Newspaper Page Text
: -- Treaty with Persia . - - The Deinctrallc JIajoriiy in Congress.
A treaty of commerce bus been made be-1 Jn tome remarks upon (he factious course twevn the United Slates and Persia. . Ad- !of lhe " ,jrity in Congress, an J the unfairness nUi;rt in political mid soeial matters, as! , , ... . . , ,, ii . j i ',, ; of the opposition press in iittemptwc to hold well as in trade ana commerce, may. possibly i H r r o result from this treaty. We grow rapidly. l!lf administration responsible for the eipens wnd are striving with the power r Europe jes of the government, when the purse-strings tree access to me mariteis ot me worm, and lhe accessible purls of Southern and Cn-1 . . ... . . ira! Asia invite oar attention. We are pleas i . . 1 . .. . 1 ed to notice every effort to open the way for American trade into any part vf .the world, thuugU we think more importance Is given lo ou rory com nerce than t our internal commerce vastly mure, when we luok to the amount involved. We shutild be clad if our Congress, in providing, ns they slwuVJ, to sus taiaurryw commerce, could, by some pro cess or other, be made to understand that this vast country has-an interim commerce and in. ttrior trade, its well at a foreign txtst and a foreign trade. Both sln-sli be fostered by the government, if the interest of the wluJe people i to be looked after. T!io Persian hare many things to Sell , but whtt, beside money, do they want of ut! What have we to that they want to buy? -". The New York Courier, in allodia;; to this treaty and the traJe with Centra and South Asia, says: ! "Of thef ne hundred and fifty millions of, people grouped into ' tribes and nation, ami scattered over the tidiest tracts of Central Asia, contiguous to great water courses, and approached by caravan routes, Persia is the : only pa wet with which, as yet, we have eon-; 1 .. .1 ,4 tM.la .Hian.iA r,t An.i r. ll o I. . nlin. uuuvu vn. 1.1 1 ... 1 v '"'j .. .. ..... ever. ; II is true, that 80 Ion.; as the east de- j niuads cotton fabrics, and other manufactures' nil products which we could supply, but do1 not, so km; wHl England and Russia purchase i of our raw material. But England is cultiva- i ting her ewe cotton-fields ra Africa, in the is lands of the Pacific, and eisewhere, and may otne time be able to reduce very materially the aoount taken from the United States, and So affect prices accordingly. Besides, we shoe Id build op an inJepondant manufactur ing system, and thus, while securing proGts which flow into other bands, diminish the necessity for importations that we can ' pro duu ourselves. It is remiirnanl to our edu cation, our enterprise, and our genius, that we should keep up a dependence that is as need less in the main as it is injmious to our inter ests. - "' '"' Ma. Wmstsrw "casting his eyes over the "nap of the Eist, could have selected 110 oth er country with which U conclude a commer cial alliance, more favorable than that of Per sia. Our relations with Turkey are placed tipon a permanent basis: and we have already experienced the benefits of a wise policy, such as has been observed toward that power. . Buasorab, on the Euphrates, is a sea port through which Persia obtains - her heavier merchandise; and .ishire is even more im portant to her as an entreport: but Trebizond in Turkey ,on the Blaek Sea, is the great chanel through which her fabrics, are received. They are sent to Trebizond by steam, from Con stantinople: and from the latter place are con , reyed by pack mules across the Ply sen noun tains, through" Erzerroum and Kars, to the . marts of Tabriv Tharan and Ispahan. Im mense as this trade is. which England almost exclusively monopolizes, consisting principally of plain and colored cottons, yams, and ulher cotton textiles, and immense as is the gene ral trade of (lie Black Sea but one American vessel with a eargv has.. ever passed the Straits of the Boephorus! We do not par ticipate in the commerce of this sea, on whose bosom whole fleets float, and on which mer chandize is annually carried valued at t'20, 000,000. With-Turkev. we trade principally . through Tmyrna, and with Persia we have no commerce direct whatever. ; Bat it is not wUh Persia alone, nor Arabia, rur Turkev. that this treaty will onerate to . open or encourage a market for our products. Engfand secured a treaty with the first of these . powers iu 1841, and that convention gave ten rears advantage of us. In 1845 a British m - - . mercantile house was establiseed in Bushire for the sale ftf European goods, which . house , had branches at Shire. Ispahan, Bagdad. . Bossorah, Bahrein, and Muscat. The experi ment has resulted well for the projectors. A steamer is now constantly - engaged on- the Siirr:, m carrying their merchandize to and - from Bagdad, and transporting, for ultimate shipment to England, the products of the dis tricts with which the house and its branches trade. By the repeal of the British naviga tion act, which took effect a year since, our vessels may traverse the waters of the Indus, ' and enter the ports of the British Empire in ' the East, on the same terms as we oflferby our own navigation act Whether, therefore, we desire to extend oar commerce in Central ' Asia through the Black Sea, the Persian Oulf, vor the Indian Ocean, the advantages of bur alliance with Persia must be obvious . With- ' out such a treaty, the territories of this pow er would have cut us off from the only marts ' that are at present, or which may ever be, ' really valuable to us. ' As it is we. not only secure s cbance lor our merchandize, in t'er ' si