Women ItifiUts Convention. '
A--WonKTr Rights 3onvention-waTreeent--Iy
held; at Worcester, Mass., when the follow
ing article of faith were promulgated as the
object those reformers haTe in view. Wo be
gin to tremble for the safety of our trousers.
We must tell the plain trutlC no twaddle
no milk and. water; but we must make the
ears of despotic man ti ngle, for the degradation
- in which he has kept woman bound down for
so many ages., , . Lucrelia Mott.
Women must have eijual political rights,
. franchises and privileges with man." -
, . - Mrs. Price. '
"fiaolvtd, That we will not cease our ear
nest endeavors to secure for her political, legal
and social-equality with man until her proper
sphere shall be determined, by what alone
should determine it, her powers and capacities,
strengthened and refined by an education in
accordance with her nature-" Mrs. Rose.
I do not talk as a woman. I scorn to talk
. as a woman. I speak as a human being, and
of men and women as human beings. I do
,: not come to ask my equal rights, but to claim
. them ; not to beg them but to demand them.
. We have our rights and the right
. to revolutions, and the right to cut throats, if
men have in the defence of their rights. We
; are equal by nature, and only unequal by ;'.a
; very."; - . - Abby Kelly.
Mr. Channiog argued that the prostitution
of women in our cities, resulted from our
- present false, vicious and despotic state of so
ciety - -
"Now I -married a .white woman myself,
though I don't suppose although the law
'might forbid, that a white woman, should or
" would obey the law if sbe desired to marry
otherwise. Marriage should be left to regu
late itself as between man and woman.".
,! l"; ' ' Mr. Buffman.
'- "We must break down the barriers of feu-
' dal and Hebrew despotism, (the laws and the
Bible) and begin at the founations of society."
: - LFnillipa.
j.i "Xh pulpit and St Paul in teaching wo
man's, obedience are responsible tor the en
lavement of the sex." . . Mr. Foster.
"Poorly cultivated as the hearts of either
sex are, were both united tn politics it would
be impossible for an act so heartless as that
or the extradition of fugitive slaves to disgrace
the national statute-books."
Elizure Wright's Letter.
"But I am ill-able "at any time to afford the
.expenses of lone travel, and now all my spare
funds are put in . requisition to meet the de
mands which are almost every day made upon
me, to aid the wretched men and women who
are fleeing from this tyramcal republic; or in
some other way to withstand the cruel despo
tism, which glares upon us in the infernal u
-gitive law recently enacted by our government,
which has become the supple tool ot oppress
ion." Sam'l M. Jay's letter from Syracuse. -
"In the first place, in order to meet the cav
iling of those - conservators who sneer at the
idea of woman's going to the polls with the
rabble citizens, of hershouldering the musket
in defence of- the country, dec, let me remark,
that it is my deliberate opinion that any act
"Wrong in woman is equally wrong in man
that if it be right for man to fight, it is also
right for woman to tight if it be ngbt lor man
to tolerate rowdyism at the polls, in Congress,
in the coffee-house, it is right for woman to
mingle in it and contribute her share to this
kind of of righteousness."
Letter of L. A. Hme, Cincinnati ;
"Should our ladies insist upon the right to
attend their husbands, brothers and fathers to
the coffeehouse, the bouse of shame, the gamb
ling, helL fcc, &c,. hqw promptly would he
discontinue his visits to these wicked haunts,
and unite with his companion in advancing
their mutual improvement in all that jsood
and truel - But the Jegal distinctions now
maintained between the sexes are the basis of,
all social distinctions which are so unfortunate
for the moral welfare of the community ; abol
ish the former, and the latter will cease to ex
ist" -. -.--" .i- - Same Letter.' r
By Wendell Phillip;
' .Resolved, That the cause we are met to ad
vocate, the claims of -woman for all her natu
ral and civil rights, binds us to remember the
million and a half of wronged and foully out
raged of all women : and in every effort . for
an improvement in - our civilization, we will
bear in our heart of hearts, the memory ofthe
trampled womanhood of the plantation, and
omit no effort to raise it to a share in the righ ts
we claim for ourselves. " '
' " Resolutions from the Business Committee:
Wherias, the great fundamental law of
truth, that moral and intelligent beings are
bound to obey God rather than man, is as
much binding on woman as man ; therefore,
, Resolved, That it is the imperious duty of
every woman to obey the dictates of her own
enlightened conscience in all matters of reli
gion and benevolence, without asking the con
sent of her father or- husband. , -
. The following resolutions were read by Mr.
Chancing from the Business committee: .
Rosolved That as women alone can learn
by experience, and prove by works, what is
their rightful sphere of duties, we recommend,
es next steps, that they should demand and
' ecure:: - ' .-.
r 1. Education in primary and high schools,
universities, medical, legal and theological in
stitutions, as comprehensive and exact as their
abilities prompt them to seek and their capac
ities fit them to receive,
. . 2. Partnership in the labors and gains, risks
and remunerations of productive industry, with,
such limits aa are assigned by .taste, intuitive
judgment, or their measure of spiritual and
' physical vigor, as tested by requirement
8. A co-equal share in the formation and
administration of laws municipal, state and
national, through legislative assemblies, courts
and executive offices. . " s " ' ... .
