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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL. Oliver Cromwell. Respecting the character of Oliver Crom well, there are various opinions. A large number of people Sir Leicester Diedlock among them regard the Frotector as a bold, bad, ambitious man, who deliberately and treasonably sought the supreme power, and 'reached it by an unjustifiable war, base con spiracy, and atrocious regicide. Another class are of opinion that he began his career nobly, patriotically, religiously; but flat tered by success, ambition gradually gained an ascendancy over his mind, and rendered him a traitor to his cause and country. This is perhaps the most common opinion. A third class look upon Cromwell as a mere fanatic, deluding and deluded. Lamartine, we believe, has recenntly advanced this the ory. There is yet another opinion, the avowal of which, in most companies, re quires something of Oliver's own daring. It is, that Cromwell was great and noble always! that he was a man " all whose end and aims were his country's, God's, and truth's ;" who was in no sense and in no degree a fanatic, or a traitor, or a hypocrite : a man whose life was a consistent whole, and whose death was serene and sublime. This contrariety of opinion respecting the Protector existed in 1638, when he had just died, and exists now, after the matter has been in dispute 204 years. And whv? Because Cromwell was the head of a party, and it has been a thing of party both to de nounce and to defend him. The difficulty of settling the Cromwell controversy, even to the' satisfaction of a single mind, and that mind an impartial one, lies in the fact, that the sources of in formation come down to us from the cor rupt period when to vilify Cromwell was the fashion, and the surest means of prefer ment, whether political or ecclesiastical. Countless lives of Cromwell have been written since, but nearly all of them have taken their tone, and drawn their statements, from the literature of that venal time, and are, therefore, for the purpose of students who are in search of truth, worthless. There is a work, however, in which the man himself speaks, which portrays his soul, re veals his sect, wishes, struggles, aims and opinions. We refer to " Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches, with Elucidations, by T. Carlyle.'' Of these volumes, two things may be asserted ; first, that they enable candid person to arrive at positive conclu sions respecting Cromwell's character ; and secondly, that they change the nature of the controversy so far as to throw the burden of proof upon those who accuse the Protector ot hypocrisy, and self-seeking ambition. In the work to which we allude, Cromwell stands revealed as a high principled, brave, religious patriot, whom the course of events, and his own ability, bore irresistibly to the place of supreme authority, and who used that authority when it had been entrusted to him, only for high and patriotic purposes It reveals him as one whose conscience was his law, and who was utterly a stranger to remorse andjear. Home Journal. Constantinople as it is. The expul .sion of all the Greeks from Constantinople is ' confirmed. The chief reason for their expulsion is, that in case of an emeute- Constantinople, 25,000 enemies, well ac quainted with every nook and corner of the city, would prove dangerous. Exceptions arc made for such Greeks as can find two sureties for their good behavior. It is, how ever, ruinous to many poor families, who suffer with the rest. This is one of the worst evils of war, that the innocent often suffer with the guilty. Most of these ex pelled Greeks will join th insurgents Epirns. Without an official decree. Con-1 stantincple may be said to be in a state seige.' 'No one is allowed to be out after o clock at night, and murders are constantly .:oinmitted. The Toronto Another Navigator Lost. Globe -says : Surious apprehensions are entertained re pe':ting tin safety of Captain Collison, who' Clure, to search for Sir John Franklin. Search , is now beiug made for him a3 well i-for' the lost Sir John, both on the Eastern and Western coast of North America. Urbana, Findlay and Detroit Rail road. At a meeting ot the stockholders ol this road held at Findlay, on the 10th inst., the following gentlemen were elected Direc tors : Edson Goit, Parlee Carlin, Fredrick Henderson, Samuel Howard, Collister Has kins, John Ewing and Henry Brown. The board met and elected John Ewing Presi dent, William Taylor Treasurer and Secre tary. We are clad to see a selection of officers made in this company which must satisfy all who are acquainted with them that every possible exertion will be made to secure the construction of the road without unnecessa ry delay. They are all energetic business men, commanding the highest respect wherever known, and the greater proportion of them have had their attention for some time past directed to railroad matters, so that they will be able to act efficiently in the important offices they now fill. We are requested to say that the board will meet on Friday, the i9th inst., for the purpose of increasing the capital stock to the desired amount. Findlay Courier. a at Patent Houses. The last patent right we have ever read or heard about, is a patent house. John Parks, Esq., of Joliet, Illinois, is about getting out a patent for astvle of archi tecture. His house is formed without sills, shingles, or weatherboards. The