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VGL.XV. PERRYSBURG, O., FRIDAY, JA.3STTJA.KY 24. 1868. 3sro. ay : I IS rCBMaitKD RVftltt FRIDAY MORNtNO BT ; XV IAHIES TinIOlV9. TEftMS OF SUBSCRIPTION'. fsr month. Hit months.. ....... .......... ......... Ono year tt OO OO TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Ana sqnaro,nne insertion--. $1 00 Kach snbMt-neat insertion 50 Ilusineas Csrds, nor annum 8 00 Administration, Attachment, Dissolution, Ex ecutor, Kodrmption ami Rod Notices--" S 00 Marriaie' Notices 60 D'nth Xulloea Free. The snsco occupied by ten linji, or less, of thia tiiod type counts one square. All Transient and Legal Advertisements must bo pild fr in advance to insure publication. J-tT" Attorneys are nitLD RSspoNstai.a for all S'lvertisements handed in or antlioriied by them, ad fnr th publication of all Sheriff's Sale notices, I lie writs fur which they order out. JOB TRINTISO. ' I am prepared to execute all kinds of Job Work, such as Posters, Sale Mills, Programmes, tavitathwa, Cards, Labels, rsmphlets.all kinds of UInk,A-c.,tn the most satisfactory manner. The following are the rates for Sheet Bills! 14 Sheet Dills, per 23.. $2 00 M 50 2 SO S Ofl 2 50 9 00 3 5(1 ft on R 00 yA 100 If .. ,. .. is U '. - ' - 100 54 loo roll sheet .. ..100 Orders will ho filled at short notice, and upon t!i m'urri'aionableternis. i tvf" I'riutinsr of every kind, whether job work or a'lrtiiuir, which is'ilnno for any Sssnciatinn, icietv, public niicting or political party, will be ehirged to the person or persons ordering the a me, who will be held responsible for payment. J.WIKH TIJIJKHS , , . , Pu'jlU'ior anl Proprietor. BUSINESS CARDS. Wlt.l.UM II. JOSR3. ' JIMS A- joi:s SHANNON, IIE.VT.J E'STATE AGENTS O.FFI0K OVEll KllKl'd' STOKE, j 4 ' Perrysburg, Ohio. A. Mc MA II AN. (Late llrcvet-Culonel U. S. Volunteers,) ffV'ixt'. Oletlxxx Agont PustiifBcj Address East Toledo, Ohio. AM, H.Hi'Ssl Claims sjrainst the Government cm be c illecied. Many of the lato olliccrs nl soldiers of th array, aA also widows and nelrs of djeoaaed officers and soldiers, do not keep well Informed of the laws relating to theui. All claimants for whom I transact busiuess are promptly informjil, by mil,of any laws affecting them. 13JSh cha-gu made unless claims are successfully prosecuted. 4.1" JOHN A. SHANNON, Attorney and Counscllor-at-Law, OJBco in. l'hoenix Uloek, up stairs, I'errynborfr, Ohio. Jj5""Attcntion given to the collection of Soldiers Claims. - - GEOICGE STKAIIV, ' 'ATTORN EY-AT-L AW, PKRTsiiPRa, 0., WIM.ittendtoullbusinessconfModtohiscare in the several Courts of Ohio. Military (Maims will receive particular attention. ' AIi-Insurancc taken at reasonable rates. -OtAce1- New Hardware ltiiililinfr.np stairs, cor rerof Louisiana Avenuoand Frontstreet. lza I V D. K. HOLIEIIKCK, l'crryaburio Wood Co., O Attornevs-at-Law i Notarios Public; Conveyanc ers; Collecting Agents; Real Estate Agents; Having larjru quantities of Wild Lands and many , "l i .Improved Farms, for sale ; Agents to Pay Taxes, and redoem lands sold for taxes ; also, to purchase lands and investigate titles. War Claim-Agents, To procure the back pay and bouuty 5ne to rel atives of deceased soldiers ; , To procure pensions for tlmso entitled to them ; To procure for soldier liberated from prison commutation of ration wliilo they were confined, etc., etc. J. K.HoitD, Fremont. J. M. IIORn, Perrysbnrg. J.'K. & J. M. HORD, ATTOKSf:irS.....rcrryBburg, O. Office in rheenix Jlleck. 85" J. F. Si. S. II. rillCE, Attornejrs-at-Law, Perryaburg-, Wood Cemntrt WE kaveMarge quantities of Real Estate for B ile ; attend to Tax-paying ; also, procure Bounties and Pensions for Soldiers. All business promptly attended to. 18 INSUUKI INSUItEl riNSUKB WITH THE FIREMEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY, OF BiYTOK, OHIO. riMHS Company has fairly earned tho right to .L solicit tho patronage of th citixins of this county, having yaul $5,700 in Losses in the county within tho last year. Kates as low as any reliable Company. Losses equitably adjusted and prompt ly A SIUNXOX, Perrysburg, O., 44 General Agent for Northwestern Ohio. .ai? IJHDEIUIILX V O. Dealers in American & Italian Marble and Oranite Stone, No. 290, corner of Summit and Cherry, ' Toledo, 0 j7MonumcnU furnished to order. mail or otherwise.ifc Address br 40zz SLJ3VIN & BROWN, Attorneys nnd Counaellors at I-hw, and General L,and Agei W. Land bought and sold ; taxes paid ; titles exam ined, ic. Extra bounty, local boontr, back pay, pension, ete., .promptly collected and paid over. tSTOnVe in Ibo C-jutC bouse, Perrysburg, Ohio. - 4xs PERRYSBURG MEAT STORE. JOIIX O. HOFFMAN TTXSrumoid bia Meat Store to the building re II eanilv-heeui.iec) bv the Hardware Store, on Louisiana Avenue. An excellent quality of Meat 'aalwavskevteirhand.t whicbhe invites the at tention of all lovers of a juicy Roast, or a tender Bteak. . - . Puiryvburf ,' NorersW 9, 186&. si . SURGEON; DENTIST, rcUltlSBl'HG, OHIO'. I Charges moderate, and all work warranted. ljrOflice- over Or. Beach's dtore, on Louisiana, Avenue. 