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I I K II 111 II
PER-RYSBUEG, O., T T-T XJI S'JD A. Y , APRIL
! m : J ,1' i ';
FROM THE GERMAN OF LOTZE.
Thcv're Kune the wsteh-fires they hve set
Oluw round (he mountui.i piusc otj
Out through the passes of tlic iiiirht
They flush silent, flickei intf light.
They shine on rietorv's dintrnct truck,
Whence itonr, nlns 1 fur me ronie buck !
They lot mc bleed In death, to-night,
True sontry, on the field of (iglit !
Hushed I tlic tumult of fray,
Tli powder smoke U blown uway j
Faint, broken shouts full on tny .nr j
My comrades all are fur from here.
Yet, though my comrades all are fir,
There gleam full nunv a golden star,
Anil migcl bands light ui, on high,
The i't'ru:il watehfiris of the sky.
On, cotnr.iiloa bravo, to vU -tory !
Furowell, ye h.uinerx, high an I Ir o I
I ran nu longer be with you j
Another eauq Is near in vie I
Wliito banners, in tin in-ioiilljlit tiiridi1,
Float through the heaven above my bend
Hliiw tanking now I nee tlirin wave
Aud flutter o'er a sol lier's grave.
1)h, loved one, 'tis the thought of tlioo
Alone weighs down this ienrt in me i
Yet weep not, love, be thin thy pride.
That bravely tit my pest I di -d I
The lrd of Host, unseen, mi high
t.sads out the armies of the .iky ;
Soon shall He call mv name out clear,
And I, true sentry, answer : Here!
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
' What has become of the Wightmniif 1 " I
asked my old friend Fnyson. I had returned to
my native place after an nhyencc of licvcral yeais.
l'ayson 1. inked grave.
" Nothing w rong w ith them, I hope. Wiphlmaii
was a clever man, aud he had a pleasant family."
My friend shuck his head oliiim u.-lv.
' "He was doing very well when 1 left," said I.
" All broken up now," was answered. " He fail
ed several years ugo."
" Ah ! I'm sorry to hear this. What has become
of him ? "
" I see him now and then, but 1 don't know what
ho is doing."
" And his family ?"
"They live somewhere in Old Town. I haven't
met any of them for a long time. home one told
me that they wero poor."
This intelligence caused a feeling of sadness to
pervade my mind. The tone and manner of l'ay
on, as ho used the words "very p or," gave to
them n more than ordinary meaning. 1 saw in im
agination, my old friend reduced from ci in furl and
respectability, to n condition of extreme poverty,
with nil its suffering and humiliations. Idle my
Iniud was occupied with these unpleasant thoughts,
Iny friend sain :
You must dine with me to-morrow. Mrs. Par
son will be glad to see v aud I want to huve a
long talk about old times. We dine at throe."
I promised to be with them, in agreement with
the invitation; and then we parte I. It was during
business hours, and ns my friend's manner was
taoliiewhnt occupied and hurried, I did not think il
right to trespass on his time. What I had learned
of the Wightniaus troubled my thoughts. I could
not get them out of my mind. They were estima
ble people. I had prized them -ubovu ordinary ac
quaintances ; aud it did seem peculiarly hard that
they should have suffered misfortune. "Very
poor " - -1 could not get the words out of my ears.
The way in which they were spokcu involved inoro
than tho words themselves expressed, or rather,
gave a broad latitude to their meaning. " Very
poor!" The sigh was deep and involuntnry.
I inquired of several old acquaintances whom I
Diet during the day, for the ightmans : but all
the satisfaction I received was, Wightinan had fail
ed in business several years before, and was now
living somewhere in Old Town in a Vi ry poor way.
"They are miserably poor," said one. "I gee
Wightmnn occasionally," said another " he looks
seedy enough." " His girls take in sewing, I have
beaid," said a third, who spoke with a blight air of
contempt, as if there were something disgraceful
attached to needle work, when pursued as a means
of livelihood. I would hare culled, during the day
upon Wightmaii, but failed to ascertain his place
" Olad to see yon !" Pnyson extended his hand
with a show of cordiality, as I entered his store
between two and three o'clock on the. next day.
" Sit down and look over the papers for a littlw
while," he added. " I'll lie with you in a torment.
Just finishing up my bank business."
" llusiness first," was my answer, as I took the
"proffered newspaper. " Stand upon no ceremony
An l'ayson turned partly from me, end bent his
bead to the desk at which he was silling, I could
not but remark the suddrnm ss with which the
smile, my appearance had awak ued faded fn m his
rountenance. llefore him was a pile of bank bills,
scleral checks, and quite a formidable array of
tiauk notices, lie couute'i the bills and checks, and
After recording the amount npou a blip of paper
glanced uneasily nt his watch, sighed, and then
looked anxiously towards tho door. At this mo
ment a elerk entered hastily, and made si me coin
inunication in an undertone, hit h brought from
iny friend a disappointed aud iiupaiient expression.
" On to Wilson," 'said he hurriedly, " and tell
Slim to send mc u cheek for five hundred ithout
fail. ' Sar that I am so much short in my bunk pay
ments, and that it is now too lato to get the money
auywhere else. Don't linger a moment ; it is twen-ty-fivo
minutes to three now."
no departed. lie was gone fall ten minutes, dur
ing which period l'ayson remained at his di sk, si
lent, but showing iuny signs of uneasiness. On
returning, he brought tho desired cheek, and was
then despatched to lift tho notes for which this Into
jirovision was made.
. u Whnt life for a man to lead," said my friend,
turning to mo with s ctmtrsctcd brow and sober
face. " I sometimes wish myself on an island in
laid ocean. You remember C ?"
" Il juit business a year ago, and bought a farm.
