: -- Treaty with Persia . - - The Deinctrallc JIajoriiy in Congress.
A treaty of commerce bus been made be-1 Jn tome remarks upon (he factious course
twevn the United Slates and Persia. . Ad- !of lhe " ,jrity in Congress, an J the unfairness
nUi;rt in political mid soeial matters, as! , , ... . . , ,,
ii . j i ',, ; of the opposition press in iittemptwc to hold
well as in trade ana commerce, may. possibly i H r r o
result from this treaty. We grow rapidly. l!lf administration responsible for the eipens
wnd are striving with the power r Europe jes of the government, when the purse-strings
tree access to me mariteis ot me worm,
and lhe accessible purls of Southern and Cn-1
. . ... . .
ira! Asia invite oar attention. We are pleas
i . . 1 . .. . 1
ed to notice every effort to open the way for
American trade into any part vf .the world,
thuugU we think more importance Is given lo
ou rory com nerce than t our internal
commerce vastly mure, when we luok to the
amount involved. We shutild be clad if our
Congress, in providing, ns they slwuVJ, to sus
taiaurryw commerce, could, by some pro
cess or other, be made to understand that this
vast country has-an interim commerce and in.
ttrior trade, its well at a foreign txtst and a
foreign trade. Both sln-sli be fostered by
the government, if the interest of the wluJe
people i to be looked after. T!io Persian
hare many things to Sell , but whtt, beside
money, do they want of ut! What have we
to that they want to buy?
-". The New York Courier, in allodia;; to this
treaty and the traJe with Centra and South
Asia, says: !
"Of thef ne hundred and fifty millions of,
people grouped into ' tribes and nation, ami
scattered over the tidiest tracts of Central
Asia, contiguous to great water courses, and
approached by caravan routes, Persia is the :
only pa wet with which, as yet, we have eon-;
1 .. .1 ,4 tM.la .Hian.iA r,t An.i r. ll o I. . nlin.
uuuvu vn. 1.1 1 ... 1 v '"'j .. .. .....
ever. ; II is true, that 80 Ion.; as the east de- j
niuads cotton fabrics, and other manufactures'
nil products which we could supply, but do1
not, so km; wHl England and Russia purchase i
of our raw material. But England is cultiva- i
ting her ewe cotton-fields ra Africa, in the is
lands of the Pacific, and eisewhere, and may
otne time be able to reduce very materially
the aoount taken from the United States, and
So affect prices accordingly. Besides, we
shoe Id build op an inJepondant manufactur
ing system, and thus, while securing proGts
which flow into other bands, diminish the
necessity for importations that we can ' pro
duu ourselves. It is remiirnanl to our edu
cation, our enterprise, and our genius, that we
should keep up a dependence that is as need
less in the main as it is injmious to our inter
ests. - "'
'"' Ma. Wmstsrw "casting his eyes over the
"nap of the Eist, could have selected 110 oth
er country with which U conclude a commer
cial alliance, more favorable than that of Per
sia. Our relations with Turkey are placed
tipon a permanent basis: and we have already
experienced the benefits of a wise policy, such
as has been observed toward that power. .
Buasorab, on the Euphrates, is a sea port
through which Persia obtains - her heavier
merchandise; and .ishire is even more im
portant to her as an entreport: but Trebizond
in Turkey ,on the Blaek Sea, is the great chanel
through which her fabrics, are received. They
are sent to Trebizond by steam, from Con
stantinople: and from the latter place are con
, reyed by pack mules across the Ply sen noun
tains, through" Erzerroum and Kars, to the
. marts of Tabriv Tharan and Ispahan. Im
mense as this trade is. which England almost
exclusively monopolizes, consisting principally
of plain and colored cottons, yams, and ulher
cotton textiles, and immense as is the gene
ral trade of (lie Black Sea but one American
vessel with a eargv has.. ever passed the
Straits of the Boephorus! We do not par
ticipate in the commerce of this sea, on whose
bosom whole fleets float, and on which mer
chandize is annually carried valued at t'20,
000,000. With-Turkev. we trade principally
. through Tmyrna, and with Persia we have no
commerce direct whatever.
; Bat it is not wUh Persia alone, nor Arabia,
rur Turkev. that this treaty will onerate to
. open or encourage a market for our products.
Engfand secured a treaty with the first of these
. powers iu 1841, and that convention gave ten
rears advantage of us. In 1845 a British
m - - .
mercantile house was establiseed in Bushire
for the sale ftf European goods, which . house
, had branches at Shire. Ispahan, Bagdad.
. Bossorah, Bahrein, and Muscat. The experi
ment has resulted well for the projectors. A
steamer is now constantly - engaged on- the
Siirr:, m carrying their merchandize to and
- from Bagdad, and transporting, for ultimate
shipment to England, the products of the dis
tricts with which the house and its branches
trade. By the repeal of the British naviga
tion act, which took effect a year since, our
vessels may traverse the waters of the Indus,
' and enter the ports of the British Empire in
' the East, on the same terms as we oflferby
our own navigation act Whether, therefore,
we desire to extend oar commerce in Central
' Asia through the Black Sea, the Persian Oulf,
vor the Indian Ocean, the advantages of bur
alliance with Persia must be obvious . With-
' out such a treaty, the territories of this pow
er would have cut us off from the only marts
' that are at present, or which may ever be,
' really valuable to us. ' As it is we. not only
secure s cbance lor our merchandize, in t'er
' si a proper, by the Black Sen, and the Persian
Gulf, but may trat, through the Persian do
minions, with the countries of Indus, including
Afghanistan. Thibet, Turkestan. Tartary' Bo
charra, and Beloochistan, ' the commerce of
which Russia and England principally divide
' between them. .
