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mk f MM mill I I K II 111 II VOL. IX. PER-RYSBUEG, O., T T-T XJI S'JD A. Y , APRIL 17. 1862. isro. 5o ! m : J ,1' i '; Perrysburg Journal. THE SENTRY. FROM THE GERMAN OF LOTZE. Thcv're Kune the wsteh-fires they hve set Oluw round (he mountui.i piusc otj Out through the passes of tlic iiiirht They flush silent, flickei intf light. They shine on rietorv's dintrnct truck, Whence itonr, nlns 1 fur me ronie buck ! They lot mc bleed In death, to-night, True sontry, on the field of (iglit ! Hushed I tlic tumult of fray, Tli powder smoke U blown uway j Faint, broken shouts full on tny .nr j My comrades all are fur from here. Yet, though my comrades all are fir, There gleam full nunv a golden star, Anil migcl bands light ui, on high, The i't'ru:il watehfiris of the sky. On, cotnr.iiloa bravo, to vU -tory ! Furowell, ye h.uinerx, high an I Ir o I I ran nu longer be with you j Another eauq Is near in vie I Wliito banners, in tin in-ioiilljlit tiiridi1, Float through the heaven above my bend Hliiw tanking now I nee tlirin wave Aud flutter o'er a sol lier's grave. 1)h, loved one, 'tis the thought of tlioo Alone weighs down this ienrt in me i Yet weep not, love, be thin thy pride. That bravely tit my pest I di -d I The lrd of Host, unseen, mi high t.sads out the armies of the .iky ; Soon shall He call mv name out clear, And I, true sentry, answer : Here! VERY POOR. BY T. S. ARTHUR. ' What has become of the Wightmniif 1 " I asked my old friend Fnyson. I had returned to my native place after an nhyencc of licvcral yeais. l'ayson 1. inked grave. " Nothing w rong w ith them, I hope. Wiphlmaii was a clever man, aud he had a pleasant family." My friend shuck his head oliiim u.-lv. ' "He was doing very well when 1 left," said I. " All broken up now," was answered. " He fail ed several years ugo." " Ah ! I'm sorry to hear this. What has become of him ? " " I see him now and then, but 1 don't know what ho is doing." " And his family ?" "They live somewhere in Old Town. I haven't met any of them for a long time. home one told me that they wero poor." This intelligence caused a feeling of sadness to pervade my mind. The tone and manner of l'ay on, as ho used the words "very p or," gave to them n more than ordinary meaning. 1 saw in im agination, my old friend reduced from ci in furl and respectability, to n condition of extreme poverty, with nil its suffering and humiliations. Idle my Iniud was occupied with these unpleasant thoughts, Iny friend sain : You must dine with me to-morrow. Mrs. Par son will be glad to see v aud I want to huve a long talk about old times. We dine at throe." I promised to be with them, in agreement with the invitation; and then we parte I. It was during business hours, and ns my friend's manner was taoliiewhnt occupied and hurried, I did not think il right to trespass on his time. What I had learned of the Wightniaus troubled my thoughts. I could not get them out of my mind. They were estima ble people. I had prized them -ubovu ordinary ac quaintances ; aud it did seem peculiarly hard that they should have suffered misfortune. "Very poor " - -1 could not get the words out of my ears. The way in which they were spokcu involved inoro than tho words themselves expressed, or rather, gave a broad latitude to their meaning. " Very poor!" The sigh was deep and involuntnry. I inquired of several old acquaintances whom I Diet during the day, for the ightmans : but all the satisfaction I received was, Wightinan had fail ed in business several years before, and was now living somewhere in Old Town in a Vi ry poor way. "They are miserably poor," said one. "I gee Wightmnn occasionally," said another " he looks seedy enough." " His girls take in sewing, I have beaid," said a third, who spoke with a blight air of contempt, as if there were something disgraceful attached to needle work, when pursued as a means of livelihood. I would hare culled, during the day upon Wightmaii, but failed to ascertain his place of residence. " Olad to see yon !" Pnyson extended his hand with a show of cordiality, as I entered his store between two and three o'clock on the. next day. " Sit down and look over the papers for a littlw while," he added. " I'll lie with you in a torment. Just finishing up my bank business." " llusiness first," was my answer, as I took the "proffered newspaper. " Stand upon no ceremony with me." An l'ayson turned partly from me, end bent his bead to the desk at which he was silling, I could not but remark the suddrnm ss with which the smile, my appearance had awak ued faded fn m his rountenance. llefore him was a pile of bank bills, scleral checks, and quite a formidable array of tiauk notices, lie couute'i the bills and checks, and After recording the amount npou a blip of paper glanced uneasily nt his watch, sighed, and then looked anxiously towards tho door. At this mo ment a elerk entered hastily, and made si me coin inunication in an undertone, hit h brought from iny friend a disappointed aud iiupaiient expression. " On to Wilson," 'said he hurriedly, " and tell Slim to send mc u cheek for five hundred ithout fail. ' Sar that I am so much short in my bunk pay ments, and that it is now too lato to get the money auywhere else. Don't linger a moment ; it is twen-ty-fivo minutes to three now." no departed. lie was gone fall ten minutes, dur ing which period l'ayson remained at his di sk, si lent, but showing iuny signs of uneasiness. On returning, he brought tho desired cheek, and was then despatched to lift tho notes for which this Into jirovision was made. . u Whnt life for a man to lead," said my friend, turning to mo with s ctmtrsctcd brow and sober face. " I sometimes wish myself on an island in laid ocean. You remember C ?" "Very well." " Il juit business a year ago, and bought a farm. I saw hint the other day. . l'ayson,' mid he, with an air f satisfaction,-, ' 1 bavent seen a buuk no tice Uiis twclvcuiouth.' ' He 'a a lappy man t This ivote paying is tho curse of my . life. I'm forever on the street fiouueicring fmancitriiiy t How I hute the word! Uui come they'll bo wailing dinner for us. Mrs. Pay sou is delighted at the thought of aeeiog you. How long is il since y.