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Belmont chronicle. [volume] (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, February 15, 1855, Image 1

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B. Ii. COWEN, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. 1
"IIS ?JQV3 EtOT HtS COIJlfiiVr C!? LOVE ii&iBZiV."
ST. CLAIUSVILLE, OHH), THtJlLSIMY, FEHItUAkY 15, 185.3.
TERMS 1,5() A YEAR, IN ADYANCE
NEW- SERIES VOL. VII, NO. !).
WHOLE NO. 9 M.
j i . "
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE,
1'UBLISUKD EVKUV THURSDAY M&KN1NU.
Office on North aide if Main Street n
fenr Doom Wct of Mnrictta Street.
TKKUS or BHUBCRirTliON.
If paid within three miiiilhe, IV'1
II paid alter tl.nttiine, ,OJ
Papers rii.tomlnueri nnly at the nptlt.n of Hie editor,
' liile arrearn'N are il.ir. '
TKnMS OKA11V tKTISINO. j
ttth qunra, ( 1 1 Unci or lees,) three week, (I, no
Kvc-ry Adiliiimiat Inttcrtinn, y.i
Yearly advertlnemcutsone coluaia, S40,WI
elair column, im,mi j
Uuarlvrcoliimn, l;,OU
Praranftional carda S1 per annum. f
irVAII kmora addressed to the editor miiat lie naiil tn !
In. ure aiiantionrf )
JTpNo paper discontinded until all arrearage are
aid unleaa at tin ontioa of the eiliCorOl
POETRY.
[From the National Era, December 28.]
MAUD MULLER.
Maud Mullcr. on a summer', dny.
if Baked the meadow sweet with hay.
ff Beneath her 'torn hat glowed tho wealth
Of simple beauty and rustic health,
Binding, she wrought, and htr merry glee
The mock-bird echoed from .very tree.
But. when sh glonced to tho far-off town,
'. White from its hill-slope looking down,
Tho swee t tong died, and n vogue unrest
And a nameless longing tilled tier breast
A wish that she hardly dared to own,
For something butter thun she had known.
The Judge rode slowly down the lane,
Smoothing bis horse's chestnut aeaiia.
Ho drew hie bridle in the shado
Df the opplo-trces, to greet the maid,
And ask a draught from the spring that flowed
Through the meadow, across the road.
She stooped where thocoul spring bubbled up,
And filled for him her small tin cup,
And blushed us she gave it, looking down
On her feet so buru and her talk rad gown.
'Thanks!-' slid (lie Judja, i f wool. Y draught
J-'roui a f. lrer hand was tevcr i.tiollld.'
IIo spoke of the grass and (i iwcrs nnd tree.,
Of the tinging birds and tho humming bees;
Then talked of the finyiiic, and wondered whether
Tho cloud in the wist wculol bring Ibul weather,
XndJMaud lorgot hrbiur-!orn gown,
And her grdcuful ankles ban nnd bron;
And listened, while a pleased surprise
Looked ironi her long-lathed hazel eyes. -
At last, liUo one who for delay
SJocks a vain excuxe, hu ro.le uway.
MauJ Mttllar looked and AiglieJ: 'Ah mcl
That I the Judgu'a bride miht be!
He would dress mo tip in silks so fine,
And praise and 'oast me ai bis uiint.
m "My lather ehould wear a broadcloth coat:
' flly brother should sail a painted boat,
'I'd dress my mother so grand and gty.
And the baby should buvo a new toy eueh day.
"And I'd feed tho hungry nnJ clothe iliu poor,
And nil nhoulj hlfsnie who left our door.1
The Judge locked back as be climbed the hi!!,
And suw Maud Mullcr miiiii'ing Hill.
"A farm more fair, n faeo more sweet,
Ne'er hath it been my lot to meet,
"And her nn'dtst answer r.nd gracelul air
Phow her wise and good us slu is l or.
'Would she were mine, nnd J to-iluy,
Like her, a harvester of hay;
"No doubtful balances ol iilaj and wrongs,
Nor weary lawyers with endless tunjjs.
'But low of cattle and song nl birds.
And health and quiet uud loving words,'
But he thought of bis filler, piouJ and cold,
And his mother, vain ot her rank aud gold.
So, clo.ing his heart, the Judge rode on.
And MauJ was lef t in the field alone.
But tho lawyers smiled that afternoon.
When ho hummed in cxirt an old low tunei
And tho young girl mused biwido the will,
Till the ruin on the unrakid clover fell.
He wedded a wife of richest dower,
Who lived for fashion, as ho lor power
Yetofi, in his marble hearth's bright glow,
Ho watched a picture come and go;
And aweet Maud Muller's hazel eyes
Looked out in their innocent surprise.
J)ft, when the wino in his glus was red,
lie longed for tho wayside well instead;
And closed his eyes on his gurnUhed rooms,
To dream of meudows and clover blooms.
And the proud mon sighed, with a secret pain:
"Ah. that I were free agoin!
"Free as when I rode that day,
Where the barefoot maiden raked the hay."
Phi wedded a man unlearned and poor,
Aud uiuny children pluyed round her door.
