OHIO IN AFRICA! '
Tthe Friends of the American Coloniza
tion Society in 0jia. In April, 1843, it was
suggested through tha Cincinnati papers, that
an effectual blow might bo struck at the slve
trade, and liberal provisions made for the set
tlement of a colony of colored people from
Ohio, by purchasing an additional portion of
territory on the coast of Africa.
"This suggestion was responded to by Ch.Vs.
M'Micken, Esq., of Cincinnati, by a;i offer of
ufflaient funds to pay for the necessary
amount of laud for the colony of the kind pro
posed. - - ; '
The secretary of the society, the Rev. ffm,
M'Lain, in his answer to the inquiries, on the
24th of June following, recommended that the
purchase be made north-west of Liberia, so as
to include the Gallinas, and thus 'break up the
lave trade in several ot its darkest dens.'
President Roberts, of Liberia reached A
merica shortly after the plan of M'Micken had
been announced, and gave to it bis decided
approval . On visiting England, the president
explained to Lord Palmerston and others, the
effect of purchasing territory and settling intel
ligent colonists in Africa; and succeeded in
convincing them that it was the most certain
mode of destroying tha slave trade. Samuel
Guerney, Esq., who was present, proposed to
extend Mr. McMicken's plan, so as to include
all the territory between Sierra Leone and Li
beria, and pledged $5,000 for that object, be
ing one-half the sura supposed to be necessa
ry to complete the purchase.
Lord Palmerston, in behalf of the Queen,
presented to the President a beautifully arm
ed vessel, of the revenue cutter class, in which
to sail home to Liberia, and to be retained for
the protection of its commerce. An order
was also isiued, directing that a part of the
British squadron, on the coast of Africa should
proceeded to blockade all the ports, from
which slaves have been exported, within the
- district proposed to be purchased, until the
chiefs and kings should consent to sell their
lands to be annexed to Liberia. This block
and has been rigidly enforced since that time,
and has greatly contributed to the importent
result now attained. .-
In a communication dated the 1 7th' of May
last, and recently received at Washington city.
president Roberts announces that be has com
pleted the purchase-ot the uallinas and sev
eral other tracts, including with a few- trifling
exceptions, the whole space desired, and that
'by this act the coast of Liberia ha3 been ex
tended 700 miles in length, along the whole
course of which the slave trade was formerly
carried on to a great extent'
. The Rev. Mr.. McLain, our secretary notifi
ed me on tha 17th inst, of the purchase having
been made, and that Mr. McMicken has remit
ted the society, the $5,000 which he had
pledged to pay for the land for the Ohio colo
ny. The portion of this territory purchased
with the funds' of. Mr. M'Micken, is designed
for the colored people of Ohio, Indiana and Il
linois; because their proximity to the Ohio riv
er will enabled them to act in -concert in any
movemenet toward emigration ; but it is to take
the name of Ohio. Mr. Sturgess, of Putnam,
Ohio, has also paid $1,000 towards the pur
chase of the Gallinas. . : ..
, With the consummation of this act, a new
, era in African colonization commences in Ohio
To give greater efficiency to the enterprise in
which we are about to engage, the parent so
ciety has appointed a committee of correspon
dence for Ohio who will' be called together as
soon a? the health of, the country will permit,
to organize and. adopt measures for the pro
motion of the colonization cause in the state.
In the meantime it is deemed important to
call public attention to this subject, and to
urge the necessity of .the adoption of an effi
cient system of securing funds, to carry out
Mr. McMicken's plan of establishing the new
' colony of Ohio in Africa. Colored men in va
rious parts of the state, from time to time, have
had the subject of emigration to Liberia under
consideration, -but as the agent had ho perma
nent fund on which to draw to aid them, their
designs had to be deferred or abandoned. To
obviate these difficulties, and to afford every
encouragement to emigration, it is now propo-
. aed: .''",.:''.:,...
1. To. call the attention of the churches to
the subject, and to ask that annual collections
, be made for the cause of colonization ; and es
pecially that a collection be taken up for the
present year, (where one has not already been
made,) by the pastors of all pongregations
friendly to African colonization, on Sahbath,
the 22nd day of December next that being the
Sabbath proceeding Christmas.
2. That the convention to form a new con
stitution for Ohio, be requested to insert a
clause in that instrument, empowering the
legislature to set a part a fund for the payment
of the expenses of any colored persons the
jttatt of Ohio at the time of the adoption of fhe
constitution, who may determine to remove to
any of the settlements now existing, or that
may hereafter be formed in Africa, inoluding
Kam Menii, tie location of. the Amistad Af
rican. . ;
3. That the next legislature of Ohio be me
morialized to appropriate a permanent fund to
carry out the above named design.
Should the full privileges of citizenship be
denied to the colored man in the new consti
tution, it would be both ungenerous and inhu
man not to allow him the small pittance neces
sary to meet ho expense of his removal to Li
beria, where he can enter upon the full enjoy
ment of bis rights.
