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; j rllE BATTLE OF SAJS JACINTO. .-,
. atne Southern Argus, Columbus, Miss.
have seen nn article going the founds
ie papers, taken from the New York
; nal of Commerce, purporting to be
ccount of the battle of San Jacinto.
; author professes to have derived his
'X rmation from a Texian Officer j and
fi one or two expressions in the arti
I am induced to believe 1 am the in-
IJual alluded to. The, account is,
ever so imperfect, that one can hard
iscover the original. 1 will here give
I as correct an account as a bad mem
'I will allow me, and hope you will
the attention of the Journal of Com-
ce to it. , 4 - . ' i
'he Mexican forces were command-
by Gen. Santa Anna m person, and
bunted to 1400 infantry, and 400 cav-
. They were encamped on a beau-
I plain, near the junction of the San
into, and the Buffalo Bayou. They
two small pieces of -artillery, which
tc mounted upon abreast-work, and
bmnnded bv ben. Castnllo, a 1 rench-
h. nnd a brave and mngnan:mous offi-
It is suuJ he was the most, skillul
cer in the whole Mexican army. - ;
The forces rf Gen. Houston amount-
to about 500 men, abdut 100 were-on
sick list. They were encamped more
h three quarters of a mile from the
xicans on ine oiner siae oi mQ; prai-
n the edire of the post oak woods.'
W had one small pjece-of artillery,
tmiinded I think by Col. wnarton.-t
the day preceding ihe' engagement,
e i was a little light skirmishing he
en the cavalry : but resulted in iioih-
of any importance.; , v ;
In the morning of the ever memorai
21st of April, .1830, Gen. Houston
;d his offijjetitogether for the pur
of ascerlnirflh-C their sentiments on
siijycct of fisliitig oil that remained
picRs, in a Sifigle engagement. Out
SOMficers that composed he council,
ntore than two or three were in la
ongoing into the fight. - TheV were
ost unanimous irjureoommendinar an
sent to ascertain whether there was
nossibilitv of constructing a bridge
pss Buffalo Bayou, to effect their pur-
r-He-reported, that 1 by tearing
n an old ware house, that it might
possioie. dui riousion, in iiio -iijiiu-ment
of an army, is'something like
ntnr in hia nflvice to TelemachusjT-
tlie subject ' of military 'councils, tie
b willing to liear the consolidated wis
h of all--then weich the mntterind
hue his own course. From the first
had determined to meet the enemy at
Is place, but was willing to appear to
gUIUCU uy lliu iipiuiuil in ma uuii'Ciai
! when deaf Smith made his report
then rose and addressed the council.
told them that it was a matter of too
eh importance to speculate upon 'pos-
lties, her alluded to the conndence
would give the 'Mexicans to think they
re cndeavorHiff- to make a retreat.
told them that the Mexican Army
s ptobably. weaker now than it ever
ilia pe again tnai in a lew nays, oun
Annat would be joined b the divisions
rilasola ana Urea, whicn woum sweu
:ir forces to more than five thousand
:n. That here theV were endeavor-
! to concentrate their forces, and that,
re they'mist conquer them; or leave
ir uonetr upon me yiutnu. t in ins
' i .v i-.ii..- f...- u:
a port was willing to die if his
mnliy demanded the mcrince.
He then ordered every officer to his
st, and mustered the soldiers for battle,
Where again made a short address, and
uded to their sufferings, tn tlia army,
b told them that thev had long retreat-
Before an -i Army, powerful only in
mbers. That he had frequently been
broached for not fighting sooner but
Jit he" had jiever seen the time before
It he could risk his country's solvation
Jon the events of a single hour. I fNow
! boys,7 said he, 'strike home we
re got them in a place where retreat
bpossible. - Now is the time to teach
the difference, between the iviexi
i and the North American race,
w is tbe time to revenge the death of
amented Bouie. and his brave fol
ders I Now lithe time to call the cold
oded murders of Fannin's division to
joount. ( . : '.- - -:
Here we'must conquer or die, ;; I?e
jllect the sufferings of your wives and
ur children, orced from their home
I wander over the country in thislncfce
snt seasonwhere thev navq endured
J the hardships and sufferings that hu-
Jn. nature ts capable ol.;, lhe savagr:
mahawk ii before them a more sav
;e Mexican host is behind them.-
(heir lives, he exclaimed, hang "upon tl
enis ot tins dav. ' 'l o-dnv thfl nurf
an must be decided, whether we will
baPDV rieonleIorhf pTtfirminatifl frn
e,face of the earth 1 1 For himself h&
io up, this, day should h
i vic.ory .or death 1 1 He
w7'-' Jgy,.aiM-- nlwuiMisi iwii iiiii nm' n i'iimbiii n m iT'" iimn ' I ' wmn iim'h !m ii i m m i'i ii "i '
then told his men if there was one a
mong them who did not feel the same
spirit, who was hot willing to die for his
country, to leae the- ranks, and make
the best, of Ins way. to tne stales! I Wo
one was found ,;willuig to accept of the
offer, and all burned, with etjthusiasm to
be conducted to thecharge. :,( ....
