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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, January 03, 1869, Image 1

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The New York Dispatch,
agj~A SECOND EDITION, containing the latest news
from all quarters, published on Sunday morning.
JO“ The NEW YORK DISPATCH is sold by all News
Agents in the City and Suburbs at TEN CENTS PER
COPY. AU Mail Subscriptions must be paid in advance.
Canada Subscribers must send 25 cents extra, to prepay
American postage. Bills of all specie-paying banks taken
nt par.
Hereafter, the terms of Advertising in the DISPATCH
will be as follows:
WALKS ABOUT TOWN .r- .30 cents per line.
. Under the heading of “Walks About Town” and “Bus
iness World” the same prices will be charged for each in
sertion. For Regular Advertisements and “Special
notices,” two-thirds of the above prices will be charged
for the second insertion. Regular advertisements will be
taken by the quarter at the rate of one dollar rline.
Special Notices by the quarter will be charged at the rate
of one dollar and twenty-five cents per line. Cuts and
fancy display will be charged extra-
gofcs and
Blonde and always
welcome correspondent has again revived her inquiry
concerning “ the right of a parent or guardian to punish
a child in its teens,” and wishes to know “to what, if
any, extent corporal punishment may be inflicted.” In
olden times, the right of a parent or guardian was sel
dom questioned, for then the relation of parent and
child, master and servant, differed little from slave
owner and slave; but in our present age of progress, the
infliction of corporal punishment is considered unneces
sary, cruel, and injurious. We only speak With a knowl
edge derived from the practice of those who hold the re
lation of parent and guardian—what we would do our
selves when in the presence of a mutinous, rebellious
we are unable to say, for circumstances, as yet,
have never afforded us an opportunity of being con
fronted by such a real fact. In the case in question, the
conduct of that old hag. who so cruelly and maliciously
sported in the torture of that girl “ in her teens,” can
hot be sufficiently despised and reprobated. We are
sure that such an aunt could not possibly enjoy the hap
piness of having a sharer of her cruelty whom “ the girl
in her teens” should call her unde. There is ’only one
escape for the girl in question, and that Is, to fly from
the arm that could be so often uplifted against her in
anger, to the arms of one who will be ever ready, in the
hour of peril or danger, to clasp her to his bosom in love
and friendship, and defend her from harm. Let this
aunt consider that the misfortunes of many young wo
men may be traced to the bad treatment and cruelty of
parents and guardians. A kind word of advice, a pleas
ant look, a true sympathy, will accomplish more than
all the instruments of cruelty can ever be expected to
do. If the details which our correspondent gives us in
her note could be more fully placed before us, either by
our intelligent correspondent or other responsible per
eon, we might suggest some redress for “ the girl in her
Historians.—“ To decide a wager
and a dispute, please state when, where, and how Presi
dent Johnson attempted to ibritfg the Congress of the
United States into hatred, disgrace and contempt, and
to excite against it the odium of the people, of all of
which he has been charged, but of which I am unable to
find any verification.” It was charged that in a speech de
livered by the President in Washington, Aug. 18,1866, to
a committee of the Philadelphia Convention, he charged
Congress with endeavoring to prevent the restoration of
peace, harmony, and union. In (that speech, he is said
to have made use of the following language: “We have
Been hanging upon the verge of the Government, as it
were, a body called or which assumes to be the Congress
of the United States, while it is in fact a Congress of
only part of the States, etc.”
Arizona. — This correspondent de-
Bires to know how he “ can obtain correct information as
to the territory of Arizona—its present condition, and
prospects for the future.” Our correspondent can ob
tain much and generally reliable information from the
correspondence of the daily and weekly papers, if he will
take the trouble to look them over with especial refer
ence to the matter in question. The territory undoubt
edly has great mineral wealth, and in many parts is well
fitted for agricultural pursuits; but it is far behind most
of our other Western Territories in the present and
prospective development of its resources. Moreover
the Indians there have away of “pulling hair” that
might not be altogether agreeable to our friend.
Printer.—“ Please state at what
time, and where, the late Moses Y. Beach died, and any
Other prominent facts concerning him?” Moses Yale
Beach died at Wallingford, Con., July 19, 1867. He was
born Jan. 7, 1800. In youth he learned the trade of a
cabinet maker, but we believe never worked at it for a
livelihood. He invented several machines, and among
Others a rag cutter that is now in general use in the pa
per mills all over the country. He was at one time pro
prietor of a paper mill Zand Was very successful. Later
in life he lost largely by speculation. He then removed
to this city and became interested in the New York Sun,
which had been established by Mr. Day, and he was sub
sequently its sole proprietor for many years.
A Bankrupt.— Under our present
Bankrupt law a man who has debts exceeding S3OO, and
pho is a citizen and resident of the place in which he
Petitions six months prior thereto, may be adjudged a
bankrupt provided he makes a full and fair disclosure of
his assets and swears that he is unable to pay his liabili
ties. All petitions for discharge under the law that have
©ot been filed before January L 1869, must be coupled
Urith a consent that the bankrupt will pay fifty cents on
each dollar of his indebtedness. The lowest possible fee
for which a bankrupt can employ an attorney is S3OO. It
takes some five months to go through bankruptcy.
A. P.—“ Is there either in this city
cr in Brooklyn such a thing as a young ladies’ Christian
Association ?” We are not aware that there is distinct
ively any such organization. But then it must be re
membered that every church. Sunday school and Bible
class is in a measure, at least, such an institution as you
Inquire for. Woman, we believe, is justly regarded as a
Chief and distinguishing element of all religious bodies.
A Beader.—“ Where do the Ancient
Foresters meet, in Brooklyn or New York?” The An
cient Foresters, which is a secret organization, and
claimed by its members to be similar to the orders of
Masons and Odd Fellows, meet only in Brooklyn, so far
as we know, viz,: at the junction of De Kalb and Fulton
avenues. It is asserted that this is the oldest branch of
the order in the United States.
Hiram.— “l often hear used the
expression, ‘He hasn’t common sense.* Can you tell me
what common sense is ? When I try to find or give a
definition of an article so common and yet so rare, I am
puzzled. Will you help me?” We understand the ex
pression to mean a sound judgment in reference to com
mon things or to the practical affairs of life.
M. A. Lodge.— The right to use
your land in a proper way, so as not to trespass upon
your neighbor, is beyond dispute ; to the middle of the
earthand to the heavens are the limits of the owner
ship of real estate If the window in question is a nui
sance build up your wall or erect your fence as high as
the heavens,if necessary.
