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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, May 19, 1872, Image 1

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At No. 11 Frankfort street.
BA* A SECOND EDITION, containing the latest news
from all quarters, published on SUNDAY MORNING.
The NEW YORK DISPATCH is sold by all News
Agents in the city and suburbs at TEN CENTS PER
COPY. All Mail Subscriptions must be paid in advance.
Canada Subscribers must send 25 cents extra, to prepay
American postage.
Hereafter, the terms of (Advertising in the DISPATCH
tvill be as follows:
WALKS ABOUT TOWN 30 cento per line.
"Under the heading of “Walks About Town” and
•’Business World” the same price will be charged for
each insertion. For Regular Advertisements ana “ Spe
cial Notices,” two-thirds of the above prices will be
charged for the second insertion. Regular advertise
ments will be taken by the quarter at the rate of one dol
lar a line. ’ Special Notices by the quarter will be charged
at the rale of one dollar ana twenty-five cents per line.
Lilts and fancy display will be charged extra.
The Innocent Locked Up, While
the Felons are at Liberty.
A Woman Detained in the House of Deten
tion for Over Six Months.
According to the last annual report of Sergeant
Davis, superintendent of the House of Detention,
there wore admitted and confined in closer custody
than the criminal, 267 inmates, who were unfor
tunate enough to be witnesses to the commission of
a crime. Witnesses, like the call-boy who saw Stokes
lill Fisk, are in closer confinement than the crimi
nals. And while the alleged assassin arraigns the
jury, and puts it on trial for daring to indict him,
the friendless witness, who saw the crime commit
ted, must be closely guarded, so that the friends of i
the accused shall not tamper with him. All this is
imneceß«ary. The Legislature has given the matter
no thought, although year after year the subject has
Bgain and again been called to its attention. They
had the power to
the detention of witnesses; but they did not do it,
find in this gross neglect they are largely responsible
for the spread of crime. Who that is witness to the
Commission of a crime, if poor, with a family to sup
port, will come forward and volunteer his testi
mony, knowing that he will be torn from his family,
locked up in prison behind iron bars, and prevented
from working for its support ? It is an inconsistent
justice that should make his family starve, that he
may be the moans of bringing a felon to justice. It
Is true that
find we even respect them; but so has the com
munity. It is true that an offender has, in a petty
larceny case, or charge of misdemeanor, the right of
trial by jury. That is a right none wish to deprive
jiim of, and none will dispute.
) But while abrogating none of his rights, is it jus,
lice that nothing should be conceded to the inno
cent? If it is not, then theft becomes a pastime
generally a recreation, and the taking of life
pext dow t 0 an amusement, more particularly as re
cently illustrated by the placing of a jury on trial by
n murderer for indicting him for the crime of mur
fill that a desperado and law-defier has to do is to sue
the papers for Hbel that dare publish his misdoings,
the officer who arrests, the complainant for defama
tion of character, and the magistrate who commits
him for faiee imprisonment. The serious question
Is, why should th o witness to a felony be incarcer
ated like the felon, when it can be avoided ? It is
true that a jury usually w iaheg to BeQ a witne3B , as
there is often as much in the, manner of the man as
the matter. But in cases where % witness like Mar.
garet Fielding is detained 184 days hix m Onthß) be .
fore a trial can be reached, is such confine
ment justice? The alleged offender, if he peases,
tan obviate this wrong by agreeing to have the testu
mony taken de dene es« in his presence, and cross
examined by his counsel, and the testimony submit
ted to the jury at the trial. Why should not the
'but witness to it, have the same right that the crim
inal has, and demand that his testimony be taken ?
That is the question that our Legislatures for years
have been asked to discuss, and so abolish the abom
inable system of imprisoning witnesses. All that
the prisoner loses or gains is the personal appear
ance of the witness on the stand, but the evidence
is there in unmistakable language for the jury to
Judge for themselves. It is such a law as this that
Is much wanted in this city—such a law as this we
must have eventually, if we would check crime, and
keep it under foot, as no man nor woman who wit
cess it will come forward voiuuvaiuj »v mq wru u-vm
their families and domestic relations, and sacrifice
themselves to the cause of justice. We have had
convictions on testimony taken de 6ene ewe, when the
offender assented to it. We can cite one case in par
ticular, and as it has
Jt may be as well to give it at some length.
A most notorious patent safe operator swindled a
countryman out of several hundred dollars. He
was arrested and taken before a magistrate. The
thief assen ted that the testimony of the man robbed
Should be taken de bene ewe before Judge Russell,
find the same being read before the jury, <on trial, he
was convicted and sentenced to Sing Bing. But
here probably comes in the most romantic history
Of this affair, although it does not in any manner
damage the argument made for taking testimony
of persons likely to be locked up in the House of
Detention. This celebrated offender, whose name is
Lilly, known in every direction from here to Aquia
Creek in Virginia, served out his time. After he
left Sing Sing, like a great many others, he seemed
io be indefinite in purpose, and associated with
thieves, and threw himself in the way of the dan
gerous classes. He was told that if he did not keep
better company the result would be reincarceration
On suspicion, If not on actual guilt. He gave no
heed to the advance, and within three weeks of his
discharge from Sing Sing, this convict, Lilly, was
again consigned to the Tombs on a charge of bur
glary. He was speedily indicted on the charge of
burglary in the first degree, second offence, an in
dictment which , it proven, would consign him to
The circumstances of the burglary were theses
Lilly, although a notorious swindler by false pre
tesses, never bad the courage to rob by violence or
any other way, except by his oily tongue. He would
gain the confidence of a man, talk largely of busi
ness, have a confederate come up and ask imme
diate payment of a bill before he left for Europe or
California. He couldn’t of course pay, except in
Check, and a loan was temporarily borrowed, and thus
Ihe swindle was consummated. Greater violence to
he person than this Ed. Lilly never committed.