a proper, by the Black Sen, and the Persian Gulf, but may trat, through the Persian do minions, with the countries of Indus, including Afghanistan. Thibet, Turkestan. Tartary' Bo charra, and Beloochistan, ' the commerce of which Russia and England principally divide ' between them. . - Important from Buenos Ajts. A Bahia(in Brazil) paper of February 1 0th announces the defeat of Rosas, President of Buenos Ayres, by the allied forces of Brazil ' "mni the revolted provinces of the Confedera J lion," wider Gen. Urquiza. The "latter had taken np his qtwrters at Palermo, the county ' seat of Rosas. - The date nnd place of the bat tle are not given. The New York Journal of Commerce translates the following from the ptiper before mentioned:." " ' On Sunday last, the steamer arrived from the South, bringing the gratifyiojf ews of the downfall of Rosa. ' ' The combat was sanguinary tho number . of killed on both sides amounting to 4,000 men. Many of our braves, sealed with their Brazilian blood, this glorious victory. The brute of Palermo, meaning Rosas, with his daughter Manneutu, tooK jeltige on bard of an English steamer, and thus was safe , and far from .the field of battle. What a vile and infamous coward 1 'We hear it said that the' German troops vied in bravery nnd in courage with mij own patrioians, and with the loyal and valerous sol- iliers of Urquiza. . -Crquisi was reposing quietly at Palermo. - "Long live Hi Majesty the Emperor. ; - "Long live the patriotic, illustrious, and en- ergetie cabinet of the 29th September. -i 'Long live all the Brazilians who glory in this heroic and brilliant feat of tbe Brazilian arms." - .'--'"' Mr. Abbott of the Sunday News, who lias ' the bad or good fortune to get juarijed in lhe "new jail, in a libel suit, says 'To sunn- tfimr i brother editor, who have sent u. ..heap of ; hooks and newspapers, - fan only 'v that we bope lo do as mach for ihtm some time. , ,r0 t.j by the legislature, we spoke particu- t . ,f,i, ;;,,,;. ,e . 1 .1 . 11 JarU ot the iniustlce 01 enacltmr laws tlml could if ot the injustice ot enacting . j - - o not be executed without spending money ,nnd than wiiholding the nppropriations necessary to mrry them into effect. This thing is well understood in Congrets. ns will be eeen by the follou ing pithy ihe minutes' speech made by Mr. Mason, a democratic member of Ken tucky, w hen the Deficit nry Bill was under discussion. Mr. Mason snid : I have read the Deficien cy bill and I have listened 10 the debate upon it iluiinj,' the hist two or three days, nnd 1 live not discovered any new lii;ht, since the chairman of lhe committee ef Ways and Means made his speech, to change my opinion on any item in it. Now, sir, I am ns much in favor of economy. ana ot reducing the expenses ot the tiovern- ment, as auy member on this floor. Jly votes how it Bui, sir. I do not consider this a place to show your devotion to economy. Let these same gentlemen, who are upon the various committees of the House, bring in measures to be voted upon, and acted upon, practically to reduce the expenditures of the Uovernment Let tha military L oommiltee biing a bill to reduce the army, if it is proper to do sx Let the committee on Naval affairs bring inn bill to reduce the expenses of the Naval Department, nnd SO with (ill the other committees cf the House who have charge of the various subjects. But when they fail to do this, and leave in force laws which compel the bovcrumcnt to exprnd money, are we to stop the appropriations here and let the Gov ernment drafts b protested ? rtow, str, 1 have not sntished myself, trom any observations I have yet been able to muke,that this is an economical House whims or democrats, pro slavery or anti-slavery men. I have yet to see Hie brst but come up here propostnji to take money out of the treasurv, and not passed. I have seen hundreds of thousands of dollars voted away here in a bill to make bounty land warrants assignable. You may bring tip any proposition here for in creasing the expenditures of the Government, or the contingent fnnd of this louse, and it will go through, it does not matter whether by Whisj or Democratic votes. Can vou re fuse to pass the appropriation in this bill of $75,000 for the contingent fund of this House 1 You hava increased the number of your offi cers; you buy books, you order tho Clerk to buy stationary ; and you withhold from him the means lo pay for things that your own or ders have compelled him to puruhaso ? Is it not so with ureir other item in the bill? The contingent fund of this House in Mr. Van Bu ren's time wns 1100,000; you appropriated ?2.9,0U0 last year, and here was an addition al appropriation of $100,000 asked for defi cienceis. . The committee have made it $75 000; but thoy might just as well made it tt 00,000, unless the House intends to put a stop to these extravagant estimates of appro priation. After the estimates were made last year, a simpler solution was passed lo pay the employees of the House 1250 apiece extra; that look 125,000. Another resolution whs passed to bind tho Congressional Ulobe.which took about $4,000 more. Then there was a large sum paid for Gales and Seaton's Reports, which are laid away for the worms to eat, for nobody bBS ever opened them. Here the hammer fell! Legislature, The past week has witnessed lhe consuma tion of two acts of some interest. The Tax law And the Printing law have finally passed both Houses, and are now the laws of the land. We hope to' be able to publish them entire, and "by authority," soon. The only event of much interest in tither House on Saturday