Critic.— “ Are the words trade and
business synonymous?” We should say not altogether.
The two wrrds are not easily defined or distinguished.
Trade, however, has the most commercial meaning. We
cay, “What business have you here, sir?” We do not
say, “ What trade have you here, sir?”
Handy— The first steam fire engine
was used at a fire in Cincinnati, Ohio. There have been
ceveral steam fire engines sent from New York to Eng
land within the past year, but their relative powers have
never been publicly tested so as to decide the superiority
cf either.
W. 77.—Baptism has nothing to do
with the transfer of property, if you can otherwise prove
your birth and descent; so that it is not necessary for W.
H. to be baptized if he has no other motive than that.
M. B. P.— “ Ole Bull” is the Chris
tian and surname of the distinguished violinist who re
cently performed in this country.
Thespian.— The Academy of Music
at Albany, N. Y., was destroyed by .fire Jan. 29th, 1868.
The estimated loss was $40,000.
The St. Stephen’s Church Fair closed on Wednesday
evening. Up to the last, the billiard tables remained
among the chief attractions. The ladies tendered a vote
of thanks to Mr. J. W. Montgomery, the well known bil
liard player, and to Messrs. W. H. Griffith and W. J.
Sharp, billiard table manufacturers, for their efforts to
make the affair a
What We Suffer—The Temptations of our
Tenth—What Becomes ef Them—The Anti
fiambling Association—lts Object, and
What it Does—The Effects of Gambling—
What its Results Are—Cases of Interest in
Point—Poverty, Ruin and Disgrace.
The Association for the Prevention of Gambling, as
its title indicates, is to keep in subjection a great
social evil, that cannot be entirely crushed out in
this speculative age of gaming and venture. But if
this Association cannot entirely subdue the evil, it
should at least be able to make it more harmless than
it is. To suppose that gambling can be stopped,
when our judges paid to punish it, are its greatest
patrons, though they charge grand juries to indict
the keepers of these places, would be to expect im
possibilities ; as well might we expect the pendulum
to resume! its motion after the clock has run down,,
or look for inanimate clay to walk after the spirit has
left the body. The Association can only keep in
check the evil. It has a terrible amount of up-hill
work to accomplish. It has to fight against 1,017
lottery policy offices, and at least if not more than
263 faro banks, having a capital amounting to
$30,000,000. Standing on the roof of the Herald of
fice, looking down Ann street, and over the way, a
stone can be thrown at fifty gaming houses where
faro is played, leaving out the policy shops at which
the poor are swindled.
So far as the workings of the Asssociation are con
cerned, they have been satisfactory to the prosecut
or, but not always to the prosecuted, the defaulter,
and the thief discovered. The duty and object of
the Association for the Prevention of Gambling is to
give security to property. Of property’s insecurity
how little is known! How few there are that know
the character of the men to whom thev entrust their
business! The Association promise to do next to
the impossible-give security to the insecure. This
security so much desired, it seems to us, cannot be
given by this or any other Association of men while
the spirit of gambling exists in the community. They
can only moderate the evil.
Those acquainted with the world, which is the
same everywhere, in large cities more particularly,
must know that temptations surround the young and
the old on every side. There is also a class of ad
venturers who are unscrupulous, who care neither
for their own name or the name of their neighbor,
whose business it is to entice, and there are few, in
deed, if the trap is well set, that will not be induced
to make a venture, if not restrained by fear of expos
ure, and to the prevention of employees,taking this
first false step the Association claims that it devotes
its powers, facilities and information to check.
The Association employs about twenty-three detec*
tives under salary, while at the same time they pay a
commission for information furnished them, if the
facts given on investigation turn out to be correct.
numbers four hundred and fifty members, and the
reports made during the year to the members foot
up over a thousand. The first year of the Associa
tion’s operations were very barren ot results; from
the reports that we now hear of it, it is different.
It is conducted very nearly on the principle of a
mercantile agency, with this difference: the Mercan
tile Agency furnishes to A. T. Stewart, Claffiin &
Mellen, and other merchants the information that
would justify them to sell on credit to an out-of-town
dry-goods dealer; this Association gives to its mem
bers information of the habits of the men to whom
they trust the control of their business, so far as they
may be addicted to gambling. When they find a
man engaged in gambling they report it, when it has :
been fully verified. Thue, for example, a report is
made out:
“ A man, medium height, black hair, no whiskcis,
goatee, felt hat, left the store of , entered the
house of , played faro and lost $100; returned at
to the store.”
“ , employed in the firm of , is in the
habit of playing bluff at , Ninth avenue, every
night for hours. He is regularly sweated.”
Thus it will be seen that a member of the Associa
tion has reports given to him not ofily of his clerk’s
gambling operations in. a regularly established faro
bank, but also in an out-of-the- way place, such as a
lager beer saloon on the Ninth avenue, up-town.
It may be surprising to some to know how these
important secrets can be attained. Well, it is the
easiest thing in the world. Some spongers furnish
the information gratuitously, because an infatuated
dupe will, in a heated moment, refuse to loan some
chips. In another case a dealer in a faro bank, or
keeper of the game who is on pay there, thinks he
can add a little to his income, proffers information
relative to the frequenters of his and other houses,
and thus a cheap system of espionage is established
relative to gambling, that equals the mercantile
agency business. There is but one objection to the
reports of this Association, and that the President
explains away, as will be seen hereafter, and that is,
if a merchant should think proper, he can discharge
his clerk, and the clerk not know the reason why. A
man might very reasonably go in to a gambling sa
loon and gamble for a purpose. We can all under
stand that. A thousand reasons can be suggested
for going there. But on talking with the President
of the Association, he assures us that he is always
right before he makes a report. Again, a bank or a
drygoods firm may discharge a man without asking
of him an explanation. There is the trouble with
this Association; while doing much unquestionable
general good, they may, if the employer is of a hasty
temperament, work incidentally an individual hurt.
But this the managers of the Association say cannot
be done, as the detectives themselves have to be cor
roborated by other workers as to the facts.