4. Such social and spiritual union as will
enable them to be the guardians of pure and
honorable manners- high court of appeal, in
cases of outrage, which cannot be, aud are not
touched jbr oivil and -ecclesiastical organiza
tions, as at present existing,' and a medium of
expressing the highest moral ana spiritual
L views of justice, dictated by human conscience
- . - 3 . , i
Su sanouonea oy noiy inspirations.
These resolutions were adopted as the plat
form of the society. ' ' '
. r -. r . -. :,
Good OronadsoI Defence. -
' A fat. old gentleman, who had been bit in
the calf of the leg by a dog, eame to Jonas in a
towering passion, declaring that it was the
joker's dog that bad bitten him. Expecting
an action for damages, the wag drew up the
following article for defence ;., .
.1. By testimony in favor of the general
good character of my dog, I shall prove that,
nothing, could make him so forgetful of his ca
nine dignity as to bite a calf.' -2.'
He is blind and cannot see to bite.
'"3. 'E ven if he could see to bite, it would be
utterly impossible for him to go out of his way
to .do so,-on, account of his severe lameness.
4-Oranting his eyes and - legs to be good,
he has no teeth.
5. My dog died six weeks aga
61 never had a dog. City Item.
In n Bad Way.
Holden'ff"Magaxfho"Tor November contains
the following letter to a friend from some one
who has been badly attacked with the Jenny
Lin fever. I has the merit of humor and
fun about as wt-ll as the usual modicum of
"enthusinusy :" , i....'.""
'Mv Pit An"' :' Tnm insitah" an intense
state of excitement this morning, that I hardly
know whether I am 'in the flesh' or out of it,
I have heard and seen Jenny Lind! I was
kitting in my office yesterday P. M about 5,
meditating upon the "sins of omission and
commission' of the last dies jttrisdicus, when 11.
rushed in and laid a ticket upon my desk
and then without-one word of apology or
explanation, as prticipilaly retreated. The
act was in itself verv insulting, and had an air
of extreme coo!es about it, but his hasty re
treat left me no means of reparation, So I
pocktl the affront, tried to smother my enraged
feeling, had my hair cut, in-ffW-cd myself in
a white waiscoat and tome other 'vanities' eat
no sapper and proceded at 6 i P. M. to enter
CaslU Garden. There I sat until 8 o'clock,
the hour of commcnccmmt.my impatience re
lieved by watching the assembling of thut vast
audience, who poured in, in one constant and
rapid stream til! at least T000 persons stood
and sat, within the immense enclosure. My
seat was not anions the besf.hut very passable,
and good enough for 'dead-head.' But 1
started to tell you about Jenny. At-lengtb the
full time had"cQme,' the orchestra struck up,
the first two pieces were gone through with,
and Jenny burst forth upon the enraptured
vision of the assembled thousands. -At first
I was disappointed, but this soon cave way
to feelings of delight and I felt ns I never yet
felt under the influence of music. Some of
her tones went through me like an electric
shock, and others melted me down into a state
of dreamy half-ecstatic self-forgetfulness, aye,
and forsiclfulnes of erervthinc, to be aroused
only by some louder, -stranger, more glorious
burst ot melody. Il was a scene such as 1
never whneseed, and one that the 'Lind' alone
can effect, to see that immense nudienee sink
and die away into the most death-like silence,
and the very hush of stillness the very limit
of absence of sound, whereon sound itself
trembles, ere it dies. And in this appalling
stillness was yet heard the warbled whisper
of her voice, clear, distinct, well defined, like
the first breathings of the chemist's flame in
the tube of glass, then rising, swelling louder
and yet more loud, still clear and well defined
still thrilling the sense, till it burst-forth in
full, noble swell, and the arched roof sent
back the celestial melody. But it's no use.
You can't appreciate my feeble description.,
But what a roar and shout of applause succeed
ed that death-lite silence! Jenny left the
stage whiles 14,000 hands, 7000 voices, and
14,000 feet to say nothing of canes and hats,
sent up such a tumult of approval as never
mortal had. Come and bear herl .- Sell your
old clothes, dispose of antiquated boots, distri
butyour hats, hypothecate your jewelry, come
on the canal, work your passage, walk, take
op a collection to pay your expenses, raise mo
ney on mortgage, - sell "Tom' into perpetual
slavery, dispose' of 'Bose' to the highest bidder,
stop smoking for a year, give up tea, coffee
and sugar, dispense with bread, meat garden
sass, and "sich like luxuries only get the need
ful, change only 'elevate the breeze,!, and
then come and hear Jenny ! But I am at the
bottom of my paper and I must close in a state
of excitement unparalleled since that of Ad
am when he woke up one fine morning and
saw Eve 'making the tea and getting break
fast in the back yard of his country seat
Essentially yours, .""
A Telegraph around the Globe.
