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- ... . J II . . 'W--,..f . J . "1 r r I 1 i v 1 'i I " i ri ' rrv 7"l F' F ' I ' ,' - .'.' t, ,ii ' ,JM1.' I ,'H-,. M " , r S i - i - - - - - ' THE? BELMONTN CHRONICLE. finished rvKinr tiicrsdav morxisgT. Office Jfbrtfc tide of Mntn Street ; q Vew I)or Veit of. Marietta Street. v '"'' TrUi ornBnyRifTieii. ..' If W withln;hrwmontliii,' . IV If MI lllMtiu), ' V.IHI FPr diacomhiued onljr M the optian of lti editor, wbilo trrMrogu ilu. 4 . . , j '.' - t tlSIllorDEltTUIKO.. ' " ' ''- ti)h inr, (i 1 ,lf,( nr tkn,) three week, (I.An Bvrrir edriitioiiai iiiMrtton, . . At YeArlyAitvertitRiiientsoiie column, a $4n,(HJ Nelf colamn, t ' ' 44,1)0 Quarter Mliimn, ' ' -i ..; 15,0 f reiewioiml teriln iS pef enniim. ' JHf All iFiiore oitrireme to 1 me editor nail be ptid to o JTyo paper dTiicentlmie until ell arrearage re eaid uneae at the option or 111 dltorJJX iure auetuioH r - POETRY. i07"Tb following extreeU are' from. the fottn I&iy Amit G.'Clcster,o( the u ' oo (ff. Y,) EmprenM the late Editariol Con ' , -ventioa. Tbey have the clear ring of the true poetical bullion, end by their beauty and . 8rtii ipek right to the heart. Whit a pleasure -editing would be if his advice was everywhere folrMved in the newspaper world. Sc thai four columns fail not to contain flie glorious products of a working brain; ' . " Puuse,' fcre you put that "HorrlJ murder" in, ' Think,' ere you chronicle that frightful sin. 7l"llk cure like," as homebpalhtfts say, '' - Publish a rape and rbbbory every day; tiiijce yicsOora reodaj vice fresh zeal sesures, Dispense n'o more this pabulum ofwue Col in the Clterub, lot th Demon bo. . 1; . Too miny imbs usurp the throne and place ' Where Beauty should uneil her ruatchloss face; And many athistle lifts its sharpened spear s; W'liere only Virtue's lilies should iippear; Why should we oner hunks when ourrt and meat At j)h;niy, for the famiihed soul to eat I ,;r Whsaciilice our dearest hop'S andahus In playing those utilitjiiunl-au es( . , Where Avarice is sure to be the wiritrWV Ijcaviug its partner mini's dimes imd dinner. Tliin let us plead for virtue, beouty, truth;' Aid tottering Age, restrain impetuous1 Youth; k Cha?e from oiu; columns satyr, vampires, ghouls, ' Fit only for tha wondorin-jnt of fools, .'". . : ' ' Ami beckon there thespiitcs that sportsnd dance Within tH fragrant meadows ofilomanca; iv- ;. l..ii.ttiA ilna.flvpd l.rnpi4ailrl Ibn IiVpa. .4. Have Uss tudo with engles, more wiilijduveij Choufewct cordol logic-'pill'cr time From sterner duties for, the joys of Rhymo. Soiira what Vevilt what doth evil look, Take to our heurta the good , ns David took The dsmsol unlsliis tsrclnllor goW"-'v "' As Herod soujht for Celhlehem's babe of olirf- And letre al 1 baser metals lor the men S lVrl.A u.iol.1 inanr Oyt.nnnn tllftn the Pen. r .. . . , Tine la out duly. It sliouia us our prue Cad bless the man who so hath lived and died! POETRY. MISCELLANEOUS. THE YOUNG PHILOSOPHER. A STORY FOR PARENTS. Mr. goLOMOit Winthrop waa a plain old fanner an austere, precise man, who did ev erything by established rules, and could sea no reason whyeoplo should grasp at things beyond what had been reached bj their great grandfathers. He bad three children two hovs and a eirl" - Thera was Jeremiah, sev- eri'tecn year Id, Samuel, nTieen,and Fanny, thirteen.. . . .' . ' It was a cold winter's day. Samuel waaj the kitchen reading a book, and bo inleres- ted waa he that be did not . notice the en- of hi father. . Jeremiah was in an opposite corner) engaged' in ciphering out ai which 1 e had found in hi ariU me.tic.- Sam,' said thd farmer to las youngest boy, Iiaveyou worked out (hat sum yet!' - 'No sir .'.returned the boy, in o hesitating . I " " 'Didn't I tell you. t stick to your arithme- tio till yau had dona itl' uttered Mr. Win- throp, in a severe tone. .... Samuel hung down hi head, and looked troubled. . . - "Wby bavn't you done it?", continued the fttbrt-!. i .'' ! ' . - . '' 'J can'.'do'Jit,- ir ' tramblingvy returned the boy,!!1 x.4''.'- . Can't dd jjl -AndAvhynptl .Look at Jer emiah,' there,' with Wa slate and arithmetic. He .had ciphered further than you had long before he waa as old as yuu are." "Jerry was always'fond, of ntathematical p'Oblemi aif, but I cannot fasten my mind on them, mey navo no micso w That' because yeu don't try to feel an in terest in your studies. What, book la'.that you ar reading'" It' a work on philosophy, sir. . - ; t A wqrk on fiddl (ticks! Go, put it away, this instsnt; and then get your slate, and don't lat'm ee you away from your arithme tic sgain until you can work put tlese root. .Do 0U undertan4 mal" ' . . '? . fi.miml mads no answer, but' silently put away hi philosophy, and then he got bis slate and at down in tba chimney corner. Hi nether lip Jrembled, and hi eye were moistened, for ha waa tinbappy. Hia father had beqn barsb toward him, and be felt that it was without a causa, , ,. ' '8am aid Jerry, as foon aa tha old man. had gont, J'lwill do that sum for you,." ,r No, Jarry, returned lb younger brottjer, but with a grauful looh, 'that would be de ceiving .fatber. . J will try