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From the Xitinasl I ntelligrncer.
Mr. Wchsttr and Mr. Hnlsemann AusTRIAH LxQATION AT WASHINGTON, ) - March 11th. 1851, J .., Ma. Scciktart op Stats : 1 hare reseived an answer to the dispatches ith whicn I had sent to Vienna the note that you did me the honor to address to me on the 21st of December last; and I hasten to inform you, Mr. Secretary of Stale, that the argu- men contained ia your note have not had pow er to change the judgement which the Imperial Cabinet had formed respecting tha mission of Mr. Dudley Mann, as well as respecting the tenor and the terms of the instructions with which he was furnished, ..The Imperial Gov ernment does not ceise to entertain the opin ions contained in ray note of the 30th Septem ber: and it declines all ulterior discussion of that annoying incident, unwilling to expose the kind and friend! relations which it desires to preserve with the Government of the Uni ted States to the danger of being seriously disturbed by discussions which could bare no practical resnlL , President Fillmore declared in his message of the 2d December last, that he was deter mined to act toward other nations as the Uni ted states desired that other nations should act toward them ; and that he had adapted as a rule for his policy .good wilt towards foreign powers, and the abstaining from interference in their internal affairs. Austria lm not demanded ami never will demand anything but the put ting into practice of these principles; and the Imperial Government is sincerely disposed to remain in friendly relation with tha Govern ment of lha Uuited States, so long as the United States shall pot deviate from tbese principles. " .. Please to accept, Mr. Secretary of State, the assurance of uiy high consideration. ...,, t uclskmann. Department of State . ) Washington, March 12, 1S5I. J . The undersigned has the honor to ac knowledge the receipt the Chevalier llulse mami's note of the Itth of this month, which has been su b milted to the President ... '' The President regret that the note of the undersigned, addresed to Chevalier Hulse roann on the 21st December lastwas not satis factory to the Imperial Government, and that its opinion remains unchanged respecting the mission of Mr. A. Dudley Mann, and the in structions with which he was furnished, lie is grattied, however, to learn that the Imperial Government desires to continue, the friendly relations now so happily subsisting between the two Governments a desire in which he cordially concurs. " The President is also gratified to learn that the sentiments respecting the international re lations between the United Slates and Foreign Powers contained in his last annual message, meet the approbation of the Iroerial Govern ment; and he directs me to assure the Chev alier Hulsemann that he intends to act steadily ia accordance with those sentiments. The Government of the United States is as little inclined as the Cabinet at Vienna, to pro long the discusion of the Copies to which the Chevalier Hulsemann's note of the 30th of last year gave rise. . In his reply to that note the undersigned stated the grounds upon which this Govern ment held itself justified in everything which it had done, conncctod with the mission of Mr. A Dudley Mann, and the instructions which were given to him; and he took the occasion also oi declaring the principal and the policy which the United States maintain, as appro priate to their condition, and as being, indeed fixed and fastened upon them by their charac ter.history and their position among the nations of the world; and it may be regarded as cer tain that these principles and this policy willnot bo nbondoned or departed from until some ex traordinary change shall take place in the gen eral current of human affairs. , : The undersigned renews to the Chevalier Ilalseraann the expression of his sentiments of regard. " Dakikl Webster . The Chevalier J. G. Hulsemann, Charge d Affairs of Austria, Washington. From Tchnaatcpee. a Mr. Trastour one ef the engineers attached to to Tehuantepec Surveying Company, writes from the Paci6e coastJan. 30, to the Picayune : I hasten to inform you, that the southern coast of the Ishtmus of Tehuatepec, at the Ventosa, I have found an excellent harbor where vessels of all sizes will find a good and perfeclly safe anchorage. The Ventosa is a bay situated twelve miles southeast of the town of Tehuantepec; the ap proach to it from the Cordilleras is an unin terrupted plain ; bat it is necessary to cross the Tehuantepec river, the depth of which varies, according to the season, from two to fourteen feet;the mean width of the river is 1,000 feet. The river narrows at different points, offering several sites suitable for a bridge. The bay of the Ventosa is large and shel tered. It shores present an extent of 6,200 feet: vessels can enter and depart with-the wind in an v direction. It is a much safer harbor than Vera Crux in this latter port, during the northers, tho communication be tween vessels and the shore is uninterrupted. At the Ventosa a norther of great violence raged from the 7th to the 17th of this month, and the sea, to my great suprise, was scarce ly agitated. "We passed accross it in alt di rections, and continued our soundings without difficulty. Tho waves'of the ocean could be wen at a distance of six or seven miles, and cearly a heavy as those of the Gulf. The bottom of this bay is in general a com pact sand, quite suitable for a good anchorage : bnt on the western sido there is a bottom where this sand is mixed with clay, forming