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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, January 17, 1869, Image 1

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The New York Dispatch,
V3T A SECOND EDITION, containing the latest news
Yrcm all quarters, published on Sunday morning.
JK3“ The NEW A ORK DISPATCH is sold by all News
A gents in the ‘City and Suburbs at TEN CENTS FEB
COPY. All Mail Subscriptions must be paid m advance,
Canada Subscribers must send 25 cents extra, to prepay
American p<us.uge. Bills of all specierpaymg banks taken
Kt car.
the terms of Advertising in the Dispatch
Kill be asMlows?
WALKS ABOUT TOWN SO cents per line.
Under-vhe heading of “ Walks About Town” and “"Bus
iness W®.d” the same prices will be charged for each in
feiticn, lor Regular Advertisements and “Special
Notices,” two-thirds of the above prices will be charged
lor thesecond insertion. Regular advertisements will be
taken by the Quarter at the rale of one dollar ilme.
Special Notices to;, the quarter will be charged at the rate
ci one dollar arid twenty-live cents per Lno. Cuts and
will be charged extra.
|)W ami
ruwrwh jr
Riot. — The riot to which you refer,
occurred en.’the 13th of February, 1837. It commenced
with a public meeting in the City Hall Park, a meeting
called “To inquire into the cause of the present unex
ampled distress, and to devise a suitable remedy.” Some
■of those engaged in the meeting were not content with
“devising means” to resist the “monopolists,” but
seemed bent on executing at least one in accordance
with their own peculiar views. They therefore proceed
ed to Washington street, below Dey, where they at
tacked and gutted the large flour warehouse of Eli Hart
«t Co. ißesi'de the immense quantities of flour carried
off, the street for half a block was filled knee-deen with
scattered’fieur and grain. The mob then proceeded
through lit nover street, down Old Slip to South street,
■where they halted before the stores of E. <t J. Herrick*
and one or two others. From some reason or other no
damage of consequence was done here, and the crowd
proceeded to the store of B. S. Herrick & Son, corner of
South street and Coenties Slip. Here some twenty or
thirty barrels of flour were destroyed and carried away,
when the arrival of a number of Marshals with. a strong
force cf watchmen, put an end to the riotous proceed
ings. ‘ Several of the ringloaders were arrested, and were
after ard properly punished. A company of the Nation
al Guards wore assembled in the City Hall in the even
ing t -but no further breach of the peace occurred. -
Dexter.— “ When was Castle Gar
den built, and for what purpose ? How long has it been
used for an emigrant depot? In what year did Jenny
Lind corns to this country, and when did she make her
debut?” Caslte Garden was originally laid out as a
rough fortification, at the most southern point of the
island, ia 1616- It was subsequently known as Fort Nas
sau, then under the Dutch as Fort William. It was sur
. rendered by the Dutch to the English, and christened
Fort James. It took the name of Castle Garden soon
after the breaking out of the Revolution. It was built
for and ui-’efl as a fortification. It was converted into
-an emigration depot some twelve years ago. Jenny Lind
camo to this country in 1850, and made her first public
'appearance on the 7r.h of September of that year, at Cus
. tie Garden.
Chicago.— . Chicago is a city of re
■ cent and rapid growth. In 1820, a few houses, with pali
sades, and a few Indian canoes, With their ’ copper-col
ored rowers, werp all that even prophesied the future
growth and greatness of the city Illinois was orig-
inally a part of Florida, and belonged to Spain, being so
laid down on the old Spanish map of North America
Tne Upper Mississippi was first explored by James Mar
quette, in 1613, under the auspices and flag of France, of
which Louis XIV. was then king. The name “Illinois”
was given to the country by Marquette, from the expres
sions of the natives whom ho met on his trip down the
Inquirer.—“ I. What is the reason
that every law prohibiting the sale of liquors is called a
• Maine Law’ ? 11. What has been the result of such
laws ?” The first really prohibitory law enacted in this
country was in the State of Maine. Hence the name.
Tao result of such laws have generally—perhaps we may
»ay invariably—been to develop a public sentiment that
demanded their repeal, or material modification. The
principle underlying them is doubtless a good one; but
the feelings of a majority are adverse to their enferce
jnc it. Hence, they have, to a greater or lees extent,
Jane.—“ If a gentleman asks me to
fake a sleigh-ride, should I refuse him because my sister
is jealous of his attentions to me ?” It is an old and
home y, though very sensible proverb, that every tub
roust stand cn its own bottom. It is equally true that
♦very young lady should depend for her success in life or
matrimony on her own personal merits. Of course there
uro go Iden exceptions to this rule; but the rule is a cor
rect one nevertheless. Your sister will probably gain
wisdom with-years. If she does not, you are not required
i j subject either your wisdom or your wish to the caprice
it! lier selush ignorance.
Henry G— The line you quote,
“ A thing of beauty is a joy forever,”
the opening of Keat’s famous poem of “ Endy
mion.” This one stanza would alone have conferred
immortality on its author. John Keats was born in
Moorfields, London, in the year 1796. He bade fair to be
«ne of the finest poets the world has ever seen; but
Jcath closed his career at an early age. The quotation,
“Musichath charms, A0.,”
Is from Congreve, but from which one of his plays we
Co n>t now recollect.
Army.— Lieut .-Gen. Winfield Scott
•was, at his own request, retired from active service in the
army on the first of November, 1861. General George B.
McClellan was appointed to succeed him as “ Command
er-in-chief of the United States Army.” Neither were
□responsible for the disaster at Bull Run. The troops on
that day were under General McDowell. The battle, al
ready won, was lost through a panic, which raw forces
could not withstand.
Atom.— lt is an utter impossibility
*or us to answer your question. You must make your
Aiwn bargains if you trade with second-hand dealers.
They will probably charge you all that they think they
■can by any means get. Unless you understand your busi
ness thoroughly, you had better go to some firm of
tnoivn respectability, Submit the matter to their judg
ment, and abide bv their decision.
Doea.— ls there any such thing as
second siglit, and what is it supposed to be?” It is a
p ow tr which persons have professed to possess by which
•hey claim to foresee future events, and especially those
of a disasterous kind. The belief was held by and is
probably descended from the anoient Scandinavians.
We.believe, however, that few sensible people now enter
tain the superstition which is ceasing to be believed.
