From the Hartford Courant.
- Tha whole character of the Territory of
Vinh ia singular. Its situation is unlike that
of any other section of North America its
origiu and thfl manner of its settlement no less
strange -The name Utah is given now to a
largo extent of territory bounded by California
Oregon, New Mexico, and what was formerly
termed the great Western territory. It is of
sufficient dimensions to be separated into sev
eral States, provided in future ages its popu
lation slmll warrant it But many parts of it
so partake of a peculiar construction as to ren
der it, for the present at least, uninhabitable.
Passes through precipitous mountains, whose
tops are covered with snow, and whose sides
are but rocks, exist, it is true, but they are
mostly narrow valleys of the most arid ar.d
steril kind, their surfaces covered with incrus
tations of bitter salt, and their whole vegitn
tion a giant species of sage, of no earthly use
but to be consumed as fuel. In the midst of
these icy mountains, through which there is
no access but by these passes, arid in summer
and choked with snow for fire months of the
year, lies a tract of land, elevated some four or
five thousand feet above the level of the sea,
called the Great Basin, which furnishes the
habitable part of the territory. In different
parts of this Basin the Mormans have estab
lished their home, probably at first with the
idea that they would he cut off from all the
rest of the world by the natural difficulties of
the contiguous territory and the peculiarity of
their situation. Here they expected to form,
in secrecy and ia silence, the germs of a great,
. peculiar, religious empire ; but the stream of
California emigration discovered their trail and
innundated their principality, and they are now
the open, exposed 'half way house' to the
Pacific . , . :
This basin is some five hundred and sixty
miles in diameter, has its own system of lakes
and rivers, and has no known communication
whatever with the sea, unless the existence of
the whirlpools in the Sait Lake which are re
ported to be lately discovered should prove an
internal communication with the Pacific, or
with some spring or lake in the lower country.
In the Northern part of this basin lies the
Great Salt Lake. , The waters of this sheet
lire shallow, so far as explored ; though proba
bly its central parts will be found very deep.
Its waters are intensely salt, more so than the
ocean three gallons making one gallon of the
curest. whitest, and finest salt Southeast of
this lake, shut in by the mountains, lies the
Mormon Valley that contains their capital
tity.by some called the Great Salt Lake City;
. by others, Mormon City. This valley is thir
ty miles by twenty-two, connected to another
valley which is about fifty miles by eight
These two valleys contain the principal body
of the settlers, to the number of twenty thou
sand. Explorers think that they are capable
of supporting a population of a million.
Fifty miles south of the city is the Utah
Zakt and Valley. . Here lies the city of Pro
vo, on the Provo river. The lake is pure water,
ein-ht miles by four, and abounds in fish.
There is still another valley one hundred miles
further south, called Snn lete, where there is
another settlement; and here we find the hie
roglyphic ruins, the remains of glazed pottery,
fcc, that indicates the former existence of the
outlaying cities of the Aztec Empire.
The soil of all these valleys is astonishingly
productive, though requiring constantly artifi
cial irritration from the mountain streams.
The climate is one of the healthiest and the
air the purest on the continent The neigh
boring mountains rise to the height of a mile
and a half above the valley, and are covered
with perpetual snow.
The city is laid out in blocks of ten acres
each : eight lots to the . block ; an acre ana
quarter to the lot; the streets eight rods wide;
each ten acre block to be surrounded by a
Bream brought down from the mountains. JVTo
two houses front each other; so that, standing
m his own door, every man iooes into nis
neigbor's garden. In the city are four public
squares, to be surrounded by shade trees, and
supplied with fountains. . .
Such is the delightful place chosen by one
of the most peculiar religious sects which
Christendom contains. Remote from the world,
from the exercise of external tyranny, and yet
connected to our great empire. Its peculiar
locality will prove of immense service as a stop
ping place for rest, refreshment and provisions
for the army of emigrants that will, year after
year, seek California or Uregon oy trta ooutu
era Pass: and when, the great railway is es
tablished, it will prove of incalculable benefit
as a great station bouse on the route.
"- ,.' o
The intelligence of the Niagara is not of
oreat importance, tnougn interesting. j.ne
war in Germany is announced as having end'
ded, and that of Denmark and the Duchies as
remaining in statu quo. Austria is still arm
ing. A despatch from Vienna, under the date
of the 2d inst, states that General Radetzky,
and other military chiefs, have been summon
ed to attend a grand council of war at that
capital. The Austrian army against Prussia
is to be increased until it musters 180,000
men, and among them 130 squdron of horse,
of 140 each. This may appear extraordinary,
continues the despatch, as certain conciliatory
proposals have of late been sent by the Prus
' sian Court! but it is stated that these propo
sals cannot be accepted by the Prince Schart
zenberg, since Prussia insists, in the Hessian
question, to protect the Electorate against the
intervention of the 'Federal Diet
The question as to peace or war will be set
tled by the manner in which Prussia receives
the proposals which Jfnnce aenwartzenoerg is
now making. The Oesterreichische Corres
pondez states that Austria and Russia are
completely agreed as to the German question.