studding are 2 by 4 inches in thickness, 16 inches apart, and nailed to the water table at the bottom, and at the top to the ioice. After this is done he laths both the inside and outside, cutting the laths one inch apart. He then fills between the laths with mortar or cement of his own make. For the roof he. uses common sheeting boards put on in circular form, then the building is ready for finish ing, which he plasters on both sides. On the outside, over this coat of plaster and also on the roof, he puts water and fire-proof cement, which he has discovered, which can be finished so as to resemble clouded marble or whatever the proprietor may fancy Lafayette Courier. The Union desires it to be especially noted that while fortv-one Democratic votes from the North and Northwest were cast in favor of the Nebraska movement, "not one Wilis; from the free States toted with the friends of the measure." The Whigs gener ally will unite in that request. Female Education in Japan. In Japan as much care is bsstowed on the. education of the women as of the men. The science of the Almanac is esteemed one of the most important branches of school-learning, to avoid a weighty undertaking on an unlucky clay. At the age ot ntteen years the boys have their heads shaved, and become thereby members of society. They also receive new name at this time, and invariably upon every advance in rank the old cognomen is changed for a new one. In marrying, equal ity in rank between the contracting parties is the first requirement ; and when no obsta cle of this sort stands in the way, the youth declares his passion by attaching a branch of a certain shrub to the house of the young lady's parents. If this is neglected, so is his suit; if it is accepted, so is the lover; and if the damsel wishes to put her reciproc ity of this offer beyond a doubt, she forthwith blackens her teeth. Presents, as amongst most oriental nations, are now exchanged, and after, with great ceremony, burning her toys, to indicate that she is to ba no longer childish, she is presented by her parents With a marriage, dress and some articles of house hold furniture, among which are always spinning-wheel, a loom, and the culinary in i implements required in a Japanese kitchen. All this bridal eauinment is conveyed of j great state to the bridegroom's house, and 11 iexhibited on the dav of the wedding. reigns have drawn the sword A Pkack Treaty. It is announced by the Montreal Herald that the British and Russian Fur Colonies and the Hudson Bay Company have lately had an understanding that they will not go to war because their home sove- Uns neutral ity, as we understand it, does not insure either settlement against tho forces of the adverse nation, but only extends to making each of them non-combatants as respects! trie otner. Russian America. a In the much talked of war, the. so-called Russian possessions lying north of Oregon will very likely become a point of attack for British cruisers. The government at present is in the hands of a Russo-American Com pany, having its principal seat on the Island of Sitka. Something of its trade and con dition may not be uninteresting. Its population is partly composed of Alu tians, Kuriles of Mongolian and Kam schdtkan stock, but consists mostly of the Kalaches. This tribe are fair, blue eyed, oval featured, with light hair, and speak a language peculiar to themselves. They are brave and easily aroused to anger, and out of 50,000 are the only ones that have not submitted to Russian rules. They are di vided into small clans and continually at war with each other. Sitka has a good harbor, but its entrance is dangerous, and without good pilots, im possible. The colony is commanded by a naval officer, and all vessels in the Russian .com pany service, are manned with sailors belong ing to the imperial navy. Sitka has no for tifications, but has a few cannon and mor tars. There are about 3,000 Russians in the colony. Of late, she has done an extensive fish and ice trade with ban 1' rancisco ; about seven thousand tons of ice annually aresentiat to San Francisco. A company in that city under the direction of Mr. Beverly C. Saun ders, formerly collector at thai port, have established store-houses, and directs the storing of the ice, while, the Russians do the labor and are paid about 820 per ton. It was in regard to the possession of that Island that Mr. Saunders visited St. Peters burgh. The war may however render value less any contract made by him with the Russians as the British may seize upon the Island or lay it under blockade. The Hud son Bay company leased the neighboring Island Stahind for twenty years, and have established trading posts. The Island is inhabited mostly by the same race, who are said to be on bad terms with the English, and often attack their settle ments and even prevent the English flag from floating ther-j. In case war breaks out in that quarter, it is probable these savages will side with the Russians. CULTURE OF 1'KUIT. iTUlt IS DeCOmillg It'mit is liprntYimcr .... one of our most important and profitable It is a source, ot wealth toi thetarmers; and enjoyment totne people. The profit arising from the culture of fruit is not necessarily confined to the sale of that portion of it which is brought to mar ket. It is now the opinion of good, practi cal farmers, that fruit affords one of the cheapest and best varieties of food for cattle and horses, and particularly swine. All of