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The Weekly Perrysburg journal. (Perrysburg, O. [Ohio]) 1861-1???, September 05, 1861, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026193/1861-09-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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PJjnHYSI3UIia, O.,
3STO. 18
Hiring replenished our office with new typos
throughout, we are now prepared to execute Job
Work, such as Posters, Salo Bills, Programmes,
Invitations, Cards, . Labels, Pamphlets, all
kinds Blanks, sc. in the most satisfactory manner,
-Orders filled at short notice, and on reasonable
Advertising, lw
One square .50
lA column 2.50
,yi column , . 4.50 ,
One column 41.60
1m 3m 6m 12m
1.25 2.7J 4.00 fl.OO
6.00 8.50 11.25 15.00
10.00 16.00 22.00 30.00
15.00 30.00 45.00 60.00
A deduction of 5 per cent, from tlio above rates
will be mado for Cash.
The space occupied by ten lines of the type com
posing tne Doily or the advertisement will be a
All Transient advertisements must be paid for
in aavance m insure puoncation.
Advertisements inserted witn the mark "tf," will
be charged for until ordered out.
When yearly advertisements are inserted four or
more chances will be allowed.
J. W. BAILEY, I'l'm-miiKR and Proprietor.
Attorney at Law. PKRRVsnritu, Omo. Office
in bast end of llairrt House Building. Will attend
promptly to all business entrusted to his care, tf
. Collecting and Ileal Estate Agents.
Will attend promptly to all business cntruitcd to
their care. Office over W. .1. Hitchcock's store,
Pcrrysburg, Wood County, Ohio. '61-40tf.
Attorneys at Law.
Will attend promptly to all Legal business en
trusted to their care in Wood county. Office in the
I'errysburg Band Building, Pcrrysburg, Ohio, tf
DODGE & T Y L 13 R,
Attorneys at Law, Porrvsburg. Ohio.
Particular attention paid to Conveyancing and
Notorial Business. Also, for sale, large quantities
of Land in Wood and adjoining counties. 'C0-tf
asuer cook. t. r. price. b. w. joiinson.
Attorneys at Law, Pcrrysburg, Ohio.
Will promptly attend to all Law Businxss entrus
ted to their care. Have for sale large quantities of
Land, including well improved farms, which will be
Bold on easy terms. '60-ltf
. 13 O R K STRAIN,
Attorney At Law, Pcrrysburg, Ohio.
Will attend to all business entrusted to bis care
in the several Courts of Ohio. Office with John
Bates, 2nd itrcct. '00-ltf
T 13 T 13 K H 13 L L .
-L Attorney at Law, and Notary Public.
mil attend promptly to all business intrusted to his
care, unice in the Court House with Cook, Price &
younson. Kov. zy, lsoi) ly.
D r'j
Bowling Green, Ohio.
DJl . J . I). SMITH,
BOW UNO GllEEV. Wood (Vuintt- Oliin
AH calls will be promptly attended to, both day
uuu infill. OU-ltl
C C. BA1R1). Propuietor.
I-tf Pcrrysburg, Ohio.
Manufactures to order, and keeps constantly (
hand, a general supply of
Doors, Siisli, Blinds an 4 Window Shades;
Pine, Wliitewooit and Ash Flooring;
Pino and Whitewood Boors.
All kinds of Planinq done to order. Orders
promptly filled at Toledo prices, or, in some cases,
uuiuw iuu m. uU-tl
Carefully repaired by
W . F . P 0 M E R
44 fiSBYsnrxa Bank Biildino.
No. 170, Summit Street, Toledo, Ohio.
For further particulars, address
U.GREGORY, President.
Is now recoivSw. W tf oti stock of
wnicn werb bouout at panic prices 1
and beautiful, and will be sold at
. CALL barlt.
Maumoe City, O., May 8, 1801.
A. J. Gardner Co., Druggists.
Uilead, Wood Co., Ohio.
Have received a large stock direct from New
York, consisting in part of Paints of all kinds,
Linskku, Tannfhh, Macuikb and Coal Oils, Fra
xitckk, Coaou, Dsn ah, and Japan Vahhisu.
nd Lamp Bursa ks.
Dyb Stckks, like Joseph's eont.of many colors.
Glass of all Sizes, Putty, Sand and Eukky
Paper, Turpentine, Alcohol, Castor and Swket
Oils, English Currauts, Prunes, Tamarinds, and
lUisens, Spice, Pepper, Cinnamon by the lb. or mat.
Ginger, Cloves, Ground and Extract of Cott'oe,
Chocolote and Cocoa. Starch by the tb. or box.
A line assortment of Perfumery Soaps and
flavoring extracts. ... . . , , ;. .
A large assortment of Pubb Medicines and
Chemicals, and Tildcn's celebrated Medicines for
Physicians use, ..
We are selling a fino article of Coal Oil, free
from smoke or smell, at 75o per gallon.
Lmnn from five shillings to two dollars. .
We believe in the principles of Popular 8ov
RSIomty and Pay as you oo, and shall hold our
Stock strictly for Cash or Ready Pat, and will
take all kinds of Grain nd Produce in exchange.
Patent Medicines or every kind,
Gilead, May , lSrtl tf.
The undersigned takes Dleaaure in announcing to
the Fanners, and all Mowers of Grass, that he is
the sole Agent for
which is now unsurpassed for durabilitv, and une
qualled for easy work. It is tempered in a furnace,
nd consequently there ore no hard or soft places
in it, but uniform throughout ; the last half-inch is
just as good as the first. : R is Uo kept In order
much easier than any other scythe known, requir
ing but a few moment at any time to put it in per
fect order. In short it is the greaUsat Scythe of the
age. Call and tee it at the Store of
Prrborg, June 18th, JACI,
Perrysburg Journal.