In England, the absorbing question contin
ues to be the recent action of the Pope. The
excitement is increasing, and the whole body
of the elergy, of the established church are
' moveincr in opposition to the 'usurpation.'
Sir John RusselL in writing to the Bishop of
Durham, savs "This ia an assumption of
power in all the documents which have come
from Rome pretension to supremacy over
tb realm of England, and a claim to sole ana
undivided sway, which is inconsistent with the
Queen's aanieraacv. with the rights of our
bishops and clergy, with Jtbe spiritual inde
pendence of of the nation, as asserted even in
Roman Catholic times. I confess, however,
(hat my alarm is not equal to my indignation.'
, - DUuaio Auveruser.
. ' Immense Railroad Travel. Some idea of
the travel between this city and Albany, may
be formed from the fact that over six hundred
thousand passengers have passed over the
Hudson River Railroad during the time it has
been in operation, a little more than nine
; months. Wben the road is completed to Al
bany, the travel will be still further and large
ly incaeased. journal uoin.
A mother once asked a clergyman when
lie should begin the education ot her child.
and she told him it was then four years old.
'Madam, his reply was, 'yon have lost three
years already. From the very first smile over
ao infant's face, your opportunity begins.'
A Thrilling Incident.
In 1807,a young Polish Officer, being with
the division that was advancing an the Vistu
la, obtained leave to visit bis father, w hom he
had not seen for years, but whom he hoped to
find in the paternal nians'on, situated in a
wild part of the country, but not very far from
the route which his corps was taking. He
was, however, surprised by the night, as he
was still riding through a forest of firs which
seemed interminnble. He therefore put up
at a small roiiclside inn, where there were
twohidies put up n.molher and her daughter
two Polish ladies who' were hurrying to
meet the husband of one of them, a colonel
in "Jerome Bonaparte's army. They were
ia a great state of alarm, the conduct of the
people about the place having roused their
suspicion. At their request, the Pole took up
lus quarters m a room trom wmcn incir cnam
ber entered, so that no one could reach them
without passing bv him. The room he thus
occupied was on the first floor, and at the top
of a staircase, from which access was obtained
by a trap-door. This trap the officer shut,
and fastened by a wooden bolt belonging to it
f hen, telling the ladies to fear nothing, lie
placed his sword and pistols on a table beside
him and lie resolved to keep good watch.
About midnight, he heard steps on the stair
case. JNo answer was returned to me cuai
icnge he made; on the contrary, some
one tried to force the trap. The officer ob
serving a hole two or three inches square in
t, passed the muzzle ot one ot ins pisiois
through and fired. There was the sound
of a body rolling down the staircase. But the
attempt was soon after renewed; this time
however,dih?rently.' A hand appeared tnrougn
the hole, and grasped the bolt. The bolt was
even half withdraw, when the Pole, at a sin
gle blow, severed the hand from the body it
belonged to. There followed groans and hor
rid imprecations; but nothing more took
place that night In the morning a squadron
of French cavalry arrived, and they were plac
ed in safety. No: a single person was found
in the inn. Tho ifficer continued his' way
to his fatl.er'a house. One thing,
however, had much struck him ; the hand he
had cut off was very small, delicate, and
white ; moreover, one of the fingers wore a
ring of considerable va'ue. The ring he took
possession of, with a strange, uncomfortable
feeling of coming evil, which increased as he
went on. Arrived at his father's house, he
was told that his parent was ill, and in bed.
He was, however, soon introduced to his pre
sence. The old man was evidently suffering
treat pain; but he conversed with his son for
some time.with tolerable composure. Sudden
ly, however, by a convulsive movement, he
threw oil tue bedclothes and tneorncer, to nis
horror, saw that his father's right hand was
wanting. Il was then you ! and this is your
ring!' he cried, in an agony of conflicting
passions, as, throwing the jewel on the floor
he rushed out of the house, mounted his horse
and rode off at full speed. A few weeks
afterward, he sought and found his death
amid the bloody snows of Prussian Eylau.
Trials of a Housekeeper.
We had the honor yesterday of conversing
with a lady who was hi the pursuit of a ser
vant under difficulties, one related to us
some of her trials, and verily our sympathies
were excited by her narrative. "1 have just
now,' said she, 'had an interveiw with a candi
date for service, whom I called to see at her
home. She is an Irish girl, tall and course,
with an almost manly voice. She fixed her
arms akimbo and looked down at me with a
benignant, air while I humbly represented my
situation to her."
'Thin it's a women yee want to cook and
make herself useful in giniral," said she.
The lady indicated her assent
"This it's meself that'll shute ye, if the pay's
The pay, the lady replied, should be liberal
and it was was for the girl to name her own
Tin dollars the month,' said she, "is what
I got last, and it was I aimed it; but, all
things to me mind, I may take less from you
How many children have ye ? But three, eh V
Faiks an 'thev'll have to deman themsilves
cliver thin. And what does your good man
follow ? A dark, eh ? Oh, thin it's nate and
tidy that he is, no doubt But let us be un
derstanding each other a wee bit farther.