I saw hint the other day. . l'ayson,' mid he, with
an air f satisfaction,-, ' 1 bavent seen a buuk no
tice Uiis twclvcuiouth.' ' He 'a a lappy man t This
ivote paying is tho curse of my . life. I'm forever
on the street fiouueicring fmancitriiiy t How I
hute the word! Uui come they'll bo wailing
dinner for us. Mrs. Pay sou is delighted at the
thought of aeeiog you. How long is il since y.-u
were her. t About ten yeurs, if 1 tuihtuke not.
You'll Cud my daughters quite grown up. Clara
is in her twentieth year. You, of course, recollect
bcr oply as a little school-givl, Ah me ! bow time
docs flf I " r . i . , ' . . r i s
I found oiy friend living in bdiulwouie boupe iu
Frank Un (Strt. ' It was tdwmibr, nt tastefully,
furnished, and the sauio uiirbt be mid of Lis it lie
aud dtihler.. Whan I last dined with them it
was many yearn before they were living in a
modest, but very comfortable way, aud the whole
air of their dwelliog w that of tbetrfulwa aud
wmfrvti. Xirtr, tbmigh their ample parlors were
gy with rich brusscls, crimson damask, and tiroo
audi, there was no genuine heme feeling there.
Mrs. Payson, the last time I saw Iter, wore n mus
lin do laine, of subdued colors, a Meat late collar
around her neck, fastened with a small diamond
pin, tlic marriage gift of her father. Her hair,
which curled naturally, was drawn behind her can
in a few gracefully tailing ringlets. She needed
do other ornament. Anything beyond would bavo
taken from the chicfest of her attractions, her bright
animated countenance, in which her friends ever
read a heart-welcome.
How changed from this was the rather stately
woman, whoso real pleasure at seeing an old frieud
was hardly warm enough to melt through the ice
of on imposed formality. How chonged from this
tho pnle, cold, worn face, where sellishness and false
pride had been doing a sad, sad, work, Ah I the
rich llnnitt'ii luce cap and costly capes the profu
sion of gay ribbons, end glitter of jewelry; the
ample fobU of glossy satin j how ioor a compen
dium were they for the true woman 1 had parted
with years ago and now sought beneath these
snowy adornments in vain I
Two grown-up daughters, -dressed almost as
dauntiugly as tl.eir mother, were now presented,
hi the artificial countenance of the oldest, I failed
to discover any trace of my former friend Clara.
A little while we talked formally, and with some
constraint all around ; then, us the dinner hud been
waiting us, and was now si rvvd, we proceeded to
the dining-room. 1 did not feel honored by the
really sumptuous meal the Paysous had provided
for their old friend ; because It was clearly to bo
seen that no honor was intended, The honor wan
all for themselves. The ladies had not adorned
their persons, nor proiided their dinner, to five mo
Welti in.- and pleasure, but to exhibit to tho eyes
of their guest their wealth, luxury, and social im
portance. If I had tailed to perceive this, the con
versation of the Paysons would have made it
plain, for it was of style and elegance in house
keeping and divss of the ornamental iu all its
varieties ; and iu no ease of the truly domestic and
useful. Once or twice 1 referred to the Wight
mans ; but the ladies knew nothing of them, and
seemed almost to have forgotten that such persons
It did not lake me long to discover that, with all
the luxury by which my friends wero surrounded,
they were far from being happy. Mrs. Payson and
her daughters had, i could see, become envious as
well as proud. They wanted a larger house, and
more costly furnituro iu order to make as imposing
an appearance as aom others whom they did not
consider half as good as themselves. To all they
said on this subject, I noticed that Payson himself
maintained, fur the most part, a luilf-moody silence.
It was, clearlv cunugli. unpleasant to him,
" My wile and daughters think I'm made of mon
ey," said he, once, half laughing. Put if they
knew how hard it was to get hold of. sometimes,
they would be less free in spending. I tell them I
am a poor man, comparatively speaking; but I
might as well talk to the wind."
" .lust as well," replied his wife, forcing an in
credulous laugh ; "tthy will you use such langu
age ? A poor man!"
"He that wants what he is not uble to buy, is a
poor man, if 1 understand the meaning of the term,"
said Payson, uilh si ine feeling.
"And he who lives beyond his income, as n good
many of our acquaintances do to my certain knowl
edge, is poorer still."
"Now don't get to riding that hobby, Mr. Pay
son," broke iu my friend's wife, ilcprccatiiigly
don't, if you please. Iu the first place, it's Inn illy
polite, and, in the sccimd place, it is by no means
agreeable. Don't mind him '" and the lady turn
ed to mo gaily " he gets iu these moods some
times." 1 was not in the least surprised to hear this, after
what I hud witnessed, both in bis store and in his
house. Put the two scenes and circumstances to
gether, and how could it well bo otherwise?
My, friend, thus re-acted upon, ventured no fur
ther remark ou a subject that was no disagreeable
to his family. lint while they talked of style and
fashion, ho sat silent, and, to my mind, oppressed
with no very pleasant thoughts. After the ladies
had retired, ho said, with considerable feeling :
"All this looks and sounds very well, perhaps ;
but there uro two aspects to almost everything. My
wife und daughters get one view of life, and I an
other. They sec tho romance, I the hard reality.
It is impossible for mc to got money as fast as they
wish to spend it. It w as my fault in the beginning.
