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t - f i . . 'it ' ! '1- n tTa I y Wlf-if iii.viiv.K,;;.., i...m; o h ..... .(i'.:. v. ... .v.. '.ui . .-. , , . ;- , " '' t MZ&ZXV' ' : ' ' - ,. ,. . i -.' , . a fn i J - ? . ..v!" U ..r.-i-M i u-s K.ij-i.. Jae lull.;"?-' " -.....!;., . ;:. ... . ' - '- . ; .' , ............... 7 , d,. , llt :J , , , i.: i I . 'i' :. . ' ' ,. . ....... , . : , . . r " ' " WHEN TUfi- PRESS COMPROMISES TRUTH, IT-CEA3ES TO BE THE GUARDIAN OF LIBERTY.',' , i. ,!EW: SEllIES7:yOL 7,, Na;48.;7;;:; ; i LANCASTER, ;0HI0;THURSDA. MORNING, MAHCH-29; I860, i ryritfr aa '4 iilwcasterf kette; " CITT OP IANCASTEE: Speech of Senator Wade, irt the Unite 9Utem Senate. March Tth oa the Demoerntie Itesolutions relative to Slave j r lit the Tcrri- tere.-';i':,"; " .' Mr. Wi8 tboneht these resolutions Vortbr of notice, its they seemed to em body the views of the Democratio party, nnd they wero ennreiy oppoeue 10 ma nrioclples for hich, he should ', contend'. Tbe publio mind is greslly sgiuted in non'sideritipt of the prinoiplos contained 'in these resolutions and other similar ones. It u Jlittia remarkable that the loudest complaint earns from those "who hsre liad the power and administration of the covrhroentr for taa'nj years,' and have ii j li! i. j ':M nAaiB.:An lnOiUea 111 puMuy tuu .ntrea iu of it aat revenus. The prty , to which I belong naVe been for many years with out any botfer'tb control in shy way the policy of the coverirVieht. It is a eingU 'larfaot that those wbe have the army, ds y.fand the Trescury under their eon trol, iow stand eomplaining; and ' they oorne fnrmirA to tfitl hs that . triXladroio 1st rif.on issnoh.'or their nrinoiples are such, ha it will be better to tear down the pillar'a of the government and involve us all in one common ruin. .The question might Wetl ariee-i-How hanpens it that you, who nave been in D088esaion of the power of Ihetrov ernment for at least seven tears," should have so sondneted tt that yon are now ftp I air? Because they have fost one noor nif(rer a year. He does not tell us wheth er they lost them by AhoHttonist.s pr not. But wlien the jjBntlemen ; comes here to silioH, wbefl he charead of with treason and a violation of oaths, and threatened. In a certain" enfergency that he himself would tand forth to pull down the pillars of the maintain that kind of argument it is per:jltpubliot' If te do -that ts not a: violation icnij niiucni iiibi iners is nomeiiun nn fliae. theiowee Knefrwij 'of uttf teal ' lo'jaet by the unfathfulness of those whom the? abus. .! .- - . . . Well, Sir, as the Senator from Qeorcia seemed to be the Attorney General to brng in a bill of indictment aainst litis aide of the Semite I propose for a brief pe- noa, to review some or the arguments, some of the declarations and some of lbs vituperation contained in that speech, for I acknowledge him to be anions the ablest and most experienced ; Senators of this body, and, Jf soy case could bs made! out against the North for any violation of duly ne was able to make it manifest. , He bad the ability, and certainly be did pot . lack the zeal, and If he failed with another no ted charaotr, he failed where Satsn con1i not stand."' He set forth, Sir,, with the charge of treason, of perjury,' nay, of cow- aroice.w inch 1 confess grated more harshly than all the other accusations made use of, V.re vera told that we, with the untold nullions we represent, had so lost our sense of honor that we could not resent an inju ., , ' ' ... 1 id he, believe we' wei arrant cowards on stltueots were perjured whrn they have taken every precautiop to protect the citi zens of States hoMinjj a species of proper ty we nneriy repuota'e. unto is r.ever they are perfectly . free, . A nether fenetor eays that they have righ to bring them there, and be protected l v the laws o Con gress. 1 Another snab lays Uwgrets Us ho tliii side? I he did. and I have no loubt he d'id it he believes this sii,e of the ehamher Hare till non'combatanis, I wi l not believe hefn'ended to earn a cheap reputation fur vaior airainsi wiose wnnm ne sucnosen would never reet. (be challenge. It is known to everVbodv that tbe oeoole of the free 8tfs bave ntterly repudiated this old, abdlhev contend .barbarocs mode of of the oath lie has Ukeal I dd- not under statid lh IfnpTirt of ft. iTo be sure these things are Said in the heat of debate but they go out to the country, and must be noticed here. The Senator went back to the ancient history of Oreeoe to illustrate bis argument; : . . ' I .