-u were her. t About ten yeurs, if 1 tuihtuke not. You'll Cud my daughters quite grown up. Clara is in her twentieth year. You, of course, recollect bcr oply as a little school-givl, Ah me ! bow time docs flf I " r . i . , ' . . r i s I found oiy friend living in bdiulwouie boupe iu Frank Un (Strt. ' It was tdwmibr, nt tastefully, furnished, and the sauio uiirbt be mid of Lis it lie aud dtihler.. Whan I last dined with them it was many yearn before they were living in a modest, but very comfortable way, aud the whole air of their dwelliog w that of tbetrfulwa aud wmfrvti. Xirtr, tbmigh their ample parlors were gy with rich brusscls, crimson damask, and tiroo audi, there was no genuine heme feeling there. Mrs. Payson, the last time I saw Iter, wore n mus lin do laine, of subdued colors, a Meat late collar around her neck, fastened with a small diamond pin, tlic marriage gift of her father. Her hair, which curled naturally, was drawn behind her can in a few gracefully tailing ringlets. She needed do other ornament. Anything beyond would bavo taken from the chicfest of her attractions, her bright animated countenance, in which her friends ever read a heart-welcome. How changed from this was the rather stately woman, whoso real pleasure at seeing an old frieud was hardly warm enough to melt through the ice of on imposed formality. How chonged from this tho pnle, cold, worn face, where sellishness and false pride had been doing a sad, sad, work, Ah I the rich llnnitt'ii luce cap and costly capes the profu sion of gay ribbons, end glitter of jewelry; the ample fobU of glossy satin j how ioor a compen dium were they for the true woman 1 had parted with years ago and now sought beneath these snowy adornments in vain I Two grown-up daughters, -dressed almost as dauntiugly as tl.eir mother, were now presented, hi the artificial countenance of the oldest, I failed to discover any trace of my former friend Clara. A little while we talked formally, and with some constraint all around ; then, us the dinner hud been waiting us, and was now si rvvd, we proceeded to the dining-room. 1 did not feel honored by the really sumptuous meal the Paysous had provided for their old friend ; because It was clearly to bo seen that no honor was intended, The honor wan all for themselves. The ladies had not adorned their persons, nor proiided their dinner, to five mo Welti in.- and pleasure, but to exhibit to tho eyes of their guest their wealth, luxury, and social im portance. If I had tailed to perceive this, the con versation of the Paysons would have made it plain, for it was of style and elegance in house keeping and divss of the ornamental iu all its varieties ; and iu no ease of the truly domestic and useful. Once or twice 1 referred to the Wight mans ; but the ladies knew nothing of them, and seemed almost to have forgotten that such persons overlived. It did not lake me long to discover that, with all the luxury by which my friends wero surrounded, they were far from being happy. Mrs. Payson and her daughters had, i could see, become envious as well as proud. They wanted a larger house, and more costly furnituro iu order to make as imposing an appearance as aom others whom they did not consider half as good as themselves. To all they said on this subject, I noticed that Payson himself maintained, fur the most part, a luilf-moody silence. It was, clearlv cunugli. unpleasant to him, " My wile and daughters think I'm made of mon ey," said he, once, half laughing. Put if they knew how hard it was to get hold of. sometimes, they would be less free in spending. I tell them I am a poor man, comparatively speaking; but I might as well talk to the wind." " .lust as well," replied his wife, forcing an in credulous laugh ; "tthy will you use such langu age ? A poor man!" "He that wants what he is not uble to buy, is a poor man, if 1 understand the meaning of the term," said Payson, uilh si ine feeling. "And he who lives beyond his income, as n good many of our acquaintances do to my certain knowl edge, is poorer still." "Now don't get to riding that hobby, Mr. Pay son," broke iu my friend's wife, ilcprccatiiigly don't, if you please. Iu the first place, it's Inn illy polite, and, in the sccimd place, it is by no means agreeable. Don't mind him '" and the lady turn ed to mo gaily " he gets iu these moods some times." 1 was not in the least surprised to hear this, after what I hud witnessed, both in bis store and in his house. Put the two scenes and circumstances to gether, and how could it well bo otherwise? My, friend, thus re-acted upon, ventured no fur ther remark ou a subject that was no disagreeable to his family. lint while they talked of style and fashion, ho sat silent, and, to my mind, oppressed with no very pleasant thoughts. After the ladies had retired, ho said, with considerable feeling : "All this looks and sounds very well, perhaps ; but there uro two aspects to almost everything. My wife und daughters get one view of life, and I an other. They sec tho romance, I the hard reality. It is impossible for mc to got money as fast as they wish to spend it. It w as my fault in the beginning. I suppose. Ah 1 how tliUicult it is to correct an error when once made. I tell them that I urn a poor man, but they smile in my face, and usk me for a hun dred dollars to shop with in the next breath. I re monstrate, but it avails not, for they don't credit what I say. And I am poor poorer, I sometimes think, than the humblest of my clerks, who man ages, out of his salary of four hundred a year, to lay up fifty dollars. He is never in want of a dol lar, while I go searching