I suppose. Ah 1 how tliUicult it is to correct an error
when once made. I tell them that I urn a poor man,
but they smile in my face, and usk me for a hun
dred dollars to shop with in the next breath. I re
monstrate, but it avails not, for they don't credit
what I say. And I am poor poorer, I sometimes
think, than the humblest of my clerks, who man
ages, out of his salary of four hundred a year, to
lay up fifty dollars. He is never in want of a dol
lar, while I go searching about anxious and troub
led, for my thousands daily. Ho and his patient,
cheerful, industrious little wife find peace and con
tentment iu the single rm m their limited means en
able them to procure, while my family turn dissat
isfied from the costly adornments of our spacious
home, and sigh for richer furniture, and n larger
and more showy mansion. If I were a millionaire,
their ambition might be satisfied. Now, their am
ple wishes may not bo filled. I must deny them,
or meet inevitable ruin. As it is, I am living far
beyond a prudent limit not half so far, however,
us many around mc, whose fatal example is ever
tempting tho weak ambition of their neighbors,"
This, and much more of similar import, was said
by Payson. When I turned from hisclegaut home,
there was no envy iu my heart, lie was called a
rich and prosperous man by all whom I heard
speak of him, but in my ryes, ho was veiy poor.
A day or two afterwards, I saw Wightmaii in tha
street. He was so changed in uppearanco that I
should hardly have known him, had he not first
spoken. Ho looked, iu my eyes, twenty years old
er than when last wo met. His clothes wero r,
thoifgli scrupulously clean ; and, on observing him
mora closely, I perceived an air of neatness and
order, tliut iudieutesiiothingof that I'.ioregard ubout
external nppeariiuco which so ofteu accompanies
He grasped my hand cordially, undi iquired, with
a genuine interest, after my health and welfare. I
answered brielly, and then suiiVi
''I ui.i sorry to hear that it is not so well with
you in worldly matters as when I left the city."
A blight shadow 11 it ted over his couuteudneo but
it grew quickly cheerful again.
" Olio of the secrets of happiness in this life,"
aid he, "is contentment with our lot. We rarely
learn tlii -t in prosperity. It is not one of the lessons
taught iu that school."
" Aud you have learned it?" said I.
"I have been trying to learn it," ho answered,
smiling. " Rut I find it one of tho most difficult of
lessons. I do not hope to acquire it perfectly."
A cordial invitation to vit.it bis fumily and take
tea with them followed, and was accepted. I must
own, that I prepared to go to the Wightniaus with
some misgivings a to the pleasure I should re
ceive. Almost every one of their old acquaintan
ces, to whom 1 had addressed inquiries on the sub
ject, spoke of thcui with commiseration, us " very
poor. If Wightmnn could boor the change with
philosophy, 1 hardly expected to fiud the same
Christian resignation iu his m ife, whom 1 remem
bered as a gay, lively woman, fond of special pleas
Such we my thoughts wbnu I knock 1 at the
door of a fctuall houe, that stood 4 little back from
the street. It was quickly opened by tall, neatly
dressed girl, whoso pleasant fare lighted Into a
smile of welcome as ahe pronounced my name.
" This is not Mary ?" 1 said, as I look her prf.
"Yet this is yonr lil'.lo Mary," tha answered,
" Father Md me yon wero coming."
Mrs. Wightmsu ciime forward as 1 entered tho
room into which the front dour opened, and gave
mo a most cordial welcome. Least of all had timo
and rcrersct changed her. Though a little sub
dued, and rather paler and thinner, her fc had
the old heart-warm lli in it the eyes were bright
from the s.Miie cheerful spirit,
"How glad I am tu see you again!" aaid Mrs.
Wightmnn. And she was glad. Every play of
feature, every modulation of tone, showed this.
Soon her husband came in, and then she excused
herself with a smile, and went out. as I very well
understood, to see afttir tea. In a little while sup
per was ready, and I sat down, with the fumily, in
their small breakfast loom, to one of the pleasant
rut meals I have ever enjoyed. A second daugh
ter, who was learning a trade, cum; iu just as wo
wero taking our places at the table, and w as in
troduced. What a beautiful glow was upon her
young countenance I hhe was tlio very image of
health and cheerfulness.
When I met Wightmaii iu the street, 1 thought
his countenance wore something of a troubled us
poet thin was the first impression it niado upon
me. N'.iw, as I looked into his face, und listened to
his che, rful, animated conversation, so full of life's
true philosophy, 1 coul 1 not but fed an em it ion of
wonder. ' Very pcor ! " How liulo did old friends,
who covered their negle -t of this family with these
commiserating words, know of their real state.
How little did they drcuin that sweet peace folded
her wings in that humble dwelling nightly; und
that morning brought to each a cheerful, resolute
spirit, which boro them bravely through all their
" How are you getting along, now, Wiglitiu in ? "
I asked, as, after bidding good evening to his pleas
ant family, I stood with bin) at the gate opeuing
from the street to his modest dwelling.
" Very well," was bis cheerful reply. " It was
up bill work for several years, when I only receiv
ed live hundred dollars salary us clerk, niul all my
young. Hut now, two of them are earning some
thing, and I receive eight hundred dollars instead
of live. We have managed to save enough to buy
this snug little house. The last payment was
made a month sine.!. 1 am beginning to feel rich."
An 1 he laughed a pleasant laugh.
"Wry poor," I said to myself, musingly, as I
walked away from the bumble abode of the Wight
mans. " Kery poor. The words have had a w mug
On the next day I met Payson.
" 1 spent last evening with the Wightniaus," said
" Indeed 1 How did you find them ? Very poor,
" I have not met a more cheerful family forycars.
No, Mr. Payson, they are not ' very poor,' fur they
take what the great Father sends, and use it with
thankfulness. These who ever want more than
they possess iu;e the very poor. IJut such arc not
Payson looked at me n moment or two curiously,
and then let his eyes fall to the ground. A little
while ho mused, bight was breaking in upon him.
" C'ooWotvH ni tlionWI'iiU" mi lit In-, lining Ills
eyes from the ground. " Ah ! my friend, if I und
mine worn only contented and thankful ! "
"You have cause, to be." I remarked. "The
grcath Father hath covered your table with bless
ings." " And yet we ore poor very poor," said he,
"for we are neither contented nor thankful. We
osk for inoro than wo possess, and, because it is
not given, we are fretful aud impatient. Yes, yes
we, not the Wightniaus, are poor very poor."
