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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, June 13, 1869, Image 3

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Sunday Edition. June 13.
6CEEKT D. HOMIES, P. C. Master, Editor.
We are aware that the action of our Grand Lodge
at its recent annual communication has been looked
upon by some, and perhaps by many, as inexpedient,
as of doubtful propriety, and as involving issues of
a very momentous character. From the first two of
these prepositions we dissent, while with the latter
we fully agree. The expediency of the decisive course
of the Grand Lodge of our State will become appa
rent to every reflecting mind, when the surrounding
circumstances have been fully considered. No one
can know better the sharpness of the pain that comes
from the prick of a thorn than the man who has been
punctured, and we have suffered for years from the
smart of the wound inflicted upon us by means sim
ilar to the action of the Grand Orient of France in
planting a thorn in the jurisdictional side of our
sister Grand Lodge of Louisiana. We had been
made the sport of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg,
which took advantage of our domestic troubles and
planted upon our soil two subordinate lodges, which
were empowered by that Grand Lodge to confer the
three symbolic degrees, without regard to the su
premacy of the Grand Lodge of New York..
For years these lodges have been maintained
against the indignant and just protest of the Grand
Lodges of the United States, which nobly came to the
aid of the Grand Lodge of this State when it was sorely
beset by this difficulty and others of a jurisdictional
character. The spirit which was evinced by our
domestic Grand Lodges was in the highest degree
creditable to them and flattering to us. No Grand
Lodge, save ours, was then afflicted by the thorn to
which we have referred. We stood alone in our
trouble, and yet all the Grand Lodges of the United
States stood forth in their declaration of sympathy
with us, and reprobated the action of the Grand
Lodge’of Hamburg in its abuse of our rights.
In the case of the invasion by the Grand Orient of
France of the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of
Louisiana, we find many features that are similar to
the invasion by the Grand Lodge of Hamburg of the
jurisdictional powers of the Grand Lodge of this
State. The principle involved in each is precisely
the same. We assert that no Grand Lodge, whether
it be foreign or domestic, has any right to establish
its subordinates on the soil of any American Grand
Lodge, and we have frequently declared that any
such act should rightfully be considered a easus belli
en the part of all of the Grand Lodges of the United
States against the offending Grand Body.
The question, therefore, has narrowed itself down
to ono of simple self-protection, self-respect, and gen
eral good order and government, so far as these
States are concerned, and any reflecting mind will,
in view of the facts, speedily come to the conclusion,
that the action of the Grand Lodge of this State, in
declaring non-intercourse with the Grand Orient of
France, for its offence against the Grand Lodge of
Louisiana, was the only course that " expediency ”
dictated; the offence of Franco against Louisiana,
and of Hamburg against New York, being precisely
the same in all great essentials and influences; the
two Grand Lodges were bound by duty and a regard
for the integrity of each, to mako common and decis
ive cause against the invaders.
As to the " propriety” of the step which New York
has taken, little need be said in addition to the above;
for while we have there briefly treated of the " expe
diency” of our course, we have, by implication, given
its propriety a wide margin of consideration, not so
much by the language that we have used, as by the
suggestions for thought which we have made. " Pro
priety,” however, as that word has been used by us,
goes still further, and asserts itself and its importance
in view of the sacredness of each of the territorial ju
risdictions of the Grand Lodges of the United States;
and it is matter of propriety that each of such Grand
Lodges should consider that an invasion of the rights
of any one Grand Lodge is an invasion of the rights
of all, and that common cause must be made against
the invading power, be it great or small, and without
regard to its general influence. To shrink from de
nouncing the Grand Orient of France, because it is a
powerful organization, when it has done wrong to
us, would be cowardly, and we should be doubly
stamped as guilty of cowardice should we, for a sim
ilar act, visit a weaker Grand Lodge, like that of
Hamburg, with denunciation and a declaration of
The recent course of the Grand Lodge of this State,
in vindicating the integrity of the Grand Lodge of
Louisiana, has simply been a vindication of its own
sovereign rights in the past, and we have given an
example to the Grand Lodges of the United States
that we feel confident they will follow, and in the end
a world-wide declaration of the supremacy of each
will fully justify the means that we have used.
One of the New Sisters. —On Sat
urday night, at Kane Lodge Booms, No. 916 Broad
way, Republic Lodge, No. 690, was added to the list
of independent bodies in this State. The elegant
rooms were filled with members of the craft. The
dedication of the lodge end installation of the officers
was done by the Deputy Grand Master R. W. John H.
Anthon, acting on this occasion as Grand Master, as
sisted and supported by. B. W. C. A. Marvin as D.
Grand Master; B. W. Reeves F. Belmes as S. Grand
Warden; B. W. John Boyd as J. Grand Warden; W.
A. 8. Brown as Grand Treasurer; W. George Van
Vhct as Grand Secretary; R. W. Fred. Herring as
Grand Marshal; W. J. G. Webster as Grand Chaplain;
W. A. A. Valentine as 8. Grand Deacon; B. W. Thos.
C. Cassidy as -I. Grand Deacon; W. Johnston Fount
ain as Grand Tiler.
The following are the officers of the Republic
Lodge, No. 690, installed on Saturday night: W. Greg
ory Satterlee, Master; Ellingham E. Sutton, S. W.;
Roland G. Brown, J. W.; Joseph L. Langley, Treas
urer; Joseph W. Stopford, Secretary; Thomas W.
Fuller, C. T. Duncklee, J. Edward Terrill, Trustees;
Joseph I. Dowling, Marshal; John L. Reid, S. D.:
Warren H. Burgess, J. D.; Bevs. H. Courtney At.
wood, James H. Hart, Chaplains; Henry B. Pierce,
S. M. C.; Abner W. Pollard, J. M. C.; Lewis D. Rich
ards, Thomas P. Secor, Stewards; Bichard Clari, Or
ganist; William Smith, Tiler.
The occasion was one of very great interest, and
we bid the members of the new lodge “ God speed
you ” in their new and pleasant undertaking.
Funeral Eulogium.—( Translated for
the Dispatch from the bulletin of the Grand Orient of
France.— We have received from the Lodge of Faith
ful Brothers, at Cette, an account of the profound
impression produced in that city by the decease of
the Thrice Illustrious Brother Doumet, formerly
Grand Master Adjunct of the Grand Orient of France,
and we believe that we cannot do better, in worthily
honoring the memory of that illustrious brother,
than to insert the account, with the discourse pro
nounced by the Master of that lodge; " A noble exist
ence has been extinguished—Brother Emile Doumet
died at Paris, January 24, 1869. His mortal remains
arrived at Cette on the 26th, and his funeral rites
occurred here the next day.
" While young, Brother Doumet gallantly gained
the grade of Chief of Squadron. Entering civil life,
he continued to serve his country, either as a mem
ber of the General Council of this District, or as a
Deputy, or as Mayor of Cette, his native city, or as
owner of a great wealth of objects in the Arts, which
he opened to all the world.
" No one can conceive the emotion which the news
©f his death caused here. All the city accompanied
to his last resting place this man’s remains, who by
. a just title, was regarded as its benefactor. In spite
of the untoward weather, a deputation of officers
from St. Helena de Montpellier, with banners at
their head, was present. The Agricultural Society of
Herault, of which he was President, was represented,
and the Freemasons, under the lead of their Master,
with the members of the lodge of Beziers, who bore
their flag of Masonic honor, with which they ren
dered their last respects to their Honorary Master,
wbo for a long period was Grand Master Adjunct of
the Grand Orient of France. Brother Lacoste, Mas
ter of the lodge at Cette, then pronounced over the
tomb the following words :
“This desolate family weeps; it has lost a chief
worthy of its sorrows.
“ Residents of this city, manifest your sorrow and
jyour sympathy. It was he who bestowed upon you
water and salubrity.
" Oh, country, behold thy banners lowered before
the tomb of him who so well defended them.
“ How greatly, oh, my brothers, do we associate
ourselves with the sorrows of the family, of the city,
X)f the nation!
"Mourn! not for Brother Doumet; his spirit in
.the better world, has already received the recom
pense of his labors; but for ourselves, whom he has
left in Ulis vale of shade and misery!
“All know the generous soul that vivified this
body, to-day cold. All appreciate the courage of the
soldier who poured out his blood for France. With
what self-sacrifice did the philosopher donate an in
estimable scientific heritage to the people! With
what zeal did the deputy defend your interests!
With what intelligence did the administrator super
vise those works which have made this city one of
the most beautiful posts of the Mediterranean!
" All this, my brothers, others will tell with greater
eloquence, with a more influential voice, but not
with profounder conviction.
" Weep, my brothers! We have lost one of our
most brilliant lights. Weep! We have lost one of
our most solid supports. Weep! We have lost a
brother most beloved.
"Farewell, Brother Doumet! May we imitate the
goodness which distinguished thy fruitful passage
here below, and may each one of us be able to pre
sent ourselves before the Grand Architect of the
Universe with a 80 well filled with labor, honor,
and virtue. Adieu! adieu J
The Philadelphia Celebration.