to doth sum, though) I M" i not ucced' -.; '. SamualwQrked vory hard, but all to do; pur . Ilia mind was not an tba subject, be,- for bl Tba root and aqusre, tb base, bypolheiiusea and ; perpndioulr', . though comparatively aimpia aeBoiva, n hi a mingled msss of incomprehensible ' things, and the mora b Uied U mora did b becoio pejplsxed and bothered. The truth waa hi fatber 4(4 .not under- land him. I " - Simuel wu a bright boy, aad uncommon I comeliness, and they were jointed and groov in ed together In a curious combination, The enibryo philosopher set the machine trance for H looked much like a machiue upori the tlsor, and then stool off and gazed upon it sum l His eyes gleamed with a peculiar - glow of satisfaction, and he looked proud, and happy. While yet ho stood and gazed upon the child of his labors, the door of th chamber open mannet & and '!' 'atber entered, , .'What art you not studying!' exclaimed, Mr. Winthrop, ns he noticed Jthe t)oy etand- v ly intcllentfor one of bis Sjje. Mr. Win- th'op wss t thortuirh maihematlcian. he never vet came across solve, and ha desired that like him, for he concel educational ptrfeotlon conqucfinf l.uclid, and he often expr-d his opinion thai, were Euclid living' then, he. could "give the old geometrician hard Jus- el."' lie seemed . not o -comprehend that different minds' were made with different ca - pacilieii, and thaf'vhat one mind grasped with esse, another of eqinl power would tail to cemprehend. ' llenee, becsuse J. ry pro- gressed rspidly in his mathemstic. I studies, and could already survey piece of land cf many angles, ha Imsginsd that because Sam - uel made no progress in the safce branch he was idle and careless, and treated him accor dingly. ;Me never csudklly, conversed, with bi-. younger son,, with ' to ascertain the true bent of his mind but he had his own standard of the power of all minds, and he pertinaciously adhered to it. There wa anollfef thing that Mr. Win throp could not sec, that Samuel was ponder ing upon such profitable matter wss Interes ting to him, and that, he- was scarcely ever idle; nor did Ir.s father see, either, that if he ever wished his boy to become a mathemati cian, he was pursuing the very course to pre vent such a result. Instead of endeavoring to make the study interesting to the child, he was making it obnoxious. , The dinner hour came and Samuel had not worked out the sum. His father was an gry and obliged ' the boy to go without his dinner, at the same'lime telling him that he was in idle lazy child.' i . Poor Samuel left .the, kitchen and went up to his chamber, and there he sat and cried. At length his mind seemed to pass from the wrong he had suffered at the hand of his par ent, and took another turn, and the gr'ref ma ka left his face. .There was a large fire in the room below his chamber, so that he was not very cold; and getting up, he went to a small closet, and from beneath a lot of old clalhes he dragged forth, some long strips of wood, and commenced whittling, it was not for mere pastime that he whittled, for he was fashioning some curious affair from these pie ces of wood. ' H had hits of wire, ' little scraps of tin plate, pieces of twine, and doz ens of small' wheels, that he made . himself, and he seemed to be workWg to get. them to; gether after tome peculiar fashion of his own. , ' -I .. . Half the after n ion had thus "passed away, when his sister entered his cfiamber.. She had her apron gathered up in her hand, and after closing the door softly behind her, she approuched the spot where her brotiier sat. . i. A'HereSaminy set. l.buv . brought 4'ou something to eat. I know vou muet be bun- As she spoke, she opened her apron, took out four cakes and a piece of pie and cheese. The bey was hungry, and he hesitated not to ava'il himself of his ulster's kind offer. He kissed her as he took the, cakes, and thanked her. ' ' ' ; 'Oh,-what a pretty thing that is you are muking'' uttered Fanny, as she gazed upon the result o' ber brother's labors. "Won't you give it to me af er it is done!"' '' -.."Not this one, sister,' returned the boy, with, a ' eaillei "but as soon, as get time I will make you ono equally as pretty." '. ' .. . . Fannv thanked lief brother, and shortly af- terwards left the room, and the boy resumed his wcrk... ' v.., At the en4 of the week, the various, mule rials. that had been subject to Siimuol'a jack knife and pinchers had assumed a form and ing in me miuaia o: me noor Samuel trembled when he heard his fath er's voice, and he turned pale with fear. .' ' 'Ha, wliat is this!' said Mr. Winthrop, as he caught sight of the curious construction on the floor. , 'This Is the secret of your idle ness. ' Now I see how it is that you cannot master your studies You spend yeur time in making playhouses and fly-pens. .; I'll tee whether you'll learn to attend to your lesson or not. There.." :. ', ' As the lather uttered that common injunc tion, he placed his foot upon the e'ojjct of his displeasure. -'.The boy uttered a quick cry, and sprang forward, but loo late. - The curi ous construction -waa crushed to atoms the labor of long week. Looking upon 'tha mat