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nance of tliit art, or tmXi prr lice isnj fraud
ulent roeaa, i'.h intent to crn.1t; or lessen the payment of such toll, ench and every per tutt concerned in nny such friidulent practice bill, for every such offence, forfeit am pay to the president, director and company, o nin; euch.,urnpj.-,i pr plank roaL. the, sum of . five dollars, to be recovered, with costs of suit, be f re nj justice of the peace of the county in which suoh olence may have been rum milled wittottty"vtf execution: Provt;led nothing in Uiia act ehall be cmstruei a la prevent periods using any audi rood between the gates for caramon, purp-we. , v. .-... . Sec. n-. thit a!I turnpike nnd plunk rata umpantes herealVr to be inconporated, ns frmtempUted by hi act, shall put up" a post ucslonr at the end of each m with the num- tree of mtiea from some noted point or place. M ooa end ot the turnpike or plank roaj, fair ly-cut, or painted thereon; and also, in a con tpwuous plaoe Hear each gate, shall be placed board with the rates of toll painted thereon; and no toil ahull be demanded unless such tatea are kept up.. , . ... , 5. See. 88. That if any toll gatherer on any turnpike or plank road, shall unreasonably de . tain any passenger after the toll has been paid or tendered, or shall demand or receive great er toll than shall be allowed by law on such road, he shall fur tvery such offence, fot feit and pay a sum not exceeding twenty dollars. Hi be recovered, with costs of suit, before any jietict) of the peace having competent jurisdic tion thereof, without stay of execution ; Provi ded, no suit shnli be .commenced, against any toil gatherer for any offence committed, or penally incurred under this section, unless the aame shall be commenced within twenty days from the time of committing or incurring the same; and the defendant or defendants in any audi suit or action may plead the general is sue, and Rive this act and special matter in ev idence, of said bridge, and so soon therefter as ten per cent of the capital shall be subscribed they shall call a meeting of the persons who li.u. Ibm."VaT1 ,tmIi aa t f. ir-lc a ,1 anrt c 1 1 nil then and there proceed to elect fire directors, who shall be stockholders in the said company who shall hold ibeir offices, as such directors. for one rear from and after said election, and until their successors are elected and qualified. Me of whom shall be president, and one treas urer, and one secretary, to be named on the tickets when voted for by the stockholders as foresaid ; each stockholder ahull . be entitled t one vote for each and every share of stock he may own, and after the first election, no stockholder shall be entitled to a greater num ber of votes, than the number .of shares that tie may have paid into the said company. ' - Sec, 40. That every turnpike or plank road company, hereafter to be incorporated, as con templated by this act, shall cause to be kept a lair mnit au-miraft "count nf tha whole Ynen- e of making any such turnpike or plank road with lite expenses of toll gatherers, and .!! ether necessary agents or officers whom the eompany may find it eonvenint to employ, and also a fair and accurate account of the amount of toll received, and ; "the books of every such company shall always be open for the inspection of the commissioners of any county through which such road may pass, or of ttie agent of the general assembly of the tate : and if any turnpike or plant road com pnny shall neglect or refuse to exhibit their accounts, agreealyb to the provision of this .section, when thereunto, required by such commissioners, or the agents of the general as sembly, all the rights granted by this act, in corporating such com piny, shall cease and de termine. -;'.! s Sec. 4 1. That if any turnpike or plank road company shall fail to keep Us roads in repair, for five days successively, any person may file a complaint, in writing, before any : justice of the county; setting forth the nature of the de fect complained, of designating the place in the the road where it exists; & it shall be the du ty of said jialice to appoint two disinterested persons as inspector, to meet at the place com plained of, within five days; and of the time and place of meeting: reasonable notice shall be given to the gate keeper nearest the place of meeting and the inspectors shall then exam ine into the truth of the matter complained of, ad if they shall find the complaint to be true, they shall send certified copy of the com plaint, and of their finding: thereon, to the keeper of eacn or the gated between which such defective place shall be, end ; there after no toll shall be received at' such gates for the intermediate distance, until the parts of the road complained of shall be fully repaired; and if the keeper of such gate shall demand and receive toll, contrary to the pro visions of this act, he shall be liable to pay the sum of fire dollars to the party injured, to be recovered by action of debt, before any justice ffthe peace having jurisdiction; and thecom- (Kny, moreover, shall be liable to any person njured, for damages sustaiued by reason of such road being suffered to remain out of re pair by the neglect of the company ; nnd the inspectors and justice of peace shall be enti tled to receive one dollar per day for their ser yices, which shall be paid by tire eompany if the complaint be sustained, and if it fiil, then y the complainant and to the amount so tax ed shall be added the expense of sending the notice to the gate-keeper us required by this act,' which shall be paid aa aforesaid. Sec. 42. That in case ofauy vacaney.hy death designation or otherwise, in any board of direc tors of any railroad, turnpike or plank road eompany , it shall be lawful for the. remaining directors to appoint a director to fill such va cancy, nnd the person so appointed shall be a director of such eompany nntil the next suc ceeding state' election, and