Buteara and sorrow, and child-birth pain
.(Left their trace, on heart and brain,
And oft, when the summer sun shone hot
On the new-mown hay in llie meudow lot,
And she heard the little spring brook full
Over the roadaide, through the wall,
In the shade of the apple-tree again
Bin .aw a rider draw his reia.
And, gaxing down with a timid grace,
fcihe felt hie pleased eyes read her face.
Sometimes hor narrow kitchen wall.
Stretched away into stately hulls;
The weary wheel to a spinnet turned,
The tallow candle an astral burned,
And for him who .at by the chimney-lug,
Dozing and grumbling o'er pipe aud mug,
A manly form at her side .lie saw ,
And joy was duty and love and law.
Then she took up her burden of life again,
baying only, "It might have Uteu"
Alas , for maiden, alas fur Judges,
J-'or rich repiner and household drudge!
Cod pity thomboth! and pity ua all,
Who vainly the dreams ol youth recall.
For of all sad word, of tongue or pen,
:
j
i
The saddest ar those: "It might have been!"
All, well! for us nil me sweet hopo Ilea
Deeply bin io.l from human (yen;
And, in lire lif render nngula may
Hull tli stone frem It. awny!
MAUD MULLER. J. G. W.
MAUD MULLER. J. G. W. MISCELLANEOUS.
DOCTOR FRANKLIN
AND
HIS MOTHER.
It was an i lea ol Doctor Franklin's, if not
a settled opinion, thut a tnolhcr might, by a
kind of instinct of natural Direction, recog-
nize her children, even though sho hud lust
I li a rannl lanlinh r f t m i s fett t UFuai A ml as a.
viait to Iiii nntiratown of Boston, h dter
mined to ascertain by experiment whether
his theory was correct or not. '
On a bleak and chilly day iit tho month of
January, the Doctor, lu'.e in tin nfternon
knocked at the door of his mother's house
and asked to speak will) Mrs. Franklin. He
found the n!d lady knitting befuio the parlor
fire. He introduced .himself, and observing
that he understood she entertained travelers,
requested ludgings for the night.
She eyed him with that cold look of disap
probation which most people assume who
imagine themselves insulted by being suppo
sed to exercise an employment which they
deem a degree beiow their real occupation in
life, bhe assured him ho had been misin
formed she did not keep a tavern, nor did
khe keep a house to entertain strangers. It
was true, she added, that to oblige some
members of the Legislature, she took a small
number of them into her family during the
session; that she had fu'ir members of the
Council and si." of the House of Representa
tives, who then bonrded with her and that all
her beds wera full.
Having snid this she resumed her knitting
with that intense application which said us
forcibly as action could, if yoti have concluded
your business the "miner you leave tho house
t!io bei'jr. Cut en the Djctoi's wrapping
his cout about him, und allotting to shiver,
and ubseiving thai the weutker was Very
cold, bhe pointed to a chair, and gave him
l.ave to warm himself.
The entrance of boarders prevented all
furlhcr conversation. Cotl'ee was soon serv
ed, and he partook with the family. To the
cnll'oe, according to the good old custom of
tie limes, succeeded u plute of pippins, pier,
and a paper of tubneco, when tho whole corn
puny I'urined a cheerful smoking semi-circle
before the fir.
Perhaps no man ever possessed colloquial
powers t-j a more fascinating degree than
Doctor Frunklin, ond never was thrc an oc
casion on which he displayed them to belter
advantage t!ia:i 1 he present one. He drew
the attention of the company by the solidity of j
his modest remurks, in .t u.Ulng them by the '
varied, new ai d siriku g lights in which he
placed his subjuets, nnd delighted them with
apt illustrations and umusing anecdotes. "
Thus employed tlm hours passed merrily
along nnti! supper was announced. Sirs.
Franklin, busied with her household ulTairs,
supposed the intruding stranger had left tho
home immediately nftcr coffee, and it was
wilh difficulty she saw him seat himself at the
table wilh the freedom of a member of the
family.
Immediately after eupper, she colled an 1
derly gentleman, a member of the Council in
whom (die was uccuslomcd to confide, into
unother room, complained bitterly of the
rudeness ul the stranger, told tho manner of
hu introduction to her house, observed that
ho seemed like an outlandish sort of a man.
She thought he had something very suspi
cious in his appearance, and she concluded
by soliciting her friend's advice as to the way
in which she could most easily rid herself of
his presence. The old gentleman osiurcd
her that the stranger was surely a young man
of good education, and, to all appearances, a
gentleman that, perhaps, being in agreeab c
company, he paid r.o attention to the late
ness of tho hour. He advised her to call the
stranger aside and repeat her inability to
lodge him. She accordingly sent her maid
to him, nnd with as much complacency as
she could roii'inand, she recapitulated the
situation of her family, observed that it grew
late, and mildly intimated he would do well
to seek for lodgings elsewhere.
The Doctor replied that he would by no
means incommode the family, hut with her
leave ho would smoke one inoi o pipe wilh her
boarders, and then retire
Ho returned to tho compnuy, filled his pipe
and with the first whiff his conversational
powers returned with double fores. He re
counted the hardships endured by their an
cestors; he extolled their piety, virtue and
devotion to religious freedom. The subject of
the day's debate in the House of Representa
tives was mentioned Sy one of the. members.