of ruins, and then covering his ' face with his hand he burst into tears. Ain't you ashamed!' eaid Mr. Winthrop, "a great boy likeyau to spend your time on such clap-traps, and then cry about, it', be csuse I choose that . you attend to your stu dies. Now go out to the barn and help Jerry shell torn." '. i'-. - ' ' The toy was too full rf grief to make any explanation, and without a word' ha left bia chamber; but for long days afterwards he wa sad and down-hsarted. --; - 'Samuel,! mid Mr. Wlnthrep one day after tha spring had opened, 'I have, sees Mr. Young, an he ! willing to take you aa an apprentice. Jerry and I can get along en the farm, and I thin the best thing you can de I to Isarn the blacksmith' trad., I have siven un all hones of aver mafico- a aurverar at r 1 - m . - out of you, and if you had) a farm you would not know bow tometsure it or lav it out: - Jerry wili'nsw aoon be able to take my place aa surveyor, and I have already made arrange mente for bsvinir him ewocn and obtaiuinr his commission. But your tride is a good one, however, and I have no doubt you will be able to make a living at it.' Mr,. Young w a blackamith. in a neigh- boring town, ana; he' earned on quite an ex 'ie0ive business, and tnorejvtr, be htd-th a problem he eould not : ' his boysehould be ved that the acme of lay ' Jn th . power of 1 f 1 ! when he loarned that Mr. Yaunir also cameo reputstlon of being p fine man. Rsmuslwist .'delluhted with hi father" proposals, and i on nuite a Jsrge machine shop, he was In ec-, ilaciea. Hia trankwaa packeda (feed iup- ply f clothe havinfboerl provided! and afr ter kisung king bands wilH hi father and brother, he mounted the . stage and set on lor fii new destination. ' . ' ' He found Mr. Young all he could wish, and went Into his business with an assiduity that surprised his msster. One, evening, after Sumuel Winthrop had been with his new master six menths, the latter came into the shop after all the journeymen had quit work and found the youth, busily engaged io filing fpieca ef iron. There was quite a number of piece lying on the bench by his side, and same were curiously riveted together and nx 44itH spring and slide. ' hileitbera1.aj peared no yet ready lor their destined use. Mr. Y. ascertained what the young workman wa up to, and he not only encouraged him in his undei taking, but he stood for half aa hour and watched hint at his work. Next day Samuel Winthrop was removed from the blacksmith's shop to the mschine shop. Samuel often visited his parents. At the end of two years his father wss not a little surprised when Mr. Young informed him that Samuel was the most useful hand in his em- pi"?. . . . , ". Time flew fast. Samuel Wa twenty-one, Jeremiah had been free almost two yean, and he was one af the most accurate and trustworthy surveyors in the county. . Mr. Win.hrop looked upon hia eldest son with pride, ti oftet expressed i wishthat his other son. could have been like him. Sam uel had come home to visit his. parents, and Mr. Young had came with him. . ' , "Mr. Youne," eaid Mr. Winthrop, after the tea things htd been cierred sway, "that is a-fine factory they have erected in your town." ' . ' j. ' Yes," returned' Mr. Young, "there are three of them, and they are doing heavy bus iness." .. '" "1 understand they have an extensive ma chine shop connected with the factories. Now if my boy Sam i aa good a workman a you soy he is, perhaps be might get a first rats situation there.". i ' '' Mr, Young looked ot Samuel a'nd smiled. By the way," continued the oid farmer,, "what is all this noise I hear and see in the newspapers about those . pateut Wiotlirop looms! They tell me they go ahead of any '.bins that was ever got up before." ... , "You must ask- your son about that," re turned Mr. Young. "That's some or Ssg ue'a business." - , .!'EW.'.,Wbat, my spnj. Borne of Sm y The old man stopped short' ind gazed at' his son. He was bewildered. It could not be that his son his idle son was the inven tor of the great power lorn that had taken all the hianuftcturers by surprise. -. "What do you mean!" he at length asked "It is'simply this, father, that this loom is mine," returned Samuel, wih a look of conscious pride. I , have invented it, and have taken a patent right, and have already been offered ten thousand dollars for the pat ent right, in two adjoining Stales. Don't yon remembor that clap-trap you. crushed withyaur foot six years ago!" , , "Yes,?' returned the old. man, whose eyes were bent to the ft jor, nnd over whose mind a new light seemed to be breaking. "Well,' continued Samuel, ''that was al most a pattern of the very loom I have set up in the factories, though of course I have made much improvement, and ,lhere is r ;om for improvement yet." "And ' that was what you were studying when you used to stand and see me weave, and when you used to futible about my loom so muchl' said Mm. Winthrop "You are lighi, mOthir." Even then I had conceived the idea I have since carried out." "And that is why you could not utiderstsnd my mathematical problems," uttered Mr Win throp, as he started from his 'chair and took the youth by the hand. ; '.'Samuel, m