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for each of said companies, who shall be elect
ed annually and bold their office for one year and until their successor shall be chosenand qualified ; each director shall be a stockholder at the time of his election, and shall cease to be a director when he shall cease to be a stock holder; the directors shall have "power to fill all vacancies in their board, which shall hap pen by death or otherwise ; and in the event of a failure to fill any such vacancy for one month, the stockholders shall fill the same; a majority of the directors of said several com panies shall be a quorum competent to trans act all business for their respective companies. k See. 17. That the directors of said several companies, before entering upon the duties of 1'ie office, shall lake an oath or affirmation, faithfully and impartially to discharge their du ties ; they shall choose a president from among lAcir numncr, ana snail appoint sucb otUoers, agents and superintendents, as they shall think proper; they shall determine upon the amount ot any bonds tbey may require from any ora tor, and pass upon their sufficiency ; prescribe -the amount of any installments to be paid up on subscriptions, and the mode and manner of eulorcing payment ot any sucb subscriptions, and take the general charge and supervision of said company. . Sea 18. That it shall be lawful for said directors to enter upon, aud take possession of ny lands, trees, timbers, roads, streets, alleys, atone and earth, necessary for the laying out nd cons traction of said several plane or turn pike roads aforesaid, and .necessary appurten--aaees and appendages thereunto, doing no un necessary damage ; and if it shall be necessary to enter upon any lands other than public highways for the right of way and materials for the construction and repair of said several roads, said several companies shall in all res 'pecta be governed by the provisions of an act entitled "an act to provide for the regulation -of turnpike companies," passed January 7, 1917, and the several acts amendatory there to; and provided further.that said several.com paniea shall not take more than sixty feet in width for said several roads. Sec. 19. That whenever any one of. said 'companies shall have constructed their said road by turnpiking and draining, and shall Have covered the same not less than eight feet ' wide, with plank at least two inches thick, or shall have covered the same with gravel or broken stone, or other proper materials instead f plank.so as to make a good substantial road, the lame shall forever thereafter be and re main public highway, for the passage of an imals,teams and travelers of every description, on the payment of such tolls as the directors may from time to time, establish ; and said !road, with all its appurtenances, together with all profits and tolls arising therefrom, are nere- Dy in vesica lp saia corporation. ....... ' Sec 20 That whenever any five continu ous miles of any one of said several roads shall be completed according to the true in ' tent and meaning of this act, the directors of any such company shall have power to erect gates tberon, and ordain and estabiiao a rate of tolls, which shall be levied oh all animals, teams, vehicles and property of every descrip tion passing on said road, and shall be paid by the owner or owners thereof, or person or per sona in- possession thereot before tne same shall pass any gate where toll is to be paid and for the collection of said tolls, the said di- rectors shall appoint collectors and erect gates, and may ask, demand and receive tne tons un der this act; provided, however, they shall in ' o case exceed the rates now authorized to be charged on the Western Reserve and Maumee roads. .' ' Sea 21. ' that said said several companies shall be entitled to the benefits of all laws for the benefit of turnpike roads; and thacollec- tion of tolls which have been or may be eu- mtaA K ,vonjrnl Bccomhlff if f hie BtaEA ' Sea. 22. : That said several companies may ' at any time contract debts and borrow money, not exceeding in amount, twice the amount of the capital stock of any such company; and to receive tne same, may give sucb bonds, notes, Kortffases, pledges and other aecurities as the directors may deem proper, payable at such time, in sucb. manner ana .w no sue o rate oi m teres as may bo agreed on. Sea 23. That each of said companies may : receive subscriptions to the capital stock of auch company, by the board of commissioners ol any county through which any such road, may in whole or hi part pass, not exceeding in amount the sum of twenty-five thousand dol ' lars by the board of commissioners of any one county ; and the county commissioners of any such county are hereby authorized to subscribe to the capita stock of any such road the sum aforesaid;, and to pay the same, they shall have power to sell at public sale any stocks owned by such county in any corporation or company, and shall alo have power to borrow money at any rate of interest not exceeding seven per cent, payable semi-annually in ad vance ; and to secure the payment of the same at such time as may be agreed on, they shall hav power to make, execute and deliver such . OSWMUB, UWWW, C r O tie as may be necessary or proper to secure the payment of the money- so borrowed j and , they may also covenant for the levy ; and col . lection and appropriation of such taxes as may , be necessary or proper to pay the principal and interest on any money so borrowed ; and the said board of commissioners of any such county are hereby invested with power to levy and collect such taxes, in tho same manner that county taxes -are or may be by law levied .and collected : provided, that before any sub scription shall be made as . aforesaid, by the board of commissioners of any such county, a vote of the qualified voters of such county shall be had in favor of such subscription, in the manner pointed out in "an act regulating the "mode of proceeding, where county commission ' en may be authorized by law to subscribe to the capital stock of railroads, turnpike roads or other incorporated companies in this state," passed February 28, 1846: provided, also, that the board of commissioners of any such county may, if they dem proper, levy the tax so as aforesaid authorized to be levied, on the real estate only of any sucb county, at a rate per acre to be fixed by said board ; or said board may, if they deem proper, apportion to each township the proportion of tax to be paid by such township, and levy the same upon the real estate only of any one or more town ships, as they may deem proper, at a rate per acre to be fixed by said board ; and in the re maining townships, said board may levy said tax upon the property subject to taxation fur county purposes, and all of said tax shall be collected at the same ' time and in the same manner as aforesaid. Sec. 24. That whenever it shall be matte to appear by vote as aforvsaid, to the board of commissioners of any county, through, into or near which any one of said roads may pas?, thai a majority of the lax-payers of any one or more townships in said county are in favor of 8 subscription to the cnpital stock of any one of said companies by or on behalf of such town ship or townships, said board is hereby author iced and empowered to subscribe to the cap ital stock of any one or more of said companies, any amount not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars, or such other sum as the trustees of any sucn Hjwusuip n'.r wuti w j, . half of any such township, for the payment of which snid board shall make, execute and de liver such bonds, notes, mortgages, pledges and securities on behalf of and binding on said township or townships as they may deem proper, payable at such time; in such manner, and with such rate of interest not exceeding eight per centum, payable semi-annually in advance, as said board may deem proper; and said board is hereby authorized to levy and collect on such township or townships on be half of which such subscriptions is made, such amount of tax as may bo necessray to pay the principal and interest on all such subscrip tions, bonds, cotes, mortgages, pledges and se curities so authorized to be given ; and said board shall have power to levy said taxes ei ther on the real estate only of such townships, at a rate per acre, to be fixed by said board, or on the entire taxable property luereot; or said board may adopt One of said modes of levying said tax on any one or more townships, and the other mode as to one or more other town ships; all taxes levied by virtue of this act shall be collected as-county taxes are, or may by law collected. Snid board in making a sub scription on behalf of any township, and in giv ing bonds, notes, mortgages, pledges and secu rities as aforesaid, may covenant for the levy and collection of the taxes herein authorized ; provided, that so mnch of this act as author izes subscriptions by counties or townships to any plana road company, snail not apply , to or be in force in county except Union and Hardin. Sec. 25. That whenever it is made to ap pear to the satisfaction of the county commis sioners of any county that a majority of the tax-payers of any township in said county are in favor of levying a tax on the taxable prop erty of such township for the benefit of any one of said companies, on the taxable proper ty of such township, at such time or times as said commissioners may deem proper.any sum not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars, on any one township, and the same shall be levied at any regular or special session of said commis sioners, called for that purpose, and said tax so levied shall be collected as county taxes are, or may be by law levied or collected, and as fast as collected shall be paid over by the treasurer of such county to the treasurer of the company for which the tax may be levied, to be expended and applied under the direc tion of the proper officers' of said company in the construction of the road authorized to be constructed by said companv.and said commis sioners are hereby authorized to do all acts necessary or proper to enforce or to carry into effect the provisions of this act; provided, that the tax herein authorized to be levied shall all be levied within three years from the time the first levy is made; and, provided, no tax shall be levied by virtue of this section for any company to which a subscription shall be made on behalf of any township, as authorized in a preceding section of this act, nor shall any sub scription be made on behalf of any' township by virtue of the preceding section aforesaid, in which a tax may be levied by virtue of this section. Sea 26. That when any person or persons may pay the tax levied by virtue of the pre ceding section, or when the same shall be col lected, such person or persons shall be entitled to receive from the treasurer of the proper county, a separate receipt stating the amount of tax paid, and for what purpose, which re ceipt shall be transferable by blank en dors men t or assignment, and whenever such re ceipt shall be presented by any person or per sons to the treasurer of the company for the benefit of which such tax may be levied, such person or persons shall be entitled to receive a certificate of stock in said company for every amount of twenty-five dollars of receipts so presented, and it shall be the duty of the treas urer of said company to issue certificates ac cordingly, and sueh certificates shall entitle the owner to all rights of other stockholders ; provided, that this and the preceding section of this act shall only be in force in Union and Hardin counties. Sea 27. That whenever a subscription shall be made to toe capital stoctt of any one of said companies by the board of commissioners of any county, either on behalf of a county, or any one or more townships therein, or wbenev er any bond, note, mortgage, pledge or secu rity, shall be given for money borrowed to pay such subscription, or for interest due or to be come due thereon, the making of such sub scription and the execution of such bond, note mortgage, pledge or security, shall be conclus ive evidence tbat the same was authorized, and that all preliminary steps to authorize the same nave been complied with. bee 28. 