A bill had ' been introduced to extend the
prerogatives of the royal governor. The
Doctor immediately joined in tho discussion,
supported tho colonial rights with new ond
forcible arguments, was funiiliur with the
names of the influential men in the House
when Dudley was governor; recited their
speeches, and app lauded their noble defence
of the charter of rights.
During a discourse so appropriately inter
esting to the delighted lompiny, no wonder
the cluck (truck eleven uoperceived by them.
Nor was it a wonder that the patience of
Mrs. Franklin became entirely exhausted.
She now entered the roem aid addressed the
Doctar before the whole company, with
warmth of manner and glowing with adder
minatit u to be her own protectress. She
told him plainly that she thought herself tin-
pused on but that she had f ieuds who weuld
defend her, and insisted that be should imme
diately leave the house.
The Doctor made a slight apology and de
liberately put on lye great coat and bat, took
polite leave of the company, and approached
the street door, attended by the mistress and
lighted by the maid.
While the Doctor and bis companions hud
been enjoying themselves within, most tre
mendous storm of wind nnd snow hud occur
red without, and no sooner hud the timid lift;
cd the latch that a ruoritig north-easter for
ced open the dour, extinguishing the light
and almost Riled the entry with .drifted rtinw
and hail. As soon as the candle wse lighted,
tho Dector casta wuftil look toward the door
and thus uddressed his mother.
'My dear mudnm, can you turn mo out in
this storm! 1 am a stranger in this tbwn &.
perish in the street. You look liko a char
iioblo lady I should Hot think that yoti
c j'jld turn a dog from your liousa this cold
and sti rmy night.'
'Don't tilk of chaiity', replied hi mother;
'charity begins at home. It s your own
fault not mine, that you have tarried so long.
To be plain with you sir, I do not i ko either
your looks or your conduct, and fear you have
some design in thus intruding yourself ipo.
my family. ' "
Tho warmth of this parley had drawn tho
company from the parlor, and by their uni
ted interference the stranger was permitted
to lodge in the house; and os no bed could
be had, ho consented to rest in the easy
chair beforo 'lie parlor lire.
Though the boarders appeired to confide
in the stranger's honesty, it was not so with
Mrs Franklin. With suspicious caution she
collected her silver spoons, penpor-box and
porringer from her closet, and alter sccur
ing her parlor door by sticking a fork eve r
the latch, curried the Valuables to her cham
ber, charging the negro man to sleep with
his clothes on, to tuke the great cleav?r to
bed wilh liiin, and to wuken nnd seize the va
grant at the first noise he should muke in
utiempiing to plunder.
Mrs. Frunklin rose before the sun, roused
the domestics, and was quite agreeably sur
prised to find her terrific guest quietly sleep
ing in his chair. She awoke him with a
cheerful good morning; inquired how he had
rested, and invited hi in to partake of her
breakfast, which wua always sorved previ
ous to that oi lier boarders.
'And pruV, feir," said Mrs-Franklin, ns
you uppeur to bo a stranger in Boston, to
what distant country do you belong!'
'I belong, madam, to thecolonuy of Penn
sylvania, and reside in I'iiil ldelphia.'
At 'he mention of Philadelphia, the Doc
tor declared he for the first time perceived I
something like emotion in.her.
'Philadelphia'.' Buid she, while the earnest
anxiety of a mother sufFused her eye; 'why
if you live in Philadelphia pet-haps you know
ny Uen!'
Who, madam!'
'Ben Franklin, my dear Ben. Oh, how I
would give the world to see hi in! He is the
dcarost sou that ever blessed a inoihor.'
What! is B.'n F.unklin thj printer) your
son! Why he is my most inliinno friend.
He and t work together and lodgn in the
same room.'
"Oh Heaven forgive me!" exclaimed the
lady, raising her tearful eyes, and have I suf-
fered a friend of my soli Ben to sleep on this
hard chair, while I myself rested on a soft
bedl'
Mrs. Franklin then told her unknewn
guest that though he had been absent from
her ever since he was a child, sho could not
fail to know him anions a thousand stran,'o
faces) for there was a natural feeling in the;
breast of every mother, which she knew J
would enable her, w ithout the possibility of a I
mistake, to recognise her son in any disguise i
he might assume.
Franklin doubted, and took leave to dis-i
pule his mother's proposition on tho power
of natural fee'ing. Ho said he had tried this
'natural feeling' in his own mother, & found
it deficient in tho power she ascribed to it.
'And did your mother,' inquired she, 'not,
know you! or if sho did not seem to knov
you, was there not in her lin&nctt to you an
evidence that she saw something in your ap
pearance which was deaf to her, so that she
could not resist treating you with particular
tenderness and affection!"
'No, indeed,' replied Franklin, 'sl o noither
knew me, nor did she treat me with the least
symptom of kindness. Sho would have turn.!
ed me out of doors but for the interposition!
of strangers. She could hardly be pcrsiudojj
to allow nw to sit at her table. I knew I j
was in my mother's house, and therefore, you
may suppose, when she ptremptorily com-1
maiidcd mo to leave the house I was in no '
hurry to obey.' I
'l.tirely,' interrupted his mother, she could
not have treated you so unmutherly without
somo cuuse.'
