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C2jy oISiGDa GEORGE WASHINGTON,
NEW SERIES VOL 2 NO. 43
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1855 frs'sz-Jf r
WHOLE NO 1585
It is nowiust two hundred
CUT 07 LAN CASTES.:
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TERMS One year In advance, S5,0fl! at tlio explra
Alenofthe yonr, '.,J0; Clubs of Lou, 15,W)J Club, of
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Ana Square, 10 linen (orluas three Insertions
duch additional insertion
, . . . Mont hi
One Square .
Two " .
Throe ' ' ' '
' Ono-ll.lnl : w
Yearly advertisers hare Uio nrlvlloge of renewing
,3 0 . .in- ,. ..i , - . 0 phosphorus was first ohtiiim.rl liu RrgmlnU
7" ! Hamburg. So wonderful wan thediseov-
. cry then considered, that Kraft, and emi-
' iM.ni M. ....... K f 1 1. .1 . . n i
PUBLISHEU EVERY THURSDAY MOKNlXG. "'S.. gave uranu
three hundred dollars for the secret of its
TO.M 8 . SLAU GHTER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, preparation. Krafttl.cn traveled.and vis-
office ou Public Buiiuing soutbwut comor of Ued nearly all the courts of Europe, ex-
lnuiting phosphorus to kings and nobles.
In appearance phosphorus let-embk-K bees
wax; but it is more trnnsDaretit. arnron-h-
j ing to the color of amber. Its name, which
is derived from the Greek, signilics 'light
bearer,' and is indicative of its most dis-
i linguishing quality; being self-luminous.
i nospiiorus, when exposea to the air,
shines like a star, giving out a beautiful
lambent grcenibh light. Phosphorus dis
solves in warm sweet oil. If this phos
phorisedoil bo rubbed over the face in the
irHii.inewCari9, not exoeedin nne innare will, UAi'k, llie teatures assume a ghastly ap
pearance, and the experimentalist looks
like a veritable living Will-o'-the-Wisp.
The origin of phosphorus id the most re
markable conctrnina: it. Every other sub
stance with which wo are acquainted can
be traced either to the earth or air; but
phosphorus seems lo beof animal origin.
Of all animals, man contains the most; and
of the various parts of the body, the brain
yields by analysis more phosphorus than
any other. This fact is of no little mo
ment, livery thought bns perhaps a phos
phoric source. It is certain that the most
intellectual beings contain the most phos
phorus. It generally happens that when
a singular discovery is made, many years
elapse before any application of it is made
to the welfare and happiness of man.
This remarkably applies to phosphorus.
It is only the other day that it was sold at
five shillings an ounce; now it, is so cheap
that the penniless portion of our popula
tion hawk it nboutin the form of matches.
But what a noble, life, light, and fire-giving
office doe6 it fill! For commercial pur
poses match-making phosphorus is ex
tracted from burnt bones. The demand
for it is now so great that many Ions are
annually prepnred. WhcnKrafltravelled,
no naa nui more man iiaii an an ounce
'to set before the king!
betmorteil, for nub.icrlbttni, at 15,00 per year; Hon
aubacriberi will be cburguj $0,00.
Thursday Moi niiiR March 1,1855
r - -a . lie rusloo.
Wujn Musle, heavenly mala, wa younj
i Vbile yet lu early Greece ho aung, .
The Pujlon oft, toll jar her netl,
Xureng'il around her m'lc cell,
. Kxultlujr, trembling, raging, ftilnlluK,
PoujuM beyond liu uiUJj'.puluUi.g.
By turna thoy foil the glowing mind
Diiturb'd,dellglil'd, raised, fufln'd
Till onoe, 'tl .ill. whon all wero flrod,
FUl'd Willi fury, rjpt lni lro(J, u
Prom the iporliug myrtles round .
.'Theymauh'd horiuiiruuiuiiUor ouud; .
' A nd as thejuufl had heard apnrt ' '
Hwool lessons of her foreeful art,
" 4U.1) (ror madness ml'd the hour,)
Would rorj his own eiire.tivo power.
First, Kcar, Ills hand lt s'-IU Vi try,
Aiald Hi J cir.ls buw.l lor'd lut I,
And buck reuoll'd, In ku iw n it why,
. ' Erou utllij souiff Ul.u.olf haJ qiaJj .
Next, Anger rushed -h's eyes on Are,
' Aiult " "sblii'g'o"''t Ills sjcrot silngs;
i'nSioiierudi lUilih.'struok the lyre,
Tlioili Ami sw.'iit with l.urrl.'d hand the strings.