1 hat the several companies afore said shall have the same rights and privilege as to taxation, that are conferred upon the Al Ian and Richland Plank Road company, until the General Assembly shall by law otherwise provide for the taxation of the capital stock and property of said companies as other prop erty; provided, nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to prohibit the General As sembly from taxing the capital stock and prop erty of said companies in the same manner as other property is taxed ; and be it further pro vided that the several companies incorporated by tuts act shall be subject to the provisions of any general law which may hereafter bo passed regulating the basis and mode of as sessing damages for materials taken, or for the right of way. Bee. 29. Each of said companies shall have power to make their respective roads of the materials herein authorized, or any portion of such road of any other kind of material author ized as aforesaid. Sea SO. In case this act be not accepted by the respective corporations hereby created.and the business operations of the respective cor porations commenced under the same respect ively in good faith, within the period of three years from the passage of this act, then this act shall, as to all and every sucb corporation so failing to accept and commence operations in the manner and within the period aforesaid, be wholly null and void, and at any time after twenty years from the time any road incorpo rated by this act may be completed, the legis lature may regulate the tolls to be charged on such road, or the counties through which! any such road may pass, shall hare the right to purchase such road under such regulations as may be provided for by law. - BEMJAMIN F. LE1TEK, Speaker House Reps. CHARLES C. CONVERS. Speaker of the Senate. February 1C, 1850. Auditor's Office Sandusky co., q. ) Fremont, September 21, 18S0. J I hereby certify that the foregoinsr is cor rectly copied from the copies in my possess- sion. HUJlliri ii.VJi.Ke.TX, Auditor Sandusky -co. o Those who are groaning so lustily over what they term the sale of 25,000 square miles to 1 exas and slavery, assuming an atti tude of prayer so unusual to them, and call ing on angels to come down and blot out the record with their tears, while they censure members of congress for having done their du ty i-would appear better doing penance and humbling themselves in sackcloth and ashes, for the sin they have committed in opposing Mr. Clay's adjustment, that would have saved the square miles the loss of which they grieve. - 1 .--.'-. State Register. THE FREEMAN: FREMONT, OHIO. J. S. FOCKE, Editor. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1850. FOR GOVERNOR, WILLIAM JOHNSTON, OP HAMILTON COUNTY. FOR. BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS, ALEXANDER O. COSOVEB, OF AU0LAIZK COUKTV. ' FOR SENATOR, JOHN KELLEY, Of Ottawa Co. FOR REPRESENTATIVE, SAMUEL TREAT, Of Sandusky Co. FOR TREASURER, JACOB F. HULTS. FOR PR08E0UTINO ATTORNEY, JOHN L. GREENE. FOR COMMISSIONER, WILLIAM OVERMYER, of Washington tp. FOR POOR BOUSE DIRECTORS, For 3 Years WILLIAM ANDERSON, of Woodville. For 1 Year. NATHAN P. BINDSEYE, of Green Creek . Locofoco Platform for 1850. The following resolutions were adopted at the Democratic Convention, which assembled in Co- lombui on tho 4lh of July, 1S50. Let the People of Ohio read and remember them: Resolved, That with reference to the enrrenev question, th Democracy of Ohio plants itself upon the Constitution of the United States. The cur rency fixed by that instrument we desire to restore and establish, and we will nee all lesal and honor able means to accomplish this object; and being sincerely opposed to the existence- of Banks tor the circulation of paper money, we ere utterly opposed to any feature being incorporated into the new Con stitution, by which the Legislature of Ohio would have the power to create any bank for the circula tion of paper money. Jientred, That we consider it the dnty of all oar public officers, after taking the oath to support the Constitution of the United States, to make all pay ments, in their official capacity, in constitutional enrrenev, instead of paper money: and that we es pecially demand from the Board of Public Works, that they convert all paper money which may come nnder their control iato specie, and in tbat shape dis burse it. Retoleed That banks of circulation are hostile alike to the eqnal rights of the people, and the prin ciples of sound political economy; that hard money is the only currency recognixed by the comtitutton, the only curreocy that defraud no man, the only currency that is expedient and just; and we hold it to be inconsisteut with the principles of the party for Democrats to participate in creatioj or uphold ing banking institutions. Hard Money Report of Uie Currency Committee in the Isontututumal Contention, July bin. 41 Sec I. The General Assembly shall have oo power to create any bank or banking institution whatever, or to authorize the