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From the Hartford Courant.
Utah. - Tha whole character of the Territory of Vinh ia singular. Its situation is unlike that of any other section of North America its origiu and thfl manner of its settlement no less strange -The name Utah is given now to a largo extent of territory bounded by California Oregon, New Mexico, and what was formerly termed the great Western territory. It is of sufficient dimensions to be separated into sev eral States, provided in future ages its popu lation slmll warrant it But many parts of it so partake of a peculiar construction as to ren der it, for the present at least, uninhabitable. Passes through precipitous mountains, whose tops are covered with snow, and whose sides are but rocks, exist, it is true, but they are mostly narrow valleys of the most arid ar.d steril kind, their surfaces covered with incrus tations of bitter salt, and their whole vegitn tion a giant species of sage, of no earthly use but to be consumed as fuel. In the midst of these icy mountains, through which there is no access but by these passes, arid in summer and choked with snow for fire months of the year, lies a tract of land, elevated some four or five thousand feet above the level of the sea, called the Great Basin, which furnishes the habitable part of the territory. In different parts of this Basin the Mormans have estab lished their home, probably at first with the idea that they would he cut off from all the rest of the world by the natural difficulties of the contiguous territory and the peculiarity of their situation. Here they expected to form, in secrecy and ia silence, the germs of a great, . peculiar, religious empire ; but the stream of California emigration discovered their trail and innundated their principality, and they are now the open, exposed 'half way house' to the Pacific . , . : This basin is some five hundred and sixty miles in diameter, has its own system of lakes and rivers, and has no known communication whatever with the sea, unless the existence of the whirlpools in the Sait Lake which are re ported to be lately discovered should prove an internal communication with the Pacific, or with some spring or lake in the lower country. In the Northern part of this basin lies the Great Salt Lake. , The waters of this sheet lire shallow, so far as explored ; though proba bly its central parts will be found very deep. Its waters are intensely salt, more so than the ocean three gallons making one gallon of the curest. whitest, and finest salt Southeast of this lake, shut in by the mountains, lies the Mormon Valley that contains their capital tity.by some called the Great Salt Lake City; . by others, Mormon City. This valley is thir ty miles by twenty-two, connected to another valley which is about fifty miles by eight These two valleys contain the principal body of the settlers, to the number of twenty thou sand. Explorers think that they are capable of supporting a population of a million. Fifty miles south of the city is the Utah Zakt and Valley. . Here lies the city of Pro vo, on the Provo river. The lake is pure water, ein-ht miles by four, and abounds in fish. There is still another valley one hundred miles further south, called Snn lete, where there is another settlement; and here we find the hie roglyphic ruins, the remains of glazed pottery, fcc, that indicates the former existence of the outlaying cities of the Aztec Empire. The soil of all these valleys is astonishingly productive, though requiring constantly artifi cial irritration from the mountain streams. The climate is one of the healthiest and the air the purest on the continent The neigh boring mountains rise to the height of a mile and a half above the valley, and are covered with perpetual snow. The city is laid out in blocks of ten acres each : eight lots to the . block ; an acre ana quarter to the lot; the streets eight rods wide; each ten acre block to be surrounded by a Bream brought down from the mountains. JVTo two houses front each other; so that, standing m his own door, every man iooes into nis neigbor's garden. In the city are four public squares, to be surrounded by shade trees, and supplied with fountains. . . Such is the delightful place chosen by one of the most peculiar religious sects which Christendom contains. Remote from the world, from the exercise of external tyranny, and yet connected to our great empire. Its peculiar locality will prove of immense service as a stop ping place for rest, refreshment and provisions for the army of emigrants that will, year after year, seek California or Uregon oy trta ooutu era Pass: and when, the great railway is es tablished, it will prove of incalculable benefit as a great station bouse on the route. "- ,.' o From Europe. The intelligence of the Niagara is not of oreat importance, tnougn interesting. j.ne war in Germany is announced as having end' ded, and that of Denmark and the Duchies as remaining in statu quo. Austria is still arm ing. A despatch from Vienna, under the date of the 2d inst, states that General Radetzky, and other military chiefs, have been summon ed to attend a grand council of war at that capital. The Austrian army against Prussia is to be increased until it musters 180,000 men, and among them 130 squdron of horse, of 140 each. This may appear extraordinary, continues the despatch, as certain conciliatory proposals have of late been sent by the Prus ' sian Court! but it is stated that these propo sals cannot be accepted by the Prince Schart zenberg, since Prussia insists, in the Hessian question, to