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n , " ta. .y T :'" Gzyz&jzzi'rn gkorge Washington. 1 1 NEW SERIES VOL. 2 Clje waster (Settle- CITY OF LANCASTER: PUBLISHED EVKRY THUK8DAY MOUSING. TOM S. SLAUGHTER. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, OFK1CK Old Public Biiililtnff Southeast cornor ol , the Public Square. TEltMS One veaf In advance. SS.OO: nt the e xnl ra ti in of tho year, tifil Clubs of ten, 15,U0 Clubs of (WOlliy-nve, a)JU,UU. . - TKK.MS OF ADVERTISING. ' ". On Square, 10 lines (or loss) three Insertions $1,00 Kadi additional tiiirlliii , ' . 05 . 2Monlht tMntki 12Jlr One Square , (3,0(1 (4,00 . tH.OO -Two , " " 4,00 "' 8.00 ' 9,IK) ' Throe " S,(IO ' S,D0 ' . , 13,00 One-rnurth column 7,00 ' 10,00 '' 14,00 Une-third , " 0,00 .' 1S.O0 , 10.00 ' One-hulf " ; T 10,00 . , 13.00 85,00 One " - 14,00 - 30,00 '40,00 Yearly advertisers have the privilego of renewing their advertisement. . irfMliuluew pards. not oxcecdlng ono square will be Inserted, fur siibierlliers, at (5,00 per year; lion- subscribers will be charged (0,00. TkiirsdayHorning April 19, 1855 - INDUCEMENTS.. - 'the eloadf that rest on tho mountain' breast : Are kissed by the vtowless air; ',. , And tho western breeze kisses the trocs, And woos the flowrets fulr And the weeping willows aroklss'd by the billows, And the day-star kisses the sea. . Then why not dearest, loveliest, fairest 1 Glvo a kiss to met And the bright moonbeam klssoslho stream, Tho hll and the peaceful valo: '-. . And the shady bowor at evening honr, - y Is wooed by the nightingale-- . ''And the lllly and rose and each flowerthat blows Are kissed by the forctl bee , Thjn why not dear0.1t, loveliest, fuir.'st, ' ' J 'Give a kiss to me? , A; A R NING. It was in Uio summer of 1 ns I was traveling in tho upper part of tho Stato of Vermont, on horse back, I was Riiddmly overtaken by a thunderstorm.'. I put my horse at full speed; and as lie was a pretty smart traveler, reached tho village of Ver gnneas the rain poured down in torrents, I stopped at a neat little e.ittnga sheltered by honey-suckle and woodbine, and was gioatod by ft cordial welcome from the occupants, especially mine host, who was the pattein of Yankee hospitality. . He was a short, thick-set old gentleman, polite and courteous. His hair was whit ened with the frosts of many, years, ami his pale white countenance was furrowed with care; yetat limes his face would bright ened up as the merry throng around him jumped 6n hiskneo and kissed his ashy lips. On the Whole it appeared to me that he had sv'rf1Jutter days; and, after I had been with diem some lime, in the course of conversation about the wealthy men in the great cities, he informed mo that ho himself could once count Ins thousands, and thaliit his younger days he had trav eled over many parts of Europe, but that, being bondsman .for a mercantile friend whose credit was considered reliable, by the chango in the .market in some uncer tain business, ho failed and made a bank rupt of him, and, after paying his lionest debts, ho had but enough left to buy the small farm he now occupied, whore he and his family lived in happy retirement. As the rain continued, they invited mo to stop to ton, assuring mo that my horse should bo weir provided for, and that it would put them to' no soiious inconven ience. Supper came, and we sat down to a nice dish of pretty speckled brook trout. Aftorsuppor, 1 wasinvitedto stay all night. He told me tliat as I was a traveler, he would tell mo of a little 'adventure ho had when he was in Paris. Ho said he liked to warn young people not to be allured into places where they would be likely to got caught by the police . . "It was about tho middle of an after noon, in the month of September, that I arrived at Paris, and entered my name nt a well known hotel. After supper 1 took a stroll around Home of the principal streets of the capital, 1 and concluded to go to the theatre in the evening. Evening cume; it was warm and pleasant, just suited to my pleasure. Off I Btnrted, to relieve ounui. It was just 1 1 o'clock when it was done, and I wandered around to enjoy my silent reveries of homo, and take a , moonlight view of the noted metropolis. How far I wandered I could not tell, when raising my eyes suddenly, I saw a femalo form, arrayed in whito, leaning against the lamp post. She stood there, more like an angel of beauty than a missive of crime As I neared Bho stepped forward, bowod, and told me that by some mistake her partner had lost her. She