. tji.it wllhwo'u' m . surer, wan Despair.
I?1' jL'uw eul'J'isiiU.dib's grief bugu.I'd,
iist'io em i, s tM(.a. an i .ful lr, . .
jlf Twas sad bj Ills ' lul') ',w wil,.
asB "op ui .Ne is cluiate,
M.ignct and Cold.
History informs us that many of the
couiitrios in Lurope, which now possess
vcrv miU winters, atone time experienced
RHVf-re cold at this season of the year. The
Tiber: at Rome, was frozen over, and
snow at one time lay for forty days id" that
City. The liurino .oca wasiroi.cn overi
inter flurfng ine umo 01 wviu, anu
Finger Marks. A m.uon was employ
ed to thin-whiten the walls of a chamber.
The fluid used was colorless till dried.
Being alone in the room, ho opened a
drawor.exarr.incd a pocket book and handled
the papers, but finding no money, plrced
all things as they were, forgetiing that
twelve hours drying would show the marks
of his wet fingers. But these tell-tale fin
ger marks, which he little thought any one
would ever see, exposed his guilt.
Children, beware of evi thoughts and
evil deeds! They have finger marks which
will be revealed at some future time. If
you disobey your parents or tell a false
hood, or take what is not yonr own, you
make sad linger marks on your character,
And so it is with aiiy and all sin. It de
files the character. It betrays those who
engage in it by the marks it makes on them.
Ihu marks may be almost if not quite col
orless at first. But even if they should
not bo seen during any of your days on
earth which is not at all likely yet there
a day coming 111 which all linger marks
or shuns on the character will be made
Never suppose (hat you can do what is
wrong without having attain on your
character. It is impossible. If you in
ure another, you, by that very deed in
ure yonr own self. If you disregard the
aw of God, the injury is sadly your own.
Think of it, over bear it in mind, children,
that every sin you commit leaves a mailt
lour character should "be a coating of
pure truth. Let truthfulness ever be man-
fest. Beware of sin "and bo sure your
sin will find you out;" for it makes finger
maiks which, even should they notbe6een
by those around you on earth, will yet be
seen to your condemnation at the bar of
Uod. " -
Fate of the Apostles. St. Mathew is
supposed to have sufTeied martyrdom, or
was put to death by the sword at the city
St. Mark was dragged through the
8lrtets of Alexandria, in Egypt, till ho
St. Luke was handed upon an olive tree
St. John was put in a cauldron of boil
. t . .... 0 . ... 1 . 1 . inf oil n! Ilnmn. nnil nsi-nm.d ili.nlli Ha
uiifi . k. i.Mit iiKiii 111 11a 1 a m ...... .......... -
auerwiti'ds uit-n a natural dtaih, at JSpho
su4 in Asia.
tliK rivers IMiino
frozen so deep that the ice sustained load
ed wagons. The wa'.ers of the Tiber,
llhine und Bhone, now How freely every 1
. ... . .
winter; ice is unknown in Kom, anu . me
waves of the Euxinc dash their wintry
foam uncrystalized upon the rocks.
SomehavoAscribod these climate changes
to aTriculiue. the euttinir down of dense
forests, the exposure of the upturned soil
to' the summer sun, and the draining of the
great marshes. We do not belie vo that
such great changes could have been pro
duced in the climate of any country by
agriculture, and wa are certain no such
theory can account for the contrary chango
of climate from warm to cold winters
which history tells us has taken place in
other countries than those named. Green
land received its name from tlio emerald
herbage that clothed its valleys and moun
tains; and its East coast, which is now in
accessible on account of the perpetual ice
beapod upon its shores, was, in the 11th
century, the seatof flourishing Scandina-
vian colonies, all trace of which is now lost.
Cold Labrador was named Vinland.by
the Northmen who visited it in the year
1,000, and who were charmed with its
then mild .climato. The cause of. these
changes is an important inquiry.
A pamphlet by John Murray, civil en
gineer, has receutly been published in Lon
don, in which he endeavors to account for
f these great changes of climate by the
chanrjroablo position of the mnjmetio pole.
The marrnetio variation or declination of
the needle is well known. At the. present
Jime it amounts in London to about 23
degrees westof north, while in 1059, tho
line of variation passed through England,
And then moved gradually west until 1816.
