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American Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1855-1860, November 29, 1855, Image 1

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Thursday Morning Kov.29,1855.
Uur NatlveCELandl
Son of the toll your fathers bought,
That land for which they dying fought;
The land made precious by their bone.,
Made holy by their dying groans;
'Sons of the brave sires who for you died,
That j on might boast a freemen's pride,
The offspring of the noblo -band-Tils
Is your own, your natlvo land t
' Your banner Boats o'er every plain,
And gaily dips the roaring inaibl
That Hag to evory breeze unfurled
The prtdo aad glory of the world
'Bright emblem of tho bravo and free,
Your futbers, dying; gave it ye.
Tueu for the banner take your stand',
. This is your own; your native land I
Your patriot arres from heaven look down,
'' Where now they wear tho slurry crown,
' ' And watch, with Joy, the growing worth
Of this, the Kdon of the earti.
Their memory tells us of the strlTo ,
' In which they stuked their all, their life,
. Ne'er wear ye then the traitor's band,
" This Is your own, your natltro luud.
" Will ye for gold your birth-right sell
Vill ye to future ages tell,
That ye their living memory spurn
Thut traitors' hearts wlthl'n you burnr
Will ye thus act, and have It said
' la vain your fnthors fought and bledf
,' Tiu) I iiayl then pledge both heart and hand
To this your own, j oar natl vo laud !
i 'Say, shall thojJ towering pillars full ?
Up and obey your country's call I
. filurch on, the Invading foe to oioi-l;
And eonquerlng, hrlng thorn to your fefl !
Kojolco the more that ye have wou
.' the title proud, AMKRIC AM
We'll swear our faith, while time shall stand,
To this, our own, our native land.
Letter from Colonel Clemens to General
HnKTsviLLE, Ala., Oct. 3, '55.
- Skar Sih: Other engagements have
.! . prevented me from continuing, at an ear
iier day, my reply to your anti-American
iet'tir. If in that reply I should at any
time plata language, I beg you tj be
: 1'ie'vo that it results from no dlrAinution of
,. my regard for you as a man, or the high
i' ostimite I have always placed ilpdri your
' abilities as a statesman. It would be very
' ' difficult for me to address you tn any but a
. . kindly spirit. These are not times, how
, , 4V0r, iior is this a subject. Up1 oil which to
auppress the, utterance of honest senli
'.'T.fnoaU.' .You,- lr, more thaii any other
, man in this republic, are .accountable for
: . whatever fate awaits' us; because your ih
fluenoj is wider, yourcapaoity less qnes
' tioned, and your character less accessible
' to reproach. Towyour country vou occu-
the position of the watchman montioned
in EieUiel, and according to tlie nlanner in
which thii duty of a watchman is dis
charged will bo your reward or your rc-
' kponsibility:
' ' , "If, when he soeth the swor.1 como up
' 1 on the laaJ, ho blow, tho t rum pot mid
. wArn the people, then wliOsdever hcareth
' ' ' the soun 1 of tho trumpet, and take ill not
warning, if tho sword come and take him
' "away, liia blooJ shall be ilpoii his own
head. v:
"But if tlio watchmin sse the sword
ioma, and blow not the trumpet, an 1 the
people be not warned, if the sword come
and take any person from among them, he
' is taken away id his irtiqttity, but hits blood
will I require at the watchman's .hands."
' ! "If, in wlvtt I have written.or may write,
"' I sucoeui itt impressing upon you tho
. .. . great impirtanco of giving the American
' movement ait honest and careful examina
Uon, I shall not have labored in vain. ' I
' have, indeed, other ' objects, and chief a-v-.,
mongthoM is that of refuting unfounded
charges, and repelling unjust assailment;
In the list of yoiir Charges against the
American party is that of "proscription.
The word was no doubt used Without re
flection, for you could not have intended
, to mike tha rile aooUsation its litoral muart
: 1 ing covers. Toprotcribe means 'to deri--.1
sure capitally to doom to. destruction."
