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fit l(v A ' ' Yiji ( r i v s I UP ? A Weekly Newspaper, Devoted to the Interests of Wood County, Politics, literature, Agriculture, Education, the Arts and Sciences, Home and Foreign News, VOX,. VI. PEREYSE URCr, 0.,r.FIXJJS:OVY, JULY 22, 1853. i 11111 z ... w) zmii Original. My Ocean Home. BY MARIA. There", a land of bniflii. dre uns. fur away to th. west, WheT. tho tun eiitlihisjaurnay an J. sin'is to his tost, Where,tho soft ocean xuphyr, nni wild ocesn wave In Wmouy miiigl,0. there make nit grave! 'Twas t'io til nnli) of noun I love 1 when n rhild i Ur.it type of i-ternity, so l-Oa idlest it nil wild; And the sunniest sm'ilo that uiy face ever wore, Waif kindred to life ly the sound of bit roar. . All fearless of hnrm I've reposed an bit hreast, While the d.i!i of Ills breakers hM lolled m.torest; And tho lovl-Uest dreams tli.it e'er visited me, Were when, 0! Atlantic, I lay steeping with the.. Thy thtindor-Toned mnslo T may never more her, Exo.pt A. it vibrates ou mem i' ear; But thy lister Paeitlo is calling m. now, With th. promiae to bind a gold wreath on my brow. I despite not her gold, but Ml aik her for lieal'h, Withont which her troaBim-s are valueless -V. tli.ii;.- : Than I'll aeelt me a home where her water may 1.ito, And h.r tear-drops or apt ay bo distilled ou my grave. TROY TOWNSHIP, July, 1858. How We Used to Live. Mr. Goodrich (Peter Pat-ley) iu his Recollec tion, of a Lifetime," th3 depicts tho lifo of his . .youth In New England: " Money was source, wages beinir ahont fifty x ccuts a day, though these were generally paid in meat, vegetable.", and other articles of use sel dom ia mouey. There wag not it factory of any kind in the- place. There was a butcher, but lie only weut from house to house to slaughter the cattle and swine of his neighbor. Thi-ro was a tanner, but ho only dressed o liter peoplo's skins. There was a clothier, but ho generally fulled and dressed other people's cloth, Even dye ing blue a portion of the wool, so as to inakeliu-ey-woolsey for short gowns, aprons, and blue-mixed stockings vital necessities in those days was domestic operation. During the autumn, a dye tub in the chimney corner thus placed so as to be cherished by the genial heat-wa a familiar ia all thrifty houses, as the bible or back log. It was covered with a board, ami formed a cozy seat in the wide mouthed fire place, especially of a chill winter's evening. Our breud was of ryo, tinged with Indian meal. Wheat bread was reserved for the sacrament and company.. All the vegetables came from our garden and farm. The fuel was supplied by our own woods sweet-scented hickory, snap ping chestnut, odoriferous ouk, and reeking, fiz zling ash. Sugar was partially supplied by our maple trees. Thus.! were tapped in March, the sap being collected and boiled down iu the wo )ds. This was wholly a domestic operation, and one in which all tho children rejoiced. - Rum was largely consumed, but our distilleries had scarcely begun. A half pint of it was given, ins a matter of course, to every day laborer, more particularly in the summer season. In all families, rich or poor, it was o If red to m:;!c visitors as an essential point of hospitality, or even good muti iiors.v Women I beg par.l.m ladies, took their schnapps then named ' Hopkins Kiiir," which wastha mot deliebugundsed-Ktive mentis of get ting tips-jy thiiV w ever invviitud. Crying h.ihies wera Bilojute l wi;ii tu t toddy, t i-tt ;remel tn itt fall'thle remedy for wind mi the sto,iiaeh. Every min imhtlia 1 ui'irtdn'; dram, an 1 was esteemed temperate. There u a f tory of a pivaeH;T about thosi) days who thus lcetifi 1 his pirisii: I nay nothinif, my beloved brethren, n.i.ist l.tkimr a little bitters before breafdt. and after br- titi funt especially if yon sue used to it. Wnat 1 corneal against, 'is this dramming, ilra si-niuy, dramming at all hours of the day. We raued our own flnx, rotted it, hackled it, dressed it, and spun it. The little whe.-l turned by the foot, had its place,. and was as familiar as if it had beeu a member of the family. The wool was also spun in the family, partly by my dialers, and partly by Molly Gregory, daughter of our neighbor, the town carpjnter. 1 remembered her well pa sho ating and npuu aloft in tho attic. In those days, church sincing was one of tha fine arts the only ono indeed which llinrishe l in Hi ice field, except tho music of the di utu and fife. The choir was divided into four part, ruuged on three sides of the muniing-house gallery. . ' Twice a year, that is, in tho spring and autumn, the tailor came to the hou-;o and fabricated the semi-annual stock ol clothe for the male members this being called ' whipping tho cat." Mantua makers an.t milliners came in thir turn, to fit out the femalo members of tho family. Thero was a similar process ns to boots and shoes. At the period of my eiiriiesl recollection, men of all classes were dieted iu long broad-tailed coats, with huir.i pockets, long waistcoats n:iJ breeches. Hats had low crowns, with broad brims some so wida as to !vj Rii.iported with cords.