- lie did not corhe forward Without pre piration. He accused us because we did not : happen to be quite nimble-footed enough j as he supposed in the execution of the fugitive law, but he did not instance a single case, if I remember rightly; but it was general cliarve. There has not been single rase of resistance to that law in my Stale. . When the eases cam before the Courts.'they received the most rigid scrutiny, and the law has been rigorously applied, ' There have been ea?es of the most doubtful character. : Men bave been kidnapped end carried off. A ease . oo eurred not long sinoe. And that waa not the only one. I meet the general charge wiih a general . denieU W h e n has there not been a faiihful execution of this most rigorous, odirus, and, - I beleive in man? provisions, un nsiitutional law. Mr. Webster thought it bad ne warrant, except iu jedirial decisions. Bat be Was not going to argue this point, Mr. Wade referred to tbe claua giving power to commissioners as decicedly unconstitution forgetful of her rights; RI.e sends no, right to pass Uwa. but the (kmta. which Senators We to denoonce the tovtreign- are iow,UBnipotMt r-k ptoebtM law. ties of other States Und we must all low down to i There ' But when her Hehts are assailed, her is just difference of opinion on that aide of embassadors would ne unrvti'iui to their the Chamber, but all agree that slavery trust if they did not hurl back any such should be spread to the ends of the earth, imputation. ! But wipnose another ease. Snpooee Biiir-. The third count of this indictment was ham Young should come from tl'ah to that we intended to prohibit nnd limit Kansas, or any other Territory, with his 8lsverv in the vast Territories of the forty wivte, Brigham savs lluse are m? United btaies, Mr, re mat charge I ron- properly, and 1 must have a right to bring fees it is true, " We do intend i'. Sir. If I theta in here, or llie State of Utah will not understand the objects . and ' purposes of have her equal rights. Away with such the nepubiican party, it was brought into . doctnne. t be re is po cuarabie in the Con- power on this very ' (o'jeet. When the 'siitmioo for any anck position as the). Oar tienerai Uovernmnit had broken all the saiety constate in keeping close to the Con tledges of Freedom in our Territories. 1 etitution. and ' the moment wadostrsv ths Republican part? tore to oppose this . from this we endanger the harmony of our unconstitutional aggression. Had there anion. But. waiving the Constitutional beito no violation of the Miseocii Compio- jlaw, I will eopiose that ym have right mise, Ver probably there would bave to laki your alaves into the Terri'ori.s and been no Republican parly her. We in hold thim there. Sti.l Fir. is itekpeiliint, tend to defend the Territories of this tight snd proper to Co ft? And that brings country against the polutii n of Slavery, me to consider a question that lias been there We stand, and there is our platrorm, lincidentslly biooght up. The fethersof the snd there we shsll stsnd foiever. But! Republic, I believe, wilhrnt a dissenting the Senator claims the right to carry slaves j voi e, agreed that slsveholding was egsibst iato ths Territories bersuse the decision I the common right of man, and waa wrong nrahanaiveof ruin? ; I Cim dedurt no rther settling difficultres witb .a duel. , Ever? cono nsioo than those who bate been in 1 intelfigpnt Vnan knows full well that the t)ossessioa of this power bave shown them selves incapable of administering the gov- 'ernment 'on sucb principles as it should "be administered upon. '. I do not believe any Senator ' here from the Southern States can . look, me in (lie face and say that he has not. end hie No tion hssidtbad their full share of polili- 'c si oower from the organisation of the 'Goverpment Until.pow. i. No,; eir.-i. It, is perfeotly. bvtotui.t b e t your power 'in this Gbvunthentbss been altogether in disproportion 'to yditr numbers. I do not blame snytbefy, because I kaow it is the nature of 6s all to mass ase or sil the pow ers we have to the advantage o f our own principles, oor ownTnle'res's, and our own views. Undoubtedly, sir I would do the 'earn thing.' 'And, you, sir, complain of tli administration of this Government snd tco oi uusi or nonor in say oi inosp ). tie is (reeled as an outosst; and an?oiiahce. lie sboild happen to be phant, he would be deemed a icr.mi- niati.lio mdorsed this practice in the North bas so fallen under the ban el pub- jiu opmiuii iiint ne rouiu atierwaru reoieve no offico of trust or honor in sav of.those SttteS. Hi if by an? triumph 1 M I..IJ . ! - . nui, ana nvia ai iuan in society.,: '; ,. ' ( t know lull well, end I regret it, that this stste of thing, although undoubtedly ! . 2 . It I l I I." ' jusi in iitoii, nm ptacea or ai a oisaoysu' tnge here. 1 feci that this sentiment pre vailing at the North althoagh righteously, 1 , J ..I lias irequenuy pmceu us, as it wure, unite mercy of those who Construe our forbear ance as a want ol courage. . It is not strange that litis state of things should ex iat smong the JNortliern people. We have had no reason to distrust the courage of the people there. Why, S r.' 