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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, January 08, 1871, Image 4

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The Great Fire at Richmond,
$23,500 IN CURRENCY.
Ornes OF ADAMS EXPBF.SS Company, t
No. 69 Broadway, New York, Dec. 31,1870. 1
Messrs. Herring, Farrel 4* Sherman: Our agent at
teond writes: “We got through to-night drying and fix
ing up the money from the late fire. The contents of
the safe, $23,530 in brils, we recovered. It was a Her
iing’B Safe, and a good one, certain.” _
Yours truly, I. C. BABCOCK, Treasurer.
Office of Southern Express Company.
Messrs. Herring, Farrel <s• Sherman, New York:
Gents: The two safes of your manufacture, whicn we
had in use on the morning of the 25th inst., at the disas
trous fire which destroyed the Spotswood Hotel ana ad
joining block of buildings, in which our offide was m the
centre, have given full satisfaction, and served to PF®"
vent the destruction of some $20,000 in currency, beside
the valuable papers and books inclosed therein. Owing
to the dangerous condition of the stand mg walls, it was
impossible for workmen to excavate the safe until nearly
eighty hours atter the fire. The large safe was then cut
•©pen and contents found as above. We opened the small
Safe with similar results. In consideration of tne fore
going facts, I am pleased to add this testimony and in
dorsement to the well-earned reputation of your fire
>roof safes. Respectfully, p GIESOX .
Assistant Superintendent for Adams Southern Express
Richmond, Va., Dec. 29,1870.
Richmond Detective Agency, ?
Richmond, Va., Dec. 31, 1870.)
‘ Messrs. Herring, Farrel 4* Sherman:
Dear Sirs: Please pardon me for addressing youin
the manner I do, but. being a New Yorker, I take the
liberty. We were called upon to open the safe of tne
late Spotswood Hotel, built by you, after it had been in
the fire for twenty-two hours. We opened it in the
ruins by cutting through the bottom with chisels ana
iledge, and found money, silverware, &c. —a very large
smount5 mount—all O. K. I send you by this mail a paper.
'ours, respectfully, „ ,
Proprietors of the Spotswood.
Richmond, Va., Dec. 29,1870.
Messrs. Herring, Farrel fy Sherman:
Gents: On the morning of the 25th mst., we were so
unfortunate as to have our hotel burned, with contents.
Yet we were fortunate enough to have one of your Her
ring’s Patent Champion Safes, which fell into the cellar
among a burning mass of ruins.' After the fire abated,
■we tried all means to extricate it, but found it impossi
ble on account of the bricks, mortar, and burning rub
bish lying thereon and about it, so we employed a me
chanic and cut it open through the bottom, and, to our
Utmost surprise, we found the contents, consisting of
valuable paper’s, money, and some silverware, all in good
order. Hau it not been for your Herring s Safe we
would have lost everything.
The most Reliable Protection from Fire now
Herring’s New Patent Champion Bankers’ Safe.
The Best Protection Against Burglars’ Tools
No. 251 Broadway, corner Murray st., New York.
FARREL, HERRING & CO., Philadelphia.
New Orleans.
Flash of Lightning.— “l. In what
Rattle was Arnold von Winckelried killed, and what was
kis rank ?•” Arnold von Winckelried, the Swiss peasant
patriot, was killed at the battle of Sempach, while glo
riously defending his country against the Austrians, on
the 9th July, 1386. Leopold 11., Duke of Austria, was
also killed in this battle, which established the inde
pendence of Switzerland. “2. What is the rent per an
num of a post office box, and are they let for less than
one year?” We do not knpw whether any or every per
son can got one, but the rent for the present year is
sixteen dollars per annum, paid quarterly in advance.
They may, therefore, be said to let for three months at a
time; for if the rent is not paid when the notice is sent
in, the box is lost. C‘3. What became of Marshal
Grouchy after the battle of Waterloo ?” He was includ
ed in the special amnesty in 1819, and restored to his
military rank on the accession of Louis Phillipe. He
died in 1847. “4. What battles did General Burgoyne
and Lord Cornwallis take part in before and after the
Revolution, and when and where did they die?” Bur
goyne first fought in Portugal against the Spaniards;
then he returned to England and entered Parliament.
At the breaking out of the Revolution he was pres
ent at Bunker’s Hill. He was also at Ticonderoga, Still
water, Saratoga, etc! On his return to Great Britain, he
again entered Parliament, and devoted the remainder of
his life to literature. He died on the 4th June, 1792.
Lord Cornwallis fought with distinguished valor in sev
eral engagements during the celebrated “Seven Years
War,” whiohwas concluded in 17G3. He also fought in
Several battles under Howe and Clinton in the first year
Of the American War, but he was besieged in Yorktown,
which place he surrendered, after a splendid and obsti
nate defense, on 19th October, 178 L In 1786 he was sent
to India as Commander-in-Chief and Governor-Gen
eral, and distinguished himself in several battles with
. Tippoo Saib. In 1/98 he was made Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland, where he put out the rebellion, was again sent
to India in 1805, and died on his way to the headquarters
of his army atGhazepore, on the sth October, TBOS. He
was sixty-seven years of age at his death.
Big Six.—“ 1. When was the old
Broadway Theatre finally abandoned?” In 1859, when
it was pulled down. “2. Can you tell me the uses of
China (a homeopathic remedy) and what diseases it is
good for ?” We do not know anything of it. “3. What
Was the date of the Dead Rabbit and Bowery Boys riot—
were there any lives lost, and what was it about?” It
occurred on the 4th of July, 1857. Some of the Dead
Rabbits entered a saloon between the night of the 3d
and the morning of the 4th of July, and insulted the
proprietor, who at length drove them out. The Bowery
Boys heard of it, and were very indignant, and when the
Dead Rabbits, in strong force, commenced an attack on
the police on the afternoon of the 4th, and drove them
up Bayard street, the Bowery Boys joined the police, and
Bent the Dead Rabbits flying. Several lives were lost in
the struggle. The cause of the riot was some dissatis
faction which the Dead Rabbits ielt respecting the new
police arrangements, which came into force on that day.
“4. Who was General-in-Chief of the Irish in the rebel
lion of 1798 ?” Lord Edward Fitzgerald was the leader
of the Irish rebellion in 1798, and he was shot in the
struggle for his arrest. He was thirty-five years of age
at. the time. “5. Did not General McClellan take part
jn the Mexican war ?” Yes.
1871.—“1. Can an honest citizen
make a complaint to the District Attorney against a
. firm which has compounded a felony, although the
criminal was guilty of forgery, false pretense, and
swindling, and have them punished?” No; you must
go before a magistrate and make affidavit of the circum
stances, and he will issue a warrant for the apprehen
sion of the members of the firm. The papers willsjhen
go to the District Attorney, who will lay them before
the Grand Jury, who will find a true bill or not, as they
may-think4it. “2. Can said citizen have the criminal
arrested and make the firm give evidence against him ?”