--The stocking of the p uvo i, and a few others, were of silk in summer and worsted in wintor; tiioso of the people were generally of wool, and of blue utid gray mixed. Women dressed in wide bonnet?, sometimes of straw and sometimes 'of silk; the gowns were of silk, muslin, gingham, &c ge :er ally olose and short-waisted, the. breast and shmtl.l-! erg being covered by a rull muslin korchiei. Lt..is ornamented themselves with a lurga white van dyke. Tavern haunting especially in winter, when there was little to do was common, even with re spectablo farmers. Marriages were celebrated iu the eveuiug, at the house of tho bride, with a geti cral gathering of the neighborhood, and usually wound off by dancing. Everybody went to a pub lic exhibition without an invitation. Funerals geu rally drew large processions, which proceeded to the grav5. Hero the minister nl way made an ad dress, suited to the occasion. If there was any thing remarkable in the history of the deceased, it was turned to religious account in the next Suu day's sermon. Singing meetings, to practice church music, were a great resort for the young, iu wiu- " ter. Balls at the taverns were Irequented by the young; the children of deacons and minis ters attended, though tho parents did not. Tho wiater brought sleighing, skatiug, and the usual tound of in-door sports." Adaptability of Animal Mattkb. Life re sists the action of animal power. Friction, which will thin and wear a dead body, actually is the cause of thickening a living otiv. The skin ou a laborer's baud is tbickvuod and burdened t i save it frq.m the elTjcts of a contact with rough and hard substances. The foot of tha African, who, without uuy defense, walks over thu burning hand, exhibit! Always a thickened covering; and a layer of fat, a bad conductor of heat, is found deposited between it and the sentient uxtrcmities of the nerves. Pressure, which thins inorganic matter, thickens living matter. A tight shoe prod.icea a corn, which is uothbig more than thickeuod cuticle. The same muscle which with ease raised a hundred 'pounds when alive, is torn through by ten when dead. Life prevents chemical agency. The body, when left to itself, soon begins to nulrify; the sev eral parts of which it is composed no longer un der the influence of a high controlling power, jeild to their chemical iiHiiiiiit-s; uaw combination are formed; a-umouiacul, sulphuretie, rarburettcd, and other gasseg are given oil, and nothing ro mains but dust. This uever happens during lifo. Morel and 1'ttdUctual SclwJ Book. Mr. Lincoln's Reply to Douglas. On Saturday evening, being tho evening fol lowing thtit on which Senator Douglas inade his apt ech in Chioto,,Mr. Lincoln", bis com petitor for the U. S. Senate, spoke from the same stand occupied by Douglas. Although but a day's notice a given the crowd In attendanca was very gre.tt, atirl the Ptrtlnniasm which pre vailed equalled, jibe days of. 181 J.- Liticdu linn lied his competitor' without edoves.'on.l we regret that our space will not permi' the publi cation of his entire t paech. We can only make a few extracts fr6m it, and will cornttiJnce with his reply to . . . WHAT IS POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY T Now, gentlemen, that ia not my argument that is not my argument at all. I have only been stating to you an argument of a Buchanan man, You will judge it' there is any force in it. Applause. Popular Sovereignty I everlasting Popular Sovereignly! (Laughter and cheers. Let us for a moment hiquire into this vast mat ter of Popular1 Sovereignty. What -is Popular Sovereignty J 1 We, recollect that st an early period in the history of this strugglo there wus another name for tha same thing Squatter Sovereignty. What do these terms mean 7 What do they moan when used now? And vast credit is taken by our triend, the Judge, in regard to his support of it, when ha declares the pant years of his life have been and nil the fu ture years of his life shall be, devoted in this matter of Popular Sovereignty. What is it? Why it is the Sovereignty of the people. What was squatter Sovereignty. I suppose if it had any significance at all, it was the right of the people to govern themselves, to be sovereign over their own uffiirs, while they had squatted on a territory that did not belong to them, in the Reuse that a Slate belongs to tho p-ople who inhabit it, when it belongs to the nation such right to govern themselves was culled ' Squat ter Sovereignty." Now, 1 wish you to mark. What has become of that Squatter Sovereignly? What has be cotna of it? Can you get anybody to tell you now that the people of a territory have uuy au thority to govern themselves, in regard to this mooted question of Slavery, belore. tliey form a State constitution? No such thing at till, al though there is u general running lire, un lvl though there has been a hurrah made iu every speech on thut si e, assuming that that policy had given the pt-opte of a territory the rilu to govern themselves upon this question; yet the poiut is dodged. To-day it hs been decided no more thin a yoar ago it was decided by th? Supreme Court of the United States, and is in sisted upon to-day, thut tho people of a territory have no right to exclude Slavery from a territory, thut if any man choos-s to tike slaves into a ter ritory, all the rest of the people huve no right to keep them out. This being so, and this de cision being made one of thn points thut the Judge approved, and one in the approvul ot which he says lie maiis to keep me down put me do.vn I should not say, for 1 have uever been up. 11 j s;iys he is in lavor of it, nod sticks to it mid expects to win his battle on that decision, In cli says