Houston Inen ordered his musicians
to play his favorite tune i ' WiU you come
to lha'howeh" f After tbe musicians had
gope through Ajfith it, he remarked, well
boy if they will hot come to us, wi will
go to them. ' The-- musicians struck up
"Yankee doodle,'' and the afmy advanc
ed with double quick time towards the
Mexican lines .-j .., H
Houston rodo near 00 feet in advance
of the line, and every one dppeared any
ious to be th first to-scale the Mexican
batterv ' The Mexicans," in tbe mean
time opened a heavy: fire upon the ad
vancing Tetians; confiJent in their
numbers, and the strength of their posi
tions could not be brought to believe th;t
Houston would risque an attack. - They
however opened a heavy fire upon the
advancing column, arid to a disinterest.,
ed spectator the little band of patriots,
would liave j)peare(J marching to then
graves II But the ground on which the
Mexicans .were Encamped, was - mucli
higher lhanjthat which was occupied by
the Texirtnjs. Houston had alsi) given
orders, thAtinn they saw the; smoke rise
from the Mexican artillery, that hii men
should full to the groun'd, till the iron
storm . ha bassed over. In this way,
they had, advanced to within a hundred
out the ftoss of a single man. : Now tjie
inspiring shout otuRemtmler the. Alamo!
burst iniif under from the lips of (tie Ma
jor-Generals and was reiterated by ev
ery J exlan umcer ana soiaier in tne
line, v rom this moment, there, was
nothing;' ljke order or regularity in the
ed tiger, Ictjfoosioni, hjs eager fiid de-
ntfnt. -'.uverv &u nnnearca i iw o cnai-
those who had iinprisflaed him. If At this
lermirfcd: to WrCOK d a vehtrtitira Jl-
momejiit th Mexican!, were struck with
consternation: man; of thehi'thrcw
down! their arms, anci cntfcavored to se-
cure tnemseives uxfflialit. Uen; cas-
liljery, still, maintained his pest, and by
the assisfatice. of Col. Almonte, and a
few . 'other officers endeavored to, rally
tbeif!; scatfered forces, and bring them
again " to the charge.' But his efforts
wci'p unavailing, and his bravery fatal to
hirrwlf ; a ball from a Texian rifle pierc
ed ' venrltand he fell lifeless across his
own artillery. From this moment, ev
ery" thing like resistance on the part of
the! Mexijpnn9 ceased. Some leu on
thejir knees, and imploringly begged (heir
rives ', otljers attempted to save them
selves by flight ; while a division of
about 400 plunged into a small lake, in
tlie vicinity of the battleground in hopes
t be able to reach the opposite shore.
ITheir efforts were all alike unavail
ing i that morning tho news of the
bloody deed of Goliad, had first reach
ed the ears of "the Texian soldiers ; ma
y of them had brothers and friends
(Slaughtered in cold blood, after they had
aid, down .their arms, to avenge; and
Were! not much' in the mood to extend
mercy to their murderers 1 Those who
'fled in ibA plain were cut down by the
Texian cavalry s,while ot tne 4l)U that
took the water, only 8 reached the op
posite shore 1 Those were: brought in
the next - morning prisoners. The
slaughter, (I will not say battle,) raged
for three hours, at last the Texians
grew , tired of slaying and began to lis
ten. to their earnest supplications for mer
cy. None made their escape, and but
five hundred prisoners were taken.
