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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, December 10, 1871, Image 1

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“volume XXVII.
At No. 11 Frankfort street.
EC7> A SECOND EDITION, containing the latest news
from all quarters, published on SUNDAY MORNING.
J3@“ The NEW YORK DISPATCH is sold byall News
Agents in the city and suburbs at TEN CENTS PER
COPY. All Mail Subscriptions must be paid in advance.
Canada Subscribers must send 25 cents extra, to prepay
American postage.
Hereafter, the terms of [Advertising in the DISPATCH
will be as follows:
WALKS ABOUT TOWN 30 cents per line.
BUSINESS WORLD ...20 “ “ *
Under the beading of “Walks About Town” and
“Business World” the same price will be charged for
each insertion. For Regular Advertisements ana “ Spe
cial Notices,” two-thirds of the above prices will be
charged for the second insertion. Regular advertise-
Sents will be taken by the quarter at the rate of one dol
r a lire. Special Notices by the quarter wiL be charged
at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cer.ls per line.
Cuts and fancy display will be charged extra.
Miss King’s Travels in the Inte
rior of China and Japan.
She Sees Life Among the Celes
tials—Brings Back Many
Objects of Curiosity.
The Company Soon to Begin Business Un
der tlie Most Hopeful Prospects.
Among the wonders which the nineteenth century
has witnessed will be chronicled the eccentric, be
nevolent, and, under the circumstances, the great
woman’s enterprise, projected and executed by
two master feminine minds—Miss Susan A. King,
hitherto well-known in the business circles of this
city, and Madame Demorest, long the popular au
thority on American fashions. The point gained is
tho establishment of a tea company composed of
women, and whose entire control of the business is
to be conducted by women only. As the initiatory
step, Miss King departed upon
returning with samples of the best goods both coun
tries afforded, and a large portion of such as her
Judgment directed. After consultation with her
partner in the scheme, orders were sent out, which,
having been duly honored, the public may hail the
Woman’s Tea Company as an established fact, and
prepare to witness the grand opening of its new
salesrooms somewhere about the beginning of the
new year.
When it is understood that Miss King made her
journey and performed all the requisite transactions
alone, without the assistance of mankind, curiosity
Waxes strong to learn how the idea originated. A
personal acquaintance with the ladies has enabled
ns to investigate the matter, and, with their kind
permission, to make public interesting facts in regard
to it. Both are distinguished by the desire and aim
to promote the
While many have been wasting their time in en
gineering and debating for privileges that may be a
curse instead of a blessing, and that certainly will
tend in no wise to profit women in a monetary point
at the present time, these true benefactors have de
voted their funds, influence, and energies to a large
hearted scheme that will at once give employment to
hundreds at terms equal to the wages of men in
similar pursuits. During the Summer of 1869, Miss
King was prostrated by extreme illness, and in the
long, tedious hours, her friend, Madame Demorest,
was a frequent visitor. Miss King’s active mind s ut
tered intensely, owing to her physical debility, her
temperament being of the nervous, energetic order
which requires exercise. Her best entertainment
was*found in conversation upon the
fl topic which interested her greatly, “If ever I get
well,” she said in moments when almost despairing
of this, “we will immediately set about some new
enterprise which will permanently-benefit women by
giving them steady employment. But, Madame,
what shall it be?” Thus appealed to, Madame
crest felt a personal interest. “Of course it must be
something that would give women work, for
to the larger proportion of human beings. The
needy, those depending upon themselves for support,
those desirous of being independent from choice or
necessity, all need work.”
Their keen judgment decided that it must be in a
new field—the world of art, the needle, literature,
and ordinary clerkships, were all open and well sup
plied with applicants, and yet many remained un
provided for, or so scantily remunerated as to be
only one step removed from penury.
“ It must be lady-like, light, profitable, not above
the majority of intellects, and in all its appurtenances
suitable for refined tastes,” said Madame Demorest.
“And it must be in a sphere where the demand is
the greatest, so as to require the largest number of
employees,” suggested Miss King. “ Everyone eats,
everyone drinks. What article of trade in this line
do women know most about?”
Both ladies looked up from their meditations and
cordially shook hands over
The deliberation that ensued, decided that a compa
ny muit be formed, the tea imported, a better article
be introduced than heretofore bad been made popu
lar in this country, and the entire affair-to be con
ducted by women, even to the introductory steps of
visiting tho tea countries and inspecting their pro
But who should undertake this most important
duty? “I will,” declared Miss King, whose word is
as good as her bond. The fates, as if encouraging
her determination,.now hastened her convalescence,
and in a few weeks she departed upon her mission,
arriving at her destination with guarantees that at
•once ensured her recognition at both the American
.and English consulates. This was no pleasure-trip
in company with entertaining friends or under the
wings of manly protection; but a business expedi
»ticn, unaccompanied save by chance travelers, such
;fls the male agent of any business firm would under
.take. With all her knowledge of Miss King’s firm
ness, tact, courage, and business proclivities, “I
4Cnfess,” said Madame Demorest, “ that until I had
bidden her adieu, and seen her actually started upon
her voyage, I would not at any moment have been
surprised at her wishing .to relinquish this part of
the plan.”
