Newspaper Page Text
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A Weekly Newspaper, Devoid to the Interests of Wood County, Politics, Literature, Agriculture, Education, the Arts and Sciences, Home and Foreign News.
PEREYSBURG, O., THURSDAY, 14, 1801.
90 . Ln
SHERIFF'S SALES, &C.
SHKTtlr'F'S SALE. WOOD COUNTY COMMON
PLEAS - -
' Joint Hair. vs Henry P. Oonrhor.
N"otie is herwbT (fivrn tlit I will offer for mile t pub
lic auction, at the door of the Court House in lVrrystmrg,
Saturday, tho 2J day of March, A. 1. 1861,
between the hours of 11 4. m., and 3 o'clock, p. u., of
that dav, the followind real estate to wit: the imrth-citst
quarter section 31. town 8 north of tourc 11 cast, con
taining one hundred anil sixty acre, also the south hair
of tho south-east quarter, section 80, town X north range
1 1 east, containing eighty m res, also the north part of
the east half of the south-east quarter section H8, town S.
north of range 10 cast, commencing at tho north quarter
iiost, thence south along said lin to the center of an east
5fc west road known as the Sandusky lonanoo State
road, thence west along the center of said road to the west
line thereof, thence north along said west line to north
west corner, tlienro along said north line to plnee of be
gining. containing 1!7 acres, nil situate in Wood county,
Oiiio, token as the property of Henry It. Wher on un
execution in favor of John Haird, issued by tho Court or
Common l'leas of said county of Wood in a certain ac
tion wherein said John Haird is plaintiff and said Henry
Ooucher is defendant, ami to mo directed as Sheriff of
Given under my hand this 15th day of .Tanuray 1861.
U. E. UL'YKK, Sheriff.
Dodos & Tvibb, attys.
Jan. 30th, 1801 3Uw&$5 55.
g II E n I F F ' S S A I. F. .
S. II; Hansom St Co., ys George W. Itrown and Ix-wis
llr virtuo of an order of sale issued in tho above case
by the Clerk of tho Court of Common l'leas or ood
county, Ohio, and to mo dir-cted and delivered, I will
offer for sale at public vendue, at tho door of the Court
House, in the town of l'errysburg, Wood county, Ohio,
Saturday, March 2nd, Wl,
between the hours of 12 in., and 2 o'clock p. ni., of said
(lav, tho following described lands ami tenements to wit:
in-lot number seven hundred and eighty-four, tho east
fourth of in-lot number seven hundred ami eighty-five
and the west two-thirds of the east three-fourth of m
lot number seven hundred and ninety -one, in the town of
Ferrvaburg, Wood county, Ohio. ,,,..
0. E. CllYKU, Shenff.
Jan. 30th, 1801 39w5$l 25. '
gn k n i k f a sale.
I.aura Hagbv, bvhor next friend, vs 11. S. Judson.
l)v virtue of an order of sale issued in the alxive case
hv the clerk of tho Court of Common Fleas of Wood Co..
Ohio. I will offer for sale at public vendue nt the dor of
the Court House in tho town of l'errysburg, Wood county,
Saturday, March 2ud, ISM,
between the hours of 12 m.,and 2 o'clock, p. m.,of said
dav, the following described lands and tenements to wit:
the west half of the east bailor the north-west qr.
of section number five, township number four tiorlh,
rango number ten east, and tho west half of the west
half of south-cast quarter of section number thirty -two,
township number live north, range number tet east, in
Wood county, Ohio. O. K. Ul'YKH, Sheriff.
.Umks Mi'tiray, attv.
Jan. 30th, 1801 39w5$3. 41..
11 K K IK F ' S S A I. K
S. H. Ransom A Co., vs CeorgeW. Itrown, I.owis M.
Hunt and Addison Smith,
Hy virtue or an order of sale issued in the abore case
by the Clerk of the Court of Common Fleas of Mood
county, Ohio, aml'to me directed and delivered, 1 will
offer for sale at public vendue, at the uoor or the Court
House.in the town of l'errysburg, Wood county, Ohio,
Saturdtiy, March 2nd, 1801,
between the hours of 12 in., and 2 o'clock, p. m., of said
day, tho following described lands and tenements to wit:
iu-lots number six hundred and forty-three, six hundred
and seventy-two, three hundred and thirty-uine and
thirtv-seven feet off the alley end f in-lot mmber three
hundred and eighty-live, in the tow u of Fcrrvsburg.Wuod
county, Ohio. " t!.. E (il'YKU, Sht rill.
James Mt nRAT, attv.
Jan. 30th, 1H01 39w5?3 00.
