Newspaper Page Text
1V1LI AL V 0 VOLUME III. FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY. JUNE 7, issi, NUMBER 13. ;vi;y n n . n , w o v I I i i 2? I: FREMONT FREEMAN: I J. S. FprKE, Editor and Publisher. The Fricvsaii, is published e very Saturday morn-lo.(-i-Ofriee in Bnckland'a Brick Building third lory; Fremont, Samluakv county, Ohio. - ' ' f . :.- TER MS. . - ... Single mailaubacribere.peryear, . (150 Cluha orii-n ana upwarda, to one address 137) Club, of fifteen : " 1 S5 TowaeubaeriWrawiH be charter! yl 75. Tlie dif ... ferencem theterma between th price m paper ' Jelicred :ntowu and those sent by mail, iaocca r lioned by the exneuae of carrying. '; When the money ia not paid in advance, above peeified. Two Dollar will be charged if paid with. rt tt year, if not paid antil after the expiration of the yar.Two Dollar and Fifty eentawill be charg ed," Th-ae Urine will be strictly adhered to. ' How to Stop a Pra. First e that yon have paid for it up to the time yon wish it to atop: notify " the Post Mssterof your desire, and ask him to no tifv the publisher, under his frank, (as he is author ted to do) of yonr wih to discontinue. ' " - - RATES OF ADVERTISING. Onsquare- 131ine first insertion. ' Do Do . - Do each additional insertion. .Three months. ...... Six months. . ,. One Tear... . Do Two squsreeSix months... Do One year.... .- Halfcolnntn One year.... ..-. ...... One column One year.... ........ Dnsiness Directors. , FREMONT FREEMAN JOB PBIXTI.'VG OFFICE - - We are now prepared to execute to ordrr. in a .at and expedition manner, and apon the fairest terms; almost all descriptions ol - JOB PRINTING; : SUCH AS Business CikDS, Cikcolaiu, . H.nnniLLS. " " CjiT.i.oGcrs, how B11.1.S, lUTTIdtS Bl.AHLS, Lawtkrs' Bi-ASKS, Rill Hiads, Bills or Ladiso, CERTiriCtTKS, ; Drafts, Hills, Bask Checks, Law Casks, Ball Tickets. ktc, etc AlaairnTa, We wonld snv to those of onr friends who are in want of snch work, yon need not go abroad to get t done, when it can be done just as rood at home. I. O. O. F. rnnnnil Lodge. No. 77, meets at the Odd Fel Ws Hall, in Backhand's Brick Building, every Saturday evening. ; : PEASE Sc KOBEBTS, -. - - sinuricTiint.s r Coppcr Tla, and Sheet-iron Ware, , . - AVfi DEALERS III Stores, TTool, Eides, Sheep-pelts, Rags, " Old Copper, Old Stoves, ic, fec : ALSO, ALL 8OKT8 OF CEHCI3B TAKKEK NOTIONS Pease's BrlcK Block, So.1l. . s . FREMONT. OHIO. 32 . STEPHE3I BCCKXAXI) Sc CO., DEALERS IN Prugs, Medicines, Paints, Dye-Stuffs, Books, Stationaay, ic.i v FREMONT, OHIO. " " T. II. KOBERT$0., JLttorney and Counsellor at Law, And Solicitor in Chancery. , Fremont, Sandusky county, Ohio. -OrrrK o-r Vandercooks' stores M-yS. V. EDWARD F. BICKIXS03T, - ji tlorne y and Connsrlloral lUawz FREMONT, OH IO. OOicei-Ocer A. F. t F. Vanderrook Store. Aag.-gA, JO K tT.ril P. BCCKsjAJVUj . Attorney and Counsellor at Iaw, And Solicitor in Chancery, will attend to rofrea jonal hosinesstn Sanduslty and adjumrns; countre?. Office Seeni.d stnrr of BnckUnd's Block. ' FREMONT, OHIO. ' J. I. CttEKW. - Wis. AsKSLkT. ,f GHEEXE Aj AarXESMSY, ttornerat l aw & Sulicitom in huniery, Will gttM ih-ir undivided attention to profession wl buajii iirtrirsid tc their core in Saiidttfakv and adjourning counties. . Office In the eerond sinrr of Bnckland's Block. . . . F REMONT. O II ia - ' CHESTER EBCERTOXt , Attorney and Counsellor ot Iaw, And S.ilirhor in Chancery, will earernfly attend all rrofVainnal business left in his charge. He will also attend to the collection of claims &c, in tliin and adjoining counties. Office 8eeowd srory Bucklawd's Block. - ' FREMOMT, OHTO. 1 U.J.UAltl'LrJ'l'T, Attorney yd Counsellor at IjO-w, Will giy his uidivided attention to professional fcasiuessin Sandusky anil the adjoinrng counties. Office Over Oppenbeiwrers Store. : I , FREMONT, OHIO. 1 LA Q. IlAWSOXt PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Office North side of the Tampike, pesrly oppo attatha Post Office. - i - v i- , FREMONT, OHIO. 14 PIEKKE BEltGBAJiDi PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Aospeelfolly tenders his professional services lo the eitisena of Fremont and vicinity. Office One door north of E. N. Cook's Store. lilt. J. CIIAMBEttLEV, Botanip Phrsiciaa, , O ESPECTrtTLLy announces to the citizens of XVFremont and vicinity, that lie has returned and peimanently located in this place, and will be ready to attend to all who may wish his professional ser vices. Residence at the Methodist Parsonage. Offline Two doors sooth of Pease St, Roberts' Tin Shop. November 9, 1850 ly -PORTAGE COUNTY Mutual Fire Insurance Company. K. P. BCCKIjASiD, Agentt FREMONT, OHIO. 1 A. F. &. F. VANDERCOOK: MERCHANTS AND DEALERS In all kinds of Produce ; At tbe Old Stand Eormerly occupied by Dickenson & V.Doren. EREMONT, OHIO. December 15. IMS. SOCIAL HALL. THEsnbscriber is prepared to furnish Social Hai.l, in Bnckland's Brick Block, for CetlHoa Parties, Sorles, Lectures, &c, on reasonable terms: and also refreshments, in the best style on the shortest noiieet J. F, R. SEBRING. Fremont, Anjrost 3, 1850. . M JALLISTER'S All Healing Ointment. Deans Chemical fluster, Blaka's Bitters. &e.,at WOOSTER'S so SO 25 ...... aoo ... 3 50 -.. 