The Union and the Constitution!
Great Speech of D. S. Dickinson.
NO COMPROMISE WITH TRAITORS. The Rebellion Must be Put Down---Secession
wholly Unjustifiable.
On the 1 9th of August the freemen of Wy
oming county, Pa, irrespective of party,
held a tremendous meeting, which was ad
dressed by the Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, of
New York gentleman who supported
Breckinridge at the last election in a most
powerful and convincing speech, which, not
withstanding the great pressure upon our
columns, we publisd in full:
Mr. President and Ladies and Gentleman:
Amid nil the diversity of sentiment in our
land, thcro ib one subject upon which we
can agree, and that is that our country is in
a most lamentable, condition our Govern
ment threatened with disruption, our Con
stitution with supverBion, and our institu
tions with overthrow. Wo are met here
for the purpose of discussing the great in
terests of a common country, and of determ
ining what becomes us in an exigency so
ferrful; I meetyou here not to discuss slavery
or anti-Slavery. Though an old line Demo
crat, brought up at the feet of Gamaliel, and
adhering with tenacity to the principles of
Democracy through an active life, yet I
come not to speak to you upon political
partisan subjects. I come to discuss a mat
ter that concerns our Union, one that rises
far above and shoots deeper than party inter
ests or issues. Wo have a dutv. mv fel
low citizens, far beyond that of the fathers
ot tne devolution. lliey were oppressed
t3' tyranny, and they sought to throw oil
the shackles of a despotic monarch v. They
hoped that a great and free Government
would spring up from their patriotic efforts,
but the most sanguine never imagined that
a Government so replete with good would
be the fruits of their beginning. What with
them was hope, with us is fruition. They
planted anil wc reaped. Their experiment
has become a success, and we are enjoying,
or might enjoy, such blessings as Heaven
never before vouchsafed to mortal man. IJut
a conspiracy has appeared; strife and divis
ion are at our doors; and it becomes us now
to see whether the fruits of this great and
beneficent Union must be lost, or whether
they can bo preserved. It were needless to
go back and review dead and buried issues,
There is a great fact staring us iu the face,
ana witn that we havo to ileal. It matters
not whether the origin of our difficulties
was North or South, or East or West the
question is. How shall it be dealt with and
disposed of? In every Government, and
especially m every free Government, politi
cal parties will arise. And it is well that
we have them. So far from being a curse,
when restrained within legitimate bounds,
they are a bffcing. 1 lie strife of political
parties, like the agitation of the natural el
ements, purifies the moral atmosphere and
gives life, and vigor and freedom to our in
stitutions. There are some questions too
great, some too small, for the exercise of
political parties; and e have many duties
to dischargo in the various relations of life
that do not appertain to political affairs, but
which we should come together and dis
charge, as American citizens, as brethren of
one tie, and not inquiring whether we be
long to this or that or tho other division of
political parties. When wc assemble around
the grave of a neighbor, and hear those
words that have riven so many hearts.
"Earth to earth, dust to dust, ashes to ashes,"
and hear tho creaking ot the chord as the
remains are lowered to their final resting
place, the strifes of passion arc hushed in
the bosom, and wc remember only that we
are men inquire not what were the politic
al views of tho living or dead. At mid
night you hear the cry of "lire !" You rtish
into the street, and find j'our neigbor's dwel
ling iu flames. It is found that in the terror
of the moment a mother has left her infant
in tho chamber. The flames hiss through
every crevice, the ralters tumble, the cin
ders crumble, and another and another
marks the attempt, till at last one is lost in
the flames ! Kvery eye-ball is strained, ev
ery heart palpitates, every breath is hushed,
every muscle stands out like whipcords, and
all believe he is lost, but finally ho appears
and restores tho loved and lost to its swoon
ing mother, but no one inquires to what
political party he belongs. When the cita
del of our country is in flames, when tho
edilico that Washington and Franklin and
their associates erected, is in flames, it be
comes us, whatever may have been our po
litical proclivities Leiore, to rise far above
other considerations, and to keep this
citadel from destruction. Cheers. I can
not afford to turn away from my duty be
cause a political opponent is acting with me,
nor stay back from a duty because a politi
cal friend deserts me. No ; I must go on
and discharge a great duty. I hold it to be
the first duty of every citij-.cn, of every
party, to aid in restoring, if restored it can
bo.this great and good Government Cheers
anil cries of " That 's truo doctrine." l're
vious to tho last political election this coun
try was at peace with the world, and it was
tho enjoyment of greater privileges than
any other Government on earth; there was
no people so blessed in everv ramification
.w,,. ; .. 'IM . r i
iuv..ci. , iuu uiiiriiiv ecu oi nui'pv
faces beforo mo testifies to the fact that
they have been in the enjoyment of civil
and religious freedom. And so it was from
the North to the South, and from the East
tho West, with over thirty millions of
people, unoppre8scd by Government, but
every ono enjoying tho fruit of his own in
dustry, and literally none to molest or to
make him afraid. Then what cause is there
fur this great disturbance ? Why is it that
one portion of this country is in arms against
another ? Let us inquire the cause of the
complaint first, and then soe if we can pre
scribe a remedy afterward. We all agree
that the grievance is most serious. But
what is the truo way of putting down what
shall term a rebellion ? And we can all
agree in one thing that that rebellion is
either right or wrong, justifiable or unjusti
fiable; to be approved or condemned as a
whole. If it is right for a portion of this
country to take np arms against this Gov
ernment, it is right to sustain such action,
and if thy are wrong they should be put
down by the power of the people. Ap
plause. There is no half way house in
this matter no tarrying place between sus
taining the Government and attempting its
overthrow. There is no pcacd proposition
that will suit the case until the rebellion is
first put down. Applause. And were I
favcr, or disposed to tamper with this re
bullion, or aid or countenance it, I would go
and take up arras with them. Because, if
is rigbt for them to take up arms, it is
right for them to hav armed aid and assist
ance. If they aro wronir. if thev are oruiltv
of treason, and murder, and arson, then they
should be overthrown bv the whole Power
of tho Government applause, and cries of
"goon j; ami put Uown so that no resurrec
tion day shall ever hml rebellion again.