was the passage of a res olution authorizing the Governor to deliver to Kossuth all the muskeis and small arms be longing to the slate of Ohio, for his use in the cause of Hungary. Now, us a sort of highfa lutag expression of our sympathy for the cause of Hungary, as nn exaggerated and rather ri diculous way of running the idea into the ground, this plan of giving away that which does not belong to us, for any such purpose is all well enough. As a matter of sport, it is proper to talk and laugh about this proposition and when men are endeavoring to see who can say the most, and go the fartherest in plans of relief, and sympathy it is all legiti mate to propose to give away to a foreign State, by a simple resolution, what we have no right to give, even to our citizens, for Mil itia purposes, in this way. But, as a serious proposition, to be carried out by the collection of the State arms, and the shipping of them off to New York, and from thence to Europe, we regard it as totally unauthorized, and as a blench of trust on our part townrd the Nation al Government, to say nothing of our treaty stipulations with the uations of Europe. But enough of this for the present. The Bftentli week of the session is now com menced. How many more will come, we shall see, in due time. O. S. Journal. The New York Tribune exults over the Scott triumph in Pennsylvania ; tho Courier & Enquirer crows over the 'brighter prospects of Daniel Webster;' and the Express submits Fillmore's cause 'to the justice, magnanimni ty, and honor of the Whigs' - The Hartford times thus sums up the evi dences of discord in the Whig ranks. The Courant retorts thus "And the Democratic Review supports Douglass; and the Hartford Times sets upon Sam Houston to be worship ped ; and the New Haven Register believes in Cass, whom Marshall, of California, calls an 'old fo,'ey ;' and the Indiana Legislature nom inates Lane ; and the Democrats of Troy rec omuend Wool; and Pennsylvania supports Buchanan; and Marcy recommends himself ; and Kentucky decides upon Butler; and Vir ginia plants herself on the resolutions of '98, nnd won't vote for any one more modern thnn Tom Jefferson. A freak of A Macman. A Frenchman resident in London recently conceived an en tirely new style of self destruction. He first bought nn egg in market, extracted its con tents (by 'suclion') and filled the shell with about three ounces of gtm-powder. Then go ing in a very crowded thoroughfare we pre sume to jjive eclat to the enterprise he pla ced the infernal machine in his mouth, and 'touched it off' wilh a match. Instead, how ever, of blowing his head to ntoms, the pow der, when ignited, merely poured forth a stream of tire and smoke from the aperture in the shell, but without lining any serious harm in the in-ill. lhe astonishment ot the pasers bv, at helmliling a human mouth suddenly bi-ooiiie the crater of an active toleano, may be inrtineil. The diiappninied man as ta ken iulo tMistmly by the police, and conveyed to the hc?pilul. Progress of Liberty. It is an old adage, that there is but one step between demugogucism and despotism. Let us see : The demagogues get a majority in the con vention to frame the new constitution. They district the State so as to secure the political power in their ow n hands, as they suppose, for an indefinite period. They provide that the people shall have no chance to elect legislators ottener than once in two years. The Legislnture meets. The first step is to break down their own consti tution, and give a good job to their chief ad vocate the printer. I hey then vote themselves four dollars a day 1 lien comes in the Uonrd of Public Works and orders all railroad bridges to be torn down which, if done, puts nn end to sneetlv travel from out- part of lhe State to another. The- hold lhe tate Treasury, and now if they Im-ak down the banks they will have the money power of the State in their control. Then they propose to deprive the people of their Ian ful arms under a pretence of lemling lh'.m to Kosscth. lhe constitution express ly seciirid lo the people the right to beeY arms, I ut what is that right practically g'od for w hen there are no arms to be had ? We do not charge that the design is tocrc- ato an oligarchy under the name o "Democ- 1 icy, but if such were the design, they have adopted the most obvions mcar s 10 accom plish it. Are the majority in the present Le'Mslature foils? If not, what have thev been enlaced about during; this lonp S jssion. How have they tamed their four dollars a day? We do not vharge thetn with a deep laid design to disarm the people and establish an oligar chy. We do not know that they are capable of any deep laid design; but if they are. what sort tit a desmn does their action indi cate upon the liberties of the people ? If it is nil tuick-heaUeUneSs all blunder, it is certainly a very curious turn for affairs to take among sincere friends of the people. y. 3. Journal. John Mitt-hell. The followinir is an extract from one of the speeches fur which this Irish patriot was ex patriated by the government of Great Britain : "i tell you frniikly that I, for one, am not 'loyal;' I am net wedded to the Queen of Enginml, not unutterably attached to the House Brunswick. In fact, I love my own barn better than I love that house. The time is long pat when Jehovah appointed Kings. The thing has long since grown a monstrous imposture, and bns been already, in some civ ilized countries, detected as such and drum med out accordingly. A modern King, my fr iends, is no moie like an ancient annointed ahpherd of the people, than an