All sorts of men have 0 be employed by the Asso.
ciation. They take their information from whom
and wherever they can*get it. The Society, in its in
fancy, tried to fight the gambliug fraternity, by ar
resting them. The result was, that the gamblers,
when arrested, gave bail, and were never tried. Now
it is different, since the present President, Mr. Bow
land R. West, has become the manager of the Assol
ciation. He depletes the income of these places by
withdrawing the revenue—the source of income—
that is, decreasing the number of simpletons that
they would victimize. Thus, if clerks who will fre,
quent these places to be robbed are reported to their
employers, the consequence is, that gambling places
can only exist by the revenue derived from gamblers
themselves; for gamblers to play against each other
without drawing aid from outsiders, would soon die
not only of ennui, but starvation.
The history of Mr. West, the President of this Asso
ciation, is brief, and should be known, as, of all
others, it is for him to make the gamblers of New
York feel easy or shaky in their shoes. In 1861, at
the breaking out of the Rebellion, he joined the
Fourteenth (Brooklyn) Regiment, as a private/ Pre
vious to that, he had been angaged in the book busi
siness, in Philadelphia. On the 28th of August, he
was promoted from private, for meritorious conduct
at the first battle of Bull Run. Having been pro
moted to the position of quartermaster, with the
rank of captain, he so remained till December, 1863,
when he was transferred to the Twelfth New York
Cavalry, then at Newbern, N. C. There he was again
promoted for meritorious conduct, at the battle of
Kingston and Five Forks.
He then joined Kilpatrick’s corps, with which he
. remained until he was mustered out with his regi
ment, in 1865, at Hart’s Island. After being mus
tered out he went into business, and sold out in 1866,
when he was appointed an assistant assessor in the
Internal Revenue Department, which he left to as
sume the Presidency of this Association. When he
took hold of it there were but 63 members, now there
are over 496 members, who are fighting the gambling
fraternity. These figures do not include 26 banks,
32 insurance companies, and 6 railroads.
An inside view of the workings of this concern we
give, and the gamblers are welcome to it. We give
very nearly verbatim the conversation we had with
Mr, yvest, its J’residenU
Reporter—How is it that your detectives can get in
to gambling saloons without being known ?
President—Very easy. You ought to know that
gambling houses are all but as public as bar-rooms.
You have but to go to them to get in.
Reporter—But, then, there is that inevitable nig
ger, at the door, who halloos through a panel, “What
you want, sah ?”
President—Well, the detective knows who he wants
—he asks to see the keeper of the game; if that don’t
do, Bob Smith, in the house with him, (the man he
is after,) and describes his hat, face, etcetera. There
upon the nigger, with between a grumph and an
apology, passes him up.
Reporter—But how do you prevent your detectives
from being spotted, when they are all the time going
to these places ?
President—Well, except in very urgent cases, they
never come to the office. They send their informa
tion generally through sometimes in urgent
cases they send a note by a boot black. No two de
tectives know each other, as far as it is possible to
avoid it. The men reported in these gambling houses,
never see outside of. the gambling house, the men
that they have seen there, unless denial is made of
having been there, when the merchant asks that the
two should be brought face to face. Of the one thou
sand reports that we have made this year, I think
but two asked to see the face of the man that had
charged him with being in a gambling saloon. But
one report is made of a man entering a gambling sa
loon once, unless desired, and that is to give the
clerk a fchance to reform and keep out, if the em
ployer thinks it to his interest to admonish him. If
he does take the trouble to warm him, he seldom
goes back to one of these places. Thus, where the
employers have been kind, hundreds have been
Reporter—When rough ?
Mr. West only gave his shoulders a shrug.
Reporter—Why have these poor devils turned
adrift, that have no friend to speak for them ?
President—That is their misfortune; we can’t help
it. It is the employers’ business to trust, ours only
to inform him of the facts, how often he has been
there and lost and won, and, if a loser, for the em
ployer to guess whose money passed on the card.
Reporter—But then one would think in some cases
your detectives would be very glad to make them
selves known. They could make in a single night
probably as much by “hush-money,” as their salary
amounts to in a year.
President—They might, and they might not. If
they let themselves be known in the room, they might
get their heads broke; outside, if the fellow was
strong enough, he would again break the informer’s
head; and again, the detective, let me tell you, cannot
make a report, he does not know who to make it to,
and if he did, it would not be accepted, and we
should soon know of it. No such tricks as that have
been tried on the Association. The men employed
by us are as anxious not to be known as we are that
they should not be known.
The book-keeper of a prominent house in West
street, where he had been for six years, and at the
same time a member of the Young Men’s Christian
Association, having relatives in Hartford of the high
est respectability, was reported as a frequenter of
gambling houses. His employer doubted it, refused
to accept the report—that is, as true. He called for
a second report, and it was the same as the first. He
again doubted the report, so confident was he of the
young man’s integrity. But, upon solicitation, he
himself became a pro tern, detective, which few em
ployers will do—the usual rule being to discharge in
stanter. But it may be that he had had the experi
ence of a drygoods dealer on the corner of Twenty
second street and Sixth avenue, who had been twice
robbed by burglars. The last time, he said he was
glad of it to be out of the business, his clerks made a
wonderful reduction in his stock without getting any
returns; he guessed he would become a clerk again,
it paid better than being boss. In this case the boss
was not quite so foolish; he thought he would try
his clerk, and if he was gambling his money, he
could get another clerk and try again. The employer
got a friend to purchase sixty dollars worth of goods;
at night, when the cash-book was made up, it was
deficient that sixty. The clerk was immediately
called into the back office, when he not only acknowl
edged this embezzlement, but others amounting to
$3,000, all of which he had lost in gambling-houses.
A bank in this city, the name of which it is unnec
essary to mention, hired detectives to watch the
clerks. There had been a leakage, and they couldn’t
tell where it came from. There would be a founder
ing of the concern if it was not s topped. For thirty
two days, say two men—for one could not do it—at
$lO a day per man, there was $624, and yet the leak
age was not stopped. The bank left one man unno
ticed, as he wore the same suit that he had worn for
years. He slouched it, shuffled through the world,
didn’t care who looked at him. He never played
cricket, base ball, or skated m his life. Well, fie, the
immaculate sloven, was followed into a gambling sa
loon. When the President of the bank was informed
of it he could not believe it. He had actually to be
taken up into the faro bank where he saw him play
ing with the chips ih his hands.