I cave her none,' replied the D.ctor. 'She
would toll you herself 1 had always been rti
dutiful son thut she diated upoume, and'
that when 1 came to her house as a stranger,'
my behaviour -was scrupulously correct and
respectful. It was a stormy night, and I had.
been absent so long that Iliad become ai
stranger in the place. I told my mother this,'
and yet, so little was she influenced by that
natural feeling of which you speult that she j
absolutely refused mo a bed, and would hard
ly suffer what she called my presumption in .
taking s ecat at tho table. But this was not .
the wor,t; for no sooner was the supper end
ed than my good mother told ma with an air!
of solemn earnestness, that I must leave her!
house.'
Franklin then proceeded to describe tbe
scene at the front door the snow drift that
came so opportunely into the entry his ap
peal to her 'natural feeling' as a mother her
unnatural and unfeeling rejection of his
prayer and, finally, her very reluctunt com
pliance with tne solicitations of other per
sons in his behalf that he bo permitted to
ile'.p on a chair.
Every word in this touching recital ent
home to the hoart of Mrs. Franklin, . who
could not fall to perceive that it was a true
narrative . ol the events or the preceding
nitrht In her own bouse; and -vhile she en
deavored to esct po from the self-reproach
that sho bad acted the part of aa unfeeling
mother, she eould not tasily resist the con
viction that the stranger, who became more
and more! interesting le her ss be proceeded
in bis disceurse, wn indeed bar own son.
ly
of
is
But when she nbserfed the tender expree -
sivenoMol hi eyre as ho feelingly rocopilu -
latrd the circninslanccs under which she at -
tempted to turn him shflllcrlcs. into the
street, tier mntr-rna. ronvicliosj i.verr.amc all
... .
remaining doubt, ami she threw hr rsolf Inte'
his amis rxcluiming -It must be-
-it mutt be
niv dear Ben!'
1
1
!
j
;
The Age of the World.
A question of great importance with di
vines and men of scionce at the preient day
i. ft... r ll,d mrtn f .!.... .1 1. 1 f
ii.ui. . ii v. uui pium-i, uuu mi, ui.- i
I'creiit changes which have ttken place upon
it, as related !n Genesis. One chits con-!
that tho different nets of creation took j
placo exactly at described in the first chap- j
tor of Genesis, in six nolar days, and that nil
lliimre u-nra mifliiAiit nrnnlliliirv tn itii. I tlma
Another ciuss ucucve that our plunel was in
exjsienoa . for -Wiotisandt of rvbto lirior tn
f .........
- niiBunu. wivvuiniiiiui ii'
the first act. recorded in Genesis, that it had
undergone vast changes, and that it hod been
long in confusion, and was bereft of life,
when) tho command went forth, "Let there
be light." This class also believe that the
successive ucls described in Genesis took
place in six common dr.js, furnishing the
world with the exi ct orders of creation as
there described. Another class also believe
thutthc successive acts described in Gene
sis took pluce in six common davs, furnish
ing the world wilh the axact orders of crea
tion as there described. Another class be
lieve that the successive acts of crciitiuti as
mentioned in Genesis, took place in fie ex
act order there described, but thut i 'steiul of
the days there mentioned being o n.- u ys,
they were iKJrJinitz ftriodi of 7i'v:c-o'i:o of
them of great lengih-perhaps sixty I duund
years. T his latter class embrace the greet-
est number of learned geologists and divines.
in tne last number of the liiblwlh'ca ti.icra.
the Hev. John O. Means, of East M' J'.vay,
Mass., presents his views at great length on
this subject, and takes the latter view of the
question, namely: that tho days mentioned
the first chapter of Genesis, if interpre
ted to mean indeQnUs periods of lime, would
reconcile both science und the Scriptures iu
every purticular. He employs some strong
arguments in favor of this view of the ques
tion. Thus, the sun, moon, and stars, are
said t.i be created on the third day, therefore,
the two previous days could not be one of
our solar days, embracing one revolution of
the earth on its axis iu twenty-four hours,
with the sun to rule the day aud the moon to
rule the njglit. This argument is incontro
vertible. But what was the cause of light
before tho sun was created. He sees no
difficulty in this. lii says, "the material
universe is full of light, ready to be worked
at a word. Chemical action on a vaster
scale thatl man ban fellow, is taking place
every moment, and floods of light are poured
forth. Combustion is attended with light as
well as bout." "It may sound strange,1' he
again says, "to Bay that the m-jjt intense
light is to be found, not on tho earth, but in
it. The whole of the sun's rays vihich reach
the earth, gathered to a focus, would not be
so intensely light as the centre of the globe.