Will ye be having any objections to a body.s
kaomg herseit nay ana nne use : uei me
know that; for the last leddy I lived wid
tould me I musn't dress so so fine, because
when I wint te the dure the people tought
was her shisther."
The lady assured her she would have no
fears of the kind.
"Ou-wow, thin I'll make a few inquiries a
bout yez, and if I come it'ill be th'morrow."
And so she dismissed the lady, greatly to the
relief of the later, who said she would return
home, and hope that the woman "th'morrow
might never come to her, "for." said she, "I
fear nothing so much as the coming of that
woman, save to leu ner mat sue win not sun
me." Washington Republic.
Life. Men rejoice when the sun is risen ;
they rejoice when it goes down, while they
are unconscious of the decay of their own lives.
Men rejoice at seeing the face of a new sea
son, as at the arrival of one greatly desired.
Nevertheless, the revolution of seasons is the
decay of human life. Fragments of drift-wood
meeting in the wide ocean, continue together
a little space; thus, parents, wives, children,
relatives, friends and riches, remain with us
but for a short time then separate, and the
separation is inevitable. No mortal can escape
the common lot; he who mourns for departed
relatives has no power to cause them to re
turn. One, standing on the road, would read
ily say to a number of persons passing by, I
will follow you. Why, then, should a person
grieve when journeying the same road, which
has been assuredly trodden by his forefathers?
Life resembles a cataract rushiug down with
irresistable impetuosity. Knowing that the
end of life is death, every right minded man
ought to pursue that which is connected with
Memory.- When the toils and fatigues of
the day are over, who does not love occasion
ally to indulge in or review of by -gone years?
JNo toil, no perplexity attends it. It is an ex
ercise we reserve for an idle hour. In sum
mer, we may repose beneath the shades of a
favorite tree, and whilst we recall the adven
tures of childhood, enjoy, at the same time, the
surrounding scenery. In winter we may seat
ourselves beside the blazing hearth, and whilst
we recount many a past deed, we can, at the
same time, enjoy our fcreside in security, and
feel alive to the present; but in this the mind
is at ease ; no labor of the intellect, no per
plexity attends it Memory is the most inde
pendent faculty of the human mind, because
its othce is simply to reproduce what reason
has dictated and habit confirmed ; whilst every
other department of the mind is equally de
pendent on memory for the exercise of its
Wanted. A towel to wipe the face of the
Sirs. Swisslielm on iIjc AVomaii'i
The editress of tha Pittsburgh Saturdny
Visitor.Mrs. Swisshelm.-discusses the doings of
the Women's Rights Convention at Worcester.
We give the following extract from her ar
"We are pretty nearly out of patience with
the dogged perseverance with which so many
of our reformers persist in their attempts to
do everything at once. They remind us of
the little fellow who bought a bunch of car
rots to fee his pet nihil. ' When he took them
to the Ciige he found the bunch would not go
through the aperture, but he pushed and
struggled and crushed ana uirusi, men nu
out in vexation. "1 cannot get me carrots in
to the cage, father!"
'Of course not all at once, my son ! Untie
the string and put in one at a time!'
But I want to put them all in father!'
'Well so you can if you do as I bid you !
Sammy sat nnd studied a moment! It is
very clear that one carrot could pass the
barrier, and that in time all might go through,
but that was not his plan, so he continued.
'But while I put in one, the rest will be left
Very true; but if you do not get in one
all will be left out'
'But I want them all in!' says Sammy,
raakin" rather a desperate thrust, and none of
em's got any right to be foremost!'
So Mr. Clay was determined to thrust a
bundle of his bills through Congress, and for
months he resisted, with desperation, every
effort to untie the string he wanted 'em all
in, and none or 'em had any right to be fore
most; and now the Worcester Convention is
walking in the footsteps of this illustrious ex
ample. They, too have made a bundle, and
we would advise them with all possible speed
to untie the string. The subject of woman's
admission to the right of citizenship is of suffi
cient importance to claim consideration as a
seperate measure. "One at a time! One
at a time !' called Billy Smith, when he was
court crier, and bidden to "call John Brown
and Mary Brown" into court, and to call one
at a time. Wo always liked Billy's plan
of obeying orders and very often follow his
example, and call for one at a time. Then
let us have the one that's called for. This
convention was called to discuss Women's
rights, and if it had paid good attention to its
own business, it would have had work plenty.
A Rich Scene,
AJMrs. Stansbury, residing in a court run
ning from Pace street below Sixth, was about
to bring a bucket of water trom the hydrant
last night, she found an old basket suspend
ed from the knob of her front door. Putting
her hand into the basket alive and kicking
but so enveloped in rags that no father discov
ery could be made without nnwraping the ob
ject A piece ot paper folded like a letter, lay
by the side of the animated bundle. Mrs.
Stansbury immediately returned into the
house, and by the light of the lamp, examined
the billet. It was addressed to her husband
she tremulously brose the seal and read as
To Joe Stansbnry.