about anxious and troub led, for my thousands daily. Ho and his patient, cheerful, industrious little wife find peace and con tentment iu the single rm m their limited means en able them to procure, while my family turn dissat isfied from the costly adornments of our spacious home, and sigh for richer furniture, and n larger and more showy mansion. If I were a millionaire, their ambition might be satisfied. Now, their am ple wishes may not bo filled. I must deny them, or meet inevitable ruin. As it is, I am living far beyond a prudent limit not half so far, however, us many around mc, whose fatal example is ever tempting tho weak ambition of their neighbors," This, and much more of similar import, was said by Payson. When I turned from hisclegaut home, there was no envy iu my heart, lie was called a rich and prosperous man by all whom I heard speak of him, but in my ryes, ho was veiy poor. A day or two afterwards, I saw Wightmaii in tha street. He was so changed in uppearanco that I should hardly have known him, had he not first spoken. Ho looked, iu my eyes, twenty years old er than when last wo met. His clothes wero r, thoifgli scrupulously clean ; and, on observing him mora closely, I perceived an air of neatness and order, tliut iudieutesiiothingof that I'.ioregard ubout external nppeariiuco which so ofteu accompanies poverty. He grasped my hand cordially, undi iquired, with a genuine interest, after my health and welfare. I answered brielly, and then suiiVi ''I ui.i sorry to hear that it is not so well with you in worldly matters as when I left the city." A blight shadow 11 it ted over his couuteudneo but it grew quickly cheerful again. " Olio of the secrets of happiness in this life," aid he, "is contentment with our lot. We rarely learn tlii -t in prosperity. It is not one of the lessons taught iu that school." " Aud you have learned it?" said I. "I have been trying to learn it," ho answered, smiling. " Rut I find it one of tho most difficult of lessons. I do not hope to acquire it perfectly." A cordial invitation to vit.it bis fumily and take tea with them followed, and was accepted. I must own, that I prepared to go to the Wightniaus with some misgivings a to the pleasure I should re ceive. Almost every one of their old acquaintan ces, to whom 1 had addressed inquiries on the sub ject, spoke of thcui with commiseration, us " very poor. If Wightmnn could boor the change with philosophy, 1 hardly expected to fiud the same Christian resignation iu his m ife, whom 1 remem bered as a gay, lively woman, fond of special pleas ures. v Such we my thoughts wbnu I knock 1 at the door of a fctuall houe, that stood 4 little back from the street. It was quickly opened by tall, neatly dressed girl, whoso pleasant fare lighted Into a smile of welcome as ahe pronounced my name. " This is not Mary ?" 1 said, as I look her prf. fored hand. "Yet this is yonr lil'.lo Mary," tha answered, " Father Md me yon wero coming." Mrs. Wightmsu ciime forward as 1 entered tho room into which the front dour opened, and gave mo a most cordial welcome. Least of all had timo and rcrersct changed her. Though a little sub dued, and rather paler and thinner, her fc had the old heart-warm lli in it the eyes were bright from the s.Miie cheerful spirit, "How glad I am tu see you again!" aaid Mrs. Wightmnn. And she was glad. Every play of feature, every modulation of tone, showed this. Soon her husband came in, and then she excused herself with a smile, and went out. as I very well understood, to see afttir tea. In a little while sup per was ready, and I sat down, with the fumily, in their small breakfast loom, to one of the pleasant rut meals I have ever enjoyed. A second daugh ter, who was learning a trade, cum; iu just as wo wero taking our places at the table, and w as in troduced. What a beautiful glow was upon her young countenance I hhe was tlio very image of health and cheerfulness. When I met Wightmaii iu the street, 1 thought his countenance wore something of a troubled us poet thin was the first impression it niado upon me. N'.iw, as I looked into his face, und listened to his che, rful, animated conversation, so full of life's true philosophy, 1 coul 1 not but fed an em it ion of wonder. ' Very pcor ! " How liulo did old friends, who covered their negle -t of this family with these commiserating words, know of their real state. How little did they drcuin that sweet peace folded her wings in that humble dwelling nightly; und that morning brought to each a cheerful, resolute spirit, which boro them bravely through all their daily toil. " How are you getting along, now, Wiglitiu in ? " I asked, as, after bidding good evening to his pleas ant family, I stood with bin) at the gate opeuing from the street to his modest dwelling. " Very well," was bis cheerful reply. " It was up bill work for several years, when I only receiv ed live hundred dollars salary us clerk, niul all my young. Hut now, two of them are earning some thing, and I receive eight hundred dollars instead of live. We have managed to save enough to buy this snug little house. The last payment was made a month sine.!. 1 am beginning to feel rich." An 1 he laughed a pleasant laugh. "Wry poor," I said to myself, musingly, as I walked away from the bumble abode of the Wight mans. " Kery poor. The words have had a w mug application." On the next day I met Payson. " 1 spent last evening with the Wightniaus," said I. " Indeed 1 How did you find them ? Very poor, of course." " I have not met a more cheerful family forycars. No, Mr. Payson, they are not ' very poor,' fur they take what the great Father sends, and use it with thankfulness. These who ever want more than they possess iu;e the very poor. IJut such arc not the Wightiuaus." Payson looked at me n moment or two curiously, and then let his eyes fall to the ground. A little while ho mused, bight was breaking in upon him. " C'ooWotvH ni tlionWI'iiU" mi