In that year a great removal of ice took
place on the coast of Greenland; hence it is
inferred that the cold meredian, which is
now supposed to pass through Canada and
Siberia,, .may at one time havo passed
through Italy, and that if the magnetic me
redian returns, as it is now doing, to its old
lines in Europe, Rome may once more sec
Tiber, frozen over and the merry Rhine
lander drive his team on the ice of tho
Whether the clianrrcs of climate men
tioned have bead caused by the chango of
the magnetic meridian or not, we have too
few facts before us, nt present, to decide
"conclusively; but the idea once spread
abroad.will soon lead to such investigation
as will, no doubt, remove every obscurity,
and settlo the question. Scientific Ameri-
" JGSTWe knew a beautiful little bluo-eyed
'girl; of some three years old, who was ncs
tied in her mother's arms, attwilight, look
inir out at the stars. .
, 'Mother,"said 8hfi,'it is getting dark.?'
'And what makes it dark, Catharine?''
said her mother.
'Because God shuts his, .eyes!" replied
tee lullo girl.
St. James the Great was beheaded at
St. J.unes was thrown from a pinnclo or
wing of the temple, rnd then beaten to
death with n fuller s club.
St. Philip was hanged up against a pil
lar at llicrapolis a city ot r hrvgia.
St. Bartholomew was flayed alive by
tho command of a barbarous king.
ot. Andrew was bound to a cross
whence ho preached to the people till he
St. Thomas, was run through the body
rjy a lauce, at uermandcl, in the cast in
ot. judo was shot to death with ar
St. Simeon Zclotcs was crucified in Per'
St. Matthias was first stoned, and then
"Wuo are Your Companions. "lie that
wulketh with wise men shall be wise; but
a companion of fouls shall be destroyed."
- It is said to be a property of the tree
frog that it acquires the color of whatove
it adheres to for a short time. Thus
when found on growing corn, if is com
moniy a very dark green, if found on
white oak, it has the color peculiar to
that tree. Just so it is with men. Tell
me whom you chose and prefor as com
panioiis, and I ccrlninly can tell you who
you are. Do you love the society of the
vulgar; lhon you are already debase
111 your sentiments. Do you seek to be
with tho profane? In your heart you are
like them. Are jesters and buffoons your
choicest friends? lie who loves to Iau"
at folly is himself a fool, and probably
very stupid one, too. Do you love an
seek the society of tho wise and good? Is
this your haoilT Would you rather tnk
tho lowest seat among others? lhen you
have already learned to be wise and good
lou may not have made much progress
but even a good beginning is not to be
despised. Hold on your way, and seek
to be a companion of all that foai God.
So vou shall bo for yourself, and wise for
Rsaistauce to Ridicule. '
Learn from tho earliest days to inuro
your principles against' the perils of rid
icule; you can no more exerciso your rea
son if you live in' tho constant dread of
laughter, than you can enjoy your life if
you are in tho constant terror of death.
If you think it right to differ from the
times'and to make a stand for any valua
ble point of morals, do it, however rustic,
however antiquated, however pedantic, it
may appear; do it, not for insolence, but
seriously and grandly as a man who wore
A soul of his own in his bosom, and did.
not wait till jt was breathed into binv by
tho breath of fashion.r-Sydncy Smith. "
One Drop nt a Xiint.
"Life," says tho late John "Foster, is
xpenditurc; we have it, but are ns con
tinually losing it, we have tho use of it,
but arc as constantly wasting it. Sup
pose a man confined in Fonio fortress, un
der the doom to stay tLeie till death; aud
suppose there' is there for hisuso adnrk
escrvoir of water, to which it is certain
none enn ever Lo added. lie may sup
nose the quanuty is veiy great, he cannot
penetrate to ascertain j.ow much, but it
nay be very little. He I as dniwn from,
t, by menus of a fuunltiin, a good while
already, and draws frcm it every day.
lint how would he feel each lime ot draw-
ng and each time of thinking of il? Not
as if he had a perennial spring to go to.
ISo, '1 have a reservoir. 1 may be a! ease.
No! but 'I had water yesterday 1 have
water to-day; but having had it, and my
having it to-day, is tho very cause that I
hall not have it on some day that is ap
proaching. And at tho same lime I nm
compelled lo this fatal expendituie!" So
of oui mortal, transient life! And yet men
are very indisposed to admit the plain
truth, thai life is a thing which they are in
no other way possessing than as necessa
rily consuming, and that even in this im
perfect sense of possession, it becomes ev
ery day a less possession.
