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New York dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1863-1899, June 09, 1872, Image 1

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At No. 11 Frankfort street.
®3y» A SECOND EDITION, containing the latest news
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“M FMft OF.6M
Details of a French Homicide.
*‘ Simultaneously Strangled and
The Body Packed and Shipped,
Flight, Detection, Punishment.
The London Standard’s Paris correspondent gives
n narrative of the mysterious murder commit
ted at Marseilles in January last. The victim was
M. Greco, a Tunisian merchant, and the murderers
were three in number—Toledano, a broker; Sitbon,
a merchant; and Nissim, a Tunisian Jew. The ob
ject of the criminals was, of course, to get posses-
Bion of the large sum of money which M. Greco was
known to possess, and ample time was taken to ma
ture their plans. About the 10th of January Toleda
no found, at No. 2 Rues des Tonneliers, a locale ad
mirably suited for his purpose—a large warehouse,
bo situated that the cries of the victim, if any were
littered, could not be heard without its walls. On
the 13th of January, Toledano, with Bitbon accom
panying him, hired this place in the name of Sitbon
& Co. On the morning of the 15th he went to the
owners for the key, and, with Sitbon and Nissim,
carefully examined it; and the
for the ensuing day. The moment seemed propi
tious. It was known that Greco had received from
Tunis a large consignment of specie; it was known
that no one but himself slept in the quarters, and
therefore that once he was killed nothing could be
easier than to plunder the place. It was resolved to
inveigle Greco into the warehouse under the pre
tence of a debauch, and then knock him on the head
end strangle him. It was thought proper to procure
for the purpose a hempen cord and silk twine. Nis-
Bim suggested that a woollen scarf would be “very
convenient” to
Bitbon had been a franc-tireur and had a blue scarf,
Buch as those valiant fellows used to wind round
their carcasses, and gave it up for the purpose.
Greco went in, and his murderers followed. Greco
was unsuspectingly anticipating the arrival of wo
men when he was simultaneously strangled and
Stunned. He was attacked so suddenly that he had
no time to offer any resistance, and struck with such
violence that the handle of the life-preserver broke.
Tho three accomplices then washed the blood off
their hands, cut off their shirt-cuffs which had been
Btained, walked off, locked tho door, went to a to
bacco shop, each buying a cigar, and then went to
Greco’s house and robbed it They afterward went
to a furnished room, where they
When arrested, Toledano had 23,500 f. about him,
Nissim 800 f. and Greco’s watch. There remains the
paoney carried off by Sitbon in his flight to London,
bf which more will be said shortly. Admitting even
that the sum only amounted to 12,000 f., the figure of
50,000 f. is arrived at, which is the approximate total
Of the sum stolen. The business letters and papers
were burnt in the fireplace in the furnished room,
where the ashes were discovered. This part of the
business accomplished, Toledafio, Sitbon, and Nis
eim separated. Sitbon, immediately after the mur
der, indiscreetly donned the hat of Greco and left
his own in the shop; and on looking at himself wear
ing the hat he cried:
He would not return to the Rue dos Tonneliers, and
at ten o’clock in the evening he went to buy himself
a new hat at the shop of M. Pardini, with whom he
left Greco’s. But it was necessary to devise means
pf putting away the body to avoid suspicion. Tole
dano and Sitbon occupied themselves with this mat
ter on the following day, viz.: tho 17th of January.
At eight o’clock in the morning they went jWthe
Prado, with the object of hiring a piece of*wSte
ground in which to bury the body. A woman,whom
they questioned on the subject of the ground, told
them to apply to the landlord, whose name might be
ascertained from the police. At the mention of the
latter word they departed. In passing by the sea
side they threw tn the key of the strong box and
thr tof Greco’s apartment. For a moment they en
tertained the idea of
filling it up with raisins. The fear of being discov
ered by the collectors of the dues or the custom
house officers suggested another recourse; and they
decided to put their unfortunate victim into a trav
eling box, not submitted to the examination of the
custom house officers, and to throw the box into the
Bea. With this object in view, the two assassins
bought a large box in the Rue Haxo, expressing their
regret at the time they did so at not being able to
procure one of still larger dimensions. They then
ordered three sacks of enormous size, which had to
be made expressly for them, and which they called
lor about two o’clock to place in the box. Feeling
sure that the corpse would not fit into the box, they
conceived the idea of
ana &Rked a workman in the Rue Vacan to lend them
a .small saw, stating that a messenger would call for
it, They depended upon Nissim to carry out all
,<h?£e objects, and .proceeded to his residence to ask
him to do so; but he refused, and simply remitted to
them the key of the shop which he had guarded.
They consequently took a carriage, went for the arti
cles they hadjpurchased, and conveyed them to the
shop of a butcher in the Rue Breteuil, who supplied
M. Semla, Toledano’s uncle. In the .evening, when
the butcher was about to close his shop, he found
the box an embarrassment to him. About eight
D’clock Sitbon arrived at the shop, and insisted upon
tie butcher’s taking care of the box a little time
longer, and about an hour later Nissim himself went
to assure himself that it was still in safe keeping. A
short time later Toledano and Sitbon arrived with a
cab, upon which they placed the box, conveyed it to
the warehouse in the Rue des Tonneliers, and from
thence went to the Casino. At midnight Toledano
and Sitbon returned to the Rue des Tonneliers, and,
after fruitlessly awaiting the arrival of Nissim, en
tered the warehousa where the body was lying with
Th® head was rolled up in, and the mouth covered
with tba blue waistband of a franc-tireur. The
corpse ww then crammed into a sack and placed in
to the box; but the legs could not be got in, as the
assassins had anticipated; they had a saw and they
cut the legs by sawing almost entirely through the
bone, and then best them back on the rest of the
Jpodv. TllO box then be closed, and a second
sack was placed in it to prevent the blood trickling
out. It would appear that Toledano was the man
who used the saw In this revolting operation, for his
left hand bears the traces of scratches by the teeth
of the instrument. A pair of trowsers were also
found at his lodgings covered with blood—another
fact which confirms this assertion. On leaving the
warehouse, however, the hearts of these men did
not fail them. They walked about for a short time,
and then proceeded to a cafe to regale themselves
with a cup of chocolate. There only now remained
to accomplish the
On Thursday morning, the 18th of January, Tole
dano and Sitbon went to the jetty in search of a truck
which Toledano dragged to the Rue des Tonneliers,
then went into the warehouse, and pulled the body
to the door. In order to remove or modify the
stench from the corpse he threw over it a bottle of
eau de cologne, which they had purchased on the way.