It seems pretty ccrtuin that within the crust
of the earth, Is a globe of fire, at lea-it two
thousand miles in diameter." This opinion
costs neither him nor any man of science j
whether it ba true or fulse. but he
departs from reason aud logic, by endeavor
ing to establish duojiypothesis by setting up
another. There) are no positive proofs of
the earth bei ng a crusted bull ol fire. We
arc not dependent on the suit for light, as he
has clearly stated, but he does not seem to
understand its truo theory. It is rroduced
by the vibrations of a subtle medium diffused ,
throughout space. - Our planet is aci;-luinl-'
nous, but in a degree less so than the sun, Tor
there is one glory of the sun, another of tho '
moon, and another of the earth. Malt's eyes j of
are constructed to seo objects only by a
quantity of Intense light; but some j
beasts end fowls have their eyes constructed,
rango the fores', nnd field by night as free-!
as man does during the day, x'hile during
sunlight they coif Scarcely see at all. A ; he
of Africans uls-j the Bosjesmen re-'
main in their caves during day, and search J
for their food during night.' From habit, :
presume, they have become noc'.urnol
roainor8--men-owls--lhus shnwing that nat-1
urul light belongs to our planet; the unccas-,
ing throbbings of its particles produce con-!
tinual light; this was the way, no doubt.tlmt j
light wus produced in the early days of tho
earth. Hugh Miller brings forward somo j
strong arguments in fuvor'of the great age j I.
our planet, and mentions a number of geo-j
logical changes rcij-iiring tens of thousands j
years to accomplish, which could not have
taken place iu the short period of six thou- j
sand years, as is believed by those who ad-!
he re to thu soars .lava nternretstittn of
the Genesis narrativo of the creation. Sir
Charles Lyell believes that it must have ta
ken G7.0UU yoars to form the delta of the
Mississippi, and 3o,00U years fur the Niaga
ra river, to form its present channel from the
Fulls to Qtieer.stown. Nearly ull the emi
nent geologists b-'lievj this, and they consid
er they have facts to prove it, so strong, that
they cannot le gainsuyed. Mr Moans rea
sons strongly to prore thai the meaning of
the word day in tho first chapter of Genesis
an indefinite period of lime, and makes
out a very strong case in favor of the world
being perhaps a million years of age, accor
ding) to the Mosaio account of creation. Sci
entific American.
,
.
to
,
.
ii-.iiigs
is
Washino Receift. 'Take one lb. of salt
petre, snd dissolve it In one gallon of cold
water, and cork it tip in some tight vessel--"
When you are going te wash, udd three large
spoonfulls to each pint of soap; makes suds
with this, and aoak the clothes 20 or'30 min
utes, ten rub them out, and put them sver
the fire in a clean cold suds. Let them come
to tho boil, and boil five minutes, then takj
them out and rinse them.
tJiyTho greater part cf men have no opin
iou, still fewer an opinion ol their own, well
'......! I r. I..J . u
ICIieciVU vim ivuiiutv wj'un ivvh. j
A RICH GEM.
ii'uuu u lump ui pur. uiiu sunn pom. i niu
is deemed most pricelets grasped it in aeri-
&' fin. c s, and struck its pinion for the e-.-lcs-'
tiul world. The gold was refused and the
Peri despatched to seek another gem moro
priceless stijl. It roamed through groves
lskt1rl1lr11.Aa.j1 liuil.A .Lai. ..U...
A desolate Peri stood one morn at thf gate
of Ivlon'sueing for admission. It was toll;
the enlrsaco could only be oMulnod in one
.
way, and that was to Inverse the i nr'.h and
procure a gem the richest it contained, and
present it to the keeper ol the celestial gal.-,
vUiith if approved, Wo'ild m 0 pfport to
the world of spirit. The P. ri orreptcd the
proposal, and went in search of that most
Valuable or all earth's riche. It explored
land and sea from pole to pole, end finally
f. . .l l I I . C.I IJ If,.'
wild mountain's brew and the silver stream
iJ..,ll.....l t.. r.,l.l 1., .I. 1-...
went to the buttle fehl and cnuht the Isit
nvui t uiv uiiuiw iciii auu niii-111 iiiu iaii,
Idrop of blood vt hich streamed from the young
warrior's heart, os he sunk in death in the
cause of liberty. With that and other gems
..t, 1,. .1.. ......i..
sa, on uw no I'llil'llil UIIVC IIIUI C H'l tile UllVV
i i..i.. ..... ,r.....i ..
ui .iu .1 wo, wu. tv an iviuaou ai uic , 1.9
offering being unworthy. A third time the
Peri suughi to find the richest gent. It, after
tnar.y daya of weary search while passing
through a deep dark glen, robed in au'umn-
al hue espied a sleeping infant, It stopped
and gazed upon the babe, absorbed in admi
ring the swcelncvs and innocence of its
faultless fuce wus about to bear off as the
first prize, ("for such is the kingdom of hea
ven,") vhen a dark and hitggard robber came
f.um the thickened 'orest through tho rust
ling saves and stoo d bending over the sleep
ing child; the rubber gazed with silent awe
anu admiration he thought o: Ins own in
fan tile duvs, when he wis pi re as the Blum-
berinji child before him contrasted his pre
sent life, his degraded virtues and his adam
antine heart, wi.h the sleeping innocent ot
his murderous feet his breast moved with
compassion, his eyes inched, ho dropped a
tear, the angel snutched it, plumed his pin
i ns for paradise offered the boon it was
the jar of pmiUnst and found udmisnion.