The following Is the programme of Morten Com
man dery No. 4 K. T., which will leave our city on an
excursion to Philadelphia on Tuesday next. The
general orders are as follows:
UMx/orm—Full dress, black frock coat, black pantaloons,
baldric, belt, sword, gauntlets and chapeau. Fatigue
cap to be suspended on right hip. Gilt buttons to be
covered by a slip cover. Assembly— Sir Knights will as
semble at the armory of the Twenty-second Regiment,
on Fourteenth street (north side), between Sixth and
Seventh avenues, at one P. M., Monday, June 14th, and
immediately report to Sir Knight George B. Melendy,
wbo, on presentation of red ticket voucher, will issue
passage ticket. Sir Knights will be particular in preserv
ing their ticket voucher, as it must be shown at the ho
tel. Roll— Will be called and lines formed at two P. M.,
sharp. Parade— The Capt. Gen. Sir Knight Wm, Ed
wards, will take and exercise exclusive command of the
Commandery while on parade. The Senior Warden, Sir
Knight Matthew Glenn, and Junior Warden, Sir Knight
Joseph William Congdon, are hereby detailed as assist
ants to the Capt. Gen., and will be obeyed and respected
accordingly. Baggage— Sir Knights having baggage will
bring the same to the armory, where they will receive a
check from the baggage master, and their baggage will
be delivered to them at the Continental Hotel, Philadel
phia. Sir Knight Chas. D. Munn is hereby detailed as
baggage master. Ladies— Who accompany the Sir
Knights will be at the ferry-house, Jersey City, Monday,
June 14th, at 4:15 P. M., and there remain until the
Commandery arrives, when they will be escorted to their
place in the train. A committee of St. John’s Com
mandery, No 4, will be in waiting at Philadelphia with
carriages to escort the ladies to the hotel and provide for
their comfort until the Commandery arrives. Rooms—
Sir Knights wishing to room together will notify Sir Kt.
Quartermaster S. E. Gardner, on Friday evening, so that
proper arrangements can be made for their comfort. On
arriving at the hotel, and before being dismissed, each
Sir Knight will receive the number of his room and spe
cial orders for Tuesday’s parade. Reception Committee—
Sir Knights Wm. Dixon and Robert Edwards are de
tailed to receive New Haven Commandery, No. 2, on
their arrival in this city. Grand Commandery—The Right
Eminent Grand Commander John A. Lefferts, accom
panied by the Grand Commander of the State, will bo
escorted to Philadelphia by this Commandery.
Thos. C. Cassidy, Commander.
S. E. Gardner, Quartermaster.
Enterprise Lodge, No. 228, will
give a grand Summernight’s festival on the 29th
inst., which will commence at 8 o’clock, P. M., in aid
of the Widows* and Orphans’ fund of tha t lodge, and
from the inducements offered, it no doubt will be
one of the most enjoyable and successful events of
the season. Tickets can be procured as per adver
tisement in another column.
Cyrus Lodge, No. 208, will work
first degree on Monday evening, June 14th, cor. of
Eighteenth street and Eighth avenue.
Freemasonry in the Would at Large.
(Continued.) —Portugal, with its black and unenvia
ble gloomy record of religious and political persecu
tions, so deeply dyed in the blood of innocent mar
tyrs, to the savage power of fanatic tyrants, has never
been a fruitful field or safe asylum for the Masonic
fraternity, and at the present date, when progressive
and liberal ideas are breaking the barriers of despot
ism and spreading light, knowledge and justice for
the universal benefit of mankind, it is difficult to
realize that during the present century a diabolical,
systematic, and fiendish system of Inquisitorial
mummeries, should be permitted to control a nation,
and exercise at their will the power of seeking to co
erce the human mind, by the vilest means of bigotry,
under the plea of a religious faith. A German Ma
sonic writer on this subject has truly said, that
" There is a land wherein the light of day never pen
etrates; the pilots through this eternal gloom which
there reigns supreme, has no more interesting em
ployment than that of extinguishing every ray of
light which may unexpectedly be let in, and render
their assistance unnecessary. This land is Portugal,
that Paradise of the monks, that seat of ignorance
and prejudice, and the theatre of superstition.”
Such were the critical statements in regard to that
country during the past half century, and in many
respects they are applicable at tne present date.
According to some writers, it is claimed that Ma
sonry existed in Portugal as early as 1150, being a
sequel to the military order of the Templars, but
there are no authentic records to sustain this claim.
It is probable that secret military organizations ex
isted at very remote periods, confined to the higher
grades of society which were then so divided and ex
clusive, but having nothing Masonic in their charac
ter or teachings.
The earliest authentic record that we have of Ma
sonry in Portugal, is about the year 1735, when a
lodge .was established at Lisbon, under authority of
the Grand Lodge of England. One account gives the
honor to Bro. G. Gordon, and another states that it
was Mr. Dogood; it is probable that each of these
parties (both being English) had a Warrant, or co
operated in the same work. No record is given of
their operations or the fate of the lodge, but imme
diately after its existence was known, the priesthood
aided by the all-powerful Inquisition, determined to
give a practical illustration ot their hatred, and crush
out the Order by punishing the members with all the
severity of long and barbarous imprisonment, burn
ing at the stake, and as galley slaves, which hideous
crimes were aided by the civil Government regardless
of law, reason, justice, piety or sympathy, save when
they could accomplish their aims, and benefit their
own interest under the hypocritical garb of religion.
The next important and authentic record we have,
is the narrative of John Coustos, published in Lon
don, in 1746, giving the details of his arrest in Lis
bon, on the Sth of March, 1743, by the usual mode of
treachery and secret agents of the Inquisition; also
of Alex. James Mouton, his companion, who was ar
rested a few days previous. Coustos, a diamond
cutter by trade, was Master, and Mouton Warden of
the lodge at the time of their arrest, the former a
naturalized Englishman, and the latter a Frenchman.
Coustos arrived at Lisbon about 1742, and whether
he found a lodge in working order or founded a new
lodge, the record does not siate. Mouton, after suf
fering several months iu prison with fear of torture
on the rack, was released m consequence of being or
becoming a Catholic; but Coustos, who was a firm
and staunch Protestant and devoted Mason, was not
so fortunate, having remained over two years in the
dark subterranean prisons, some of which are still to
be seen m the gloomy old convents of Lisbon, and
during that time suffered the horrible tortures of
those demons on nine different occasions (engravings
and details of which are given in his book), for the
purpose of extorting the secrets of Masonry and com
pelling him to abandon the order and become a Ro
man Catholic; but true to his faith, his principles,
his oath, he remained steadfast amid the horrors of
his sufferings, a bright illustration and defender of
our mysteries. The charges or indictments brought
against him, according to his statement, were:
" That I had infringed the Pope’s orders by my be
longing to the sect of the Freemasons, this sect be
ing a horrid compound of sacrilege, sodomy, and
many other abomina-ble crimes, of which the invio
lable secrecy observed therein and the exclusion of
women were but too manifest indications, a circum
stance that gave the highest offense to the whole king
dom. And the said Coustos, having refused to dis
cover to the Inquisitors the true tendency and de
sign of the meetings of Freemasons, and persisting,
on the contrary, in asserting that Freemasonry was
good in itself. Wherefore the Proctor of the Inqui
sition requires that the said prisoner may be prose
cuted with the utmost rigor, and for this purpose de
sires the court would exert its whole authority, and
even proceed to torture to extort from him a con
fession, viz.: that the several articles of which he
stands accused are true.”
After two years of inhuman torture, Coustos was
released from prison at the Auto da Fe, with other
victims, and receiving his sentence was condemned
to serve four years in the galleys. A few months af
ter he succeeded in making his condition known to
the English Minister, and through his influence
Coustos was released, and, with his friend and Bro.
Mouton, left a country of benighted despotism, big
otry and ignorance, and went to England, The effect
of these persecutions appears to have checked the
progress of Masonry for some time, as it is not until
1776 that the order Is again brought into notice by
the arrest and long imprisonment of Major Dalin
court and Gyres de Gruelles Paracao for being Free
In 1792 orders were sent to the Governor of Made
ra to deliver up all Freemasons to the Holy Inqui
sition, when Joseph da Oosta Torres, bishop of Fun
chal, persecuted various families on suspicion that
some were members of the order. In
many persons fled from the Island and came to New
York, and on their arrival hoisted a flag with the
motto, " Asylum Querimus.” A most hospitable re
ception was given them, and so strong an impression
did this make on the public mind in Portugal and
throughout Europe that the Government, in order to
try and exonerate itself from the general imputation
of bigotry and ignorance, removed the obnoxious
bishop, but was careful to give him a more lucrative
position at Elvas, where he long continued his intol
erant persecutions to the disgrace of his country.
Notwithstanding the activity and relentless hatred
of the Inquisition, Masonry appears to have contin
ued its organization in secret, principally in the ports
of Lisbon and Oporto, aided by officers of foreign
vessels, on board of which lodges were often held,
the frigate Phoenix being conspicuous for their lodge,
“ Regeneration,” from which it is asserted that five
other lodges were established, under what authority,
if anv, and in what Rite the Brethren were then
working, whether strictly Masonic or semi-political,
the record does not state, but it appears that manv
distinguished Portuguese were active and zealous
members of the order at that time. About 1800 the
General Superintendent, Diego Ing de Pina Manique
became, for political motives of personal advan
tage, a violent oppressor and enemy of the Ma
sons, and the fraternity had to adopt extra
ordinary caution to escape his snares, but many
arrests were made of prominent persons, and the se
verest punishment inflicted. In July, 1802, Hyppo
lyto Jose da Oosta, the naturalist, was arrested at
Lisbon, by the Inquisition, for the pretended crime
of Freemasonry, and had to endure over two years’
Imprisonment under their system of cruel, barbar
ous treatment, a full description of which, together
with the history and by-laws ot the Jesuits and un
holy Inquisition, in which he justly states that" An
ambition to govern and an avidity for riches is so
manifest in the laws of the Inquisition, that we are
fully justified in concluding that they are the princi
pal motives which have induced the Inquisition to
practice all those cruelties that have cast such a hor
rible gloom over the history of Portugal.”