was afraid to go home alone and wished that I would accompany her home. She was sorry to put me to so mnch inconvenience, but she was really afraid to go. I who was then a young man,' politely took her arm, and proceeded as she directed. She led me through nu merous streets, . until we came to- a very pleasant looking brick house of two stories. She stopped, entered, and went up one flight of stairs into a small bedroom, neat ly furnished, . and left me, without a light, to call her mother, ' who would be glad to ses ft gentleman who bad been so kind as to wait upon her home. Suddenly I tho't I had better go,- I had done them but a slight service at best. I went to the door to go out. - It was fastened. I was a pris-' onerl My mind, conceived all sorts of ideas regarding my welfare; but I felt now, that I was in an abode of wickedness. The artful woman bad entraped me. A feeling of fear began to start over me " NO. 50 I looked arouud for a place of ogress, but could see noue. At last I camo iu con tact with something it was a bed. Per haps it might be placed neara window. As I was grouping around, my feet hit against something under the bed. ' It seemed lilo ft human body. I stooped down and felt of it." It was a human body warm, in its last sleep- the sleep of death. My hair siooa on us cnus auu my teotn chattered with inward terror. . I could hear a po lice posse clattering on the. pavements. They were on the stairs. My fato was sealed.. Uio gallows would be satisfied with the, blood of the innocent; there would be no hope for me; ; I whs s foreigner in a toreign land; no counsel could save mo from my inevitable doom.' Luckily, the moon just then peeped through the long looked-for window, and I jumped on a shed near by, from thence some liftecd feet to tho ground. : My hotel I Roon reached ,and sought my bedroom, to dream of my re markable esunpe. In the morning, as I took up a newspaper, I read the following: v."Murieb. Lastnifldit.about 12 o'clock. the cry of murder roo from tho second story of a liouso of ill-famo in the street .On entering the building.the mux- . o - O ' derer, as is supposed, escaped through the window, leaving his -victim under the bed, with his throat cut from ear, to ear. Tho police are on his track, and will arrest him by noon if he is in the city." After reading this, I quickly settled my bill, and left the city, resolved that I never would go home with another strange wo man."' ; ; Morning came the bright sun bespoke a pleasant day.and after breakfast I moun ted my horse to proceed on my journey, determined (o follow tho old man's advice. , IMaiit Esti'ly. . If the spring is cold, and backward, we often hear the farmers say, "corn is better out of the ground, than in it.-" Well, now, friends, you were never moro mistaken in your lives. If the frost is out of the ground, and the wmither warm enough to sprout it, corn had better be in the ground. It may be kept back, like a talented step-son but its energies nro ac cumulating, and as soon as a favorable op portunity offers, its latent powers will show themselves. While the top is kept down by the chill air its roots, protected by the earth, are spreading, and striking deep, which will enable it to stand the heat and drought of mid-summer. Corn tops will not grow much while the thermometer is below seventy degrecs.but tho roote will, so that they become dispro portioned to the top. Corn planted later, will often overtake it in growth, but the early planted will ripen at least two weeks earlier than the late planted, and having so much root, is not so much injured by the drought. For a good, full crop, corn should bo planted so as to glaze before tho middle of September. You may as well undertake to ripen watermelons by mooshinc, as corn by tho bleak winds of October. Plant Eurly.- Ohio Farmer. J Eloquence is not the art of addressing men in public it is the gift of strong feclingVuccurate thought, extensive knowl edge, splendor of imagination, force of ex pression and the power of communicating in written or spoken language, to other men, the idea, the feeling, the conviction of truth, the admiration for the beautiful, the deposition to uprightness, the enthusiasm for virtue, the devotion to duty, the heroic love of country, and the tailh in immor tality which makes men honorable the feeling heart, tho clear head, the 6ound judgmeut, the popular" knowledge, the artistic imagination, the ardent patriotism, tho manly courage, iho attachment to lib erty, tho pious