that there is no Mich thing as Squat ter Sovereignty, but that any on.i man may lake slaves into a territory, ru IhII I lie oilier men ol till- t-rrilory uuy be opposed to it, and yet by r-nsoti of iIm constiiu ion lli-y oiun ot pro hibit it. Wnsn tint is so, how much i. left of tins vast nutter of Squatte.r Sovereignly, 1 should like in know 1 a voice ' it hus all gone.." When we g,:t back we get to the point of the right of tile p-ople to make a constitution. K.HIMUS was s ttled, for example, iu 1851, It was a Territory yet, without tuvin lonned a constitution, iu a very regular wy, lor three years. All this time negro slavery could be ta ken in by any few individuals, and by that decision of tha Supreme Court, which the Jude approves, all the rest of the people can not keep it out; but when they come to nuke a constitution, they may say they will not have slavery. But it is there ; tiiey ore obliged to tolerate it in sonii nay, and all experience shows that it will be so for they will not take th-; negro slaves end absolutely deprive the owners of them. All experience shows his to be. so. All that space of tune that rups from tlu bi;iniiitig ot' the settlement of the Terrritory until there is a suflL-iency of pooplo to make a State con siitu.ioii ill that portion of time Popu'ar Sovereignty is given up. The seal is absolutely put uown iijion it by the eourt decision, and Judge Douglas put his on the top ol that; yet he is uppeuling to tha people to give him vast credit lor his devotion to Popular Sovereignty. (Applause and cries of "right; " "riglu,'' "good;" 'goo.l."J Aa in, when we get to the question of the right ot the people to lorm a State 'Constitution as -hey plea.vi, to form it with slavery oi witli- 0 it oiavery if '.hat is anything new, I confess 1 don't know it. Has there ever been a time when any one said tliat anybody other than the people ol a t rritory itsell 6hould form their constitution? What i new in it, that Judge Dougla3 should have fought several years of his life, and pledged liiimelf to fight all the remain ing years of his lite, for? Can Judge Douglas find any body ou earth that said anybody else should form a constitution for a people? A voice, "Yes." Well, I should like you to name him ; I should like to know who he was. Sauid voice "John Cjlhoun.' J Mr. Liiieoln No, sir, I never heard of even John Caihoun 6dying such a thing. Ia insist ed on the same principle as Judgo Doug las; but his mode of applying it intact, was wrong. It is enough for my purpose to ask this crowd, when ever a Republican said anything ugainst it? Tiiey never said any thing against it, but they have constantly spoken for it; and whosoever will undertake to examine ilw plat form, and the speeches of responsible men of the party, and of irresponsible men, too, if you please, will be unable to find one word from anybody in the Republicans ranks, opposed to that Popular Sovereignty which Judge. Douglas thiuki that he has invented. (Applausn 1 sup pos that Judge Douglas will claim iu a little while, that he is the inventor of thn i lea that the people should govern themselves; aheers and blighter; that nobody ever thought of such thing until he. brought it forward. We do remember that iu the old D -duration of In dependence, it is aid that " We hold theg truths to b S'df-evident thut all men are created equal ; that they are endowed by th.-ir Creator with ceriuin inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness ; that to s- cuw thesa rights goverii.ii'-uts are in stiiu'.ed among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed." Thf-re is the origin of Popular Sovereignty. (Loud sppla-iie. Who, thin, shall coma in at this day and claim that h invented it? (Laughter and applause. DUKU SCOTT DECISIO.V. A little now on the other point thn Dred Scott decision. Another om of ihe issues m says that is to b mrta with pv, is upo.i hn devotion to the Died Scott dacLLm, u:id iny opposition to it. 1 have expressed he r-Mofore, u I I now repent my opposition to the Dre I Scott decision, but 1 should Iw allowed to slate the nature of 'that opposition, and I k your indulgence while I doso. What isl'airlr implied by the term Judge Douglas hag used " resistance to the decision?" I do not resist it. tf 1 wanted to tik- Dr-d Scott fin m his mister, I tld b. Interfering with property, und that terrible diilieulry which Judi Douglas Kpc;ik of, iiiteiferin with prop erty, would arise. But I am doing no such thing as that, but all thit I am lining is refusing to obey it ns a political 'iile. II I were iii Con-Hr--3, and a vote should come up on question whether slavery should be prohibited in a new territory, in spite ol that Dred Scott decision, I would votathat it should. Applause good for you ; we hop. to see it ; that's right. That is what I would da A voice Yon will have a chance soon.) Jmlgi Douglas snid Inst night, that before the decision ho might advance his opinion, and it might bo contrarv to the de cision when it was made: but after it was made he would abide by it until it was reversed. Just so 1 We let this property abide by the decision, but wo will try to reverse that decision. (Loud applause cries of good. Wo will try to put it where Judge Douglas will not object, for he says ho w ill obey it when it is reversed. Somebody has to reverse that decision, since it is madp, and we inaii to reverse it, and we mean to do