A young man living in Newark having every pros
pect of happiness before him, wealth, independence,
and a girl affianced for a wife that he might well be
proud of, was left—in his father’s absence in Europe
—with full control of the business. In the absence
of the father he came to New York daily to settle bills
of from two to six hundred dollars. Instead of pay
ing off these bills, he went with the money to a house
in Ann street, where, day after day he gambled and
lost it all. He forged a receipt of payment, put the
stamp on it, expecting that at some time his chips
would break the bank and that he could cancel his
crime. But he failed to do it. The detectives of the
Association discovered his conduct and reported the
same to his father on his return home. Only think
of it I That young man was to have been made the
managing partner in his father’s firm on the Ist of
January, 1869. But, and there comes the rub, he had
not only forged extensively on his father but also on
others to satisfy the gourmand gambler’s appetite,
and on the night of the eve of his son’s marriage the
father was compelled to send his erring son out—a
fugitive from the country. The father may eventu
ally settle the claims against his son, to let him re
turn to the country, but can his father or his be
trothed again have faith in him ?
Mr. Malcom has three sons; to each he gave
SIO,OOO to start in life. All three gambled what was
given them, and one now attends his father’s stables,
the other is a deck-hand on a steamboat, and the
third is dealer in a faro-bank, which was put hors du
combat the other night by Larry O’Brien, who broke
it. The proprietor of the same faro-bank was, not
many years ago, a director in a bank in this city. So
much for gambling. The old gentleman referred to,
could give money to his sons to again start in busi
ness, but he thinks that it would be like throwing a
quart of oil on a river, and then attempt to dry it up
by setting it on fire. Wisely he keeps the balance of
his fortune to himself.
A young man, very young indeed, was left in the
care of a very extensive business with a power of at
torney to draw at his pleasure SIBO,COO to defray the
current expenses of the business. While holding
this power of attorney he was tapped on the shoulder
in a gambling-house. He took the hint of the detect
ive, and left, and is still retained by his uncle as
chief manager of the store.
This is a phrase that may often be seen in the pa
pers, and reading it, few understand. We will ex
plain it. The clerk of a banking house is in the
habit of going to a gambling house. Although he
may be in the habit of figuring up and passing
millions through his hands in the course of the day,
like all clerks he has but a salary. He can have be
yond or under that salary. He can go to a gambling
house, and in an hour lose ail his year’s earnings.
He is sunk in a short time into the depths of poverty
and despair. How easy, then, for a sneak to intro
duce to him a bank sneak to settle all this difficulty!
Qply to fpllow for » day qj party ttst
gaffes antr
make a heavy deposit. The bank clerk leaves, as it
were, the greenbacks accidentally lying on the count
er; in a twinkling they are gone. All these fine ar
rangements, we, (not the Association, for it may or may
not be blind on this subject,) declare to be fact.
Bank robberies are concocted in faro bank establish
ments, and we think, to prevent this, Mr. President
West or his men should devote some of their atten
It may be that they know, or they do not know, as
it is their business to keep their information to
themselves, but is very well known that it is in gamb
ling-houses where clerks first make the acquaintance
of thieves. There the clerk contracts a debt of
honor; there he is shown how to extricate himself.
Of what account are your cashiers ?
The clerk is introduced ib a female, that female in
troduces him from a gambling den to a worse sink of
infamy. He is compelled to do something—a pur
chase is made by his new formed acquaintance. The
check-boy is sent to the cashier with the money,
but who knows what is wrapped up in the paper ?
Cash! Yes cash! The costliest call of the young
man’s life, all done to liquidate a debt of honor, con
tracted in a gambling sajoon. How many mercantile
houses does this affect ? How many clerks does it
affect, we cannot tell. Much of it, however, is known
to this Association, and the balance is in the bosom
of the peculators themselves.
We have already gleaned from the notes of our
veracious reporter a variety of curious facts, which
show that the Skarrabeean islanders are very super
stitious, and that their religious rites and duties are
so multifarious, and call for such frequent observ
ance, as to absorb a great portion of the time of both
sexes. Thus we have seen the devotees of that pecu
liar worship which may be termed the State religion,
because of its general diffusion, and which consists
of an unintermittent kneeling, cringing and pros
trating, in order to use the head as a machine to col
lect and propel a more or less bulky balls of that rich
island dirt which the Skarrabeeans prize so highly,
and which is so potent a medical and social emol
lient. We have also become familiar with that rich
and splendid style of devotion characteristic of the
Skarrabeean females, and displayed in the streets
and temples sacred to the goddess Larmod, under
the direction of her High Steward, whose influence is
so extraordinary in all the female circles oi Skarra
bee. W’e have been made acquainted with the won
derful religious machinery of the Ouisskhee Hier
archy, so skillfully working throughout the lower or
ders of society, and attracting them to the service
of those multitudinous temples wherein libations
of sacred fluids are daily and nightly poured out in
honor of the popular deity: and we have not lost
sight of that kindred superstition which surrounds
the altars of Tobbak-Fumo with a perpetual cloud of
incense, nor of the strange rite of dhanzin and other
religious ceremonies connected therewith and prac
ticed both in public and private by both sexes of
islanders. But in glancing recurrently at the above
mentivuea superstitions, we find that we have omit
ted an interesting rehearsal in the papers of our re
porter, concerning a particular annual ceremonial
which took place during his sojourn on the island
upon the first day of the Skarrabeean year: a cere
monial in which, as he relates, all classes of the com
munity are accustomed to join, and io which every
species of religious service and pious duty contrib
utes a portion of its form and spirit.