Sir. I send you the baby, which you will
please take good care of and bring up right, so
that it may turn out to be a better man than
its daddy. Oh Joseph ! what a sh' old rake
you are! who would think that such a sober
staid old 6pmshanks could be such a tear
ing down sinner 'The child is yours. You
may swear to that .Look at it ; it is Joe
Stansbury all over. You have deceived me
shamfully, Joseph, letting on to be a widower
but do a father s part by the young one and
1 11 torgive you.
Your heart btoken' Nancy.
Mr. Stansbury was in the basement kitch
en quietly eating his supper and little imag
ining what a storm was brewing over his head.
The door of the kitchen stair-case was violent
ly thrown open and Mrs. S.'s voice yelled out
'stansbury come up here you villian
here's a mess for you!' Stansbury hastily
wiped his mouth and obeyed the summons
'Don't you want to see Nancy, the heart brok
en Nancy ?' cried Mrs. S. when her guilty
husband bad hobbled up into the room, JSan
cy! what Nancy's that!' said the sly old
rogue in well feigned perplexity. 'Why JNan
cy, the mother of this baby that has been hung
up at your door. Mr. Stansbury, oh. vou look
mighty innocent; but just read this letter
and then look in that basket. Don't be afraid
it wont bite, its got no teeth, poor thing!
you'll know it, for, as your hussy savs, it is
just like you all over. Please goodness I'll
expose you before every body :
In less than five minutes Mrs. S. had collect
ed a room full of spectators, (half the inhabit
ants of the. Court) to witness the process of
unwrapping the baby. Anxious expectations
sat on every countenance, as the jealous lady
tore away rag after rag from the body of-the
foundling the vigorous movements of which
astonished every body 'it's just like you, it
has the devil in it already, exclaimed Mrs. S.
When all at once the baby jumped up and
made its escape through the open door.
It was a biff lorn cat The practical, which
was played on on Mrs. s. was traced to a fe
male neighbor. (Pennsylvanian.
messages of an iBdian Chief.
In the Cherokee Advocate ot (Jet 1U, we
find the message of John Ross, principal
Chief ot the Cherokee Nation, to the Legis
lature of his tribe. In brevity Mr. Ross's
messages might profitably serve as a model
for Governors of the pale faces, or even for
their great father at Washington. He la
ments the death of President Taylor, adding
due moral reflections thereon, expresses pecu
liar regret at the death of Dr. Wm. Butler,
late U. S. agent among the Cherokees returns
thanks to Divine Providence for the goodness
of the crops, rejoices that peace and good order
generally prevail in the nation, while he la
ments at the growth of a classof intemperate
and thieving characters, and proposes build
ing a jail to corret them suggests that the
expenses of the Government ought to be
diminished, and thinks it indispensable that
a census of the people be taken, in order that
the appropriation lately made by the U. S.
Government, may be justly distributed and
all in but little more space than is occupied
by this paragraph. Truly John Ross is a man
of busines and wastes no words.
A Good Man's Wish.
I freely confess to you that I would rather,
when I am laid low in the grave, have some
one in his manhood stand over me and say ;
"There lies one who was a real friend to me;
he kindly and privately warned me of the dan
gers of the young; no one knew it, but he
aided in time of need ; I owe what I am to
him:" or I would rather have some widow
with choking utterance telling her children
there is your friend and mine. He visited me
in my affliction, he found you, my son, a good
employer; and you, my daughter, a happy
home in a respectful and virtuous family."
I say I would rather that such persons should
stand at my grave, than to have erected over
it the most beautiful sculptured monument of
Parisian or Italian marble. Phillips.
J. S. FOl'HE, Editor.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1850.
Tiic Rail Road.
We understand that every thing has been
satisfactorily arranged, and that that part of
the road lying between Fremont and Toledo,
will bo put under contract by the 20th of De
cember. The amount necessary to build the
road from this place to Norwalk is being fast
subscribed, and we expect soon to be able to
state that it will be ready to let to Contractors
early next Spring.
The Fugitive Slave Iiaw.
Let those Whig papers which are talking
about the Democratic doughfaces, look here
for a moment and see the language used by
their leaders and big guns in regard to the
fugitive bill :
g3T I approve it Henry Clay.
3T I approve it, the Constitution gives it
and requires it. Daniel Webster.
g3T 1 approve tho foregoing law. Mil
The law is necessary and constitution
al, and I approve it J. J. Crittenden.
In addition let it be remembered that the
Intelligencer and Republic, the two central
organs of Whiggerv at Washington, have
both sustained it from the beginning that
the chief office-holders under the administra
tion throughout the country, when cornered
and compelled to speak out, generally sustain
it The Whig leaders throughout the North
will all approve, or at least cease to condemn
it. within the next three months. Ihe signs
of the times indicate that this will be their
The above we find going the rounds of the
locofoco press, and contains, perhaps, as much
truth, as ever emenates from that fraternity
of defamers of men who have done more for
the honor and renown of their country, than
all the patriotism evinced by these bipeds
combined, can ever effect
Henry Clay, to commence with, never ap
proved the fugitive slave law, in the shape in
which it passed the Senate. It is well known,
that when the bill was before the Senate, Mr.
