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I jjY CAIiVIN FBABY. jL TERMS or SUBSCRIPTION. lia Tlnllflru npr nnnum fn hfl TlaM with- JCV fv HIMtulllf - f .1 . .1 ..I monina irom uio time 01 BUDscnuing.. , subscribers who have their papers lea Jit doors, $3 50. ; RATES 0-ADVRRTISU(Cr. Mar per equare Yearly advertitivg, first three in- 1 square per ann. $10 i column, " 18 i . " '- 30 1 ... " 50 ms, and 25 cents ',(ery subsequent ilion. ; j rllE BATTLE OF SAJS JACINTO. .-, . atne Southern Argus, Columbus, Miss. have seen nn article going the founds ie papers, taken from the New York ; nal of Commerce, purporting to be ccount of the battle of San Jacinto. ; author professes to have derived his 'X rmation from a Texian Officer j and fi one or two expressions in the arti I am induced to believe 1 am the in- IJual alluded to. The, account is, ever so imperfect, that one can hard iscover the original. 1 will here give I as correct an account as a bad mem 'I will allow me, and hope you will the attention of the Journal of Com- ce to it. , 4 - . ' i 'he Mexican forces were command- by Gen. Santa Anna m person, and bunted to 1400 infantry, and 400 cav- . They were encamped on a beau- I plain, near the junction of the San into, and the Buffalo Bayou. They two small pieces of -artillery, which tc mounted upon abreast-work, and bmnnded bv ben. Castnllo, a 1 rench- h. nnd a brave and mngnan:mous offi- It is suuJ he was the most, skillul cer in the whole Mexican army. - ; The forces rf Gen. Houston amount- to about 500 men, abdut 100 were-on sick list. They were encamped more h three quarters of a mile from the xicans on ine oiner siae oi mQ; prai- n the edire of the post oak woods.' W had one small pjece-of artillery, tmiinded I think by Col. wnarton.-t the day preceding ihe' engagement, e i was a little light skirmishing he en the cavalry : but resulted in iioih- of any importance.; , v ; In the morning of the ever memorai 21st of April, .1830, Gen. Houston ;d his offijjetitogether for the pur of ascerlnirflh-C their sentiments on siijycct of fisliitig oil that remained picRs, in a Sifigle engagement. Out SOMficers that composed he council, ntore than two or three were in la ongoing into the fight. - TheV were ost unanimous irjureoommendinar an sent to ascertain whether there was nossibilitv of constructing a bridge pss Buffalo Bayou, to effect their pur- r-He-reported, that 1 by tearing n an old ware house, that it might possioie. dui riousion, in iiio -iijiiu-ment of an army, is'something like ntnr in hia nflvice to TelemachusjT- tlie subject ' of military 'councils, tie b willing to liear the consolidated wis h of all--then weich the mntterind hue his own course. From the first had determined to meet the enemy at Is place, but was willing to appear to gUIUCU uy lliu iipiuiuil in ma uuii'Ciai ! when deaf Smith made his report then rose and addressed the council. told them that it was a matter of too eh importance to speculate upon 'pos- lties, her alluded to the conndence would give the 'Mexicans to think they re cndeavorHiff- to make a retreat. told them that the Mexican Army s ptobably. weaker now than it ever ilia pe again tnai in a lew nays, oun Annat would be joined b the divisions rilasola ana Urea, whicn woum sweu :ir forces to more than five thousand :n. That here theV were endeavor- ! to concentrate their forces, and that, re they'mist conquer them; or leave ir uonetr upon me yiutnu. t in ins ' i .v i-.ii..- f...- u: a port was willing to die if his mnliy demanded the mcrince. He then ordered every officer to his st, and mustered the soldiers for battle, Where again made a short address, and uded to their sufferings, tn tlia army, b told them that thev had long retreat- Before an -i Army, powerful only in mbers. That he had frequently been broached for not fighting sooner but Jit he" had jiever seen the time before It he could risk his country's solvation Jon the events of a single hour. I fNow ! boys,7 said he, 'strike home we re got them in a place where retreat bpossible. - Now is the time to teach the difference, between the iviexi i and the North American race, w is tbe time to revenge the death of amented Bouie. and his brave fol ders I Now lithe time to call the cold oded murders of Fannin's division to joount. ( . : '.