5 00 6 00 1000 18 00 30 00 fiinm prv jlv New- Arrangement ! PRICES REDUCED! Jos e p it H c oc iiii'A IvIe , T" ESPECT FULLY announces to the citizens of XV Fremont, and vicinity that he haa tnken the old and well known stand of H. R. Foster, where he will be happy to supply the old customers and public generally with any article in h line. Keeps constantly ou hand and m jufactures to order oi the bestinaterial every variety ol Saddles, Harness, Tr rtks, Valises, Bridles, Martingals.&cA-c Carriage Trimming done on the ahortest notice. All work warranted. Fremont, Nov. 1st, 1650. 34 HEY GROCERY AND SALOON: JUST OPENED IN Bnckland's Kcw Brick Building-! J. F. It. SEBBIBfG, I !H BrsPrrTrTIT.I.Y inform. hi Old ffl fy!! Customers and the Public renerally. (tomfSi thai he has Bjrain gone into the oro H!!lli'il eery Business, and has now opened ? ONE or THE MOST EXTENSIVE Stocks of Groceries! ever bronebtto this market, with especial reference to supply the wants of the citizens of Sauduskyaud adjoining counties. This stock consists in part of Sugars, Coffee, Teas, Spices, Pepper, Rnisios, Tobacco, ' Segars, &c, Ac. together with a complete and large asssortment of CANDIES, the best ever opened in Fremont, the assertion of bogus" dealers in this article 10 me contrary not- 'illistHnriing. NUTS, FRUITS AND PRESERVES, of the rarest kinds, will be be found at my store. Lemonade, Mead, Cronk and Beer, can be had ol a moment's notice. Frcsli Baked Bread, Cake, Pics, and Biacuit always kent on hand. Families wish ing to be supplied with Bread can at all times be accommodated with a superior article and on the most liberal terms. But I hare neither time norths printer room in his paper, to enumerate the sixth part of the articles kept by me, andean only ask that a discriminating nublic will giro me a call and and judge for them selves", feeling satisfied that I can render entire sat- isfadion to all both as to pnees and quality Fremont, June 15, '50. Geo. 1W. Tillotson. RESPEJTFUI.liY announces to theciii seus of Sandusky and adjoining counties, that i i HnlaniatiMfl Ilia OruerT with a lorgealld complete Slotk, and is now prepared to supply his Old Customers snd all who may favor him with their pe'ronnge. wi.h any thing in his line, at re duced prices. His stock consists in part of Sugars, Coffee, Teas, Spices, Pepper, Raisens, Tobacco, Seg;,rs. Nuts. Powder, Shot. Ac, Ac. together with a large and superior assortment of B3 -f. W D at JBAZ S 1 made from refined loafsugars. He keeps on band a auperior article ot : WINES, BRANDIES AND GIN! t : i i t . 1. .... w.nw I V n the HHmeartic- W 1 1 11. Will V. V-" le can be bouslit at " other establishment iu Fre mont. He also has a choice ioi 01 WHISKEY! which willbesold from J t to 26 cents pergallon, he best article in town, the aasertion of othkhs to Uhecoirtrary notwithstanding. Lemonade, Mead, Cronk and Beer, can be funnd at his Grocery at all business hotirs. Ti .. L r.. I n 1 1. nnl.li. fnr lliMir heretofore liberal patronage, he respectfully solicits a continuance of the same. Fremont, April 12th, 151 No. 5 ly- CANFIELD &M IT C HELL, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALKR8 IN HARDWARE, NAILS AND IRON, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISH k BRUSHES. Lumps. Kriltmiia mid Jappant-d Waie; HOPES AXD CORDAGE; Chbs & Pistols, Powder & Shot. STOVES AND PIPE; MAATFACTIBERS OP Tin and Conner War-, at rtiesienofthe Padlock nd Siotfe, in the Store formerly occupied by E. N . Cook, opposite the lirflik. rreiiionl, Dec., a?, 1S0U. "femont nous E ; AND GENERAL fREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, O. W3I. KESSLER, Proprietor. MR. KESSLER, annomces to the Travelme Public that he has returned to the above well known stand and is now prepared to accommodate in the best manner, all who may faor him with their patronage. No efforts will be spsred to promote the comfort and convenience of Coests. tUT Good Stablmg and careful Onmsin at tendance. Fremont, November 24. 1849 36 DB IS. S. BICE. Continues the practice of Medicine in Fremont and ndjacent country. Ueficb, as formerly, on front street, oppo site Deiil's new building. Fremont, Nov. 23, 1850. 37 CIDEOX HATCH, Tailor; WOULD inform hisfriendsand the public, that he ha' taken rooms at Ballville, where he tends carrvinc on the above business, in all its branches, and hopes by punctual attention and Ion); experience in his trade to merit and receive a sharoof patronage. N. B. Cutting of garments of every description. attended to in the most fashionable style, and war ranted to 6t. Also, he is Agent for T7nvis Pain Killer a fresh supply just received and forsh hy HATCH. Ballville, July 13, 185018 FASHIONABLE TAILORING. PHILIP MAXWELL, WOULD respect folly announce that he has Ucmoved bis Shop, one door South of Leppelman's Jewelry Sbop, opposite Head Quarters, where he will be happy to wan on nis oia customers ana all who need any thing in his line. If von want too garments made up RIGHT. and after the Latest Fashion yon must call on MAXWELL. N. B. Particular attention paid to cutting, aud warranted to fit if properly made op. Fremont, April 28, 184a. rpHE Subscribers respectfully inform the public 1 that they have entered into a partnership, for the purpose ol carrying on the Butchering business. Their friends who may wish to he supplied wilh the best meats that the country afTords, are requested to call at Grand's old stand, where they will bo happy to supply them, on accommodating terms. ununiyov si. rfLuoiLin. Frmont March 39, '51 . From the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser. Passing Thoughts. I'm thinking of my