Jennie.— Astoria was founded by
Mr. Jo’m Jacob Astor and his partners in the fur busi
ness. The venture was not a remunerative one, as you
may eec by reading Irving’s “Astoria,” which is a tol
erably con rise record of facts. The old trading-post is
now a place nf considerable importance, and bids fair to
become one of the leading business centres on the Pacific
A Four Volume Reader is informed
that the demand made upon him by the Revenue De
partmout is according to law; It may, and doubtless
rfloe?, seem hard, sufficiently so, perhaps, to warrant the
ure of the expletive which be uses, But there is no use
in kicking against the pricks, and our correspondent is
Advised to •“‘.step up to the captain’s office” and settle.
Owen Sound.— Our opinion con
corning the institution of which you inquire is that it is
wholly unreliable, a deception and a snare. Its preten
tion-i to pralanthrophy, and false representations are
".veil calculated to deceive the unwary. We advise you
to have nothing to do with, and by no moans place your
•clf in its care.
Train. —George Francis Train has
teen lecturing on “Ireland’s Progress.” Whether he
Intends to rail atdho subject of which he trea's, or whe
ther he considers <iat the progress of the Emerald Isle
t*» been made principally by rail, we shall doubtless
!e*rn when the TrairA»ext arrives.
Inquirer.— “'What are the emolu
ments of trustees to tho* public schools in this city, that
petty poli icians run af Vr so much <"* There are no
stated emoluments attached to the portion, nor can it,
that we are av. are of, bo maJtf to subs£rve personal ends
to any considerable extent.
Fngiurer.—James X Bowie, the in
vent or oi the bowie knife, was kilkvi at tie batUo the
Alamo, Toxas, where David Crockett alsc fell.
Light.— We cannot, of course, say
with certainty which is the correct theory of light—the
corpuscular or the wave theory. Still the latter is now
most generally held by scientific men and recent experi
ments with “polarized light” seem to demonstrate its
truthful nesF.
Williamsburgh. Your neighbor
has no right to go upon the roof of your house unless
you grant him permission to do so. Ty put a stop to the
practice you complain of you can sue him for trespass
before any magistrate.
Americus.— We have not yet been
able to obtain the facts in relation to the loss of the
steamship Central America, but hope to do so soon, and
shall endeavor to give an account of the sad casualty in
our next.
Doctor.— "'Which of the cities —
New York, Philadelphia, or Brooklyn—covers the most
space of ground?” Philadelphia, we believe, covers as
great a space of as the other two together.
Vocalist.— A shake in music (indi
cat ed by Ir.) is the alternate and rapid iteration of two
sounds, which are no less than a semi-tone normore than
a whole tone apart.
11. IL Horace Greeley, of the New
York Tribune, was born Beb. 3d, 1811, and will conse
quently be fifty-eight years of age on th® 3d of next
J. G. E.— Your poem is very good,
and would be acceptable, but that it is too long for pub
lication in our columns.
Esmeralda.—“ Is George Francis
Train an Irishman 7” We believe not.
Header.— Dr. Harvey Burdell was
killed Feb. 21,1857.
Its Present Depression -Ccr Carrying Trade
in the Hands of Foreigners—The Duty of
Congress, Ete., Etc.
After the war of 1812, between this country and
Great Britain, the commerce of the U. 8. continued
steadily to increase until the year 1860, when its ton
nage was equal to that of any other nation. In every
country where could be found a port capable of ad
mitting a vessel, the American flag floated frotQ the
mast-head of American ships, and was known and re
But few English vessels up to that time frequented
the port of New York, and those that did come here,
were compelled to take lower rates of freight than
American vessels, our own ships at all times com
manding higher rates than those of any other nation
ality. This was due, not only to the superiority of
oiir officers and crews, but to the superior sailing
qualities of our ships, and the safe delivery of their
freight, which was delivered in good order at its port
of destination. It was the pride of a New Yorker, to
point with admiration to our noble packet-ships, as
they gracefully rested in their berths at the different
piers in the city of New York, that carried not only
the best freight, but likewise the first-class passen
gers of both hemispheres—Statesmen—Diplomats,
and other celebrities, a circumstaxce which gave an
elevated tone to the character of our officers and
Eighteen packet ships constantly plying between
New York and Havre, attested the magnitude of that
trade a’.oue—while in the Liverpool, London, and
New York trades we could then count no less than
ten splendid lines, composed of all first-class full
American ships, built by American artisans and
manned by American officers, forming a fleet of about
fitly magnificent vessels, and whose passages be
tween the ports named was made by each vessel three
times a year, mailing -qp an average, of say, one hun
dred and fifty voyages per annum.
The building, equipping, provisioning, and man
ning of these vessels, involved an expenditure of
millions of dollars in this port annually; which
money being paid to ship carpenters, caulkers, sail
makers, ship chandlers, grocers, butchers, riggers,
longshoremen, and others engaged in commerce,
permeated through every grade and class of society,
thereby benefiting the whole city, and contributing
to the prosperity not only of New York, but the most
distant parts of the country.
At the breaking out of the rebellion, when Lord
John Russell, our neutral friend, recognized the
South as belligerents, and declared that the struggle
here at the North was for Empire, and at the South
for Power, he thereby gave encouragement to the
rebel. government, and to its “ aiders and abettors ”
in his own country, and thus aimed the first blow at
our then admitted mercantile supremacy on the
The fitting-out of armed cruisers to prey upon our
commerce, was the secondary step in the programme,
and to sweep from the sea every vessel that bore the
flag of our Union. The fear inspired by these cruis
ers, necessarily compelled American merchants, who
although patriotic at heart, yet having all their prop
erly invested in shipping, to fly the British flag for
the protection of their interests. And what with the
depredations made upon our commerce by British
corsairs, together with the changing of the nation
ality of our vessels, our mercantile marine was re
duced at the close of the war, to little more than one
third of its former magnitude. Subsequently, Brit
ish capitalists found profitable investments for their
money in the construction of steamers, and in the
establishment of different lines from ports in Eng
land, Scotland, and parts of Europe, to the United
Slates. They have now almost daily communication,
by steam, with those places, carrying nearly all the
passengers, getting all the freight, and monopolizing
the entire business which was formerly, and should
now be done by American bottoms.