The rest were left to bleach-, upon the
The Texian loss amounted to' about 3
kiled and 14 wounded. " Among the
latter was Gen. Houston, severely in
the" ankle; he however, icfet his post, and
it was known that he had been wound
ed, till his horsp was shot . down under
him. His inability ; to mount another,
wjthnut assistance, betrayed his wound,
but did notlesaen his autivity. His was
the last wound dressed by the surgeon,
and its copious bleeding it is believed sa
ved his live. He had beea.in extreme
low health, for. some months with the
jaundice, and hia blood was so pale, jt
scarcely stained tn pantaioons. r jom
this time his improvement . was rapid,
arid his health fs now as good as it ever
Was. :' He has also entirefy recovered of
Ms wouhd. f ; . ;,- , .V--.v,'i-
Santa A nna was taken the next day
about 16 miles ;from tho battle ground
iw.' Mr. Sv vester, of Cincinnati, , Ohio.
ie was brouant into tne presence 01
l ..... .1 . . .e
clouston, and soon proposed to send th
fimairinff part of theMexican forcep
ntint of Texas, on condition that Hous?-
iinn would not attack them on the way,
etThis proposition was agreed to, and tour
weeks trom tne aay mis cqnciusivu ui-
tie was fonght, there was tiot a Hostile
Mexican to oe tounu in. ihs.- ,
I pi battle it perhaps one of the rnoBt
-.IB AUMEE 'ClTr. SATIJRDAY, MARCH 25 1837.
astonishing that has ever been recorded
fit &Th time- Here a small
force not exceeding 400 men were the
assailants and attacked a strong breast
wo k defended by 1800 troops-carried
the fortification wi(h ,he on
men, whileore than 1200 of the cne
my perished in the conflict. '
. Geif. Houston had not. n. c,j u..
the Journal of Commerce, a reserve of
ouiMiien. iivery soldier in Texas was
there except a company of 70 Mis
sissippt Volunteers, under the command
of Capt. Quitman, who had just arrived
in . Texas, and were unknown to the
Commander-in-chief. , The had left their
home during the gloomy period, of Tex
ian history ; but unfortunately did not
arrive in time to share the glory of the
victory. Capt. Quitman reached San
Jacinto, two days after the battle, and
munu me worn naa already neen com
pleted. j-'. ..''. y - . . , ...
Tha correspondent of.the Journal of
Voinmerce also speaks of ithe dastardlv
Conduct of the Mexican officers. They
dU not perhnps'conduct with as much
bravery as those opposed to them : but
displayed as much brav&rv as can ever
bo expected from Mexicans. Indeed,
me nower nnu cnivairy ,0f Mexico was
there Santa Anna had urrounded him
sell with the best officers i,j the service
it is agreed on all hands ilt irm Iipqi nil
ficers in Mexco were in thavarmy ; and
the best in the army were in tliat divis
ion, and either tell or were caurcj bv
the Tcxians. : V -. i '
I shall conclude this account V enr.
recting a gander, that lias been ixten
sively ciicojuted not only in the SVj(eg
but in Tcxaa itself, relati ve to Gen. H us'
ton s having been forced into the batt
against his will
During the Session of lhe ' Texian
Congress at Columbia, this oft repeated
slandQX-w'jft'lought up. I, was sitting
jl! the p-fHihe Sen?teVpb.amber,
vvitntrfi m r, when anlttdividual
!4jXi"6ton i'ed him
8niS..:USir. I nt cSiJeW'-
was-nis ; ,.lH- to j,,fwt "i'Hi at uiiiioriesNi"::riisiiiug'oi course in size, w
way. fifced into' it by
will von conhiiHipt
ler V 0 'With anWTlctft Gen-'
oral,' rlied he, 'I know the reverse to.
be .truel j'cjLwere perhaps the only-l-ficcr
vvtw was determined to risque a
fight at tl hazzards 1 1 This is known to
every ojacer in the army. Alter this
we heaifno more of the slander at that
place. There are a few men, who, jeal
ous of I ouston's popularity are anxious
to rob im of the glory of the battle:
they hav ; about as good a cause for it as
Americus Vescupi had for attempting
to rob Cojumbus of the glory of discov
ery of the new world. 1 hope they will
not succeed as well.
Most of the Texian officers behaved
with unexampled ' bravery ; but there
was one or two exceptions ; hut I will
make no invidious, distinctions, and in
the words of Gen. Houston exclaim.
"On that dav there was laurels enough
gathered forall." X. Y.
Columbus, Mi., Feb. 3, 1837.
From Latrobes RambleBin Mexico.
DESCRIPTION OF THE XOCHICALCO,
. Oil THE.HOUSE OF FLOVVEKS.