,
Execution at Gaiena, Illinois.
man Btrove hard to cover up ull external tra-aiiv-thinii
cs of Ilia writhinsrs. As ho passed along
seWd, unit with a lirui and steady tread,
Clad in a while gown and cap, he addressed)
with a linn voice, the crowd lor more than
thirty minutes, lie reiterated his innocence
the crime of wilful murder declared that
knew not how his wife was killed ex
great pressed tso hope that as Ch-ist was crucified
for all, he was crucified for him, and the be
to lief that he was forgiven by his God.
Aflef the cap wa6 drawn over his ey. and
knew not what instan. ho would ba ush
tribe ered into eternity be again, for ten minutes,
addressed the crowd in a firm and distinct
voice, and admonished them to beware of in
we toxicutiun, tho cause of his misfortune und
the curse of his lite. Weighing someone
hundred and sixty pounds; aud having been
given a lull of six leet, upun tho removal of
the trap dour, he died ulmost without
struggle his neck seem'iig to have been
stretched near four Inches. Thus died John
Taylor, who had "rendered the State some
service" in the Saininola war performed in
this city last summer, during the cholera sea
of son, offices of kiiidnes. nnd humanity frem
which others shrunk from as dangerous, but
who, unfortunately, was addicted ts drunk-
O.i Friday, January 19, John I. Taylor wi s
hung at the County Hospital, near Gulenn,
for the murder of bis wile. At 1 p. m., in
charge of an a rmed posse, he was conducted
the place of execution, followed by a large
crowd of all classes and uges, maintaining a
sad composure during the funeral march. He
was an old man of sixty years ol age.
Iohn Ira Taylor was led out of his cell in
the county jail about 12 o'clock, and in the
custody of the sheriff, surrounded by other
officers ol executive justice, by a band of cit
izen soldiery, and by a dense mass of unarm
ed citizens; the carriage whiclt conta ined
him was driven to tho place selected for his
execution, about two miles without the lim
its ot the city. He wus dressed in a white
shroud, -villi a white cap upun his head.
His countenance was vacant und ghastly;
his eyes were set and staring, and a dark
ring seemed to encircle them. Oncj or
twice he seemed to smile, but it was a mere
animal contraction of the muscles of the
face; spirit did not smile. He had evidently
suffered intensely within, but the cutward
Main street) guarded as above, the wretched
man was the personification of the weakness
of guilt, surrounded by the sUenglh, digi ity,
and majesty of justice.
Upon reaching the ground, ten thousand
persons there stood in one solid mass. Tuy-
lor ascended the scufiold perlsctly self-pos-
ennes. and slew Ins wile in am oi ineunu
tion.
!
!
!
Not to Ridicule or Despise New Things.
The world's history is full of the persecu
tion ol great men, who stepped forwurd in
advonco ol tlieir oge. warning us to mou
kindly on honest purposes, and to ;tidge with
charity what we do nut comprehend. Lit i
us not ndicul or uesp.se new
i I .1..... rt.. Ill iult li ... nh.nrl
uc-cuusd iiit-jr ii-iiiuc
vations or stem to be impracticable. There
hardly a discovery or invention in an iiiai.
has not had its dnv of trial and discourage-
inent. Many a mm has gone heart-broken
his grave, in whom the fire of genius has
unseen and unappreciated, when ad-'
verse circumstances, or shrinking timidity .or
cold neglect, er the want of a kind word, has
come like a mountuin upon him and kept his
secret I uried forever. Prison bars have been
pressed by throbbing brows which would
redeemed the world. The records of
'.he world are tull ol tne neglect oi roem
ScUntiJii American.
;
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IIastv Bread PinmiNU. Put one quart
. r ... : 1 1. : .bulla hnltnr a fow slier, of
ui nun. .-.--. -.. .. ..
bread and crumble them in till thick, then
1 and crumble them in till uiick, iiirn
up three eg", sweeten and spice, and
i the milk is sealing hot, pour in the
beat
when the
, tti: well, take it up ai
A Meeting of the Working Men of New
York.
posi-u oi. i nero is nothing iikc tne nonio ,
inerkel'' icr labor, let frec-tradi re say vhsi !
they plase about it. The following reso
tend ' lutions passed by the meeting have an odor'
' of good sens j about them quito refreshings
1
' Th i workingmei of X. Yoik hive hsJ a
lurcu me itin" 1q tulk over their own u flairs
without tho help of demsLMuf e. Tui, vtcf
rail iocd sense a move in the ri"ht dircc -
tion. We have heard enough about "buying
u br re you can buy rheapuet;"' it is time for
workingmori to pay soma attention to tic
other side of lliu ques'.ion, and Jook out for a
market where they can -sell dounat," n-
neoiully v. hen labor is tho ihinsr to be bis -
. , ' .... . .. ...
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RESOLUTION AND DECLARATION OF THE
RESOLUTION AND DECLARATION OF THE NEW YORK INDUSTRIAL ASSOSIATION.
j t .
. . 0 , .
I ' "'""ig ri-nuiuiiiHi iiimi .!.- Minn .jii
, - . .,
I ? U ' , . rTrr,:1,;n
,- r w v - 1 u . .1 , ' .
"""""V T" 1,
k!'de I ourtb avenue, Jan. 1J
ve. .
