in his pride ha inverted God's plsn.
Has said lo his brother, "thou art not man,"
To toil and to slave, amidst sorrow and need, -;
Is tho lot of the millions, by Heaven decreed.
Thou art uot my brother," thou, sorrowing one,
The earth for thkb smiles not: her soil yields alone
I's products and riches, the favored to please,
Wh:ls baptised in luxury pleaaure nud ease,
Awakethen, yo millions, that groTel in teara:
Arouse from your slumbers shake ofifyourduil feara
Tha day-star of jdsticr is risen on high.
For your rights freely strike, and redemption nigh.
' -' ; ' 'An Affecting Scene.
In a lawyer's office, in a remote part of
Connecticut, laid a mortage for eleven bund
dred dollars; which was within a few days of
being due. One morning, the man on whose
place the mortgage was held, called and en
quired if the payment could be put off for a
short time. He was a man somewhat advan
ced m life and very intemperate. . The lawyer
in reply to his inquiries, said that the man
that held the mortgage wanted his money
that he was sorry, but it could not be exten
ded. ..The tears came in the old man's eyes
and after standing a few moments, a perfect j
image ot despair, be turned and lelttlie office.
He returned home, believing that in a few
days, his aged and infirmed wife, and invalid
daughter would have to quit the roof, . which
had so long sheltered them, and seek a home
he knew not where.
, He could say nothing to them about it, it
would cause them so much grief. The mort
gage became due, and in the morning early
the farmer again repaired to the lawyer's olli-
ce. lie pleaded lor a time, but to no purpose.
Overcome with emotion, the old man appar
ently unconscious of am thing that was pass
ing around him, when a cairiage drove up- to
uie door, and a lady sti-pp-d from it She
entered the office. ; Aft.-r standing a few mo
ments, eyeing the old man with interest and
emotion, she spoke. Tin: uld man lonked up.
j Father, how. do you- do? !
Oh 1 Sarah, I am well but sad. .1 am glatl
10 see you, out sorry tor yonr aged mother
and invall'td sister; I cannot return to them,
for it will be to tell them they have no home
ana mis i cannot oear. 11 will Kill your poor
mother. - j , w -
'Father! Father! said the daughter, could
you live a tempi-rate man- if this were paid ?
Yes, oh, yes! I would; but it cannot be, for
I have nothirni to pay it with. "
Now, sign the pledge and here is the mo
ney. ... 1 "' - ' ' '
-The old man put his name to the redeem
ing, the saving pledge, and dej arted to his
home with a happy heart. , -
the daughter had saved the $1,100 bv
working in a factory. " --'
.'-' ' 3 . -
, From the Family Visitor. , ' '
' ' ..- Africa. "
What a wonderful continent it is, this roun
ded, smooth shored Africa, known from the
earliest dawn of time, yet so unknown ; the
granary of nation, yet as sterile and fruitless ,
as theses; swarming with life, yet dazzling
the eyes of Moon men with its vast tract of
glittering sand. North America first, seen
but the other day, has been probed trotn end I
to end ; its c-allant and resnective Phili I
tecumsens, ana aiociezumas. have been brid
n , , . . r. . . r.-
led and broken by the white man: but Africa
has sent no Cortes, or even a De Soto.' or La
balle. "wresting favor from fate," as Santa
Anna has it fcome solitary Mungo Park, or
taitmui uander. or persevennz . isurkhardL
alone has tried to read the secret of the
mother of civilisation, the grey-haired Africa.
If we seek a land of romance and mvsterv.
what quarter of the globe compares with that
which holds the pyramds; the giant Theban
temples, one roof of which clusters a modern
village; the solemn, hewn mountian cliff of a
sphynx; the ruins of Charthage; the Nile,
with its hidden scources; the Nicer, with its
unknown outlet; the heaven bearing Atlas;
the dimly seen mountains of the Moon!
1 here the slave rose romantically to be the
ruler of millions; there Moses, floating in his
cradle is saved, in the pure spirit of romance,
by a king's daughter, and like the hero of
some etTly chivalry, Arthur and Merlin ' in
one breaks the bonds of his people,' and found
powertui and mighty nation. There was
the home of Dido, of HannibaL and the scene
of ScipioV triumphs, of Jugurtha's crimes;
there lived 1 urtulian, Atbanasius and Augus
tine the romance of the Moors dwelt . there :
the last breath of Louis of France was brought
tnerei and out a year has elapsed since the
last shout of the hist hero of romance, Abdel
Kader, came faintly across the Atlantic -. -
Alnca is the home of the levitli.in. the
behemoth, the unicorn, the giraffe, the slight
antelope, scarce bigger than a cat, the earth
shaking elephant, the uncountable lion,- the
all conquering buffalo. It is the home, too
of the mysterious neero races, vet living dor
mant in the germ, destined psrhaos to rule
the earth when our proud Anglo Saxon blood
is a s cursupt as that of the descendants of
liomor and Pericles.