'physical - , . . , t t ' to sav that It is a total failure to sucb a de- coura;e is a sentiment so general that it is gres that you are meditating its utter and I cheapened by its universality, .Who lias entire destruction. . Who is to blame tor fcrl this except those who had the power nd hid controlled all the pbli.oies of the Government to suit themselves? .This is most manifest IVora the confession of those who complain. It is bttt tbe shadow of the crest prinoiple which I contend for, thrown across the politioal horiion, that disturbs the equanimity oT trnr Boeihero brethern.: The Senaldr from Oeorgia Mr. Toombs told us tint they Were in uossession, and be was proud of it and Well be might be of 850,000 squire miles of the most beautiful country God ever be stoWed upou ma i; arid he informed us sir, that it was capable of sustaining a popula tion greater than that ol Europoj aod I be lieve be ipoke within bounds when be said bo. He I'dld s tbatthcrS" were but twolve rnUiobs of people inhabiting that country. And we all know that the SUve-boldiog States in point of srea are one-tbird great- ettbtW tbit of the free 8tates, while th? contain now qot more than one-half of the population: lie showed their prosperity; And that; too I so; Is it not then anonta lous, these whining! aod complaints a bout ths aggressidn snd opptessioo of the jNorth, who are entirely out of power and 'When we know (bat the property claimed by these gentlemen was never so prosper ouiastd-dsv? Slaves are higher than thev have aver been before, and their em ilovment is more Profitable to their own er than it has ever been. In one moment it is the filory and boast of Southern gen tlemep.' nndr in tbe very next breath, all is ruin snd despondenoy. How is it Sir?-1 If the North have conduoted themselves o shamelessly toward Southern inslitions, if their underground railroads hav so sap psd the foundations of your peculiar insti tutions, how is it that your property bas risen in the market, snd now stands high er by your own boasting and , showing than at any former pi riod? These things cannot be. Ooe thing I would . notice. The 8eoatof from Georgia Mr. Toombs rose iu bis plsc'e, and with a kind of. de spair on bis countenance said that we on this side of the Chamber were the enemies Ot tbe Country. He felt them to be the enemies of his country, and power would be unsafely lodged in our bands. Why unsafe, Sir, if we bave noteodangefed the Government a far? : lie complained that i we were faithless for the eteen'tion of his ' fugitive liill, and yet be told us that suuh was the loyalty of the servants of the people of Georgia, that sinoe tliet'ye of the Revo lutionary war to the pre jnt daj,' not one liuudred for ny cause whatever, bad es caped. 8tr, h'ad not that Senator small reason to complain of anybody? Scarce iy a negro a year had ; esoaped from the great State of Georgia, yet she' oomes here' aod Is ready in her rags to make war on the Union, to tear its pillars down, and iofolra in air irroom'mjn ruin'. And' why ever seen the JNoillurn man fail on the field ol combat? Was it not known that braver men never stepped on the quarter deck, tor entered . the perilous breach? Who ever beard ota coward at the JNorth when duty called? But if I understand ths Senator we on this side and tbe untold millions ws represent, have not the cour age to maintain our honor. loomns 1 would refer tbe Senator to by speech. I made noauoh allegation; I mere v said Hut a rjoonle who would vio late tue contracts they had made were not t5 be dreaded when they tnreatened maroh down upon us, I made no such alle gallon against the JNorth. thegentlem seems to consider that they on that aid aro .the people; 1 do not. w tiri i i I.e . , Mr. waue said ne nan rrau uie epeecn snd supposed thtt it was adeolsration that those ou that side, and il.e people they represent, lacked that courage which was necessary to maintain tbeir own honor when impeached Mr. Toomhs I eaid those persons who were rot faithful to their contracts, snd who passed Personal Liberty bills, were not to be dreaded.. Mr. Wade I am very glad to hear the Senator's explanation, because I say it is no particular met it or honor to gentlemen on that side to have general courage.' We inherit from our common ancestors, who dialed kings from their thrones when thev undertook to treeoass on the riehti of the people; and 1 trust in trod thSt We, their descendants, shall ever be as ready to vindicate; not only our honor, but oor rights as were onr ancestors at any period but ti that is ai ma Senator meant, would not much d'sagree with him. ' The men who' oould be faithless would be very spl to be 6owards. But I don t wish to b niisuodcf