childhood's days So sunny, long and bright. When all the earth to my glad heart Was radient with delight; Who if a tear-drop dimmed my eye 'Twas but a summer shower; One cheering ray they'd melt away Like rain drops from a flower. How gaily then 1 danced along, Each coming hour to greet, While ii. any op'ning buds of hope Were scattered 'neath my feet; Yet 'twas a soulless happiness. Of sense but not of mind, That passed with noiseless tread and left No deep footpriuts behind. And on the days of youthful prime My ling'ring thoughts still dwell, When sunbeams from an inner life Dissolved my childhood's spell; Then in the noontide of my years Those sunbeam's brighter grew. But while they shed a stronger light The thadowt lengthened too. I'm thinking of declining days, When setting suns shall throw - Their durk'ning gloom arouud my path. To sadden all below; When those 'round whom my heart strings cling Shall from that heart be riven. And hope's bright hues in darkuess melt, Like sunset clouds at even. Anil oh! I'm thinking of a world Where all from pain are free. Where kindred hearts forever dwell In spirit harmony; Olif to falleu erring man An earth so bright is given What aos our heavenly father made For ainlesssouls in heaven. C. S. ill i a c 1 1 1 a n t o n s . From the Ciucinuuti Gnztlle. Tbc Change ia Locomotion Ohio in 1814 and Ohio in 1851. There is not, tn all the physical changes of tite world, produced by Human .Power, so great a change, as this day records, in the Lo comotive facilities of the people of Cincinnati. We say 'of Cincinnati,"," for reasons which will appear in our story. To day, the Erie Ruilrond is opened from Dunkirk to New York. It rcconds a triumph in the progress a physi cal civilization, what this change is. We ob serve, then, that by using due diligence, in reference to the connection of cars, boats, dec, a traveller, who embarks at Cincinnati may reach New York in forty-tmo hours. Thus the departure and arrivals will be very nearly as follows: Leave Cincinnati, 5 h. SO rain. A. M. Cleveland. 7 h P. M. Dunkirk, 7 h. A. M. Arrive at New York, 11 h. P. M This is allowing 1 h. 40 m., Cleveland ; 1 h. at Dunkirk; and 1 h. longer than the Express train, on the Erie Railroad making an allow ance of 3 h. 40 m. beyond what is claimed as to speed of the lines; but, on the other hand, allowing for a regular connection, less than two days will be, at any rate, the trip to New York. Such is the event of to-day. Now, let us co back and take a glance at a Cincinnati gentlemen leaving this (then country town) in 1812, tosee his relatives in rtew lork. JNo singe then run this side of Carlisle (Pennsylvania) and no steamboat on the river, and a keel boat, (the best water conveyance of that day) might get you to Wheeling lit three or lour weeks! Ivo staiie no steamboat, no rail car there remains no resource for the gentleman to take his wife and children, but to buy his horses and sort of a wheeled carriage, hire his driver, and get a long as he can. He does so; and his first utithiy is something like $500 for his horses and carriage. Then he hires a driver at $15 a month, and expenses paid. Then he must lay in an assortment of tools consisting of axe hammer, screw-driver, ropes, halters, and tar- bucket, with some nails and screws. After this is done, a pair of pistols, a supply of am munition and two or three blankets must be provided. In the wardrobe trunks must.be included several pair of sheets, if there is any vxpi't tation of sleeping any where! V e may suppose the party now to set out, with some-hopes of ultimately seeing the New 1 oik a journey fuily equivalent to one now to the Sandwich Island. Many are the ob stacles they meet with; but We will recite but two or three, hy way of samples, the old road leads by Williamsburgh to Chillicothe, and Lancaster to Wheeling. They get along tolerably well to beyond WillintnKburgh.where they plunge into the Whiteoak Swamp. Then for twenty miles the road is an uninter rupted Railway the rails laid the wrong way ind composed ot large logs. Ihump thump Bang bang! "Oh! my back! In very despair, wife and children get out, and cranl over the Iocs, till the hist remnants of shoes and stockings are visible through the mud plastering! At length a so litary light gleams in the swamp and the party arrive, tired, hungry wet and cross, at the only loge house, within fifteen miles. But when there, there is some consolation in the hearty welcome which awaits you, and the cheerful company of travellers arrived be fore you, and loaded table, which is covered with venison, wild turkey, corn bread, hot cof fee and fruit, in fine such princes cannot get because they have not the keen appetite, which was it sauce. We need not recount scenes like these, which day after day were repeated, till the party arrive amidst the German settlements of East Pennsylvania. Wo will suppose them arrived.at Jersey City. Do you think they will drive into a steam Ferry, in two minutes? No.sir. Sail Ferries were not yet abolished. The party are to goover.in a half-crazy.squal- ly kind of a craft, called a f cnauger a schooner with slab-sides. The party are to have their horses and carriage put in by mam force, and then to be got over.ns they can, in a high wind, tossing about in this petty vessel. The journey takes a month, and the reader may imagine, under such circumstances, how much of time and money are consumed be fore