" The London newspapers, elated with the
success of the Dover and Calias telegraph,
are discussing the possibilitx,pf extending a
magnetic wire from England to Calcutta: and
some of them even go so far as to recommend
the' establishment of a communication a la
Morse, with New" York - itself It is urged
that this latter enterprise' Quixotic as it may
appear at first is in reality only a question of
time and money, for that if doubts exist of the
practicability of sinking wires in the Atlantic,
none can be entertained of the entire possibil
ity of effecting the connexion by . the way of
Russia, Siberia, Behring Straits, Oregon, St
Louis and Philadelphia. - The idea is a grand
one, and worthy ofthe age which has project
ed a Pacific railroad. .Should we live to the
ordinary age allotted to man, we may, per
haps, ourselves, live to behold this gigantic
scheme carried out; and if we continue in the
craft editorial, may live to ask, before we go
to press, if the wires are working to Kamchat
ka, and to order, on an affirmative reply, that
the news from London be sent us up to one
o'clock.. Our merchants, too, may give a dol
lar to a clerk, telling bim to forward a mes
sage to Calcutta, and before' dinner time the
answer will be laid on his countingroom desk.
The old Egyptians thought they knew a great
deal, but how mummydom would hare stared
at this! And those indefatigable Romans:
who built costly roads over half the world.and
hurried messengers with whip and spur along
them, what a staring there would have been if
they bad beard the news of a rarthian defeat
a week in advance, by some private magnetic
telegraph! It was no uncommon thing, in the
Crusades,for a good knight to be gone for years
without his family hearing a syllable of him ;
but now-a-days, if another Crusade was to get
up, anxious wives might ask "how d'ye do"
by Telegraph, and receive a reply when the
doughty husband at the siege of Acre, stopped
to take dinner. Wonderful times, these!
Really, we don't think we shall ever be done
huzzaing for this nineteenth century.
A God A Mohext Ak Eternity.
How sad it is that an eternity so solemn and
so near us should impress- us so slightly and
should be so much forgotten ! - A christian
traveller tells us that he saw the following re
ligious admonition on the subject of eternity,
printed on a folio sheet, and hanging in a pub
lic room of an inn in Savoy ; and it was placed,
he understood, in every house in the parish :
"Understand well the force of ths words
a God, a moment an eternity. A God who
sees thee, a moment which flies from thee, an
eternity which awaits. thee. A God whom
you serve so ill, a moment of which you so
little profit, an eternity which, you hazard so
On Sunday, a lady called to her little boy
who was tossing marbles on the sidewalk, to
come into the house. -Don't vou know
you shouldn't be out there my son?
Go into the back yard if you want to play mar
bles it is Sunday." 'well, yes; but ain't it
Sunday in the back yard, mother?' -
. ' It is said ihat St Clair Young,, who was
murdered at Corydon a few days since, by W.
C. Marsh, while in the agonies of death, used
most profane language. He swore by his
Maker that he was going to Heaven; and
would have that d d scoundrel Marsh bro't
to justice. The scene throughout was the
most awful and revolting even to the worst
form of human character.
The Victorious Little Boy. 1
I had" the following anecdote from a gen
tleman of veracity. A little boy. in Connecti
cut, of remarkable serious mind and habits,
was ordinarily employed about a mechanic's
shop, where nearly all the hands were addict
edto the common use of intoxicating liquors.
Tlie hid 'had imbibed temperance principles
and though often invited could never be in
duced to partake with any of the shop's crew.
At length his teacher in the Sunday School
in conversation on certain non-resistant texts
of Sciipture, had awakened his mind to that
subject and he very conscientiously avowed
his determination to live in accordance with
this great Christian doctrine. Three or four
hard drinkers in the shop somewhat piqued
at such precious piety aud scrupulous of con
science, resolved to humble the lad, or at
least put his new notions to the test They
resolved to force a dram of rum down his
throat by some means. Seizing an opportun
ity when he was left alone in the shop with
themselves, they invited him to drink. He
refused. They then told him they should com
pel him. He remained calm and unmoved.
They threatened him with violence. Still be
neither seemed angry nor attempted to escape
nor evinced the least disposition to yield: but
insisted that it was wicked, and he could not
do it Thcv then laid hold of bim, a man
at each arjn, while the third held the bottle
read v to force it into his mouth. Still their
victim remained meek and firm, declaring that
he had never injured them, and never should
but that God would be his friend and protec
tor, however they might abuse him. The
man who held the fatal bottle, up to moment
resolute in his evil purpose, ' was so struck
by the non-resisting dignity and innoceuce
of the lad, that, he actually felt unable to
raise his hand. Twice he essayed to lift the
bottle, as he placed the nose of il in the child's
mouth, but his arm relused to serve him.
Not the. least resistsnce was made in this stage
of the proceeding otherwise than by a meek.
protesting look ; yet the ringleader himself
was overcome in his feelings, and gave over
the attempt declaring that be could not, and
would not injure such an innocent, conscien
tious, good-hearted boy. Such is moral pow
er. Such is the strength by ; which evil, may
sometimes at least be overcome by good.
Rev. Adin Ballou.
The last refuge of man is hope. When af
flictions come upon him fast and thick; when
care fevers his brain and sorrow knaws his
heart; when the tide of misfortune has parted
the last cord that held his bark to her moor
ings, and the sound of its parting sinks like a
death knell into its inmost soul, awakening all
its sympathies to the fearful reality of the mo
ment the intensity of excitement gives way
to a burst of anguish, a bitter tear of disap
pointment or to that more strange and uncon
trollable.yet silent power, despondency. But it
is for a moment only--qne convulsive turob
one long-drawn heart-heaved sigh, and it is all
0"er a flush passes oyer the heart like the
fleet sun-shadow of an April day, and nope.
the divine-prince of cheats, the glorious em
peror of deceivers, sits smiling on his throne !