stood in regard to this barbarous mode of settling difficulties; in thinly set tled tind part ially oivilired counlries,wh?re there were no' restraints of law, and where sem i-barbaristu icigns, I don't know but this rode might he necessary. If men cannot be reetisins.1 b a more elevated principle than fW,' it may be necesiiry to teach- respeol for the rights of others, even by fear of the oombat. But the Senator aooused ua of being perjured and iWitliless to the Coustitution and tsaily to trample it uhder foot. ' And now, sir, just see how iroonsisteot a gentleman may be ; I have no idea' that be meant to express the' full import of his language, because he r o . cams mrt taking, tbe emne' oath (list I did and yet he told ns he Was' eager for the eignal from the Old Dominion to de dale war. Hti was resdy, rjrompt, and eager to second her moiioo, for be said, 'cne blast upon he biila horn would raise a million mn.' For what? Wiy to throw down the pillars of the Republic in universal rui'n. He would do so, Sirjfa Republican was elected President st the next election. DM he stand on high ground? Did be stand on au eleVate'd po- It gives 9 10 lo decide one way, and $5 oilier. (Wb are , told tbis would pot bny. rosgistratis, but thst the magUtiates bo genorally deouie these would be in uenued by a 'li'pennv bit.' Mr. Wade went on to speak of other provisions of this w, and ssid the Mot ill never denied any constitutional lw, and nevtr will resist such a law. , The law is unpopular, for it goes against the hearts and corciences o tbe JNorth and short of the Almighty row er changing their hearts can make them eager to eiecuie this law.. la the South here the feeling is different, when slaves are brought there from the Coaet of Afri a in violation of the law against piracy liese very .magistrates cannot lnlltct the unishmeot du. , lie would have just as much ground to accuse the South of . per jury because the victims of the yacht Wanderer are not released, and lur ofhoeri punished, as ihev hare to accuse us be cause, we ijo not eoute swittly enough s law more odious snd repugnant to ue. The next cbaree ol the Senator is tliat of passing Personal Liberty bills'. There is no foundation under the heaveis for this oharge against Ohio. Ohio, never pased a law in violation ol the Constitution of the United States, and she has never been derelict to her duty in this particular, Does the Senator suppose iw any sove reign State of this Union is going to relin quish all her rights over lorcitiiens Is- bsuse there a a certain frovisioo, in the Coistitutiou by which a certain class may e taken out of her limits; ihit would he to abandon .to any ur principled man whatever he might choose to claim. Can not a State prevent the kidnapping of her citizens because you have a tight Id claim slave? . the Constitution Bays that snv person owing service to any other bints shall be given up, but it dots not state the means by which this shill be ascertained I appeal lo the Senator from Georgia if he believes that the darners of the tJopstilu- lion would have consented to a provision tbst deprived the States utterly of the pow er to protect their own citizens? No, sir. But it is frequently ssid that the constitu lion would not have been framed if that had not been provided for; But so far from this being the case, it was a mere after thought. The Constitution was formed in all its important particulars before any man thought of this provision, and it was placed there with no idea thst a Stale should surrender any .power Jo protect her own citizens. If that Convention whs jealous of any one thing mora than another, it was ol the rights ol the Males, ana tney battled toch by inch, against every prin o:pte that looked to a surrender of any State power. They never intended to give any power to any person to olsim .any body they chose. It was only lo claim the fugitive from labor; and when that bas been ascertained, no State has resisted tbe law. , But (hp Senator says thst Ohio, among the rest; has committed a kind of perjury, by passing Persons! . Liberty bills. Mr Wsde referred ts the law or Ohio, to. prevent sraveholding, and read the last section a follows: "Nothing hi the preceeding section of this set shall apply to any act done by any person under tho authority of the Con stitution of the United States, or any law of the United States made in purtuanoo thereol." And, Continuod Mr. W. now, I ssk the Senator if ho' was upon tbe bench, and if a fugitive was brought before him under this law, if be would have any difficulty in surrendering him? Let me sVy lo you w?i'o hofil thodontririe of State Rights, ycu endanger the liberty cf your own States to psss laws protecting their own cititens. INo ssperiiy ot language, no irowning covfntenacce or denunciation shall