To form a correct idea of the magnitude of the trade
now done by these steamers, we can only point to the
fact, that each steamship, on account of its great car
rying capacity and speed, displaces at least six of our
largest American packet ships—and to arrive at an
intelligent conclusion respecting the extent of this
great trade, we estimate that the foreign steamers
displace at least one thousand American sailing ves
sels annually. To say [that all our lines of packet
ships have been broken up by the acts of the British
government, and by British capitalists is a fact patent
to all engaged in the commercial pursuits of the
It is only a few years since, that the whole East
river side of our city was adorned with Amoxdcan
vessels of every size and description, giving employ
ment to thousands of different operatives, and was
the scene of a busy and of an animated character.
Now the wharfs are apparently deserted, and the
only activity to be witnessed is generally late in the
afternoon, when the boats at the different ferries are
delayed by ice or fog, and when the Sound steamers
are about making their departure to the various
points of tbeir destination.
South street presents a beggarly account of ship
ping at the present time, and not only now, but for
the past six months, during, which time the average
number of American ships in port has not been more
than thirty at a time; whereas before the war, it was
common to see between two and three hundred of
our ships constantly taking in and discharging their
cargoes. With the exception of the hurry and excite
ment occasioned by the dispatching of the steamers
of the British lines referred to, that come to and take
their departure from the North river side, no activity
of any moment is noticed about tha docks and slips
of this great city, which should now be, as it form
erly was, one of the greatest commercial emporiums
on the globe. As a consequence of this monopoly of
our commercial interests by these foreign vessels,
great distress is caused among those depending upon
our shipping interests for their livelihood, and which
is felt not only by affluent merchants and ship own
ers, but by all the classes we have mentioned.
The ship-chandler who formerly supplied our ves
sels, now idly lounges around his establishment,
while his slock molds in his store for want of pur
chasers; go with the grocer, and all those interested.
But tnose who feel this depression perhaps more keen
ly than others are they who down to the s ain
ships. Qi such persons, wo are iafomed by a gen
t.eman connected with the "Ship-Maker's Associ-
ation” of the port that there are now out of employ
ment, in this city alone, several thousand master’s
mates, stewards, cooks, sailors, and others, who fol
low the sea.
It must be borne in mind that these foreign vessels
leave no money in the country, with the ‘exception of
the commissions of the merchants who transact the
business for them. All their supplies are purchased
abroad, all the wages are paid there, and the freight
money also which is collected here is remitted to the
home country. If the steamers sustain damage at
sea, or their machinery is injured, they return under
sail or half steam—so that even the iron-founders
are thus deprived of the benefit which would other
wise accrue to them.
And thus every branch of business in the port is
affected, more or less, by this deplorable state of
Congress should without delay give encourage
ment to American capitalists in steam navigation and
give the privilege to all our merchants whose proper
ty is now under foreign flags to come back again to
that of their own nation, by the passage of laws
granting them the required privileges which would
induce them to do so, and it should bo done at once.
meetings of the Police Reform League—
Views of the Members of Lodge To, 5,
P. J. B.—Startling Disclosures by Dele
gates—Fearful Outrages Committed —A
Remedy Suggested—ls it the Proper
Remedy?—A Vigilance Committee Sug
gested—Action on that Deferred A
Warning to the Lawless, g
Meetings have been held in various Wards in the
city, having for their object’ a bettor and healthier
administration of justice in our police courts. A brief
paragraph announcing these meetings, was published
in the Dispatch a short time ago. The community
have lost faith in the honesty of our magistracy. The
public believe that they have caused to be reversed
the old adage, that the wicked flee, when no man
pursueth. The righteous now flee, and the wicked
stand, and when they run, it is for office, some as
Senators to represent us at Albany, others to become
City Fathers, others again to dispense justice out to
their old “pals.” And what a wonderful dispensa
tion the thing becomes in the hands of these men 1
Straw bail, a reprimand, or it may be judgment sus
The public has often wondered how it is that ras
cality in the city is at a premium. They will have
no longer to plead ignorance after the following re
port of a Vigilance Committee meeting, which we
give almost verbatim. The names of the speakers
we are as able to give as the men spoken of. The
Chairman of Circle No. 5, of the P. J. R., having
taken his seat, and the room being properly tiled, the
meeting came to order. When the preliminary busi
ness incidental to finances and other unimportant
matters had been disposed of, the Chairman -said
that the opinions of members would be heard on the
question that was raised the night previous, “ The
proper administration of the laws in the city.”
There was a pause for a few seconds, when a short,
spare gentleman, of a very nervous temperament,
arose, and the gavel descended to call attention to the
speaker. The orator began, in the hesitating, stam
mering tone of Gen. Daniel E. Sickles, who, one
would thinlf, was likely to break down after a few
minutes talk, remarking that he didn’t see how they
were able to better themselves. They had a King in
New York, who dictated to the Democratic party who
should be voted for and elected, and the voters had
to go with the ticket that was put in their hand.
“ But,” said the speaker, warming up, “ the ques
tion, as I understand it, is how to get rid of the mal
administration of justice.
•• Here we have to begin with a Sergeant of Police,
detailed at a Police Court, who lends himself, know
ingly, or not knowingly, it is not for mo to say, sell
ing out his soul to mammon, forgetful of God. This
same Sergeant.has the entree to almost, if not all, the
questionable houses gof repute in the city and the
cyprian inmates of the same. The introduction and
acquaintanceship of the Sergeant with tha falien
females and the proprietors of these places is guar
anteed. by an unconditional carte blanche, given under
the hand and seal of a Police Justice. The uninitia
ted may not understand this, for, according to com
mon sense and the rules of the police board, the Jus
tices limit their business to their own districts. We
find the same Sergeant making descents on houses of
bad repute in the Sixth, Ninth, Seventh,
Twelfth, and Eighth Wards ;.in fact, into every pre
cinct in the Metropolitan district.
A Delegate—-As 1 understand it, we are not organ
ized to protect houses and} proprietors ‘of houses of
The Chairman—The delegate will permit the gen
tleman to finish his remarks.
The Speaker—l thank the gentleman for his inter
ruption. If I began by showing how the fallen of our
race were imposed upon by those that administer
justice, it was only .introductory to the subject, we
will come in time to ourselves.
A Delegate—Let U 3 get at the remedy. That’s the
Another Delegate—Hemp!
Several Voices—That’s so.