It may be here remarked that the Skarrabeean
islanders, as a general rule, set apart one day in
seven fora religious holiday, upon which it is under
stood that an intermingling shall take place of all
zealous worshipers, male and female, whatever be
their favorite altars or objects of devotion; this sep
arated day being, in fact, equivalent to the Christian
Sabbath, as observed in our own evangelized island
of Manhattan. In order that full facilities may in
vite such a Sabbatarian reunion, many large public
boxes are erected in all parts of the island, and inside
of each public box are constructed a great num
ber of smaller boxes or cells, Lto which may be
stowed multitudes of pious SkanaK 'ans attracted to
them at the weekly opening. Six days in the seven
the boxes were left empty, much to the surprise of
our utilitarian reporter, who marveled that such
capacious boxes should remain without occupants
six-sevenths of the time, while so many thousands
of the poor Skarrabeean laborers were packed
in herring-boxes or entirely destitute of shel
ter during inclement seasons. But he was re
minded that the public boxes were intended for a
higher purpose than mere ministration to the
wants of common people; in fact, as we have re
marked, they were built as temple-boxes in which
the religious islanders could congregate weekly, and
by a mutual display, each class representing its pe
culiar worship, exhibit to the world of Skarrabee an
example of periodical piety, and offer to all the island
deities at once an ovation which those exalted per
sonages might share together. It must be confessed,
if our informant’s statement be accurate, of which we
have no doubt, that there barbarous islanders have
adopted an ingenious mode of eclectic worship, in
devising their seventh-day intermingling in the pub
lic boxes. Assuredly no better method could have
compassed the apparent object of collecting the de
votees of every Skarrabeean religious belief or prac
tice, and allowing them to represent such varieties of
adoration, and offer sacrifices to so many different
deities, while apparently occupied in very little if
any, religious worship at all. Thus, for example, the
devotees of the State religion, who were engaged on
all other days and nights in pushing balls of dirt
with their heads, appeared on the seventh day in
customary position, on bent knees, and with their
heads laboring in the propulsion of symbolical dirt
balls, collected in their busy brains. Near these
representative zealots could be seen those fervent
devotees of the other sex, who, on this day, as upon
all other occasions, were occupied in the devout ser
vice of their goddess Larmod, and who rejoiced in
the privilege of displaying the badges of their daily
faith stamped with the seal of their goddess’s High
Steward, or some other priestly attendant of her
gorgeous temples. In some of these public boxes
likewise were to be found leading members of the
Ouisskhee Hierarchy, whose customary devotions
were represented by the pouring out of libations as a
portion of the eclectic rites, while in other boxes
the sacrifices of Tobbak-Fumo were communicated
by clouds of smoke arming from incense burned be
fore an altar box and painted images, and in other
boxes still the rite of dhanzin, heretoforeidescribed
was practiced by groups of male and female zealots,
with grotesque shaking of limbs and bodies.
It might be surmised that this seventh day eclectic
worship was compulsory and enjoined by some pre
cept of the State religion or hierarchal power; but
this is not the case; their attendance on the public
boxes being purely voluntary and dependen t largely
upon the state of the weather, the attractions peri
odically announced, or the prevailing fashions of the
island. In fact the ecelectic prayer-boxes, as they
may be termed, are supported at the expense of dis
trict societies or bodies of Skarrabeeans, which kept
up a sort of rivalry or opposition to one another,
each endeavoring to attract worshippers to its own
box by various attractions. To effect this object,
they contribute freely of their rich dirt and verdoss
in constructing and decorating the prayer-boxes and
supporting different stipendiaries to conduct the
eclectic worship so as toplease everybody, if possible,
and offend none. Each prayer-box is furnished with
an eclectic priest, who acts as a vicar, in offering up
the praise and prayer which each person in the audi
ence is supposed to intend for a favorite deity, and
by this admirable method of sham piety an immense
amount of adoration is performed without personal
trouble to any devotee—an obvious improvement
upon the fashion of those devout heathens of Tribet,
who wrilp their pray pre ou Blips of paper which they
attach to water-wheels and set to turning by means
of a running brook every revolution ot a wheel
accomplishing a prayer by proxy. The Skarrabee
method dispenses with all exaction on the part of an
individual worshiper, leaving the entire eclectic sac
rifice of prayer and praise to be offered by the func
tionary employed, at more or less expense, as a re
ligious agent or instrument for the rest. This, of
course, allows to every attendant upon the eclectic
service an opportunity of silent adoration which he
or she may improve by pious ascriptions to the'pow
er best beloved—whether it be the Skarib or dirt ball
deity, the goddess Larmod, the Ouisskhee god, or the
idol Tobak-Fumo; all of these divinities being rep
resented, in greater or less degree, by the vicarious
rites which the priest performs for his employers,
who, during six days out of seven, offer their own
worship, each at his or her favorite altar.
The convenience of this eclective worship in the
public prayer-boxes is much lauded by our reporter,
who likewise testifies to the charming ease with
which a Skarrabeean may acquire a reputation for 1
piety by the purchase of one of the small interior
boxes or cells in a public prayer-box, and appearing
in it once a week with his family; while if, in addi
tion, he contributes liberally to tha support of the
eclectic functionaries, he may securely count upon
attaining a character for eclectic sanctity only sec
ondary to that of the priest himself; and this, too,
without relinquishing his devotion to the dirt-ball
religion, or his daily ministrations at the altars of
Ouisskhee and Tobbak-Fumo, and without at all com
promising his standing in Skarrabeean circles as a
first-class stick-breaker, high and low policy gam
bler, or member of the Ouisskhee Hierarchy which
governs the island. It may thus be seen that the ec
lectic religion or worship, which occupies only a sev
enth part of the Skarrabeean week (and, indeed, but
a portion of that seventh), is, notwithstanding, a
most effective compromise between all the other re
ligious pursuits, and answers the purpose of satisfy
ing every devotee with his own eclectic piety at the
same time that it allows him full liberty to worship
such private and personal idols as may attract his
interest or fancy.
But we have dwelt long enough upon the eclectic
or seventh-day religion as supported in Skarrabee ;
and shall only remark in this connection, that its
popularity, according to our reporter, was largely
augmented during his stay upon the island, by the
shrewdness of rival societies who contrived to crowd
their prayer-boxes every week by engaging other at
tractions in conjunction with the priestly functionary
who afford vicarious worship ; these attractions con
sisting mainly of singing and performing males and
females selected from the public show-boxes de
scribed in a previous chapter, and hired, at high
prices, to assist m the devotional exercises—thus
presenting another eclectic feature as well as a rep
resentation of more occult ceremonies not embraced
in the rite of dhanzin or its kindred religious prac
tices: a pleasing illusion being thereby secured to
anyone in the audience who, by simply confining his
interest to one quarter, might imagine himself in
one of the public show-boxes instead of a box of ec
lectic prayer and praise. *
We must hasten, however, to our reporter’s ac
count of the annual celebration which took place
upon the first day of the Skarrabeean year, and was
participated in by all ranks of society, as a kind of
eclectic saturnalia or pandemonic worship dedicated
to all the deities recognized by the barbarous reli
gious perceptions of a benighted community. Why
the opening of the year should be selected for such
an anniversary, may be suggested by classical narra
tives which recall the observance by ancient He
brews, Greeks, and Romans, on similar special occa
sions, such as the Year of Jubilee, the day of the New
Moon, and other seasons set apart as times for feast
ing and rejoicing. In Skarrabee, the first day of the
year is preceded and ushered in by divers character
isttic practices, among which the rite of dhanzin per
formed m all parts of the street, is a common one.