The Past, Present and Future of Africa are
alike wrapped in mystery. Who can tell us
of the childhood of dark browed Egypt, square
shouldered and energetic t Carthage-, the
England of the world's ruler.'has not even a
romancing Livy, still less an unwenried Nie
buhr, to exphtin her rise and untangle the
mystery of her constitution. Of all the vast
interior, the Abyssinians and Lnndons. . what
do we know more than ihe punic merchants
who like us, dealt there, taking slaves, ivory
and gold . ' " - - ' .
And what can we hone hereafter to see on
those iriimehse, unknown lands? - God has
enabled the European to drive the African
step by step, toward extinction, and lias giv
en our great contenent for the full" develop
ment and trial of whatever-permanent power
the Caucasian race possesses, but Africa he
has peserved for what? For future con
test? For an imported foreign civilization,
to be entered through Liberies and Cape Co
loniei - . .. .-, , ...,.,.-..-.
. The Natural and Spiritual Man.
The following very striking and beautiful
view of this subject is from a discourse by Rev.
Thomas L. Harris. , We copy from the last
number of the "Spirit of the Age" : Ex.
. The outer or natural form is composed of a
system of living nerves springing from a cen
tre of life in the brnin, and reaching to every
point of the apparent shape. The osseous, re
spiratory and digestive systems are all depend
ent upon the nervous system, and serve as
agents and instruments of its growth, preser
vation and re-production. 1 he fleshy sub
stance, with its flowing lines snd blended col
ors, is but the garment or clothing of the liv
ing form. - The brain is the centre and foun
tain of the natural life. It shoots forth the op
tic nerves and thus opens a communication
with tha forms of the natural universe, through
the faculty of sight, thus penetrating the
sphere of beauty. . It shoots forth the auric
ular nerves and thus opens a communication
with the utterance of the natural universe,
through the sense of sound, thus penetrating
the sphere of harmony. It shoots forth the
olfactory nerves, and thus opens a communi
cation with the essential qualities of natural
organisms through the sense of odor, thus pen
etrating the sphere of essence. All these
senses are divergent manifestations of the
great attribute of sensation, through whose
activity the mind determines the form utter
ance and quality of all objects in the natural
world. . .Within the brain is a chamber where
all the nerves, of sensation converge, and
whence all diverge. It is the sensorium.
Within it, as within a convex lens, all visible
forms are mirrored. Within it, as within a re
verberating dome, all audible sounds are ech
oed. Here all sensations of desire and knowl
edge converge in a living centre. Through
the sensorium, whence all. the bbres of the
nervous system, either directly or immediately
project, the nnimal mind and will rthe natu
ral self effects its determinations; controls
the various members of the form ; acquires
mastery over nntural objects ; establishes its
supremmucy in the world of sense.
Within the nervous system, which is the
living form of the natural man, exists the or
ganic form of the spiritual man. . That there
is a spiritual body within the natural body is
the high statement of science, and the sure
disclosure of the Word.. . The spiritual form is
in the general shape and outline of the natural
member corresponding to member and faculty
lo faculty. The outer form takes shape from
the inner; the sensible organism being but the
visible circumference of the super-sensuaL
That the spiritual form is definite, complete,
and in the outline of the natural is the concur
rent testimony of nil who have seen and con
versed with the people of the skies. In the
proportions and with the faculties of man the
Mesiuh revealed himself, after his ascension, to
Stephen and PhuI. As men, were Moses and
Eliiis visible in the mount of transfiguration.
As men, nil angels h ive ever been manifested.
The suiritu tl form is a compact, definite organ
ization, and not in any sense a mere nebulous
halo or void emptiness, i be natural world of
the spiritual body, as it is and as it appears in
the celestial world. Every external member.
organ, faculty, sense, is the image of an inter
nal member, organ, faculty, or sense, as much j
transcending it in power, usefulness, durabil
ity, beauty, as spirits transcend matter, or as
the reality exceeds the shadow or mirrored
image of itself Form, color, symmetry, sensa
tion, energy intelligence manifested in natural
organisms, are symbols in the natural world
of realities in the supernatural. They are rep
resentations in nature of what is first in spirit
For spirit is identical with. essential life, and
its externa fullness is poured fourth into par-
: , ,r
ucuiar ana universal iorm.