The carman immediately afterward arrived with Sit
bon, when the box was put on the truck and trans
ported to the Quai de la Cannebiere. A Tunisian
captain consented to lend a boat in order to trans
port merchandise (as it was termed) to a vessel at
sea about to set sail for Africa. The boat was brought
up, the box put into it, Toledano and Bitbon took
their places in it, and it was then pulled off to sea,
Arriving before the Hotel de Ville, however, tbe ship
boy, who had been sent with the boat, was begged to
go on shore for some cigars, and under this pretext
was landed. Immediately he was out of sight, To
ledano and Sitbon took the oars, and, pulling out to
But what was their terror when they found that,
instead of sinking, they floated. Tbe murderers,
however, succeeded in securing it with considerable
difficulty, the padlock breaking during the opera
tion, What was to be done ? Sitbon and Toledano
could devise no means of getting rid of that terrible
box; they threw it baek into the sea, and returned
to the port. It is true that Toledano, as he affirms in
this conjecture, said:
which is punishing us!” In any case, it was per
fectly true, for. only a few hours afterward, some
fishermen withdrew the box from the sea, and deliv
ered the proofs of the crime to justice. On the fol
lowing day, Sitbon, while still in bed, heard a news
paper boy in the street calling out:
“The murder in the Rue Montgrand !*
He immediately got up, and learned that the box
had been recovered, and was in safe' keeping. He
then went in search of Toledano, who, on seeing his
accomplice, said:
“If we are accused of this business, we must say
‘No’ always ‘No.’”
But Bitbon had not the sang froid of his feftow
mnrderer; his features at once revealed Intense agi
tation;-he took flight by the first train to Toulon,
and immediately afterward left for England. Un
moved, Toledano attended the funeral obsequies of
the unfortunate Greco; but justice was also on the
track of the murderers. Forty-eight hours after
ward, Toledano and Nissim were arrested, and the
name of the third assassin was discovered. Bitbon
has been given up by the English authorities, and
must now, as well as his accomplices, answer for his
conduct before the judges of the country which
afforded him its hospitality, and the soil of which
they have so odiously contaminated.
A Page from the Life of a Fashion
able Music Teacher,
Conviction for Stealing a Wat eh and Hing
—New Trial and Acquittal.
At a fashionable hotel, not far from Madison Park,
recently resided a stout, smooth-faced, gentlemanly
professor of music. He was about fifty years of age,
and, to all appearances, the very pink of propriety.
He dressed in “genteel black,” wore a massive gold
watch and chain, and a diamond ring of some value
glittered on his fat little finger. This correct and re
spectable individual made a handsome professional
living by giving instructions in music to the daugh
ters of the wealthy residents on Fifth avenue and
other fashionable streets. He was
in appearance, so unaffected and polished in man
ners, so thoroughly religious in sentiment, that the
most fastidious parents had no hesitation in allowing
their young and innocent daughters to be alone with
him for hours in the drawing room while receiving
musical instruction.
This paragon of men and most popular of profess
ors resided, as already stated, at a fashionable up
town hotel. In the same hotel, employed as a cham
bermaid, was a beautiful Irish girl, attractive alike
in appearance and manners. The professor’s eyes
were gladdened by
and his pity was excited in behalf of the girl, who, so
favored by nature, was nevertheless necessitated to
fill so humble a position. She was very young—little
more than twenty—and he was fifty, old enough to
be her father. He resolved to show her forthwith
fatherly attention, and try by every means in his
power to make her burden as light as possible. He
invited her to accompany him to the theatre, along
with an elderly married lady resident in the hotel.
The unsuspicious girl accepted the invitation. By
and-by he asked her to go with him alone. She did
so. Then the professor had a fit of sickness which
confined him to his bed. He requested his dear
young friend to wait upon him. Could she do less
for such a friend ? Tbe professor was so grateful for
this that he
and tried to get her to kiss him. He did not, how
ever, succeed. Then he recovered from his illness,
and again asked her to accompany him to theatres.
He was so respectable and so affectionate that she
consented. After visiting the theatre one night, he
asked her to have supper. He knew a nice, quiet
restaurant in Twelfth street, where everything was
snug. Thither they went. After supper, they had
champagne. The kind professor plied his compan
nion with the fascinating beverage. She drank until
she became unconscious. When she awoke, she
found herself in bed with the professor, and her vir
tue gone forever 1 He
her with exposure by turns. The poor girl, alarmed
and grief-stricken, submitted to his embraces.
This lasted until she informed him that she was
likely to become a mother. Then he turned round
upon her, and had her arrested on the charge of
stealing his watch and ring. When the case came on
in court, although the girl swore the professor had
given her the watch and ring, the jury convicted her,
and she was sentenced to three years in Sing Sing.
But a good Samaritan came in the person of a tnree
decker counselor, who demanded and got a ne.w trial.
On that second trial a few Interesting facts came
out. The professor had written letters to the girl.
They were read. Here is one of them:
Mv Darling: Why did you not come to my room
last night ? I left the door open for you, expecting
you. O come to-night, for I cannot sleep unless you
are beside me (nor when you are beside me, for that
matter). Your loving .