lit In-, lining Ills eyes from the ground. " Ah ! my friend, if I und mine worn only contented and thankful ! " "You have cause, to be." I remarked. "The grcath Father hath covered your table with bless ings." " And yet we ore poor very poor," said he, "for we are neither contented nor thankful. We osk for inoro than wo possess, and, because it is not given, we are fretful aud impatient. Yes, yes we, not the Wightniaus, are poor very poor." And with these words on his lips, my old friend turned from ni' and walked slow ly away, his head bent in musing attitude to the ground. Not long af terwards, I heard that he had failed. "Ah!" thought I, when this news reached me, " now you are poor, very poor, indeed I" And it was so. i BY T. S. ARTHUR. SOLDIER'S SONG AT MILL CREEK. Ou I Zollicoffer'g dead, And tho last words ho said, " I see another Wild Cut a cumin'," Up steps Colonel Fry, And shot him in tho eve, And sent him to that happy land of Canaan. Napoleon's Last Expedition. Kosorvod us Napoleon w;x with others, ho lulil his mother of Ir. plans. "I cannot," he buid, "ilio on thin islainl, (Mllto) ami ter minate iny career in 11 repose unworthy of mo. Ilesiih'8, want of money would noon leave tut) here nlruie, exposed to the attacks of my many enemies Franco is excited. Tho Hiitirbons huvo roused ajrainst tlieni all the convictions and interets connected with tlic Jievohitiou. The unity wishes for me. Everything inclines me to hope, that the moment I appear the soldiers will hast en to meet me. I certainly may meet with some unexpected obstacle iu my paty ; I may meet an officer who, faithi'ul to tlic HourhoiiR, would restrain the impetuosity of the troops, and then a few hours would end my career, Such an end wero Letter than a long residence in this isle with tin future that a waits me -there. I will leave, and tempt fortune once more. What is your advice, mother?" This energetic minded woman experienced an emotion of terror on receiving his conlidenco. for she saw that her sou, notwithstanding all his glo ry, might die us a common malefactor on the shores of France. "Let me," she said, "be a mother for a moment, und then i will give you my opinion." Hho reflected for Rome time in silence, and then in a firm and in spired tone she said t "Go, my son, go and fulfil your destiny. Von will fail, perhaps, mid your failure will be soon followed by your death. Hut 1 ecu with sorrow that you cannot remain here ; but let 11s lmpo that God, who has protected yon against so many battles, will stive you once more." This said, she embraced him with deep emotion. Thiars, MiKKRiKH ok Likk. Endeavoring to niako violent love under tho table, and pressing the wrong foot. Toasting cheese, and when it is more than half done, let it tail into the ashes. Forced by politeness to leave a pleasant party for the purpose of accompanying a sour old maid to her lodgings two miles dis tant. Ii earning that you have suddenly acquir ed a large fortune stretching out your hand to grasp the w elcome booty awaken ing, and find nothing in your fist hut tho bed jiost. Jnki.cknck. " Remember the power of indirect influence those which distil from a life, not from a sudden effort. The form er never fail j tlic latter often. There is good done of which we can never predict the when or where. It lies iu that invisi ble influence on character which He alone can read who counted the seven thousand nameless onea in Israel." A Washington correspondent says that, the War Department will probably authonzn crming tho Indians ou tho Kansas borderp, Coniinitbioiier Doic advises it. " For the Journal. THE RUMSELLER. Respectfully dedicated Rumerllers in general and to Respectfully dedicated Rumerllers in general and to those of Tontogany in particular. BY MYRA. How deplorable tho thought that men will engage in anything so degrading to hu manity as the selling of intoxicating liquors. We can regard it in 110 other light than a traflic which t once obliterate from tho mind of him w ho engages in it, all generous and pure feelings, and in the extinction of these ho becomes nlikc insensible and re gardless to the claims of his feljow crea tures. He deals nut day after day, the maddening draught which ho well knows, not only ruins the body but destroys the soul. And while we blame, and yot pity tho poor inebriate who writhes under a bondage he not tho mural cotirago to break. We loathe and detest the man who coolly and deliberately deals out to him tin poisoned draught which is slowly but sure ly bringing hiuidown todrunkard's grave. Upon him more than upon his wrocked vic tim should the censure of all good men and women fall. When once the insatiate thirst for intoxicating liquor has been funned, he it is who holds out the tempting bait, ho it is who pampers to an appetite depraved, he who fills the sparkling goblet which sends the lire of hell coursing through heart and brain. In every village, all over our land the rumsuller may bo found, lie may bo known by his sinister look. As everything seeks its equilibrium, so iu an occupation low and groveling ns his, we are sure to find a corresponding mind And woman! What shall be said of her, who encourages her husband in this soul winning busines ? Woman, whose mission it is to lead man into a higher life. Scarce ly can we imagine the depths into which she must have fallen. One instance of a woman weeping over whisky which had been emptied into tho ditch, has come to our knowledge. Oh, shame where is thy blush? Far better weep over the ruined beings whom your whisky would most as suredly have taken with it. Far belter visit their homes and weep with those whom you have caused to weep, tho suffering wife and worse than orphaned children. " Drunkards have their part in tho lake that burnetii with fire and brimstone." If this dreadful doom bo tho drui kard's por tion. What we ask shall be that of the rumsellcr. Surely a tenfold punishment