- - -: Here we'must conquer or die, ;; I?e jllect the sufferings of your wives and ur children, orced from their home I wander over the country in thislncfce snt seasonwhere thev navq endured J the hardships and sufferings that hu- Jn. nature ts capable ol.;, lhe savagr: mahawk ii before them a more sav ;e Mexican host is behind them.- (heir lives, he exclaimed, hang "upon tl enis ot tins dav. ' 'l o-dnv thfl nurf an must be decided, whether we will baPDV rieonleIorhf pTtfirminatifl frn e,face of the earth 1 1 For himself h& io up, this, day should h i vic.ory .or death 1 1 He V." I -V I w7'-' Jgy,.aiM-- nlwuiMisi iwii iiiii nm' n i'iimbiii n m iT'" iimn ' I ' wmn iim'h !m ii i m m i'i ii "i ' Toluiiie I. then told his men if there was one a mong them who did not feel the same spirit, who was hot willing to die for his country, to leae the- ranks, and make the best, of Ins way. to tne stales! I Wo one was found ,;willuig to accept of the offer, and all burned, with etjthusiasm to be conducted to thecharge. :,( .... Houston Inen ordered his musicians to play his favorite tune i ' WiU you come to lha'howeh" f After tbe musicians had gope through Ajfith it, he remarked, well boy if they will hot come to us, wi will go to them. ' The-- musicians struck up "Yankee doodle,'' and the afmy advanc ed with double quick time towards the Mexican lines .-j .., H Houston rodo near 00 feet in advance of the line, and every one dppeared any ious to be th first to-scale the Mexican batterv ' The Mexicans," in tbe mean time opened a heavy: fire upon the ad vancing Tetians; confiJent in their numbers, and the strength of their posi tions could not be brought to believe th;t Houston would risque an attack. - They however opened a heavy fire upon the advancing column, arid to a disinterest., ed spectator the little band of patriots, would liave j)peare(J marching to then graves II But the ground on which the Mexicans .were Encamped, was - mucli higher lhanjthat which was occupied by the Texirtnjs. Houston had alsi) given orders, thAtinn they saw the; smoke rise from the Mexican artillery, that hii men should full to the groun'd, till the iron storm . ha bassed over. In this way, they had, advanced to within a hundred out the ftoss of a single man. : Now tjie inspiring shout otuRemtmler the. Alamo! burst iniif under from the lips of (tie Ma jor-Generals and was reiterated by ev ery J exlan umcer ana soiaier in tne line, v rom this moment, there, was nothing;' ljke order or regularity in the ed tiger, Ictjfoosioni, hjs eager fiid de- ntfnt. -'.uverv &u nnnearca i iw o cnai- those who had iinprisflaed him. If At this lermirfcd: to WrCOK d a vehtrtitira Jl- momejiit th Mexican!, were struck with consternation: man; of thehi'thrcw down! their arms, anci cntfcavored to se- cure tnemseives uxfflialit. Uen; cas- liljery, still, maintained his pest, and by the assisfatice. of Col. Almonte, and a few . 'other officers endeavored to, rally tbeif!; scatfered forces, and bring them again " to the charge.' But his efforts wci'p unavailing, and his bravery fatal to hirrwlf ; a ball from a Texian rifle pierc ed ' venrltand he fell lifeless across his own artillery. From this moment, ev ery" thing like resistance on the part of the! Mexijpnn9 ceased. Some leu on thejir knees, and imploringly begged (heir rives ', otljers attempted to save them selves by flight ; while a division of about 400 plunged into a small lake, in tlie vicinity of the battleground in hopes t be able to reach the opposite shore. ITheir efforts were all alike unavail ing i that morning tho news of the bloody deed of Goliad, had first reach ed the ears of "the Texian soldiers ; ma y of them had brothers and friends (Slaughtered in cold blood, after they had aid, down .their arms, to avenge; and Were! not much' in the mood to extend mercy to their murderers 1 Those who 'fled in ibA plain were cut down by the Texian cavalry s,while ot tne 4l)U that took the water, only 8 reached the op posite shore 1 Those were: brought in the next - morning prisoners. The slaughter, (I will not say battle,) raged for three hours, at last the Texians grew , tired of slaying and began to lis