The girl testified how she had been seduced, and
that she had been in the habit of passing the night
in the professor’s room. She swore that the profes
sor had given her the waten and ring. The jury
sensible fellows—believed the girl, and acquitted her.
The eminently respectable professor was
He did not know where to put his head. The girl
walked out of the court-room a free woman, with the
watch and ring in her possession.
This interesting history is respectfully commended
to the perusal of those parents whose innocent
daughters are the pupils of this paragon of man. and
most plausible of roaues.
The Number of Workmen in this
Cjty and Vicinity on Strike.
Who are About to Join the
Preparations by tbe Authorities to Sup
press any Disturbance.
Great Demonstration To-Morrow,
and Its Significance.
Will There be a Compromise 1
The present con test between the trades unions and
the employers is, by long odds, the most extensive of
any that has ever taken place in this country, and
only by mutual forbearance and concession can it be
prevented from working serious injury to both sides.
Should it have the effect of driving work away, hun
dreds of bosses will be ruined, real estate will be de
preciated, and our city receive a blow from which it
will take many years to recover, and labor will have
accomplished nothing, and will, in turn, be com
pelled to seek that labor it has driven away, and at
the terms offered by the employers in the new loca
There are employed in this city at the various
trades, fully 250,000 persons. Most of these are
skilled workmen, and workmen whose services can
not be replaced at short notice. By the census of
1870 there was shown to be 62,000 laborers of all
kinds in the Second Ward alone, one of the smallest
in the city. It would be difficult to divide up the
various trades, but a very good approximation may
be reached by inquiry, and the figures we give are,
in the main, reliable. There are about 4,000 printers,
10,000 carpenters, 1,500 piano forte makers, 15,000
cabinet and furniture makers, 2,500 and
rockmen, 2,500 marble polishers, blue stone cutters,
etc., 2,500 masons, 5,000 bricklayers, 1,000 workeis on
iron fronts for buildings, 500 stereotypers, 2,500
blacksmiths and wheelwrights, 1,500 iron and metal
workers, 1,500 sewing machine makers. This does
not include the tailors, ’longshoremen, house paint
ers, carriage painters, and others of that trade, var
nishers, confectioners, bakers, and the host of other
trades apd subdivisions of trades in this and sister
are those of the printers, which includes book, job,
and morning and evening newspaper compositors;
the sewing machine employes; the house and car
riage painters; the carpenters, both house and ship
branches; the joiners: the coopers, confectioners,
bakers, stone cutters, quarrymen, iron and metal
workers, house smiths, merchants’ clerks, etc. All
these are futfy organized, and having had this strike
in •ontemplation for a long time past, say they are
prepared to stand out for any length of time.
The work of a thorough organization- of all the
trades was commenced several years ago. It was ap
parent that the employers could beat in detail a few
trades unions that might strike. But it was believed
that a preconcerted movement, that should be long
enough tn contemplation and preparation to take in
and include all of the trades unions, could not fail of
success, for the reason that it would be impossible
for the employers to find any other workmen to take
the places of the strikers. The same system of com
bination was inculcated, urged upon and operated by
the majority of workmen in all of the larger cities,
and in many of the smaller towns in the Eastern,
Middle and Western States. Not until the leaders
belieyed their plan was too well matured to fail of
accomplishment was the strike begun.
The trades now on strike for the Eight-Hour plan
and the same rate of wages as paid under the ten
hour system are the following: Cabinetmakers, pi
anofortemakers, coachmakers, painters, varnishers,
and polishers, deskmakers, rockmen, quarrymen,
blue-stone cutters, marble polishers, sewing machine
makers, steam saw, planing and molding hands.
These number in the aggregate probably 25,000 men.
Contrary to general expectation, there is every
probability that the printers of all classes will soon
strike for the Eight-Hour plan, or an advance of 20
per cent, over the present rates. The book and job
printers will demand the Eight-Hour plan. Those
paid by the week now receive S2O. It is claimed
that this is more than is averaged by the majority of
the hands that are employed on piece work. Job
hands also receive on an average of S2O per week.
On morning papers the price per 1,000 ems is 55
cents. Weekly hands are paid S2B.
The coopers, numbering about 2,000, and one of
the best organized trades in the city, have called
meetings of their various societies, and will probably
order a strike in a few days.
The confectioners have held a meeting and resolved
to ask for eight hours.
The pastry cooks and bakers intend not alone to
ask for eight hours, but also an increase of 20 per
cent, for piece work.
The grocers’ clerks have formed an association
based on the principle of that of the Dry Goode
Clerks Early Closing Association, and will soon de
mand a decrease in the number of hours’ work, and
an increase of from 15 to 20 per cent in the matter of
The shirt cutters will meet on Monday, and deter
mine whether or not they will strike. They have
appointed committees to wait on their employers,
and ascertain from them whether they will submit
to a reduction in hours and an increase in wages.
Failing in securing their demands, a strike will be
begun at once. It is believed, however, that the
employers will yield.
The Adams Pressmen, an association by them
selves, have also determined to strike.
The stereotypers are agitating the question of a
strike, and will probably begin some time next week.
The Wheelwrights’ and Blacksmiths’ Associations
of New York, Brooklyn and Jersey City, met on
Thursday evening at Military Hall, in the Bowery,
and took measures to strengthen and perfect their
organizations preparatory to a general strike. The
members of these associations claim that they will
in a few days have their organizations so perfected
as to include nearly every workman of these trades
in the cities mentioned, and that they can thus be
assured of victory from the start.
The iron and metal workers’ branch of the Eight
Hour League have a very large representation of the
bands employed in this city. They will make a
demonstration of their strength on Monday next, on
the occasion of the parade of the Eight Hour League.
The Plumbers’ and Gas Fitters Associations of
this city and Brooklyn held meetings, and, it
is understood, have resolved on striking some time
during the coming week.
The tin and slate roofers of both cities have held
meetings preparatory to striking.