- Important from Buenos Ajts.
A Bahia(in Brazil) paper of February 1 0th
announces the defeat of Rosas, President of
Buenos Ayres, by the allied forces of Brazil
' "mni the revolted provinces of the Confedera
J lion," wider Gen. Urquiza. The "latter had
taken np his qtwrters at Palermo, the county
' seat of Rosas. - The date nnd place of the bat
tle are not given. The New York Journal
of Commerce translates the following from
the ptiper before mentioned:."
" ' On Sunday last, the steamer arrived from
the South, bringing the gratifyiojf ews of
the downfall of Rosa. ' '
The combat was sanguinary tho number
. of killed on both sides amounting to 4,000
men. Many of our braves, sealed with their
Brazilian blood, this glorious victory.
The brute of Palermo, meaning Rosas,
with his daughter Manneutu, tooK jeltige on
bard of an English steamer, and thus was safe
, and far from .the field of battle. What a vile
and infamous coward 1
'We hear it said that the' German troops
vied in bravery nnd in courage with mij own
patrioians, and with the loyal and valerous sol-
iliers of Urquiza.
. -Crquisi was reposing quietly at Palermo.
- "Long live Hi Majesty the Emperor.
; - "Long live the patriotic, illustrious, and en-
ergetie cabinet of the 29th September.
-i 'Long live all the Brazilians who glory in
this heroic and brilliant feat of tbe Brazilian
arms." - .'--'"'
Mr. Abbott of the Sunday News, who lias
' the bad or good fortune to get juarijed in lhe
"new jail, in a libel suit, says 'To sunn- tfimr
i brother editor, who have sent u. ..heap of
; hooks and newspapers, - fan only 'v that
we bope lo do as mach for ihtm some time. ,
,r0 t.j by the legislature, we spoke particu-
t . ,f,i, ;;,,,;. ,e . 1 .1 . 11
JarU ot the iniustlce 01 enacltmr laws tlml could
if ot the injustice ot enacting
. j - - o
not be executed without spending money ,nnd
than wiiholding the nppropriations necessary
to mrry them into effect. This thing is well
understood in Congrets. ns will be eeen by
the follou ing pithy ihe minutes' speech made
by Mr. Mason, a democratic member of Ken
tucky, w hen the Deficit nry Bill was under
Mr. Mason snid : I have read the Deficien
cy bill and I have listened 10 the debate upon
it iluiinj,' the hist two or three days, nnd 1
live not discovered any new lii;ht, since the
chairman of lhe committee ef Ways and Means
made his speech, to change my opinion on any
item in it.
Now, sir, I am ns much in favor of economy.
ana ot reducing the expenses ot the tiovern-
ment, as auy member on this floor. Jly votes
how it Bui, sir. I do not consider this a
place to show your devotion to economy.
Let these same gentlemen, who are upon the
various committees of the House, bring in
measures to be voted upon, and acted upon,
practically to reduce the expenditures of the
Uovernment Let tha military L oommiltee
biing a bill to reduce the army, if it is proper
to do sx Let the committee on Naval affairs
bring inn bill to reduce the expenses of the
Naval Department, nnd SO with (ill the other
committees cf the House who have charge of
the various subjects. But when they fail to
do this, and leave in force laws which compel
the bovcrumcnt to exprnd money, are we to
stop the appropriations here and let the Gov
ernment drafts b protested ?
rtow, str, 1 have not sntished myself, trom
any observations I have yet been able to
muke,that this is an economical House whims
or democrats, pro slavery or anti-slavery men.
I have yet to see Hie brst but come up here
propostnji to take money out of the treasurv,
and not passed. I have seen hundreds of
thousands of dollars voted away here in a bill
to make bounty land warrants assignable.
You may bring tip any proposition here for in
creasing the expenditures of the Government,
or the contingent fnnd of this louse, and it
will go through, it does not matter whether
by Whisj or Democratic votes. Can vou re
fuse to pass the appropriation in this bill of
$75,000 for the contingent fund of this House 1
You hava increased the number of your offi
cers; you buy books, you order tho Clerk to
buy stationary ; and you withhold from him
the means lo pay for things that your own or
ders have compelled him to puruhaso ? Is it
not so with ureir other item in the bill? The
contingent fund of this House in Mr. Van Bu
ren's time wns 1100,000; you appropriated
?2.9,0U0 last year, and here was an addition
al appropriation of $100,000 asked for defi
cienceis. . The committee have made it $75
000; but thoy might just as well made it
tt 00,000, unless the House intends to put a
stop to these extravagant estimates of appro
priation. After the estimates were made last
year, a simpler solution was passed lo pay the
employees of the House 1250 apiece extra;
that look 125,000. Another resolution whs
passed to bind tho Congressional Ulobe.which
took about $4,000 more. Then there was a
large sum paid for Gales and Seaton's Reports,
which are laid away for the worms to eat, for
nobody bBS ever opened them. Here the
The past week has witnessed lhe consuma
tion of two acts of some interest. The Tax law
And the Printing law have finally passed both
Houses, and are now the laws of the land.