Yes; you will require to go before amagistrate and make
affidavit of the circumstances, and what proof you can
produce, and he, if he thinks the evidence strong
enough, will grant a warrant for his apprehension.
With regard to making the firm give evidence against
him, they are not bound to give any evidence which will
priminate themselves. ...
Duncan McS.— l. The present Eng
lish translation of the Bible was finished in September,
1611, and has not officially been revised until last year,
When a revision was sanctioned by Convocation, and is
expected to be shortly completed. 2. The Pope of
Rome, on tne 28th of Feb., 1759, permitted an edition of
the Bible to be translatedin all the languages .of the Ca
. tholic States. The version allowed to Roman Catholics in
the United States is the Douay one, so named from the
College of Douay, in France, where the translation was
made. It differs much from the American Bible, the sup
pressions of particular passages, texts, and chapters
being so frequent and numerous.
Lizzie L.— It would not be eti
quette, and certainly not decorous, for you to make
such a present without the knowledge and consent of
your parents. Slippers ara undoubtedly slippers; but
young men are apt to view such things, coming from
young lady friends, as invitations to walk overground
they would otherwise treat with unmeasured respect. A
maiden cannot be too reserved in her behavior to the
opposite sex. The latter are so prone to presume on the
slightest approach to familiarity. When you are en
gaged to be married, work away on “slippers” for the
•* curled darling” of your choice.
_B. C., Akron, O.— We feel much
obliged to you for your expression of good feelirg. You
can improve upon the shape or device of pen-holders as
often as you think fit, as but very tew are patented, and
even if they were you could register your improvement.
We cannot advise you regarding the metallic substance
you require, nor the shape in which you should get it, as
we know nothing of your design. Use any metal you
think most suitable, there is no reason why you should
not. We are sorry we cannot be of ipore uso to you in
the present case, but you can always depend upon cur
readiness to oblige.
G. 11. ll.— We do not believe any
license is required to permit you to advertise the lot
tery, but by advertising that you are ready to dispose of
tickets for the lottery, you subject yourself to an action
on the part of the authorities, if the lottery takes place
in any State in which lotteries are illegal. In New York,
for instance, lotteries are illegal, and no license granted
by the United States Government would have any effect
in this State, or any other in which there is a State law
which expressly declares such affairs illegal.
Musician.— “ Where and when was
Charles Dibdin. the author of ‘Tom Bowline’ and
other nautical songs, born, and where did he die?” He
was born at Southampton, in England, some time in the
year 1745, and died in London, we believe, on the 25th of
July, ISI4. He wrote upwards of twelve hundred songs,
and has never had a superior, if an equal, in this species
of com position.
P. Moore. — “Did John Collins, the
Irish comedian, ever play in the old Park Theatre?”
Yes. John Collins, the Irish comedian, did play in the
old Park Theatre. It was there be made his first ap
pearance in the United States, and we are under the
impression that that was the only theatre in this city in
Which he played until it was burned down in 1848.
Amateur:— You cannot do better
than join the second course of elementary lessons iu
Phonographic Short-band, which bftfln on the 16th last.,
at the Mercantile Library. Mrs. E B. Burns is the
teacher, and from* paraonal experience we can speak
most favorably of her system.
Fva JL —L Ladies wear what are
called dress-riugs an second finger of the left hand.
2. Yon wait patiently: to make the first approach
ifvnhi nci only be unmaidonly* but. indecorous.
The following are the contents of the Inside Pages
(the 2d, 3d. 6th, and 7th), of To-day’s New York Dis
patch. We think they will be found rich in variety and
MASONIC MATTERS : Reform; A Good Beginning;
A Specimen Reformer; The Brooklyn Call; Conti
nental Lodge; Kane Lodge;* Masonic Trials; Nep
tune Lodge; In Ample Form; Office of Grand High
Priest; Amity Lodge Association; Dorie Lodge;
Hudson River Lodge; Questions—Thoughts—ldeas;
The Funeral Bell; Sound Doctrine; Star of Bethle
hem Lodge ; Mystic Tie Lodge ; Lodge Elections.
Custom; A Fine Old Indian Gentleman; Woman,
Gentle Woman; A Pugilist’s Love Letter; A Man
Dies of Hydrophobia Forty Years after having been
Bitten; A Pig Tale; Curiosities of Kinship; A True
Story; Fast Life in London; Description of a Quad
rille; As to Low Dresses; The Great Amsterdam
Canal; An Editor who Didn’t Bear Malice; Chasse
pot Wounds; Unsophisticated; A Canine Friend;
Oysters; An Eccentric Advertisement; Why Sam
Houston Exiled Himself.
O?R WEEKLY GOSSIP: “ Observer” on the Pursuit
of Fortune; Female Emigration; The Caucasian Race
is Played Out; A Tale of a Mysterious Bonnet; Do
You Think It a Sin; and half a Column of Funny
Splendid. Historical Romance.
In the present issue of the N. Y. Dispatch, we give
the initial chapters of the
which we have ever given to the public. The scene of
the story, which is named ft •
is laid in Scotland, at the time of the rebellion of 1745-46,
a period full of the most romantic incidents and acts re
corded in history. The “ Chronicles of the Rebellion”
say: “The Chevalier’s enterprise agitated the people
of all ranks, interrupted business, and, for the time,
wholly unsettled the affairs of the country. The fiercest
passions of society were roused; the partisans of the
Government and of the Pretender were privately, as
well as publicly, at bitterest enmity. The most intimate
relations were suddenly broken off; friendship was for
gotten in feud; families were divided, and, frequently,
fathers and sons stood in opposing factions. Women
shared in the wretched dissensions, and those of them
who had favored the Prince, or whose friends had done
so, suffered much of the cruelties with which Cumber
land followed up his victory at Culloden.”
This is the period that the talented writer has chosen
for his story, and he has truly made it a reflex of the
“ body of the time.” Those who have read and admired
Sir Walter Scotti’s charming story of “ Waverly” will
find “FOR THE KING” equally entertaining, instruct
ive [and interesting. The author has invested his
characters with the passions of the time, and amid the
exciting scenes of war, the tramp of armea men, the
crackling villages, the devastation of homes, and the bit
ter feuds, we hear the sweet music of woman’s devotion,
of wifely loyalty, and of manly sacrifice. To all our readers
we recommend this story as in every way worthy their
perusal. The interest commences with the opening and
increases until the closq; and although there is not a
scene described nor a character introduced which is not
thoroughly natural, no sensational story which we have
read, equals “FOR THE KING” in enchaining the
attention of the reader.