And so, not satisfied with having been be
fooled a thousand times ten thousand before;
not content to wipe away the tear of sad and
melancholy disappointment that has just been
made to gush from the font of life's feelings ;
not imagining that the scene ot sorrow thro
which hejust passed 'could be enacted over
again, and that the same toot that spurned
him can spurn him again he falls down and
worships its light as the Persian kneels to the
sun-god of his soul s idolatry. ,; .
"We hope for life even in its latest hour,
We hope for health when sickness fast draws
near, . . - - t-
We hope for freedom w.hen in slavery's power,
We hope for courage when assailed by fear ;
we nope lor an ne sweeiesi joys oi me.
When most afflicted with its deepest strife."
. . . Child of Passion.
How solemn aud humble are the feeling
within' us, when we contemplate the brevity
of human life ! Who can bear the tolling of
yon bell breathing its soft mournful cadence
upon the silent air, without remembering that
he must one day die, and be gathered to the
dreary empire of the grave ! and the same
dirge-like sound may break the stillness of the
air when he has shuffled oft this mortal coil ?
Who bears with slow and measured tread
the remains of some fellow-mortal to "the
house appointed for all the living," without re-
raemberiug that for him likewise 'the mourners
shall go about the street,
There is no mortal eye so keen sighted that
it my penetrate the obscure vista of the future
and tell the hour when life's fitful fever shall
- We know when the different seasons shall
roll round when spring, summer, fcutum and
winter shall visit the earth but who can tell
when t look for death.
"The ruling passion strong in death."
The venerable, -Judge -Wilson, whose la
mented decease occurred at his- residence in
this city, on the morning of the 17th inst, was,
we believe, the oldest champion of the news
paper press in the west.. .He retired from ed
itorial labor, however, a number of years ago;
but his whole life having been spent in that
capacity, newspaper, reading very naturally
continued to be one of his chief delights. Af
ter suffering the most excruciating pain from
1 1 o'clock on Wednesday nmht until 8 on
Thursday morning, bis physical energies were
much exhausted, and his physicians pronounc
ed his case hopeless, but the calm old man, in
a temporary tessation from pain, coolly re
marked : "Band me my morning paper."
His organs of vision refused to serve him,
and he continued : " Open the wxndow shut
ter." It was done as he desired, (though the
room was already well lighted,) yet still he
could not read, and quietly laid down the pa
per, conciou that his earthly career was at an
end. In a few moments his pow er of speech
left him, and in less than three hours he ceas
ed to breathe. Steubenville Messenger.
The Ren Franklin came in collision with the
Lady Franklin at Locust .Bar. Ben struck
the Ladv on the laboard bow, drove in the
guard, and smashed some of the timbers of
AVhen at a public house boarders should
never wait for the announcement of meals, but
about ten minutes' before the time to go to
the table rush about the' hall door and be
ready to run for a favorite seat . The custom
is purely -yankee, and should be cherisheh, as
it is a strong mark of "genteel society" "in a
Let those who seek to marry their children
for money, remember the admirable reply of
the German girl to her father, who reproach
ed her. that her lover was lame. Wilbelm
pleases me, said she, just as ha is. If he had
straight feet, he would not be Wilbelm Still
ing, and how could I love him then ?
THE FREEMAN r
, FREMONT, OHIO.
J. S. FOUHE, Editor.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 0, 1850.
. - The Rail Road. .
We understand, that about $15,000, ofthe
120,000 apportioned to this place, to build the
Rail Road from here to Toledo has been sub
scribed. The remaining five thousand will be
taken without doubt This secures the build
ing of the road, and two years from this time
we can ride up to Toledo on the cars. Stick
a pin there!
The Late Elections.
A Telegraphic dispatch to the Sandusky
Mirror, says, that all's in doubt, as to bow
New York has gone, chances in favor of the
Whigs. Legislature probably Whig, and a
majority of Whig Congressmen. If so, all
In Michigan, the Whigs have probably
gained three members of Congress, and a num
ber of members of the Legislature. Thus
goes Locofocoism in Michigan.
X3T We understand the Government sur
veyors, during the past week, have been sur
veying the Sandusky river as high up as this
port This is the first step preparatory to ob
taining nn appropriation from Government to
aid in improving the navigation of the river.
It is high time, and we are glad to see, that
our law makers at Washington are becoming
aware of the fact that there are points, other
than the Atlantic sea coast that need the fos
tering care of Government We trust that at
the coming session of Congress, an appropria
tion sufficient to the enterprize will enrly be
made. The Sandusky river once properly
dredged out, will make Fremont one of the
first inland ports on the lake.
& The following extensive and original
morceau was handed us, with a polite request
that we give our readers the benefit of its pub
lication. . We comply with the request with
pleasure, and publish it verbatim, ctliteratim,
punctuatim, grammar, spellin, and all. Where
is the school master ?