In 1805, we are informed that a Grand Lodge was
constituted, but there is a marked discrepancy in the
statements as to who was Grand Master, one party
giving it as Egaz Moniz, another Jose de Sampajo,
and a third as Sibasteao Jose de Carvalho, brother of
the Marquess of Pombal. In 1807, when the French
under Gen. Junot, entered Lisbon, a Masonic depu
tation waited on him and entreated his protection
for the Order, which request received his favorable
consideration, and the fraternity permitted to work
without molestation; but soon after this some impru
dent political demonstation on the part of a few of
the brethren against the French caused Gen. Junot
to stop such proceedings, and the Grand Lodge
deemed it expedient to close its meetings. Two
years later the Order appears to have revived, and a
Grand Master elected in 1809. One account gives
that position to Fernando Ramao de Ataide Teioe.
But on the departure of the French, and restitution
of the former power, with their hatred, prejudices
and jealousies, Masonry received a decided check,
and fresh persecutions were rigorously pursued. In
1810, thirty of the most prominent members were
placed in chains and sent to the Azores, and the ope
rations of the Order kept under the strictest surveil
lance by the police and Romish Church; but the
meetings were still continued in secret, and many
prominent personages received in the Order. Four
teen lodges are said to have been in operation at Lis
bon in 1812. In 1816, Gen. Gomes Frefre de Andrada
was elected Grand Master of the Grand Orient Lousi
tano, and this is the first time we have a distinct title
given to tho Grand body; but the following year,
1817, Andrada pafd the penalty of being a Mason,
having been falsely accused, arrested and tried on
the pretext of an imaginary crime, and shot, and
eleven ot his companions shared the same fate by
being hung, But these extreme, barbarous and sum*
mary measures of despotism only stimulated the
faithful brotherhood to persevere in their efforts, and
they worked with a zeal worthy of imitation at the
present date, to give light and knowledge, freedom
and justice, to the helpless and benighted inhabit
ants of their despotic government and religious intol
erance. For this purpose a Grand Synod, composed
of Manuel F. Thomas, Jose da Silva Cavalho, Jose
Turara Borges and Joao Ferreira Vianna, was organ
ized as a central or governing body, for the protec
tion of the craf t and perpetuation of Masonic princi
In 1818, King John, who was obliged to leave Por
tugal on the invasion of the French, issued a decree
from tho Brazils against all secret societies, especially
Freemasonry, and on his being reinstated as King of
Portugal, promulgated another and more stringent
edict at Lisbon, on the 20th ot June, 1824, against the
order, making the penalty a fine and five years’
transportation to the Portugal possessions in Africa;
and his successor, Don Miguel, was severe in his
punishment, making the dungeon, the galley and
the gallows the fate of those known to belong to the
society; but on the expulsion of this tyrant, under
priestly influence, from the usurped throne, in 1832,
a more civilized government was inaugurated under
Donna Maria IL and Jose da Silva Cavalho, Minister
of Finance, was elected Grand Master, and the
Grand Orient Lousitano was re-established at Lisbon
in 1833. The order continued their labors free from
persecution, but in 1836 the ambitious views of a few
caused dissension among the lodges, which resulted
in a separation.
The Marquis Saldanha was placed at the head of
the military party, and the Baron Velio Novo do Tio
coa over the ultra-liberal portion, thus making three
governing bodies, but the one over which Cavalho
presided was generally acknowledged to be the origi
nal and only regular Masonic authority.
The revolution of September, 1836, against the
government obliged Cavalho to leave the country,
and tha Grand Body over which he presided sus
pended its meetings, but the lodges under its juris
diction continued their labors, and soon after his de
parture they elected Manuel Gonclaves de Meranda,
Minister of Foreign Affairs, who was succeeded by
Antonio Bernado do Costa Cabral, Minister of the
Home Department, who took his seat on the 20th of
April, 1841, as Grand Master of the Grand Orient
Lousitano, working in the French or modern rite of
seven degrees. In August, 1840, the Grand Orient
sent to Rio de Janeiro and requested that permission
be given them by the Supreme Council of Brazil to
constitute a Supreme Council of the Ancient Ac
cepted Rite for Portugal, the request was duly grant
ed by letter patent from the Supreme Council, Grand
Orient of Brazil, Valley of Lavradio, dated the Ist day
of Kisleu, 5840, creating Antonio Bernado do Oosta
Cabral a 33d deg., with full power and authority to
establish a Supreme Council of Ancient Accepted
Rite, according to the constitutions of 1-786, which
was duly constituted in 1842, and recognized by the
Supreme Council of Brazil, on the 14th day of April,
1843, V. E. and appointed a Grand Rep. of amity near
that Supreme Body, on the 23d of July, 1843. The
Grand Orient Lousitano sent a circular to all the
lodges, informing them of their recognition as a Su
preme Council, 33d and last degree, Ancient Accept
ed Rite.
In 1846 another successful revolution against the
goverment obliged Cabral to leave the country, and
during his absence the Visconde de Oliveira presided
over the Gr. Orient Cabral returned in 1847, and
was reinstated Gr. Master till 1849, when political in
taigues%nd influence of the church induced him, for
seif interest, to retire from the order, which he an
nounced publicly, and tho Visconde de Oliveira was
elected his successor, and Moura Continho, Lieuten
ant Gr. Master, which appears to have caused a dis
sension among the brethren, and a general separa
tion was the result A Grand Diet was convened
which succeeded in restoring harmony, and again
uniting the lodges by changing the name of the
Grand Orient Lousitano to that of the “Supreme
Council, Grand Orient of Portugal.**
On the death of the Visconde Oliveira, the Gr. Diet
elected Moura Continho Sov. Gr. Com., and the gen
eral workings of the order appeared to have been
much improved and better systemized. The Su
preme Council was re-established, and a treaty of
alliance made with the Supreme Council of Brazil,
Valley of Lavradio, signed by the Marquez de
Abrantes as Gr. Com., dated on the 29th day of
September, 1856. On the death of Moura Continho
there appears to have been some difficulty in obtain
ing an acceptable person for their Sov. Gr., Com., as
there existed at that time several independent lodges,
much more political than Masonic in their illegal
operations, also a few regular lodges of those that
seceded or separated from the Gr. Body in 1836, and
were working under the title of Federacao Masonica
Portugueza. After considerable labor and praise
worthy efforts in harmonizing the long standing dif
ficulties which caused the separation, a basis of the
concordat for the union was signed by all the parties
on the 6th day of November, 1867, and the name
changed to the “Supreme Council Grand Orient
Portugueza.” A Grand Diet was then elected to ar
range a new Constitution for the government of the
Gr. Body, and immediately on its being adopted,
was sworn to and put it in execution. Official copies
and translation of all tho original documents, edicts,
treaties, etc., from the Supreme Council of Brazil,
herein referred to, also the concordat and treaty of
union constituting the Supreme Council Grand Orient
Portugueza, together with their General Statutes, are
transmitted herewith.
During my stay at Lisbon, in August last, none of
the bodies under the jurisdiction of the Supreme
Council were in session, being their Summer vaca
tion, but I enjoyed the pleasure of full intercourse
with the Gr. Officers, and received every courteous
attention from Jose da Silva Mendez Leal, the Sov.
Gr. Com., and Florencio Gasper Lopes Banhos, Gr.
Sec. H. E., and from the harmonious and united
condition of the brethren composing that Grand
Body, I feel convinced that Masonry is destined to
enjoy a more peaceful and progressive mission in
perpetuating its principals of truth, virtue and the
light of knowledge and universal brotherhood
throughout the slow but gradually progressive King
dom of Portugal.
Having satisfied myself, after a [laborious investi
gation. that the said Grand Body was the only regu
lar ana legitimate Masonio authority for Portugal, I
then gave special attention to ascertain what other
bodies there were claiming to be Masonic, which I
found as follows:
The Provincial Grand Lodge of Portugal, under the
jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, working
only in the symbolic degrees of the York Rite, and
having under their jurisdiction four lodges, appear to
have worked strictly in conformity with the laws and
principles of the order, Dr. F. G. da 8. Pereira, being
the Provincial Gp. Master, and Joaquin Ignacio
d’Almeida Amado Pro. Gr. Sec. There is also a Rose
Croix Chapter working under authority of the Su
preme Council of Rites of Ireland; these are the only
bodies in Portugal working unuer a foreign jurisdic
The Grand Orient Lousitano, from information
which I had received from other Jurisdictions, also
from the regular Mesonic Bodies ot Lisbon, that the
said Gr .•. Orient was irregular and spurious, in
duced me to make a careful investivatiou in regard
to theta claims and organization; for this purpose I
called on His Excellency, the Conde de Paraty, who
holds the position of Gr. •. Master, and informed
him of my Masonic authority, mission, and desire to
obtain authentic information relative to all Masonic
Bodies, for the purpose of establishing fraternal re
lations. This gentleman received and treated me,
during my stay at Lisbon, with marked attention and
courtesy which I will ever retain in pleasing remem
brance, but in regard to his Masonic claims he total
ly failed to produce any evidence that would entitle
him to be acknowledged as a Mason, or the so-called
Grand Orient Lousitano, a Masonic Body. He freely
and candidly admitted to me the glaring defects of
what he understood of Masonry as it appears to exist
under his authority, and expressed an earnest desire
for more " light, information, and union among his
Brethren.” While strictly avoiding, with such a
Body, any Masonic intercourse, I deemed it proper
to have some evidence that would enable our Bup. •.