The sensorium is the centre of the natural
life, all the fibres of the nervous system there
establishing their unity, all the senses there
holding their seat. Now, within and above
the sensosium is the consciousnesss, the cen
tre where all the living fibres of the spiritual
tormrun into their identity, the capital of spir
itual life, where all the affections report their
desires to the reason : where dwell the sacer
dotal conscience and the regnant will. As the
central court of the natural form enfolds the
central court of the spiritual form, so every di
vergent nerve enfolds the spiritual faculty
within it, and thus tha real body and the ap
parent body are in contact point by point,
trom the centre to the circumference.
: Thus, the spirit is omnipresent in the body
as God is omnipresent in the universe, and the
spirit reveals itself through the form . as its
Original reveals Himself through the univer
sal creation. Within the natural nerves re
side, the spiritual nerves, within the natural
senses the spiritual senses, within the natural
understanding the higher reason, within the
sensorium, where the natural life centres, the
consciousness where the spiritual life is cen
tered. Man is the symbol of God. As uod
is in his being Infinite Good and as his action
is the boundless impartation of goodness, so
man is an organic form, receptive of Divine
good, and has the live of infinite excellence as
the supreme affection of kis nature. As God
in his reason, is Infinite Consciousness of Good,
so man in his reason has consciousness of infi
nite good, and his perfected science is but the
final statement of his primitive institution.
As God pervades the true universe, natural
and spiritual, yet is distinct from both, so man
pervades his two forms, natural and spiritual,
yet is distinct from both. As the spiritual
universe is in the plane of life nearest to God
and beyond it is the material, so the spiritual
body is the nearest to man, while the natural
body is his outer and farther abiding place.
As the heavens are eternal but the earths
transcient, so the heavenly form of a man is
immortal white the earthly form is mortal.
As the organic forms of the natural world of
themselves, know nothing of God, though he
is omnipresent and omniaclive, so the facul
ties of the natural body, of themselves, know
nothing of the indwelling spirit, though their
existence is dependent upon its sustaining
presence. . As the organic beings of the celes
tial universe discover God as. he exists and
abides among them, unfolding space and time
trom his creative thought, and multiplying the
heavenly societies by impartation of essential
life, so the spiritual faculties ip' man discover
the spirit which is in rjian, jibididg in their
midst, pouring fourth its ideas into nature and
quickening their confederated powers by its
vital impartations, and through the discovery
of spirit they arrive at the knowledge of God,
the father of all spirits, who is in all blessed
forever. . Thus is man, the image or symbol
Of God.
A Grave and Important Document.
, '. -.- House of Representatives, )
Washington, May 25, 1850. )
Hon. D. R. Tilden Dear sir Perhaps
you may not readily excuse the liberty I take
in addressing this letter to you. - It is possi
ble too, that its contents may cause some to
question the sincerity of my motives; but my
past experience will enable me the better to
endure a misconstruction of either my present
or future political conduct ' '
There has been a strong sympathy between
us in times past, and I know of no good rea-
son why it should not exist now. Our first
meeting was at the Whig State Convention,
held in Uolumbus in January, 1848. We la
bored on that occasion together with some
energy both by day and by night for a strong
expression against the aggressive war with
Mexico against taking any of her territory
under any circumstances and against the
futther extension of slavery in any event
We will no doubt, both long remember, the
shout which the thousands of whigs, then
congregated from the different parts of our
state, sent forth upon the reading of the reso
lutions of the committee declaratory of these
sentiments. In all that vast concourse, not a
dissenting voice was heard I We were then
harmoniously united upon principles united
in action! How is it now? The same men
advocate the same principles; yet we have not
that unity of action, without which, we must
feel that these cherished principles must be
be sacrificed. We are distracted and divid
ed into political organization. These divisions
their origin their consequences and their
remedy are the topics upon which, with
frankness and sincerity, I address you.