An hour after; we reached the base of
the hills which apparently form a detach
ed group in the table land. For many
miles previously we had observed and
repeatedly crossed an -ancient paved
causeway,xabo'it eight feet in breadth,
composed of large stones tightly wedg
ed together, and runninn directly over
plain and barranca, towards the hill of
Xochicalo. ' ' ' - i "
. The strange mould of the summit of
the steep hill on the left, as we entered
the group by a small .valley, had long
drawn our attention, as it appeared to be
surrounded by a regular rampart; but
I incline to think that it may be the natn
ral formation. ' vi
- At the termination of the little valley
above mentioned, we arrived at length
at the foot of the eminence which was
the nrincinal obiectof our excursion.
. The circuit of the hill of Xochicalo,
or the House of Flowers, may perhaps
measure three miles,and its perpendicu
lar height about three hundred leel.
The opinion has been hazzarded, that the
whole mass is artificial ; but it is one
cannot entertain for a moment, as its
who e nosition and eeneral cdnfijruratibn
show it to be one of the group, though
there is no doubt "but its entire surface,
great as it is; has been subjected ,- to a
general design, and cased from it? sum
mit to its base with artificial work.
The decay of centuries, at the same timo
that it has injured many of the details;
yet allows the general plan to be detec
ted. Even the broad moat, which encir
cled the whole,, remains perfectly dis
tinct.';, " -. ';. V,-i.--..';" m" U:'V; ldf '''1 -.
. Alighting from our pocses at the foot
of the hill, which is partially covered
with dry brushwood and leafless trees,
we scrambled upward, from one stage to
another, over the crumbling sioneworn.
MM JLLT- JLLSa
which from its steepness, occasionally
rendered advance difficult. Four ter
races apparently made the circuit at re
gular;intervals of elevation, though oc
casionally they were not easy to detect,
from the accumulation of rubbish.
- The intermediate slopes are covered
with platforms, bastions, pyramidical
and rectangular elevations and stages,
one above the other, and other erections
of which 1 can neither describe the ex
act forms nor guess their appropriation.
It is evident that all were faced with the
same unceriiented stonework, and were
accommodated to the natural moulding
of the hill, which, however far from re
gular, was conical in its general outlines.
Upon a platform in connection with the
highest terrace, we Were obliged to leave
our" horses, before we climed up a steep,
stone-faced declivity, evidently pyrami
dicnl in its structure, to the summit. "
hence we commanded a wide view
over the neighboring hills and plains a
scene of matchless sterility, clarine in
the noonday sun 5 and we now saw that,
in addition to the paved road from the
norm winch l have mentioned, there
were others of precisely the same con
struction, running towards the " House
01 r lowers, as to a common centre,
from other points of the compass.'
From the summit we proceeded to
the northward into a hallow square, sit
uated at a somewhat lower elevation.
in the centre of which we found the ru-.j
ins of the remarkable altar, or teocali.
which has been the principal object of
speculation or attention.
Though evidently formed upon the
same general principles with the other
ancient pyramidical structures of New
Spain, it differs from every other erec
tion of the class hitherto discovered in
Mexico the pyramid of Papantla ex-
epted by being wholly constructed of
lfTl. lfrrn!nrl v hown nnrt cirmmnlrwial.
'Xid masses, of hard and richly sculp-
,;.!, Vperfec( stnte, which itpreservea
"''XVnr'.rativ.-jf recently dateit is
siorie6?v'f?;riistiii)c of course in size, on
of ; p-eciSi;" similar: construction. - Jti
luesGLw mvv my lonnri .np lower
ry, ana paruvrTrrTrs inu,i
in t ineir ururinui uubuiuii .mo wwivc.ti. ..-1 ti.... '... -
clnnpucnmonniriff thfi renin ruer hailiifii. .t:i. 'ivu -.-.-, ,t- V .
been wantonly moved and carrier off,
litlle more than a century ago by thepro-
r r.r...to i' z
prietors of the sugar plantations m the
neighborhood, for the foundation of their
haceindas. ' ' VV
Tho base lines of the lowest square,
which correspond to the cardinal points,
may be fifty feet in length ; find the
height of the first story, from the present
Level of the hollow square in which it
stands, eight or nine feet. ,
One remarkable fact is, thai instead
of the wall rising at right angles from
the base, it inclines inward, to the height
of six feet, with a variation of perhaps
fifteen degrees from the perpendicular,
when the completion of the, story is ef
fected by perpendicular masses, sculp
tured in like manner, being placed so as
to project out, several inches from the
line of ihose immediately below ; a rude
analogy of outline with the Egyptian
architecture,; that must immediately
strike you. It is to be supposed that
every story was constructed in a simi
lar manner.- , .4
The chief characteristics of the sculp
ture are its decision of outline and bold
ness ot relief. .Tho hardness of the
dark basaltic stone, in which they are
cut, has preserved its freshness without
the slightest appearance of decay, ,
To describe the character of the iso
lated figuares,. is out cf my power.