The Annual Message of Governor Hoffman,
though somewhat egotistical, is well written,
and in many particulars a commendable docu
ment, and his objections to special legislation,
his appeal to the Legislature in favor of re
trenchment, and many other of his recommend
ations meet with approval from Republicans
and Democrats alike; but there is one section
of the Message in which the Governor is
neither just nor entirely truthful. Wo refer to
the part in regard to “ Federal interference in
elections.” The Governor starts off with the
proposition, that the law passed by Congress
was simply for the protection of negroes in
their right to vote, and on this assumption he
argues that the President made the fear that
the people would resist the law forcibly a pre
text for “ a bold attempt on the part of the
Federal Government to assume absolute con
trol of the State and local elections to accom
plish partisan ends.” The Governor is aware
that the purpose of the law was not alone to
protect negroes in their right to the elective
franchise, but, also, to protect the purity of
elections. For a number of years past elec
tions in the city of New York hava been notori
ously dishonest. In several districts more
votes have been polled than there were men,
women, and children residents. The evil had
become so great that many honest voters
ceased going to the polls, and we were ruled, i n
effect, by our own ruffians and the imported
scum of Philadelphia. We give Mr. Hoffman cre
dit for an extensive and clear knowledge of the
workings of politics in thia city, and we would
be paying a poor compliment to his keenness as
a politician did we doubt for a moment that ho
knew of the “repeating ” done by the thieves,
pimps, blacklegs, and roughs, or of the mis
counting of votes by the canvassers. It was
to put an end to this notorious fraudulent vot
ing and counting that the interference of the
Federal Government was invovked. Noone, to
our knowledge, ever, thought that an attempt
would be made to keep negroes from enjoying
the . right of suffrage—certainly the Federal
Government and its representatives here ex
pressed no such fears. Is the Governor justi
fied, then, in his labored argument to prove
that f‘every popular right was ostentatiously
denied” the people of this city by the Federal
Government, when the premises of that argu
ment are without a basis of fact ? Has the
Governor met the question fairly, has he dis
cussed it without partisan bias, has he even
stated the points at issue with a due regard to
truth? We do not think he has.
One would suppose that the Governor would
have/Suggested to the Legislature some means
for the protection of the purity ot elections, for
no one knows better Jthau Mr. Hoffman what
must be the sad results to this country should
“ repeating ” continue in this region, and from
here spread to the country at large, No one
knows better than he that a corupt people, a
people who laugh at fraud and regard perjury
as a venial offense, a people so lost to all honor
as to witness their own disfranchisement by
ruffians with equanimity, can long continue a
republican form of government. And what a
farce, too, republican, or representative gov
ernment in this city has become, when bands
of thieves can roam over the city at will on
election day, voting wherever they please, and
as often as it suits their ideas of what is due
to those who pay them. It is easy to say that
respectable men should have these scoundrels
arrested ; but what protection will respectable
men receive? Will not "the “repeater” be
out and at work within an hour from the time
of his arrest ? Is it not likely that with the
assistance of his fellow ruffians ho will attack
and beat, perhaps murder the respectable man
who procured his arrest? Do we overstate
the gravity of the situation in this city on elec
tion day? Is there . n honest man who visits
tile polling places on election day that will not
acknowledge that tor several years past, elec
tions in New York have ions frauds
—indeed, tragical frauds which, continued, can -
1 pnr hut end iu the dual? of liberty iu this coun-
try? Fraudulent <ot:ng and infamous mis
counting of ballots are not matters to be treat
ed lightly—they are full of the gravest dangers
to the maintenance of our liberties, and it be
hooves the honest men of all parties to join to
gether in the effort to make them impossible
crimes, or, ifithat cannot be done, to so pun
ish the perpetrators that terror shall keep
’others from imitating them. Governor Hoff
man would have gained honor and won the
gratitude of the entire honest voters had ho
become the leader in a movement for the pro
tection of the ballot-box from fraud, had ho
suggested ways in which every voter could be
protected in voting once, and no more, without
Federal interference; but instead he has made
a special plea for “repeaters,” and has ac
knowledged himself, in effect, the champion of
a crime, which persisted in, cannot but end in
the destruction of liberty in the United States.
We need hardly commend the address of Mr.
Greeley, delivered on the occasion of taking
the chair of the Republican General Committee,
to the careful perusal of Republicans. Mr.
Greeley advocates peace and conciliation in the
ranks of the Republican party. He holds to
the doctrine which the New Yoke Dispatch
has tried to enforce, but which he states more
forcibly: “ There are enough of Republicans in
New York State for one triumphant party, but
not for two.” He is for taking in every Repub
lican who is loyal to the party, and for keeping
out none who “ rejoice that the Rebellion was
suppressed, secession defeated, and slavery
abolished.” He is opposed to faction, and
favors a thorough, complete and effectual con
ciliation of conflicting interests. Under the
Chairmanship of Mr. Greeley, the General
Committee will gain the entire confidence of all
patriotic Republicans, and in so doing, the
party will be strengthened, because it will be
compact. No Republican need now fear that
the labors of the General Committee will be
controlled by thoughts of political advance
ment or personal aggrandizement. The policy
which shall seem most for the general good of
the party will bo that which the Committee,
under the lead of MT. Greeley, will adopt. The
Committee will not be run in the interests of
Conkling or Fenton, but in those of the party,
regardless what individual must be set aside
to further the ends and aims for which the
party was created. In the selection of Mr.
Greeley for Chairman, the General Committee
made a wise choice. No man in the party in
this State has so thoroughly the confidence of
the people, nor is any man better entitled to
that confidence. He was a power in its crea
tion, has never flinched from support of its
measures, nor has he ever sought political
advancement by the sacrifice of the particle of
a principle. Broad and catholic in his sympa
thies, generous in forgiveness of error in
others, loyal to his friends, kind to personal
enemies, faithful and true to the light, and
moved by no selfish considerations, he is the
fit man to put at the head of a party which is
partly disorganized by sordid counsellors and
somewhat disheartened by disasters resulting
from foolish faction fights. The address of
Mr. Greeley will be found in another column.
It seems to us that many policemen do not
understand the general principles of the law
of arrests, and they should receive some hints
in the School of Instruction on a subject so
important to the community. Here is a ease
in point: Michael Thompson, a roundsman of
the Seventh Precinct,entered a respectable pub
lic-house in East Broadway, arrested the occu
pants, and charged them with keeping a dis
reputable house. At the time of the arrest
there was no quarrel in the house, nor had
aught occurred likeljr to lead to a disturbance.
Even if the house had been a disreputable
place, the officer would have no right to arrest
the inmates without warrants. The legal
course to be pursued to break up a disreput
able house is for complaint to be made before
a police justice, charging that the house is the
resort of tipplers and vile characters, and
that it is an annoyance to the people passing
it, and the residents of the neighborhood. If
the magistrate thinks the proof sufficient as
to the character of the house, he will issue a
warrant. But the law gives no policeman the
right to drag people from their houses,
and charge them with an infamous crime,
merely because he thinks the place ought
to be shut up. The scandalous outrage
committed by Roundsman Thompson is fully
given in our report Of the proceedings at
Police Headquarters. He will be dismissed, of
course. His fate will probably be a warning
to the gentlemen of the force who imagine
that they are clothed with judicial as well as
executive powers, that they must not arrest
too hastily, and that it is dangerous to make
police duty subservient to passion.
