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THE PEURYSBUIKi JOURNAL
BY S. CLARK.
"Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures."
$1 . 5 0 In Advance.
PERRYSBUllCr, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, APRIL 15, 1854.
The Czar and the Quakers.
Men have been doing strange things for
the last five or six thousand years ; that is,
ever since man has been a historical subject.
Of the strange things lately enacted, we think
the self-constituted mission of three estima
ble " Friends," Messrs. Sturge, Charleton and
Pease, to St. Petersburg last month, for the
purpose of bringing the Czar to jeason, and
of inclining him to a pacific course with
regard to the eastern question, is about the
strangest. These excellent, philanthropic,
find most well meaning men, besides repre
senting themselves and their own views and
wishes', were the formal or informal repre
sentatives of the whole society of Friends in
England a very respectable, and pretty nu
merous one. they went, they saw, they
talked ; but they did not conquer, and we
much marvel that they should have thought
it within the compass of human efforts, of
logic, or of eloquence, to make any impres
sion on so impenetrable and impracticable a
subject as Nicholas, who is, as maligners say
of woman if he will he will ; if he won't
he won't, and there's an end on't. lie is an
other ihmirbaHh, as the Turks called Charles
XII. of Sweden iron head and his English
vituperators say that his heart is of the same
metal, or, which not much better, of stone.
The Czar received the (Quaker plenipoten
tiaries very courteously, listened patiently
and with - kind attention," an English paper
says, to what they had to say, and then made
them a studied reply, which is one of the
lst gotten up documents of all that have
tx'cn produced by the eastern question for
the last twelve months. It follows this ar
ticle. The Autocrat deals a little in histor
ical recollections, and regards the Greek re
ligion as "a link of connection'' between
himself and the Greek subjects of the Porte.
This is amusing to those who know how the
Greek religion was introduced into Russia,
which was done by Vladimir, between eight
and nine hundred "years ago. He had some
of the characteristics of a great man, end
percuiving that the gross idolatry of his
countrymen was not even an apology for a
religion, he. resolved to import a better one.
FoAhis purpose he appointed a commission
to examine and report upon the religion of
Mohammed, of the Jews, of the Roman Cath
olics, and of the Greeks. He decided finally
in favor of the Greek religion, rejecting Isl
amism because of circumcision, which he
said was abominable, and because it did not
tolerate the use of strong liquors, which the
Autocrat said would not suit his country
men. The Jewish religion he contemned,
because the Jews had been driven from their
own untrv, and were but vagabonds on
the face of the earth. He decided at once
against ihe Roman Catholic, because he
would not acknowledge any superior on earth
(like the pope ;) but was pleased with the
Greek religion, on account of the pomp and
splendor of the worship, and because by ad
opting it he would be the head of his own
national church. The matter being settled,
nnd the choice being made, his next move
was to attack a Greek city, which stood near
where Sebastopol now stands, with no prov
ocation, and with no object, except to kid
nap a Greek bishop and priests, who should
inaugurate, his new religion for him, his pride
not permitting him to ask the loan of them
from the Greek emperor at Constantinople.
He succeeded in taking the city and captur
ing the priests, and his next move was to
solicit, or rather demand, the daughter of the
Emperor for a wife, which demand was
granted, the feeble Greek being afraid to de
ny anything that the ambitious and not very
Fcrupiilous proselyte might request. From
that day to this Russia has been Greek with
respect to religion, and the faith which was
inaugurated in violence and bloodshed, is
now, and has been for a long time, the " link
of connection" that is to bind Turkey to
Russia ; and if the allies do not succeed in
crippling and putting the Czar utterly hors
du combat, this consummation of his plans,
and that before many years, is one of the
most probable political events that can be
imagined; and then Europe will soon be
The Quaker deputation returned about as
it went, except that it is not improbabte that
the good and unsuspecting men who com
posed it had a little imperial dust flung in
their eyes. Nicholas seems to have played
his part with great address, and, like a skill
ful actor, which he is. He was kind and
condescending and hospitable, and carried
the farce so far as to introduce his visitors
to the Empress and her daughter, with whom
they had " a very agreeable interview." Now,
if they are not pretty strong-minded men,
such as can properly appreciate plausible
manners, when concealing insatiable ambi
tion, they will come to the. conclusion that:
the Czar is an ill-used man, and that the al
lies are much, if not altogether in the wrong.
Besides, it is not every one that should trust
himself to a tttta-tttt with a sovereign, if
he has any principles to care for. From a
crowned head a little flattery and flummery
are very seductive. Thus Barnave, one of
the patriots and leaders of the first French
revolution, and apparently one of the
staunchest as well as ablest, was neutralized,
or rather proselytized, by a little flattery
from the Queen of France. Globe.