There are over 30,000 colored people in the
state, and a portion of these, from age and in
firmity, cannot emigrate.. But even suppose
all should go, the expense would be a mere
trifle to eaeh citizen of the state a tax on the
$430,000,000 of its property that would scarce
ly be felt , :
But; then, the numbers removing annually,
until comfortable arrangements are made in
tee new purchase, must be few, and the tax
on the people the merest trifle. Suppose that
one hundred a year should go, the expense at
$50 each would be $o,000, or only the one-
thousandth part of a mill on a dollar of the
' valuation of our taxable property.
..There are causes now opening, principally
moral and commercial, that must soon lead to
rapd emigration of colored people to Af
rica. . . - -'
The reasons upon which this opinion is
founded will soon be laid before the public,
when it is believed, there will no longer exist
any serious objections in Ohio to the cause of
colonization. , juaviu uuttisi x,
. Agt Am. Colonization Society for Ohio.
Oxford. Butler ea, O, Ang. 23, 1850.
Prize Haa, Ew CareJ.
At the recent Agricultural Fair in Mont
pomerv county, a prize was awarded to Na
than Whit for the best ham. The gentleman's
mode of curing is as follows:
The pork should be perfectly cold hafore
being cut up. The hams should be salted
with fine salt, with a portion of red pepper,
and about a gill of molasses to ' each ham.
Let th& remain in salt five weei3, then hang
thpra bo and srjjoia with hickory wood - for
five or si weeks. About the fret of April
take them dwa and wet them with cold water,
and let them be well rubbed with unloached
ashes, y.et them remain in bulls' for several
days, and then hang them in the loftagsin fur
use. .- f '.. !
.l.G. "Conover The liocofoco Press.
v During the last two months we have seen
several articles going the rounds of the Loco-
forco papers of ibis state the object ol which
was to disparage A. G. Conover, Esq., the
Whig candidate for the board of public works,
in the estimation of the people, l liese articles
charge that Mr. C. while holding the office of
resident engineer on the Miami and Erie ca
nal underpay of the state, is in the employ of
the Calumbus, Piqua and Indiana rail road
company, nnd devoting his time to their service
to the neglect of his duties on the canal and
the detriment of the public interest.
The following note from Mr. C. will set this
matter right, and show the public that the
charges of those who wish to manufacture a
little capitnl for Mr. Miller, (the Locofoco op.
ponentof Mr. Conover,) who is notoriously in
competent to discharge the duties of the office
to which he aspires, are all moonshine:
John W. Defuses, Esq. Sir: I have seen
published in several Damocratic papers.a state
ment charging me with holding the appoint
ment of resident engineer on the Miami and
Erie canal and receiving a salary from the
state, when at the same time I was in the em
ploy of a rail road company. The fact is this
before engaging upon the rail road I resign
ed my appointment as resident engineer on
the canal and the acting commissioner in
charge of the work, from w hom I received
the appointment, and made such an arrange
ment as released me; and I am not in the po
sition charged. Yours, die,
A. G. CONOVER
Piqua, Sept. 7, 1850.
Mr. Conover,, as is well known to every one
acquainted with him, is remarkable for his in
dustry and the fidelity with which he dischar
ges every duty devolving on him us an officer.
He is an experienced engineer an indefatiga
ble worker courteous in his deportment to
wards all who have business with him. Hence
his unbounded popularity with members of all
classes nnd parties along the line of canal:
This popularity, and the well know fact that
he would get many votes from the opposite
political party, alarmed the leaders and set
them to work to devise some means of coun
teracting it As nothing could be said against
him as a man, nor against his qualifications for
the post for which be is a candidate, the re
ports to which we have alluded were put
afloat They will not, however, do him any
injury. His great superiority over his oppo
nent in point of qualification for the office can
not fail to secure him the support of hundreds
of honest men among his political opponents
who regard the interests ot the state and effi
ciency in the public service as paramount to
party considerations. f iqua ilegister.
What will tbc Agitators do now!
This is a question of considerable import
ance just now, in view of the settlement of the
various difficulties arisingout of the slave ques
tion, with which the present Congress has had
to contend with. What will become of Root
and Giddings, and some other slavery fire
brands we could name, and Wilmot and Hale ?
Their occupation is gone, for the time being.
Thank fortune, a majority has been found in
both Houses of Congress to crush the mons
trous coalition, of Northern Fanaticism with
Southern Disunionism, which threatened for
awhile to involve this glorious Union in civil
war. The confederacy has been fairly but
fearfully tried, and the result shows, that it is
not to be broken up, by madmen who tight
under the banner of Abolitionism, in the
North, nor by the Nullifiers, who fight under
the black flag of Slavery, at the . South. The
people of this country, however, should not
throw away the significant lesson that has
been taught them, in this session of Congress.
It has been demonstrated that we have among
us a strung Disunion party, wiih a northern
and southern propagonda, us it were, establish
ed to sever the bonds which bind us together
as one and the people. That . party has al
ready a frightful power, in our popular assem
blies, in certain sections of the country, and we,
have seen it has a strong voice in Congress.