We hope to' be able to publish them entire,
and "by authority," soon.
The only event of much interest in tither
House on Saturday was the passage of a res
olution authorizing the Governor to deliver to
Kossuth all the muskeis and small arms be
longing to the slate of Ohio, for his use in the
cause of Hungary. Now, us a sort of highfa
lutag expression of our sympathy for the cause
of Hungary, as nn exaggerated and rather ri
diculous way of running the idea into the
ground, this plan of giving away that which
does not belong to us, for any such purpose is
all well enough. As a matter of sport, it is
proper to talk and laugh about this proposition
and when men are endeavoring to see who
can say the most, and go the fartherest in
plans of relief, and sympathy it is all legiti
mate to propose to give away to a foreign
State, by a simple resolution, what we have
no right to give, even to our citizens, for Mil
itia purposes, in this way. But, as a serious
proposition, to be carried out by the collection
of the State arms, and the shipping of them
off to New York, and from thence to Europe,
we regard it as totally unauthorized, and as a
blench of trust on our part townrd the Nation
al Government, to say nothing of our treaty
stipulations with the uations of Europe. But
enough of this for the present.
The Bftentli week of the session is now com
menced. How many more will come, we shall
see, in due time. O. S. Journal.
The New York Tribune exults over the
Scott triumph in Pennsylvania ; tho Courier
& Enquirer crows over the 'brighter prospects
of Daniel Webster;' and the Express submits
Fillmore's cause 'to the justice, magnanimni
ty, and honor of the Whigs'
- The Hartford times thus sums up the evi
dences of discord in the Whig ranks. The
Courant retorts thus "And the Democratic
Review supports Douglass; and the Hartford
Times sets upon Sam Houston to be worship
ped ; and the New Haven Register believes
in Cass, whom Marshall, of California, calls an
'old fo,'ey ;' and the Indiana Legislature nom
inates Lane ; and the Democrats of Troy rec
omuend Wool; and Pennsylvania supports
Buchanan; and Marcy recommends himself ;
and Kentucky decides upon Butler; and Vir
ginia plants herself on the resolutions of '98,
nnd won't vote for any one more modern thnn
A freak of A Macman. A Frenchman
resident in London recently conceived an en
tirely new style of self destruction. He first
bought nn egg in market, extracted its con
tents (by 'suclion') and filled the shell with
about three ounces of gtm-powder. Then go
ing in a very crowded thoroughfare we pre
sume to jjive eclat to the enterprise he pla
ced the infernal machine in his mouth, and
'touched it off' wilh a match. Instead, how
ever, of blowing his head to ntoms, the pow
der, when ignited, merely poured forth a
stream of tire and smoke from the aperture in
the shell, but without lining any serious harm
in the in-ill. lhe astonishment ot the pasers
bv, at helmliling a human mouth suddenly
bi-ooiiie the crater of an active toleano, may
be inrtineil. The diiappninied man as ta
ken iulo tMistmly by the police, and conveyed
to the hc?pilul.
Progress of Liberty.
It is an old adage, that there is but one step
between demugogucism and despotism. Let
us see :
The demagogues get a majority in the con
vention to frame the new constitution.
They district the State so as to secure the
political power in their ow n hands, as they
suppose, for an indefinite period.
They provide that the people shall have no
chance to elect legislators ottener than once
in two years. The Legislnture meets. The
first step is to break down their own consti
tution, and give a good job to their chief ad
vocate the printer.
I hey then vote themselves four dollars a
1 lien comes in the Uonrd of Public Works
and orders all railroad bridges to be torn
down which, if done, puts nn end to sneetlv
travel from out- part of lhe State to another.
The- hold lhe tate Treasury, and now if
they Im-ak down the banks they will have the
money power of the State in their control.
Then they propose to deprive the people of
their Ian ful arms under a pretence of lemling
lh'.m to Kosscth. lhe constitution express
ly seciirid lo the people the right to beeY
arms, I ut what is that right practically g'od
for w hen there are no arms to be had ?
We do not charge that the design is tocrc-
ato an oligarchy under the name o "Democ-
1 icy, but if such were the design, they have
adopted the most obvions mcar s 10 accom
Are the majority in the present Le'Mslature
foils? If not, what have thev been enlaced
about during; this lonp S jssion. How have
they tamed their four dollars a day? We
do not vharge thetn with a deep laid design
to disarm the people and establish an oligar
chy. We do not know that they are capable
of any deep laid design; but if they are.
what sort tit a desmn does their action indi
cate upon the liberties of the people ? If it is nil
tuick-heaUeUneSs all blunder, it is certainly
a very curious turn for affairs to take among
sincere friends of the people.
y. 3. Journal.
The followinir is an extract from one of the
speeches fur which this Irish patriot was ex
patriated by the government of Great Britain :
"i tell you frniikly that I, for one, am not
'loyal;' I am net wedded to the Queen of
Enginml, not unutterably attached to the
House Brunswick. In fact, I love my own
barn better than I love that house. The time
is long pat when Jehovah appointed Kings.