4u j. ir. iimr, 1 h .) ; . Attorney -at -Luvr, HAS rcsumnd'th.0 practioe of bis profession, at tVKylloirgvO1""! where he will give prompt aiUmlfui wall It 'tiaiiiiuHiness eutruated to bis care. Oiiitg m (he liauk. biiildiiig.. Tub REAL ESTATE AGENCIES. Lot)k to Your Titlo$ 1 TT may not be generally known that the title to a large portion of the Kal Estate In Wood County is defective but luch la the fart. These defects arise from misdescription of tho prop erty, informal execution and acknowledgment of conrcranocs, unrecorded deeds, tax sales and titles, judgment liens, irregularities in sales under execution, mortgages, &c. ; Hundreds of mortgages and other incumbrances upon lands remain uncancelled on the records, although lira debts ItacJ were given to secure, have probably been paid. Thousands of tax sales hare been made, incumbering landa and Iota, many of which bave been redeemed but not cancelled, but a large number still exist as Valid liens on the prop erty sold. Over 1,500 of the deeds on our county records are either erroneously . executed, or wrongly recorded most of the errors undoubtedly occur in the making of the deeds, but many in the recording of them. In view of these facts, we are preparing, and have nearly completed, at great expenso and im mense labor, a complete abstract of the title to every tract of land and town lot in the county, giving the original entries and purchases from tiie State and United States, date of the deeds, kind ot conveyance, consideration, full description of the land, where deed executed, date of record, book and page where recorded, number of Wit nesses, number of seals, amount of revenue stamp, Ac. So complete, will these Abstracts bo, that If every book in the Recorder's Office were destroyed, an accurate description of every instrument re corded there, could be procured from our office. Willi these facilities we aro prepared, on the shortest notice, to give all necessary information, and written abstracts of title, at reasonable prices, to all who may desire the same. With these Abstracts before us, we also have facilities for preparing conveyances of every de scription, unequalled by any other office in the county, and which will be mnile nut by us at usual rates. We will give special attention to remedying delects in titles, removing incumbrances, procuring lost deeds, getting original patent or copies of same, and perfecting titles generally. Every owner of Real Estate should know tho full lii.tiorr of his title to same, and that it is cor rectly placed on the record: and every prudent man will refuse to buy any lands or lots without first being lully aatistnid that tho tutu to Simo is perfect, clear and unimcumbered ( and thoso facts can do ascertained irom ns at n smalt expense. Our charges will bo as follows : For an examination of tho title to a lot or tract of hind, with verbal opinion on same, from $1 to a, according to value nni number ol trnns'ers. i'nr a full abstract of the title, with written opinion on same, $2 and over, according to number of conveyances of the land, and labor in making out same. A reasonable deduction will be mado to appli cants, for chain of title to two or more tracts, and also to attorneys and agents who make frequent UUSIU-3S calls upon ns. ROSS 8c COOK. rerrysburfc, 0., February 11, 1867. 37 OEORQR WEDPKLL. W. 8. IDERLT 1VEDDCLL GBEHLY, GENERAL LAND AGENTS, l'erryeburg, Wood County, Ohio. Will buy and sell Lands, examine titles, pay taxes, redeem i.nnos sola lor taxes, A.C, ozc. Ollico in the Court-house. 37 zz VALUABLE REAL ESTATE FOR SALE. 1 1 ill E undersigned having established a Real Ks A. tato Agency iu Perrysburg, ott'er for sale the following Ileal estate, situated in Wood County Ohio: G In lots in Perrysburg, with good ITouse, Unrn Orchard, Well, Ac. very desirable. Can be had ut a bargain, and on liberal leTviv. A Farm of 120 acres, in section 19, of Plain Township, under good cultivation, with 300 fruit trees, good buildings, and well drained. Two miles Irom lontogany. An Improved Fur in of 100 Arras, in sec tion 34, Plain Township ; 00 acre;, under cultira tion, aud ncarlv all under fence; a large orchard and good well, together with a good frame house and barn. A I arm containing i,n Acres, in same section, all under fence mostly improved; orchard good barn and large house, with good frame bouse in cnurso or construction. Tho N't:. i of the NE. V of section 23. town 4, north nl range lv. east. Uood House and Orchard All under fence. UNIMPROVED LANDS. E i se qr section 85, tp 6, range 1180 acres N K sw or sec 3(1, tp 6. range 1180 acres. 80 Acres, in aoction 4, Ceitor Township, well tiuinerea with disck walnut, white wood, sc. 80 Acres, in section 10. Liberty Township prairie. 40 Acres, in section 18, Milton Township Lot No. 8. 80 Acre, in section 12, Henry Township limDerea. 200 Acres in section II, Portage Township heavilv timbered. Twelve or fifteen choioe TOWN LOTS, in Per rysburg. r?T Tho above Real Estate will be offered low rates, on terms to suit the purchaser. Sl.tVliN A HKUWa, 4 - Real. Estate Agents, Perrysburg, 0 J AS. W. BOSS, A.8HKR COOK, ELBCRT B. BOBS HOSS & COOK. ABSTRACTS of TITLE OFFICE i Corner I.onlnlana Avenue and Front Street, l'erryeburg, vuie. WE have the only set of Abstract nooks now in Wood County, containing a complete Indkx to all Lots and Lands therein. Iff Certificates of Title gtveu upon reasonable terms. BS" Also. Agents for purchasing and selling Ileal r.slHlo, gelling up lax iiuea, paying laics . ..... ... . m fi,:., ; m - &.C., eic. TDUIl desirable residences in Perrysburg V Price ranging from 1,J00 to $1,800 ; for Rale by nuns a, uuun, Iorv itllt-.M or choice tana, a nines goiuu i ')U Perrysburg, on Perrysburg and Findla Koad. and at crossing of good county road; wel drained; 10 acres uuder cultivation; 40 acre of prairie ana optimnga, anu Daiance iimoer. f rice f IB per acre, or azu in payments. 80 acres of excellent land near Milton Center, on good county road, i mile from railroad i good log house and other farm buildings; 40 acres of good limner ana oaiauoa in prairie anu uuuer cultivation. Price 11,400, cash, or 81,000 in payments. For further particulars, inquire of ROSS & COOK. Business solicited. 