philosophy, and, lastly, the religious consonant with the most ex alted idea of tho divinity, which render the individual good, the people great, and the human race sacred. It supposes in us tho possession and exercise of nil the in tellectual and moral faculties that are in volved in speech; the power of the human word. v ' Dibcovekv of Ancient Greek Sculp ti'kk. Lottors from Athens,' mention the discovery of 300 antique statues, or frag ments of sculpture, rocently brought to light by excavations at Argos, on tho site of the Tomple of Juno. , These precious remains of ancient art have been recovered by tho Greek Government; and, if it had any large spirit or interest in archoeology, Argos possesses within its classic soil quarries of invaluable works of sculpture buried in the ruins of the ancient city, and which might be reclaimed at no great cost. Indeed, the sites of the old Greek temples, in many districts, excavated . by the gov ernment or by tho capital of associations, would probubly, by sale of the works dis covered, amply repay the outlay. Useful Invention fuiiDeauout Houses. Mr; . W, Rice of Boston, Lincolnshire, has patented an invention, which will tend greatly to decrease the labor of draught horses. It consists of a spring link, form ed of steel or Indian rubber; attached to the traces, hame chains, or any part of (he harness, so. that instead of a horse taking a dead pull at starting, and frequently com ing down, the load is gradually admitted to the shoulder, by which means the collar forms a complete cushion, . and prevents both sora shoulders and broken knees. Liverpool PitptTy ,:. ';; LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 19, 1855 A C1 EER1 ErLBLIC OF P.AIRIE DOGS , . BY WASHINGTON IUVI.NU. During our excursion, I learned that a burrow, or village, as it is termed, of prai rie dogs had beon discovered upon the lev el summit of a hill, about a mile from the camp. Having Leard much of the habits and peculiarities of these little animals, I determined to pay a visit to the communi ty. The prairie dog is, m fact, one of the curiosities of the far west; about which travellers delight to tell marvellous tales, endowing him at times with something of the political and social habits of a rational being, and giving him . systems of civil government and domestic economy, almost equal to what they used to bestow upon the beaver. ..-' The prairio dog is an animal of tho cony kind, about the size of the rabbit. ' He is of a very sprightly, mercurial nature.quick sensitive, and somewhat petulant. , He is very gregarious, living in large communi ties, sometimes of several acres in extent, where innumerable little heaps of earth show the entrances to tho subterranean cells of tho inhabitants," and the well beaten tracks, like lanes and streets, show their mobility and restlessness. According to the accounts, given of them, they would seem to be continually full of 6port, busi ness and public affairs; whisking, about hither and thither, as if on gossiping busi ness to each other's houses, or congregat ing iu the cool of the evening, or after a shower, and gamboling together in the o peri air. Sometimes especially when the moon shines they pass half the night in revelry, barking or yelping with short, quick, yet weak tones, like those of very young puppies. While in tho height of their playfulness and clamor, however, should thero be the least alarm, they all vanish into their cells in an instnnt, and the village remains blank and silent. In ease they are hard pressed by their pur suers without any hope of escape, they w ill assume a pugnacious air, and a most whim sical look of impotent wrath and deGnnco. Such are a few of tho particulars that I could gather about the habits of this little inhabitant of the prairies, who, with his pigmy republic, appears to be a subject of much curious speculation and burlesque remarks, among the hunters of the far west. It was toward evening that I sot out, with a companion, to the village in ques tion. Unluckily, it had been invaded in the course of the day by some of the rang ers, who had shot two or three of its in habitants, and thrown tho whole sensitive community into confusion. As wo ap proached, we could perceive numbers of the inhabitants seated at tho cntranco of their cella, while sentinels seemed to have been posted on the outskirts to keep a look out. Atthe sight of us the picket guards scampered in nud gavo tho alarm, where upon every inhabitant gavo a short yelp or bark, and dived in his