archbishop's apron is like the Urim and Thummim. There is mi divine right now but in the sovereign people. An English laborer, whose child was sud denly killed by the falling of a beam, wrote lhe following lines suggested by the melan choly event. Ihevare touching and beauti ful: Sweet, laughing child! the cottage door Stands free und open now. But oh! its sunshine gilds no more The gladness of thy brow ! Thy merry step hath passed away; Thy laughing sport is bushed for aye. Thy mother by the fireside sits And listens for thy call; And slowy slowly, as she knits, Her quiet tears downfall; Hut little hindering thing is gone; And undisturbed she may w 01k on! A Philadelphian in London writes home: "The Mormons are getting up here great sym pathy afminst the United States. I have just seen an expressive volume, richly bound and guilt with highly wrought scenes, finely en graved, of their cruel martyrdom." The wri ter adds that many English converts to Mor monism had been made. Henry Clay first took his seat in the Senate in December, 1806, nearly forty-six years ago. There were then but seventeen States in the Union, and, of the the thirty-four Senators, it believed that Mr. Clay alone survives. The heirs of Gen. LaFayette have brought suit to recover several hundred acres of land having a front of 600 yards beyond the old fortifications at New Orleans. This is a por tion of the 1 1,520 acres of land grcnted to La Fayette by Congress. It is said that the appropriation bill of $12 000,0!'.0, soon to be reported in the House of Representatives, contains an item of $2,00'.), C00 for the improvement of the Mississippi, River below the rapids on the Ohio, including repairs of the dams at Cumberland Island, Mis souri, and Arkansas rivers, etc. The editor of the Madison (la.,) Madisonian is of the opinion that Jos.Lane will be the Lo- cotoco nominee tor the t'resiuency. It is a good thing the ninny thinks so, for he is the only man that we have heard of that would be guilty of so foolish a thing. Mr. G. was a most inveterate puns ter. Ly ing very ill with lie cholera, his nurse propos ed to prepare a young tender chicken. "Wouldn't you belter have nn old hen?" snid G., in a low whisper, (he was too ill to speak louder) "for she would be more apt to lay 011 my stomnch !" G. fell buck exhausted, and the nurse fainted. One branch after nnothcr of American man ufactures goes down, under the present Tnriff. The Keens (N. H.) Seiiline! states that "the only remaining manufactory of Window Glass in New England closed a few weeks since. The manufacturers in this village employed 75 to 10J persons in the various departments, and the materials, wilh slight exceptions, were of home production." Absence of Mind. Mr. Imlach, late min ister of Muirhouse, near Dundee, was remark able for his absence of mind, In his prayer one day, he said, "O Lord ! bless all ranks and denrees of persons, from the king on the dunghill to the beggar on the throne." Then recollecting himself, he added, I mean the besraar on the the throne to the kini; on the dunghill." WASniNGTOsf, April 7. Mr. Cliy is again relapsing into serious prostration after being for some time encour aged by cheering symptoms' In Boston, a few days ago, a young girl, eighteen years of age, a grand daughter of a New Zealand king, was arrested and tried for larceny in the Municipal Court. Her fine of 450 was naid bv subscription, and the heir of royalty was sent lo school to learn belter manners. The Locofocos of Georgia have elected Buchanan delegates to the Baltimore Conven tion. Old fogyism is on lhe rise. A hen beloi!t;ini; to Dr. J. II. Hero, of the Water ( 'tiro at Athol, M iss., lai.l within tweu-tv-fo'ir hours, three good sized egg?.. The hen was Cojhin China. So much for Wuter Cure treatmcut THE FREEMAN: FREMONT, OHIO. J. S. KOIKE Editor. SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1852. The following importftBt dispatch was recived b t'u 'Grape Vine' telegraph us due notice Mr. Steedman, and we will pub It came to hand just in time for this wick's j ,isn j1 grfw- We thiuk we see the bridge "issoo." and the attentive -op erator" at Tiffin cominS d,,wn- city has our thanks for his invaluable favor : or Board of Public Works. We see not how anybody could except this -Advertiser Office, Tiffin city. j report as nn exponent "of the state of its author April 15, 1852, 4 o'clock, P. M. without setting them down to be as-cnizy as Editor Freeman: Ten feet water in the ' bedbug. Jark Cade's orders on entering Lon channel "plumb," nnd river rising. "Demo-1 don' ere circumspect, philosophic and sUtes ,. , , , , . , man like, in comparison to the commandments ocrat.c defeated candidates for lownsfaip of-1 of lhis board. Anj aB to ln,UU reasoning, fivers, leave for Salt river in half an hour. 