the family returns so their home in Ohio. Behold the contrast. Forty hours and twenty dollars take you to New York. We hesitate not to say, that the danger of a journey to California is less, and the care of it greater than was a journey from Cincinnati to New York forty years since. Civilization is now doing her work over this entire conti nent, Happy-are they who receive her smiles and enjoy her uifls! But happier ret will they be, if when passed from the rude era of the .Pioneer to that of a asuperior civilization that they shall retain something of the Vir tue and Simplicity, the Hardihood and inte grity, which gave that Pioneer th power to become the Founder of an Empire. Remember, thai Lonesty it the best policy. Editorial correspondence N. Y. Tribune. ' Glancea at Enropc-"ATo II. . Opening of the Fair. . , London, Thursday, May 1, 1851. Our human life is either comic or tragic ac cording to the point of view from which we regard it The observer will be impelled to laugh or to weep over it as he shall fix his at tention on men's follies or their sufferings. So of the great fair, and more especially its royal inauguration which I have just returned from witnessing. There can be no serious doubt that the Fair has good points; I think it is a good thing for London first, for England next, and will ultimately benefit mankind. And yet it would not be difficult so to depict it (and truly,) that its contrivers and jaanagers would never think of deeming the picture complimentaty. But let us have the better side first, by all means. The show is certainly a great one greater in extent, in variety, and in the ex cellence of a large share of its contents than the world has hitherto seen. The Crystal Palace which covers and protects all is better than any one thing it contains it is really a fairy wonder, and is a work of iestimable val ue as a suggestion for future architecture. It is not merely better adapted to its purpose than any other edifice ever yet built could be, but it combines remarkable cheapness with vast and varied utility. Depend on it, stone and timber will have to stand back for iron and glass hereafter to an extent not yet con ceivable. Tbe triumph of Paxton is perfect and heralds a revolution. The day has been very favorable fair, bland and dry. It is now 4 P. M. and there has been no rain since daylight the longest exemption from 'falling weather' I have known since I left New York, and I believe the daily showers or squalls in this city reach still fur ther back. True, even tt.is day would be deemed dull in New York, but there was a very fair imitation of sunshine this morning, and we enjoy rather more than American moonlight still though the sky is partially clouded. How can they have the conscience to lax such light as they get up in this coun try ? Of course the turn out has been im mense. I' estimate the number of the build ing at thirty thousand, and I presume ten times as many went out of their way to gaze at the procession, though that was not much. Our New York Fire Department could beat it; so could our Odd Fellows. Then the most perfect order was preserved throughout; ev ery thing was done in season and without botching, no accident occurred to mar the fes tivity, and the general feeling was one of hearty satisfaction. wIf it were a new thing to see a Queen, Court and Aristocracy engaged in doing marked honor to Industry, they cer tainly performed gracefully the parts allotted them, and with none of the awkwardness or blundering which novel situations are expect ed to excuse. But was the piny well cast? Tbe Sovereign in a monarchy is of course always in order; to be honored for doing his whole duty; to be honored more signally if he does more than his duty ; Prince Albert's sphere as the Sovereign's consort is very lim ited, and he shows rare sense and prudence in never evincing a desire to overstep it. I think few men live who could hold his neu tral and hampered position and retain so en tirely the sincere respect and esteem of the B ritish nation. His labors in promoting this exhition began early and have been arduous, persistent and effective. Any Inauguration of the fair in which he did not prominently hgure would have done him injustice, lbs Queen appears to be personally popular in a more direct and positive sense. I cannot re member that any one act of her public life has ever been condemned by the public sentiment of the country. Almost every body here ap pears to esteem tt a condescension tor her to open the Exhibition, as though it were a Par liament, and with far more of personal exertion and heartiness on her part And while I must regard her vocation ss one rather behind the intelligence of this age and likely to go out of fashion at no distant day, yet I am sure that change will not come through her part I was glad to see her in the pageant to-day, an hope she enjoyed it while ministering to the enjoyment of others. . But let us reverse the glass for a mo ment The ludicrous, the dissonant, the in congruous, are not excluded from the exhibi tion; they cannot be excluded from any com plete picture of its opening. The Queen, we will say, was here by Right Divine, by righi of womanhood, by univeisal suffrage any how you please, i he ceremonial could not have spared her. But in inaugurating the first grand cosmopolitan Olympiap of Indus try, ought not industry have had some repre sentation, some vital recognition, in her share of the pageant? If the Queen had come in State to the Horse Guards to review the elite of her military forces, no-one would doubt that 'the Duke' should figure in the foreground, with a brilliant staff of Generals and Colonels surrounding him. bo, if she were proceeding to open Parliament, her fitting attendants would be Ministers and Councillors of State. But what have her 'Gentleman Usher of Sword and State,' 'Loads in waiting,' 'Master of Horse." 