The second time we greeted each other,
we united bands and hearts at the Philadel
phia .National Convention. Neither of us can
soou forget the proceedings of that body nor
the -parts we were required, by a sense ot du
ty to our constituents and ourselves, to act in
mat drama.' For myself, I can say, that act
ing in strict accordance witu the instructions
of my constituents, and with a conciousuess of
the rectitude ot my intentions, with all the
wisdom 1 could draw by the dim lights then
around us, 1 have now no apologies to make
for' my course, to any party, sect, or denomi
nation of men. We urged a reiteration of the
principle unanimously declared a few months
Oetot e, by the whigs ot our own btutcv We
were defeated ? Dv whom? I now mention
some of the prominent actors against us, be
cause 1 must refer to the position these same
men now assume upon the same question.
i mention the names of the following persons,
then and now memoersot Congress : Mr. hid
hard, ot Alabama, Messrs. Tuoinbs and Stevens
of Georgia, Mr. CaOel of r lorida, Mr. Uling-
manot JNortu Carolina, through their innu-
euce mainly, the resolution against extending
slavery was defeated, and General Taylor,
whose position on the question was unknown,
was nominated. Here commenced the unfor
tunate division of that party in Ohio, which
for years had so gallantly defended the prin
ciple's of trevdoin divisions which have now
become embittered, and which, it not healed,
may retard for centuries the progress which
we might make in promoting the cause of lib
erty, and in ameliorating the fallen condition
of man. .
lu candor I am compelled to say that I
cannot attribute this unfortunate condition of
things to the conduct ot either the Free Soil
party or the whig party,- exclusively. Are
not both somewhat at tault? Let us take a
dispasionate view of the whole field of contro
versy.. 1 have never blamed those Whigs in Ohio,
who, sincerely believing that, if elected. Gen.
Taylor would neither attempt to defeat the
WUmot Proviso, indirectly by the veto power,
voted lor him. - iN or can i blame those who,
wuded lo the principles ot that proviso, and be
lieving that his influence or power would be
directed against it, voted against him. In
either case, the motive being patriotic the voter
should not Oe condemned.
There are some tilings of which .the Free
Soilers might justly complain of the whigs ot
Ohio. All kuow that a uomiuauon ol lien.
Taylor was at first exceedingly obnoxious to a
large portiou of the Whigs ot that State,
Yet those who at the outset most violently
denounced the nomination no sooner determin
ed to support it, thau they exhibited an offen
sive intolerance of all those who had been as
successful as themselves iu discovering its pe
culiar appropriateness. Free Soilers relortvd.
Crimination and re-crimination amongst old
political associates became the order ot war
tare. This in some instances caused the free
soil parly to make common cause with their
former political advrsaries against their natural
allies. Thus a slate of things has been pro
duced which patriotic men, iu their" reflecting
moments, must now and will . hereafter deep
ly deplore.
Before dismissing my allusions to the Na
tional Convention, 1 will mention one cause ot
just complaint, which you and 1 have person
ally. In that convention i offered a resolu
tion declaring that no one should be entitled
to the nomination who was uot fully pledged
to the maiutainance of. whig principles. 1 ou
proposed one declaring as the sentiment of the
whig party that slavery should not be extend
ed into free territory. Both were defeated,
and we were subsequently denounced by a
portion of the Whig press and Whig orators
as having, upon our own responsibility, intro
duced resotutions instating to the convention.
You will well remember that the resolutions
were first submitted to the Ohio delegates
were unamiinuusly approved by them and
we were authorized lo introduce them; yet
during the canvass, when we were so denoun
ced, not one of our fellow delegates volunteer
ed to come forward and share with us the re
sponsibility which they in part put upon us,
or to relieve us from the unjust charge. . I did
not regard this as magnanimous then, and on
ly allude to it now, to say thut 1 have over
come the unkind feelings which that course of
conduct created ai the time. .
In looking over the ground with a view to
correct action in the future, we may with great
propriety examine developements made dur
ing the present sessioii of Congress, so fur as
they relate to the question of restricting slave
ry to its preseut limits. Knowing that you
hate not been an inattentive observer of our
proceedings, 1 may be brief On the first day
of the session, Messrs. Toombs and others, the
southern members I have named, who, at the
national convention, and during the canvass of
1848, were opposed to any positive assurance
from General Taylor, or his friends, that be
would not veto the proviso, and who, at the
time of the inauguration, were regarded as
among tho confidential friends and counsellors
of the President, evinced an opposition to the
administration. Their opposition became vio
lent, was the means of detaining the House
several weeks without an organization, and at
last of giving to the south, and to the opposi
tion, the control of the popular branch of Con
gress. : This great change in their conduct,
and this violent opposition to Genera) Taylor
and his administration was evidently founded
in some cause.- Let us trace it out During
the canvass of '48, the course which Gen. Tay
lor would pursue as to applying tho veto to
uie proviso, was a matter ot speculation oe
tween northern and southern whigs. But be-
,ore tne nrst ot tnla 8esslon the southern
that if the proviso was enacted by Congress
the President would not . veto it, and that he
and his Cabinet were not favorable to an en
actment of any law which would give the pow
er absolutely or constructively to take slavery
into the territories. In this manner it was
demonstrated that, in all probability we were
to have precisely the tame Executive action,
touching the exercise of the veto power to de
feat the proviso if enacted, for which, in the
National Convention and in the canvass, we
required a specific pledge and that the South
ern man who had been forced upon the North
by these Southern members, would not defeat
our policy touching slavery restriction by his
veto. The opposition of these same men to
the administration has been increasing during
the session. To show that I am not mistaken
as to its cause, I need but to refer you to the
speech made by Mr. Toombs, a few days since,
on the "Galphin claira," in', which he avowed
that his opposition to Gen. Taylor, and his
Cabinet grew out of the difference between
At policy and theirs upon the question of
sloverg . ......