Chairman—Order, order.
The Speaker— l know that there has been considera
ble said on that subject, and various plans have been
suggested to form a Vigilance Committee, and for my
part I should not be sorry to see it carried out, but
the trouble is to still a populace after it has once been
aroused. It is easier to make a ripple on the water,
than after having made it, give it its original glassy
placid smoothness. Listen to me gentlemen, and
afterward discuss the way in which wo are to rid our
selves of the curse that nestles at the heart of a quiet,
law abiding community.
A Delegate—Rid ourselves! That’s a mockery.
Honest men won’t go to primaries, and knaves con
trol them.
The Speaker—Hear mo, gentlemen, on the point that
I started on relative to the corruption in our police
courts, and that was the chief object of our organiza
tions, whatever it may verge into, though I can plainly
see, since the Rogers assassination, that it seems
merging into a Vigilance Committae, which I hope it
won’t; hear me if you please on this subject, and lek
us devise some mode of redress.
A Delegate—Redress! I don’t see how we are to
get it except through a Vigilance Committee, You
know as well as Ido that the Special Sessions would
have been abolished if the Justices had assented to a
bill that was prepared, and ready to be passed, if the
other Justices would have agreed to pay SIO,OOO for
lobbying through the extension of their term, six
years longer without election. If you doubt mo, go
ask Manhattan’s King. I don’t see very clearly what
we can do at Albany, Igo for a—»
Chairman—Or J er.
The Speaker—l hope the last delegate will keep, his
temper, and let me finish what I hava to say, and
then suggest a remedy.
The last Delegate—l should like to know how you
can expect mo to keep my temper when I know just
about as much as the gentleman that has been invited
to address us ? Don’t I know that when there is a
dearth of police business at some of tho police courts
a sort of man-in-the-moon, a myth, a nonentity, as
far as residence and resposibility is concerned, makes
his appearance at one of these courts and enters a
complaint against one of those overground or under
ground maison de joie establishments—it is enter
tained. It’s the same old story in every case. He
has got a complaint to make against the house for
harboring a run-away daughter. He makes the affi
davit to that effect, and the warrant is mado to pull
the place, and pulled it is, at a late hour in the even
ing, and all hands are locked up. In the morning
no complainant is there, and
Chairman—Gen Lem en, order—let’s hear what’s
Delegate—They are discharged.
The first Speaker (sarcastically).—ls that all you
know of this business ? Did you ever kno.v (said the
gentleman, in thundering tones,) or ever hear of a
disorderly house comp ained of, and against which a
warrant had been issued, that was executed in the
day-time ? Ask Sergeant Berden, at Jefferson Mar
ket Court; Roundsman Crocker, at the Tombs; Dilks,
at the Fifty-seventh street Court, or Sergeant Potter,
at the Essex Market Court. If you do, I will bet that
they never heard of it
A Delegate—Explain, if you please, that secret?
The Speaker—l shall if you promise not to inter
rupt me. As I said before, business is dull, and this
worse than informer, perjurer, comes and makes the
complaint. It may happen that a respectable man is
in the house when this conspiracy is completed, The
orders are to take all in the house. How would you
feel to be locked up all night, simply because found
drinking in a reputed house of bad repute ? How
would you like to be arraigned at the bar in the
morning like a felon, sitting all the morffing in the
prisoner’s box, to be stared at like a thiet ? and fin
ally to he discharged with a reprimand from the
Judge who may have been there himself the night
previous ? Aye it might be the owner of the house,
for aught we know!
A Delegate—What of the proprietor ?
The Speaker—He either knows of the coming of
the police accidentally, or is allowed to escape, and
there is nobody to hold for keeping a disorderly
A Delegate—How do you know ?
The Speaker—Ask Crocker or Gilmour at the
Tombs, Berden at Jefferson Market, or Potter at Es
sex Market Court.
A Delegate—What of tho girls ?
The Speaker—They are fined $lO each for disor
derly conduct, and it can be easily proven that some
houses have been what they called “pulled,” half a
dozen times during the year.
Delegate—Explain to us how it is that if Sergeant
Berden has placed in his hands a warrant for the ar
rest of the proprietor of a place, that he arrests all
in it.
The Speaker—They do do it, why, you can easily
A Delegate—But why don’t gentlemen remon
strate ?
The Speaker—Remonstrate I Why the Justices are
•up for re-election—they give a fatherly reprimand
to the delinquents, aye, sir, and they can send for
them and teli them that if they wont help them
their reputation isn’t worth a curse. Don’t you see
the points ? Don’t you see why there should be
some action taken to remodel tho election of our
Another Delegate—Bah! you don’t know half. I
thought we were here to consult not only on our
own grivances, but the way to redress them. As for
wrongs, Heaven knows I know enough. A man en
gaged in this nefarious life, came to my office the
other day to get some papers drawn up, relative to
the transfers of some real estate. Said I to him
when you knew of this great swindle to extort mo
ney, and as you have said it has been done half a
dozen times within the last year, why didn’t you
send for me ? O, said he, you would have charged
me a SSO fee, now all I had to do was to pay $lO
each for the best of my girls, and let the others that
I did’t want go upon the Island, and that ended the
case. With you, said the fellow, it would havo been
a habeas corpus, and the house in the meantime
would have been closed, and business stopped. It
was cheaper to pay the fines than hire a lawyer, al
though the thing has occurred with me four times
this year.
A Delegate—And where does all that money go to ?
Chairman—Order, order, gentlemen—that is an
improper question.
Delegate—lt is both a proper and common ques
tion, It is asked by everybody that you meet with
on the street.
Chairman—l rule that out from the investigation
of the delegates and will take the sense of the dele
gates on it.
A unanimous “ aye ” decided that a few brief re
marks might be said on the subject.
A Delegate—lt must be apparent to all of you that
the fining of girls $lO for being in a house of bad re
pute is a great a wrong on the girls—for why pun
ish the girls and let the propretor of the house go
scot free without being tried for the offence that he
is accused of ? Where do these fines go ? I don’t
believe, neither does anybody else believe, that they
are rendered into the City Treasury. In one court
alone, where a looker-on has furnished me with the
facts, he says $5,000, from this source alone, were
imposed and collected. From that source, is there
any police court that has returned that amount to
the Controller’s office ?
Chairman—You are making wholesale charges
against the Judiciary without giving a single name.