My dear wife i take this opportunity to
write these few lines to you to inform yon
that iam not very well at present i have had
averbadcoald but iam getting some better
and l hope that you and the babe is well and
Lhope you are engoying your Self at the bight
of your glory for there wasent auny peace till
i would consent to let her go out to mothers
and get some dinner I went in to the oald
house this morning and looked around abeut
it and it looked so lone some thatI dident
Stay but a very few minutes ithought that it
would look much better with Susan in it if
you have got homesick let me know and I
will come out after you ishall probably be out
the 23 of oct iwant you to write to me to let
me know where you ar and how all your
folks is know- more at present ' '
you with respect : :
my dear wife, oct the 4. 1850
ere last years moon had left the sky
a birdlingsaught me indian nest -and
folded oh so lovingly
her tiny wings npon my breast
Editor of Freeman:
At the last meeting of the Fremont Litera
ry Association, a speaker took occasion to say
thaf editors" whdopposedthe Fugitive Slave
Bill, and kindred aggressions of the South up
on the free North were "Demagogues." As
both the editors come within the category of
the gentleman, who thus gratuitously was
playing the doughface in our midst, and as
neither of the said editors were present to say
a word in self-defence, or in rebuke of the in
solence of this champion of slaveholders.
Was not this abuse very, very valiant? So
thought j BOMDASTES.
Boston, Nov. 6.
The election for a member of Congress in
Vermont, has resulted in no choice. 22 towns
in Windham countv, gives Lyman 1498; Mi
nor (Whig) 1313; Roberts (Loco) 688; Clark
Newark, N. J., Nov. 6.
The returns show undoubtedly that Fort,
(Loco) is elected by 200 over Ru ilk, (Whig)
- In this district, Essex has only 600 majority
for Martin Jackson (Whig) over Price (Loco.)
Steamer Asia sailed at noon to-day for Liv
erpool with 70 passengers and 1230,000 in
Washington, Nov. 6.
Appointments. Alexander Ramsay and
Richard W. Thompson, commissioners to treat
with the bioux Indians, Minesota. Thomas
Porter Secretary to commissioners. John H.
Robbins, Jesse Stern and John H. Rogers spe
cial agents for Kean Indians.
St Louis, Nov. 6.
Mail from Salt Lake arrived at Independ
ence, Oct 14th. This is the firs! returnofthe
mail party. There is not much news of im
portance at the Valley. t.
Business is brisk and health good. The San
ta Fee mail has also been received at Fort In
dependence. It met with no obstructions. .
Louisville, Ky., Nov. 1.
. General Taylor's Remains Deposited in
their Final Resting Place. The remains
of General Taylor, late President of the Uni
ted States, reached here this morning, on the
steamboat Navigator. The firing of a gun
announced the approach of the boat.which was
followed by the tolling of the bells and other
demonstrations of morning. Hundreds of
persons wended their way to the landings,
which were soon densely crowded, as were
the decks of the various boats in port The
authorities, the militaay the firemen, and citi
zens in carriages, on horseback, and on foot
marched in procession to the landing preceded
by the Mayor and Governor Crittenden.
The Governor made a few eloquent remarks
appropriate to the solemn occasion, and to the
memory of the illustrions dead, which were
only audible to those close to him. The coffin
was then placed on a herse, drown by four
black horses, and the funeral cavalcade, about
six squars long, moved on. The windows
and pavements, and streets through which the
procession passed, where densely crowded
with people. I he stores during the passage
of the solemn pageant were closed. The
body was finally interred in the family bury
ing goound, seven miles from the city.
"When I am a man," is the poetry of child
hood; "when I was young," is the poetry of
old age. - j
- News from California.- - -
. New York, Nov. 6.
The Empire City reached here about -half
past 10 this morning, bringing about 300 pas
sengers, ond $2,000,000 in gold dust About
$1,000,000 may be expected by the Georgia
and Cherokee. The Ceorgia left Chagrcs be
fore the Empire city, and the Cherokee was to
leave on the following day. They will bring
2 or 300 passengers. The Empire City left
Chagres on the 26th, and Kingston, Jamaica,
on the 29th. The Isthmus and the New Or
leans which left San Francisco on the 1st and
5th ult., had both arrived at Panama, but the
Sarah Sands which left on the 25th had not
arrived. The Ecuador which left San Fran
cisco on the 10th of Sept did not reach Pan
ama till the 18th, having got out of coal.
The Purser of the Empire City, B. W. Com-
stock, a resident of Providence, we believe, di
ed on Monday last He was respected by all
on board. Another passenger died on the
The fire already reported broke out in a
house on Jackson street, called the Philadel
phia House. It extended to Pacific street,
Dupont Kearney, Montgomery (fee. It is said
to have been the work of an incendiary and
several arrests have been made on suspicion.
The following are the principal losers: Tbos.
Bella, jr., $40,000; J. Winchester, Pacific
News Office, $30,000 ; Johnston fe Co., $8,-
000; J. Carafooth, $15,000; Italian Theatre
destroyed also Washington Market Total
loss about $500,000.
The State Election was to take place on the
7th October, two days after the New Orleans
left and was occupying all attention.
The expenses ofthe squatter's war reached
$11,000. The accounts from the diggings are
various and many. They are making their
way back from the mines.
Accounts had reached San Francisco from
the plains, dated.from Capt. Waldo's station,
on Salmon Tront river, Sept. 22, giving the
most deplorable accounts of the emigrants ar
riving at that place in extreme distress.