With such facts as these staring us in the
face.is it just to condemn those whigs who vot
ed for Gen. Taylor, believing he would not ex
ercise the veto power upon a law containing
the Proviso, and who are still consistent in the
....(..uu ii.ii.vu, mbaiuu anuaucu, uu uuhue.
support of its provisions, especially when we
renect mat the most formidable of his compet
itors was under positive pledge to veto it, and
that the other had not left behind him a rec
ord presenting any very prominent marks of
sacrinces lor the cause of freedom 7 but it is
useless to pursue this train of facts further.
Your discriminating mind will nt once enable
you to perceive that the very men - who put
us down in the national convention, believing
. t. n . L .1 . f in. ,
mm ujr hib nomination oi wnerai iayior,
without pledges they were cheating the JVbrfA,
have but cheated themselves May we not
therefore exchange mutual congratulations
mat meir disappointment in the success of that
political investment, is in no manner chargea
ble to b want of candor, franknes and fair deal
ing on the part of the Ohio delegation, and es
pecially of those whom they denounced for
"insulting" the Convention, when they sought
to nave the matter fairly understood by reso
lutions of that body? :" - J '- -- -
But, sir, what is now our condition ? What
shall be done ? - How should we proceed ?
California is here with a constitution pro
hibitinjf the introduction of slavery there.
These men oppose her-admission, unless w ith
the act there shall be some enactment which
will give to the slave power an advantaae in
regard to the territories, which by law it does
not now possess. Gen. Taylor and his Cabi
net, have recommended her unconditional ad
mission, disconnected from any compronise re
lating to other questions. It is a fact, too well
known to need repetition, that as the U. &
senate is at present composed, no territorial
law, embracing the proviso, can possibly pass
Congress, and go to the hands of the Executive..-
The south, therefore, aim at a law gov
erning the territories without the proviso, and
by this means to open a door to slavery there.
which in the present state of things is closed
against it ; The President's recommendation
is against this policy, and for "non-action" on
the part of Congress, until the people of the
territories, who are well known to be opposed
to the .introduction of slavery, shall adopt a
constitution. Under such circumstances then.
to what ends should the efforts of the friends
of freedom here be directed ? I answer: 1st
To the unconditional admission of California.
2d. (As the proviso cannot pass Congress,) to
the defeat of any territorial law which does
not embrace it These ends accomplished, we
must hold fast to them, until constitutions are
formed by the people,, excluding slavery, or
...M 1. . P . t TT 1 r . .
unto auto renovation oi me united otatcs sen-
te nnd house of representatives mav be made
by the North, as will ensure the enactment of
territorial laws with the proviso. With the
seductive influences of compromises at work
amongst us with the desertion of Northern
men here, from their true positions with the
active exertions and overshadowing power of
sucn men as uiay and Webster, Cass and Buc
hanan against tie accomplishment of such
ends, there is not one real friend of the pro
viso here, who would not I think, now rejoice,
were we able to close, the labors of the pres
ent Congress on die slavery question, with
the unconditional admission of California, and
the postponement of all action on the territo
rial laws, until the people of the North may
have an opportunity of representing their sen
timents more truly in the next Our labors,
if successful, tend to this practical result which
is the same as recommended by the President
at the opening of Congress, and . which if
adopted then, would have prevented months
of exciting debate, and saved a vast amount
of our national treasure. : -. . " .