the best holding ground possible. This part U 2.700 feet lonsr bv 1.800 wide, forming an oval In this spot the depth is 26- feet, the greatest 56 feet, almost everywhere 43 to 50 fpL This nart of the bay forms the best and most sheltered anchorage. I have found ia the bay of Salina Cruz, on Pacific shore, another harbor where ves sels will find good, safe, and deep anchor This bay is about two miles to the west of the Ventosa, separated from it by the peak of Cerro Morro; between these two Days mere soma others.that are small and dangerous. Th two bars of the Ventosa and of Salina f :nia tr atahont eaual distances from the two of Tehuantepeo. : ,There are some hills on the plain which extendi from Tehuantepec to Salina Cruz, but the valleys between them afford an easy passage for the railroad. V , Thebavs of Salina Cruz protects deeper into th bind than that of the Venloea; the Ttramfe nointa. which enclose it on the east and west, advance further into the sea. These points are the extremes of the ranges of hills which shut in the bay. The whole length of ike curve, formed by the shores of the bay, is 400 yards. - - In this bay we remarked that the northers bad but little effect upon the water, and we were able ts go about in a small boat Whilst, they were blowing. to- ' " . John M. Bolts has been unanimously nomi nated for Congress by the whig Convention . tf tU Richmond District, Vs. . - Forcig a Ileitis. After the ensuing eth of April, there will be but two British ministers abroad with the rank of Ambassador, namely, at Paris and Con stantinople. The Pans embassy is reduced from 1 0,000 to 8,000 a year. The Madrid mission is reduced from 6,000 a year ana xoou tor nouse rent, to 5,000 a year, ana xuu nouse rent, the Vienna mission from 9,000 a year, and 900 house rent, to 6,000 a year, and 900 house rent, The Consul General Syria and Aluier have also been abolished. During the years 1849 and 1850, three hundred and tweiity-thres houses,have been demolished in Paris for the sake of improve ments. The average price paid by the city to the owners, was hundred and fifteen francs for one metre. The total outlay was 28,990, 00 J francs. , Dr. John Pye Smith, the eminent non-conformist divine, is dead. His father was a bookseller, and the son was originally destined to the, same pursuit. He was educated at Rotterdam College. His after life was prin cipally spent as I he President of Homcrton College, from which he only retired a year ago. Dr. Smith wrote sevoml works on the Socininn and Arian controversies' and on tha connection between Scripture and the science of geoligy. Dr. Smith affords a standing evi dence that magnificent advances in science may be connected with fervent devotions and eminent paactical religion. - Castellan has taken a benefit at the .Italian Opera House, in Berlin. Tho Court, the corps diplomatique, and all the distinguished personnges connected with art and science, were present. She sang many different parts among which wcrt "Zerlinia," "Semiramide," and "AiiiiiiB," w ith an air from Aubur's "En fant Podigue." An interesting account of the operation of testing the galleries of the Crystal Palace, Mn the presence of the Queen, Prince Albert and a distinguished party, is given in the columns of the illustrated London News. The first experiment was made by placing a duad load of furty-thousand pounds, consisting of three hundred .workmen, on the floor ad joining approaches; the second test was that of crowding the men together in the smallest possible space, in both cases no ettect was produced on the flooring. The third experi ment consisted in the same number of men walking first in regular step, and afterwards in irregular step, and afterwards running over the floor, and was also satistactory. When the fourth . experiment was made the same body of men closely packed tegether, jumped up and down fur some. time. The greatest amount of deflections was found not to exceed a quarter of an inch at any interval. Fifteen cases from Greece are on their route to the great Exhibition. An Albanian dress worth two thousand francs.is said to have employed in its preparation fifty persons for three months. In consequence of the broken state of his health, which has been produced by recent bereavements, Hallam, the historian, desires to retire from the Vice Presidency of the So ciety of Antiquaries, an office which has been efficiently filled by him for more than thirty years. The sale of season tickets of admission to the Exhibition, has commenced. The first day's sale realized 3,500. The Queen, on behalf of the Prince of Wales,, has presented to the Metropolitan Convalescent Institution, the sum of two hun dred fifty guinea, The Board of Managers have placed a bed in the Asylum, at the dis posal ol his Royal Highness during his life. The sport of hawking lately took place at Doncaster, on the race ground, Nine pigeon were killed. . . Velvet bracelets and necklaces are much in vogue. 1 lie shades preferred are coral red, garnet, China rose, and above all, black vel vet They are clasped by diamonds, or mar casite. Young ladies adopt the Valois or Maria Stuart taste of dressing their hair. The Valoit style has the hair parted from the forehead, and raised by a comb made for the purpose. The ends fall in a curl or rinclet behind the ears, on caeh side. Puffed bandeaux are very fashionable. 