The markets generally are active. There
was a very good inquiry with sales for flour.
but there is little or none on hand. As much
as $16 was asked, but no sales were effected
at that Barley and Oats in good demand.
All the stock in the bands of jobbers.
Money market improving. Rates easier, say
5 to 8 per cent per month.
Bridge between England and France
The British Academy of Science has at
present under consideration a plan of a most
exiraorainary cuaracier, oeing neuner more
nor less than a suspension bridge between
trance and England. Mr. Derdinand Liera
aitre proposes to establish an aeroststic bridge
between Calais and Dover. For this purpose
he would construct strong abutments, to
which the platform would be attached, at a
distances of every oue hundred yards from the
coast; and at distances of every one hundred
yards across the Channel, he would be faxed
a double iron chain of pecular construction.
A formidable apparatus of balloons.of an ellip
tical form, and firmly secured would support
in the air the extremities of the chains, which
would be strongly fastened to the abutments
on the shore by other chains. Each section
of one hundred yards would cost about 300,
000 francs which would make 84 millions for
the whole distance Across. These chains
supported in the air at stated distances, would
become the point of support of this fair bridge
on which the inventor proposes to establish
an atmospheric railway. The project has
been developed at great length by the inven
tor. . . .
New Orleans, Oct. 28.
John McDonough, the richest man probably
tn the Union, has died ot cholera: Mis-property
is estimated at least fen millions.
Mr. McDonough was a great philanthro
pist, and upon a scale entirely original. He
lived at the town of Algiers, opposite JNew
Orleans. Owning many slaves some twenty
years since he conceived the idea of giving
them their freedom. He commenced educa
ting them for its enjoyment & gave them each
a certain portion of time each week for them
selves. The plan operated very successfully.
The slaves all worked -out their liberty and
emigrated to Liberia where they are now
the most valuable citizens in this flourishing
young Republic, Mr. 'McDonough was a
warm friend of the American Colonization
Society, and has probably left it an immense
legacy, as it is understood that he has but few
heirs. . . . -
A Capital Anecdote.
Professor Risley who is now Italy says, that
recently, when he was in Venice, an Ameri
can Captain an Englishman met at dinner.
"You are an American, sir?" said the
"I reckon I am," returned the captain.
"You have the name of being great war
riors." "Yes," said the Yankee, "we shoot pretty
"But how is it yon are so anxious to make
peace with Mexico? this does not appear
much like spunk."
"Yoii are an Fnglishman ? interrogated the
"Yes," said the Yankee, "I don't know
what our folks have offered to do with Mexi
co: but stranger, I'll just tell you one thing
I'll be d d if we ever offered to make
peace with you!"
This home thrust at the Englishman set
the whole table in a roar of laughter.
A Western Editor retires to private life,
with the following remarks:
The undersigned retires from the editorial
chair with complete conviction that all is van
ity. - From the hour he started his paper to
the present time he has been solicited to lie
upon every given subject and can't remember
ever having told a wholesale truth without
diminishing his subscription list, or making
an enemy. Under these circumstances of
trial, or making an enemy. Under these
circumstances of trial, and having a thorough
contempt for himself, he retires in order
to recruit his moral constitution.
Speed of British Railroads.
On the London and Liverpool road, 201
rciles, the actual speed excluding stoppages, is
87f miles per hour. There are five stoppings
the running time five hours, 46 minutes and
the average speed, including stoppages, is 35
miles per hour.
On the Londonand Exeter road, 183J miles
the actual speed in motions is 60 miles per
hour, average speed, including stoppages 43
The actual speed in motion on the London
and Southampton road 80 miles is 45 miles
per hour. On the London and Dover road,
88 miles 48 miles per hour, and on the Lon
don and Brighton road, 50A miles, 4G.J- miles
Mrs. Gaines has not lost her suit at law.it is
said, and proposes to spend the next winter
in Washington, in atendance upon the Sup
- Cass on the Fugitive Bill.
The Sentinel again makes a poor attempt to
saddle the odium of the, Fugitive Bill upon
the President because he was obliged to put
his name to it in his official capacity. : The
Plaindealer has given the Sentinel its exam
ple. But what are the facts, anj upon whom
does the responsibility rest?- ; -
The Democrats had the majority, and their
great leader and Presidential candidate, CASS
led them on. He that would veto the Wilraot
Proviso if he had the chance to do so, led on
the locofoco party in voting down the amend
ments proposed granting to the slave a jury
trial, and also the right of habeas corpus
On the 19th, the tugitivo Bill was before
Mr. Dayton moved to amend by securing to
the slave jury trial.
Yeas Chase, Davis, of Mass., Dodge, of
Wis., Dayton, Greene, Hamlin. Phelps, Smith,
Upham, Walker, Winthrop 11. '
JNays CA!3,Dodge,of Iowa, bturgeon,&c
Mr. Chase modified the motion just made
so as to make trial by jury applicable in cer
tain cases. . Again did Cass vote against trial
Mr. Winthrop submitted a motion that the
award of commissioner shall not stay or hinder
the writ of habeas corpus.
Yeas Chase, Dayton, Dodge of Wis., Da
vis of Mass., Greene, Phelps, Smith, Upham,
Wales, Walker Winthrop.