CjUEKIFK'S SALE.t-WOOU ClH'N T Y CO M MO N
Woolsey A llurkhead vs Lorenzo Horden.
Notice is hereby given that I will offer for sale at
public auction, at the door of the Court House in Ferrys
burg, Wood county, Ohio, on
Saturday, the 21 day of March, A. P., 1801,
between the hours of 11, a. m., aud 2 o'clock, p. m., of
that dav, the pillowing real estate to. wit: in-!ots in
the town or l'errysburg, Wood county, Ohio, number
fifteen aud sixteen, taken as the property of said Lorenzo
llorden, on an execution in tavor ot woolsey x intrK
head, issued by the Court of Common l'leas of Wood
e.inntv. Ohio, in a certain action wherein said Woolsey
A Iterkhcad were plaintiffs aud said Lorenzo Horden was
defendant, aud directed to me as Sheriff of said county,
(liven under my haud this 15th day of January. A.
I)., 1861. O. E. UU fcK,heiiU.
M. B.AH. Waitb, nrtys.
Jan. 30th, 1861 39w5$3 65.-
OHKKIFK'S SALE. WOOD COUNTY COMMON
Sarah Carlin vs Samuel Robinson, ct al.
Notice is hereby eiven that 1 will offer for sale at nub
lick auction, at the Court House, in l'errysburg, Wood
county ,Ohio, on
Saturday, the 2d day of March, A. D.,1861,
between the hours of 11 a. ui.. and 2 o'clock, p. .m or
that day the following real estate to wit: the north part
of the e'ast halt of the south-east quarter of section thir
ty-six, township three north ol rang tun east, in Wood
county, Ohio, commencing at the north-east quarter post,
thence south to the center of an en stand west road known
as the Sandusky A Defiance road, thence west along the
center of said road to tho west line of s;iid premises,
thence north alone said west line to the north-west cor
ner of said premises, thence east along tku north line or
said premises to the beginniug, containing 27 acres or
lana, more or less oruerea W oe soul as uia property ot
the defendants on a certain order or sale issued by the
Court or Common Fleas or Wood county, Ohio, in a cer
tain actiou whereiu said Sarah S. Carlin is plaintiff a.id
said Samuel Robinson and others defendants and di
rected to me as Sheriff of said county.
Given uudur my hand this 2 till day of January, 1861.
CI. E.liUYEl!, Sheriff.
Dodob Sl Tvlek, attvs.
Jan. 30th, 1801 39w5J5 01.
"T OTIC E. WOOD COMMON FLEAS VACA-
TION AFTER OCTOBER TERM A. I. 1800.
Hugh M. Adams & Asa Adams vs Solomon France it
The defendants Solomon France and Margarett France
will take notice that tho plaintiffs on tho 5th day or Jan
uary, A. D., 1801, tiled their petition against them in the
Clerks office, in the Court of Common Fleas of Wood
The object and prayer of which is to quiet title to, and
to exclude said Solomon France from all right title and
interest in and to the following lands and tenements situ
ats in Wood Comity, Ohio, to wit: the south half of the
south-cast quarter of section nineteen, in township four
north of range twclvo cast, and said defendants are fur
ther notified uuless they answer or demur to said petition
ou or before the 3d Saturday after the 22d day February,
1861, the sauw will be taken as confessed against them,
and the Court a.iked to decree thereon accordingly.
Cook. Fkii'B Si Johnson, aitys.
January 8th, 1S01 30w7g4 60.
U A R l) I A N ' S S A L E
In pursuance of au order or the Frobate Court of Wood
county, Ohio, made on the 12th day of January, A. I).
1801, iu the case or Samuel Klingerstnith, (iuardian or
Joshua, Melviuu ami Francis BarUett, against his
Wards, the undersigned will ou
Saturday, February 10th, A. D. 1851,
at I o'clock p. m. of said day, on the premises offer at
public sale the following described real estate, situate in
Wood county, Ohio, to wit: the south-west quarter of the
south-east quarter of the north-east quarter of aictiou
number niuetoco, town three north, range eleven fait,
containing tun acres.
Terms of sale, cash in hand. Appraised at $150.
SAMUEL K LINGERS M1TH, (iuardian.
T. k V. K. IIoLLrMtiscc, attvs.
January 17th, 1861 37w&3 81.
JT O T 1 C E .
The undersigned has been dul appouited Adminia
ftator of the estate of Phillip McNUnnis, derearwd, Ut
f Wood County, Ohio. b. S. BRON&O.V.
Jan. 230), IBM 3S-3
O U R N A L PRINTING OFFICE.