It is something worse than to persecUte.and
it would pain me to believe that you could
so far forget what is due to truth and com
.' .' mon sense as to make such an allegation
i against so cotisldefablo a rliinlbet1 Of your
oountrymen. It is false even in the sense
; ia which you Intand to employ it. You
.i have been practising all your life that very
same proscription, ,', For fifty -years you
- have oalled it patriotism, and. I must pro
. test against any change of name at the
present day t . J doubt jf you ever voted
for a Whig in your life I ra fary nre
that you have often voted i for a Democrat
:u vhea you knew hie Whig competitor, Was,
' 'in all respeets. his superior as a marl, tfo
,i less you have been mors) . fortunate than t
liare been, yon have sometimes voted for
KO. 29.
s Democratic nominee against aor lndepen- 'cise tho right which i Mcured to us, and I .j "Again, those who acknowledge tho
dent Democratic ' candidate, whom you we dc-siro the ejection of Senator who will , spiritual poiVer of the Pope can give no se
Inew to be his superior. In tho exercise exercise the right which belongs to lliem. ' curity of their allegiance to any govern"
oi your rigiua ns a cuizen, you proicriuea
( pardon the use of your own word,) the
wnoie Yhig party, you proscribed tuat Alio other clause is: .
portion of your own party who would not! "That Congress shall rhaice no law re
submit to caucus dictation. As a Senator specting an establishment of religion, or
of the United States you assisted in exdud- prohibiting the free exercise thereof." .
ing Abolition member of the same body There is scarcely a clause in the conatitu
from a place on any of its committees; and i lion with which a Know Nothing would be
now, air, will you tell mo in what respect more unwilililg to part than the tverv one
you are less liablu' to the charge of pro- which is thus quoted against lis. One, of
icriptim than I am? t say that I will not the chief objections to Catholicism is to be
vote for a foreigner . or a Catholic; You found in its constant strusglea to connect
say that you will not vote for a Whig, or a itself with the Stale. Eye'ry other denom
Dcmoohit who runs against the party nom- inalion of Christians look upon all connei
lnee; and Jou will not even let an Aboli- ion with the government as fatal to ' the
lion is t serve on a committee. I have interests of religion. In that Church, a
heard it said, 'oh yos, you can vole as you lone, a restless longing for power, an in
please, you may vote against a foreigner. satiable thirst for persecution and blood, in
jiist as cH as ogairist ail Abolitionist, but duces unremitting efforts to obtain posses-
u is very improper tojorni combinations to
excludo foreiffners from office.
I have no particular objection to such
reasoning when it conies from some half
flodged lawyer who knovVs no more of his
proiussion as a scionco, than ho does oi
volcanoes in the moon, and Who has only
a vague idea that somewhere in the law
combinations ara declared illegal, but when
a man of fair ability utters suuli things the
conclusion is inevitable that I e has very
little respect for tho .intelligence df his
hearers. It is impossible for a political
party to exist without combination. All:
tno onjects ot a
arty are effected (hromrlt
commnnuons. iou comoined with Madi
son, Monroe, Jackson, Van BUreh, Polk
and Tierce excuse me for mentioning the
last ns I did the same thinjr I hope vou
will acquit mo of malice in the allusion,
That mau will con fur a fa'-or I shall nut
soon forgot who eovinces mo that it is not
just as fair tocombino for tho purpose of
excluding foreigners from office, as it is
for the purpose of ex.:lirling Whigs or re
hellious Democrats. You contended your
sulf With assertion and made no attempt nt
prOof. It is well for your reputation that
you did o. Many persons will believe
what you say without putting themselves
to the trouble of examination; whereas, if
you had attempted an argument you would
certainly l.aVe exposed to the most imlif
feroilt inquirer tho weakness of your posi
tion. No learning, arid ilo ingenuity coul I
have snved you from a mortifying failure.
You acknowledge an act upon thu prin
ciple that it is right id cjcltt le Mr. Garrl"
sou and his disciples from every offi ie u:i
der tho government down to the fourth
corporal in the niilitia, because they sub
sciibeto the atrocious sentiment that "tho
Constitution of the United States is a cov
enant with death, and an agreement with
I claim that it is a right to excldde from
office those members of the Catholic church
who deny the supremacy of the constitu
tion, and acknowledge tho power of tho
Pope to release them from all obligation to
support it.,
YOU refuse to support n Whig because
you believe his construction of tho pow
ers of Congress under the constitution er
roneous. '
I refuse to support a foreigqor , because
(among other things) not one in five thou
sand has ever read tho constitution, and
not one in nifty thousand understands its
provisions. .
Now, sir, this is an exact statement of
your position and of mine, Both of us,
doubtless, can give many olhor reasons for
the faith that is in us; but this is the
ground-work upon which tho whole su
BersVnicture is roare d. if yours is tho off
spring of patiiotio devotion to liberty and
the constitution, by what magio does mine
become 'intolerance,' 'proscription,' and
reckless disregard of constitutional duty?