making, emission or putting in circulation of any bill of credit, bond. check, ticket, certificate, promissory note or other paper medium, intended to circulate as money or currency. " Sr.c. 2. The General Assembly shall prohibit by law any person or persons, association, compa ny or corporation now in existence from .exercising the privilege of banking, or cheating, or emitting or putting in circulation any bank notes, or paper of any description whatever, to circulate as money or currency. Sic J. 1 he business of banking and dealing in money shall be free to all, subject to such restric tions as may be provided by law; but no special privileges or exemptions shall ever be granted to those engaged in auch business; nor shall any per-' son or persons, either natural or artificial, ever be allowed to deal in or issue paper money, so called., . JOHN LARWILL,, Chairman." " Thev hut introduce a clause in the new Con stitution FORcvjsh prohibiting the establishment of any banks of issue in Ohio. Will they do it? ' We say to the Journal, wo be to tbei ir thet DO NOT do it! The people of Ohio have de manded, in a voice that a fool cannot misunder stand, that the uew Constitution shall forever pro hibit Banke and wo be to him who shall trifle with this demand." Ashland Union. Here it is, fellow-citizens! Read it! Ponder it! Make up your minds, Democrats, how many of you are willing to stand on that platform. Some of your leaders who fear the reeolts of such maniacal and absurd measures, will tell you that (his is Dot their platform, that it is only a Whig lie, got up for electioneering purposes, hoping by it to deceive men from the rauks of Democracy. It is still as it ever has been, the policy of the Locofoco party, to keep the mass, the honest and the unsus pecting of their adherents in the dark, concealing from them the consequences which will inevitably result from such a mad course. Their true position is beginning to be understood The drapery which they put on can no longer con ceal the carcass that is enrobed! It is plainly visi ble and stands conspicuous in its naked deformity. Their appeals to the "dear people," will no longer avail in placing them where they can rob and plun der the connty, state, or national treasury. They are aware of this fact. They are becoming sensi ble of their own misery. They see the People will no longer submit to such misrule, and thus they have made a bold aud desperate effort, -determined that if thev cannot rule, they will destroy; they will subvert our free institutions, aud bring upon our common country anarchy and coufusion. Read again, their platform! and if you can stand upon and support it you will have no just reason to complain of their misrule. Business. For the past two or three weeks our streets have been literally thronged with teams from the surrounding country, heavily laden with wheat, for which they find a ready cash mar ket and remunetating prices. The price av eraging upwards of 74 cents. The crop far exceeds any previous year, both in quality and quantity. There is considerable competition among the buyers and thus the farmers are receiving better prices than they otherwise would. Fremont is a first rate point to pur chase produce of all kinds, and it will not be long before Eastern operators find out the fact (and to us it seems very strange that they had not learned it long ago,) and our farmers will then receive still better prices. Our locol position, at the head of navigation of the Sandusky river, our great McAdamized road, crossing the river through the centre of our town, our plank roads running into the richest wheat-growing part of the state, are so many undeniable inducements for men of cap ital to come and invest it here. 2?" Sartain's Magazine for October is be fore us. It is always welcome to our table, and we would like to see the person who says it is not No. 1. Published by John Sartain & Co. Philadelphia at $3 per year. 3T American Phrenological Journal for September, has been received ; also, the Wa ter-Cure Journal for the same month. These are valuable and interesting works. Publish ed by Fowlers fe Wells, 131 Nassau street, N. Y. at $1 each, per year. Whigs! Sixteen Days Only, Now.remains,-tillyqu will have to answer the summons citing you to appear at the ballot-box, then and there, to declare, whether you are willing to live for the next two years ensuing, under a Whig, or under a Locofoco administration. ' If you wish to have a Whig Governor, vote for WILLIAM JOHNSTON, if you wish a Whig Senator and Representa tive in your State Legislature, vote for JOHN KELLEY, for Senator and SAM'L TREAT, for Representative, if you wish to have a Whig Treasurer for Sandusky county, vote for JA COB F. HULTS, if you wish a Whig Prose cuting Attorney.vote for JOHN L. GREENE, if you wish a W hig county Commissioner, vote for WILLIAM OVERMYER, if you wish to have Whig Poor House Directors, vote for WILLI AM ANDERSON and NATHAN P. BIRDSEYE. These are the men which compose the Whig ticket They are men that you can rely on and put cofidence in. Then why will you not place them in the offices to which they arc respectively nominated ? If you make not an effort you cannot expect to see them elected, for the Democracy most as suredly will not do it for you. But if you de sire to have the present admirable Banking syste m of Ohio destroyed, vote the Democratic ticket, if you wish to have the Representatives in the legislature of the do-worae-than-nothing kind, vote ' for the Democratic candidates, if you want to see Sandusky county remain in the hands of these destructives, stay from the polls and it will all be accomplished. Whigs! will yon not obey ' this summons and be at your posts, and work ? the cause is a glorious one, and to be victori ous would indeed