During several days before the anniversary, the
temples of Larmod are gorgeously decorated, and
multitudes of female devotees throng the courts
of the famous goddess, and join the processions in
her honor which are moving incessantly through the
principal streets. The pomp and luxury of costume
and appointments enjoined by the High Steward and
his priestly functionaries at this season as necessary
to the service of Larmod exceed all description; and
wherever the influence of the goddess extends,
through every circle of the community, a constant
pressure is exerted upon male Skarrabeeans for the
purpose of extracting from those docile persons an
increased supply of verdoss to be contributed to the
resplendent service of the popular divinity wor
shipped by every female who is not entirely out of
the pale of Skarrabeean society. But it must not be
concluded that the goddess Larmod absorbs all the
religion of the islanders at their New Year anniver
sary; she only shares, indeed, with her powerful fel
low divinity, the god Ouisskhee, that overflowing
adoration which seems to pervade all classes. For,
in proportion as the accumulated verdoss of husbands
and fathers is lavished by wives and daughters upon
the service of Larmod, under direction of the High
Steward of her temples, so is the same valuable trib
ute laid upon the altars of Ouisskhee in acknowledg
ment of the universal sway exerted by that potent
deity over the law and, government, the lives and for
tunes of every dweller on Skarrabeean soil. So,
therefore, while the female zealots array themselves
in robes of costly fabric and design, in order to cele
brate the opening of the year by a generous and pious
display of their own charms and the badges of their
religion, the male islanders supply the means to
erect in every household a family altar consecrated
to the god Ouisskhee, whereof their wives and daugh
ters may officiate for one day as the priestly attend
ants. Such a cheerful blending of the two modes of
worship, by assigning to the fair devotees of Larmod
the guardianship of domestic shrines erected to the
service of Ouisskhee, might appear to indicate a
higher order of civilization than that of the Skarra
beean islanders, were not the facts certified to us by
our reliable observant. But the New Year opening
in Skarrabee presents in all its details a most complete
illustration of eclectic worship on a grand scale,
and its effects, as witnessed by our reporter, may be
accepted as demonstrative evidence that forms of re
ligion are of little importance where the spirit is
permitted to influence and permeate them.
Our reporter was summoned by a pious Skarrabeean
acquaintance at an early hour upon the New Year’s
day, to attend at one of the neighboring Ouisskhee
altars, already surrounded by worshipers. Here the
two engaged for a brief space in the customary de
votions, and there, after delaying a moment, to
sacrifice at one of the shrines of Tobbak-Fumo,
proceeded together through the great island tho
roughfare. The distinguishing features of a gener
al holiday were apparent in the closed boxes and the
throngs of Skarrabeans, mainly of the mascular sex,
who filled the walks or discreetly sought the open
doors of Ouisskhee temples. A majority of the
wayfarers carried in their hands bits of pasteboard,
inscribed with letters certifying that the bearer was
a devout adherent of the State or dirt ball religion,
and inviting every pious islanier to visit some
dwelling or business box named upon the pasteboard.
These printed bits, as our reporter was notified, were
intended as contributions to the religious charities
of the day on the part of these zealous Skarrabeeans,
who never neglected the service of their dirt ball di
vinity even on a holiday or other eclectic occasion,
and who were accustomed to devote their New Year’s
Day to the distribution of information respecting
the peculiar kind of dirt ball pushing which they
might be found engaged in on every other business
day of the year. Passing along with these worthy
citizens, our seafaring reporter and his native com
panion encountered other zealots who had been
serving the altars of Ouisskhee with ardent enthu
siasm, and were practising in the street those strange
contortions and grimaces which denoted an almost
fanatical devotion to the popular god.
But it was in the domestic or family observance of
the New Year Day on that barbarous island that our
reporter was most interested, and he was glad to be
conducted, very soon, to one of the handsomest
dwelling-boxes, in a fashionable street, and ushered
in io a ewaptwiw p-purtment wherein was conepicu-
ously erected an altar to the God Ouisskhee, fur
nished with all the glittering adornments of chalices
and sacred fluids which are characteristic of his
fascinating worship. Instead, hdwever, of the or
dinary male priests and functionaries which were
familiar in the street temples, our reporter beheld,
with surprise and admiration, that the domestic
shrine of Ouisskhee was waited upon by a bevy of
charming young women attired in the most magnifi
cent style of drapery, and manifestly representing that
dazzling array of beauty and early piety which he
had gazed at often before in its diurnal procession to
and from the temples of Larmod. The spectacle of
a shrine so complete—the altars of god and goddess
—of Ouisskhee and Larmod —in this family recep
tion, flashed upon our reporter like a fairy vision;
and it was not until he had been assisted by a pair of
the bewitching priestesses in pouring at least two
libations in honor of the day and the deities, that
he could recover from the delicious confusion into
which the scene had thrown his senses. He pres
ently, however, recognized the delicate compliment
exchanged by the sexes in this double-service of a
male and a female divinity; the beautiful officiating
priestesses gracefully acknowledging Ouisskhee as a
domestic and social divinity while the male wor
shipers of the god, in return for such service, en
dorsed the adoration of Larmod, by tacitly admiring
the costumes of her fair deities, and preparing to
contribute afresh to the cost of maintaining her al
tars in Skarrabee.