Let every good man watch the movements of
this faction, and let their manoeuvres be met
by a counterv ailing action, which shall suffice
to frown it down. "Eternal vigilance is the
price of liberty." Eternal vigilance can pre
serve the liberty which wo enjoy only as it is
connected with this Union. When once we
carelessly surrender the avenues of power
and place to these demagogues, whether call
ing themselves Liberty men or free soil demo
crats, the Union is gone forever. It will never
do to pack the coucils of the nation with such
mischief-makers as these. They have already
led us to the brink of civil war, and on some
pretence they may do it again, if the well-dispose
people of the North and South will give
them an opportunity. As Mr. Gorman, of In
diana, remarked the other day, in his speech
in reply to Mr. Clark, of this State, when - this
cation gets into a war, let it be a war against
a foreign foe. "I want the American flag
above my head, and the enemy in front ; I
do not want to meet my brethren, my country
men, my friends, displaying the same stars and
and stripes. But I fear.if our folly should plun
ge us into civil war, that at about the firing of
the first gun, these peculiar friends of freedom
the Abolitionists, the fanatics, the (so called)
Free Soil Democracy of the North would be
ch arterhtg a ship to no to some Peace Con
gress or Convention in Germany !" Unques
tionably they would. But, as we set out in
saying, their occupation for the time being is
gone. It will not be long, however, ere they
invent some new plan to re-kindle anew the
embers of agitation, which the good sense and
patriotism of the majority in Congress have
succeeded in extinguishing. Let us watch
them viglantly for the future, so that we may
meet them and crush their mischief m time.
New York Express.
"A Fool and bi Money."
At the auction sale of the first Jenny Lind
Concert, a Mr. Genin bid off the first ticket at
t'225. Waukesha Dem.
Never more mistaken in your life, friend
Democrat This $225 is about the best in
vestment Genin could have made. As the
Albany Evening Journal ys:
, Probably Genin never did a wiser thing
than this. It will give him a celebrity which
he could not have purchased in any other way.
for a hundred times $225. Every paper in
the Union will speak of him, and "Genin the
hatter" will become almost as celebrated
as Jenny Lind herself Every man that wears
a hat will think of Genin ; and if he could pass
tnrougli tne country, every one who wants a
hat would be drawn to his bazzar to look at
his beavers. Not a man will pass his store for
the next twelve months without looking? in to
et a peep at him.- The ladies, as they note
his somber, will exclaim, "Here is Genin's ;"
nnd the boys ns they meet htm, will wmspcr
mysteriously to each other. There goes Genin,
;o, no: Ojnin :S no "fool" bet a pr.iioso-
phcr. Hs knows exactly what kind of ma
terial ihe world is made of; and he has adopt
ed the very best mode to work it np to his
personal advantage. He never expended
$225 more discrectlv. It will return him a
J. S. FOCKE, Editor.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1850.
OP HAMILTON COUNTY.
FOR BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS,
ALEXANDER O. COXOVEIS,
OF AUGLAIZE COUNT?.
Of Ottawa Co.
Of Sandusky Co. ,
JACOB F. HULTS.
FOR PROSECUTING ATTORNEY",
JOHN L. GREENE.
WILLIAM OVERMYER, of Washington tp,
FOR POOR HOUSE DIRECTORS,
For 3 Years)
WILLIAM ANDERSON, of Woodville.
TFor 1 Year.)
NATHAN P. BINDSEYE. of Green Creek.
Locofoco Platform for 1850.
Tha fallowing resolutions were adopted at the
Democratic Convention, which assembled in Co
lumbus on the 4th of July, 1S50. Let the People
of Ohio read and remember them:
'Resolved, That with reference to' the currency
question, the Democracy of Ohio plants itself upon
the Constitution of the "United States. The cur
rencv filed bv that instrument we desire to restore
and establish, and we will use all legal and honor
able means to accomplish this object; and being
siucerely opposed to the existeuce of Banks, for the
circnlatioo of paper moaey, we are utterly opposed
to any feature being incorporated into the new Con
stitution, by which the Legislature of Ohio would
have the power to create any bank for the circula
tion of paper monev.
Resoli-ed, That we consider it the duty of all our
public olhcers, after taking the oath to support the
Constitution of the United States, to make all pay
ments, in their official capacity, in constitutional
currency, iustead of paper money; and that we es
pecially demand from the Board of Public Works,
that they convert all paper money which may come
under their control iuto specie, and in that shape dis
Resolved That banks of circulation Bre hostile
alike to the equal rights of the people, and the prin
ciples of sound political economy; that hard money-
is the only currency recognized by the contlitutton,
the only currency that defraud' no man, the only
currency that, is expedient and jnsl; and we hold it
to be inconsistent with the principles of the party
for Democrats to participate id creating or uphold
ing banking institutions.
Hard Money Report of the Currency Committee in the
Constitutional Convention, July 5(4.