Clay offered several important amendments,
among which were to give the alleged fugitive
the right of a jury trial, and tho benefit of the
habeas cnrh" They were voted down, Cass
and BE3 JX voting in the negative.
It was with the greatest reluctance that Mr.
Fillmore signed it; 'but being convinced of its
constitutionality, and it being one of the car
dinal doctrines of the Whig party, that the re
sponsibility of all laws should rest with Con
gress, ho gave it his signature.
Let those hypocritical friends of the fugitive
slave remember how the northern free vote
stood on the final passage of the law. Thir
ty locofoco members, (three of the Senate,
and twenty-seven of the House,) voted for the
law, while there were only three Whigs voted
Let them also remember that Thomas H
Benton, the great arch-angel of locofocoism,
stated in his late speech at St Louis, that he
voted FIVE times for the principles of the
present fugitive slave law.
Let them remember that Cass, Senator
Dickinson, of New York, and a host of other
prominent free Northern Democrats, support
ed the bill while in Congress, and are satisfied
with all its features.
Let them bear in mind, furthermore, that
the Washington Union, New York Herald,
and the New York Sun, the leading Locofoco
papers in this country, approve it, and that
the Ohio Statesman has not dared to say a
word of disapprobation of the law. Also, that
three of the four Locofoco papers in this Con
gressional district approve the action of the
majority in Congress.
As far as our knowledge extends, there
not a leading Whig or Whig paper, north of
the line of the Mosouri compromise and west
of the Ohio river, that approve all the features
of that law. In fact, the word repeal is in-
inscribed upon the Whig banner, nnd until the
right of jury trial, and the benefit of the ha
beas corpus is guaranteed to the alleged fugi
tive, an eternal warfare will be waged against
it, the assertion of all locofoco papers to the
The Messrs. Crodaugii advertise in the
Freeman to-day, that they have taken rooms
at the Franklin house, where they are pre
pared to execute miniatures after the most
improved style, and at very reasonable pri
ces. We have examined some ot his speci
mens, and must pronounce them the best
finished miniatures we ever saw. Give him
a call, and examine for yourselves.
itST" "Rural Sketches of Minnesoto, the
Eldorado of the West," is the title of a valuable
publication, to be found at the Book and Drug
store of S. Buckland & Co. It contains all
the information necessary to a thorough un
derstanding of that new and interesting ter
ritory, and will be invaluable to those contem
plating to emigrate there. Price only 25 cts.
jS"We understand that Mr. Boalt, Presi
dent of the Toledo, Fremont, and Wellington
Rail Road Company, passed through this
place, on yesterday, on his way to Toledo, to
take charge of the rail road bonds of that city
which had previously been placed in the
hands of Mr. Johnson of that place, one of the
Directors of the road.
jdTNext Monday, Congress, the Ohio Leg
islature, and the Ohio Constitutional Conven
tion meet We shall look with interest for
the President's message, and hope to be able
to place that, as well as the message of the
Governor, before our readers next week.
The gold mines lately discovered in Vene
zuela promise to be much richer than those in
California, and as they are much nearer will
doubtless take the next crop of emigrants.
O. S. Journal.
13T The Nashville disunion convention is
again ia session.
An Editor Mobbed.
We have waited with considerable anxiety
to see the result of the late attack upon the
"fearless and independent" editor of the Up
per Sandusky Pioneer, by a set of ruffians
from Mersailles. It appears that the editor
took a decided stand in favor of Wyandot
county taking stock in a certain railroad, and
his philanthropic course excited the jealousy
of these "rampant bullies," who had the har
dihood to entice our "innocent and unsuspect
ing" friend from the house where he put up.
telling him they had something of importance
to communicate, and then treating him in the
most brutal manner, in fact, to use the lan
guage of the Pioneer, they treated him worse
than "the untutored savages of the forest
would treat their victims at the stake." And
this, too, in the 19th century of the Christian
He says he was struck 'three different times
on the breast,' and asks:
'In this christian and enlightened age of
the world, who would have supposed that
there were six or seven big bullies living any
where, that could muster up moral courage
enough to assail and personally attack a lone
editor in a strange land for no other purpose
than to use him barbarously,"
It is past our apprehension how they 'could
muster up moral courage enough" to attack
any one, let alone a lone editor in a strange
land.' Such conduct should not go unnoticed
by the press in this country, and these "big
bullies" should be held up to the scorn and
contempt of the civilized world, and the "rest
We are glad to see that tho editor is not to
be intimmidated by their threats, and that he
is handling them without gloves. Although
he is very severe upon them, they don't get
any more than they deserve. We hope he
will continue to 'lash' them, until they make
ample and satisfactory reparation to the edi
tor of the Pioneer, and in fact to the press
generally, for the whole American press are
alike insulted by tbis most "brutal" and "bar
barous" attack upon one of their number.
Hakpeu's New Monthly Magazine. This
valuable Magazine has now been published
some seven mon hs, and has reached a circu
lation of about 70,000 copies per month, a
circulation unparalled by any other similar
publication in the world. The work is princi
pally the re-publication of the standerd litera
ture of England and America, and we thinli
it one of the most deserving publications of
the age. It is the cheapest magazine extant.