When he was arrested for burglary, it took every
one that knew him by surprise. Yet, after all, it was
a simple matter. A woman of doubtful reputation,
Darned Mrs. Shorey, the mistress of a receiver of
stolen goods, the great Fagan of this city, deserted
him and tried to attach herself to the returned con
vict, To this the modern Fagan, the greatest re
ceiver of the age, entered a demurrer, and let us sea
bow it was done. A house was entered one warm
Summer’s night by a burglar; so warm was the
night that wither and daughter took a mattrass and
threw it down on the floor of the back parlor. Be
tween midnight and morning the mother awoke as.by
Instinct: tbexe ww an intruder io the room: she lay
still for a short time, but not long, ae the man struck
a match, and she saw his face reflected in the mirror.
That was all she saw of him, for she started from the
bed and grappled with him. He threw her from him
and escaped. She knew no more of the affair than
this. She judged he was a tall man, and in the
struggle she felt that he had a large band. Fagan,
the great receiver of Now York, had a purpose in
putting Mr. Lilly out of the way, and he did it with
masterly ingenuity. A night or two after the at
tempted robbery, with two friends he passed on the
opposite side of the street. He stopped in front ef
the house and remarked:
“That’s the house Lilly tried to get into.” -
It seems that a detective of the Ninth Precinct was
intimate with the family, and this Fagan knew, for
the first man sent for was this detective, who had
been a keeper at Sing Bing. He knew Ed. Lilly in
Sing Sing, and arrested him. Confronted with the
lady of the house, he was identified.
Although a bad man, Lilly had no right to go to
prison for life on the charge of a crime of which he
was innocent. Big hands, big body, and the reflec
tion in the mirror from a match was all his identifi
cation. But then added to that he had his bad char
acter. Mr, Beale, late of the Prison Association,
recently dead, investigated the matter fully, and
He obtained affidavits of confession from the
really guilty parties in Sing Sing, but they could not
be used in court, and Lilly lay for a full year in
prison, and the District Attorney did not dare to try
him. Mr. Waterbury, the District Attorney, left
such important cases to his assistants. Mr. John
Sedgwick, one of his assistants, said: “If I try the
man I shall convict him, although I am convinced of
his Innocence.” Mr. Anthon said that he had no
doubt of the manto innocence, but then he would
have to urge the case to a conviction before a jury,
the complainant was so positive as to identity.
There was a case, he said, in France, where a per
son was identified from a flash from the pan of a
gun, and conviction followed. Why not from the
light of a match in the mirror ?
After lying a year in prison, this notorious felon
was eventually discharged on his own recognizance,
whereupon he went to Washington, and during the
war made an immense amount of money—so much
that he came back and visited the Tombs and shook
his hat full of greenbacks at Jeffards, who was then
confined in the Tombs, laughing at the change of the
circumstances in the two.
This same Lilly, who made a fortune during the
war, lost it by gambling, and was found a month ago
in West street at his old vocation by Uncle Freeman,
of the Twenty-sixth Precinct, who gave him twenty
four hours to leave the city or he should arrest him
on every occasion that a swindling transaction oc
curred. Ho did leave,
But supposing that he had been arrested, and had
been identified, is it all likely that after the ex
perience ho had learned that he would submit to
have the testimony of the complainant taken de bene
esse ? No. Not a man in this line of business will
now submit to it, and the result is that the witness
is locked up, the offender, if he does get out on
worthless ball, sees indirectly the complainant, and
when the case comes up for trial, the man wronged
having been righted, has a remarkably obtuse mem
ory. In this way the locking up of witnesses as
prisoners tends in no way to further the ends of
justice. It is a pity that the Legislature could not find
time to give this important matter serious considera
The United States Used as a Place
to Export Felons.
Seventy-four Convicts Shipped
to this Country.
Names and Time of Sentences
of the Criminals.
The New York Dispatch has repeatedly called at
tention to the nefarious practices of certain European
governments, especially those of the petty States of
Germany, to pardon desperate criminals out of their
State Prisons on condition of emigrating to the Unit
ed States. Our articles on thia important subject
have elicited impudent replies in the official organs
oi some of the offending governments, and have led
to a discussion of the question in many prominent
journals of Continental Europe. Notwithstanding
the facts which we gave, and notwithstanding the de
fiant manner in which the Grand-Ducal Government
of Mecklenburg-Schwerein especially answered our
pointed charges, Secretary Fish has not deemed it
prudent to protest energetically against these inex
cusable outrages. We will now call his attention, as
well as that of the American people, to the following
particulars on the same subject, which wo find in the
last issue of the Review of Criminal Statistics, pub
lished in French at Brussels, and enjoying the high
est reputation.
The Review says that
1U WMV UVO.LQ xtisods, on
their declaration of intending to emigrate to the
United States. Fourteen of them had no means
whatever, and had their passage to New York paid
by the governments which pardoned them. The
others paid their fare respectively to New York and
Baltimore themselves. Most of these pardoned crim
inals were from
Their names and the crimes for which they were
convicted, are as follows: Anton Hermer, rape, sen
tenced to sixteen years in the State Prison; Bern
hard Meinrad, robbery, ten years; Julius Bernstein,
forgery, seven years; Arnold Meager, rape, twelve
years; Peter Weinhardt, burglary, seven years; Carl
Stein, stabbing, fifth offense of the same character,
ten years; Ludwig Wellenstein, arson, third offense,
eleven years; Frederick.Landmann, rape, second of
fense, five years; Jonas Seligman, swindling, fourth
offense, nine years; Adam Gris, robbery, seven
years; Franz Lomberg, murder/'twenty-five years;
Fritz Berske, seduction, third offense, four years;
Carl von Stein, forgery, six years. Total, thirteen,
Albert Bierstedt, highway robbery, twenty years;
Arnold Schrader, murder, fifteen years; Frederick
Bruhl, forgery and theft, seven years; Peter Schultz,
arson and murder, fourteen years; Carl Muller,
highway robbery, sixteen years. Total, five,
Elias Hart, shoplifting, ninth offense, ten years;
Marcus Ascha ffenburg, stealing, four years; Freder
ick Bruch, murder; sentenced for life; Anton Trut
schel, sodomy, six years; Albert Markevardt, rob
bery, nine years; Dr. Sander, abortionist, fourteen
years; Ernest Hansen, murder, ten years. Total,
Franz Moellmann, murder, fifteen years; August
Jacobs, robbery, ten years. Total, two.