'there was method in it, while in the latter's we The Scow, on which they embarked, will ; can see little else than confusion ; and the tor touch n your place- to lake" on board the edi-1 mcr. wc rightly rertember, displayed no tor tjf the Democrat, nnd other defeated Mem- j T"rlSn t!r0',J ' . , "One of the board s statements is, that if a ocratiu' candidates for corporation officers; rnj-rojid company may bridge a canal,' then the also the defeated '.Regular nominated Demo-! railroad may be constructed t'non the canal. tratic ticket" for Justice of the Pt ace. Yours, in distress, toi The election in Connecticut turned on the question of the Maine Law; the Whigs taking the temperance platform, and the Lo cofocos the Whisky side. Of course the Whigs were defeated, as they deserved to be, and always will be, when they attempt to make the liquor trafic a party question. A large portion of mankind have more belly than brains, and when you place the latter aiitng onistical with the former, the bellys always come off victorious. The friends of temper ance will never succeed as long ns they at tempt to carry the matter into politics. For either party to make the temperance question an issue, is to insure their defeat, nnd an ir reparable injury will thus be done the cause of temperance, nnd the labor 0 years will be lost by the indiscreet act of a few overzewlous enthusiasts. o 3T We direct the attention of our rea ders to the advertisement of II. R. Foster, Esq., in another part of our paper. He has a fine lot of Saddles, Harness, &c, to dispose of, and offers an excellent opportunity to those wishing such articles, to obtain them on fair terms. 3T Wm. Haynes, of the. firm of Haynes & Son, end M. N. Zeigler, started for New York on Monday Inst, to bring on their Spring and Summer stocks of goods. The tax law passed the Legislature on the 7th insL, but it has not yet been prin ted, probably on account of the time necessa ry to get it correctly copied from the original journals. It is said to be as lengthy again as the New Constitution, and nearly as imper fect. We shall publish it as soon as received. Vlt XThe Whigs of Rhode Island have elected their candidate for Lieutenant Gov ernor, and a majority of both branches of the Legislature. 10' Columbus Cbar'er Election. Tbe "regular nominations" for Mayor and Marshal fared hard at the election iu tbe Cap ital City on Monday. Tbe vote stood for Mayor : . Everhnrd, (regular Whig) English, (irregular Whig) Patterson, (regular Loco) 633 1030 340 Stevens, (irregular Loco) was chosen Mar shal by about the same mnjority. The Whigs elected their regular" candidate for Treasurer, nnd four of tho five Council men. " Mabct and Cass is New York. There has been some curiosity to know the relative strength of these competing nspirants for the Presidency in the New York Delegation to the Baltimore Convention. The proceedings of the delegates at there recent meeting in Al bany, show them to be classed as follows: Cass men 12 Barn-burners 12 "Soft-shelled" Hunkers 9 The two last unite in support of Gov. Marcy aDd with the delegates at large make 23 votes which he will reeeive on the Grst ballot from his State. The Railroad connection between Toledo and Chicago is now complete, excepting elev en miles, between Laporte and Michigun city, which is traversed by a plank road' and the twelve miles between Ainsworth and Chicago, seven miles of which is already laid with rail. The company now give tickets through to Chicago fare $7,50. X3T The weather, for a day or two past, has been Spring-like ; the air bland and fresh, and tbe sun has been shinning in all his splendor. If somebody does not soon bring us some money, so that we can procure some thing to eat, we shall borrow n fish-hook and line, and "go a catching suckers !" so we shall, to- g3S A press of Job-work and a severe at tack of the "Spring-fever," accounts for the meagre amount of editorial this week. Albany, April 8. Whig Legislature cnucus passed u resolu tion in favor of Scotl for the Presidency vote fifty to one. Silver Greva absent. Indiana Politics. The Whigs of Indiana at their recent State Convention nominated Nicholas McCnrty for Governor, and unani monsly recomeiided Gen. WintielJ SjoU for the Presidency, and John J. Crittenden for Vice President. Wiikkliso B.iidoe One twciHv-orie mem! ei of our L . p titioned C'oriLjri ris to legalize hundred and isl ilure. Ii-ive llle Wheeling ISiMio-as the "Teat W extern Mall lonte, 1 and oreven il removal, in coiis'-tieent-e of lhe re cent judicial deei-imis, lieclaline; it oh- structioti to the navigation of ihu Ohio. Huron Reflector. More Public Opinion. There is no favorable response to the -'coup d'bridge" of the Board of Public Works. The Cleveland True Deinocant dicourses as follows on the subject. We wish the Board would give public notice of the time they expect to taJce doicn the railroad bridge over the- canal at Cleveland. There will be fun about that time we Jsire to besomewhere in siuht. Give ana me navigation 01 11 entirely oustrucieu 1 Of course; the Legislature, in granting char ters to the railroad companies, must have in tended that the roads should have been con- structed around the cannls. But the kna vish railroad companies having ventured to throw bridges across the canal, 'this board has already passed an order for the removal of these bridges by the first day of June next." ' The Question Settled. After serious and deliberate consideration the Akron Branch Railroad Company finally decided against giv ing up the right to carry freight! Great anx iety to concilate the Board of Public Works, so as to secure the right te bridge the Ohio canal at this place, was manifested by all; but they could not par such a price, In the midst of the dilemma and when egress seemed hope less, a happy thought occured to one of the Di rectors: 'If,' said he and his whole soul seem ed to dilate as he gave utterance to the happy inspiration If we cannot go across the Canal we can go AllUUiSJJ it! "Around! is the word, cried all with a shout; and the Board of Public Works was for once headed. Great is the rejoicing over the removal of this obstacle to the extension of the Akron Branch Rail road. TAkron Beacon. Gss. Scott asd tub late Sir John Hervey. The Halifax papers, in recording the death of the late Sir John Harvey, who was at the battle of Lund) 's Lane, relates