Nays CASS, Dodge of Iowa, Sturgeon,
Let it be remembered also, that this infa
mous bill was introduced bv a Locofoco Sena
tor, and hurried through the various stages of
its passage Dy almost me enure strengtn oi
that party but that three northern Whigs in
the House voted for it whilst twenty-six north
ern locofocos sustained it by their votes!
A Slight Mistake. The model women
which storekeepers place in their windows,
whereupon to display their goods, are so good
immitations of real women, that mistakes some
times occur. A few days since, two ladies
were shopping, and one of them leaned upon
a 'model, which slightly gave way. The la
dy was asked to step to another part of tho
store, and answered, 'yes, as soon as I set this
thing straight " bhe Urned to do so, but on
taking hold of the 'thing' found it to be a live
woman. JSo 'noise but some 'contusion fol
lowed the discovery.
A LlTERATlON WITH A VENGEANCE. A
Billet Does. "Adorned and angelic Anna
bella, accept an ardent and artless amorist's
affectionate attention, and answer an amorous
applicant's avowed ardor. Ah! adored An
nabella, all appears an awful aspect---ambition.
avarice and arrogance, alas! are attractive al
lurements, and abase an ardent attachment.
Appease an affectionate adorer's alarms, and
anon, acknowledge affianced Albert's alliance
as agreeable and aceptable. Anxiously await
ing an affectionate and athmative answer, ac
cept an ardent admirer's : aching adieu al
ways angelic and adorable Annabella's admir
ing and attached amorist Albert
Pdblid. Gratitude. A ' New York paper
states that in the Poor House of that city is a
man dying by inches of old age and 'neglect
whose portrait can be seen in the uovernor
room at the city Hall, in a painting placed
there as an honor to an honored name, a relic
of the must glorious pages of AeT'can his
tory! The man, who is friendless and an in
mate of the Poor House of the city and coun
ty oi New York,isthesamebraveseamanwho
pulled the bow oar of the skin which convey
ed the heroic Terry trom his own dismantled
ship'to ship Niagara" at his glorious victory
on "Lake fine!
, .' . Savannah, Nov. 1.
The Union Southern Rights meeting, held in
this city last night adopted the following reso
lution: . Resolved, That if Congress shall undertake
to legislate aggressions upon our rights by the
abohuon of slavery in the District of Colum
bia, the interdiction of the slave trade between
the states, or the enactment of the Wilmot
Proviso, or the repeal of the fugitive slave law,
the people of Georgia will not submit but
with united voice will desist though that re
sistance should cause the dissolution of the
Union. '. ... ,
It has been observed, with much signifi
cance that every morning we enter upon a
new day carrying still unknown future in its
bosom. How pregnant and stirring the re
flection. Thoughts may be born today, which
may never die 1 b eelings may be awakened
to day, which may never be extinguished.
Hopes may be excited ta day which may never
expire. Acts may be performed to day the
consequence of which may be realized through
An old maid np town broomsticked thecen
sus taker for having the impudence to ask her
age. A colored lady . with 14 young ones;
some white and some black, threw a pail of
dirty water at him for asking whether one
man was the father of the whole tribe. -
The Cecil Democrat says the census-taker
in that county came across the following aged
persons: Mary Wilmer, near Cecilton, one
hundred and eight years old ; Mark Simpers,
near Elkton, one hundred and six; Joseph
Lusby, Back Creek, one hundred and two
years, rue hrst named is a white woman,
and the rest colored.
New Capitol. The new capitol of Tennes
see, now in course of erection at Nashville, will
when completed, be the noblest structure of
the kind in the Union. The roof is to be of
iron, and no wood at all is used in its exterior.
Revenge is a momentary triumph, of which
the satisfaction dies at once, and is succeeded
by remorse; whereas forgivness, which is the
noblest of all revenge, entails a perpetual
New Ideas. Ifrmacbinery keep improving
the time is not far when men and women will
be of no use at all. : Wearing apparel will
will grow on trees, and young babies will be
raised in the hill like potatoes.
To Keep Cider Sweet. When barreling
the cider, put into each barrel or keg a gill
eight large table-spoonfulj of white mustard.
This will retard its becoming hard or sour.
It is said that Barnum is at pieseut in
chase after a chap who helped his own wife
at a dinner table, in preference to another lady
who sat near bim. tie is consiaerea me
greatest curiosity extant
The reply Barnum receivea irom iiacinoau
when he wrote to ask whether there was- a
house there large enough to accomodate
Jenny Lind audience, is characteristic of Am
erican energy. It was, that if no house couiu
be found, one could be built . I
'Steam Motive Power in 1700. -
The discoveries which are from lime to time
made in the Egyptian tombs, authoiize the be
lief that many of the inventious and machines
of the present day were known to the ancients,
and used by them. A gentleman, who is cu
rious in such things, says the Baltimore patriot
sends us the subjoined extract from China, by
Peri Du Halde, which was published in 1841.
