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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL. 387
Later from Europe. Arrival of the Asia Fighting on the Danube! Tht, Turks Victorious .' The Markets, OC New Youk, Jan. 31, P. M. The steamer Afia urrived here to-day, with Liverpool dates to the 14th. The ppeculative demand for flour had ceased, and Western canal is quoted at 43s, mid Ohio at 45i. White wheat 12s Ud, white com 51s, and yellow 50s. Ijrd had advanced Is. Gd. per cwt., with pales at 06s. Sugar liad improved 6d. per cwt. Rice was in active demand at former rates. Previsions were, stifier, and the. demand good, though quotations were, unaltered. The transactions in Auvncau securities were smalt. Consols were, unchanged. D-nnist.oj & Co. report tin market for breadstuff as nctive, and as having con tinued lo at'vunce. rapidly until Tuesday evening, tlr.: lOlli, but since theM has been less doing, and orics have fallen off, leaving tin advance o:i the week, however, equal to Is.als. 21 on wheat, ls.uls. fid. on Hour, ami '2s on corn. Gardner & Co. report beef in more active demand, and prices stifler. though unaltered. Owing to the navy contracts, the inquiry for pork has increased, and American has slightly advanced. Moderate business doing in bacon. At London, Baring & Brothers report the market for breadstuff's nsexi ite l. American red whut 8Us3l3, white 81sa92s per quar ter. Flour 4i5a4Gs. Manufactured iron was in good dcmir.d and prices firm. The allied fleets, up to the. 3d inst., had "been unable to enter the. Black Sea, owing to storms; but on that day entered, with t ho exception of six ships left at Bey cos Bay, to guard the Bosphorus. The first di vision of the Turkish fleet accompanied the allies. The second division remains anchor ed in the Bosphorus. The Czar is not supposed to view the entry of the fleet as a declaration of war, but has ordered all his own fleet to return to S'bas topol. The Turks have gained a brilliant nuccess on the Danube. Tlvy stormed and captured a Russian entrenched camp at Citale, near Kalafat, and put 2,500 of the enemy to the sword. They also attacked a body of 18,000 Russians, sent to relieve Citale, and after a sharp encounter com piled them to retreat. The Russians are thus driven back from positions by which they hoped to cross the Danube. The Turk ih"forcc in the battle was 15,000 men and 15 guns. It is admitted that Omar Pasha has bril liantly out muuecuvered the Russian com mander. Other advantages on the Danube were formally notified by the Divan, on the 1st inst., to the ambassadors of the four powers. The details are not given, but are supposed to be the. storming and capture, of Karakal, with several skirmishes of lesser moment. In Asia, the defeat of the Turks, tinder the bad generalship of Ahdi Pasha, is con firmed, but Gen. Guyon has gone to the ar my with full powers, and the spirit of the Turks had revived. Schamyl has sent a messenger to the Porte, announcing that he was now prepared to ct energetically against the Russians. Turkish hopes iu Asia consequently bright en : meanwhile negotiations go on. The Sultan's Iradti is publithed, approving the decision of the Grand Council to open .ne gotiations cn the footing proposed by the four powers Turkey to send a .representa tive to a conference in a neutral city. It is confirmed that Persia lias lesumed negotiations with Great Britain, and will not, at present, attack the Turk. The ostensible cause of the difficulty with Great Britain was the claims of Abbal Karin, a Jlritish subject against the Persian govern .tnent, . . s' The American slaps Edward Fletcher and "Connor were fallen in with at sea, wrecked. The crews and passengers were saved and landed in Holland. . Rev. James C. Richmond complains that he is detained a prisoner by the Austrian police, at Hechena, in Hungary, and culls on the United States for redress. I The latest China news state that Amoy had been re-captured by the Imperialists, who massacred 1,000 of the inhabitants. There was rumors at Vienna, on Thurs day, of fresh success by the Turkish army in Wallachia. It was also rumored that the Emperor of Austria would leave for War saw that evening, to have a conference with the Emperor of Russia on the Eastern ques tion. From Persia, we learn that the Affghan Envoy left Teheran before the arrival of the new Russian Plenipotentiary, with the threat that if Persia formed un alliance with Russia, the Affghans would invade the Per sian territory. The rumors of the Russian defeat at Kala fat are fully confirmed. The new tariff of Buenos Ayres was to go into operation on the first of January. Disturbances ha 1 occurred in Uraguay. A party of Biancas had taken up arms against the government in the interior. On the 20th of November they seized upon Cologne and forced the authorities to flee to Buenos Ayres in a whale boat. All Europe is anxiously awaiting the final reply of the Czar to the last proposition, which is hourly expected; and upon it de pends the question of war or peace between Russia and France and Enghvict. The Pacific Arrived out on the 18th. . The details of the battle of Citale, on the Danube, show a most brilliant victory for the