protect the Electorate against the intervention of the 'Federal Diet The question as to peace or war will be set tled by the manner in which Prussia receives the proposals which Jfnnce aenwartzenoerg is now making. The Oesterreichische Corres pondez states that Austria and Russia are completely agreed as to the German question. In England, the absorbing question contin ues to be the recent action of the Pope. The excitement is increasing, and the whole body of the elergy, of the established church are ' moveincr in opposition to the 'usurpation.' Sir John RusselL in writing to the Bishop of Durham, savs "This ia an assumption of power in all the documents which have come from Rome pretension to supremacy over tb realm of England, and a claim to sole ana undivided sway, which is inconsistent with the Queen's aanieraacv. with the rights of our bishops and clergy, with Jtbe spiritual inde pendence of of the nation, as asserted even in Roman Catholic times. I confess, however, (hat my alarm is not equal to my indignation.' , - DUuaio Auveruser. . ' Immense Railroad Travel. Some idea of the travel between this city and Albany, may be formed from the fact that over six hundred thousand passengers have passed over the Hudson River Railroad during the time it has been in operation, a little more than nine ; months. Wben the road is completed to Al bany, the travel will be still further and large ly incaeased. journal uoin. A mother once asked a clergyman when lie should begin the education ot her child. and she told him it was then four years old. 'Madam, his reply was, 'yon have lost three years already. From the very first smile over ao infant's face, your opportunity begins.' A Thrilling Incident. In 1807,a young Polish Officer, being with the division that was advancing an the Vistu la, obtained leave to visit bis father, w hom he had not seen for years, but whom he hoped to find in the paternal nians'on, situated in a wild part of the country, but not very far from the route which his corps was taking. He was, however, surprised by the night, as he was still riding through a forest of firs which seemed interminnble. He therefore put up at a small roiiclside inn, where there were twohidies put up n.molher and her daughter two Polish ladies who' were hurrying to meet the husband of one of them, a colonel in "Jerome Bonaparte's army. They were ia a great state of alarm, the conduct of the people about the place having roused their suspicion. At their request, the Pole took up lus quarters m a room trom wmcn incir cnam ber entered, so that no one could reach them without passing bv him. The room he thus occupied was on the first floor, and at the top of a staircase, from which access was obtained by a trap-door. This trap the officer shut, and fastened by a wooden bolt belonging to it f hen, telling the ladies to fear nothing, lie placed his sword and pistols on a table beside him and lie resolved to keep good watch. About midnight, he heard steps on the stair case. JNo answer was returned to me cuai icnge he made; on the contrary, some one tried to force the trap. The officer ob serving a hole two or three inches square in t, passed the muzzle ot one ot ins pisiois through and fired. There was the sound of a body rolling down the staircase. But the attempt was soon after renewed; this time however,dih?rently.' A hand appeared tnrougn the hole, and grasped the bolt. The bolt was even half withdraw, when the Pole, at a sin gle blow, severed the hand from the body it belonged to. There followed groans and hor rid imprecations; but nothing more took place that night In the morning a squadron of French cavalry arrived, and they were plac ed in safety. No: a single person was found in the inn. Tho ifficer continued his' way to his fatl.er'a house. One thing, however, had much struck him ; the hand he had cut off was very small, delicate, and white ; moreover, one of the fingers wore a ring of considerable va'ue. The ring he took possession of, with a strange, uncomfortable feeling of coming evil, which increased as he went on. Arrived at his father's house, he was told that his parent was ill, and in bed. He was, however, soon introduced to his pre sence. The old man was evidently suffering treat pain; but he conversed with his son for some time.with tolerable composure. Sudden ly, however, by a convulsive movement, he threw oil tue bedclothes and tneorncer, to nis horror, saw that his father's right hand was wanting. Il was then you ! and this is your ring!' he cried, in an agony of conflicting passions, as, throwing the jewel on the floor he rushed out of the house, mounted his horse and rode off at full speed. A few weeks afterward, he sought and found his death amid the bloody snows of Prussian Eylau. Trials of a Housekeeper. We had the honor yesterday of conversing with a lady who was hi the pursuit of a ser vant under difficulties, one related to us some of her trials, and verily our sympathies were excited by her narrative. "1 have just now,' said she, 'had an interveiw with a candi date for service, whom I called to see at her home. She is an Irish girl, tall and course, with an almost manly voice. She fixed her arms akimbo and looked down at me with a benignant, air while I humbly represented my situation to her." 