Ki.soi.vtt-, That
sis meeting
of opin
ion, that in order to secure to the people of '
this country M.rs-rv vf LMrtcvNF.sr, at re-
SaTsttUTiVB Wauls, it id essentia that a n
a .- i . . i r .i . .-
Aisocialion be instituted for the rotcct.on
of Hume LAEun.
DixLAaATio. We hereof declare our
fixed detcrminstion to support the tAnoa of
the people of this country, instead of cheap
imponeu luuor ot loreign countries.
We further declare that we will rcit to
the utmost of our power, (by all legal
means,) all attempts that may be made to
subvert the objects of the Association.
The following questions were announced
fur consideration:
Fir.sT What en uses the drain of specie
from this country!
Stc-jsr- How isit that foreign products
are brought in'o the American mnrki t, arid
sold at h les- price than home products!
Third Haw can plenty of employment
be found fer the people of this country ot re
tnuncrutive wuges!
1
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From the Citizen.
The Trac Remedy for Distress.
.1 letter has been scut us tor puuncaiu.n,
from "A Working Man," on the cause and
remedy of she present distress. It l.ss hit
the nail on the Until, It is couched in home
ly phrase, but it has the pith of tlw whole
matter in a nutshell. The writer has evi
dently got hold cf the true philosophy of
the question. He has the right ide a bet
ter idea for Americars than ull the ideas ever
promulgated by McCuIloch or Adam Smith.
The matter -is so simple, that it seems extra
ordinary that men of iutelligencd can allow
their intellects to hi so obscured by party
prejudices and false theories, as not to see it
at once in the same light. The letter is os
follows:
in
.
TO THE WORKINGMEN OF AMERICA.
TO THE WORKINGMEN OF AMERICA. NEW YORK, Jan. 16, 1855.
' Wobkirumen: You make one mistake in
your labor meetings. The true couse of our
want of work is the habil which induces the
American people to buy the products of for
eign labor.
If you will pass resolutions and stick to
them, not to purchase anything foreign made
work will be plenty, money plenty; and the
welfare of Ubor secured.
Ask of those who urc sole to expend more
money than a laborer by the day, to join in
the cultivation of the habit of buying home
thine.
This is the charily you want. This is a
power entirely in the hands of American la
bor, and they rill never be worthy of them
selves, nnd the confidence of any one, till
they can writ.: out and sign a pledge never
to use any other than the products of Amer
ican, thut is, home labor. For instance:
"We pledge otirsolvcs that we will, hence
forth, use the products of home labor and
skill, und we call upun all workmen, who
wish for good wages and constunt employ, to
take this course as the only one calculated
us, workmen, independent of Whigs 1
mcrats, in as far as tariff and free j
to make
n.i hnn...-...ij
trade thteries are concerned. We also pledge i
ourselves to be unceasing in our exertion? to
induce our fellow countrymen of every rlassi
to aid us, by performing a duty incumbent
upon every patriotic citizen, viz; to buy taej
of American lubor, in every depart-,
ment, in preference to foreign, mat we
will petition Congress to increase the duties
on manufactured silk, and permit the mate
rial of every description entering into the
manufacture of Bilk to bo duty fre to the
end, that the non-producers in our families
mav have home employment that our com-
forts may be increased education advanced
and a chance afforded to lay up something
for a wet
a
.
WORKINGMAN.
GUNPOWDER.
whole house. Count Kumford loaded a mor
to lar i, one-twentieth uf an ounce of pow
burned, jcrj ttni pUced upon it a twenty-four pound
cannon; he thon closed up every opening as
completely as possible, ond fheJ the churge,
w,ich burst the mortar with a tremendous
explosion, and lifted up Its enormous weight.
n another experiment, Count Kumford con
have r,nC(j twcnty-eiirht grain, of powder in a cy-
The Liverpool (England) Standard says: ;
."Some. of tho effects of ignited 6,JI'IK,ler I
uro wndcrrul. When gunpowder is ueapeu .
u, j t10 0,en a,r Und inflamed, thero is no,
report, and Imt little eilect 's produced, A l
81,iun qU!iniity open nnd ignited in a room,,
. -.1. !.... n.i.lk a 1
iurces trie air omwurus, u ua m um i"
windows; but the same quainity confined
with U(jmb witliitl the same room, onu ig-
a. te.irg in nieces and sets en firo the
iidrical spice wtticli it just unco, una npu;Wonld
being fired, it tore asunder a piece of won j
n nun wutnii noil- rvBiiiiu -... w.
hundred thousand pounds."
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tJCTllie inree lounuauous oi geu.us mi
ny-ni" mi iUi..iu.... . t-
the gift ef God, human exertion, and events
ofliie. The three things that ennoble geui-
u. vior, discietron, uud- k-itowledjc.
i
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ITEMS OF NEWS.
system, has passid tho House of Represen
products tstives.
" " ' .
CTTM'ss MKord, the celebrated English
Wntef.of ,t0r e"' SlC-' uiBd "" time
"nco '" Tf? 0 BZ;
O'On yesterday (atonduyUhe thennomrf-
tor was '22 degrees below zeib, at Oswegd,
N. Y.. and as c.'nrri. l,..lr,w .i i.A.,.
. M. .
burgh. T.ie St. Lawrence was frozen over,
aud good crossing on the Ice to Piesxolt.