ten. to their earnest supplications for mer cy. None made their escape, and but five hundred prisoners were taken. The rest were left to bleach-, upon the field. ;-:y:):--- The Texian loss amounted to' about 3 kiled and 14 wounded. " Among the latter was Gen. Houston, severely in the" ankle; he however, icfet his post, and it was known that he had been wound ed, till his horsp was shot . down under him. His inability ; to mount another, wjthnut assistance, betrayed his wound, but did notlesaen his autivity. His was the last wound dressed by the surgeon, and its copious bleeding it is believed sa ved his live. He had beea.in extreme low health, for. some months with the jaundice, and hia blood was so pale, jt scarcely stained tn pantaioons. r jom this time his improvement . was rapid, arid his health fs now as good as it ever Was. :' He has also entirefy recovered of Ms wouhd. f ; . ;,- , .V--.v,'i- Santa A nna was taken the next day about 16 miles ;from tho battle ground iw.' Mr. Sv vester, of Cincinnati, , Ohio. ie was brouant into tne presence 01 l ..... .1 . . .e clouston, and soon proposed to send th fimairinff part of theMexican forcep ntint of Texas, on condition that Hous?- iinn would not attack them on the way, etThis proposition was agreed to, and tour weeks trom tne aay mis cqnciusivu ui- tie was fonght, there was tiot a Hostile Mexican to oe tounu in. ihs.- , I pi battle it perhaps one of the rnoBt -.IB AUMEE 'ClTr. SATIJRDAY, MARCH 25 1837. astonishing that has ever been recorded fit &Th time- Here a small force not exceeding 400 men were the assailants and attacked a strong breast wo k defended by 1800 troops-carried the fortification wi(h ,he on men, whileore than 1200 of the cne my perished in the conflict. ' . Geif. Houston had not. n. c,j u.. the Journal of Commerce, a reserve of ouiMiien. iivery soldier in Texas was there except a company of 70 Mis sissippt Volunteers, under the command of Capt. Quitman, who had just arrived in . Texas, and were unknown to the Commander-in-chief. , The had left their home during the gloomy period, of Tex ian history ; but unfortunately did not arrive in time to share the glory of the victory. Capt. Quitman reached San Jacinto, two days after the battle, and munu me worn naa already neen com pleted. j-'. ..''. y - . . , ... Tha correspondent of.the Journal of Voinmerce also speaks of ithe dastardlv Conduct of the Mexican officers. They dU not perhnps'conduct with as much bravery as those opposed to them : but displayed as much brav&rv as can ever bo expected from Mexicans. Indeed, me nower nnu cnivairy ,0f Mexico was there Santa Anna had urrounded him sell with the best officers i,j the service it is agreed on all hands ilt irm Iipqi nil ficers in Mexco were in thavarmy ; and the best in the army were in tliat divis ion, and either tell or were caurcj bv the Tcxians. : V -. i ' I shall conclude this account V enr. recting a gander, that lias been ixten sively ciicojuted not only in the SVj(eg but in Tcxaa itself, relati ve to Gen. H us' ton s having been forced into the batt against his will During the Session of lhe ' Texian Congress at Columbia, this oft repeated slandQX-w'jft'lought up. I, was sitting jl! the p-fHihe Sen?teVpb.amber, vvitntrfi m r, when anlttdividual in, proi rating lUibrKfcriK happ'- !4jXi"6ton i'ed him 8niS..:USir. I nt cSiJeW'- was-nis ; ,.lH- to j,,fwt "i'Hi at uiiiioriesNi"::riisiiiug'oi course in size, w way. fifced into' it by it.jillicnrs will von conhiiHipt lie slaldi ler V 0 'With anWTlctft Gen-' oral,' rlied he, 'I know the reverse to. be .truel j'cjLwere perhaps the only-l-ficcr vvtw was determined to risque a fight at tl hazzards 1 1 This is known to every ojacer in the army. Alter this we heaifno more of the slander at that place. There are a few men, who, jeal ous of I ouston's popularity are anxious to rob im of the glory of the battle: they hav ; about as good a cause for it as Americus Vescupi had for attempting to rob Cojumbus of the glory of discov ery of the new world. 