Tho Speaker—Well, if you will have it; but I think
my word is sufficient. I can give you tho name of a
man called Connolly, whose house has been “pulled”
not less than six times in a year, and the result of
all this arresting has only amounted to fines on the
inmates, which he paid, and that ended the case.
Connolly has said, time and again, that it was better
to submit to this extortion—paying the fines for his
girls—than have them sent on the Island, and thus
stop his business, or to pay for their liberation on a
habeas corpus, and then be himself committed for
keeping a disorderly house, are facts about
which there can be no dispute. Now, the persons
arrested, as set forth in the warrant, are either guilty
or innocent of keeping a house of bad repute. If
guilty, why are they not sent on the Island ? If in
nocent, why are they so frequently arrested and let
off with the fining of the girls? And from these
fines, it is the common' talk, men connected with
police courts have erected a row of fine buildings,
that has been designated as “ Robbers’ Bow” by tho
Chairman—l think this subject has been discussed
enough. Our organization is not to protect that class
of society that are, in a measure, outlawed, nor the
gentlemen that may very foolishly go in them, or
save the proprietors of such establishments from
being assessed SIOO by the friends of the judiciary at
election times. Our object is to get a class of men
on the bench that are capable of filling the position,
and when once there, that they will not be compelled
by force of circumstances, in anticipation of a re
election, to curry favor with thieves, and let them do
as they please. Can any member suggest a remedy
that will put our Police Justices gbove tho power of
felons? Criminals rule this city, and that power
must be taken out of their hands, if we would save
ourselves. Let the discussion relative to a Vigilance
Committee stand over for the present.
A Delegate—For my part, I hardly think a Vigilance
Committee necessary. There was a time in this city
when a citizen would give officers all the assistance
in their power; now they will stand quietly by, and
see him murdered.
Another Delegate—A nd no wonder. As like as not
he may be shot or stabbed, and there’s an end of it.
He leaves a wife and family to be supported on
Chairman—That’s the evil we want to remedy, and
for which we have met. First, have a sound admin
istration of criminal justice, beyond the reach of
“repeaters,” and dictators at the primaries, and the
dangerous elements of society. Can delegates throw
out any suggestions on this point?
A Delegate—l would suggest that Police and Civil
Justices be elected from members of the bar; that
they should have exclusive right to nominate the
men for that position, and from the names presented
by tho bar of New York, the Governor, with the Sen
ate, should have the power to select the men to fill
these positions. By that means the men who have
to deal with criminals would be beyond their power
and influence.
Another Delegate—That is partly objectionable. It
is taking away the power of universal suffrage, and is
First Delegate—Then let the Constitution be so
amended; and as for the people considering it ob
jectionable, I think if they believed it would help to
rid us of the corruption in our courts, they would
cheerfully acquiesce in this movement to restricted
suffrage, so far as the administration of our criminal
courts are concerned, knowing that they are now in
a measure under the control of the very men that
they are elected to punish.
The chair announced the discussion on this sub
ject c.osed and appointed a committee to investigate
tho subject fully, and report suggestions that will
give to crime some certainty of punishment, and the
best.meanß to bo employed to displace thieves from
power. The committee appointed at a previous
meeting to report on the practicability of forming a
Vigilance Committee that should aid the police, said
that they were not yet prepared to give a sati. ' ctory
explanation of their views. Their chief obj' ciwas
to assist the authorities, and how best to do it was
the difficulty.
About fifty delegates were present, all gentlemen,
apparently of high standing in society. The meet
ing adjourned till Tuesday evening next at nine
The Case as it Stands—The Burdell Mor
der—Another Singular Harder.
There has probably not been written so much non
sense in a great many years before as since the as
sault upon Mr. Rogers, in front of his residence, at
No. 42 East Twelfth street, and his subsequent death.
Mr. Rogers was assaulted by an unknown ruffian,
who crossed the street for tho purpose, while en
gaged in sweeping the walk in front of his residence.
The ruffian attempted to rob Mr. Rogers, who, al
though an old gentleman, struggled manfully, but
eventually the assailant succeeded in taking from the
person of Mr. Rogers his wallet, containing a consid
erable sum of money, and a gold watch and chain.
As the thief attempted to shake himself free from the
grasp of Mr. Rogers, his coat parted in the centre,
and exactly one-half, from the collar down remained
in the grasp of Mr. Rogers, who, with the other
hand, retained his hold of the thief, and at.the same
time shouted for assistance. Becoming desperate,
the thief with a knife, which he had been f risking
to intimidate Mr. Rogers, cut his victim » oss the
abdomen, and fled with a companion who had re
mained on ihe opposite side of the street, leaving in
the hand of the wounded man the half of the gar
ment mentioned. Strangely enough in the side
pocket of this portion of the coat were found the
wallet and watch and chain, stolen from Mr. Bogers,
and an envelope, addressed “James Logan, City.
This by the hand of Tom.” This was the only clue
to the murderer, for the description given of him to ,
the Police was very poor, indeed. Mr. Rogers could
only describe him in general terms, and accordingly
a search was at once instituted among the hard char
acters throughout the city for the one James Logan
who should como the nearest to the description. The
first one arrested was a James Logan, residing in
Hoboken. It was soon proven conclusively that he
was not the man, as on the morning of tha assault
he was at work in his brother’s foundry in Hoboken,
and could not possibly have been in East Twelfth
street, this city. He was accordingly discharged.
Soon, another James Logan was thought of. He was
discharged from Sing Sing Prison in Oct last, where
he had been committed for burglary, ond, as his de
scription tallied somewhat with that given of the as
sassin, search was made for him, and a large reward
was offered for his apprehension, by Mayor Hall and
the Police' Commissioners. Somewhat to the sur
prise of the police, this James Logan, on Saturday
night, the 9th inst., walked into the West Thirty
fifth street police-station, and gave himself up, stat
ing, at the same time, that as soon as his attention
had been called to the reward for his apprehension,
ho had determined to give himself into the hands of
the police, conscious of his innocence. In the mean
time, one James Tallant, who is believed to have
the companion of the assassin, had been taken
into custody, and identified by a colored boy, Wil
liam C. Closter, as one of ihe two men whom he had
passed in East Twelfth atreet, going toward the place
where the assault occurred, and only a few moments
previous. There is still another James Logan, ar
rested byUaptain Allaire, and held in the East Thir
ty-fifth street police-station. The evidence against
him is rather of a negative character. Ho bears a
bad name among the police of the Eighteenth and
Twenty-first Wards, but has never yet been convicted
of any crime. He does not answer the description
given of the assassin, being too tall, and lacking in
other essentials. Still, Mr. Rogers may have been
mistaken in tho appearance of the man who assaulted
him. In the confusion incident to- the struggle, he
might very readily mistake the size, hight, or even
tho complexion of the assailant. The fact that he
absented himself from home immediately alter the
day of the assault, December 31, and was not again
seen for nearly two weeks, when he was arrested,
when about to leave the house of his brother-in-law,
in Forty-ninth street, is deemed very suspicious, and
he is accordingly detained until he can account satis
factorily for his movements during that interval.