Body to decide understandingly, and for that pur
pose I addressed to him the following oommunca
m „ „ „ , , Lisbon, August 6th, 1868.
To His Excellency Conde de Paraty:
Dear Sir—ln addition to the documents received from
you this morning, and according to our verbal under
standing, you will please favor me, at your earliest con
venience, with the following information:
Ist. When, by whom, and at what place, were you ini
tiated into what you claim to be the mysteries of Free
masonry ?
2d. When and by what authority did you organize or
join with the society styling themseves the Grand Orient
Lousitano, and claiming to be a regular Masonic body ?
3d. Under what Masonic rite do you or they work, and
what degrees do-you or they confer ?
4th. If any regular Grand Masonic Bodies have recog
nized the Grand Orient Lousitano, and if so, the names
of the same, with certified copies of recognition ?
sth. How many lodges now compose or work under au
thority of the Grand Orient Lousitano, and the total
number of members ?
By communicating to me the foregoing particulars and
any other information you may deem necessary, end for
warding the same to my address in New York city, U.
8., they will receive careful attention, and be properly
presented to the Sup. Con. for the Northern Masonic
Jurisdiction of the U. S., for their consideration and
decision, of which a reply will be duly communicated to
you. With very kind regards. I have the pleasure to
remain. Most respectf nils yours,
A. ftonnti*.
Soon after my return I received the following letter;
_ „ T , Lisbon, 30th of August, 1868.
Dear Sir : In reply to your letter of the 6th inst., wnich
you addressed to me in continuation of the conversation
that we had, and desiring to oblige you, I have to say to
you that I was received in the Respectable Lodge “ Toler
ancia a Regeneradora,” with the formalities which the
General Statutes of the Order recommend.
. 1 was elected Gr. Master by the vote of my brethren, as
it is customaiy to practice among all the Orients, and in
consequence I addressed myself to the Grand Orient of
France, which, on the 18th of November, recognized the
Grand Orient Lousitano as the only one legally consti
tuted in the Kingdom of Portugal. Up to this time the
Grand Orient Lousitano has relations with that Orient
The Bite which predominates is the French, there be
ing no Orient whatever in the Scottish Rite.
1 have now the satisfaction of sending you the follow
ing :
Ist. Relation of the lodges of the Grand Orient Lousi
tano, the numbers which are want ing are Lodges 9.
2d. Our Constitution lately approved.
3<i. pitcourse at the opening of the Grand Lodge and
its reply.
4th. _ List pf the dignitaries of the Gr. Orient Lousitano
for this year.
sth. Discourse of the Venerable of the Respectable
Lodge Cosmopolite.
In view of this I judgo your desires will be satisfied,
and you may believe that lam ready to give you what
ever information you may need from here, as much for
the good of our August Order as in being of particular
service. lam with satisfaction, respectfully yours,
Signed, Conde de Paraty.
The following extract from their Constitution ap
pears to be their only authority for constituting a
Grand Masonic Body:
To all Masons on the surface of the globe.
H.% 8.-. U.«.
"The Grand Diet, constituent of the Grand Orient
Lousitano, extraordinarily convoked and regularly
constituted and formed under the geometric point
only known by the sons V. L., in a place very bright,
very hidden, and entirely inaccessible to the sight of
the profane, where reign only fraternal peace, love,
and the good of the order.
" Considering that the decree of its convocation
promulgated by the Supreme power, imposes upon
it the mission of arranging, discussing, and decree
ing the Constitution which should govern the same
Grand Orient.
"Considering that the convenience of the order
requires that the code should be founded on the
most liberal principles, there being guaranteed the
full liberty of the Lodges of the Circle and the entire
independence of Superior Bodies.
"Considering that the prosperity of the Grand
Orient Lousitano depends essentially upon its defini
tive and complete organization.
" And having in view that during the discussion
there were pronounced freely the opinions of tho le
gitimate and natural representatives oi the lodges of
the circle which assisted at the laborers of the Grand
Constituent Diet.”
Decrees then follow the articles of their Constitu
tion, and are dated January 31st, 1868.
The want of satisfactory replies from the Conde de
Paraty to my questions, his apparent want of knowl
edge relative to the history and actual condition of
Masonry in Portugal, especially the Ancient Accepted
Rite (Scottish), the admitted informality of their en
tire proceedings, together with the other evidences
herewith submitted, warrant me in believing that all
regular Masonic Grand Bodies must declare the so
calied Grand Orient Lusitano to be irregular, spuri
ous and clandestine.
It is further asserted by the fraternity at Lisbon
that the Conde de Paraty was not regularly initiated,
but received tho degrees by communication from an
expelled Mason. Copy of the decree of said expul
sion I transmit herewith. Their recognition by the
Grand Orient of France cannot justly be used as an
argument for their legality, as it is a well known fact
m the Masonic world that the Grand Orient of
France generally recognizes every so-called Grand
Body that applies to them, without investigating the
facts, and arrogating to themselves a supremacy of
opinion in such matters without deigning to be
guided by the knowledge and co-operation of those
with whom they are m fraternal alliance.
There are two independent lodges professing to
work in the Ancient Accepted Rite (Scottish), under
the Tisconde Soares Pramo. They are generally
known as a military club, and have no relations with
any parties except the Lusiianos, and claim to have
obtained their authority from Montezuma, of Brazil,
about 1842, who was an expelled Mason.
A number of lodges, under the name of Masonic
Federation, organized without authority at various
times, and only have intercourse with the Grand Or
ient Lusitano, who, being in the same irregular po
sition, co-operate with any and all such assemblies.
There are also several isolated lodges working in
dependent as a political and pecuniary speculation,
making no claim to any regular Masonio authority.
Such is the brief but correct history and present
condition of Masonry m Pcrtugal, which I obtained
after a careful and laborious investigation, having
only in view as a compensation an earnest desire to
give reliable information to the fraternity at large,
and thus enable them to act knowingly, and have in
tercourse only with the regdar Masonic authority in
that kingdom.
In our next we will refer to Spain, Italy, Turkey,
and Egypt.
The Exposures op Fbeemasonry, un- <
der the auspices of Joannes Josephus, '
Boston, are now continued. It will be seen that the -
ladies come in for a share of attention:
We have before seen that in this Order they eat
and drink much. With ladies it is, as with men, the
sacred banquet, the fraternal banquet, the free ban- 1
quet, is one of the most serious works of exterior 1
Freemasonry. According tc regulations religiously ’
kept by those valiant ladies, "they never meet 1
alone; they are always helped in their works by Ma
sons.” In the work at table the male and female
Masons are, therefore, side by Bide. "Thus the
meeting is far more interesting.” Here is what we
read in the Ritual of Br.*. Ragon:
First, the banquet is c&lled Lodge of Table.
" There are five obligatory toasts (when coming out
oi this the Mason Bister must often be merry, and
the free woman turn to the tight woman). First toast:
The Grand Mistress gives a rap; all mastication
stops (sic); each one conforms to the table order— 1
that is, puts the four fingers of the right hand, 1
joined, on the table, the thumb being drawn along
side the edge, and forming the square. She says: «
" Dear SS.’. Inspectress and Depositary, see that the t
lamps be filled for a toast which the Gr. •. M. •. and I ;
wish to propose!” The lamps of those free women (
are tumblers—drinking tumblers; from them they <
draw light, strength, and liberty. " Fill the lamp” ]
means fill the tumbler. j
The order being given ard fulfilled, B.*. Inspect
tress says, after having given a rap: "Grand Mi- J
tress, the lamps are on a fine, and filled.”
The Gr.*. M.*. raps again, and says: "Up, and to
order! Sword in hand 1” and they all take the knife
in the left hand. " Beloved BB.*. and much beloved
SS.*., the toast which it is our privilege and happi- i
ness to propose is: The Kings-Masons; it is in behalf j
of healths so dear to our hearts that we must unite in ,
blowing our lamps to their glory 1”
This being said, the G.’. M.*. commands the exer- ’
else: " Right hand on the lamps! hold up the lamps! |
Blow the lamps at one draught!” (The Mason Sis
ter here shows herself to be a woman more and more ’
valiant; she blows her lamp as if it were a match, J
and drinks like a bole). What dragoons! If there <
are Nymphs of the Bose, there are also Nymphs of
the Lamp!
But the exercise is not at an end, and the G.*. M.’. i
continues: "Lamp forward (that is, as explained by 1
8.% Ragon: Five times on the heart, and bring it
forward again). Set down lamps (which must be '
done in five times, adds the Ritual).” Finally, they i
say, five times, “ Eva.” ;
This is the first toast, the first exercise of this war
like banquet. At the filth one, by dint of blowing the
lamp, the poor Sister must be staggering, and draw
ing crooked lines, when going for the twenty-fourth <
or fifth time "from the heart forward.” To go back 1
home, she must need the brotherly arm of her Ma
sonic gossip.
The sacriligious and Impious Masonic dagger is
hidden under the more or less improper amusements
of this androgynous Masonry; and secret societies
mean to make a very serious use of those silly crea
tures whom unbelief, pride, vanity, love of pleasure,
and especially curiosity, thrust into the exterior de
grees. Like that of men, the public Masonry of
women is but a pond in which occult Masonry fat
tens its fishes to draw them at the proper time.
That time is when the Mistress Mason is initiated to
the secret degree of Perfect Mistress.