be honorable. Let not any consideration prevent you from discharging this positive duty with a clean conscience, for the good of your county, your state, your own household and your common country. If you fail in electing your ticket through out the state, you need not look for or expect any mercy at the hands of your opponents. The fiat has gone forth; the lex talionts will be carried into effect and it will not cease to be pushed till every vestage of the wholesome laws and enactments, which have been crea ted by the nntirirg labors cf Whig Legis- tors have been swept from the statute book. - This is not fancy. It is positive truth. And the Democrats dare not deny it For proof of our statements read the Locofoco Platform, in another column, and there you will find it all in Democratic languade. However strongly they may deny it they cannot make the people believe that they do not stand on this platform. Be untiring then in your efforts, and you can succeed. Truth must in the end prevail. The 8th of October next is the day of contest and when the morning of that day arrives be ready for its duties aud being ready discharge them like freemen. Fugitive Slave Bill. We have taken the trouble to look over the votes on the passage of the fugitive slave bill, and we find that of the Northern Whigs only three voted for it, and that TWENTY-SIX Northern Locofocos voted for it. Of those that opposed the measure from the free States, eleven are Locofocos, nine are Free soilers, and EIFTY-FIVE are Whigs. From Ohio three members voted for the bill Messrs. Hoagland and Miller, Locofocos, and Mr. Taylor, Whig. Of the dodges from this State, we see that Messrs. Olds, SWEETZER, Potter and Disney represent that branch. ' We learn that Sweetzer left the day before the vote was taken. We do not know how he would have voted, but we know that Mr. Toombs, with whom he claims to have paired off, refused to do so till after the last Saturday, and that be remained and voted for the bill. What the people of this district who are op posed to the bill, will think of Sweetzer's de sertion of his post at that juncture remains to be made manifest at the polls. State Journal The Illustrated Domestic Bible. Number fi"e of this beautiful and valuable work is now on our table. It has the recom mendations of some of the most talented and distinguished divines both in Europe and A merica. It is published on the 1st and loth of the month and will be completed in 25 num bers at 25 cents per number. We would say to those who want a nice family Bible, you cannot do better than to subscribe for this one. Subscribers who do not wish this work in Numbers, and would like to have it bound when completed, can have it delivered to tbem, in the various bindings, at the annexed prices: In Sheep, Library style, $7 00 In Half Calf, neat 7 50 In English Calf.or Moroco,Marbled edges, 8 75 In Moroco, extra gilt edges, 10 50 We have made such arrangements that those who wish to take it in numbers as fast as it is published, can have the whole work for $5,00 payable in advance Specimen numbers can be ' seen at this office. I. M. KEELER. Aereut Appropriations. The appropriation bill which has passed the house of representatives, embraces the follow ing items: Legislative department, $753,944 50 Treasury do, 335,750 00 Contingencies of do 63,195 00 Department of interior, 167,472 75 Contingencies of do 49,745 00 War department, 85,690 00 Contingencies of do 43,969 00 Navy department 75,350 00 Contingencies of do 11,775 00 P. O. department 86,720 00 Executive department, 80,000 00 Department of state, 63,160 00 Library of congress, 44,300 00 Mints, 161,177 00 Oregon and Minesota ter's, 82,700 00 Judiciary, 697,937 00 Light houssa, 597,487 35 Hospitals, 99,308 42 Surveys of public lands, 249,759 48 Intercourse with for'n nations, 431,500 00 Miscellaneous, 2,449,858 00 Total, $6,404,897 43 - The Approaching Election. ' FEXLOW-CjTizBNs : Does the frequency of the call to the ballot-box, become irksome to the mind? Does the sound pull upon the ear, and make us indifferent to elections, by which our representative government is to be sus tained in its purity ? We trust not We be lieve every American is aware that a due at tention to the elections of town, county, and state officers should be rendered. Though elections are frequent, they are indispensibly necessary, to guard against usurpations of power in every department of government from President down lo town officers. , If attending elections require time and ex pense, it should be recollected, they are but a small tax on the capital we enjoy. Liberty and freedom make this ressonable demand of us. That sacred fire which our Fathers kin dled on the altar of our Country, still imparts its rays to every portion of the Union, but its flickering often reminds us, that fuel must be supplied by patriotic hands, or it would soon become extinguished, and political darkness o'erspreacl our land. The foot of despotism would be planted where now stands the tem ple of Liberty. In our representative government, where the whole people are ambitious to support their liberties unimpaired ; and where high honors and emoluments are to be obtained by arch politicians, it is not miraculous that two great parties should be organized, under aspiring leaders. This has always been the case, even in mixed governments. - The most prominent in England, were in the reign of Charles II, (Whig and Tory) though both favorable to the election of members to Parliament they differed widely with respect to the King's pre rogative, as have lately our Whigs and Dem ocrats, with regard to the veto power of our Presidents; the Whigs wishing to restrict and limit it, the Democrats intent on enlarging and extending it Although party spirit is too often the cause of scurrility, detraction of character, and abuse, we firmly believe that competition in politics, has a beneficial tendency. It keeps up a train of reasoning and reflection in the minds of the people, that enables them to discover their true interests, and determine which of the party measures have effected the most good, and would in the future procure the best suc cess ; the measures then, independent of party discipline, become their object; to them they will adhere and give their sanction. We shall soon have an opportunity of deter mining by our votes, whether Whig or Dem ocratic measures we most approve.