And with these words on his lips, my old friend
turned from ni' and walked slow ly away, his head
bent in musing attitude to the ground. Not long af
terwards, I heard that he had failed.
"Ah!" thought I, when this news reached me,
" now you are poor, very poor, indeed I" And it
BY T. S. ARTHUR. SOLDIER'S SONG AT MILL CREEK.
Ou I Zollicoffer'g dead,
And tho last words ho said,
" I see another Wild Cut a cumin',"
Up steps Colonel Fry,
And shot him in tho eve,
And sent him to that happy land of Canaan.
Napoleon's Last Expedition.
Kosorvod us Napoleon w;x with others,
ho lulil his mother of Ir. plans. "I cannot,"
he buid, "ilio on thin islainl, (Mllto) ami ter
minate iny career in 11 repose unworthy of
mo. Ilesiih'8, want of money would noon
leave tut) here nlruie, exposed to the attacks
of my many enemies Franco is excited.
Tho Hiitirbons huvo roused ajrainst tlieni
all the convictions and interets connected
with tlic Jievohitiou. The unity wishes for
me. Everything inclines me to hope, that
the moment I appear the soldiers will hast
en to meet me. I certainly may meet with
some unexpected obstacle iu my paty ; I
may meet an officer who, faithi'ul to tlic
HourhoiiR, would restrain the impetuosity
of the troops, and then a few hours would
end my career, Such an end wero Letter
than a long residence in this isle with tin
future that a waits me -there. I will leave,
and tempt fortune once more. What is
your advice, mother?" This energetic
minded woman experienced an emotion of
terror on receiving his conlidenco. for she
saw that her sou, notwithstanding all his glo
ry, might die us a common malefactor on the
shores of France. "Let me," she said, "be
a mother for a moment, und then i will give
you my opinion." Hho reflected for Rome
time in silence, and then in a firm and in
spired tone she said t "Go, my son, go and
fulfil your destiny. Von will fail, perhaps,
mid your failure will be soon followed by
your death. Hut 1 ecu with sorrow that
you cannot remain here ; but let 11s lmpo
that God, who has protected yon against so
many battles, will stive you once more."
This said, she embraced him with deep
MiKKRiKH ok Likk. Endeavoring to niako
violent love under tho table, and pressing
the wrong foot.
Toasting cheese, and when it is more
than half done, let it tail into the ashes.
Forced by politeness to leave a pleasant
party for the purpose of accompanying a
sour old maid to her lodgings two miles dis
tant. Ii earning that you have suddenly acquir
ed a large fortune stretching out your
hand to grasp the w elcome booty awaken
ing, and find nothing in your fist hut tho
Jnki.cknck. " Remember the power of
indirect influence those which distil from
a life, not from a sudden effort. The form
er never fail j tlic latter often. There is
good done of which we can never predict
the when or where. It lies iu that invisi
ble influence on character which He alone
can read who counted the seven thousand
nameless onea in Israel."
A Washington correspondent says that,
the War Department will probably authonzn
crming tho Indians ou tho Kansas borderp,
Coniinitbioiier Doic advises it. "
For the Journal.
Respectfully dedicated Rumerllers in general and to
Respectfully dedicated Rumerllers in general and to those of Tontogany in particular.
How deplorable tho thought that men
will engage in anything so degrading to hu
manity as the selling of intoxicating liquors.
We can regard it in 110 other light than a
traflic which t once obliterate from tho
mind of him w ho engages in it, all generous
and pure feelings, and in the extinction of
these ho becomes nlikc insensible and re
gardless to the claims of his feljow crea
tures. He deals nut day after day, the
maddening draught which ho well knows,
not only ruins the body but destroys the
soul. And while we blame, and yot pity
tho poor inebriate who writhes under a
bondage he not tho mural cotirago to
break. We loathe and detest the man who
coolly and deliberately deals out to him tin
poisoned draught which is slowly but sure
ly bringing hiuidown todrunkard's grave.
Upon him more than upon his wrocked vic
tim should the censure of all good men and
women fall. When once the insatiate thirst
for intoxicating liquor has been funned, he
it is who holds out the tempting bait, ho it
is who pampers to an appetite depraved,
he who fills the sparkling goblet which
sends the lire of hell coursing through
heart and brain. In every village, all over
our land the rumsuller may bo found, lie
may bo known by his sinister look. As
everything seeks its equilibrium, so iu an
occupation low and groveling ns his, we
are sure to find a corresponding mind
And woman! What shall be said of her,
who encourages her husband in this soul
winning busines ? Woman, whose mission
it is to lead man into a higher life. Scarce
ly can we imagine the depths into which
she must have fallen. One instance of a
woman weeping over whisky which had
been emptied into tho ditch, has come to
our knowledge. Oh, shame where is thy
blush? Far better weep over the ruined
beings whom your whisky would most as
suredly have taken with it. Far belter
visit their homes and weep with those whom
you have caused to weep, tho suffering
wife and worse than orphaned children.
" Drunkards have their part in tho lake
that burnetii with fire and brimstone." If
this dreadful doom bo tho drui kard's por
tion. What we ask shall be that of the
rumsellcr. Surely a tenfold punishment
aud a more fearful retribution await him.
And if there be a place iu the drunkard's
hell where the flames burn U a focus there
shall the rumsellcr be found. For if the
drunkard escape, not, how shall you, 0,
rumsellcr. And what shall bo your plea
when called upon to answer i.ot only for
your own soul but for the souls of those
whom you have drugged down to perdition.