You will not do me . the injustice to infer
- 1 . , t r i . . . i i
! vi vucac icmarns, mat i iaiter in me leasi
in my support of the proviso. I am now as al
ways, for its application to all territorial laws,
and ngninst all territoral laws which do not in
clude it . Nor am I an admirer of the princi
ple of "noii-crfion;" but I desire to show
merely' that its results; under existing circum
stances, may be beneficial to us. I should
not regard it as prudent to make an assault
upon one, much my superior in physical
strength. In such a cose I would rather adopt
for the time being, the doctrine of "non-action"
than to take a thrashing, and have mil eyes
gouged out ! And upon the same principle I
would not regard it as prudent to urge legisla
tion upon a subject, when it is evident that the
Legislature would, if it acted in the premises,
pass a law in opposition to my desires. ...
As it is now evident that not much, if anv
thing favorable, can be done by this Congress,
it is our duty to have a watchful, and anxious
eye upon the future to forget the past except
so much, of it as may teach us profitable les
sons. You have observed, doubtless, that nil
the members frohi the slave states, in both
branches of Congress are opposed to ihe pas
sage of the . Wilmbt proviso. The members
from the fiec states are not so united, in its fa
vor, in either branch. Their union is indispen
sable to its passage, cow or hereafter, and we
cannot if we .would, shutout the light of this
"fixed fact." - The south will again come into
the next Congress united to a man. r She will
bring to that Congress, which must in all prob
ability settle the question, a perfect union of
an tier strength of ber men, experienced by
years ot service m our national councils, and
whose thorough knowledge of the rules, and
avenues to legislative influence, give to their
service a potency which does not belong to
that of northern members, who come here
generally "fresh from the people with a de
ficiency of knowledge of congressional inachifi-
ery, the necessary result of that system, gen
erally so popular in the north, "rotation in of
fice,' and which dismisses a member from the
service as soon as he is enabled to become
useful to his constituents.
In addition to these facts, look at the power
me soutii exerts over that great lever upon
public opinion the press of the Capita.
The three daily papers here, are all against
me proviso, ana aeciajy southern in their opin
ions upon the slavery question. Yet because
they are not exclusively devoted to the pro
motion of the cause of slavery, southern men
have recently organized an association and
subscribed large sums of money to establish
a fourth paper, which is, as we understand.
to be devoted solely to the furtherance of slave:
holding interests, and to the union of oil par
ties in tlie south upon sectional grounds to
i .1 : , - .
pioiuoiB iueir sectional interests. ... . -Is
it possible for the free states, under such
circumstances and against such influences, to
send to .the next Congress enough of their
representation united against extending slav
ery, to be successful ? I think not. Certain
ly not, unless a different spirit prevails among
loose wno are friends to the proviso; and they
shall unite their action at the ballot box. Al:
ready are the partizan Democrats of the north
marshaling their, forces for the presidential
contest of '52, in favor of Gen. Cass, as their
leader, who declares the proviso a - violation
of the constitution; - That this influence,
strengthened as it is by a division, already
said to be made in anticipation of the "spirit of
- . 1 III r.
victory, win oring into me next t;ongress
many members from the north to aid the slav
ery policy of the south, no man can doubt, who
has observed as you have done, jthe fidelity
with which the democratic masses are prone
f ... .
to lonow meir leaders.
We must therefore expect to meet the uni
ted power of the south, to which will be add
ed no inconsiderable strength from the. north.
And whilst the power of slavery is thus rally
ing its forces and gathering .its strength from
ull quarters and party " influences, wia' do we
do for freedom! We talk loudly and act fool
ishly. Our words are patriotic our works
extend and perpetuate the curse! .Look at
the condition.of the friends of the proviso in
Ohio, as an example.-- Two state conventions
have been held in this month. ; Both resolved
that they were for the enactment of the pro
viso, arid, (to show' their sincerity I suppose,)
two setts of candidates are to be run, for Gov
ernor lor Congress and for the Legislature, in
order that whilst we do the resolving, those
who oppose the proviso, are to secure all the
political power! In. this way-by means of
tuese unpatriotic and senseless divisions in
consequence of the ill feeling engendered by a
want of mutual forbearance among those who
at heart desire the accomplishment of the same
purpose, a defeat of the great principles is in
evitable. Through these instrumentalities the
south must triumph. . Slavery will be perpet
uated and extended, and lands now free, will
be afflicted through untold ages, with its blight
ing curses. Desolating wars of conquest must
come, with their, miseries and , woes, and na
tional disgrace and national ruin will be our
fate. Should we not all nonrler thfu tliinn-s?
tt . r : o-
upon those who. in such a crisis . tin.
iniie with their political power, rests the re-
sponsiouity j .. ... . - .'. - . i.-a. . :. j
But is there no remedy ? Is there no phv
sician?. Ohio may now be - regarded as the
second state in the Union. Can nothing be
uone inert to avert these consequences?