For sale at S. Buckland & Cos., Book and
Drug Store, Fremont, O.
3 Mr. Orton, member of the Constitu
tional Convention, left yesterday morning for
the scene of his labors at Cincinnati.
The New York Express says, that Colonel
Benton has made a long speech in St Louis,
defining his position upon himself mainly, upon
the compromise generally, and upon the Union
extensively. He is quite severe upon "the
simples," at home and abroad, and unsparing
upon the Disunionists. His speech embraces
a view of the measures of Congress, and a de
fence of the part played by him in their ad
justmentand non-adjustment. The speech is
in -'the Sir Oracle" vein of the Missouri Sen
ator, and pleases the Evening Post, of this city,
which made arrangements to have it tele
graphed to New York. There is nothing new
in the speech, and it is but the repetition of
the pummelling which the Missouri Senator
has so often given his opponents, in and out of
the Senate Chamber. There is an effort
making among Col. Benton's friends to secure
his nomination for the next Presidency.
Patent Office Report.
The annual report of the Commissioner of
Patents has just been printed. It contains a
large amount of useful information. During
the last year there were made 1,455 new ap
plications for patents. The number issued
was 1,076. During the same period 595 ca
veats were filed. The receipts of the patent
office during the year were 880,752. The
expenses were $77,716, leaving $3,036 to the
credit of the patent fund. On the first day
of January there was a balance of $169,505 to
the fund, $50,000 having been appropriated
to the construction of the new patent office,
during the previous year. In tho class of
metallurgy and the manufacture of the metals
and instruments therefor, 103 different pat
ents were granted. In the class of manufac
tures of hbrous substances, including machines
for preparing wool, cotton, silk, fur, paper, &c,
79 patents were granted. For chemical pro
cess, including medicine, dyeing, distilling, &c,
34 patents were granted. For calorific inven
tions, stoves, lamps, furnaces, and parts there
of, 52. For maratime implements, as vessels,
their rigging, propulsion, &a, 29.
A California School.
The first public school in San Francisco, al
ready numbers 150 pupils from four to sixteen
years of age. Of this whole number, only 2
were born in California; the remainder dated
their pirth place as follows:
Scotland 4, England 5, Ireland 5, Germany
1, France 1, Chili 20, Peru 1, Australia 20,
New Zealand 15, Sandwich Islands 8 making
76, born in foreign countries. Seventy-two
are of American parentage, 12 scotch, 21
English, 18 Irish, 4 French, 6 German, 4 Chil
ian, 1 Spaniard, 1 Italian and I Prusian.
Idiocy and its Causes. Dr. Howe has ex
amined carefully almost the entire number of
cases known to exist m the state ot Massa
chusetts, and the result is, that in all but four
instances, he found the parents of these idiots
were intemperate, addicted to sensual vices,
scrofulous, predisposed to insanity, or had in
termarried with blood relations.
Gov. Seabrooke has accepted the proffered
services of the Kichard Light Dragoons and
the Governor's Guards. The time for the in
vasion of the U. S. is not fixed.
" Mine Got! vot vill de Frenchman make
next ?" as the Dutchman said the first time he
ever saw a monkey.
Living in Hearts. -
. It is belter to live in hearts than in houses.
A change of circumstances or a disobliging
landlord may turn out of a house to which he
has formed many attachments. Removal from
place to place is with many an unavoidable in
cident of life. But one cannot be panelled
from a true and loving heart, save by his own
fault; nor yet always by that, for affection'
clings tenaciously to its object in spite of ill-1
desert; but go where he will, his home re- j
mains in hearts which have learned to love!
him; the roots of affection are not torn out or'
destroyed by such removals, but they remain
hxed deep in the heart, clinging still to the
image of that object which they are more ea
ger to clasp. When one revisits the home of
his childhood, or the place of his happy abode
in life's spring-time, pleasant as it is to survey
each familiar spot, the house, the garden, the
trees planted by himself or kindred now sleep
ing in the dust, there is in the warm grasp of
the hand, in the melting eye, in the kind and
earnest Salutation, in the tender solicitude for
the comfort and pleasure of his visit, a delight
that no mere iocal object of nature or art, no
beautiful cottage, or shady rill, or quiet grove
can possibly bestow. To be remembered, to
be loved, to live in hearts, this is one solace
amid earthly changes this is a joy above all
the pleasures of scene and place. We love
this spiritual home-feeling the union of hearts
which death cannot destroy ; for it augurs, if
there be heart-purity as well as well as heart
affection, an unchanging and imperishable
abode in the hearts now dear.
O. W. Holmes, in his new poem, Astraee,
thus introduces a sailor listening to the church
bells on Sunday morning. The name of his
early 'love' marked in India ink upon his arm,
is a touch of uncommon beauty :
"Ocean's rough child, whom many a shore has
homeward breeze swept him to his own.
Starts the echo, as il circles round,
A thousand memories kindling with the sound;
The early favorite's iinfnraotteii charms,
Whase blue initial stain his tawny arm;
Ilia first farewell, the flapping canvass spread.