evtr in duce Oh o to forget what ' ft du'e fo her sovereignty snd to the protetion of hfr own citisens never, . never, Sir!. And she tkes no prouder stand on this subject than I hope in Uod every other btete in the Union takes, Then, the Senator was jfrongand ihcandid to say thai our too- of die Court gives him that right. Now ro man las mors riepect for tl-e decisions ' of the Com ts, when within ilielr proper udlclal limits, than I have, and no ore knows belter how essential it is thst these shou'rl he lived up V. But juet ss much as I revere an bom st Court, keeping with in Us iuri8dvntion arid ' restraining itself i it ".j Tf it Is wrohflranif It, ii wiot--f nurUow iesw tl.iieaUroity. . They ssy that the new philosophy canaot stsnd the icintiny Ivutrsgee heaped upon heir brethren, who of tbe present see. Yee.mere. it is founded j visit tb8yuthrrn States uatousiug aa suV on tfe selBMiness and rapWHjr ei pian.soa romroiaoie innigvwm wnton m, v-tt koi nn Iha Iti.t iot ol iod. There IS llie .orm imo a oevouMna nme, w." diffieultjr With ?onr inrtitntionel aed -.tjia ; snea wtei eea tf jaaO-.nt.oi at.lt occur.- . - T " . ''I ' ' i r. ".I -'..II .t. lonnc Terr and ; n, r ahh n,. in limit It. and not moDsoate impiiro.ned and ruth!eljr bsoi.shetj , foria this rarse. Now, I sak Senators whatthey Sou u rn Suteif the (ioverument is to , find in this Republicsn psrly so repulsivs admini.wred solely for bene6l or slave to them. J holders then the day is not far distsnt Our principles are onlV, these;. w he'd when the descendant ot those wno con- ibat elaveit is wrong, snd incor sistent neived the syMe.mi"-,". goinqjv ... with the best interests ot the people, end o'eooo nai i.ui.ov um, iiirif ai.ifii, 1 1 u . n v . . f .1 . l.J Tl. in itself, snd should not be cherished. But we End they did not understand it. And now ths slsveholding States bave found cut Slaveiy ia ths normal condition of the black race and a blessing to society, and therefore ought to be extended. That is the only issue 1 wish to make. because I know your determination to ex from any political connect ioh; to, Sir, in tend S'averv arising from this tew philoso the exa't prcpottion do I abhor a hi! scout 'ph v. that Slavery is the nortttal rendition nn from the corrupt Judg, whbj for any of the latoring man, and that Is right, and purposes, will reach over the case refore: proper, it bot necessary l. the happiness of him and endeavor to advance a political ' all concerhed. If you are right in that I cause by any decision re tony pretend to will go with you. Lit ua extend it, and make. The moment the Court transrends I let us tinploy missionaries lo punch the its authority for the purpose of stfevtingl gloiy of Slavery, snd induce iite whole si.y political eanse, iisdecision is iarperti, world to turn slaveholders cf sieves.' I nent, and, with the Courts of Georgia, I am glail at last to see this gnat question hold it in bitter contempt, and. if there! placid tn a solid foundation, for eviry ever wes a rVision on God's earth th t man Inows that no roliiioal piinciple ran would worm t any private man or Serator saying, 'I hold it in contiuipi," it is that Dred Scott dei ui6n. What waa ' the rase? An old negro proseru'ea for his liheity in the Federal Cour's. Old Dred Siott sued, for his freedom, and the plea was put in that be-1 away with the advance of mankind in civi ingtle descendant of Africa he oculd not lifcalkui snd knowledge. It is a 'principle inai is catir.eo oaioaious, acu wuicn is be pla ed on anything shi rt of eternal jnsa lice snd r;ght.. Tl eStnator from Geetgia may tell us that Slavery ia the basia on which societv has hi en founded for thirty cen'uries. , Sir, it is discovered that it ia a sandy foundation which is fast warhicg demand that it shall be limited., T.bi.slim itation will not be hard upon you, because ton have land enough to support a popu lation as large as that of Europe, and cen turies will foil away before yon wjll occu py what you now h've. jne next ming we bold is the principle of the Homesltsd bill; and we demand, also, that there shall be protectee to Northern labor against the pauper labor of Europe. (i These are tbe onlv iwasure s of the Republican party, Mr. Wade closid bv referrins to the fne nesroes of the e uniry, who, besajd, Were ih victims of deep rooted preindice, a deen as to make it apparent the two ra ces could not inhabit the same place. Many Slates were now trying to drive them out. He thought his Government pwed it lo justice and to themselves to provide seen means whereby this unfortunate cl might emigrate to a me congenial climate, her all their lacuiiies wonio t,e Pf Temp ed. There are such countiita 'in Central America, wbrre climate arid soil are alike tuited to ihero.end where places cculd I e obtained for them. , He