- And is it not a source of gratulation that a revolution of sentiment has taken place in the minds of ma ny of the common people ? That we have now a Whig administration carrying out principles conducive to the interests of the whole Union ? That we have had Whig Governors since the reign of Mr. Shannon, who had the address to secure his election, by pleasing the fancy of a majority of the people, by presenting the shin ers before their eyes and abjuring paper cur rency, and by denouncing entirely the banking system, which, when be came to act in his of ficial capacity be strongly advocated ! Like a true penitent, he acknowledged his error, de termining henceforth to be honest in his ex pressions on that subject told' the people his folly, and that he had become convinced that the state -of Ohio could not dispense with banks, tor tne lack or specie, that a paper currency was necessary for the welfare of the state, and the interests of all classes. That if we do not have sucb currency of our own, it would be thrown in upon us from neighboring states, in which event we could not discrimin ate between the good and the bad, and a ru inous state of business would soon exist Though Mr. Shannon was denounced for his honest convictions, and frank confessions, by the stiff-necked,' hot-headed leaders of the hard-money party, who Wanted to ride, into office on the hobby of -specie currency, the the great body of the people were convinced he was right ; hence Messrs. Tod and Weller who professed to stand upon the metalic plat form, were rejected. The people became sat isfied that banks on a proper basis, so bill-hold ers were secure, were of the utmost impor tance to the farming interests of the state. The furtive machinations of those candidates, the cant and slang of their partizan dema gogues, availed them nothing, the people had become alive to their own interests, and the consequence was, that, probably, the best banking system was soon adopted, that any state had hitherto enjoyed. Another test is soon to be made of the wish es of the people of Ohio, upon the 'subject of banking, as also of 'individual liability,' in case of incorporated companies, for roads, canals, &c, &c whether each subscriber to stock. shall be accountable for all debts of the com pany, or only in proportion to the amount he subscribed. We have now before us two em inent and talented men, as candidates for the Gubernatorial chair, but with opposite views upon those two points, so it is plain they can not both be right Judge Wood is opposed to banks in every form, and in favor of 'individ ual liability,' that is, if a man worth $5000, sign $200 and the company fail all his prop erty shall be taken to pay the debts of the company, and he himself, ever after be held responsible for the balance they may owe. Judge Johnston holds that each stockholder shall only be amenable in proportion to the amount of his stock. That if it were other wise, if a moderate stockholder were to be made accountable for all the failures of the company, but few would run the risk of losing all to promote a public benefit Internal im provements are important to ill, every one will admit, so they are not made at the ex pense of the state or by direct taxation. If chartered companies make them and are re munerated by those who use them, neither the state or people are impoverished. But should no companies form for the work who would do it ? the state most surely. For no individual is able to accomplish a work of such expense, and our wants of facilities for travel and trans portation require improvements. They must, and will be made. " Which of the candidates then ahall wo choose? Both talented, but with diametri cally opposite political principles. The Gov ernor surely, is not to legislate, but from his high station, he' must be expected to to have an innuence. ie has a right to advise to those measures, which to him appear most ben eficial, and generally as the executive is of one or the other party, gives a turn and charac ter to the administration. The slavery question has long been an ex citing one. The Whigs have not only been opposed to the extension of slavery, but have strenuously contended that the proviso re striding it was constitutional, whereas the Cassites have obstinately insisted it was un constitutional, and that the south had a right to carry and hold their slaves in any of the territories now free. This, too, is a bone of contention between Wbigs and Democrats, too broad, and too plain to be passed unnoticed, the democrats voting for annexation of a slave state, the Whigs against it Though they could not repel her, and the consequent war, they may congratulate themselves by extenu ating some of the evils perpetrated by the an nexation. Their professions now of the love of freedom, "confidence in the Wilmot Proviso, can avail that party but little, who voted to admit Texas, and after supported Mr. Cass, only as they manifest their contrition. , Their past acts speak louder than their piesent as severations. True, while Whig Presidents advise to admitting no more slave states, they cry out this is just what we wanted all the time, the