fllericwed applause. Now I believe I am
ono of those, who, in former years, thought
that sectional discussions put in jeopardy
the well being of the Union. I believe now,
as then, that there never was a sectional
controversy that justified this, or any armed
rebellion. I believe this rebellion did not
arise out of sectional agitation, but from a
blind, wicked, reckless ambition. And I
blieve it is tho duty of every man, woman
and child to raise an arm against it to crush
it. Our Constitution is never to bo put
down. An indistinct voico in the crowd
"Compromise." What does my friend say,
"Compromise ?'' Well, I will get at "Com
promise" before I get through. Laughter
and chccrs.l I believe in tho integrity of
the Union; I believe in tho integrity of the
Constitution; I believe in sustaining both by
tho power of tho Government. But they
say, "You would not coerce a State ?' No;
I would not coerce a State. 1 havo said I
would not coerce a State first, because it
is impracticable; because you cannot coerce
a State. Second, because it would bo unjust
to coerce a State in its domestic policy if it
could bo done. But you may coerce rebel
lion in a State until you give that Suite uu
opportunity to act through its loyal citizens
in its duties to the Union. And I would
coerce rebellion wherever I could find it.
Yon may not coerce a community, but you
may coerce its thieves and murderers.
You may coerce State criminals, and thus
enable the State and its loyal citizens to ful
fill ther relations in the Government of tho
Union. If wo can sustain our Union, if wo
can uphold our Constitution, ' it is not by
compromising with rebellion it is by put
ting down rebellion, ami making our com
promise with liilelity. Applause, and a
voice "There is your Democracy." And
of all men living, a democrat is the last man
who can take a stand against the Constitu
tion of his country. ICheers.l A Democrat
fives, moves, and has his being in the Con
stitution. He cannot live outside of or in
opposition to the Constitution, lie must
Stand by tho Constitution in all its parts. It
was that doctrine that gave the Democratic
1 tarty its power and ascendency in Iho times
of Jefferson, of Madison, and of that old
hero, Andrew Jackson. Just in proportion
as tho IJeinocracy has wandered from the
Constitution, just in tho same proportion
nave tiicy gone down. Ana it tliey had
been faithful, and stood fullv up to their
own doctrines, all the Abolition parties of
the earth, and all the Kcpublican parties ol
the earth, and all tho combined powers of
the earth could never have put down the
I,,. .... . .
oid I'cinoeraiie party. tries or " that is
so," and cheers. 1 have ever believed in
the justice of Democracy, and I believe in
it to-day as much ns ever. And I believe it
to bo my duty to stand upon the ramparts
of the Constitution, and defend it from nil
foes, whether they come from tho North, the
South, the hast, or the West. Cheers.
M3' fellow Democrats, supposing there ure
anv scch in my hearing, I Cries, "There aro,"
1 here are, suppose Hreckinridire had
been elected. Sumner, and Garrison, and
Wendell 1'hillips, nnd the Abolitionists of
the New England States generally had start
ed a rebellion against the authority of the
tinted states, what would have been done ?
would have clone as 1 am doinj: now. I
would have t ried to animate my countrymen
to put them down by force of arms. Cheers,
and cries of "Good." Now, why not treat
Southern rebellion just as 3-011 would have
treated Northern rebellion Eastern rebel
lion as you would Western rebellion and
wherever rebellion comes from, put it down
forever. Cheers. That is my doctrine. I
have stood upon that doctrine iu olden times,
and I will stand by it now, and if that doc
trine coes down. I will so down with it.
Thcro were causes of irritation between the
sections I admit. I deprecated them, and
labored long and earnestly to get rid of
them. But it was not done. Those causes
of irritation, although they may havo sug
gested to Southern States to request becom
ing guarantees, they never justified armed
rebellion in. any shape or manner. And
what were those causes of irritation ? The
only real, practical cause of irritation was
the non-execution of the fugitive slave law.
But that did not alTect the Cotton States so
called; but Missouri, Kentucky, Virginia,
Maryland and Delaware, and perhaps one
tu o other States were the only ones ever
injured by it. The Cotton States so called.
never lost a fugitive slave from the time of
their existence to this day. To be sure thev
had a question about Territories, but it was
entirely ideal, a mere abstraction, and so
practically not a real grievance. But it it.
had been, they had the Supreme Court and
both branches of Congress, and practically
had control of the question. The fugitive
slave question was the only practical ques
tion therefore which annoyed them, and that
question was not the cause of the rebellion.
What State first seceded? South Carolina
began to scrape lint before the votes were
counted. Laughter. She had no practical
grievance whatsoever. Look at Virginia.
Though politicians cajoled, defeated and
defrauded, and bullies held bowio knives at
the throats of her citizens to coerce rebel
lion, it was a long time before they could
compel that State into anything like Seces
sion. And when they did so nominally, tho
State Government was revolutionized; ono
art new away from the other, and organiz
their government rather than allow it to
into the bottomless pit of Secession.