A rumor is mentioned by our Albany cor
respondent, that Governor Hoffman proposes
to appoint Lucius Robinson as Auditor of the
Canal Department, in place of the Hon. James
A. Bell, the present incumbent. Mr. Bell has
been a thorn in the side of the Canal Bing,
and has done the State service in exposing the
bad policy of the present Canal Board, by
which the revenues have been sacrificed for no
corresponding public advantage, and no
cheaper rates for transportation.
Mr. Robinson was a Republican Member of
Assembly in 1860 and 1861, and served as
Comptroller for the four succeeding years.
He then became soured toward the Repub
licans, and, in an inopportune moment, allied
himself with the Democrats. He is a better
man than the Democracy usually appoint to
office. But, of course, he will look favorably
on the shortcomings of his present associates.
He has many ideas of the antiquated, unpro
gressive, hide-bound character, and on. revenue
reform he sympathizes with the free traders.
If wo must have a Democratic Auditor, the ap
pointment of Mr. Robinson is as good as any
we can expect.
Clearing the Ferry Streets.—
Mayor Hall has given orders that the streets
leading to the ferries sh&ll be cleared of all
obstructions not of temporary or necessary
character. This order cannot be too highly
applauded. For years past the streets lead
ing to the ferries have been so lumbered up
with booths and stands, that travel. through
them has been seriously impeded, and travel
ers greatly incommoded, in some cases even
their lives endangered. Take the obstructions
to travel on Fulton street, for instance, in the
immediate vicinity of the ferry. Were it not
for the policemen who make .passage way for
travelers, there would be lives lost every day.
On the market-corner of South and Fulton
streets, booths occupy so much of the sidewalk
that entrance of about lour feet is all that has
been left for the numerous crowds which
morning and evening cross the Fulton Ferry.
The jam is very great, and it is astonishing
that loss of life is not common. The booths
which incommode travel, which endanger life,
and which are in every way a nuisance, should
be summarily removed. We hope the Mayor
will see Chat his order is thoroughly enforced,
notwithstanding the howls oi a few, as the
many will be greatly benefited. •
When John Russoll Young was
managing editor of the Tribune ho denounced
Gen. Grant as a “sashed and girded sphinx.”
He now denounces all who don’t think the Re
publican party ought to be split to pieces as
“Tammany Republicans.” Gen. Grant man
aged to survive the attacks of the “ blue-eyed
boy of destiny and it is just possible that
the men he now slanders will continue Repub
licans after ho has taken his departure to a
more congenial sphere than New York has
proved. He’d make an excellent keeper at Sing
Sing, on the principle that a “ fellow feeling
makes one wondrous kind.”
A Great Curiosity.—There is to be
disposed of in Brooklyn, on tho 231 inst., a
wonderful amulet or charm purchased from a
noble French family since the beginning of the
present war. Much interest is excited to know
what it is, an interest we cannot at present
! gratify, but hops to do eo before long.
It is well known that the usual payments to
the Pacific railroads, under their contracts to
carry the mail«, and to transport military sup
plies, have been stopped by Mr. Boutwell.
What is not so well known is on which side lies
thp right. Mr. Boutwell claims that the Pa
cific companies are bound to pay promptly in
cash the interest on the subsidy bonds, and
that at this moment more than six millions of
back interest are due to the'Treasury. The
companies say that the Government, before
the road was built, made a contract with them,
promising to pay this interest and to make
no demand for cash reimbursement till the con
tract expired, in thirty years. They add that
but for this extension of payment, and the
other privileges conceded to them by the Gov
ernment, they could not have raised a dollar of
capital, and that otherwise this pioneer rail
road of 2,000 miles, climbing the Sierra and
Rocky mountains, and joining the distant mem
bers of our great Republic in one undivided
sisterhood, could not for a quarter of a centu
ry have been fully built. There is soma fore?
in these statements ; and.if, as wo are told,
every new railroad creates in five years new
wealth equal to four times its cost, and devel
ops an annual traffic and business equal to six
times its cost, the gain of the country from the
Pacific railroad will, in a short time, equal the
whole of the national debt, and this great high
way will be to the country as valuable an in
strument of wealth as It is interesting as the
greatest engineering achievement ever com
passed by tho wit of man.
If the American people of this generation
hava fought the biggest war on record, and
reared the biggest National debt, they have
also by their new railroads, built since the war,
developed one important means of paying off
their obligations and increasing the financial
wealth and productive power of the country.
However this may be, everything which con
cerns the well-being of these Pacific roads
claims a special interest, inasmuch as to some
extent they are National property, the Govern
ment having advanced about one-fourth of the
capital used in their construction. Some need
less declamation has been indulged, with a
view to sustain the action of Mr. Boutwell. He
is represented, for example, as having exer
cised vigilance in guarding tho National
Treasury from the rapacity ot greedy corpora
tions, which hunger for subsidies, and are
wishful to grow rich by increasing the burdens
of the people. In these days of retrenchment,
financial reform and impatience of tax burdens,
such topics are always popular. And the de
nunciation of the rapacity and greed of. the
Pacific railroads has naturally stirred the
animosity of many persons who are wholly ig
norant whether the claims in dispute are just
or not. . Yet this is a matter on which the
railroads have a right to be heard. Indeed,
they are being heard at this moment before
the Judicial Committee of the Senate at Wash
ington. Let us listen to what they have to say
against Mr. Boutwell’s refusal to pay them as
usual for the work done for the Government.
First they say, and Mr. Boutwell admits, that
this Refusal is an innovation. Till now no at
tempt has ever been made to stop their pay.
Tho law of 1864 is very precise in promising
that one-half of the moneys earned ffom the
government shall be promptly paid to the
companies; while the other half shall be re
served and kept in tho Treasury as a sinking
fund toward paying the subsidy bonds con
tributed by the government as its share of the
expense of building the road. In obedience to
this law, two or three successive Secretaries of
the Treasury have punctually paid their dues.
Mr. Boutwell, till now, has followed the same
custom; and the payment, which has not
heretofore been questioned, tho companies ask
to have continued. A sinking fund of two or
three millions has been accumulated in the
TrAsury. The sum is increasing, though not
so fast as Mr. Boutwell desires. But when the
bonds mature ; and (if, unhappily, war should
break out) before the bonds mature this
sinking fund will probably cover tho whole
amount of principal and interest represented by
these subsidy bonds. Should any balance re
main unpaid at the time fixed for tho maturity
of the bonds, the railroad companies are then
to pay such balance in cash. And that this
may be relied on, the Treasury is secured by a
second mortgage on the whole property of the
road, which is to be forever a military way for
the perpetual use of the government. Such Is
the understanding which Mr. Boutwell at
tempts to overthrow by forcing the railroads
to pay the interest on the subsidy bonds, prior
to the time fixed in the statutes which char
tered the company, and which were relied on as
a valid contract by the builders of the road.