hole, his heels twink ling iu tho air, as if he had thrown a som erset. . " ''' We traversed the whole village, or re public, which covered an area ofuhout thirty acres; but not a whisker of an in habitant was to be seen. We probed their cells as far as the ramrods ot our rifles would reach, but in, vain. Moving quiet ly to a little distance, we laid down upon the ground and watched for a long time, silent and motionless. By and by, a cau tious old burgher would slowly put forth the end of his nose, but instantly draw it iu again. Another, :at a great distance, would emerge entirely, but catching a glance of us would throw a somerset, and plunge back ogain in his hole At length. some who resided on the opposite side of the village, taking courage from the con tinued stillness, would steal forth and hur ry olT to a distant bile, the residence, pos sibly, of some family connection or gossip ing friend, about whoso safely they were solicitous, or with whom they wished to compare notes about the late occurrences. Others, still more bold, assembled in Utile knots in the streets and public places, as if to discuss the recent outrages oll'ered to the commonwealth, and the atrocious mur ders of their fellow burghers. We rose from tho ground, and moved forward to take a nearer view of these pub lic proceedings, when yelp! yelp! yelp! thore was a shrill alarm passed from mouth Jo mouth; the meeting suddenly disbursed; feet twinkled in tho air in every direction, and in nn instnnt all had vanished into the earth. The dusk of tho evening put an end to our observations, but the train of whimsical comparisons produced in my brain, by the moral attributes which 1 had heard given to these little, politic animals, still continued after my return to camp; and late in the night, ns I lay awake after all the camp was asleep, and heard, in tho stillness of the hour, a faint clamor of shrill voices from tho village, I could' not help picturing to myself the inhabitants gather ed together in noisy assembly and windy debate, to devise plans for the public safe ty and to vindicate the invaded rights and insulted dignity of the republic JtrBurns fell in love when in his fif teenth year, at which time he committed the sin of rhyming. Poor fellowl He had his 'hands and heart full after that, though it proved a blessing to the world. His first song was written in behalf of his 'bonnie, tweet, tonsie last,' 'who, unwit tingly to himself,, initiated; him into that delicious passion,' love. ' v . , I ,- 'Only Home Laborer' CLild.n I u- .... ' . , .. 7 . ' mmm'S!m'mmm':ww Anson G. Chester, the poet editor of the Buffalo Erprets, writes its follows touch ing the aristocratic tendencies of the pres ent age: ' The individual distinctions, barriers, demarcations, which so infest the present time are among tho greatest pests of society. ilium nouiu uo in sucn ining as upper and lower classes, if men and women were not poisoned: by tlio hurtful venom of Fash ion ana Aristocracy. Ve owe our ures- cm, uonuiuuii to ourselves, ana stand alone in our opinions of men. ' "Only some laborer's child!" A pretty speech for the lips of a woman to utter. She must forget tho origin of Jesus she cannot have read tho story of Bethlehem. Perhaps she has even forgotton her own berth history. - We wonder how her chil dren are whether they are more beautiful promising and brilliant than the children ofherpooror neighbors.' Have known many a rich man to father a deformity. Perhaps this lady is the moihorof a youno- wroicu wno smoKes cigars, wears stand ing collars, and drinks Otard, in his four teenth year. "Only some laborer's child!" Oh, how wo hate such nonsense. And yet the term contains a oomplimant. God knows we would ratrrer have that little girl's mother for ours than to be the son of the exquisite feminine who uttered this sentence. La bor is honorable, glorious. We have yet to find that any such characteristics per tain to soft-headed aristocracy. Wo have yet to learn that money and station enlarge tho heart, expand the soul and multiply the moral principles of our being. If jus tice was done, tho crown would be jilaeed upon the brow of tho peasant, and kings would do the grubbing. We hope tho "lady" who made tho re maik which forms the subicct of this arti cle, will ponder over what we have written, and see if the sneer look3 well in print. We lay a reasonable wager that she, her self, was nursed by a poor mother, and that her station is due to chance rather than desert. This may bo plain talk, but