wonld hot do them an injustice, or in any way compel them to, do anything tnainal their iateree ts. but he boned this principle would te engrafted on the Rer publican plsiiorm, aoa inen we snsn rear no more ahcut negro equality or anything of that sort. He would have the two re res separate, aod have tbf m I oih prosper ous and happy in tbe climate best suited lo their nature eaeh enjoying that liberty and freedom from all oppression which is the God given tight of every human be tug- ; . ill ris in petty tyrants from the land. Then tbe sue in tl at Court. The Court dtoided that a man may bs so monstrous low that he cannot sue for his. life, and I . believe that this is the tirst naiion on God'e emth that ever put a being lb lumen form ipon so low a level as that. But a majority of tie Court said that Dred Scott being a negro, a dtcendant of African aneestprs, who having bien sKvis,, tie , oould not niaintajn a suit in that court, bersuse be was not a citizen. I stk if that was, not the end of that ease. Then, in the nsme of God, Judge Tny Why t'id yon retain it any longer? .. It ipas settled upon every principal of adjudication, and no Court has held to it more solemnly than that ore.. , All. then, the Court may say beyond the.csae was mere talk, and mWht just ss wi ll have been uttered in a bar-room as in : a Court. The msjority of that Court are interested in that (Vision, and, strange as it may appear, those who compla:n of northern agjjression, have had a majority j of that Court on. their. side,. I will not say that ia the reason why the decisions , are magnified lo such importance. The very men.oflhe very parly who, a few yiais, I eld these decisions of no effect, have turned around of late nnd have found a virtne in that Court that can ride triumph antly over every other part of this Govern ment. Such a heresy, if persisted in, can result in nothing tut a consolidated despo tism. And if the diets, or talk of such a Coutt should be established, we will have li e weakest despo ism that ,ever failed on passing away. On ihat issue let us st nd. If slaveiy is tight, ret ns extend if; if it is wrong, lit it die the death. I hardly know bow losseet this issue, for I have heec in the habit ol believing, with ihe fathers, that liberty waa the gift of God to every being, and had supposed that this was self evident.' If there is any one here who will not for himself respect the old sentiment "Give roe Liberty orgiie me Dialh!" let him spesk. who would not rather follow a fliend qr relstive to the giave than inlp (he shsm des of eternal slavery? I know it is said tho African is sn interior race and cannot defend his own tights. But my dhics tell roe thst sp far from this giv ing the right lo enslave li'ui, il eluuld leai hmento he more srrupuious if.his ! righis. I know he is still a human, being; they are still men and women; tpd there are tluufands tew in pndage who are much more whije thaq blacki , But, whether white or black, (hry.h.ave tbe same joys and sorrows, apd a;e ao'uat, j ed by Ihe same motives that we are. They may he treated like brutes, tbeir souls msy be ignornot, .yqu msy whip and tiam.p1e them down, but ss bumsn beings they will tise from the utmost degndatipn and.jtaqd forth in tbe image of God, the conscious candidates of immortal .life. This gives there the full consciousness of their mm hood, that stsnds ss an eternal proof that lliev ir nntalwaratn ha alnvea. flat if Tt I - - - T,- :, r - t 1 God Almighty's earth; for the doctrine is is light, why this perturbation snd fesr at so absurd it cannot stand. lbs South lest tbeir institutions should fall? When did they get the Conslilutional.Vhy is. itjou Withhold knowledge from power to carry slaves into the Territories? the slaves? What means this persecution of Northern men who go there,? . What is this fesr of the Helper book? If Slaviry is the normal condition of the race, do you fp ar that jlie handiwork, of God will le overturned by these friyobue paeans? Society in the North needs do sucb means fo sustain, itsejf. You may go there and talk against our institutions. , We will, in vite you to preach the flQi,ies of, Slavery and its normal condition, and .our. institu tions will s)and fiimer than ever after the conflict. We fesr ro such things, though the Senator from Virginia (Mr, Hunter,) msy say Slavery is the normal cpndijioq and Freedom but an experiment whioli is likely to come out second beet, everything shows the security of the North, and shows which is the normal condition of mso and whjch not. . Look at the great Northwest, with a pop ulstion as great as all your slsveholding Slates, so secure and conscious of her irenoth that aba forina sn empire of her self. We hear this cry from ibe South pi "Southern Rights," but we bear nothing from the secure