1 hope they will not succeed as well. Most of the Texian officers behaved with unexampled ' bravery ; but there was one or two exceptions ; hut I will make no invidious, distinctions, and in the words of Gen. Houston exclaim. "On that dav there was laurels enough gathered forall." X. Y. Columbus, Mi., Feb. 3, 1837. From Latrobes RambleBin Mexico. DESCRIPTION OF THE XOCHICALCO, . Oil THE.HOUSE OF FLOVVEKS. An hour after; we reached the base of the hills which apparently form a detach ed group in the table land. For many miles previously we had observed and repeatedly crossed an -ancient paved causeway,xabo'it eight feet in breadth, composed of large stones tightly wedg ed together, and runninn directly over plain and barranca, towards the hill of Xochicalo. ' ' ' - i " . The strange mould of the summit of the steep hill on the left, as we entered the group by a small .valley, had long drawn our attention, as it appeared to be surrounded by a regular rampart; but I incline to think that it may be the natn ral formation. ' vi - At the termination of the little valley above mentioned, we arrived at length at the foot of the eminence which was the nrincinal obiectof our excursion. . The circuit of the hill of Xochicalo, or the House of Flowers, may perhaps measure three miles,and its perpendicu lar height about three hundred leel. The opinion has been hazzarded, that the whole mass is artificial ; but it is one cannot entertain for a moment, as its who e nosition and eeneral cdnfijruratibn show it to be one of the group, though there is no doubt "but its entire surface, great as it is; has been subjected ,- to a general design, and cased from it? sum mit to its base with artificial work. The decay of centuries, at the same timo that it has injured many of the details; yet allows the general plan to be detec ted. Even the broad moat, which encir cled the whole,, remains perfectly dis tinct.';, " -. ';. V,-i.--..';" m" U:'V; ldf '''1 -. . Alighting from our pocses at the foot of the hill, which is partially covered with dry brushwood and leafless trees, we scrambled upward, from one stage to another, over the crumbling sioneworn. MM JLLT- JLLSa which from its steepness, occasionally rendered advance difficult. Four ter races apparently made the circuit at re gular;intervals of elevation, though oc casionally they were not easy to detect, from the accumulation of rubbish. - The intermediate slopes are covered with platforms, bastions, pyramidical and rectangular elevations and stages, one above the other, and other erections of which 1 can neither describe the ex act forms nor guess their appropriation. It is evident that all were faced with the same unceriiented stonework, and were accommodated to the natural moulding of the hill, which, however far from re gular, was conical in its general outlines. Upon a platform in connection with the highest terrace, we Were obliged to leave our" horses, before we climed up a steep, stone-faced declivity, evidently pyrami dicnl in its structure, to the summit. " hence we commanded a wide view over the neighboring hills and plains a scene of matchless sterility, clarine in the noonday sun 5 and we now saw that, in addition to the paved road from the norm winch l have mentioned, there were others of precisely the same con struction, running towards the " House 01 r lowers, as to a common centre, from other points of the compass.' From the summit we proceeded to the northward into a hallow square, sit uated at a somewhat lower elevation. in the centre of which we found the ru-.j ins of the remarkable altar, or teocali. which has been the principal object of speculation or attention. Though evidently formed upon the same general principles with the other ancient pyramidical structures of New Spain, it differs from every other erec tion of the class hitherto discovered in Mexico the pyramid of Papantla ex- epted by being wholly constructed of lfTl. lfrrn!nrl v hown nnrt cirmmnlrwial. 'Xid masses, of hard and richly sculp- ,;.!, Vperfec( stnte, which itpreservea "''XVnr'.rativ.-jf recently dateit is siorie6?v'f?;riistiii)c of course in size, on veal of ; p-eciSi;" similar: construction. - Jti luesGLw mvv my lonnri .np lower ry, ana paruvrTrrTrs inu,i in t ineir ururinui uubuiuii .mo wwivc.ti. ..-1 ti.... '... - clnnpucnmonniriff thfi renin ruer hailiifii. .t:i. 'ivu -.-.