Surely you shall be borne down to the low
est hell by the curses of the mothers, wives
and children, whoso lives you have render
ed desolate, but who still walk among us
bearing the life-long burden of an untold
anguish. Jiumscllcrs a day of utributinn
cometh and the souls of slain thousands
shidl be required at your hands.
THE TAX QUESTION.
A Washington correspondent of tho Co
lumbus Journal says tho tax bill seems to
be almost an interminable affair. Interests
likoly to be affected by the law, are repre
sented from all parts of tho country, at
tempting modifications or total immunities.
Sotno, it is lamentable to say, are engaged
in tho sellish business of attempting to
shift the burthens of the war upon theii
neighbors ; while others, more patriotic aud
enlarged iu their views, shrink from no
portion of the public load. Tho New Eng
land representatives vote against a fax on
cotton, because it effects their manufactures
of that staple, while Pennsylvania opposes
a tax on coul and iron, which arc her two
great interests. Tho (jrcat West usks for
no exemption ; but stands ready witli her
strong shoulders and hearty hands to give,
and work, and sacrifice everywhere for thu
holy causo of tho country.
CAPTURE OF REBEL POWDER.
Official information has been received
that J lieutenant A. W. Christian, of the Mis
souri Militia, ou tho 10th ult., captured one
hundred and twenty-five kegs of powder,
buried on the farm of Mrs. Sarah H Urinker,
near Warrensburg, in that Slate, and that
on the 22d, Lieutenant J. M. Jewell, with
twenty men, had a skirmish with the llobels
near tho same place, killing four of them.
Our loss was ono killed, and one badly
"THE IMMORTAL THIRTEEN."
The Toledo Commercial denominates the
13 "strait Democrats" who voted against
inviting Parson IJrownluw to Columbus, the
" Immortal Thirteen," and thus speaks of
Thirteen members of tho Ohio Legisla
ture, who call themselves utraifht out Dem
ocrats, voted against thu res ilutiou to in
vite Parson Drowulow to speak before tho
Legislature. They will be atraijfilf.iel out
if they ever come beforo the people for re
election. Tho Union Democrats all voted
for Iho resolution.
COST OF TRANSPORTATION.
According to tho recent report of Quar
termaster Oeu. Meigs, the cost to tho Gov
ernment for transportation, by steam or
otherwise, of troops and supplies, between
the Mississippi river and tho Pacific coast,
as well aa intermediate points, for tho last
five years, is as follows :
Fiscal year 1857 82.101,367.31
Fiscal year 1858.. 3,1,8 18.40
Fiscal vcar 1859 4131!l,f50.9.'
Fiscal year 18f.0 126.96.36.199
Fiscal year 1861 l,5o.'l,7y!.0'J
mm I .
A HiLTo.v Head (S. C,) letter slates that a
portion of two companies of a PonnByivaniH
regiment, while out on a scouting expeditum
were captured a few days since.
AN INDIAN NATION.
Tns truly important subject of thu
consolidation of tho various tribes of West
ern Indians, lias assumed the shape of a
bill in Congress. On tho 25lh ult., Mr. Pom
eroy, of Kansas, introduced a bill into the
Senate, which provides fir the consolidation
of all the Indians on the frontier into an
Indian nation, for an equitable settlement to
be effected with them, thuir dues invested
in seven and three-tenths per cent, stocks
for their benefit, and lands to bo furnished
to them to tho amount of eighty acres for
each individual emigrating j the land to bo
located within Iho limits of the present In
dian territory. The bill prohibits the man
ufacture, or introduction of intoxicating liq.
uors, and forbids tho granting of licenses
to trade to any but Indians, members of the
Coi.onki. Cohcoiian is still detained by Iho
Rebel authorities at Kii huiond. Is it not
time that our (iovernuieut should c.rncf his
release T Rebel officers by scores are al
lowed their parole, while ore of our bravest
and best is treated as a felon. It is time
this villainous detention ol Corcoran should
cease. To seo traitor prisoners at large,
fvttd by sympathising friends, while Corco
ran is kept iu confinement, is enough to
make a loyal man gnash his teeth.
A Letter for the Times--Rough
Truths by John W. Forney.
[Correspondence of the Philadelphia Press.]
WASHINGTON, March 30.
A genuine Democrat is always the friend
of his country. His creed is the Conslitu
tion and the I'nion. lie has that reverence
for his flag which enshrines it among the
divinities of his conscience, lie worships
it as the embodiment of toleration, liberty,
and law. To toll such a man that the here
tofore recent leading oracles of the Democ
racy are now iu arms against this Hag, is
not to insult, but to gratify him, because he
knows it to be true. Thu fact is, Iho rebel
lion deprived the old Democracy of its most
gilted, most reckless, und most powerful
leaders. One reason for their forcing on the
war was, because they believed that, hav
ing so long dictated terms to " tho parly."
they could curry the Democratic masses
with tlieni when they resolved upon seces
sion. They had taken ample aud systematic
precautions to this cud. I have it from the
best authority that Mr. Jefferson Davis had
manipulated certain of the liicckiuridgc
chiefs in the free Slates so ell'clually us to
lea 1 him and his followers to believe that
when the Cotton Slates passed into the outer
gloom of treason, Pennsylvania, New .Icr
sry, and at least the city of New York,
would follow them. Now, is it for a mo
ment to be supposed that the Ui eckinridges.
so ready to enter into this transfer of their
own States and cities to men whom they
knew to be us rea ly to attack this Union,
have ever forgotten, or can ever forget the
compact thus entered into? Are. these
liroekinridgers not willing, at the first 111 1-
metit, to attempt t.'u; nillillnicnt of their
contract? Are nut their private letters to
the Secession leaders in possession of the
latter, and will not these letters be forth
coming, if, in tho event of the triumph of
your so-called Democracy, tho Hreckinridge
leaders should refuse to carry out I he bar
gain? or to make such terms as will bring
back the traitors to power, or save them
from the suspending bailor?