Peter umkrnann, rape, four years; Tony Berkerle,
robbery, six years; P. Thilly, forgery, eight years;
George Moet, murder, sentenced for life; Franz
Becker, swindling, third offense, three years. To
tal, five.
Theodore Humbert, murder, ten years; Franz Ra
del, murder, twelve years; Sixtus Pdtermann, arson,
seven years; Eberhard Roeder, forgery, six years;
Carl Petersen, murder, twelve years; George Kanter,
arson and murder, fifteen years; Wilfred Lucke,
abortionist, two years; Max Michel, buying stolen
goods, ninth offense, eight years; Anthony Dob
meyer, robbery, five years; Godlove Jenners, man
slaughter, six years. Total, ten.
Isaac Mennig, arson, three years; Betty WelWb
billig, infanticide; Conrad Schule, forgery; Henry
Friedemann, burglary, fourth offense, eight years;
Springer Belins swiiwiima third offense, four yeais;
Bergmann Sexus, arson, fifteen years; Peter Neu
mann, highway robbery, sixteen years; Anton Zu
ber, rape, five years; Franz Raeder, seduction, six
years; George Steffens, murder, twelve years. To
tal, ten.
Johannes Gavazzi, murder, sentenced for life;
Bilger Terza, robbery, nine years; Berthold Traeger,
robbery, seven years. Total, three.
Johann Scherr, robbery, seven years; August Dill
mann, manslaughter, four years, Total, two.
Carl Olsen, forgery, six years; Madame Kustritz
ky, procuress, four years. Total, two.
Fritz Kiemlff, robbery, seven years. Total, one.
Ferdinand Costamagna, stabbing, ten years; Lult
pold Sachse, robbery, three years; Stanislaus Lasky,
forgery, six years; Johann Nehrle, robbery, nine
years; Joseph Maria Amt, foundling—sixth offense,
eight years; Maria Federer, infanticide, two years.
Total six,
Werner Zachariae, arson, six years; William
Cramer, stabbing, three years; Martin Kudlitzer,
murder, twenty years; Bertha Dosa, murder, twelve
years; Joseph Berlitzer, swindler, two years; Joseph
Vangerow, arson, eight years; Samuel Danziger,
theft and burglary, six years; Carl Danzler, robbery,
six years. Total, eight.
So the United States received from Germany, in the
year 1871, the following criminals: Fifteen highway
robbers, twenty murderers, eight forgers, eight in
cendiaries, three burglars, five rapists, two seducers,
three shoplifters, two infanticides, one sodomist,
two abortionists.
Is it not time that our Government took steps to
stop this country being made a penal colony for
Europe? We have enough of our criminals without
importing any.
The Lover Comes to America to
Seek His Fortune.
His Sweetheart Follows Him.
How Utterly Wrecked and Totally tost.
A, Very Tragic Tale Without a Male
Villain In It.
JgThe old, old story of a woman’s fall, the facilis de
scensus averni through which sho glides from the
paths of virtue, the gradual descent, lower and lower,
and lower, until at last she is swallowed up in the
dark abyss of a life of shame—lost to the world,
even in name, a mere unit in the vast number of the
frail sisterhood, never to be heard of again by society
except, perhaps, through the jail record or the coro
ner’s office. All this is unfortunately too familiar to
us in New York. It ia seldom, however, that we
in all its details as the following, the story of a young
girl brave enough to follow an honest lover across
the Atlantic, whom actual starvation drove to a life
of iniquity, and who reached the lowest level to
which she could descend, before, almost, she arrived
at the years of womanhood. Add to all this that she
was once very beautiful, and that even now, after
years of dissipation, young as she is,
still lingers in her face, and the story is no ordinary
one, though we are accustomed to hear heartrending
histories of blighted loves, for there are few of the
fallen women who fill the bagnios and concert saloons
of New York that have not a sad story of their own
to tell. Few women of their own free will rush into
brazen harlotry.
On Wednesday evening last notice was received at
the Centre street hospital that the ambulance was
required at the Fourth Precinct station-house. Dr.
Amabile, the ambulance surgeon, answered the call
immediately, and on going to the Oak street station
house, was informed that there was a woman in the
waiting-room working in a fit, and that she appeared
to be in a very dangerous condition. Entering the
room, the doctor saw a young girl, apparently
sitting on the floor in a corner of the room. Her
head was thrown back against the wall, her dress
was opened at the throat, and her hair fell in thick
black clusters over her neck and shoulders. Huge
drops of perspiration streamed down her face, and
her hands were clasped convulsively or spasmod
ically clutched her dress; her breathing came thick
ly and with evident difficulty, r and occasionally her
poorly but
her face was worn and haggard-looking; her large
gray eyes gave an expression of remarkable intelli
gence to her care-worn, regular features. Her face,
though not beautiful now, was one which would
attract the attention of a passer-by, and showed
traces of bygone charms of no mean order. Her
hair clustered over her shoulders in rich masses,
and gave her bloodless face a weird-like appearance.