it peaceably. What are the uses of decisions of courts? They have two uses. As rules of property they have two uses. First they decide upon the questions before the court. They decide in this case thatjDred Sco'.t is a slave. Nobody resists that. Not only that, but they say to everybody else, that persons standing just as Dred Soolt stands, ari as he is. That is, they say that when a question comes up, upon another person, it will ba so decided again, unless the court de cides another way cheers cries of good un less the court overrules its decision. (Renewed applause, .Veil, we mean to do what we can to have tho court decide tho other way. That is one thing wo mean to try to do. The sacrcdness that Judge Douglas throws around this decision, is a degree of s,icrediuj that has never been before thrown around any oilier decision. I have never heard of such u tiling. Why, decisions, apparently contrary to that decision, or that good lawyers thought wero contrary to that decision, have been made by that very court before. It is the first of i is kind. It is nn aslonishcr in legil history. (Laughter. J It is a new wonder of the world. (Laughter and applause. It is based upon I'ttUe hood in the main ns to tht facts allegations of lacts noon which it stands arp not fact? at all iu i u 4 u y in.-ta u:es, and no decision ma le on any question ; e first instance of a decision made under so many unfavorable fircuin tunces thus placed, ll.isev- r been held by the pi of, ssrou as law, and it has always need,! confirm i ion belore the lawyers regarded it as a settled law. lint Judgrt Douglas will have it that ail hands must take this extraordinary decision, nude mi der sucti extraordinary e'trciimsuncesi, an I give their voles m C ingress iu accordance with it yield to it and ob. y it in every possible senae. Circumstances alter cases. D.) not geutl'-ni'ii here remember tha ens-; ol th it same Supreme Court, some twenty-five oi thirty years ago. deciding that a Nitioiiiil Bank was constitutional ? I ask. if s ombody does not remember that, a National limit was cunsti tutioual? I" Yes; )vs."J Sucll is the truth. wheUier it be rem 'inhered or not. Tile Hank charter ran out, and a re-charter whs graut-d by Congress. The re-charter was laid belore Gen. Jackson. It was urged upon him, when he de nied the constitutionality of the bank, that the Supreme Court had decided that it wus constitu tional; liiil G-u. Jackson then said that the Supreme Court had no right to lay down a rule to govern a co ordinate branch of the Govern ment, the members of which had sworn to sup port the const i tiifon that euoh memb-r had sworn to support thut constitution as ha under stood it. I wilt venture li-ra to siy, that I have heard Juda Douglas say that he approved of General Jackson for tint act. What has now become, of all this tirade about "resistance to the Suprcnn Court?" ("Gone up," "Gone to the theatre." My fellow citiz-ns, goin back a littl", for I pass from thesi points, when Judge Douglas makes his threatof annihilation upon the "alli ance," ho ia cautions to say that that warfare of his is to fall upon the leaders of the Repub lican party. Almost every word he utters and every distinction ho iruk-s, hus its significance. He means tor the republican that do no" cou'it themselves as leaders, to bi his friends J he mukes no fus3 over them ; it is the leaders that he is making war upon. Hi wants it under stood that the mass of the Republican party aw really his friends. It is only th-leaders that arc doing something, that are "intolerant, and that require extermination ut his hand. As this is clearly and unquestionably the light iu which he presents that matter, I want to ask your at tention, addressing mysedf to the R-pablicnns hero, that 1 may ask you some questions, as to where you as t e Republican party, would be placed if you sustained Judge Douglas in his' present position by a re-election f I do not claim, gentlemen, to be unselfigli, I do not pre tend that I would not like to go to the United States Senate, (laughter, I inske no such hypo critical pretence, but I do say to you that in this mighty issuorit is nothing to you noth ing to iliu mass of the people' whether or not Judge Douglas or myself shall ever ba heard of after this night, it may bs a trifle to either of us, but in connection with this mighty question, upon which hang Un destinies of th-! nation, perhaps, it is absolutely nothing; but wle-re will you bu placed if you eil loio) Judge Doug las? Don't you know how apt h- is how ex ceeedingly anxious he ig at all times to s-iz, up u anything und everything to persuade you that soineilnug 1112 Ins done you did yourselves? Why, he tried to persuade you last night that our Illinois Legislature instructed him 10 intri duce the Nebrask bill. There was nobody in that Legislature ever thought of such a thing; and when lie first in r iducud the bill, Im never thought of it; but still he fights furiouslv for the proposition, an I that he d:d it he-cause there was a titan. ling instruction to our Senators to be always introducing Nebraska bills. Liugh ter and applause Hi ted Id you Iu is for the Cincinnati platform, he tells you ho is for the Dred Scott decision. II ; tells you, not in bis speech last night, but substantially in a former p.-cc!i, t.iat I13 car.