How Sadly Tiuit
"When a briskish youth goes astray,
friends gather around him in order lo re
store him to the path of virtue. Gentle
ness and kindness are lavished upon him lo
win him back again toinnocenocand peace.
JNo one would suspect that he had ever
sinned. But when a poor, confiding girl
is betrayed, she receives tho brand of
society, and is henceforth driven from the
ways of virtue. The betrayer is honored
respected and esteemed; but the ruined,
heart-broken victim knows that there is 110
pcaco for her this side of the grave. Society
has no loving, helping hand for her, no
smile of peace, no voice of forgiveness.
These are earthly moralities unknown to
henyen. There is a deep wrong in them,
and fearful are tho consequences.
An Impobtant Hint. What a chnnge
would be brought about in society, if nine
tenths of our mndens would adopt this res
olution, and follow it, with others, to the
effect that they would bring every rcsourco
at their command to bear upon their edu
cation; would endeavor to be practical
houBcheepers; would qualify themselves to
proporly educate their children; would
study lo obey the laws of health; that, un
like a largo portion or the present genera
tion of women,, they might be ablo to tnko
care of themselves and do good to others,
and that their children and children's chil
dren might rise up and call them blessed
for bequeathing to them healthy bodies
and robust constitutions.
T2IK n01tHO. BlltLE.
A Converted Iu4iau' Opinion of it. ,
During tho Mormon excitement in Cana
da, as a converted Indian was passing thro'
a while settlement on the Buy of Quinty
ho heard preaching in a school house, and
as he was anxious to learn more about tho
good work of tho Great Spirit, ho turned
iu and took bis seat near the door. He
listened, but instead of hearing about the
good old Bible, the preacher was extolling
another book ho called the Morman' Bible,
which he said was much better and plainer
than the old one. .. the preacher then en
tered into an explanation as to the origin of
this new book, and told how Jo Smith had
dug it out of the ground, fnd was instruct
ed to translate it, etc. When tho preach
er had finished his discourse, ho gave per
mission to uny one present to ofler their
remarks cither fur -or against it. AH sat
still, and no white man was found to speak
a word for tho good old Bibla. . The In
dian at length rose up and said, "May In
dian speak; 1 he preacher replied, 'les,
Indian may speak. 1 he Indian then said.
A great many win'eis airo, the Oreat
Spirit gave his Good Bock (Bible) to the
white man over the great waters;hetook it
and rend it, and it made him all over glad.
Jiy and by, whito man came over the great
waters to this country, bringing the Girtid
Book with him; he give it lo poor Indian;
ho bear it and understand it; viako his
heart all over glad too. But when the
Great Spirit gave his Good Book lo white
man, the r.vil opirit ( Atuhjemoncdoo j try
to make one too, and he try to make it like
the one that Great Spirit had ulude, but
could not; am! then he got ashamed of it,
he go into the woods, lie dig a hole into
the ground, and there he hide his book.
After lying there many winters, Jo Smith
go nnd dig it up. This is the book this
preacher lias been talking about. I hold
last on the good old 13. Me, which has made
my heart o glad. 1 have
wkh the devil's book.'
nothing lo do
, .A Great 3Iau' Mother.
When Washington arrived utl'rediieks
burgh, Virginia, vi here his mother resided
on his return from Yorktown, in October,
17C1, tho people came in crowds to greet
him; but his mother, though proud other
son, was "unmoved by the honors paiil to
him. When the. mump hul procession en
tered the town, she was piepairing for the
weaving of cloth for l.er servants, and was
thus oceupied when her honoiM son enter
ed thehou.se. "I am glad to seeyou George;
you have altered consideiably," weie her
hrst words; and during the whole inter
view not a wofd was said by her about his
gloiious achievments. The next day sl.o
was visited by Lnyfnettc, who spoke to her
in glowing language of the greatness of her
son. Her simple and mtnioialle reply
was, "I am not surprised, for George was
always a good boy." .
Ax Allkgori. The old man was toil
ing through tho burden nnd heat of the
day in cultivating his field with his own
hand, nnd depositing the promising seeds
into the fruitful lap of yielding earth.
Suddenly thero stood before him undor tho
shade of a hugo linden treo, a vision. The
old man was strjuck with, amazement.
'I am Solomon,' spoke the phantom, in
a friendly voice. 'What are you doin
bore, old man'?'