It is true you do not assert, that there is
anything unconstitutional in the American
pl'itform. Your position is too high, and
you could ndt afford so to trillo with your
reputation; but you give to others with
fewer scruples, and less to losej the sanc
tion of your silence. As long as your op
ponents confined themselves td general
denunciations of the American Order as
unconstitutional, they got along smoothly
enough. Samo people took it for granted
they knew what they were saying, and be
lieved them. But specifications are dan
gerous things when error is to be sustain
ed. Two clauses aro relied upon; the first
Is ;
"But no religious tdst shall ever be re
quire J as a qualification for any office or
publio trust under the United States."
This clause relates .entirely to the oath.
which must be taken by publio officers.
It places rid restriction upon the voter-
impose no obligation. The Legislature is
denied tho right of requiring any religious
Oath from an officer After his election by
the people, but the people themselves re
tain an unlimited discretion, and it is en
tirely with them to decide whether a man's
religious opinions shall be any bar to his
advancement, This relates to elections by
the people. T'he whole Congress cannot
require any test oath which tho consisten
cy of tho olllcer did not require, but in
Executive appointments it is different.
The Seriate alone can reject his nominees,
for their1 religious Opinions, as well as for
any other cause, which-iii their judgment
renders the nominations improper. Under
the constitution tlio people have the un
qualified right to reject any candidate for
their suffrasres on account of his religion.-
The Senate hate the' unqualified' right to
reject any nomination sent Jo them .by tlio
President, on account of the religion of thf
nomine. We propose as voters to exer
ssrcossrcB iJBTBrtp
inat is all. ve are aatibCea .with (lie ;
constitution as it is.aud propose no change.
sion oi Hie temporal sworii. in guarding
against that danger, in seeking to keep the
stains of earth far aWay from the ermine of
the Christian Church, the first amendment
to the Constitution is an auxiliary no Am-
( encan wishes to lose. The (Jatholic may
perform the cxeicises of his religion on the
publio highways, or in tho market-places,
ii ii u pieases; uo may ccieurate mass at miu
day or at midnight; he may nail a saint or
two over his door, or collect a dozen holy
relics in his cabinet.and no one will inter-
pose an obiectioh. I he American parly
make no war upon the Catholic to prevent
the free exercise. of his religion, but to pre
verit the possibility of his iiiterfbrjrig with
the free excreiso df otir owii. Men who
have already declared that it.iij unconstitu
tional to permit the Bible to bo studied in
schools, have no further scruples to over
come before declaring it unconstitutional
to attend nny but a Catholic . church.
When other arguments fail, it is customa
ry to resort to weak attempts to ridicule tho
fear of danger from Cathoiio influence; and
in order to make t his effectual, the census
statistics have been Unscrupulously perver
ted. According to that document, the
Baptists provide chunk accommodations for
3,247,029. tho Methodists foi 4,333,579,
while the Catholics provide ncctiinmoJa
lions for only C67.082. . . , .
Tho reason of this disparity is plain.
The B.ip'ists and Methodicts do not build
churches fjr themselves alone; overy
church will hold more than double ns mu:,y
worshippers as actually belong to tho
church. J heir houses tiro - scattered all
over the country, and tho whole neighbor
hood; whether they belong to any church
or not, are welcomed when they come.
The Catholic cathedrals, on the olhor
hand arc put up oh a scalu of such regal
magnificence that it is only iii the. cities
and large towns they can afford to build
dt All. They have not yet the right to tax
us to build churches for them, and the con
sequence is, that such a thing as a Catholic
church in tha country is hover licard of.
They carih'dt afford to worship Ood in the
plain, unassuming edifices with which oth
er denominations have doited the land.
They seem to estimate the value oif prayer
according to tho splendor of tlio temple
from which it ascends, and to fear that log
cabin. supplications would rtever reach the
ear of St Peter. Their church accommo
dations, therefore, afford no rule by which
to estimate tho number of members. The
actual number of members in tho three
Churches is as follows: Baptists (includ
ing eight different sects, )9G2,993; Metho
dists (including four different sects()l,779
52G; while the Catholics rise to 1,173,700
according to the Baptist almanac, or 1,334,
500) according to another estimate made
by the superintendent of the censUs. This
was in 1850. In 1852, Archbishop
Hughes gave it as his opinion that there
were.nof less than 3,500,000 Catholics in
the United States, and added, "Emigration
has no doubt contributed much to this re
sult." Since 1850, the emigration has
been immense, Arid fit this dny I have very
little doubt the Archbishop's estimate is far
below tho truth. It must be relhemBtred,
also, that there are no sects, no schisms a
mong them. - They have a common object
thpv nbev a common head:
In all that relates totiie' advancement of
tho church they have no scruples,- no re
straints, and their capacity for mischief is
thus increased many fold beyond their ac
tual numbers. Yet we are admonished to
let this church alone to permit it to goon
increasing, without opposition, at the pres
ent fearful rate. Even Christian ministers
have entered the political arena to warn us
that persecution will give it new vitality.