'Earl Marshal,' 'Groom of the Stole,' 'Master of the Buckhounds,' and such uncouth fossils, to do with the grand Exhibition of the fruits of industry ? What, in their oflBcial'ca pacity, have these and theirs, ever hud to do with its products except to consume or destroy them ? The 'Mistress of the Robes,' would be in place if she ever fashioned any robes, even for the Queen ; so would the 'Ladies of the Bedchamber' if they did any thing with beds except to sleep in them. As the fact is, their presence only served to strengthen the presumption that not merely their offices but that of Royalty itself is an anachronism, and ail should have deceased with the era to which they properly belonged. It is well indeed that Paxton should have a proud place in the procession ; but he held it in no representative capacity; ho was not there in behalf of Architecture but of tbe Crystal Palace. To have rendered the page ant expressive, congruous, and really a tribute to Industry, the posts of honor next to the Queen's person should have been confided on this occasion to the children of Watt, Ark wright and their compeers (Napoleon's real conquerers;) while instead of grandees and foreign embassadors, thelieirs of Filch, of Ful ton, of Jacquard, of Whitney, of Daguerre,&c, with the discoverers, inventors, architects and engineers to whom the world is primarily in debted for Canals, Railroads, Steamships,Elec tric Telegraphs, &c, &c., should have been specially invited to swell the Royal cortege. To pass over all these, and summon instead the decendants of soma dozen lucky Norman robbers, none of whom ev contemplated tbe personal doing of any real work as even a re mote possibility, and any of whom would feel insulted by a report that bis father or grand father invented the Steam Engine or Spinning Jenny, is not the fittest way to honor industry. The Queen's Horticulturists, Gardeners, Car penters, Upholsters, Milliners, &c, would have been far more in place in the procession than her 'gold stick,' 'silver stick,' and similar ab surdities. And yet, empty and blundering as the con ception of this pageant may seem and is, there is nevertheless marrow and hope in it 'Ihe world does move,' O Galileo! carrying onward even those who bad forced you to deny the truth you had demonstated 1 We may well say that these gentlemen in ribbons and stars cannot truly honor Labor while they would deem its performance by their own sons a deg radation ; but the grandfathers of these Dukes and Barons would have deemed themselves dishonored by uniting in this Royal ovation to Gingham-weavers and boiler-makers as these men would by being compelled to weave the cloth and forge the iron themselves. Pa tience, .impetuous souls! We shall be able to elect something else than Generals, to the Presidency before this - - century is out, and the right of every man to live by labor consequently to a place where be may live, on tbe sole condition that he is willing to labor stand high on the general orders, and must soon be up for National and universal discus sion. The Earls and Dukes of a not distant day will train their sons in Schools of Agricul ture, Architecture.Cheroistry.Mineroloey, &c. inspiring each to win fame and rank for himself by signal and brilliant usefulness, instead of resting upon and wearing out the fame won by some ancestor on a battle field of the old bar barian time. Even To-Day's hollow pageant is an augury of this. It is Browning, I think. who says, 'All men become good creatores, but to ikon! Let us, taking heart from the reflection that we live in the age of tbe Locometive and the lelegrnph, cheerfully press lor ward! We will consider the Fair opened. - . I shall venture no especial criticism as yet first because the ExhitiomVnot ready for it; next because 1 am in the same predicament A few General' observations must close this letter. . Immense as the quantity of goods offered tor exhibition is, it is not equal to the enor mous capacity of the building, to which Cas tle garden is but a dog kennel I do bope we may have a Crystal Palace of like propor- tions'in New-York within two years; it would be of inestimable worth as a study to our young architects, builders and artisans. If such an edhce were constructed :n some hi locality to be leased out in portions, under proper regulations,for stores, 1 believe it would pay handsomely. Each store might be sepa rated from those next it by partitions of iron and glass; the fronts micht be made of mova ble plates of glass or left entirely open ; the entire building being opened at eight in the morning, closed at eight at night, and careful ly watched at all times.) True, many things are yet to be received, and some already in the building remain in the boxes; still, I think there will be some nakedness, a week hence. The oportunity for seeing every thing, is all the better for this, and indeed is unexampled. The display from different countries is very