THE CZAR'S REPLY.
We received the blessings of Christianity
from the Greek empire ; and this has estab
lished and maintained ever since a link of
connection, both moral and religious, be
tween Russia and that Power. The ties that
have thus united the two countries have
subsisted for nine hundred years, and were
not severed by the conquest of Russia by the
Tartars ; and when, at a later period, our
country succeeded in shaking off that yoke,
and the Greek empire, in its turn, fell under
the sway of the Turks, we still continued to
take a lively interest in the welfare of our
co-religionists there; and when Russia be
came powerful enough to resist the Turks,
and to dictate terms of peace, we paid par
ticular attention to the well-being of the
Greek Church, and procured the insertion in
successive treaties of most importantarticles
in her favor. I have mvself acted as nay
predecessors have done ; and the treaty of
Adrianople, in 1841), was as explicit as the
former ones in this respect. Turkey, on her
part, recognized this right of religious inter
ference, and fulfilled her engagements until
within the last year or two, when, for the
first time, she gave me reason to complain.
I will not now advert to the parties who
were her principal instigators on that occa
sion. Suffice it to say, that it became my
duty to interfere, and to claim from Turkey
the fulfillment of her engagements. My rep
resentations were pressing, but friendly, end
I have every reason to believe that matters
would soon have, been settled, if Turkey had
not been induced by other parties to believe
that I had ulterior objects in view that I
was aiming at conquest, aggradizement, and
the ruin of Turkey. I have solemnly dis
claimed, and do now as solemnly disclaim,
every such motive. I do not de
sire war ; I abhor it as sincerely as you do ;
and am ready to forget the past, if only the
opportunity be afforded me. I have
great esteem for your country, and a sincere
affection for your Queen, whom I admire, not
only as a sovereign, but as a lady, a wife,
and a mother. 1 have placed full confidence
in her, and have acted towards her in a frank
and friendly spirit. I felt it my duty to call
her attention to future dangers, which I con
sidered sooner or later likely to arise in the
east, in consequence of the existing state of
things. "What on my part was prudent fore
sight, has been unfairly construed in your
country into a designing policy, and an am
bitious desire of conquest. This has deeply
wounded my feelings, and afflicted my heart.
Personal insults and invectives I regard with
indifference. It is beneath my dignity to
notice them, and I am ready to forgive all
that is personal to me, and to hold out my
hand to my enemies in the true Christian
spirit. I cannot understand what cause of
complaint your nation has against Russia.
I am anxious to avoid war by all means. I
will not attack, and shall only act in self
defence. I cannot be indifferent to what
concerns the honor of my country. I have
a duty to perform as a sovereign. As a Chris
tian, I am ready to comply with the precepts
of religion. On the present occasion, my
great duty is to attend to the interests ancl
honor of my country.
For the Journal.
Rest, rest thee, sleeping darling !
Low in thy dreamless bed ;
Our brightest hopes have faded
Around thy sunny head.
Close, close thy eyelids gently !
Light fall the silken fringe !
The love-light there imprisoned,
No shadow e'er can tinge.
Oh 1 whisper, whisper softly,
Our little one is dead ;
How harsh the birds are singing !
Jlur music tones are fled.
Bear, oh ! bear her gently,
Stir not the waxen form !
'T will nestle in His bosom,
" "Who rides upon the storm."
Bear your precious burthen slowly !
Place her in her narrow home,
Where the willow, drooping lowly,
Guards her rest until we come.
"Weep ! weep ! and turn thee sadly,
"Where once her footstep fell ;
How bright a link is broken
No tongue can ever tell.
Come ! come ! we'll kneel beside her,
Our lips shall breathe a prayer,
Our darling one is near us
This floating in the air.
But, rest thee, sleeping darling !
Low in thy dreamless bed ;
Our heavenly hopes have brightened
Around thy sainted head.
Specimen of Alliteration. A lady has
sent us a scrap-book of. considerable preten
sions to age, containing the following speci
men of alliteration, entitled the " Siege of
Belgrade. Whoever has attempted to write
an acrostic merely, is aware of the embar
rassment of being confined to particular in
itial letters. Here the whole alphabet is
fathomed, ancl each word in each line claims
its own proper initial. Indeed, it is a very
extraordinary production, as our readers will
readily concede after a perusal of it. Buff.
An Austrian army, awfully arrayed,
Boldly by battery, besieged Belgrade ;
Cossack "commanders cannonading come
Dealing destruction's devastating doom :
Everv endeavor, engineers essay,
For fame, for fortune fighting furious fray:
Generals 'gainst generals grapple gracious God I
How honors Heaven heroic hardihood 1
Infuriate indiscriminate in ill,
Kinsmen kill kinsmen kinsmen kindred kill !