The majority of the hieroglyphic signs
for such ' they doubtless are resem
bled nothing in heaven or earth ; but in
many parts I detected thegdothed hu
man, figures, seemingly reposing in the
Whether each face of the structure
bore throughout similar devices, placed
in exactly similar positions,' I do not re
collect positively think not; at the
same time it was certainly the case at
the 'angles,'1 where somcS of the richest
nnrl mnct ' ciiirrnlnr fitrUrCS Were tO be
found." The: ornament which has been
desc.rihfid a " n crocodile spouting wa
ter,!' is of very large size, and must have
been repeated eight times in each story,
hv hfiincr svmmntricallv placed at either
exlremitv of the inclined basement of
,rj - - . , , ; ...
the structure. ..-e .
As 'to jt? bearing resemblance to "a
crocodile spouting water," that is a mere
fancv s it mav as well portray the head
of a grifIin.or of any other fanciful mon
ster; and wnai tne ancient oDservur m-
teroreicd as a tetof water, was, in my
eves ' intended to ; represent a double
tongue. Wo were now nearly bunded
by the heat and glare ; and after half an
hours survey, and reiterated but abortive
attempts at a detailed sketch, I was glad
to join my companions in beating a Te-
treat j for the vertical sun s rays leltno
side of the building in shade, and the
iHa Rs? rd
trees arid shrubs which grew on the bor
ders of the enclosure, and upon the ruins
were leafless and desolate. .
Masses of hewn stone were' strewed
about the base, and lay in disorder on
the building itself. In the centre of the
teocalli was an excavation, but made in
modern times, probably in a search after
hidden treasure; and yet, that the se
cond story of the pyramid, at least, had
contained a chamber, 1 satisfied myself,
by discovering on one of the western fa
ces, among the base stones of that story
which had not been moved from their
original position, one mass, which, both
by its situation and the fact of its being
sculptured on two of its adjoining faces,
plainly indicated its having served as a
door-post. Its fellow was not in its place,
but 1 have not the slightest doubt of the
fact. : ;:::':
After leaving this interesting locality,
we made a wide circuit of the mount to
visit certain subterraneous excavations
entering deep into a shoulder of the hill,
which, to judge by appearance, has been
almost entirely cased over by tho hand
of man. ... . . .
How far these crfverns run under
ground, none can pretend to say; our
circumstances compelled us to rest satis
fied with ascertaining the fact of their
existence, and that there was every sign
of their being wholly artificial.
The hill of Xochicalo may still be
considered unbroken ground for the an
tiquarian ; and there is every probabili
ty of its rewarding a really careful and
attentive survey. . The details, of the
group of hills and the surrounding coun
tryWiouId not bo ; neglected. Our ex-pectafrohs-iriny
be so far useful to; our
successors, whoever they may be, as to
show, that here plenty of time, and the.
means of shelter and refreshment, jr
absolutely requisite for the cxcup"1.
Situated aiwe. were, and -V'?'8 "' J!
positive effected, r'i?1
I need not tcil you tht thoreneitn--yr
the shadow of a tniutiion, as to' the
'tHJ'tK.-rj)os'i -hands renred this singular
' niouumcii'. ;ur-ji ii..w to which
lW,!?? rVfitofL 1 .lias
either as to orm or tho
r,ui,. ' loj.ieasi ine. momttjjirtied
or pedantic' mav sutrcest that it"iar'f
able (o't!ieZapotecs--and.the probabil
ity is that they are the work of neither
one nor tne other. - ,-: .
VVhether the " House of Flowers"
was made suoserviont to self-defence.
and formed a strong-hold- or was a hill
of delight, set apart for the habitation of
a monarch or a High place, where the
rehjnous mysteries ol a people were per
formed or a spot chosen for a union of
all ihcse objects, it is still one of the
most extraordinary localities in New
Spain, and deserves much more attention
than it has hitherto received.