1 he Maria Stuart coiffure has the hair parted as for bandeaux, and raised on a small comb, which sustains the roleau of hair. The Queen of Spain has couferred the title of Count upon M. Salamanca, the Director of the Madrid and Aranguil Uailroad. It is thought that the growth of flax will be made to succeed in Ireland. There is a starling, at Lincoln, that can not only whistle tunes, but can declare the name of the songs. This whistle over, he will say' 'That's 'Bonnets o'Blue,' my boys." taking a short rest, he will continue, "Let's-have "The Girl I left behind me,' " and then proceeds to whistle the tune. In the last seven years, there were, in Eng land, tea thousand one hundred bankrupt cies, The effigy of Lord John Russell lias been burnt at Trulee, in Ireland, amidst noisy de monstrations, Late from Oregon. By the nrrival of the Sea Gull we have re ceived Oregon papers of as late date as the 1st of February. We give such items of interest as we nnd in them. The Legislature have located the capitol tit Salem, the penitentiary at Portland, and the University at Marysville. 41 he editor ot the Uregomau has seen spec imens of gold from Scott's Bar, Klamath river. He savs some lumps have been found of the value $250 to $500. They have been having rain in Oregon in abundance. The Star says: Tho weather for the hist week has been very stormy, rain tailing to a great amount raising the Willamette at- this place, 16 feet. The Spectator says, referring to the Ore gon Legislature: A resolution to adjourn on oaiuruay.uiecin of February, has passed both branches of the Legislature. By that time they will have been in sessiou just 69 days. The Willamette rivtr, since our last has risen to a very considerable height, though not so hiiih by some six or eight feet as the rise nf December, 1849. The drift-wood nnd greatly increased current partially suspended, for a few days its being ferried. A disgraceful Lynching affair was perpe- ,1 trated ot milwaukie, O. T recently, upon the Deraon of man named Evans. He was accus ed of having stolen $250 from a hotel in that place. A rope was put round ins necu, ana he susnended in the air until nearly dead. The Spectator snjs "there was not a particle of evidence to even justify suspicion. As I was going," said Bn Irishmen, 'over Westminister Bridge, the other day. I met Pat Hewins: H wins, says I, how are you?' Pretty well I thank you. Donley.' says he. Says I, 'that's not my name.' 'Faith no more is my name Hewins, says nr. oo we at each other and faith it turned out to be neither of us. : Arriral of the Steamship Franklin. New York, March 22. The Franklin asrived this day. She left Cowes March 8th. " ' On the 9th, off Scilly Island, saw steamer Washington hence for Southamton. Liverpool cotton market of the 8th closed tame, and in some instances & decline had been submitted to. American stocks quiet, prices stationary. Manchester market less ac tive, and late advances not readily paid. The old ministry had been reorganized. The Franklin brings no Liverpool papers, and we are consequently without any report of the grant, nnd provision market. At Lou don wheal fully realized late prices. Ameri can stocks were steady at previous quotations. Money easy. English funds firm and improv ing. Consols 96fa96j. There are but few passengers by the Frank lin. She has a fair freight at good rates, tnk into account the season of the year and the competion to which. American steamers are exposed at Havre, by Packets running to Liv erpool in connexion with the Cunard Com pany. The ministerial crisis in London had passed. Lord Stanly having found it impossible to form a Protectionist ministry that would be likely to withstand the difficulties both in and ont of Parliament which menaced such a com bination, the Queen sent to the Duke of Wel lington to obtain his advice on the unexpected and complicated condition of affairs. In the House of Commons, on the 4th of March, Lord John Russell announced thnt in conform ity with the advice of the Duke of Wellington, the queen had seen fit to recall her former ad visers. The ministry would remain the same as before its reorganization. He then moved its adjournment to the 7th inst, when he pro posed to go on with the papal agression bill.in which it was proposed to make several modifi cations, and promised to lay before the House an exposition of the course to be taken by the Government on the Budget and other ques tions connected with the business of the coun try. It was thought impossible for the ad ministration to last long, and its continuance in office is only intended to do away with the immediate necessity for an appeal to the country in a dissolution. A new Budget was to be brought in and it was thought likely Sir James Graham, Lord Aberdeen, nnd other statesmen of the Peel party would eventually form a coalition with the whig government The Fnglish government have undertaken to raise a fund to pay the passage of the Hunga rian refugees -to America. The Franklin brings n freight of $200,030. The Arctic sailed from Liverpool about the same time the r rankhn left Cowes. The U. S. Frigate St Lawrence, with American con tributions to the World's Fair, was hourly ex pected at Southampton when the Franklin sailed. A Banquet was to be given on the 19th inst I by the Mayor and corporation of Southamp ton to the U-S. Consul at that port llie of ficers of the St Lawrence were to be invited. The London Times contains the debates in Parliament of the preceding night on which Lord John Russell announced the programme he intended to adopt in conducting the affairs of the country under the circumstances of his recall to power, tier Majesty arrived at the Osborn House, Isle of Wright, just before the Franklin left Cowes. She saluted the royal yacht with 21 guns. FRANCE. News