She was tall and well proportioned, though it was
easy to see that she had scarcely yet arrived at
Dr. Amabile at first supposed that she was suffer
ing from an ordinary epileptic fit, but on examina
tion discovered that this girl, twenty years old, was
in an advanced state of delirium tremens, and that
she had just then been attacked by alcoholic con
vulsions. He was informed by the sergeant on duty
that she had been brought to the station-house from
a house of no good repute, in James street, by one
of the patrolmen of the Fourth Precinct. She had
been attacked with the convulsions in the house, and
had been
by the inmates to die or get over her fit as best she
could. The officer found her on the sidewalk, and
removed her to the Oak street station-house, where
Doctor Amabile found her. She was unconscious
when she was first brought to the siation-house, but
she recovered shortly before Doctor Amabile arrived,
and gave her name to the sergeant as Ida Hudson.
She further stated that she was
that she was a native of England, and that she had
five years in this country.
She was removed in the ambulance to the Centre
street Hospital, whore she was provided with a bed
in the female ward. The following is her own story
of her life, told to the writer in desponding tones,
and an ii she felt that she was past all redemption:
Ida Hudson was from the town of Reading, in the
county of Berkshire, in England. She lived with her
father and mother, who were well-to-do people, until
she was sixteen years old. At that age she was pri
vately engaged to bo married to a young man who
worked as a laborer on her father’s farm. Her father
heard of the engagement and forthwith provided
Ida’s lover with money enough to emigrate, drew
of the career which was before him in the “far
West;” reminded him that he would remain a slave
at home all his life, while a competency awaited him
in America, and, as a practical hint of the necessity
of his making a “change of base,” discharged him
from his own employment. Out of work, and with
the brilliant picture before him which Ida’s father
had drawn for him, the young man
but not without many a promise to Ida that he wou’d
soon return with plenty of money, and make her his
wife. There were the usual heart-breaking leave
takings. Ida’s lover sailed for America, and her
father, a thorough believer in the doctrine of
flattered himself that he had managed everything
very well indeed.
For six months Ida’s lover wrote to her regularly
by every mail, but suddenly his lexers ceased. For
four months she heard nothing of him, and at last,
unable any longer to bear the suspense, she man
aged to raise her passage money, and without saying
a word to father or mother,
Four yeais and a half ago she landed at Castle
Garden. She went to the address from which her
lover had last written, but, alas I the worst tidings
awaited her. “He had gone Wes I”—nobody knew
where 1 It would have been a relief to her to know
that he was dead. But the uncertainty, and above
and beyond all, the horrid doubt that he may have
become faithless to her—the thought
Her money soon ran out, and starvation stared
her in the face. She had advertised and searched
the city in,vain, for some trace of her lost lover. In
her eager search she had forgotten herself, and be
fore she knew where she was she found herself pen
niless. She wan turned out of an emigrant boarding
house in Washington street. She wandered about
the streets of New York, alone, for a whole night 1
Next morning, on West street, near the Jersey City
accosted her. She saw evidently that she was a
stranger and in distress. She told her that she
would take her home with hor and provide her with
good clothes and food. The girl’s heart beat fast
with fear and excitement. There was an evil look in
the woman’s eye, and an evil leer in her face when
she said,
my dear.” Her conscience told her that she ought
to have dragged herself away fiom the tempter, but
where had she to turn to ? Starvation stared her in
the face. She had applied for work in vain. Her
very wild look was a ban upon her. She yielded,
and was taken to a house in Canal street. What
need to go any further ? She never again heard of
her old lover. She first lived in magnificently fur
nished houses, but she fell with the speed of light
ning. She gave herself up to the wildest orgies, and
in one year had become
She was turned out of one house after another for
her confirmed drunkenness. Her very debauched
companions were ashamed of her, and one month
ago she found herself the inmate of an infamous
house in the Fourth Ward.
Yesterday she said to the nurse of the hospital
that she was all right again, and insisted on leaving.
She could not be detained, and she walked out o f
the hospital, a lost woman, like one without a ray of
hope in this world.
i .miriuim; man.
Flees to Pittsburgli, and There
Marries Again.
Then Be Elopes to New Tori with His
Second Wife’s Sister.
His Arrest, and a Promise of Racy
A Pittsburgh paper recently contained an account
of a young man who married a beautiful young lady
in that city, and afterward eloped with her sister,
coming to New York, the noted haven and refuge for
all who are troubled with dieagreoments in their
domestic relations. It mentioned that he had a wife
living in Ann Arbor, Mich., and also that they were
stopping at a certain hotel in New York—that is, the
bigamist and his third wife—but a search in the
premises proves the latter to be without any founda
tion in fact. They did not stop at any hotel in this
The real facts, as elicited at the Jefferson Market
Police Court the other morning, prove that this Ed
ward La Farge, alias Delves McKeiver (his name as
given in Pittsburgh) alias plain Fred Weeks,
of thirty or thereabout, and dressed with great care
and taste, to be an enterprising young villain, not
only in matrimonial matters, but in money matters
as well. Having wealthy parents living—where, no
one can tell—he is supplied with sufficient money to
keep him comfortably, and if that fails, his “cheek”
will help the deficiency to a large extent.
From the facts obtained, it appears that he has
done quite a business in the marrying line, and if he
has never married before, he should have done so,
to secure innocent victims from the world’s scorn
McKeiver went to Ann Arbor in 1869, ostensibly to
open an office as a dentist, which profession be pro
—— . /■ t».;i« n Ttri_ Ums anmn reason ur an-
other he did nothing of the kind, but whiled away
his unoccupied moments in making himself
he came in contact with, which embraced the elite.