'If you are Solomon,' replied tho ven
erable laborer, 'how can you ask this? In
my youth you sent me to the ant; I saw its
occupation, nnd learned from that insect
to be industrious and to gather. What I
lhen learned I have followed out to this
'You have only learned half your lesson,'
resumed the spirit. 'Go again lo the ant,
nnd learn from that insect to rest in tho
winter of your life, nnd to enjoy what you
have gathered up.' German Allegory
UEADiSO A.fD T7BITI.G.
Those accomplishments arefhemostex
cellent and most worthy of cultivation
which contribute moat largely to the hap
piness of other. I place that of reading
well before every one of the arts which
usually aie so designated ;and certainly hnd
I the fairy's poWer to bestow on those I
loved the gift which should most endear
them to oilers not of, course including'
good principle, good sens, and good-tem-per
I would give them the power of de
lighting their own family circle by read
ing and talking well. The fornv.r art e
specially is cultivated far too little for the
health as well as the . happiness of young
women; so much is il neglected, thai prob
ably tweuty can sing pleasingly for ever
one that can read agreeably. Yet we can
not doubt that a voice for singing is com
paratively rare, and that almost any one
who chooses to do so can read so as to give
pleasure. Perhaps there are two reasons
for tlio general neglect of this charming
accomplishment. In the first place, we
are far too apt to cultivate most carelully that
which is to please in society, and too neg
lect those arts which can contribute to do
mestic happiness; we sing for our acquain
tunces, to excite the admiration, or it may
bo, the envy of people who see us but sel
dom, and would not greatly care if they
never saw us again. Bui iu being able to
read well a good poem or play 6r even the
debates in parliament, we are only likely
lo give pleasure to an invalid farther or
brother, or perhaps a group of younger
brothers and sifters. But to increase the
happiness of hut ono of our home circle
ought to bo a source of far more satisfac
tion lo us than the applause of any t tranger
whatever. To wile away the dreary hours
of pain and sickness to charm a group of
young listeners into forgo'fulness of the
rain or snow that is' preventing them from
enjoying their usual sports these are ob
jeets we can Boeasily attain, andfrom which
we shall derive such real happiness, that
they are well worth a little eltort. Mr
Pultun. ' ' '
Heart that it Trae.
Oh! gire me a heart that la tnsa.
Thai will cling through the ehaage of years,
And solace with sorrows pursue,
A ad comfort la aadaees and tears.
The spring time of life is soon o'er, '.
And friendships are leetiug and few;
Amidst hopes that way brighten or lover,
0: gie me a heart that is true, '
Of the daw of lo-sn arrow may he
A toy amid gardens of bloom; ...
But erenlng, and darkness, and a e.
Mi J meet aad embrace at the lorab.
A shadow may fall oa the tower, ' '
A blight where ourproadest houie grew,
O! then in that desolate hoar,
Olgite mo a heart thai is tree.
The pageant of wealth lit weed,
That norer bulls root In the heart;
And beauty alone bath Indeed,
Xor fragrance, nor j,y to impart.
BjI love amid sunshine and tears,
Will bloom with perennial hav;
O! give nt the faithful in yean,
o: give me a bean Ihu is true.
Uaile-t State President.
Greit Wathiugloa tu aiobr one;
T.ieo s jsior Ada-ai uxt came on.
Jsfersoq mite the number three
T.ida Madison, the fourth was he.
M tar t tbi 8 rib just hore came in
I nn sixth an Alainieami again:
Tae eersuth, Andrjw Jackson came;
Ao 1 eig'ith w j count Van Bareu's name.
Taea Harrison madj numbar nine
Aad Haiti John Tyicr tiled the line.
Polk was Hi J alert-nth, as wj know.
The twelfth was Taylor la the row.
P. 11 sin, the ihinjitith, took his place
Aud Pierci Is foartajulh in the rave.
Xowlituatip until w j so-,
' Wliooar neat President will be. '
Sunday School Visitor.