First of all, they exact from her the awful oath
which binds her to the Sect for life. " I swear,” she
says, " I promise to hold faithfully in my heart, the
secrets of Freemasons and of Freemasonry. I bind
mysolf to it under penalty of being cut to pieces by
the sword of the destroying angeL”
The Gr. •. M. •. immediately proclaims her Perfect
Mistress, and addresses her thus; "My dear, now
that we have initiated you to the symbolical secret of
Masonry, now that the light of truth has shone forth
before your eyes, th© errors, superstitions, and preju
dices (that is, faith and the fear of God) which you
perhaps retained as yet in some corner of your brains,
are removed. An arduous, but sublime task is hence
forth imposed on you (we come to it; let us listen).
Tho first of your duties will be to sour the hearts of
the people against priests and kings. In the coffee
house, in the theatre, in the evening parties, every
where, work with that holy intention.
" There is one more secret to bo revealed to you,
and we shall speak of it in a low tone of voice.”
And he declares to her that the final purpose of the
saci-ed mission of Freemasonry, "is the annihilation
of all religious and monarchial authority.”
There is, then, something truly serious in point,
not only of morality, but also of faith and tho future
of the Church, in this ridiculous initiation of women
to Freemasonry. Freemasons know to what ad
vantage women maybe used; they know that wo
man, once hurled into the ways of impiety and ven
geance, is mere savage,, and more tenacious than
man, and goes further than he. Is it to be wondered
at, if they are happy to see women affiliated to their
order, and if they loudly declare that "to found
lodges for women, would be going at a giant’s rate
in the way of humanitary progress ?” These aro the
words of the Masonic World, October, 1866. It is
known that their " humanitary progress” simply is
Freemasonry says of itself that it is guiltless—that
it is slandered and unjustly condemned by the
We now know enough to appreciate both the pre
tended guiltlessness and the pretended injustice.
Does Masonry believe in the divine authority of
the sovereign Pontiff of the Catholic Church? No.
Does it submit to th© Pope in all things, as com
manded by Almighty God ? No; a thousand times
no. Does it believe in the divinity of our Lord Jesus
Christ ? No. Does it believe in God, Father, Son,
and Holy Ghost, such as He is, such as He has re
vealed Himseli to the world, such as He commands
to be adored? No. Therefore it is, in the highest
degree, guilty of rebellion, impiety, heresy, blasphe
my; therefore it is anti-Catholic, anti-Christian, athe
ist. Therefore it is condemnable; and when it has
been condemned by the Holy See, it has been justly,
and very justly, condemned.
In another, less exclusively Christian, point of
view, Freemasonry,, not only the occult one, rejected
by all upright men, but also the one public and ex
terior, the regulations of which aro known, and al
most m the hands of the public, is a dangerous in
stitution, wicked, immoral, contrary to the most el
ementary laws of human justice, and to the welfare
of nations, I bring but one proof: the Masonic oath
and the penalty of death, as a punishment tor its vi
Freemasonry cannot deny it. From the very first
step of initiation, at the very entering a lodge through
the degree of Apprentice, when falls the bandage,
which, until then, has been on the Postulant’s eyes,
he sees all the drawn swords of the assistants di
rected against his breast, and he hears all the Broth
ers shouting.: "May God punish traitors I” and the
Venerable, after having quieted his fears, adds: "It
jjpu were to betray Freemasonry, no spot on earth
could offer you a shelter against its avenging weap
ons.” Is this true, or not ? Is it true, or not, that
to be a Freemason, to be admitted to that first de
gree of Apprentice, a man must take the abominable
oath which we have given at length, textually copied
from the Ritua-1 the Masonic Order ?
Those two facts cannot be denied, Now, I ask any
upright man, any magistrate, what to think of a pri
vate society, which, outside of civil society, in cold
blood and officially threatens with death all its mem
bers who wbuld be unfaithnil to its laws ? What to
think of a private society, which dares to say: "If
you are faithless to me, no spot on earth could offer
you a shelter against my avenging weapons ?” What
is that threat, if not a threat of murder and assassi
nation ! Now, that is a crime amenable to law in all
civilized countries.
What is, i ask it again, this contemptible heap of
imprecations which accompany,.or, rather, consti
tute the Masonic oath? Can a Christian, a good
man, an honest man, in conscience, thus give him
self up, soul and body, under penalty of death, to
any society whatever, outside of the holy Church ? A
society which forces on all its members, without ex
ception, and receives such an o ath, a private society
which, in contempt of all divine and Human laws, 1
attributes to itself such exorbitant rights, and in
particular, the right of life and death on the millions
who are members of it, is a deeply, essentially im
moral society, and the sword of the Church wherever
it strikes it, strikes it justly.
Thus condemnable, when judged from the points 1
of view, both of reason and of Faith, Freemasonry
has been justly condemned by the Holy See, which 1
in this case, as in so many others, has courageously 1
fulfilled tne salutary mission entrusted to it by Al- !
mighty God. Commissioned to teach all nations, to !
proclaim and defend truth, to judge, unmask, con- 1
demn and pursue error and evil, the holy Church has ‘
solemnly anathematized Freemasonry in all its de
grees, in all its xorma. It has excommunicated, that
is, cut oft/rom her bosom, all Christians, whoever :
they are, who would dare to affiliate themselves to ’
it, in spite of her positive prohibition. s
Every Freemason, therefore, is, and justly, excom- '
municated: the mere Apprentices, sa well as the ’
Grand-Orients, and the Grand-Masters, the high and !
the low, the female and the male Freemasons, the 1
members of lodges, as well as the adepts of the back 3
lodges. ;
A Pleasaxt Document.—Flushing,
May 28, 1869.— T0 the Masters, Wardens and Brethren <
of the Masonic Lodges in the Twenty fourth District of t
New fork: At the close of the first year of the ex- i
istence of the Twenty-fouth District, I feel brethren, i
that a brief report of the condition of Masonry <
within its limits will be of interest to all of you. i
And such a report it is certainly pleasant to make, <
when, as now, every view of that condition presents <
new evidence of Masonic prosperity, and every an- ]
gnry for the future is auspicious of continued sue- t
cess. t
In the first place I have to congratulate you upon t
the formation of the district itself; on our change 1
from being an outlying and necessarily neglected i
portion of a vast district of over fifty lodges, to the t
establishment of the two counties of Queen and Suf- z
folk, as a sub-jurisdiction by themselves. And it 2
seems to me, as I have said in some of your lodges, t
that the formatron of this district—so homogeneous t
both in territory and population—should draw more i
closely those fraternal lies which unite us into one 5
sacred band, or society of friends and brothers, until 5
by frequent inter-communication between lodges 1
and brethren, no Mason of the Twenty-fourth Dis- ‘
trict will require examination or avouehment in any i
sister lodge of the district. y
And I congratulate you, brethrea, on the vast ma- (
ferial gain made by the Craft within a comparative- <
ly short space of time. When we remember that <
but fifteen years ago not a single Masonic organiza- ;
tion existed within our borders, while now we nave t
twelve warranted lodges—all prosperous, all harmo- 1
Bious—beside two lodges V. D., embracing in tbo 1
aggregate over 1,103 Master Masons; and more par
ticularly when we know that the character of the
membership of these lodges is of a more than usu
ally high degree of excellence, (a matter, I conceive,
of far more importance than mere numerical en
largement,) we surely have cause for rejoicing, and
lor the indulgence of high hopes for the future.
The two lodges U. D., which have been established
during my term of office, are both in a sound and
flourishing condition, and enjoy every propect of a
successful and useful career. In each, the laying of
the foundation of the Masonic Edifice has fallen
into the hands of experienced craftsmen, who, I am
confident, will not allow a desire for rapidity of
growth to lead them into the fatal error of introduc
ing improper material into the structure.
Although more than a hundred miles intervene be
tween several of the lodges in the district, still, I
have fortunately been able to visit every working
lodge, and I can assure you, brethren, that it is with
no ordinary gratification that I look back on the
many pleasant acquaintances, thus formed or re
newed, and on the unvarying kindness and cordiali
ty with which my visits have been received,
The condensed statistics of the district will be
found subjoined in tabular form; and it is with much
pleasure that I calhyour attention to the encourag
ing facts there presented.
Finally, brethren, permit me to repeat in writing
the earnest desire which I have endeavored to ex
press to each lodge in person: That we should pay
far more attention to quality than to quantity in the se
lection of material to be employed in the erection of
our Masonic Edifice; that more time should be de
voted to the improvement in mental and moral Ma
sonry of those already within the lodge than to the
mere introduction of new candidates; in short, that
it should be our aim to be distinguished by the high
character of our membership, and by the influence
evidently exerted by our institution upon the lives
and actions of those admitted among us, rather
than by a mere numerical increase, which is as fre
quently a source of weakness as of strength.
Again, brethren, I have to thank you for the uni
form kindness and courtesy which has made the per
formance of my official duties doubly pleasant; and,
trusting that your present prosperity may be con
tinued and increased in the future, and that we may
all so fulfill our Masonic duties here as to be wel
comed finally into the Celestial Lodge above, where
the Supreme Architect of the Universe presides,
I am, fraternally yours,
L. Bradford Prince,
D. D. G. M. 24 th District, Now York,
REPORT, MAY, 1, 1869.
£ T 5 TJ XJ
Name. No. ■§ | -2 f ? g g d
Merton 63 77 SBSO 12 .. 2.. 4~2
Peconic 349 126 888 13 .. 5 .. 2 1
Suffolk 401 127 200 8 2 .... 3 1
Wamponamon. 437 97 916 6 1 .. 1 2 1
South Side 493 86 800 6 .. 6 .. 8 1
Jephtha 494 90 1,157 14 1 20 1 .. 1
Jamaica 546 80 478 9 .. 2 3 1
Cornucopia.... 563 105 1,290 9 .. 1 .. 9 ..