In the Spring he married Miss Louisa Ramsey, a
daughter of a prominent physician of that city. Soon
after their child was born he removed to Pittsburgh,
without giving his wife notice of his whereabouts or
intentions. He remained in Pittsburgh a short
time ere he sufficiently impressed Miss Lillie Rus
sell with his love and constancy as to cause her to
consent to a marriage, which occurred last Fall. All
went very pleasant for a time, but at length his wife
No. 1 began to trouble him with what he deemed
useless correspondence, and to be rid of her, he de
cided on coming to this city, and in order not to be
lonesome or subject to fits of homesickness, he pro
posed an elopement to
who is a wild, romantic chit of seventeen, full of
merriment, and loving nothing better than a roman
tic episode, because it is so jolly, you know. She
accepted, and without waiting for the parson to unite
them, they hurried on board the sleeping train, and
were soon safe from pursuit, at least so they judged.
Arriving in New York, they secured accommoda
tions at one of the most strictly private boarding
houses of Twenty-fourth street. Here the young
husband’s funds became low, and to increase them
he secured a situation in a Sixth avenue dental pal
got into the possession of wife No. 2, who, on dis
covering her husband’s scoundrelly conduct and sis
ter’s dishonor, informed her senior of the matter,
and suggested an investigation. Wife No. 1 arrived
in Pittsburgh, and a week after the flight of their
husband they came to this city, and immediately be
gan investigations re’alive to the punishment bf the
man who so cruelly duped them. For a wook
instead of pulling each other’s hair on account of
one securing his affection from the other, they
searched in every place where the runaways would
be apt to‘(put up.” It was soon decided that they
did not remain at any hotel, but a short time after
coming to New York, and it was suggested that they
might have left for some other city in order to blind
their pursuers. By the merest chance tlie two ex
wives called in at a dental office one day on business,
where they heard the name of him of whom they
were in search mentioned, and immediately began
to work up this clue.
A few days afterward they called at the boarding
house where the eloping pair were stopping, and
awaited in the parlor an answer to their request to
see Mr. LaForge and wife.
was heard in the hall, and in a moment that gentle
man and his wife entered. He endearored to beat a
hasty retreat as soon as he discovered the identity of
his callers, but wife No. 1 thwarted him, while No. 3
fell fainting into her sister’s arms.
An adjournment was carried to the Police Court,
where, after an examination, it was decided that the
case was too complicated for that jurisdiction, and
was transferred to the Supreme Court, where it is
expected some spicy revelations will be elicited, as
LaForge is not only accused of bigamy, confidence
operations and abducilon, but it is said a number of
other charges will be brought against him, which
will no doubt give him an insight into the intricate
workings of some State Prison.
The Scenes of their Depredations.
Increase of Thieves Out of Propor
tion to Increase of Population.
Some of the Most Celebrated Gangs, and
Who Lead Them.
Culpable Negligence of our People.
The attempted robbery of the residence of Mr.
Phelps, the Sixth avenue jeweler, and his attempted
assassination by the thieves, has again called atten
tion to the gangs of thieves which infest various
parts of this city, and who are ready, if occasion re
quires, to add murder to their other crimes. Those
conversant with the facts know that our criminal
classes are being added to each year with frightful
rapidity, but they do not know from what classes
they are and the schools in which they
are graduated.
Formerly, the Fourth and Sixth Wards had almost
a monopoly of the nurseries wherein criminals were
graduated; but of late this has been changed, and
the greater portion now come from the Wards fur
ther up-town, more especially those bordering the
rivers. The great and rapid increase in our juvenile
thieves is owing in good part to the increase of large
tenements, affording a safe refuge, in their vastness,
to a small army of thieves. From thence they issue
forth and prey upon whoever and whatever they
come across that affords them an opportunity for
I These thieves are divided into two classes, the
one, which may bo termed the juvenile class, com
prising those from ten to sixteen years, and the
other, and older one, from sixteen to twenty-five
The members of the juvenile gang are active and
agile as rats, whom they closely resemble in the ex
tent and character of their depredations. They
swarm along the piers where vessels are unloading,
and in spite of the utmost efforts to prevent it, snap
up and carry off articles that they would hardly be
supposed capable of carrying away, without being
observed by those engaged in removing the cargo
from the vessel to the pier. Bags of coffee, spices,
small bars of iron or lead, anything is eagerly
caught up and carried to the nearest junk shop,
where it is purchased without question. It is safe
to say that were there no junk shops, there would
be not one quarter so many thieves. The latter
know perfectly well that they can obtain at the junk
shops a ready sale for everything they may bring
There are probably twenty or more gangs of
young thieves in this city operating in as many dif
ferent localities. Some time ago one was found in
the Fourth Ward, having their headquarters under
a pier. With boards they had built up quite a resi
dence, and here they lived.and slept. Many of them
were orphans, vagrants who had no other home, and
others young runaways, whose parents, .having less
solicitude for their offspring than the beasts, were
content to alow them to shift as best they could.
Hera they existed and carried on their depredations
for months before they were discovered. When the
police finally found the place they took into custody
the dozon or so of boys whom they found there, and
these were subsequently sent to the House of Cor
rection, but the larger part of the gang escaped, be
ing absent on various depredating tours.
But the most curious habitation chosen by a gang
of juvenile thieves was that discovered only a few
days ago. At the foot of East Forty-sixth and Forty
seventh streets, bordering on the East River, is an
immense pile of manure and straw, belonging to the
contractors Messrs. Kane and Ryan, and which the
Board of Health has for two years or more vainly
endeavored to have removed because of its almost
unbearable stench. It has been discovered that a
number of boys have burrowed for a considerable
distance into the filthy straw which compose part of
this heap, and have hollowed a hole large enough to
contain a dozen or more of them, and here they
have lived, secure for a time from observation, tfhey
occasionally sallied out and made raids on neighbor
ing groceries and stores, bteaiiug wUuu>tc« wiuy
could lay their hands on. Nothing came amiss,
hams, vegetables, canned fruits, bread biscuit, and
other remnants of articles found in their subterra
nean home, showed that they had preyed alike on
all the tradesmen in their vicinity.