-s 11 t if slavery is voted up or down he tells you the struggle on Lecoinpton is passed it m ay coui 'up ugaiu or not, and if it does he stands where he stood where in spite of him un I his opposition)'! b iiit up (hi 11 -publican parly. If you en lorse him you tell him you do uol care whether slavery hi voted up or down, and lie will cloe 01 try to close your mouth with his dedaratioi. repeated by the day, tho week, the mouth. .11 I thyear. Is that whit you mean? (Cii--s of "no;" one voice "yes."! Yes. I luvj 110 douht yon have always b'-eu lor Liiil if you mean that. (A voicd " hit him ejiniu"! Nobeily I have baid, u.id i repeat it, I jthjnk iu the position in which JjJga Dj.t'ii stood in opposing the T.ecotnplon constitution he was tight, he dors not know th.it it will return, but if it doe we may know where to find him, and if it does not we know where to look for him uud that is on the Cincinnati Platform. Now I couil ask the Republican party after all the hard names that Douglas hue called them by all his repMted charges of their in 'liiinlion to marry with and buy negroes, all his declara tions ol Bi.ick Republicanism by tho way we are improving, the black has got rubbed off but with with all that If hs Im indorsed by the Re. publican votes, where do you stand ? Plainly, yon stand ready saddled, bridled and harnessed, and waiting to be drivi-u over into the slat cry extension camp of the nation (a voice " we will lung ourselves first" just ready to be driven over, lied together in a lot to be driven over every man with a rope around his neck, that halter being he 1 1 by Judge Douglas, That is the question. If Republican men have been in earnesi in what they have done, I think they had better not do it, but I think that tho Re publican party is made up of those who, as far as they can p taceably, will oppose the extension of slavery, and who w.ll hope for its ultimate extinction who will believe if it coases to spread, that it ia in course of ultimate extinc tion. If they believe it is wrong in grasping up the new lauds of the settlement, and keeping liie.n from the settlement of the free white la borers, win want the land to bring up their families upon; if they tire in earnest, although they may make a mistake, they will grow rest less, and timt will come wlnu they will come again and reorganise, if not by the same name, hi least upon the same principles as their party now has. It is better, then, to save the work while it is begun. You hava dona the labor; maintain it keep it. If men choose to serve you, go with them; but as you have made up your organization upon principle, stand by it ; for, as surely s God reins over you, and lias in npired your mind, and given you a sense of pro priety, snd con 1 in nea to give you hope, so surely you will at last c im ! back again ufu-r your wan derings, merely to do your work over again. ( Loud applause. We were often more than once, at least iu the course of Judge Douglas's speech lust night, reminded that this government was made lor white men that he believed that it was made lor white men! Well, that is putting it iu a shape iu which no one wants to deny it, but the Judi'.e then goes into his passion for drawing inferences that are not warranted. I protest, now un I forever, ngniust that counterfeit logie which presumes that becRuse I do not want a nero woman for a slave, I do necessarily wont her tor a wife. Lutiihter and cheers. My un derstanding is that I need not have her for either, but as God made 119 separate, we can lenve one another ulon". and do one another much good thereby. There are white nion enough to niirry all the whit. women, und tnougli black men to marry all thu black women, and iu G.i l's naniii let thorn be so married. The Judge regales us with the terrible enormities that take pUci by the mixture of races ; that the inferior race bears the superior down. Why, Judge, if we will not let the.ni get together in the 'l'eni lories they won't mix there, (Immense up pluiiso. A voice "Three ch-er3 for Lincoln." (The cheers were (jiven with a hearty good will. Mr. Lincoln should say at least that that is a self-evident truth. Now, it lup-p -in that wc meet together once every year, sometime uhout the 4th of July, for some re ig. 111 or other. These 4th of July gath erings, I mippose have their uses. If you will itiduig' mo I will state what I suppose to be sonu of them. We e i-o e mighty nation, 'we era thirty or about thirty millions ot people, and we own and inhabit ab mt one-lifteenth part of the dry land of the whole earth. We run our memory back over the pages of history Tor about eighty-two years, ami we discover that we were then a very small people 111 point of numbers, vastly inferior what we are now, with a vustly less ex tent of country with vastly less extent ol everything we deem desirable nmong men, we look upon the change as exceedingly advantage ous to us an I to our posterity, and we fix upon something that happened away back, us iu some way or other being connected wilh this rise of prosperity. We had a race of men liv ing in that day whom we claim us our fathers nod grandfathers; they were iron men; they fought for lli-principle that they were couteud in:;; and wo un I'-rstaud that by what they then did it has followed that thedegiee of prosperity that we now enjoy lias come to us. We hold this annual celebration to remind ourselves of the good done in process of time, of how it was done end who di I it, and how we are