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To the People of Ohio.
Futxow Citizens : The consummation of the first great act of the stupenduous scheme for the extension of slavery, and the establishment of the Slave Dominion over the North American continent by the repeal of the Missouri Prohibition, " and other threatened future acts, part and parcel of the same scheme, such as the proposed ex penditure of millions in the purchase of ter ritory from Mexico, utterly worthless except m a basis for the operations of the slave in terest, and the proposed waste of millions upon millions more in the re-establishment of Slavery in Cuba, in case of the enfran chisement of the bondmen of that island by its present Government, call loudly upon all true patriots to forego past political dif ferences, and unite as a band of brother! fraemci. in defence of our own rights, and the rights of human nature. God forbid that our country should alone, air.ong thp nations of the earth, take upon! herseif the hateful reproach of Slavery pro pagandist! ! But if this odium is to be averted, the people must themselves take the matter in hand. Let it ever be remembered, that while the contest between Freedom and Slavery between the advocates of a great public wrong and the maintainers of public faith was going on in Washington, not a word cf remonstrace against the meditated iniquity was uttered by either branch of the Legislature recently assembled at Columbus. The partisans of the existing National Ad ministration, availing themselves of their majority in the Legislature, not only thwart ed .every effort to express the honest indig nation of the people of the State against the wrong, but elected to the Senate of the United States, a known supporter of the re-j peal of the Missouri Prohibition, thus plac-' ing the moral weight of Ohio in the scale of Slavery extension. "We, by no means charge the members of the old Democratic party with approval of this conduct; but we earnestly invite them to consider whether there is any mode of manifesting their just indignation, in view if these great wrongs, except by repudiating) the present National Administration, andi itical leaders through whose influence these shameful results have been accom plished. At all events, it cannot be doubt ed that these things demand the promptest intervention of the wholk People; and not these things only, but many other mat ters, both of Nation "and State concern. The time has passed for half-way measures in respect to Slavery. The repeal of the Missouri Prohibition has demonstrated th3 utter futility of all legislative compromises. It is necessary now to recur to the Con stitution. In that instrument, it will be vain to seek for any recognition of Slavery, even as a fact, outside of Slave States, or fox any power given to Congress to legislate in its behalf. Outside of Slave States, then, there must be no Slavery. There must be no slave-selling, slave-catching or slave-holding, under National legislation. The slave pow er must be overthrown, and the influence of the National Government must be placed on the side of Freedom. The patronage of the President that fatal Tigine of corruption and despotism must be curtailed. The people mu&t demand and obtain a more direct influence upon the practical workings of the Government. For the propagandism of slavery in our inter course with foreign nations, there must be substituted a great American influence in favor of Universal Liberty. Freedom, Re form and Progress, must be the watchwords cf the people, In our own State, many things require at tention. The disposition and management of the public works the districting of the -fctate the laws regulating the imposition and collection of taxes, and other matters, demand the consideration and judgment of th: People. In view of these things, we invite our fel low citizens, -who, without regard to former party distinctions, are willing to unite in the organization of a Democracy of the People, agiinst the supporters of Slavery and unjust and unequal laws, by whatever name they rny call themselves, to assemble in Conven tion, at Columbus, on the 13tU-d3y of July, 108 THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL. 1854, the anniversary of the Ordmauce of 1787, for the purpose of consultation upon the momentous aspects of public affairs, and of taking such action as circumstances re quire. With this view, we recommend that the people of each county forthwith assemble, appoint one delegate for every live thousand inhabitants, no county, however, appointing less than two, to represent them at Colum bus, in a delegate Convention ; and we re commend, also, that there be held, at the same time and place, a Mass Convention of the People to sustain the Delegate Conven tion bv their presence, to am mem uj meu counsel, and to express, in the most emphat- ic manner, the cherished sentiments and fixed resolves of the People Olno in Ian- j guage becoming the demand of me ci.si.. The Nebraska Bill. Speaking of the passage of this bill, the 0. S. Journal remarks : Of this 113, constituting the majority, .i . ,i f,.. 1,. l mere were pret-eui aim umi& wi u L"" ; nvi.Mi-u persons leprcsciiwiig iiiu SLALR, A.ND N01H1NU hUbb ! , liventy-one members ot the House ot l-iop-; resentatives, without a single tree man woman for a constituent! How came they ! there ? By the " compromises of the Con-; stitution." What has been given as an ; equivalent lor the right ot mus nawng a; certain uescnpuuu ui -prvpciiy ej u.