it is honest. "Only a laborer's child!" A ruby to a rose that this very child does more good, gains more affection,, and lies down in a more tranquil grave than the "lady" whose sneer wo have thus recorded. Lamb and Lazv A Fable. Two beg gars Lanie-and Lazy, were in want of bread. One leaned on his crutch, the oth er reclined on his couch. Lame called on Charity, nnd humbly asked for a cracker. Instead of a cracker, he received a loaf. Lazy, seeing the gift of Charity, ex claimed "What, ask for a cracker aud re ceive a loaf? "Well, I will ask for a loaf." Lazy now applied to Charitv and called for a loaf of bread. "Your demand for a loaf," said Chari ty, "proves that' you are a loafer. Youj are of that class and character who ask and: receive not; you ask amiss." j Lazy, who always found fault, and had j rather whine thnn'work, complained of ill treatment, nnd oven accused Chanty, or a breach of an exceeding great and precious promise. "Ask and you shall receive." Charity pointed him to a painting in her room which presented to his vision three persounges, Faith, Hope, nnd Charity. Charity appeared larger and fairer than her fisters. Ho noticed that her right hand held a pot of honey, which fed a bee disabled, having lost his wings. Her loft hand was armed with a whip to keep off the drones. ' 'Don't understand it," saidLazy. Charity replied, "It means that Char ity feeds the lame and.Ilogs tho lazy." f Lazy turned to go. : "Stop," said Charity, "instead of coin I will give you counsel. Io not go and live on your poor mother, for I will send you a rich aunt. ' . "Itich aunt," echoed Lazy. "Where shall I lind her?" , "You will find her in Proverbs, sixth chapter and sixth verse." Mobal. Instead of waiting for an uncle to die go and see how a rich atjst lives. How to Prosi'er in Business. In tho first place, make up your mind to accom plish whatever you undertake; decide up on some particular employment and perse vere in it. All difficulties are overcomo by diligence and assiduity. . Be not afraid to do work with your own hands, and diligently, top. "A cat in gloves catches no mice." Attend to your own business, and never trust it to another. "A pot that belongs to many is ill-stirred and worse boiled," Be frugal. "That which will not make a pot will make a pot lid." ' Bo abstemious. "Who dainties love shall beggars prove." . : Rise early. "The sleeping fox catches no poultry.", t Trcateyery one with respect aud civili ty. "Everything is gained & nothing lost by courtesy." " Good manners insure suc cess. ...'.- . Never anticipate wealth from any other source than labor. "He who waits for dead men's shoes may . have to go for a long time barefooted." ' Heaven helps those who help them selves. ' ' v ' ' - ', If you implicitly follow these piecepts, nothing will hinder you from acoumulat- , " " Mine Aimntic UctaB. THE KOfiE TUB PKKSS. Tlia basin llf the Aflantir ("Won long trough, separating the Old . World irom me rnew, and exu-iiding probably from pole lo pole. This ocean furrow was probably scored into the solid crust of our planet br the Almiihtv ham). iKhi tli u . . c j ' " sera wmcu lie caueu seas might be gather ed together so as to let the dry land ap pear and tit the earth for the lmbitationof man. From the top of Chimborazo to the bottom of the Atlantic, at the deepest place yet leached by tl o plummet in the Northern Atlantic, the distance in a verti cal lino is nine miles. ' Could the waters of the Atlantic he drawn so as to expose to view this great seagash, which separates continents and extends fi om the Arctic and Antartic it would present a scene the most rugged, grand and imposing. The very ribs of the solid earth, with the foundations of the sea, would be bro't to light, and we should have presented to us, at one view, in the empty cradle of the ocean, "a thousand fearful wrecks," wiih that dreadful array of dead men's skulls, great anchors, heaps of pearls, and inesti mable stones, which in the poet's eye, lie scattered in the bottom of the sea, making it hideous with sights of ugly death. . The deepest part of the North Atlantic is prob ably somewhere between the Bermudas and the Grand TkinIcs Tin. waters r,f tl, gulf of Mexico are held in a basin about a v.v y ... MIV UVCM:.,l (.11.. 