Glen Cove 580 52 225 5 .. 2 .. 5
Island City..... 586 96 808 15 2 2 1 8 1
Advance 635 48 11 10 .. 2 .. 1 ..
Riverhead 645 72 154 12 11 .. 4 ..
Meridan I U.D 29 90 3 9 .... 2 ...
Alcyone I U.D 27 50 .. 7
Measurements of the Temple. —So
much inquiry is being made by writers of all classes
into the size, form and special measurements of the
Temple of Solomon, and the conclusions of authors
are so singularly diverse from each other, that we
think the following translation from the celebrated
Jewish work, the Mischna, will be of interest to our
readers. It was made by a person at Jerusalem thor
oughly skilled in the Hebrew language, and has
never been published in this country. The copy
from which we publish was printed at Jerusalem, at
the English press, and presented us by a traveler who
procured it there. The English is not always gram
matical, but every reader can readily make the need
ful corrections:
I. The Priests guarded the Sanctuary in three
places—in the House Abtinas, in the House Nitzus,
and in the House Moked, and the Levites in twenty
one places, five at the five gates of the Mountain of
the House, four at its four corners inside, five at the
five gates of the Court, four at its four corners out
side, and one in the chamber of the Offering, and
one ip the chamber of the Vail, and one behind the
House of Atonement.
11. The Captain of the Mountain of the House went
round to every watch in succession with torches
flaming before him, and to every guard who did not
stand forth the Captain said: “ Peace be to thee.” I£
it appeared that he slept, he beat him with his staff;
and ghe had permission to set fire to his cushion.
And they said: “ What is the voice in the Court ?”
“It is the voice of the Levite being beaten, and his
garments burned, because he slept on his guard.”
Rabbi Eleazar, the son of Jacob, said: “ Once they
found the brother of my mother asleep, and they
burned his cushion? ’
111. There were five gates to the Mountain of the
House. Two Huldah gates in the South, which
served for going in and out. Kipunus in the West
served for going in and out. Tadi in the North
served for no ordinary purpose. Upon the East gate
was portrayed the city Shushan. Through it one
could see the High Priest who burned the heifer, and
all his assistants, going to the Mount of Olives.
IV. In the court were seven gates. Three in the
North, and three in the South, and one in the East.
That in the South was called the gate of Flaming, the
second after it the gate of Offering, the third after it
the Water gate. That in the East was called the gate
Nicanor. And this gate had two chambers, one on
the right and one on the left. One the chamber qf
Phineas, the vestment keeper, and the other the
chamber of the pancake maker.
V. And at the gate Nitzus on the North was a kind
of cloister, with a room built over it, where the
Priests kept ward above and the Levites below j and
it had a door into the Chel. Second to it was the
gate of the Offering. Third the House Moked.
VI. In the House Moked were four chambers open
ing as small apartments into a saloon—two in the
Holy place and two in the Unconsecrated place, and
pointed rails separated between the Holy and the Un
consecrated. And what was their use ? The South
west chamber was the chamber for the offering. The
Southeast was the chamber for the shew bread. In
the Northeast chamber the Children of the Asmo
neans deposited the stones of the Altar which the
Greek Kings had defiled. In the Northwest chamber
they descended to the house of baptism.
VII. To tne House Moked were two doors. One
open to the Chel, and one open to the court. Said
Rabbi Judah: “ The one open to the court had a
wicket through which they went in to sweep the
VIII. The House Moked was arched and spacious,
and surrounded with stone divans, and the elders of
the Courses slept there with the keys of the court in
their hands, and the young priests each with his pil
low on the ground.
IX. And there was a place a cubit square with a
tablet of marble, and to it was fastened a ring, and a
chain upon which the keys were suspended. When
the time approached for locking, the Priest lifted up
the tablet by the ring, and took the keys from the
chain, and .locked inside, and the Levite slept out
side. When he had finished locking, he returned the
keys to the chain, and the tablet to its place, laid his
pillow over it, and fell asleep. If sudden defilement
happened, he rose and went out in the gallery that
ran under the arch, and candles flamed on either side
until he came to the house of baptism. Rabbi Elea
zer, the son of Jacob, says: “ In the gallery that went
under the Chel he passed out through Tadi.”
I. The Mountain of the House was five hundred
cubits square. The largest space was on the South,
the second on the East, the third on the North, and
the least Westward. In the place largest in meas
urement was held most service.
11. All who entered the Mountain of the House en
tered on the right hand side, and went round and
passed out on the left, except to whomsoever an acci
dent occurred he turned to the left. “ Why do you
go to the left?” “I am in mourning.” “He that
dwelleth in this House comfort thee.” “I am ex
communicate.” “He that dwelleth in this House
put in thy heart repentance, and they shall receive
thee.” The words of Rabbi Mayer, to him said Rab
bi Jose: “ Thou hast acted as though they had trans
gressed against him in judgment; but may He that
dwelleth in this House put in thy heart that thou
hearken to the words of thy neighbors, and they
shall receive thee.”
111. Inside of the Mountain of the House was a re
ticulated wall ten hand-breaths high; and in it were
thirteen breaches broken down by the Greek Kings.
The Jews restored and fenced them, and decreed be
fore,them thirteen acts of obeisance. Inside of it was
the Chel, ten cubits broad, and twelve steps were
there. The bight of each step was half a cubit, and
the breadth half a cubit. All the steps there were in
bight half a cubit and in breadth half a cubit, except
those of the porch. All the doors there were in bight
twenty cubits and in breadth ten cubits, except that
of the porch. All the gateways there had’doors, ex
cept that of the porch. All the gates there had lin
tels, except Tadi; there two stones inclined one upon
the other. All the gates there were transformed into
gold, except the gate Nicanor, because to it haupened
a wonder, though some said “ because its bra*ss glit
tered like gold/*
IV. And all the walls there were high, except.the
Eastern wall, that the Priest who burned the heiter
might stand on the top of the Mount of Olives and
look straight into the door of the Sanctuary when he
sprinkled the blood.
V. The Court of the women was one hundred and
thirty-five cubits in length, by one hundred and thir
ty-five in breadth. And in its four corners were four
chambers, each forty cubits square, and they had no
roofs; and so they will be In future, as is said: “Then
he brought me forth into the utter court, and caused
me to pass by the four corners of the court; and be
hold, in every corner of the court there was a court.”
In the four corners of the court there were courts
smoking, yet not smoking, since they were roofless.
And what was their use ? The Southeast one was the
chamber of the Nazarites, for there the Nazarites
cooked their peace offerings, and polled their hair,
and cast it under the pot. The Northeast was the
chamber for the wood, and there the Priests with
blemishes gathered out the worm-eaten wood. And
every stick in which a worm was found was unlaw
ful for the Altar. The Northwest was the cham
ber for the lepers. The Southwest? Rabbi Elea
zar, the son of Jacob, said: “ I forget for what it
served.” Abaehaul said: “There they put wine
and oil.” It was called the chamber of the house
of oil. And it was open at gflrst, and surrounded
with lattice work, that the women might see from
above, and the men from beneath, lest they should
be mixed. And fifteen steps, corresponding to the
fifteen steps in the Psalms, ascended from it to the
court of Israel, upon them the Levites chanted.
They were not angular, but deflected like the half of
a round threshing floor.
VI. And under the court of Israel were chambers
open to the court of the women. There the Levites
deposited their harps, and psalteries, and cymbals
and all instruments of music. The court of Israel
was one hundred and thirty-five cubits long, and
eleven broad; and likewise the court of the Priests
was one hundred and thirty-five cubits long, and
eleven broad. And pointed rails separated the court
of Israel from the court of the Priests. Rabbi
Eleazar the son of Jacob said “ there was a step a
cubit high, and a dais placed over it. And in it were
three steps each half a cubit in height.” We find
that the Priest’s court was two and a half cubits
higher than the court of Israel. The whole court
was one hundred and eighty-seven cubits in length,
and one hundred and thirty-five cubits in breadth,
and the thirteen places for bowing were there.
Abajose the son of Chanan said “in front of the
thirteen gates.” In the South near to the West were
the upper gate—the gate of flaming—the gate of the
first born—the water-gate, and why is it called the
water-gate ? because through it they bring bottles of
water for pouring out during the feast of Taber
nacles. Rabb Eleazar the son of Jacob said—
“through it the water returned out, and in future
it will issue from under the threshold of the House.”
And opposite them in the North near to the West the
gate of Jochania—the gate of the offering—the gate
of the women—the gate of music, and “ why was it
called the gate of Jochania ?” “ because through it
Jochama went out in his captivity.” In the East was
the gate Nicanor and in it two wickets, one on the
right, and one on the left, and two in the West which
were nameleee.
The Altar was thirty-two cubits square. It as
cended a cubit and receded a cubit. This was the
foundation. It remains thirty cubits square. It as
cended five cubits, and receded one cubit. This is
the circumference. It remains twenty-eight cubits
square. The place for the horns was a cubit on
either side. It remains twenty-six cubits square.
The place of the path for the feet of the priests was a
cubit on each side. The hearth remains twenty-four
cubits square. Rabbi Jose said, “At first it was only
twenty-eight cubits square.” It receded, and as
cended until the hearth remained twenty cubits
square; but when the children of the captivity came
up, they added to it four cubits on the North, and
four cubits on the West like a gamma it is said; and
the altar was twelve cubits long by twelve broad,
being a square. One could say it was only “a square
of twelve” as is said. Upon its four sides we learn
that it measured Jfrom the middle twelve cubits to
every side. And a line of red paint girdled it in the
midst to separate the blood above from the blood be
low. And the foundation was a perfect walk along
on the North side; and all along on the West, but it
wanted in the South one cubit, and in the East one
n. And in the Southwestern corner were two holes
as two thin nostrils, that the blood poured upon the
Western and Southern foundation should run into
them; and it commingled in a canal and flowed out
into the Kidron.