-, ,t- V . been wantonly moved and carrier off, litlle more than a century ago by thepro- r r.r...to i' z prietors of the sugar plantations m the neighborhood, for the foundation of their haceindas. ' ' VV Tho base lines of the lowest square, which correspond to the cardinal points, may be fifty feet in length ; find the height of the first story, from the present Level of the hollow square in which it stands, eight or nine feet. , One remarkable fact is, thai instead of the wall rising at right angles from the base, it inclines inward, to the height of six feet, with a variation of perhaps fifteen degrees from the perpendicular, when the completion of the, story is ef fected by perpendicular masses, sculp tured in like manner, being placed so as to project out, several inches from the line of ihose immediately below ; a rude analogy of outline with the Egyptian architecture,; that must immediately strike you. It is to be supposed that every story was constructed in a simi lar manner.- , .4 The chief characteristics of the sculp ture are its decision of outline and bold ness ot relief. .Tho hardness of the dark basaltic stone, in which they are cut, has preserved its freshness without the slightest appearance of decay, , To describe the character of the iso lated figuares,. is out cf my power. The majority of the hieroglyphic signs for such ' they doubtless are resem bled nothing in heaven or earth ; but in many parts I detected thegdothed hu man, figures, seemingly reposing in the Asiatic manner. Whether each face of the structure bore throughout similar devices, placed in exactly similar positions,' I do not re collect positively think not; at the same time it was certainly the case at the 'angles,'1 where somcS of the richest nnrl mnct ' ciiirrnlnr fitrUrCS Were tO be found." The: ornament which has been desc.rihfid a " n crocodile spouting wa ter,!' is of very large size, and must have been repeated eight times in each story, hv hfiincr svmmntricallv placed at either exlremitv of the inclined basement of ,rj - - . , , ; ... the structure. ..-e . As 'to jt? bearing resemblance to "a crocodile spouting water," that is a mere fancv s it mav as well portray the head of a grifIin.or of any other fanciful mon ster; and wnai tne ancient oDservur m- teroreicd as a tetof water, was, in my eves ' intended to ; represent a double tongue. Wo were now nearly bunded by the heat and glare ; and after half an hours survey, and reiterated but abortive attempts at a detailed sketch, I was glad to join my companions in beating a Te- treat j for the vertical sun s rays leltno side of the building in shade, and the iHa Rs? rd Number 1. trees arid shrubs which grew on the bor ders of the enclosure, and upon the ruins were leafless and desolate. . Masses of hewn stone were' strewed about the base, and lay in disorder on the building itself. In the centre of the teocalli was an excavation, but made in modern times, probably in a search after hidden treasure; and yet, that the se cond story of the pyramid, at least, had contained a chamber, 1 satisfied myself, by discovering on one of the western fa ces, among the base stones of that story which had not been moved from their original position, one mass, which, both by its situation and the fact of its being sculptured on two of its adjoining faces, plainly indicated its having served as a door-post. Its fellow was not in its place, but 1 have not the slightest doubt of the fact. : ;:::': After leaving this interesting locality, we made a wide circuit of the mount to visit certain subterraneous excavations entering deep into a shoulder of the hill, which, to judge by appearance, has been almost entirely cased over by tho hand of man. ... . . . How far these crfverns run under ground, none can pretend to say; our circumstances compelled us to rest satis fied with ascertaining the fact of their existence, and that there was every sign of their being wholly artificial. The hill of Xochicalo may still be considered unbroken ground for the an tiquarian ; and there is every probabili ty of its rewarding a really careful and attentive survey. . The details, of the group of hills and the surrounding coun tryWiouId not bo ; neglected. Our ex-pectafrohs-iriny be so far useful to; our successors, whoever they may be, as to show, that here plenty of time, and the. means of shelter and refreshment, jr absolutely requisite for the cxcup"1. Situated aiwe. were, and -V'?'8 "' J! positive effected, r'i?1 so we frtJm I need not tcil you tht thoreneitn--yr the shadow of a tniutiion, as to' the 'tHJ'tK.