(folio edition.) It is certainly nothing less
than a minature locomotive and steamboat,
which were here noticed. The extract is tak
en from a description given by Du Halde of
the various inventions made by the jesuit mis
sionaries in China, for the instruction and
amusement of the Emperor Kangbi, who died
in 1722. Tho inventions there described wero
made about the beginning of the 18th cen
tury. : :-'
"lhc pneumatic engines did no less excite
his majesty's curiosity; They caused a wagon
to be made of light wood, about two feet long,
in the middle whereof they placed a brazen
vessel full of live coals, and upon that an oli
pile, the wind of which issued through a little
pipe npon a sort of wheel made hke the sail of
a winmilL This little wheel turned another
with an axletrce, aud by that means the wag
on was set a running for two hours together;
but, for fear there should not be room enough
for itf to proceed constantly forwards, it was
contrived to move circularly in the following
manner: to the axle-tree of the two hind
wheels was fixed a small beam, and at the end
of the beam another axle-tree passed through
the stock ot another wheei, somewhat larger
than tho rest; and, accordingly as this wheel
was nearer or farther from the wagon des
cribed a greater or lesser circle. The same
contrivance was likewise applied to 'a little ship
with tour wheels; the olipile was hidden in
the middle of the ship, and the wind issuing
out of two smaH pipes filled the little sails and
made them turn around for a long time. The
artifice beiag concealed, there was nothing
heard but a noise like wind, or that which wa
ter makes about a vessel."
A Quebec correspondent of the Boston Ran
ger, tolls the following story of a Yankee, who
had been all around at that place:
The Yankae approached a group of Eng
lish gentlemen in front of the hotel and flour
ishing a red bandana, observed,
"Wall, I've been all round, and I've conclu
ded we don't want ye." '..-'-;
An Englishm addressed him with, "what do
you think of the citadel ?"
' "Oh, Scott wouldn't make any thing of tak
ing that; he'd land fifteen miles down the riv
er, and starve them out"-
"But it is stocked with three years' provis
ions," replied the other.
"WalL he'd stay five then."
Go it, Anglo-Saxon thought we. 3-
We understand that documentary facts hare
reached here, which ensures Mr. Wm. Curtis,
of this city the prospective possession of the
sixth of $41,000,000, or about seven millions
for his own especial use a sum that may be
safely set down as "comfortable." Mr. Curtis
is a plasterer, and well known in this city as
an honest unassuming and industrious man,
and a windfall of this kind could not have fal
len upon a worthier object He comes by it
through his wife, formerly a Miss Addis, who
is connected with a family of large estates in
England, and one of the six of the heirs there
to. We congratulate Mr. C. upon his good
fortune, knowing his character-; the same man
with bis millions will be found as when he bad
but the units. , .-, Cin. Com.r
, - o . ' .-, '
In most things we seeplainly the efficacy ,of in
dustry and labor. 'The little drops of rain
pierce the hard marble iron, with often hand
ling if worn to nothing. Besides this, indus
try showeth herself in other things the
fertile soil.if it be never tilled dotb wax barren
and that which is most noble by nature is
made most vile by negligence. . What tree if
it not be loped, bareth any fruit? . What vine,
if it not be pruned, bringeth forth grapes? Is
not the strength ofthe body turned to weak
ness -with too much delicacy? Morever by
labor the the fierce tiger is tamed, the wildest
falcon is reclaimed, . the greatest bulwark is
sacked. . . .' . . . . . ' .
The long fall nights are coming on, and the
seasons of courtship arriving. As soon as the
whether gets so uncomfortable cold that the
girls are driven to staying in the house, in
stead of enjoying evening promenades in tho
street lovers begin to nestle round them,
ond 'speaking' commences. This accounts for
there being so may more marriages -during
tbe latter part of the year than there is in ths
spring. ' ; . - - -.
Interesting Solicitcde. A young beau
ty beheld one evening two horses running off
at locomotive speed with a light wagon,. As
they approached, she was horrified .at recog
nizing, in the occupants of the vehicle, two
gentleman of her acquaintance. 'Boys boys !'
she screamed in terror, "jumb out quick
out especially George." It is needless to say
that her sentiments as to "George." were from
that time forth no secret '
To Measure Hat in Stacks. An old far
mer says: "The following is generall accurate
as I have both bought and sold by it and be
lieve it may be useful to many farmers, where
the means of weighing are notat hand. Mul
tiply the length, breadth and height into each
other, and if the hay is- somewhat settled
ten solid yards will make a ton. Clover will
take from ten to twelve yards per ton.
A lady who had been just 3 days married,
perceiving her husband cnterer stole secretly
behind him, and gave him a kiss. Tbe hus
band was angry, and said she offended against
decency 1 'Pardon me,' she exclaimed, 'I did
not know it was you. . - : - -
To please the old folks while you court the
daughter, agree with the father in politics,
and keep the mother in snuff To please the
brother, lend him your rifle and buy bim a
dog. To please her sister buy her a dress
To please your dulcinea, keep her in jewelry
and call her an 'angel.' To please yourself,
be a fool.
Progress in Russia. Nicholas is carrying
out a great system.of intercomraunicatbn be
tween the distant parts of his empire, in unit
ing the rivers by canals, and establishing reg
ular lines of passenger and express boats. . ,
A Great Gdn. The heavy brass gun of
Beeianore. one of the trophies of the late Mah-
ratta war, and weighing forty-one tons, will
be exhibited at the industral convention in
The " Union." A correspondent of the
Georgetown (Ky.) Herald, who signs himself
a "Democrat" recommends Henry Clay for '
President and Lewis Cass tor Vice rresidcnt-
I i i!
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