111. Below in the plaster in the same corner there
was a place a cubit square with a marble tablet, and
a ring fastened in it. Through it they descended to
the sewer and cleansed it. And there was a sloping
ascent to the South of the Altar thirty-two cubits long
by sixteen broad. In its western side was a closet
where they put the birds unmeet for th© Bin offering.
IV. Either the stones of sloping ascent, or the
stones of the Altar were from the Valley of Be th
eorem. And they digged deeper than virgin soil,
and brought from thence perfect stones over which
iron was pot waved. For the iron defiles by touch
ing. And a scratch defiles everthing. In any of
them a scratch defiled, but the others were lawful.
And they whitewashed them twice in the year; once
at the Passover, and once at the feast of Tabernacles.
And at tne Sanctuary was whitewashed once at the
Passover. The Rabbi said “ every Friday evening
they whitewashed them with a mop on account of
the blood.” They did apt plaster it with an iron
trowel “mayhap it will touch and defile.” Since iron
is made to snorten the days of man, and the altar is
made to lengthen the days of man, it is not lawful
that what shortens should be waved over what
V. And there were rings to the Northern side of the
altar, six rows of lour each: though some say four
rows of six each. Upon them they slaughtered the
holy beasts. The slaughter house was at the North
side of the Altar And in it were eight dwarf pillars
with a beam of cedar wood over them. And in them
were iron hooks—three rows to each pillar. Upon
them they hung up the bodies ; and skinned them
upon marble tables between the pillars.
VI. The Laver was between the Porch and the
Altar, but inclined more to tne South. Between the
Porch and the Altar were twenty-two cubits, and
there were twelve steps. The hight of each • step
was a hall cubit, and its breadth a cubit—a cubit—a
cubit—a landing three cubits—a cubit—a cubit and a
landing three cubits. And the upper one a cubit—a
cubit, and the landing four cubits. Rabbi Jehuddah
said “the upper a cubit—a cubit, and the landing
five cubits.”
VII. The door way of the Porch was forty cubits
high, and twenty broad. Over it were five carved
oak beams. The lower one extended beyond the door
way a cubit on either side. The one over it extended
a cubit on either side. It results that the uppermost
was thirty cubits; and between each one there was a
row of stones.
VUI. And stone buttresses were joined from the
wall of the Sanctuary to the wall of the porch lest it
should bulge. And in the roof of the porch were
fastened golden chains upon which the young priests
climbed up, and saw the crowns. As is said, “and
the crowns shall be to Helem, and to Tobijah, and to
Jedaiah, and to Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a
memorial in the temple of the Lord.” And over the
doorway of the sanctuary was a golden vine sup
ported upon the buttresses. Every one who vowed
a leaf, or berry, or a cluster he brought it and hung
it upon it. Said Rabbi Eleazar the son of Zadok “it
is a fact, and there were numbered three hundred
priests to keep it clear.”
The doorway of the Sanctuary was twenty cubits
in height, and ten in breadth. And it had four doors
—two within and two without as is said—“ two doors
to the Temple and the Holy place.’ The outside
doors opened into the doorway to cover the thickness
of the wall, and the inside doors opened into the
Sanctuary to cover the space behind the doors, be
cause the whole House was overlaid with gold ex
cepting behind the doors. Rabbi Judah said “ they
stood in the middle of the doorway and like a pivot
these folded behind them two cubits and a half; and
and those two cubits and a half. Half a cubit and a
jamb on this side,” and half a cubit and a jamb on
other side.” It is said “ two doors to two doors fold
ing back—two leaves to one door and two leaves to the
11. And the great gate had two wickets—one in the
North, and one in the South. Through the one in
the South no man ever entered. And with regard to
it Ezekiel declared—as is said—“ The Lord said unto
me : This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened,
and no man shall enter in by it; because the Lord,
the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, therefore it
shall be shut.” The Priest took the key and opened
the wicket, and went into the little chamber, and
from the chamber to the Sanctuary. Rabbi Judah—
“ he went in the thickness of the wall until he found
himself standing between the two gates, and he
opened the outside gates from inside, and the inside
from outside.”
111. And there were thirty-eight little chambers—
fifteen in the North, fifteen in the South, and eight in
the West. The Northern and Southern ones were
placed five over five, and five over them; and in the
West three over three, and two over them. To each
were three doors—one to the little chamber to the
right, one to the little chamber to the left, and one to
the little chamber over it. And in the Northeastern
corner were five gates—one to the little chamber on
the right, and one to the little chamber over it, and
one to the gallery, and one to the wicket, and one to
the Sanctuary.
IV. The lowest row was five cubits, and the roofing
six cubits, and the middle row six, and the roofing
seven, and the upper was seven—as is said, “the
nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the
middle six cubits broad, and the third seven cubits
V. And a gallery ascended from the Northeastern
comer to the Southwestern corner. Through it they
went up to the roofs of the little chambers. One went
up to the gallery with his face to the West. So he
proceeded all along the Northern side till he reached
the West. On reaching the West he turned his face
Southward, going along the West side till he reached
the South. On reaching the South with his face to
the East, he went along the South side till he arrived
at the door of the upper story, because the door of
the upper story opened in the South side. And at
the door of the upper story were two cedar beams.
By them they went up to the roof of the upper story,
and on its summit rails separated between the Holy
and the Holy of Holies. And in the attic trapdoors
opened to the Holy of Holies. Through them they
let down the workmen in boxes, lest they should
feast their eyes in the Holy of Holies.
VI. The Sanctuary was a square of one hundred
cubits, and its hight one hundred. The foundation
six cubits, and the hight of the wall forty cubifs, and
the string course one cubit, and the rain channel two
cubits, and the beams one cubit, and the covering
plaster one cubit; and the hight of the upper story
was forty cubits, and the string course one cubit, and
the rain channel two cubits, and the beams one cu
bit, and the covering plaster one cubit, and the bat
tlement three cubits, and the scarecrow one cubit.
Rabbi Judah said “ the scarecrow was not counted
in the measurement; but the battlement was four
VII. From East to West were one hundred cubits.
The wall of the Porch five, and the Porch eleven, and
the wall of the Sanctuary six, and the interior forty,
and the partition space between the Vails one, and the
Holy of Holies twenty cubits. The wall of the Sanc
tuary was six, and the little chamber six, and the
wall of the little chamber five. From North to South
were seventy cubits. The wall of the gallery five—the
gallery three—the wall of the little chamber five—the
little chamber six—the wall of the Sanctuary six—its
interior twenty—the wall of the Sanctuary six—the
little chamber six—the wall of the little chamber five
—the place for the descent ot fhe water three—and
the wall five cubits. The Porch was extended beyond
it fifteen cubits in the North, and fifteen in the
South; and this space was called “the house of the
instruments of slaughter” because the knives were
there deposited. And the Sanctuary was narrow be
hind and broad in front, and it was like a lion, as is
said “ Ho ! Ariel the city where David dwelt, as a lion
is narrow behind and broad in front, so the Sanctuary
is narrow behind and broad in front.”
Our Beauty Be Upon The Door Of The
I. The length of the whole court was one hundred
and eighty-seven cubits. The breadth one hundred
and thirty-five. From East to West one hundred and
eighty-seven. The place for the tread of the feet of
Israel was eleven cubits. The place for the tread of
the Priests eleven cubits. The Altar thirty-two. Be
tween the Porch and the Altar twenty-two cubits.
The Temple one hundred cubits. And eleven cubits
behind the House or Atonement.
11. From North to South one hundred and thirty
five cubits. From the sloping ascent to the Altar
sixty-two. From the Altar to the rings eight cubits.
The space for the rings twenty-four. From the rings
to the tables four. From the tables to the pillars
four. From the pillars to the wall of the court eight
cubits. And the remainder lay between the sloping
ascent and the wall and the place of the pillars.
111. In the court were six chambers—three in the
North and three in the South. In the North the
chamber of salt—the chamber of Parva—the cham
ber of washers. In the chamber of salt they added
salt to the offering. In the chamber of Parva they
salted the skins ox the offering ; and upon its roof was
the house of baptism for che High Priest on the day
of atonement In the chamber of washers they
cleansed the inwards of the offerings ; and from
thence a gallery extended up to the top of the house
of Parva.
IV. In the South were the chamber of wood—the
chamber of the captivity— and the chamber of hewn
stone. The chamber of wood—said Rabbi Eleazar,
the son of Jacob, “I forget for what it served.”
Abashaul said “ the chamber of the High Priest was
behind them both, and the roof the three was even.”
In the chamber of the captivity was sunk the well
with the wheel attached to it, and from thence water
was supplied to the whole court. In the chamber of
hewn stone the great sanhedrin of Israel sat, and
judged the priesthood, and the priest in whom defile
ment was discovered clothed in black, and vailed in
black went out and departed; and when no defile
ment was found in him clothed in white, and vailed
in white he went in and served with his brethren the
priests. And they made a feastday because no defile
ment was found in the seed of Aaron the Priest, and
thus they said, “Blessed be the place. Blessed be
he since no defilement is found in the seed of Aaron.
And blessed be He who has chosen Aaron and his
sons to stand and minister before the Lord in the
House of the Holy of Holies.”