assertions of Mr. Cass to the contra ry notwithstanding. Then voters choose between Whig and Dem ocratic candidates at the next election all good men we admit, but some deceived most lamentably. ej ... Fun ahead Winchell's Coming. We bave received notice that tbat drollest of all droll individuals Winchell will give an entertainment to the citizens of Fremont on Monday or Tuesday evening of Test week. We advise all fun-loving ones to be on hand. It will be a fine, time for poor fellows to get rid of the blues, and also a dangerous place for waistband and suspender buttons. We have heard him, and can speak from ex perience. " , ' . " . . ... tSTTiy reference to our advertising col umns it will be seen that the ninth install ment to the capital stock of the Fremont plank road company is called for, to be paid to John K. fease, I rcasurer ot said company, on or before the 1st day of November next ' Those interested will govern themselves accordingly. S3T The Corner Stone of the Methodist Church was laid on Tuesday last Addresses were by the several Clergymen present The work on the edifice will be pushed for ward with the greatest possible dispatch. This will be the fourth church on Main street and when it is completed will add much to the beauty of that section of our town. . A volun tary subscription for the benefit of the Church was made, and over $200 thus realized. . The North British Review, for August has come to hand. The contents of this num ber are, the Scottish University, Pendennis, the Literary Profession, English Language, Messrs. Stephenson Fairbairn's Tubular Bridg es, Liberties of the Gallican Church, Words worth, Method of the Divine Government In Memoriam, Trial of Professor John W. Web ster, and Christianity in India; containing nearly 200 paces. Price $3 per rear. Pub lished by Leonard Scott & Co., No. 79 Fulton street, New York. - W The Common Schools of this town, will re-commence on the first Monday of Oc tober next Prom the Norwalk Reflector Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Rail Road. Mr. Editor : -What of the railroad ? is now the only question asked. Let us answer. It is in the ascendant Toledo, though united with us in her ap proval of our measures, was not represented either at Elyria or at this place on the 2d inst ; she has now declared herself. On Friday eve ning last a large and spirited meeting, attend ed by citizens from Perrysburgh, Maumee, Norwalk and other places, was held there, at which she took ground in favor of this road. Resolutions were passed, pledging themselves to co-operate in prosecuting the work. We understand it was determined to give notice and take the vote of Lucas county, as author ized by our charter, for a county subscription to its stock. They have also opened books for individual subscriptions. Fremont and other places west are doing the same, and subscriptions are now being made at the east end of the route. Iu this county the subscriptions already exceed eighty thousand dollars. This is cheering in deed, but let us not remit our exertions. He who will not take hold himself must not expect others to aid him. May we not justly say that the example of Huron county has inspired the confidence of our friends at either end of the route ? Nobly have the people in town and country givon their aid in this great enterprise an enterprise worthy of their aid. On the 24th inst, the stockholders will meet at the court house to choose directors and we shall then be the only organized company con necting Toledo with Cleveland, and through those places forming the connecting link in the great east and west thoroughfare. Measures will be taken as soon as the organ ization takes place, towards putting the road under contract In the mean time we invite the landholders on the line who feel willing to do so, to give us their aid, by releasing the right of way. This work has already , com menced, and the. names of those who give their releases will be published from time to time. . A STOCKHOLDER. - "The Important -week." A fortnight ago this moroinsr we vlaced these words at the head of an article, in which we expressed our wishes and hopes for the ad option by the bouse of representatives of the important measures which had already passed - tne senate, i nose uopes ana wisues have now been fulfilled in a manner which has not -. only given ourselves the highest gratification, but bas spread a general joy mro out tne land. In one particular we were at fault W mistook the time. It was not the "last week ' in August" But the first week in Septem; : ber, which was destined to witness the success of the measures of pasificatioti. There seems to be something not inappropriate in this. All know that it was on the 7th day of March that a speech was delivered in the senate, of which ' we now need say no more than tbat it treated, of all those great topics, and treated them in a1 manner, with a power, a conciliation, a nation ality, which guarantying, as it were, similar conservative views in the great body of the north and west, first inspired the friends of the nninn witft . .vinfirt Anna in i . 