Old houses in various parts of the city have on
several occasions been taken possession of by gangs
of juvenile thieves, and fairly gutted before they
left, while in othdt cases they have remained for
weeks and even months.
The small newsboys who sell the afternoon papers
have lately developed a talent for pocketpicking.
Halting in front of a man, they ask if he wants a
paper. Most likely he will respond no, and a few
minutes later will find that he has had his pocket
picked. The process is very simple. The newsboy
has on his left arm a bundle of papers.
These he holds in front of him in jjuch away that
the person addressed cannot see the movement of the
boy’s right hand, which he has dexterously inserted
in the “change” pocket of the victim’s coat. They
very rarely attempt to pick the pantaloons pocket of
anyone, unless the person to be operated on is in a
crowd, endeavoring to read an exciting announce
ment of some kind on a newspaper bulletin.
Some of the smartest and keenest of the pickpock
ets that infest this metropolis, have graduated from
newsboy thieves.
It is from the ranks of the juvenile thieves that the
older and more daring ones are recruited. As fast
as notorious ones are put out of the way by being
sentenced to a long term of years in Sing Sing prison,
anew crop is springing up to take their place; and
this new crop exceeds in numbers, by far, the old
one. It is the universal testimony of that portion of
the police competent to judge, especially the Super
intendent and Inspectors, ana the detectives, that
our criminal classes increase yearly out of all propor
tion to the increase in population.
On the west side, the best known gangs are the
“Nineteenth street,” Tenth and Eleventh avenue
gangs. The former at one time included within
their ranks several of the notorious “ Butcher Cart
Thieves,” who for more than two years, at intervals,
raided on tho business part of the community, and
at times and places least expected. In lonely locali
ties and busy thoroughfares they mado their appear
ance, and almost invariably succeeded in securing
their plunder. The messengers of the Williamsburg
City Bank and the Bank of New York were attacked
and robbed in crowded thoroughfares and in .bust
ness hours, and of all those composing the crowds
who witnessed the acts, none could identify the
daring thieves, the attack and flight of the thieves
with their plunder was so sudden and well planned.
Tho aggregate amounts obtained by this gang within
the space of two years, not including the one milt
lion dollars in checks which were obtained,, with
other booty, -from the valise of the messenger of the
Bank of New York, and which were, of course,
worthless to the thieves, must have aggregated over
one hundred thousand dollars. And yet this gang,
which operated with so much daring, and whose
movements were so well planned, graduated from
ordinary butcher cart thieves; that class who oper
ate with a fleet horse and cart.
Their System of theft consists in catching up a tub
of butter, a chest of tea,, a barrel of whisky or any
other article in front of a grocery, throwing it into
their wagon, and driving rapidly away. Their raids
on cashiers of business houses and manufactories
on their way to pay off employees, bank messengers
on collecting tours, and others, was simply carrying
4Jut their theft on a larger scale, and, as the result
proved, without actually running any more risk.
The leader of this gang, to escape being sent to
Michigan, to stand his trial for shooting the sheriff
of an Interior county, while aiding a former comrade
to escape, pleaded guilty to assault with intent to kill
Officer Doran, who arrested him, and on two counts
was sent to Sing Sing for the space of forty years.
Should he serve out the term of his sentence, he
will be a man of nearly seventy years, and the world
will seem to him like a new existence.
Those arrested on a charge of being concerned in
the attempted robbery and murder of Mr. Phelps
are among the most notorious of the Tenth avenue
gang. Henry Porter, although scarce 22 years old,
is one of the most desperate scoundrels to be found
in the city. He was convicted some time ago of fel
onious assault, and on one count was sentenced to
State Prison for the space of ten years. He escaped
after serving out barely one year of his term.
Should the evidence against him be insufficient to
convict him of participating in the Phelps robbery,
he will still be held on the old charge and be re
turned to Sing Sing to serve out the balance of his
unexpired term. John Thompson alias Robinson
and Thomas Troy, also arrested on suspicion of
being concerned in the Phelps robbery, are also
well-known members of the gang. “Dutch”
Hannon, recently sentenced to the Trenton State
Prison for a burglary at Union Hill near Hoboken,
the Hudson Diver Railroad thieves, and many others
were members of the Tenth avenue gang. Within
the past two years not less than forty members of
this gang have been sent to prison in this and other
States. Nevertheless, their numbers do not seem to
diminish in the least. They rather increase.
There are on the East side the Eleventh, Eight
eenth, Twenty-first and Ninteenth Ward Gangs, each
being separate, and acting separately. They are
fully as desperate as their comrades on the West
side, and keep the police fully employed. Nineteen
twentietha of the cutting and shooting is done by
the members of these gangs, more especially in the
so-called pleasure gardens in the upper part of the
city. In many instances they do not hesitate to re
sist the police when banded together, and scarce a
week passes that one or more officers are not brutally
beaten or shot or stabbed by these desperate young
Every year there are a number of our more wealthy
residents who shut up their houses and leave the
city for from two to four months. The houses, with
all their valuable furniture and effects, and often
times a considerable quantity of plate of various
kinds, are left during this period without an inmate
to guard them from the intrusion of thieves. Often
times the owner and family, on their return, find
that thieves have, during their absence, ransacked
the house, and carried away whatever was most
portable and valuable. It is useless to ask the police
to guard these houses. They cannot do it. A force
three times as great could not do it. The houses are
closed up, and from the street nothing can be seen of
the interior. A gang of thieves might be engaged
plundering in a house, having broken in from the
rear, and the policeman who passes along in front,
or tries the basement and front doors, would be none
the wiser.