y srn, forgive me for the hsrsh ness I used towards rou. I have been blind, and now I see how I . misunderstood y oil. While I have thought you idle and careless yo u were solving a philosophical prablem I could never have comprehended. Forgive me, Samuel I meant wall enough, but lacked judgment and ditcrminatisn." . Of course tbe old "nan had long befre been forgiven'fer his harshness, and his mind was open to a new lesson in human nature. It wassimplythis: - ' . : . Different minds have different capscilies. and no mind can ever bo driven .to love that for which it hsa no taste. First, seek to un derstand the natural abilities and dispositions of cbildrec. and then In your. management of their education for after life, govern yoursell accordingly,' - jQeergs Dumbe, the great mor al philosopher of his day, could hardly reckon in simple addition, and C olburn. the mathe matician could not write out a common place addreaa. ".. v- '-' ' i.ia mnihiw anri , and an mm I ... i What tbe South thikk? of it. Here is a Kentucky estimate of a dough face Dough Faces. We ' always doubt the professions of Northern men or women who express love or Admiration, for the institution of sluverf ! When such 'dough faces' are a- beut, we look up our silver spoons and advise our richer but much lea fortunate fellow cit- lzen to place their "niggers' out af fie woy 'of temptation. . - . .r I 'It is an ill bird thst fou'e its own nest,' and when we hear Northern people, in' the South, berstlng'.tho lantl of their nativity.and holdinir ud to'ridi ule the KnowNothlrr and t a , . fkvyunt propensities or Uieir .friends and ; eeighbor at borne, and lauding the 'whole ould,"generous' audience of another Siate in whose presence they are, we always are inclined to aoeni a rat! locg up all our vaio- able, doubt the sincerity of the spsaker, sod presume (bat in another latitude, our foibles :tr fault miy.be made equal matter, for rrirnb ar satire- y.Avti wfl U ie an, III 1 It own nest; [Georgelmen Ky.Herald. EDITORIAL CONVENTION. Cineinnit tiszette, lor tle mhy excellent tuifL,Miinfc it contain to editori end red-i . .- 1 j' -'; "' , ' . ' - ' ........... V publish 'the folloa ie article, from the an appeal to the editor ef Ohio who have! not contributed their quota towards defraying! expense of publishing the proceedings and address of the late Editorial Convention of Zanesville, to do so at their earliest cos-, venlenee. The editors, who were present' paid their akarr, ono dollar each, and if me brotherhood throughout tho state will de a inch, the address of Mr. Cogfeehall, the'p6- em oi nr. onester, ana tne proceeainga gen rallyof the convention, will appear in a neat volume in a form for preaervatioD. Col. Harris, ef the Ohio Cultivator,: Columbus, I me treasurer, j.nooej viinoaea id a iciier Addressed t bhn will be pperfy eukea' cafe Of. ' 1 "'.' - w! ' ' . y - We sincerely hope that avery editor in the I State will contribute his mi te lor so laudable a purpose. Thooe wliod rvill be entitled to receive a copy of the volume; and we assure our friends that they will find much good and , sr in the volume, relating to ,of much greater value tban , . , curioua matter newspaperdom one dollar. The convention at Zanesville wns one of tbe mosi pleasant gatherings we ever at tonded, and we hopo that at the next meet ing every editor in Ohio will be in .attend ance... Wa havt noticed with surprise that opposition hasarisen among a pottiun of the .t. press, to these conventions; anir tlioy whnt rnoa do thav. or will thev do' ' W '.iff lieve they have already done good, an I if continued yearly they will do much in .re -! They do good in variou. ivtys, but chuiiv in making gentlemen connected with tho pre.'s cnuaiuted with each other, tbfT wear off the , wire edge of political stnle; lliey produce kind personal relations between gentlemen engaged in the ame purauita,though opposed ttt each Other on Stat ''and National sub jects, 'The chief objections raised against the newspaper presa of our country ia us gross personality. These conventions will do much to uproot that defect. Social inter course is a great liberalizer. Many a hasty word ' will be left out of an editorial, when we know the parties to whom it is intended to apply. . Tne preas.ever degrades itsell when it resorts to personalities, and a they are discarded, so theprsss--fill rise ia im portance, Influence and value. . , . These conventions are also valuable,' from the araoun ef information srhich they diffuse There a hardly un editor who dees net gain some useful facta, connected ith hi pro fession, . daring' twelve month. At the Zanesville convention '-afoay inseftrl hints were thrown out, relative to printing, adver tising, and the general manner o doing bu siness Thi resolutions which were passed embody many good thoughts, and they have been copied far bey old the borders of our own State, It is notorious, that the news paper editors and publishers have lost more by bad debts than those engaged in any oth er profession or calling. . It is important therefore, that the system of cash payments' should be idopted, and strictly carried