The peuward streamers cracking o'er his head.
Fits kind, pale mo'her not ashamed to weep
Her first bom's bridal with Ihe hatrirard deep.
While ihe brave father stood wilh tearless eye,
Smiling and choking with his last good bye."
Conscience and tiie Constitution.' It is
Certainly gratifying to every upholder of our
constitutional compact, to notice the frequent
testimony given from high judicial sources to
its binding force in all cases and under all cir
cumstances its recognition as the "higher
law" of our country.
Judge Judson, of the United States Circuit
Court for the district of Connecticut, in a late
charge to a jury, impressed upon their minds
that the paramount law is that of the Consti
tution. He said : "We are led to believe
and know that the constitution of the United
States framed as it was in wisdom and patriot
ism, is our paramount law, and must nude nnd
govern every man who has taken his oath for
its support. JNo man s conscience can lustily
its infraction or excuse its rejection, in whole
or in part Who has a right to say to the
community around him, I will obey only this
or (lint provision of the law, and trample un
der foot the residue ? Then every other man
would have the same right to select his reject
ed portion, and the consequence would be that
nothing would remain of our noble fabric but
shreds and patches.
Odd Fellow Satisfies.
The following view of the operations of the
Udd b ellows Association is prepared from the
official returns made to the late session of the
Grand Lodge of the United States. Several
States failed to make returns.
Revenue Subordinate Lodges,
Member of initiations this year
Number of brothers relieved,
No. of widowed families relieved
Paid for relief of brothers
Paid to widowed families
Paid for education of orphans
Paid, forburing the dead
Whole amount relief
Value of Christian Friendship. Friend
ship is necessary to our happiness here; and
built upon Christian principles, upon which it
can stand, is a thing even of religious sanction
for what is that love which the holy spirit
speaking by St. John, so much inculcates as
friendship? the only love which deserves
that name, a love which can toil and watch
and deny itself, and go to the death for its
brother. Worldly friendships are a poor
weed compared with this, and even the union
ot spirit in the bond of peace, would suffer in
my mind at least, could 1 think it were only
coeval with our earthly mansions. LCowper.
Distances Across the Ocean.
The nearest geometrical distance between
Liverpool and the North American ports is
traced to the great curve which sweeps by
Cape Clear in Ireland, and (jape KacemJNew
Foundland, nnd thence down the coist to vari
ous ports alluded to. The distance to Cape
Race, which is a common oue to all the ports,
measured carefully on a globe, in round num
bers, 33 deg., or 1.9S0 marine miles. From
Cape Race to the different ports or more
strictly, to the entrance, on the sea coast, of
the several harbors the distances are as fol
lows, viz: lo Halifax, d90; marine miles;
to Boston 840; to New York, 990; to Phila
delphia, 1, 150; to Norfolk, 1 ,190. Hence
the total distances from Liverpool are : To
Halifax, 2, 370; to Philadelphia, 2,370; to
Philadelphia, 3,030; to Norfolk, 3,150 Bos
ton is 4 miles farther than Halifax; New York
600 miles farther; Philadelphia 660.
Lo! The Indian! The Washington Union
suggests that a delegation of North American
Indians be sent to the World's Fiar, the wild
ones arrayed in all their fantistic and striking
costume, and the 'civilized,' the Cherokee for
instance dressed in a manner, becoming their
improved condition 'to teach the nations of
Europe what they do not know, that our na
tional policy of humanity, and of religion, to
wards those children of nature has wrought
almost a miracle in their advancement'
South Carolina Preparations for In
dependence. The Charleston Mercury pub
lishes a memorial to the legislature of South
Carolina, asking for the establishment ot pow
der mills, foundries for the casting of cannon,
and factories of guns, swords and pistols, all
by way of getting that super-valiant State pre
pared for the momentous time when it shall
declare its 'independence from all the world,'
and establish its 'first dependence on itself
A book has been published entitled, "The
art of making people happy without money."
We are in a fit condition to be experimented
, IiOoU out for Counterfeits. ..
During the past few days the city has been
flooded with counterfeit and mutilated notes
upon the State Bank of Ohio, and the Mer
chant's and Mechanic's Bank of Wheeling.
They are all five dollar bills and can be readily
distinguished by comparison with the genuine
issues' the paper is dark, and thin and
the engraving exerable. Almost, every cof
fee house has been victimized, and one of our
principal Hotels received yesterday about fifty
dollars of this spurious currency. The band
engaged in its circulations is evidently exten
sive and well organized, and have suceeded in
doing u heavy business in the last week. "
- Ciri. Gazette
"Here's till ye Jimmy." An Irishmnn
had been sick for a long time, and while in
this state would occasionally cense breathing,
and life be apparently extinct for some time,
wben he would again come to. On one of
these occasions when he had just awakened
from his sleep, Patrick asked him
'An' how'll we know Jemmy, when your
dead you're after wakin up ivery time?
'Bring me a glass o' grog, an' say to me:
Here's till ye, Jemmy, and if I don't raise
up an' dhrink, thin bury me?