1 .' uuivii wu.uvb ii, an ultimate nappy termination of a fierce and threatening contro versy. Exactly six months from that day, that is, on the 7th of September, the general senti ments and principles of that speech received the final sanction of both houses of congress. It has been a half year of overwhelming in. tp.rp.st. Tn the frip.niia of nmnn and tlm in stitution in congress, it has been a series of in cessant labors and of excitement and anxious hours; and to all lovers of the union out of congress period of deep concern and depre-; sion, sometimes approaching to hopelessness. The measures that are about to become" t - v a l .1 x: r .,! & ......... public anairs; to give strength and stability to our institutions ; to diffuse confidence through out all the channels of commerce,and to cheer ana giauuen an meaooces oi mausiry; to en courage all lawful and honorable enterprises, and to discourage all such as might be perni cious either to the national reputation or the national neao.fi. " - Even already the teleffraDh. from north. . rf t a i . ' south and west, gives us in its reports of the general joy, the assurance that in this enumer ation of its nrobable influences we do not over rate the immediate advantages, as we trus we do not the more remote ones, of this ac tion on the part of congress. . : . One of the gratifying circumstance attend ing the whole case remains to be named and that is the extraordinary good temper and kind ness with "which the great body of the mem- ' bers of congress, and every one else, saluted each other when the controversy was over. ' All rejoiced that it teas over, and as we have stated, a large majority rejoiced at the particu lar result . It was indeed refreshing to see' and to feel that a breeze, we bad almost said a gale, of old fashioned American feeling per vaded the house, filled as it was, besideslts members, with anxious crowds of senators and others.' Nat Intel From the N. T. Coor. & fqoirr. Congress has completed its work of com promise and conciliation. We chronicled on Saturday the passage by the house of reprei . sentalives, of the bill fixing the boundary of Texas, and establishing a territorial govern ment for New Mexico, and our report on the next page shows that on Saturday the house passed the bill admitting California, by a deci sive vote of 150 to 57, Bnd the one establish.- ing a territorial government for Utah, 97 to 85. The whole country will receive intelligence of this action of congress with satisfaction. It : promises to settle the difficulties from which. the most serious disasters have been appre- aenaea. 1 Deposition winch lexasoad assu med, and the extent to which she was likely to be supported by the southern states, were such as to inspire alarm even iu minds not ea-I ailv riistlirhpit nr prmtpfl . " That the great body of the people, either of Texas, or of the south, had any fixed purpose to secede from the union, we do not believe. -The movement was started by politics dema gogues and was simply an aTtgrript to bully the geueral government and especially the northern states, into the, adoption of such measures as they desired: By dint of contin ued agitation, thev infused something of their own spirit into the people among whom they, were at work. - . ' It seems probable that if nothing-had been done by congress, Texas would have made aa effort to take forcible possession of the territo ry which she claims,and there are two or three southern states, which, in such a contestwould ' probably have gone to her aid. Sucb a collis ion' would have made difficulty would have inspired alarm and distrust and although the result could sot bave been doubtful, the strug- and so reasoned many members of eongress who did not approve the provisions of some of - the hillsL Thpv rntpH not bills themselves, as for the peace. They voted ' under the pressure of assurances constantly : held out by the National Intelligencer and oth er high authorities, that to vote against these - kilt., . . -.',..'7 . -. Tl . was somewhat strong in the the mouths of men not accustomed to use strong language it was calculated to carry weight - 4 The passage of these bills leaves southern fanaticism no peg whereon to hang further -menace or agitation. The Wilmot proviso baa been abandoned, as far as the territories are ' concerned. The people of California have been permitted to frame such a contsitution as they saw fit " And Texas receives ten million of dollars for relinquishing a territory to which " nrit rtrt s tn (an KaliAtrae alia Vioc avAn 4Vi r cVi ar1 - . dow of a valid title. Tbat Texas herself - will anAAn tka Ktll l aahma f 1. .MM.A.fai;.u : maica iil, i win iu uuuut. 1 . - Mr. Kaufman, one of them has always been for it; the other, Mr. Howard, - to be against it but the agony of bis apprehensions, when he found it bad failed, betrayed the double fa 1 , . ced hypocrisy of the game ha was playing.and " prepared the way for the part he took the . next day. The vote was reconsidered, the de cision of the speaker overruled, and the biH passed, under the vigorous and anxious leader ship ot tne very man who had voted against it the day before. . : - . . : We look now tor peace for quiet for the freedom from agitation and excitement which nave an aiong oeen promised as tne result or, those bills. . Now that all these vexed ques- , tions have been settled, and that too, in aceor- rlanfO witll tVl fires nmn vii.nro n-a linvn e nrtVt st WHaaww BIS lUVyll VRll 1 IC TIO) WC (ICSi V Si Cs a 11 LIB W ' demand of congress,and especially of the south -.. that the industrial and general interests of the country shall receive their prompt and effici ent attention. - - - The settlement of the vexed questions which have so long agitated congress, will afford much satisfaction to the great mass of the A- - merican people, irrespective ot party. Their settlement bas been reft by the Whig administratration to the immediate representa- -tives of the people, and all sections of the country will cheerfully Acquiesce in the deci sion. . ......... ... Ao-itators for merp, dprneirnrma in particular localities will probably rail on, V . , . . U .... 3 .. .. . T f o .-.1 v uuilAfOe ' icucuuug masses oi provisoists wul agree with a remark of a somewhat distin- - guished one this morning that 'a bad settle ment even is better than longer and protracted profitless agitation.' , .. . Bv the action of conoress mupJi lia )iu gained Jo the cause of freedom. T"