aud a more fearful retribution await him. And if there be a place iu the drunkard's hell where the flames burn U a focus there shall the rumsellcr be found. For if the drunkard escape, not, how shall you, 0, rumsellcr. And what shall bo your plea when called upon to answer i.ot only for your own soul but for the souls of those whom you have drugged down to perdition. Surely you shall be borne down to the low est hell by the curses of the mothers, wives and children, whoso lives you have render ed desolate, but who still walk among us bearing the life-long burden of an untold anguish. Jiumscllcrs a day of utributinn cometh and the souls of slain thousands shidl be required at your hands. ToXTOtSANY, 18(i2. THE TAX QUESTION. A Washington correspondent of tho Co lumbus Journal says tho tax bill seems to be almost an interminable affair. Interests likoly to be affected by the law, are repre sented from all parts of tho country, at tempting modifications or total immunities. Sotno, it is lamentable to say, are engaged in tho sellish business of attempting to shift the burthens of the war upon theii neighbors ; while others, more patriotic aud enlarged iu their views, shrink from no portion of the public load. Tho New Eng land representatives vote against a fax on cotton, because it effects their manufactures of that staple, while Pennsylvania opposes a tax on coul and iron, which arc her two great interests. Tho (jrcat West usks for no exemption ; but stands ready witli her strong shoulders and hearty hands to give, and work, and sacrifice everywhere for thu holy causo of tho country. CAPTURE OF REBEL POWDER. Official information has been received that J lieutenant A. W. Christian, of the Mis souri Militia, ou tho 10th ult., captured one hundred and twenty-five kegs of powder, buried on the farm of Mrs. Sarah H Urinker, near Warrensburg, in that Slate, and that on the 22d, Lieutenant J. M. Jewell, with twenty men, had a skirmish with the llobels near tho same place, killing four of them. Our loss was ono killed, and one badly wounded. "THE IMMORTAL THIRTEEN." The Toledo Commercial denominates the 13 "strait Democrats" who voted against inviting Parson IJrownluw to Columbus, the " Immortal Thirteen," and thus speaks of them : Thirteen members of tho Ohio Legisla ture, who call themselves utraifht out Dem ocrats, voted against thu res ilutiou to in vite Parson Drowulow to speak before tho Legislature. They will be atraijfilf.iel out if they ever come beforo the people for re election. Tho Union Democrats all voted for Iho resolution. COST OF TRANSPORTATION. According to tho recent report of Quar termaster Oeu. Meigs, the cost to tho Gov ernment for transportation, by steam or otherwise, of troops and supplies, between the Mississippi river and tho Pacific coast, as well aa intermediate points, for tho last five years, is as follows : Fiscal year 1857 82.101,367.31 Fiscal year 1858.. 3,1,8 18.40 Fiscal vcar 1859 4131!l,f50.9.' Fiscal year 18f.0 188.8.131.52 Fiscal year 1861 l,5o.'l,7y!.0'J mm I . A HiLTo.v Head (S. C,) letter slates that a portion of two companies of a PonnByivaniH regiment, while out on a scouting expeditum were captured a few days since. AN INDIAN NATION. Tns truly important subject of thu consolidation of tho various tribes of West ern Indians, lias assumed the shape of a bill in Congress. On tho 25lh ult., Mr. Pom eroy, of Kansas, introduced a bill into the Senate, which provides fir the consolidation of all the Indians on the frontier into an Indian nation, for an equitable settlement to be effected with them, thuir dues invested in seven and three-tenths per cent, stocks for their benefit, and lands to bo furnished to them to tho amount of eighty acres for each individual emigrating j the land to bo located within Iho limits of the present In dian territory. The bill prohibits the man ufacture, or introduction of intoxicating liq. uors, and forbids tho granting of licenses to trade to any but Indians, members of the consolidated tribes. COLONEL CORCORAN. Coi.onki. Cohcoiian is still detained by Iho Rebel authorities at Kii huiond. Is it not time that our (iovernuieut should c.rncf his release T Rebel officers by scores are al lowed their parole, while ore of our bravest and best is treated as a felon. It is time this villainous detention ol Corcoran should cease. To seo traitor prisoners at large, fvttd by sympathising friends, while Corco ran is kept iu confinement, is enough to make a loyal man gnash his teeth. A Letter for the Times--Rough Truths by John W. Forney. [Correspondence of the Philadelphia Press.] WASHINGTON, March 30. A genuine Democrat is always the friend of his country. His creed is the Conslitu tion and the I'nion. lie has that reverence for his flag which enshrines it among the divinities of his conscience, lie worships it as the embodiment of toleration, liberty, and law. To toll such a man that the here tofore recent leading oracles of the Democ racy are now iu arms against this Hag, is not to insult, but to gratify him, because he knows it to be true. Thu fact is, Iho rebel lion deprived the old Democracy of its most gilted, most reckless, und most powerful leaders. One reason for their forcing on the war was, because they believed that, hav ing so long dictated terms to " tho parly." they could curry the Democratic masses with tlieni when they resolved upon seces sion. They had taken ample aud systematic precautions to this cud. I have it from the best authority that Mr. Jefferson Davis had manipulated certain of the liicckiuridgc chiefs in the free Slates so ell'clually us to lea 1 him and his followers to believe that when the Cotton Slates passed into the outer gloom of treason, Pennsylvania, New .Icr sry, and at least the city of New York, would follow them. Now, is it for a mo ment to be supposed that the Ui eckinridges. so ready to enter into this transfer of their own States and