until his successor "shall be elected arid qualified. - - See. 43. That whenever two or more turn pike or plank' road companies desire to consol idate themselves into a single corporation, they ire hereby authorized and empowered so to 'do, in the same manner, and subject to the same roles, as provided in the - twenty-first, twenty-second and twenty third sections of "ibis act, relative to the consolidation of rail road companies. ' ' ".TO create and regulate mag netic TELEGRAPH COMPANIES. Sec it. That whenever any number of per sons' as required by the first section of this act -associating to form a company, for the purpose iimjt M,fnf FHnt'imf tnv tinn nr llnmk nf Afrtrntir VI WII9.I wv.mg ..., ...... ....wu - ...... ,.ej.ft.nK 4hav ahatt iinftr.r tlipip hnnHs nnrl "ealT m-ike certificate which they ahnll spec ify as follows; First the name assumed by ' such company, and by which it shall bo known second, the termini of said line or lines, and nnd tlief comities through which the same ttshall psssr third the capital stock neces - aary to construct said line or lines of telegraph ami the amolnt of each share; such certificate shall be acknowledged, certified, forwarded to - the Secretary ot Slate, recorded ana copied ' in the same manner as it provided in the sec ond section of this act for the incorporation of - rauronu companies-; ruu vtijcm an iiiwipnattru, ' are hereby authorized to construct line or tinea of magnetic telegraph, as may be named -.-.. . -- . .- .11 . 1 . tu ineir ceruuccttc ui mew jKjrmnMf, bhu i'y tiio "oitrie and style provided in said certifiicnte, T-'sjhall be deemed a body corporate, with succes sson, and tlMSt and their aasoe'noa to lwve the lime general powers; as is provided in the thiM seotion of this act, and shall be subject to alljth restriction hereafter provided. Sec. 45. The persons named irt tlio certifi cate may, at any time, open books for subscrip tion to the capital stuck of the company, and when at least ten per centum shut! Iiavt- been subscribed, meeting shall be called, by no tice being i;iren by nr.y one of the corporntors tor thirty Cit s, tn some newspaper printed in each county turough wmeh su. h miinetic tel- egrp!i may pass, if a paper is published in each Bounty, at which meeting there shall be elected by bnllot, thrte directors, who hall Citntinue in office until the first annual meet ing of the stockholders thereafter. Sec 43. There hail be a meeting of the stockholders annually at a place designated by said directors, when a president, throe direc- tor, a secretary and treasurer snail oe chosen who shall hold their office until the next annu al election, and until their successors are duly chosen. -Tbv stockholders at their nnnual , holder shall be entitled to a greater number of meeting, may from time adopt such regulations j votes, than the n itnber of shares that he may and by-laws, for the management of the busi- have paid into the said company, ness of the company, ns they may see proper, j Sc. 57. That the treasurer ofihe said compa and may ch-in at any time, the timo and ' ny hefi.ro entering upon the duties of his office, place of holding the an mud election. Special ,a'l ent-r into a bond, with io!d and sufli- meetings of the stockholders may be called, for the transaction of business by the direc tors. rivv. ti. o; w'rpxnwn iii-huj w.v.i, if authorized to construct said telegraphic line or hne., from point to point, along and upon any of the public roids,by the erection of the nec-s sary Dxlures, including posts, piers, anti antu ments neccssarv for the wires; Provided thot the same shall not incommode the public in the use of said roads or highways. . Sec. 48. That whenever two or more tele graph companies desire to consolidate them selves into a sinjjlfi corporation, they are hera by authorized and om powered so to do, in the same manner, and sutiect to the same rules as arc provided in the twenty-first, twenty-sec ond and twenty-third sections of this act, rtl ative to the consolidation of railroad . compa nies. TO CREATE AXD REGULATE. OAS LIGHT AND WATER COMPANIES. Sec. 49. That whenever any number of per sons as required by the first section of this act associate to form gas tight and water compan ies, for the purpose ot supplying gas for lighting the streets, and public and private buildings of any city, town or village of this state, or for the purpose of supplying the inhabitants of any city, town or village, with water, they shall, under their hands and seals, make a certificate, which shall specify as follows: The name of said company and by which it shall be known ; the object for which such company shall be formed; the a mount of the capital stock of such company ; the number of J hares of which the said stock shall consist, and the names of the town, city or village and county, in which the operations of such company are to be carried on ; such certificate shall be acknowledged certified and forwarded to the Secretary of State, recorded and copied in the same manner as is provided in the second section of this act; and when so incorporated, they are hereby authorized to carry on the operations named in such certifi cate of incorporation and by the name and style provided in such certificate shall be deem ed a body corporate, with succession, and theV and their associates to have the same general eorponnte powers aa is providod in the third section of thisact,nnd shall be subject to all the restrictions hereafter provided.