historically couii-cted with it; and we go from these meet ings in better humor wilh ourselves we fed toor attached the one to the other, and more firmly bound to the country wo inhabit. In every way wt are better men in the age, and race, and country in which we live for these celebrations. But after we have done all this we have not reached the whole. There was something else connected with it. We have besides these nun descended by blood from our ancestors among us perhaps half our people who are not descendants at all of these men, they ere men who have come from Europe German, Irish, French and Scandinavianmen that have come from Europe themselves or whose ancestors have coma hither and settled here, ful ling themsel vesour equals in all things. If they look hack through this history to trace their connections with those days by blood, they find thy have none, they cannot carry them selves hick into thit glorious epoch and make themselves feel that they are part of us, but wh 11 they look through that old Declaration of 1 1 dependence, they find thut those old men say that " We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men ur-j created equal," and then ihey feel that this moral sentiment taught in that day evidences their relation to' those men, that it is tha rather of all moral principle in them and that th-y have a right 10 claim it as though they were blood of the blood, and flesh of tho fl'shofth.s in mi who wrote that Declaration, (loud and I on a continued npplause) and so they are. That is the electric cord in that Declara tion tint links the hearts of patriotic end liber ty-loving men together, that will link those patriotic hearts as long as tha love of freedom exis's in the min is of m m throughout the world. (Applause.) Now, sirs, for the purpose of squaring things with this idea of" don't care if slavery is voted up or down," for sustaining the Dred Scott de cision A voice" Hit him gain," for holding that tht D'daration of Independence did not nvan anything at all, we have Judg-j Dougtus giving his exposition of what the Declaration of Independence means, and we have him say ing that iht people of America were equal to the people of England. According to Ins ton 'tructi o.i, vo,i Germans are not connected with it. Now 1 ask you in all soberness, if all these things, if intulriei iu, if ratified, if con Tii.ii -it and en lorse. I, it taught to our chil Iren and i pealed to 1 hi in, do not tend to rub out the tcu ti.utn; l libeiiy i,i t'.g cojLti, und to ti!i:;s- form 1hl- Government into 11 government of some other form. It nny be argued that thre am c-rluin con ditions that ni ik- necessities an I imposejhein upon in, an I to the extent tht if a n-cessTiy is imperil upon a nun Im must submit to it. I think that was tin condition in which we found ourselves when we established this g ivsrnmenl. We hvl slavery among us, we could not get our constitution unless we permitted them to re main In slavery, we could not securo the good we did secure if we grasped for more,-and hav ing by uscussily submitted to thatejiuch, it does not destroy the piiuciple that is the charter of onr liberties. Let that charter stand as our standard. My friend has said to me that 1 am a poor hand to quote Scripture. I will try it again, however. It is said in one of tho admonitions of tho Lord, " As your Father in heaven Is per fect, be ye also perfect." The Saviour, I sup pose, did not expect that any human creature could be as perfect as the Father in Heaven; but Ha said, " As your Father in Heaven is per fect, be ye also perfect." He. set that up as a standard, end he who did most to.vards reach ing that standard, attained the highest degree of moral perfection. So I say iu relation to the1 principle that all men arc cteatad equal, let it be us nearly reached as we can. If we cannot give freedom to every cre ttare, let us do nothing that will impose slavery upon any other crea ture. Applause. Let us then tirn this govern ment back into the channel in which the Irnmers of the Constitution originally placed it. L -t us stand firmly by each other. If we do not do so we are turning in a contrary direction, that our fii.nd Judg' Douglas proposes uot intention ally as working in the truces that tend to make this one univeiiil Slave nation. A voice "that is so." Ho is one that runs in that di rection, and as such I resist him. My friends. I have detained you about as long as I desired to do, and I have only to say, let us discard all this quibbling about this man and the other man ' hisj race and that race and tin other raco belli!? interior, and therefore they must bo placed in an inferior position. L-t us discard ail these things, and unite 11s one people throughout this laud, until we shall once more stand up declaring that all men aro created equal. . . . m --Gov. Chase has appointed Cyrus Menrlen hall, of Jefferson county, a Director of the Ohio Penitentiaiy in tho place of Gen. Spink, re signed. This appointment, like nil those made by Gov. C, is a proper one. Mr. Mendenhall-well known in this city is n gmtleman who has devoted much labor and thought to prison reform and when a tnsmb-t of tha Legislature devised thu law re-organizing the Penitentiary. Clevt. Herald. Republican State Convention. Convention which assembled in Colum bus on the 13th, was one of the best ns regards numbers, c irnt'tnes und unanimity, that has