from this country possesses but little interest The correspondent of the London Times of the Gth, says if we may judge from the discussion on the Budget'in the commit tee af the Nation Assembly, it is probable that no considerable reduction will be made in the estimate for the year 1852. The discussion wnsmore on the financial condition of the country in general than of matters of detail. The floating debt which was enlarged last year about 74,000,000 francs, was the partic ular subject of deliberation. PRUSSIA. Advices from Berlin by telegraph were to the Gth inst The arrival of an Austrian dis patch has confirmed the Prusian government in its resolution to insist on its rights and pre fer a return to the old Diet to any unsatisfac tory arrangement. Ministerial papers express doubts of the stability of Prince Schwarzcn burg's Cabinet From the Cape of Good Hope. The Boston Traveller, of the 21st contains the following interesting intelligence from the Cnpe of Good Hope. The barque Hamilton, Capt Hallett, arriv ed at this port at 2 o'clock this afternoon, with dates from the Cape of Good Hope to the 4th of February, forty days later than out previ ous accounts. The accounts are most deplorable. The Kaffir chiefs have generally rebelled against the English authorities, and it was feared at the latest accounts, that the Hot'.entots were wavering in their loyalty. From the last of De cember, the dale of the last advices, a war of posts has been continued between the rebels and the English and their native allies, in which the former were always victorious where the action was in the open field. The ac counts of the murder of farmers of the interi or, their families and servants, by the rebels, come in from all quarters, and where they were not killed they were driven off penniless, and their f irms and houses plundered and burnt Sir Harry Snvth, the English Governor, was forwarding levies to the seat of war. The Colonists were aiding him, Relieving that in a prompt suppression of the rebollion lay their r.. r- J1 i, i . r .1. - onlv sntelv. Snowa any numoer oi nc uu- ferent native chiefs with the Hottentots, join the rebels, the contest would be a desperate one. It was thought that the Governor would soon be at the head of ten thousand men, The fane Town Gazette of bvb. 1st,-says, that on the 23d of January the Kaffirs, 3,000 strong, allaced the colonist and other allies near Fort Hare. 1 hey were repulsed with the loss of one hunred killed' On the .id ol Jan., a strong force of Kaffirs attacked Fort White. The Kaffirs were dispersed with twenty killed. On the morning of the 7th, the rebel chiet, Hcrnianus, with his horde ot Kaffirs ana the Hottentots whom he had seduced or compel led to accompany him, attacked Fort Beaufort The assault was repulsed, nnd the chief and his son and a number of his people killed.and his party completely routed. Most of the Hoitentots who were in the ser vice of the farmers had either joined the reb els, or had formed separate encampments. where they remained neutral but subsisting, it was supposed, on the plunder of the desert ed farms. Many Kaffirs had been seen about Grahams Town, and there had been some Bpprenen sions of an attack. The Columbia Carolinian states that the contractor for the manufacture of small arms under the recent appropriation of the South Carolina Legislature, wKl commence opera tions immediately. A site for the manufac tory has been purchased in the vicinity of the Slate Arsenal. THE FREEMAN: FREMONT, OHIO. T. S. FOIIKE, Editor. SATURDAY, MARCH 29, 1851. Rail Road Meetings. Rail Road Meetings will be held in the se veral named townships of this county during the present and coming week at the following times and places, to wit: Saturday evening, 29th inst, at Glick's school house, Ballville township. On the same evening, at Bowman's Tavern Green Creek township. On the same evening, nt Sweet's Tavern, San dusky township. . . Monday evening next, at Riley centre School house, Rrley township. On tho samo evening, at Hamer's Corners, Green Creek township. Tuesday evening next, at Aldrich's School house, Green Creek township. On the same evening at Ansted's tavern, in Hcssville, Washington township. On the same evening, at Muskalunge School house, Jackson township. On the same evening, at Greensburgh, Scott township. On Wednesday evening next at School house near Garn's steam saw mill, Madison tp. On the same evening, Winter's School house Jackson township. On Thursday evening next, at the Brick School house, York Centre. Several speakers will be present at each of the places. E. M. Stone, Esq., of Norwalk, will address the people at Hamer's Corners, on Wednes day evening next o Judge Wade, Certain Locofoco papers, true to their in stinct of misrepresenting every thing and ev ery body that has any thing to do with the Whig party, has styled the new Senator elect of Ohio, "an Abolitionist of the Giddings stamp." Now there is nothing more untrue than such a charge. Mr. Wade lias always been identified with the Whig party, and has never found it necessary to vote against Whig candidates for office. True, he is anti-slavery in his feelings, nnd is opposed to the fugitive slave law, but he does not recognize the right of Congress to interfere with slavery where it now exists, or the doctrine that States and individuals should resist the execution of the fugitive slave law ; he is thus diametrically op posed to Giddings on these two most import ant points. Judge Wade occupies the posi tion of nine-tenths of the people of the Free Worth, tie views slavery as