Mies King is quite too brave a woman to dwell
long -upon her own feelings at the time for departure;
they .certainly could not have been much to be en
vied, but she asserts that, fairly under weigh, the
BpiritjOf adventure seized herfio enthusiastically, that
regrets .were lost in novelty. The great kindness
she mat with in the families of both ministers still
further inspired her. However, finding that under
this protection she was limited in her travels, she
conceived the idea .of penetrating into the interior,
beyond the open ports, alone, and, despite the warn
ings of experienced residents, dismissed her govern
mental guard, and set forthwith the prophecy of
reluctant friends that
.ringing in her unbelieving.oars. But she did ! She
the country of the heathen, made acquain t
anVG'With the retiring Celestial jn the privacy of his
hom'e, Visited hia pagodas, beheld.4ll his sacred mys
teries of his reverence for ancestral tradi
tions, an'i away, as proof of her success, prized
relics which*/ his genial rnoods, he bestowed as
tokens of esteeffi. P«r traveler tooH for he? jßottc
“ When in Romo, do as the Romans do,” and, sacri
ficing prejudice and custom to the shrine of interest
and laudable curiosity,- she entered into the modus
operandi of celestial life—ate as her entertainers did,
amused herself in their method, slept and chin
chined, or worshiped, for the time being, like the
veriest Chinese or Japanese woman.
“They were delighted with me,” she narrates;
“ they feasted, honored, and welcomed me; they in
ducted me to their social gossips and manners, their
weddings, betrothals, and funerals; they prepared
their daintiest fare for my approval; and, better
than all for my purpose, they gave me to sample
their best brands of tea.”
She paid well for these advantages, but always in
modes that precluded the thought of treachery, and
convinced them that their greatest profit rested in
terms of amity.
Among the trophies that adorn
from the two countries is a gorgeous tray in the
costly red lacca ware, at which she was banqueted
by a Japanese prince. This was presented as a me
morial of friendship, together with a huge bowl of
chow-chow, hospitably intended to feast her upon
her continued journey.
In China she feasted upon the precious shark’s
fins and bird’s-nest puddings, and brought away
sufficient to give all good Chiistians who desire a
taste of heathen fare.
In the Tartar country they slaughtered the grea t
dogs that infest the mountain fastnesses to make her
a robe and rug of the rich dark fur which consti
tute their choice habiliments. Gods and goddesses,
relics from pagodas, from mansion, forestand village,
househeld utensils, articles of vertu and wearing ap
parel, toys, games, money, tracts, make
up her store of curiosities. Here is the root of a
tree, hundreds of years old, picked up in the burial
place of Confucius, and polished by a native work
man, until its gnarled fibres resemble quaint carving.
Here are the tiny shoes of noble Chinese women,
whose custom it is after making their annual pil
grimage to the Temple of Joss, to leave their slip
pers at the shrine from which these were born away
by our triumphant Miss King. There is an assort
ment of Japanese and Chinese teapots, accompanied
by padded baskets, in which the coolies carry them
to provide their masters with the beverage het on
long journeys.
These little thimbles mounted on elaborate stems
are opium pipes in which Chinese sorrows are lost in
intoxication. A rare porcelain cup, exquisitely en
cased in straw as fine as sewing thread, represents a
choice wine cup. A lacca tray traced with a golden
dragon, bears
and was the gift of-a lady in the Diabootes province,
whose ancestors had remitted it to Se present gen
eration as a sacred relic of their times. A pair of
odd-shaped blocks are 4,000 years old, and were im
plements used in making prayers in a Chinese pa
goda, A foreigner’s feverish interest in their age
and use accounts for possession. The mode in
which they are employed, is quite peculiar. The de
vout Celestial upon entering the temple pays a fee,
and is permitted a trial of his luck. This consists in
clapping these blocks together three times, and
throwing them up in the air; they are shaped much
like a human foot; if the toes meet, he is permitted to
draw from a cup a tablet from among a number, each
bearing the name of a god, and whatever his “draw”
may reveal, indicates the deity to whom his peti
tions are to be made. On the contrary, if tho clap
pers fall in other positions, he may pay another fee
and take the privilege of trying again. A specimen
of the ugly looking double sword, with which a
guilty Japanese of blue blood may commit hari-kari,
likewise graces the collection. Tortoise shell from
the Peloe Islands in the Pacific, and cups of the
same carved by the natives, beautiful lacca boxes,
camphor wood-casket, delicate porcelain ware, chop
sticks, a bowl bearing the sacred crest of the Chinese
Emperor, all draw special interest.
Chief among the specimens of workmanship are
the pictures embroidered upon satin, mostly repre
senting birds and flowers of gorgeous Oriental varie
ties, for which Miss King employed 200 workmen, not
women, in the city of Jeddo. These have been
largely distributed as souvenirs among her friends,
although a sufficient quantity has been retained to
completely cover the walls of the company’s sales
rooms. The latter is promised to be one of the
in the city. The design of the officers is to appoint
branches in every city of the United States, and each
province outside of it with assistance enough to
guarantee dispatch and regularity in all the depart
ments. Numbers of canvassing agents will have
charge of Gotham and sister cities, and everybody
who desires to enjoy a delicious beverage, can obtain
the Mandarin Tea. We have been among the for
tunate few who have participated in the samples,
and have no hesitation in pronouncing it super
Miss King’s novel way of advertising her company
abroad deserves particular mention. After fifteen
months sojourn, she returned by sea with her
freight, the voyage being for health. The vessel
touched at many islands, upon nearing which our
’traveler would raise a kite covered with a bill bear
ing the announcement of the
and when in position, let go the string, and have the
satisfaction of seeing her airy messenger anchor on
the land. Whenever a bottle of wine was emptied on
board ship, a bill was sealed within and committed
to the waves. These devices whiled away the tedium
of the homeward journey. A fine collection of birds
occupy the aviary at the lady’s residence. A num
ber of Tsin-Tsin larks, the favorite songster for
ladies’ boudoirs and the entertainer of Celestial gen
tlemen’s leisure hours, were comprised in the as
sortment, but change of climate has left only one
In relating anecdotes of her visit, Miss King
speaks of a philosopher at whose house she was a
“Do you not think,” said she, “that your prac
tice of crippling the feet of ladies is inhuman ?”
“Not more so than the custom of Europeans, in
making small waists, and thus crippling the lungs.