"Pic. 1. The General Assembly shall have no
power to create any bank or banking institution
whatever, or to authorize the making, emission or
putting in circulation of any bill of credit, bond,
check, ticket, certificate, promissory note, or other
paper medium, iuteuded to circulate as money or
" Skc. 2. The General Assembly shall prohibit
by law auy person or persons, association, compa
ny or corporation now in existence from exercising
the privilege of banking, or ceatiug, or emitting or
putting in circulation any bank notes, or paper of
any description whatever, to circulate as money or
" dec J. 1 he business of banking and dealing in
money shall be free to all, subject to such restric
tions as mav be provided by law: but no special
privileges or exemptions shall ever be granted to
those engaged in such business; nor shall any per
son or persnus, .either natural or artificial, ever be
allowed to deal in or issue paper money, so called.
JOHN LARW1LL, Chairman."
11 Thev mav introduce a clause in the new Coil
stitnlion forkvsk prohibiting the establishment of
any bxnks of issue in Ohio. Will they do it?
14 We say tn the Journal, wo be to thkm if thcv
DO NOT do it! The people of Ohio have de
manded, in a voice that a fool cannot misunder
stand, that the new Constitution shall forever pro
hibit Banks and wo be to him who shall trine with
this demand." fAshlau.i Union..
Here h is, fellow-citizens! Read it! Ponder it!
Muke up your minds, Democrats, hnw many of ou
are willing to stand on that platform.
Some of your leaders who fear the results of such
inaniacul and absurd measures, will tell you that
this is not their platform, thit it is only a Whig lie,
got up for electioneering purposes, hoping by it to
deceive men from the- ranks of Democracy. It is
still as it ever has been, the policy of the Locofoco
party, to keep the mass, the honest and the unsus
pecting of their adherents in the dsrk, concealing
from them the consequences which will inevitably
result from such a mad course.
Their true position is beginning to be understood!
The drapery which they put on can no longer con
ceal the carcass that is enrobed! It is plainly visi
ble and stands conspicuous in its naked deformity.
Their appeals to the "dear people," will no longer
avail in placing them where they can rob and plun
der the county, state, or nntional treasury. They
are aware of this fact. They are becoming sensi
ble of their own miserv. They see the Pkofle will
no longer submit to such misrule, and thus they
have made a bold and desperate effort, determined
that if thcv canuut role, they will destroy; thev will
subvert our free institutions, and bring upon our
common country anarchy and confusion.
Read again, their platfurm! and if you can stand
upon and support it you will have no just reason to
complain of their misrule.
Editor Frkkm&n; , .
"The man that fights, and runs away,
May hiive a chance another day;
Hut he that is in battle slain.
Will never, never, fight again."
Being unable to canvass the county, caM on my
friends, and raily the "Old Gujtrd," as I had antic
ipated, 1 therefore, respectfully withdraw mv name
from the Treasury contest. '
Tours, SAMUEL TROWE1.L.
Mashalunge, Sept. 24th.
Election of the Ii vectors
Of the Toledo, Nor walk and Cleveland Rail
At a meeting of the Stockholders of the
Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Railroad com
pany, held at Norwalk on the 24th inst, the
following named gentlemen were elected Di
rectors of said company.
Charles L. Boalt, Timothy Baker, and Jos.
M. Farr Norwalk.
F. Chapman Bellevue.
R. P. Iiuckland Fremont. Mr. Buckland
declined, whereupon the Board appointed Mr.
A. Coles in his place.
Ma the w Johnson ToWo.
There was a call made for 5 per cent on the
capital stock already subscribed
The company is now organized, and we sup
pose measures will be immediate undertaken
to put the work under contract, if the several
counties interested vote to subscribe stock
thereto, and we believe the people ore deter
mined to do that.
Success to V..b Kdih'oad.
3T We would say to our friends in the
several townships, be sure and call early, and
get your supply of Tickets. -.
Rail Road Meeting!
AT THE ......
A T EARL Y CANDLE LIQI1T.
LET EVERY FRIEAD OF FRE1I0M BE
PRESENT. TURN OCT!
Saturday Morning, Sept. 27.
IT 12.111 E MVS COU.VJEK,
Wednesday, Oct. 2d, 5 P. M.
There will be a Mass Meeting at Hamcr's
Corners, on Wednesday, Oct 2d, at 5 o'clock
in the afternoon, to take into consideration and
discuss the propriety of voting to subscribe
stock by the county, to the Toledo, Korwalk
and Cleveland Railroad.
Several Addresses will be delivered.
" I have tried to do my Duty ! "
"I am prepared! " Thus spoke the brave,
the good, the honored, yes, Columbia's hon
ored son. These were the dying words of the
patriot whom the people of this glorious Con
federacy of thirty free and independent states,
delighted to honor. It was ever the leading
and prominent trait in this great man's char
acter, to be at all times "prepared." Prepar
ed at the call of his. country, when a mere
youth, though with a mighty heart in fredom's
cause, to march to the defence of the frontier
inhabitants from the murderous tomahawk and
glittering scalping-knife of the heartless sav
age. Prepared to march to the swamps and
everglades of Florida, and rout the law-defying
Semiuoles. Prepared at the order of the
President to take his stand on the banks of the
Rio Grande. Prepared at Palo-Alto, Resaca-de-la-Palma,
Monterey. Prepared at Buena
Vista to whip Santa Anna, when politely ask
ed by him to surrender. Prepared to stay the
avenging sword when the rights of his coun
try were acknowledged. Prepared to obey
the voice of twenty millions of freemen when
called to preside at the White House. Finally,
prepared to go nnd render the account of his
stewardship before the throne of the Great
Jehovah. History testifies to the former, his
last words, " lam prepared to die, for I have
triedto do my duty!" fully substantiates the
We will now turn from this subject to make
Whigs, are you "Prepared!"