As pertinent to tlieso questions, let me
ask if you have gone b.ick to the time
vhen most of the llrcckinridgo papers iu
the Free States were in danger of being
mobbed aud torn out after the fall of I'm I
Sumter? A number ol thciu were torii mil.
Not one of them but did not tremble before
the awakened wrath of tho community
around them. Somo were indicted bv
(Irand Juries ; others had to bo protected
by the police ; und others peremptorily
stopped by tho Federal authorities. I will
not ask why these demoifstrations occurred;
but 1 will ask if you can point to any one
of tlieso journals that is not nmr filled with
strong denunciations of tho Administration
and its friends, and timid reproaches of tho
Rebels iu arms? Are they not all claim Tons
for the reorganization of the Democratic
party? Are they not all against any com
bination of patriotic men under the name of
a Union Pakty ? Their object is as plain as
their early treason was notorious, aud the
cud of their victory will be the recognition
of the armed Rebels, or their full forgive
ness, Tho armed Rebels are watching
their movements with eagerness and joy.
The reorganization ot the Ureckiuridgcrs,
and their determination to oppose all ellorts
at Union between loyal men will, of course,
force other party organizations. Tho ques
tion arises, how much is to bo gained by
allowing these Ureckiuridgcrs triumph un
der the name of Democracy ? Would they
not labor for such a compromise ns would
disgraco tho army and tho people ? Are
they not bound to this ?
That a decide! majority of tho peoplo of
Philadelphia are against these men, I firmly
believe. Tho fail uro to unite those people
gavo your last city election to tho Dreckin
ridgcrs. Tho leaders of parties aro now
again forearmed, and iu good season. My
belief is, after a somewhat careful consulta
tion with loyal men, that no matter what
name tho combination against tlieso influ
ences may assume, whether Republican or
Union, there is every disposition to do all
that can bo dono with honor to unite for
the of tho Ureckmridgo
The military system of Canada is tieing
re-organized by a special commissioner.
At New Orleans on Thursday week, flour
was selling at twenty-turn dollar and fifty
wnt yicr hurrrf,
Jf.ff. Davis recommends to his Coifgress
that the rebel prisoners released by our
(Government on parole, be mustered into
(iex. Oiuxt, though hardly forty years of
age, has been in seventeen Initios, in three
of which ho .commanded, aud was iu the
Tub fifteen-Inch Rodman gun will throw
a shot weighing 420 pounds. A twenty
Inch gun, which Rodman says is practicable,
would throw ono of 1,000 pounds.
The President's emancipation taessago
passed tho Senate by a vote of 32 yeas to
10 nays. Among the allirniative votes was
(iarrett Davis of Kentucky.
Mit. Thomas Unukkwood, w ho was iu the
battle of Pea Ridge, writes that one of
Sigol's Majors, with twenty men and one
pii co of artillery, killed thirty-five seccs
sintiists at one fire, with the lost, of only two
of our nu 11.
Tug Legislature id expected to pass a
law requiring all suspveted persons to tako
tho oat.ii of allegiance, bob no voting at any
1 election. Tho Kentucky Logi-d.mire pas.-
fc'l a law of this character,
The Great Pittsburg Battle.
[Special to the New York Herald.]
PiTTstit Rn via Font IIrnhy, April 9, 3:20
A. M. -One of the greatest and bloodiest
battles of modem (lavs lias iust closed, re-
t:itlli,ii. ii, ll.M .tm 1 -I.. ..I' .1... '
n,.,,,,. ,,.1 1 i'iiiivir IIMH HI llir t-IICMIV
who attacked us ut daybreak mi Sunday.
The battle lasted without intermission dur
ing the entire day, nnd was again renewed
on Monday morning, and continued until 4
o'clock, P. M., whwn the enemy commenced
their retreat, and aro still Hying towards
Corinth, pursued by a largo force of our
cavalry. Tho slaughter on both sides is
immense. We have lost in killed, wounded,
and missing, from 18.000 to 20,000- That
of tho enemy is estimated at from 35,000 to
40,000. It is impossible, in the present con
fused slate of affairs to ascertain any details.
I therefore give you the best account possi
ble from observation, having passed through
the storm of action during the two days
that it raged, Tho light was brought on by
a body of 300 of the Missouri Twenty-fifth,
of (ien. Prentiss' Division, attacking the
advance guard of th Rebel, which were
supposed to lie the pickets of the onemv in
front (if cur camp. The Rebels immediate
ly udvanccil on (icn. Prentiss' Division on
the left wing, pouring volley after volley of
musketry, and riddling our camp with grape,
canister and shell. Our forces soon formed
into lino, and returned their lire vigorously,
and by the time wo were prepared to receive
them, they hnd turned their lire on the left
and center of Sherman's Division, and drove
our men back from their camps, and, bring
ing up a fresh force, opi ned lire on our left
wing under Oeiierul Mct'lernand. This lire
was scon returned w ith terrible effect nod
determinud spirit by both infantry and ar
tillery along the whole line, for a distance
of over four miles.
(Jen. Hurlburl's Division was thrown for
ward to support the center, when a despe
rate conlhct ensued. The rebels were
driven back with terrible slaughter, but
soon rallied, and drove back our men in
From about !) o'clock, the time your cor
respondent arrived on the field, until night
closed ou the bloody scene, there was no de
twi munition of the result of tho struggle.
The rebels exhibited icmarkablo good (ien
cralship. At times engaging tho lelt with
apparently their whole strength, they would
suddenly open a terrible and destructive
fire on the right or center. Even our heav
iest and most dcsli in tive lire did not appear
to discourage their solid columns. The lire
of Major Taylor's Chicago Artillerv raked
.1. 1 r 1 ' . , 1 - .
mom oowii in scores; out me slnoKo woiilil
110 sooner be dispersed than the breach
would again be filled.