Havinsr roulenishod our office with new tmcs throueh-
out, we are now prepared to execute Job Work, such at
Poster. Sale Bills, Programmes, "Invitations,
Caras, Labels, I'amplilcts, all kinds lslanks.ac.
In the most satisfactory manner. Orders ailed at short
notice, and on reasonable terms.
AnvTRTtstNO. lw Ini 3m ftn Hin
Oue square .50 1.25 2.75 4.00 .00
H column i.jo c.uo 8r0 n.za ls.uo
4 column 4.50 10.00 16.00 22.00 30.00
One column 9.50 15.00 30.00 45.00 00.00
A deduction of 5 per cent, from the above rate will
be made for Cash.
The space occupied br ten lines of the type composing;
the body of the advertisement will be a square.
All Transient advertisements must be paid for in ad
vance to insure publication.
Advertisement inserted with the mark "tf, will be
charged for until ordered out.
When yearly advertisements are Inserted four or more
changes w ill lie nllowod.
J. W. HAILEY, PfBi.tsnKB and Proi'Kiktor.
g Y L V ANUS JEFFERSON,
Attorney at Law, pRRKYHiiruo. Onto. Office in
East end of Haird House Huildinir. Will attend prompt
ly to all business entrusted to his care. ma3-ltf
P. W. n. HAT. T. W. ntTl'HINSON. t. r. rlLI.ARS.
DAY, HUTCHINSON & PILLARS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Collecting and Real Estate Agents.
Will attend promptly to all business entruited to their
care. Office over W. J. Hitchcock's store, l'errysburg,
Wood County, Ohio. 'ol-40tt.
J.IMKS Ml'URA Y. r. 8. 8I.EVI.N. J. B Sl'AFKOHP.
MURRAY, S LEVIN A SF AFFORD,
ATTORNEY AT I,AW.
Will attend promptly to all I.opal business entrusted
to their care in Wood county. Office in the Fcrrvsburg
Band Building, l'errysburg', Ohio. Nov. 15, '00-tf
It. II. POtlOH. K. TYLER.
DO H (1 E A T Y L E R ,
Attorskys at Law, l'errysburg, Ohio.
Particular attention paid to Conveyancing and Notorial
Business. Also, Tor sale, large quantities or Land in
Wood and adjoining counties. nov!5, '00-tf
asiikr cook. J. p. ritiCE. n. W. JOHNSON.
CI O O K , PRICE A JOHNSON,
' Attornkys at Law, Fcrrvsburg, Ohio.
Will promptly attend to all Law Business entrusted to
their care. Have for sale large quantities of Land, in
cluding welljmproved farms, which will be sold on easy
prEORGE STRAIN: ATTORNEY AT LAW;
IT Feriiysiu'ro, Ohio.
Will attend to all business entrusted to his care iu the
icveral Courts of Ohio. Office with John Hates. 2nd
pETKR UKLL. -NOTARY PUBLIC.
Will promptly attend to the takiug of depositions, ac
knowledgement or deeds, certifying of legal papers and
all other business intrusted to his care.
OKfic:: III the Court House with Cook, Price A Jolin
Sl, Nov. 29, 1860 301v
R . J . II O W E LIS,
II O M (K O P A T II I C F H Y S I C I A N,
1-tf Bowling Greeiij Ohio.,
DR . J . B . SMITH,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
BowLiso Green. Wood County, Ohio.
All calls will bo proniptlj attended toboth day and
BA I R I) HOUSE.
C..C..BA.I R.D, Pbofrietob,
1-tf ' - Ferrysburg, Ohio.
i ) K I! 11 T SB U R (1 P L A X I MO- M ILL,
L and SASH FACTORY.
DANIEL LINDSEY, Pkoprietoh.
Manufactures to order, and keeps constantly on hand,
a general supply of
Poors. Sash, Blinds and Window Shades)
Fine, Whitewood and Ash Flooring;
Pine and Whitewood Doors.
All kinds of Planing done to order. Orders prompt
ly filled at Toledo prices, or, in some cases, below them.
' Perrvsburg, May 3, 1800. tf
gOMB.TH.ING NEW IN GILEAD1
DRUG " S"T ORE!
A. J. GARDNER A CO. would announce
that they have opened up a large and wa'U selected stock
Drugs and Medicines,
Faints and Oils,
Glass, Dye Stuffs,
Perfumery, Lamps, Ac.
which has just been purchased in New York, and are
warranted rt;KK, and will be sold for Cash as cheap as
at any Drug Store on the River.
t-ir Also, all the Patent Medicines of the day.
Dr. A, J. Gardner will give his special attention to the
trade. Gilead, Nov. 15, '00-29tf
A ? C II E S, CLOCKS,
W E L R
Carefully repaired by
W . F . P O M E R O Y ,
At PEiiRYsm-ito Bank Brn mse. May 3, '60-ltf
M ERICA N LEVER WATCHES!