The men employed in the various gas-works have
been repeatedly urged to strike by other associa
tions, on the ground that their places could not
readily be filled, and therefore their employers
would have to yield. Thus far, however, the men
employed there have shown no disposition to yield
to these advances.
The journeymen tailors and those employed on
piece work have indicated their intention of striking
In some cases the employers have acceded to the
demands of the men, but in a majority of cases they
have refused, on the ground that were they to do so
they would lose money, and they might therefore
better shut up their shops and manufactories than
to run them at a loss. Steinway & Co. have a few
hands at work, Thev declare that sooner than give
art grttpejipiit.
in they will remove their factory to Astoria, where
they have works already established, or somewhere
else out of town, where they will l e free from the
influences to which their men are subjected here.
Chiokerlng & Co., Haines Bros., Decker & Co., the
Arion Company, Weber & Co., and others, still hold
out, and say they will never agree to the terms pro
posed by the men.
The steam saw, planing, and molding mill owners
of Brooklyn met on Thursday, at the Mechanics’ and
Traders’ Exchange, Richard Whipple presiding. A
resolution was passed declaring the eight hour de
mand impracticable, and pledging the employers to
hire their men by the hour. The sewing machine
manufacturers have banded together, and say they
wilL..never submit to the terms proposed by the
Eight Hour League, for the reason that it is imprac
ticable. Borne of tbe companies organized of later
years have their manufactories at points where they
will not be affected by the strike, and they would
therefore be enabled to under sell them in the mar
ket. Most of the companies have a Urge stock of
machines on hand, and say they can afford to hold
out for six months, if necessary.
On Monday (to-morrow) there'is to he a large dem
onstration of strength by the Eight Hour League, in
the shape of a parade. Many of the trades not
among the strikers as yet will join in this demon
stration, for the purpose of giving it their moral sup
port. It is safe to say that nearly or quite every
trade iq the city will be represented in the line of
procession. It is anticipated that from 25,000 to 30,-
000 workingmen will march in procession, marshaled
by their Presidents and other officers.
The Executive Committee of the Eight Hour
League, headed by its Chairman, Charles Leffler,
called on Friday by appointment on the Police Com
missioners, and acceded to their suggestions rela
tive to the proposed route over which the procession
is to pass. It was at first proposed that the line of
march should be down the Bowery and Chatham
street to the City Hall Park and up Broadway. The
Police Commissioners objected that this would in
terfere materially with the down town business and
travel for several hours. It was finally agreed that
the procession should pass through Canal street to
Broadway, up to Fourteenth street, along to Eighth
avenue, up to Twenty-third street, east to Second
avenue, down to Fourteenth street, thence to Avenue
A, to Eighth street, to the Cooper Institute, and dis
miss. On consideration of this route being chosen,
and the processionists agreeing not to take up more
than ten feet in width of the street, or, in other
words, marching four deep, the Board of Police have
agreed to furnish an escort. It will be a heavy one,
and will serve the double purpose of an escort and a
force to repress any disturbance that may arise from
whatever cause.
It is intended by this parade to show the employers
and the general public the strength of the Eight
Hour League, and is at the same time an exhibition
and a menace. There are in the city at the present time
delegates from other cities who have been sent on
here by their associations or societies to watch the
workings of the Eight Hour system, observe the
chances for a successful carrying out of the strike,
and report back the result of their observations.
The parade is intended to impress these delegates
with the vastness and completeness of the Labor
League here, and the feasibility of car
rying out a general strike of all the trade unions.
There is no denying the fact that thus far the
strikers have behaved with an unusual degree of
moderation as compared with the previous large
strikes. No such scenes of violence and terror have
been enacted as has on many occasions disgraced the
strikes that have taken place in Great Britain, France,
and other parts of Europe. Threats have been made
to burn the manufactories of recusant employers,
and one workman who refused to leave his work and
join the ranks of the strikers, was shot by one of the
latter, who headed a boisterous crowd, and severely
wounded in both cheeks. But all these demonstra
tions of violence have been, and are, deprecated by
the great mass of workmen, who say, and justly,
that their cause will be materially injured by any
such exhibitions of mob violence.
During the past week, the entire police force has
been on duty, night and day—that is to say, the re
serves have been held in the station-houses, peady at
any time to proceed to a threatened point. And they
have on several occasions been called on to protect
workmen from the unwelcome visits of the strikers.
This has been more especially the case in the upper
part of the city, where rockmen, quarry men, labor
ers, and the rougher class are employed. Gen.
Shaler, commanding the First Division, National
Guard, and also one of the Board of Fire Commis
sioners, called yesterday on the Police Commission
ers, and was in consultation with them for some
time. He will give the aid of the National Guard, if
necessary, to preserve order, and also, on behalf 'of
his colleagues, pledged the services of the Eire De
partment for the same purpose. It is not antici
pated, however, that there will be any necesLSity for
such intervention of the authorities. Only in the
most extreme emergency would such harsh measures
be resorted to.
There are many persons who believe that the only
solution of the difficulty lies in a compromise—that
nine hours a day would be a fair amount of labor to
ask. Were this system, adopted, there is reason to
believe that it would meet with favor by the em
ployers, and would be a graceful concession and a
gain on the part of the men. The report of the
Massachusetts Labor Bureau, presented to the Legis
lature recently, has some strong points in favor of
bettering the condition of the workingmen. The
report speaks as follows of wages and employments:
The average earnings of wage-laborers of all classes
does not exceed $600; and what amount of comfort
in house, clothing, food, or whatever else that will
buy, may be learned by consulting our tables of the
cost of living. The purchase power of the wage is
too small, or the weight it can lift is too great, which
means that the present ratio of one to the other is
out of proportion. A day’s work is not' offset with
enough of comfort to make labor alluring or attract
ive to the young, or stimulating to those who are al
ready in it. The variety of employments has, in
modern times, greatly increased. Many employ
ments have wholly changed, or have passed away,
while the average earnings per year, in most of them,
do not differ. Sail), once the strong defense of the
artisan, is now trembling in the balance, to-day of
value, to-morrow of none, rapidly retiring, with its
apprenticed pupils, before the advance of machinery.