'Thin it's a women yee want to cook and make herself useful in giniral," said she. The lady indicated her assent "This it's meself that'll shute ye, if the pay's enough." The pay, the lady replied, should be liberal and it was was for the girl to name her own price. Tin dollars the month,' said she, "is what I got last, and it was I aimed it; but, all things to me mind, I may take less from you How many children have ye ? But three, eh V Faiks an 'thev'll have to deman themsilves cliver thin. And what does your good man follow ? A dark, eh ? Oh, thin it's nate and tidy that he is, no doubt But let us be un derstanding each other a wee bit farther. Will ye be having any objections to a body.s kaomg herseit nay ana nne use : uei me know that; for the last leddy I lived wid tould me I musn't dress so so fine, because when I wint te the dure the people tought was her shisther." The lady assured her she would have no fears of the kind. "Ou-wow, thin I'll make a few inquiries a bout yez, and if I come it'ill be th'morrow." And so she dismissed the lady, greatly to the relief of the later, who said she would return home, and hope that the woman "th'morrow might never come to her, "for." said she, "I fear nothing so much as the coming of that woman, save to leu ner mat sue win not sun me." Washington Republic. Life. Men rejoice when the sun is risen ; they rejoice when it goes down, while they are unconscious of the decay of their own lives. Men rejoice at seeing the face of a new sea son, as at the arrival of one greatly desired. Nevertheless, the revolution of seasons is the decay of human life. Fragments of drift-wood meeting in the wide ocean, continue together a little space; thus, parents, wives, children, relatives, friends and riches, remain with us but for a short time then separate, and the separation is inevitable. No mortal can escape the common lot; he who mourns for departed relatives has no power to cause them to re turn. One, standing on the road, would read ily say to a number of persons passing by, I will follow you. Why, then, should a person grieve when journeying the same road, which has been assuredly trodden by his forefathers? Life resembles a cataract rushiug down with irresistable impetuosity. Knowing that the end of life is death, every right minded man ought to pursue that which is connected with ultimate bliss. Memory.- When the toils and fatigues of the day are over, who does not love occasion ally to indulge in or review of by -gone years? JNo toil, no perplexity attends it. It is an ex ercise we reserve for an idle hour. In sum mer, we may repose beneath the shades of a favorite tree, and whilst we recall the adven tures of childhood, enjoy, at the same time, the surrounding scenery. In winter we may seat ourselves beside the blazing hearth, and whilst we recount many a past deed, we can, at the same time, enjoy our fcreside in security, and feel alive to the present; but in this the mind is at ease ; no labor of the intellect, no per plexity attends it Memory is the most inde pendent faculty of the human mind, because its othce is simply to reproduce what reason has dictated and habit confirmed ; whilst every other department of the mind is equally de pendent on memory for the exercise of its power. Wanted. A towel to wipe the face of the country. Sirs. Swisslielm on iIjc AVomaii'i Rights Convention. The editress of tha Pittsburgh Saturdny Visitor.Mrs. Swisshelm.-discusses the doings of the Women's Rights Convention at Worcester. We give the following extract from her ar ticle: - "We are pretty nearly out of patience with the dogged perseverance with which so many of our reformers persist in their attempts to do everything at once. They remind us of the little fellow who bought a bunch of car rots to fee his pet nihil. ' When he took them to the Ciige he found the bunch would not go through the aperture, but he pushed and struggled and crushed ana uirusi, men nu out in vexation. "1 cannot get me carrots in to the cage, father!" 'Of course not all at once, my son ! Untie the string and put in one at a time!' But I want to put them all in father!' 'Well so you can if you do as I bid you ! Sammy sat nnd studied a moment! It is very clear that one carrot could pass the barrier, and that in time all might go through, but that was not his plan, so he continued. 'But while I put in one, the rest will be left out' Very true; but if you do not get in one all will be left out' 'But I want them all in!' says Sammy, raakin" rather a desperate thrust, and none of em's got any right to be foremost!' So Mr. Clay was determined to thrust a bundle of his bills through Congress, and for months he resisted, with desperation, every effort to untie the string he wanted 'em all in, and none or 'em had any right to be fore most; and now the Worcester Convention is walking in the footsteps of this illustrious ex ample. They, too have made a bundle, and we would advise them with all possible speed to untie the string. The subject of woman's admission to the right of citizenship is of suffi cient importance to claim consideration as a seperate measure. "One at a time! One at a time !' called Billy Smith, when he was court crier, and bidden to "call John Brown and Mary Brown" into court, and to call one at a time. Wo always liked Billy's plan of obeying orders and very often follow his example, and call for one at a time. Then let us have the one that's called for. This convention was called to discuss Women's rights, and if it had paid good attention to its own business, it would have had work plenty. A Rich Scene, AJMrs. Stansbury, residing in a court run ning from Pace street below Sixth, was about to bring a bucket of water trom the hydrant last night, she found an old basket suspend ed from the knob of her front door. Putting her hand into the basket alive and kicking but so enveloped in rags that no father discov ery could be made without