They arc far
SLTERIOIt TO THE ENGLISH LEVERS;
And are infinitely the
CHEAPEST AND EEST WATCH
Ever manufactured. For sale at W. P. GRISWOLD'S
1-tf Maumee Citv, Ohio.
L E C T R O
GOLD AND SILVER PLATING.
WATCHES and other goods plated with Gold or Sil
ver at the shortest notice. W. P. GRISWOLD,
1-tf Mauuiee City, Ohio.
( i: s
AMERICAN & ITALIAN MARBLE,
MONUMENTS, TOMBS, GRAVE-STONES,
The Proprietors of thiscstaUUbmcnt having bad long
experience id the Marble Business, will warreut all work
executed by them to be in the highest style of art, and to
GIVE ENTIRE SATISFACTION.
tiVRemamber that w art bonnd not to be undersold.
Shop directly opposite tb residence ofC. W. Foster,
Main street, Footoria, Ohio.
BUSH &. CO.
J. W. Bailey, agent for renrnburf .
loitonijDec. 19th, 1840 33ly.
The Perrysburg Journal.
THE DESERTED HOMESTEAD.
BY WM. D. HOWELLS.
The wet trees hang above the walla,
, Purple with danipe and earthish atains,
And strewn by moody, absent rains
With rose leaves from 'the wild grow stalks
Untnown, in heavy, tanglod swaths,
The ripe June grass Is wanton blown ;
Snails slini'i the the untrodden threshold stou
Along the sills hang drowsy moths.
Down the black visage of the wall,
Where many a w avering trace appears
Like a forgotten trace of tears,
From swollen eaves the slow drop Crawl.
Where every thing wss wide before,
The curious wind that comes and goes,
Finds nil the laticed windows close,
Secret and close the bolted doors.
And with the shrewd and curious wind,
That in the arched doorway cries,
And at the bolted RrUl tries,
And harks and listens at the bliud.
Forever lurks my thought about.
And in the ghostly middle night,
Finds all the hiddes windows hi i ght,
And sees the guests go in and out.
Aud lingers till the pallid dawn,
And le.Ms the mystery deeper there
In sildit gust swept chambers, bare,
With ail the midnight revel goue.
But wanders through the lonesome rooms,
Where harsh the astonished cricket calls,
And, from the hollows of the walls
Vanishing, stare unshapc glooms.
And lingers yet, and can not come
Out of the 'dreary and desolate place,
So full of ruin's solemn grace,
And haunted w ith the ghost of home.
RED, WHITE, AND BLUE.
Oh Columbia, the gem of the ocean,
The honij of the brave and the free,
The shrine of each patriot's devotion,
A world offers homage to thee.
Thv mandates make heroes assemble,
When liberty's form stands in view,
Thy banners make tyranny tremble,
When borne by the red, white, and blue.
When borne by the red, white, and blue,
When borno by the red, white, and blue,
Thy banners make tyranny tremble,
When borne by the red, white, and bluo.
When war waged Us wide desolation,
And thrcalcii'd our land to deform,
The ark then of freedom's foundation,
Columbia ro lesafe through the storm.
With her garland of victory o'er her,
Whu so proudly she bore her bold crew,
With her llig proudly floating before her,
Tho boast ol the red, white, and blue.
The boast or, .Vc
The wine cup, the w ine cup bring hither,
And fill you it up to the brim,
May the wrath they have won never wither,
Nor the star or their glory grow dim,
May the service unitod ne'er sever,
And hold to their colors so true,
The army and navy forever,
Three cheers for the rod, white, and blue.
Three cheers for, Ax.
MR. SEWARD'S SPEECH
In the United States Somite, February 1.
In presenting to the Sen Ate a memorial from
citizen of Nw York, Mr. Sjward said :
Mr. President : Excepting tho House of
Representatives, tins Senate Chamber is toe
largest hall that is or tver has been occupied
by a Legislative Assembly sinco the world
began. The memorial which I am charged
to present, is of such a length that if extend
ed, it would cross the Senate Chamber in its
extremest length, eighteen times. I have al
ready prm-nted mi morials from the city of
New lork, Hgned by the citiz ins from that
place, to tho number of twenty-five thousand.
This memorial bears the signatures of thirty
eight thousand more, making in ihe wholu,
sixty-three thoutand of the inhabitants of that
ci y, who have Mgned this appeal to the ban
ate. The committee who have charge of this
memorial, are a frtir representation I might
almost say, an embodiment of citizens, who
direct and witlJ the commerce of the great
emporium of our country the commerce of
a continent ; and a commerce winch tins pres
ent year, owing to the distraction of the times,
is but for the first time in the condi ion of
proving itself to be the controlling commerce
ot the world.