37zi BARGAINS IN REAL ESTATE i A Valuable Farm for Sale, In section 31, Henry Township, Wood County Ohio, of ICO acres of good Farotiug Land. About 35 acres cleared and fenced i Log Dwelling an Barn j not less than 100 fruit trees of good quality, Graoes. ete. Price. tS.000 in payments. Good soil, good markets, and good neighborhood. Call and see Mr. John T, Jones, en the premises. For Sale, cheap, in prompt pay or in pay ments, a new dwelling-house and lot, 110 feet front and 133 feet rear, of in-iota oi. sua ana vu, r sr rysburg. Ohio. 80 acres, n M ne qr see 38, Webster, ditching paid for, at 810 per acre in payments. 80 acres, w i sw qr seo V, town 3, range 10, ia Henry, at 1 pc' A number of Sue in-lota for sale cheap in Per rysburg. Desirable lands in tporte aud Suiubea Co 'a Ind.. fur sale at a bargain. ; - J. RICKETTS. ! Perrysburg,-January 10, 1808. 4ln HATS & CAPS. ALAKUS aeaortuieul at G. UEAt'U S. The Castalian Fount. UP IN AN ATTIC. BY ROBERT BUCHANAN. ITalf of k gM rlhg bright, Kmken in days of old, One yellow curl, whose light OWddened my gaae of old, A heather-sprig thereto, Plueked on the mountains bine, Wlien in the shado and dew, We roamed erratic ) Last, an eld book of long These have I treasured long, Up in an Attic, rie'd In one little hand, They gleam in vain to met Of I-ove, Fame, Fatherland, All that remain to mo I Lovet with thy wounded wing, I'p the voids lessening, Weeping, too sad to sing I Famedead to pity I Land that denied me bread I Count me as Inst and dead, Tombed in the City. Daily the buay roar Murmurs to me of men; Dashing againat its shore, Oroana the great aea of men ; Hut night by night it flow Klowly to strange repose, Calm and more calm it glows, Under the moonshine Then, only then, I peer On each souvenir, Shut from the sunshine. Half a ring of gold, Tarnished nnd yellow now, Broken in days of old, Where is thy fellow now T Upon tho heart of her, Feeliug the sweet blood stir, fctill, though the mind demur, Kept as a token. A h 1 does her heart forget T Or, with the pain and Iret, Is that, too, brokeut Thin threads of yellow hair, dipt from the brow of her, Lying so faded there Why whisper now of hert Strange lips are pressed unto The sweet place where ye grew, Strange lingers tremble, through The bright, live tresses, Does she remember still Sobbing, and turning thill To his caresses ? Sprig from the mountain blue, Long lelt behind nie now Of moonlight, simile and dew, Why wilt remind me now 7 Cruel and chill and gray, Looming afar away, Dark in the light of day, Shall tho hills daunt "me. 1 My footsteps ou tho hill Are overgrown yet still Their echoes haunt mo. Old written book of song, Put with the dead away, Wherefore wouhlst thou prolong Dreams that hare fled away T Thou art an eyeless skull. Dead, fleshless, cold and null, Cotnplexionless, dark, dull, And suer8eded; Yet, in thy time of pride, How grandly hast thou lied To all who heeded I Yea, Fame, thou barren voice. Shriek from the higl.ts above ; Let all who will rejoice In those false lights above I When all are false save you, Yet Were so beauteous ton, O, Fame) thou canst be true, And ahull I follow T Nay, for tho heart of man lireukk in the dark, since Pan lias slaiu Apollo. 0, Fame! thy hill looks tame, No vast wings flee from thence ; Were I to climb, O, Fame I Whut could I see from llicnco ? Only, alar away, The' mountains looming gray, Crimsiaied at close of day, Clouds swimming by me; And in my hand a ring And ringlet glimmering Aud no one nigh me I Better the busy roar, Speaking to me of men Dashing against its shore, Groans tho great sea of men. O, Love thou wouldst not wait I O, Land thou art desolate I O, Fame to others prate Tby joys ecstatic I Only, at evenfall, Watching these tokens small, I thiuk about you all, Up in an Atticl BY ROBERT BUCHANAN. Selected Miscellany. INAUGURATION OF GEN. HAYES. His Address—A Brief but Able Document. meat. Tlie Governor delivered his ititmgural address at Columbus on the 13th inst., com mencing, at 2:30 P. M. It is us follows : Gentlemen of th Senate and House of Representatives, and FeUote-Citizens : The duly devolved on the Governor by tho Constitution of communicating by message to tlio General Assembly the con dition of the, State, nnd of recommending such measures a8 he deems expedient, has been performed at tho present session by my predecessor, Governor Cox, in a man ner so thorough and comprehensive that I do not feel culled upon to enter npou a discussion of questions touching the ad. miiiistrutiou of the State Government. I can think of no better reward for the faithful performance of the duties of the ulllce which, 1 believe, my iimuediute pre decessor is entitled to enjoy the knowl edge that in the opinion of his Fellow. Citi zeus of all parties, he has, by his culturo, his ability aud his integrity, honored the ollico of Governor of Ohio, and that he now leaves it with a conscience satisfied with the discharge of duty. I congratulate the members of tho General Assembly that many of the qnos lions which have hitherto largely engaged the attention of the law muking power, and divided the people of the State, have, in the progress of events, either been settled, or in the general judgment of the people, been transferred for investigation aud de cision to the National Government. The State debt, taxation, the currency and in ternal improvements, for many years fur nished the prominent topics ol discussion and controversy in Ohio. In the year 1445 the State debt reached its highest point. It amounted to $J0 018.515 67, aud in the same year the total taxable proporty of the Stale was $130,142,606. With a disordered currency, with business pros trated, with labor often insufficiently re warded, th burden of thia debt was se verely felt, and questions in regard to it ualurally entered into tho parlizau strug gles of the lime. Now the State