For the great contest of principle which is
soon to be decided ? In ten days from to-day,
the great struggle will take place. Already
the friends of freedom throughout the state
have girded up themselves aud buckled on the
armor, with a determination not to desist from
the warfare until the ballot-boxes are closed on
night of the 8th of October. And do you sup
pose the enemies of free institutions, the ene
mies of law and order, the enemies of the poor
man, ihv enemies of every project that has for
its aim the melioration of the citizens of Ohio
from the bondage which fanatic Locofocoism
seeks to place them under will be inactive ?
We tell you, No. They are at work. Already
the cry of their waitings can be heard, even in
this part of the heritage. Proscription is the
cry on one hand, while sympathy is the rally
ing call when defeat seems almost inevitable.
Do you ask, what are we to be prepared for?
Let us see. Are vou prepared to have Judie
Wood elected Governor We tell you he is
opposed to all banks, and if elected will seek
to have them destroyed, in w hich event a death
blow will be given to every public improve
ment throughout the length and breadth of
the state. Are you prepared to have Col.
Miller, a man wholly inexperienced, take the
charge of your public works? Are you pre
pared to send again to your state Legislature
such men as last winter and. the winter previ
ous dispised, contemned and rejected the con
stitution and law of Ohio ? Are you prepared
to sit down inactive and contented, and see
discord and confusion in you county and state
affairs? Are you prepare for the consequen
ces? Have you weighed these matters well ?
If you are not now prepared to elect Whigs to
these places, then by till means immediately
set about the matter, that when the time of
action comes, you may likewise be able, with
out an accusing conscience, to say, "I am pre
pared; I have tried to do my duty."
The Illustrated Domestic Bible.
Number six of this bi-auliful and valuable
work is now on our tahle. It has the recom
mendations of some of the most talented and
distinguished divines both in Europe and A
merica. It is published on the 1st and loth
of the month and will be completed in 25 num
bers at 25 cents per number. We would say
to those who want a nice family Bible, you
cannot do better than to subscribe for this one.
Subscribers who do not wish this work in
Numbers, and would like to have it bound
when completed, can have it delivered to them,
in the various bindings, at the annexed prices:
In Sheep, Library style, $7 00
In Halt Unit, neat, 7 50
In English Calf.or Moroco.Marbled edges, 8 75
In Moroco, extra gilt edges, 10 50
We have made such arrangements that
those who wish to take it in numbers as fast
as it is published, can have the whole work for
$5,00 payable in advance
Specimen numbers can be seen at this
office. L M. KEELER, Aeent
Woodville Division, No. 635, Sons of
Temperance, was opened under a charter of
G. D. of the state of Ohio, at Woodville in this
county, on Monday evening last, by D. G..W.
P., C. R. McCulIocL
. Beard of Tablic Works.
On Tuesday, the 8th of "October, the peo
ple will vote for a man to fill the vacancy in
this important office. The post is one of great
responsibility and should be occupied by a
person who is a thorough and practical engin
eer. Two candidates arc presented to the
voters of the state. Both cannot be elected.
A. G. Conover, the Whig candidate, is a prac
tical engineer, and has already done good ser
vice for the state, and if the peoplo of Ohio
see to their interests as they ought, and as we
believe they will, he will be elected by a large
majority. The editor of the Statesman, a few
days since got up a terrible story, in relation
to Mr. Conover, stating that he was receiving
a salary from the state, and at the same time
was in the employ of a railroad company But
Sam's story wouldn't go down. It was a wick
ed and deliberate falsehood, which is clearly
and plainly exposed, by an article which will
be found on the first page of our paper, and
also by another on the second page. Locfo
coism is always resorting to some false issue
to help it along; and when headed and con
victed of one falsehood, immediately concocts
another. Mr. Conover needs but to be known
to be respected. He is a self-made man,
taught by that best of instructors experience,
and as such men are always honored by the
good and true, we expect to see him placed in
that honorable and responsible office, and the
people of Ohio will never regret the day they
extended to him their suffrages.
The other candidate, A. P. Miller, is not an
engineer, therefore this conclusion that he is
neither fit or qualified for the office, becomes
irresistable, and every man who will give the
matter a second thought must say so himself.
The public works of the state of Ohio, are the
pride and admiration of every citizen, and if
they wish them to be continually increasing in
value, if they wish to make them the great
thoroughfares by which prosperity, population
and wealth are to be poured in upon them,
they must elect some other man than a mili
tia Colonel to take charge of them.
Judge then, between the two men. Mr.