POWER OF COMMERCE.
The memorial which they present may be
regarded as a fair expression of the interest
which is felt by that great commercial com
munity, and probably a fuir exponent of the
interest in the same great subject which is felt
by the whole commercial uterest of the Uni
ted States. In any othtr part of the world,
such a communication would command obe
dience. In England, France, Russia.Prussia,
or Germany, a demonstration of the will of
the commerce of the country decides ques
tions of war or peace. Happily, Bir, that is
not the cae in ihi3 great Itepuulic. The in
terest of commerce is but in:'.
The interests of agriculture, manufactures
and mining, each of them is another. Etch
is entitled to and e.ich secures tqual respect,
and iho consideration which they obtain h
due, not to their nvmber, u Jt to tiuir wealth,
but due lo ih.8 e'reumstanoes under wlir.h
they lend their advice to Government. Bui
I do not hesitate to tay thai the th trader of
these petitioners entitles them to the respect
ful attention aui consideration of Congress.
.0 BASIS OK ADJUSTMENT il!IT3 TUB 8u(JTJl.
They have asked mo to support this peti
tion. I have not yet fnuud, though 1 have
anxiously waited for and hoped for that man
ifestation of temper on the part of lha people
of the country and their Representatives,
which would jus.ify me in sryiug that tho se
ceding States, or those who nympathize with
them, have made proportions wnich the citi
zens of the adhering S ales could accept, or,
as I desire to tpeak with impartiality upon
this as upon all other occisiom, to put the
propoci ion in another form, tha". this or any
other of the various propositions which have
come from the chuens of the adhering States,
or those who desire to adhere to the Union,
would not be acceptable and catisfactory to
tae other party.
READY FOR AN ADJUSTMENT.
I have thought it my duty to hold myself
open and reaJy for the bea adjustment which
could be practically made, and I have there
ore been obliged to ask this committee to be
content with the assurance that I would ex-,
press to the public and to the Senate, that the
spirit in which they come ii perfectly com
mendable and perfectly satisfactory. It is
gratifying to me to see that the proper spirit
a spirit of fraternal kindness, ot concilia
tion and affection is adopted by so large
portion of my fellow eitiiene of the Slate to
which 1 btLng.
ADVICE TO THE PHILADELPHIANS.
I have asked them also, in return for per
forming my du y on this occasion, that, wlieu
they hive arrived at home, they will act in
the same spirit, and manifest their de
votion to the Union, above all other interests
and all other sentiments, by speaking for the
Union, by voting for the Union, and, if it shall
be demanded, by lending and even giving
their money for the Union, and fighting in
the last resort for the Union taking care
always that speaking goes before voting, vot
ing goes before giving money, and all go be
fore a b title, which 1 should regtrd at dan
gerous, and t here fare tho last, as it would bo
tho most painful measure to be resorted to for
the salvanon of the Union.
HOPE FOR SERENER DAYS.
This is tho spirit in which I h ive deter
mined myself to come up to this great ques
tiou and pass through it for although this
great controversy has no, been already set
tled, I do not, therefore, any the less calcu
late upon and hope a-id expect that it will be
peacefully settled and se lied for the Union.
1 have not been so rash as to expect that in
the sixty days which have been allowed lo
this term of Congress, this great controversy
would certa'nlv be adjusted, peace restored,
and the Union firmly established.
DARK DAYS OF THE REPUBLIC.
I know, sir, that these sixt.' days or ninety
days were fixed for definite objects and pur
poses, by that portion of my fellow ei.izens
who have thought it would consult tho inter
ests of the States to which they belonged, to
disstwr tho Union. I have not expected that
reason and judgment would c me back to the
people and become so pervading, to universal
in that time, as that they would appreciate
the danger and be able to aree on the rem
edies. Still I have been willing that it should
be tried, though uusucessful. Bat my confi
dence has remained the same, for the simple
rt aon that as I have not believed that the
passion and frenzy of the hour -could over
turn this great fabric of constitutional liberty,
this empire, in niuety diys ; so I have felt
that there would be time, even after the ex
piration of the ninety days, for the restoration
of all that has been lost, and for the re-estab-Mshmentof
all that was in danger.
SURVEY OF INTERESTS.