In the Twenty-ninth Precinct, comprising that
portion of the city bounded by Fourth and Seventh
avenues, Fourteenth and Forty-second streets, there
were 475 houses whose owners had temporarily
closed them. And, judging from ‘present appear
ances, there will be fully as many this year.
In the other precincts up-town there are more or
less houses in the same condition; so that, if thief
dom does not flourish, it is certainly not from a lack
. of opportunity to plunder.
There is no question but that the force of police at
the disposal of the Board of Police Commissioners
and Superintendent is inadequate to cover the large
extent of territory embraced within our city limits,
and efficiently guard the lives and property of all
our citizens. The total number of police of all ranks
is 2,321 in number. Of course, the lower precincts,
containing the business houses, must be more care
fully looked after than the remaining portion, and
this requires more than two-thirds of the force.
To be precise, the precincts below Fourteenth
street have assigned to them about 1,500 men, while
that part of tfie city lying above Fourteenth street,
and which now contains more than one-half of the
total population, has the following force of police as
signed to the various precincts: Twelfth Precinct,
44; Sixteenth Precinct. 69; Eighteenth Precinct, 88;
Nineteenth Precinct, 69; Twentieth Precinct, 69;
Twenty-first Precinct, 64; Twenty-second Precinct,
68; Twenty-third Precinct, 51; Twenty-ninth Pre
cinct, 93; Thirtieth Precinct, 33; Thirty-first Pre
cinct, 55; Thirty-second Precinct, 83.
What the Police Board and the Superintendent
wish for is an increase of 600 men, 300 of these to be
distributed through these upper precincts. Given
this increased force, and the anomaly of beats four
and five miles long would be unknown. Tho neces
sity is becoming so great that our citizens will prob
ably, at the next session of the Legislature, demand
an increase of the police force by the addition of the
number we have mentioned.
Stuart Robinson delivered a lecture in New Or
leans on Sunday, April 28th, in the course of which
he related the following anecdote:
One day, a few Summers ago, I had occasion to
enter a street car in Philadelphia. It contained but
few passengers—a pair of tired women, their laps
encumbered with market baskets as big almost as
themselves, a large man with a small voice, who
mistook me for a Methodist clergyman, on account
of my white necktie, -perhaps, which I am fond of
wearing occasionally, as I have an idea that it lends
an air of becomingness to my blue but expressive
jaws, and who plied me with questions relative “to
the next meeting, stranger, of the Methodist Confer
ence,” a young and pretty lady, the owner, evident
ly, of a little four-year old girl, who was skipping
playfully about the car, and a surly elderly-looking
gentleman, whose head rested on a stout stick.
These were the only nassengers. The little girl
looked so bright, and lively, and pretty, as she held
in her hand a bunch of loosely arranged flowers, that
tne eyes of every passenger followed her, as she gam
bolled from one end of the car to the other, with the
single exception of the suriy-looking gentleman, ■
wnose head still rested on the stout stick.
All at once the little creature stopped, looked tim
idly toward him, then, as if half afraid of tho liberty
she was taking, picked a rosebud from tho bunch,
and. trotting to his side, placed it with some little
difficulty in an uninvited button-hole of the coat
worn by the suriy-louking gentleman, whose head
still rested on his stout stick. The movement roused,
him; he lifted his head, took in the situation ata
glance, bent his eyes on the darling, who ran laugh
ingly back to her mother, and—never thanked her 1
To some, the man’s conduct may have appeared
heartless and unfeeling, but I watched him closely,
and, though he scarcely changed his position, his
eyes never left her until—the car stopped a few
paces oft—he alighted, and as he did so 1 discovered
they were filled with tears. The car moved on, but
until it was lost to view he stood looking gloomily
toward us. This man was America’s great trage
dian, Edwin Forrest, and we may rest assured that
tho unpremeditated act of this pretty little child af
fected him more than many of the great honors
which have oecn showered on this lonely, childless
By the Quart. —We learn from a
Portland paper that a merchant of Portland offered
to give one of the ladies interested in the homceo-:
patinc fair a hogshead of molasses for the benefit of
that institution, on condition that she would sell in
out by the quart. She accepted the offier, and called
on a Boston hotel-keeper and proposed to sell him a
hogshead of molasses at so much a quart. The price
was agreed upon, the. cost figured up, and the amount
handed over to the lady, while the molasses was
rolled into the store-room. The lady certainly ful4
filled her part of the agreement.
By J. S. OiHagan*
A youth and a maiden sat side by side,
And chatted and laughed as they stories told
Of the days gone by wuen with childhoods pride
They first learned to love, ere their hearts grovf
cold. A
The life of that youth bad been fraught with car®/
No pang of grief had that maiden borne,
Save that when once on a morning fair,
Her heart’s young love from her side was torn.
But her grief was gone; since he came again,
To renew the vows they in childhood plighted.
And talk of the happier days to come
When their hopes would never more beblighted«
My own sweet love, in my life’s dark hours,
I think of a time when we too shall meet,
When the joy of their hearts will be known to
And our future lives be as calm and sweet.
I dream of a day when a similar scene
Will be played by another and happier pair,
When I will the part of that youth essay
With you in the role of the maiden fair,
*' Oh, papa, isn’t tho ride delightful
I haven’t seen such a number of people out th<J
whole season.”
“Lots of people, certainly.”
“ What a pity I know nobody.”
“Well, you’re not out, you know. You
oughtn’t to.”