The serpent is among us we see it grow
day by day we watch its scalbs bardori,
and still we must not touch it for fear per
secutiou will strengthen it. Thi is one of
these popular errors which haVo been ad'
cepted from generation to generation, be
cause no one thought it of sufficient impor
tnnce to expose it. It is not only false, it
is a libel upon the Protestdrit faith; and the
American character. It presupposes two
things repugnant aliko to the understand
ing and the heart. It supposes tho Catho
lic to be the true religion, and applies to it
the maxim that "the blood of the martyrs is
tho seed of tho church.", The grcat'reformer
Knot held nosnoh opinion, stern, sincere,
fearless, unawed by power, unseduced by
flattery, he denounced with equal severity
tho magistrate who tolerated, and the cit
izen who practiced Iionjisli sdperslitions.
John Wesley was' not behind him. The
following extract from' Me of his letters
speaks forjitself. The. disoiples of the
school lie founded would do' well to refer
to his writings n little more frequently than
Many of them appear to have done.
ac2&tsil2C?S2raa cdst css'ay.iziiiDs.00 oeoiige Washington.
menti but all ltoman Uatholits acknow-
ledge this; therefore they can give no secu
rity for their allegiance'. ; - "
. '.'Tie power df granting pardon..' for all
sins past, piesent.and to corns 4s, and
hss been, for many centuries, one .branch
of his spiritual power. But (hose who
acknowledge him to hare" this spiritual
power -can give no security for tlifcir alle
giance, sinCo they ' believe that the Pope
can pardon rebellion, high treason, and all
other tins whatsoever. The powjr of dis
pensing with any promise, oath, or vow, is
another branch of the spiritual power of
the Pope, ' and all who -.acknowledge his
spiritual power muit acknowledge thi.
But whoever acknowledges the dispensing
power of tho Pope can give no security for
his allegiance to any L'overnmont. Oaths
and promises are gone; they are light as
and void. Nay, not only the Pope, but a
priest has povVer to pardon sins! .
'iThisisan essential doctrine of the
Church of Rome. Bat they that acknowl
edge this cannot possibly give any security
for their allegiance to any . government.
Oaths ore no security at all; for tho priest
can pardon both perjury and high treason.
Sotting their religiou aside, it is plain that
upon principles of reason, no government
ought to tolerate men who cannot give nny
s'dcUrityito that government for their alle
giance and peaceable behavior. But this
no Romanist can do, not only while he
holds that rno faith is to be kept with her
etics," but so long as he acknowledges ei
ther priestly absolution or the spiritual
power of tho Pope.
"If any one pleases fo answer this, anil
sign his name, I shall probably reply. But
the productions of any anonymous Writers
I do not promise to take any notice of.
' '"lam, sir.your humble serv't,
. '' "John Wbsleit.
"City Roitd, Jan. 21, 170')."
Knox and Wesley were right; P"erso
cutiou (if you oall it by that name) never
aided a bad cause. Henry VIII crushed
the power of the Pope in England with
scarcely an effort. Bloody Mary revived
it. When Elizabeth ascended tho throne,
she laughed at his Interdicts, and her sub
jects followed her eSnmjilj. The law
made and ro-ninde Catholocism at pleasure-
Ireland is no exception. There
indeed they clung to' the ualionnl faith
with mora tenacity than elsewhere. But
it, must uo runic moor a that tho laws, to
suppress it were hot Irhh laws. The
i'nost found his most eucienl ally in the
universal hatred of tho oppressor. If
their own parliament, unfettered by Eng
land, had enacted tho same statutes, they
would have been received without ques
tion, and enforced without difficulty.
Even as it was, however hateful the source
from which the law sprung, it did much
to cripple tho cause of Kmo. Before
England changed hor policy, and passed
what is called the "Emancipation Act,"
there were but seventeen Jesuits, in Ire
land. Since that nut of toleration (he num
ber has swelled to four hundred'. , A fact
so full of meaning ought not to bo over
looked, and cannot be misunderstood'.