Conover is well qualified for the position. He
is an engineer. Mr. Miller is not. If Mr. C.
is elected he will bring to his aid an amount
of practical information which, joined to his
good sense, industry and energy, admirably
qualifies him for the position in which bis
friends seek to place him.
. . ' . to-
Railroad Project County Subscrption.
Within the last few weeks we have publish-
lished many articles explaining to our citizens
the importance of the railroad enterprise,which
is now absorbing the attention of business men
throughout this section of the State, and the
nature of the County Subscription which is
asked to aid in bringing this great commercial
artery through our midst The advantages
of the enterprise might be illustrated and ex
plained through many columns, and then they
would not be half enumerated, for the exper
ience of every section of the country that has
enjoyed the fruits of such improvements, tes
tifies that they far exceed all that argument
and conjecture have urged in their behalf.
What the citizens of this county are asked to
do to secure to themselves the advantages of
a road, which we believe is destined to be the
greatest thoroughfare in the Union, is simply
to lend the credit of the county for 100,000,
and to pay the interest upon that amount for
a period that in all probability will not exceed
one or two years. The inlerst will nut be more
than six or seven thousand dollars, and the
increase of tax to raise that sum on the dupli
cate of the county, containing three millions of
taxable property, will be little over one mill
on the dollar, and that trifling amount will be
required only for one or two years! What
citizen in the remotest part of the county, will
not be benefitted to tin amount far exceeding
the proportion of tax he ill be oilled on to
pay? The county bonds will be issued for
$100,000, redeemable, in from 10 to 20 years.
The road will be completed in less than two
years from its commencement.and the business
already waiting to be transacted, it is easily
shown, will more than pay the interest on the
sura required for its construction. . The coun
ty then is only asked to pay interest upon
these bonds from the time they are issued,
until the road is built Who will refuse his
mite for an opject which brings such great and
permanent benefits to the remotest limits of
the county ? We believe that our citizens
have enough of intelligence to appreciate the
importance of this undertaking to the entire
county, and enough of enterprise to bestow
the small aid required from them to ensure its
Taxing Banks as Other Property.
Does the ex-clmirman of the humbug com
mittee of safety ( ? !) not know that, last win
ter, a measure wasintroduc2d, authorizing the
banks, the charters of which provide for pay
ing 6 per cent, on the profits in lieu of taxa
tion, to come in and put their stock on the tax
duplicate, and have it taxed same as other
property ? and does this man know that this
measure was introduced and advocated by
the WHIGS, and that it whs OPPOSED and
lost by the votes of the Locofocos ?
Such is the testimony of the records. We
will increase the "peck of bran" reward, if any
Locofoco will tell us whether the Lorofuco
candidates for the. Legislature here are in fa
vor of, or against, this measure. V e presume
the Whig candidates will go as their friends
went last year on this question. We pledge
this much without waitine to see them. Will
the Statesman pledge the Locofoco condidates
to vote as the party did on this subject last
year? We desire to know about this. Dare
it back its friends in their fizzle on this topic ?
We shall see. O. S. Journal.
The rumor that Judge Johnston is about to
decline being the Whig candidate for govern
or, to make way for Gen. Hiriton lacks confir
mation. Seneca Advertiser.
All a mistake, Mr. Advertiser. It is the
Locofoco President of the Gallipolis Bank,
whose situation Gen. Hinton is to take. '
; Milan Tribune.
From the Huron Reflector.
Farmers of Sandusky County, ,
Don't be frightened about Taxes for
tbe proposed Railroad. -
The greatest enterprise that has ever been
before the people of this county is the con
templated Railroad from Cleveland to Toledo,
through Fremont If that road is built not
only will the stock be .one of the most profita
ble inveslmentsthat the capitalist can make,but
what is of vastly more importance, the whole
county will be benefitted by it more than by
any improvement that has ever been made.
These points I should like to set before you,
if I had time. But I have another object just
now. To build this road, it is necessary that
the county should subscribe, or authorize the
commissioners to subscribe $100,000 to the
capital Stock. Now this is a pretty large
amount and some of you may be frightened
into an opposition to your true interests, with
the idea of enormous taxation to which the
county loan would subject you. Let me then
say first of alL that no such thing is contem
plated as raising this $100,000 outright by
taxing the people of this county. Keep this
in mind, and let no man deceive you on this
point . What is, wanted is simply this that
this county will give its bonds for $100,000
bearing interest On these bonds, the money
will be raised by men who will be glad to trust
the county of Sandusky. All that the hold
ers of these bonds will require, will be the an
nual interest, and for this only will the county
have to be taxed.
Keep it in mind then.gentlemen.that only the
interest of $100,000, is to be assessed on the
county, and that in all probability this tax will
not continue more than two years. For to my
mind it is as clear as the sun, that this road
will will pay a great profit on the stock, as
soon as it is completed and then itstsock will
be sought after with avidity by every one who
wishes to invest his means permanently; and
at the moment this takes place, the $100,000
indebtedness vanishes, and the county has all
the immense advantages of this grand enter
prise. The writer here takes the tax duplicate of
Huron county at five and a half millions, and
makes out the tax at one and three-elevenths
mill on the dollar. Now Sandusky has up
wards of three millions on her duplicate, there
fore our tax would be about two mills on the
dollar, or about the small sum of two dollars
on a thousand dollars.