We shall not trouble our readers with the
legal arguments which have been used on
either side of this controversy. It would,
however, be unfair of us not to give one of
them. Mr. Akerman, the Attorney-General,
in his official argument, denied that the Pacific
railroad has been more profitable to the Gov
ernment than to its own stockholders. In re
ply, it is urged that these stockholders have
not yet received a dollar of dividends on their
investment, though they furnished three
fourths of the capital used in building this
great national highway.
What has tho Government gained on its con
tribution of one-fourth of that capital? Mr.
Boutwell complains that the earnings of the
railroad, on its Government business, are
small, and accumulate slowly in the Sinking
Fund; but, as an advocate of economy, he
is reminded that before the road was
built, similar services to those now rendered
by it, but of far inferior security, regularity,
and dispatch, cost the Government from seven
to seventeen millions a year. If the companies
had charged one-fourth of that old cost, the
Sinking Fund would now be twelve or fifteen
mihions, instead of two millions and a half,
and the annual interest on the subsidy bonds
would be more than paid. Moreover, the
road stands in the stead of a large stand
ing army, and while it spares the Govern
ment the cost of that army, the low rates
for transportation virtually reduce the
Government expenses, and the public tax
ation by many millions of dollars a year,
Of this saving Mr. Boutwell should not com
plain, nor deny Hie usual payment of his debts
on account of it. When the two parties to the
contract for creating this grand military high
way—the government on the one side, and the
companies on the other—agreed to build this
road, the couutry was struggling for its na
tional existence, capital consequently was hard
to get, and the road was both a military and a '
political necessity. It is claimed that the gov
ernment secured the earliest returns from the
investment, for while the stockholders have as
yet no dividends, the government has saved
ten or twelve millions by cheaper freights, and
it holds at this moment a Sinking Fund of two
and a half'miliions in cash, which is rapidly
increasing under the provisions of the law.
Such are some of tho points advanced by the
railroads. How sound they are we must leave
our readers' to judge. The Attorney-General
admits that Mr. Boutwell’s views of the mat
ter are doubtful, and can only bo sus
tained by assuming that dubious points in the
law must be construed in favor of the govern
ment, because the government was least bene
fited by the subsidy. If, however, it be the
truth that the government has so far been the
sole party heretofore benefited, this argument
falls to the ground, and Mr. Boutwell will have
to acquiesce in the views of the contract which
were adopted by his predecessors. The whole
subject is, as we said, before tho Judiciary Com
mittee of the Senate, who will probably report
to Congress next week.
Theodore Tilton has boen retired
to the shades of private life. His connection
with the Brroklyn Union has been summarily
severed. Can’t somebody induce that incom"
petent sham, John Russell Young, to also
keep shady. The sooner he retires from the
management of his “ sick baby,” the Standard)
the better will its chances be for an extended
lite. A newspaper man who thinks that false
hood is news, hasn’t learned the A B C of his
A grouty editor says: “If those
ladies who are so anxious for universal peace,
would only close their little mouths, the be
ginning of the end wuld
We open the new year with the cheering fact
that one hundred and twelve millions of the
public debt have been paid off during the past
twelve months, and Mr. Boutwell assures us
that the country is extremely prosperous, ft
is, of course, gratifying to find .that we are re
deeming the debt more rapidly than any other
country in the world has ever ventured to at
tom'pt in so short an interval, after the loss
and devastation of a great internecine war.
But the fear is that, with'characteristic Na
tional impetuosity, wo have been attempting
too much. The country has been impoverish
ing itself, and paying its public debt too fast.
Perhaps wo should have chosen rather to
reduce our internal revenue by one hundred
millions, so that we might repeal obnoxious,
wasteful, and unpopular taxes than to have
paid off one hundred millions of a debt which
is not due, and which the public creditors do
not want paid. It is safer to leave money to
fructify in the pockets of the people than to
gather it into the National Treasury for the
mere purpose of heaping up a large, useless
surplus in the Treasury vaults. Of course,
when there is such a surplus, it should be
used to pay off the public debt. But we had
better lower the taxes, and adjust revenue to
expenditure, for over-productive tax machinery
is always oppressive to the people.
There is a cry raised throughout the coun
try that this be done, and that their fiscal bur
dens be relaxed without delay. Mr. Boutwell
tells us that our people are prosperous ; but
the facts do not bear out his statement. The
working operatives everywhere are mote or
less excited by discontent, and strikes are alto
gether too frequent.
At the opposite end of the social scale, we
see a few rich capitalists, who it is true are
acquiring vast fortunes, and we have to-day
more men of large wealth than we ever had
before the paper money era was inaugurated.
But between the operative masses who have
no capital, and the very rich who have too
much capital, there is a middle class, a large,
intelligent, iifluential body of citizens com
prising much of what is most valuable in the
elements of our social organism. Among
these men there is much suffering. They com
plain that their business for the yedr past has
been unproductive, and that large capitalists
are gradually crushing out of existence their
smaller rivals in trade. Such complaints are
probably exaggerated. But if true, they are
always of serious import.
It is among this very middle class that we
must look if we would know whether any com
mercial nation is truly prosperous. And under
a popular government like ours, theewell-being
of the whole country, and its growth in ma
terial wealth and productive power, depend
much on the free distribution of the elements
of wealth among the organizers of labor in the
community. Shrewd observers tell us that
there are indications that a revival of industry
and a renewed activity of business is likely
soon to develop itself. We trust that Mr.
Boutwell, in his next year’s financial report,
may have better grouuds for congratulating
the country on the material prosperity en
joyed during the current year.
f “—CSS,J- - , . ■
nmt ©life

A man in Wilkesbarre, Pa., got him
self all mixed up with a lot of car-wheels, and
was mangled terribly. The doctors were doubt
ful whether it would bo better to amputate the
leg and save the man, or to amputate the man
and save the leg. The man himself said he
had always cherished a fondness for that leg :
but he thought perhaps ho could part with it
better than with the rest of him, because he
could get a good artificial leg. Still, if the
doctors wanted to save it, he would be satis
fied, provided they could procure a good arti
ficial man to fit it on. We like a man who has
such Christian resignation as that. Content
ment is so much better than wealth.
A lady, writing on the subject of
kissing, says: “I am vain enough to pride my
self on being a girl of good sense, and I dear
ly love and can appreciate good kissing—in
deed, I should quite as lief have a good kiss as
a new cashmere. It is to me one of life’s
sweetest enjoyments. Some of my life’s hap
piest moments have been spent in kissing. A
rich, hearty kiss, from plump, rosy, mustached
(or unmustached) lips will last one a whole
day.” We harness to that female. She speaks
our sentiments exactly, except the mustache.