- . Sec' 50. That whenever ten per centum of the capital stock of such company shall be subscribed and paid in, said corporators or any one of them shall, in some newspaper published in the county give notice of the time and place for holding a meeting for the election of five directors, and the election shall be made by the stockholders attending for such pur pose, either personally or by proxy, and each and each share of capitol stock shall be enti tled to one vote; said election to be superin tended by one or more of said corporations corporators. " ' See. 51. There shall be a president of such company, who shall be designated from the number of directors, and also such subordinate officers as the company, by its by-laws, may designate' who may be elected or appointed, nnd required to jrive such security for the faithful performance of the duties of their office, as the company. by its by-laws, may require, for which purpose such company shall have the power, and are hereby authorized, to make such rules, regu lations and by-laws as be may necessary or their regulation, not inconsistent with the Con stitution & laws of this State. Sue 52. There shall bo an annual meeting of the stockholders, at a plane designated by said directors, for the purpose of electing offi cers, who shall hold their offices until the next annual election, and until their successors are duly chosen; said officers shall have the gen eral superintendence of the affairs of the. com pany, and the management of its business, and may call special meetings of the stock-holders for the transaction of business. Sec. 53. Any corporations formed under this act, shall have full power, if a gas compmy, to manu faeture and sell, and to furnish such quantities of gas or water as may be required in the city town or village where located, lor public and private building, or for other pur poses; and such corporation shall have power to lay conductors tor conducting water or gas through the htreets, lands, alleys and squares in such city, town or village, with the consent of the municipal authorities of said city, town or village, nnd under such reasonable regula tions as they may prescribe. Sec. 54. The munipal authorities of any city town or village, in which any fas light or wa ter company shall be organized under this act are hereby authorized to contract with any such corporrtion, for the lighting or supply ing with water, the streets, hinds, lanes, squares and public places in any such city, town, or vil lage. TO CREATE AND REGULATE BRIDGE COMPANIES. See 65. That whenevnr any number of per sons as named in the first section of this act, associate themselves together for the purpose of constructing a bridgeover any of the streams of water in this State, tbey shall under their bands and seals, make a certificate, specifying' the amount of capital stock necessary, the amount of ench share, the place where said bridge is to be built, nnd on what stream said certificate shall be acknowledged, certitied.and forwarded to the Secretary of State, recorded and copied as is provided in the second section of this net, and when incorporated, they are hereby authorized to carry on the operations named in said certificate of incorporation, and by the name and style provided in such cer tificate, shall be deemed a body corporate, with succession ; and they and their associates successors and. assigns, shall hare the same general corporate powers as are ' provided ni the third sec tion of this act. and subject to all the restric tions hereafter provided ; but in all cases, the banks on both sides of the stream, where the bridge is to be built, shall be owned by said company, or that they obtain in writing the consent of the owner or owners of the banks where the said bridge is to be erected, to erect the said bridge as aforesaid, unless the ... . . ..... . . ii said banks at such point shall nc in a pur.i. highway. : 5 f" ;? Sec. 53. That the eorporstors herein named shall 0n the books of the said company, f'r subscription to the c.ipitol stock of said bridge nnd so soon thereafierns ten per cent, bf the capital shail be subscribed, they shall ' cnll a nii.lin.T itf l)i. hn. ...l.n K....n 1 :t 1 stock as nfuresaid. and shall then and there j proceed to elect five directors, who shall be j stockholders in the said company, who shall nuiu meir oraces. as sucn directors, tor one year from and after said election, and until their successors aro elected and qualified, one j .1 ii- ot whom shall be president nnd one treasurer, , Bnd one Secretary, to be named on the tickets j when voted for by the stockholders aforesaid ; eaoli atoe.klmlder shah be entitled to one vote for em.-li and every share of the stoek that he mar own. and after the first Ixntion. nostni-1:. cifctit fecuiily, tt be approved of by the said board ot ilm-ctors, payable to the Saul compa ny, conditioned for tho faithful performance i oi -.tn iin:i ninuiar ine nuiies ot bis said otllce, j and that he will well and truly account lor. ami nay over to said comonnr all moners and j property that slmll from lime to lime come in- to his hands by virtue of his snid office, and that he wili use due nnd proper diligence to collect all money and demands that from lime shall be due antl and owia to the said com pany, which shall bo his duty-bv law to col lect. ,- Sc. 68. The president shall preside at all meetings, when present, and not otherwise in capacitated in which case, or in case of his ab sence, the board of directors shall choose a president from among their number, who shall perfoim the duties of he president at such meeting, an-J perform such other duties as may from lime to time to lime, be pointed out by the by-laws ai.d the rules of the said compa r. See . 