A great many and very various interests
and elements were brought into conflict by
this sudden crisis. There were a great many
personal ambitions and a great many section
al interests ; and it would be strange if they
would all be accommodated, arranged and
made harmonious, so as to admit and give
full effect to one of the profoundest, strongest
and most enduring sentiments or passions for
tho United States ; that of devotion to the
Union. These, whether you call them se
cession or revolution oi the one Bide, or co
ercion or defiance on the other, are all to sub
side and pass away before the Union is to
become tho grand absorbing object of interest
affection and duty upon the part of the citizens
of the Uniied StateB.
POLITICIANS IN DANGER.
A great many partisan interests are to be
suppressed, such as the partisan interests ex
pressed by the Charleston Platform, the Bal
timore Platform and tho Chicago Platform.
If the Union is in danger and is to be saved,
these intererests, and these platforms, and
everybody standing on them, or connected
with them, are to pass away, before the
Union can be saved. But it will require a
veiy short time, if this Union is in danger and
does require to be saved, for all these interests
and all these platforms, and these men to
disappear. You, and cveryboJy who shall
oppoBe, ribist, or stand in the way of the. pre
servation of this Union, will appear as moths
on a summer eve, when the whirlwind of
popular indignation arises that shall be excit
td nt the full discovery that the Union is
QUESTION OF THE TERRITORIES.
I have hope and confidence that this in to
come around just as I have said, and q me
soon enough; because 1 perceive that although
we may shut our eyes to it, that tho cou itry
and ma kind can't shut their eyes to the ti tit
nature of tTiis crinis. There has been a ques
tion of slavery in the territories of r al, u vi
tal unture, in thU country for twelve years.
It was the strongest in i s development in
I Co'), when all the Pacific coast, and all the
teiriioiy intervening between it and the L u
iaiuna Purchase, was thrown upo iour hands
all of HFuiden, for the purpose of organising
iliem into free and independent republican
Govt riimenls, as a basis of future States.
ADMISSION OF KANSAS.
It liai been nn earnest, and I regrest to
siiy, au angry controversy, buttle admissioi
of Kansas into the Union yesterday, settled
at least all that was vital or important in the
question, leaving b.hind nothing but the pas
sions which tho contest had engendered.-
Kansas is in the Union, California and Ore
you are iu ihe Union, and now the same con
test divides and distracts this Union for free
dom and slavery in th) territories of the Uni
ted States, just as before.
TWENTY-FOUR EMBRYO STATES IN THE TERRITORIES.
What is the extent of the territories which
remain aftr the admission of Minnesota, Or
egon, California and Kansas ? One million
bixtT -three thousand five hundred tnuare
mill s an area twenty-four times that of the
State of New lurk, th Urgent of the old and
fully-developed States. Twenty-four such
States as that of New York are vet to be or
ganized within the remaining territories of
the United States. row, under what is ao
cepted by the Administration as a judicial
decree, upheld by it, and put in practical op
eration by it, every inch of that tenilory U
TERRITORIES ALREADY YIELDED TO SLAVERY.
I speak of that deoisiou, not at ( accept it,
but as it 'a accepted and enforced by the ex
isting Administration. Every foot of it is
slave territory as much as South Carol ina.
Over a considerable portion of it a slave t ole
has been made by a government created by
tho Congress of the United Stales, aud is en
forced, so that aocording to the claims of those
who insist upon their right in the teir'uory of
tho United States for slavery, tho whole Of
this one million, sixty-three thousand ratios is
slave territory. How many slaves are there
in it? How many havo been brought into
it during those twelve years in which it has
not only been relinquished to slavery, but in
which tho Court Legislature, and the Admin
istration have maintained, protected, defend
ed and guaranteed slavery there ?
NUMBER OF SLAVES IN THE TERRITORIES.
Twunty-four African slaves one slave for
every twenty-four thousand square miles
one slave fur every one of the twen'y-fo ir
Sta'es, which is cupDosing them enh to be
of the dimensions of rscw York, or Pennsyl-
ania, or Indiana to cover that portion of the
area of our Republio. See, I have followed
this thing in good faith, with zeal and energy,
but I oonfeett that I have no fears of slavery
now, when in the peculiar condition of thing
which has existed, slaveiy lms succeeded in
p'utuii'g only one slave iu every forty-foui
thousand square miles of territory. This,
then, hns ceased to be a practical question
In lieu of it comes up a great i.r.d vital and
f aiful question the question of the Union
the question of country or no countiy the
question of hope the questiou of greatness,
or the question of sinking forever UiUer the
C Jiitempl of maukind,
NO FEARS FOR THE CONFEDERACY.