debt is 11,031,941 56; the taxable property of the Stale amounts to SI .138,754,779 ; and there is no substantial difference of opin ion among the people as to the proper mode of dealing with this subject. State taxation was formerly the occasion of violent parly contests. Now men of all parties concur in the opinion that, as a general rulu every citizen ought to lie Uxod in proportion to llio actual value of his property , without regard to tho fuiut In which ho prefers to invest it) and dif ference as to tho measure by which the principle is practically applied, rarely en ter into political struggles in Ohio. l ai ty conliicis ami itoimtoa as to Mate laws iu relation to banking nml the cur rency, oonstituts a large part of tho polit ical history of the State, lint Ilia events of tho last few years have convinced those who are iu favor of a paper currency, that in the present condition of tho country il can best bo furnished by tho National hanks or in tho form of legal tender treas ury notes. Stuto Legislatures are there fore relieved from the consideration of this difficult and perplexing subject. Internal improvements made ly Mute authority, so essential to growth sod pros- fcrity in the early history of the State, no ongor require much consideration by (ho General Assembly. AVoiks of a mngnittidv too great to be undertaken by milivulnal enterprise, will lierealter bo, tor llie most part, accomplistieu ty me) uovernmeiii oi the uatiou. The part which patriotism required Ohio to take in tho war to suppress the rebellion, demanded important and fre quent acts of 'legislation. Fortunately tho transactions ol tlie State growing out ot tho war havo boon, or probably can bo closed under existing laws, with very little, if any, additional legislation. If not mistaken ns to inn result oi mis brief reference to a few of the principal subjects of the legislation of the past, the present Ueneral Assemoty nas prooaniy a belter opportunity than any of its predo censors to avoid tne evu oi too niiicn icgis lation. Excessivo legislation lias liecomc a crcnt evil, and I submit to the judgment of the General Assembly, the wisdom of avoiding it. One important question ol principle, n old as our State, Government, still remains unsettled. All aro familiar with tlio con. Il'cls lo which the policy of making a dis Unction between citi.etm iu civ.l rights bus iriveii riso to iu Ohio. Tho lira! ol thoso who opposod this pnl;cy was to so cure to nil citizens civil lights. The ro suit of tho slrugglo that ensued is thus given, by an eminent and honored citizen of our State: The laws which crcatod disabilities on tho part of negroes iu respect of cm rights, were icpealct iu tho year lb'19 alter an obstinate contest quite memorahlu in Ibo history of tho fatalo. Ilictr repeal was looked upon with great disfavor by a large portion of tho people, as a danger tins innovation upon a just and well settled nolicv. and a vote in that direction con signed many meibra of the Legislature to tlio revise if private life. Hut I inn not aware that nny evil results justified theso apprehensions, or that any ctloi t was ever made to impose mo ois.nniiiies. tho contrary, tho new policy, il l may call it so. has been louu 1 so consisicnl with justice to tho negroes and tho interests of the wiines, liat no one certainly no party in Ohio, would bo willniir to abandon it. An effort to secure to nil citizens equal political rights, was mado in (ho Slate Constitutional Convention of 1851. Only JiU toon. ot of otic hundred aud eight mem hers in that body, voted in its favor ; and it is iirolmblv (hut less than one tenth of the voters of tho Statu would then hnvo voted lo striko tho wold " white" out of the Co stitution. Tho last General Assembly submitted to the people a proposition to amend the Slite CoiiHtitution so ns to abolish distinctions iu polit e d rights based upon color. The proposition contained several clauses tiot pertinent to its main purpose, under which, if adopted, it was believed by many that the number of white citiz.ns who woitui be disfranchised would be much grealor than the number of colored- citizens who would be allowed the rigUt of suffrage. Notwithstanding tlio proposiiiou was tliushaiiipered.it received 210,987 votes, or neurlv forlv-five per cent, of all tho votes cast in the State. This result shows a great progress in public sentiment since the adoption of the Constitution of 1851 , and inspires the friends of equal rights with confident hone that in 1871, when the op portunity is given to the people, by the provisions of the Constitution, to call Constitutional Convention, the organic law of the State will be so amended as to secure, iu Ohio to all the governed an cqnul voice in the government. But whatever reasonable doubts may be entertained as to tho probable action of tho people of Ohio en the question of an extension of the right of suffrage when new Slate Constitution shall bo formod, submit witli confidence that nothing has occurred which warrants the opinion that the ratification by t e last General Assem bly of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of tho United States, was not in accordance with tlio deliberate and set iljd convictions of tha people. That amendment wes, after tho amplest discus sion, upon an issue dis inct'y presented, sanctioned by a lure miijoiity of the peo ple. If Any fact exists which justifies the belief that they now wish that tho resolu tion should bo repealed, by which the assent of Ohio was given to that impor taut amendment, it has not been brought to tho attention of the public. Omitting all reference to other valnablo provisions, it may be safely said that the section which secures among all the States of