CiOne dollar bank notes en the Son'eci
Falls New-York Bink, have bcetl altered to
fives. Look out for them.
(v-The Cincinnati Gazette says that No-.
ah L. Wilson, Eii., of Marietta, ha secured
Innds enough, 111 Europe, to comnlete the
Marietta and Cincinnati road from Cbilli.
coiIih to Athene, a distance of about sixty
miles west of the ancient metropolis, it wili
en.-.-tra'o the coal and iron region. This
Will be of the first importance to Cincinnati,
M. flf.if'li.., tija .lam..r.aH- a.I . t. . t. '.
... v (. . . . v . ..u. vb.nuiiau.,CU lilfll III IIT
r i -. n t'O.V l; '. -, a I a -...-ma ...W:-t. . .
,,, ,r. , f , e
Mtvj-cad for a upr!y of cjal.
Ci"Tbe Illinois Home of Reprcsenta-
liveH I'1" passed a resolution, by vote of 37
to -" den .iincing the ceurse of Douglas and
Shields in voting for tbe Nebraskaka bill.
SCrThe Washington letter
Gen. C.i. .n-Hl.n f.f
writers say
declins the
mission in defence of the Administration to
New-Hampshire. Mr. Latham will proba
bly undertake the Job.
K7It is said that the election i f a legisla
ture in Kanzas will take place on tbe 23d of
March. Asthisis before the cmigranta from
the free States will arrive, the movement is
considered fivorable to the interests of the
Misouri pro-siuvery party.
frThe House of Representatives, of
Michigan, hai passed a stringent liquor law,
uy a vote o- t! to Zl.
CCrR ilph Metcalf, the new Know Noth-
ing candidate for (laveriuir in Njw-Hamp-;
sliirc, is 41 n old Demcrit!e politician, was
(nr K!!.Br.,i ..,,., s.ro!r fa i
now understood to belong to the "Old Guard,"
which Burke is the leader. Tirs party Jis
violent and open war with the Adminis
tration. 0O"A new Congress of Nations nt Vien
na, is now the talk in Europe. It is said
this Government will be invited to send a
Representative, but we hope and trust it will
not be done.
&5"Father MatLew the irish apostie 6f '
Temperance is said to be at the Island Cf
Madeira, in distress, and in want of means
to pay his board. His right hanJ is paral
yzed. 03"It is snid that Hon. Charles Durkee,
late member of Confess, is likely t be elec
ted United States Senator, by the Legisla- -lure
of Wisconsin He is Freesoil Demo
cratic. (V5"Sno'v is said to be six feet deep in
some of the northern 'owns of Nef-Hamp-.hire.
The Railroad are much obstructed
by'snow in that State.
C-The New-Yu.-fe Mirror says that St.
Nicholas Hotel has not had less than 400
gucts at any one time this winter, and that
the annual profits of the concern arc $190,
000.
03"The Treasurer of Hamilton county
sold several lots cf personal property for
delinquent taxes, on Monday. They were
generally bid in by their own-rs. We dj
not see how thee gentlemen have Helped
their case by this operation.
07"-'Sir, you shnll hear from me! "said
fellow with a thundering voice and chimney-back
frown, to an editor who had pub
lished something he construed as too hard
up'n his party; '-you shall hear from me!"
Bhuolt ''fioully.
"Thi't ngbl,-dw." said Jonathan,
bow-
"S l' "r,le occosioi a y,
hut! let us
u "ow '"u " S"S "2-
fjr-A bill to change the mode of voting la
Arkansas, from the viva ie to the ballot-box
(t5The number of men, who up to this
tiire, have sailed from France and Algefia:
for t'-e seat of vrai in the East, uniounis td
11S,000.
Soule attack a thing that is so un
8.,cai lbly Ceaii Richmond U'AiV.
CShermsn M. Booth, of Milwaukee, has
gone to prison under sentence for aiding tbe
esccps uf an alleged fugitive slavs; but does
not seem much disheartened by his position.
He says:
"Will! We pre in jail for thi second time
the cli irga of aiding u human bMi;g to es
cape ;.om bondage! And n w, lint we can
it!uiut haviil 1 our motives linnuimsd.
wi-pleduo ourselves to uid onenlv every fu-
vo
escape that we have un opportunity
tQ j.
And this Fugitive Act, which ha
developed the iniquity of Federal Judees aud
p,St) eourselves to oppose while
.. .... . . . II
we i;VB) tjn jj ja repealed.
Nj roan, not a slave himself, but will hon.
or t,,e imnanity nnd bravery of this man con
victed for obeying the higher law,
Forasmuch as ye have done it unto the
lsast of ti cs ., my disciples, ye have done it
onto Me."
Oi'Tlie Washington Unio n states that
Mr. Soule was recalled at hi own request.
It is said, moreover, to be well understood
thut ho comes home to make war upon tbe
Pierce Administration. But we doubt this.
(O'A western editor thus delivers liuv
self: "We would say to the individual wheV
. .i I.i.. ..(V ,1.. l. ...i.:i. . i
a.oio our i pulB, wu,,u
lying ui ucu w ui.iii lur ib vu urj, ui wi
sincerely hope that thj collar may Oft kit,
t'iroat:

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