region of Freedom and Free Labor. All this goes to show that not have her equal rights with the other Slavery ispotths nqrmal condition of man, States. He might say it is the Isw of my but it is an institution that baa outgrown country. We have a light to rpaat and ; ths limes in whiob it formerly lived, and eat ibis property, snd if you don't proleot, now only lives on .he suffrage of mankind, ua in it, we will pull down the r-iHara of: I will say nothing, about it in the States i hi. R.nnhlin and involv all in one or m- It is bad enough where there are four mil mon ruin. I suppose the Senator from II-, lipnso unpaid laborers Id oorbpfclition vrilh linois would say lbs Territories have s per-1 the Isborers ol the North; Keep it w ith feet right to here cannibalism or not, aod , in your own boundaries, sPd conduct it in I dou't'osr'e whither tliey lisve it or1 uotr jour own wsy: It is ssid now, that the Territories being the common property ot the Metes, escn I ciaie nas s rigni 10 go uuo litem win. miy t ind of properly.' I deny tbe postulste. These Territories do npt .elong to tbe Stales, they belonp o tbe pgopla of ,the United States; and Congress is the trna. tec for them. Suppose, for instsnce, the Senator fn m Illinois, ( Mr. Douglas, ) should own a plantation in Mississippi, anu s Ii ou m wish to isse B'Hvea n io n it-r-ritory, let me ask which State in ila.spv- ereigntv is affected? That where the ne groes are. or the Sta'e where ire staves are owned ? On the same ground we might say,supfose, as will probably be the case, we should annex the Fejee Islands to this nation, and suppose the Senator from the State of Fejee should sppesr in this body, then I believe they not only hold a part of their population in slavery, but tbey hold to eating a portion of them. , Suppose he should take his chattels to our Territory snd claim the protection of our country, Ihat he might practice connibal ism Ihore, it is plain you would ne oouno to protect him, else tho State of Fejee Would ' . ' . i . . . ., A. - . .1 ' Extract from Corwios tlrtrat Speech, The following is from Mr. Coi win's lset effort io Ihe House; , . VVhtU riling the dreraion of the. Su preme Court, he was told that the Court had changed; yes, ti3 be. wl" it, "e to th Abrahamis pass it forked off! He said the fire eaters' had attempted, to be winy Ver the singing ol Ihe Marseilles Hjn n by a hand ol Yankees, at a Repub lican meeting in Ohio, on account of Ihe "natal twar5"ft)ie singers. , , , tie supposed tl at Prince Ruport snd bis chivalrie army did not-like the "na sal twang" of Oromwell'a troops when they fell open them shouting tbat tarl Iihgj4, thrilling baltle ery of "God! and the sword of Gideon," . especially when they were being swept away by .the stal wart blows of those brave enthusiasts. Nor would ihe.siceaeioitisls like the "na sal twang" of the Northmen,, when they should rally tleir hosts to prevents disso lution of the Union, and jutiisb ti e Itai lors. But liny must prepare for that un pleasant "twang," illl ey raised their ru h less hnd sgsinst ti e, Ci ofederaiy. Hal h.elieved that the Union, would stand, snd Ihat when lime had grown gray apd walk ed upon the crutches of eternity ,' tbis glo tous Republic would ia a foundation n We hearts ofgenerations then alive, ns Sirm eid lasting as eternity itself. .Ji the tepnb.lieans.are traitors for advpeatipg j)ie doctrines taught by , the Fatipers, a,nd dc served banging, then, these Valorous sac cessionists, might &3 well snatch from that sacred sarcophagus now in th keeping of Amerieaa women tne mooioering, rt Biaios of Washington, ,and( scatter thtm upon Ihe banks ol liief ptomeo, ana piai upon.the gibbet Ibe bleaches oones o ferson, tor.suea tresssoaoie leacoings. The declaration snd pretense of the uis- unionists, thst a Slate is the sole Judge of its own grievances, as to the lima and mea- suie ol redress, is S paipanie mistase. TJier isnosuoh power in any State. The whole doctri'je (secession is an absurdity. Tie idea of a peBcssbfe rjisioluticn of the Union is a delusive one which we wonder ' ..... XT . ..f an? man can enierism. im aecuon o. country can control the future of this great Ten 'tbriea of the grea Northwest will he ours., ( So too fill the Jiasissjppi and i the Islanda at ihr roouih, and a broad bea.l bti each eide of this majestirs siresm.