Pure Metals in a native state in
Missouri. Missouri it would appear
possesses mineral riches which no otheR
country can boast of.. The lead and ir6r;
are said to exist in a state of pure metal;
near Chantan River the former as it
it had been divested of its dross in a fur-1
nace, the latter as firm and unaltered as
pig iron: sosayd the PhiladelphiaGazette.
VVe never heard before of iron or lead
found in this state in extensive beds 5 na
tive copper we know exists on Lake Hu
ron, and small isolated masses of iron
have been found occasionally,supposed to
Southern Convention. The New
Orleans Bulletin says : " Let the Con
vention, we say, be called, and called
soon, juettne ijegisiaiure urge mo mat
ter upon the attention of tho other Slave
States, and propose a time and place for
the assembly to be heldlet provisions be
made for' the appointment of delegates,
and lastly, if the measure be approved
by the other states inieresieu, unu in
meetins? be held let such an expositioe
ofour rights and feelings be made as win
compel the Abolitionist to choose bet wen
the destruction of the Union, or the un
Histiirhnd cotinuance of the'present hap
py, and prosperous cnndition of things,
Perpetual motion A Dft String-Tel
low has constrcted a machine which will
revolve forever, and ever and ever at
least the mechanics of Macon Geo., say
so. JM the principle of perpetual mo
tion is now even doubted oy oanonsian
himself, who the other day told a young-.
ster who was tormenting him on the
nnint. the only tvpo of perpetual motion
now a days seems lb be your tailor's boyJ
he is self-propelled is ceaselessly run'
ning ; and its my belief he will run after
you unsuccessfully till yoiv shuffle off his
mortal coil, or the great globe itself shall
vanish. . . ;;-.'V": ;
i : Henry Clay. Jr. in answer W a
mrirta unon him in the Lexington papers,
hpdnrne a "candidate
for the Leis!ature from Fayette coun'y.
much. By-theyr010 "uu lu
agreed jfl A."1U!?i V? ?v'u v,-v
ritESIDEiST JACKfjtW'S VJ.TZ"'."
' The psrtitans of Pxeader.t vac'-Kun ecern.
to rejoice that his adminirtration !i a: length,
ose4 j-tfc JSYaA friends 'of the adroin- .
istration iliaving glorified to V.A tut;a of tiv'o
hundred guna upon theoeeasicn, - wlugs ,
also' declare themcelves criutlly p'.ad of the
same event ; of course we enn for once re- ,
joice, and that too politically, and not commit ;
ourselves. We do not wish to commit our- . '
selves, and yet we openly declare that we re
joice. We are glad with both parties, and
ferrently hoj 1 that the late change in the head
of our g-overnment inly got be for the worse.
We fake it for granted that President Jack
son believes in the correctness of those doc
trines which he' advocates j and with that
view of the subject, the address well enough.
It contains none of those stores of wisdom,
none of those golden rules, and precious max
ims which are to be found in the memorable
address of George Washington, on a similar .
occasion 1 besides it is party political in it
nature, and calculated rather for the present
state of political affairs than for a landmark to
guide the searcher after truth through after
ages, and equally applicable toaHetatcf of so-
ciety, and stages of civilization. As a litera
ry composition it is very- well, as our readers
will perceive from the .following extracts. '"!,
We give the commencement.; -1
Feixow Citizens : Beinsr abrwt to .;
retire finally from public life. I be? leave
to offer vou mv crateful thanks for tho
many proofs of .kindness and confidence "
which I have received nl your nnn-is.
It has been my fortni-c, !. -.--:';: -;irge I,
of public duties, civil-a-n-.jr.;-.rvtre;
quently to have found m"rV.3.:;;:.iKolt .
and trying situations, . w.u-r s...iw..;
cision and energetic actioii --3 rnces-,
sary. and where tne im-.Ti. v.u.
try required that high v rpcr-iiitics
should be fearlessly eneogatc::; wittis ,.
with the deepest emouns .jiauae. ;
tRat I acknowledge ths. rUfr:i and
unbroken confidence, you
have sustained me if-Wf My
public life lwW tongmyri ftfan- : .
not , hope' tl-' A has -aUil I.i. beer, ;
free' to ""ror9- E" l hnV! 1:3 t'onso' '
udf knowinff that, .if misiakes have ' .