In fact, it is about conquered. The hours of labor
average higher in the textile fabrics, where the most
women and children are employed, and, as before
stated, the wages are lower; and this is true, as a
rule, that wages are lowest where the hours of labor
are longest, and wages are highest where the hours
of labor are shortest. Every return made to this
office, where this question has been answered, ad
mits that wages are not reduced with decreased
hours, but that the reverse is true; although it is not
admitted that the increase of wages is due to the
short time. The confession of many, that produc
tion has not fallen off, or that it has fallen off, hut
not in the same ratio as the reduced hours, is worthy
oi note.
Among other recommendations by the committee
are the following:
We recommend that the Commonwealth, in its
employing capacity, adopt the example set by the
United States, and by some of the individual States,
of abridging the labor-day for all manual laborers
in her employ, either by contract or otherwise, so
that the experiment may be tried, at public expense,
whether a reduction of hours is, or is not, an in
crease of wages. We further recommend that a law
be enacted, similar to the Factory Law of Great
Britain, limiting the hom-s of labor in all manufac
turing, mechanical, or other establishments in tae
Slate* to tea (10) hours in any one day, or sixty hours
in any week; and that no child, under thirteen years
of age, shall'be employed in any such establishment;
nor at that age, unless such child has received the
elements of a common school education, and shall
be physically qualified for such labor; age, educa- '
tion, and physical condition to be matters of due
certificate provided for by law; and further, that all
children, between thirteen and fifteen years of age,
so employed, shall not be employed more than five
hours in any one day; said hours to be between six
o’clock in the forenoon and six o’clock in the after
noon; and that they shall attend school, vacations ex
cepted, three hours on each and every day; the same
law to compel protection against accidents by un
guarded belting, machinery, elevators, or hoistways;
this law to be enforced by specially appointed in
spectors, who shall have power to enter the premises
of any establishment when in operation, to make re
search and to enforcs the law. We further recom
mend the establishment of a system of half time
schools or half time classes for such children, be
tweeo -tbe ages of 10 and 1& yeara. as are unable.
from any cause, to attend full time schools. And
lastly, we recommend the authorization by law, with
methods of carrying it into effect, of a thorough and
exhaustive system of statistics, to be gathered by
persons employed in taking tho next State census,
in 1875, covering the subject of the wages, earnings,
and savings, of time employed, and lost, of all classes
of working people, the number of persons (men,
women, young persons, and children) employed in
the several industrial occupations in the Common
wealth, and of all other matters connected with the
subject of labor in the State.
These recommendations are more particularly em
phasized by the success of the nine hour movement
last year in Great Britain. Although some of the
trades were out for months, the members behaved
with such a degree of moderation as to call forth the
encomiums of the press and people, and eventually
won. And much of their success was due to the en
couragement given them by the press and the people
for the manly and forbearing manner in which they
carried the strike through.
The car drivers of the Fourth avenue and Belt
lines have received an advance in pay, although their
hours of labor are the same. Those employed on
the Second, Third, Sixth, and Eighth avenue lines,
were to make a demand yesterday for an increase,
and, failing to receive it, would strike so soon as
they could agree on concerted action. It is under
stood, also, that the conductors will demand the
same relative rate of increase as the drivers.
The carriage blacksmiths have held a meeting and
resolved to strike on Monday if they are not given
the eight hours.
The marble cutters think that their strike will soon
be ended, as nearly all of the bosses have agreed to
the demand for eight hours.
The tin and slate roofers received reports at their
headquarters, No. 307 Third avenue, that nearly all
the bosses had agreed to the eight hour p’an. This
society numbers 1,400 members, and is well organ
The furriers, wood turners, case makers, hat and
cap makers, cigar makers, and others, will meet and
strike early in the week. f
Representatives from 20,000 working men, repre
senting most of the larger trades unions, met yester
day at the Germania Assembly Rooms to hear reports
and take aclion relative to the parade of Monday.
The leaders of the strike have shown foresight in
taxing those at work to support those who are idle.
The Committee of Ways and Means of the Eight-
Hour League on Friday distributed $5,000, but as
10,000 men came in for shares, the amount given
each applicant for aid was of course but fifty cents.
Should the strike last for any great length of time,
the tax will have to be raised.
The Gasmen’s Protective Association, and others
in the employ of the various gas companies, have
held resolved to stick, unless their de
mands were complied with. There are nearly or
quite two thousand men employod by the gas com
panies—half of the force working at night and*the
remainder by day. Should the strike succeed, an
extra force will be required, making three gangs of
men, working eight hours each.
The ciothing cutters of Newark have held meetings
and determined on striking.
The gasmen of Philadelphia have struck, and on
Friday and Saturday the city was very imperfectly
lighted. In fact, in places it was shrouded in total
darkness. Tho companies were rapidly engaging
men, and it was believed that the trouble would be
only temporary.
The conductors and drivers of the city railroads
have struck for an advance of wages.
Since the strike began, the Internationalists or
Communists have done their utmost to embitter the
relations between employers and employed, and if
possible precipitate bloodshed. The Grand Marshal
of the Communist parade of a few months ago has
published a letter, advising the workmen to secure
their rights, if need be, with arms in their hands.
Others of this class have threatened to burn manu
factories belonging to refractory employers. These
utterances have been freely denounced by the work
men, who pledge themselves on no account to resort
to such extreme measures.