His brother, Michael, is committed to the House of
Detention, as a witness.
In addition there are two well known bad charac
ters, named James Gallagher and Charley Munday,
members of the gang of ruffians who infest Seventh
avenue, from Fourteenth street to Twenty-first
streets, and who are generally known as the Nine
teenth street gang, from the fact that nearly all of
them have their lairs among the old tenements in that
street. There is still another person suspected,whose
name is suppressed by request of the police, but
who has been so accurately described that if he does
not recognize himself in the description he must be
stupid, indeed. This suspected individual was a
member of the Nineteenth street gang, and was sent
to the State Prison at Sing-Sing about one year ago
for having been guilty of a grand larceny. Late in
November last he managed to make his escape from
the prison by secreting himself on a sloop lying at
the North river pier within the prison enclosure.
Some time before his escape, it is alleged, this convict
wrote a letter, and addressed it to the James Logan
who gave himself up. Instead of sending this letter
through the usual medium, the prison chaplain, as
it contained matters that he would not wish to come
to the knowledge of the prison officials, tho convict
retained it, hoping to obtain an opportunity io send it
clandestinely. This opportunity hod not presented
itself.up to. She time of making his escape, and accord -
ingly the letter was never delivered as the convict,
had an opportunity of communicating in porsun with
Logan. The envelope addressed to James Logan,
found in the pocket of the coattorn from the assassin,
is believed to be tho ono written by the convict, and
as it was never delivered, who but the writer could
have had possession of it ? These are really all the
grounds of evidence the police have to worjj upon
notwithstanding the columns of talk that have been
about the matter during the past week, and which
have duly appeared in the daily papers with startling
There is one matter, however, that has not received
the attention that should have been given it—-name
ly, the lack of union on the part of the police. In
stead of meeting together, agreeing on some well
defined plan, and parceling out the work to be per
formed by each, the several parties of police engaged
in the search seem to be working without the slight
est approach to harmony, and often in direct opposi
tion to each other. If the murderer is finally secured,
it will be the result of some lucky accident, and not
as the result of conceited action on the part of the
In many respects the murder is oven more singular
and of higher public importance than that of Dr. Bur
dell, at No. 31 Bond street, twelve years ago.
He, it will be recollected, was found lying dead
on the floor of his apartment, having received a num
ber oi stab-wounds, and although there were several
persons living in the house, they one aijd all declared
they heard nothing of the affair. Tuo celebrated
Mrs. Cunningham, who claimed to have been secretly
married io the deceased, and who lived in the same
house together with her two daughters, was arrested
on suspicion of having been accessory to the death
oi Dr. Burdell, together with a boarder in the house
named John J. Eckel; but nothing was ever proven
against them, and to this day the mystery remains
In this mote recent murder, however, the crime
was committed in a much more daring manner. Dr.
Burdell was murdered under cover of nightfall, and
probably received the fatal wounds while sleeping. Mr.
Rogers was attacked in front of his own residence, at
an hour in the morning when many of the inmates
were astir, and wltnin less than a block of Broadway,
down which the morning tide < f travel steadily
setups. Alipost opposite is a hotel, ia tae office oi
which some one is always on duty, and at that hour,
probably, some of the guests had already arisen. It
is incomprehensible that a citizen should receive his
death-wound under these circumstances, and no one
but the actors have been witnesses of the affray.
Stories there have been of witnesses who would be
forthcoming when the proper time came, but these
stories the public do not believe. They are r&ther
looked upon as weak sedatives, given with the hope
of allaying popular indignation and excitement.
A case nearly as mysterious as the present one, oc
curred several years since, and in the immediate
neighborhood. A middle-aged milliner and dress
maker, a quiet, Well disposed personage, and who
stood decidedly high with her neighbors, was mur
dered in her apartment at midday. The noise of the
struggle was heard by tho neighbors, but before tho
cry for help proceeded, the bloody act had been ac
complished, and the murderer had fled. He had
secured no plunder, and had left nothing behind
that could lead to his identification. He had fled
from the rear and made his escape. From certain
marks of blood found on the fence, in the rear, and
elsewhere, it was certain that whoever had mur
dered the woman had cut his left hand in the strug
gle, and this small clue was all that the police had to
work upon. This fact was made public through the
newspapers, and ultimately led to the detection of
the murderer. Living near the scene of the murder
was a respectable and well-to-do carpenter, who had
a half-witted son, of rather vindictive disposition,
but who had never been arrested for any serious
offense. On the day of the murder he came home,
with his left hand cut in several places, and inform
ed his mother that he had been engaged in a fight in
the Bowery, with some rough characters, had stabbed
one of them, and in the melee had received the cuts
upon his hand. It would be necessary for him to
leave town to escape arrest. He was furnished with
and sent down to a small town in New Jer
sey, where an old acquaintance then resided with his
He was questioned by them on his arrival as to the
manner he had received the wounds on his hands,
and told the same story as he had related to his
mother. The wounds were dressed by the woman,
and on the following day the murderer obtained work
in the place at his trade of a machinist. Nothing
whatever in his demeanor would indicate that he had
so lately committed a brutal murder. Two days af
ter his arrival the husband read to the wife from a
New York paper an account of tho murderer, and the
slight clue afforded by the wounded hand. Instinct
ively both jumped to the conclusion that thoir visitor
was none other than the murderer. The then Chief
of Police of this city was written to, informing him
of the cause for suspicion en tertaiaed by the couple,
and Sergeant (now captain) Caffrey was sent down to
see about the matter. A series of questions elicited
from the murderer enough to warrant his being taken
into custody, and he was brought on to this city.