1 UCrO IB ill the bottom of tho sea, between Cape Race in Newfoundland and Cape.CIear in Ire land, a remarkable steppe, which isalready known as tho telegraphic plateau. A com pany is now engaged with the project of a submarine telegraph across the Atlantic. It is proposed to carry the wires along this plateau from the Eastern shores of New foundland to the Western shores of Ire land. The great circle distance between these (wo shore lines is 1,600 miles, and the sea alonthis route is nrntmtilv nn. where moro than 10.000 feet deen.-.-Vo- feasor Mtiury. Don't Overta-k tlie Young Drain. Br. Robertson says, the minds of chil dren ought to be little, if at all, tasked, till the brain's development is nearly complet ed, or until the ago of six or seven years. And will those years be wasted? or will the future man be more likely to be defi cient in mental power and capacity than one who is differently treated? Thn. years will not bo wasted. 1 lie great book of nature is open to the infant's and the child's prying investigation; and from na ture's page may be learned more useful in formation than is contained in all the chil dren's books that have been published. But even supposing those years to have been absolutely lost, which is any thing but the case, will the child be eventually a lnser thereby? We contend, with our au thor, tl at he will not. Task the mind dur ing tho earlier years, and you only expose the child to a greater risk of a disordered brain not only, it may be, lay the founda tion for a morbid excitability of brain, that may one day end in insanity but you de bilitate its bodily powersi and by so doing, to all intents and purposes, the mind will be a loser in its powers and capabilities. Why docs Land Produce Weeds! Because there is more wild, or fibrous matter in the soil, accumulated by ages of the growth and decomposition of vegeta tion, than there is of that property requir ed for the crops we wish to raise. As we have often said, burn a plant, and the ashes will show what the soil is com posed of." The ashes arc what is drawn from the earth. By the decomposition, what was drawn from the atmosphere, has been liberated, and escaped in the form of gas. The ashes are mineral, and never exist, naturally, in the atmosphere. , The ashes of all plants, consist of the same substances, only in different propor tions. Like soap, which is grease, and alkali, but when properly combined, are neither, but a new compound. So with soils. If the compound is largely wild, or vegetable, it will produce weeds, make an excess of phosphate of lime, nd it will as naturally produce wheat; give it an excess of alkali, and it will produce potatoes. A farmer should lit his crop to the soil, or his soil for his crop. Ohio Farmer. Music in' flic Family. A clergyman, possessing much knowl edge of human nature, instructed his large family of daughters iu the ordinary practice of music. They were all observed to be amiable and happy. A friend inquired if there was any secret in his mode of edu cation. He replied, "when anything dis turbs their tempers, I say to them, sing; and if I hear them speaking Hgainst any person, I call them to sing to mo; and they sing away all causes of discontent, and every disposition to scandal." Such a use of this accomplishment might seem to fit a family for the company of angels. Young voices around the domestic liar, breathing sacred music at the hour of the morning and evening devotions are a sweet nnd touching accompaniment. Books may furnish us with ideas; ex perience may improve our j'udgment; but it is an acquaintance with accomplished females alone which can bestow that facil ity of address and suavity of manner Whioh distinguishes the gentleman Irom the scholar or man of business. . " We may live by forms but there is nd dying by forms.- ' , 1 - : ST . w. S1UI. W hen meodj tiioa kad vtased to eliwh Toward WMom'sleaiplaboary, And dark nest Uy nponthaway Oflearning and of story, The multitude of men were rude, Unlettered and neglected, And woman fair was every where A bused or half respected. The Church-bell tnll'4 of learning old, The prieattold of belie-lettreii Aud hooded monk etlneed bis snunk By tramidingvn bis Seller Then rose the Press to put redress . Upon the world's ambition, And spreading light and love and right, lias bettered man's condition! When Science pined for want of mind To nourish and protect her. And Wisdom's light grew dimly bright , For wmt of arofleuv.r When Progress ttnp'd her tongue, and drop'd lierthlnkinghead in sorrow. Or spoke with dread, In lauguage deud, Ofsomi-ihlng for to-morrow W hen landed lords with pouipoas words, Assailed the weak and lowly, . And swords in hands reduced the lands For purposes unholy Then rose the Press to pat redress