The Bitters of Life. The happiness of
life consists of incongruities; the sweets are
rendered more sweet by its bitters. The ti
tled great the owners of the soil, the capital
ists, seek their happiness in the turmoils of leg
islation, the horrors of war, and the chances of
speculation, because such avocations excite
their energies. Love is a mixture of in
congruities; affection, doubt, jealousy, hope.
fear, tiffs, and reconciliatons, are its component
parts. Life's bitters are requisite to the en
joyment of its sweets.
Population of St. Louis. The census is
finally completed, and the returns in the city
proper make 70,4oa
Suburbs . . . 4,655
In 1840, the population was 1 16,469
Increase in ten years
Population of St Louis county
Doing it Well. Sure, said Pat, the Yan
kees are great travelers they travel sixty or
seventy miles a day, while I have hard work
to travel twenty-hve or thirty miles; but there
is not so great a difference after all, for they
don't more than half travel the ground over,
while I travel both sides of the road oyer, for
the most part
St John; Nov. 22.
The Great Fire. The loss by the fire at
Frederickston is 30,000,. exclusive of Mer
chandize, personal property, furniture, etc-
The insurance amounts to 19,000, three or
four thousand of which are in the Central
By this calamity, one hundred and seventy
seven families are rendered houseless, 89 in
the most destitute condition. :
Fremont .Literary Association.
Exercise for Monday evening Nov. 25th inst
a debate on the following subject '
Is the discovery . of the California Gold
Mines beneficial to the United States.
In this place, by Rev. H. Lang, on the 10th inst.
Mr. Jacob YVeichfx and Miss Mart Babbaba
Ghakger, both of Haron connly.
By the same, on the 21st., Ms. Gkorgk Miller
and Miss Mart Kuebbi.fr both of Riley.
By the same on the 241 h inst., Mr. Jacob Koh
i.ku of Riley, and Miss Christina Koehler of
Sandusky City.'. " .
.and on the same day, Dy me same in mis pjacr,
Mr. Chester K. FHn.es and Miss Catharine E.
Browic, all of Fremont.
On Thursday insf., bv Rev. H. P. Povrere,
CHARLES G MUGGEs., and Miss EMILY
L. LEPPLEMAN, ail ol Fremont
With the above notice, we received a large
slice of very excellent cake, which all hands
partook-of with a hearty relish, and for which
our young friends have the thanks of the of
fice. It dpes a printer good to get something
In St Lnkes Church, Ypsilanti, Mich., on the
I9ih inst., by the Rev. H. P. Powers, DocL E. R.
Morse to Miss Mktta Victoria Fclier.
FREMONT PRICE CURRENT. ,
Wheat per bushel. . 63
Flour per barrel 4 00
Corn per bushel - ..37
Oats per bushel. ....... ..--"--25
Butter per pound. ...... ............-..-8
Ejffs per dozen .....6
Cheese per pound. ................ ......10
Lard per pound . ...................5
Salt per barrell I 12
Hides per pound 4 a 8
Flax seed per bushel 88
Timothy seed per bu 1 95
Clover seed per bu 3 (50
Pork per barrell 11 00
Hams smoked per pound 06
Beans per bushel .....I 00
Potatoes per bushel 37
Onions per bushel ..50
Apples grreeu.... .................- 25
Apples dried 1 50
Beeswax per pound 20
Tallow per pound. .... ..,........ ...7
Staves Pipes per M... $I4a20
' Hhd per M.. 10al2
' Bbl per M 9a 13
Blackwalnut Lumber per M 8-il2
McAlistcr's All-Healing Ointment.'
It is not often that we allow ourselves to speak in
praise of any of the patent medicines of the dav, but
owing to the many testimonials of praise that we
hear daily concerning McAlister's All-Healing
Ointment, we must needs say that for ourselves we
have never used or seen a medicine as in name so
applicable i s this medicine. It is indeed truly as
tonishing to see what virtue is imparted in so simple
yet powerful a remedy. For burns, bruises, scalds
all diseases of the skin, and inflammations we be
lieve it has no eqaal. Call and get a pamphlet in
the hands of agents.
Julius W. Parmater's Estate.
Notice is hereby given, that Amos Feun, has
been appointed and qualified a Administrator
on the estate of Julius W. Parmarterdec, late of
Green Creek tp.
Green Creek, Not 30. 1850
Messrs Crobangh takes this method of notifying
the citizens of Sandusky and adjoining coun
ties, that they have located in r remont lor Ihe com-
: . . -...I an nrennritd 1 n fiirnisih Mmi, te.
111 K widicii uu i - :
dancin? parties on the most favorable terms.
' . t nn to en
t remont in ov. ou, iwu.
Rebecca Craiidal's Estate.
NOTICE is hereby given that the subscriber has
been appointed aud Qualified as Administrator
on the estate of Rebecca Crandal, dec, late of
Townsend Tp, Sandusky County, O.
Townsend Tp., Nov. 30, 1850.
HEAP PUBLICATIONS. A choice lot of
xxarper ex. iroiaer'B, just receiver at
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