We pass on hair in our kissing or our soup.
“ Can I see you home ?” said a Pe
oria chap, to a young lady at a party, the other
night. “ No, sir,” she replied, and the lauda
num he took kept a stomach-pump going. all
night. Now we don’t think this chap half as
cute as the Massachusetts fellow who asked if
he might see a girl home, and was indignantly
refused. Do you think this youth went off and
took arsonic, or looked for a horse-pistol ? Not
much. He smiled and bowed, and asked if he
“might be allowed to sit on the fence and en
joy the delight of seeing her go by in the com
pany of some other fellow.”
The Detroit Free Press tells of an
Indian vagrant committed to the lock-up,
slightly intoxicated, as jolly as a porcupine,
who had no sooner laid down than he com
menced to warble such a song that all the other
vagnants had to sit up on end and hold on by
the cracks in the floor. It was high,' “ lo,”
gutteral, piercing, and falsetto, and as the
follow refused to stop for breath anywhere, the
janitor took the poker and tenderly soothed
him to sleep. “Lo ” will probably come back
from the “ echoless shore.”
An exchange says: “Detroit seems
to be running a race with Chicago on divorces,
crimes, aecidents, and* unaccountable doings
generally.” We’ll stake our pile on Chicago.
It is the most enterprising city of the West,
and in no particular does it exhibit greater en
terprise than in the rapidity with which it un
ties the sonnubial knot. We once knew a Chi
cago woman for about three months, and every
time we met her she bore a new name, to
which she was legally entitled.'
The “oldest inhabitant” has been
making some new predictions. This time the
venerable gentleman is located in Troy. He
says the weather this Winter will be mild. The
weather of the three days beginning with the
day before and closing with the day after the
sun crosses the line, determines the character
of the Winter. He has never known it to fail.
These days this year were remarkably mild.
The old chap is said to be interested in an ice
A happy youth in Connecticut has
three grandfathers and six living grandmoth
ers, making nine grand parents. His grand
father, grandmother, great-grandmother and
great-great-grandmother are living in the fam
ily. Next door liv'e his grandfather, grand
mother and great-grandmother, and within a
mile live his great-grandfather and a third
great-grandmother. We’ll bet that boy’s
“ rod ” has been greatly spared.
A wealthy bachelor, having had
one or two law suits for breach of promise, now
replies to a young lady who wishes a few min
utes private conversation. “No, you do not,
madame. It cuts me to the heart to be com
pelled to doubt the honorableness of your
intentions, but that sort of thing is played out.
My rule is imperative, and if you have any
business with me it must be transacted in the
presence of two witnesses.”
A young Michigander placed his
band on the muzzle of hie gun and his foot on
the hammer, saying to those present, “ This is
the way Jim Fairbanks shot his hand to
pieces." That ysung plan’s tombstone bears
the touching epitaph : “ V/.JOta the gods love
die young.” A wretch, whom it would be flat
tery to call a man, says : “If the tombstone
speaks tbo truth, the gols must have a strong
affection for d—l foois.”
This isn’t a bad pun for the day
following a “ Happy New Year:” There is an
operatic burlesquery going on at Rochester,
N. Y., with Miss Carrie Wharf as the leading
singer. As a vocalist, Miss Wbarl is without a
The following bon mol is attributed
to Count Bismarck: In his interview with
Thiers he pointed out the difficulty of treating
with an irregular governmont, like that of
Paris. “ Perhaps, then, you will prefer treat
ing with the government of the Emperor?”
said Thiers. “ Oh, no,” said the count; “ the
Emperor has been skillful enough not only to
destroy his own dynasty, but also to bury his
uncle completely.”
A spring of natural indelible ink is
among the latest of California curiosities.
Near it is a spring Ao acid, that, with a little
sugar mixed with the water thereof, it makes
delicious lemonade, and as such it is given to
the guests- at the hotel as a “ cooling bever
age.” If a natural spring of whisky were dis
covered in the immediate neighborhood, what
a paradise that part of California would be.
An Arkansas editor, who is either
very fond of a joke, or has a sad experience of
the responsibilities of bis position, lately
issued the paper without editorial matter, but
with a paragraph at the head of the column in
which he declared that tlie wives of his sub
scribers had so occupied his attention in call
ing to show their babies that he had no time
to attend to anything else.
A fiend in human shape was en
gaged in planking a sidewalk in a certain
Western city, when a woman in gorgeous ap
parel stopped near the scene of his labors to
chat with a friend. Her train hung over the
edge of the last plank he had putin position,
and he quietly slid another one alongside of it,
and spiked it down. The fiend then went
away to dinner.
Those who can and are willing to
pay for comfort, cleanliness, good fare, and
first-class attendance, can find no bettor place
to put up at than Robinson’s Park Avenue
Hotel, in Park avenue, between Forty-first and
Forty-second streets. The hotel is very pleas
antly situated, easily reached by cars from all
parts of the city, and is in every way a model
One of Herring’s safes stood a
healthy roasting in the fire at the Spottswood
House, Richmond, without being in the least
overdone. The proprietor was delighted when
he learned that the rich stuffing of the safe
was entirely uninjured. $23,500 in currency,
and valuable papers and books were among
thO stuffing. They hadn’t been even singed.
Miss Lilly Peckham, of Milwaukee,
who studied law just long enough to become
shocked at the iniquity of the profession, is
now preparing herself for the ministry. It is
probable that if she roads of a few more un
charitable “men of the cloth” lik6 the Rev.
Sabine, she will return to the law as the more
respectable profession of the two.
All the Chinamen in this country
who had the means, have gone home to cele
brate, in February, the commencement of an
other thousand years. They declare the last
festival of this kind was celebrated in China
ten CQutliries ago. Can’t inducements be hold
out for them in China till the next
tenth century festival turns up ?
Isn’t it astonishing that papers will
publish such items as the following as trust
worthy news: “Children are used as spies by
Prussia I It is that a good many of the
prisoners at or about Orleans are
children about tell nft t l ves of Alsace,
who, spreaking both Fi'sncix German, were
found useful as spies.
An Atlanta, Ga., paper of last
week says: “ A lady in this city tied her
hubby’s hands and feet, the other day, just for
fun, and then went through his pockets for a
certain billet-doux, and found it. His phy
sician tells him that his face won’t be badly
scarred, though he may remain permanently
In an lowa breach of promise case
the woman swore that the accused had hugged
her every night for several months, and Sun
day nights until 3 o’clock in the morning. The
industrious culprit was fined one dollar and
costs, and told to go and sin no more—at such
late hours on Sunday night,
Utica is annoyed by a dead woman
fished out of all sorts of canals and other deso
late places, but always getting away before any
one can make an item of her. They think she
is a fraud, but the papers use her for a sensa
tion when they have no more exciting subject
to dilate on.