It was, indeed, the first page of a book of revela
tion to our reporter concerning the wonderful influ
ence of that Ouisskhee Hierarchy which ramified
through all orders of Sharrabeean life. He was des
tined to turn over a good many leaves before night
fall of that New Year season upon the barbarous
island; and we regret that his experience, as re
lated in bis journal for the day, 18 fartOO minuto, and
in many particulars too full for to admit a transfer of
its details to these papers. What he saw in Skarra
bee, as he was led from one domestic altar to anoth
er, would be hardly proper, in some respects, for re
hearsal to the refined public of our own civilized is
land, and what he did not see, had better, without
doubt,be left to the imagination than described by the
pen. We may remark, however, that his conception
of the New Year’s observance, on his introduction to
the family circle above mentioned was followed by a
series of experiences in social worship of Ouisskhee
and Larmod which satisfied him as to the controlling
sway of those deities over the males and females of
Skarrabee. Before the sun had reached meridian on
thatjeventful day, our reporter himself became so im
pressed with the power of both god and goddess that
he was unable to distinguish between them and was
equally ready to declare his allegiance and pour his
libations in honor of either divinity; and before the
shades of evening descended, as we gather from his
notes, he had devoutly prostrated himself before a
score of the attendant priestesses and even extended
his genuflexions to the young damsels who kept the
doors of the dwelling-boxes which contained the
domestic Ouisskhee shrines. It is true that the con
cluding entries in that New Years note-book are
somewhat illegible and incoherent, and that we have
found it difficult to decipher some obscure allusions
to sham-females, dhanzin rites, and the like. Never
theless there is sufficient in its jottings down to de
lineate for our appreciation a New Year holiday
among barbarous people, and exhibit for our edifica
tion a moral that might not be thrown away even
upon an enlightened community. To the reflective
mind there may be instruction in the foibles and fol
lies as well as in the virtues and wisdom of human
ity, and doubtless the spectacle of these poor Skarfa
beean fanatics of the dirt-ball pushing religion, de
voting their holiday to a perambulation from dwell
ing-box to dwelling-box, prompted mainly by a sel
fish wish to advertise their wretched daily pursuits:
and that other more painful sight of family altars
erected to a coarse and sensual idol: and the still sad
der picture of mothers and daughters presiding as
officiating priestesses over the orgies oj males
at such domestic shrines: and above all, the
grievous consciousness that the motives and ob
jects which bring together the devotees of all those
idolatrous religions are mainly sordid and mercen
ary, and exert no elevating or refining effect upon the
poor island barbarians throughout the year, any more
than their seventh day eclectic worship operates in
any wise to make them better men and women
througn the week. It may bethat to a reflective mind,
even under our higher civilization, such examples
even among the obscene Skarrabeean islanders,
may not be without profit even as mere parables.
At the annual meeting of the American Columbarian
Society, held at the Buck’s Head Hotel, No. 15 Crosby
’ street, the following gentlemen were unanimously elect
ed officers of the Society for the ensuing year: William
A. Wood, President; Hiram Colell, Vice-President;
Louis McLeish, Secretary; George Purves, Treasurer*
The Society is in a very flourishing condition, and intend
at their Second Annual Exhibition of Pigeons and Fowls
to astonish the good citizens of Gotham.
The much talked of match at the French carom game.
300 points up, between Melvin Foster, of this city, and
Joseph Dion, of Montreal, came off at the Academy of
Music, on Monday evening last. The attendance was
large, the betting pretty even, and the game close and
exciting. At first Dion showed to the best advantage
and gained a slight lead, but Foster pulled up and it
was “anybody’s game” until the last shot had been
made, and Foster declared the y four points
The playing was not in general brilliant; but it was
steady and safe. The average, which was not quite 2,
does not make a large show; but the “ average” in this
game is not a safe standard by which to judge its merits,
The best runs were made by Foster—2l and 18. Consid
erable money changed hands, and the friends and back
ers of Foster were of course jubilant. Phil Tieman, of
Cincinnati, acted as referee, with Messrs. T. Foley and
Chris O’Connor as umpires for Dion and Foster respect
The grand tournament in aid of the Workingwo
men’s Protective Union came off, according to announce
ment, at the City Assembly Rooms, Brooklyn, on the af
ternoon and evening of Wednesday last. A brilliant ar
ray of bilhardists were present, including Messrs. Phelan,
Foster, Dion, Deery, Goldthwaite, Tieman, Braisted,
Benjamin, Samuells, Fitch, Burns, eto. Two games were
played in the afternoon—an American four-ball carom
game, 500 points up, between Deery and Foster, and a
Fjench three-ball carom game, 75 points up, between
Foster and Dion, The first was won by Deery, Foster
scoring 382 points; Jhe second was won by Foster, with
the totals of 75 to 55. In the evening there were three
games—one between Wicks, of Brooklyn, and Fitch, of
Albany, another between Dion and Foster, and a third
between Deery and Goldthwaite. The first was won
easily by Wicks; the second, a four-ball carom game, 200
points, was a close contest, but resulted finally in favor
of the Canadian player. The contest between Deery
and Goldthwaite was also at the four-ball carom game,
and was won by the former. The entertainment closed
with a presentation to Mr. Benjamin.
The next match between Foster and Dion is creating
considerable talk. Betting is pretty even, but rather
favors Foster. Still Dion has hosts of friends to back
In the match between Foley and Frawley, the latter
was decidedly worsted. Nevertheless, his friends pro
pose to baci< him for another bout. Perhaps luck may
f avor the Ohioan next time.
In the match between Rhines and Vermeulen, for the
championship of Illinois, the latter proved victorious by
37 points.
Dion takes exception to McDevitt’s $5,000 challenge,
on the ground that it stipulates that the game shall be
played in Chicago. He will play McDevitt three games
with the push shot, as the challenge proposes—one in
Chicago, one in Montreal, and the third in New York*
for SI,OOO, or $250 aside.
The next game between Foley and Frawley will be
placyd on the 6th of January, either in Cleveland or
Rhines and Frawley play Jan. 23d, in Cleveland, for
SSOO a side, four-ball game, 1,500 points up.
The return game between Foster and Dion comes off
at Montreal, Jan. 28tb, the game to be the American
The four-ball carom game between Foley and Frawley
will be played at Chicago on the 23d of February.
An unusqally large number of brilliant tables will be,
this Winter, set up by Pbelan & Ccllender, in private
Commodore Nutt thinks he can beat Melvin Foster, if
Dion "annot.
By Evelyn Forest.
Something in either heart unspoken,
Only a glance of the tell-tale eyes—
Of Love’s dear secret a startling token,
Given by a witness that never lies I
Then we parted, his brave ship sailing
Over the breakers, thro’ mist and rain;
Autumn winds round the bleak cliffs
Night’s wild longing—day’s weary pain.
Winter is past, but my heart is breaking,
Summer is coming over the sea;
All things living to new life waking—
When will my lover come back to me ?
SB’S money,” “ one-and-twbnty,” “thh
CHAPTER XXXlV.—(Continued.)
He took Willie’s hand in the same old defer
ential manner as though he had been still a
servant at the Limes.
“Well, Jemmy, it’s nine months since E
caught sight of your honest face,” said Willie,
“and then I had not time to thank you foe
coming to Dorsetshire.”