69. The secretary shall keep a record of all meetings of the board i'f directors, and other proceedings of said company, not requir ed to be perfumed by any other officers of the said board and perform such other and further duties as may be assigned him, from time to time, by the rules nnd by-laws of the saia company. Sea. 60. That the said company shall have power, trom time to lime, at any regular meet ings of the board of directors, to make, alter or change, such by-laws and rules fur the govern merit of the said company. Sec. 61. Thnt the company, previous to re ceiving any tolls upon said bridge, shall set up and keep a conspicuous place on said bridge. a board on which shall be written, painted or printed, in a plain and legible manner, the rates of toll, which rates of toll shall have been prescribed by the court of common pleas of tnc proper county ; and it any company shall demand and receive any greater rate ot toil than the rate prescribed by said court, they shall be subject to a fine often dol lars. Sec. 62. That the compensation of the pres ident and other officers of such company, hIiiiII be regulated and fixed by the rules and by laws of such company, from time to time. TO CREATE AND REGULATE MANU FACTURING COMPANIES. Sec. 63. That whenever any number of per sons as named in the first section of this act, associating themselves together for the pur pose of engaging in the business of manufac turing, they shnll, under their hands nnd seal. ake a cerwucaie, specuying tne amount ol capital stock necessary, tho amount of each share, the name of the place where such man ufacturing establishment shall be located, the name and t'le by which such company shall be known sajJ certificate shall be ackowledg- d certified and . forwarded to the Sec retary of Slate recorded and copied as ii pro vided in the second section of this act, and when so incorporated they are hereby author ized to carry on the manufacturingop'Tations named in said certificate of incorporation, and by the name and style provided in said certifi cate shall be deemed a body corporate, with succession, and they and their associates, suc cessors and assigns, shall have the same gen eral corporate powers as are provided in the in the third section of this act, and subject to all the restrictions hereafter provided. Sec. 64. The annual meeting of the stock holders shall be held on the first Monday of January in ench year, at which the meeting the directors of the company shall be elected and such other lawful business done, as the stockholders shall deem necessary and proper anil, should they fail to elect directors at the annual meeting, they shall hold a speeial meet ing at some subsequent time, for the purpose, by giving thirty days notice thereof, in some newspaper of geneml circulation in such coun ty. The directors shall hold their offices un til their successors are chosen and qualified ; but no pevson shall be a director after ceasing to be a sUx kholder. Immediately after the election, the directors shall elect one of their rm-mber president of the corporation, and may appoint such other officers and agents ns they may deem proper, to transact their, business, and prescribe the amount of compensation to be allowed to them for their services; and such officers, when required by the by-laws, shall give bonds to the satisfaction of the di rectors for the faithful discharge of the trusts committed to them ; shall have power, and are hereby authorized to make such rules, regulations itby-laws.as may be necessary for their regulation not inconsistent with the con stitution of this State. The directors shall have tho management of the affairs of the com pany, and may dispose of the residue of the capitol stoek at any time remaining unsub scribed, in such manner as the stockholders for the time being may prescribe, and may employ the capitol and means of the company, in such manufactures as tbey shall deem best for the company, and for the erection and maintain encc of such machinery, dams, building, races water courses, &c, subject always to the con trol of the stockholders, as may be necessary in the business of manufacturing, but for no other purpose than those connected with, and pertaining to said business; they shall cause a record to be kept of nil stock subscribed and transferred and of all business transactions, and their books aad records 'hall at all reas onable times bo open to the inspection of any andevery stockholder; they shall also, when re quired, present to the stockholders reports in writing of the situation and amount of business of the company, and declare anil mike such dividend of the profits from the busines of the company, not reduring the capitol stock while they have outstanding liabilities, ss they shall deem expedient. Sec. 65. The persons named in the cer tificate of incorporation, or a majority of I hem shall bo commissioners to open hooks for the subscription to the capital stock of said eompany, at such times and places as they shall deem proper, and the said company are authorized to commence operations upon the subscription of ten per cent, of said 'stock TO PROVIDE FOR THE INCORPORA TION OF RELIGIOUS AND OTHER SOCIETIES Sec. 66. That from nnd after the passage of this act, it shall bo lawful fotvany religious sect or denomination, fire company, or any literary, scientific or benevolent association, (other "than colleges, universities, academies or seminaries.) within this state, to elect, at a meeting of a majority of the members of any arganized church, fire company, literay, ecien litic or benevolent association, ns aforesaid, called for that purpose, any numher of their members, not less than three, . to serve as trustees or directors, nnd one member ns clerk, who shall hold their office during the pleasure of the society or association. Sec. 67. That tho clerk so nppoinled, shall make a true record of the proceedings of the meeting, provided tor by the first sec tion of this act, certify nnd deliver tho same to the recorder of the county in which such meeting shall he held, together null the nsmo by which such church, fire company, or association, shall thereafter desire to be known ; and it shall be the duty of each coun ty. recorder in this state, immediately upon the receipt of such cerltutid statement, to i cord the same in a book of record, to be kept by htm provided for that purpose at the ex pense of his county, for which service he may demand and receive, the enm of ten cents per hundred words; and from nnd after making such record by the county recorder, the said trustees or directors, and their associated members and successors, shall