The thing has long since grown a monstrous
imposture, and bns been already, in some civ
ilized countries, detected as such and drum
med out accordingly. A modern King, my
fr iends, is no moie like an ancient annointed
ahpherd of the people, than an archbishop's
apron is like the Urim and Thummim. There
is mi divine right now but in the sovereign
An English laborer, whose child was sud
denly killed by the falling of a beam, wrote
lhe following lines suggested by the melan
choly event. Ihevare touching and beauti
ful: Sweet, laughing child! the cottage door
Stands free und open now.
But oh! its sunshine gilds no more
The gladness of thy brow !
Thy merry step hath passed away;
Thy laughing sport is bushed for aye.
Thy mother by the fireside sits
And listens for thy call;
And slowy slowly, as she knits,
Her quiet tears downfall;
Hut little hindering thing is gone;
And undisturbed she may w 01k on!
A Philadelphian in London writes home:
"The Mormons are getting up here great sym
pathy afminst the United States. I have just
seen an expressive volume, richly bound and
guilt with highly wrought scenes, finely en
graved, of their cruel martyrdom." The wri
ter adds that many English converts to Mor
monism had been made.
Henry Clay first took his seat in the Senate
in December, 1806, nearly forty-six years ago.
There were then but seventeen States in the
Union, and, of the the thirty-four Senators, it
believed that Mr. Clay alone survives.
The heirs of Gen. LaFayette have brought
suit to recover several hundred acres of land
having a front of 600 yards beyond the old
fortifications at New Orleans. This is a por
tion of the 1 1,520 acres of land grcnted to La
Fayette by Congress.
It is said that the appropriation bill of $12
000,0!'.0, soon to be reported in the House of
Representatives, contains an item of $2,00'.),
C00 for the improvement of the Mississippi,
River below the rapids on the Ohio, including
repairs of the dams at Cumberland Island, Mis
souri, and Arkansas rivers, etc.
The editor of the Madison (la.,) Madisonian
is of the opinion that Jos.Lane will be the Lo-
cotoco nominee tor the t'resiuency. It is a
good thing the ninny thinks so, for he is the
only man that we have heard of that would be
guilty of so foolish a thing.
Mr. G. was a most inveterate puns ter. Ly
ing very ill with lie cholera, his nurse propos
ed to prepare a young tender chicken.
"Wouldn't you belter have nn old hen?"
snid G., in a low whisper, (he was too ill to
speak louder) "for she would be more apt to lay
011 my stomnch !" G. fell buck exhausted, and
the nurse fainted.
One branch after nnothcr of American man
ufactures goes down, under the present Tnriff.
The Keens (N. H.) Seiiline! states that "the
only remaining manufactory of Window Glass
in New England closed a few weeks since.
The manufacturers in this village employed
75 to 10J persons in the various departments,
and the materials, wilh slight exceptions, were
of home production."
Absence of Mind. Mr. Imlach, late min
ister of Muirhouse, near Dundee, was remark
able for his absence of mind, In his prayer
one day, he said, "O Lord ! bless all ranks
and denrees of persons, from the king on the
dunghill to the beggar on the throne." Then
recollecting himself, he added, I mean the
besraar on the the throne to the kini; on the
WASniNGTOsf, April 7.
Mr. Cliy is again relapsing into serious
prostration after being for some time encour
aged by cheering symptoms'
In Boston, a few days ago, a young girl,
eighteen years of age, a grand daughter of a
New Zealand king, was arrested and tried for
larceny in the Municipal Court. Her fine of
450 was naid bv subscription, and the heir of
royalty was sent lo school to learn belter
The Locofocos of Georgia have elected
Buchanan delegates to the Baltimore Conven
tion. Old fogyism is on lhe rise.
A hen beloi!t;ini; to Dr. J. II. Hero, of the
Water ( 'tiro at Athol, M iss., lai.l within tweu-tv-fo'ir
hours, three good sized egg?.. The hen
was Cojhin China. So much for Wuter Cure
J. S. KOIKE Editor.
SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1852.
The following importftBt dispatch was
recived b t'u 'Grape Vine' telegraph us due notice Mr. Steedman, and we will pub
It came to hand just in time for this wick's j ,isn j1 grfw- We thiuk we see the bridge
"issoo." and the attentive -op erator" at Tiffin cominS d,,wn-
city has our thanks for his invaluable favor : or Board of Public Works.
We see not how anybody could except this
-Advertiser Office, Tiffin city. j report as nn exponent "of the state of its author
April 15, 1852, 4 o'clock, P. M. without setting them down to be as-cnizy as
Editor Freeman: Ten feet water in the ' bedbug. Jark Cade's orders on entering Lon
channel "plumb," nnd river rising. "Demo-1 don' ere circumspect, philosophic and sUtes
,. , , , , . , man like, in comparison to the commandments
ocrat.c defeated candidates for lownsfaip of-1 of lhis board. Anj aB to ln,UU reasoning,
fivers, leave for Salt river in half an hour. 'there was method in it, while in the latter's we
The Scow, on which they embarked, will ; can see little else than confusion ; and the tor
touch n your place- to lake" on board the edi-1 mcr. wc rightly rertember, displayed no
tor tjf the Democrat, nnd other defeated Mem- j T"rlSn t!r0',J ' . ,
"One of the board s statements is, that if a
ocratiu' candidates for corporation officers; rnj-rojid company may bridge a canal,' then the
also the defeated '.Regular nominated Demo-! railroad may be constructed t'non the canal.
tratic ticket" for Justice of the Pt ace.