Upon the world's ambition, Andspreadiiiglight and equal right, lias bettered man's condition! Whn churchmen rude old Fsrrr withstood - And call'd htui a magieisa, And dani'd Lis art with all their heart And Catholic precision When mountebanks, with tricks and pratks, Nude bigot darkness deeper, Aud old-wife-lore was babbled o'er To soothe the troubled sleeper When flight ofbird. and madmen's words Were tulem li-gislation; The comet's Lull was told in wail Aud ft-arful agitalion Then rote the Press to pat redress Upon the world's ambition, And. spreading sense, (good eommon senve) Has bettered man's condition. When freedom's thought our fathers brought Across the lonly ocean; A nd Britain's strength was tried 'at length' To bend bertohcr noUon When freemen's mind the 'pressman' lined - In silent preparation, To spread Ihe thought, their blood was wrought into a mighty nation When Freedom's name, went forth to fame In sacred "leelaration" V hen Torktown'a Held was made to yield The aword of devastatlea Then rose the Press with her re.hess Upon the world's ambition. And swelled in might a glorious light To better man's conditiou. Astronomy. It seems to us that in this science we arc fast approaching a point where we need the guidance rather of a new Plato than of a new Bacon or Newton. The telescope of Lord Rosse has sounded our present as tronomy to its real depths. Few more great prizes are reserved, we suspect, in that starry sea. We have attained the knowledge that the stars are old, that they are of one stuff, and that there is no visible end to their numbers. What more of any moment, in this direction, by our present methods, is ever likely to be reached by us? It is like walkisg through a pine for est of vast extent and uniform aspect, a few miles tire and satisfy us. So now, the news of "stars, stars, stars," pouring on us in everlasting succession all We each other, all distant all inscrutable, and ever silent, the moral history of all unknown produces very little effect, and the mid might heavens of modern astronomy be come again, as to the eye of childhood, a mighty and terrible pageant or procession, the meaning and the purpose, the whither and the whence, of which we do not under stand. And we are tempted, to say to as tronomers, as the prate of their new firma ments, and planets, and comets. "We kucw something like this longago;can you not cive us some li"ht on the meaning of 1 1 , Jicfont r,rrw9 rtr r.ni .1 tie tft s.nma worthy lessons of moral interest from that I ever widening but never-clearing page?" And to cry out to the stars, "c-peafe as wclli as sLine, ye glorious mutes in the halls ol heaven! Shed down on some selected and ' favored ear tho true meaning of your mys- tic harmonics? Hieroglyphics, traced by the finirer of God on tho walls of night,) when shall the Daniel arrive to interpret you, and to tell us whethor ye coutain ti-j dings of hope or of despair? Stargazers have looked t you long enough, and math ematicians weighed and measured you; when shall the eye the Russian eye of a true seer lift itself up to your contem plation, and extract the heart of your mys tery? " If not, men soon turn ' away from you in disappointment, and look with as much hope on the bright foam-bells of an autumn ocean as on you, the froth of im mensity. UiifiUan. . Mothers. I think it must somewhere be writ ten, that the virtue of mothers shall, occa sionally, be visited on their children, as well as the sins ol fathers. Dickens. A mother who has brought up a largo family of children with eminent success, was once asked by a younger one, what she would recommend in the case of her children who were too carefully educated.; I think, my dear, a little wholesoiru ncg- led" she replied. The glorious spirit of an infant, is the star to guide the mother to its own blissful home. Sigolttney. ... The future destiny of the child is al ways .the work of , the toother. Bona- part. ESTABLISHED IN 1826 UroansM Areuuit Houses. There is nothing in a knowledge of1 which our countrymen are store deficient,' ' than in laying out and properly . planting and cultivating the grounds around their dwelling". ery often they are not laid out, nor plantd at . all, but are left in a state of primitive bleakness, or only orna mented bv objects of confusion and dis order. Wheie improvement is actually at2 tempted, the result is not unfrequently a combination of inconvenience and stiffness; snd very tvw neatly; economically and tastefully laid out gtounds are tobe met with. Why