Turks. The fighting lasted five days. The. Russians were completely discomfited, losing 4,000 in killed, and two generals wounded. On the last day the Turks at tacked the Russian reserve, driving it back upon Krasova, with the loss of several can non. The slaughter was immense on both sides. The Turks afterwards destroyed the Russian fortifications, and then retired to Kalafat. The Russians are erecting fortifications at Sebastopol and Crimea, and have extinguish ed all light-houses. The Port made some essential modifica tions of the note of the four powers, which the latter pronounced satisfactory, and it was immediately sent to St. Petersburgh. The reply of the Cz3r was not known when the Arabia sailed ; but was generally sup posed, from certain indications, that he would immediately withdraw his ambassa dors from France and England, and declare war. The greatest activity prevails in the French navy yards. Every ship has been ordered to sea. The operatives are kept at work on Sundays. A new levy of seamen had been made. England is strengthening her coast de fences, i . Great scarcity of food prevails throughout the Roman States. The ship Antarctic, brought the rescued from the wreck of the San Francisco. Capt. Watkins, purser Schell, C. F. Barton, 30 officers, W. Duckett,' carpenter, Lieut Chan dler, W. G. Frankin, and 147 troops, 19 women and children. The rest of the sur vivors were taken off from the wreck by the Three Bells and Kilby. The news may hi briefly summed up. No official reply from the Czar. No abatement of actual hostilities, and prepa rations for attack, bnt no further battles re ported either on the Danube or in Asia. Allied fleets were last seen steering for Batonrm,'with fair winds. The Russian fleet is also at seii. . Very Latest. On 'the morning of the Pacific's sailing, it was said on the authority of thj Times, that the Czar has not proceed ed to extreme measures on learning the entry of the allied fleets into the Black flea. He replies by a question ; "Are the fleets to observe strict neutrality, or to take an ac tive part w tli Turkey V' The answ er to lln j above is of little importance, as his. final re ply to the note of Vienna, must ere this be on the way. - The above had, however, a favorable in fluence, oh the ; Bourse. It is telegraphed fronrVienna that it has transpired that the Czar's final reply will be a contemptuous refusal of the Vienna note, also referring Turkey to Gortzchakoff for further particulars, and asserting positively that he will not gite jip one jot cl' Menchi koff's first demand V. v , ' Considerable movements along the Dan ube but no further battles. English people seeing the imminence of war, appear to have made up their minds to the necessity, and quietly accept it. Mr. Mason, minister to France, has pre sented his credentials. Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun. Washington, Feb. 2, 1854. The Ne braska and Kansas bill is intimately con nected with the. subject of the Pacific Rail road. A disposition exists in some quarters to make an issue on the question whether the Pacific railroad shall be made in slave holcling or non-slaveholding territory. The Central Pacific railroad will pass through the proposed territory of Kansas, and this is more likely to be a slav'eholding territory, under Mr. Douglas's bill, than Nebraska. I am now convinced that a serious and com bined offort ij to be made to carry Col. Benton's project for his Central Railroad route, and to exclude slavery from the terri tory in which that route will lie! The Benton railroad project and the or ganization cf the Kansas or Nebraska Ter ritory, under th2 slavery restriction of 1820, are to be combined together, and will unite an immense force in the cotlntry and in Congress. The same two interests above named will also be combined to kill the Gadsden treaty, for the reason that it affords an attractive railroad route at the South, and will add two slaveholding States to the Union. Congress begins to see, what everybody else sees, that, wherever the Pacific railroad goes, there will go the political power and the commercial interests of this continent. Mr. Douglas's bill will pass ths Senate very soon, by a considerable majority. It is not the policy of that body to detain it long, nor to make it the subject of a general ION. The Fix of the President. It will be remembered that the New York Herald some time ago, charged that John Cochrane, had in his possession a letter written by the President of the United States in 1848, expressing sympathy with the Barnburner movements of that time ; and that Judge Waterbury and John Van Buren were cognizant of the contents. Waterbury and Cochrane in separate replies, admit the reception of such a letter, but believe that it discountenanced the freesoil movement. Cochrane says the letter cannot be found. Now a Mr. Galbraith turns up and writes a long letter. He says a short time ago, he called on Mr. Cochrane, and in answer to a request for the letter, Mr. Cochrane replied : " I am sure I havz it, and will find it for you ; saio it not a great while since ; 1 opened a roll of papers, and in that roll of papers there I found this identical letter, written