an evil a nec essary evil, if you plcuse and evil which the slave states themselves can only remedy, nnd hence he is opposed to its extention. He is opposed to the fugitive slave law, and is in favor of its repeal, but while it is ths law of the land, he is content to see it executed. If that is "abolitionism of the Giddings stamp," there are very few whigs in Ohio but who are rank Abolitionists. Wadsworth Family. This company of Western Reserve min strels have their origin in Lake County. We have been advertised of their rise and pro gress by our exchanges, where they are spo ken of as Ladies and Gentlemen of high or der and rare musical power. They have thus far received the confidence of the publie mind by their choice selection of secular and sacred music, which has secured to them the occuDancy of churches which would have been closed to any other company. The Elyr- ia Courier speaks as follows of this company of singers: "We have seldom heard a family of singers ho enunciated the words of their varied songs with more emphatic distinctness, and although they lack the experience of many who are now Deiore tne puoiic, tneir penorm- , r .1 , l" g ance was highly creditable and satisfactory. We predict for them a brilliant tuture. The company are five in number, two la dies and three gentlemen, and are accorapan ied bv a Melodeon. They give a coneert at the Presbyterian church this evening, (Satur day.) where all lovers of good music in Fre mont and vicinity, can hare a rare treat JC3T The article below comes to us through the post-office, and although not entirely or iginal, we publish it because it is but a deser ved tribute to the roaster style and finish which marks all of Mr. Kennan's miniatures. We have, during the past week, examined a number of his pictures, nnd we not only ex press our own conviction, but the opinion of many gentlemen," who have also examined them, that they are decidedly the best ever taken in Fremont: Written for the Fremont Freeman. Kennan's Baguerrcan Gallery. There art triumphant our attention claim. There life aerms apenking from ro many frames. Belles,. Merchants, Stalrsmen, throng the pictured wall. Each face, each form, its living type recalls. Features, complexion, attitude, attire. Beauties soft smile, and manhood's glance of fire. Truly reflected from the burnished plate. Astonish life with its own duplicate. Think not these pictures by the sunlight mad. Shadet though they are, will like the shadow fade, No! when the lip of flesh in dust shall he When death's grey film o'erspreads the beaming eye These life-like pictures mocking at decay, Will still be fresh and vivid as to-day. Amateob. Fremont March 27lh, If 51. 4" The Ohio Legislature adjourned on Wednesday last, after a session of near four months. 3T The Free Banking law passed both branches of the Legislature, before its ad journment We expect to be able to publish it next week. According to the state valuation, the pro perty in Massachusetts is estimated to be worth f SBO.OUt'.UUU From on r extra of tho 26th. Oar Kail Road. . The Rail Road meeting last evening, at So cial Hall, went off with the right spirit Our people have at last waked up to the import ance of the subject .and to the absolute neces sity of carrying the vote for the county sub set iption on the first Monday in April next in order to insure the building of the road. The opinion had generally prevailed that the road would be carried through at all events, with out the aid of the county ; but it is now redu ced to a certainty that unless Sandusky coun ty lends its aid, the road must fail. Then the rivul road through Ottawa eounty will have a clear course, and the people of Sandusky coun ty will have the consolation of knowing that they have driven away the Great Eastern and Western Railroad, for the sake of saving the paltry sum of the interest for two years on $50,000, or H mills on the dollar. But tho subject is made clear to the under standing of all, in the address to the voters of Sandusky county, adopted at the meeting last evening. We deem this question of such vi tal interest to the people of Sandusky county, that we have determined to give it to the pub lic in an extra, and we hope it will receive the attention its importance demands. -X We also publish an article from Mr. Jervis, Engineer on the Southern Michigan road, and who has as much experience and information upon the subject of Rail Roads as any other gentleman in the country. He shows the im portance of the connecting link between Cleveland and Toledo. - Shall Sandusky county secure to itself the benefits of this great thoroughfare? That .question, is to be decided on the first Monday in ApriL We will here caution the people against be ing deceived by Hand Bills, &c, from other counties, or people who are interested in de feating this vote, that they may secure to themselves similar advantages at our expense. Such hand bills were in circulation last Fall, and no doubt will be again. Why do people of other counties take so much interest in our local matters? The answer is obvious. They wish to profit by our folly. If our road is built their's is defeated ! We trust the people of Sandusky county will rebuke this intermed- ling ol people in their neighbor's affairs. In conclusion, we repeat, that the Road will not, and cannot be built through bandusky county, without the aid of the county subscrip tion of $50,000. Let no one be deceived up on this point in deciding upon his vote, for when that is in the ballot-box, it will De too late to repent A Fact for those who are opposed to