unequal, even in proportion: Old England is of course here in her might ; France has a vast collection, especially of articles appealing to the taste or fancy; but Germany and the rest of the Continent have less than I expect ed to see ; and the show from the United States disappoints many by its meagerness. I do not view it in the same light, nor regret, with a New York merchant whom I met in the Fair to day, that Congreis did not appro priate $100,000 to secure a lull and command ing exhibition of Ametican products at this Fair. I do not see how any tangible and ad equate benefit to the nation would have result ed from such a dubious disposition of Nation al funds. In the first place, our great agricul tural staples attest such as find markets abroad are already accessible and well known here. Bales of cotton, Casks of Hams and other meats, barrels of Flour or Rosin, hogsheads of Tobacco, &c, might have been heaped up here high as St Haul's steeple to wiiat end" Europeans already know that we produce these staples in abundance and perfection, and when they want them they buy of us. I doubt whether cumbering the F air with them would have either promoted the National interest or exalted the National reputation. It would have served rather to deepen the impression, already too general both at home and abroad, that we are a rude clumsy people, inhabiting a broad, fertile do main, affording great incitements to the most slovenly description of Agriculture, and that it is our policy to stick tothat,and let alone the nicer processes of Art, which require dexteri ty and delicacy of workmanship. We must out grow this error. Our manufactures are in many departments grossly deficient, in others inferior to the best rival productions of Europe In Silks Jind Linnens we have nothing now to show; I trust the case will be bravely altered within a few years. In Broadcoths, we are behind and going behind, but in gatinets, Flannels, (woolen) Shawls, De Laines, Ginghams, Drills and most plain Cottons, we are producing as effectively as our rivals, and in many depart ments gaining upon them. But few of these are goods which make much show in a Fair; three cases of Parisan gewgaws will outshine in an exhibition a million of dollars' worth of admirable and cheap Muslins, Drills, Flannels, &c And beside our manufacturers, who find themselves met at every turn, and often sup planted at their own doors by showy fabrics from abroad, are shy of calling attention in Europe to the few articles which, by the help of valuable American inventions, they are able to make and sell at a profit I know this con sideration has kept some goods and more ma chinery at home which would otherwise have been here. The manufacturers are here or are coming, to see what knowledo or skill they can pick up, but they are not so ready to tell all they know. They think the odds in favor of those who work against them, back ed by the cheap labor and abundant capital of Europe, are quite sufficient already. - Still, there are some Yankee Notions that I wish had been sent over. I think our Cut Nails our Pins, our Wood Screws, &c, should have been represented. India Rubber is abundant here, but I have seen no Gutta Per cha, and our New York Company (Hudson Manufacturing) might hnve put a new wrinkle on John Bull's forehead by sending over nn assorted case of their fabrics. The Brass and kindred fabrics of Waterbury (Conn.) ought not to nave come up missing, and a tet of sam ples of the 'Flint Enamelled ware' of Vermont, I would have been proud for Vermont sake. A lightJersey Wagon, a Yankee ox-cart, and two or three sets of American Farming Im plements, would have been exactly in play here. Our Scythes, Cradles, Hoe a, Rakes, Axes, Sowing, Reaping, Threshing and Win nowing Machines, &c are a long distance ahead of the British so the best judge say J and where their machines are good they cost too much ever to come into - general use. -There is a pretty good set of Yankee Plows here, and they are likely to do good. I be lieve Connetticut Clocks and Maine (North Wayne) Axes are also well represented. But either Rochester, Syracuse, or Albany could have beaten the whole show in Farming Tools generally. Yet there are .many good things in tbe American department In Dairuerretypes, it seems to be conceded that we beat the world, when excellence and cheapness are both con sidered at all events, England is no where in comparison and our Daguerretypiat make a great show here. New Jersey Zinc, Lake Superior Copper, Andirondack Iron and Steel are well represented either by ores of fabrics, and I believe California Gold U to be. But I am speaking on the strength of very hasty ex amination. 