I do not individually approve of it, but there are
parallels in countries considering themselves more
“Youhave a daughter,” urged Miss King; “why
do you not take a bold stand, and while she is yet
young, cease bandaging, and permit her to enjoy the
use of her feet as God intended she should ?”
“Because she would curse me; because she would
lose caste, and I could never marry her to an equal.
Society would scoff at and revile her, and she would
kill herself from shame and despair. Ladies of cul
ture are distinguished by the smallness of their
“I observed one fact,” remarks Miss King, “ip
connection with social manners, that these ladles
enjoy a great deal more physical ease and mental
serenity than our own, because
with her ever changing caprices. The modes are
always the same—they have descended from long
ages back, and the only concern which disturbs the
mind of the Celestial beauty is the quality and mn
terial of which her apparel shall be made.”
It is earnestly to be hoped this new enterprise
may prove a grand success. Means are not wafiting
to further its aims. Miss King herself will officiate
as Treasurer. She is possessed of a large fortune,
self made, chiefly from transactions in real estate.
Her acumen and business talents are undisputed.
Her charities are proverbial and disinterested.
Madame Demorest has been well known in many
successful undertakings, and her position in the
present will be that of President. Other distin
guished ladjes are officially engaged. An invitation
is extended to all women who desire to make ap
plications for employment, and wherever entitled,
positions of hopor and trust witl be found for them.
For lesser abilities, packing, selling, and canvassing
w.ll afford excellent chances for womanly work.
Consumers of tea throughout the country should
manifest their appreciation of thia great and good
scheme by giving “The Wigan’s*Tea Company” a
fair and imnartial trial.
Worthy and Unworthy Objects
of Charity.
The Commissioners of Public Charities and Correc
tion have their offices in a handsome building built
by the city for the purpose, on the corner of Eleventh
street and Third avenue.
At this season of the year—the commencement of
the cold blasts of severe Winter weather—the main
room in which the most part of the business is trans
acted, is crowded with applicants for admission to
hospitals, to the Work House, to send children to
Randall’s Island, to obtain relief by gratuities of mo
ney or fuel, by persons who wish to visit friends nt
the various benevolent institutions of the city, or to
the Penitentiary on Blackwell’s Island, or at the City
Prison (“Tombs”).
The scenes presented are full of incident sometimes
amusing, but more often
A reporter for the Dispatch visited the building
last week, and through the kindness and assistance
of Hon. George Kollock/Superintendent of Out-door
Poor, he was enabled to obtain many interesting
facts in relation to the workings of this institution
for carrying out the city’s benevolence and care of its
destitute and unfortunate citizens. Mr. Kellock fur
nished the reporter the following report of
There were 5,541 families relieved by donations in
money, comprising 1,986 adult males; 5,354 adult fe
males, and 15,442 children. The nationalities of
these families were: United States, 811; Ireland,
3,466; England, 169; Scotland, 56; Germany, 964;
France, 49; Canada, 2; other countries, 24. Total,
5,541, There were 3,083 tons of coal supplied. The
total amount of money disbursed (exclusive of spe
cial Legislative appropriation to the blind,) was
$119,771 92.
Among 517 blind persons were distributed $24,250.
This year there were but $12,500 appropriated by the
Legislature for the relief of the blind. They are now
making their applications for this aid. Already more
than five hundred blind people have applied. The
money will be distributed about January Ist.
who is a stout, benevolent, good-natured man, A 6CD
stant stream of applicants file past him. An idea of
their business may be obtained by the following
stenographic report:
Young Man—l wish to report a case of small-pox.
Mr. Kellock—Have you got a doctor’s certificate?
Young Man—No, sir. It has been sent here.
Mr. Kellock—l have not received it. When I get
it I will send the man to the hospital.
“ I want to get some coal.”
This was said by an old woman at least eighty
years of age, whose wrinkled face and bent form
showed great decrepitude.
Mr. Kellock—No coal till January.
Old Woman—l can’t hear you.
Mr. Kellock—John, go around and holler it in her
John advanced and placed his mouth close to her
ear, and yelled out:
“No coal till January!”
Old Woman—Speak a little louder; I can’t hear
John screamed out the words again, loud enough
to be heard a block away.
Old Woman—Oh, well, I suppose I’ll have to wait.
Mr. Kellock—Come around here, old lady. John,
101 l her.
Then turning to the reporter, he said:
“ She’s one of our pensioners. Her name is Ann
Ryan, and she lives with her husband, who is as old
as she is, at No. 69 Chambers street.”
The old woman received a dollar and toddled off.
A neatly-dressed woman,whose matronly face bore
a wearied and troubled expression, handed the fol
jo wing letter to Mr. Kellock:
New Yobk, Dec. 4. 1871.
Mb. Kellock: The bearer of this, of No. 84 Charl
ton street, is a woman worthy of your charity. She
is sober, industrious, honest, and willing to do any
thing for an honest living. She has worked very
hard to bring up her family. She has been obliged
to send two of them West; it has grieved her mother’s
heart to do it; she has two still left. She has worked
for us eleven years, and I hope you will give ■ her
some assistance. Her health is not very good—she
is breaking down; but she will try and do all she is
able, and I hope you will do for her. She is an
American woman. Do for her, and God will bless
us. Oblige S. B. Thurbush.
The letter was endorsed by N. Sydney Howell,
M. D., No. 149 Spring street.
Mr. Kellock promised to send a man around to
visit her.
John Joyce presented a letter, in which he said the
information was given him that his wife, Rosanna
Joyce, was dead on Randall’s Island. He wished to
know if it was true. A permit was given him to go
and learn the truth of it himself.
Two passes were given to two blooming young la
dies to visit Bellevue Hospital. Another was given
to a bullet-headed young man, whose close-cropped
hair and hard and villainous features plainly indi
cated the character of the man, to visit the peni
A lady with a demure face stepped up, and wanted
to get a friend sent to the hospital.