Another objection to this Popish argu
ment against persecution is that it assumes
tho total depravity of the American people.
It ssys in so ninny wOrds that they aro
ready to provo rocresnt to Heaven if it will
advance a ' party purpose that because
one party assails a religion which they be
lieve to be false and blasphemous, the oth
er parly aiiuougn .equally opposea to u,
will encourago nnd defend it, in order to
prevent a party injury to themselves, or
to inflict one upon their opponents.. .1
think bettor of my countrymen I , hope
they think better of themselves, and that
they will repudiate tho leaders who, by
the use of such arguments plainly show
how low, is the estimate they place upon
popular intelligence, and popular virtue.
If all are nut rJrdfeSsing Christians if
many have grievous' sins to atone, ther
aro yot none I tru jt without the hope of
redemption throush the Savour. ; Blot out
that hope, and existence becomes ray lets
and cheerless. Every flower loses its. per:
fumo, and every star that gams the Heav
ens Rpoaks oiily of eternal torture. Td bar-
tor it away, and for loss than a mess of
pOttage, is a folly too wild, a sinloo inex
piable to command my belief - updri any
human evidence, j 11
Your letter, General, rominded me of tho
course of the sohool boy, who in getting
his . lesson skipped the hard places. ' Allow
me to suy, without tho least disrespect,
that you did a good deal of skipping.
Among other hard places, was tlw claim
of temporal power on the part of tho Pops.
You oould not deny, and you would not
admit. The denial of any suoh claim on
the part of the Popo was; I think, first
made by Mr. Chandler, in the Itoilse of
Representatives, and you reoolleot the kind
of proof he adduced to sustain' him. The
Oatholio cause was on trial before tha Par-,
liameht of Britain, and tho Church fur
nished the evidence' fdr itself. -There
would bo little neod for our oriminal courts,
if the offender's own statement was suffi
cient to justify acquittal. - I prefer to rely
upon testimony of a less equivocal charac
ter. .".'' :..:: ; ii . ....
,FoV the first six centuries rifter tho death
of the humblo fisherman whonf tho Popes
professed to take as their model, and the
founder of tho Church, they made hut
little pretention to temporal power. But
as time woro oh, corruption after corrup
trotf a"rtderror after error erept iu. They
forgdt that Peter himself wi a mirried
rrtn, and ordain3d eelib icy for the clergy.
Thty forgot that ho traveled about on hi
mission iu thread biro girm)nls, with his
coat off, and clothed themselves "in pur
ple And fine linen.". They forgot his con
tinence, and surrounded themselves with
courteztrts. . They forgot tho' humility
which induced him to pray that ho might
be crucified with his Heal downwards, td
avoid an -eppanntoco, even in death, of
eqdslity with his Ii rd, arid bol lly claimed
that they occupied the place "of the true
God-" - The assertion of temporal power
was a necessary consequence of that cl vim.
and it has been 'exercised for a thousmJ
yearn. "Pope John VIJI obliged Charles
the B tld tq confess that he held his erripire
by the gift of the Pope." Pops Benedict
VIII exacted a like p'Isdgo from Henry,
Emperor of Germany, as also a promise to
obey him "in everytllirij." "Pons Nich
olas" ffave Capua to Richard Gsiscard
and his brother Robert all tho lands ht
might conquer in Sicily, Apulia, and C.ik
bria. Alexander 11 proclaimed William
the Bastard rightful King of England, and
sent him a hair from the heal of St. Peter
in a diamond ring. Gregory VII excom
municated the Emperor of Germany, and
absolved his subjects from their allegiance.
Alexander 111 forced Frederick to hold
his stirrup while mounting bis horse. In
nocent deposed King John of England
for confiscating the property of the clergy,
and mpri6hfy their conculnnei. Henry
VIII of England and Q ieen Eliztbeth
were also excommunicated, and their sub
ject. Absolved from their oaths of fidelity.
In lull), a papal hull was issued against
JJonaparte, and another against Switzer
land. In 1855, a liko bull lias been thun
dered against the King of Sardinia.
These arc but a few cases, selected from
the mass of matorial at hand; many more
might bo given, but more is not needed.
It U a maxim of tho church never to give
up the slightest of its claims to be silent
wheri silence is expediont, but never 10 lose
opportunities. In our own land, such was
the policy for years, but rapidly accumula
ting numbers have given their organs a
tone of conscious power, and they now
speak out boldly in defiance of opposi
The following extracts are tnken mainly
from "The American's Text Book."