“I coomed doon at a sad time, Master Wil
him,” said Dornton; “but I wor an old earvant,
and I had a roight, I reckon. Ah! I remem
ber the funeral of his father—your
Master Willum—both grand they were— pal-lai
An embarrassing pause followed the doleful
remarks ot Jemmy till Kitty, withf
some tact, said:
“ But that was not the last time you saw Mr.
William, father.”
“Noa, noa, it worn’t,” said Dornton, with a
chuckle ; “I saw you on Soonday last, my lad,
and heerd your Barmant, and coomed on pur
pose to see how wull you’d do it—and wull it
wor, to be sure. I heerd a bishop once, and
you’re almost up to him already.”
“Thank you, Jemmy,” said Willie, with a.
“And all your pal-lal cases wor good, too,
and I ooght to be a judge on ’em,” added Jem
my, with a twinkling eye.
“ I’m sorry I did not see you, Jemmy; my
mother was at church, and would have been
glad to shake hands with an old friend. Ed
mund was not there ?”
“ Master Edmun’ never goes to church,” said
Dornton, in reply. “Lor’ bless you, anywhere
but church, and there he be! He did make up
his moind to eoom and hear you—he and Kitty
—but a friend or two looked in early and
dragged him away to spend Soonday m a more
heathenish fashion. Poor fellow, he never
could say ‘No,’ and he has such a moighty lot
of friends.”
“ Everybody likes Edmund,” commented the
“Ay, more be the pity,” was the rejoinder of
the plain-speaking father; “if everybody didn’t
loike him quite so much, p’r’aps he’d be a lit
tle more at home.”
“ He is not away so very much,” said Kitty.
“ That depends upon people’s idea of what
much means,” said Dornton, drily ; “ but you
doan’t complain—l arn’t a right, only in a pal
lal way, which he doan’t admire always. But
what "a lad he wor, to be sure—the best tem
pered youth under the sun; and such a ’art— l
always knOwed it was as big as a house. Ho
be well enough noo; but not what he wor onco
upon a time.”
“There’s no change in his heart, father,”
said Kitty, indignantly.
“ He be kind, or he wouldn’t have an old man
loike me pottering about the house for his dar
ter’s sake; he never says a word that shows he
be tired o’ me. I’m not much in the way, it’a
true. When his gentlemen friends coom, Igo
down in the kitchen or up to bed; and when
he’s out, I keep Kitty from getting the mumpa
—doan’t I, lass ?”
“You’re a good father,” said Kitty, anxious
to change that subject, which raised still more
the curtain over the life and actions of thia
j ouug couple; “ but you are wearying Mr. Wil
liam with your complaints.”
“I’m not complaining—l ha’ too much to ba
thankful for. My darter’s a lady, and my son
in-law’s a foine fellow; a little headstrong and
rackety—he always wor ; but no more vice in.
him than a babby’.”
“ Bravo, old Jemmy!” cried a voice behind
them, “in rising to return thanks, etc., etc.
Willie, my runaway brother, health and long
life to you—how are you ?”
And he nearly shook Willie’s arm out of tho
socket, in the heartiness of his greeting.
“ That Buttons of ours told me there was s
gentleman waiting tor me when I came in— a
quiet-looking gentleman, he said; so I knew it
must be Willie, the only quiet one of my ac
quaintance. Well, Kitty, is not this a welcome
sight ?—Benedict’s hat in the hall, and Bene
dict’s feet on the fender, at half-past nine m
the even.ng. Vive le manage 1”
“ You’ve coomed back in better spirits than
you went out, Master Edmun’,” observed Dorn
ton, chuckling over his discovery.
“Oh! I was hipped to death, and the walk’s
done me good; or else the sight of this old,
welcome countenance raises me to the seventh
heaven. Where’s the wine? Haven’t you been
drinking, Willie ?”
And Edmund Lanceford looked anxiously to
ward the table.
“I forgot the wino,. Edmund,” said Kitty;
“but your brother and I have been talking so
deeply over old times.”
“ If a man don’t drmk in your house, he’s an
enemy at once,” cried Edmund. “ Here, Dorn
ten, play the butler, and fish something out of
the cellar for two thirsty souls; and look sharp,
there’s a good fellow ! ”
Dornton went away at his son-in-law’s re
quest, and Edmund dropped into his vacant
“So you have taken to devil-dodging, ser
monizing, or whatever you call it, and I am tho
only Lanceford left professionless. Whatever
made you think of the pulpit, Willie; you
spring not from a pulpit-loving race ?”
“You forget I have nad much to sober me,
and make me religious.”
“ True, true ; yours must have been an aw
ful shock.”
And Edmund Laneeford’s light vein disap
peared till Jemmy Dornton’s return, when ho
made an effort to resume his former self.
When he had recovered his spirits again, Wil
lie thought they were a trifle too boisterous,
and that the laugh that accompanied his re
marks had something of a hollow ring. Ho
might not have noticed this ; but the dialogue
with Kitty had rendered him observant, and
he could fancy Edmund’s merriment was of a
reckless order, and one with which the heart
had little to do. He could detect a change in
Edmund’s looks, too—they were less frank, and
there were some ugly lines across hie forehead
that care, or late hours, or too much decanter
practice might have scored there.
Edmund Lanceford was really glad to see his
brother; there was no affectation in his wel
come, no false sparkle in the eyes that re
garded him. He spoke a great deal of the old
days. Edmund’s was a memory that elung ta
the past, and found pleasure in many of its as
sociations ; and the vivid pictures that he drew
of the time when they were boys together, and
his example was constantly leading Willie into
scrapes, made the laugh more real, and his
sense of enjoyment more apparent.
“They were brave times, and pana-in-law
here was a sly rogue who fathered all our
jokes; preached his pal-lal cases byway of
warning, and laughed tit to kill himself at our
exploits. ‘Oh! the merry days when we were
young!’ ”
It was a wail over the old times—the better
times! Willie could see Edmund’s hand shake
as it hold his glass to the light.
•‘ Time enough to talk of the young daye
gone when you are an old man loike me, Mas
ter Edmun’,” remarked Jemmy Dornton.
“I’m old in sin now, Dornton ” with tho hol
low laugh returning; “ bent doublb with my
wry thoughts, and my crooked heart. That’e
the age that tells upon a man, and makes him
mourn his youth—the green youth which may
lie back from him a hundred years, he bag
changed so much since then.” .
“You can’t speak of Ned Lanceford?”
“ Why not, parson Will ?”
“Ned Lanceford will not change so muQlt

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