Link after link of needed information was procured,
and at length the murderer confessed the crime. He
was sentenced to be executed, but before the day
fixed lor the execution he had become a raving ma
niac, and he was committed to the lunatic asylum.
Some such lucky clue may yet be the means of bring
ing this unknown murderer to justice.
On Tuesday and Wednesday next the State Military
Association will hold its annual session in Steinway
Hall, this city. The object of the association is to
promote, in any way that the majority of the mem
bers may deem best, the interests of the National
Guard of this State. Representatives from all sec
tions of the State are present, and the needs of the
National Guard are fully set forth in debate by the
respective members. Owing to the fact that many
commands were disbanded last Summer, in accord
ance with an act of the Legislature, reducing the
National Guard of this State from 50,000 to 30,000
men, the attendance of officers at tho convention will
not be as large as usual. Brig.-Gen. Lloyd Aspin
wall, President of the Association, will preside dur
ing its sittings. Tho annual address will be deliv
ered on Wednesday evening. Tickets of
for tho same can bo obtained by those members
tho National Guard of this city and Brooklyn, wish
ing to attend, from their respective regimental com
manders. The particulars of the hop to bo given at
the Twenty-second Regiment armory, are given else
The Brooklyn authorities some timo since author
ized the erection of an armory for the use of the
Brooklyn (E. I>.) National Guard. The building is
now under way, the site being the corner of the
Bushwick Boulevard and Stagg s;reet. It is to rest
upon a granite base, four feet in height, and is to be
built of Philadelphia brick and Dorchester stone.
The main drill-room is on the first floor, 80 by 94
feet, to be 35 feet in height, with the main entrance
on the Boulevard. Tho only Arinory of any preten
sion in this section of Brooklyn is that of the Forty
seventh Regiment, in Fourth street, and that is so
badly cracked that drills of the regiment have been
suspended for a considerable time, as it was deemed
unsafe to subject the building to such a strain.
Some time since, the committee of the State Mili
tary Association, having the matter in charge, an
nounced that they had, in accordance with a resolu
tion of the Association, passed at its last meeting,
caused to be manufactured two silk guidons, to-be
given as a prize to the regiment that should, after a
fair trial, be adjudged the Lest drilled of all those
competing. The project does not seem to have met
with much favor at the hands of Ihe Board of Officers
of the various commands in this city and Brooklyn,
only two regiments, the Eleventh and Twenty-sec
ond, both belonging' to the Fourth Brigade of this
city, having entered the lists to compete for the
prize. Colonel Clark, commanding the Seventh Regi
ment, not long since, in a letter to the officers form
ing the committee, on behalf of his regiment, de
caned to enter his command for the championship.
He advanced several good reasons for this course,
among others, that the regiment winning the guidons,
the badge of championship, must, of necessity, ac
cept all challenges to drill from rival organizations,
and, as a consequence, the members of the champion
regiment would be forced to lose a great deal of valu
able time, without any good ’ object being attained.
Several other sensible reasons for declining to com
pete for the prize were advanced by Coloael Clark,
and, judging from the silence of most of the regi
mental commandants with reference to the matter,
his objections arc considered well founded. Whether
or not the contest will take place, the committee have
not yet officially stated.
Adjutant-General Franklin Townsend announces
that Brig.-Gen. Win. H. Morris, Commissary General
of Ordinance, has been appointed Acting Assistant
Quartermaster General, and will, for the lime being,
discharge all the duties of the Quartermaster Gen
eral’s Department.
The non-commissioned officers of the Eighth Regi
ment are ordered to assemble at the armory on each
Wednesday evening, commencing Jan. 15th, in
fatigue uniform, for instruction and drill.
The gold medal offered by ex-Quartermaster
George W. Roosevelt to the company recruiting the
largest number of men for the Seventy-first Regi
ment, has been won by Company I, Capt. Wise, that
company having recruited thirteen men during the
past year.
On Friday the court-martial in the cose of Brig
adier-General Crooke, of the Second Dvision, met at
the Portland avenue (Brooklyn) Arsenal. Colonel
Ward, the Judge Advocate, and General Crooke were
present. On motion of the Judge Advocate, the
court adjourned until the decision of the Court of
Appeals is heard in the case enjoining Gen. Molineux
from ustuming command of the Second Division,
S. M.
The following changes arc announced in ihe Sec
ond Regiment:
Francis R. Bigg to be Captain of Company A, vice
Leonard, resigned; Second Lieutenant Jona P. Col
lins to be First Lieutenant ox Company A, vice
Freel, resigned; private Daniel McGowan to be Sec
ond Lieutenant oi Company A, vice John P. Collins,
promoted. ■ SergL James McMurray, of Company C,
is appointed Ordinance Sergeant, vice Floyed, pro
Company E, (Webster Guard), of the Twelfth Regi
ment, commanded by Capt. McAfee, have recently
had under consideration the question of obtaining a
transter to the Twenty-second Regiment, one letter,
K, in the latter command being vacant
The Third Regiment, commanded by Brevet Brig.-
Gen. Bendix, will assemble for regimental drill •at
their armory, on the evenings oi Joaday, January
18, and February 11. None out members of the Re
giment, in uniform, will be admitted.
The Second Regiment is ordered by Col. Thomas
M. Reid to assemble at the regimental armory, in
Seventh street, in iatigue uniform,, for drill and in
struction, on Monday evenings, January 18 and 25,
and February 1 and 8, afi fi o’cloeK P. M.
Forgive and forget—it is better
lo fling every feeling aside,
Than allow the deep cankeiing fetter
Ot revenge in thy breast to abide.
For thy step through life’s path shall be lighter/
When the load from thy bosons is cast;
And the sky that’s above thee be brighter,
When the cloud of displeasure has passed.
Though thy spirit swell high with emotion
To give back an injustice again.
Let it sink in oblivion’s ocean, $
For remembrance increases the ain.
And why should we linger in sort
When its shadow is passing awt
Or seek to encounter to-morrow,
The blast that o’erswept us to-d ?
Oh, memory’s a varying river,
And though it may placidly glide
Wnen the sunbeams of joy o’er it quiver,
It foams when the storm meets its tide.