the Railroad subscription to take into consid eration: TheiNew Constitution which is to be voted for on the third Tuesday in June next provides that Railroad stock, Plankroad stock, &C, shall be taxed the same as other property. Now if the people vote in favor of the $50,030 subscription, and the road is built, there will be placed upon the tax duplicate of this county $400,000, which would pay an annual tax of about $3,000. Now say the county Commissioners borrow this $50,000 on a credit of twenty years, and pay an annual tax of li mills on the dollar, or $3,500, in twenty years it would amonnt to $70,000. In the same time, to wit: twenty years, the Railroad would pay into the county treasury $160,000. Now subtract $70,000 from $160,- 000. and there would be left a ballance of $90,000 in favor of the county, enough to pay off the $50,000 bonds and $40,000 besides to be applied to the general expenses of the county. So it will be seen at a glance, tnai the Road will not only pay the principal and interest on the bonds, but actually a surplus of $40,000 for the benefit of the county. But the county is not even asked to pay the interest on the $50,000 twenty years. It is only asked to pay this $3,500 interest two vears. or for the two years $7,000. 1 bus the county, in twenty years, besides having her bonds paid oft by the roan, wouia receive an additional sum from that source, amounting to $93,000. The above calculation is mnde trom the nresent rate of taxation in this county. . We ask the people to candidly take these facts into consideration. Rail Road Subscription. The Clerks and Trustees of the several tnwnshins will bear in mind that it will be necessary to keep a separate Box and Poll Book, for the vote on the Rail Road subscrip tion, a return of which roust be made to the county Clerk in the same time ana manner as elections for State and county officers. Rail Road Meeting. At a large and respectable meeting of the ctizens of Fremont and vicinity, held nt Social Hall, on the evening of the 25th of March, 1851, to take into consideration the propriety of subscribing fifty thousand dollars by ban dusky county, to the Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Rail Road Company. Hon. J. . Olmsted was chosen Chairman, and H. Ever ett Esq., Secretary. After full discussion and explanation, it was unanimously resolved, that in the opinion of this meeting, the said road cannot be built itnnt the aid of such subscription, and that we will use our best endeavors to persuad the voters of the county, that it is for their true interest to vote for subscribing said stock. Thereupon the following address was read and unanimously adopted, as the sense of this meeting, and ordered to be published and circulated as part of the proceedings thereof, with our earnest wish that it may be read, and thoroughly and correctly understood by every voter. The meeting adjourned tc assemble at So cial Hall on Thursday evening, March 27. J. S. OLMSTED, Chm'n. IL Everett, Sec'y. To the Voters of Sandusky County On the first Monday of April next you are called upon to vote for or against empower ing the Commissioners of your county, to subscribe in behalf of your coun'y, $50,000 to the capital stock of the Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Rail Road Company. Whe ther Sandusky county will have the benefit of an Eastern and Western Rail Road or not, in all probability, depends upon the result of that vole. Let no one be deceived with the idea Lfhat the road will be built without the aid of Sandusky county. Every citizen undoubted ly desires to vote understanding and for the best interests of the people of the county; Let us see then how the facts stand.' There is about $88,000 in stock taken nt this place, and west of it, including the $50, 000 subscribed at the city of Toledo, every dollar of which is pledged to the contractors on the Western division of the road. There is now $98,0C0 subscribed in Huron county, and about $14,000 at Oborlin, making in all already obtained $200,003. But the stock subscribed in Huron county and east of it, was subscribed under the expectation that it would be expended on tho Eastern end of the line, and it will be required there with the $60,00 to be voted at the April election. East of Sandusky county, to prepare that end of the road for the Iron. This leaves the val ley of the Sandusky, and the crossing of the Sandusky river, to be provided for. And if the Road is under prudent management the means will be procured before the. contracts are let No more means can be raised in this county by private subscriptions, and money cannot be borrowed abroad on individual se curities, but can be on the credit of the coun ties. ' " All thnt ts asked of Sandusky county is to subscribe $50,000 to the stock of the Com pany,' and issue therefor the bonds of the county pnyable in ten or twenty years, and pay the interest thereon two years only, until the road is got into operation. Then the com pany have" agreed to take the stock and as sume the payment of the Bonds of the county. The taxable property upon the duplicate for this year, is about $2,350,000. One mill and half on the dollar will pay the interest on the $50,000. This is asked for only two years, and is only about as much as we pay yearly for road tax. And the taxable property of the county will be greatly increased in conse quence of building the road, and will decrease not only this tax, but all other county taxes; so that in a few years the rate of all the taxes will be less then it would be without the road. To secure the