nnwraping the ob ject A piece ot paper folded like a letter, lay by the side of the animated bundle. Mrs. Stansbury immediately returned into the house, and by the light of the lamp, examined the billet. It was addressed to her husband she tremulously brose the seal and read as follows : To Joe Stansbnry. Sir. I send you the baby, which you will please take good care of and bring up right, so that it may turn out to be a better man than its daddy. Oh Joseph ! what a sh' old rake you are! who would think that such a sober staid old 6pmshanks could be such a tear ing down sinner 'The child is yours. You may swear to that .Look at it ; it is Joe Stansbury all over. You have deceived me shamfully, Joseph, letting on to be a widower but do a father s part by the young one and 1 11 torgive you. Your heart btoken' Nancy. Mr. Stansbury was in the basement kitch en quietly eating his supper and little imag ining what a storm was brewing over his head. The door of the kitchen stair-case was violent ly thrown open and Mrs. S.'s voice yelled out 'stansbury come up here you villian here's a mess for you!' Stansbury hastily wiped his mouth and obeyed the summons 'Don't you want to see Nancy, the heart brok en Nancy ?' cried Mrs. S. when her guilty husband bad hobbled up into the room, JSan cy! what Nancy's that!' said the sly old rogue in well feigned perplexity. 'Why JNan cy, the mother of this baby that has been hung up at your door. Mr. Stansbury, oh. vou look mighty innocent; but just read this letter and then look in that basket. Don't be afraid it wont bite, its got no teeth, poor thing! you'll know it, for, as your hussy savs, it is just like you all over. Please goodness I'll expose you before every body : In less than five minutes Mrs. S. had collect ed a room full of spectators, (half the inhabit ants of the. Court) to witness the process of unwrapping the baby. Anxious expectations sat on every countenance, as the jealous lady tore away rag after rag from the body of-the foundling the vigorous movements of which astonished every body 'it's just like you, it has the devil in it already, exclaimed Mrs. S. When all at once the baby jumped up and made its escape through the open door. It was a biff lorn cat The practical, which was played on on Mrs. s. was traced to a fe male neighbor. (Pennsylvanian. messages of an iBdian Chief. In the Cherokee Advocate ot (Jet 1U, we find the message of John Ross, principal Chief ot the Cherokee Nation, to the Legis lature of his tribe. In brevity Mr. Ross's messages might profitably serve as a model for Governors of the pale faces, or even for their great father at Washington. He la ments the death of President Taylor, adding due moral reflections thereon, expresses pecu liar regret at the death of Dr. Wm. Butler, late U. S. agent among the Cherokees returns thanks to Divine Providence for the goodness of the crops, rejoices that peace and good order generally prevail in the nation, while he la ments at the growth of a classof intemperate and thieving characters, and proposes build ing a jail to corret them suggests that the expenses of the Government ought to be diminished, and thinks it indispensable that a census of the people be taken, in order that the appropriation lately made by the U. S. Government, may be justly distributed and all in but little more space than is occupied by this paragraph. Truly John Ross is a man of busines and wastes no words. A Good Man's Wish. I freely confess to you that I would rather, when I am laid low in the grave, have some one in his manhood stand over me and say ; "There lies one who was a real friend to me; he kindly and privately warned me of the dan gers of the young; no one knew it, but he aided in time of need ; I owe what I am to him:" or I would rather have some widow with choking utterance telling her children there is your friend and mine. He visited me in my affliction, he found you, my son, a good employer; and you, my daughter, a happy home in a respectful and virtuous family." I say I would rather that such persons should stand at my grave, than to have erected over it the most beautiful sculptured monument of Parisian or Italian marble. Phillips. THE FREEMAN: FREMONT, OHIO. J. S. FOl'HE, Editor. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1850. Tiic Rail Road. We understand that every thing has been satisfactorily arranged, and that that part of the road lying between Fremont and Toledo, will bo put under contract by the 20th of De cember. The amount necessary to build the road from this place to Norwalk is being fast subscribed, and we expect soon to be able to state that it will be ready to let to Contractors early next Spring. The Fugitive Slave Iiaw. Let those Whig papers which are talking about the Democratic doughfaces, look here for a moment and see the language used by their leaders and big guns in regard to the fugitive bill : g3T I approve it Henry Clay. 3T I approve it, the Constitution gives it and requires it. Daniel Webster. g3T 1 approve tho foregoing law. Mil lard Fillmore. The law is necessary and constitution al, and I approve it J. J. Crittenden. In addition let it be remembered that the Intelligencer and Republic, the two central organs of Whiggerv at Washington, have both sustained it from the beginning that the chief office-holders under the administra tion throughout the country, when cornered and compelled to speak out, generally sustain it The Whig leaders throughout the North will all approve, or at least cease to condemn it. within the next three months. Ihe signs of the times indicate that this will be