-( Congress? The right to tax that, property for the support of government. i 'iasare When, within the last forty-five vears that property been so taxed? In the years IblJ, and lbl4, while our country was at ; war with Great Britain and when, it has j been alleged, enough was not collected to defray the expenses of the collection. Such) are the outlines of " the compromises of thej Constitution" which it has been the con-1 stant and studied policy of the South to ex-1 tend, in every conceivable form, and at every i hazard. j It was under circumstances like these,! that the act repealing the Missouri Compro-' mise was forced intobeing at midnight, and the last assurance of a truce to the aggres-vei sion of slavery was wontonly withdrawn. Tt. was in pvtvpmplv ha.-l instp that Kiirb " - ; hour, end such occasion, should have an been selected by the friends of this iniqui- tous measure to exult in a triumph thus se-1 cured. The firing of one hiuidred guns on Hill, on the announcement of the' of the bill repealing the Missouri Compromise, was a gross iudignitv to the hundred Representatives who" had every means in their power, and in obedience to the known will of their free constituents,:01" that measure. And it was an out-i rage upon that free constituency, which challenges, and will receive their stern re buke. speaks as follows ceive what answer the democratic advocates of that measure can make to the charge of having deserted the Baltimore platform in the most treacherous manner. 3ST- In announcing the final passage of the Nebraska bill, the Napoleon North-West Ue are unable to con-iT We would do injustice to the honest! convictions of our own iudgment, and to ouri sense of right, were we to rejoice over this! result; and in saying this, we believe we! speak the honest sentiments of nine-tenths of the Democracy of Ohio, who have always regarded the .Missouri Compromise as a sacred compact, binding on both the North and the South, and who have faithfully acaui-Uvace eseed in the Baltimore platform, which! the Democratic party of the nation! against any attempt to renew the slavery agi tation enner in or out 01 Uongress. Hereaf ter, Compromises will be regarded as a mere tissue of words, to be broken at the will of ei ther party, and Platforms will be looked upon as nothing more than a collectioa of set phrases " full of sound and fury, signifying nothing." The action of the- South on this question, assisted by Northern dough faces, breaks down all confidence ia slavery compromises, and gives the cause of aboli tionism an impetus which years of labor on the p3rt of abolitionists could not have done. The requirements of the Fugitive Slave Law- of 180 Will not hereafter be regarded in the North ; for the people will'thinl that if one compromise is worthless, another is likewise. The measure was uncalled for-unnecessary -neither the people of the North nor of the South have asked for it the question Was' not at issue in the election of a single Sena tor or Representative who voted on it. We are happy to say that our Representa tive, Mr. Edgerton, opposed the measure earnestly and boldly, thereby correctly repre senting, so far as our knowledge extends the unanimous voice of his constituency How they did it. M J;!01 J" J f majority of the fsf 0 il xXiM i i !r n let thosup" le NVedn" ayS iSvS u, (hu3 obtain o sXmyZ maintained to the last. It is not their fault j the bill has been driven through, or ra- iiKi ul-i, air. nouse. .liut on Alondav of last ... 1, rv.l T1- 1.. 1 , . - U-1 week, Col. Richardson moved and carried bv a vote of 137 to G'?, a proposition to suspend tne rules (tor which purpose a concurrence ' ct two-thirds of the members votin-r quired.) and thus enable him to postpone the special order for W.-dnehiv rh, ti, ,i,.t...... I orion the Nebraska bill, and thus secure its ns-! sage. The members from free state previ-itiie ously voting against the repeal of the Mis- j 5i5mi restriction, and who were understood to desire to maintain that attitude before lUeir constituents, but who nevertheless vo sentedin ted with the repudiators on this occasion, and thus rendered further resistance fruitless those named and located as follows: Maine Thomas G. D. Fuller, Massachusetts Nathaniel P. Banks, jr. New Hampshire George W. Kittridgc. Connecticut J. T. Pratt, O. S. Seymour. New York Dean, Hughes, Oliver. Pennsylvania Gamble, Trout. Ohio Edgerton, Ellison, Johnson, LLnds- lev, Indiana Mace, Harlan. Chamberlain. Michigan David A. Noble. Wisconsin Tnhn B Tnn- Tntf.1 all nrnfee,! ".lomnmc - iv.. j merely state the fact that these vo'Js crip-;t'onH xlQ opposition to the bill, and rendered!) jS passa"o inevitable. Wliy thev were thus' ...... i r. uieu ma a ;i):ar liiuri: inainiv iiere;iiiir y. Tribune. hen the ftouth claims that the right to j Jake t!ieu property into all the lemtorit 13 ,a Constitutional right, they know -that: I " hcn ,ln? 13 conceded it will be easy to en- I forcc their demands to carry their property byimto a" Waits. The Constitution of the United States overrides the Constitutions! tle Statt's and the laws of the States, eo that State laws against Slavery will be " in-1 operative ami voiu. in tms way Mavery is to spread itself over the whole Union. The North may be assured that the South will never be content until this is accomplbshed. i After the repeal of the Missouri Compro- nuse and the Annexation of Cuba and Mexi-; .r.,11.. , ,..! . tv, will require all the strength and all the patriotism of the North.