cities to men whom they knew to be us rea ly to attack this Union, have ever forgotten, or can ever forget the compact thus entered into? Are. these liroekinridgers not willing, at the first 111 1- metit, to attempt t.'u; nillillnicnt of their contract? Are nut their private letters to the Secession leaders in possession of the latter, and will not these letters be forth coming, if, in tho event of the triumph of your so-called Democracy, tho Hreckinridge leaders should refuse to carry out I he bar gain? or to make such terms as will bring back the traitors to power, or save them from the suspending bailor? As pertinent to tlieso questions, let me ask if you have gone b.ick to the time vhen most of the llrcckinridgo papers iu the Free States were in danger of being mobbed aud torn out after the fall of I'm I Sumter? A number ol thciu were torii mil. Not one of them but did not tremble before the awakened wrath of tho community around them. Somo were indicted bv (Irand Juries ; others had to bo protected by the police ; und others peremptorily stopped by tho Federal authorities. I will not ask why these demoifstrations occurred; but 1 will ask if you can point to any one of tlieso journals that is not nmr filled with strong denunciations of tho Administration and its friends, and timid reproaches of tho Rebels iu arms? Are they not all claim Tons for the reorganization of the Democratic party? Are they not all against any com bination of patriotic men under the name of a Union Pakty ? Their object is as plain as their early treason was notorious, aud the cud of their victory will be the recognition of the armed Rebels, or their full forgive ness, Tho armed Rebels are watching their movements with eagerness and joy. The reorganization ot the Ureckiuridgcrs, and their determination to oppose all ellorts at Union between loyal men will, of course, force other party organizations. Tho ques tion arises, how much is to bo gained by allowing these Ureckiuridgcrs triumph un der the name of Democracy ? Would they not labor for such a compromise ns would disgraco tho army and tho people ? Are they not bound to this ? That a decide! majority of tho peoplo of Philadelphia are against these men, I firmly believe. Tho fail uro to unite those people gavo your last city election to tho Dreckin ridgcrs. Tho leaders of parties aro now again forearmed, and iu good season. My belief is, after a somewhat careful consulta tion with loyal men, that no matter what name tho combination against tlieso influ ences may assume, whether Republican or Union, there is every disposition to do all that can bo dono with honor to unite for the of tho Ureckmridgo OCCASIONAL. The military system of Canada is tieing re-organized by a special commissioner. At New Orleans on Thursday week, flour was selling at twenty-turn dollar and fifty wnt yicr hurrrf, Jf.ff. Davis recommends to his Coifgress that the rebel prisoners released by our (Government on parole, be mustered into service. (iex. Oiuxt, though hardly forty years of age, has been in seventeen Initios, in three of which ho .commanded, aud was iu the Mexican war. Tub fifteen-Inch Rodman gun will throw a shot weighing 420 pounds. A twenty Inch gun, which Rodman says is practicable, would throw ono of 1,000 pounds. The President's emancipation taessago passed tho Senate by a vote of 32 yeas to 10 nays. Among the allirniative votes was (iarrett Davis of Kentucky. Mit. Thomas Unukkwood, w ho was iu the battle of Pea Ridge, writes that one of Sigol's Majors, with twenty men and one pii co of artillery, killed thirty-five seccs sintiists at one fire, with the lost, of only two of our nu 11. Tug Legislature id expected to pass a law requiring all suspveted persons to tako tho oat.ii of allegiance, bob no voting at any 1 election. Tho Kentucky Logi-d.mire pas.- fc'l a law of this character, The Great Pittsburg Battle. [Special to the New York Herald.] PiTTstit Rn via Font IIrnhy, April 9, 3:20 A. M. -One of the greatest and bloodiest battles of modem (lavs lias iust closed, re- t:itlli,ii. ii, ll.M .tm 1 -I.. ..I' .1... ' n,.,,,,. ,,.1 1 i'iiiivir IIMH HI llir t-IICMIV who attacked us ut daybreak mi Sunday. The battle lasted without intermission dur ing the entire day, nnd was again renewed on Monday morning, and continued until 4 o'clock, P. M., whwn the enemy commenced their retreat, and aro still Hying towards Corinth, pursued by a largo force of our cavalry. Tho slaughter on both sides is immense. We have lost in killed, wounded, and missing, from 18.000 to 20,000- That of tho enemy is estimated at from 35,000 to 40,000. It is impossible, in the present con fused slate of affairs to ascertain any details. I therefore give you the best account possi ble from observation, having passed through the storm of action during the two days that it raged, Tho light was brought on by a body of 300 of the Missouri Twenty-fifth, of (ien. Prentiss' Division, attacking the advance guard of th Rebel, which were supposed to lie the pickets of the onemv in front (if cur camp. The Rebels immediate ly udvanccil on (icn. Prentiss' Division on the left wing, pouring volley after volley of musketry, and riddling our camp with grape, canister and shell. Our forces soon formed into lino, and returned their lire vigorously, and by the time wo were prepared to receive them, they hnd turned their lire on the left and center of Sherman's Division, and drove our men back from their camps, and, bring ing up a fresh force, opi ned lire on our left wing under Oeiierul Mct'lernand. This lire was scon returned w ith terrible effect nod determinud spirit by both infantry and ar tillery along the whole line, for a distance of over four miles. (Jen. Hurlburl's Division was thrown for ward to support the center, when a despe rate conlhct ensued. The rebels were driven back with terrible slaughter, but soon rallied, and drove back our men in turn. From about !) o'clock, the time your cor respondent arrived on the field, until night closed ou the bloody scene, there was no de twi munition of the result of tho struggle. The rebels exhibited icmarkablo good (ien cralship. At times engaging tho lelt with apparently their whole strength, they would suddenly open a terrible and destructive fire on the right or center. Even our heav iest and most dcsli in tive lire did not appear to discourage their solid columns. The lire of Major Taylor's Chicago Artillerv raked .1. 