!cn committed, they ha 70 r.oj ssn'dus-: '
Iv injured the. country I sa a:i(ojf -.en-r
deavor- fo .serve j and, at 4.55. -nioment
when I surrender my Ijst'pufp trust, , :
I leave this great people -prci'rous Jirtd; .
happy: in the full enjoyment of libqrty .'.'.;
and-peace; and honored and respected
by-every nation ot .tne wona. . : , ; -.
With regard to the currerr:' o.?ilje cpurir-.
try, arid the Uiiitd 'StSites iJaaV,'" iesie-.th':
Jackson-soys ; v .',V;.v-. ''ffyi& ' X
. ; The r&t m'erf' wins. wotH.ptr
;jn.tcaly' ::r-': U;!-.5it!K?r-.-v"
cannot be rHed jf.v , . (
of prosperity, when "clt,:. .
men, ineyare iemremc:7 :;...
of gain, or the irfflufnft c:
hope to profit by it,tbSxMr.r
or paper nqyood lhe bounr or ocre-jv
tion and the rerfsonabre .ce'ir.-j,u3of bu
siness. Aridwhen theW'-bsiUss''- have
been pushed on, from aftyyfa until
public confidence is ai r:,i'; shaken,, ;
then a reaction tikes pjVsc; ; tiiey immediately-
withdraw the --ii- ;;:;they V
have given f suddeafy. eurK;'- vlnacsi
anq prouuee an .unexpecwa- tu v aous
. 1 ... .. ... . ,
contraction of4he c-j-rifcrj. '-
wnicn is ieii oy me wnoic,:;
s'.iTiie banks. bV tfcfs Ttzrtpi
Selves, arid the ipischipyttui ci.
ces of their impriidenc tir
visited upon tbo pubhc, -Su ?;'.? -c'-i
evn stop nere., r.. .i nese etsK:r,.i lbv,vs in
the currency, and tliese ;nd! irce; oten-
sions or credit,- naturaii. engender a
spirit of speculation Imjiviotjs' tsja -hn. :"'''
bits and ..character of )h4- yszplhflWe
have already seen, its eIhci2 tjfVild .
spirit of speculation in U:S ;?ubii;i iands,
and: various kinds of Etoci:,; h.i;.: w;t!i-?,v
in the last year or twCi'.seiX'crifih such---
a multitude ot ouri,c!iwer,j,,s.;u ireat-. . .,
ened to pervade al claws &?. rock' ty,: and X
to wltnaraw.Mlel..ii.J .i.je.so-4;- 4---. .. r
ber pursuits pf :hQneEt iiiJuf:;ry. ;i1iis
not by-encpuragiug this- sp:Ki,-?'tj;it-we lUXi 'J X
shall best preserve public viic mi provvi'?--t
mote ther-ud ' interests' of 'XyitiryyX'XyXi X
But if ypW.fcuf.ren.cy .cpr.i;r.tjo.f.s -x' -:r vX:H?g
clusively paper as it hcjw ifVj't vi'i fos-' J ?
ter this eager ;desi're'o:lc-- ar.rt-!ul;li-j;,f V X
without labor ; it will maJl'piytheitHim
ber of;dependani3 ou ban?; aCTnodar
tions. and bank fayors.jtf'ii?
obtain money at 'eny sah;; -iv;!i bd'XTX.
come stronger and .Bt?0!?j-:.JA'i;A-G-i''evi-f , XX.X.
tablyJead,to,coir,up!!93. 57vii..'i7ai findj.-.'0vVli-its
way into voup puuio .ct.q.'ici's,' and X
destroy, at".noTdi8tant dsi- ftiiy 6t -- ''V'f3 ,
your Government. V 5$.- I' d evils ... tl ..
which, arise :frc ,thi? c paper, .; ? f
pres9 with jraciarjha
qlass of society least able -'qVsir. it. AXX 'S
portion of this- currency f.vr?nt;y be-5 ' : f-i
comesdepreciafiiJor;wK-'f'3' Slid alt'lH t'j 'X:'
pfVit a eus'dy coit&r! jiv mcb a X
manner as to,;rsq.uiro.ps?u.&r ;:t,,l and ' .7;-..
much experience to-distic;.; s:-
ter feit, .fcom., ;ths gonu-.ns
Irauds are mostg-!.: ...y per
the Smaller notes, w'ukh are
and . the losses o -
classes of iociety.
pursuits put l oat
t tonselvw .rom
"-'ftrrtcd i a --:
i.i x'. "
' : ... ' .less ; ;.
' llvert) are.