Labor low levels loftiest, longest lines,
Hen march 'mid mounds, 'mid moles, 'mid mur
derous mines :
Now noisy noxious numbers notiee nought
Of outward obstacles opposing ought :
Poor patriots, partly purchased, partly pressed,
Quite quaking, quickly quarter, quarter quest :
Keason returns, religious right redounds,
Suwarrow stops &uch sanguinary sounds.
Truce to thee, Turkey triumph to thy train !
Unjust, unwise, unmerciful Ukraine !
Vanish vain victory, vanish victory vain !
Why wish we warfare ? Wherefore welcome were
Xerxes, Ximenes, Xanthus, Xaviere ?
Yield ye youths I ye yeomen yield your yell !
Zeno'a, Zarpater's, Zoroaster's zeal,
And all attracting-arms against appeal.
In his maturity and health, man has 60
bones in his head, 60 in his thighs and legs,
62 in his arms and hands, and 67 in his trunk.
He has also 434 muscles ; his heart makes 64
pulsations in a minute, and there are three
complete circulations of his blood in an hour.
Neal Dow, the author of the Maine law,
ancl the temperance candidate for mayor of
Portland, was defeated on Tuesday, at the
municipal election, by 84 votes.
The Summit City—Fort Wayne.
As all cities of any note ,a e assuming
names to distinguish them from the hacknied
and worn out name by which they were
christened, we suggest that summit City
will be very appropriate for Fort Wayne, its
altitude indicating the appropriateness of the
We are often asked, have you any railroads
in Fort Wayne ? Well, for answer we al
ways reply no ! but in a short time no town
in the state can excel it for these facilities.
Little is known generally in the southern
part of Indiana of the distinguished location
of our city, as well as the excellent quality
of land of all that part of the state that pays
tribute directly or remotely to this city.
We have in contemplation 11 railroads,
to which we will briefly allude in the order
in which they were contemplated.
1st. The Ohio and Indiana road, through
Van Wert, Delphos, Lima and Bucyrus,Ohio,
to be completed by next fall certainly.
2d. Fort Wayne and Chicago road, will
be consolidated with the Ohio and Indiana,
and completed soon.
3d. Fort Wayne and Southern road, via
Bluffton, Muncietown, Newcastle,Rushville,
Greensborough, Vernon, Jeffersonville, to
New Albany on the Ohio river opposite Lou
isville. In 12 months more it will be com
pleted from this city to Muncie, and from
New Albany to Vernon on the south.
4th. The Lake Erie, Wabash and St. Lou
is road, from Toledo up the Maumee valley
to Fort Wayne, thence down the Wabash to
a point below Lafayette, thence west to St.
Louis. An immense force is at work on it,
and no doubt exists of its completion as ear
ly as labor can effect it.
5th. The Cincinnati and Fort Wayne
road, from Fort Wayne via Bluffton, Cam
den, Jay Co. Winchester, and Richmond, la.
Much work is done on all that part let last
fall, between this city and Winchester. The
report now before us shows a very good
6th. The Cincinnati, Union and Fort
Wayne road, via Union City, Portland, De
catur, to Fort Wayne. Much work has been
done from Union to Decatur. There is noth
ing surer, in our mind, than the success of
this road. A report is now before us, of
which we intend making timely notice.
7th. The Cleveland and Ft. Wayne road,
extending from Fremont, Ohio, on the Cleve
land and Toledo road, to Fort Wayne. This
road will be built, as it is but a legitimate
branch of the latter road. The company is
organized in both states.
8th. The Fort Wayne and Platte Valley
and Western Air Line railroad. This road,
in connection with the Tiffin and Ft. Wayne
road will form one of the grandest thorough
fares in the United States, and though little
talked of here, commands a proud consid
eration among capitalists and public men
9th. The Tiffin and Fort Wayne road,
which was recently contracted to be built by
responsible parties, the whole to be done by
the first of December, 1855. The hands to
which the interests of this road are commit
ted, give us full assurance of its success. Thi
road, again we say, in conection with the
Western Air Line road, presents a magnifi
cent scheme, in which to invite the friends
of internal improvemt. The length of the
road, the country through which it passes,
and the extremes which it connects, are in
10th. The Crawfordsville, Frankfort, Ko
komo and Ft. Wayne road. We hear but
little of this road, but the Frankfort Crescent
of the 18th, gives assurances of the work
progressing. We will notice it when fur
11th. The Detroit and Fort Wayne road.
Of this we know nothing, save from a fugi-
"v iiuuc uuvv una men, ecru m uur ex
changes. Some of the maps show more, but until
we know more of them we shall decline any
notice. Ft. Wayne Times.