Two dashing damsels, dressed in fashionable at
tire, wanted passes to visit the Tombs.
A handsome, black-eyed woman wanted a permit
to visit Randall’s Island, to see her son.
Mr. Kellock—How old is he ?
Woman—Thirteen, sir.
Mr. Kellock (in astonishment)—Have you a son
thirteen years old ?
The woman simpered and blushed, fihe didn’t
look to be more than twenty-four.
The woman assured Mr. Kellock that her son was
that old. The permit was given her.
Another very respectable-looking woman wanted
her son sent to the school-ship.
“ He has been well brought up,” said she, “but he
has bad associates; that is the grand trouble.”
The information was given her that if she wished
to pay for his schooling and instruction there, she
could do so, and could get him whenever she
desired; but if she had him sent there as a bad boy,
and did not pay, he might be transferred from the
ship, in the course of time, to some other place, and
she would, perhaps, never see him again.
She went away, saying that she would think the
matter over.
Mr. Walter L. Childs, many strange scenes are
enacted. The cold weather brings a large num
ber of paupers, who almost invariably desire
to be sent to the hospital. If they are not really
eick, they pretend to be, and are almost inva
riably detected in their deceptions. They are
then told that they can only be sent to the Work
house for three months. They don’t like that; but,
in lieu of any better shelter, and wholly deprived of
the means of getting a meal of victuals, they accept
the dreaded alternative. A little better sleeping ac
commodation is furnished this class who are sent to
the Workhouse than those who are sent there from
the police courts. That’s the only difference in their
Charles Williams, an old man with weak eyes, and
who wore green goggles, was not of the kind who
feared the workhouse. He had been given, in the
early part of the morning, a certificate of admission
to Bellevue. He came back, two hours afterward,
highly indignant.
“This is a mistake,” said he; “I want to go to the
Workhouse. I’d rather be shot than go to Bellevue
Hospital. I’ve been there before, and know what
the place is.”
Th# change was zasdg, and he was seat & tfcc work
anir Urttjuthni.,
A stout, honest-faced Irishman said to the clerk, in
a confidential tone:
“If a woman giving the name of Anna Park, or
Bradley, comes here sick, and wants to go to the
hospital, I wish you’d let me know, down on Third
avenue, by sending me a letter. I’ll pay all ex
The clerk told him that if the woman came there,
sick, he would certainly send her to the hospital.
He had no time to send him any communication.
The Irishman walked away, saying:
“I don’t want her depinding on charity. I’ll pay
the expense—l’ll pay the expense.”
The woman was supposed to be his wife, from
whom he had been separated.
Anne Henry had pains in her bones, and wanted to
go to the hospital for a few weeks. Her husband had
left her a year ago, and she had been working out as
servant, but was now out of place.
A woman, with her face prepared for the occasion,
wanted to go to the Alms House for two weeks.
Clerk—What’s the matter with you?”
Woman—l had my arm injured.
Clerk—Let me see it.
The woman, after considerable persuasion, bared
her arm, but no injurv was visible.
Clerk—The only place I can send you is to the
She did not wish to go there, and walked away dis
appointed at the non-success of her attempted de
A gentleman and his wife wished an infant, two
months old, sent to Randall’s Island. Tho mother
of the child was nursing at their house.
Clerk—The infant is very young to take away from
its mother. You can have it sent there, however, by
paying $5 per month for its support.
The gentleman said he would pay that amount,
and the poor little infant was transferred to the
Island yesterday, where it will probably die, although
the best caro that can be given in an institution of
the kind will be given it.
Thus goes on, from morning to night, and from
day to day, the ceaseless round of applications, with
the same ever-recurring questions and answers, in
the building of the Commissioners of Charities and
ißDiimfi i iiNifir.
A Will Made Under Extraordi
nary Circumstances.
In last week’s Dispatch, we gave the leading
points to a very extraordinary case which came be
fore the Police Commissioners in the early part of
the past week. As the case contains all the elements
of a first-class sensation romance, we lay before our
readers the particulars elicited by the Commis
Mrs. Elizabeth Reynolds, a matronly woman of
sixty-five years, living in Brooklyn, had, by hard
manual toil, strict economy, and with the assistance
of her children, helped to buy a lot and build a house
in that city, which is now valued at SB,OOO. Mr.
Reynolds at one time became deranged, and had to
be consigned to the Lunatic Asylum, where ho was
confined over eight months. Returning home after
his supposed cure, he was found to be affected with
the heart disease, and all the care that wife and chil
dren could give him was bestowed on the unfortun
ate afflicted. Knowing the nature of his disease,*and
that he was liable to drop dead any moment, a year
ago, when in the full possession of his senses, h e
made his will,
while she lived, and, at her death, to the children.
So much for the first will. Months passed on, and
sickness overtaking him which confined him to the
house, he became melancholic, dreamy, and imagin
ative, and his mind became diseased. About three
months ago, taking the statement of Officer Thomas
Lyons, late of the Fourteenth Precinct—for the in
sane man is dead, and cannot be brought forward to
corroborate it—Mr. Reynolds left his home in Brook
lyn, and came over here to make a search for Mr.
Lyons. He found his boarding-house, and left word
that his second cousin, Mr. Reynolds, wanted to see
him. He did not obey the call, and again Reynolds
came and left a similar message. To that he gave no
heed. A third time he came, and left the same mes
sage, and Lyons thought he would go over and see
He did. That is less than three months ago. At
their meeting the insane man proved**to the satis
faction of the sane that they were second cousins.
Between the grandfathers of the two in Ireland there
was some sort of a relation that made both second
cousins. The relationship was mutually satisfac-*
tory. The insane man, Mr. Reynolds, so says Mr.