Lime is Bread Maki.no. A correspon
dentof the Siultmun who has recently vis
ited Munich, states that Liebig lias discov
ered thnl water saturated with lime, has
the same effect as alum in coagulating the
gluten of flour, and rendering the brea
bef.ulifully white. English millers have
long used' large quantities of alum for this
purpose, although it is known to be niiu
rious to the health of tho consumers. Liin
has no dt-leterious effect. It removes all
acidity fioni tho dough, and supplies an el
ement needed in the structure of the bones,
aud whii h is deficient in wheaten flour,
and still more so in rye. The wri.er says,
he 'ate bread made hy it in Liebig's house,
nnd it was excellent.' He uses 5 lbs. of
water raluratod with lime to 19 lbs. of
flour. No change is necessary in the pro
cess of baking. Lime water may he easily
made by pouring hot water on the quick
lime, stirring it till it has dissolved all il
will, and then pouring oil' the clear liquor
It should be made as wanted, or kept in n
closed vessel, as it gradually attracts car
bonio acid from the atmosphere, and de
posites a sediment. Will some of our read
ers try it and report the result? CoutUry
3TKxi ingenious down easier, who has
invented a new kind of "love letter ink,"
which he has been selling as a sure safe
guard against all actions for, breaches of
the mnrriHge promise, in as much as it en
tirely fades from paper in two months from
date, was recently most awfully "done
brown" by a brother down easier, who pur
chased a hundred boxes of the - article and
gav6 him his note for ninety days." At tho
expiration of the time the ink inventor
called for payment, but,. on -unfolding tho
scrip', found nothing but a piece of blank
paper. The noto hnd been written with
his own ink. ." :, '
A NVinieh Cake. Take half a. cup of
butter, two of sugar, and one of thick, sour
crearii instead of eggs, get .it toady for ths
oven in the usual way, then sprinkle 'and
stir in a teaspoonful of soda; bake it" slow.
Quinces . for the Table. We know,
from personal observation, that few per
sons are acquainted with tho best method
of preparing quinces for tho table; it is sim
ply this: Biike them, removo ' tho skin,
slice nnd serve tin m with cream and su
gar. Prepared in this manner, many pre
fer them to the peach. If you have never
eaten them prepared in this way, try it,
by all means, and you will thank us for the
suggestion. So says the Farmer's Mir
The idle man is an annoyance a nui
sance. He is of no benefit to anybody.
Ho is an intruder in the busy thorougfare
of every day life. He stands in our path,
and we push him contemptuously aside!
Ho is of no advantage to anybody. He
annoys busy men. lie makes them un
happy. He is a unit in society. He may
have an income to support him in idleness,
or ho niny 'sponge' on his good-natured
friends; but in either case he is despised.
Yonng man, do something in this busy bust-ling.wide-awakeworld!
Move about fur the
''benefit of mankind, if not for yourself.
Do 111H bo idle, uod s law is, that by the
swcat of our brow we shall earn our bread.
That law is a good one, and the bread we
earn is sweet. Do not be idle. Minutes
are too precious to bo squandered thought
lessly. Every man and every woman,
however exalted, or howi-vcr humble, can
do good in this short life if so inclined;
therefore do not bo idle.
BLUE-BELLS IS THE SH ADE. .
L:t otharseull the daffodill,
Tim lllly soft aad fair,
AuJ deem the tulip's gaudy eap
Mast beautiful and rare;
Bat glre to me, oh! give to me
The coronal that's made
Of g-ridea wheat-ears, uingl-jd wtlh
Thoblus-Wlls In the shade.
How to avoid a Bad Husband.
1 . Never marry for weaLh.. A woman's
life consisted! not in the things she poe-
sesseth. . ;
2. Never marry a fop, or one who struts
about dandy-like, in his silk, gloves and
ruffles, with a silver-licaded cane and rings
on his fingers. Beware!Jthcre is a trap.
. 3. Never marry a niggard, a close-list
ed, mean, sordid wretch, who saves every
pennv, or spends it grudgingly. Take
care, lest he stint you to death.
4. Never marry a stranger, or one whose
character is not known or tested. Some
females jump right into the lire, with their
eyes wide open.
5. iNever marry a mope or a drone, one
who drawls and draggles through life one
foot after auolher.nnd lets things take their
C. Never marry a man who treats 1
mother and sisters unkindly or indifferently,
Such treatment is a sure indication of a
mean and wicked man.
7. Never on any account marry a gam
bier, a profane person, one who in the
least spetks lightly of God or religion.
Such men never make good husbauds.
8. Never marry a sloven, a man w;ho is
negligent of his person or his dress, and is
filthy in his habits. Hie extereal appear
auce is an index to the heart.
9. Shun the rake as a snake, a viper,
Prediction for 1855. -
This year will b. famous for a thousand
wouderful things, f 'om Jsnnary to De
cember, the days will consist of twenty-
four hours each, "id ihcre will w tucn a
number of eclipses that many wise people
will be inll.edaik. Thtr will le fogs
in Maioe.froit at Cons'.n:inoplc, and alack
of brains in pisny a fool' head.. .