Yours, in distress,
The election in Connecticut turned on
the question of the Maine Law; the Whigs
taking the temperance platform, and the Lo
cofocos the Whisky side. Of course the Whigs
were defeated, as they deserved to be, and
always will be, when they attempt to make
the liquor trafic a party question. A large
portion of mankind have more belly than
brains, and when you place the latter aiitng
onistical with the former, the bellys always
come off victorious. The friends of temper
ance will never succeed as long ns they at
tempt to carry the matter into politics. For
either party to make the temperance question
an issue, is to insure their defeat, nnd an ir
reparable injury will thus be done the cause
of temperance, nnd the labor 0 years will be
lost by the indiscreet act of a few overzewlous
3T We direct the attention of our rea
ders to the advertisement of II. R. Foster,
Esq., in another part of our paper. He has a
fine lot of Saddles, Harness, &c, to dispose
of, and offers an excellent opportunity to those
wishing such articles, to obtain them on fair
3T Wm. Haynes, of the. firm of Haynes
& Son, end M. N. Zeigler, started for New
York on Monday Inst, to bring on their Spring
and Summer stocks of goods.
The tax law passed the Legislature
on the 7th insL, but it has not yet been prin
ted, probably on account of the time necessa
ry to get it correctly copied from the original
journals. It is said to be as lengthy again as
the New Constitution, and nearly as imper
fect. We shall publish it as soon as received.
XThe Whigs of Rhode Island have
elected their candidate for Lieutenant Gov
ernor, and a majority of both branches of the
Columbus Cbar'er Election.
Tbe "regular nominations" for Mayor and
Marshal fared hard at the election iu tbe Cap
ital City on Monday. Tbe vote stood for
. Everhnrd, (regular Whig)
English, (irregular Whig)
Patterson, (regular Loco)
Stevens, (irregular Loco) was chosen Mar
shal by about the same mnjority.
The Whigs elected their regular" candidate
for Treasurer, nnd four of tho five Council
men. " Mabct and Cass is New York. There
has been some curiosity to know the relative
strength of these competing nspirants for the
Presidency in the New York Delegation to the
Baltimore Convention. The proceedings of
the delegates at there recent meeting in Al
bany, show them to be classed as follows:
Cass men 12
"Soft-shelled" Hunkers 9
The two last unite in support of Gov. Marcy
aDd with the delegates at large make 23 votes
which he will reeeive on the Grst ballot from
The Railroad connection between Toledo
and Chicago is now complete, excepting elev
en miles, between Laporte and Michigun city,
which is traversed by a plank road' and the
twelve miles between Ainsworth and Chicago,
seven miles of which is already laid with rail.
The company now give tickets through to
Chicago fare $7,50.
X3T The weather, for a day or two past,
has been Spring-like ; the air bland and fresh,
and tbe sun has been shinning in all his
splendor. If somebody does not soon bring
us some money, so that we can procure some
thing to eat, we shall borrow n fish-hook and
line, and "go a catching suckers !" so we shall,
g3S A press of Job-work and a severe at
tack of the "Spring-fever," accounts for the
meagre amount of editorial this week.
Albany, April 8.
Whig Legislature cnucus passed u resolu
tion in favor of Scotl for the Presidency
vote fifty to one. Silver Greva absent.
Indiana Politics. The Whigs of Indiana
at their recent State Convention nominated
Nicholas McCnrty for Governor, and unani
monsly recomeiided Gen. WintielJ SjoU for
the Presidency, and John J. Crittenden for
Wiikkliso B.iidoe One
twciHv-orie mem! ei of our L .
p titioned C'oriLjri ris to legalize
isl ilure. Ii-ive
ISiMio-as the "Teat W extern Mall lonte, 1 and
oreven il removal, in coiis'-tieent-e of lhe re
cent judicial deei-imis, lieclaline; it
structioti to the navigation of ihu Ohio.
More Public Opinion.
There is no favorable response to the -'coup
d'bridge" of the Board of Public Works. The
Cleveland True Deinocant dicourses as follows
on the subject. We wish the Board would
give public notice of the time they expect to
taJce doicn the railroad bridge over the- canal
at Cleveland. There will be fun about that time
we Jsire to besomewhere in siuht. Give
ana me navigation 01 11 entirely oustrucieu 1
Of course; the Legislature, in granting char
ters to the railroad companies, must have in
tended that the roads should have been con-
structed around the cannls.
But the kna vish railroad companies having
ventured to throw bridges across the canal,
'this board has already passed an order for the
removal of these bridges by the first day of
June next." '
The Question Settled. After serious and
deliberate consideration the Akron Branch
Railroad Company finally decided against giv
ing up the right to carry freight! Great anx
iety to concilate the Board of Public Works, so
as to secure the right te bridge the Ohio
canal at this place, was manifested by all; but
they could not par such a price, In the midst
of the dilemma and when egress seemed hope
less, a happy thought occured to one of the Di
rectors: 'If,' said he and his whole soul seem
ed to dilate as he gave utterance to the happy
inspiration If we cannot go across the Canal
we can go AllUUiSJJ it! "Around! is the
word, cried all with a shout; and the Board of
Public Works was for once headed. Great is
the rejoicing over the removal of this obstacle
to the extension of the Akron Branch Rail
road. TAkron Beacon.
Gss. Scott asd tub late Sir John Hervey.