Lyons, professed extraordinary love and confidence
lor him; he was fault finding with his family all the
time, and for their cruelty to him he meant to dis.
inherit them, and begged of Mr. Lyons to become
his heir; get a will drawn up to that effect, and
he would sign it. Mr. Officer Lyons had no objec
tion to become a rich man, even if it was at the ex
pense of the tears of a
He thereupon hies to the office of Counsellor
Mott, who draws up the paper. Armed with this
document, baptized in Hades, Mr. Lyons goes over
to the house of Reynolds with two friends, thinking
that all he had to do was stick the pen in the im
becile’s hand and the property was his. But that
nice little part of the programme was spoiled by the
wife, who would not be a passivist to such an out
rage. Foiled in this attempt theymade application
to Judge Lynch, of the Sixth District Court, and
asked him to go with them to draw up and execute
a will at the house of Reynolds. He was not par
ticular to know whether the man was sane or dead.
He only gets twenty.five cents for a summons for a
will of $25, and for that amount he would render his
services to the Prince that is supposed to reside at
the Hub of the Universe. Mrs, Reynolds interfered,
and would not allow the will to be 'executed, and
Judge Lynch passed out without having earned his
judicial fees, though probably he was paid for lost
time. Saturday, the 25th December, Lyons having
a will in his pocket, engaged three friends to go over
to Brooklyn with him to witness the signing of it.
On the 27th, Monday, a carriage was hired, and the
four entering it drove over to the house of Rey
nolds. Mrs. Reynolds was astonished to see Lyons
come to the house with three men. as she had for
bidden him to enter it. In they esme, however,
who was in the apartments below. They saw him,
and then told him that there was a carriage in wait
ing to take him over to New York. The old man,
bereft of reason, said he would go; hia wife and
daughter said he should not leave them, and held
him and prevented him from getting in the carriage.
The conspirators, Officer Thomas Lyons, principal,
accessories, John McArdie, Edward Hare, and John
Dimond, got into the carriage, and rode off to Judge
Lynch’s court There they met Counselor at Law
Mr. Lewis Goldsmith, who gives his residence, Me
ropolitan Hotel, East New York. He drew up an
affidavit, sworn to by Lyons, that Mrs. Reynolds, her
daughter, and a Mr. McManus had assaulted Mr.
Reynolds. Here comes Lynch again. The com
plaint was presented to his honor, who immediately
issued a warrant for the arrest of wife, daughter, and
neighbor McManus. A court officer and the four
New Yorkers were dispatched to execute the warrant
forthwith. Mother, daughter, and Mr. McManus
were arrested, and made to foot it to court, the in
sane man was driven to court by Lyons, and con
ducted into the private room of Lynch. The wife
was not permitted to hear what transpired between
this modem Dogberry expounder of law and her
husband. But he himself says that he took Mr.
Reynolds into his private room, and examined him
on which he had issued the warrant, but ho him
whether he preferred to go with Mr. Lyons or his
wife. The man said Lyons, and he opened the door,
and said to Lyons, « Take him.** Lyons took one
arm, a co-conspirator the other, and they led him to
the carriage, and drove him off to New York. The
wife was then informed that it was her husband’s
wish that he should go with Lyons, and there was no
redress for her; her husband was a free agent.
Creighton, who had prepared the man for
death a year ago, who knew of his imbecile condi
tion, and who had drawn up his will when in sound
mind, feeling an interest in the family, and
naturally interested himself in the afflicted family,
and applied to the Chief of Police in Brooklyn for
advice. He was sent over to Superintendent Kelso,
and the whereabouts of Officer Thomas Lyons soon
found. When Father Creighton saw Lyons at the
Fourteenth Precinct station-house, he did not deny
having the demented creature in his custody, and
that it was at Reynolds’ request that it was done.
When Mrs. Reynolds could not recover her husband,
sho made the charge of improper conduct against
Lyons, in abducting her husband, and he was tried.
Out of his own mouth he proved himself
He said that on Monday, the 27th of November, he
took Reynolds to his own house in East Houston
street. Tuesday, the 28th, he caused Reynolds to
execute a bond and mortgage on his property for
$2,800; Wednesday, the 29th, he caused the old man
to will all his property to him, the property that he
had the day before mortgaged to himself. The same
day, Wednesday, the 29th of November, when Mr.
John Dimond, one of the executors of this extra
ordinary will, says that Mr. Reynolds was rapidly
improving; Mr. Lyons sent him to the Sisters’ Hos
pital, in Fifth street, where, on Saturday, December
2d, three days afterward, all] that was mortal of the
old man
Judge Bosworth very properly asked Lyons what
consideration he had given for the mortgage on the
property he had willed to himself, when he blun
dered out that he was to feed and nurse the old man.
And the same day the old man wills the property to
him he is sent to a charity hospital—to die three
days after. Meanwhile, a distracted wife and daugh
ter are searching every where to find his where
abouts, and only at last to find him a corpse in a
hospital. The same day of the trial, Lyons was dis
missed from the Police Department. Such a story
as this needs no comment.
Justice Buckley, of Brooklyn, has ordered the
arrest of ex-policeman Lyons, of this city, his asso
ciate, Justice Lynch, of Brooklyn, and all the other
accessories to this alleged conspiracy. The princi
pal, Lyons, is held to bail in $2,000; the accessories
in $1,500 each.
w Jrt of smpbgm.
Handsome Female Smugglers
Brought to Grief.
Silks and Satins as Clock Cases.
Sharp Tricks and Brilliant Subter
fuges of the Smugglers.
Col. Whitley and His Detectives After
the Defrauders of the Government.