Then stir not its current to madness,
For its wrath thou wilt ever regret;
Though the morning beams break on thy sadness?
Ere the sunset, forgive and forget
[Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1869.
by M. A. Williamson, in the Clerk’s office of the Disi
trict Court for the Southern District of Mew York.]
08, THE
Author of “ Giovanni, the Bandit“ BUvn
Grey “ History Illustrated,” etc., etc.
It was a bright morning in the month of Sop.
tember, when nature had apparently put orr
her brightest smiles and assumed her richest?
dress, as if to make us feel the loss of Summer’
the more by contrasting it with the bleak and
dreary Winter now approaching. Broadway,
that thoroughfare of the metropolis in whiclr
may bo seen the natives of every country undec
the heavens, from the sharp-featured, thin
skinned, enterprising native of Vermont, to tha
thick-lipped, woolly-headed African recentljK
taken from some captured slaver—BroadwayJ
the greatest public highway in the world, wasti
all astir. Omnibuses pushed and crowded?
each other; drivers swore and raved; men,
women and children jostled against each otheS:
as they hurried along the crowded sidewalks/
bent upon business, or seeking recreation.
Broadway is a democratic street, too. Tha
lordly millionaire and the sooty chimney-sweem
walk side by side upon its pavements. Tho
successful politician who fattens upon the pub
lic treasury, and the bankrupt merchant who.
owning his millions yesterday, can scarcely fin®
the means of subsistence to-day, may be seen
in close proximity there.
To a stranger the noise and confusion of tha
street would utterly prohibit the idea of indi
vidualizing any of the motley mass that pour
through that street in one continuous living!
stream. But to those accustomed to the city
the task is not a difficult one. Let us try.
Upon the fashionablef?) side of the street—
that is. the side so called—if .you will but look,
you will see a little girl, probably fifteen years
of age. Her dress is in striking contrast with,
that of the gayly-attired lady just in advance
of her. It consisted of a faded calico frock, a
miserable apology for a hat, and shoes which
let in the wind and water at every step. Yet.
with all her apparent poverty, the child’s dress
and person were scrupulously clean, Indeed,
if you will but look at those little stockings full
of holes, which her dress does not cover, yon
will observe that they are wondrous white and
neat, while if you but cast your eye upon yon
der gaudily-dressed lady, as she delicately lifts
the folds of her fifty-dollar silk dress, you will
be apt to observe that in the matter of cleanli
ness she might do well to copy after that poor
The name of that young girl is Alice Walton,
She is a half orphan; her mother having died
about a year since. Her father is confined to
his room by a severe sickness, and so a'.l the
work, both indoors and out, falls on Alice.
But, brave girl that she is, sho’shrinks not from
the task, but boldly confronts it, willing, aye,
eager to contribute her share to the weekly
stipend on which they exist.
She has been all the morning trying to find
something to do which mH add'a little to their
scanty store. Sho has sought employment in
several millinery stores, but without success.
She is now disconsolately wending her way
homeward, her young heart depressed an®
heavy from its accumulated weight of sorrow.
As she proceeded on her course, her attention
became fixed on a sign, in large letters, which
was placed the window of a milliner’s shop,
and read thus:
“ 100 Girls Wanted to Learn the Business.
Apply within.”
“Ah 1” exclaimed Alice, as she read the sign;
“this is fortunate ; for if I can only get a place,
I shall soon learn tho business, and then I shall
be able to support my poor father without hist
working at all.”
But as the little maiden approached the door,
she began to have many misgivings as to hes
success. Perhaps she would not suit them,
and then she would be obliged to suffer ths
mortification of being refused. On the whole,
she thought she had better wait until to-mor
row before making the application, and then
she would stand a better cnance of succeeding.
And then, to be sure, there could not possibly
be. any danger of all the girls having been’
taken as yet. Surely, they could not engage a.
hundred girls "in one day I No, no, it was im
Still Alice kept on reading the sign, and still
half resolving to go in, but sho did not do so.
She eyed the sign sideways, then she woul®
walk round on the other side and look at it,
then she took a good full front view, and then
she began to recede backward, all the time
keeping her eyes fixed on the wonderful sign,
and lost to everything passing around her, in
her eager scrutiny of the magical sign. She
was suddenly brought to a consciousness of lies
situation by coming in contact with a burl?
Irish laborer, and at tho same time her cargf
were saluted by the following gruff exclama
tion from the man:
“ Och 1 ph at are ye up to ? Can’t ye kapsf
yer eyes open in tho broad daylight, ye huzzy 8
Sure, it’s me illegant new pipe you’ve broke in«
“I beg your pardon, sir,” said the frightened
girl. “I am very sorry, sir, indeed I am.”
“ Sorry, is it ?” returned the Irishman. “By
me sowl, but it’s kilt ye’d ought to be, so ya
The poor child again attempted to apologize,’
but was cut short by the brutal fellow, who
raising his hand, was about to strike her to tha
earth. Just at this moment a woman mada
her way through the crowd which had collect
ed around tho Irishman and tho girl, and,’
placing herself before the man, exclaimed:
“Now, you jist get about your business, yotf
great big bully, you. Yon want to go an®
strike this here little g.-d for nothin’, do ye 2
II it was my gal I guess I’d be at you shortly
“What’s the matter widye?” asked tha
Irishman, turning to his new antagonist. “ Gej
out of this, and be afther laving me to minq
me own business.”
“ Yes, I’ll mind your business for you, yofl
good-for-nothing, drunk en brute. If you don’s
start mighty quick, I’ll have my hands in yowt
nasty red hair.” ■
Then, turning to the crowd, she continued:
“ lou’re a party set of fellers, ain’t you J,
Stand there.and see a little gal like this yer onfi
hit by a great loafer? Come along, sissy, W
she added, turning to Alice, who had stoo®
trembling with apprehension during tho whola
of the above detailed scene, “come along,!
I’ll sec you safe out, and if that there loafing
dares to say a word, I’ll smack his mouth fos
And so saying, the kind-hearted Amazon
forced her way through the crowd, dragging;
Alice after her. ‘
Having seen our young heroine safely on has
way home, the strong-mindqd lady turned to
her late adversary, and, shaking her fiat 0.
him, she cried : J?
■ ‘ I’ll teach you manners, you rowdy 1” \
Then, turning down a by-street. she disaiS|
pcared from view.

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