out as far as practicable, and at the earliest possi ble moment. . A reform like this, if thorough ly carried out,, would be of incalculable ben efit to those whose business extends far out side of their own immediate locality. The pre-pa o or cash system is gaining ground rapidly- No grat reform has ever been suc cessful at first. Time is required; union is necessary i constilutiosvji accessary ; combi nation is necessary) aad wiiht o good as the annual convention to aeco'mplish these ends I Again: the editorial "conventions can be made the mean of doing much good in a so cial way; for we are believer in the social virtues An editor's life is one continuous, never-ending turmoil. If he -Hoes his duty, and i worthy of hi position, he must wage undying war against public malfeasance and official corruition. - His duty is not performed jn less he inculcates the principles of religion and virtue, manly sentiment, honor, integrity, temperance, frugsli'y, and inoe pendeooe, ana in all proper ways diffuse 'knowledge among men.' To do these bold ly and with honest intention, the tusk i not an easy one. The tuitagonlama of these sre selfishness, corruption, meanness, a rd bold unblushing villainy.) If an editor does his duty he may expect to meet" these scowl ing malignant spirit uteicb turn of his road; but he will, ic the end, if true to his high calling, ounquer and stotJfoy-tbom. Such being his'mannerof business,' lie requires, at intervals re'axstion. innocent social plea sures) and what can be more congenial than a day or two spent in e convention With hi fellow laborers in the publio vineyard, to talk over tbe -past, consult over th future, have a good supper or dinner, havo good sentiments,' short apeecnes, witty toasts, conunuruma, good tnd bad, and perhaps a various assort ment of songs, puns, and poetry, We ssy theie is much good in these things. Tbey sweeten life, and they prolong it. Again: who so poor as tho editors, take them asabodj! It Is not because they do not work. No elass of men work harder; none u'ch long hours. Their work is never done; and yet they eeTdom are rich. Their names do Tot appear among the tax payers who pay heavy taxes. They are not troub led with long scheduler or houses snu lots. Tnelr rent roll sre only known to them as uresentsd ouarterl bv tbtiri landlord! w'th an intimstion, -t?atr If canyenient, be would be pleased to have the money to-day. They take an interest in tbe price of Blocks only for th information of other; personslly it has no more iaterestto the editor than a last year'e alronnae. But why accumulate proofs! Dickens make one ef hi eharaoters, with an air of aolf-cooGdont assurahoee that .the queelion cannot be met.ask, Wno ever knew a giantjtt die and no body could ordid meet it; and the question, 'Who ever knew an ed itor tp did a rlqli man!' I equally onwieept ltiu ol nniorV " ' ' ' " '"' A '. - ' ' "X .r. .". ' ..- .. i. i.-i-j tteditor, tiv ,., 'W9f iwiWi fSt ' . . .(.- pucti ueinj tre t- n i ikh u :i" j ; i i I j "re in goinj nis wesry roana, ana tue osy r,rtr',w 'mMU hoe ht leivee behind, and the fireside hsa tha lon, eold nbsdow cast om It, ana the ptper stand sllil, er le . u . . LflB Duw iHu ina uiDiini lie lait B 0r e,wenld not the gloom or that hour be broken, If she knew that there were in the Slate an association of the craftsman of her late osrinor who would core for her! -J' chlldr.li, many of them lifcewist, and thst when the poor editor die like a wern oat erectl perhaps, aa humble looe to mark the . tp0t af earth where the poor editor lies in the' green valleir. taking his last, longsleepweet! Icaltai aod peaceful; oi would take ber orphan j 'fon and give him a better education, tesch him to be a printer sa his father was,; tnd perhaps, in t'me he would get back the ! C)J paper la the dear ' old village where he Wlf horn.and where 4he weary rest, Mightjand not things liie these b -ddnel .-Might thsy j tiot do to bi talked about, add woHdo'ttbey- do good ' 'We'll have a bleating io the lavs A ad never mint." this subject and aball recur to it again We ,hink ""y opportunitic. fordoing good.aod nnl occasions for social and business tercourse, are lost, which we might emey if we resolve to avail ourselves of '.hem. The convention at Zanesville was one of these opportunities thst was improved. We hope we msy live to enjoy many of these hrppy , . . , reunions. In thinking, howcver,f the joys' ., . . j , . , e . . t that are to corns', let us not fo rget to send; r : . t , ,n Major Harris that dollar. ' I I J . Akkest of a Notohiou. jAtL-BsKAkliH. -Sergeant Sangston, on Tuesday nightuc reeded in arresting Abrsham Piefer, who brk "'e second time at Clarksburg, rrio county, v a., about tne last et ue- cember, 1853. He wa confined, we believe awaiting a trial on charge of counterfeiting, and upon tut escape an offer if 3100 was made in a proclamation by the Governor, for his recspture. Officer Sangs'on ha had an eye upon h'm for some time past,and with a sufficient force accompanying him he surrounded and search ed s taven, above Bringeport,and after a des perate resistance on tbe part of Peifer .during which he