A Divorce case in Ireland has elic
ited the fact that the lady waa in the habit of
chastising her husband-with the furniture, and
on one occasion knocked him down and sat on
his head, and further lacerated his .feelings by
saying that his head was as pleasant to ’ sit on
as a muff.
Mb. Lorenzo Day, of Chickasaw
county, Mias., having married Miss Martha
Week, a local paper comments :
• “ A Day is made, a Week is lost,
But time should not complain—
There’ll soon be little Days enough
To make the Week again.”
“ Be solemn,” said Mr. Corwin, “if
you want to succeed. The world looks, up to
the ring-master and down on the clown. It
despises the man who entertains it. Be as
solemn, therefore, as an ass. All the monu
ments have been built to solemn asses.”
The time for washing pavements
has gone by, and the cleanest of housekeepers
ought to be satisfied with sweeping. It is but
poor comfort to offer a man who has just
broken his leg, to say that if the bricks were
slippery they were also clean.
In Pittsburgh, a young gentleman,
who bears the euphonious name ot Drunken
Jack O’Brien, insisted on sleeping on the front
stoop of a delicate lady who keeps a bar-room.
She broke a shovel over his head in her at
tempts to wake him up.
In Lawrence, Kansas, buffalo meat
is as plenty and cheap aa beef, but not so good
by a durned sight.
A Boston paper calls one of the
police justices of that city a “velvet pawed
dictum of law.”
Gibls eat onion lojzenges to dis
courage young men whom they don’t care to
The Legislature—The Republican domina
tion lor Speaker—Tae Speaker’s loan--
gurai—New Arrangement ot the Desks in
the Senate Unpopular—A Retrospect and
Contrast—Wiiat is to be Done in the
Twmbly Case—Bills Introduced —Will
Westchester be Annexed—A Strong As
sembly—lncreasing Fares oa City Rail
Albany, January 6, 1871.
Amid the quiet of to-day, one would hardly sup
pose’ that a Legislature had come and gone. Yet it
has done both, and more than that; it has left a rip
ple on the surface. Two bills have been passed—the
one authorizing Monroe county to issue bonds, and
one to enable a school district on Staten Island to
build a school-house. Mr. Fields also induced the
Assembly to pass a bill for Notaries Public, enabling
those appointed during the recess of the Senate, to
hold, office till March.
The telegraph and an army of able correspondents,
have already apprised you of everything done or im
agined to be done, during the two days of session
and the few days previous. Mr. Hitchman became
Speaker of the Assembly without any contest, so
well had everything been arranged. Dut
Neither Gov. Alvord nor Mr. Littlejohn would take
any part in the contest, but left Messrs. Husted and
Selkreg to pull caps over it. At first, it appeared, as
if the “ gentleman from Tompkins” had the best of
it, when an untoward effort was made to indicate it
as a victory tor Senator Conkling, or the Custom
House. At this, a rally was made by the
and Mr. Husted gained strength so rapidly that Mr
Selkreg was fain to withdraw, on the pretext that the
Tammany leaders had threatened to punish every
Republican supporting him tor Speaker. It is a late
hour now to argue this question, but this is about as
it stands. Ali cannot be Presidents or Vice-Presi
dents, except at a mass meeting; and many aspiring
statesmen have to endure disippointment.
The inaugural address of Mr. Hitchman, on taking
the chair, w..s a very well-prepared synopsis of Gov
ernor Hoffman’s message. Many of the expressions
in it were very similar, as one oould casi'y tell on
hearing both; and the same topics were considered.
Sunday Edition, January 8.
_ Tae Senate had little to detain it on assembling. id
Ihe Lieutenant-Governor informed the Senators that
he had been re-elected, and reminded them that ho
was a Democrat. After ho finished his remarks, tha
Senate proceeded to business.
At the last session a resolution was adopted direct
ing the clerk to take down the
and place desks in rows, as at Washington. But tha
change does not please. Before, a Senator m speak
ing could look every other Senator in the face, and
direct arguments and appea a to him; now it is far
from easy, and the rear views which the now ar
rangement compels are very distasteful. Senator
Tweed is almost nowhere in the chamber, and half
of the Senators are determined that the whole thing
shall be changed. Eloquence without stint wqs
poured out on Wednesday to that effect; and then. *
the Senators agreed to wait two weeks to see how .
they could stand the arrangement, seeing that it has '
been made.
Both the Governor and the Speaker informed the
Legislature that
would suffice for business. The Governor went
farther, and. asked that the tax levies should be
passed at an early day, so that ho might review them
before the final adjournment of the Legislate e.
This advice was listened to with exemplary calmness.
Yet, three years ago, when Governor Fenton trans
mitted a message with the same proposition, speaker
•Hitchman left the chair to denounce him for insult
ing them; and but for several timely speeches of
Republican members, the message would have been
returned, The motion was actually made, but they
dared not adopt it.
is not in a fairway to be set right. Mr.
appeared on Tuesday, with his protest against award
ing the seat to Johh Carey, and Mr. Gleason offered >
•it; but the Clerk refused to entertain it. On Wednes
day, .Mr. Husted moved to amend the journal, so as
to express the fact, but the Democratic leaders took
fire at this, and refused to let the fact go on record.
Knowing that they have distranebised a majority of
the voters in the Seventh District of New York, com
mitting a crime very likfc perjury, they unblushingly
stand up to the wrong, and probably will continue to /• ,
do so till the session ends. It would seem almost as
though the Republicans ought to withhold all con
currence in legislation till this matter is adjusted.
Already, the
Both Senator Creamer and Assemblyman Fields
have Introduced bills lor the repeal ot the Registry
Law m New York; Mike Norton has introduced a
railroad bill, said to be Jim Swain’s three-story bill,
which has twice passed; and Harry Ger st has
brought in his Long Isidhd Bridge bill —the kindred
project of annexing to New York the seven towns
constituting the First Assembly District of West
There is more indifference felt in Westchester
county about this latter measure than might be ex
pected. The Republicans perceive in it a chance for
them to secure control oi tne county, and perhaps of
tho Congressman and Senator, while the Democrats
expect to enlarge the metropolis, and give it oppor
tunity to expand.
It is by no means impossible that this would ’
change the map of New York in more ways than one. , ,
If a new commercial ccncre should bo made in (he
Twelfth and Nineteenth Wards, with the proposed
Twenty-fourth Ward at the north, our foreign ship
ping would enter our waters byway of Long Island
Sound, leaving a.l the southern part of the island to
comparative isolation. With Long Island City on
the other side of the East river, connected by the
bridge, it is easy to perceive that the idea is oy no
means chimerical.