their certain course. The above we find going the rounds of the locofoco press, and contains, perhaps, as much truth, as ever emenates from that fraternity of defamers of men who have done more for the honor and renown of their country, than all the patriotism evinced by these bipeds combined, can ever effect Henry Clay, to commence with, never ap proved the fugitive slave law, in the shape in which it passed the Senate. It is well known, that when the bill was before the Senate, Mr. Clay offered several important amendments, among which were to give the alleged fugitive the right of a jury trial, and tho benefit of the habeas cnrh" They were voted down, Cass and BE3 JX voting in the negative. It was with the greatest reluctance that Mr. Fillmore signed it; 'but being convinced of its constitutionality, and it being one of the car dinal doctrines of the Whig party, that the re sponsibility of all laws should rest with Con gress, ho gave it his signature. Let those hypocritical friends of the fugitive slave remember how the northern free vote stood on the final passage of the law. Thir ty locofoco members, (three of the Senate, and twenty-seven of the House,) voted for the law, while there were only three Whigs voted for it Let them also remember that Thomas H Benton, the great arch-angel of locofocoism, stated in his late speech at St Louis, that he voted FIVE times for the principles of the present fugitive slave law. Let them remember that Cass, Senator Dickinson, of New York, and a host of other prominent free Northern Democrats, support ed the bill while in Congress, and are satisfied with all its features. Let them bear in mind, furthermore, that the Washington Union, New York Herald, and the New York Sun, the leading Locofoco papers in this country, approve it, and that the Ohio Statesman has not dared to say a word of disapprobation of the law. Also, that three of the four Locofoco papers in this Con gressional district approve the action of the majority in Congress. As far as our knowledge extends, there not a leading Whig or Whig paper, north of the line of the Mosouri compromise and west of the Ohio river, that approve all the features of that law. In fact, the word repeal is in- inscribed upon the Whig banner, nnd until the right of jury trial, and the benefit of the ha beas corpus is guaranteed to the alleged fugi tive, an eternal warfare will be waged against it, the assertion of all locofoco papers to the contrary notwithstanding. o The Messrs. Crodaugii advertise in the Freeman to-day, that they have taken rooms at the Franklin house, where they are pre pared to execute miniatures after the most improved style, and at very reasonable pri ces. We have examined some ot his speci mens, and must pronounce them the best finished miniatures we ever saw. Give him a call, and examine for yourselves. itST" "Rural Sketches of Minnesoto, the Eldorado of the West," is the title of a valuable publication, to be found at the Book and Drug store of S. Buckland & Co. It contains all the information necessary to a thorough un derstanding of that new and interesting ter ritory, and will be invaluable to those contem plating to emigrate there. Price only 25 cts. o jS"We understand that Mr. Boalt, Presi dent of the Toledo, Fremont, and Wellington Rail Road Company, passed through this place, on yesterday, on his way to Toledo, to take charge of the rail road bonds of that city which had previously been placed in the hands of Mr. Johnson of that place, one of the Directors of the road. jdTNext Monday, Congress, the Ohio Leg islature, and the Ohio Constitutional Conven tion meet We shall look with interest for the President's message, and hope to be able to place that, as well as the message of the Governor, before our readers next week. The gold mines lately discovered in Vene zuela promise to be much richer than those in California, and as they are much nearer will doubtless take the next crop of emigrants. O. S. Journal. 13T The Nashville disunion convention is again ia session. An Editor Mobbed. We have waited with considerable anxiety to see the result of the late attack upon the "fearless and independent" editor of the Up per Sandusky Pioneer, by a set of ruffians from Mersailles. It appears that the editor took a decided stand in favor of Wyandot county taking stock in a certain railroad, and his philanthropic course excited the jealousy of these "rampant bullies," who had the har dihood to entice our "innocent and unsuspect ing" friend from the house where he put up. telling him they had something of importance to communicate, and then treating him in the most brutal manner, in fact, to use the lan guage of the Pioneer, they treated him worse than "the untutored savages of the forest would treat their victims at the stake." And this, too, in the 19th century of the Christian Era! He says he was struck 'three different times on the breast,' and asks: 'In this christian and enlightened age of the world, who would have supposed that there were six or seven big bullies living any where, that could muster up moral courage enough to assail and personally attack a lone editor in a strange land for no other purpose than to use him barbarously," It is past our apprehension how they 'could muster up moral courage enough" to attack any one, let alone a lone editor in a strange land.' Such conduct should not go unnoticed by the press in this country, and these "big bullies" should be held up to the scorn and contempt of the civilized world, and the "rest of mankind." We are glad to see that tho editor is not to be intimmidated by their