broke down .two doors and had a j portion of his clothing torn off, he was secu- j red, ironed, and brought over, to the city, and j piacau in jail, oargeant cungsam returns j his thsnks to those citizens of Bridgeport I who contributed their assistance in makiarj - i ..i.lanf.A in malrmn this impel tant and difficult arrest.1 Peifer it represented as a very powerful man, a des perate character; and a perfect terror to the section of the State In which he prosecuted uii operations. He will be taken back te Clarksburg and delivered over to the custody of the sheriff of Harrison county. Argu. Russian and French Soldiers. A lively writer from Paris draws a parallel between the soldiers of '.he different nations' now fighting in the Crimea, and first says of tbe Russians: . , :'Ths valor, displayed by the Russians in tha night uttack on the Allies has never been surpassed sy me soimers oi any nation or poop e whatever. The Russian soldier. Iaeks4 r. i I , . . . I strotegy snd quickness of movement, but he. "' H , . , , hi possesses courage almost wrJiaut parallel, a : remarkable strength of body, and great resij- tsnce to the exhausting effects of wounds. It has been a common remark, from the day , of Napoleon to the present moment; that the"1 Russian soldier are the moat difficult soldi- j ers in the world to put hors du combat Mar- ahnl al,v .nirl- -It will nat aulGe la ahoot a I Russian soldier: he must be pushed over.' Remarkable iustances of this power of resis- j tsnce to the loss of blood, and to the first' impression of a wound have been exhibited since the commencement of the campaign in j Crime, and it is no doubt due to the rude ' to which the Russian sofdier is subjected not onlv aa a soldier but ss a peasant." I N.t h aavo of the Frenchman: "While eating ia no part of a aoldier'a life in the Russian camp, in the French camp it. quite the contrary. A Frenchman, must; have his breakfast borore be fights, and he ! uill (wilr aril sat In tha mi.Ur nf hliratinir ' bombs lather than lose it; for between fear of losing his meal aud lire there is about ar. even balance. Oa the morning 6f the il aflnkerman. 7.600 Enirlishnenwera com-: pelled to stand the shock of 45,000 Russians fr thi-PB hnu. he'ora the French division ' ariived; the latter having-etopped to est their breakfast before atartinff to the aid of their suffering allies. They fought most beauti fully, ss they always do, wheu they did arrive but in the meantime there bad been a fearful slaughter of Englishmen, which otherwise might hsve been saved. This is vno of the facts which do not appear in print, for the goad of the alliance, but it is nevertheless true." j bat-Jeeem Advertisiho. TAe Lever iy trAtcA For tune$ are made. At banquet given to the employees of a large establishment in New York city, the owner of the establishment, say the Sun, iu the course of a brief history of bis rise and progress aa a manufacturer, alluded to his indebtedness to the presa as the great medium by which be had mada ).he publio acquainted with hi tutiness, and. drawn them to him as cua.emera. He said he regarded the press ia this age of compe- tilion, a tne great iuir, upu... w .... .u. tradesman rested hi advertisement, and by that mean, overturned his adv vsaries, That he who advertised mast judiciously and ex tensively, was sure to reap the rward of triumph. K every man dialing wares to the publio was guided by as truthful conviction o: nis iiurfoovo .. ..... . , would hav-s cause to complain of email sales, or ill ueoess In trsde. A few enterprising men of tbe various' trade and -trolessions have cot bortd of tbe great secret of ucce, and il it not strange to us that thsy.rise to fortune end eminence, te the wonder audan- npa'lee OI tneir less ooiiowb ani nrn' T-jrlir'ngw'ljnWilj A Fit word about Foreign and Domestic Missions Fitly said. on the part of tbe government of the United States', is future treaties wjth foreign ns the lions, to secure, if practicable, to our citizen residing abroad, tha riirhi of ajorshioine Ood. noyed fa any manner on aceoontof thoir re-' andjligiou belief, nor in the proper otxercise of their petulisr religion, either within their own privste houses, or in chi rches. chspels or other places appointed for public worship; that they shall be at liberty to build and ' iniia lieu. ire iruei mo uav iv iiuh .... ' , ... ' , '...rp,,,... tant when tbe Christian countries or Europe , . ml.-j Th Committee on Fereign Rlstirr in tJie United Slates Sens'e have reported and rtr.cmmeeded for sdoption the following res olutions; "R.,1J That it won'd be hint snd Wrse freely and openly, accerding le the d.clates of their own Consciences,' by providing that "they shall not be disturbed, molested or an- msintain places of worship in convenient sit- 'ttiiilw(o(li, no jay wjtb. bat r. specting tbereligicnsndctstomsof thecoun- llry in which !hey reside, "Resolved, further, Thst it would be just I - I a. i. . ... & Ouaelaka aaf i tk fnft'irvr secure iu un t,iu.cu .cviMmg BOroaO) me rigni to purcuaie aim -jtu uunai aces, and to bury any ef our citizens dying bra ad in such places, with those Teligioui ceremonies end observances deemed appro priate by the surviving relatives and friends of th deceased." , We hope tbese dcsirsble tbjects will be attained. We trust the day is nut lar on will luuuw in mo bwuo wi v , . . , , j .j 'so far as to cn-ant tha free, nntrammeled and ... . epen exercise oi tne rigni oi consciencs, worship and sepulture to all within their do minions. Our envoys, in laboring for such a furpoae. would be much better occupied than in intrigues for conquest tnd plunder. And when this is done, and Europe, at .. oi . 