over convened in Ohio. Tho delegates came to jV'ther like men eugnginl in cause above self, a oause for which every thing, save principle, should heud, a cause for tho success of which their heartiest exertions should be pledged. They went to work like earnest men, and hav ing no piques to settle, no wound to open, nor to heal, the buoinebsof the Convention wns dis patched iu u few hours, and iioihing from (irist to Inst occurred to iimr the harmony of tin crowd, or to jar iu tho slightest particular the proceedings. Every county iu Ohio, save one small one, had its full delegation, but notm were tenacious, none were impracticable, bill uli were ready and willing t ) yield pre fere 11 cos, to bury prejudices, and anxious to present to h common foe an undivided front. Tha Convention was called to order by Hon. Win. Dennisoii, Chairman of the State Central Committee, who nominated Gen. J. M. Ashley, of Toledo, us Temporary Chairman, and Messis. Holli.-ter of Hamilton, Granger of Muskingum, and Benedict of Cuyahoga, as Temporary Secre taries. Gen. Asliloy on iissuniing tin Chair, male a few well timed and appropriate remarks. Committees of 21 were then chosen on cre dentials, on permanent rules nnd order of busi ness, oil resolutions, on State Central Commit tee. When these Committees retired, culls wero made for Hon. John A. Bingham, of Hnrison, the able iiiemb-r of Congress from that District, who responded in a speech of power and elFect. Culls were made for Joshua R. Giddings, when thut scar worn veteran iu the Republican causa came forward, but was compelled to decline making any remarks from prudential motives, and by strict command of his physicians. Ca leb B. Smith was next called out and spoke un til adjournment, giving one of his thrilliugly elo quent appeals in behalf of the cause ol Republi canism. AFTKI1S00N HKSSIOSf. Samuel' Ciiaioiikaii, of Dayton, was chosen president of the Convention, wilh 21 vice presi dents, (James Murray, Esq., being SiL-cted for the Olh district,) and G Secretaries. RKS0I.UTION3. The Committee on resolutions, tLrough their Chairman, Hon. B. P. Wade presented the fol lowing, which was unanimously adopted, the oouvt-iiuon giving a tremendous aye : 1. ltcaolvtd, That the Republicans of Ohio, in Convention assembled, entertaining an abid ing confidence in the cardiiiuljdoctrinesol tho par ty, heretolore inscribed upon its banner, and in the defence of which it has never failed to se cure from the iuiclii.ent um patriotic 'freemen of the Suite, an ardent uud ti iumphuut support, hereby reullirni the same, and again commend them to iIm favorable consideration of the peo ple. ad. llcsolvcd, That the President of the Uni ted States uud his servile panizaiis in Congress, union by 1110 emiasaues in Kansas, in their per sistent efforts to enforce by violence, fraud und bribery, ami intimidation upon the people of that territory 0 Constitution- in opposition to un; ir wiu.anu unraudoi their undoubted rights, deserve and ought to rece'ue the unqualified con demnation of all the American people. 31. llesolved, That the astounding disclo sures ol the ruinous and coirupt prodigality of .1. . v . .: i a j. 1 . 1 - 1: 111a iiawunui viaillllllsiruilOll, Wtlicn, in tile DI III! period of eighteen months ot profound peace, lias exhausted an overflowing treasury, and add ed to the publio debt forty millions of dollars, without any visible indications of a proposed remedy, or a cessatiou ot the evil submits to thu people to choose between the alternative of National Uaukruptcy or National Reform. 4. Jiiaolved, That wc invite all men ofull parties, to join with ts in restoring the Govern ment 10 it original purity and principles, uud pr. serving it as an inhciilaucu lor those who may co.ne al.er u. Wo cull hlleiilioii to these resolutions as a piiUi iO l.. t.ilulc toiiveiituiiii.. Tin Convention w .s cj.n,j.'ioc,i ii men ol o,ko, not woolj, u.i.l that rock on which political conventions are so olteu wrecked to wit: elaborate and .minute platform was safely li ft at a distance. The resolutions say just eunuch, for a nuire of fools.T cap could not make tho uims snd objects of the -Republican prty any more plain than they are , now, for that puity can be seen and. read of all The following were presented for the constJ nation ol the Convention J Win. V. Peck, of Scioto. John Welsh, of Athens. John L. Green, of Ros. Owen T. Fishback. of Clermont. R. P. Spaulding, ol Cuyahoga. C. B. Goddard, of M iskiugtiiu. K. Watson, of Seneca. ' ' R. M. Corwiue, of Hamilton. i. W. Caldwell, of Hamilton. W. Lawrence, of Logan.' Upon the4Buiioiiiicenient of Judge Spsulding's name, Mr, Parsons, of Cuyahoga, rose, and read a letter from Judge S., withdrawing his nam e. On the second ballot, Hon. Win. V. Peck of Scioto, was dec'ared nominated, and that norn ination was made unanimous. Judge P. is 011a of the first lawyers in Ohio, and when he ran for Judge in his own district, no competitor ap poured to contest tho race: such vui the ec knowledged ability and character of Judge reck. His nunto Is a tovcr of strcnuth to the ticket, and he will grace the Supreme flench in au emi nent degree. The nomination of Christopher P. Wolcoltt of Summit, wus made by Declamation, cue We- , mentions "Aye'' from the rutin Convention pay ' ing that able lawyer and thut admirable Attor- 1 ney General a compliment as well deserved aait was hearty and