Maryland, when sho gets a chance, votes
against it. Missouri her citizens are pour
ing out their blood like water and their
treasure without stint, rather than be drawn
into Secession. Look at good old Kentucky,
whore her Governor and Senators have
labored to bring her out of the Union after
attempts to seduce her from her fidelity
the Constitution, sho gives more than
sixty thousand majority for tho Union.
Cheers. Now, I inquire of all citizens in
the free States, especially my Democratic
fellow citizens, whether they are troubled
about the integrity of Kentucky whether
they think it is nescessary to stay up the
hands of rebcllion.so emphatically condemn
ed there ? And now 1 repeat that the only
practical cause of dissension was the fugi
tive slavo question j and that appertained
Slates that could only be drawn or dra
gooned into tho folly of Secession. Gen.
Butler has had this question on his hands.
long as the Constitution was acknowl
edged, all conservative citizens admitted
that it was the duty of tho freo States to
restore tho fugitive who was fleeing from
the service of his master. Gen. Butler has
found tho restoration of the fugitive imprac
able in many cases. The master had thrown
tho Constitution. What was tho result T
He was obliged to receive hundreds of con
trabands and retain them. I do not know
what he is going to do with the question;
but I suppose ho is going to do with them
something as the Irishman was going to do
with tho Widow Malone's pig. "Did you
steal the Widow Malone's pig, Patrick ?"
asked the priest. " That 1 did." "What
made you? Think, when you will stand,
you heretio, on the Great Day, when I shall
there, and you will be there, and the
Widow Malone will be there, and the pig
will bo there?" "And will your riverence
be there ?" "Yes." "And the pig there ?"
"Yes." "Well, I should say, Widow Malono,
take your pig." Laughter. Now 1 do
not know but Gen. Buller is going to tak'5
as long a credit as did the Irishman. But
when we have a Constitution, and when
they acknowledge its force, I have no doubt
but every just citizen will be for seeing it
it complied with. Now, 1 havo just ns
much confidence in the masses of the South
ern people as in tho masses of the Northern
people. Both aro alike. The masses are
honest. To be sure, their institutions, their
means of communication, render them more
excitable, more easily led, more relying up
on their leaders for public information, and
therefore more liable to be misled than the
Northern people. Nevertheless, I have con
fidence in tho Southern people ; and the
rosult of the great conflict in Kentucky as
sures 1110 that the Southern heart is with the
people sound to the core. Though terrified
into seeming Secession, with the exception
of ono or two States in the South. 1 am
well satisfied that tho question of Union or
Disunion were submitted to the people to
day, an overwhelming vote would be given
for the Union and the Stars and Stripes.
Applause. Every indication has shown
that whenever there has been an election in
any Southern State, and a fair opportunity
given, you have seen that tho Union senti
ment has prevailed. 1 on will nee that it is
by military power, by threats, intimidation,
destruction, murder and arson that they
have succeeded in getting in advance the
cause of Secession. Iu some States, ns for
instance, Louisiana, thev never submitted
the question to the people ut all. It is a
base humbug of Davis, Cobb &. Co. to place
themselves in power. The election of a po
litical opponent is never a cause of Seces
sion or for disturbance ; and if those Seces
sion leaders had opposed Mr. Lincoln's
election from the timo of the Charleston
Convention with half tho pertinacity ami
force that I did. ho never would have been
elected. 1 charge in all my public speeches
that they connived at that election ; and the
same has been charged home upon them by
their own people in the South. Their timo
had come. It must go, or they would be
ruined. They remind one of little boys who
want to ride a horse. Those in the eitv iret
them a hobby horse, and thev can ride that.
Country boy get astride of a stick, and
ride that. This knot of office seekers, fail
ing to get a horse to ride, or even a hobbv
have mounted this poor stick of a Southern
Confederacy, and are riding that. It is just
such ambition ascoused the angels in Heav
en to rebel. It was not because we had not
a good Government, but because they could
not rule it. Call them Democrats, or entitled
to the sympathy of Democrats, with arms
in their hands against, their Government,
and their hands red with the blood of our
murdered citizens I They aro enemies of
their country ; they are traitors against the
Hag and tho Constitution, and as such I ar
raign them in the name of the Consti
tution and tho Union. I arraign them iu the
name of civilization ; I arraign them in tho
name of Christianity; I arraign them in the
namo.of the fathers of tho Revolution, who
poured out their blood to gain the Liberty
transmitted to us; I arraign them in the name
of the soldiers, who marched barefoot to
secure our blood bought Liberty ; I arraign
them in the name of the holy memories of
tho women of the Revolution, whose pure
and gentle hearts were crushed and broken.
In the great day of Accounts, the savage
Brant mid more savage Butler, that deluged
the beautiful valley ol Wyoming with blood,
will stand up and whiten their climes in
comparison with tho perfidy of the men
who now attempt to divide and destroy
this Union.
The ferocious instincts of the savage
taught him ho might be doing a duty to his
people; but these men were born in a land
of civilization, and baptised in the name of
the Trinity, and they should bo held to an
account for the abuse of the trust which has
been confided to them. Who arc these men
in arms against tho Government in arms
against the Union? They are men who have
been educated at its expense been laden
with its honor been pampered at its treas
ury. If we perish wc may say with tho
poet over the stricken eagle:
Keen were his panes, ret keener far to feel.