be invested with the powers, privileges and immunities incident to aggregate corporations; and a cer tified transcript of the record herein author ized to bu made by the county recorder, shall be dvemed and taken, in nil courts and places whatsoever, in this Stat", as evidence of the existence of such association nnd cor poration. Sec. 63. The trustees or directors who may be appointed under the provisions of this act, nnd their successors m office, shall have perpetual succession, by such name as may be designated and by such name shall be legally capable of contracting, and of pros ecuting nnd defending suits, and shall have capacity to acquire, hold, enjoy, dispose of, and convey, all property, real or personal, which they may acquire by purchase, dona tion, or otherwise, for the purpose of carry ing out the intentions or such society or asso ciation ; but they shall not acquire or hold property for any other purpose. Sec. 69. That such society orassoeiationwhen incorporated, may elect such officers, and make such rules and regulations, ns may be necessary and expedient, for its own govern ment, and the management of its fiscal and other affairs, to effect their respective ob ject. Sec ?0. That if said board of trustecss or di rectors, as is provided for by the sixty-sixth sec tion of this act, shall be vacated, cither in whole or in part, by death, resignation, or oth erwise, such board of trustees or directors may be revived, or such vacancy or vacancies filled in the manner pointed out in the sixtysixth sec tion of this act, for the original organization of said board, nnd a majority of said trustees or directors, shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. GENERAL PROVISIONS REGULATING INCORPORATED COMPANIES. Sec. Tl. All companies now incorporated in this state, and actually doing business, may ac cept any of the provisions of this act, and when so accepted, and certified copy of their accep auce filed with the secretary of slate, that por tion of their charters inconsistent with the pro visions of this act, is hereby repealed. See. 72. All comp inies hereafter incorporated or accepting the provisions of this act, except those named in the sixty-sixth section are re quired to make and publish, in some newspa per of general circulation in tin: county where the principal office is located, an annual exhib it, showing n full, fair and detailed statement of the condition of such company, which state ment shall be verified by the oath or the pres ident, secretary, or clerk. Sec. 73. No company or association incorpo rated under the provisions of this act, shall em ploy its stock, means, assets or other property. directly or indirectly, for any other purpose whatever, than to accomplish the legitimate objects of its'creation. r' Sec. 74. That the board of directors or trus tees, of any company heretofore incorporated. or which may hereafter be formed, under any law of this stale, may. with the written con sent of the persons in whos--- name a majority of the shares of the capitol stock thereof shall stand on the books of said company, reduce the amount of snid capital stock, nnd the nom inal value of all the shares thereof, and issue certificates therefor; Provided, that the rights of creditors shall not be affected, or in any wise impaired, by the reduction of the capital stock of any such corporation. Sec. 75. that whenever any joint stock com pany heretofore incorporated, for the purpose of erecting any public improvement in this State, whose charter is limited as to the time for completion of said improvement, and when such company has been legally organized.and has actually commenced nnd has in progress toward completion such public; improvement. it shnll be lawful for any such company to have further time allowed for the final com pletion of said work, as is hereinafter provi ded. Sec. 76. That upon petition being filed by the directors of any incorporation in the court of common pleas of the county in which the principal office of such corporation is loca ted, nnd upon giving thirty days, notice by publication in a newspaper of general circula tion in said county, of the ohjeel and prayer of such petition, said court shall, at any regular term after the publication of said notice, upon good cause shown, decree the extension of the time for the completion of said improve ment to such period as shall appear to such court just and reasonable. Sec. 77. That the name of any corporation may be changed in the same manner as is provided for the extention of the time of the completion of any public improvement in the proceeding section; and in case the name of uny corporation is changed, as aforesaid, a copy of the decree shnll be filed with the Secretary of State, or in the office of the county recorder if the corporation whose name is so changed be of the class organized under the sixty-sixth section of this act, and also published in some newspapaper of general circulation in thecoun ty aforesaid. When the provisions aforesaid have been complied with, such compauy shall thereafter be known by such name, and shall have all the powers, nnd be subject to the same restrictions, ns if no such change of name had been made, and no such change of name shall affect, in any manner, the rights of such- company, or of any individuals. Sec. 78. Ail stockholders oft nny railroad, turnpike or plank road, magnetic telegraph or bridge company, shall be deemed and held liable to an amount equal to their stock subscribed, in addition to said stock, for the purpose of securing the creditors of such company. Sec, 79. All stockholders of any joint stoek company, organized under the provisions ot tins net except as hereinafter provided, shall I,.. ,t.,m...i .mi i,. .1.1 i.iu. i;ni,iu f,,r n "-" ....... w the debts due and owing by snid company ; and the trustees or directors of every society i or association, incorporated under tho provis- j ions of the sixty-sixth section