You, sir, have power and influence I have
little or none.- I cannot appeal successfully to
the Taylor whigs, because in 1848 I did not
vote with them. - My exhortations would be
unheeded by the free soil men, because I did
not vote for Mr. Van Buren.' I repeat it you
have an influence, which can be sueccessfully
exenea in sucn a cause, -at such A time: Th
political organization to which you belong bus
recently given an expression of theif high re
gard fir you, and of their confidence in your
judgement and patriotism. : Cart yoti hot;
when so much is at hazard, come forward as
a champion In-, the cause of union for the sate
ojreeaom that union so loudly demanded
of the voters of Ohio by the dearest rights of
humanity?. -,-
x ou may say that I am influenced too deep
ly by the ardor of -my feelings. ' Be it so.
Some free soil men may say that I have sym
pathy with the whig party of Ohio. 1 confess
it . From i828 to 1848, 1 bore my part in
pushing on that column. : But whenever it
shall cease to avow its advocacy of those great
principles it has professed in favor of human
rights, I will instantly . sever every tie which
binds me to it nnd expel from my memory all
the endearments of past political associations.
I have yet sympathy for. it, and place reliance
uponit ; .- -; ;
Because in 1842-3, it defended the right of
petition n nen assailed; ''..-,.-
- Because, in 1844-5.it opposed th
swn of slavery and the annexation of Texas.
Uecause, in 1843-7, it opposed the Mexican
war; ' - . . - . :
Because.in 1843-9,, it opposed and still con
tinues to oppose, the further extension of
slavery, against all compromises and all com
binations. . , ..
I shall not deny that there are many demo-
crass in Ubio, who, iri heart are in favor of
restricting slavery to its present limits not
withstanding they have acted with that par
ly which rejected petitions which annexed
Texas which brought on the Mexican war,
and with it that acquisition of territory which
now distracts our national harmony and
which in the State Convention of January Inst,
rejected the Proviso. , There are those, too.
who, . although opposed to the extension of
siaiery, are yet opposed to the enactment of a
law excludiug it from the territories, and forti
fy their positions by Mr. Webster's recent ex
cuse, that the "law of God" has excluded it
by natural barriers, and that it is folly to re
enact His statutes. Much as I have admired
that distinguished Statesman, I - have .yet .to
learn that be has such "credentials" from the
Almighty as would justify us in putting1 bur
faith in his exposition of His laws; nor can I
do so. when I know that distinguished Jdo!
cal Bishops of the"CAjrtf South," preach a
different doctrine and declare that slavery is
not so excluded. - We may feel confident that
if the great Law giver has put the Proviso ia
His code we will not incur His displeasure by
adhering to it, and adopting it in -ours. God
spoke these words: "Thou shalt not kill"
"thou shalt not steal" "tbou shalt not com
mit adultry," fcc.,' &c, and yet hone will sup
pose that we offend Him by re-enacting them,
and providing by human statutes, a penalty
for the violation of His commands. If slavery
cannot go into these territories, it will do no .
harm to provide that it shall not; and if it
can go Uiete, we ought to exclude it ;
'. In conclusion, allow me to say, thai It Is of"
no consequence to a well . balanced mind by
what name the party may be called, which
carries great principles into operation. It ia
the success of principles, which I desire., I re
gard that action which seeks the success of
mere party candidates, regardless of princi
ples to be advanced, as no more patriotic or
ennobling than the feeling which creates in
the mind of the spectator a partially for a par- ;
ticular nag on a race course 1 And in looking
at the principles of parties at this time, I can
not but regard that of restricting slavery ot
paramount to all others. What matters it
about protective tariffs now, if the power f
slavery is to be extended as to enable it to
make free labor either subservient to the capi
talist of the North, or the slaveholder of
the South? What matters it whether we
have banks or not, if for the perpetuation of
slavery we must continue to involve ourselves
and our posterity in wars of aggresssion ?
Why then shall not every man in Ohio, who
is against the extension of slavery, whether he
has been called a "whig" a "democrat" or a
"free soiler," at once unite and rally around one
common standard, which shall bear as-our
motto: , :"No more wars of conquest No
more Annexations No more Slavery Free
dom guaranteed by Law!" -
lam sir, very trulv yours, &c
'The EScacy ef a Tear. ;;
,-, In Miss Bremer's Life , Delacaria, we find
the following touching illustration of the pow
er of a tear. '., -l-'u Vv.