A fashionable and wealthy Jewish family on Thir
ty-fourth street has recently been thrown into great
excitement by the elopement, under very extraordi
nary circumstances, of an only daughter. The girl
was very beautiful, and had completed her four
teenth year. She was attending school, and stood
high in her classes. Her conduct at home was al
ways exemplary, and her parents and brothers were
accustomed to consider her the very impersonation
of virtue and prudence. To the male visitors at her
father’s house she had always conducted herself
with marked propriety, and with the youths who
visited her younger brothers she had never been
known to be familiar.
She left home for school as usual about half-past
eight in the morning. As she had not returned at
five o’clock in the afternoon, the anxiety of her mo
ther was aroused, and one of her brothers went to
the school to make inquiries. He learned that she
had not made her appearance there that day. On
returning home with this ominous intelligence, her
father at once took measures to have a rigid search
made and her whereabouts discovered. He gave
information at headquarters, and employed detect
ives on his own account to hunt up the missing girl.
For three days, however, all the means used were
ineffective. The girl’s disappearance was still a
mystery. On the evening of the third day from that
on which she was last seen, her younger brother
went to Harlem to visit a friend who lived there with
his parents. Imagine his surprise, on reaching his
destination, to discover that young M had dis-
appeared on the same day on which his sister had,
The boy was young, and did not suspect anything;
but on his relating the fact to his other brothers, on
his return home, they at once conveyed their sus
picions to their parents that young M and their
sister had gone off together. Young M , who was
a fine, well-grown youth of sixteen, had been a fre
quent visitor at the house, but no one had ever sus
pected that he was on terms of intimacy with the
missing girl. Once on the track, however, the bro
thers soon accumulated a mass of evidence to justify
the suspicion that the boy and girl had gone off to
gether. It was ascertained that young M had
been in the habit of meeting her every morning and
walking with her to school. It was also discovered
that they had
in Central Park and in Prospect Park. Young M ’s
parents were communicated with, and from them it
was ascertained that their son had drawn over two
hundred dollars from the Upion Square Savings
Bank the very day before the double disappearance.
All these .acts together left no doubt upon the minds
of both families that the youthful pair had gone off
together. The only question now was, whither bad
they gone.?
This question was at length solved by accident. A
gentleman, a friend of the'boy’s father, happening to
go on business along the Morris and Essex railroad
line, fancied he saw the boy at the Morristown sta
tion. Accidentally meeting the elder M down
town, he mentioned the fact. Mr. M communi-
cated tho information to the girl’s family, and her
elder brother at once started
On reaching Morristown he made the needful in
quiries, ;md soon ascertained that two young persons
answermg the description given, had been slaying
in the p ace. Without much difficulty he discovered
their bo. rding-house, only, however, to find that the
birds had flown. He found, after diligent inquiry,
that they had gone to Boonton, and followed them
thither. There, sure enough, he found them in
comfortable lodgings, which they had enjoyed as
brother and sister. The landlady bad had her sus
picions allayed by a plausible story, and was resting
in the belief that her two youthful boarders were a
very affectionate brother and sister whom their par
ents had sent into the country to get the benefit of
fresh air and plain diet.
were not at all abashed. “We are going to be mar
ried,” they said, “and then it will be all right.” The
brother seeing the frame they were in, kept his tem
per and presence of mind, and encouraged the idea
of matrimony; remarking that of course his father
could offer no objections. By this means he man
aged to allay their suspicions and to get them to ac
company him home.
The girl was received by her parents with tears
and upbraidings, The boy’s father met him sternly,
simply remarking that he had begun soon, and for
bidding him, on pain of expulsion irom home, to go
near the girl again.
“ That is impossiole,” was the youth’s reply, “ for
she is as good as my wife.”
That is where the case now stands. Something,
however, will have to be done soon, as there are in
dications that the girl will shortly reauire the atten
tions of a nuris.
All Munich is at the present time full of rumors
about a strange love affair between the young King
of Bavaria and an American confidence woman. The
following particulars of this interesting affair, which
has caused a great deal of merriment among the
Bavarian democrats, but which has deeply disgusted
the members of the royal family, to whom the eccen
tric young king has frequently given much offense,
have been ascertained from trustworthy sources.
In the last days of Januaay, 1872, there arrived in
Munich an American lady of about twenty-eight
or thirty, of very prepossessing appearance, elegant
manners, and richly, dressed. She registered her
name at the Oberpollinger Hotel, where she stopped,
Urs. Jordan was accompanied by & femme de cham
bre, had plenty of baggage with her, and, to all ap
pearances, was in easy circumstances. Her beauty
and accomplishments soon attracted considerable at
tention. She had letters of introduction to the Con
sul of the United States, and had little difficulty in
gaining access to the best circles of society. Even
her wish to be presented at court was gratified, and
she was introduced to the queen dowager at soiree
given at the palace.
It appears that Mrs. Jordan conceived, some time
after her presentaiion at court, the idea of entrap
ping the young king, who rarely appeared in his
capital, but most of the time led almost the life of a
hermit at his delightful country seat of Hohen
schwangan. In the course of her conversations with
newly-gained aristocratic acquaintances, she heard
a great deal about the eccentricities of the young
monarch; of his love of music and of the stage; of
his warm, open heart; his unbounded liberality to
ward those to whom be had become attached, and,
lastly, of his seemingly invincible repugnance to en
ter the holy state of matrfmony.
Mrs. Jordan resolved to see the king, and on the
12th of February set out for the village of Bergen
near Hohenschwangen, and engaged two rooms at the
Golden Bear Hotel. She was not long in ascertaining
the places where the king, who is fond of walking
out aldne for hours in the neighborhood of his
country seat, might be met, and on the first fine day
Mrs. Jordan walked out with her femme de chambre
in order to meet King Louis, and, if possible,
to make his acquaintance. On that day she was un
successful, and, after walking about for nearly four
hours, she had to return to her hotel without having
encountered the king. But two days afterward she
had better luck. About 2 o’clock in the afternoon
she saw
dressed in a suit of iron gray, his head covered with
a broad-brimmed, low-crowned hat, and jauntly
carrying a small riding-whip in his hand, approach
ing by a by-path leading to the highway. Mrs. Jor
dan, who recognized the well-known features of the
king at once, hastened to make preparations for at
tracting his attention. She took from the hands of
her maid a telescope and a traveler’s handbook, and
seemed lost In admiration of the truly beautiful scen
ery of the environs of Hohenschwangan. A few
minutes afterward the king was close to her. The
prepossessing appearance of the American lady, her
evident admiration of the landscape, of which Louis
the Secund is very proud, made at once an impres
sion upon him, and he stood still, lifting his hat.