The Halifax papers, in recording the death
of the late Sir John Harvey, who was at the
battle of Lund) 's Lane, relates the following
'At the battle of Stony Creek the Ameri
cans were defeated, but Sir John narrowly
escaped being shot. An American rifleman
was just presenting deadly aim at bis com
manding figure, when a sword struck aside
tbe lock, with this expression 'Don't shoot
that British officer, he is preventing tbe shed
ding of blood.' Sir John wns riding among
the combatants attempting to stop the car
nage, lhe omcer who slrucu aside the rule
was Gen. facott, and the occurrence led to the
great friendship which afterwards existed be
tween the two veterans.
Drowsed is Blood. Alexander Dumas
is writing tbe history of his life. Speaking of
the bloody scenes of the 1 rencb Revolution,
"In the time just gone by, 'wheiv the con
demned were Guillotined by batches of 25
and 30, the blade became so bluntthat it was
necessary to chop away two or three times at
those that came near the last This caused so
ureal a quantity of blood to flow, that an epi
demic malady broke out in the taubourg fet.
Antoine, caused by the odor of this blood.
On the Place de la Revolution this blood ran
into a ditch dug around the scaffold. A child
fell into this ditch and was drowned,"
New Superistehdent. Somebody tells
us that John H. Cleveland sq., of Adrain
has been appointed Superintendent of the
Norwalk and Cleveland Railroad. :We -hope
it is true. A better man cannot be found,
nor one whose qualifications for the office are
better calculated to suit all persons interested
He knows the West and Western 'people is
very energetic fully competent, and could
not fail to win for himself and the road, troops
Thirty years ago the late James Araroy pur
chased a tract of land situated between the
sixty-third and seventy-third streets, contain
ing about sixty-three acres. For this tract
he paid $1,400. Within the past month this
property has been sold at auction, having been
divided into nearly 1,000 lots, and the pur
1 chase money amounts to a trifle over $800,000.
Thus the original investment has doubled
every sixty days for thirty years. I his is al
most equeal 10 the famous Sonora quartz mines
of California where they pick up gold in lumps
of two or three hundred dollars, it we. may
belive the last acccuunts from El Dorado.
N.Y. Times. :
The man named Castsneda, who captured
Lopez, has returned to Cuba from Spain, la
den with honors. The Queen gave him $6000
nnd made him a captain in the rural militia,
with a salary of $110 a month; 10 negroes
and a tract of land have been given him. The
order of Isabel decorates his person ; his chil
dren are to be educated at the expense of the
Government; and while in Spain he was per
mitted the farce of kissing the 'hands of the
Queen and the little Princess. He can neith
er read nor write, ann is a perfect specimen of
a vulgar, rough and uneducated quairo, or
Time to Stop. Speaking of courting, re
minds us of a little incident that occurred in
our city 'once upon a time.' A close fisted old
codger had a likely daughter, whose opening
charms attracted the attention of a certain
nice young man. Aftet some manseuvering,
he ventured to open a courtship. On. the
first night of his appearance in the parlor, the
old man, after dosing in his chair until 9
o'clock, arose and put a log of wood on the
fire, saying as left the room: 'There Nancy
when that is burnt up it's time to stop.'
A wifo can bear nvioh from tha man she
loves jealousy, peevishness, unkinkness in all
its sad variety of shapes; I ut neglect is the
blighting canker worm that creeps to the very
ore of woman's tenderness, withering and de
stroying ;dl within its reach. The woman of
weak and little mind will sink beneath neglect
like the blade of erass we (read under our
heedless fn t-;eps; but if stie he of a loftv dar
1t1 spirit will do worse seek revenue, thoiioh
it be bought at the price of her ow n souF.
'1 feel,' said an old lady, 'I lint I've "ot about
throtili this world. I shan't enjoy mueh more
trouble, nor suffer much more comfort.'
Lifb is Sweet. A female under the es
cort of two gsntlemen was taken on board the
steamer Hamburg, yesterday state-rooms
for the three were engaged, and all the pre
liminaries arranged for a trip to St Louis. The
lady was taken into the cabin, and tbe two
gentlemen went ashore. In the course of an
hour or so, she becan to sinh. From si.ohs
she wore into those spasmoiic incipents which j
mark the approach of hysterics," and seemed
to struggle to avert that most unpleasant cri
sis, and finally got up, put on her bonnet and
shawl, started nshoie. and stopped still upon
the gangway plank, looking down into the wa
ter. A deck band approached with a bar-
'Out of the way there, madam,' said he..-.
'How deep is the wafer here sir," she inquir
"Not mor'n knee deep." ..
"It won't do," said the wilh a sich which
she exhausted upon the weBther-brown face
of the deck hand and the barrel. "It won't
"Why !" asked the deck hand.
"I want to drown myself. ' I'm persecu
Oh!" exclaimed the deck hand. "Go to
the stnrn. Ten feet and a risin."
Sure enough she passed around the barrel.
walked ashore, and plunged into the water at
the stern of tbe boat screechig 'help' simulta
neously with the splash. The deck band left
the barrel to its fate, and rescued the woman.
Instead of hysteric potions, cough candy was
the lust in demand. . FCiD. paper.
The Natcral Boundary of the United
States. A story in print wants the manner,
tone, and life-like humor of the narrator, yet
at the risk ot injustice to Lieut. M., we venture
to publish that which he told at the dinner of
the Chamber of Commerce.