-rj)os'i -hands renred this singular ' niouumcii'. ;ur-ji ii..w to which lW,!?? rVfitofL 1 .lias either as to orm or tho r"TUt gcaata r,ui,. ' loj.ieasi ine. momttjjirtied or pedantic' mav sutrcest that it"iar'f able (o't!ieZapotecs--and.the probabil ity is that they are the work of neither one nor tne other. - ,-: . VVhether the " House of Flowers" was made suoserviont to self-defence. and formed a strong-hold- or was a hill of delight, set apart for the habitation of a monarch or a High place, where the rehjnous mysteries ol a people were per formed or a spot chosen for a union of all ihcse objects, it is still one of the most extraordinary localities in New Spain, and deserves much more attention than it has hitherto received. Pure Metals in a native state in Missouri. Missouri it would appear possesses mineral riches which no otheR country can boast of.. The lead and ir6r; are said to exist in a state of pure metal; near Chantan River the former as it it had been divested of its dross in a fur-1 nace, the latter as firm and unaltered as pig iron: sosayd the PhiladelphiaGazette. VVe never heard before of iron or lead found in this state in extensive beds 5 na tive copper we know exists on Lake Hu ron, and small isolated masses of iron have been found occasionally,supposed to be meteoric. Southern Convention. The New Orleans Bulletin says : " Let the Con vention, we say, be called, and called soon, juettne ijegisiaiure urge mo mat ter upon the attention of tho other Slave States, and propose a time and place for the assembly to be heldlet provisions be made for' the appointment of delegates, and lastly, if the measure be approved by the other states inieresieu, unu in meetins? be held let such an expositioe ofour rights and feelings be made as win compel the Abolitionist to choose bet wen the destruction of the Union, or the un Histiirhnd cotinuance of the'present hap py, and prosperous cnndition of things, Perpetual motion A Dft String-Tel low has constrcted a machine which will revolve forever, and ever and ever at least the mechanics of Macon Geo., say so. JM the principle of perpetual mo tion is now even doubted oy oanonsian himself, who the other day told a young-. ster who was tormenting him on the nnint. the only tvpo of perpetual motion now a days seems lb be your tailor's boyJ he is self-propelled is ceaselessly run' ning ; and its my belief he will run after you unsuccessfully till yoiv shuffle off his mortal coil, or the great globe itself shall vanish. . . ;;-.'V": ; i : Henry Clay. Jr. in answer W a call mrirta unon him in the Lexington papers, hpdnrne a "candidate for the Leis!ature from Fayette coun'y. much. By-theyr010 "uu lu agreed jfl A."1U!?i V? ?v'u v,-v Cucrnavnct. V ritESIDEiST JACKfjtW'S VJ.TZ"'." ' The psrtitans of Pxeader.t vac'-Kun ecern. to rejoice that his adminirtration !i a: length, ose4 j-tfc JSYaA friends 'of the adroin- . istration iliaving glorified to V.A tut;a of tiv'o hundred guna upon theoeeasicn, - wlugs , also' declare themcelves criutlly p'.ad of the same event ; of course we enn for once re- , joice, and that too politically, and not commit ; ourselves. We do not wish to commit our- . ' selves, and yet we openly declare that we re joice. We are glad with both parties, and ferrently hoj 1 that the late change in the head of our g-overnment inly got be for the worse. We fake it for granted that President Jack son believes in the correctness of those doc trines which he' advocates j and with that view of the subject, the address well enough. It contains none of those stores of wisdom, none of those golden rules, and precious max ims which are to be found in the memorable address of George Washington, on a similar . occasion 1 besides it is party political in it nature, and calculated rather for the present state of political affairs than for a landmark to guide the searcher after truth through after ages, and equally applicable toaHetatcf of so- ciety, and stages of civilization. As a litera ry composition it is very- well, as our readers will perceive from the .following extracts. '"!, We give the commencement.; -1 Feixow Citizens : Beinsr abrwt to .; retire finally from public life. I be? leave to offer vou mv crateful thanks for tho many proofs of .kindness and confidence " which I have received nl your nnn-is. It has been my fortni-c, !. -.