The most desperate lighting took place
late iu the afternoon. The rebels knew licit
if they did not succeed iu whipping us then
their chances for success would be extreme
ly doubtful, as a portion of lien. Knell's
forces had by this time arrived on the op
posite side of the river, and the other por
tion was coming up tho river from Savan
nah. They becamu aware that we were
being reinlorccd, as Ihry could sec Celieral
Knell's troops from the bank, a short dis
tance above us on I he left, to which point
they had forced their way.
At live o'clock the rebels had forced our
left wing back so as to occupy fully two
thirds ot our camp. and were lighting their
way forward with a desperate degree ol
coiilulenoe in their ellorts to drive ns into
ine in er, ami at. ine same lime licavilv cu
gage our right.
Cp to this time wo had received no rein
forcements. icn. Lew. Wallace failed to come to our
support until the day was over, having taken
the wrong road from Crump's Landing, and
being without oilier transports than those
used for (Quartermaster 'h and Commissary
stores, which were too heavily laden to
ferry any considerable number of Oenerul
Knell's forces across the liver, those that
were hero having been sent to bring the
troops from Savannah. We were therefore
contending against fearful odds, our force
not exceeding thirty -eight thousand men.
while that of the enemy was upwards of
Our condition at this moment was ex
tremely critical, large numbers of men,
panic struck, others worn out by hard
lighting, with the average porccntago of
skulkers, had struggled towards tho river
and could not be rallied. (Sen. Orant and
staff, who had been recklessly riding along
tho lines during the entire day amid the
unceasing storm of bullets, grape and shell,
now rode from right to lelt, inciting the
men to stand firm until reinforcements could
cross tho river.
Col. Webster, chief of stall', immediately
got into position tho heaviest pieces of ar
tillery pointing ou the enemy's right, while
a large number of the ballcries were plant
ed along the entire line, from tho river bank
northwest to our extreme right, some two
and a half miles distant.
About an hour before dark a general can
nonade was opened upoii the enemy from
along our whole line, with a perpetual
crack of musketry. For a short timo the
Rebels roplied with vigor and elVcct, but
their return shots grew less frequent and
destructive, while ours grew nmro rapid and
more terrible. The gun-boats Lexington
aud Tyler, which lay a short distance oil",
kept raining shell 011 the rebel hordes.
I'll in last effort was too much for tho
enemy. Ere dusk tho firing had nearly
ceased, when, night coming oil, all tho com
batants rested irom their work of blood and
carnage. Our men rested on their arms iu
the position they had ut the close of the day.
The forces under Major-tieueral Wallace
arrived and took possession ou tho right,
and met Knell's forces from tho opposite
side, und Savannah, being now converted
into tho battleground, tho entire right of
(Jen. Nelson's Division was ordered to form
on the right, aud tho forces under (cucrul
Crittenden were ordered to his support
early iu the morning.
SECOND DAY'S BATTLE.
evening, 011 the morning tiie battle was
opened daylight, siuiitltaiieoUhly, by (ien.
Nelson's Division 011 the right, and Major
(Jciieral Wallace's division 011 tho right.
en. Nelson's force opened a most galling
fire, and advanced rapidly. ns tho enemy fell
back. The lire noon became general uloug
tho whole line, and bvgan to tell with terri
ble c licet on tho enemy. CcncraU Mct'ler
nand, Sherman, and Ilurlburt's men, though
terribly jaded with the previous day's
fighting, still preserved their honor won at
Dnuclsou, but the resistance of the Rebels
at all points was terrible ; but they were
not enough for our undaiintod bravery, und
tho desolation produced by our artillery,
which was sweeping tlieni away liko chalf
beforo the wind ; yet, knowing that a defeat
hero would bo a death-blow to their hopes,
and that their all depended upon this great
struggle, their (leiieials still urged them on
in the f ico of destruction, hoping by flank
ing us ou the right to turn tho tide of bat
tle. Their success was again, for a time,
cheering, ss they bn-au to gain ground on
us, appearing to have been reinforced, but
our U'lt, under (ien. Nelson, was driving
them with wonderful rapidity, and by H
o'clock, (ion Knell's forces had succeeded
in flanking tliem an. I c ipl'in'ic; their batter -V
a ol at t.lleiy,
They, however, again rallied on the left,
and rccrosscd, and tho right forced them
selves forward in another desperato effort,
but reinforcements frm Oen. Wood and
Oen. Thomas worn coming In, regiment
alter regiment, which wers sent to Ocncrnl
Kuell, who had eommeiicod to drivo tho
About 3 P. M. C.cn. C.rant rodo to the left
where the fresh regiments had been ordered
and finding tho RebcN wavering, sent
pm lion of his body-guard to the head nf
each livo regiments, and then ordered
charge across the field, himself leading.
As he brandished his sword, and waved
them on to crowning victory, while cannon
balls wero falling like hail around him. Tho
men followed with a shout that sounded
nlmv the roar and din of artillery, and tho
rebels Hod in dismay, ns from a destroying
iivnlancho, mid never made another stand.
Oen. Kuell followed the retreating llebols,
driving them in splendid style, and by ha';'
past five o'clock the whole Rebel army wn.t
in full retreat to Corinth with our cavalry
in pursuit, with what further result is mit,
known, they not having returned up to tics
We have taken a large iiumber of their
artillery, and also a number of prisoners.
Wo lost a number of otir forces prisoners
yesterday, nmong whom is (Ion. Prci-tiss.
The number of our forces taken hns tut.
been ascertained yet. It is reported ui scv.
era! hundreds. Oen. Prentiss i.i a. s i 1 -ported
Among tho killed on the Rebel sid,
their (Jeneral-in-Chief, Albert Sidney John
son, who was struck by a c-'-mion ball on
the afternoon of Sunday. Of this there U
no doubt, as the report is corroborated by
sevcrnl rebel officers taken to-day. It 11
further reported that Beauregard had his
arm shot oil'.