Mrs. Jordan returned his salutation, and, ap
proaching the king, asked him about the name of a
village which was to bo seen in the distance. The
king, who is one of the most affable of men, politely
gave the information she desired, and then entered
into a conversation .with her. They conversed in
French, walking slowly along the highway toward
the village, and, on separating, Mrs. Jordan, who ex
pressed a great desire to visit Hohenschwangan, was
overjoyed to’ recaive from the king, who told her
with unaffected frankness who he was, and who re
quested her not to call him “Majesty,” an invitation
to inspect his country seat and pass an hour or two
in his delightful gardens, which are among the finest
in Europe.
It may be imagined that she improved the oppor
tunity thus presented to her, and on the following
afternoon called on the king. He kindly escorted
her through the palace, showed her the fine picture
gallery, the theatre, the conservatory with its superb
tropical plants, and the fountains in the gardens.
Her well calculated efforts to make an impression
upon him, her skill as a conversationalist, her re
fined manners, her lively temperament and yet lady
like reserve, did not remain without effect upon the
king, who, even though he sits on a throne, is but
little versed in worldly affairs and by no means in
sensible to the
When Mrs. Jordan finally bade him adieu, he
shook her warmly by the hand, and asked her to
visit him again, and even promised to return her
He was as good as his work, and next day he paid
her a visit at the Golden Bear. The king had often
been there, and so his interview with Mrs. Jordan,
which took place in the parlor of the landlady,
excited but little attention, Mrs. Jordan’s road to
success was now an easy one. She met the king
frequently at Hohenschwangan, or in the environs.
The two made long excursions on horseback, or
walked for hours in the wooded hills of the neigh
borhood. The siren seemed to exercise an irresisti
ble charm upon the prince. His attendants noticed
that he became thoughtful and melancholy; but,
knowing that remonstrances would be of no avail,
did nothing to interfere with his intimacy with tho
American lady. Mrs. Jordan soon received
Being a very good horsewoman, she was presented
with a very fine white mare by the king. Other
valuable gifts followed in quick succession. A'valu
able diamond bracelet, a miniature portrait of the
king, framed in solid gold and set with emeralds,
and other presents of value, were pressed upon her
by her royal friend, or rather lover. Finally, she
managed to obtain loans of quite large sums of
money from him. Everything went on swimmingly,
and Mrs. Jordan was in a fairway of becoming to
Louis the Second what Lola Montez had been to his
grandfather, King Louis the First, when an untoward
event put an end to the whole intimacy, and com
pelled the American adventuress to leave her field of
operations precipitately. Prince Luitpold, the king’s
uncle, heard of his royal nephew’s liaison, and de
termined at once to break it up. For this purpose
he engaged the services of two Munich detectives,
who, in the first place, tried to discover
On application at the office of the U. S. Consul,
they were shown the letters of introduction, which
she had presented to that functionary, and which
were from reputable people in Cine innati and New
York. At the Oberpollinger Hotel, where she had
stopped for nearly a month, nothing could ba said
against her. She had always conducted herself with
the strictest propriety,- and had promptly paid her
bills. But she had left three large trunks at the ho
tel, and the detectives, with that disregard ot per
sonal rights so peculiar to the police of Germany,
broke the trunks open. They found in them numer
ous letters which left no doubt of the real character
of Mrs. Jordan. It appeared from these letters that
she had passed the last three years in several Eu
ropean capitals under various aliases. It was true
that she was from Cincinnati, but her real name, as
appeared from several letters written to her by her
father, was Chumley. She had at least
not a few of which had contained valuable inclosures.
She had last been at Berlin, where she had had a
liaison with a Prussian colonel, who had committed
forgery in order to gratify her incessant demands
for money, and who, in consequence, had been cash -
iered. She herself had escaped arrest only by pre
cipitate flight from Berlin. In short, the detectives
discovered that she was a dangerous confidence wo
man of the worst sort, and they went thereupon to
the village where she was stopping, and told her that
they would arrest her unless she consented to leave
Bavaria at once.
The baffled adventuress at first tried to put on a
bold front, and showed a disposition to bid defiance
to the officers; but when told that her true character
was thoroughly known, she deemed discretion the
better part of valor, and, after writing a tearful let
ter to the king, set out for Switzerland. It is be
lieved that the took, in money and valuables, about
ten thousand dollars with her.
(£a}itib;itiii(j Stag,
THE Ml W iffl l!!il.
Wo may ba sure Sir Wilfric kept his compli
mentary engagement, and was among the
crowd of gazing idlers attracted by the display
of a court day at the palace.
He was obliged to be content with a good
position on the pavement between two horse
Henrietta had previously informed him that
she was going in the carriage ol the lady who
had kindly agreed to officiate for her mamma,
the French ambassadress, the Countess do
Sir Wilfric Wrottesley had the happiness to
see her arrive 1
A fairy vision of splendor and beauty,
dressed in the loveliest of rose pink silks, and
snowy lace !
But who was the gentleman who rode as the
bright Henrietta and her chaperon’s protect,
ing male ?
Was it—could it be—Ram Roy Fitzurse ?
In all the glories of a court suit, the buttons
and sword of which were mounted with the
most brilliant diamonds.
Ho was either admirably painted, or his in
fliction in the late encounter was strangely ex
He looked, in fact, remarkably well; and as
Sir Wilfric imagined, was making himself
very agreeable to Ins lady companion's.