performance of this agreement on the part of the company, the county have the whole of the stock already subscribed, $200,000,) and will have the further sum oted as a pledge for the redemption of their,., the close of navigation next falL - This bonds, and no dividends could be made t the stockholders while any portion of the pnnl cipul nnd interest of the bonds remain Unpaid. i j . . . r . i. - i 1 .. In addition to this, a number ot the wealthiest men of the county have pledged their own responsibility to that of the - company, which makes the security to tha county unquestion able. ' This puts the case to the voters in an entire ly different light from what it wis before. It is simply a loan of the credit of the county to the Company to enable the company to con struct the road, and incurring an obligation to par the interest two years. With this aid the road will be completed as soon as the work can be done, and as the commissioners after a full investigation, have certified that in their opinion the county would be safe in lending the credit it ought to remove an oojecuons . ..... ... , , . and satisfy the people. The certificate of the Commissioners will be found below. No one doubts but the stock will be good when the road is completed, and the county will have the option to keep the stock, or com pel the company to take it under their agree ment The advantage is all on the side ef the county. The expenditure of some $200,000 within the limits of the county during the building of the road, will benefit the people a great deal more than all the taxes they will ever have to pay on account of the subscrip tion. This money will be paid out Tor lanor, materials, produce, &c, and will benefit all classes of community more or less, but more nnrticulartv farmers and laoorers. it win brin" a large increase of population and capi tal into the county, and open new sources of business and enterprise, the extent oi wuicn is not generally appreciated. Our county will no lontrer be behind all otners in improvement. Every body will seem to have inspired new life and energy. Whv should bandusky county noia oaca, whilst all around, everybody else, is straining everv nerve to secure to wnuwura mc u vantages which we have within our reach? Toledo has voted and subscribed SoO.O. 0 to this Road. Crawford, Wyandot Delaware, Hancock. ChamDaign and other counties too numerous to mention have voted their bun rlrpfts nf thousands to Roads running througli iheir resnective counties. Cincinnati a million of dollars. Sandusky City has voted sisu, 000 and is striving to push a road JNorth ot us through Ottawa county, ana is using every means to defeat our Road. Every artifice ill h nsed to induce the people of Sandusky county to vote against their own interests, be cause, if our road is built that cannot be, at least for many years to come, it our rtoau now fails for the want of the aid asked for, of Sanduskv county need never ex pect to have an Eastern fe AN cstem Road through their county. ue every min uc, . mind therefore, before he votes, that this th last throw of the die 1 That his vote may At,S h mipstion. so far as Sandusky coun- " . . ., r J T5:l T? A tf ie mnrornpfl ol Kail IVOau.or uu sxau ivuou for our day at lenst. But we have no doubt that when" the people properly understand the il.o. will vote the suoscriDiion auu place the building of the road beyond aques jjon The following is the certibcate ot tne Liouu- issippi! Can you realize ine cnange so rapia ty Commissioners refered to above. ly effected ? How vast the influence of rail- 3 I roads in binding us together by the ties of We the undersigned Commissioners W he8Pt an.d , easy . N.BnK,' ua me unuei:y x must bestir herself, or the chains will be too Sandusky county, ao nereoy certny iuai wj have this day taken the agreement of the 7 o-'"t -ectfulv trul ledo, Norwalk & Cleveland Rail Road Com- er wPtuiiy g nnnp to save harmless, and indemnify the , - ' . ' county of Sandusky against any and all bonds that may be issued by said county, pursu ant to a vote of the citizens thereof, at the e lection in April next upon executing an as signment of the stock so subscribed in said company. And in case the citizens in the county aforesaid, shall see proper to vote the subscription, it is our opinion that the county will be fully indemnified after two years inter est shall be paid. . . HIRUM HURD, MICHAEL REED, M. WRIGHT. Commissioners Sandusky county. Auditor's Offick, X March. 21st, 1851. , J Railroads Westward from Kew York. ' "" Adiuak, Feb. 28, 1851. To Hit Editor otlie Evening Pott: Gentlt-men In a tour recently made from New York, via Buffalo, to the southern part of Michigan, I have taken pains to inquire into the progress of railroads, from New Yerk westward. There are now constructed, and in progress of construction, three great lines from New York to Lake Erie. ' .. The route, via Albany, to Buffalo, is com pleted, except a portion of the Hudson River road, and this will probably be completed next autum. , From Buffalo west to the town of Erie, . ninety miles, a road is now in active progress, and is expected to be completed next autumn. - The route by way of New York and Erie " Railroad is expected to be completed so as to open it for running trains about the 1st of June next to Dunkirk, and is to be extended to the town of Erie before the close cf navi gation next fall. It is understood two roa-Js will be made from Dunkirk to Erie the one from Buffalo on the common gauge, and the New York and Erie on the broad gauge. From Erie to the state line of Ohio, the work