welt on lruit, either these animals fatten cooked or raw, altnougir niany goou consider mat, n is mucu inure vmuauiu cooked. We believe that the culture ot fruit merely as food for animals, would rich ly repay the labor and expense of cultiva tion. To Keep Birds from Picking Fijuit. As the season is coming on lor the depreda- tinnc rf lurrla T Vi'mt tr iwrnrt mv- fv mri,ti ro of last year, ' when0! saved my currants and trnnsphorriPB hv wi.xlin,. rolomd M-nrstffl around and across mv bushes; and my eher-a ries by hanging up several pieces of tin strong thread in the different trees, two pieces tains hung near enough together to clash with the wind, which sound, with the bright reflection of the tin in the sun, will certainly frighten them away; and I had , cl;.m nf f,-if t'hn. ni-prw.,!in,ri ...j . .. ' --- i . - o year, I was obliged to relinquish to them. Agr. Gaz. Thirty-Five Hojisks Buknkd to Death. A fire broke out in Terre Haute, Ind., on Saturday night, in the large livery stable of N. P. Talmadge, on Mulberry street, be- tween Market and Fourth streets, which burned w ith great vapidity, with nearly all its contents. Nineteen horses and all but one of his carriages were consumed. The stable adjoining, with sixteen single horses and several coaches, went next. Ex-President -Tyler has been lecturing at Petei burg, a., on commerce. Very Well Named. The Hon. William Cullom, of Tennessee, when speaking on the Nebraska bill, said that inasmuch as the measure benefitted neither North nor South, and no one but politicians, it should by rights be placed upon the private calendar, and the title be amended so as to Tead, "A bill to make great men out of small ones and to sacrifice the public peace upon the altar of political ambition." Jones who shot Bee be in Columbus, has not yet been taken. It seems that this noto rious scoundrel is an old Jail Bird, who was pardoned out of the Ohio State Penitentiary last May ; having been sent there for coun terfeiting, from Greene county. His proper name is Charles Sheppard. Russian America. The Columbus Murderer--His History. The Columbus murderer is still at large. We hardly believe, however, he will evade all the traps that have been set to catch him. The Columbus Statesman gives the fol lowing history of the fellow : "The real name, description and antece dents of this notorious offender have been easily explained by Mr. Gallagher, marshal of Cleveland, who was in our city yesterday, in company with Mr. Dennis. Upon hear ihsr thf description of Jones. Mr. Gallagher once concluded that he was n man named i Charles Sheppard, alias Wm. Morgan, alias Moore. As Sheppard he was pardoned out of the Ohio Penitentiary on th; 8th of May last, having been sent for counterfeiting, from Green county. Last summer Galla gher arrested him and the man Osborne, whose real name is Charles Dillon. " On this occasion Morgan, which is tho name he has gone by at Cleveland, Buffalo,, etc., resisted, when Mr. Gallagher knocked him down twice and stunned him ; he had ; brace of loaded pistols on him at the time. He was s-nt with Dillon to Buffalo, after remaining for some time in jail at Cleve land, to answer to the charge of shooting a police officer, but the evidence was insuffi cient, and he could not be held. Mr. Galla gher went to Newark and saw Dillon in ther tail. The latter immediately recognized him, ami entered into conversation, though j Gallagher must have been a very unwelcoire visitor. He at once admitted that Jones is Sherman! alias Bill Morgan. , r.iillric.i,.r Iear.inl that tl.es- fwn ..... - ...v VI .... -i(t i,r iMin i' l mar ines iwn Nn. r(.latnrs nn(l imim(u.nt rogues vi,iu-d ;h productions. Ohio IVnitentiu ry three weeks a go yesterday. He communicated this fact to Mr. Hewitt. guard at the prison, who directly reroemlx-r- ed having recognized Sheppard as an old convict, and having him turned out. Dillon was in company with him. Mr. Gallagher assures us, that to his knovledge,about twenty-five active officers in different cities know the. murderer personally, and will at nice. ! recollect the man when thev learn that he is the sure." iarmersSil0(!,aui ali;is Morgan. This makes chances of his arrest mor The Chicago Democratic Press, which op poses, with earnestness and ability, the pro position to increase the rates of postage, says they were told by a Mail Agent on the Michigan Southern railroad last week, that he had distributed more than two bushels of franked speeches to a single office along the 1 '''. am to another which scarcely received lwn letters per week he distributed 110 withirlMOt' from single mail. lhe. Democratic I1'"? urgs that tlu: cry he raised all over iho "'L; t0 abollsa t,1,: friin " P"vileR Lft Congressmen, we say, dock off their mv" .PviWes, before they attempt to lay additional .burdens -on the people. H is said that in a single day, week be- fore last, the. members of Congress f.irnished 23 tons of franked mail matter for distribu tion through the mail ! The Cashmere gont has been successfully introduced and bred in South Carolina. The Charleston papers say that the animal seems perfectly at home in th? climate, and is as j hardy and as easily raised as the common 'goat. The fleece obtained is about equal to I that of the choice varieties of sheep, while 'its value is ten times greater. T?RV. KlllirnilYI TVahoilv of TC inir'o dim-inl ; Boston, has declined to accept thT? increase of tfDOO salary, which had been voted him.