He nursed the pinion which impelled the steel,
While OV same plumage,that had wnrmM his breabt,
Drank the last life-drop of his bleeding heart.
the Union is stung to tho heart, it must
be a melancholy reflection that we have
reared tho men to do it, and like the dement
Lear, wo shall learn
How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is,
T" have a thankless child;
that wo havo nourished and brought up
children, and they havo rebelled against tho
institutions of their country. We have seen
by tho action of tho Border Southern States
that it is not their intention to permit this
Government to be subverted. Every crime
known iu tho catalogue of depravity from
treason to larceny; has been committed in
attempting to drive them into secession.
How can these men be sustained by any
one, with hands dripping with blood not
only with the blood of Northern, but of
Southern citizens; and why? Because a
Northern candidate was elected, who had
four years to serve, whoso election they
connived at, they will hazard a whole etern
ity, so far ns temporal existence is concern
ed; to gratify present personal pique and
feed a mean ambition. Whoever sustains
them, I will not. Whoever cries peaco I will
not. Whoever cries compromise with them,
will not. Great cheering. I am for
foace, but I am for making peace with the
oyal citizens of the South tho loyal citi
zens of Kentucky and Missouri too, who
have sent that modern Nebuchadnezzar
Clairborno F. Jackson, to grass. Great
laughter. They ask in repetition can you
coerce a State? I say no; you cannot. You
might as well coerce the sun to shine or the
stars to twinkle. Can you coerce a neigh
bor to bo honest? No; but you may punish
criminals. No ono can justify armed re
bellion in opposition to tho Union and the
Constitution of his country. But Mr. Lin
coln it is said, forsooth, lias violated the
Constitution in conducting his Administra
tion! Very well; there is a day of reckon
ing to como witli him and his advisers.
But it is ono thing to violate tho Constitu
tion in defense of your country, and quito
another to violate it in endeavoring to sub
vert it. When my Democratic or Republi
can friends, "or any other man," are dispos
ed to call tho President to account, and I am
not his defender, I merely beg, when they
get through with him, they will merely in
quire whether Jetl'orson Davis & Co. have
gone strictly according to the Constitution
tho United States? Cheers and laugh
ter. I havo tho impression that institut
ing a pretended government within the
boundaries of the United States; that steal
ing the treasures of our Government, its
ships; betraying its commands; firing upon
fortifications; organizing pirucy upon the
high seas, and a long list of other and kin
dred acts I have the impression, I say, that
these aro slight infringements upon the Con
stitution, and may require examination.
Laughter.J But I want to have my Con
stitution friends como along with mo, and
when they get tho Administration all regu
lated and on the constitutional track, to look
this matter little; for it seems to tne
.1 a
stition; indeed, for all tho purposes of re
sisting the rebellion, I care not. It is duo
to say, however, that he has seemed to bo
In good faith in attempting to put down the
rebellion. He has not done all things as I
would have done them, because 1 would
have multiplied his men bv about four, and
where he has struck ono blow I would have
struck a dozen. Laughter and cheering.
Thereforo I do not agree with him in that
respect. When the day comes we can have
a fcetth ment with him, for he is to be held
with all other officers, to a strict account.-
But I would not do even that under tho
smoke of the enemy's gun. lAt us see, first,
that the rebellion is put down. Ami when
that is done, I nm ready to seo how it has
been done. I do not propose to yield tho
Union or any part of it to the so-called Con
federate Government that has been made
up in the Southern States. It is no Govern
ment, and there is nothing in tho shape of
a Government under it, over it, or around
it diagonally, horizontally, or perpendicular.
Like u boys' training, it is nil otlicers.
I l-nughter.J It is made up thus; You shall
bo President of the Congress, and I will be
President of the Confederacy; you shall be
Minister of Foreign Affaire, and I will bo
Secretary of the Treasury. Laughter.
Doubtless, very well; satisfactory enough.
If thev had kept it to themselves, no ono
would havo objected to the strutting in their
stolen plumage. But it is timo for the peo
ple of the United States to put their hand
upon it in earnest, ami to maintain the Gov
eminent of the Constitution. The habeas
corpus--a hard kind of a name for a writ,
but one which a lawyer or a Dutchman funis
a little difficulty in pronouncing it is said
that tho habeas corpus has been suspended
and abused, Well, 1 think it is bei nuse
some have written so much about it,, while
they know so little. It simply means to
have the body. A prisoner is alleged to be
improperly imprisoned; and, in order that
tho ease may be inquired into, a petition is
presented to a Judge, und then tho Judge
allows the writ, and tho prisoner is brought
up, and the person who holds him is bound
to make a return. If the prisoner is illegal
ly detained, the Judge orders him to be dis
charged; ifrighlfully imprisonod.he remands
him. That is nil there is about it. It is
simply a civil writ. But there is an old
maxim, as old as Julius Civsar would have
been had he lived, inter anna silent lerrs,
that is, the laws are silent in the mids'l ol
anus. Here is the question: An individu
al is imprisoned here; some friend gets a
habeas corpus, and he is brought up nnd
the ease is inquired into. And whoever in
terferes with, or obstructs that writ, is guil
ty of a great moral and legal wrong, and in
curs a heavy penalty. In time of war it is
a different matter. Here it is found that a
man is fixing to blow up a fortress, or be
tray an army to the enemy. The officer iu
command has him arrested, and sends him
to a fort, with orders that he shall be strong
ly guarded, because he is known to bo a
traitor, and iu the confidence of traitors and
enemies. A lawyer issues out a writ of ha
beas corpus. But what is the result? It
cannot be served, and the prisoner cannot
be procured they cannot see him unless
the judge's tongue is longer than the soldier's
bayonet. Would any one; if he was com
manding at Fortress Monroe, Fort McIIen
ry, or anywhere else, where ho was sur-
I wl "il. A. 1 .