threats, and that he is handling them without gloves. Although he is very severe upon them, they don't get any more than they deserve. We hope he will continue to 'lash' them, until they make ample and satisfactory reparation to the edi tor of the Pioneer, and in fact to the press generally, for the whole American press are alike insulted by tbis most "brutal" and "bar barous" attack upon one of their number. o Hakpeu's New Monthly Magazine. This valuable Magazine has now been published some seven mon hs, and has reached a circu lation of about 70,000 copies per month, a circulation unparalled by any other similar publication in the world. The work is princi pally the re-publication of the standerd litera ture of England and America, and we thinli it one of the most deserving publications of the age. It is the cheapest magazine extant. For sale at S. Buckland & Cos., Book and Drug Store, Fremont, O. 3 Mr. Orton, member of the Constitu tional Convention, left yesterday morning for the scene of his labors at Cincinnati. The New York Express says, that Colonel Benton has made a long speech in St Louis, defining his position upon himself mainly, upon the compromise generally, and upon the Union extensively. He is quite severe upon "the simples," at home and abroad, and unsparing upon the Disunionists. His speech embraces a view of the measures of Congress, and a de fence of the part played by him in their ad justmentand non-adjustment. The speech is in -'the Sir Oracle" vein of the Missouri Sen ator, and pleases the Evening Post, of this city, which made arrangements to have it tele graphed to New York. There is nothing new in the speech, and it is but the repetition of the pummelling which the Missouri Senator has so often given his opponents, in and out of the Senate Chamber. There is an effort making among Col. Benton's friends to secure his nomination for the next Presidency. Patent Office Report. The annual report of the Commissioner of Patents has just been printed. It contains a large amount of useful information. During the last year there were made 1,455 new ap plications for patents. The number issued was 1,076. During the same period 595 ca veats were filed. The receipts of the patent office during the year were 880,752. The expenses were $77,716, leaving $3,036 to the credit of the patent fund. On the first day of January there was a balance of $169,505 to the fund, $50,000 having been appropriated to the construction of the new patent office, during the previous year. In tho class of metallurgy and the manufacture of the metals and instruments therefor, 103 different pat ents were granted. In the class of manufac tures of hbrous substances, including machines for preparing wool, cotton, silk, fur, paper, &c, 79 patents were granted. For chemical pro cess, including medicine, dyeing, distilling, &c, 34 patents were granted. For calorific inven tions, stoves, lamps, furnaces, and parts there of, 52. For maratime implements, as vessels, their rigging, propulsion, &a, 29. Cleveland Herald. A California School. The first public school in San Francisco, al ready numbers 150 pupils from four to sixteen years of age. Of this whole number, only 2 were born in California; the remainder dated their pirth place as follows: Scotland 4, England 5, Ireland 5, Germany 1, France 1, Chili 20, Peru 1, Australia 20, New Zealand 15, Sandwich Islands 8 making 76, born in foreign countries. Seventy-two are of American parentage, 12 scotch, 21 English, 18 Irish, 4 French, 6 German, 4 Chil ian, 1 Spaniard, 1 Italian and I Prusian. Idiocy and its Causes. Dr. Howe has ex amined carefully almost the entire number of cases known to exist m the state ot Massa chusetts, and the result is, that in all but four instances, he found the parents of these idiots were intemperate, addicted to sensual vices, scrofulous, predisposed to insanity, or had in termarried with blood relations. Gov. Seabrooke has accepted the proffered services of the Kichard Light Dragoons and the Governor's Guards. The time for the in vasion of the U. S. is not fixed. ts- " Mine Got! vot vill de Frenchman make next ?" as the Dutchman said the first time he ever saw a monkey. Living in Hearts. - . It is belter to live in hearts than in houses. A change of circumstances or a disobliging landlord may turn out of a house to which he has formed many attachments. Removal from place to place is with many an unavoidable in cident of life. But one cannot be panelled from a true and loving heart, save by his own fault; nor yet always by that, for affection' clings tenaciously to its object in spite of ill-1 desert; but go where he will, his home re- j mains in hearts which have learned to love! him; the roots of affection are not torn out or' destroyed by such removals, but they remain hxed deep in the heart, clinging still to the image of that object which they are more ea ger to clasp. When one revisits the home of his childhood, or the place of his happy abode in life's spring-time, pleasant as it is to survey each familiar spot, the house, the garden, the trees planted by himself or kindred now sleep ing in the dust, there is in the warm grasp of the hand, in the melting eye, in the kind and earnest Salutation, in the tender solicitude for the comfort and pleasure of his visit, a delight that no mere iocal object of nature or art, no beautiful cottage, or shady rill, or quiet grove can possibly bestow. To be remembered, to be loved, to live in hearts, this is one solace amid earthly changes this is a joy above all the pleasures of scene and place. We love this spiritual home-feeling