1, cat iij an iiiridIi af m1i- loul ,rdo wiii it then be too much to ask of our government the eirae boon far, Will it tl en be "dangerous" j t'unpatriotie," as it is said to be new.to that it may no longer be a crime by stat-j ute to teach the Scriptures in Maryland, or! to go as a missionary to tbe servants of the j Choctaws! That the widow ia Virginia who contributes ner mite to Christianity by teach- j ing her ignorant neighbor to read the Bible, may no longer be fined snd imprisoned thir- ty dava in the county Jail! That . shameful j f m,rri, ,.. .iiaIi Bft un. . ' r v... r-.th.',,;. per ou loirraieu wu uvi.. -uv.w 0 . m . ... sake ol increasing '.'the stock for market!" That the dead when nf the race that Phil- ip baptized and taujfht instead of being flung "unknaeled" into a common receptable, in the purlieus of our aouthern citiet, may have; decent Christian burial! AfW o olyTrte Parit havt besn attended to, cannot our gov- contrive earae way to negotiate a J ci iiiucut vuimivw smssai- ; -o ( treaty with Charleston, or to send an envoy to New Orleans! Or inert we alii! ktanJ before the world a living contradiction oi ; our' principles demanding abroad what we dare not grant at home! Alt. Journal. I ! Agriculture in Common Schools. Schools of esch .town, with instructions to examine it with regard to it merits sa a school-book, and Jhe shall report to tbe Clerk pt the said town what nember jf cop the ies.if any, ia required for the use of the Corn life nion Schools of the said tow, , Sbc. 3. The legal voter of each town, whether or not the. town ahall purchase tthe namberof books recommeaded by tbe Su ia perintendent aforesaid, and the Town Clerk ahall report to the Governor of the State the result of Such bsllot. . The Legislature of Vermont at its recent . . ,U(J foIowinz ' , .. , f AN ACT te encourage Ike study of thesci- a , . . 6. - .i,..i. euce of Agriculture in Common bchouli. B'"'c "o'"-"' It is hereby enacted, kc Sectioh 1. The Governor it hereby tutho- rized to purchase one copy of "Waring's El- emenls of Agriculture" for each town in. the State, and to draw an order oq tbe Trtasu- rer for the payment of the aame. Sec Sr Oue of these books shail be pla- iced in the hands of the Superintendent of shall, at the next annual towa meeting, vote Sec. 4. Tha Governor shall then order to be manufactured, in such style s he Basil expedient, sufficient number of the books to supply tht demand by the aiuresaia ballot, aud these books shall be manufaiUu- red In the State of V ermont, and they tha be deposited with the Superintendents of School ia tho vatiouo niwns. aod the pay- menl therefore'collectedby the publishers ar proprietors st their owu erpcuse. Approved Nov, 13, 1854. States Rights Michigan. " The Michigsn Legislature, February 6th, passed a bill 51 to 13, "to prohibit Ilia use ot jails and other publio buildings of that State for the confinemasit of persoi a claimed as fugitive elivet. ' Democrat in Italic, Yea Ashmuu, Bebee; Beecher. Brown, Brownell, Church, J. Divine, DtPuy , Eddy. Eddy, Edwards, I'nos, Gilman.Gregory.Hall, Hurd, Iree, JudJ, King, Lapham, Lpmison, Lovell.Jjuee, Mblntyre, Middleawarth, Mil ler, Mills, D. T. Montague, H. Moatogiie, Moormao, Mussey, Noble, Parker, Petit,. N. Power, P. Rowar, Ralph, llnu, Sherman, Smith, Shier, Siout. Strang, TitJ'ur.y, Speak er, aod R. K. Di.ine 51. ' ' i : Nat Atwohd, Barilay,C!iatHlrlain,Cha-, pel, Chatfitld, Iittcae,JEif, Fiick, .tLlAa uarj, litxon, - Littltjohn, Parson. U.nalls. Sanborn, HI. Aubin. Sutherland, Wlife, WU- ftrGqv. Cunclia, of Cobt, has issued or- deVs to his troop to, give no quurtor to the Filibuster that may be. found en the island. We have nc doubt tho order wiil'be .duly re spected and obeyed. , ."'.. . frrThe agricultural bureau of the PateBt Otlice ha ju't received from the. Cape ef Good Hope, by the Japan LxpedHion, quan lilies of wboat pf ewpsstiag b':aiy &.xoil . , . , TiiiaTEss PkRsoaa. Drue i Aitsentir't, of Emigration' When these fsmilie arri ouraelves! ed in New York, they were scarcely cov and ertrd with clothing; the weather being in ask tensely cold, and they without money, tbey' were consequently freezing and stsrvlng to death all the way from New -York to this city. Their constitutions received a severer shock than tbey could bear aod they lingered) in egony a few days.beyond tbeyoweraf man to save them, and dropped into untimely h,.t .r, .,m ... ..,,,. ; ;--' fiTr KRoM Exruscai re TMx Colo a UK SiAavAi'ioa! Thl Is starling cap tio a, reader, and yet it, slsel toe true. ', '., Our readers will remember sn seeoantwe: gave seme dys since, of tb terrible