This afternoon Generals Bragg, Breckin
ridge and Jackson were commanding posi
tions of the Rebel forces.
There has never been a parillel to the
gallantry and bearing of our forces, from
the commanding General to tho lowest clli
cer. Gen. Grant und staff wero in the field,
riding along the lines in tho thickest of the
lire, during the entire two days of the bat
tle, and slept mi the ground fc'unday night
during a heavy rain.
Or. several occasions. General Grant got
within range of tho enemy's guns, and w.i i
discovered and fired upon. Lieut. Colonel
Mel'herson had his horse shot from under
him, when alongside lieu. Grant. Captain
Carson was between Gen. Grant and vm:r
correspondent, w hen a chance ball foolt oil'
his head and killed him, ami wounded sev
eral others. Gen. Sherman had two horses
killed under him, and Gcucial McClernaud
shared like dangers ; also. Geo. Hurlburt,
each of whom received bullet holes through
their clothes. (Jen. Kuell remained with
his troops during the entire day, and, witli
Gen. Crittenden and Gen. Nelson, rode con
tinually along the lines, encouraging their
Our loss in officers is very heavy. It is
impossible at present to present their names.
The billowing were among the number :
Krig. Gen. W. II. Waliaco, killed ; Col. Pcg
min, Acting Krig. Gen., killed ; Col. Elbe,
tOlh 111., killed ; Major Godard, 15th III.,
killed; Lieut. Colonel Canlicld. TM Ohio,
mortally wounded, since dead ; 1 .it ut. Co!.
Kyle, -list liuL, mortally wounded ; Gen. W.
T. Sherman, wounded in the hand by a can
non ball ; Col. Davis, -Ib'th III., mortaily
woiuuleil ; Col. Sweeney, 52d 111., Aetil'g
Krig, Gen., Wounded, leeched two shots in
his only remaining arm, having lost Dim in
Mexico, also si shot in one of his legs. Col.
Sweeney kept the field until the clooo of tho
fight, and he excited tho inhuii alien of tho
whole army. Co!.' Dav. Stuart, ;Yld 111.,
Acting Krig. Gen., shot through the breiiht
on Sunday, returned to the field on Monday ;
Col. CIms. Craft, 3lst HI., Acting Krig. Gcii.,
shot through the right shoulder, not dan
gerously ; Col. Kayne, 48th III., wounded
slightly ; Col.C. McKenny, 17th Ky., wound
ed slightly ; Lieut. Col. Stout, 18th Ky.,
wounded slightly. Lieut, (.'ol. Morgan, 25th
Ind., wounded badly iu the head ; Col. M;v
son, 71hI Ohio, wounded slightly ; Major
Eaton, 18th III., Acting Col., wounded fatal
ly ; Major Ncvins, lltli 111., wounded slight
ly ; ('apt. Irving, courier, or Gen. Grant's
scout, head shot oil by a cannon ba'l ; Capf.
Preston Morton, wounded, mortally, sinio
dead ; dipt. Dillon, 18th III., killed ; Capt.
Mace, 5th 111., killed ; ( apt. Carter, 1 1 th 111.,
killed ; Major Page, 57th 111., killed.
Official Order of Thanks for
Victories, by the War Department.
Official Wak Kcllutix, Wak Dia'T, J
Washington, April 'J, J
Order giving thanks for the recent great
victories of the rebels and traitors :
That at meridian of the Sunday next after
the reception of this order at tho head ut'
every regiment in the United States there
shall be offered by its Chaplain, a layer,
giving thanks to the Lord of Ilostj tor ti o
recent manifestations of his favor, iu tl.o
overthrow of tho Rebels and traitors, at. I
invoking the continuanco of hii. ai i r
delivering this nation by the nun, .-t par
otic, soldiers from the horrors of W t a.vn,
rebellion, and civil war:
That the thanks and cingrattilatlot'-t of
tho War Department are rendered to Maj.
Gen. llalleck, for the signal ability and suc
cess that have distinguished all the military
operations of his department, and fur tho
spirit and courage manifested by the army
under his command under every hardship
and against all odds, iu attacking, pursuing
and destroying tho enemy wherever ho
could bo luiiiid ;
OM'F.U Till tin.
That the thanks of the War Department
also be given to Generals Curtis and Sigcl,
and tho officers aud soldiers in their com
mand, for matchless galla my at the hlu-jdy
battle of Pea Ridge, and to Major-Genuu!
Grant and Kuell, nnd their forces, for tho
glorious repulse of Kcaiueuurd.at Pittsburg,
Tennessee, and to Major-General Pope, and
his command, for the luawry and tikid
displayed in their operations against Rebclj
and traitors cntrenche.l a? Island No. 10 on
tho Mississippi River. Their darii.g, coin
age, diligent prosecution, persistent valur,
aud military achievements uro unsdirpasscC:
That there shall this day be a salut J of
100 guns from the United Suits Arson J ut
iu honor of the great victories.
EDWIN M. STANTON.
Secretary of War.
Ciiikf JiiTirn Taney wa3 e!-hty years
old on Monday.
Tiik Baltimore and Ohio Railroad wa. ,
duly opened on tho first lust.
St:cni:rAnv Stamo.v, in LU order re!uttvo
to newspaper eorrrspoudcit'.J fullowuij tho
ailiiy, says that foieiui.; uut tipegt
to bli.uo tho am; rivilt'v4 i;i iui-.-r'ci.
This is regarded uai diivo t of iho
London Time. Tbo uidir id uw tcvoLai',
;:i;ioA PU.....I la d,b:...:...d li.vU.; U