Why then should I despair that a great
people of thirty millions will be able to meet
the crisis ? 1 have no ftar ; this is a confed
eracy. It U not R'i Imperial Government of
a single S.ate. ll is a confedrncy, ami it if
as it ought to be, dependent on the contin
ued assest of all the members of the confed
eracy to its existence, Htid subject to dissolu
tion by their action. But that assent must
alwnys be taken by virtue of the original as
sent, and held until, in tho form prescribed b
the Constitution itself, and in the. manner aud
with all the conditions which the Constitution
prescribes, those who constitute the Union
eh.ill declare that it shall be no lorger. The
thirts days, and sixty days, and ninety days,
given us by the disunionists, may not be
enough for their policy and their purposes
I hope and trust that it may be time enough
for tin policy and purposes of the lovers ol
the Union. God grant that it may bo so.
But if they shall turn out to be enough, then
I see how and when all these grea'. contriv
nncis will be settled, just as the lorefathert
foresaw when they framed the Constitution
SUDDEN RELIEF AT HAND.
They promised seventy years agj that thi
present controversy this wholu controversj
should be submitted to the peopb of th
United States in convention, called according
to the forms of the Constitution, and acting
in the manner prescribed by it. Then, sir,
this country will find sudden relief in the
prompt and una dmous ndoptioa of the meas
ures necessary for its salvation ; and the
wo .Id will see how well and hoxr wisely a
great, enlightened and educated Christiau
people, consisting of thirty-four sovereign
Stales, can adjust the difficulties which seem
ed even to themselves, as well as to mankind,
to be insurmountable.
When the two wing-t of tho Democracy
become reunited again if ever such an event
should occur it will be interesting to heai
the delegates at the Charleston convention of
I860 assert their claims to orthodoxy. One
wing muit be crippled, oue set of pria'iplei
must bo surrendered, aud the question will
be who were the conquerors a id who the sub
dued. In this embarassing position cases
may octur like that recorded as happening ui
a Fourth of July celebration in Pennsylania
Revolutinary veterans were becoming very
hard to find, yet a procesmon with no old sol
dier was not to be willingly submitted to
An honest old German of Revolutionary n p
ute was discovered at the last h nr. Ai.
open carriage was asiigncd to him in tho pro
gramme and a seat at ihe President's right
tit the table. When pressed, after dinner,
to give lit reminiscences of Washington
his recollections w.iio found to be rather
indefinite. But something being said a'oat
Yoiktown, he remarked; "Yaas, 1 va-h at
Yo ktown." "Under Washington?" asked
the President. ''Yaas, I a h ounder Was.li
iugloii van I sum-den d." "No ) ou mi-daku,
my veuerabio f'ieud," txo' aimed ih Pres
idm t, "Washingtoi never surrendered.'
"Yaas, but you see 1 vuxh one of de Uessi
am!" LoitLyille Journal.
Intercepting the Mails.
The desp itch spiH by Secretary D'x to
Hemphill Jones, Special Agi-nt of Treasury
Department, now at NiW Orlea is, was slop
ped on the 2'J.hat Montom-ry , Ata , by
order of the Governor oft.hu State, who took
the message and firwarded it l tho Governoi
of Louisiena. thus preventing the arrest of th
notorious traitor Capt. Bru hwojd. Th
following is a copy of Gen. D x's de-p itch:
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29, 1861.
T. IIkmfuili, Jjsx: Tell Lieut. Cold el!
to arrest, dpt. Brush wooJ. As una com
mand of the cutter M. C. C'ollan 1, anl obey
orders I gave through you If Capt. Brush
wool, after arrest, undertakes to interfere with
the command of the cutter, Lieut. Coldweli
will consiler him a mminer and treat h'm
accordingly. If he attempts to haul down
the Amui can flag. bhot him ou the spit
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29, 1861. [Singed] JNO. A. DIX,
The Japanese Claims in New York, Inv
been rec'ueed down still fa;'hrt' t'ie sum n'
$57,600. The tils wrijail'v auioun ed t
some 1 20,000.
Then and Now.
In 1640, while a fd'ow Congreumaa with
Old Abe; Senator Toombs of Georgia made
use of the following language ;
The Constitution, though it rcoognises anl
protects slavery both in the States and in ter
l itorie of the Union, when and where it law
fully ixists, establishes it nowhere. And, M
tho necessary result from their adjudications,
slavery being abolUhed in New Mexico and
California, the Southern slaveholder who em
grates to these territories with hti slaves has
no legal guarantees for the protection of this
property. Let us not deceive ourselves; these
questions have already bctn settled by our
courts, ami if we are wise we will act in ref
erence to them."