louiuieu wuii treason nun traitors at every
step, would he, because a judgo sent a writ
of habeas corpus give up a traitor who was
endangering the safety of his command and
the interests of the country? Cries of "no,
never." No man can pretend it for a sin
gle moment. It is one of the terrible neces
sities of war. And if 1 wore in command
and had good reason to believe that I had
possession ol a traitor, and no other remedy
would arrest the treachery, I would suspend
the writ and individual too. Cheers and
cries of "Good," "That goes t ight to tho
spot," "That is such Democracy us I like to
sec." There is no other hero. Gen. Jack
son had the hearts of the American people
more than any man of modern times. Ami
why? Because he met great necessities like
u man. Ho didn't go, iu times of stirring
necessity, to demonstrate problems from
musty precedents, but when a man wanted
hanging, ho hung him first and looked up
the law afterward. Ijiughtcr. There arc
times and occasions when this is tho only
way to do iu dealing with treason. Tho
civil laws allords no adequate remedy.
While you aro discussing tho question the
country may be ruined, the Capital inflames,
tho archives destroyed. u lien tho war is
over we may examine nnd seo if any ono
has incurred a penalty for suspending the
writ of habeas corpus. Gen. Jackson paid
his fino, but not till after ho had put down
both foreign foes and domestic traitors. So
long as thcro is a citizen South that de
mands the protection of Government, then
it is our duty to protoct tho Government of
the Union for his sako. "Sound," "That's
tho talk," &c And when there is none, it
is our duty to maintain it, for politically,
geographically, socially, and commercially
it is 0110 in every sense it is utterly impos
sible for this Government to bo divided
without its utter destruction to both sec
tions. When you attempt to divide the
North from tho South, you must do it East
and West. Then all will go to pieces, and
our country will be a Mexico worse than
Mexico, because we havo ten times more
material for mischief and destruction. A
military despotism will bo inaugurated
whenever you permit this rebellion to tri
umph. But somo cry we are in favor of peace.
Yes, we aro all for peace now. 1 was for
negotiating a peaco until a fortification was
fired upon by rebel artillery, and then I bade
adieu to all expectations of peace until con
quered over rebellion. Cheers. I say
there is no peaco until you can put down
n hellion by force of arms; and when every
other man, woman and child in tho United
States has aeknowlegei tho independence of
tho revolted States, to those with arms in
their hands I will still oppose it, and I will
talk for my own gratification when no oth
ers will hear tne. Laughter and cries of
"good." We must stand by tho Union.
Fellow citizens, the language of Andrew
Jackson was, "Tho Union must and shall bo
preserved." What would Gen. Jackson
havo dono had ho been at the helm to-day?
Ho would havo hung tho traitors higher
than Hainan. You may inako peace
with tho loyal men of the South, and there
the place to mako it. But how will you
do it with rebellion? Go with nu agree
ment in one hand and a revolver in the oth
er, and nsk the Confederacy to take its
choice? If there is any you can deal with,
is tho loyal citizens of tho South those
that are persecuted for tho sako of their
Government tho. 0 that love their Consti
tution and aro willing to die in its defense,
when they are restored to position by con
quering rebellion. All should strive to
gether for this good end men should bare
their bosoms iu battle, women implore in the
name of heaven that the blessings of tho
Union should return, and children raise their
little hands to curse this rebellion as a fero
cious monster that has come hither to tor
ment them beforo their time, and dim with
blood and tears the lustre of their bright
star. I believed wheu the eve of tho last
Presidential election bad closed down, that
mat it requires attention. I know not
whether Mr. Lincoln has observed tho Con-
I should claim exemption and an honorablo
discharge from tho active discussions of the
day. I congratulated myself that I should
once more enjoy repose in tho quiet of my
home and in the pursuit I loved. But this
question of Government or anarchy lias aris
en, nnd I find it my duty to raise my voico
at the demands of my fellow citizens, until
turbulence is hushed", or crowned with tri
umph. Are you in favor of war? No; but
1 am in favor of putting down war by force
of arms. I am opposed to war, and in favor
of obtaining peace bv putting dowu the au
thors of the war. 1 am iu favor of peace,
but I am in favor of the only course that
will insure it driving out armed rebellion,
negotiating with lovality. When this couu
try commences to die, i't will die rapidly.
hen this nation is given up to disruption,
it will go to swift destruction. Rome; to be
sure, w us three hundred years dying; but
then its physical powers were greater than
ours, its moral force less, its nervous ener
gy less acute than ours. When wo fall we
shall go down iu blood and darkness; but
not in tears, for tho dying never weep.
Nero, the last and worst of the Cicsars, sung
to this harp vhilo his capital was in flames;
Tamerlane, to signalize his brutal ferocity,
reared a monument of seventy thousand hu
man skulls; Attila declared "that the grasn
should never grow where the hoof of his
war-horse trod. Ilyder Ali left tho Curnatie
black with ashes and desolation; but ho who
detroys the American Union will be a great
er monster than all or either. And "the foe,
the monster Brant," who fell upon and
slaughtered the defenseles women and chil
dren. of this valley, will bo more approved
in history by men, and be an honcsler man
in tho sight of God, than the despoiler of
our late happy Union. Shall the fell de
stroyers of this beautiful fabric be permitted
to accomplish their infernal errand, and
shall they bo aided in this work of evil by
the cry of peace? Let none escape under
this shallow pretention. Solomon, the wise
King of Judea, spared not the murderous
Joab, though he (led for refuge to the inclos
ures of the Tabernacle, and clung for pro
tection to tho horns of the altar, he slew
him there. And a cry of peace to be nego
tiated with armed traitors should secure a
city of refuge to none.