the following incident: 'At the battle of Stony Creek the Ameri cans were defeated, but Sir John narrowly escaped being shot. An American rifleman was just presenting deadly aim at bis com manding figure, when a sword struck aside tbe lock, with this expression 'Don't shoot that British officer, he is preventing tbe shed ding of blood.' Sir John wns riding among the combatants attempting to stop the car nage, lhe omcer who slrucu aside the rule was Gen. facott, and the occurrence led to the great friendship which afterwards existed be tween the two veterans. Drowsed is Blood. Alexander Dumas is writing tbe history of his life. Speaking of the bloody scenes of the 1 rencb Revolution, he says: "In the time just gone by, 'wheiv the con demned were Guillotined by batches of 25 and 30, the blade became so bluntthat it was necessary to chop away two or three times at those that came near the last This caused so ureal a quantity of blood to flow, that an epi demic malady broke out in the taubourg fet. Antoine, caused by the odor of this blood. On the Place de la Revolution this blood ran into a ditch dug around the scaffold. A child fell into this ditch and was drowned," New Superistehdent. Somebody tells us that John H. Cleveland sq., of Adrain has been appointed Superintendent of the Norwalk and Cleveland Railroad. :We -hope it is true. A better man cannot be found, nor one whose qualifications for the office are better calculated to suit all persons interested He knows the West and Western 'people is very energetic fully competent, and could not fail to win for himself and the road, troops of friends. Toledo Blade. Thirty years ago the late James Araroy pur chased a tract of land situated between the sixty-third and seventy-third streets, contain ing about sixty-three acres. For this tract he paid $1,400. Within the past month this property has been sold at auction, having been divided into nearly 1,000 lots, and the pur 1 chase money amounts to a trifle over $800,000. Thus the original investment has doubled every sixty days for thirty years. I his is al most equeal 10 the famous Sonora quartz mines of California where they pick up gold in lumps of two or three hundred dollars, it we. may belive the last acccuunts from El Dorado. N.Y. Times. : The man named Castsneda, who captured Lopez, has returned to Cuba from Spain, la den with honors. The Queen gave him $6000 nnd made him a captain in the rural militia, with a salary of $110 a month; 10 negroes and a tract of land have been given him. The order of Isabel decorates his person ; his chil dren are to be educated at the expense of the Government; and while in Spain he was per mitted the farce of kissing the 'hands of the Queen and the little Princess. He can neith er read nor write, ann is a perfect specimen of a vulgar, rough and uneducated quairo, or country bumpkin. Time to Stop. Speaking of courting, re minds us of a little incident that occurred in our city 'once upon a time.' A close fisted old codger had a likely daughter, whose opening charms attracted the attention of a certain nice young man. Aftet some manseuvering, he ventured to open a courtship. On. the first night of his appearance in the parlor, the old man, after dosing in his chair until 9 o'clock, arose and put a log of wood on the fire, saying as left the room: 'There Nancy when that is burnt up it's time to stop.' Del. Advt. c A wifo can bear nvioh from tha man she loves jealousy, peevishness, unkinkness in all its sad variety of shapes; I ut neglect is the blighting canker worm that creeps to the very ore of woman's tenderness, withering and de stroying ;dl within its reach. The woman of weak and little mind will sink beneath neglect like the blade of erass we (read under our heedless fn t-;eps; but if stie he of a loftv dar 1t1 spirit will do worse seek revenue, thoiioh it be bought at the price of her ow n souF. '1 feel,' said an old lady, 'I lint I've "ot about throtili this world. I shan't enjoy mueh more trouble, nor suffer much more comfort.' Lifb is Sweet. A female under the es cort of two gsntlemen was taken on board the steamer Hamburg, yesterday state-rooms for the three were engaged, and all the pre liminaries arranged for a trip to St Louis. The lady was taken into the cabin, and tbe two gentlemen went ashore. In the course of an hour or so, she becan to sinh. From si.ohs she wore into those spasmoiic incipents which j mark the approach of hysterics," and seemed to struggle to avert that most unpleasant cri sis, and finally got up, put on her bonnet and shawl, started nshoie. and stopped still upon the gangway plank, looking down into the wa ter. A deck band approached with a bar- 1. ."-.- 'Out of the way there, madam,' said he..-. 'How deep is the wafer here sir," she inquir ed. "Not mor'n knee deep." .. "It won't do," said the wilh a sich which she exhausted upon the weBther-brown face of the deck hand and the barrel. "It won't do." "Why !" asked the deck hand. "I want to drown myself. ' I'm persecu ted. - Oh!" exclaimed the deck hand. "Go to the stnrn. Ten feet and a risin." Sure enough she passed around the barrel. walked ashore, and plunged into the water at the stern of tbe boat screechig 'help' simulta neously with the splash. The deck band left the barrel to its fate, and rescued the woman. Instead of hysteric potions, cough candy was the lust in demand. . FCiD. paper. The Natcral Boundary of the United States. A story in print wants the manner, tone, and life-like humor of the narrator, yet at the risk ot injustice to Lieut. M., we venture to publish that which