of .this act, shall be deemed and held individually liable for all debts contracted by them for their respective societies or associations. '" K? Sec. 8r, A change in the loca'ion nnd termini of any railroad, turnpike" Ttud plank rond, may be made in the same manner ns is provided in the 70lh section of this net, for the further extensionof time: Provided, that such company shall bo responsible for any j damages or injury arising therefrom, -as is pro vided in the eleventh section nf this act, in re lation to the liability of railroad companies. Sec. 8 1. Suits may be brought against cor porations other than railroad companies, in the same manner ns against individuals; nnd service shall be made on the president, di rectors, secretary, or ngenl, or by leaving a copy at the principal office of such company: and in making such service, the sheriff and constable are authorized to make service with out, as well as within their respective coun ties, and the real and pprsonal property of corporations shall be liable to execution, as other property. Sec. 82. .'.II ofneers of any incorporated companies, organized under the provisions of this net, shall be residents of this state; and whenever any company, association or soeie ty, heretofore or hereafter itirorpotated, shall have lailed to elect its officers at the time des ignated, it shall he lawful for such eompany, association or society, to call a meeting and elect Its otneers. who stial. liolrl their respec tive ntiiees until the time speeihed foe the an nual, or other fixed time lor holding such election; and whenever nny incorporated company heretofore organized, or that may hereafter be organized, under the provisions of this act, shall have a specified time fixed for its nnnual meeting, a majority of the stock holders interest, may, nt any regular annual meeting, change the time of the annual mee ting thereof- JAMES C. JOHNSON. Speaker House Representatives. WILLIAM MEDILL, President of the Senate. May J, 1852. - , V AcDiTOTt'a OrFiCE, ) Sandusky county, O. j "- I certify that the foregoing laws, are truly copied from those furnished this office by the Secretary of State. '-'' HORACE E. CLARK, ' County Auditor.' to . A Silly Business. The most lSughnble and ridiculous thing of the day is the ludicrous attempt , of the Statesman to make a great man of Franklin Pierce. We ask the readers of that paper if they have ever seen Mr. Pkirce's name in its columns before his . nomination. Did the editor ever refer to hira as a prominent Loco foco, either in his civil or military capacity ? If so. when and where was it? We are willing to admit that Franelik Piercb is a very respectable gentleman.- He will do very well to be beaten. . But this at tempt to blow him up in this way will dis gust even those who are favorably inclined. V itncss the following in last nights States man, bpeakmg ol riSRCE it says; "He was an officer in the of war 1812, and was tendered the office of Attorney 3 .-a sra 1 by Mr. Polk, but he declined." In another part of the same article the Statesman says Mr. Fierck is about fifty yean nf agt. - - . Now, it appears that he was an officer when fie teas only ten years of nge! Does the Statesman believe this? What is the use in t'dling such transparent falsehoods? Will they advanse his claims to the Presidency? Belter tell the truth and not thus make your self the laughing stork of all the town. An officer in the war of 1812, at ten years of age! Thht will do to start with. O. S. Journal Panama Railroad. The Panama Rail road, by which the transit between the At lantic and Pacific oceans will be nlTeeted in a few hours, is to be completed forthwith. The N. Y. Couries and Enquirer says: The company have just closed a contract with very responsible parties to finish the en lire work, and turn it over ready for service by. the 1st of Aug-.ist, 1853. and report says that the contract price for completing the work is $1,000,000. . . . ... . Lying, says the Boston Post, is an exceed dingly vulgar vice yet often practiced by gen teel people. Lawyers lie professionally; ed itors lie unintentiona'ly ; merchants lie habit ually ; and the telegraph lies perpetually but then it don.t know any better, wliich ean hardly be said "f mendacious characlfts in general. As FalstafF says, "Lord! how the world is given to lying." An inventive wag relates a laughable tory of Major Wood, of the Plaindealer. On Saturday evening, the gallant Major called out his Light Artillery, and thundered it salute in honor of the Baltimore nomination. After the smoke and smell of wasted, powder passed n wny the warlike David took his 'stand' in the face chivalrous little band, with all the military pomp of Napoleon at Austerlitz or Rivoli, and called on 'the soldiers,' in a stentorian voice.to 'give three cheers for General Ger,eral-here he scratched his bend, as if bitten by some in trusive 'varmint' General what the devil is his name V A Whig, who was standing by, aided him in his perplexity, by telling him the name of his commander was Gen Pierce of New Hamp shire. "O, yes," says the indomitable Major, his eyes glistening with n passing gleam of intelli gence; 'threo rounds for Gen. Price, of Hamp shire county 1" The cheers rent the air at the word of com mand, but whether for the renown candidate, or the Major's awkward blunder, the deponent saith not Forrest City. Change for Market. 'My dear what shall we have for dinner to day ? 'One of your smiles I can dine upon that nny day.' 'But I can't.' said the wife. 'Then take this,' and lie gave her a kiss and parted. He returned to dinner. 'This is excellent steak," said he 'what did you pay for it?' Why, what you gave me this morning,' said his wife. 