Now, gentlemen, let us figure up a little,
and see how much of a scarecrow this taxa
According to the State Auditor's report for
1849, the taxable property of Huron county is
$5,355,228. For 1850,il cannot be less than
5 millions and a half. Now how much must
be paid on the dollar to raise the interest on
$100,000 calling the rate of interest the high
est at which it can possibly be, 7 per cent:
You will see that it is only one mill and three
elevenths that is one dollar and twenty-seven
cents on a thousand dollars. , Suppose
then your taxable properly is $1000 your
tax for railroad is $1,27 ; if it .is $2000 it is
$2,54, &c. Here it is then,, gentlemen the
enormous sum of $1,27 on a thousand dollars,
to help not the capitalists merely, who puts in
his 5 or 10 thousand . dollars, but yourselves
and the whole farming population of this coun
ty. Can you hesitate a moment to give your
votes and your influence for such a measure ?
Depend upon it, here is one of the gretest bar
gains you can ever make. I venture to say
that there is not a man in the county who will
not in one year after the road shall commence
operations, receive more back than all his tax
es, in the increased price of the productions of
his land, xsut more on this part hereafter.
ONE OF THE PEOPLE.
The State Election Skies bright.
The Whigs in Ohio have very materially
improved their condition, since the split of
1848. The frauds upon popular rights, per
petrated in the election of United States Sen
ator, operated on the whole, favorably to the
Whigs. It served to develope the sort of
principle, which the politicians, whom the
Democracy elected to the Legislature really
had. We say the politicians of the Demo
cracy, for we have ever believed that . the
great body of these, who call themselves dem
ocrats, were too honest to approve or counte
nance such a bargain as that made in the
Legislature by the Democratic leaders, with
Norton S. Townsbend & Co.. The attempt
of the Van Buren leaders, where a union was
made last year to govern and direct the old
iDemocracy, has also had .a good effect In
Summit, Huron, Erie, and other counties the
leaven is working the purification of the
Democratic aud Whig parlies, in such a way
as to bring them to more direct issues, Since
the attempt of Signal Taylor fe Co, to carry
the whole Free. Soil party to locofocoism,
there has been a decided awakening ara..ng
the. Whigs. The upright and patriotic course
of President Fillmore has also had a good ef
fect He prevented the total sacrifice of New
Mexico to Texas, and . now Texas and Utah
will be free States, and California, the young
giant of the Pacific comes in free and untram
melled, the child of liberty.
Again, the bold declaration of the locofoco
party convention for hard money, decreeing,
that as far as they had the power, this State
should go back into barbarism, its. merchunts
wind up their affairs, its bank circulation be
burned up, its money of commerce be furnish
ed by other States, and the whole business
and property of the State be convulsed and
depreciated, in the order to carry out a dog
ma of party. Since this development was
made the moderate men have began to think,
and inquire what is to be done, if such men
are to control the destinies of this State ?
This resolution of the hard monev faction has
done good, in opening the eyes of the great
working body of the community to the doings
of the party who have for years been in pow
The elections of the last year showed that
the Whigs were gamina in the popular vote
and those of this y war will, we think, show
much greater gain. A strong effort on the
part of the Whigs would recover the Legisla
ture ; but counting (as usual with Whigs when
no President is to be elected) on a large share
of apathy there will still be gums, and large
In Congress, we are in hopes that such
gentlemen as Sweetzer, Olds and Whittlesey
will be left at borne. Dr. Olds, we observe,
with his usual sagacity, gave some violent
Free Soil votes just at the crisis of the New
Mexico questions: but Whittlesey and Sweet
zer do not seem to have felt any such influen
ces. Johnston, the Whig candidate for Gov
ernor, is putting himself through the Woods
pretty fast, and will soon have got clear of all
obstructions. ' '
Heads up! The skies are bright! ' .
Cin. Chronicle and Atlas.
S3" We see by a telegraphic report from
Washington, that Edmund Burke, formerly ed
itor of the Union, has purchased the estab
lishment in conjunction with Mr. Overton, of j
the present editors. Mr. Ritchie retires.
Ten Days for Labor. '
Whigs! ; But TEtf DAYS are left for per
fecting your organization and preparing for the
election ! Are you sensible of the importance
of your action in that time ? . You can do much
will you.1 After the election and a defeat,
how trifling the efforts necessary to success
always appear; and how eagerly you would
then put them forth, if it , were not "too late."
Now, those efforts will tell; now, everything
done towards organization, or getting our
'fiends to the polls, will give additional assur
ance of a glorious victory. Scores and hun
dreds of you would spend weeks in unremitting
labor, to overcome the enemy after you were .
defeated by them ; now, a small portion of -that
effort will ensure an easy and overwhelm-
ing victory. Shall it be withheld ? Shalt re-:
liable old "Sandusky" be misrepresented in
the next Legislature by Hard-money follow
ers of Sam Medary? We know what you
would say after their election what say you
Tbc Secretary of tbe Interior.