I am pained to seo tho vast destruction of
liili-iiy mm iihihi ioiiow; i regret to seo
the prosperity of tho country blasted and
destroyed; 1 regret to see tho great loss of
human hie that must ensue. But if these
events must come, they had better come
with a country preserved, than come with
a country divided and destroyed. We must
light baltlcH, and bloody battles. We must
call vast numbers of men into the field. Wo
must not go as boys to a general training,
with ladies, and idlers, ami members, of
Congress to see tho show, but wo must go
111 earnest go prepared for action to light
it as a battle, and not to fight it us a play
spell. We must unite as a whole people,
going shoulder to shoulder. And when wo
do so we shall conquer. And why? Wo
havo tho right, we have the prestige of Gov
eminent, we have the sympathy of the dis
interested world, we have the moral and
and material elements to do it all, and to in
sure victory. Rebellion has not tho finan
cial ability to stand a long war, with all their
gains from privateering and piracy, and is
suing Confederates bonds made a lien upon
the property ot people who were never con
sulted us to their iNsuo, and who repudiate
them worth as much as a June frost, a cold
wolf track, which no financier lit to bo out
side. of the lunatic asylum would give a shill
ing a peck for. They next may harrass,
they may destroy, they may commit piracy,
but the reckoning is to como for all tin's.
They will be brought to tho Judgment of
tho American people of their own people.
They will bo arraigned, and who is thcro
will be ready to stand up as their defenders
in the name of the Constitution?
I tell thco Culloden's dread echoes shall rinfc
With blood-hounds that bark fur thy fugitive king."
What a glorious Constitution we shall
have when it finds such glorious interpreters!
How strong our institutions will bo anchor
ed upon such foundations? Tho Constitu
tion will then literary
"Live through all time, extend through all extent
Spread undivided, operate unspent."
1 know there are some who fear the way
liko power of tho rebellious States. They
had a great deal of power for good; but
they havo a great deal less than they imagino
or is generally imagied for evil. YVo ure a
good deal slower in waking up, but when
waked up we aro good heal more in earnest.
Tho tono of the rebel press is exceedingly
braggart in regard to its men and its victo
ries. It reminds me, when I hear of their
self lauuded prowess, of the showman who
spoke of the great capacity of the animal he
was exhibiting: "Ladies and gentlemen,"
said he, "this is tho Bengal tiger, measuring
fourteen feet from tho tip of his nose to the
tip of his tail, and fourteen more from the
tip of his tail back to tho tip of his nose,
making in all twenty eight feet." Laugh
ter. Now I think their estimates about their
forces and capacity, are just about as liberal.
And they aro to bo looked at accordingly.
Nevertheless, they have great elements of
mischief. And if Satan himself had been sent
on earth to scourgo mankind, and to cover
tho laud with desolation, hcould not have
performed his mission more successfully
than by assuming tho 6hapo of a rebel de
magogue, and preaching Secession.
"Sound." Now, I havo a clear and well
ofined nnd distinct theory, of what I would
do with this matter to attain a peace. I do
not know that this Government ever can be
brought back to where it was before, in tho
enjoyment of all its relations; but, I believo
can be. In population, wavo succeeds
wave in generations, as wavo succeeds wave
upon the ocean, and the men of to-day pass
away to morrow. I believe it can bo brought
back, but not by fostering rebellion; but it
by treating it as treason, robbery,
and murder. Ami, if this Government
ever can bo saved, it must bo by a
summary chastisement and overthrow
rebellion, 60 that the loyal people
the Southern States can como forward
and administer tho Government of these
States as before. Who is tho missionary
that is going with his peace propositions?
What is ho going to say? What will ho say
this party in rebellion? It Is a pretty
thing to talk about and for tho designing to
dupe tho North; it is a very awkard thing
reduce to practice. If you drivo out re
bellion, you will havo a loyal pooplo South
well us North. Then they will all do
what Virginia and Missouri, and Maryland
aro trying to do, and what Ielawaro aud
Kentucky aro doing. Are there any men
hore w ho want this Union divided. "No."
Then do not sympathize with treason in
any form in gender, number, person, or case
any of its ramifications. Hunt it like a
ferocious moiibter whenever you find it. Is
there any who wish this matter let alono to
perfect the rebellion so causelessly commenc
Who would he a traitor knave?
Who would fill a coward's grave ?
Who so base as be a slaver
I.ct him turn and flue.
Who fur Union and for Law
Freedom's sword will atrouelr draw.
Freeman stand or freeuiaa fall,
Let bim follow me.
And that is, tight for tho Union, the whole
Union, aud nothing but the Union. Let
every American citizen, instead of crying,
pen 00, peace, when their i bo peace, rally
upon tho ramparts until Secession is silenced;
until the roar of artillery has ceased. Then
wo shall have peace, enduring perpetual
peaco, and as monsters aro seldom born of
tho same generation, we shall have no mors
of their Secession in tho present century or
the next. This Government is tho Govern
ment of tho American people. It is ours to
use, ours to on joy, but it is not ours to sub
vert. We nro trustees. We are charged
with sacred trusts. All we have to do is to
bask in the sunshine of its blessings. But
cursed be tho unholy ambition of him that
at temps to destroy it, 1 regard him and treat
him as a traitor to his kind. God will set a
mark upon him too; tut it will not be liko
tho mark set upon tho first murderer of umn
ror that we set for safety but this will
be set for destruction. And God grant that
it may bo so. "Amen." It will be tima
enough to struggle over who shall adminis
tho Government when we aro sure wo
huyo one to administer. Ho who is not for
it is against it. I havo determined to filit
this battle out, but on no political grounds.