They have not been denied and cannot
W.. ' t . ,. . .
Brownsoti's Review says:
"Let us tlare to assert the truth in the
face of the lying, world, and instead of
pleading for our Church at tho bar of the
State, summon tu State itself to plead at
the bur of thi Church, 'Us divinely contt'itu
ied iudae." . .
I he Rambler says: ..,..
"You ask if ho (tlio pope.) were lord in
tho land, an l you wero in the ..minority,
If not in numbers, yet. in power, what
would he do to'. 'du7 . That, We say,
would entirely depend on circumstance.
If it would benefit the cause of Catholicism
he would tolerate you if expedient, he
would imprison you, banish you, .fin'1 you,
probably he might even hang you; but, be
asshuredof one thing.he would never toler
ate you for tho sake of the 'glorious prin
ciples of cUtLattd religioUs liberty."
The Boston Pilot has uttered this Church
and State sentiment:
"Xo good government can exist without
religion, and there can be no religion with
out an inquisition, which is wisely design
ed for the promotion and protection of tho
true faith."
: Mr. Brownson also asserts tliit the tpir
itual order is supremo "and temporial sov
ereigns are subjected to it, and to the Pope,
as its BUfireme visible chief."
Again: .
"Is the Church dependent upon and re
sponsible to public opinion, and therefore
in nothing superior td Ail Crdinar) P'rotes
tunt sect? We own we had thought it the
office of the Church not to learn from pub
lic opinion, but to instruct and furmit
not to bo fudged by it, hut to judge it not
to conform to tho maxims of the age, but
to usa all her powers to make the age con
form to her m'txims."
"Kings and lords, magistrates and rul
ers,.sovereigrts and sdbjects, aro under it
(the Churoh) in all things iliko in things
temporal and in things tpirituul. Whdid
deities this denies not merely tin sounder
opinion, but the Christian religion it-
BKLP." ' ' .
Brownson's Review again says:
"Wherever the oooasion occurred, tile
Church asserted her power, iiot in empty
words only, but in deeds, to judge sover
eigns, kings'; and Caesars, to bestow or to
take away crowns.tojbs unjoilt) riders,
and to absolve their subjects from their ddth
So much fdr American authority. Let
us soo what Daniel O'Conriell says:
"I declare my most unequivocal sub
mission to tho head of ihe Church, and ty
the hierarchy hi Its different orders, if
the Bishops would make a declaration on
this bill, I never would be heard speakirlg
against it. They have only to dicide, and
they close my mouth; they have only to
determine, and I obey. I wish it ( be
understood, that such is the duty of all
It is needless to pilo authority to prove
liri assumption of power so notorious. Mr.
Brownson was recently appealed to by'
sorao gentleman in North Carolina!, prob
ably in the expectation that ho would de
ny the interpretation put upon Iii former
Writings. I do not propose to- follow him
through all the mYofvea ami complicated
reasoning of his reply. The leU-r has
been widely published, and is accessible to
every one. His conclusion is all llial is im
"I lie l'ope u the proper authority to
decide for me whether the Constitution of
this country is or Is not repugnant to the
This was Mr. Brownson' opinion on
the 12th of JUne, 1855, anj there I lvo
him for the present. , .
That there are American Catholics who ,
deny the temporal power ff the rope 1
know. Uut they are riot Catholic in bis
A'tcep'taiiJn of the word. In Spiin or It
aly ihey would be punished as heretics.
lie recognizes no divided nlleisnce tol
erates no freedom of conscience and per
mits no departure from the orthodox faith.
II his power was once established in tins
country they would be in a much danger
ot the rack as you or I. Ibe iron boot
and the red hot. grate would be prepared
for all alike. To you, sir, 1 need ouvr nu
proof of the intolerance of the Rimau
Church. It has been the subject of more
:han one of your speeches in the Senate;
but this lotter is ndt intended for your eye
alone. If read nowhero else it will bo my
own neighbors and friends, and I ihsrefore
propose to introduce such testimony a
time and space allow. I will go back to
"Black St. Bartholomew's day, ' and the
wholesale butchery of Protestants, which
hare stamped it as infamous for all coming
time. I will not dwell upon the fact that
the Pope himself pronounced the general
eulogy of the assasiu of Henry Third. Nor
account the history of times when infants
were tossed into the flames which were
roasting .their parents at the stake. There
is enough of modern date for my purpose,
and it cannot be met by saying, that, with
the superstition of by-gone ages, has pass
away thi old, rejentless cruslty which
blackens tho annals of the church:
"The absurd and errpneotis doctrines
of rovings in defence oliilerty o) 'conscience,
is a most pestilential error a test of all oth
ers most to be dreaded in s State.". En
cyclical letter of Pope Pius IX. Aug. 15,
The Rmin Cathoiio Bishop of St.