Smuggling has long been looked upon almost as
one of the fine arts, so carefully have its votaries re
duced it to a science. ±>y steamers, ships, barks and
coasting sloops and schooners articles of all kinds
and descriptions are brought into this port and sold
without the formula of going through the Custom
House and paying the duties levied thereon. The
amounts thus brought in to this port alone aggre
gate millions, and the consequent loss to the Gov
ernment is very great. Of course the greater por
tion of the articles thus smuggled consist of precious
stones, mosaics, and fancy ware, but a very large
amount of silks, satins, and fancy articles come
through the “underground,” and are quietly dis
posed of. Cigars by the hundred thousand are run
in and sold to well known dealers, who, in town,
dispose of them to customers. Thousands of yards
of the finest laces are surreptitiously introduced.
Diamonds, amethysts, rubies, pearls, topazes, and
the other varieties of precious stones are the most
largely dealt in by the smugglers, because, on ac
count of their small size and lightness, they can be
carried without inconvenience in places where it
would ha almost impossible to find them. The soles
of boots, walking sticks with samll receptacles made
in the most careful and cunning manner to defy
detection, neckties, the lining of coats, and a dozen
other places and things are used. Parties have even
been known to swallow good sized’stones just before
entering port, trusting to the working of nature to
restore them in time, after the perils of Custom
House officers had bean passed. But if the swind
lers evince decided tact in eluding the vigilance of
the Custom House officials, the latter are equally
as sharp in detecting those who are engaged in de
frauding the Revenue. The reward system super
and what to an ordinary observer would be passed
unnoticed, is to them sure signs of guilt. No matter
how carefully the offender may have hidden his ven
ture of precious stones, unless he is a very old hand,
he cannot help betraying a nervousness under the
scrutiny to which all are subject who enter this port
from a foreign country. Walking sticks may bo very
innocent in appearance, but if hollow, they will give
forth, when properly examined, a different sound
from that of a solid one. A hollow boot or shoe sole
may also be detected in a similar way. Still, the
fact remains that there are hundreds of thousands of
dollars worth of precious stones annually imported
into this country through this and other ports, and
the Custom House officers are powerless to prevent
it.. There are many men and women who do little
else but run in diamonds and other precious stones
and laces, in just this way. The duty is so great
that, like blockade-running during our late war, the
offenders can afford to lose a portion of their ven
tures, provided they get the greater part safely In.
It is true that in addition to the loss of goods, there
is a heavy penalty in the way of imprisonment; but
this is seldom or never enforced, and so the work of
smuggling goes on from year to year, and officers
and smugglers have grown rich together.
Only the finer kinds of laces are smuggled, for the
reason that the poorer kinds would not pay. Of
course, the more expensive the lace, the more easy
it is to carry a considerable amount in value on one’s
person in a small space. Women are used almost in
variably for this business, and equally, as a matter
of course, women are the ones who are employed as
searchers. Woman’s proverbial curiosity is here
turned to good account. The female searchers de
velop an amount of talent in this line absolutely as
tonishing. Not long ago, a lady passenger on one of
the French steamers, from certain actions on her
part, became an object of suspicion. There was
nothing in her dress to excite the suspicions of an
ordinary observer. To the lynx-eyed female search
er, however,
albeit a trifle larger than usual, set somewhat awry.
This, and her nervous actions, were sufficient to coi»
vince the searcher that here was a case requiring
examination. The lady passenger was taken into an
inner room, and searched. The bustle was found to
bo stuffed with 500 yards of the choicest lace. A
quantity of lace was also found concealed in various
places in her baggage.
Another passenger on the same steamer was ob
served to be rather plump of body, while her face
was decidedly angular in its proportions. Here was
a physical contradiction that should be examined at
once, and accounted for, if possible. She of the
angular face was invited to a private in the
inner searching room. The cause of the curious
physical formation was soon ascertained. The lady,
we blush to say, was compelled to strip, and behold,
when her clothing was removed she was found to be
literally swathed in lace. She looked like an expen
sive mummy. We grieve to say that the remaining
coverings of this misguided beauty were removed
and confiscated. She had nearly one thousand yards
of the finest Honiton and Point Applique lace,
worth from $6,000 to SB,OOO, wrapped about her.
These are only specimens of what is happening
every week. It is almost impossible to detect all the
subterfuges to which the female smugglers resort.
Of course, from the specimens given, it will be seen
that it would be absurd to employ men to detect the
attempts of the female smugglers to violate the
It will readily bo imagined that cigars cannot be
smuggled in bulk. For instance, it would be im
possible to bring in a cargo of cigars, and hope
to escape paying the duty. The old days, when long,
low black schooners, such as described in the old
fashioned nautical novels, could run out of a port
under cover of the darkness, and, once at sea, laugh
at pursuit from a revenue cutter, and again under
cover of the darkness land the cargo at some point
on the coast, is gone by. Steam has revolutionized
smuggling as well as the carrying of passengers and
freight in a legitimate manner.
The smuggling of cigars is now done almost en
tirely by the sub-officers and crews of the steamers
and vessels running from Cuban and other West In
dia ports. It is nothing uncommon for the steward
of a steamer to bring in 10,000 cigars. These are
bidden in the coal bunkers, or somewhere forward
where the Custom House officers would not be apt to
look. Hidden under several tons of coal, it -would
take several hours of steady work to unearth the
cigars, even if the searcher knew just where to look
for them. Searching on speculation, it would be al
most impossible to discover them. The cigars are
taken ashore two or three days after the steamer
comes into port, and after the steamer’s general car
go has been removed under the eye of the Custom
House officers. The cigars are taken ashore at night
in small packages, and are disposed of to two well
known dealers on West street. Some time ago this
sort of thing was carried to such an excess, that the
attention of the Secretary of the Treasury was called
to it by the honest dealers, who were so completely
undersold, that unless a remedy was found, they
would have to go out of the business. Raids were
made, and thousands of cigars were seized, and for a
time t e illegal traffic was stopped. It has been re
commenced, and is now in full bla st.