1 r 1 ' . , 1 - . mom oowii in scores; out me slnoKo woiilil 110 sooner be dispersed than the breach would again be filled. The most desperate lighting took place late iu the afternoon. The rebels knew licit if they did not succeed iu whipping us then their chances for success would be extreme ly doubtful, as a portion of lien. Knell's forces had by this time arrived on the op posite side of the river, and the other por tion was coming up tho river from Savan nah. They becamu aware that we were being reinlorccd, as Ihry could sec Celieral Knell's troops from the bank, a short dis tance above us on I he left, to which point they had forced their way. At live o'clock the rebels had forced our left wing back so as to occupy fully two thirds ot our camp. and were lighting their way forward with a desperate degree ol coiilulenoe in their ellorts to drive ns into ine in er, ami at. ine same lime licavilv cu gage our right. Cp to this time wo had received no rein forcements. icn. Lew. Wallace failed to come to our support until the day was over, having taken the wrong road from Crump's Landing, and being without oilier transports than those used for (Quartermaster 'h and Commissary stores, which were too heavily laden to ferry any considerable number of Oenerul Knell's forces across the liver, those that were hero having been sent to bring the troops from Savannah. We were therefore contending against fearful odds, our force not exceeding thirty -eight thousand men. while that of the enemy was upwards of sixty thousand. Our condition at this moment was ex tremely critical, large numbers of men, panic struck, others worn out by hard lighting, with the average porccntago of skulkers, had struggled towards tho river and could not be rallied. (Sen. Orant and staff, who had been recklessly riding along tho lines during the entire day amid the unceasing storm of bullets, grape and shell, now rode from right to lelt, inciting the men to stand firm until reinforcements could cross tho river. Col. Webster, chief of stall', immediately got into position tho heaviest pieces of ar tillery pointing ou the enemy's right, while a large number of the ballcries were plant ed along the entire line, from tho river bank northwest to our extreme right, some two and a half miles distant. About an hour before dark a general can nonade was opened upoii the enemy from along our whole line, with a perpetual crack of musketry. For a short timo the Rebels roplied with vigor and elVcct, but their return shots grew less frequent and destructive, while ours grew nmro rapid and more terrible. The gun-boats Lexington aud Tyler, which lay a short distance oil", kept raining shell 011 the rebel hordes. I'll in last effort was too much for tho enemy. Ere dusk tho firing had nearly ceased, when, night coming oil, all tho com batants rested irom their work of blood and carnage. Our men rested on their arms iu the position they had ut the close of the day. The forces under Major-tieueral Wallace arrived and took possession ou tho right, and met Knell's forces from tho opposite side, und Savannah, being now converted into tho battleground, tho entire right of (Jen. Nelson's Division was ordered to form on the right, aud tho forces under (cucrul Crittenden were ordered to his support early iu the morning. SECOND DAY'S BATTLE. evening, 011 the morning tiie battle was opened daylight, siuiitltaiieoUhly, by (ien. Nelson's Division 011 the right, and Major (Jciieral Wallace's division 011 tho right. en. Nelson's force opened a most galling fire, and advanced rapidly. ns tho enemy fell back. The lire noon became general uloug tho whole line, and bvgan to tell with terri ble c licet on tho enemy. CcncraU Mct'ler nand, Sherman, and Ilurlburt's men, though terribly jaded with the previous day's fighting, still preserved their honor won at Dnuclsou, but the resistance of the Rebels at all points was terrible ; but they were not enough for our undaiintod bravery, und tho desolation produced by our artillery, which was sweeping tlieni away liko chalf beforo the wind ; yet, knowing that a defeat hero would bo a death-blow to their hopes, and that their all depended upon this great struggle, their (leiieials still urged them on in the f ico of destruction, hoping by flank ing us ou the right to turn tho tide of bat tle. Their success was again, for a time, cheering, ss they bn-au to gain ground on us, appearing to have been reinforced, but our U'lt, under (ien. Nelson, was driving them with wonderful rapidity, and by H o'clock, (ion Knell's forces had succeeded in flanking tliem an. I c ipl'in'ic; their batter -V a ol at t.lleiy, They, however, again rallied on the left, and rccrosscd, and tho right forced them selves forward in another desperato effort, but reinforcements frm Oen. Wood and Oen. Thomas worn coming In, regiment alter regiment, which wers sent to Ocncrnl Kuell, who had eommeiicod to drivo tho enemy. About 3 P. M. C.cn. C.rant rodo to the left where the fresh regiments had been ordered and finding tho RebcN wavering, sent pm lion of his body-guard to the head nf each livo regiments, and then ordered charge across the field, himself leading. As he brandished his sword, and waved them on to crowning victory, while cannon balls wero falling like hail around him. Tho men followed with a shout that sounded nlmv the roar and din of artillery, and tho rebels Hod in dismay, ns from a