spontaneous. For Comptroller but one ballot was tskerl fe eultinn in the choice of Wm. B. Thrall, of Franklin, the present incumbent by appoint- ment. The nomination was ft compliment to ' Mr. Thrall nnd to Governor Chase whose ap puiuteo lie is. For member of tho Board of Public Works there wero five ballots. The names presented on the first ballot were as follows: Messrs. Mar tin, Hinch, Mitchell, Whitenian, Laidzle, Eb lesion, Sergeant, Chnpin, Kelley, Jsrvip, Blalf, Sears, Howe and Durloe ; after the first ballot Kent Jams, of Stark, Howe, of Summit, and oth ers were withdrawn. On the fifth ballot John L. Martin, of Butler County was nominated. Mr. Martin was every way qualified for the post, and will discharge the duties of the station with ability und integrity. Tho names of the Central Executive Commit tee were omitted in their proper place. That Committee is ns follows; Win. Denisou, Jr., Lucien Buttles, Wm. Bat comb, R. N. Barr. N. H. Swnyue.J. 11. Coulter, and Geo. M. Parsons, of Columbus. At large Joshua R. Giddings and Caleb B, Smith. Iu the evening a general ratification meeting' wns lielil in the Stute House yard, which we s nddrossed by Senator Wadu in un obln and con-: vim ing speech, and nlso by lion. B. ' F. Stuntou. another of the Republican Members of Congress, who so ably represents Ohio on tha floor of Congress. -.i "Good Night." "Good Night, Papa." These uro tho words whoso music lias not left our cars since thu glouming, nnd now it is mid-' night. " Good night, thirling! God " bless you; yon will have pleasant dreams, though I toss In lever, haunted by the demons of care timt harrastt me through the day. Good night!" The clock on tho maiitlo struck twelve, and no sound wss heard in thu house suvu thu regular breathing of those little lungs in the next room, heard through tho door ujar. Wc dropped our pen, folded our arms, mid sut giiaing ou thu luzy lire, while the whole panorama of a life passed before us, with its many " good nights." It is a great thing to be rich, bat it is 11 rich thing to huve a good memory provi ded that memory bears uo unpleasant fruit, bitter to the taste; and our moinory carries ns buck to many u pleasant scene to tho littlo arm chuir by thu fireside; to the ttuiidlc bed ut the foot of tht hud; to thu luwn iu front ol the house, und tha orchiird behind it; to the buttor-ciips, and the 11c W clover, and thu chickcus and the swallows, uud tha birds' nests, uud tho strawberries, and tho many things that uttract tho wondering eyes of child' hood, to say nothing of the mysteries of the starry skies, und tho wtird gloom of tho moaning forest. Hut, then, there woro the good nights," uud tho littlo pruyer, und tho downy bed, on which slumber foil 11a lightly us 11 snow fluke, only warm er, mid such dreams us only visit perfect innocence! The household "good night!'' Somebody, in whose brain iu rich music still lingers, has written thus I "Good night!" A loud clear voice fro'm tho stairs said that it was Tommy. " Dood nightl'' manners a little something from the trundle-bed u little something that we cull Jcuuy, that filled large place in thu centre or two pretty little hearts. "Good night!" lisps u little follow 111 a pluid ri fle dress, who wus named Willio ubout six yeurs " Now I lay mn down to aletp, 1 prnv thi! lr(l my soul to k.p; It 1 should die bet'or. I wake." and the small bundle iu the trutidlu-bed has drop ped off to sleep, but the broken pruyer may go up sooner than many loug petition, that set out a great while before it. And so it was "good night" nil around tha homusteud; nnd very sweet music it made, too, In in tho twilight, uud very pleasant melody it makes now, us we think of it; lor it wus not yesterday nor the day belore, but u long time ugn go long thut Tommy. is Thomas Somebody, LVq., uud has forgotten that he ever was a boy, uud wore whut the bravest and richest of us can weut but once, il we try the first pair of boots. Aud so it was "goodnight" all aroum tha house; and tho children hud gone through the ivory gate, always left u little njur fur the 111 through into tho laud of dreams. And then the lover's "good night," and tho parting kiss! They are us jnodigal of the hours as the sjaendlhiift of his coin, und the minutes de part iu goldt 11 showers, uud fall iu dying spur kg at their feet. "Goodnight." Fist Chamois to Mahrv. One of the minis ters, suys the Princtvs Belgiojoso, in her Eastern travels, in very good circumstances, bad three daughters who had long reached a nubile ago. The minister perceiving that no one made thorn nil oBer, thought it advisable to wait 110 longer, so ho put in execution a thoroughly American idea. One Sunday he preached 011 matrimony: ha devel oped the text, ' Increase and multiply," declaring to his congregation that it was it command, and not merely a council. He dilated with eloquence and warmth on tho chaste pleusures of wedlock, and euded his sermon by oflcring his three daugh ters, with three thousand dollars apiece, to any persons thut were willing to nurry them. Ho ad ded that, a ter the sermon, ho would receivo th names of the of',-rcir, uud that his choice would fall 011 those who possessed the he,t mural charac ter. A facetious ji Uiman, who wus pres?nt, (ami where urc they not) did not wait the moment indi. cu.ed I iv the priest iii raise his Voice, lie request ed tha. I,u na.iiv should Im placed 0,1 thu list lor two!