South America, this year, will not -extend
bevond Cape Horn, and Uvo North
pole will be exactly in ninety oegreea 01
Uti'uJe. Those who lose money will look
sad, and those who are in waut of cash,
when. they, borrow, will want it mora
when they come to pay. . 4 t
Wisdom will cry aloud, but lew will re
gard it. There will be long speeches tpada
iu Congress, but fur all that, Lake 8o'peri
or will not be upset. .
Quadrupeds, this year, will go upon
fuurlegs pretty generally.and cows horns
will be crooked. The tote 01 lottery uca-
s will be dubious; but whether there ,b
European war or not, mortal wounds will
be apt to kill, and he that is sick with old
age will have a disease harder to cure than
the chin cough.
The celestial aspect indicates uiat po
litical parties will not agroe for some time
to come; but whoever is rresiueui, water
will run down hill, aud ducks wi.l waddle
Cabbages, this yc-ar.will be rather round
than three cornered, and carrots will be
ducidedly red. Coals will be as black as
ever; cats will love fish, but hate to wet
their feet.and all on account of KiuLBues
The world, this year will turn np sidj
down, but not in cousequenco of the Gov
ernor's inauguration, iho crop ol nay
will depend upon the wea.her, but whether
it rains or not there will be pleutj of sand
at Cape Cod.
Whoever sells his liens to iuy mooaiigtii
will hardly get his money's worth.
Whoever runs lo catch the rainbow.
will get outof breath for his pain. For
all that eastern hinds msy bo had for tba
Locomotives and auctioneers' tongues,
will run fast. Thefn will be a mortal war
between cats and rats, as Well as between
aldermen and roast turkeys. People will
talk about the end of the world, but it it
tn to 011c that the solar system will run
against the dog star between now and next
Sna M-rnents. this vear. will be hard to
catch and none but a conjurer will be abh
to git a quart into a pint pot. 1 hose wno
have wooden legs will sutler lime wnen.
they freezs their toes. Wigs ar expected
to be fashionable among the bald; the blind,
folks will have some diffiulty in seeing.
Divers steamboat will blow up ihi
year; apples will ripen about Ouiober soon
er or later; but that is all one, provided we
have cider enough. Fnxes will pay par
ticular attention, to poultry; thero will t
very few old birds token with chaff, anl
wild geese will lay tame egg.
But, most of all ihere will prevail this
year a horrible epidemic, worse than tho
cholera no cure. The Italians call it
poco didaro, Germans, klain geld; the
French, fauth d'largenl, in this country,
it goes under various appellations, butit is
mostcommouly known by the uamoof
Bl ckwueat Porridge. Take one quart
of rich, new milk; boil it briskly, and stir
in very gradually ns much buckwheat
meal as will bring it to the consistence of
thick, stiff mush; add one teaspoonful of
salt, and one tablerpoonrul of butler, not
more. In five minutes after it has become
., . . 1 . , t. .1.. 0
tliick enougn, ibko it iiom me ure. ouno j
while hot, and eat with butter and sugar
honey, or with butter and molasses. Ex.
Have Cuaritt fob tub Poor. Rich
men aud rich IaJios, whom G.i has mur
cifully blessed with the good things of this
world, have mercy on uie poor, lor tney
are your fellow beings. They toil and
struggle in the touifh battle of life. Tiiey
toil long and struggle hard to gain a scan
ty supply of food for themselves and their
little ones, they are rough looking, but
kind hearted toward one another. They
have sympathetic hearts like our own.wiih
this difference, that we, so far placed a
bovo and beyond them by the voice of
Fashion, do uot so readily give from our
abundance as they do their comrades from
tho dry crust which they have begged at
our- gales. Have charity, then have
compassion upon the poor who are about
you. Who knows how soon the wheel of
fortune may turn round and crush us in
its ceaseless motion? As high as we stand
to-day, we may bo brought low and suf
fering to-morrow; therefore, to-day, have
charity for the poor. Fireside Journal.
Asa preventivo of anger, banish all ti le
bearers and slanderers from your conver
sation, for it is these who blow the bellows
to rouse up flames of rage and fury, by
first abusing your ears, aud then your cre
dulity, and after that steal away your pa
tipnee. and all this perhaps for a lie. To
prevent anTer, bo not too inquisitive into, torn. The more you draw from
'. . . .. . . 1 .1 ..j r...:.rl :i...:n 1.
t in a airs ot oinors. or wnai peonio may more ci uu iruumi n m uo,
grThonght engenders thought. Place
one idea upon paper another will follow,
still another, till you have written a page.