I stand upon tho Constitutional ground of
my fathers. There 1 will stand, and animato
my countrymen to stand w ith me, and when
once we shall have peaco restored when
wo shall have put down rebellion, when w o
shall have encouraged fidelity, when pence
and prosperty shall agaiu gieet us, then let
us see if any part of any State is oppressed,
if any individual is wronged, if any are de
prived of their rights, Bee that equal and ex
act justice is extended to all. This is a
great crises, not only in our nffairs but
in tho affairs of human liberty. Tho
A ngcl of Freedom, ufter coursing over tho
wide expanse of waters in the Old World,
found no rest for tho solo of her foot until
she hovered here. Here is her resting place.
God of my fathers, 0 protect her. Let ua
go toward to this great work of preservation
not merely us members of political parties,
but as American citizens, cheers, bound
to carry out the work our fore fathers began,
by the exercise of every energy, moral and
material. Here is our glorious Ship of State
with its ensigns streaming, its Stars and
Stripes so redolent of hope, carrying gladness
whenever seen by the true hearted, and we
hail it as tho noblest emblem of earth, Heav
en bloss that noble ship.
"Wo know not what master laid thy keel T
What workman wrought thy ribs of steel?
Who made each must, and sail, and rope?
What anvils rang, what hammers beat?
In what a (urge and what a hcHt
Wero shaped tho anchors of thy hope."
Mr. Dickinson retired amid great cheering.
In the evening the meeting was continued
in front of tho Wall Hotel, and addresses
wero delivered from tho balcony by tho
lion. L. Elhanon Smith, tho Rev.'Thos. U.
Ward, Geo. Landon, Esq., and Gov. Dickinson.
Action of the Democratic State
Action of the Democratic State Convention---A Partizan Campaign
forced upon the People of Ohio.
From the Fremont Democrat.
A report of tho doings of tho Democratio
State Convention will bo found on our first
page. It will be seen that that body, ignor
ing the great issue of the day, have put up
a straight party ticket and platform. After
a very liberal proposition mado by the Re
publican Executive Committee for a union
of all parties upon tho simple basis of main
taining the government, thispartizan action
of the Democratic Convention, although wo
did not expect anything different, is really
much to be regretted, on account of the
encouraging effect it may have on tho rebel
cause. An officer in our army, a democrat,
remarked to its a few days ago, that tha
moral effect of tho action of tho Columbua
Convention would be equal to that produc
ed by the addition of one hundred thousand
men to the rebel ranks. This is perhaps an
exaggeration,but the remark is significant aa
showing tho opinion our gallant volunteers
havo of tho partizan warthr which dema
gogues are endeavoring to carry on against
the Administration.
Tho simple refusal to unito on the broad
and patriotic basis proposed by our lato
political opponents, is, of itself, an encourag
ing token to the rebel government of Jeff.
Davis. The latter will drnw from it the in
ference that there is a Btrong party in Ohio
opposed to the maintenance of the Federal
government by force of arms. But this in-
lerenco will ho changed to a firm belief in
tho midst of the rebels when they come to
read the fault-finding and denunciatory re
solutions of tho Ohio Convention. Thoso
resolutions aro framed with much cunning
and adroitness ; they cover tip tho moat
subtilo poison under a sugar coating; pro
fessing lovality, they are not loyal, and all
tho more "detestablo for their hypocrisy.
They may deceive somo democrats in Ohio,
but their truo character will not escape the
scrutiny of the rebel leaders. They will
understand that any political pction in ref
erence to tho great und overshadowing
issue of tho day, which does not give an un
equivocal support to the National adminis
tration, means friendship for them, under
whatever disguise it may be hid. They
will understand that thero con bo but two-
parties in this emergency tho party against
tho rebellion and the party 111 sympathy
with it.
Entertaining theso views, we must now
do what wo havo never beforo done in tho
whole course of our editorial career exhort
our democratic friends to repudiate the ac
tion of tho so-called Democratic State Con
vention of tho 7th itist. Patriotism points.
out no other course. Every voto cast for
this partizan platform and ticket will be a
word of encouragement to the rebels eve
ry voto against it will bo a voice in favor of
tho National Government as our lathers
made it. Democrats of Sandusky county.
can von hesitate to say on which side you
win iio louna 1 1 ou aro now iuvitou 10 join
a great national organization of the people
which is being organized to meet the com
mon danger. Tho platform of this organiz
ation has no tricks or dodges it has noth
ing to conceal it has but ono plank, which
is broad enough to afford every man a solid
footing who is in favor of tho unconditional
maintenance of the Government, and too
narrow to accommodate any others. Let
the partizans who are endeavoring to divide
the people and cripple their energies whilo
a great danger menaces the life of the na
tion who can see nothing higher nor holier
nor more worthy of their regard than tha
petty and ephemeral interests of party,
whilo the very earth trembles beneath their
feet under the throes of a national convuh
sion while nioro than two hundred thou
sand armed rebels are endeavoring, in tho
expressive language of Douglas, "to blot
out tho United States from the map of
Christendom" let these partizans, we say,
stand upon tho platform they havo budt,
but let no one who prizes his own or hit
country's welfaro get upon it. It is made of
treacherous timber, and with the organiza
tion that stands upon it will be scattered to
tho winds by.tho uprising tempest of a peo
ple's wrath.
Neoro Wit. "Pompey, why is a journey
round dis world like a cat's tail ?"
"Well, I doesn't zactly see any senibhvnca
'twixt the cases,"
"Well, den, I suppose IU hab to tell yon.
bekase it am fur to de end of it,"
"But suppose d cat's tail is singed?" said
"Oh i den In dat ease," said the ether,
tea ' quite so

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