In a dreadful year of famine here, 1838,
there came to me one,, day a Dalman from .
another parish and said to me! -
''Sell me a few tons of straw."
- ' The man was one'of those great stalwart
figures, which you can seldom see, except here ;
yet he had evidently suffered from want of
food. He had drawn hia hat with its broad
brim deep, over his face. . ' ' ' '
-I cannot sell the straw , said I, at his en
treaty f '1 have riot more than I shall need '
for myself, and the poor of my own parish.'
'Sell one ton, implored he. ' -
'Not even that can I,' I replied : "that which.
I have left I must carefully preserve for my
self and my people. " , "
- 'Half a too.then,' persisted the Dalmau '
pressingly. ' - '; ' - '
"It grieves me," I said, but not a single
half ton can I spare thee."
The huge fellow took a step near to me,
said not a word, but lifted his hat above bis
brow, and gazed fixedly upon me; he let ma
see that he wept. - ' ' " '.. :. '"'
The sight of this anguish I 'could not sus
tain. 'Come with me," said I, thou shalt have
what thou wilt".' - V " ; " .,' ' ' ;
: He followed me, and got the straw that lie
wanted. : '-"";- .. -, '-. . . '
. "If this were for myself,, said he, 'I ' should1
not have been here :, for if we men suf
fer and endure want it is no more than- our
sins deserve, and we can and ought to bear;
but the poor animals what can they have
done amiss?; ' . ' ; . , . '
''- Tirtne a Source -of Happiness. ; :
The happiness ofsin is' phanton embraced,
on the flowery turf which covers a sleeping;
volcano,"" or on a "bed of violets, where poiso-
nous serpents lie in ambush,' or on some vet-.
dant spot in an Arabian desert exposed to the
fatal incursions of the farfamed sirocco. The
ancients most' truly called sin a syren who,"
sin'gs in tones of enchanting melody to de.
coy us on to shipwreck and death, , She ia
an angel decked in glittering robes, but the . t
dagger is hid beneath them. She makes large 1'
promises. ' She says, follow me and youC
shall find exquisite enjoytneht But she nev-f
er answers the expectation thus raised. .. Her.
words are as false as the hell' whence she.
Carte. . She leads through gay bowers down
to the hulls of death. She covers her snares
with roses, and eommends her poisons with
the most exquisite and flavorous perfumes:
One word to young men. There is a divini-
ty that stirs within you," . God has implanted,
in each of your bosoms a sense of honor. -t .
Never violate it Stand up with the firmness,
of granite pillar-r-of a promontory which
through unknown ages has withstood the)
fury of the elements against the charmsand,. -fascinating
pleasures of a sinful world. They,
dazzle but to bewilder they smile but to de-
ceive. Do this and and you will be prosperous. ,
You will have peace, honor, and dignitv vout
will be classed with the wise and the good.
You may be poor, but you will posses what Is
worth more than gold, true nobility of mind -
and character you. will tread . the upward
path of virtue you will win an immortal"
prise, v O, young man, follow higher naiure,
and you will fashion for yourself a diadem more
beautiful and precious than w as ever wrought
to adorn, the brow of an earthly- potentate.-
He alone is wise who practically, remembers '
that ihe wages of sin in this life is only death r
death most deep, bitter end overwhelm.--
ing. .. - ,:. t,v 5
' - . . .. . 'SOi i, ii. I T - ' .
' A Sir WoSnfca in Mactiinsrt. Triere',
w now in operation, about five miles from this
place, a machine Which it is said will lay up $
one mils ol sod fence in a day. ' The machine ,
is drnwn by oxun, and cuts up the sods in prop- j
er size,. and Inys them up into a handsome,....
durable fence. ' We learn that 'U fakes four s
men n:d five joke of oxen to . work the ma-,
chine.: ' ' - ; " Janesville. 'Gaxet.tei .
An eastern paper tells of a 'young ; lady or'
Dogtown who, on-returning home-from board- '
ing school thus addressed her brother Char
les "Chilis, why do you not keep juke hens,.'
and jttves Weelyume. Mareel haze them. Ho f
has yecenlly eweeted a hen eupe, and a pud
gin house; wun is round, the other qucer."-
--;..-' , ' " ' i . o '." ' i : .-':; t.r'ftn
v When -Julia Long stood up at th',ltarj tsl
toitiiste-remarked. 'Is your nameitiiin T..-,n,r 9
The infioeent 'EiH replied "It ain't .-.,?"?-
ihorter- Frit it was'nt so lona:

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