he told at the dinner of the Chamber of Commerce. Soon afler Texas was annexed, an officer named Boyle, commandinec an American ves sel in tho Mediteranean, touched at Gibaraltar was invited to dine wilh Spofford commander of an English vessel then st that place. When dinner wns over, nnd the wine flowed freely, tbe subject of the annexation was intro duced. ' - "And so," says Spofford, 'I see yon of the United States have annexed Texas." - "Yes, we have," says Boyle. "Well, you are a peculiar people." "Yes, we do every thing in a peculiar way.' "Do you intend to go on annexing," . . "Certainly." "And when do you mean to stop ?" "Stop! Why, when we get to the natural boundaries of lhe United States." "The natural boundaris of the United States and what are they ?" Says Spofford. " "lhe Cquator and the Aurora borealis. replied Boyle. : " '' "'; I he narrator saith not whether tlioMiniogu ended here, but the bearers seemed to consid er it a good stopping place, and so do we. S. C. Standard. . o : "' The National Monument. The Washing ton National Monument Society have issued an appeol to the American people, in which it is stated that unless contributions come in fas ter than they hate for the last six months, it will be impossible to continue the work any further. The Structure has now reached 105 feet, about one fifth of its intended elevation. Each course of two feet costs upwards of $2000, and from two to three courses can be completed in a month; requiring a monthly outlay of $4000 to $5000. The contributions for the last six months have averaged about $2000. The blocks of stone which have been sent from the different States, associations, Ac, to be placed in the monument, have done but little to add to its elevation, though they may contribute lo its interest. Caxterbury, March 17, 1862, Mr. Editor ; I noticed an article in the Staetsman of February 21,1851, headed 'Loncevity in Connecticut," giving the names aDd ages of several people. It appears that there were then living in a single school district in the town of Windsor, in that State, thirteen person whose united ages were 1059 years averaging 8l years Such instances are certainly "few and far be tween." But there's one instance, at least in our good old State of New Hampshire which I think is more remarkable. - , In school district number 6, town of Can terbury, Merimack County, there are thir teen persona now living, whose united ages are 1094 years, averaging more than 84 years. Their names and ages are as follows: Elijah Mithes, 3 ; his wife, Mary, 02 ; Josiah Marden, 86 : his wife, Mahetible,8 1 ; Johu Kimball, 84 : his wife, Sarah, 84; Josph Kimball, 80; his wife, Mary, 78; Elijah Huntoon, 84, widow S,Hancock,93: widow A. Lyford, 78; widow Polly Ham,78: widow Hannah Bachelder, 84 There 190 inhabitants of the district. N. H. Statesman. Conviction. At the late session of the Court of Common Pleas, for Perry county Mr. N. T. Wheeler was convicted of passing counterfeit money, and was sentenced by Judge Whitman to the Penitentiary for three years. . The Post snys that 'prior to his sen tence, he made a short address to the court and by-slanders, in which he spoke of the temptations held out to seduce the unsuspec ting from the paths of rectitude of the deep disgrace he had Drougni upon niuiscu oy ms tinc of the poisoned chalice that was present ed lo his lips. All who heard him, notwith standing his admission of guilt, were deeply affected by his remarks; and we think, surely, that man is not so hardened in crime as to be beyond the pale of reformation." . o Beautiful Sentiment. Kossuth in his ad dress to the ladies of Pittsburgh, said with his rare beauty: "Love is the vivifying spirit of the universe. Love is the element of the heart. Love is nev er tired of showing tenderness, and can spread this vivifying element over the cause of free dom on earth. One smile from your spark ling eyes can do more wonders than all I can say in a year. I have tried to impart convic tion upon the mind of man. But conviction is nothing without the inspiration of the heart. The hearts of men are in your realm. You can play upon those chords which break within the brazen hands of men." Upon coming into the office the other day we askek the "devil" his rule for punctuation. Snid ho "I set up as long as I can hold my brenth, then put a comma; when I gape, in sert a semicolon ; when I sneeze a colon ; and when I want another chew of tobacco I insert a period." We cannot withhold these rules, so admirable for their simalicity, from the pub- From Pernambi-co. The yellow fever, nt last accounts, was rommsilini; threat ravages anion" the meri'h'.nls ships in the harbors of Pernanihnro. There had also been some fa tal rases in the eilr. On board some of the vessels, nearly all the hands had been attack ed and taken to the hospital. An Extract: The following specimen of Legislative dignity nnd moderation, is from C. S. Willbr, a leading member of the ma jority in the" House of Representatives. It shows the difficulties into which a member of that party gets himself, when be undertakes to consult the public interest, independent of 01 laneieu party interest, it aiso snows something of the character of the "friends of the new Constitution," who are now attemp ting to get that instrument in operation. The extract is from a letter written to the locofoco organ of Butler county, of which he isan associate editor; - , . Com. Register. I believe you grumbled a little at the Gov ernor s appointment of one of the Code Com missioners of a certain gentleman not gener" ally considered