is progressing moderately, there being some controversy as to the charter, and this em barrassment will delay the completion until next year, most probably,- From the state line of Ohio to Cleveland, , the work is under contract and is expected to be completed from Cleveland to Ashtabula before the close of navigation next fait This will leave forty-five miles between Ashtabula t and Erie, the only stage travelling, next win ter, between New York and Cleveland, by either of the routes above mentioned. The route from New York, via Philadelphia and Piitsburgh, to Cleveland, it is expected, will be completed and opened for travelling by the close of the year.; If this expectation ia ' realized, we shall have a railroad communi cation from New York to Cleveland, on Lake . Erie, for next winter's use. .' And the routes' between the same points, (New York and Cleveland,) via New York and Erie Railroad,' -and that via Albany and Buffalo, will have but forty-five miles of stage travelling next winter. -This will be a vast improvement over the con dition of travelling the present winter.;; Of the three routes above mentioned from Cleveland on Lake'Erie, to New York, that via Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, . will be, ac- "' cording to statements of present lines, about ' ten miles the shortest ' The New York and " Erie will be the next shortest, and that via Buffalo and Albany the longest - The latter road, however, is the most favorable in grades and curves. The relative advantages are such, that the three routes from Cleveland to New York will be competitors for the through trafic " ' : -: ; . From Cleveland to Toledo (at the head of , Lake Erie) there is some embarrassment in , regard to location. A company is organized. however, and has put the line from loledo tow Fremont, a distance of thirty miles, under con tract, which is expected to be completed be- will leave twenty-five miles of coaching from Fremont (Lower Sandusky) 1o Monroeville, ,. ,w -pn:uAai li.. ,k; . ailmal on the Mansfield Railroad. By this railroad,, and the Cleveland and Columbus Railroad, a communication is opened by railroad from Monroeville to Cleveland, which, though near, double the distance of the line along the shore of the Lake, is greatly preferable to the stage. This will open a railroad communication from Toledo to JNeW; York, tor next winter a use. with only twenty-five miles of coaching, via Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, and seventy miles via New York and Erie road and Albany and Buffalo. - ' - There is little doubt the entire ronte on the south shore of Lake Erie, and all the lines above alluded - to, will be completed in the course of next year. From Toledo a railroad is now in operation to Cold Water.in Michigan, ninety-three miles. Thirty three miles of the distance is owned by,1 the Erie and Kalamazoo company It forms a junction with the latter company's rond at . . - mi i C- .1 .. ALlrlMn. ine micigan ouuuicru tuuimnir have twenty-four miles that will be opened for use in two weeks from this time, making their line across the . Peninsula of Mich igan, one hundred and seventeen miles, to Sturges Prairie. The work beyond this point is in progress. and the twenty miles which reach the state line of Indiana, will probably be completed and opened for use in July next - At this point commences tne rtortneru inuian rail road, (being a continuation of the Michigan southern road.) and is designed to extend t Chicago in Illinois. One hundred - mites ot this road is in the state of -Indiana, of which -' about forty miles is nearly ready for the rails. It is expected to be completed to tne sta;e line of Illinois by the close of this year. Thie will leave thirteen miles to be travelled by stage to Chicnga ' ' This result will give railroad communication next winter, from Chicago to New York, via Pittsburg and Philadelphia, complete, 'With the exception of thirty eight miles, and via N. York and Erie road, and via Albany and Buf-.- falo, with the exception of eighty-three miles. We are, therefore, closely approximating a continuous communication by railway, from NewYork,-westward aboutone thousand miles and in tha course of the next year, (1852,) the line will no doubt be completed to Chicago, and probably to the Missisfippi, at . Galena, a distance of near twelve hundred mile from New York. This will be a vast result for the time and capital employed, nnd could not be so rapidly consumated, except for the great fa cility the formation of the country presents: for building railroads. : This great western line must have a Terr' large traffic, especially in passengers. The ex tensive, fertile, and distant west once shut out by the frost of winter, and restricted by the hazards of lake navigation in summer, will be brought into a neighborhood intercourse easy and cheap, at all seasons of the year.- The railroads will form an epoch in its history, from which to date its advance in commercial, social,. and political intercourse- Two days by an in- lienor lanu rouie, uwu ..o , , , yours, . JOHN B, JERVIS. Ohio akd Mississippi Railroad. The en gineers on the line of this road state that they have found a more favorable route than was expected bsfore the surveys were made. It is described as free from objectionable curves, having a maximum grade of 35 feet, and be ing SO miles shorter ' than the line reported by Mitchell. The total distance from Cincin nati to St Louis, by the route in question, will be less than 300 miles, and the cost of the work is expected to fall below the estimates made. . , ;.