Al exauder It. Stephens of Georgia said,
during the same cession (August 7th,
"The Constitution secures to all the citi
zens of all the States and territories of this
Union the rights to which they are entitled
by the laws tf the place. If Virginia or
Ueoigia should itbolitdi slavery, the Consti
tu ton no more re-establishes U there than it
can re estahl shed it in Penn ylvania, New
Y'ork and o her S ates where it hat been a
bolishid. The Constitution no more carries
the leal law of slavery of any Slate in'o a
State or territory hero, by law, it is prohib
ited, thau it carries any other local law ; no
inoio than it carries thu law of interest upon
money, the staiute of limitations, the laws of
distribution, or the penal laws of a State.
"S.avery is an ins.it.uiion which depends
solely upon the municipal laws of the plaie
wnere u i-xi is.
In a speech made, in the Senate by George
V.. Piidger of North Carolina, Ju'y 26, 1840,
he spoke as follow;:
' S aveiy as it exists under the Constitu
tion of the United Suites, is a State institu
tion. It does not exist as an institution of
the United S;ates. Nor js jt re0.
gn:zod by iho C nstitution of the United
o ales, otherwise than a Stale institution.
"Oeuthincn say that every American citi
zen has a right to go into ihe newly acquired
territoiy. It is needless to examine thai; for
no oik- piYpoM's to exclude them. But it is
another and a ditferent question whether ho
haa a right to carry a slave there; and, be
cause, the slave was reoognizod as propeity ia
ihe State from which he came, to insist that,
therefore, such slave shall be recognised as
pr p-rtyin tho territory to which he goes.
The affirma ive of this question caunot.in my
opinion, be maintsined."
No v, theso aro prcciaely the views which
a'raost universally prevailed during the entire
existence of our Government down to the
above date, and these doctrines are still held
by tha Republicans. It is ostensibly because
of their adherence to these opinions, that they
are denounced by Toombs and his associate
traitors, and that tho Union is to be destroy
ed. Arguuent with sui h men is useless.
Still more absurd is all idea of compromise.
Grant all th- y tst to-day, and a brief time
hence t' e j wi l come with still more impor
tunate and unreasonable demands. Now
that they have begun the work of attempting
to coerce tho North into adopting unbound
and unrighteous principles, ho mint be poor
spirited and unwise iadeed who would make
another effort to adapt himself to tho chang
ing no'ions of these unscrupu'o is reckless en
emies of free government. We hhvo no com
promise to make with armed rebels.
Passports for the South.
The Louisvillu Journal of last Thursday,
A highly respectabln citizen of Jefferson
county, quite a ferocious fire eater camo into
Louisville the other day to make arrange
ments for visiting tho South on busimsa.
He applied to the Mayor and obtained from
him a passport, with a certificate th' the lives
inJiilrson, that he is a snve-own r, snd
that he in a f iend of tho South, u reason
why ho wished such apaportand ceitifioate,
he stated that so no ot his neighbors, who
have rf con ly visited th Sm h, were so an
noyed aue bedeviled wiih vigilance commit
tee th it he eould not venture to go without
first t iking recau b is against trouU'. All
this certainly indica'e a m st Ian' ntable con
dition of Bffiirs. How lorg Is it to last? Is
there no danger that the patience of our
people mi.y be iried too fai?
Plotted Full a Year Ago.
A correspoade it wri irg to the New York
Titfi'tno from Baltimore, sjrs:
"I have recently com to the knowledge of
an incident that provtsi ow wide spread and
del. rmined was the coiispiiacy for overthrow
ing oi;r F dei al Government Ii is tl i.-: An
ofli :erof U. State Army nut a Tennessee
friend in p rhlast f .)!, and to his surprise
found lima r sident of that city. Ou in
qui y, his !'ii-nd told him tha. h-- encountered
in Goiio;i last Spring, a S u h Carolinian,
wi h hi'in he lnul the mo; t intimate lalato s,
a id leatno i from him f the existent e of an
actual plot for ili-rupting tho American Union.
The TennesKcean relurued homo forthwith,
and veiitied the information of the Foath
Carol i ni in, whereupon he sold all his slaves,
for he was nn extensive cottou planter, and
a'l his lai. d i, and, w ith his family emigrated to
France, where he iulends to spend the re
mainder of his days, hating invested bis for
tune in European funds!"
Bad jorMr. Tanev The P red Soott deci
sion dec'ured the prohibition of Slavery, em
bodhd iu the Missouri Compromise, uncoiuti
tu'vinal. Mr. Douglas and his followers hare
ei doit-ed that decUn n a thousanl times. Mr.
Ciittend'n now proposes to establish Slaveiy
south of 36 dig. 30 mia., and to prohibit
it north vtfutlint. Mr. Douglas snd a irg
number of his followers endorse Mr. Crilten
Query What becomes of old Mr. Taney
and hi deticiou?- Cuicago Tnbune,