the Union, equal representation in the Electoral Col leges in proportion to the voting popula tion, is deemed of vital importance by tho people of Ohio. Without now raising the grave question us to the right of a State to withdraw its assent, which lias been constitutionally given to a proposed amendment of tho Federal Constitution, I respectfully sug gest that the attempt which is now making to withdraw the assent of Ohio to the Fourtceth Amendment to the Federal Con stitution, be postpouod until the people shall again have an opportunity to give expression to their will. In my judgment. Ohio will never consent that I lie whites the South, a large majority of Vhoin were lately in rebellion, shall exercise in tho government of the Nation as much polit ical power, man for man, as the samo num ber of white citizens of Ohio, aud be si lowed, in addition thereto, thirty members of Congress and of the Electoral Colleges, for colored people deprived of every polit ical privilege. In conclusion, I am happy to bn able adopt as my own tha sentiments so fitly expressed by the Speaker of Iho House of Representatives of tlio present General Assembly. I sincerely hope that the leg islation of the Assembly and the ediiiinis tration of the state Government in all branches may be characterized by economy, wisdom and prudence that statesmanship, patriotism aud philanthropy may lie mam fest in every act, and that all may be done miller the guidance of that I'rovidenca which has' hitherto so signally preserved and blessed our Elate and untiou. Tim free library of Hoston contains 110 000 volumes, largely of a solid and instruc tive character. The managers report that there lias been a steady decline iu the de mand for theological, intlaptiysu ul am ethical works, fiom 11 4 per cent, of cutiro reading, a! that il itutiou. The Pendleton Platform. a a a I of to its tlio Among tha prominent points in the plat form put forth by the lVmocratio Stato Convcnlinn, which is understood lo be the basis of tho movement for Mr. fondleton's nomination, is Iho denial that" tho integ rity of the Union was ever broken, or that any of its members wero ever out." II we nnderslund this, it is si denial of any Stato to secede f rtrf the Union, cither by legislative action or by open war. It is a recognition f the dontriuo that every at tempt in that direction is renclhon and treason against tho pnrainonnt authority of the Federal government. The inevitable sequenco of this is, that it is tho ditty of the gonoral government, In cases ol attempt at secession, to vindicate its authority and tho integrity of tho Union by the uso of such means as may bo tiecessary to sub- luo such rebellion and treason s lor it is absurd to say, as President lluchannn did in his last annual message, that tho South crif people had no right lo secede, nor tho government any light te prevent mom. If we have a government, its first duty is to defend its own life, since without that it could have neither value nor existence. It was on this ground that the Government, sustained by tho 1 yal men of the nation, raised and organized armies and prosecuted military campaigns against the rebels, with the solo view of subduing and compelling them to recognize the paramount authority and tho indissolubility of tho I mon. lot, there is no part of the history of that long nontcst more notorious than the opposition made by tho Domocratio party, North and South, to every proposition for putting down the rebellion or preventing secession by the uso of (oiro. Iu all the discussions in Congross, during Iho session of 1800 61, but two voices wero heard from tho Demo cratic members, (with tho Bolo exception of that of Andrew Johnson.) Unc of tlieso from tho South, was, " Your Union is already disolved,'' and tho other, from tho North. " You can't coerco a Sluto." Thus were Iho representatives of the Democracy, from tho shu t, agreed on tne rigtu oi se cession. And the position thus early taken was never ubatidoned during the struggle. In no wuv. from Iho timo ol tlio so-called secession of South Carolina iu December, 1820, till tho surrender of the rebel Brmies in Anril. 18o.". did this party over utter a word iii denial of tho right of secession or of approval of tho employment of any means lor repressing it. Every expres sion, from first to last, was in sympathy with and encouragement for Iho rebels. Even in August, '64, when tho almost uni form successes of our amis lor over a year including tho buttlo of Gettysburg and tho grand victories at Vicksburg and else where in the Southwest when the final re sult was clearly in our hands, this same parly, iu National Convention assembled, deliberately pronounced tho war for the Union " i failure," and demanded that the armies should bo unconditionally with drawn nnd peace made on smcA terms as should be acceptable to fis rebels. Not a word was then said about tho indissolu bility or tho " integrity of the Union," or in denial " that any of its members were ever out." A long series of complaints were mado against tho Govoniinciit for the meas ures it had taken lo preserve " the integ. rity of tho Union " and keep the Southern Slates from go:ug " out," but not a syllablo iu disapproval ol the rcUlliou which had mado such measures necessary to the na tion's life I Nor did tho Convention inti mate, in tho slightest degree, that if placed in power, they would employ any measures whatever, beyond accepting the rebels' terms, for preserving the Union I The only wrong in tho whole uffair, in their viow, consisted ol the war policy of tlioso who wero defending the " integrity of tho Union." is tho only mode possible. Such was the Democratic record the last timo tho party pronounced its