should not Ibis art, which every living man iu the country ought W practice, be taught in ourbighef schools? Latin and Creek are excellent studies fof those who have plenty of time and means for these as well as other departments of knowledge; but for 6Ucb as cannot master all, would not the months consumed oil Taci'.us aud Thucydides, be more profita bly spent on those fascinating and eminent ly useful studies, drawing and architecture, in connection with landscape gardening? When will the time come that the latter will bare only an equal chance with the former? Time once lost never returns; and it is of the highest conseqnence that those who direct the mode that young people shall spend it at the most critical of all periods in their lives, should study carefully the best modes for accomplishing so all important an object. Country Gen tleman. Rules for the Jourkev or Life. The following rules from the papers of Dr. West, according to his memorandum, art thrown together as general way-marks irt the journey of life: Never ridicule sacred things, or what others may esteem as such, however ab' surd they may appear to you. , Never show levity whtn people are en gaged in worshiop. Never to resent supposed injury till 1 know tho views and motives of the author of it. On no occasion to relate it. Always to take the part of an absent person, who is censured in company, si tar as truth and propriety will allow. Never to think worse of another 6tt account cf his differing from me in politi cal and religious subjects. , ' Not to dispute with a man who is mor9 than seventy years of age, nor With a wo man, nor any enthusiast. . Not to affect tobe witty, or to jest s6 i& to wound the feelings of another. To say as little as possible of myself and of those who are near to me. To aim at cheerfulness without levity. Never to court the favor of the rich by flattering either their vanity or their vices. To speak with calmness and delibera tion on all occasions, especially in circum stances which tend to irritate. . Frequently to review my conduct and1 note my feelings. , .. Ay Anciext CuuRcn DiscovfiRSD. Ar interesting discovery has btwn made and communicated by tho Rev. N. M. Eddy, missionary of the American Board in Alep po, Syria. On a visit to Antioch, he.found the remains of an old church, which tra dition, whose authority in this case rnay be unquestioned, ascribes to the early. Christians. The ruins are in the face of the rocky side of the mountain, and thfl part that remains is the part which was hewed out some thirty feet deep in the rock, with two arches which support the roof and the pavement of the remainder of the church before it. Somo bt. the paint vet remains upon its arched walls, f herd are remains of a burying ground before it and many tombs of considerable size cufi out in the rock at its sides. .,.'"' The IjANGfAOE OF FlKB WOOD. H North Carolina, it is frecwent. amonrr her forests of fat pine, for a lover in distress lo" s.nd the fair object of his affections a bit of its staple vegetable, with an eyepalntod unnn it. It niimiries. "f nine." lffaTor able to him, " the young lady selects from t.ia wood pile the bst ana smoothest spec imen of akuot. This signifies, "pine not.' But if, on the other hand, she detests him, (there is no middle ground between detes tttion and adoration with young - women.) she burns one end of his message; and this generally throws the young man into de-1 spair, for it means, "I make light of your pining. ' Small Fahm Creat PtofUsi-lU Tole do Republican notices the farm of one of our subscribers, 0 S. Breed near that city, which shows what can be doure with afew acres. A' little farm well tilled,' is our beauideal of rural life, and when " we go to the country to finish up our mortal ca reer, we bespeak not over five acres for homestead. The Republican says: "Mr. Breed has less thrift twenty-fiva -acres under cultivation, (which he thinks was about half tilled,) and his net profits during the past year exceed 91,000. , He promises ns a statement, giving the par trculars. While such result can be ac complished in a season like the last, hi no man complain of tho diflicalty ct making' a living at farminff- It is proper to ssr that Mr. Breed's idea of good fanning dif-. fer very much from of those many who fol lows the business." . JC Women govern us,; let us try to tender them perfect. The . more they are enlightened, so much tho more shall we be. On the cultivation of the minds of women depends th wisdom of men.' L..