Mr. Stuart, the Secretary of the Interior, is
from Augusta County-Virginia, and has just
been elected to the Convention to revise the '
Constitution of that State. He was a mem-'
ber of the House the 29th Congress, and lab
ored with Mr. Fillmore for the Tariff of 1842.
He proved and able debater, and rendered
efficient service, in advocating the important
Whig measures discussed during the last ses-.
sion of that Congress. . He has a good reputa- "
tion for industry, research, and high order "
of talents. The Richmond Republican speaks
of Mr. Stuart ;
The appointment of this gentleman to the '
Department of the Interior is one of the very
best which has been made by the present Ad
ministration, judicious it has proved itself in
the exercise of the appointing power. Mr. ,
Stuart is one cf the most prominent and effi- -cient
members of the Whig party in this state.
He was on the Harrison and Taylor Whig
electoral tickets of Virginia, and proved him
self, in the. public discussion between the
orators of the the two parties, one of the .
ablest, best-informed, and most eloquent of"
champions of Whig principles. When a mem-, :
ber of tbeVirginia Legislature, he occupied a
high station as a statesman and a debtor. He
was elected a member, of the House of Rep- '
resentativesfromthe Augusta district in 1841,'
and soon acquired a national reputation in that
body by his services in affecting an organiza
tion of the House after weeks of confusion, nnd
by an uniform ability, fact, eloquence, and dig
nified and curteous bearing. Mr. Stuart is a
gentleman of enlarged vie ws.liberal tone.sound
judgement,' and an eminently national and
conservative r.ptnt He occupies a high po
sition at the of capital Virginia for legal know
ledge and persuasive elequence. -., -
Farmers, mechanics, Citizens. " 3
The following questions from the Huron,
Reflector, we put to the peple of Sandusky
county: "Shall the great East and West thor
oughfare pass through your own wealthy, pop- ,
ulous and productive County, furnishing mar
kets at your very doors for the fruits of your
industry, or shall it pass away from us and be
stow its advantages on other counties, simply
because our citizens have too little enterprise
to pay a tax of on mill on the dollar, for on
ly one or two years, to aid in its construction?. "
This is all that is asked. Will you vote to give
it ? " Will you not urge1 your neighbors to vote'
for it also? . . ..
The Bight Spirit.
The Xenia Torch-Light conuludes an able
article on the currency question, with the fol
lowing appeal to the Whigs of Greene county.
We trust the thoughts so well expressed, will
be heeded all over the state. . Let . Whigs ev
ery where reflect that success has been earn- t
ed, and can be attained only by thorough or- ,
organization, Our opponents are in the field,
laboring desperately for the success of their
destructive hard money scheme. They can
only be met by similar labor and organiza- ...
tlOn. "'. ... .. : .
If there is a single county in Ohio where
this work has been neglected, let it be com
menced ai ones. There is no time to be lost
The day of trial approaches. The enemy is in
the field. Let them be met and crushed.
. . 0. S. Journal.
"To get the full Whig vote, let us begin in,
Greene county. The election is close at hand.
We must organize. We must each resolve to
see that our neighbors vote. We must not be
contented with the idea that, because we con
sider our county ticket safe, all i&safe. Every
vote lost here weakens the Whig force of the
An average of one vote lost in each town-' ...
ship the state over, would take from us more
than Ford's majority such a loss might lose ,
us the state. Think of this fellow-Whigs, and' ,
determine that all shall be present on the day.
of voting. If there is'a WThig in the county
who having lost a favorite candidate, has res
olved hence to stay at home, let him think of
the governor, whose fate may be in his hands,' .
and determine that upon him shall not rest the
chances of a defeat Greene county an give
and ought to give Johnston one thumaiuL ma--jority.
Let us resolve that that shall be the fig
ure.and it will be. What say you.brother Whigs
shall we do that much toward tripping up
the heels of the hard money candidate ?' ,
Texas. ' ' "
There is some hope yet that all this country
will not be consecrated to slavery. The fuU -lowing
extract from the Texas correspondent
of the New Orleans Picayune accounts for the .
anxiety manifested by Southern politicians on
the boundary line:
"The southern and western portion of the ;
State are opposed to the sale of the territory, -and
greatly dread the encroachments of Free
Soilers upon their borders. The Mexican pop
ulation in the valley of Rio Grande are strong
abolitionists, and the same facilitiesare afford
ed to fugitive slaves to make their escape as
exists upon any portion ' of the Ohio river.- "
The valley beyond the Neuces is fast filling up
with a population opposed to Slavery, and the
day is not far distant when they will become "
strong enough to carry a longitudinal division
of the State, making the western division a free-
Anil ?lntn .. . - . -l"
The Rochester Family have seen Profeiwnr .
Webster and Dr. Parkman walking arm in
arm in the Spirit World. We do not under.'
stand why any extraordinary friendshin shrml rl
exist between those two.
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