1 shall continue in attendance from day to day, and hope to glean from the 8 how some ideas that may be found or made usetuL v , u. tt. Public Sentiment in Sonth Carolina. . The following extract from ' an article in the South Carolina Southern Patriot, shows that public sentiment in that State is far from being unanimous in favor of the se cession movement now uuder discussion. It is certainly matter of gratulation to know that there is this healthy feeling pervading a lar ge portion of the citizens of the Palmetto State ; and we believe it only necessary that there should be full and free discussion before 'her people, in order to render it the predominant one: ....... "It will be seen that a larga portion of our paper this week is filled with extracts from letters received.. We feel assured that our readers will take an interest in seeing what public opinion is in ditterenl sections of the country. Heretofore public opinion, in op- sition to sccsssion, bas been a Mealed Book irf South Carolina, and the people of tbe other States were under the impression that we were a unit in our lolly and madness. But it is manifest that, so far from being all in favor of secession, we are all likely to be opposed to it - The great mass of the people are, and it will soon be seen that-no one can doubt it The newspapers and politicians will have to fall into the rank of the ; people, or stand alone. All bope of assistance from the other Southern States is gone. As the reac tion in the city, since last fall, is incredible. But it is the same throughout the state. The payment of our enormous taxes, as our Hamburgh correspondent remarks, has open ed the eyes of the people to the beginning of their troubles. It is now time, as another correspondent remarks, to turn our attention to grievances in our governmental borne." Ol The Sandwich Island Tronbles. The New Bedford Mercury has a letter from C. Bunker. Esq. U. S. Counsil at La haina, which given the latest intelligence re lating the difficulties between the French and Hawaiian governments. The letter is dated at Lahaina, March 8, and says: The negotations which during several weeks past have been conducted between Mr. Pen-in, the French Commisioner, and this governmenment, have been brought to an un satisfactory conclusion. All the matter occuring during the last ten years, upon which the French have founded their complaints against the authorities of these Islands, have been calmly considered by tbe negotiators: and it is understood that the on ly substantial and incufable difficulty grows out of the demand of the French Commission er that a portion of the funds applied to the purposes of education shall be appropriated to the Catholics residing here, and that a Cath olic Minister of Public Instruction shall be associated with the present incumbent of that office, to the end that the fund may be duly watched for the Catholic benefit It is un derstood that the government has declined ac ceding to this requirement, and Mr. Perrin will accordingly retire to the Coast and await the futher orders of his government Lake Shore Relics We clip the following from a detailed nar rative of the proceeding of the Scientific con vention lately assembled at Cincinnati, we find in the N. Y. Tribune. . Col. Wittlesey presented two skulls recen tly found in a cave formed by projection, of sand-rock over shale, in the neighborhood of Elyrin Lorain Co., Ohio. The locality is on the Forks of Black River, about a mile and a half above Elyria. The skulls are char acterized by a lamentable deficiency of intel lect, the frontal lobe of each head being of most contracted dimensions, but the animal powers and proposities are very fully develo ped, They have not yet been examined by any crontologist One is supposed to be the head of a man of 20 or 25 years; the other an aged female. Both were found in a bed of marl, containing numerous, relics of animals and evidences of partial civilization. The age of the skulls is calculated, from the ap pearances surrounding them, to be about 2.000 years, therefore antedating the general supposition regarding thepeiiod during which the Aboriginal race has inhabited this coun try. Mr. Schoolcraft maintain that a longer period than is generally conceived has elapsed since then; firot introduction here, and the pre sent discovery of human relics of such remote antiquity derives its principal force and signi ficence from the fact that it goes far to sustain his opinion." Some two weeks ago we made the state ment that Mr. Foster, of this place, owned a cow from which he had, in seven consecu tive days, taken 321 pounds of good rich milk. Dring the last week, (the weather being too warm forafairexperiment,)fromthe same animal he milked 291 pounds, out of which he manufactured twelve pounds and fifteen ounces of butter! With proper feed ing and fair weather Mr. F. is confident she can be made to yield him 459 pounds of milk and fifteen pounds of butter per week. We have seen finer looking animals, but for yielding milk she is not to be beaten by any of your slab-sided, lantern-jawed stock outside the "Huckleberry Kaoba." Athens Mes. A Xeap for Iiife. As the supervisor of inland revenue at Ab- erystwith.Mr. J. Miller, his nephew,-and two protessional gentlemen, geologists, were last week examining some strata of rocks in tba cliff between Aberystwith and Llanrthystid, they proceeded along a narrow ledsre of pro jecting rock on the face of the cliff about 120 feet above the level of the sea, which provi dentially happened to be at full flow. In pass--ing round the projecting angle, which for agea has frowned upon all below, the professor and revenue officer - bad rounded the point, and the young man was in the act of doing so, when the rock suddenly breaking from under his feet, be was wbirlled around with bis face ' to the sea, and as he descended he seized with one hand the ledge beneath his uncle's -feet, while he extended the other hand to him ; and it was firmly clasped by the revenue of ficer, who held bim suspended for full five minutes, during which time he with great dif ficulty maintained his position, there being