Louis say:
"Heresy and unbelief are crimes; and
in Christian Countries, as in Italy and
Spairl, for instance, . where all .tho people
are Catholic, and where the Catholic re
ligion is in essential part of the 1 nd, they
are punished as other crimes."
The St. Louis Shepherd of the Valley
"The Church is, of necess!ty,intolcrant.
Heresy she endures when and whore she
mui'.; but she hates it, and directs all her
energies to its destruction. If - Catholics
ever gain an immenss numerical majority,
reli-gious freedom in this country is at an
end so say our enemies so say tw."
Brownson's Roview of October, 1852,
J'Tlie.libarty of heresy and unheliuf is
not a natural right, all the rights the
ect have or can have are derived from the
State, and rest on expediency. As they
hare, iu their character of sects hostile to
the true religion, no rights uwUr the law
of nature or under tit lam of Ood, they are
neither wronged nor deprived of liberty if
the State refuses tograut them any rights
at all!"
Again, it says, Oct. Icil.
'The sorriest siht to us, is a C.itholio
throwing up his cap and shouting 'all hail
Democracy!' "
I must again refer to the au'.ho'rlty of the
great Irish Agitator:
"You should do all in your powor to
carry out the intentions of his lioliriess.thc
Pope. When you have the eleotory fran
chise, give your votes to none but those who
-ii : : : u..'!. -..i,,
Will H331SI YUU IU3U uuty a uaa,c-
In "Dan's System' of Theology" a text
book in all Cathoiio Schools, the following
Christian principles tiro eniluciatod:
. 1st. Prdtestahtj are heretics. 2 I. They
aro, by baptism and blood, undor the pow
er of tho power of the R jmaa Catholic
Cliurcli. 31. So far from granting tolera
tion to protestants, it is the duty of the
Churelj TO exterminate the rites
of their religion; 4th. .It. is tho duty
of the Roman Catholic Church to compel
heretioS Id submit to her faith. 5:h. That
the punishment decreed by the Roman
Cathoiio Chdroh, are con fl sea lion of goods,
exile, imprisonment and death.
The Popish Testament says of Protes
tants? ' . , .'
"To be present nt their service, and all
cbrftmuuioaiion with them, in spiritual
things, is a great aril .damnable sin."
"The trarislatyrs of tho 'English Bible
ought to be abhorred td the depths of Hell."
"Heretics odght, by publio authority, ci
ther spiritual or temporal, to be chastised
or exeodtkd.'' ....
And these, Gonerkl. a"re the milJ and
iudffonsive fbllowets of - Jesus, frliom you
charire mo with 'proscribing.' f have in
deedsaid that I would not support them
for office. In this I am only loiiowing me
advice O'Connell ' i.
them. I have
;j i, oti communion wun meni
liyi. omvi tun, . , , .
was "damnable." I have not said that the
translators of their Bible oug)it to be , "ib
horred to the depths of Hell," I havO rtot
even said that they werp wors"o than Pa
g'sns, although I might have , retfrted the
accusation with more of trifth than sanc
tions its application to us. Their system
of salrft and image worship,' nndT thoir su
perstitious voneratiu.i fur 'holy relics,' If
not wor-w- than Paganism, is at leaat as bad.'
With customary reeklt ssness, ,wliea' this
charge whs undo, the ami-American news
pi per a wi;h one accord denied it. In
turning to the foreign news column of one
of the very papers which -contained the
denial, I found ihe f.iHuwing proof of the1
practice so late as May, 1 855: -. ,
'Naples, May 22.
Vesuvius i still, on the 24.li day of the
eruption, as active ..Imost as it wis oil the
first day. For many years it has not been
known to continue so long in activity. In,
tho direction of St. Jovie the steam has
become hardened and flow no longer.
In iIik direction of St. Ccrcoia, however,
it u still running over the old bed, and
has p-isied bey mid Pizzilo. There wa
a grand fete at Si. G.-orgeo di Cremona,
near St. Jovie, on Saturday last, in honor
of the s tint to whoso influence is attribut
ed the stopago of tiie lava in that direction.