seutimeuts. Uut now, that tho rebellion is suppressed by tho very war which that Chicago Con vention declared it to be a failure, and the war is over, tho Ohio Democracy have tho assurance to rcsolvo that they will not " rocognizo that tho integrity of the Union was ever broken." They ta'lc as if they wero tho only party that had ovor hold p tho indissolubility of O'.e Union, and that its existence had heretofore and must here after depend solely upon thorn. They must thiuk the puoplo have very short memo ries. This platform also KYioves over the ap prehension that the Southern States, are now to be given over to the " political ana social control" of a ''barbarous people, and to " a war of races." If the blacks of the South are really "barbarous," what ahull bo said of tho " patriarchal institu tion " tinder which they were born and reared, and ol the white population who have held unquestioned control of their bodies and mindB, and a " visible admix tnro " of whose blood flows through the veins of a large portiou of them T If " bar barism " bo the best result of two centu ries of white domination, is it not time to find out whether some other policy may not be better! If neither the government, the teachings nor the blood of Southern Democrats U sufficient to raise them from the degraded condition of barbarism, why not try a change, as an experiment, if noth ing more! It is very plain from this, plat form, that the rule of the Democracy neither mado themselves loyal nor tho blacks fit for a civilized Country. Hence the inference that in tlmt region, at least, Democracy is a " failure." I5ut the Pendleton plunk, par excellent, of this platform, u.id the one on which Mr, P. and his friends chiefly rely for his nom ination and election, is embraced in the 7th and 8th resolutions. These contain the greenback redemption and Hohd-tax advo cated by Mr. Pendleton during tho last cam paign. This is very adroiily sot forth, and Us repudiation features so skillfully sand wiched with protestations of adherence to the national good faith, as to be deemed very plaiibible.device for catching the votes of the ignorant and superficial Itutslrip ped of its verbiage and deceptive profession. It simply means that if Mr. Pendleton is looted President and his party gets the control of Congress, the national debt shall not be paid as both borrower and tho lender understood it was to be when was contracted. Mr. P. claims royally on the discovery of a technicality under which he can induce tho people to play the part of the repudiator for their own advantage. Like tlie rascally debtor who seeks to evade tho payment of his obligation on the ground that the words iu which he ex pressed it do not mean what he said it did aud the purchaser thought it did, when was issued, Mr. Pendleton thinks the American people will be sufficiently grate ful to him for his alleged discovery of a pre text for a similar transaction, to make him President of Die United States. This bis stock in trade in the campaign for the Democratic nomination, and as no rival has yet discovered more plausible subtsr fugs, It seems quite palpable that he will command the support of ell of his party who regard bis achemo a " good card From the action oi Iho Ohio and Indiana Democrats ou the 8th, we judge this class must have Iho ascendancy in 'the party in tlieso Slates. Whether they will La tullitiviilly numerous tUcwlicre a. dictate the Presidential ticket and platform, remains to be ern. But It la very clear that thia policy has a stronghold on the politicians of that parly. i ne ivin resolution rwjs lonewi i RttvltexL That all (lie Property of (ho country, including the government bonds, which receives the equal protection of the government, should bear an equal share in its burthens. It would surprise many Democrats to bo told that " goverraent bonds " do " bear an equal shore" with, and in many cases more than other' descrlpticns of property. Yet such is the fact. We doubt if there bo a pioce ol real estate in Toledo that pays as heavy a tax as do tho 5 20 floods used as capital in the National Hunks ol this City. Nor is there any considerable por tion of the money in the City that pays as much lax according to its productiveness as such tionds. Cut howover this may be, it is sufficient to know that the manner of taxing them crfnnftt legally be changed without the conaedt of the holders. This is a principle of law so pfain tlmf it seems strsngo that anV intelligent man should think ol midertaking to impose tne con trary doctrine upon the country. The got eminent has tho same right to repudiate the wholo debt as any one of Its conditions. Tho Democracy give President Johnson a patronizing " pat on tho back, to en courage him to continue bis opposition to tho policy of Congress. 1 liey will sustain him in any way that will contribute lo the advantage of their party j but beyond that, he must look elsewhere for " support." So the monkey was ready to sustain the sim ple cat in pulling his nuts from tho fire. Tho Democracy of Ohio resolve " that the fortitudo and gallantry of our soldiers in the recent civil war in defense of tho Union, entitle them to tho gratitude of the country," ko. So it was " a war for the defense of the Union," aftor all, notwith standing the uniform declaration of the loaders during its progress thai it was an " unholy war," " an Abolition war," &o., ite.. ko. And tho soldiors who volunteered in it against tho protests of the Pemlletons, and Vnllandighams and the bthor malingers in the recent Columbus Contention, actually did a good thing! The " Lincoln hirolings and cut-throats," the " Hessian murderers," ko , kc, ko., of 1SCI, '2, '3, '4, aud '5, have bv somo strange process, become " our soldiors I " The Men Who l.. 1861 rosolVod (hat all the fortitude and gallantry display ed at Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Fort Donel son and on scores of other victorious fields were only a part of the unqualified failure of the then wicked and unnecessary war, have now come to view tho mailer from another standpoint, nnd henco their changed theory. The votes of the soldiors are now needed to give tho party success, and hence the new estimate of their servi ces. The series wrhd up with a solemn ro solvo that the Democracy have neither the purpose nor the desire to re-establish slav ery, nor to assume the debts of the States lately in rebellion. The nation ought to breath more freely, in view of this formal proclamation ol tho abandonment of Iho corpse oi slavery by the Democracy. It may now safely assume that the iustitution is not eveu to do galvanized lor me ap tiroachintr campaign. It must be dead suro enough. Now lot Wendell Phillips dissolve bis Anti-Slavery Society. Its oo cupation is cone. Aud the Democracy has " ucithor tho purpose nor the deuire to pay the rebel debt. It ia to be hoped their intentions iu that regard will not change as suddenly as it has in others. lint what shall be said of the lungunge of the last resolution when it speaks of the States lately in rebellion t " These are new words in that connection. When did they" rebel l" It must have boon since the year 1864, when they were only par ties to a " civil war." "Stales in rebel lion!" Tbink of that 1 Pray, Mr. Pendle ton, is it " constitutional " to " coerco " a " State in rebellion! " If so, why did you deny it throughout that " rebellion ! Taken in all Its parts ana connections, we think the platform on which the Ohio Democracy appear Ueiore tne country is quite remarkable ond well worthy tue study of the curious. A Mother's Grave. " a There is a tender pathos in tho following incident from the North British Mail. It suggests the aau thought nisi many homo is made utterly desolate by a moth, er's death, and that children are often ruined by the loss oi hor coiniortinp and re straining love. Some gentlemen passing through the beautiful village of Kenton, in the Vale Leven, Dumbartonshire, about nine o'clock at night, some tune ago, had their attention dirocted to a dark object in the church yard. On going to ascertain what it was, they found a boy of tender years lying flat ou his face and apparently sound asleep over a recently made grave. Thinking not a very snfo bed they took him up, and asked him how be came to be there. He said that he was afraid to go home, as his sister, with whom he resided, had threat ened to beat him. "And -vliere does your sister live!" asked one of the party. " In Dumbarton," was tho answer. 'In Dumbarton nearly four miles off; and how camo you to wander so fur away from home !" "1 just came," sobbed the poor littlo fellow, " because my mother's grave was here." 11 is mother had been buried there a short time before, and bis seeking a. refuge at her grave in his sorrow was a beautiful touch of nature in this child, who could scarcely have yet learned to realize the true character of that separation which knows no reunion on earth. Thither bad he instinctly wandered to sob out his sorrows, and to mo sten with tears the grave of one who had hitherto been his natural protector, for he bad evidetitly cried himself to sleep. The Beaver as an Engineer. tl it is Iu At the last meeting of the American As sociation for the advancement of Science, L. IL Morgan, Esq , of Rochester, read au interesting paper on the habits of beavers. Having made this animal the subject study for several years, he was able to give many interesting facts regarding the extent of their operations. On the Southern shore of Lake Superior, in Marquette conn, ty, be found remains of long canals and dams constructed by them for the purpose ot transporting their cuttings, consisting cf trunks of trees, two or three' feet lung, from the place where the tree had fallen their lodges. Borne of these canals were 300, 400 and 500 feet long. They were generally three fee! wide, with an average depth of throe feet. In order to maintain a continuous depth of water, they made dams at certain distances, and followed the Chinese plan to whom the lock was un known of drawing their cargo from one level to another. Mr. Morgan has settled a long disputed point regarding species. From a comparison oi more than one hun dred skulls of American beavors with four or five of European origiu, he is enabled to state that both classes, belong lo, (lie same family. To Young Men. The Mercantile ?itfief has ttl6t6 rfxeef lent rules for young roeu commencing bust' ness i The wrrhl estimates men by their suo cess in life- arid, by general consent, sue cess is tile evidence of superiority. Never, under any circumstances, assume a responsibility you can avoid consistently with-'forir duty to yourself and others.