'The deuce you did !" said he, 'then you shall have the money the next time you go to market.' Infantry Scrricc. Speaking of Presidential candidates, a friend, after reading the Statesman's solemn declaration that Pibhcb was an officer in the War of 1812, when he was only ten years of age, raised his specs rather quisically, nnd inquired to what branch of the service he be longed ? "To the Uylt ibfast-rt, to be sure." was the prompt reply of an old soldier, standing by. That wot entirely satisfactory ! O S. Journal. THE FREEMAN;f FREMONT. OHIO. J.S.FOUKK Editor. SATURDAY. JUNE 12, J852. "Dfrnscratic'' Nominations for Presi dent and Vice President. - Tie long agony is over, nd Locofocoism is "itself again." After five days balloting' the party has succeeded in nominating candidates for President and Vice President ohJ suck candidates! Polk, Dallas and Texas but not Victory are to be enacted over Again. Dummy is to be the watchword with which Locofocoism is to attempt to again ride into ptjwer tut such principle never succeed but onct.' - - ---: . -s S -FRANKLIN PIERCE, of New Hnmp- shire, was nominated for President on the 49lh ballot, and W. R. KING, of Alabama, for Vice President, on the 2d ballot. - : ' But, who is Franklin Pierce? This ques tion Iibs been asked us times innumerable. We only know that ho is a citizen of New Hampshire, and is considered a rery good second rate lawyer., . In 1833 he was elected to the Houso of Representatives itv Congress, which position he retained four years. In 1837 he was appointed U. S. Senator by the Governor of New Hampshire, to fill a vacancy then existing. Ho signalized himself dtiring this period, byjiis subserviency to the slave ocrncy of the South. lie strenuously oppos ed the right of .petition, .and opposed every measure forthe abolishment of the sJave-tradi in the District of Columbia. He gave his ad Iterance to the infamous "Athertou Gag." and upon the death of the "lamented Harrison, voted against paying his widow the first year's salary of the President, j .-j , '. v i ' , The next we. hear of Mr. Pierce, was in 1 837, when President Polk appointed him one of his Brigadier Generals, to serve in the. Mex ican war. On the 16th of July of thnt year, he left Vera Cruz with a body of 2500 troops, to join Gen. Scott who was then at Pucbla. On the Gfh of August he joined the main ar my without frightening a single Mexican, and on the 19th of the same month, he was thrown from his horte, nnd severely injured, which disabled him for the remainder of thut mng nificenl campaign. - ' , ' " '-- We hear of Pierce ngain in 1851, in the ca pacity of a private citizen, urging the rejection of a clause in the New Constitution of New Hamshire, permiting Catholics to hold office in that Stete. To the disgrace of the State, be it said.thia wise nnd republican clause was rejected, nnd Catholics ostracized from the rights and privileges of free citizens, and that too. to a great extent, by the influence of the democratic candidate for the Presidency. So much we know of Gen. Pierce. We think .he will never be President of the United States. . ... - W. R. King is a man of wider experience, hut of not of more than ordinary intellect. He is a djsunionist of the most violent stamp, nnd fieured largely nt the Nashville Convention He voted in the Senate nf the U. S. against the abolishment of the Slave Trade in ti e dis trict of Columbia, nnd ngainst the admission of California, as a State into the Union,,,,, . Such are the men presented by the "great femocratic parti," far the suffrages of n free people, to the highest nnd most responsible offices in. the Union! Truly, "tho mountain labored, and brought forth" firo mice! Whig National Conrcntion. . The Whig National Convention will assem ble ut Baltimoreon Wednesday next, the 16th inst. The chances between Scolt and Fill more for the nomination, we consider about equal, but Webster may hold the balance of power, and in that case it would ha hard to guess which of the three will get the nomin ation. Of course we prefer Scott as do three fourths of the Whigs of the North but we w ill chei rfully support either of these distin guished men, or any other good Whig, that may be nominated, believing that their election is morally certain, against such men ns Pierce and King. , .- Jones, of Tennessee; Bates, of Mosouri,nnd .Mnngum, of North Carolina, aru the must prominent candidates for the Vice Presidency all true and good "Wliis, and niott able Whose Faalt is 111 The mail from Sandusky city, and east of there, ts-forty eight hours in reaching Fremont, whereas it should I e but about ten. The Reg ister of Fridays reaches heieon Sundays, and that of Saturdays not till ;he Tuesday follow ing. We understand that when the cars from Saudusky reaches Bellevue, the stage fortius place takes on board the passengers, but does not wait for the changing of the mail. Con sequently the mail for this place lies in Belle vue twenty-four hours. We do not know who is to blame, "hut think that it is the duly of the Post Masters to ascertain where the fault is. We believe the stage has no business to leave Bellvue until the mail is changed, And put on board. : Headings and Day is' Exhibition. These gentlemen exhibited, at Social Hall, last evening, to a large audience of Ladies and Gentlemen, their splendid . Panarama of a voyage from New York to San Francisco, around Cape Horn. In this 6cene is repre sented a visw of New York city near Castle Garden, Jersey city, Bedlows Islands and Forts, Staten island, Rio de Jencrio, Cape Horn during a storm. Island of Juan Fernan- les, the Isthmus and city of Panama, n gen eral view of the Hnrborand City of San Fran cisco, with many other scents, depicted true to nature. Also, a Diorama ot the uoia Ditryins, which is one of the most splendid paintings we ever witnessed. The Magic Grotto, is also a splendid thing. The Pana rama of ths Chrystnl Palace gives the behol der a better understanding of the magnifi cence of this noble structure, than can be ob tained from any other source, short of a view of the original. These Paintaings will be exhibited at Social Hall again this (Saturday) evening, when we advise all, who were not present last