the union of hearts which death cannot destroy ; for it augurs, if there be heart-purity as well as well as heart affection, an unchanging and imperishable abode in the hearts now dear. Christian Treasury. O. W. Holmes, in his new poem, Astraee, thus introduces a sailor listening to the church bells on Sunday morning. The name of his early 'love' marked in India ink upon his arm, is a touch of uncommon beauty : "Ocean's rough child, whom many a shore has known -Ere homeward breeze swept him to his own. Starts the echo, as il circles round, A thousand memories kindling with the sound; The early favorite's iinfnraotteii charms, Whase blue initial stain his tawny arm; Ilia first farewell, the flapping canvass spread. The peuward streamers cracking o'er his head. Fits kind, pale mo'her not ashamed to weep Her first bom's bridal with Ihe hatrirard deep. While ihe brave father stood wilh tearless eye, Smiling and choking with his last good bye." 0 Conscience and tiie Constitution.' It is Certainly gratifying to every upholder of our constitutional compact, to notice the frequent testimony given from high judicial sources to its binding force in all cases and under all cir cumstances its recognition as the "higher law" of our country. Judge Judson, of the United States Circuit Court for the district of Connecticut, in a late charge to a jury, impressed upon their minds that the paramount law is that of the Consti tution. He said : "We are led to believe and know that the constitution of the United States framed as it was in wisdom and patriot ism, is our paramount law, and must nude nnd govern every man who has taken his oath for its support. JNo man s conscience can lustily its infraction or excuse its rejection, in whole or in part Who has a right to say to the community around him, I will obey only this or (lint provision of the law, and trample un der foot the residue ? Then every other man would have the same right to select his reject ed portion, and the consequence would be that nothing would remain of our noble fabric but shreds and patches. Odd Fellow Satisfies. The following view of the operations of the Udd b ellows Association is prepared from the official returns made to the late session of the Grand Lodge of the United States. Several States failed to make returns. Revenue Subordinate Lodges, Contributing members Member of initiations this year Number of brothers relieved, No. of widowed families relieved Paid for relief of brothers Paid to widowed families Paid for education of orphans Paid, forburing the dead Whole amount relief $1,200,3S7 , 174,475 30,579 23,882 2,327 244,008 42,301 7,319 65,596 472,253 Value of Christian Friendship. Friend ship is necessary to our happiness here; and built upon Christian principles, upon which it can stand, is a thing even of religious sanction for what is that love which the holy spirit speaking by St. John, so much inculcates as friendship? the only love which deserves that name, a love which can toil and watch and deny itself, and go to the death for its brother. Worldly friendships are a poor weed compared with this, and even the union ot spirit in the bond of peace, would suffer in my mind at least, could 1 think it were only coeval with our earthly mansions. LCowper. Distances Across the Ocean. The nearest geometrical distance between Liverpool and the North American ports is traced to the great curve which sweeps by Cape Clear in Ireland, and (jape KacemJNew Foundland, nnd thence down the coist to vari ous ports alluded to. The distance to Cape Race, which is a common oue to all the ports, measured carefully on a globe, in round num bers, 33 deg., or 1.9S0 marine miles. From Cape Race to the different ports or more strictly, to the entrance, on the sea coast, of the several harbors the distances are as fol lows, viz: lo Halifax, d90; marine miles; to Boston 840; to New York, 990; to Phila delphia, 1, 150; to Norfolk, 1 ,190. Hence the total distances from Liverpool are : To Halifax, 2, 370; to Philadelphia, 2,370; to Philadelphia, 3,030; to Norfolk, 3,150 Bos ton is 4 miles farther than Halifax; New York 600 miles farther; Philadelphia 660. Buff. Com. Lo! The Indian! The Washington Union suggests that a delegation of North American Indians be sent to the World's Fiar, the wild ones arrayed in all their fantistic and striking costume, and the 'civilized,' the Cherokee for instance dressed in a manner, becoming their improved condition 'to teach the nations of Europe what they do not know, that our na tional policy of humanity, and of religion, to wards those children of nature has wrought almost a miracle in their advancement' Buffalo Advertiser. South Carolina Preparations for In dependence. The Charleston Mercury pub lishes a memorial to the legislature of South Carolina, asking for the establishment ot pow der mills, foundries for the casting of cannon, and factories of guns, swords and pistols, all by way of getting that super-valiant State pre pared for the momentous time when it shall declare its 'independence from all the world,' and establish its 'first dependence on itself Buffalo Avertiser. A book has been published entitled, "The art of making people happy without money." We are in a fit condition to be experimented upon. , IiOoU out for Counterfeits. .. During the past few days the city has been flooded with counterfeit and mutilated notes upon the State Bank of Ohio, and the Mer chant's and Mechanic's Bank of Wheeling. They are all five dollar bills and can be readily distinguished by comparison with the genuine issues' the paper is dark, and thin and the engraving exerable. Almost, every cof fee house has been victimized, and one of our principal Hotels received yesterday about fifty dollars of this spurious currency. The band engaged in its circulations is evidently exten sive and well organized, and have suceeded in doing u heavy business in the last week. " - Ciri. Gazette "Here's till ye Jimmy." An Irishmnn had been sick for a long time, and while in this state would occasionally cense breathing, and life be apparently extinct for some time, wben he would again come to. On one of these occasions when he had just awakened from his sleep, Patrick asked him 'An' how'll we know Jemmy, when your dead you're after wakin up ivery time? 