-lfuiralo Dern. 1 The Chicago Tribune, in an article headed " Shall we submit to the Nebraska Outrage Shall we have a North," says : - . . . We are willing to lav down the name of Whig if need be, and enroll ourselves under the banner of a new orgaization, no matter what may be its name.Nvhich will have foi its object a cordial and complete union ol all Northern men who are, in their souls, op- nosed to slavery and willing and anxious to war acraiiist its nernetuitv and ex tun- sion. Such an union of Northern men is necessary, for it is idle to say that there is any other great and vital principle left for to contend for except this. TV old issues' upon which the Democratic and Whig parties were formed, the tariff, the bank, the dis-! tributionof the proceeds of the public lands, et id omne genus, have become obsolete, or have died entindy away. Everything has resolved itself into one question. " Shall slavery of freedom become the dominant power in this Republic?" Julius W. Rockwell, of Pittsfield, Mass., is announced as the successor of Edward Everett in the U. S. senate. The Washington Press. Junius, the spicy Washington correspon dent of the Pittsburg Gazette, in an inter esting letter to that paper, thus truthfully shows up the last dodge to sustain the hire ling press at the National Capital. The In telligencer and Era are the only independent ones, so far rs public begging is concerned. " The arrogant pauper press of this city has received another lift. Some Senator has discovered that the Sentinel is starving. The Sentinel is the Hardshell organ of the Senate. Its editor is an F. F. V., of tlv; first water, a scion of that noble race which has risen, prospered a,nd decayed in the ele vating pursuit of breeding and selling men and women for the southern market. Ir. seems that the Union, the administration pet, was running off with all the nan undei tlw lau' M'nic'1 the printing of the doe that l,m"ntsfor both houses to the printer for that ulu; "lll- mm miers mem printed, it was !!.. ,...1 .1... .1 .... .. , , . , 71 - 1 I - . w i ..... is the organ oi that beggarly wmcn ,Ilf; aouth ooasls oi mono wen s "t the Senate, would sen imtil the end of Congress, whon hocus pocus or other, u nift of ;c!i good society pohzmg. as itch along bv some '.D 01.1 in th- concern would b; foi.-ted into some of appropriation bills. Rut the case is fo desperate for that, and so Bright of Indiana, '"ot "P a nice little scheme for paying th- i. nUmn f"r re-publication of the debate Iroin the Glob", th-j official r'porti-r, at the rate ol live dollars a column. J Ins motion was amended so as to include the Union and National Intelligencer. The type will !; borrowed by one office from the other The debates will average tencolumns a day. If the House concur, its debates will make j as much as ninu, making say about twenty columns a day, equal to ?1U0 a day to each paper, and 300 for all. By the same, resolu tion 5,000 additional copies are to be pur chased of the Congressional Globe. Now all this is pure waste of public money. Th -Intelligencer is a respectable conservative journal, the others, except the Glob-, ar exactly the r-'verse. They are miserable re Pr-slavery organs, owned and edited ?oulho,ri . for Southern iurposes. Melr m.'olent denunciation of all Northern reiiresontntives in f !nnrHii n; alu-il i t inn i it s : . -"(-,- --' I incendiaries anl agitators, who oppose the. I Nebraska trencherv. mmht lo future thin. the stern proscription of every Northern vote. The party sectionalism of the v. h.v Capitol thing is further" shown in th! fact that th passage able and dignified National Era, which full v supports itself, though the law is impudent one ; ly violated to deprive it of public patronage which an exiting law would gie it this 'paper is left off the list of those to b: be un resisted fitted by the Senate's benevolence." j The Richmond Examiner, in commenting ?,n lhe lnurd" 0 sor Butler, by an. "Ua b'T ,U,B c,d(f 01 c'izeij: nl .the savage tribes:-- 1 . So 0(,UH1,S ;,rc some . of ' fM '""' ; frm lo the people of the South ; so i lull of abolitionism and concealed inwndia- '"sm are many of this class ; so full of guile, fraud and deceit, that th j deliberate shooting ! of one of them down, in the act of poison- .1 1 I'll nig me mums o: our siaves or our cuiuiren, we think, if regarded as homicide at all. should always l deemed perfectly justijiu- lit ; and nc imagine that the propriety of unooimp an uooiuion wnoouiiusier, vnen caught tampering with, our diives, has never brtn questioned by any intelligent aovihem man. This we take to bt the unwritten col f the south, and we deem it advi pledged sable 10 promulgate the law, that it may be 1 cop.ee. into an me aoomion papers tnun us dered at by the three thousand New England i preachers, and read with peculiar emphasis, and terrible upturning of eye? by Garrison, : at the next meeting ot the anti-slavfry party ,at Faneuil Hall. We repeat, that the shoot- mg oj an inner am uoouiwn bwuuivwsict, frequently a creditable and laudable act, en titling a respectable southern man, at least to a seat in the Legislature, or a place rn the Common Council. The neighbors of the fortunate marksman might give him a bar becue, or run him for Congress, but beyond i that no'.hing would be done."