- Base, alfyour actions upon a principlo of right preserve your integrity or charac ter, aud in doing so,. never reckon the cost. llcmcmbef that self-interest is more likely to warp your judgment than all other circumstances combined . therefore, look well to your duty, when your irrtorests are concerned. He ncithor lavish nor niggardly f of the two avoid the latter. A mean man is uni versally dcFpiscd : but public favor is a stepping et.uio to preferment. Therefore generous lerlings should bo cultivated. Say but little ; think much ; and do more. Let your expenses bo such as to leave a batlanco in your pocket, lwoally money ia a friend in need. Avoid borrowing nnd lending. Wine-drinking mid cigar-smoking aro bad habits. They impair the pocket ami mind, and will lead to a waste of timo, Never relate your misfortunes, and never' grieve over that which jou cannot pre-vent'. A Receipt for Happiness. It is simple. When you riso iu the morn--ing, form a resolution to tnnko the day a' happy ono to a fellow creature. It is easil done. A loft -off garment to the man who' needs it; a kind word to tho sorrowful; an encouraging expression to tho starving trifles iu themselves as light as air will do it, at least for twenty-four hours; ami' it you are young, depend upon it, it w ilW toll when you are old ; and if you aro old,, rest assured it will send yon gently down Tlie stream of timo to eternity. Look at tho result : You send one person only-' one, happily through tho day j-tliat is, three ' hundred aud sixly-llvo in the course ol I no-' year and supposing you live forty years only, alter yotl commonco this course, your have mivln fourteen thousand six hnndrod human boings happy, at all events fur a -time. Now, worthy reader, ia this not sim ple? Wo do not often indulge in a moral' ill s", put tins is so small a pill that ono " needs no red currant jelly to disguise its-' flavor, and it requires to bo. taken but oncer-' a day, (hat wo feel wat ranted in prescrib--ing it. It is most excellent for digestion,. and a producer of pleasant slumber. A Surviving Colored Hero of the Revolution. A negro called " Old Father 1101)108011," now in bis one-hum! rcd-and-fourteenth year, is residing in Detroit. He was bornr on Col. Du Chit-lie's plantation in East Maryland, nnd followed tho fortunes of his master as body-guard during the Revolu tionary struggle. In tho buttle of New Oilcans, Jnnuury 8, 1815, when Gen. Jack son overthrew Puckeiiliam, ho served in ' the saino capacity. Forty years ago, for his' faithful services ho was manumitted. Ho has been married several times, his present wiTe, with whom he has lived over 211 years, being now fifty-nine years of age. When 81) years of ago he was hale aud ro. . bus', and stwod six feet in stockings, In t his luimbto cabin ho has thousands of times ' told with clearness and vigor the story of his euily life and his romombrances of tho crisis through which the country has , passed. It was his special pride to relato an account of tho scene when tho proud Cornwallia surrendered his sword to Wash ington. His own share in the old wars are attested bv a saber cut on the top of his head and the loss of a forefinger. For the last, two weeks the old man's voice haa begun to lulter and ins eyes to grow ana. Curiosities of Photography. a of Photographers have taken " tho sun uirn ' sell," when in eclipse ; they bave caught an impression of a ahull whizzing through the air, discharged Irom the mouth ot a 32iiicli mortar ; they have caught tho wavo as it broke ou the shore, tho sun depicting even the drops falling irom its toppling crest ; more, they have not failed in getting a " good i.nprrssiou " of tho head ol a crimi nal executed by tho gnillotino, catching the ' head in mid air, ns it fell in the basket be-' low. Photographic book marks and visit ing cards aro sold by tho thousand, wliilo photographic shirt-studs aud waistcoat buttons, orainented with, microscopic min iotuus, are now being daily produced in . countless numbers at the button factories ,' in Prussia; portraits of a po ular e son, " Garibaldi, for instance, being ordered by the hundred thousand at a time ! On tha authority of a careful English writer, all ' this photographing requires tho use of no "7 less than twenty tons of silver per annum. Base Ball in the Family. An Exchange tells of a man who be came so infatuated with the game of baser1 ball, that he insists ou running tho " home" machine on tho baso ball system. His -children being quite numerous, aro as signed their respective positions, and the ' servants ordered to tuko the ' first base." . His wife, whoso word " none dare dispute," is styled " umpire," and himself the bats- 1 man," his duty boing to flog tho children." When tho youngest child cries, he design ates this u "fowl liuwl," and orders (he servant to stop it. A few evenings sinco V? lie met the hired girl iu company with her " fi ller" taking a walk. Ho told her to make a short stop on such proceedings.' ami warning her against being "caught out again, told her to 'make the homo . base" us quick as possible. How the Pyramids Were Built. The stones were brought from the oppo-'" site side of the valley of the Nile, twelve 1 lo tilleen miles distant. The first work was to build a great causeway over which to transport the stores. Herodotus says one hundred thousand mtti wero employed on Ihispaitof the work. Alter this pre-' punitory work, came the leveling of the"' rocky foundation, the cutting out of the' subterranean chambers, and the elevation" of the hu-e masses of stone. This work,"" the same writer says, occupied three hun dred and sixty thousand men twenty years.' These men were drafted by the authority ' ofa tyrant soverrign, as men are drafted in " time of war ; each levy serving a uumber -of mouths, then others taking their plao es." The Bible. Out of it have come all the pure morali- ' ties. From it have sprung all sweet chari ties.. Il has been the motive power of re generation and reformation to millions of men. It has comforted the bumble, con soled the mourning, sustained the suflering, and given trust and triumph to the dying, The wise old man has fallen asleep' with it folded upon bis breast. The eiiuple cot-: tsger has used it for a dying ruMow j and even the innocent child lias breathed his last happy sigh with his fingers between- it-promise-freighted If aves. j . Am editor who niiiineU a Miss Church says, he lias enjoyed more happiness sum., joining the chui'uh lhu hq jvtr Uid iu bus blo bcfuiu.