Taken as a whole, this year’s
On tho Republican side are ex-Speakcrs Alvord and
Littlejohn, ex-Canal Commissioner Alborg r, ex-
Congressman Graham, Messrs. Husted, Prince,
Scribner, Selkreg, Gleason, Seward. Bernus, and
Fisk. The Democrats have Smith M. Tweed, Fields,
Jacobs, Coon, Van Eyck, Lord, and Banker—many ot
them excellent debaters. There exists at present
much good feeling among the members on both
sides, which probably will characterize the entire
session. % t
Speaker Hitchman will probably
of the Assembly on Tuesday night. The re-elected
members generally expect to be placed about as they *
were in 1870. Perhaps; .but there are new men to
suit, and it ie pretty generally supposed that in the
committees the money is made. Mr. Jacobs pro- ,
vided handsomely lAst Winter for the favored ones, f
when he revised the ruks, by swelling the important
committees to nine members each. A full third of
the members are well provided for, and the party
whip will regulate the others.
We are expecting a city railroad fare bill,' for
of New York city. It will cost money, and we have
the men who are able to “strike ile” every time that
they bore." Law, Squires, Sharp, Smith, Butler, and
their associates, when they find this, “make a note
of it.” The men who serve the State for three dol
lars a day often become rich, even with Albany
board bills. Merlin.
'. uoS, >■.
Marriage laws of Scotland.
The Offspring of a Second Mar
riage Declared Illegitimate.
Wilkie Collins’ “Man and Wife”
[From the Glasgow Mail.}
The romance of the law is unhappily largely In
debted to the Marriage Law of Scotland for some of 1
its saddest and most tragical pages; but in Hill agst.
Hibbit, which has been decided by the Lord Chan- ,
celler on appeal, wo have a case which surpasses its ,
forerunners in the extraordinary
From a network of incidents and circumstances,
crossing each other, doubled and tangled at every
step of the inquiry, we select what may be called th<
bones of the structure. In 1867, a Mr. Hibbit died
intestate, leaving real and personal property worth
upward of $1,000,000. His heirs were his sisters and
their descendants, and among’the claimants was a
young girl, Sarah Angus Hay, who described herself
as the only child of one of the intestate’s .deceased
sisters, by her marriage with one James Angus Hay,
who is still living. And here it is necessary to say
something about this Mr. Hay. He is now a very old
man. having been born in Glasgow in 1787, and ap- .
pears to have early deserted the commercial pursuits ’
to which he waa brought up, in order to prosecute ’
some rights-his family thought they possessed to ex
tensive estates in New York. But his avocations iu
the United States were not confined to legacy hunt
ing; he founded a sect called
the principles of which were truth, honesty, peace,
harmony, and happiness. Leaving the development
of this extensive programme to fate, he returned to
England in 1841, and met Harriet Hibbit (the ciaim
ant’s mother) on the wharf at London Bridge. He
had come back to get a wife, he said, and without
more ado, struck up an acquaintance with Miss Hib
bit, which ended in an offer of marriage, which waa
accepted. They remained together that night, and,
on parting next day, she promised to meet him iu
America, whither he was returning. Hay went to-
Scot.and, and three months after sailed again for New
York. In the meantime wo hear nothing of Miss i ,
Hibbit till 1842, when Hay met her by chance in New
York carrying a trunk along the streets. In fulfill
ment of the promise they were shortly thereafter
married, and in’lß44 the claimant was born. Misa
Hibbit (now Mrs. Hay) died in 1852, and in 1860 Hay
returned to Scotland, leaving his daughter as a gov
erness in New York. The girl appears to have bene- /•
filed little from the teachings of the ” Cosmopolitan
Church,” and
until at last she was discovered in a reformatory in
1867, the year of her uncle’s death. Measures were
then taken to her declared one of the next of
kin, but during the proceedings it transpired that a
very serious oustacie had to be first got over, viz.:
Hay’s previous marriage with one Eliza Phillips,
who, it.was alleged, was alive at the date of liis sec
ond marriage with Miss Hibbit. It was not disputed
that Sarah Angus Hay was the child of Harriet Hib
bit, but it was said, in consequence of the earlier •
marriage, she was illegitimate.
Legal ingenuity and perseverance ferreted out the
woman Phillips, who was discovered in a lunatic ♦ ♦
asylum in New York, and it is at this part of the in
quiry the legal difficulty commences. ,
and in order to make good the case for the oojeetors,
it became imperative to trace every step of Mr. Hay’s
career from a period long anterior to his meeting the
willing bride at London Bridge. Accordingly, in
vestigations were commenced among his relations
and. friends, and it was proved that, so early as 1832,
ne brought the woman Phillips to Glasgow, and in
troduced her to his family as his wife. Where ha
met with her is not shown; but she appears to have
been a person of good education, altuough at one
Her accomplishments were put to service by Hay,
and she taught in Glasgow as a governess. Two
children were born of the union, when Hay, in 1834, (
went off tu America, leaving his wife and children
with his friends. The next two years she appears to ‘
have passed between a residence in a lunatic asylum,
visits to her husband’s relations, and a journey to
London in search of'employment, and, in 1836, she
is found in New York, whither she said “she must
go to her nusband.” In that city there dwelt a
cousin of hers, Thomas Phillips, whom Hay had
made acquaintance with on the strength of his con- <
nection by marriage; and, in 1836, he asked that
gentleman to take charge of his cousin Eliza, who
nad just arrived, and wasxleranged. This was done,
but before leaving her in charge of her charitable
relative. Hay opened her box and took out a bundle
of papers, which he threw into the tire. He never
saw Eliza aga.n. In spite of Mr. Phillips’ remon
strances. he refused to have anything to do with her.
He was taxed with bringing his wife as a burden on
others, but answered that legal proceedings had bet
ter be taken against him; this poverty prevented.
According co the evidence of Thomas Pniliips, ha
advised his cousin to resume her maiden name and
have nothing more to do with so (
who had admitted to Thomas Phillips’ wife that ho s
had two children by Eliza in Scotland,, and that ho
was married to her in the “ Scotch fashion.” Mrs.
Hay followed her cousin’s advice, and resumed her
own name, and after many ups and downs with pov
erty and ill-iortune, became at last the inmate oi tho
Blackwell’s Island Asylum, whence she was brought
to this country to defeat the girl Hay’s claim to a
share of the Hibbit estate. Evidence was given by-
Hay’s relations in Glasgow that Eliza Phillips was
introduced by him as his wife to his family and all
his friends, that they lived together, that their chil
dren were regarded by Hay’s orothers and sisters as
their nephews, and an old Bible was produced con
taining entries in Hay’s handwriting of their birth
and baptism, and a note of his marriage with their
mother at London, in 1831. Furthermore,’Hay had
been taxed by one of his relations with his doings,
at a time I What has become of the first, one ?’* To
which he answered that they had quarreled, and ha
sent her to live with her brother.
Such wore the principal features of tho case oa

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