“But mamma has quite promised to let m 3
come out before it is too far gone, I must tell
you, papa.” 4
“The very next drawing-room it is arranges
between us, if mamma can get somebody td
chaperone me in time. Aunt Cavendish say*
she is quite tired of introducing us, and won't
do it again; and, beside, there are her owni
girls ready now. But it won’t be of much use,
I think, such red-haired frights I Not tha,
proper red, you know, papa—brick red. Even
canary color would bo better, though that ia
going out of fashion.” s'
“Don’t you ever dye your hair any of tha
colors ? I’ll bet my money as soon as you’re
out, the fashion will come round to jet black.’K
“ Oh, wouldn’t Arabella and Alicia bo vexed
to hear you say so ? So mamma is thinking of
falling back on her pis alier for everything al,
most, the Countess de Flommerie. She is not
equal to the fatigue herself, she says, as usual. 1 '
“ It is horridly fatiguing, jammed up among
people perspiring in silks and laces in that
narrow hole of a palace in Pall Mall.”
This was said very bitterly.
“But mamma doesn’t dislike crowds any.
where else. What a queer thing of her to hat?
going to court so much as she does.”
“You won’t care much about it after two ox
three squeezes. I’ve not been either thesa
years—never since I sold out.”
“ But oho must do things as other people do{
you know, papa. The only bother between
mamma and me now is how we shall got tha
things for me to go in. Madame Millefleurs
has grown so cross with mamma, I don’t think
she will trust us anything more.”
“ She must try somebody else.”
“ I don’t think that will do. One mustn’t of.
fend Millefleurs outright. She is owed so
much. I think I shall be able to persuade her,
for I know she has great hopes of me in tha
world ; she often says so. Only mind, papa,
Bella and Alicia are to know nothing about
things till it is all arranged. They will be so
vexed at another of us coming out before they
are off.” T
So prattled away Miss Henrietta Maltravers
to her father, the Hon. George Frederick, of
that noble name in the peerage.
Henrietta was in glorious spirits.
And she had a right to be so.
There could not have been a finer opportun
ity of display for a girl ot fashionable preteq,
sions, who was not yet what is styled “ out. 1 !
“All the world” was decidely in the park. \
That is to say, all the world worth reckon-}
ing in it. '
Peers and members of Parliament, to wit—,
dashing young Pall Mall clubsmen of all
varieties—officers in the Guards.
All kinds of “people with money.”
' It was no drawback to Henrietta that thera
was plenty of rivalry abroad in that parade of
the flower of British female aristocracy.
She was close on her eighteenth year, and
already a dazling beauty.
Her features were perfect, in classical purity
and grace of outline.
So was her complexion. If it was rather S
deep brunette, in contrast with tho polishes
ebony ot her hair, it looked scarcely so at aIL
The sultry glow of the ripened peach was OQ
her cheek. '
Her mouth was exquisitely bowed.
The lips pulped as if bursting into rosebuds
with kisses.
When she chose 1
There certainly were intervals when pride
and disdain were its more marked expressions.
But Henrietta’s eyes were her grand irresist,
ibility. !'
Talk of diamonds. The flash and play of
those wondrous living gems offered something
infinitely more lustrously changeable. "
It was, however, a brilliancy as restless as
little to bo caught and fathomed, as the bright
vagaries of a Jack-o’-lantern on a wall. i
Young as she was, Henrietta was a coquett?
to the very core already.
She had inherited all the disposition and
qualities of one from her mother, a celebrated
beauty in her day, and who was still as vain
and spoilt and ravenous of admiration, as any
of her three daughters, the beauty included. ’
In other respects, Miss Henrietta Maltraverjj
was decidedly a young lady “of the period.”. '
Very certainly she belonged to her times iQ
her resolution to get “ well married.”
■ That is to say, to some person of wealth and
Both together, if possible, but the former
preferably. And then to enjoy herself at tha
utmost swing of fashionable dissipation and
luxury for the remainder of her existence.
The Honorable Colonel, her papa, was also ft
man of his times, and placed his chief hopo
anil delight in this favorite youngest daughter,
“ It’s a very full ‘Bow’ indeed to-day, Harry, 1 ’
ho said, resulting Henrietta’s observation.
“ Harry” being his peculiar pet name for his
daughter. “ And everybody seems to be look
ing at you.”
“No, papa, it is your Übautiful new horsa
people are admiring. There’s nothing unusual
about me.” “ ”
“ Perhaps not, Harry, for you are by far tha
best-looking of the family, you know, and wa
are all reckoned very passable if Arabella wera
not so horridly stiff and stuck up ; people ara
afraid to speak to her. That’s Why I suppose
she doesn’t go off.”
“But Alicia doesn’t either, papa ; and she’s
just the reverse, you know—so very friendly
and familiar, all ala jump!
“ I daresay the young men are as
of her that way, and suspect her at once. "
“And, beside, people ail know we have no
fortune, though your papa was an earl, and
mamma’s a duke. lam sure I often wondeig
bow wo ever live; and how you drag us oq
through our scrapes, and pay the tradespeople
sometimes, and get such fine horses. And the
worst is, as mamma says, that now the boys
are growing up, for schooling and collogingj
and all that. And Ido really wonder what wuß
be done then.” "
“Oh I they must take their chance, as I did. 1 '
I was only a younger son. Perhaps my brothel!
may die, and then I shall have a good lot hQ
can’t leave from me, as well as the title. 'Tha
duke will have to do something, too. He’s in;
the ministry often. And even if he can’t d<A
anything for me ” IT
“But, papa, why can’t ho do anything foij
you?” rather sharply interrogated the youna
lady. •
Colonel Maltravers looked almost as if hd
colored. But that was not very likely in a
man of his experience in life and the sporting
world. *t
“Because he won’t. He’s an old hnmbtlff,'
that goes in for a terrible lot of respectability,
and doing the right thing. He did, however,
once offer to get me a colonial governorship oij
the other side of the world, among the canni
bals, if I could get elected for any place. But
NO. 2

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