-ocsrce- ly a Northerner goes lo the Soutn witnou beirg aluse.l and inenhed. tnstesfl of being received euurteewly . he is Urrerl snd feathered, or abippted with ..catY nine-uils. If these wanton, insulu and gross indignbie are not heaped . op Nor- Ihrrn ,men lor the purpose of. hhowing lit J what niter contempt the Foiith holiis thetri sad to provoke therm to retaliate, what ar they doiie foi? Suiely, iliese men ought inVtn ihat nimm unities, as well, as in- . dividuals, I. see tirutt of ehdurahtje and bcunds to ps iencs, and that ahhougb V9 one can tell at what rptiiion of the ig' noinjnis the fort.a ranee of the JMorin wls be exhauateil, or h,a the teatlipn ,wij ; lake pne, yt there is danger that aucb a calamity will happen! I' matter should be pressed io ihe extrmv-r, .ni ruecc? aitv for a divisiim ol the Union be deter mined uppnlhe North will consent to po paititiou wl.iuh ooes.nol tqneepota wim the pr--ponderarioe in population snd fu lure gri s'mss. Theiis must b the va cant lands, their the great, tivera, theirs the estuaiies ol th continent. . .1 he sfru. populous Noriji. mighty in rtsourcts, pro lific in men, w.un no internal weaaneaa, can e ospmand her share ol her birthrerbt-! X bep there will be an ena o compromises an ead lo nettoiiaaions. Then might wilt snake yigbt. and I' e Soqth will be "sur rounded with an atmoephere of Freedom whieh it must breath or die," while very will be "enoksed in a wall of fire' ' within which, hks the fh!d scorpion; it ' ill sling itself to d-ath." ,tus Two MjuiMa. Give snd for give' the nmiut oi C"r"y :g"''n forget" th maxim ot worionoess. ,tiv lo bios that ask-ih give lo the poor and . needy give help, consolation, hope, love.; Forgive injuries and offences forgive, as ytu would be lorgiv.n. xnis is iron charity., .''.. But ihe other is the rnax!m of worldly prudtinre and suouess. Get all you can; forget whatever is inconvtnienl to remem- . her; climb as iijrh aa pussihle; kick down the ladder by which you dined, if it atand in your way. Get fame, for ubv, posiiionj forget fiittds alio are no longer useful jopfederatea aljio. hJty prove troublesome piomise- wliicii it i incoiivenient to keep. . r r. ''', ' ' 7hey, have had. a chanot rue ever fie Pionetr C urfe, at Sacrrmen'o, CelifnDia after the manner of ihe gar.ies of Ihe Po rnan Amphitheater. Ii drew a large sum ber of.apeclatqrs.and waa hotly contested. Th rae was won hv a pa!r of bays, drivx em by 1'r. VYitliama Frmklin. The Char-; riots ere like those of ancient Rome, fba modem wheels being covered with canvas, n4 decorated wi'h.goM. A' gnat amount ol rnony is said to hsve changed bands' Upoa ths event. aetata Monti ironically remarke I yinRiri,',Illf,D: . . r .. You ought to know, that tbere, ere fenr things whiiib,awys mora or less inrereeia a btrly s parrot a pea. ovk, a monkey and a map: and.the nearer )0U can come la uniting tbsse about equally in your ebar aeter. the more you will k loved. Thi ia a cheap and exee lent receipt 'Sr making a dandy, a creature which is always an ob-' jeot ol aatniration o vue ibuics. i " T- i jt-eTlf there ia anything Ihste,' it ia a woman with a lap dog! 1 always wans te drown it and put a baby in its place,", s'.ys cruel Fanny Fern, forgetting that too otten the ho ioj owner. Icel the lame . ( way, but lake ihe flog beoeose tbey eea't confedet ev. Who dar exempt to rail j ),.r ihe baby. Shouldn t be hard on the : np the highway thrcT lb Atlaniic Slatea Uex, Ftnny, hecauee you've done ,, Iitthi and prevent the great West snd Northwest1 nomething for your country. Boston l'osl. from preauhing ths Atlantio through those States, or from navigation the great, mere emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and the St. Lawrence ? The millions destiued to occupy the great region will keer) th sa av enues open, and teariuny pnnisn any one jgr.Ki those who are soft and facile to promje whatever is desire i of them, era afterwards as Irail to break their word and to reeabt, so he, Tho enters ngi'tir mto mien any ono to retmuij u - r- r i ' t or more States that venture to elose them. ; qwrol is very r.se.y to r If the North, prosperous and strong as it . of it. is, (nay,notdo this, reitainly llie puny UeV observer of human' na South with a qanker on ita bosom which is, eating 6'nt its vitality, and an institution in its midst wbioh is paralyzing its tower, ran not do it. : Therefore it will not be done by any. ; ' , . The right of rebellion or resolntion be longs alike ttf'a- State a'nd an individual, bai it is a crime ot such magnitude that he who resorts te it would te hung so much higher lhao the bar thought 61 his. alii inHa wm.M make norterit? dies?. Seoes- eiou is tressoo; and k would be punished accordingly. If iher ever is a dissolution of tbis Union, the North will do The peol of tba Noftb, not a few of thsni, turs has said that sober man.wben drunk baa tbe Sams kind of stupidity about bint that a drunken man nas wuen sooer fjr-W'oiTian lvsmany a'dvantaget over man;ons is that his will has oo operation till be is dead, whervas beta generally Ukta tffect in her lifetime. . '; jOTOur carrier boy aflBxes a tfamiBtf; t. L. D. to his signature; aayi it eteada for "long-legged devil." ' iyA fool always finds a iwr foclf admire hini'.