Some time ago there was a large German Import
ing firm in White street, heavily engaged in import
ing silks and satins, and in addition a miscellaneous
assortment of goods. Among other things they im
ported large numbers of clock cases. One of their
specialties was black silks, and it was wonderful how
cheap they could sell them. The effect was to grad
ually drive other merchants out of the trade, and the
firm bid fair to have a monoply of the business. But
one day there came a discovery, and with it the ex
planation of the means by which the firm were
enabled to undersell their competitors. A case en
tered at the Custom House as clock cases, was found
to contain black silks, and an examination of the
other cases consigned to the firm and entered as
clock cases, revealed the same deception. The speci
men case of the lot sent to the appraiser’s office, was
found to contain clock cases, but this was, of course,
merely done to deceive. Some one in the Custom
House was in collusion with the importers, and he
must have received a nice little sum to carryforward
the deception. The stock of the firm, both in bond
and in their store was seized, and not until after
several months of litigation, and the payment of
nearly half a million dollars to the government, were
the proceedings against them discontinned.
Not long ago, another firm were caught in the act
of importing silks and satins under the guise of
white goods. In each case there was some Customs
officer in collusion with the parties, because the
case sent to the Appraiser’s Office, from examination
of which the value of the entire lot of goods from
which it is taken, and the amount of duties to be
levied’ thereon is estimated, is supposed to be taken
at random from the lot. In the instances we have
mentioned, the case containing the inferior article
was Invariably selected. Other instances of this
kind could be given at length, but these will suffice
as specimens of the manner in which the Govern
ment is defrauded. Under-valuation and short
weights aro other means by which the importers, in
many Instances, succeed, in eluding their justjdues
to the Government.
It was for the purpose of tripping up these rascals
that Col. Whitley, Chief of the Secret Service Division
of the Treasury Department, was directed to divide
his attentions to the counterfeiting gentry with
these violators of the law. Already he and his force
of detectives have been very successful. *They have
made many captures, and in nearly every instance
have arrested the guilty parties, in this, presenting a
marked contrast to the detectives of the municipal
police. It is with
that he has operated with the most success. Many
of them have been brought to sudden grief. One A,
C. Radcliffe, after being shadowed for a considerable
time, was pounced upon, and $75,000 worth of dia
monds captured.
One B. F. Moore, of No. 58 Nassau street, had long
been looked on as engaged in this traffic. He was
looked after for a considerable time, and with so
much assiduity, that three lots of diamonds, worth
in the aggregate SII,OOO, were seized. These were
sent from Rio Janeiro, and came direct from the dia
mond fields of Brazil. In the latent seizure, an In
tercepted letter of Moore’s acquainted Col. Whitley
with the fact that a consignment of diamonds were
on the way. When the steamer on which they were,
arrived, one of Col. Whitley’s detectives wont on
board, represented himself to be an agent of the
Weed Sewing Machine Company, resident at Rio Ja
neiro, and by exhibiting a picture of one Van Dryen,
gained the confidence of the one who had the dia
monds in charge, and they were handed over without
a suspicion that the detective was other than he
claimed to be. For nearly six weeks past. Colonel
Whitly has been expecting the arrival of several dia
mond smugglers who were believed to have quite
heavy ventures in these precious stones. Many of
these were employed by large and responsible firms
in this city, and, as stated above, were in the habit of
making regular trips, bringing in several thousand
dollars worth of precious stones every time they
crossed the Atlantic.
The steamship Westphalia, of the Bremen line, ar
rived at Hoboken, Nov. 28. One of Col. Whitley’s
agents, who had been specially detailed at that point,
reported that several of the suspected parties had
arrived in the steamer. Ho was directed to follow
them up. He shadowed one to a hotel, and followed
his every movement, until Thursday last, when, as
he was about to leave, the detective touched hi m
on the shoulder, and informed him that he was a
prisoner. The man at once “came down,” made a
clean breast, and gave up $10,090 worth of smug
gled diamonds. Better than that, he gave informa
tion which it is thought will lead to the arrest of sev
eral others. The name of the prisoner, and those
whom he has denounced, are kept quiet for the pres
ent, in order that the denounced parties may not
seek safety in flight.
A new detective bureau in the Custom-House, with
Colonel Frank E. Howe at the head, assisted by ex-
Fire-Marsbal Brackett, has also been recently organ
ized, and already has done some effective service m
the way of seizures. Only last week, Capt. Brackett
seized $2,500 worth of lace, which he found in some
trunks in the cabin of the steward of one of the
French steamers. It had been more than suspected
for a considerable time previous that this officer was
engaged in the business, but not till now had he
been actually caught in the act.
We may look for a lively shaking up of the smug
gling fraternity with both these bureaus at work.
grilling Stog.
08, THE
After receiving that Btrange warning from
■the valet, Helen and Hannah stood for some
moments gazing upon each other in wonder.
Both had recognized the voice, and both were
agitated deeply by it. Helen grasped the
hand of her friend spasmodically.
“ Shall we obey him ?” she asked, in a quick
hoarse, whisper.
“In everything,” was the warm response,'
“it is he himself.”
"Let us return, then, to the house. Givfl
me your arm—l am weak.”
They walked quietly back to the house, with,
out speaking further. The door of the draw
ing-room was open, and they entered. They
stopped abruptly—almost with an inclination
to go out again, when they saw that the apart,
ment was occupied by Dunstan. That cold,
habitual sneer was about his mouth ; and his
eyes seemed to brighten as they foil upon
“Pray do not pause,” he Baid, In his hard’
dry voice ; “ enter, enter. I am pleased to sea
your ladyship,. for you have spared me tha
trouble oi Bending for you, I wish to speak
with you.”