destroying iivnlancho, mid never made another stand. Oen. Kuell followed the retreating llebols, driving them in splendid style, and by ha';' past five o'clock the whole Rebel army wn.t in full retreat to Corinth with our cavalry in pursuit, with what further result is mit, known, they not having returned up to tics hour. We have taken a large iiumber of their artillery, and also a number of prisoners. Wo lost a number of otir forces prisoners yesterday, nmong whom is (Ion. Prci-tiss. The number of our forces taken hns tut. been ascertained yet. It is reported ui scv. era! hundreds. Oen. Prentiss i.i a. s i 1 -ported wounded. Among tho killed on the Rebel sid, their (Jeneral-in-Chief, Albert Sidney John son, who was struck by a c-'-mion ball on the afternoon of Sunday. Of this there U no doubt, as the report is corroborated by sevcrnl rebel officers taken to-day. It 11 further reported that Beauregard had his arm shot oil'. This afternoon Generals Bragg, Breckin ridge and Jackson were commanding posi tions of the Rebel forces. There has never been a parillel to the gallantry and bearing of our forces, from the commanding General to tho lowest clli cer. Gen. Grant und staff wero in the field, riding along the lines in tho thickest of the lire, during the entire two days of the bat tle, and slept mi the ground fc'unday night during a heavy rain. Or. several occasions. General Grant got within range of tho enemy's guns, and w.i i discovered and fired upon. Lieut. Colonel Mel'herson had his horse shot from under him, when alongside lieu. Grant. Captain Carson was between Gen. Grant and vm:r correspondent, w hen a chance ball foolt oil' his head and killed him, ami wounded sev eral others. Gen. Sherman had two horses killed under him, and Gcucial McClernaud shared like dangers ; also. Geo. Hurlburt, each of whom received bullet holes through their clothes. (Jen. Kuell remained with his troops during the entire day, and, witli Gen. Crittenden and Gen. Nelson, rode con tinually along the lines, encouraging their men. Our loss in officers is very heavy. It is impossible at present to present their names. The billowing were among the number : Krig. Gen. W. II. Waliaco, killed ; Col. Pcg min, Acting Krig. Gen., killed ; Col. Elbe, tOlh 111., killed ; Major Godard, 15th III., killed; Lieut. Colonel Canlicld. TM Ohio, mortally wounded, since dead ; 1 .it ut. Co!. Kyle, -list liuL, mortally wounded ; Gen. W. T. Sherman, wounded in the hand by a can non ball ; Col. Davis, -Ib'th III., mortaily woiuuleil ; Col. Sweeney, 52d 111., Aetil'g Krig, Gen., Wounded, leeched two shots in his only remaining arm, having lost Dim in Mexico, also si shot in one of his legs. Col. Sweeney kept the field until the clooo of tho fight, and he excited tho inhuii alien of tho whole army. Co!.' Dav. Stuart, ;Yld 111., Acting Krig. Gen., shot through the breiiht on Sunday, returned to the field on Monday ; Col. CIms. Craft, 3lst HI., Acting Krig. Gcii., shot through the right shoulder, not dan gerously ; Col. Kayne, 48th III., wounded slightly ; Col.C. McKenny, 17th Ky., wound ed slightly ; Lieut. Col. Stout, 18th Ky., wounded slightly. Lieut, (.'ol. Morgan, 25th Ind., wounded badly iu the head ; Col. M;v son, 71hI Ohio, wounded slightly ; Major Eaton, 18th III., Acting Col., wounded fatal ly ; Major Ncvins, lltli 111., wounded slight ly ; ('apt. Irving, courier, or Gen. Grant's scout, head shot oil by a cannon ba'l ; Capf. Preston Morton, wounded, mortally, sinio dead ; dipt. Dillon, 18th III., killed ; Capt. Mace, 5th 111., killed ; ( apt. Carter, 1 1 th 111., killed ; Major Page, 57th 111., killed. Official Order of Thanks for Victories, by the War Department. Official Wak Kcllutix, Wak Dia'T, J Washington, April 'J, J Order giving thanks for the recent great victories of the rebels and traitors : 011111:11 FIRST. That at meridian of the Sunday next after the reception of this order at tho head ut' every regiment in the United States there shall be offered by its Chaplain, a layer, giving thanks to the Lord of Ilostj tor ti o recent manifestations of his favor, iu tl.o overthrow of tho Rebels and traitors, at. I invoking the continuanco of hii. ai i r delivering this nation by the nun, .-t par otic, soldiers from the horrors of W t a.vn, rebellion, and civil war: or.PKH SECOND. That the thanks and cingrattilatlot'-t of tho War Department are rendered to Maj. Gen. llalleck, for the signal ability and suc cess that have distinguished all the military operations of his department, and fur tho spirit and courage manifested by the army under his command under every hardship and against all odds, iu attacking, pursuing and destroying tho enemy wherever ho could bo luiiiid ; OM'F.U Till tin. That the thanks of the War Department also be given to Generals Curtis and Sigcl, and tho officers aud soldiers in their com mand, for matchless galla my at the hlu-jdy battle of Pea Ridge, and to Major-Genuu! Grant and Kuell, nnd their forces, for tho glorious repulse of Kcaiueuurd.at Pittsburg, Tennessee, and to Major-General Pope, and his command, for the luawry and tikid displayed in their operations against Rebclj and traitors cntrenche.l a? Island No. 10 on tho Mississippi River. Their darii.g, coin age, diligent prosecution, persistent valur, aud military achievements uro unsdirpasscC: OKHF.lt FOCilTlI. That there shall this day be a salut J of 100 guns from the United Suits Arson J ut iu honor of the great victories. EDWIN M. STANTON. Secretary of War. ITEMS. Ciiikf JiiTirn Taney wa3 e!-hty years old on Monday. Tiik Baltimore and Ohio Railroad wa. , duly opened on tho first lust. St:cni:rAnv Stamo.v, in LU order re!uttvo to newspaper eorrrspoudcit'.J fullowuij tho ailiiy, says that foieiui.; uut tipegt to bli.uo tho am; rivilt'v4 i;i iui-.-r'ci. This is regarded uai diivo t of iho London Time. Tbo uidir id uw tcvoLai', ;:i;ioA PU.....I la d,b:...:...d li.vU.; U i:.v,l.ii..l.