Wilfric turned quite sick at heart with indig
nation and disgust.
He needed what comfort could be derived
from perceiving that Henrietta carried the
nosegay he had himself taken to her in the
morning, with her fan and gloves.
She also acknowledged his presence by a smil
ing bend to the flowers, which might or might
not have included a kiss on them.
She was radiant with triumph and excite
Nover had she looked so beautiful before.
Sir Wilfric remained fixed to the pavement
until the carriage drove past.
He then made his way, with a roughness
that more than once seemed likely to lead to a
collision, as near as the sentinels would allow
any one to come to the open colossal iron gates
of the palace.
Yes, again 1 Fitzurse it was who descended
the first from the carriage.
Burning with indignant surprise and a newly
roused feeling of the keenest jealousy, SirWil
frio retired from his position.
He hurried home to his chambers, quite per
suading himself that he had made up his mind
not to go the ball in the evening at Colonel
Sir Wiifrio did not know that the presence of
Ram Roy was a favor regularly purchased and
paid for, by his old schoolfellow, like any other
article of merchandise could have been.
But it occurred to him that he could show
his sense of the unhandsome fact in a more
marked and decisive manner by going to the
His real motive no doubt was a conviction
that to retire from the game, would bo to lose
Wherever he moved in the strangely mixed
assembly he found the conversation of the
gusts all running upon the success of Misa
Henrietta Maltravers’ presentation.
Her Majesty, the Queen, had berself ad
dressed gracious words of compliment to tha
young beauty; and the Prince of Wales had
pronounced her the “loveliest creature he had
ever seen.”
While he was thinking, and elbowing his way
to the boudoir at the end of the suite of il
luminated chambers, where he expected to find
Lady Elinor, Colonel Maltravers passed him,
side by side with Mr. Fitzurse, in a conspicu
ously friendly and patronizing manner, with
out appearing either to see or notice Sir Wil
It was not so, however, with Fitzurse him
He perceived Sir Wilfric instantly, and shot
a glare of hatred and defiance from his yellow
eyes, like those of a cobra about to make ita
venomous dart.
The next moment and bis livid countenanca
was yet more deadly pale, but without any
other sign of emotion in it.
“That you, my dear fellow! Who would
have thought of meeting you here?”
And he extended a white gloved hand, rigid
as a dead man’s, with pretended cordiality,
touching the ana, as it seemed, with
friendly familiarity.
“ Colonel and Lady Elinor Maltravers have
allowed me to cultivate the acquaintance be
gun under your auspices, Mr. Fitzurse.”
The Anglo-Indian faintly colored up.
“I consider myself fortunate in that case,”
he nevertheless answered quite coolly, and
thrusting his unwelcome arm into Sir Wilfrie’s,
“As for me, I am an old friend of the family.
We will go together to pay our respects to her
ladyship, that people may not credit any of tha
absurd reports that, I have no doubt, ara
abroad respecting our recent misunderstand
“Au old friend of the family’s ? You ?”
“And expect to bo more than that in tha
end. lam quite fascinated with the beauty of
the charming young creature whom I bad the
honor of escorting to the drawing-room to
day. Her father favors my suit; and as I
have twenty thousand a year to lay at her feet,
in government securities, I fancy 1 have a good
chance of success.”
Sir Wilfric groaned almost aloud.
“But does she entertain it? Has she ac
cepted you ?” he exclaimed, with an effort.
“Not yet, my good boy. You go so fast; I
have only seen her once or twice. But the
Countess of Flommerie is my confidante, and
a little my debtor, and consented to allow ma
the public pleasure and honor I have received
to-day. You see it is not a bad beginning to
have our names coupled, as they will be in to
morrow’s court news.”
Sir Wilfric felt, and looked, possibly, as if ha
could have knocked the half-caste down again.
But he contented himself with a smile of
Fitzurse pretended not to observe this, and
continued quite pleasantly :
“lam going to follow up my introduction in
an Oriental manner,,by an offering of a present
of jewels on the occasion, which will, at least,
testify to the warmth of my feelings in away
very well appreciated in England.”
And he partially opened, so that Sir Wilfrid
could see into it, a red velvet box which he had
hitherto carried in a side pocket; and a neck
lace of the most splendid pearls entwined with
ruby hearts, appeared within.
Sir Wilfric felt for the moment almost suffo
cated at the audacity and forwardno-s of big
hateful rival.
“If she accept this, indeed she will accept
him 1” he muttered between his teeth. “I will
abide by that tost, and all will be over forever;
for mo.”
Lady Elinor was in her boudoir, the largo
panels of which were of polished mirrors and.
sky-blue satin framed in by gilded groups OS
cupids and vine leaves.
Her three daughters were with her, in ball
costume, like so many maids of honor. t
Henrietta was on her mother’s right hand,
and never had the enamored Wrottesley seen
her look lovelier.
He was struck with the exquisite taste an(J
simplicity of her costume. e
White muslin puffed out with miles of flounce,
caught up with bunches of lilies of the valley,
gave her something of an air of angelic purity?
and, coupled with her extreme beauty, and tha
refinement of her aristocratic features, made
her look almost divine.
Sir Wilfric felt as if he could have knelt doWQ
and worshipped her before the entire aseema
blage. i
And greatly delighted was he to perceive
that she wore no jewels whatever. No oxna<
ment but flowers. ”
The Anglo-Indian’s “ barbaric gems ” woultj
be lost upon her in the way of temptation.
Fitzurse probably did not expect much front
the move himself, at the time.
He certainly had the colonel's Support In hia
design. 1
He stood by Mr. Fitzurse encouragingly.’
however, while he made a rather flowery, On
ent al sort of speech; begging to testify his admi
ration and devotion to Miss Henrietta Mai trav
els by offering her a necklace of pearls
NO. 32

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