but six inches to stand upon. At length a breathless pause ensued, whilst Mr. Miller gazed on a rugged projection of rock about 00 feet below them, on which, he concluded the unfortunate youth was evi- , dently doomed to be dashed. But the unc'.a who calls him an 'awful coward') at length . said, with all - the calmness immaginable. Tom, there Is but one way for it; I'll save you or we'll both perish together,' and with a firm voice he commanded bun to lose bis -hold of the rock, which was mechanically obeyed, with a feint reply, 'Yes, Uncle.' At this awful moment Mr. Miller horrizontally sprang into the air, carrying the young man with him, and such was the force with which, he leaped, that the check caused them to throw several somersets over each other aa they descended linked together. - With the rapidity of b flash of lightening they disappeared beneath the foaming billows having cleared the craggy , ledge which pro jected more than six feet from the perpeudie.- ' ularofthe point over which the youth wassus pended. To the delight of their companions who were momentarily borrorstruck, they arose about twenty yards apart, buffeting tha heavy swells of the flowing and returning -waves; at length they struck out for a rock that lay about seventy yards in the . sea on which they were soon Beated, and from which they gave three hearty cheers. Their com panions attempted to procure their rescue by obtaining a boat but owing to the breach in the ledge found it impossible, and had to pro ceed onward for more than three hours before they wese able to extricate themselves. To their delight the geologists then found ; that their brave and dauntless companions had once more committed themselves to the deep,' had swam to an accessible part of the cliff and returned to Llanrystid, where with the excep tion of loss of hats, the officer's boots (which he had taken off on first starting from the .. ledge) and a few slight cuts and bruises, they appeared not a whit the worse for their peril ous adventure. " Welshman. o :-. The Dipfccltt of Excellence. It is cer tain that if every one could clearly enough be made to feel how full Ihe world is already of excellence, and how much must be done to produce any thing worthy of being placed be side what has already been produced of a hundred youths who are now poetizing,, scarcely one would feel enough courage, pr-, severence, and talent, to work quietly for the attainment of a similar mastery, 'Many young painters would never have taken their pencils, in hand, if they could have felt known, and understood, clearly enough, what really pro duced a master like Raphael.' Goethe. The St Charles Hotel, at New Orleans, is getting rapidly towards completion. Tha. foundations are finished, and the contracts for finishing tbc brick and granite hava been made. When finished it will be, it is said, the most superb building of the kind in the world," both in dimensions and architectural qualities. -It is to have at least one hundred rooms more than the old hotel, and will excel it in tha style of its finish and interior arrangements. ? Who Is the Greatest Slaveholder. 1 We say Great Britain with all her stilted sympathy for Freedom; with all her noisy' professoins against Servitude. She holds mil-' lions upon millions of human beings in Slavery. Her slaves are of many kinds; tbe slaves of her Debt; the slaves of her Factories, tha . " slaves of her mines; the perishing slaves of her Cities; the crushed slaves of her Colonies; thecauching slaves of her Military Establish ment! And all these her white men, wo- ' men and children. Think of it ye who been been misled by British profession. ' Pennsylvania ' Caution to Boys visiting Menagerie. . The New Haven Palladium states that a lad i was killed by a blow from an elephant . attached to a menagerie during an exhibition . in a neighboring town, one day last week. , A crowd of boys were feeding the animal f with nuts, apples, fcc when the deceased, who . was among the number, wantonly punctured . ihe trunk wilh some sharp instrument, which -enraged the elephant The keeper cautioned, the lad to keep away after this occurred, or ha ' might be injured; bnt no heed was given to . the warning, and soon after ha approached : . within reach of the elephant's trunk, from which he received a blow on the head I which postrated bim, and scon after, caused hia death. .'.'., v. - f 'Faix afther all" writes a correspondent from ; Dublin, 'nothing fairly perplexes myself, but t the way the nathure of ould Ireland is cbang- -in altogether. There's neither fightin'- at ; fairs, nor screechin' at funerals; and the conn- -try gentleman that had the spirritt, once of a , time, to barricade the hall door, and shoot the , t bailiff from an upper window, now walks as 4j mild as milk-punch into the Incumbered Es- . , tates Court, and sees the little patrimony ,.: knock down to some plausible , attorney, . or : thrivin' provision merchint without iuvitin' tha , . former out to the Fifteen Acres, or takin' . jintleman's toe from the o the latther.' -. . ; Louis Phillippe's collection . of pictures, statues and works of art, were selling at pub lic auction in Paris on the 28th ult Tha " sales rooms were crowded during-the bidding and the competition among the buyers was exceedingly spirited.' Many of the paintings by most celebrated masters, were disposed at high prices. The sale lasted for several' days.