--:';: -;irge I, of public duties, civil-a-n-.jr.;-.rvtre; quently to have found m"rV.3.:;;:.iKolt . and trying situations, . w.u-r s...iw..; cision and energetic actioii --3 rnces-, sary. and where tne im-.Ti. v.u. try required that high v rpcr-iiitics should be fearlessly eneogatc::; wittis ,. with the deepest emouns .jiauae. ; tRat I acknowledge ths. rUfr:i and unbroken confidence, you have sustained me if-Wf My public life lwW tongmyri ftfan- : . not , hope' tl-' A has -aUil I.i. beer, ; free' to ""ror9- E" l hnV! 1:3 t'onso' ' udf knowinff that, .if misiakes have ' . !cn committed, they ha 70 r.oj ssn'dus-: ' Iv injured the. country I sa a:i(ojf -.en-r deavor- fo .serve j and, at 4.55. -nioment when I surrender my Ijst'pufp trust, , : I leave this great people -prci'rous Jirtd; . happy: in the full enjoyment of libqrty .'.'.; and-peace; and honored and respected by-every nation ot .tne wona. . : , ; -. With regard to the currerr:' o.?ilje cpurir-. try, arid the Uiiitd 'StSites iJaaV,'" iesie-.th': Jackson-soys ; v .',V;.v-. ''ffyi& ' X . ; The r&t m'erf' wins. wotH.ptr si If i"" tsun property in-- ;jn.tcaly' ::r-': U;!-.5it!K?r-.-v" cannot be rHed jf.v , . ( lating' TOedioro;Wfwrrrirn-1--times of prosperity, when "clt,:. . men, ineyare iemremc:7 :;... of gain, or the irfflufnft c: hope to profit by it,tbSxMr.r ICr-lssues '?.? or paper nqyood lhe bounr or ocre-jv tion and the rerfsonabre .ce'ir.-j,u3of bu siness. Aridwhen theW'-bsiUss''- have been pushed on, from aftyyfa until public confidence is ai r:,i'; shaken,, ; then a reaction tikes pjVsc; ; tiiey immediately- withdraw the --ii- ;;:;they V have given f suddeafy. eurK;'- vlnacsi anq prouuee an .unexpecwa- tu v aous . 1 ... .. ... . , contraction of4he c-j-rifcrj. '- ?,..um, iity. : '7c.;rN hy are wnicn is ieii oy me wnoic,:; s'.iTiie banks. bV tfcfs Ttzrtpi Selves, arid the ipischipyttui ci. ces of their impriidenc tir visited upon tbo pubhc, -Su ?;'.? -c'-i ?3 the evn stop nere., r.. .i nese etsK:r,.i lbv,vs in the currency, and tliese ;nd! irce; oten- sions or credit,- naturaii. engender a spirit of speculation Imjiviotjs' tsja -hn. :"''' bits and ..character of )h4- yszplhflWe have already seen, its eIhci2 tjfVild . spirit of speculation in U:S ;?ubii;i iands, and: various kinds of Etoci:,; h.i;.: w;t!i-?,v in the last year or twCi'.seiX'crifih such--- a multitude ot ouri,c!iwer,j,,s.;u ireat-. . ., ened to pervade al claws &?. rock' ty,: and X to wltnaraw.Mlel..ii.J .i.je.so-4;- 4---. .. r ber pursuits pf :hQneEt iiiJuf:;ry. ;i1iis not by-encpuragiug this- sp:Ki,-?'tj;it-we lUXi 'J X shall best preserve public viic mi provvi'?--t mote ther-ud ' interests' of 'XyitiryyX'XyXi X But if ypW.fcuf.ren.cy .cpr.i;r.tjo.f.s -x' -:r vX:H?g clusively paper as it hcjw ifVj't vi'i fos-' J ? ter this eager ;desi're'o:lc-- ar.rt-!ul;li-j;,f V X without labor ; it will maJl'piytheitHim ber of;dependani3 ou ban?; aCTnodar tions. and bank fayors.jtf'ii? obtain money at 'eny sah;; -iv;!i bd'XTX. come stronger and .Bt?0!?j-:.JA'i;A-G-i''evi-f , XX.X. tablyJead,to,coir,up!!93. 57vii..'i7ai findj.-.'0vVli-its way into voup puuio .ct.q.'ici's,' and X destroy, at".noTdi8tant dsi- ftiiy 6t -- ''V'f3 , your Government. V 5$.- I' d evils ... tl .. which, arise :frc ,thi? c paper, .; ? f pres9 with jraciarjha qlass of society least able -'qVsir. it. AXX 'S portion of this- currency f.vr?nt;y be-5 ' : f-i comesdepreciafiiJor;wK-'f'3' Slid alt'lH t'j 'X:' pfVit a eus'dy coit&r! jiv mcb a X manner as to,;rsq.uiro.ps?u.&r ;:t,,l and ' .7;-.. much experience to-distic;.; s:- ter feit, .fcom., ;ths gonu-.ns Irauds are mostg-!.: ...y per the Smaller notes, w'ukh are daily transaciian'j and . the losses o - commonly tiro classes of iociety. pursuits put l oat t tonselvw .rom s . "-'ftrrtcd i a --: i.i x'. " ' : ... ' .less ; ;. ' llvert) are. .-boring !.0 --'if .-it '