night, to embrace the opportunity of seeing them. They are just what they purport to be," and are deserving the patrpnage of the public. ?F - f' ilTlte (holera. -, j For two or three years our citizens have taken every-' precaution to secure the health $ Ahe place, and particularly to guard ngainst the" cholera.' It is to be regit tied that siroi ilar precautions have not been taken this sea son. The cholera is yet lurking in many pla ces in the United States and in some locali ties the people are dying off by scores. There were seventeen deaths in one week in New" Orleans, we learn from the latest intelligence: f the Cholera broke out in Maysville, Kj, on" last Saturday, nnd in three days there bad ., occurred 26 cases, and 20 deaths; at one point in Indiana it has proved equa'ly as fatal; se vera cases has occurred at Cincinnati," and, to bring the matter nearer home, there have been ? some six or seven deaths at Castalia, Erie county, within the past few days, from Chol eraat uny rale "pronounced Cholera by the attending physicians. Would .it not b well for the town council to take this matter under consideration? We don't believe the people " will egrudge' the small inx necessary tore1' move t'e filth from the streets, and to purify them with lime. ; f . . 7 -r Canfield & JUite"j2li;i T'.'.'V Have just handed in their , advertisement, but two late for this week's paper. In looking,--over ir, we seethntthey have received about thirty tons of Hard-ware, of every description and variety. They have made arrangements to sell an immense amount of Gutait, and, e "rather guess" they will do it. But next wee k' we shall let tile "Boys" speak for themselves; and in the meantime, if any of oiir rtaders want any tiling in the. Hard-ware dine, give" thentacsll, i j .j.f ';. f. ti T. - : 7 K., .., : ' jty D. Betls advertisement, in tint Week'si paper should be read by every body," who' want to know -where they can get goocV bar gains. It is worth a quarter of dollar to look at bis immense slock of goods, even if you do not buy anything. ' ' F Dcrniam.';';'.'.1. .'XttC-V' Has just received; another lot of Ready-made1: clothing, among which is a large' variety of Linen Coats and Pants for Summer wear.. Dernhnm is bound not to be undersold ia lua ' line of busicess. " "'. '., 1ST Hull and Gaston have taken their1 stock of Ready-made Cblbing. Boots and Shoes, fec, to room No 2t Buckland'a Block, and Jecently occupied hj J-...F.. R. ,Sebring. See their advertisement. : t . . jT R. P. Buclland advertises a- store room to let. '" "f 1 -- f nr-- ,'. " t! ' ' - ' ,--,;. n.44 ' . 3S" Chas.' A, , Howbind. advertises that lia will open a Writing School, at the School room across the river, on Monday evening uext. ' ' Just the MaBl ' : ' : On Saturday farenoon, this ac ting editor of the Slaletmait wrote ns follows: i ? "Yet we are nt a loss; to conjclun !the final result of the balloting for the candidate.'- About & past .1 on Saturday aflerneon. the telegraph announced the nomination of Fhj rk lin Pierce, of New Ilamshir. and thereupon the same writer adds, in a postscript to the same article: ' - V "The result hns not been unanticipated, an-1 will surprise few." ri ot course not, FkankliK Pikrt is just the man ! His nomination was anticipated very generally, nnd very few were S'lrprwedi by it! : And yet the writer of the above ex tracts from the Sttitetnt'ryt, wra inVe credibly informed, wr for a long tnne incredulous and refused to heleive the report of PlSrtCEs riorti' iiiation.. 'Vim la htimbvg ' - t ; ' . ' : jO. S. journal 37W!ien ihe nomination of Piirck,. wa announced by us on Satudny, a rather , talka tive Locofoco observed that , New llarashira had furnished moregreat men, in proportion to its population, of 8ny State -in the UiuW". but what wns equally remarkable, it- never furnished a President. - And it never will furnish one, promptly re plied a listener. ' 1 "''"" And all the people said, Amen ! ! .- - ' ' ' - f O. S. Journal. - ' .. - -, . . .,.. -. o ," The Whig State . Central Committee -of Missouri have nominated James Winston, of Benton county, as - the"'-Whig candidate ; for Governor, nnd Andrew King, of Sf. Charles, as the Whig candidate for Lieut. Governori It will be recollected that- Colonel Doniphan, who wns nominated by tho -Whig Slate Con vention for Governor, declined. . ... ' - ' ' Whose Bfonej-f '-" ON the 4th dny of Ihe pnnt mnnlfc, -th nb criber picked np, ia S. BuckUnd & Cos. drug lor, mveriil Hollar or money. . Saul manry ia left at ilie Dru; Store. Tho owner:wUJ,jrvo property, pay chorees, and take it awav. " - CHAS. CHOATE. Bntlville, June 19.1S52., c IttCKEYE BOOT AXS SHOE . " ' A ND 1 J Readyinade ClothingStore, Removed! - HALL. & OA STOW having removed their xtenaive Slock of Boot. Shoos and Clolhjng into Room No. 9; Auckland's Blotk, formerly oc cupied by J.-F. R. Scoring, would take th Molb od of loiiriering their lhauka to their uamorouacua tomrra, for the 1 " ' ''.'". "Material Aid!" furnished them, thereby enconraeinjr them in thoir efforta to banefit and pleate them. Our Hock of BOOTS & SHOES!f ia eregtlv enlarged, and eonaiataaf erery variety o style, ahnde and quality. All hinds of Boats and Shoes for Gentlemen and Ladia'a wear, manufac tured lo order, at lha loweat price, and upon I ha shortest notice. 1 ha several department! of man ufacture are auder the charge of skillful workmen. A geuaral aaaortmeut of , , , . . SHOE FINDINGS, ; is ofFeied to the trade, at a ainall advance Bpon tha fcT tr-l .. - tins I urs rn;M. - i - - - . . , READY-MADE . CLOTHING J Coiiaistina; of Cents, Paula, Vaeta, Under Clothing, of all kinda, Hose, Glovee. Hnidkerchiefa,, Cra vats . and every article that belong to a gentle- men's wardrobe. , ' t ? v : 1 of the latest styles, and in pree.! profusion. .. AH of which hey want lo sell fcr tho dimes. Give them a call before purcliatioc elsewhere. No charca for exhibiting; goods. - .' HALL & GASTON. Fremont, June 13th, 185 i.