by Franklin Pierce to the ratifica tion meeting in 1848. " I then asked him, says Mr. Gilbraith, as to its contents, and he said he did not re collect very distinctly, but so far as he re collected, it was a general approval of the course that had been pursued, and the nomi nations made at tht Utica or Buffalo Con vention in 1848. "I then asked him why it had not been read and published at the time or immedi ately after the meeting; he said he did not know, but he supposed that it was because the. officers cf the meeting, and he particti larly mentioned Judge , Waterbury, consider ing Franklin Pierce, a man of so little note or influence at the time, that to read or publish a letter cf his would do no good to them what ever, and hence the reason of its being thrown aside along with a number of others, as en' tirely worthless, until he became President of the United States." , Now we know nothing of this Mr. Gal braith. He is doutless as much entitled to credit as such a Dugald Dalghetty as Mr. Cochrane.. The only interest the public can have in the matter, is to discover whether John Cochrane and John Van Buren have in their breeches pockets, any written obligations that compel President Pierce to disappoint the expectations of his peculiar friends, and play 'into the hands of a set of the most profligate betrayers of principles and profes sions the country, has ever embraced. (Toledo Blade. London Jan . 2&.--The Times's correspon dent writes that thoKEmperor of Russia's re ply, though not couched in very strong lan guage, is of such a character as leaves littW change in the Emperor's mind. It is stated that the popular excitement at St. Peters burgh is indescribable, and that the French government anticipate that an explosion oi such a kind will take place as to force the Emperor to make a formal declaration of war before his plans are arranged. m It is reported that 10,000 or 15,000 Rus sians have crossed the Danube. There is a rumor that a dispatch had been received from St. Petersburgh announcing the resignation of Nesselrode and its accept ance by the Emperor. Constantinople, Jan. 19 The first regi-. ment of Christian Cossacks leaves to-day for the head-quarters of Omer Pasha. Copenhagen, Jan. 20. It is said that au answer from Russia on the. declaration of neutrality has arrived. The Czar refuses anil demands that Denmark shall side with one of the parties. Berlin, Jan. 20. It is rumored that Russia has protested against the cession to Prussia by Oldenburg, of a military post ou the banks of the Ide. An Enemy's Advice. The Commercial, true to its Whig in stincts, was out in an elaborate leader, yes terday, opposing the proposed plan to amend the Constitution in respect to taxation, which has become BURDENSOME and ONEROUS in the. EXTREME, and which, as construed bv the courts, IS THE MOST UNJUST LAW EVER PLACED UPON THE STATUTE BOOK IN ANY COUN TRY. The Commercial has been making war upon the law all winter, and now op poses the only way in which it can: be - re pealed. , .The design of the Commercial , i easily seen through. It wants the law -to stand so that it may be a political hobby to resuscitate Whiggery, and give it the con trol of the. State. It cares nothing for ttie people's interests in comparison with those, of the Whig party. Democratic friends is the Legislature, will you aid and comfort the Whigs by taking no steps to rid us cf the taxation evil? Cincinnati Enquirer, Sunday. ; - ;;; ; So the only way to escape the pains and penalties of " Whiggery" is to be very .pai ticularly. clamorous for an instantaneous change in, our " iVeto Constitution" yet '".in the hands of its friends." It is further nec essary to one who would preserve his hd mocracy undented, that he be clamorously denunciatory of the.tcry democratic legisla tion of the last two years, whereby banks were " taxed as other people" and of the decision of the Supreme Court, which holds that other people must be "taxed as ike banks f It must now ba conceded, and affirmed valiantly, as the very cardinal quintessence of home-made democracy, that the tax law (the boasted " crow tbar,")- U THE MOST UNJUST LAW ever phced up on the statute book IN ANY COUNTRY.: and those who do not respond a voeifermif Amen are Whigs ! Such is the Sunday teaching of the Cincinnati Enquirer.-r-fO.--S. Journal.' r - r , .- ; r.n,5:,t- ' ' - : I- - " We are gratified to learn that, the whigs'of the Maryland Legislature have unanimpuir a greed to re-elect the Hon. James Ai.Pearct. to the United States Senate. Mr! Pearce is one of thji .very. best men in the country. Flour. The best quality is now selling in Washington atleven dollars a barrel, by retail in New York at eleven dollars and fifty cents. . ' Convalescent. Yankee Sullivan, who was so ill that lie could not.attend the court at 'Berkshire, ."to take his trial, advertise, a great sparring exhibition in New York-.-.,.' A provincial paper concludes a joftp obituary with the following notification: " Several deaths are unavoidably deferred." . -j The Legislature of Alabama has passed u bill emancipating John Bell, the body isfei vant of the late Wra. R. King, and tuthwi izing him to remain in, the State. :' ---vo. . . '.'.).