Condi- , tion of sevrrsl fsnn'lir-fof permsns who ar rived here three weeks sgo fross Orrftany. , W the chronicled the death ol three of the children, tnd tibaequeo'.ly added another to . the sorrowful list. Ii is boy our sod duty . to tonoance thedecesse of auk other meat ' bers of those families. .. When the party leftGermany.it eont'sU ,, sd of four men, four women, and loartsen . clfildren; In all, twenty -two persons. T of th women died at sea. One child waa K left in New York'in a dying condition, and has sine, died. Two men, one women, and i ten children have died in Allegheny. Per hsps of the latter number,, one died' in the r Western , Penoajlvania Hospitsl. Of tost. nowever, we are aut cert si q. Thus suteeo . out of the twenty-te have died. Sis are , now living, all of whom are still sick.and o cinilj is now in a dying condition. ' One of tba children wss buried on Tbure day, (yesterdsy,) aad two the day kefere. Nearly every day for mare than a week past hss witnessed the desth of one ef the an for- , tumlte sufferers. Is net this horrible! To prevent any misunderstanding with re gard to the matier, we would distinctly state thsttheso families hsve been csrefully stten- . ded to since their arrival. Every possible a sistince hss been rendered them by th L- -p dies' Benevolent Association and the Guar diaas of the Poor of this city. Tbe noble hearted lady of the Association in whose dis trict the families were found, ha been on- , tiring in her efforts, snd hss herself bestow- . ed upon them every possible kindness and . comfort. The Guardian of tbe Poor of tbi jci y have also furniehed them medical atten- dfinr.l,- Th- raiiK rf thta lAPvihl tp.ff.il, ia real life must be written down In the annale graves. Kind hands, prompted by generous he.n.. ,N readv to .onthe thoir Jvin. .... vu.u -..-. 4wvui..mu , ... . death. Pittsburg Gazette. ' Wahtnrni Torrsopouaeat of tfco? Phil- ,dt'yhia Inquirer ssys that when the Ne ernmenl hraska Bill was be fore the Senate, and be-' Ge. Shield This amiable bit rather r-upple gentleman taticipated hit defeat in UiDois when he voted for the Nebraska Bil!. miaita in 1 1 w hi uiiviQ tiio evcnarrr, uu foro Know Nothiitgism waa thoogbt afi principle of power in the Senatorial Iccti aa a electione. Qcn. Shields sutid ia the presence ofsev- era pern j0 that city, that tht Migation 0 party demanded his vote for that measure.' although he l.new that his support 0 it uxndd -result in-his political prostration. He pre- Icrred to sacrifice his feelings of right and duty to what he was foolish enough te can- -si.'er as obligations to his'party) and he haa his re ward He seems to hsve fully appre ciated both bis own weakness and tbe atreogth el the people. Muskets agaiks Sfades Tha Goapel . Banner says ' Tue Uuited States army num-. bers about 10,000 men, who cost the country last year 3,526,2-10 for pay. subsistence, clo thing, 4ic. The Illinois Central railroad ar i my uumkert 10,000 men, who receive from the compfcuy (3,700,000 per annum. la three year they will make seven hundred miles of rosd, adding greatly la the wealth of the Slate and' tbe country. In thirty . years the United States have spent $200, 000,000. for which they hate nothing to ahow but somo old forts, guns, batteted uni forms, and demoralized Veterans." Ralph Waldo Emebso or Parties aid Tbadet JJbok at aur pol t ct. . The great partita co-eval with the origin of tbe govern-' ment, do not inspire us with exalted bepee. The democracy does it atnd.really for tha good of the many, of tbe poor! The party " of property and education, the whig party, have they ever addressed themtelvee to the soiemn purpose cf relieving this country of th monumental calamity of slavery! (Ap plause) That party has resisted every pro gressive step. Did free trsde com from them have tbey urged tbe great question . af reform, the prophetic action of the tiaef No, tbey would nail the atara to the sky, and wijli their eyes over their shoulders, ixed on the past, they adore their ancestors, tha founders of the constitution. AaoTtiKK Haul. The Sheriff of Chicega has made on important arrest. One Nelson D. iirirs bst been suspected of dealio in coun terfeit money, and on Thursday latt the She riff pounced upon him. In bia carpet bag was found about SSO.OOO of counterfeit bill, some complete, and some partly filled op. 1 Thy wera upon different Baukt, and well cilculateJ to deceive.- The Chicago Tribune says: ' Hi prisoner is a man Of about 45 year of age, of gutlematly 'appearance and do-' nioano-f anil of bi bly poli.hed address. Ha eame fram Rock Island to tbi place, tad rom Cairo to Reck Island." 1 '-. Mr. Prlgja waa atrongly e e lecreJ, at one ' ime, of using bank powert ia Freeport.Har-' nsau co.. Utno, and lett mat place somewhat suddenly to th no small discomfiture of hie interee ed frienda. O. S. , fryThey know orliere to look for good of-1 fieera ia the Wiadonaia Legislature. Colo-' 4 nel Schoies, who is elected Hoker,, aad ' Mr. Awood4 cboaea clork af the Housartj 1 both printers, who hsve leog beaa hoiora- bly ,idemilid with the arte at WiecoaaiaV t " ftSTToe fAXsi dWM ( Kerth CaroHat kV'i.