His Majesty was present, and the Cardin
al preached, giving our patron saint 3 ad
honor on the occaMon."
In leading the History of Ireland X pre
Si'ilie the 'holy bull of il.ieoamara" didi
Hot escapo your attention; upon which tha
peasantry wero sworn in preferenje to thei
Bibla or the cross, v. nen it was deemed
li-jcessary to impress them with a high re
gard for tho sancliiy of an oath.
From nn old religious magazine, pub
lished in 1832, I extract a list or extra
tub ducuv of mecslesbvao, two milu
from the Baltic.
1. A small quaii'.ity of flax which the
Virgin Mary had for spinning.
2. A bundle of hay which the wise men
of the cast left behind them at , Jerusalem.
3. A bone of Ignatius Loyola, the foun
der of the Jesuit's order.
4. A piece of poor Lazsrus's garment,
found at Dive's door.
5. A bone of St. Christopher, his shoul
der blade, and the first joint of his thumb.
C. A piece of liuea cloth, wove by Ma
ry's own hands.
7.,. A piece wf tlie hoal belonging to
the fifth mentioned in Tobit.
8. The napkin which the bridegroom
made an of at the marriage in Canaa.
9. A part of Joseph's garment which he
left in (he hands uf Mrs. Potiphar.
10 Part of Ju Jus's ho wles, which gush
ed out as ho burnt aaunder.
11. The scissors with which Dotila cut
off Sampson's hair. .
1 2. A piece of the apron which the
butcher woro when he killed the calf uport
tlie reluru of the prodigal.
13. One of the five smooth stones with,
whiuh David niet Guliali. ,
14. A branch of the tree on whicli Ab
salon w is hung by the hair.
15 The stone with which Zipporah cir
cumcised her child on the road.
10. The heads of St. Thomas, St. Paul
and Si. PeU-r, wilh a nicco of Peter's fish
ing net. t.
N. B. A quill from the Angel Gabri
el's wing was stolen but a few years sirteu
out of tho church.
At oiher places they succeeded in get
ting "eight arms of St. Matthew, three of
St John, and an incredible number af St.
Thunin a'Bccket; they have the ark, and
rod of M ses; the table on. which the Last
Supper of the S ivior was instituted on tha
niter of the Lin to ran are the heads of St.
Paul and St. Peter, entire; at St.Peter's
church is the cross of the penitent thief, tha
lantern of J a lis, tho tail of Balr.m's asa,
(fee feo.
That siicli revolting and disgusting su
perstitions aro repudiated by many Amer
ican Catholics is undeniable, but these ex
ceptions do not exculpate the church, and,
as I have before sni I thay would not bis
recognised as Catholics in any lar,d wh!M
the power of tho Pope is estblishsd. View
ed in the light of politics aloae, these idol
atries need not command very greut alien,
lion. It is tho intrigues the inference
in elections, and the unremitting esertijjinsj
of the priesthool: to obtain poliucal power
against which it is most necessary to guard:
Li Favetic warned us "if ever tho liberties
of this country ware destroyed it would be
br Romish Priests." The accuracy ot tm.
statement having been of question, and La
Fayetto himself claimed, as . Ontholle;
professor M rse sought for its confirmation
in other writings of tnat iilds'trlddi mau.
It will be seen that tho declaration was pre
cisely in accordance with his Settle! ana
matured donvictioTiS.'
In a speech delivered in 1821 in the cham
bers animadverting on tho conduol of the'
old government," whose overthrough some
members Und affected to r-giet, La Fayetth
says in Briswe'rlng the soif proposed ques
tion. What have wo to regret? 'Then dis
appeared that clerical corporation, which
while it exersised every species of iufluenee
and refused to pay any sharo of publio eotf
lrilutioiis;.vMs iiloessa'u'tly in'craseJ. Nui
part of itsiru;ujnso wealth was ever alien
ated, but it w is all distributed in its own
class, iii an' inverse ratio to labor.The law,
was n party tat he exaction of vows tou
oftau compulsory, nnd France was covered
with monastic orders' devoted to foreign
chiefs. Tho clergy levied at once con
tributions from the rich and the poor, al
irt iu socular orgonizitioij was so wholly
given overta worldly iaJotenoe that the
laboring ministors "ere but an insignifcaut
portion of wtut was called the first of the.
State. .
- Wha't, theft, Hre1 we to re
gret? Have we to regret the religious in
tolerance which doomed a great portion of
f Continued onf second pge j .
, - f x -..

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