'Bring me a glass o' grog, an' say to me: Here's till ye, Jemmy, and if I don't raise up an' dhrink, thin bury me? The Bitters of Life. The happiness of life consists of incongruities; the sweets are rendered more sweet by its bitters. The ti tled great the owners of the soil, the capital ists, seek their happiness in the turmoils of leg islation, the horrors of war, and the chances of speculation, because such avocations excite their energies. Love is a mixture of in congruities; affection, doubt, jealousy, hope. fear, tiffs, and reconciliatons, are its component parts. Life's bitters are requisite to the en joyment of its sweets. Population of St. Louis. The census is finally completed, and the returns in the city proper make 70,4oa Suburbs . . . 4,655 81,107. In 1840, the population was 1 16,469 Increase in ten years 64,633 25,117 Population of St Louis county Doing it Well. Sure, said Pat, the Yan kees are great travelers they travel sixty or seventy miles a day, while I have hard work to travel twenty-hve or thirty miles; but there is not so great a difference after all, for they don't more than half travel the ground over, while I travel both sides of the road oyer, for the most part St John; Nov. 22. The Great Fire. The loss by the fire at Frederickston is 30,000,. exclusive of Mer chandize, personal property, furniture, etc- The insurance amounts to 19,000, three or four thousand of which are in the Central office. By this calamity, one hundred and seventy seven families are rendered houseless, 89 in the most destitute condition. : Fremont .Literary Association. Exercise for Monday evening Nov. 25th inst a debate on the following subject ' Is the discovery . of the California Gold Mines beneficial to the United States. tt prusuiTPfl MARRIED, In this place, by Rev. H. Lang, on the 10th inst. Mr. Jacob YVeichfx and Miss Mart Babbaba Ghakger, both of Haron connly. By the same, on the 21st., Ms. Gkorgk Miller and Miss Mart Kuebbi.fr both of Riley. By the same on the 241 h inst., Mr. Jacob Koh i.ku of Riley, and Miss Christina Koehler of Sandusky City.'. " . .and on the same day, Dy me same in mis pjacr, Mr. Chester K. FHn.es and Miss Catharine E. Browic, all of Fremont. On Thursday insf., bv Rev. H. P. Povrere, CHARLES G MUGGEs., and Miss EMILY L. LEPPLEMAN, ail ol Fremont With the above notice, we received a large slice of very excellent cake, which all hands partook-of with a hearty relish, and for which our young friends have the thanks of the of fice. It dpes a printer good to get something nice occasionally. In St Lnkes Church, Ypsilanti, Mich., on the I9ih inst., by the Rev. H. P. Powers, DocL E. R. Morse to Miss Mktta Victoria Fclier. FREMONT PRICE CURRENT. , CORRECTED weeklt. Wheat per bushel. . 63 Flour per barrel 4 00 Corn per bushel - ..37 Oats per bushel. ....... ..--"--25 Butter per pound. ...... ............-..-8 Ejffs per dozen .....6 Cheese per pound. ................ ......10 Lard per pound . ...................5 Salt per barrell I 12 Hides per pound 4 a 8 Flax seed per bushel 88 Timothy seed per bu 1 95 Clover seed per bu 3 (50 Pork per barrell 11 00 Hams smoked per pound 06 Beans per bushel .....I 00 Potatoes per bushel 37 Onions per bushel ..50 Apples grreeu.... .................- 25 Apples dried 1 50 Beeswax per pound 20 Tallow per pound. .... ..,........ ...7 Staves Pipes per M... $I4a20 ' Hhd per M.. 10al2 ' Bbl per M 9a 13 Blackwalnut Lumber per M 8-il2 Uofiiiscnunta, McAlistcr's All-Healing Ointment.' It is not often that we allow ourselves to speak in praise of any of the patent medicines of the dav, but owing to the many testimonials of praise that we hear daily concerning McAlister's All-Healing Ointment, we must needs say that for ourselves we have never used or seen a medicine as in name so applicable i s this medicine. It is indeed truly as tonishing to see what virtue is imparted in so simple yet powerful a remedy. For burns, bruises, scalds all diseases of the skin, and inflammations we be lieve it has no eqaal. Call and get a pamphlet in the hands of agents. Julius W. Parmater's Estate. Notice is hereby given, that Amos Feun, has been appointed and qualified a Administrator on the estate of Julius W. Parmarterdec, late of Green Creek tp. AMVd chilli. Green Creek, Not 30. 1850 COTILION PIETIES. Messrs Crobangh takes this method of notifying the citizens of Sandusky and adjoining coun ties, that they have located in r remont lor Ihe com- : . . -...I an nrennritd 1 n fiirnisih Mmi, te. 111 K widicii uu i - : dancin? parties on the most favorable terms. ' . t nn to en t remont in ov. ou, iwu. Rebecca Craiidal's Estate. NOTICE is hereby given that the subscriber has been appointed aud Qualified as Administrator on the estate of Rebecca Crandal, dec, late of Townsend Tp, Sandusky County, O. nAinantuAnuAL. Townsend Tp., Nov. 30, 1850. c HEAP PUBLICATIONS. A choice lot of xxarper ex. iroiaer'B, just receiver at Auckland's,