You cannot fathom your mind. There is
a well of thought there which has uo bot-
5T0ur whole territory east of tho Mis
sissippi is not quito equnl to that west of
tho Rucky Mountains.the latter being 870,
209 square miles, and tho difference in its
favor 4,633. But the vast country be
tween, these two natural bounds, (he. Mis
sissippi River und tho Rocky Mountains,
is nearly one-half larger than either of the
other divisions named, and .two-thirdsof
both together. ,;. . ..7 .- ;.,.-.:; ',
Dr. Jolinson could write eloquently, 6n
good manners and politcness.but coultlnev
or learn to practice thcrai .Addison qpuld
. portray tho pleasures of temperance, with
a matchless pen. bt cduld not 'carry his
own cup discretely.'
1 f irmi
say of yourself, or into the mislakesof your, neglect yourself and use other people's
I friends; for this is goingout to gather sin ks thoughts, giving them utterance, you will
to kindli a fire to burn your own house. never know what you are capable of. At
' : first, your ideas may come out in lumps
A writerin the Rural Now Yorker fpeak' j.omciosg nd shapeless, but no matter,
vory decidedly in fayor of wood insiead of t;ma amj perseverence will polish and ar
ceiu'cnt cisterns. His objections to the lat- j range'them.l Learn to think, and you will
ter are, that they- make the water hard.and J jeHrn to Wl jte; and the more you
in any but firm soils, are frequently gv- think, the better you will express your
ingout. a wood cistern win ma uw jjeas.
eight to twenty years; it can be set any
where, and will keep tho water always
Ifit truth be established, objections, are
nothing. The one is founded onour knowl
V V, , ,,, . . - . jJ edge, the other upou our inorar.ee
It is seldom seen but that which we do o' r
with foar praspureth; whereas, confidence
in unddrstandmg lays even good endea
vors in tho dust Bishop Hull. '',
'. Menarosomotimes accused of pride, more
because their" accusers would. , be proud
It is not enough tlwt we kriow the truth
of reliGrion; we must feed on theni;' as- in
sects on a leafr till the whole heart be col
ored by them. ' ! 1 - .
It isonooflho worst pf errors to. . 6up-
themsclves were UW: in their places. pose that there is another path of safety
e , .1.. iv.i .N.a " '
BMnnone, 1 jDCSiues iiaiuiuuiv.
Sublime Bridal Two Oceana
Invitations are out for the most sublimo
ami magnificent nup'ials ever celebrated
upon our planet the wedding of the
roii 'h Atlantic to the fair Pacific ocean
Aniron necklace has btwn thrown acros
the Isthmus; the b inns are already pub
lished; and (he bridal party left this city
on Monday, February 5.h, to perform the
august ceremony. Some seven million
of dollars have oecu spent in aoniev-
n this uuion; but, as the fruit there
of will soon Show, it has been money
well invested. Across the bosom of the
Isthmus the golden products of ourFa-
fiii borders and the incalculable treasures
of the distant Orient, are destined to flow
in unremitting streams.
The stupendous enterprise of uniting
the two oceans, which embrace the great
er portion of the globe, we are proud was
conceived and cxecuiea oy our own vm
zens in the frowning face of obstacles that
none but Americans could overcome. The
swamps, the mountain, the miasmas of
the Isthmus drove all the engineers of
Europe home in despair who contemplated
the gigantic undertaking, ana me Hercu
lean work was left to the hands and hearts
of man in whose vjcabulary "there is no
such word as fail." The engineers of
England and France pronounced the pro-
- . . I I- T. I-I-1
ject utterly impracucaoie. s.
meutod John la. atevens anu n3u.-i-ates,
Aspinwall, Cluuncey, Colt, White-ri-'ht,
and others, the world i indebted
for tho completion of this great bond thia
commercial linking of the hemispheres.
-V. 1". Mirror.
JEST A. Quakeress, being jealous of ber
husband, took occasion to watch his move
ments rather closely, and one morning.ac
tually discovered the truant hugging and
kissing the pretty servant girl whilst seat
ed on the sofa by her sidtv Broad brim
was not long in discovering the face of bis
wife, as she peered through the half epett
door, and, rising wiro an in oooiue.. u
general, thus addressed her:
0 j-Think for yourself accept no doc
trine on account of It beni old. or reject
it because It is new. Sea- whether it Will
bear beiny tried in tho fife, " ". n.
'?" 'Waf iAssa-ps--w M.ntpv ".T-t-jA -nr