Soon afler Texas was annexed, an officer
named Boyle, commandinec an American ves
sel in tho Mediteranean, touched at Gibaraltar
was invited to dine wilh Spofford commander
of an English vessel then st that place.
When dinner wns over, nnd the wine flowed
freely, tbe subject of the annexation was intro
duced. ' -
"And so," says Spofford, 'I see yon of the
United States have annexed Texas." -
"Yes, we have," says Boyle.
"Well, you are a peculiar people."
"Yes, we do every thing in a peculiar way.'
"Do you intend to go on annexing," . .
"And when do you mean to stop ?"
"Stop! Why, when we get to the natural
boundaries of lhe United States."
"The natural boundaris of the United States
and what are they ?" Says Spofford. "
"lhe Cquator and the Aurora borealis.
replied Boyle. : " '' "';
I he narrator saith not whether tlioMiniogu
ended here, but the bearers seemed to consid
er it a good stopping place, and so do we.
S. C. Standard. .
o : "'
The National Monument. The Washing
ton National Monument Society have issued
an appeol to the American people, in which it
is stated that unless contributions come in fas
ter than they hate for the last six months, it
will be impossible to continue the work any
further. The Structure has now reached 105
feet, about one fifth of its intended elevation.
Each course of two feet costs upwards of
$2000, and from two to three courses can be
completed in a month; requiring a monthly
outlay of $4000 to $5000. The contributions
for the last six months have averaged about
$2000. The blocks of stone which have been
sent from the different States, associations, Ac,
to be placed in the monument, have done but
little to add to its elevation, though they may
contribute lo its interest.
Caxterbury, March 17, 1862,
Mr. Editor ; I noticed an article in the
Staetsman of February 21,1851, headed
'Loncevity in Connecticut," giving the
names aDd ages of several people.
It appears that there were then living in a
single school district in the town of Windsor,
in that State, thirteen person whose united
ages were 1059 years averaging 8l years
Such instances are certainly "few and far be
tween." But there's one instance, at least in
our good old State of New Hampshire which
I think is more remarkable. - ,
In school district number 6, town of Can
terbury, Merimack County, there are thir
teen persona now living, whose united ages
are 1094 years, averaging more than 84 years.
Their names and ages are as follows:
Elijah Mithes, 3 ; his wife, Mary, 02 ;
Josiah Marden, 86 : his wife, Mahetible,8 1 ;
Johu Kimball, 84 : his wife, Sarah, 84;
Josph Kimball, 80; his wife, Mary, 78;
Elijah Huntoon, 84, widow S,Hancock,93:
widow A. Lyford, 78; widow Polly Ham,78:
widow Hannah Bachelder, 84
There 190 inhabitants of the district.
N. H. Statesman.
Conviction. At the late session of the
Court of Common Pleas, for Perry county
Mr. N. T. Wheeler was convicted of passing
counterfeit money, and was sentenced by
Judge Whitman to the Penitentiary for three
years. . The Post snys that 'prior to his sen
tence, he made a short address to the court
and by-slanders, in which he spoke of the
temptations held out to seduce the unsuspec
ting from the paths of rectitude of the deep
disgrace he had Drougni upon niuiscu oy ms
tinc of the poisoned chalice that was present
ed lo his lips. All who heard him, notwith
standing his admission of guilt, were deeply
affected by his remarks; and we think, surely,
that man is not so hardened in crime as to be
beyond the pale of reformation."
Beautiful Sentiment. Kossuth in his ad
dress to the ladies of Pittsburgh, said with his
"Love is the vivifying spirit of the universe.
Love is the element of the heart. Love is nev
er tired of showing tenderness, and can spread
this vivifying element over the cause of free
dom on earth. One smile from your spark
ling eyes can do more wonders than all I can
say in a year. I have tried to impart convic
tion upon the mind of man. But conviction
is nothing without the inspiration of the
heart. The hearts of men are in your realm.
You can play upon those chords which break
within the brazen hands of men."
Upon coming into the office the other day
we askek the "devil" his rule for punctuation.
Snid ho "I set up as long as I can hold my
brenth, then put a comma; when I gape, in
sert a semicolon ; when I sneeze a colon ; and
when I want another chew of tobacco I insert
a period." We cannot withhold these rules,
so admirable for their simalicity, from the pub-
From Pernambi-co. The yellow fever, nt
last accounts, was rommsilini; threat ravages
anion" the meri'h'.nls ships in the harbors of
Pernanihnro. There had also been some fa
tal rases in the eilr. On board some of the
vessels, nearly all the hands had been attack
ed and taken to the hospital.
An Extract: The following specimen of
Legislative dignity nnd moderation, is from
C. S. Willbr, a leading member of the ma
jority in the" House of Representatives. It
shows the difficulties into which a member of
that party gets himself, when be undertakes
to consult the public interest, independent of
01 laneieu party interest, it aiso snows
something of the character of the "friends of
the new Constitution," who are now attemp
ting to get that instrument in operation.
The extract is from a letter written to the
locofoco organ of Butler county, of which he
isan associate editor; - ,
. Com. Register.