Oub Beauty Be Upon The Whole Court ; ;
And Completion To The Tract
To the Masonic Editor of the N.
Y. Dispatch.— bear Sir and Bro: Disbelieving in
the introduction of Sectarianism in the Masonic Fra
ternity, I would ask:
Ist. Has a Committee or a brother accompanying
such Committee the right to ask of one who has been
proposed in a lodge as a candidate, his religious be
ief, for tne purpose of learning whether he is a Pro
testant or Catholic. 2d. Is it Masonic to use the result
ot such answer, only (the candidate being in every
respect worthy in the opinion of the Committee
proper) as a just cause to reject the candidate ? As
your interrogator firmly believes was the case. 3d.
Is not the only necessary religious qualification to
become a Mason, that he believe in the existence of
a Supreme Being, the Ru’-?r of the Universe, and in
the immortality of the soul (as per Woodruff Oode,)
and in the power of the Almighty to punish an of
fender against his laws ? 4tn. Does it not prove that
a brother who would be guilty of an offence (if an
offence) as described above, possesses a low, mean,
contemptible spirit, one unworthy of a Mason and a
brother? s:h, Can the brvthw pe disciplined for
such action? Hoping to hear from you through tU®
columns of your paper, I am
Fraternally yours, 6.
Answers.— l. The only question, usually asked
the past, has been, if the proposed party believed ia
the existence of one ever Living and true God. It!
Is difficult to state any general rule on the subject*
’ The recent denunciations of Freemasonry by tna
Church of Borne, and the warnings that it has given tgi
its communicants against Freemasonry, may be an
excuse for asking the question referred to. Religion,
appears to follow birth and surrounding cirounij
stances; indeed it may be said that but few, if any*
persons born of Catholic parents have ever professed!
Judaism, and but few, if any, Jews have ever renounc
ed the faith of their birth’ and become Christians.
Thus it will be seen that our religion may be consld*
ered good or bad, in general estimation, as the cir
cumstances of our birth may dictate. Some lodge®
have come to the conclusion that good Masons can
not be made out of good Catholics. Although we be*
lieve to the contrary, still we think that the question
referred to is not an improper one; for the fraternity
has the duty of self protection to perform, and they
may not desire to admit to Its privileges those who
may afterward become hostile to it. The asking of
such a question may be in questionable taste; but
the right to ask it may still exist.
11. Any sufficient cause—so considered by a Ma*
son—aioiatcß tiiu uoetiug of a rejecting ballot, and wa
cannot question the motive which has induced the
m. These, without the last clause commencing
with the words, “and in the power” are all that are
required generally.
IV. There Is an offence in thus casting a black ball.
There may be bigotry in the act, but no Masonic of*
fence has been committed.
V. He cannot.
To the Masonic Editob of the N.
Y. Dispatch: Was George Washington Master of a
lodge of F. and A. M. ? Your answer will greatly
oblige a number of M. M.
Fraternally yours, Master Mason.
Answer—Yes. See Hayden’s book, entitled
<» Washington and his Masonic Compeers,” now on
sale at the Masonic Publishing Company, No • 432
Broome street.
meet Ist and 3d Friday of every month, at No. 594
Broadway, N. Y. W. ft. VAN EVERY, 33d. Mosh
Wise; w. F. FORD, Jr., 32d, S. Knight Warden;
J. A, CRISTA DORA, 31st, J. Knight Warden: C.
W. COLBURN, 32, Archivist. No. 14 Bedford street. J
meets on the 2d and 4th MONDAY of every month ah
No. 65 West Thirty-fourth street. Members of othfitf
Chapters are cordially invited to be present.
meets at their rooms, No. 68 East Broadway, on the 2d
and 4th Friday evenings of each month.
JOHN T. MARTIN, T. 111. Master,
P. W. VER HOEVEN, R. 111. Dep. AK
BE NJ. 8. HILL, P. Cond. of Work.
JOSIAH SHOVE, Treasurer.
E, M. ALFORD. Jr., Recorder,
No. 100 Greenwich street*
MUNICATION Ist and 3d Thursday of each month«
Masonic Temple, cor. Broome and Crosby streets.
Charles J. Williams Sec.
M. meets at the rooms No. 594 Broadway, N. Y., on
the second andjfourth Thursdays of every month, ex
cept July and August.
B. REED, M., No. 151 Orchard st.
W. H. VAN EVERY. Sec., No. 256 Water fit*
Second Annual Pic-Nte of Polar Star
LODGE, No. 245, F. and A. M., to
ON TUESDAY, JUNE 22, 1869.
leave Saw Mill Dock, Greenpoint, at 1% A. M.; Eighth:
st., E. 8., BA. M.; Peck slip, B>£ A. M.; Thirty-fourth
st., N. R., 9& A. M.
TICKETS, admitting gentleman and lady, $1 00.
Grand SummernigM’s Festival of
No. 228, F. and A. M.,
' AT
LADIES, can be obtained of the following Committee;
B. C. BROWNE, No. 47 Walker street,
A. LOEB, No. 16 Cedar street.
GEORGE MARVIN, No. 61 Lispenard street.
Annual Pic-Aic and Summer Kigbt’B
F. and A. M.,
One-hundred-and-tenth street and Eighth avenue.
On MONDAY, JUNE 28th. 1869.
To commence at 2 o’clock P. M.
•Philip Pinkel, Secretary.
Wm. C. Morris, Treasurer.
Admitting a Gentleman and Lady.
Jlanhattan Commandery, Ko. 31,
Knights Templar.—Attention, Sir Knights! You are
hereby summoned to meet in the Asylum, corner of
Grand and Centre streets, on Monday, June 14th, at 1034
o’clock A. M., for special business, and reception of
Newburgh and other Commanderies, accompanying u$
us to Philadelphia. By order of
H. C. Parke, Reo.R. STEPHENS, E. O.
City □, So. 408, F. and A. JL
Brothers: You are hereby notified to attend the next
regular communication of City Lodge, No. 408, at their
rooms, No. 594 Broadway, on Tuesday evening, June 22,
1869, at 8 o’clock. Business of importance. Amendment
to By-Laws. By order of the M.
Jas. Tully, Sec.
£®°* Enterprise □, Ko. 228, F. and A. Iff.
—The Members of Enterprise Lodge, No. 228, are hereby
notified to be present at the regular communication to
be held Tuesday, June 15, 1869, a* 8 o’clock P. M. Work
—First Degree. Also important business to be trans
acted. By order.
IgT Kotice.—The Members of Empire
Chapter are hereby notified to attend a special convoca*
tion to be held at their rooms, No. 594 Broadway, on Mon*
day, June 14th, at 5 o’clock, P. M.
E. Lowenstine, Seo.
Globe □, No. 588, F. and A. .'fi.-The
members of Globe Lodge, No. 588, F. and A. M„ arei
hereby summoned to attend the next regular communi
cation of the Lodge, on Tuesday evening, June 15th, at
their rooms, No. 594 Broadway, for the purpose of acting
upon a proposed amendment to the By-Laws, and Elec-,
tion of Secretary. (Work: First Degree. To be exempli
fied by R. W. Bro. Geo. H. Raymond, Grand Lecturer.,
I By order, JAMES E- HALSEY, M.
Worth o, Ko. 210, F.
members of Worth Lodee, No. 210, are hereby summoned
, to attend the next regular meeting on Thursday. Juna
17th, at 8 o’clock P. M., at the Corinthian Rooms, Oda
Fellows Hail, on business of importance.
By order of WM. H. CALDWELL* M.
John W. Timson. Sb., Sec.
(gF A Card of Thanks.—The Williams
burgh Masonic Board of Relief acknowledge with gratis
tude and thanks the donation of Twenty Dollars from
Thos. R. Lecount, W. M. of Progressive Lodge, No. 354,
being the amount of his salary as Representative to tha
June Communication of the Grand Lodge, State of N. VL
J. C. Cabble, Sec.ROBT. DUNCAN, President. ,
Masonie Lodge Room to Let, for the
2d and 4th Wednesdays, cor. Eighth avenue and Eight
eenth street. Apply to B. Shuman, No. 145 and 147 East
Forty-second st., and J- Nn.4fi Warren st.
Samuel R. Rirkbam.
No. 194>a BOWERY,
Three doors above Spring st., New York,
Keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of
—— —__
American masonic Agency,
J . . . , JEWELRY, Ero.
on hand and manufactured to order, for *
ho. 434 BROADWAY, Corner of Howard street,
New Yong,_
J. ij. StSH,
Successor to
Wholesale and Retail,
Second Door above Duane street,
O* All kinds of Chewing and Smoking Tobacco-*
Meerschaum and Brier Wood Pipes, Ac.
gST Decher & Brother, manufacturers of
the full Iron Plate Pianofortes, with Agraffe arrange*
One block east from Broadway, New York.
Established 1854.
N. 8.-We do not advertise any PATENT HUMBUGS fOB
the purpose of blinding the Public; neither have we an®
connection with any house of the same name established
at a more recent date.
Liberal discount to Clergymen and the Profession.
Rock &
No. 354 BOWERY,
Between Great Jones and Fourth streets,
New York.
Wood & Waring,
(Between Hester streets).
An extensive assortment of
for Men and Boys.
made to order. Also.
Chattcrloa & Williams, manufaetur
era, No. 121 WEST BROADWAY, New York, inform
their numerous friends and patrons that thev are pre
}jOLUMNS- r also ™ pattern of MASONIQ
ALTAks^ 0 ’
x , STAFFS, Ac-
at a less cost than can be procured at any other estab
TION for the interior and exterior dwC
oration of buildfora promptly attended to*

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