“ With me ?” said Helen, and that perfect
cold, haughty expression was upon her lovely
“With you,” was the cool rejoinder, "and
with you alone. Miss Menzies, X wish to say
something to Lady Kilmonell in private.”
Hannah anxiously looked toward her com
panion, as if asking what she was to do.
“ You may go,” said Helen calmly; "IwiU
not be long.”
Hannah went. She did not fear for hej
friend in this interview ; but she determined
to be within reach and so she paced up and
down the hall.
“Now, eir, I am at your service,” said Helen
with a calm dignity.
“ Will you be seated.”
“No ; I am waiting to learn what you may
have to communicate.”
“ Can you not guess what it is 1” ho queried
“Do you not know that I sympathize with
your distress ? that I would fain save you from
the cruel fate which hangs over you ?”
She bowed haughtily.
“Your sympathy is doubtless kind, and I am
sorry that I cannot appreciate it. Whatever
evil may bo about .to fall upon me, will fall
whether you would save me or not. You can
not save me.”
“I can—l can, and will, if you give me the.
right to save you ; if you will permit me to save
you,” ho said, with an approach to earnestness.
He advanced toward her, and attempted to
take her hand. Sho drew back.
" Stand still,” she said, firmly, “ else I shall
leave the room.
“Don’t boa fool,” he said angrily, and clutch
ing her wrist. “You must hear me, whether
you will or not; so be calm, and ”
The door flew open, and Dunstan dropped
the lady’s hand.
“The Master of Kilmonell, sir, desires to bgo
you on the instant,” said the dull, oven voice
of the valet.
“Presently,” said Dunstan, angrily; “and
knock when you come again.”
“ I knocked, but you did not hear mo.”
“Very well; I will attend him presently.
Now go.”
The door closed, and Dunstan turned again
to Helen.
"Listen to me,” he said, speaking more
rapidly than usual. "I know what evil sur
rounds you ; I know what misery there is in
store for you; that will slowly sap lite from
your veins, and make you pray for death.”
“ Perhaps I have prayed for death already.”
“I do not doubt it; for you have lived here
in torment worse than that of the doomed.
Why live on thus, when, by one word, you may
relieve yourself of all the trammels that now
bind you to despair ?”
“ And the word that will save me ?”
“Bay that you will come with me. I will
take you where you shall learn to forget the
past, and be happy in a cloudless future.”
From beneath his dark, heavy brows, he
watched the lovely face of the lady closely. Ho
saw there a quiet smile slowly rise; but
there was in that smile a depth of scorn which
no words could have conveyed.
“ Happy—and with you,” she said slowly..
“You would have me flee from a monster, and
trust myself to the tender mercies of a fiend.”
“ You refuse my help, then ?”
“ I do ; for I would rather be here a prisoner
than anywhere in freedom with you.”
“Think a moment,” he said, withill-subdued
rage—“ think of wbat I offer.”
“ I have thought, and I refuse all that you
can give.”
“ Then by every power of evil, you shall be
sorry ”
The door flew open again.
“The Master, sir, desires to see you on the
instant,” said the valet as before.
“Leave the room, idiot,” roared Dunstan.
The door was closed slowly.
“By your leave I will go now,” said Helen,
moving quietly toward the door.”
“ No, by Heaven, you do not go yet—you
shall not till I have done.”
“ Shall not?” she exclaimed, haughtily.
“I have said it,” and he seized her by tho
arms. “Look you, I have my own ends to
serve, and you shall not thwart them. You
shall leave- this place with me, whether you
like or not—nay, never Blind your angry looks.
Spare them till they are like to have some
effect, for they have none upon me.”
“Remove your hands,” she said, calmly, but
fiercely, withal.
“ Not till it suits my pleasure.”
She made an effort to wrench her arms from
his grasp, but his big bony hands closed upon
her like a vice, marking the soft white flesh.
The pain was acute, but ano uttered no cry or
“Todd Dunstan,” she eaid, firmly, “lam
not wholly friendless, and this insolence shall
not be forgotten.”
“ Doubtless you will remember itfor my ben
efit,” he sneered; “but I am prepared to dara
all that you and your friends can do. We
shall see who is the’strongest; wo shall ”
With a sudden jerk, she released herself
from his grip, and sprung toward the door
which at that moment was once more flung’
open by tho valet, who advanced a few paoei
into tho room, and thereby placed himself be
tween Helen and Dunstan.”
“ The Master, sir, desires ”
“ Stand aside 1” roared the infuriated Dun«-
Helen sped from the apartment.
“To see you upon the instant,” calmly con*
tinued tho valet.
“Fiends burn you to all eternity 1” yelled
Dunstan, wildly, and, raising his clenched
band, he struck the interrupter to the ground
with such quickness as to prevent him from
making a motion to defend himself.
Several domestics, who had been attracted by
the loud voice of Dunstan, here rushed into
the chamber, and raised the prostrate valet.
"Take him out of this,” said Dunstan,
scowling, but now somewhat calm.
“Are you much hurt?” queried the fat but
ler, who was supporting the valet’s head.
“No; not much,” was the quiet answer.
“There—you needn’t hold me, I can walk
“ Then walk out of my sight as quick as yon
can,” said Dunstan, roughly, “and see that
you improve your manners before you come to
mo again.”
The valet regarded him with a strange look
of hate and contempt. There was Bomothlng
fearful in the distortion which tho man’s coun
tenance underwent.
“When you and I meet again, Todd Dun
stan, you will bitterly repent what you have
There was an incomprehensible change in
his voice and manner, and Dunstan looked fox
a moment as if startled, and even afraid.
The valet walked away, followed by tho do
mestics, who were in a state of mute amaze at
the boldness of their new companion. But they
liked him all the better in consequence of the
boldness, for every one of them hated tbei»
master's sou hearbly,
NO. 6

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