I believe you grumbled a little at the Gov
ernor s appointment of one of the Code Com
missioners of a certain gentleman not gener"
ally considered to be a radical democrat ,
What have you to say of his appointment of
two whigs to one demociat as Commisioners
of the new State House? These Commission
ers will have the disbursement of two or three
hundred thousand dollars, and for the Drortcr
disbursement , thereof the democratic party
are to be held responsible. I cannot, for m
moment, fear tbe confirmation of the appoint
ments by the Senate: nor can I believe, that
the Governor is foolhardy enough, to suppose .
that the Senate will ' confirm them. Rather
am I disposed to believe, that by improper
influence he has found himself placed in the
very awkward position of being able to extri
cate himself without some unpleasant results,.
If perchance these appointment skould be eon-
firmed by Uie Senate. I will not vote, the ap
propriation of a single dollar to the new State,
House. U will never agree to appropriate
money to be disbursed by whigs, when lam to
share the responsibility of its disbursement,,
uud when we may just at well hava it die
bvrsed by democrats. It. is possible that tbe
Senate will confirm one of these whigs, but
I fen quite confident that the Governor will
have to send tbe name of some good democrat
in place of one of the whigs.
Barkis is Willing. Mr.- Buchanen re
sponds to the wish of a lady in Washington,
that he may be the next President in Ibe fol
lowing submissive language.
"I thank you most cordially for your kind
wishes in my behalf in regard to the Presiden
cy. Should the Democratic party of the coun-.
try elevate me to that most exalted station on
earth, I shall endeavor to perform its duties
honestly and successfully ; if not, I trust I pos-1
sess sufficient Christian philosophy to eBnbla
me to bear my fate with cheerful and conten
ted resignation. In truth, so far as I am per
sonally concerned, I feel no anxious and ambi
tious longings for the prize, though, if it should
come, gratitude to the American people- will
ever be engraven on my heart - . . .
From your friend, very respeatfully,
.. JAMES BUCHANAN.
Steam Applied to Tint Orga. A few
evenings ago, Mr. David, a . French gentle-
r 1 1 ; . . : j: x- v i-
iiinii uicuuvaiiuu, uu learning 111 tiev XUTH,
delivered a lecture of considerable research
upon the History and influence of Sacred ami
Theatrical Music, at the close of which ho
took occasion to speak of an invention be has
obtained a patent for, of the- application of .
steam now er to orrrnns. and stated thai ha
nc raaAo in r4isnnQl t lit -rirrKt Ia tvin-Ko
sers. What next? " -
N. Y. Express. -'
- ' "" " ' "
Destructive Fires. -A fire occurred in th
city of New York on Friday night, near the cor
ner of Dey street and Broadway, by which o
ver half a million of dollars worth of property
and goods were destroyed; and 00 Saturday
night a similar occurrence took place in Phila .
deiphia, by which an amount of over one mil
lion of doltata was lost. In both cases nearly
the whole loss is said to have bees covered by
Tax Law. I be Asnta-buia Sentinel, speak
ing of he Tax biil, says: :
'As it now stands it meets with but little
favor, and judging from what" little we havo
seen of its provisions, it deserving of still less,
lis wholesale and unjustifiable plunge -into
the Banks of the State, is most' deeply to be
regretted; equal taxation forbids it the best
interests of they people forbid it Such pol
icy, however, appears to be tbe judgement ot.
the majority, who, if the persist, will be taught
their tyranny will never be submitted to by
an intelligent enterprising people, , . We . do
. . .1 r 1 1 : l ) .1
not aesire 10 see me anus smeiueu any mure
than other branches of business nor subjected
to any greater burthens. T, ; . ' " '
Well, and pithily put: and the conduct of
the people on the reserve will be in harmony'
with it . . - . .- - . .
i - : True Dem.
The Odd Fellows of the United Stales.
This benevolent institution numbers 200,000
members, inereare zsaa Jbooges ana ouu
encampments in the United Stales. The
amount of revenue for the year 1851 was
$1,200,000. The amount paid in the same
year, for relief was $500,000, as follows:
For the relief of il men.ber..; .....$330,000,0(1
" " widowded familie ..60.000 00
" burial of lhe deed,.,.. ....75 000 00
" " education of orphans.. ..10,000,00
Massachusetts Whigs. The 'Whig mem
bers of the Legislature, and Whigs from var
ious portions of the State, met in Convention
a few evenings ago, appointed committees,
and unanimously resolved that "the Whigs of
Massachusetts will abide by and support the
nominees of the Whig National Convention.''
The Old and Young Democracy of Tamma
ny Hall have nominated Cass for President
Boston, April 6.
The snow at this point is 12 inches deep; in
Newburyport 8 inches, and in Portland 4 inch
es. It is still snowing. - The trains are delay
ed in all directions. . , '
' Baltimore April 0. "
Advices from Florida report that Gen. Hop
kins bad captured II Indians including the;
wife of "Billy Bowlegs," and sent them to Pal
atha. . . , ' : -
Washington, April 6.
Senate. A memorial was presented from
H. O'Reilly, asking that be be empowered to
build a linu of Morse telegraph to the Pacifis
Mr. Douglass explained the memorial, sta
ting that no land was asked, but simply pro
tection. He asks to have a military stations
established every 20 miles upon the route, and
a band of twenty dragoons at every such
post. - . ; , .
Jenny Lind mid husband will give three con
certs in New York early in May, after which
they leave for Europe on a visit.
All men who do not- pay their honest debts
are great scamps except those who cheat
on a large scale. .
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