to be a radical democrat , What have you to say of his appointment of two whigs to one demociat as Commisioners of the new State House? These Commission ers will have the disbursement of two or three hundred thousand dollars, and for the Drortcr disbursement , thereof the democratic party are to be held responsible. I cannot, for m moment, fear tbe confirmation of the appoint ments by the Senate: nor can I believe, that the Governor is foolhardy enough, to suppose . that the Senate will ' confirm them. Rather am I disposed to believe, that by improper influence he has found himself placed in the very awkward position of being able to extri cate himself without some unpleasant results,. If perchance these appointment skould be eon- firmed by Uie Senate. I will not vote, the ap propriation of a single dollar to the new State, House. U will never agree to appropriate money to be disbursed by whigs, when lam to share the responsibility of its disbursement,, uud when we may just at well hava it die bvrsed by democrats. It. is possible that tbe Senate will confirm one of these whigs, but I fen quite confident that the Governor will have to send tbe name of some good democrat in place of one of the whigs. Barkis is Willing. Mr.- Buchanen re sponds to the wish of a lady in Washington, that he may be the next President in Ibe fol lowing submissive language. "I thank you most cordially for your kind wishes in my behalf in regard to the Presiden cy. Should the Democratic party of the coun-. try elevate me to that most exalted station on earth, I shall endeavor to perform its duties honestly and successfully ; if not, I trust I pos-1 sess sufficient Christian philosophy to eBnbla me to bear my fate with cheerful and conten ted resignation. In truth, so far as I am per sonally concerned, I feel no anxious and ambi tious longings for the prize, though, if it should come, gratitude to the American people- will ever be engraven on my heart - . . . From your friend, very respeatfully, .. JAMES BUCHANAN. Steam Applied to Tint Orga. A few evenings ago, Mr. David, a . French gentle- r 1 1 ; . . : j: x- v i- iiinii uicuuvaiiuu, uu learning 111 tiev XUTH, delivered a lecture of considerable research upon the History and influence of Sacred ami Theatrical Music, at the close of which ho took occasion to speak of an invention be has obtained a patent for, of the- application of . steam now er to orrrnns. and stated thai ha nc raaAo in r4isnnQl t lit -rirrKt Ia tvin-Ko sers. What next? " - N. Y. Express. -' - ' "" " ' " Destructive Fires. -A fire occurred in th city of New York on Friday night, near the cor ner of Dey street and Broadway, by which o ver half a million of dollars worth of property and goods were destroyed; and 00 Saturday night a similar occurrence took place in Phila . deiphia, by which an amount of over one mil lion of doltata was lost. In both cases nearly the whole loss is said to have bees covered by insurance. - Tax Law. I be Asnta-buia Sentinel, speak ing of he Tax biil, says: : 'As it now stands it meets with but little favor, and judging from what" little we havo seen of its provisions, it deserving of still less, lis wholesale and unjustifiable plunge -into the Banks of the State, is most' deeply to be regretted; equal taxation forbids it the best interests of they people forbid it Such pol icy, however, appears to be tbe judgement ot. the majority, who, if the persist, will be taught their tyranny will never be submitted to by an intelligent enterprising people, , . We . do . . .1 r 1 1 : l ) .1 not aesire 10 see me anus smeiueu any mure than other branches of business nor subjected to any greater burthens. T, ; . ' " ' Well, and pithily put: and the conduct of the people on the reserve will be in harmony' with it . . - . .- - . . i - : True Dem. The Odd Fellows of the United Stales. This benevolent institution numbers 200,000 members, inereare zsaa Jbooges ana ouu encampments in the United Stales. The amount of revenue for the year 1851 was $1,200,000. The amount paid in the same year, for relief was $500,000, as follows: For the relief of il men.ber..; .....$330,000,0(1 " " widowded familie ..60.000 00 " burial of lhe deed,.,.. ....75 000 00 " " education of orphans.. ..10,000,00 Massachusetts Whigs. The 'Whig mem bers of the Legislature, and Whigs from var ious portions of the State, met in Convention a few evenings ago, appointed committees, and unanimously resolved that "the Whigs of Massachusetts will abide by and support the nominees of the Whig National Convention.'' The Old and Young Democracy of Tamma ny Hall have nominated Cass for President Boston, April 6. The snow at this point is 12 inches deep; in Newburyport 8 inches, and in Portland 4 inch es. It is still snowing. - The trains are delay ed in all directions. . , ' ' Baltimore April 0. " Advices from Florida report that Gen. Hop kins bad captured II Indians including the; wife of "Billy Bowlegs," and sent them to Pal atha. . . , ' : - Washington, April 6. Senate. A memorial was presented from H. O'Reilly, asking that be be empowered to build a linu of Morse telegraph to the Pacifis eoast. Mr. Douglass explained the memorial, sta ting that no land was asked, but simply pro tection. He asks to have a military stations established every 20 miles upon the route, and a band of twenty dragoons at every such post. - . ; , . Jenny Lind mid husband will give three con certs in New York early in May, after which they leave for Europe on a visit. All men who do not- pay their honest debts are great scamps except those who cheat on a large scale. .